Administrative Reports - 1914

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1914

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal Service

11 General Observations

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

D(1) Imports and Exports office

E Royal Observatory

F Supreme Court

G Police Magistrates' Court

H Land office

I New Territories

J Police and Fire Brigade

K Prison

L Medical and Sanitary

M Botanical and forestry

N Education

O Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

P Public Works

Q Post office

R Railway

 




7

HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1914.

I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $11,007,273, being $1,254,313 more than the estimate and $2,494,964 more than the revenue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1913 there were increases under every head with the exception of Light Dues. Post Office, Mis- cellaneous Receipts, and Land Sales. "Interest" remained at nil.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $10,756,225, inclusive of a sum of $1,639,595 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.

The detailed figures for 1914 are set out in the following

statements :-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

$59

Light Dues -

Light Dues, Special Assessment -

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid

90,397.87

103,667.97

7,979,439.51.

727,777.59

Post Office

398,426.38

Kowloon-Canton Railway

381,313.28

Rent of Government Property, Land and

Houses

936,648.02

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

124,416.04

TOTAL, (Ordinary),-

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

- 10,742,086.66

265,186.43

$11,007,273.09

{

Governor

EXPENDITURE.

85,986.29

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature 70,894.40

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

51,178.04

Audit Department

32,697.22

Treasury

66,943.60

Harbour Master's Department

176,287.98

Imports & Exports Department

991,096.46

Royal Observatory

25,398.31

Miscellaneous Services-

945,131.62

Judicial and Legal Departments

259,181.94

Police and Prison Departments

933,156.52

Medical Departments

230,896.86

Sanitary Department

353,521.53

Botanical and Forestry Department

49,076.14

Education

292,820.83

Military Expenditure -

1,886,346.31

Public Works Department

414,510.57

Do.

Recurrent

567,100.18

Do.

Extraordinary

1,639,594.72

Post Office

371,646.06

Kowloon-Canton Railway

274,366.39

Charge on account of Public Debt

705,808.50

Pensions

305,030.61

Charitable Services

27,553.74

TOTAL,

$10,756,224.82

The surplus on the year's working was $251,048, and the balance of assets and liabilities showed on the 31st December a sum of $2,910,474 in the Colony's favour.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1910-1914 :-

Revenue.

Expenditure.

$

$

1910

6,960,861

6,907,113

1911

7,497,231

7,077,177

1912

8,180,694

7,202,553

1913

8,512,308

8,658,012

1914

11,007,273

10,756,225

~

3

The capital expenditure on the British Section of the Kowlooh- Canton Railway during 1914 was $574,429, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station and purchase of rails, locomo- tives and rolling stock. The total expenditure on this account amounted at the end of the year to a sum of $14,095,661.

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,732, and in addition the advances by and. drafts on the Crown Agents for Railway Construction amounted at the end of the year to £109,404. Against these items there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £185,294 and there is a balance of £128,479 unpaid in respect of the loan to the late Viceroy of Wuchang.

No new taxation was imposed during the year. The farm system in connection with Opium revenue was abolished from 1st March and direct Government control substituted therefor.

For the year commencing 1st July, 1914, a new valuation was made of the whole Colony, with the exception of some of the out- lying small Chinese villages.

Increases.

The City of Victoria. $1,708,833 or 16·69%.

The Hill District, $23,700 or 7·93%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $6,992 or 1·88%.

Hongkong Villages,, $31,501 or 2361%.

Yaumati, $63,275 or 24 11%.

Mongkoktsui, $39,985 or 25′51%.

Hung Hom and Hok Un, $3,676 or 1 24%.

Kowloon Point, $76,550 or 15·02%.

New Kowloon, $13,934 or 15 80%.

Kowloon Villages, $5,845 or 6·92%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $14.410,103, being an increase of $1,974,291 or equal to 15-87% over the value of the previous year.

For the period 1905-1914 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $10,511,163 to $14,410,103, an increase in value of 37.09%.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank

23,482,903

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China

6,071,633

Mercantile Bank of ludia

1,308,191

$30,802.727

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, aud Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin.

Foreign note circulation has wholly ceased.

The rate of discount on Hongkong subsidiary coin, as compared with notes, varied during 1914 between the following limits :-

50 cent-pieces 14 per cent. to 13 per cent.

20

10

5

>"

2

19

33

,,

2/1/2

19

""

"

14

""

""

,、

par.

11

"

""

Copper coin

وو

Compared however with the Mexican Dollar which is the standard

of the Colony the variations were as follows:

50 cent-pieces 14 per cent. to 34 per cent.

?

24

20

10

5

2

Copper coin

par.

>>

,

83

9/10 4

"

It will be seen therefore that Bank notes were at a premium varying from par (in January) to 10 per cent. (in December).

The total issue of these coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $31,392,720 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1914 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,000,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which has prevailed since 1905 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which has latterly been minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuous- ly followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $12,607,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000. It is thought that half of that amount has dropped out of circulation.

Ordinance No. 15 of 1913, which was passed to prohibit the circulation of foreign silver coin, came into force on 1st March.

5

II. TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1914 amounted to 517,439 vessels of 36,756,951 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1913, shows an increase of 27,211 vessels, with a decrease of 986,031 net register tons.

Of the above, 51,214 vessels of 25,279,624 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 47,520 vessels of 25,821,652 tons in 1913, and were distributed as follows:-

1913. Numbers.

1914. Numbers.

1913. Tonnage.

1914. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

8.8%

8.3 %

32.7 %

33.0 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

9.9

8.2

36:0

33.9

British River

Steamers,

14.0

13.0

15.8

15'9

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.8

3.5

3.6

3.6

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

9.5

13:4

0.7

10

Trading Junks, 540

53.6

112

12.6

100·0

100:0

100·0

100'0

N.B. The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of vessels of European construction, 4,222 Ocean Steamers, 4 Sailing Ships, 4,213 River Steamers, and 3,403 Steam-launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 32'4 ships, as compared with 299 in 1913, and 287 in 1912.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the port has increased from 2,577.5 tons to 2,612.1 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,742 tons to 2,636 3 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,453'7 to 2,590 2 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,327.7 tons to 2,003 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 5986 tons to 582:1 tons. That of British River Steamers has decreased from 6162 tons to 600'4 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 533-2 tons to 513-5 tons.

A comparison between the years 1913 and 1914 is given in the following table:-

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg.

Reg. Tonnage, Tonnage.

No.

British Ocean-

going, ForeignOcean-

going,

British River

Steamers, Foreign River Steamers, ...

4,210 8,449,533 4,265 8,321,692 55

4,679 9,272,635 4,199 8,592,222

127.841

480 680,413

6,624 4,078,635 6,643 3,990,712 19

87,923

1,780

949,328 1,777 913,270

36.058

Steamships

under60 tons

4,574

189,003 6,856

251.983 2,282 62,980

(Foreign

Trade), ...

Junks.Foreign

Trade,

25,653 2,882,518 | 27,474 | 3,209,745 1,821 | 327,227

Total, Foreign

Trade,

47,520 25,821,652 | 51,214 25,279,624 | 4,177 390,207 | 483

932,235

ches plying 416,438 10,720.604 438,174 10,279,456 21,736

Colony,

*26,270 | *1,200,726 |†28,051 | †1,197,871 | 1,781

Steam-laun-

in Waters of

Junks, Local

Trade,

Grand Total,... 490,228 37,742,982 517.439 | 36,756,951 27,694 390,207 483 1.376,238

441,148

2.855

Net,........ 27,211

986,031

* Including 9,922 Conservancy and Dust Roats of 624,000 tons.

+

10,230

爷爷

爷爷

"

of 503,932

This table shows an increase in British Ocean-going Shipping of 55 ships, or 13 per cent., and a decrease of 127,841 tons, or 15 This is due to the fact that so many large ships were per cent. taken off the run, being employed as transports etc. since the war began.

British River Steamers have increased by 19 ships, or 03 per cent., and decreased by 87,923 tons, or 21 per cent. This is explain- ed by a reduction in tonnage of the large vessels on the Canton run, by reason of the amendments to the measurement Regulations.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels decreased by 480 ships of 680,413 tons, or 10.2 per cent. in numbers and 73 per cent. in tonnage. This may be ascribed almost entirely to the disappearance of the German and Austrian flags since the commencement of the war. But this decrease does not approach that which should result from that disappearance, (540 ships of 1,069,142 tons is the net decrease under those two flags since the war broke out), the balance being adjusted by large increases under the Japanese and Norwegian flags.

Foreign River Steamers are responsible for a decrease of 3 ships of 36,058 tons, or 0.16 per cent. in numbers and 38 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a slight falling off in the River passenger traffic since August.

Steam Launches in Foreign Trade show the enormous increase of 2,282 ships of 62,980 tons, or 50-2 per cent. in numbers and 33·3 per cent. in tonnage. This may be ascribed to the fact, that, in former years, as was discovered about a year ago, many of the launches on the run to the Eastward failed to report their arrivals or depar- tures, but, owing to better supervision, this has now ceased.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 1,821 vessels of 327,227 tons or 71 per cent. in numbers and 113 per cent. in tonnage. The figures given do not show nearly all the movements of the Trading Junks, as will appear later.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony) there appears an increase under Steam Launches of 32,736 vessels, or 52 per cent., and a decrease of 441,148 tons, or 4.1 per cent. While in Junks there is an increase of 1,781 vessels or 6.7 per cent. with a decrease of 2,855 tons, or 02 per cent. The causes of this are identical with those mentioned in the case of Foreign Trade Junks, and the effect is well shown by the fact that, since the outbreak of the war, the reported arrivals and departures of Local Trade Junks have increased by well over 100 per cent. compared with the corresponding period of 1913.

The above figures do not, however, show the real state of affairs, inasmuch that many conditions have materially altered since the outbreak of war, early in August. In the remarks which follow, the year is divided into two parts-the first 7 months, before the war, and the last 5 months, since war was declared,—and confined to the Ocean-going shipping, which alone was seriously affected by the war.

Annexed here are comparative Tables, showing the figures for the Ocean-going Shipping of the port for the two periods.

COMPARATIVE SHIPPING RETURN FOR 1ST 7 MONTHS 1913-1914.

1913.

1914,

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No. Reg.

Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going,

2,424 | 4,832,063 2.630 5,240,172 | 206

408,109

ForeignOcean-

going,

2,693 | 5,227,146

2,812 5,851,604 | 119

624,458

Total,...... 5,117 (10,059,209 3,442 11,091,776 325 1,032,567

Junks Foreign 19,096 2,089,919 17,365 2,061,827

Trade,

1,731 28,122

COMPARATIVE SHIPPING RETURN FOR LAST 5 MONTHS 1913-1914.

1913.

1914,

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Reg.

Reg. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No.

Reg, Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Reg.

British Ocean-

going. Foreign Ocean-

going,

1,782 3,606,632 1,630 3,068,842

152 537,790

1,986 | 4,045,489 1,385 2,738.532

601, 1,306,957

Total,....

Junks Foreign

Trade,

3,768 7,652.121 3,015 5,807,374

753 1,844.747

6,557 792,569 10,109 1,147,918

3,552 355,319

First Seven Months.-Here is seen a continuation, more especi- ally in British vessels, of the steady increase which has been noted during past years, amounting, in the case of British ships, to 206 ships of 408,109 tons, or 85 per cent. in numbers and 84 per cent. in tonnage, compared with 6'4 per cent. and 8'6 per cent. respective- ly in 1913.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels increased by 119 ships of 624,458 tons, or 44 per cent. in numbers and 119 per cent. in tonnage, compared with 7·1 per cent. and 7.9 per cent. respectively in 1913.

The average tonnage of the British ships entering decreased from 1,995.2 to 1,992'4, while that of Foreigners increased from 1,948 9 to 2,080-9.

A large decrease shown in the Junk trade, which amounts to 1,731 vessels (8.5 per cent.) of 28,122 tons (13 per cent.), is, for reasons which will appear later, not borne out by facts, but is really due to the increasing habit on the part of the Junk Masters of failing to report themselves.

Last Fire Months.-The effect of the war in the Ocean Trade of the port is here well shown. In British Ocean-going vessels there is shown a decrease of 152 ships of 537.790 tons, or 85 per cent. in numbers and 14'9 per cent. in tonnage.

Foreign Ocean-going shipping decreased by 601 ships of 1,306,957 tons, or 30-2 per cent. in numbers and 32-3 per cent. in tonnage. Of this, the practical extinction of German and Austrian tonnage is responsible for 27.2 per cent. in numbers and 264 per cent. in tonnage, while the remaining 3 per cent. and 5'9 per cent. represent the net result of increases and decreases under other flags. Here are found increases under Norwegian (174 per cent. in numbers and 22:6 per cent. in tonnage, compared with the figures for the corresponding period of 1913), and Chinese (4.5 per cent. in numbers and in tonnage), while under the Dutch flag an increase of 89 per cent. in tonnage is combined with a decrease of 72 per cent. in numbers. Decreases are shown under Russian (64*7 per cent. in numbers and 683 per cent. in tonnage), Portuguese (305 per cent. in numbers and 2013 per cent. in tonnage), United

9

States (24.1 per cent. in numbers and 222 per cent. in tonnage), Danish (20 per cent. in numbers and 111 per cent. in tonnage), French shipping remains constant in numbers but decreases by 251 per cent. in tonnage, Swedish, while increasing by 20 per cent. in numbers, declines by 389 per cent. in tonnage, and Italian shipping disappears altogether.

The average tonnage of Foreign ships entering has decreased to 1,977.

In the Junk Trade, it will be noticed that there is shown the enormous increase of 3,552 vessels of 355,349 tons, or 542 per cent. in numbers and 461 per cent. in tonnage. It is obvious that no such phenomenal alteration can have taken place in the trade since the outbreak of war, but the explanation is simple. Since war commenced, no vessel can enter or leave the harbour without report- ing herself, by reason of the Examination service, so that, of the Junks trading with Victoria Harbour, which means about 90 per cent. of those trading with the Colony, we are now able to account for all, which was very obviously not the case before.

The actual numbers of individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction entering during 1914 was 825, of which 385 were British and 440 were Foreign. In 1913 the corresponding figures were 791, 361 British and 430 Foreign.

These 825 ships measured 2,155,018 tons. They entered 4,226 times, and gave a collective tonnage of 8,468,609 tons. Thus, 34 more ships entered 221 less times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 405,197 tons, an average of 1,833-4 tons per entry.

Thus :-

Steamers.

Flag.

1913. 1914.

No. of Times entered.

1914. 1913. | 1914.

Total Tonnage.

1913.

1914.

British

{ Steamers,..

359

383

2,099 2,130

Sailing,

2

2

2

Japanese,

164

188

740

German,

106

96

597

Norwegian,

29

29 189

4,209,950 4,168,538 3 5,419 7,249 826 1,907,307 2,114,494 350 1,107,453 691,852 205 182,633 218,721

Austrian,..

12

11

51

30

168,063

Chinese,

26

23

233

224

98,693 272,166 271,727

Danish,

6

8

13

16

34,433.

46,906

Dutch,.

15

19

128

124

242,928 252,700

French,

22

155

154

284,628

248,280

Italian,

7

18,312

Portuguese,..

7

114

71

52,009

32,968

Russian,

21

15

34

20

86,021 54,721

Swedish.

7

8

12

12

31,497

24,093

U.S.A. {Sailing,

Steamers,..

15

13

73

60

270,987

236,624

1

1,043

Total,.....

791 825 4,447 4,226 8,873,806 8,468,609

A

10

The 385 British ships carried 3,766 British officers and 12 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 5 U.S.A., 2 Dutch, 2 Danish, 2 Germans, and one Norwegian.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 0.32 per cent. comprising 5 nationalities, an increase of 0·02 per cent. with an increase in the number of officers and of ships.

The 440 Foreign ships carried 3,082 officers, of whom 94 were British as follows:-

In Chinese ships

1913.

1914..

94

84

>>

Japanese ships -

10

United States ships. French ships

4

110

94

Thus, 305 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships. were of British nationality, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

U. S. A. AND EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1913. 1914. 1913. 1914. 1913. 1914. 1913. 1914.

British... 361

Foreign.. 430

385 24,728 24,264 1,022 866 134,220 135,214

440 1,430 1,571 31,447 24,428 126,923 118,268

Total

791 825 26,158 25,835 32,469 25,294 261,143 253,482

Hence in British ships :-

And in Foreign ships :-

1913, 1914.

1913. 1914.

15 46%

15.13% of the crews were British.

0.90 %

0.64%

0.54% of the crews were other Europeans.

19.75 %

1.08 % of the crews

were British.

16.93% of the crews

were

other

Europeans.

83.90 %

84-33% of the crews were Asiatics.

79.35 %

81.98% of the crews were Asiatics.

11

TRADE.

. It is once

more necessary to call attention to the extreme inaccuracy of the reports by Masters of ships of cargo carried. There being no Customs, or other staff, to compile accurate statistics, the attached figures are dependent upon these reports, although in some cases more reliable information was obtainable.

IMPORTS.

The amount reported was 4,727,036 tons compared with 4,956,125 tons in 1913, a decrease of 229,089 tons, or 46 per cent., which, considering the circumstances attending the last five months of the year under review,-the total withdrawal from the run of all vessels under the German and Austrian flags; the loss (or, at least, the non-delivery) of the cargoes consigned to the Colony in many of such vessels; the risks run by neutral and allied ship- ping during the early months of the war, by reason of the German cruisers then at large; and the general sense of insecurity felt by both shippers and importers,-may be considered remarkably sinall.

Increases are shown under the headings Beans, Coal, Cotton, Flour, Hemp, Bulk Kerosene, and Liquid Fuel, while there are decreases reported in Case Oil, Rattans, Rice, Timber, and General.

Coal. There was an increase of 171,664 tons, or 151 per cent., the increase being uniformly spread over the whole year. There was a very large increase in the imports of Welsh coal, which, however, bear a very small proportion to the total imports. Japanese coal fell off, and Chinese increased, while a small quantity of Australian coal found its way to the Colony in one of the prizes.

Cotton, Yarn, and Piece Goods.-Here is an increase of 3,541 tons, or 87 per cent. This is not a real increase, but is only apparent, being due to the reported falling off in 1913 having been greatly in excess of facts. As a matter of fact, 1914 proved a bad year for this trade in the Colony, and for staple goods there was so little demand that the imports declined. The causes which led to this were. in the early part of the year, a heavy fall in prices and in exchange. In May and June, however, trade revived, and there seemed every prospect of a sustained improvement, when the floods inland caused a severe set back. Then came the war, which had a most deleterious effect on the trade inland, and increased freights acted as a further deterrent to importers. Added to these, the general financial state of China, throughout the year, has been far from encouraging.

Flour.-There is an increase reported of 12,504 tons or 184

per cent.

12

As in Cotton, this increase is due to errors and omissions in the ship masters' reports in 1913. From enquiries made, there was actually a falling off of 16,713 tons, or 154 per cent., the reasons for which are directly due to the war.

It appears that the bulk of the imports arrive here in the later months of the year, shipments in large quantities commencing from America in August. This year, on account of the war, the demand for flour at the seat of the war was far above the average, with the result that prices soared to unprecedented heights. One brand, whose usual price is $2.30 per bag, now fetches $4.10. At the same time, freight doubled. Before the outbreak of war, imports were above the average.

Hemp. Here is shown an increase of 3,010 tons, or 173 per cent. It is possible that these figures approach the truth, as, during the first seven months of the year, conditions were very favourable to the trade, prices and freights ruling low, while in 1913 prices were very high. During these months before the war, the figures show an increase of 7,011 tons, or 73.8 per cent., while during the last five months a decrease of 4,001 tons, or 513 per cent. appears. This is confirmed by the fact that, on the outbreak of war the market in Manila collapsed, and all business came to a standstill. Later, however, matters improved, and by the end of the year the market had practically resumed normal conditions.

Kerosene Oil.-Bulk Oil shows an increase of 21,328 tons, or 38 per cent., while Case Oil shows a decrease of 4,422 tons, or 9 per

cent.

As explained last year, there is not very much significance in increases or decreases in either type of oil, so long as there is no large fluctuation in the joint total. During 1914, the market in both case and bulk oil showed a satisfactory rise, demand slightly increasing, with fair prices and freights, until after the war com- menced, when sales fell 50 per cent., and, up to the end of the year, there was no sigu of appreciable recovery. Freights rose, after the outbreak of war, from $4 to $10 per ton from the American Coast, on account of war risks, and the increased demand in Europe.

It is somewhat remarkable to note that, in spite of the above facts, the imports of case oil show a falling off, before the war, of 12,549 tons, or 384 per cent., while, since the beginning of August, there appears an increase of 8,127 tons, or 391 per cent. None arrived, however, after October, and that which came in that month was probably on the high seas at the time war broke out.

Stocks at the end of the year show a slight increase over those in January.

Liquid Fuel.-There is a very large increase of 23,263 tons, or 197 per cent., which appears to be borne out by facts. It is

L

13

explained by the great increase in numbers of oil-burning steamers bunkering in Hongkong.

Rattans. The reports here show a decrease of 2,100 tons, or 63.6 per cent., the greater part of which appears to be due to failure on the part of shipmasters to report this item of cargo. As a matter of fact, the market was normal up to August, after which it declined, but only slightly.

Rice. The figures received indicate a decrease of 102,085 tons, or 138 per cent., but the imports were really about normal. Ship- masters failed in the case of this cargo also to report regularly Though the Chinese crops were good, there was a set back on of the account floods in the summer, and, Saigon and Siam rice being plentiful and cheap, there were large imports. The war does not appear to have affected the trade in any way.

(6

Timber.--Here the imports for 1914 are less by 17,545 tons, or 21 per cent., than those reported in 1913. This again shows the tendency to lump cargo together as General", for actually, about 20 per cent. more timber was imported during 1914 than during 1913. There was a slight reduction in imports of Teak, which, however, was more than made up by those of Borneo hard- woods and American pine and deals.

Opium. The trade in certified Indian opium is now confined to the gradual clearance of the opium already imported from India into Hongkong, Shanghai and Treaty ports. The last shipment of certified opium from India arrived in Hongkong from Bombay in January, 1914; other imports have come from Shanghai, Foochow, Swatow, and Amoy. The total imports and exports of certified Indian opium were:--

Malwa. Patna. Chests. Chests.

Benares. Total.

Chests.

Chests.

Imports,..... 8341 346 Exports,..... 2,0321 797

43

1,2231

233

3,0621

670 chests of Persian opium were imported and 1,153 exported, the destination being either London or Formosa. 1,165 chests of uncertified Indian opium were imported from India, of which 696 chests were exported to Macao. The remainder was for the use of the Government Opium Monopoly. The table below shows the total imports and exports since 1908:-

Stock in hand 1-t

14

1914. 1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909. 1908.

Chests. Chests. Chests Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

January,

Imported during

the year,

4.580

3,0594

5,560

7,587 7.123

9,108

12.8614 21.286

4 509

31.743 35.734

5,808 4.707

41.821

Total,......

7.640 14,668 19,9481| 28.409

*6252

41.542

16 528

Boiled by Opium

Farmer.

36

667

11B3

761

782

1.044

$64

Boiled by Govein-

ment.

413

Spurious

Opium

destroyed,

19

14

51

247

Missing or stolen

Exported during

the year.

4.9112 9,419

13.264 20,061

28.333 35.938 39.609

1

Total..

5.383 10.0SS 14.3884 20,8:2

29.129 37.033 40.720

Stock

remaining 31st December,... 2,256 4.580 5,560 7.587 7,123 1.509 5,808

General. There is a decrease of 299,212 tons, or 116 per cent., which is obviously due directly to the war. During the first seven months of the year there is shown an increase of G1,838 tons, or 5 per cent.. against a decrease of 361,050 tous, or 29 per cent., for the last five months, as compared with the corresponding periods of 1913.

EXPORTS.

The decrease is 295,398 tons, or 11 per cent., which may be ascribed principally to the war, although there was a general falling off in exports throughout the year. The figures for the first seven months show a decrease, compared with those for the corresponding period of 1913, of 45,332 tons, or 34 per cent., while those for the last five months declined by 250,066 tons, or 188 per cent.

Transit Cargo. Here, again, the effect of the war is very marked. For the whole year, there appears a decrease of 513,725 tons, or 104 per cent. For the first seven months, however, there is shown an increase, of 301,699 tons, or 107 per cent., which appears to be very largely due to cargo carried through in German bottoms, where there is shown an increase over the 1913 transit cargo of 214,417 tons, or 51 per cent. The last five months are responsible for the decrease of 815,424 tons, or 16'5 per cent.

Emigration and Immigration.

Seventy-six thousand two hundred and ninety six (76,296) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1914 (142,759 in 1913).

15

î

Of these, 49,780 were carried in British ships, and 26,516 in Foreign ships.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements 1909 to 1914 compared with Total Chinese Emigration 1909 to 1914.

No. of Emigrants

to

1909,

1910,

1911,

1912,

1913,

1914,

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of Emigrants.

48,016

77,430

76,705

111,058

100,906

135,565

84,024

122,657

102.353

142,759

44,974

76,296

One hundred and sixty-eight thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven (168,827) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 166,921 in 1913. Of these 129,164 arrived in British ships, and 39,663 in Foreign ships.

The decrease is due firstly to the prohibition of deck passenger traffic by Singapore in August on account of plague and secondly is due to the war and the repatriation of coolies from Singapore no new coolies being permitted to land.

(b.)-INDUSTRIES.

(i.)-Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-This industry improved as regards tonnage during the year under review.

1914.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,... 9 vessels of 7,166 gross tons and 4,970 I.H P. Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., 12

وو

14

W. S. Bailey & Co..

9

""

Macdonald & Co.....

1

3,172 1,264 42

"1

""

4 810 1,031

70

לי

་་

"}

33

Tung Hing Lung,..

2

110

140

"

""

19

Kwong Sing Luong,

2

130

150

"J

י

"

Kwong Hop Loong, .

3

116

210

33

"

19

Kwong Tuck Cheong,

700

"

"

1,450

"

Ah King,

13

28

"

**

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

3

11

Kwong Lee,

1

557 135

وو

22

34 1,200 280

29

33

.་

19

Total,..

9

15

3

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., L.,... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Id., W. S. Bailey & Co.,

Kwong Fook Cheong,

59 vessels of 13,120 gross tons and 14,345 I.H.P.

1913.

11 vessels of 5,886 gross tous and 4,420 I.H.P.

3,304 306

4,700

"1

"

509

""

""

22

11

Kwong Tuck Cheong,

6

220 1.493

385

11

33

2,406

"

11

""

""

Sam Kee,

3

140

לי

11

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,. Kwong Sze Sang,

6

558

12

6

380

250 1,002 720

21

13

""

Total,

59 vessels of 12,287 gross tons and 14,392 I.H.P.

16

Sugar Refineries.-Prices ruled low during the first seven months of 1914, with keen competition from Japanese and Java sugars. On the outbreak of war the Home Government bought largely in Java, and prices were forced up there by over 50 per cent. This of course reacted on refineds; with the high prices and reduced supplies thus resulting business during the latter part of the year was considerably below normal but at good profits for the holders of early purchased raws. Demand has been further curtail- ed by financial difficulties due to the falling off in China's export trade, but on the whole the output of the Colony's Refineries was well maintained.

Cotton Spinning.-Owing to the difficulty of securing native labour, the enhanced cost of production, and the disadvantages in the matter of Chinese fiscal charges as compared with Shanghai, the shareholders of the local mill decided to transfer the machinery and undertaking to Shanghai. Work was therefore stopped at the the end of October.

The year 1914 has been most unsatisfactory for all engaged in the Cotton Yarn trade. The heavy fall in Cotton values in the early part of the year demoralized the market for a while, but matters were improving when the outbreak of the European war in August brought about a further heavy decline in prices and also great financial stringency amongst the Chinese. Dealers were unable to fulfil their obligations, and the burden has therefore fallen upon the importers.

Rope Manufacturing. For the first half of 1914 prices of Manila Hemp gradually declined until the outbreak of war in August when the market there collapsed entirely and all business was paralysed, quotations becoming quite nominal. Towards the end of the year as the freight market began to settle down and tonnage became available a good demand sprang up and prices for medium and lower grades rose again closing for the end of 1914 at about 25 per cent. below the high prices ruling at the corresponding date in 1913.

Business in Manila cordage fell off in some quarters owing to the war but on the whole this was more than made up for by the increased demand from transports, etc., the total turnover of the factory comparing very favourably with that of any previous year.

Cement. The demand throughout the Far East was fairly well maintained during 1914 although enquiries from the Philippines were less than in previous years owing to the decrease in Govern- ment work.

At the outbreak of war shipments from Europe were delayed and although the volume of business decreased, the demand on Eastern manufacturers remained normal.

The Green Island Cement Company, Limited, is still suffering from the difficulty which exists in obtaining Kwangtung limestone.

Local selling prices have dropped to meet the competition of inferior Chinese cement, and European, Japanese and Haiphong brands cannot be laid down here at remunerative rates.

་་

74

17

Unless shipments of metal and other building materials are interfered with by the war, 1915 should be a good year for Far Eastern cement concerns as supplies of Belgian and other con- tinental cement will probably be unobtainable.

(ii.)-Under Chinese Management.

Tin. The tin business in Hongkong is annually worth some 12 millions. All tin comes from Yunnan. There are no smelteries in the Colony but there are six refineries, where the Yunnan pig tin is refined and loses some 2 to 3 per cent. in the process.

1913, 1914,

Imports. 6,153 Tons 6,741 Tons

Exports. 5,734 Tons 5,267 Tons

The imports are all in Yunnan unrefined tin and the exports in refined tin.

Generally speaking about 334 tons are exported to Japan yearly, and 1,336 tons to Shanghai. The balance goes to Europe and America. The war affected the trade last year as little tin went to Europe.

Rattan and Fibre Furniture. The chair export business amounted only to about half of that done last year. Sea grass export was about $1,000,000 less, while hemp export showed a decided improvement.

Native Tobacco.- -The output of last year has been well main- tained and its use for the manufacture of cigarettes has increased 20 to 30 per cent.

Tinned Goods. The market has been very poor and business has fallen off 25 per cent.

Samshu.-The Superintendent of Imports and Exports reports that the trade remained steady during the first half of the year but during the second half there was a large falling off in the amount of spirit both imported and locally distilled.

Vinegar. Merchants report that the business has remained much the same as last year.

Knitted Vests and Socks.--The market has been poor and business has gone down about one third. Japanese competition. continues very keen.

Leather and Hides.-The price has advanced considerably, and good business has been done but the supply is short.

Ginger and Preserves.-Owing to the European war this business on which the Germans had a strong hold has gone off 30 per cent.

Soy. -Exporters again report a poor market. Business has heen reduced by 40 per cent.

Paper.-Business shews a further decrease of 20 per cent.

18

Vermilion. The increase last year has been arrested by reason of the European war and business has fallen off 25 per cent.

Lard. This trade which made much good progress during 1913 has since the commencement of the war fallen off 30 per cent.

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is imported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of con- siderable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE AND BOTANY.

On the bare hills north of Samshuipo 28,000 pine tree seedlings, one year old, were planted, and in the same locality 7,000 pits were sown with pine tree seeds.

In the Tytam catchment area 15,000 pits were sown with pine tree seeds and at Aberdeen 10,000 pits.

On grassy hills west of the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel 185 lbs. of pine tree seeds were sown and 235 lbs. on similar hills in the Kanghau valley.

About 70,000 pine tree seedlings were raised for planting in 1915.

Three thousand broad-leaved trees were planted in the Tytam catchment area and 2,000 in the Kowloon catchment area.

Over 400 Poincianas were planted in various places in Hong- kong and Kowloon.

Between 800 and 900 flowering trees and shrubs were planted in conspicuous places in Hongkong in addition to the Poincianas.

Upwards of 2,000 trees were planted along the Castle Peak- Shataukok Road. They consisted of Poincianas, Albizzia, Camphor and Ficus.

Alongside the road leading from Sheung Shui Station to the Golf Course 190 trees were planted consisting of Camphor, Aleurites and Cratæva.

On the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course over 2,200 flowering trees and shrubs were planted.

At U Kau Tang 110 flowering trees were put in.

Young pine trees from broadcast sowings on the hills near Ngauchiwan were thinned out to the extent of 45,000.

Creepers damaging trees in plantations on Mt. Victoria, Mt. Gough, Mt. Nicholson, Mt. Kellett and Mt. Parker were cut.

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A large felling of pine and Tristania trees was made above the Pokfulam Road in order to enable new filter beds to be constructed by the Public Works Department.

Large fellings were also made on Farm Lots purchased by the Dairy Farm Co. for the cultivation of Guinea Grass.

About 9,000,000 square feet were cleared of undergrowth at the expense of the Government in connection with anti-malarial measures. The Military Authorities paid for the clearing of 2,250,000 square Feet and private individuals 288,000 square feet in addition.

In connection with survey work about 1,780,000 square feet were cleared.

At the beginning of the year pine trees on the south side of the hills were attacked by caterpillars and about 20 tons of these insects were collected and destroyed. This is the worst visitation of this pest since 1894.

An economic garden was started near Fanling in the autumn and trials are being carried out with vegetables and fruits with a view to induce the natives to take up their cultivation.

The first rice crop was above the average and the second was even better. Difficulty was experienced in harvesting the second crop owing to the wet weather which prevailed at the time.

Lichees were below the average and peanuts were good.

The autumn was the wettest on record according to statistics extending over 23 years kept by the Botanical and Forestry Depart- ment, rain falling on no less than 45 days, the average for the same period being 24 days.

In April a trip was made to the North River and several inter- esting additions to the Flora of Kwangtung were made.

(e.)-LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF LAND.

The net amount of premium received from sales of Crown land and pier rights for 1914 (including $1,429 for boundary stones) was $245,538 a decrease of $46,747 on the preceding year but $38,679 more than the average for the past five years. The principal items in the Island were $37,500 for Marine Lot 321 having an area of nearly three acres situate at North Point purchased by the Hong- kong Electric Company, Limited, and $12,900 for Inland Lot No. 2091 situate at Kennedy Town having an area of nearly an acre.

In Kowloon, Inland Lot No. 1286 being an unreclaimed area of 13,862 square feet situate at Yaumati fetched $41,586 or $3 per square foot and Kowloon Inland Lot 1294 a building site adjoining Jordan and Nathan Roads having an area of 29,570 fetched $29,620 or slightly over $1 per square foot.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium and boundary stones was $19,731 being $6,815 more than the pre- vious year.

20

The number of Deeds relating to property registered in the Land Office during the year was nearly 400 less than the previous year the chief falling off being in the case of assignments which occurred during the latter part of the year, the number of lots chang- ing hands being 998 as against 1,455 the previous year.

In the New Territories the demand for land continues normal.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty-three Ordinances were passed during 1914, of which 19 were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Opium Ordinance (No. 4) by which the Government assum- ed the entire control and management of the opium business hitherto leased out to private individuals, the Cremation Ordinance (No. 5) which provides for the regulation of the burning of human remains and enables Crematoria to be established, the Seditious Publications Ordinance (No. 6), the Public Lighting Ordinance (No. 13) which provides for the public lighting of the Colony and for the protection of the appliances used in connection therewith, the Obscene Publica- tions Ordinance (No. 15), the Dentistry Ordinance (No. 16) which endeavours to protect the public in some measure against the practice of dentistry by incompetent and unqualified persons, the Wild Bird and Game Preservation Ordinance (No. 18), the Piracy Prevention Ordinance (No. 23), the Special Police Reserve Ordinance (No. 27) which provides for the formation of a Special Police Reserve, and the following Ordinances necessitated by the outbreak of the war with Germany and Austria-Hungary :-Trading with the Enemy (No. 21), Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (Nos. 28 and 30) and the Defences (Sketching Prevention) Amend- ment (No. 32).

The history of the local policy with regard to enemy firms may be divided into two stages, one up to the 27th October, 1914, and the other from that date up to the present time.

In the earlier stage the foundation of the policy adopted was the desire to prevent the sending of supplies or money to enemy territory and generally to prevent trading with the enemy. In pursuance of this policy two measures were adopted which may be roughly stated as follows:---

(a) Local firms which were branches of firms in enemy territory were given permission to carry out existing contracts as far as possible, subject to restrictions designed to prevent the remitting of money to enemy territory.

(b) Local enemy subjects were given permission to engage in fresh trade on their own account subject to similar restrictions designed for the same object.

The view which was taken of the legal position of local import and export firms which were branches of firms in enemy territory was that trading with them or by them involved trading with persons

20

The number of Deeds relating to property registered in the Land Office during the year was nearly 400 less than the previous year the chief falling off being in the case of assignments which occurred during the latter part of the year, the number of lots chang- ing hands being 998 as against 1,455 the previous year.

In the New Territories the demand for land continues normal.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty-three Ordinances were passed during 1914, of which 19 were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Opium Ordinance (No. 4) by which the Government assum- ed the entire control and management of the opium business hitherto leased out to private individuals, the Cremation Ordinance (No. 5) which provides for the regulation of the burning of human remains and enables Crematoria to be established, the Seditious Publications Ordinance (No. 6), the Public Lighting Ordinance (No. 13) which provides for the public lighting of the Colony and for the protection of the appliances used in connection therewith, the Obscene Publica- tions Ordinance (No. 15), the Dentistry Ordinance (No. 16) which endeavours to protect the public in some measure against the practice of dentistry by incompetent and unqualified persons, the Wild Bird and Game Preservation Ordinance (No. 18), the Piracy Prevention Ordinance (No. 23), the Special Police Reserve Ordinance (No. 27) which provides for the formation of a Special Police Reserve, and the following Ordinances necessitated by the outbreak of the war with Germany and Austria-Hungary :-Trading with the Enemy (No. 21), Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (Nos. 28 and 30) and the Defences (Sketching Prevention) Amend- ment (No. 32).

The history of the local policy with regard to enemy firms may be divided into two stages, one up to the 27th October, 1914, and the other from that date up to the present time.

In the earlier stage the foundation of the policy adopted was the desire to prevent the sending of supplies or money to enemy territory and generally to prevent trading with the enemy. In pursuance of this policy two measures were adopted which may be roughly stated as follows:---

(a) Local firms which were branches of firms in enemy territory were given permission to carry out existing contracts as far as possible, subject to restrictions designed to prevent the remitting of money to enemy territory.

(b) Local enemy subjects were given permission to engage in fresh trade on their own account subject to similar restrictions designed for the same object.

The view which was taken of the legal position of local import and export firms which were branches of firms in enemy territory was that trading with them or by them involved trading with persons

1

21

in enemy territory and so was illegal unless licensed. The policy above outlined received the approval of the Secretary of State for the Colonies and was given legal sanction in the Trading with the Enemy Ordinance.

Towards the end of October, 1914, it was decided with the approval of the Secretary of State for the Colonies, that all enemy subjects in Hongkong should be either expelled or interned. Al- though this policy was not directed against ti ading by enemy subjects but was based on other grounds, it necessarily involved the stoppage of the trade of enemy subjects in the Colony and gave rise to the measures taken to wind up their local affairs. These measures and their objects appear from the two winding up Ordinances.

IV.-EDUCATION.

The registration of the private schools under the Education Ordinance proceeded satisfactorily. The Ordinance has not been applied in the New Territories, where instead small subsidies were granted to 50 of the most promising schools.

A new edition of the Grant Code was published in 1914. This was necessary in order to bring it into line with the Education Ordinance.

The Code now recognises the principle that all teachers in schools must be either Certificated Teachers or Students (Passed or present) from the Normal Classes of the Technical Institute. The Upper Classes of English Schools are encouraged by Grants to take the Matriculation and Junior Local Examinations of the Hongkong University.

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:-

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools, Military Schools, -

2,076

85

2,161

116

116

Excluded Private Schools,

580

580

Grant Schools,

-

2,137

2,192

4,329

Controlled

Private

Schools,

2,075

8,790

10,865

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories,

852

852

Technical Institute,

478

478

Total,

7,462

11,919

19,381

22

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese and four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance. Kowloon School and Victoria School for children of British parentage have an average attendance of about 120. There is also a small school for the children of the Peak District. The Diocesan School and Orphanage, St. Joseph's College and the Ellis Kadoorie School are important boys' schools. The Italian, French and St. Mary's Convents, and the Diocesan Girls' School are the most important of the English Grant Schools.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education to students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1914 in Mathematics, Machine Drawing and Building Con- struction; in Chemistry, Physics and Electricity; in Commercial English, Logic and Political Economy; in French, Shorthand and Book-keeping. Classes in Sanitation (Public Hygiene) and First Aid to the Injured are also held, the examinations being conducted under the auspices of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London, and of the St. John's Ambulance Association respectively. Classes for Men and Women Teachers are a feature of the Institute.

The Lecturers are recruited from the members of the medical and educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excellent Physical Apparatus.

While the Technical Institute has suffered in several directions from the activity of the University, it continues to perform many useful functions of its own. The Normal Classes for men and women, the Shorthand, Mathematics and English Classes were all well attended, as also a "First Aid" Class.

The Hongkong University is an institution that arose from the joint enterprise of British and Chinese subscribers. It was founded with funds representing about equal proportions of Chinese and British money.

At the end of the year the number of students was 147, 79 of whom were taking Engineering, 36 Medicine and 32 Arts. While most of the students have studied in Hongkong schools a number come from Canton, the Coast Ports of China and the Straits Settlements.

The idea of the University is to provide, close to China, education for Chinese similar to that given in the British Univer- sities, but at a much cheaper cost; for if a Chinese goes abroad to be educated he has to pay, besides travelling expenses, some $2,000 per annum; whereas at Hongkong the expenses of the University are $540 per annum for board and tuition, or, including extras, from $600 to $650.

T

1

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23

The founders of the University took into consideration the fact that Chinese students being educated abroad have usually to make their own arrangements for board and lodging. Consequently sometimes they contract irregular habits. All students educated at the Hongkong University are required to become boarders, and thus their whole lives are under supervision whilst they are there. Ample provision is made for indoor and outdoor recreation, and in this connection it is interesting to note that the Chinese residents of Hongkong recently subscribed a large sum for levelling a new playing field and that the work has just been completed.

The University is composed of three Faculties: 1.-Medical, which offers unexampled facilities for the practice of medicine. The anatomical laboratories were the gift of a Cantonese gentleman (Mr. Ng Li-hing). There is a large staff of instructors in medicine: all the principal doctors of Hongkong give lectures at the University. 2.--Arts. The establishment of this Faculty was largely due to the munificence of a Chinese gentleman in the Straits Settlements (Mr. Cheung Pat-sze). Its special object is to provide training suitable to those who desire to enter the public service or the higher branches of mercantile life. The course of instruction comprises English and Chinese literature, political and constitutional history, political economy, jurisprudence and international and commercial law.

The largest of the Faculties is that of Engineering, to which nearly two-thirds of the students belong. It is divided into three branches Civil, Electrical and Mechanical. The University has an exceptionally large equipment of machinery and apparatus, and has fourteen laboratories and workshops in working order. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical management.

The University insists upon all students having a proper knowledge of their own language, although instruction at the University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examination in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Ilanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China,

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

The New Magistracy was practically completed at the close of the year. The building, which is four-storeyed, is situated near the junction of Arbuthnot Road and Wyndham Street and contains, in the basement, prisoners' waiting room, strong-rooms, store-rooms, cells and servants' quarters; on the ground floor, two Police Courts, rooms for Magistrates and their clerks and for witnesses; on the first floor, Chief Clerk's offices and quarters for Indian Police Constables; on the second floor, two flats for European Police Inspectors and further quarters for Indian Police. Extensive quar-

24

ters for Subordinate Officers were completed and occupied during the year. They included three three-storeyed blocks at Breezy Point, each block containing six flats, two of four rooms and four of three rooms; a terrace of four two-storeyed houses, two of four rooms and two of three rooms, at Mount Parish; and a terrace of eight two-storeyed houses, two of four rooms and six of three rooms, adjoining King's Park, Kowloon.

The Mongkoktsui breakwater was constructed throughout to the level of the underside of the paving blocks. The whole of the con- crete blocks required for facing the outer slope above the level of low-water were completed and 8,114 blocks out of a total number of 12,405 were set in place. The pitching of the inner slope above the level of low-water was also proceeded with, 7,230 pitching stones of an average weight of ton each being set. The reclamation adjoin- ing the Northern entrance was completed except the pier-head, and the pier enclosing the Harbour of Refuge to the South was nearly completed.

The foundations of the large masonry dam of the Tytam Tuk Reservoir were partially constructed over a length of 400 feet. In the old stream-bed, the foundations were carried down to a maximum depth of 44 feet below ground level or about 40 feet below tidal low- water level, at which depth sound water-tight rock was found. Towards the end of the year, good progress was made with the concrete and masonry work. Good progress was also made with the laying of the additional pumping mains and with the foundations for the additional pumping machinery.

The following buildings were completed:-Stables for Sanitary Department adjoining No. 1 Police Station; two underground trough closets, one in Pottinger Street and the other in D'Aguilar Street; a urinal at Happy Valley; additions to the Printing Office, Victoria Gaol, and alterations and additions to Hunghom Police Station.

-New

The following buildings were in course of erection :-) Public Works Stores; Wireless Telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar; married quarters for Police in Caine Road; new block of cells, etc., Victoria Gaol; a School in the Hill District, and a Police Station at Lok Ma Chau in the New Territories.

The first portion of a road along the North face of Victoria Peak, 2,820 feet in length, commencing from Victoria Gap, was completed as was also a road to give access to Inland Lots 1946 and 1947 situated on the ridge to the East of Happy Valley. Belchers Street was extended across Marine Lot 239. The old road from Deep Water Bay to Shaukiwan through Stanley was improved by cutting back some of the sharp corners and by widening certain narrow places. In the New Territories, the extension of the road at Castle Peak Bay and the construction of a pier there were practically com- pleted as was also the road from Taipo to Fanling, with the exception of two bridges, one close to Taipo Market and the other about a mile South of Fanling.

J

25

Upwards of 10,000 lineal feet of streams were trained in the neighbourhood of Shaukiwan and Pokfulam, in the City and Hill District and in Kowloon. In the New Territories, a small amount of training was done to the streams in the vicinity of the Railway bungalows at Taipo. Various and considerable extensions of sewers in connection with new building lots were carried out in Hongkong and Kowloon.

The reclamation in front of K.M.L.'s 29-31 was completed. Part of the reclaimed area is being utilized for a repairing and coal- ing depôt for Government launches. The depôt comprises a slipway for launches up to 80 tons, steel pier, coal store, carpenters' work- shop, paint shop and store, quarters for a European Police Sergeant and quarters for Chinese workmen and coaling coolies. Accommo- dation is also provided within the depôt for housing undesirables, the building so occupied containing an upper floor which is to be utilized for sail-making. The slipway was completed with the exception of the carriage and hauling gear.

The work of providing scavenging lanes was continued, compen- sation being paid where necessary.

The demolition of the riding floors over the North end of Hing Lung Street (110 Des Voeux Road Central), the South end of Tung Hing Lane (178 Wing Lok Street) and the North end of Sheung Fung Lane (84 Second Street) was carried out, the owners being compensated by Government.

The service reservoir and filter beds near Sywan Gap in connec- tion with the Shaukiwan Waterworks were completed. The new pumping station on Pokfulam Road, to supersede the one on Bonham Road, was completed and brought into use about the middle of the year, the old station-building being handed over to the University Authorities for use as a machine-shop and engineering laboratory. The construction of extensive additional filter beds and of a large service reservoir for the supply of the Western section of the City was undertaken at the close of the year

The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $1,639,594,72 and on works annually recurrent $567,100.15.

Railway.

The year's expenditure chargeable to Construction Account was $546,602.44 Main Line and $27,826.69 Fanling Branch making a total of $574,429.13 in which is included a debit of $194,847.04 being loss on exchange in connection with Crown Agents' advances. During the year the superstructure of Kowloon Terminal Station Building was carried to first floor level and the Platforms of the New Terminal Station were opened for traffic. One new Main Line locomotive arrived in the Colony and was erected, and considerable progress was made in the building of eight Main Line coaches. Protective works of a substantial nature were found necessary along

26

the coast line between Shatin and Taipo and were commenced in November. One new locomotive and six new coaches were supplied to the Fanling Branch.

The Working Expenses amounted to $274,366.39 and when compared with Gross Receipts show a slight increase, the percentage for the previous year being 7368 while for 1914 it was 7525; this is mainly due to an unforeseen rise in the price of coal.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $131,381.42 being $2,174.94 more than in 1913 and the Earnings of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic amounted to $225,736.61 which exceeded those of the previous year by $28,222.02, while the Fanling Branch Earnings amounted to $7,490.29 or $578.04 more than the previous year. The excess of Earnings over Expenditure for 1914 was $90,241.93 against $87,824.74 for 1913.

The Expenditure on the Fanling Branch during the year amounted to $14,991.24 or $1,618.24 over the estimate of $13,373, due chiefly to the repairs to washouts which occurred in July.

1913.

1914.

Passengers booked by British Section to

Stations in China, Passengers booked by Chinese Section to

Stations on the British Section, ...296,614

...250,437

277,512

353,722

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Main Line,

...230,339

245,527

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Fanling Branch,

47,119

48,997

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accommodat- ing 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 2,742 in- patients and 13,828 out-patients were treated during 1914 as against 2,793 and 13,778 respectively in 1913. 324 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 254 in 1913 and 198 in 1912. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows an increase of 59 cases as com- pared with the year 1913. The Maternity Hospital contains 12

26

the coast line between Shatin and Taipo and were commenced in November. One new locomotive and six new coaches were supplied to the Fanling Branch.

The Working Expenses amounted to $274,366.39 and when compared with Gross Receipts show a slight increase, the percentage for the previous year being 7368 while for 1914 it was 7525; this is mainly due to an unforeseen rise in the price of coal.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $131,381.42 being $2,174.94 more than in 1913 and the Earnings of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic amounted to $225,736.61 which exceeded those of the previous year by $28,222.02, while the Fanling Branch Earnings amounted to $7,490.29 or $578.04 more than the previous year. The excess of Earnings over Expenditure for 1914 was $90,241.93 against $87,824.74 for 1913.

The Expenditure on the Fanling Branch during the year amounted to $14,991.24 or $1,618.24 over the estimate of $13,373, due chiefly to the repairs to washouts which occurred in July.

1913.

1914.

Passengers booked by British Section to

Stations in China, Passengers booked by Chinese Section to

Stations on the British Section, ...296,614

...250,437

277,512

353,722

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Main Line,

...230,339

245,527

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Fanling Branch,

47,119

48,997

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accommodat- ing 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 2,742 in- patients and 13,828 out-patients were treated during 1914 as against 2,793 and 13,778 respectively in 1913. 324 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 254 in 1913 and 198 in 1912. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows an increase of 59 cases as com- pared with the year 1913. The Maternity Hospital contains 12

28

Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 1,787 patients were accommodated during 1914. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is an Aided Institution.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1914 the number of persons admitted was 435 and at the close of the year 41 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It is now housed in the Belilios Reformatory and receives a small grant from the Government. It was temporarily closed after the outbreak of

war.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending

༩.

}

29

TRAN

library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence including one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay. The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary subscription, was $39,664.60 for the year 1914. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 8,817 being a decrease of 3,194 or 26-59 per cent. as compared with 1913. There was in 1914 a decrease in serious offences of 467 or 13.54

per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 596 below the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1910. The number of minor offences reported shows a decrease of 2,727 as compared with 1913 and was 1,099 below the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1914 was Europeans 175, Indians 487, Chinese 621, making a total of 1,283 (as compared with 1,223 in 1913) exclusive in each case of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments and by private firms. Of this force 16 Europeans, 141 Indians and 49 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year, under an Assistant Superintendent.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by

30

the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 4,050 as compared with 6,885 in 1913. Of these 935 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,369 in 1913. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 538 less under the Prepared Opium Ordinance, and one more for infringement of Sanitary By- laws, than in 1913.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 600, the average for 1913 being 702, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.12. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-13. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 630 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 134 as compared with 1.22 in 1913 and 1.40 in 1912.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $66,034 as against $59,007 in 1913. A sum of $3,329 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,652 in 1913.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 501,304, but this includes the New Territories and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 410,710, of whom 20,710 were Non-Chinese (including Army and Navy).

30

the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 4,050 as compared with 6,885 in 1913. Of these 935 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,369 in 1913. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 538 less under the Prepared Opium Ordinance, and one more for infringement of Sanitary By- laws, than in 1913.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 600, the average for 1913 being 702, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.12. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-13. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 630 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 134 as compared with 1.22 in 1913 and 1.40 in 1912.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $66,034 as against $59,007 in 1913. A sum of $3,329 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,652 in 1913.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 501,304, but this includes the New Territories and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 410,710, of whom 20,710 were Non-Chinese (including Army and Navy).

31

The distribution of population at the Census was as follows :---

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak), . 219,386 Villages of Hongkong,

New Territories,

Population afloat,

.12,075

16,106

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

67,602

80,622

60,948

444,664

456,739

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

(b.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which was so noticeable a feature of 1912 and 1913 has only slightly abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912 and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony. However in August and September 1914 nearly 60,000 Chinese hastily returned to China, owing to fears of a bombardment of the Colony following the outbreak of the European War. The Chinese quarters which had been in an over- crowded condition throughout the Plague season

were thus relieved of their excess but not in time to prevent the severe epidemic of Plague which had been predicted in the report for 1913. The relationship between overcrowding and Plague was discussed at length in the report for 1912.

The general birth-rate for the year was 9.3 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 16'8 per 1,000 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 117 and 15-8 during 1913.

The general death-rate for the year was 23.8 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 12-9 among the Non-Chinese com- munity, as compared with 21-7 and 10-9 during 1913..

The number of deaths from Malaria (241) shows a decrease on the previous year (290). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria numbered 73 out of a population of 247,500 or a rate of 0-29 per 1,000 per annum. All districts show a reduction in mortality from this cause except the Stanley (rural) district, where a large number of workmen have been employed throughout the year in the construction of the extension to the Tytam Waterworks.

The deaths from Plague numbered 2,020 as compared with 386 in 1913 and 1,768 in 1912.

Small-pox deaths numbered 91, all Chinese, with the exception of one Portuguese infant and one British shipwright.

#

32

There were 2,252 deaths from respiratory diseases among the Chinese, as compared with 2,537 in 1913. Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis claimed 742 Chinese victims, while other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 312 deaths, making a total of 1,054 or 11.3 per cent. of the total deaths among that community.

Beri-beri was responsible for 399 deaths, as compared with 339 during 1913 and 231 in 1912. During the past few years circulars have been distributed to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet with- out a sufficiency of other foods, and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice, when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded.

The influx of thousands of strangers from the neighbouring provinces is a sufficient explanation of the temporary rise in the number of deaths from this disease.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)—CLIMATE.

The mean shade temperature for the year at the Royal Obser- vatory, Kowloon, (108 feet above mean sea level), was 73°4, 1°.5 higher than in 1913, and 1°3 higher than the mean for the past 10 years. The maximum temperature was 940 on the 31st August and the minimum 47°4 on the 1st January. The hottest month was August, with a mean temperature of 82°-3 and the coldest, January, with a mean temperature of 62°8.

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 100-21 inches, as compared with an average of 82.73 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was July with 26-30 inches, the driest, January, when no rain fell. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 5.25 inches on the 22nd June while no rain fell on 219 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 78%, or the same as for the ten preceding years The average daily amount of sunshine was 5'6 hours, being 46% of the possible duration.

X.-POSTAL SERVICE.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1914 amounted to $398,426.38 being $41,573.62 less than the amount estimated.

33

The revenue from the sale of Postage Stamps in 1913 amounted to $397.083.40 and that for 1914 to $355,018.05, a decrease of $42,065.35, which is attributed to the dislocation of business and the diminished number of vessels sailing out of the Colony on account of the war. The expenditure in 1914 amounted to $371,646.06. The result of the year's postal transactions shows a credit balance of $26,780.32.

A branch Post Office was opened in the Saiyingpun district on the 1st May and is meeting a long felt want.

The mails sent from London by the trans-Siberian route have been very erratic since the outbreak of hostilities, taking 30 to 35 days in transit against 19 days during the antebellum period.

XI. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

1. The condition of the Province of Kwangtung improved con- siderably during the year though the Government found difficulty in suppressing the numerous robber bands which, owing to the disbandment of many soldiers who had been enrolled during the revolutionary period, were scattered throughout the provinces of Kwangtung and Kwangsi, and especially in the West River districts. Many acts of piracy occurred and the influx of undesirable characters to Hongkong gave the Police cause for extra vigilance.

On the 15th March a piracy of the Norwegian S.S. "Childar" occurred soon after this vessel had left Hongkong for Swatow and in this case the pirates escaped having run the ship close to Chinese territory near Bias Bay before they left it. The S.S. "Tai On" which was attacked by pirates on the 2nd April, 1913, was again the victim of a serious piracy on the night of the 27th April when in the vicinity of Kio Island. The pirates, who had embarked as pas- sengers, attacked the bridge, but the Master, Mr. Wetherall, assisted by the Chief Officer, Mr. Evans, the Chief Engineer, Mr. McCartney, and two Portuguese J. Conception and A. Dias, offered a most spirited resistance. Being foiled in their attempt the pirates then set fire to the vessel and about 300 lives were lost including that of the Chief Officer, Mr. Evans, who was injured, it is feared, in the struggle on board and was unable in consequence to keep himself afloat after the ship had been abandoned. The disaster was one of the worst that have occurred in the waters of the delta, but the gallant conduct of the officers in charge of the ship had a remarkable effect in stopping any serious attempts at piracy for some time afterwards. The Government and public of Hongkong marked their appreciation of the action of Mr. Wetherall, Mr. McCartney and Guard Dias by compensating them for the losses they suffered and by suitable presentations. The widow of Mr. Evans, the Chief Officer, was awarded an allowance by the Government. This piracy led to the

L

D

34

passing of the Piracy Prevention Ordinance referred to under the head of Legislation. In accordance with its provisions vessels sailing to ports on the southern coast of China, which are licensed to carry passengers, have to comply with certain stringent re- gulations.

With the assistance of the Chinese Government and the Macao Authorities the Hongkong Police were enabled to trace the prepetra- tors of both these outrages. They were tried by the Authorities in the Kwangtung Province, and 17 of those concerned in the "Tai On" piracy and 9 of those concerned in the · Childar" piracy were executed at Canton.

66

2. In the month of July very serious floods occurred in the Fu and West Rivers and an immense tract of country bordering on these rivers was submerged. Great damage was done to embank- ments which protect the riverine fields and much suffering was occasioned to a large population who were deprived of food and shelter.

The Government contributed a sum of $50,000 in aid of a Relief Fund and a representative Committee was appointed to raise public subscriptions and administer the fund. Including the Government contribution a sum of over $349,000 was raised, the greater portion of which was devoted to the repair by the villagers of broken embankments. A large sum was also spent in sending food into the district at the beginning of the emergency.

The Committee worked in co-operation with the Charitable Societies in Canton who displayed their usual energy and generosity in organising relief, and by and with the authority of the Chinese Authorities who rendered every facility to the Members of the Com- mittee who supervised work and relief in the district assigned to them.

3. The outbreak of war with Germany and Austria and later with Turkey produced a novel and trying situation in which the entire Community showed a most commendable spirit. Offers of assistance from all classes and races were tendered and conspicuous in their proffers of help were the members of the Chinese Com- munity. Practically the whole of the British male population, in- cluding very many of Indian, Portuguese and Chinese race, not already enrolled gave their services to the Volunteers, the Volunteer Reserves and the Special Police Reserve. Their services were most valuable and their public spirit rendered possible a considerable reduction in the regular Garrison for duty elsewhere.

The following Companies and organisations lent valuable assist- ance to the Government:

The Tramway Companies and the Star Ferry Company

who conveyed soldiers and volunteers free of charge.

35

The Committee of the Matilda Hospital who received free of charge certain German ladies until other arrange- ments could be made for their disposal.

The Joint Telegraph Companies in all matters connected

with the Censorship of Telegrams.

The Hongkong Volunteer Cadets and the St. Joseph's College Boy Scouts rendered useful service as messengers.

Before the end of the year £17,000 was remitted to the Nation- al Relief Fund inaugurated by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. This fund was liberally contributed by all classes of the Community including Indians, Portuguese and Chinese. Various other funds for relief of Belgian Refugees and for supply of tobacco and clothing to the Troops were also instituted and liberally supported by the Community.

The cost of the passages of a number of recruits for the Armies in England not only from the Colony but from places in the Far East were defrayed by the Colonial Government. Up to the end of the year seven local residents went to take up Commissions as officers and thirty-seven for enlistments. From outside the Colony two were selected for Commissions and ten for enlistment. The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company were good enough to grant favourable preferential rates for these passages.

4. The difficulties encountered by the Green Island Cement Company in their endeavour to obtain limestone from the Kwang- tung and Kwangsi Provinces were not wholly overcome, and the supply during the year was not satisfactory.

5. The Opium Farm was taken over by the Government in March and the restrictive measures adopted have already had a good effect. The energetic action of the Revenue Department has suc- ceeded in tracing many cases of smuggling of opium, morphine and cocaine through the Colony and the heavy fines inflicted and the confiscation of the smuggled goods will it is hoped go far to check- ing this illicit trade.

6. An order of the Supreme Court was obtained in March for the removal of the Morrison Library from the City Hall, where it was little used by the public, to the University.

7. Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher (Assistant Colonial Secretary) proceeded on leave on the 19th March, 1914, and during his absence his post was filled by the appointment of Mr. M. J. Breen.

Mr. R. H. Crofton (late Chief Clerk) was promoted to the post of Assistant Government Secretary, Zanzibar, and left to take up his duties on 4th January, 1914.

29th June, 1915.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

Light Dues ...

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR TH

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FO

Revenue for

same

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates

1914.

Actual Revenue to

31st Dec., 1914.

period of preceding

Increase.

Decrease.

Year.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office ...

Kowloon-Canton Railway

:

$

92,000.00

90,397.87

93,649.44

104,500.00 103,667.97

104,648.41

6,797,600.00 7,979,439.51 | 5,510,560.89 2,468,878.62

654,910.00

727,777.59 711,534.94 16,242.65

440,000.00 398,426.38 439,189.37

372,600.00 381,313.28 325,115.22 56,198.06

3,251.57

Governor

Colonial Se€

980.44

Secretariat f

Audit Depa

Treasury...

Harbour M:

Imports & F

40,762.99

Royal Obse

Miscellaneo

Judicial and

Police and I

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

905,600.00 936,648.02 898,480.27 38,167.75

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

܀

:

2,000,00

Medical De

.....

Sanitary De

Botanical ai

133,750.00 24,416.04 136,844.82

12,428.78

Education

Military Ex

Public Wor

Do.

TOTAL, (Ordinary),

9,502,960.00 10,742,086.66 8,220,023-36 2,579,487.08

57,423.78

Do.

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

:

Post Office

Kowloon-C:

250,000.00 265,186.43 292,285.48

27,099.05

Charge on a

Pensions .

...

Charitable

TOTAL,

9,752,960.00 11,007,273.09 8,512,308.84 2,579,487.08

84,522.83

Appendix A.

ANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1914.

ENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1914.

ncrease.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1914.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1914.

Expenditure for same

period of

Increase.

Decrease.

preceding Year.

$

3,251.57

$

Governor

85,657.00

85,986.29

82,051.05

3,935.24

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

82,158.00

70,894.40 79,977-73

9,083.33

980.44

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

53,259.00

51,178.04 41,674.04 9,504.00

Audit Department...

:

:

:..

32,741.00

32,697.22 30,817.89

1,879.33

58,878.62

*

Treasury...

66,340.00 66,943.60 66,161.92

781.68

16,242.65

40,762.99

Harbour Master's Department

Imports & Exports Department .......

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

56,198.06

38,167.75

4

12,428.78

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police and Prison Departments.

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

:.

Do.

Recurrent

440

579,487.08

57,423.78

Do.

Extraordinary

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

174,610.00

176,287.98

228,516.80

52,228.83

1,044,233.00

991,096.46

991,096.46

****

25,890.00 25,398.31 24,255.49

1,142.82

257,128.00 945,131.62

387,783.79

557,347.83

269,575.00 259,181.94 253,636.18

5,545-76

931,407.00

933,156.52 909,421.09 23,735.43

246,409.00

230,896.86

227,307.03 3,589.83

369,566.00

353,521.53 331,234.55 22,286.98

48,309.00 49,076.14 48,745.88

330.26

319,052.00 292,820.83 269,164.33 23,656.50

1,764,276.00 1,886,346.31 | 1,615,683.32 270,662.99

432,530.00

414,510.57

367,544.52

46,966.05

481,000.00

567,100.18 599,843.24

A

32,743.06

2,130,800.00 1,639,594.72 1,247,689.34 391,905.38

27,099.05

Post Office

579,487.08

84,522.83

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

:

4

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

438,421.00

371,646.06 622,587.51

271,209.00 274,366.39 245,808.58 28,557 81

738,851.00 705,808.50 672,961.36 32,847.14

250,941.45

307,200.00

305,030 61

280,230.88

24,799-73

25,235.00 27,553-74

|10,595,856.00 10,756,224.82|8,658,012.93 | 2,443,208.55

24,916.41

2,637.33

344,996.66

?

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1914.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $11,007,273 being $1,254,313 in excess of the estimate and $2,494,964 more than the revenue in 1913. Compared with that year there were increases under the heads Licences, Fees of Court, Railway, and Rent of Government Property.

2. The principal sub-heads showing an increase over the estimate are as follows:

(a.) Assessed Taxes, -

- $104,187

(b.) Land Sales,

15,186

(c.) Leased Lands,

16,019

(d) Forfeitures,

37,181

(e.) Sunday Cargo Working Permits,-

11,950

(f.) Court Fees

11,603

(g.) Possession Fees,

12,576

(.) Water Excess Supply,

29,440

i.) Opium Monopoly,

-1,168,300

12,506

(j) Markets,

(k) Widows & Orphans' Pension Contributions, 13,865

Besides the above a bill against the British Post Offices in China on account of 1910 and amounting to $12,440 was settled last year.

The increase under (d) is due to numerous arms and cocaine · cases and under (i) to adoption of direct Government control, while the remainder with the exception of (g) which is a new item may be taken as generally due to the growth of the Colony.

3. The principal decreases were:-

(a.) Liquor Duties,

(b.) Stamp Duties,

c.) Medical Examination of Emigrants,

(d.) Conservancy Contracts,

(e.) Post Office,

$58,044

80,172

44,528

28,712

41,573

Of these (a) was probably over-estimated, (b) is partly due to the War, while (c) Emigration to the Straits was stopped in August, (d) the fees due under the Contracts were reduced, and (e) was no doubt due to depression of trade on account of the War.

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure amounted to $10,756,224, being $160,368 over the estimate, and $2,098,211 more than the expendi- ture in 1913. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under 14 heads as against 10 heads where there were increases. The excess, amounting to $688,003, under Miscellaneous Services, was

A (1) 2

largely due to loss on subsidiary coins, of which $5,000,000 worth were sent home for sale as bullion. Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate on account of the War by $122,070, and an excess of $86,100 under Public Works Recurrent is largely accounted for by increases in respect of the votes Waterworks: Maintenance of City and Hill Districts, Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in the City, and Maintenance of Buildings. There was a decrease under Typhoon Damages.

5. The Imports and Exports Department over-estimated its expenditure by $53,136 while the sum not required by the Post Office came to $66,774. The Charge on account of Public Debt was over-estimated by $33,042.

6. There was a saving of a sum of $491,205 under the vote for Public Works Extraordinary, due to works being delayed or deferred, including Wireless Telegraph Station $61,819, Tytam Tuk Waterworks $199,740, the West Point Reservoir $145,497, and the Repairing Yard for Government Launches $23,619.

7. The revenue for the year exceeded the expenditure by a sum of $251,048, whereas a deficit of $842,896 was anticipated; with the result that the credit balance of $2,659,426 at the end of 1913 was increased to $2,910,474 at the end of 1914.

8. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1914:—

LIABILITIES,

$

C.

ASSETS.

$9

C.

Deposits not Available,... 258,995.86 Subsidiary Coins,

989,863.08

House Service,

1,855.75 | Advances,

126,352.37

Crown Agents' Advances,

678,906.71 Imprest,

118,336.64

""

""

Drafts,... 571,428.57 Railway Construction, 3,932,633.98

Postal Agencies in China, 8,745.43 Unallocated Stores,..

321,990.99

Overdraft, Bank,

1,066,755.63 Crown Agents' Cur-

rent Account,

7,984.86

Total Liabilities,... 2,586,687.95

Balance,... 2,910,473.97

Total,...$ 5,497,161,92

Total,... 5,497,161.92

J

A (1) 3

9. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years :-

1910. 1911.

$

1912.

1913.

1914.

$

$

$

$

Revenue,.... 6,960,869 7,497,231 8,180,691 8,512,308.84 11,007,273.09 Expenditure, 6,907,113 7,077,177 7,202,543 8,658,012.93 10,756,224.82 Surplus,...... 53,756 420,054 978,151

Deficit,

PUBLIC DEBT.

145,704.09

251,048.27

10. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,732 and the contributions to the Sinking Fund with accrued interest total £186,294 being £22,106 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1913. The market value of the fund's investments on the 31st December was unas- certainable as no report of prices has reached this Department.

Of the loan of £1,100,000 to the late Viceroy of Wuchang £971,520 have been repaid and advanced to Railway Construction Account (the arrears

:

on account of 1914 have since been received).

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

11. The expenditure on Railway Construction amounted at the end of the year to $14,095,660, that during the year being $574,429, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station. The funds for this expenditure have been obtained by the advance of £971,520 from the Wuchang Loan, by advances from the Crown Agents in the sum of £109,404 and by advances from general account.

GENERAL REMARKS.

12. The only alteration of importance during 1914 in the revenue system was the abolition of the Opium Farm, substituted by direct Government control.

13. The total receipts and payments accounted for by the Treasury during the year were $24,970,000 and $25,666,000 re- spectively, compared with $15,813,800 and $15,542,520 in 1913. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, and Railway Construction.

14. Subsidiary coins in stock and in transit to London for redemption purposes on the 31st December was of the face value of $989,863.08 as follows:-

50 cents,....

20

10

5

99

99

Copper,

$

4,285.00

62,763.20

886,634.70

5,530.80 30,649.38

$989,863,08

A (1) 4

Coins of the face value of $5,000,000 all in 10 cent pieces were sent to England during the year for purpose of demonetization.

15. The limits between which the rates of discount ranged

were :-

50 cent-pieces 14 per cent. to 13 per cent.

10

20

""

NAN

2 21

""

""

>>

5

Copper

""

""

191

19

192

""

14

""

par. to 11

On the 1st March, Ordinance No. 15 of 1913 prohibiting the circulation of foreign silver and nickel coins came into force and has effected the disappearence of foreign coins from circulation though owing to business depression and the War no permanent result has yet appeared in the way of decreasing the discount on the Colony's currency.

Owing to depression of trade silver dollars were in no great demand during the end of the year and consequently bank notes were at a premium ranging from 4 % to 10%.

16. The circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

.$23,482,903

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China,... 6,071,633 Mercantile Bank of India,

1,308,191

$30,862,727

9th April, 1915.

A. M. THOMSON,

Treasurer.

1

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1915-1916.

1. His Excellency the Governor-in-Council, under Section 8 of the Rating Ordinance, No. 6 of 1901, ordered the existing Valuation for 1914-1915 to be adopted as the Valuation for 1915- 1916. During the past year no general Assessment has been made, the difference in Rateable Value being the result of Interim- assessments and Appeals.

2. The City of Victoria.--The Rateable Value has decreased from $11,945,570 to $11,774,530, a reduction of $171,040 or 1·43 per cent.

3. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value has increased from $322,565 to $325,725, an addition of $3,160 or 0.97 per cent.

4. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.-The Rateable Value has increased from $377,032 to $381,491, an addition of $4,459 or 1-18 per cent.

5. Hongkong Villages.--The Rateable Value has increased from $164,914 to $176,016, an addition of $11,102 or 6·73 per

cent.

6. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $586,130 to $610,835, an addition of $24,705 or 4.21 per cent.

7. Yanmati.-The Rateable Value has increased from $325,610 to $330,465, an addition of $4,855 or 1-49 per cent.

8. Monykoktsui.--The Rateable Value has increased from $196,675 to $210,715, an addition of $14,040 or 7-13 per cent.

9. Hunghom and Hokun.-The Rateable Value has increased from $299,265 to $301,045, an addition of $1,780 or 0.59 per cent.

10. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $90.241 to $90,626, an addition of $385 or 0.42 per cent.

11. New Kowloon.-The Rateable Value has increased from $102,101 to $103,922, an addition of $1,821 or 1.78 per cent.

12. The Whole Colony.-As compared with last year's Assess- ment, which was exceptionally high, the Rateable Value has decreased from $14,410,103 to $14,305,370, a slight reduction of $104,733 or 0.72 per cent.

B 2

13. Interim Valuations.-Between 1st July, 1914, and 1st June, 1915, 466 Interim-Valuations were made as follows:-

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

No.

Rateable Value.

No. Rateable Value.

New or rebuilt tenements and tene-

ments structurally altered,

232

208,305

159

94,821

Assessments cancelled, tenements

pulled down or being in other

respects not rateable, ..

47

37,465

28

14,598

No. and Increase,

279

$170,840

187

$ 80,223

14. Appeals.-The effect of the war on local trade, and the departure from the Colony of a very large number of Chinese who had come to Hongkong during the past few years from the Main- land, caused an extensive reduction in rents, the Districts principally affected being the Central and Western portions of the City of Victoria. In 299 Appeals against the adopted assessments of 1,516 tenements reductions aggregating $355,796 in Rateable Value were made by Order of the Court.

15. Vacant Tenements.-The number of tenements reported to be vacant and inspected under Section 36 of the Rating Ordi- nance averaged about 240 monthly as compared with 80 last year.

16. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1914-1915 and 1915-1916 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1914-1915. 1915-1916.

Increase. Decrease.

Per

Cent.

$

$

%

ale

171,040 | 1·43

Hill District and Hongkong Villages,

The City of Victoria, 11,945,570 11,774,530

864,511 883,232 | 18,721

2.16

Kowloon Point and

Kowloon Villages, 1,600,022 | 1,647,608

47,586

2.97

Total,......$14,410,103 14,305,370

104,7330-72

B 3

17. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1906-1907 to 1915-1916 inclusive :-

-

Year.

Rateable Value,

Increase as compared with pre- vious year.

Decrease

as com-

pared with previous

year.

$

Percentage of Increase or Decrease in Rateable Value as

compared with the previous year.

%

1906-07, ... 10,969,203

458,040

4.35 Increase.

1907-08, 10,716,173

253,030

2.30 Decrease.

1908-09, ... 10,816,753

100,580

0.93 Increase.

1909-10,

10,750,902

65,851

0-60 Decrease.

1910-11,

11,082,179

331,277

3.08 Increase.

1911-12,

11,161,390

79,211

0.71

do.

1912-13,

12,312,306

1,150,916

10.31

do.

1913-14, ... 12,435,812

123,506

1 03

do.

1914-15, 14,410,103

1,974,291

15.87

do.

1915-16,

14,305,370

104,733

0.72 Decrease.

18. Staff. On the 30th November, 1914, I completed twenty- five years service as Assessor.

There has been no change in the Staff. Mr. So Shing-hon and Mr. Chu Tsau-hing have discharged their duties as Clerk and Interpreter respectively to my entire satisfaction.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE,

11th June, 1915.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1914.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE,

(Tables I and II.)

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $7,258; less than that for 1913 by $3,387. This decrease was due in main to the provisions of the Regulation of Chinese Amendment Ordinance, 1913, (No. 24 of 1913), which abolished the fees formerly charged for the issue of householders' certificates of registration; to the issue of fewer Chinese Boarding House licences, Marriage licences, Certificates to Chinese going to the United States of America, and permits for display of fireworks; and there were fewer registrations of Societies. There were a few items which shewed slight increases, viz., Official Signature fees and fees for bonds by non-resident householders.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $51,178 as compared with $41,674 in 1913 and fell short of the estimate by $2,831. The increase is mainly due to the creation of a new second Class post in the Office, Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS. (Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 111 as compared with 194 in 1913; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1913) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 82, or 73.8%, as com- pared with 87.6% in 1913; 20 were sent to their native place; one was married; 4 were restored to husbands or relatives; while 4 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. 13 names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly or quarterly to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their being forced into prostitution. The names of 2 girls were struck off the

C 2

list, of whom one was married and the other sent back to her native place. The number of names on the list on the 31st December was 67 as compared with 56 on January 1st, 1914:

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 127 of whom 34 were found. These figures compare very favourably with those for 1913-167 and 33. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 223, of whom 45 were found as compared with 43 out of 293 in 1913.

EMIGRATION.

Emigration Ordinance No. 1 of 1889,

(as amended by subsequent Ordinances).

(1.)--EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREE). (Table IV.)

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 13,162 (women 8,158, girls 1,002, and boys under sixteen 4,002) as compared with 26,080 in 1913. The decrease in numbers, which may be said to have been entirely due to the war, affected all the ports to which such emigrants proceed, but the chief decrease is in the number of those proceeding to Singapore and Penang, 11,249 as compared with 23,318 in 1913, the Government of the Straits Settlements having on the outbreak of war entirely prohibited the immigration of all deck passengers from China. The figures for the first 7 months of the year were nearly up to the average for the last 3 years, but whereas the monthly average from January to July was 1,786, that for the 5 months, August to December, was only 119.

7. The record of the occupations of women emigrants over 16 shows that, of a total of 8,158, 5,240 were going with their husbands or other relatives, or to join relatives; 2,601 gave their occupations as maid-servants, 329 as tailoresses and 192 as prostitutes. There were also 10 hairdressers and 6 nuns.

8. 27 or '20% of the total number of women and children emi- grants were detained for enquiries, as against 63 out of 26,080, or 24 %, in 1913. Of these 17 were allowed after enquiry to proceed; and of the remainder, who were kept temporarily in the Po Leung Kuk, one was sent back to her home, and 9 were restored to their husbands or other relatives.

9. There were 12 applications for the recovery of women who had emigrated, and of the 14 persons missing, 5 returned and were restored to relatives, 6 could not be located, 2 refused to return, while one had died. 28 women sent back from the Straits Settle- ments on suspicion or returning of their own accord were given assistance in proceeding to their homes. Two other women who had been induced by false pretences to emigrate, the one to

L

India, and the other to Bangkok, were also sent back and similarly dealt with.

10. The year's work with women and children generally pre- sented less difficulty than was experienced in 1913. The re-opening of the Canton brothels to a great extent stemmed the tide of un- desirable women which poured into the Colony in 1913, but the disturbed condition of South China still facilitated trafficking in women and girls for prostitution. The prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance undertaken by this Office numbered only 4 with 2 convictions, as compared with 13 cases and 11 convictions in 1913.

(ii.)-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED). (Table V.)

assisted

""

11. As stated beforehand in last year's report all emigration from Hongkong to other British possessions ceased as from June 30th, 1914. Assisted emigration to the Dutch Indies. continued to some extent in July and August during which months 548 coolies were passed for Muntok and Billiton, but with the out- break of war this emigration also ceased. Hence the figures given here and in the Tables are for little more than half the year.

12. The total number of assisted emigrants presented for examination was 12,272 of whom 8,278 were passed and allowed to proceed. (In 1913 the figures were 22,984 and 17,004.)

The num- ber of those who on examination expressed themselves unwilling to emigrate was 189 or 1.52% as compared with 3.28%. and 2:58% in 1912 and 1913. The total number rejected in Hongkong or on arrival in Singapore as unfit for labour was 391 (295 at this end and 96 by the Protector of Chinese, Singapore) all of whom were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the Boarding Houses which recruited them.

13. Assisted emigration to British North Borneo was practically non existent, only one batch of 45 coolies being passed for labour there during the year, although it is probable that a certain number of labourers may have gone down under the "kangany" system.

14. The arrangements made with the Straits Settlements Gov- ernment for the repatriation of decrepit coolies at the expense of their employers enabled 233 such decrepits to return to their homes ria Hongkong during the year.

15. Under similar arrangements with British North Borneo 345 decrepits and destitutes of whom about 100 had been thrown out of work by the war returned from Sandakan and Jesselton and were sent on to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital. This form of repatriation was put on a more satisfactory footing early in the year by the appointment of Messrs. Gibb, Livingston & Co. as the agents in Hongkong for the British North Borneo Government

C 4

in dealing with such repatriates. The present arrangement, which works quite satisfactorily, is that whenever a batch of coolies leaves Sandakan or Jesselton for repatriation riâ Hongkong, the Protector of Chinese notifies this Office and Messrs. Gibb, Livingston & Co. by letter. The men are met on arrival, sent on to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital and the expenses incurred recovered from Messrs. Gibb, Livingston & Co.

16. In addition to these decrepits, 14,370 able bodied coolies, most of whom had gone down in the first instance as assisted emi- grants, and who were thrown out of employment owing to the war, were repatriated from the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States under special arrangements by which they were met on arrival in Hongkong and each provided with a small gratuity and a passage to his destination.

17. In the middle of September it came to the notice of this office that contract labourers were being sent back unannounced from the Netherland Indies. The Consul General for the Nether- lands was therefore officially approached with the request that the Netherland Indies Government might notify this Government_in advance of the return of such labourers to Hongkong in order that similar arrangements might be made for their repatriation to those made with the Government of the Straits Settlements. Up to the end of 1914, 337 such coolies were reported to have been repatriated from the Dutch Indies viâ Hongkong, but as these were all time- expired coolies and were looked after by the local branch of the Netherland Indies Commercial Bank (the agents for the Billiton Company) it was found unnecessary to afford them further protec- tion. One batch of 17 men, however, who appeared to be destitute was taken charge of and sent home through the Tung Wa Hospital. the expenses incurred being recovered from the Netherlands Gov- ernment through the Consul-General.

18. A new method was devised at the beginning of the year for the more effectual supervision of the repatriation of would-be emi- grants to Billiton who had been recruited from the Chiu Chau district and were rejected on examination in Hongkong as unfit for labour. The old system whereby the recruiting agents in Hongkong had been alone responsible for the repatriation of such rejecteds had long proved somewhat unsatisfactory, since it appeared that in many cases the men rejected did not return to their homes. Under the new system the Hongkong recruiting agents issue a money order, with photograph affixed, payable in Swatow, for each emigrant so rejected. These money orders are sent direct to this Office with a notification showing by what steamer the men concerned are return- ing to China. The Emigration Sergeant then proceeds on board the steamer and sees that each man is given his money order and that no one goes ashore before the ship sails.

19. One leper and 4 vagrants were sent back from Muntok (Banka), their expenses being paid by the Holland China Trading Co. who act as recruiting agents in Hongkong. Three insane per- sons were repatriated from New York.

+

L

20. The regulation requiring the registration and photograph- ing of all assisted emigrants again proved of practical utility in enabling the relatives of missing men who had emigrated under contract to trace them through this Office. 12 applications for the redemption and repatriation of such men were received during the year, and of the 12 men concerned 4 had gone to Singapore, 1 to British North Borneo, 6 Banka and I to Sumatra. 4 returned and were restored to their relatives, I was reported to have returned home himself, 1 returning with other repatriates, 1 has committed suicide, 3 (who were all free emigrants to Singapore) could not be traced, while 2 cases were still under enquiry at the end of the

year.

21. It is. worth noting that the direct emigrant traffic between Swatow and Deli, Sumatra, which was formerly carried by German vesse's, was brought to a standstill by the war.

2. The monthly returns furnished by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore, of the number of contracts signed by Hongkong assisted passengers to labour in the different localities give the following figures for the six months, January to June:-

84

Straits Settlements....

British North Borneo,...

888

28

Federated Malay States,

Brunei..

Sarawak,

112

Malay Peninsula (Johore and New States), Dutch Possessions,

405

1,486

Total,.

2,115

23. Classification of assisted emigrants by the language spoken (Table V shows the number of labourers recruited from each parti- cular locality) gives the following figures :—

Cantonese,..

5.741

5,220

74

199

1,038

.12,272

Hakka,

Hoklo,

Hainanese,..

Southern Mandarin (mostly from Kwong Si

and Hunan),

Total,

24. Among the total of 8,278 assisteds examined and passed for labour abroad is included a batch of 101 coolies who were recruited in March by a well known firm of ricksha manufacturers in Hong- kong to proceed to France to pull rickshas at the Lyons Interna- tional Exhibition. These men were technically assisted emigrants as defined by the Emigration Ordinance but as a special concession were allowed to proceed without the usual formalities, on the under- standing that no contract was signed in Hongkong. Unfortunately

C 6

the term of the contract, which was for 6 months, was brought to an abrupt termination by the war; and the coolies, who had already got utterly out of hand in their novel surroundings, had to be deported from France. On their return to Hongkong the men, who had already demanded with threats and obtained a higher rate of wages than had been originally agreed upon, made further and unreasonable demands, which led to the arrest and banishment of their ringleaders. The remainder of the batch were later given facilities for leaving the Colony.

25. The disappearance of all assisted emigration to British possessions from July 1st and the embargo placed by the Straits Settlements Government at the outbreak of war on all deck pas- sengers from China were felt very severely by the emigration boarding houses in Hongkong.

65 Emigration Hotel Licences (6 new) and 35 Assisted Boarding House Licences (6 new) were issued in 1914. The former had accommodation for 5,680 boarders and the latter for 1,637.

During the year 22 Emigration Hotels were found closed either on account of distress for debt or because of dull business; 2 of them afterwards re-opened after paying off their debts. 25 Assisted Boarding Houses closed their premises; one of them re-opened afterwards, and 9 others were closed without having renewed their licences in May. The number of houses holding licences at the end of the year was thus reduced to Hotels 45, and boarding houses for assisted emigrants 7, as compared with 61 and 33 respectively at the end of 1913.

26. One of the hotels, the "Tai Tung", was not allowed to renew its licence under the Emigration Ordinance. It was later allowed to take out a Restaurant Licence. The Chung Hing hotel had its licence suspended for 3 months for encouraging the presence of undesirable women on the premises but was afterwards allowed to take out a new licence.

27. 18 duplicate licences were issued for removal of premises or transfer of names during the year.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

28. 2,502 householders were registered, of which 92 were first registration. (In 1913 the numbers were 3,259 and 264.) 10,102 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 15,987 in 1913. These figures, although falling considera- bly below those for 1913, are still higher than the 1912 totals. The very high figures for 1913 were due to the registration campaign mentioned in last year's report and to the abolition of

C 7

fees for householders registration by the Regulation of Chinese Amendment Ordinance, No. 24 of 1913.

29. The number of Chinese business-men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Departments and reported on by this Office was 1,139 as against 811 in 1913.

These reports can say no more than that A. B. C. is (or is not) registered as master (or partuer, etc.) of the Y. Z. shop at the address given and how long he has been so registered. They cannot guarantee financial standing.

30. Bonds were required to be executed by 6 non-resident householders as against 5 in 1913.

95 certified extracts from the Registers were issued. 7 Duplicate Householder Certificates were issued.

(ii.)—DISTRICT WATCHMEN. (Table VI.)

31. The District Watchmen Committee met on 14 occasions, the average attendance of members being between 9 and 10. The vacancy caused on the Committee by the death of Sir Kai Ho Kai was filled by the appointment of Mr. Li Yau-tsun.

32. Among the subjects of more than passing interest that were discussed were: the prohibition of all new Chinese Restau- rants in the Central District, the building of District Watchmen's Quarters in Yaumati (r.sub), the licensing of singing girls, and the classification of Boarding Houses (emigration houses and hotels). To the usual valuable work in such matters always done by this im- portant Committee, was in 1914 added the duty of preventing undue alarm resulting from the war conditions. The general temper of the Colony is a testimony to the value of the work done; which was detailed and unassuming, but involved a constant and careful watch.

33. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen's Fund at the end of the year was $18,235 as compared with $18,670 on January 1st, the expenditure thus exceeding the income by some $400. The total expenditure-$29,989 as compared with $25,635 in 1913-shows a considerable increase on the figure for the previous year which is however almost entirely accounted for by the fruition of the scheme, outlined in last year's report, for erecting District Watchmen's Quarters on the Kowloon Peninsula. During the year a sum of $3,384 was expended on the purchase of a house in Yaumati for the purpose, and on architect's and solicitor's fees. The house is now in the hands of a contractor who has been engaged to make the necessary alterations: it should be ready for use by the middle of 1915. It is hoped that the establishment of this Station will have some effect in improving the present bad name of Yaumati— especially if an improved Ferry Service opens the district to a better class of residents.

C 8

34. The strength of the District Watchmen's Force at the end of the year was 99 (against 95 on January 1st) out of an approved strength of 100. During the year there were 10 vacancies caused by death, resignation and dismissal, of which 9 were filled by further enlistments, as were the 5 vacancies remaining at the end of 1913.

The enlistment of a small proportion of the force from natives of other districts than Canton itself is still on its trial.

35. It is possible that with the establishment of District Watchmen's Quarters on the Kowloon side the strength of the force will have to be slightly increased.

36. The number of convictions secured by members of the force was 109 as compared with 226 in 1913 and 415 in 1912.

(iii.) PERMITS.

37. 480 permits to fire crackers were issued (530 in 1913), 297 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

38. Other permits issued were, 20 to hold religious ceremonies, 6 to conduct processions, and 121 to hold theatricals in private houses or temporary buildings.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinance No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

39. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 165 as compared with 165 in 1913. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 30. In 1913 it was 28.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

40. Two (2) certificates were issued to Chinese to enter Philip- pine Islands; and one (1) to enter Honolulu.

All these certificates are limited to Chinese British Subjects resident in Hongkong.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

41. Forty-nine (49) books were registered during the year as compared with 25 in 1913.

C 9

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and

No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple.)

(Tables VII to XII.)

42. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com- mittee for 1915 :—

Lo Cheung-shiu, Chairman,

Yung Tsz-ming,

Ip Lan-tsun,

Li Iu-tong,

Tsui Chung-yik,

Li Shun-fan,

Chan Tai-wai,

Wong Shui-lam,

Yuen Man-chun, Lam Kung-pak, Ip Nam-shun,

Leung Hung-shun, Kwan Fuk-ng, Kwan Sik-ling,

of whom the first three named are in Charge of the Hospital's finances.

The new Committee start in a very favourable position with an increased balance in hand and no exceptional claim on their resources in view for 1915.

43. The 1913 Directorate under the chairmanship of Mr. Chau Siu-ki ably carried on the work of previous years. The balance sheet for the year (i.e., the Kap Yan Chinese year extending from January 26, 1914, to February 13, 1915, a total of 384 days as compared with 353 days only in the previous year) showed a credit balance of just over $10,000.

44. The expenditure, despite the length of the year, was slightly less than in the previous year ($93,479 as compared with $94,349 in 1913), and though the income from all sources declined from $120,000 in 1913 to $103,500-the abnormal figure for 1913 was due to the transference of over $18,000 from the new Mortuary fund to the common chest of the Hospital--it was more than sufficient to cover expenditure.

Some items on the revenue side showed increases, e.g. :-

Rent of Hospital property,. .($3,700; due to the re-ad-

justment of rentals).

Interest on Balance,

.($2,300)

Premium on notes,

.($1,000)

Sale of medicines, etc.,

.($2.000)

but subscriptions and contributions showed a falling off of about $4,000.

On the expenditure side most items showed a small increase but economy was effected under the headings "Light", "Repairs", and * Burial of Bodies, etc.".

45. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1914 was 4,472 as compared with 4,706 in 1913 (4,210 in 1912) of whom 1,699 or 37·8%, against 359% the previous year, elected to be

C 10

treated by European methods. The out-patients numbered 102,158 as against 107,395 in 1913 (102,333 in 1912), and of these 10,271 or 10 % (as against 101% in 1913) chose European treatment.

The in-patients included 520 plague cases.

46. The number of surgical operations performed was 186 as compared with 23 only in 1911-evidence of the interesting realisation by the Chinese of the efficacy of Western surgery.

47. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent on to their homes was 1,064 most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this Office.

48. Of the charitable funds managed by the Hospital the "Emergency and "Man Mo Temple" funds (Tables X and XI) were administered on the same lines as in previous years, and do not call for further comment, both showing a balance of receipts over expenditure for the year.

49. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XII is very satisfactory. The administration of this fund by the Tung Wa Hospital Committee was marked by a new departure. In order to secure a more substantial return from the large balance in hand, a sum of $41,000 was invested in the purchase of 10 houses in Temple Street, Yaumati. From this property a sum of $2,611 in rent was received during 1914.

The amount expended in gratuities and pensions to deserving widows was $1,060 as compared with $574 in 1913.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII to XIV.)

50. This Hospital again did excellent work during 1914 and the number of patients treated shows a marked increase on the previous year's figures.

In all 1;699 patients were adınitted as compared with 1,352 in 1913, of whom 976 or 58% (against 52% in 1913-the figure given in last year's report is wrong-and 41% in 1912) came under European treatment, and 723 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

The total number of out-patients treated was 10,135 against 9,386 in 1913, and of these 3,791 or 40% compared with 9·1% only in 1913 and 12·8% in 1912 elected to take European treatment- a very satisfactory increase.

51. The total expenditure on the Hospital for the Kap Yan Chinese year was $28,213 and fell short of the ordinary revenue by nearly $10,000. To meet the deficiency a sum of $9,977 was transferred from the Tung Wa Hospital funds to the credit of the Kwong Wa.

C 11

52. The position of the Kwong Wa has caused the Tung Wa Committee no little difficulty and will continue to do so for so long as Yaumati remains a poor neighbourhood. Without larger subscriptions the Hospital cannot hope to be entirely self-support- ing, but the new Tung Wa Committee under Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu are vigorously devising means of curtailing the expenses and increasing the receipts of the Hospital.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XV to XX.)

Of this total

53. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries during the year was 77,207 as compared with 88,803 in 1913. 50,965 were new, and 26,242 return cases.

The decrease on the 1913 figures may be put down to the war and the consequent increased cost of living in the Colony which led large numbers of Chinese especially of the respectable middle and lower classes to migrate back to China.

54. The number of vaccinations performed shows a similar decrease from 6,065 in 1913 to 5,493 in 1914.

(Table XV.)

55. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $29,670, as compared with $33,000 in 1913. This figure inclules no extra- ordinary items except one of $1,440, the cost of completing the new Dispensary at Sham-shui-po which will shortly be opened.

The scheme mentioned in last year's report of effecting economy by the purchase of drugs through Dr. Gibson of the Alice Memorial Hospital worked very satisfactorily during the year.

56. The revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding the balance from 1913 ($18,868), amounted to $35,103 and thus exceeded the expenditure by some $5,500.

This total, however, includes a sum of $3,000 generously subscribed by Messrs. Lau Chü-pak, Ho Fuk, Ho Kom-tong, Chan Kai-ming, Chan Cheuk-hing and Li Yau-tsun towards the cost of a new scheme which the Dispensary Committee has in view. This scheme is to provide a new and more complete dispensary in Yaumati to take the place of the present Yaumati and Harbour dispensaries which are in many ways unsatisfactory. The Harbour dispensary is at present located in an old and leaky house-boat beached in Causeway Bay. (Table XVI).

57. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries again shows a small decrease-1,243 as compared with 1,342 in 1913.

- C 12

58. The number of infants under 5 years brought in to be treated show a considerable increase, 9,068 as compared with 8,396 the previous year, and exceeds the record figure in 1912 (9,043). The increase must be attributed to the prevalence of small-pox and plague during the year which in many directions increased the work of the Dispensaries, as evidenced by the following figures :-

59. 1,569 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,173 in 1913: 898 (as against 652) applications were received for coffins: and on 1,563 occasions (as compared with 412 only in 1913) was attendance necessary at the cleansing of infected premises.

60. Despite the severe epidemic of plague, the Plague Hospitals at East Point and Kowloon City were very little used. At Kowloon City no plague cases were admitted and only 2 ordinary cases, and similarly at East Point the only admissions were 8 ordinary cases. At the West District Hospital, however, 3 ordinary cases were treated and the number of plague cases admitted was 83 of whom 6 recovered.

61. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 714, as compared with 623 in 1913 and 760 in 1912, the monthly figures varying between 36 (in February) and 112 (in May). The per- centage of these 'dumpings." to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 7.7%. (Table XIX.)

Of the 714 bodies abandoned, 172 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The number of bodies reported by the Police as dumped during the year was 551. (Table XX.)

62. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in pro- portion to the total number of Chinese deaths and the number of cases in which post mortem examinations were held.

63. The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified has risen again from 47 in 1913 (41 in 1912) to 51 which may be considered very satisfactory in that the total number of Chinese deaths in 1914 was considerably greater than in any of the previous three years. The rise in the percentage may to some extent be put to the credit of the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

64. The particulars set out in tabular form below are of some interest as indicating the attitude of the Chinese towards plague and small-pox.

The figures may be taken as very satisfactory the percentage of both plague and small-pox cases not reported until after death

}

Ć 13

having fallen considerably, despite the severe epidemic of plague, in comparison with previous years.

1

2

3

5

6

7

Removed Treat-

Died

Reco-

Disease. Cases.

to

ed at

in

vered.

Hospital. Home. Hospital.

Report- ed after death.

of column 7 oc

Percentage

to column 2.

1912.

Small-pox, 709

232

88

144

477

67.3

Plague, 1,847

967

...

888

78

880

47.6

1913.

Sinall-pox,

74

1

44

30

37

Plague,... 408

161

1

127

34

247

333888

60

1914.

Small-pox, 110 91

72

19

19

17.3

Plague, 2,146 | 1,317 54 1,191

126 775

36.1

TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR

CHINESE AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1914.

Translation from English

Translation from Chinese

into English.

into Chinese.

Petitions,

64

Ordinances,

2

Letters,

124

Regulations,

53

Newspaper articles and

Government notices,

151

items of news,

152

Minutes,

Unspecified,

98

Unspecified,

29

Total,......... 438

Total,....................... 237

- Ċ 14

65. The total number of translations done by the translator was thus 675 as compared with 813 in 1913 and 726 in 1912.

In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this Office to be checked and revised and a considerable amount of translation work, of which no record is kept, is done by members of the staff other than the trans- lator.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXI.)

66. The Chinese Recreation Ground, a valuable open site in Hollywood Road, was definitely by Ordinance (No. 33 of 1914) de- voted to the purpose for which it has long been used. A number of minor irregularities in its regulation were corrected; and the ground itself overhauled and the buildings repaired at a cost of some $4,000, paid from the accumulated savings of the rents derived from the stalls on the ground.

The balance to the credit of the Fund at the end of the year was thus reduced to $4,404 as compared with $7.745 on January 1st.

The income during the year from the rent of stalls was $1.494.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXII.)

67. The net income of the Fund was $337, and the total ex- penditure, which included no unusual items beyond an increase in the amount of gratuities to destitutes from abroad, was $386.

The balance at the end of the year was thus slightly reduced- from $2,265 to $2,216.

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

68. During the year 37 applications for registration or exemp- tion from registration under the Ordinance were received and con- sidered. 18 clubs and societies were exempted from registration by notice in the Gazette, while 5 were required to register. In 9 cases permission to register was refused on the grounds specified in Section 4 of the Ordinance; 6 clubs were found to comprise less than 10 members and did not therefore come under the Ordinance; while in the remaining 5 cases no action was taken and the clubs concerned voluntarily dissolved. The 3 associations that were refused permission to register were all in the nature of pseudo and undesirable trade guilds.

{

C 15

5 societies exempted in previous years but lately discovered to be non-existent were declared in the Gazette to have ceased to exist and were struck off the register.

ORDINANCES.

69. The chief Ordinances affecting the Chinese which were passed during 1914 were as follows:

No. 1 of 1914.-Foreign Silver and Nickel Coin (Amendment) Ordinance, 1914. By this Ordinance large dealers in silver and other subsidiary coin may be licensed to import foreign coins for the purposes of trade, but may not put such coins into circulation.

No. 4 of 1914.-The Opium Ordinance sets up a Government monopoly of all opium business in the Colony, in place of the 'farming' system.

No. 6 of 1914.-The Seditious Publications Ordinance. This Ordinance is directed against publications designed to spread dis- affection against the Government of this or any other Colony or the United Kingdom.

Nos. 9, 10 and 11 of 1914.-These Ordinances bring the Hong- kong Ordinances into line with recent legislation at home against the White Slave traffic, by providing that male persons guilty of certain offences against women may be flogged, in addition to under- going the prescribed penalties.

No. 20 of 1914.-This Ordinance, the Deportation Ordinance, 1914, strengthens the hands of the Government in dealing with various classes of detention prisoners, notably convicted criminals and persons born in Hongkong of non-British parents.

No. 33 of 1914.-The Recreation Grounds (Amendment) Ordi- nance. This Ordinance provides that the Governor may appoint a committee to manage the Chinese Recreation Ground and expend on it the revenue derived from the rent of stalls. (v. § 66.)

GENERAL.

70. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance, 1914, reports were furnished on 391 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention.

71. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals, recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences, who claimed to be Hongkong born.

72. The difficulties that arose in 1913 in dealing with Chinese theatrical matters were also present during the year under review. The constant attendance of young Chinese women at the "pak wa hei" and the use of these theatres as places of assignation for girls with actor lovers led to the passing of a new by-law (under Ordi-

C 16

nance 3 of 1888 Section 27) prohibiting the presence of Chinese women on or behind the stage. This new regulation has been strictly enforced, with good results.

73. During 1914 there were no labour troubles of any note in the Colony. Two small strikes, one of dock carpenters at Hunghom, the other of caulkers at the Taikoo Docks, were engineered, the workmen asking for a rise in wages; but after reference to this Office were soon settled.

74. 13 applications for British Born Subject Certificates were received and reported on: 7 were granted. There were also 3 applications for naturalisation during the year of which 2 were granted.

75. An exhaustive enquiry into the Ferries of the Colony was conducted by a Committee appointed by His Excellency the Governor. As a result, the Ferries Ordinance has been passed, and steps have been taken for the better control of all the piers in the Colony but the completion of the arrangements for the better management and regulation of the Ferry Services themselves has been held over owing to the pressure of other matters since August last.

:

A

76. In June a flood of exceptional severity devastated the valley of the West River of Kwong Tung. The first rice crop and most of the mulberry crop were ruined, thousands of houses were destroy- ed, a number of lives were lost, and much damage was done to the embankments both on the main and on the subsidiary streams. Flood Relief Fund was raised in Hongkong to which the Govern- ment voted $50,000 and the foreign merchants canvassed by Sir Paul Chater generously subscribed another $50,000. The Tung Wa Hospital with Mr. Chau Shiu-ki as chairman raised the splen- did sum of $150,000 while a Bazaar organized under the chairman- ship of Mr. Lau Chü-pak realised $90,000 in a week.

These sums, totalling $340,000, were amalgamated and administered by a representative Relief Committee. It was decided not to amalgamate this fund with that of the Canton Relief Society, but to keep it under our own control.

Messrs. Tong Yat-chun and Chan Yut-ting of the Tung Wa Hospital Annual Committee, and Mr. A. E. Wood, Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs on behalf of the Government, went up the West River to investigate the conditions, and after a sum of about $40,000 had been spent on rice for immediate relief of sufferers, it was decided to devote the rest of our fund to the important and expensive work of mending embankments. In con- sultation with the Canton Relief Society it was agreed that we should take as our province the three districts of Ko Yiu, Ko Ming and Sz Wui, where the damage to embankments was most severe. Personal investigation of over 50 embankment-districts, each with one or more breaches of varying lengths up to 700 feet, was made by Mr. Tong Yat-chun, who sacrificed much time and comfort to this work, and by Mr. A. E. Wood,

1

C 17

It was found that practical help must be given in money. Estimates were therefore made of the amount to be given to each embankment, and it was decided to pay in Canton sub-coin direct to the representative elders in each case. Payment was divided into 5 instalments, and at intervals of a month our representatives took up cash, which they paid out personally to the local elders, after satisfying themselves that the previous instalment had been. properly administered and that good progress was being made with the repairs. By the end of the year, $93,120 was paid out in this manner and three more instalments remained to be paid. Mr. Jaffé of the Public Works Department advised on certain points of con- struction and he is having a survey made of one important place where it is hoped that we may be able to build under our own direction a new sluice and stretch of embankment.

77. By the death of Sir Kai Ho Kai, C.M.G., in August, a lead- ing figure of the Chinese community was removed from a wide sphere of the greatest usefulness in the Colony. Sir Kai Ho Kai- to mention only the activities that brought him in close touch with this Office-was a member of the District Watch Committee, of the Tung Wa Hospital Advisory Board, and of the Po Leung Kuk Permanent Committee; and though for some years failing health had prevented him taking an active part in the business of these Committees, his death was an irreparable loss to the Colony.

STAFF.

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

78. Mr. E. R. Hallifax went on short vacation leave from the 22nd April to the 19th May. Mr. A. E. Wood acted in addition to his own duties during the period. Mr. Hallifax acted as Private Secretary to His Excellency the Governor from 10th September to 19th January, 1915, in addition to his own duties. I took up the acting appointment when Mr. Hallifax went on long leave from 20th January, 1915.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

79. Mr. D. W. Tratman, who was appointed Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the beginning of the year, con- tinued to act as Head of the Sanitary Department up to 20th September and went on 3 months' leave from 21st September. Mr. A. E. Wood acted throughout the year as Chief Assistant.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

80. Mr. A. E. Wood, the title of whose post was changed from First Assistant to Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the beginning of the year, acted as Chief Assistant, while Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Second Assistant throughout the year.

Ċ 18

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

81. Mr. R. E. Lindsell, who was appointed Third Assistant from the beginning of the year, acted as Second Assistant through- out the year.

Mr. N. L. Smith acted from the 1st January to 18th March and Mr. W. Schofield was attached for duty to the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs from the 19th March to the end of the year.

Sergeant (Protection of Women & Girls Ordinance .

82. Sergeant Thomas Cashman reverted to the Police Depart- ment on the 8th May and Sergeant C. F. Aris was appointed in his place.

Sergeant (Emigration Sub-Department).

83. Sergeant A. F. Purden reverted to the Police Department on the 3rd November and on account of the slackening of the emigrant traffic, it has been found unnecessary to fill his place.

84.

SUBORDINATE STAFF.

Supernumerary 2nd Grade W'riter.

Mr. Lau Tsz-ping, who resigned his position on the 16th March, 1913, was re-appointed on the 7th August.

3rd Grade Interpreter to Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. Leung Tun-sheung was appointed on the 1st January.

26th March, 1915.

S. B. C. Ross, Secretary for Chinese Affairs

1

Heads of Revenue.

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1913 and 1914.

Ordinance under which received.

Details of Revenue

Revenne in Revenuc in 1913. 1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

('.

C.

C.

Fees

of

Court

or

Office, Payments for Specific Purposes,

and

Reimburse-

ments-in-aid,

Licences and Internal

Revenue not other-

wise specified,

Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., Contribution from Chinese Dispensaries,

&c., for Clerical Assistance,

Householders' Registration,

Bond by Non-resident

Re-registration,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902.

5,618 *

1,274

5,036 *

1,141

No. 3 of 1898.

225

75

C.

*

782

133

150

240

240

No. 3 of 1888.

792

792

}

Householders,................

25

30

፡፡

2,184

2,184

Removals,

17

17

.....

"

Extracts

10

10

',

""

"

Duplicate,

2

"}

°C 19 -

Official Signatures,

No. 14 of 1913.

60

210

150

Registration of Societies,

No. 47 of 1911.

50

25

25

Interest,.

Miscellaneous,

Interest accrued on official account, Refunds, etc.,

6

3

40

431

390

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

Permits for Firework Displays,

100

60

40

* C'ents omitted except in the totals.

Total,

10.645.58

7,258.10

549.27

3,986.75

Deduct Increase,

..$

549,27

Total Decrease in 1914, ....$

3,387.48

C 20

Table II,

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1905.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Year.

Total.

Decrease. Increase. Total.

Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen diture to Revenue.

$ C.

$

C.

$ 0.

C.

C.

0%

1905, . 172,947.89

5,864.23 | 31,761.32

421.61 18-36

....

1906, 177,284.21

4,336.32 36,947,46

5.186.14

20.84

1907,

163,261.13 14,203.08

35,630.88

1,316.58

21.82

1908,.... 164,459.99

1.198.86 43,848.51

8,217.63

26.66

1909, 104,138.88 60,321,11

1910, ....

15,492.12 88,616.76

43,793.61

42,462.81 1,330.80

54.90

12.05

274.09

1911,

14,518.19 973.93

49,217.74

6,754.93 339.01

1912,

14,257.54 260.65

45,521.01

3,696.53

319.28

1913,

10,645.58 3,611.96

41,674.04 3,846.97

391-47

1914,

7,258.10 3,387.48

51,178.04

9,504.00 705-12

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1914.

Prostitutes. Emigrants.

Detained during 1914.

Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

Total.

Permitted to leave,

4

Permitted to leave under bond,.

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,.

Sent to native place,

Married,

Adopted,.

Sent to Refuge or Convent,

To French Consul to be sent home,..

Dead,

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

...

LO

5

9

65

17

82

91

1

2

2

2

2

12

8

20

20

1

1

••

...

...

4

4

9

84

27

111

120

Total,

Cases brought forward, 9.

Cases dealt with during the

year, 116.

Cases carried forward, 4.

- C 21

Table IV.

Number of Assisted Emigrants and of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Chinese Emigration Ordinances, 1889-1908," during the year 1914.

Whither Bound.

Male

Assisted

Women and Children, 1914.

Male

Assisted

.Women

Emigrants

Emigrants

and

Children

1911.

Women.

Girls.

Boys.

Total.

1913.

1913.

German New Guinea,

24

Japan,.

24

CO LO

15

12

47

13

42

66

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,.

7,584

7,626

904

2,719

11,249

12,769

23,318

Dutch Indies,

548

317

49

332

698

3,567

1,077

Borneo,

45

668

:

Honolulu,

25

8

CC

33

66

95

France,

101

:

Canada,

United States of America,

二站

37

တခ

9

187

207

389

10

317

364

485

Mexico,

2

32

34

52

:

South America,

15

2

Mauritius,

44

Australia,

18

167

281

298

332

43

96

141

20

39

53

India,

7

11

22

Africa,

8

2

6

16

Total, 1914,.

8,278

8,158

1,002 4,002 13,162

17,004

26,080

Total, 1913,....

17,004

16,501

2,009

7,570 26,080

C 22 -

1

F

C 23

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Pas ed,

Rejected Rejected

(Un- willing.

at S.C.A. as unfit.

Sent Total

by

back. Rejected. Doctor.

Percentage of

Rejection.

%

1912,... 21,458 14.798* 705

1913,... 22,984 17,004* 595

1914,.. 12,272 8,278* 189

1.370

139

317

2,531

11.79

620

93

85

1,393

6.06

203

92

2223

96

580

4.72

* Including Emigrants to Borneo.

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1914.

of boarding houses,

567

Sent away without help,

13

Total rejected,..

580

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

East River,

North River,

Canton,

Delta,

Kwong Sai,

Southern Districts,

Mandarin,

793

3,111

620

630

455

1,187

894

588

Total,....

8,278

C 24

Table VI.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1914.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

*

$

$

*

C.

€9

C.

To Balance,

18,670

By Wages and Salaries :-

Chief District Watchmen,

1,686

Assistant Chief District Watch-

22

Contributions,

26,554

men,

1,572

Detectives..

1,554

""

Grant by Government,.

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,

4,708

2nd

6,311

.

3rd

396

"

وو

Payment for Special Services,

392

Allowance to Chief District

Watchmen and Detectives,

866

Interest...

584

Medal Allowance

350

""

Instructors' Allowance,

96

17,541

889

68

>>

Fines,....

12

By Miscellaneous :--

* Messenger,

72

""

Compensation for loss of 1 old whistle by District Watchman No. 66 Au Sham,

Rent from Ch'an Yui-tong for per- mission to erect the iron gate on I. L. No. 680 for the year -1914,

Condemned Stores, &c.,

Cooks,

132

Coolies,

384

888

50

00

By Office Staff :-

Manager,

Writer,

308

60

Interpreter,

Collector,

60 360

788 00

Total,...

19,217 68

8188

1

9

By Other Charges:—

Crown Rent,

21

Uniform and Equipment,

1,556

Stationery and Printing,

175

Rewards,

10

Gratuities,

51

Oil,

360

Premium on Fire Policies,

522

Loss on Exchange,

2,668

Rent of Telephone,

317

Fittings and Repairs,

483

Coolie and Conveyance Allow-

ance,

193

Furniture,

414

Cost

of Kowloon District Watchmen Station and

fees for Architect and Solicitors,

3.384

Conservancy,

45

Photographs,

Sundries,

262

10,472

By Pension:-

300

080

16

00

Total,............ .$ 48,225 76

Disposal of Balance :-

So Tai and Au Pun’s widow,...

Total Expenditure,....... Balance,

29,989 84 18,235 92

Total,

.$

48,225 76

On Fixed Deposit, At Current Account,

Total,......

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$10,000.00 8,235.92

.$18,235.92

Patients.

Male,

Female,

L

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1914.

on 31st December, 1913.

Remaining in Hospital

Treatment. Chinese

Treatment.

European

Total.

Admitted.

Total number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1914.

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatment. European

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought

to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

163 | 2,275|1,247 | 3,522 3,685 |2,457 | 1,035

48 498 452 950 998 480 472

193 60,772

60,772 | 5,913 | 66,685

46 31,115 4,358 35,473

697 1,124 1,064

...

586

|

Total,..

2112,773 1,699 4,472 4,683 2,937 | 1,507

Total for 1913,

204 3,014 1,692 4,7064,910 3,425 1,274

23991,887 10,271 102,158

697 1,710 1,064

10,908 107, 21196,487 10,908 107,395

1,263|2,053 388 1,263 2,053

C 25 -

C 26

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Kap Yan Year (1914).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

$

$

$

Year, (1913),..

Balance brought forward from Kwai Chau

To rent of Hospital property,.....

To Subscriptions :-

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs,.... 11,570

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

45,122

By Food for Staff,

6,598

13

Salaries and W:

Vages,

18,914

Sick room expenses,

7,197

40,307

99

Patients' food and washing,

7,396

"

Chinese drugs,

15,741

""

European drugs,

3,702

""

Light,......

3,643

>>

Passage

money

to patients and

destitutes,

307

5,127

**

Repairs,....

1,232

Repairs to Hospital property,

628

3.

"J

and Donations,

4,491

,, Insurance,

902

Crown Rent,

1,681

4.

"

from wealthy persons,

3,170

,, Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

Advertisements,

1,199

5.

for the supply

of

Sundries,

""

2,421

medicines, coffins,

quilted clothing and

""

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital,

1,812

T

2,570

??

"

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant

Directors and Committee,

1,333

28,263

29

Construction of New Mortuary,

Subscription to the Kwong Wa

Hospital, the Fong Pin Hospital and the London Hospital,

Payment for quilt coats and packing

up dead bodies,.

}

3,736

:.

3,223

1,590

To Government Grant,

8,000

81,932

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

""

Interest,

99

""

Balance of the Fund for construction

of the New Mortuary,

Premium on notes,

,, Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen

""

refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

Contribution from the Ko Shing and

Kau U Fong Theatres,

:

:.

""

8,447

Burial of bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria), .

991

وو

2,184

""

Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),.............................. Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

1,810

pital,

3,314

:

3,660

""

Coffins for bodies by Tung Wa

Hospital,

5,431

11,547

:

8,337

1,825

Graud Total,..

148,648.91

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,

Balance,......

"J

Grand Total,..............................

:

:

:

93,479

55,169

$ 148,648.91

་།

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Kap Yan Year (1914).

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

C 27

*

*

*

$

To Loan from Relief Fund,..

8,440

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,.

29,681

"}

"}

Man Mo Temple Fund, ...

5,860

>>

>>

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

""

""

"}

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

}}

Fund,

6,000

>>

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,.....

88,887

>>

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund, | 15,226

109,566

By Bank Balance at close of year :— With Shanghai Bank, .....

By House Property (original value) :- 2 houses in Bonham Strand and Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

10,400

8,108

55,169

14,900

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

17,386

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

122,457

7 houses in Queen's Road West (including cost of additions to building),

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West, 3 houses in Bonham Strand,

26,000

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague Hospital),

54,697

176,854

Total,..........

$232,023.60

Total,...

232,023.60

Subscriptions not yet paid :-- From Hongs, Individuals,

*

Cents omitted except in the totals.

$2,150

930

$3,100

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Kap Yan Year (1914).

Amount.

$

Balance from Kwai Chau Year (1913), Interest,

58,089

1,403

Payments.

Gift to boatmen Hui King and 8 others, Reward to Lai Hok-lai for rescuing

destitutes,

Balance,

Grand Total,..

.$

59,492.74

Disposal of Balance,

Grand Total,..

.$

Amount.

$

16

C 28

50

59,426

1

59,492,74

Tai Fung, Wai Kat, Ming San and Tin Fuk Banks, Shanghai Bank and Kowloon Land Investment Co. * Cents omitted except in the totals.

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund : Kap Yan Year (1914).

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

Balance from Kwai Chau Year (1913),

13,580

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper,

4,375

Free Schools and sundries,

6,901

Rent of Temple property,

5,193

Balance at close of the year :-

Interest,

321

With Shanghai Bank,

14,145

Refund of Crown Rent,...................

19

Police rates for the free school,

Compensation for ceilings pulled down,

55

1

Grand Total,........

$

23,546.58

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Grand Total,...

$

23,546.58

29

Revenue.

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity 1914.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

*

C 30

Balance from 1913,

44,153

Subscriptions.......

700

,, Stamps and receipts,

Interest on mortgages,

310

""

Discount on sub-coin,

balance with Banks,

Rent from Temple Street property,

"

252

2,611

وو

19

Sundry receipts,..

253

By Charity given to widows,

Photographs,

Purchase of house property in Temple

Street, Yaumati,

1,060

8

186

5

41,000

""

Broker's Commission,

200

Solicitor's fee and other

""

expenses

in-

curred in the purchase,

448

79

Rent books, chops, etc.,

9

""

Insurance premium on Temple Street

property,

864

33

Police Rates paid on Temple Street

premises,

381

Crown Rent on the above property,

51

Remuneration

to rent-collector Mr.

Leung Fuk-chi,

105

>>

""

Repairs, etc., to Temple Street property, |

Watchmen's fees for levying distraint

on Temple Street property,..

131

26

""

Balance,...

3,802

Grand Total,.

.$

48,281.18

*

Cents omitted except in the totals.

Grand Total,.....

48,281.18

Patients.

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1914.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1913.

Chinese

Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital on 31st December, 1914.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

62

3,396 1,497 4,893

56

2,948 2,294

5,242

35

Male,

63 634

497

1,131|1,194

707

425

Female,

342

25

226 568

593 252

321

20

22 23

Total,..

88

976

7231,699 1,787

959

746

82

6,3443,791 | 10,135

91

Total for 1913,

3,64 712 64

640 1,352 1,416

887

441

88

8,527

859

9,386

19

:..

...

:..

...

-C 31-

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital from 26th January, 1914, to 13th February, 1915, (Kap Yan Year).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Balance brought forward from Kwai Chau

Salaries and wages,

Year, (1913),

1,284

Food for staff,

*

8,768

2,852

Government Grant,

8,500

Patients' food and washing,

4,055

Contribution from Tung Wa Hospital,

2,000

Sick room expenses,.

816

"}

""

wealthy persons,

850

Chinese drugs,

2,046

>>

""

charitable persons,

1,500

European drugs,

2,964

house to house in Yaumati,.

266

Stationery, stamps and advertisements,.

403

}}

"}

>>

>>

Tai Ping Theatre,

750

Light,

1,152

Ko Shing Theatre,

900

Telephone,

108

"

>>

Amount overdrawn from Tung Wa Hospital,

Premium on ten cent pieces,

>>

""

silver dollars,..

Fees from patients, .....

Payments for Chinese medicine,

Fees from private patients,

Payments for kitchen refuse,

Petty receipts,

9,977

Repairs,

457

1,107

Furniture,

201

24

Discount on sub-coins,

...

482

Bonus to servants,

562

Sundries,

36

Coffins,

178

139

Burial expenses (apart from coffins), Coffins for bodies from Yaumati Mortuary, Burial of bodies from Yaumati Mortuary, Expenses of Small-pox Hospital, Yaumati,..

180

776

1,168

606

731

404

518

$ 28,213.40

Cash with Manager,

Grand Total,.. $28,559.23

Total,

345.83

$| 28,559.23

* Cent- omitted except in the totals.

Subscriptions promised, not yet paid-$1,150.

- C 32 -

C 33

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand

Total.

Total Total

1914.

1913.

New Cases,

50,965

Return Cases,

26,242

Total,.....

77,207

88,803

cause of death,

Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,..

Certificate of nature of disease issued,

39

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,...

Attendance at cleansing of infected premises,... Compensation, claims sent in,....

15

21

358

371

617

412

1,569

1,173

1,563

412

132

60

Applications received for coffins,

for midwives,....

""

898

652

228

135

'

Infants brought to office, (alive),

141

""

"2

"

(dead),

1,102

Total,....

1,243

1,342

Vaccination at house,

302

office,

""

5,191

Total,..

5,493

6,065

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1914.

Receipts.

##

18,868

1,910

C.

*

Expenditure.

$

Maintenance of Dispensaries, Victoria, 22,737

To Balance,

*

- C 34

Government Grant to the East and West Plague Hospitals,......................

Donation from Tai Ping Theatre,

Victoria,....

Donation from San Theatre, Victoria,|

4,200

500

>>

Ko Shing Theatre,

300

Victoria,

Donation from Messrs. Kwok Tuk- tong and Sin Iu-fai by theatri-

75

"}

>>

Harbour Dispensary, 2,681

Shaukiwan

"}

""

>>

2,811

28,230

Part cost of building of Shamshuipo Dispensary,

1,440

cal performances, Victoria,

Annual Subscriptions, Laud,

13,907

Harbour,

""

Subscriptions, Shaukiwan,

8,644

29,670

672

Balance :-

28,299

At Current Account, ·

23,536

Subscriptions from Messrs. Lau Chü-pak, Io Fuk, Ho Tai- shang, Ch'an Kai-ming, Ch'an Cheuk-hing and Li Yau-tsün towards the building of Yau- mati and Harbour Dispensary, Subscriptions to Saiyingpún Plague

Hospital,

Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street, Interest,

Premium on exchange,

In hand,....

204

3,000

Advance to Dispensary Clerks,

Alice Memorial Hos-

60

""

>>

"pital for purchase of drugs, .... I

500

24,300

52

1,272

511

57

$ 53,971

05

$53,971 05

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

- C 35

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts 1914.

Description.

Hung- hom.

Kowloon

Yaumati.

City.

$

*

#A

$

*

Receipts :-

To Balance,

644

2,344

43

Subscriptions, &c.,

1,963

3,772

1,383

Grant by Government,

90

Donation from Shamshuipo Temple,.

455

22

Hau Wong

1,250

93

Kún Yam

600

>>

""

Tin Hat

81

22

""

39

Po Hing Theatre,

408

792

17

Proceeds of Theatrical Performance

in aid of Dispensary Fund,

Expenditure:-

Total,.....

Through Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs,

By Local Committee,

3,615.57 7,008.55 | 3,222.81

1,590

750 1,488

1,439 3,234 1,492

3,029.57 3,984.08 2,980.88

Total,.......

Balance :-

At Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

135

3,111

204

With Local Committee,

450

36

Overdrawn by Local Committee,

87

Total,

$

536.00 3,024.47

241.93

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

1

Number of deaths.

2

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1914 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number

in

which a

post-mortem examination was held.

Number certified.

Number

uncertified.

Percentage of

3 to 2.

6

Victoria,

Harbour,

....

5,840

3,026

2,814

51.8

86

1.5

2,083

35.6

987

213

774

21.6

76

7.7

Kowloon,.....

2,128

1.074

1,054

50.4

146

6.8

914

42.9

Shaukiwan,......

245

51

194

20.8

52

21.2

Other villages in Hongkong,

. 116

30

86

25.8

:

:

:

11

9.5

Total,

9,316

4,394

4,922

47.2

232

2.5

3,136

33.6

1

1

Number examined

after death and not

sent to mortuary.

Percentage of

6 to 2.

Number sent to

mortuary.

8

9

Percentage of

8 to 2.

C 36

1

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1914.

Victoria Districts.

Month.

Victoria.

Total.

Harbour. Kowloon,

West.

Central. East.

Hongkong

outside Victoria.

New

Territories.

Total.

Grand

Total.

C 37 -

January,

February,

March,...

12

April,

13

May,

June,

10

402320

1

3

10

6

3

12

∞ -T

27

8

13

6

10

28

12

11

16

40

12

22

38

31

18

8

49

18

39

6

19

0

19

13

19

July,

8

13

August,

6

5

September,

October,

November,

694

4

2

6

December,

6

9

2

448 HON

25

7

14

15

16

11

18

11

9

4

15.

16

18

12

5

17

17

9

11

73 6 9 0 ∞ ON DONE

41

51

24

36.

56

84

52

92

63

112

8

40

59

I

28

53

29

44

25

43

43

58

29

41

4

24

41

Grand Total,

107

85

68

260

134

247

72

1

454

714†

Total for 1913,

91

59

48

198

121

220

74

10

425

623*

* In 1913, of 623, 212 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1914, of 714, 172 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

}

C 38

Table XX.

Return of Bodies abandoned for the years, 1912, 1913 and 1914.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1912.

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

'Over

15 years.

15 years

and under.

Victoria,

48

Kowloon,..

22

Harbour,

*2*7

76

64

18

25

Elsewhere,

34

12

6742

62

76

*8*8

30

42

Total,...... 95 199

29 210

1913.

:

2 21

Total.

194 171

77

95

4

537

Victoria,

39

Kowloon,..

21

Harbour,

4

Elsewhere,

5

2522

26

81

20

1696

37

103

81

2

20

14

814

6

198

52

42

Total,...... 69 152

15 155

...

11

402

1914.

Victoria, Kowloon,.

56

37 112

Harbour,

9

Elsewhere,

16

82223

52

5

39

109

26

6

22

3

17

2231

154

271

66

60

Total,...... 118 213

25

187

8

551

To Balance,

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXI.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1914.

Receipts.

Payments.

Total,..

.$

*

$

7,745

By Wages of Watchmen, &c.,

558

1,494

""

Improvement of Chinese Recreation Ground,. 4,000

9,239.46

Miscellaneous,..

""

Balance,

"}

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

276

4,404

Total,

9,239.46

39

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statements of Amounts of Passage Money Fund.

Payments.

$

46

72

50

...

50

9288

To Balance at Current Account,.

.$2,203

By Gifts to 23 women on being married,

""

39

cash,

60

>>

2,265

""

""

,, Passage Money Received, Less Refunds,

Annual Charitable Allowance to two persons, Subscription to Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

""

Alice Memorial Hospital,

908

>>

Gifts in aid of repatriation of emi-

802

grants,

$ 213

105

""

""

Interest on Current Account,

Miscellaneous,

Total,.........$

74

156

2,602.64

99

Less refunds, afterwards recovered from Singapore, etc.,

Small gifts to distressed persons,

Balance :--

Current Account, Cash,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

52

161

7

386

.$2,179

36

2,216

Total,..............$

2,602.64

C 40

}

Table XXIII.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 1 of 1889 and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

No. of

Cases.

Discharged.

Male.

Female,

Male.

Female.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

1

1

Fireworks,—Discharging without permits,

21

291

24

Drums and Gongs, - Night noises by beating,

Nil.

:

Processions,-Organising in the public streets

without permit,....

Nil.

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register, ...

:

Nil.

Ordinance No. 1 of 1889.

Decoying men or boys into or away from the

Colony,

Nil.

Keeping unlicensed Emigration Houses,

Nil.

Neglecting to enter names of boarders on register,........

4

...

4

...

Personating Emigrants,

Nil.

...

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under the age of 18 years (Sec. 26),

1

1

3*

:

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Nil.

Detaining, harbouring or receiving women or girls,. Procuration of girls under age to have carnal connection,

:

7

Nil.

~

:

:

Knowingly deriving profits from prostitution, letting women out for hire, trading in them,

4

Q

...

2

:

:.

Remarks.

— C 41 —

1

*Including 1 ordered to be bound over in a personal bond of $100 to attend for sentence when called upon.

C 42

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk

for the

year 1914.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as the Managing Committee for the year :—

Chau Cheuk-fan,

Cheuk Iu-fung,

Li Sui-kam,

Wong Iu-tung,

Un Ying-shan,

Fung Ping-shan,

Ng Wai-chi,

Yu To-shang, Lo Cheung-shiu,

Ip Lan-chuen,

Chịu Hang-on,

Kwan Chung-fong.

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st, 1914, was 62 and 435 persons were admitted during the year-as against 635 in 1913. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

111 women and girls were committed under warrant, and 295 were admitted without warrant of the remainder 18 were lost children and 7 runaway maid-servants.

On leaving the Kuk 153 women and girls were restored to their hushands or other relatives; 10 were sent to Charitable Institu- tions in China; 37 were given in adoption and 23 married. The number released under bond was 10; 8 cases were sent to the Eyre Refuge, Italian Convent or Victoria Home. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on the 31st December was 41.

The income and expenditure during the year, and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set out in Tables B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have again been audited by Messrs. Chiu Chau-sam and Li Yau-tsun. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $17,855 as compared with $16,912 at the end of 1913. This satisfactory increase is due to larger subscriptions and to the decrease in expenditure ($8,200 only against $9,500 in 1913) which the elected Committee found it possible to effect owing to the smaller number of inmates in the Kuk.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of Peace, Messrs. Chau Siu-ki and J. F. Wright, who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of inmates was 46.

C 43

The matron reports that the conduct of the inmates was good, the girls showing industry in learning to read, write, knit and sew. There were unfortunately 56 cases of illness of which 2 proved fatal: the remainder yielded to treatment in the Tung Wa Hospital, where also 71 cases of mild complaints were treated in the out- patients department.

The Permanent Committee suffered a great loss by the death of Sir Kai Ho Kai in July. Mr. Lau Chü-pak was selected to fill the vacant place on the Committee.

26th March, 1915.

S. B. C. Ross,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs, President.

=

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1914 and the

arrangements made regarding them.

H

~

30

-

2

ลง

62

13

:

4

16

11

6

62

Total.

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Committed under Warrant from Emigration Office.

l'ending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent from Singapore, Manila and Swatow.

Sent with

their own consent

by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or

guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband.

Placed in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent

or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Dead.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

January, 1914, ........ ... § In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st }

62

6

Admitted during the year, ...435 | 81 | 27

16 159 32 88 18

Total,

...... 197 90

18193

Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1914, ..................... Kuk on the 31st Decem-

41

3

نت

2

=

*

15

:

-

4

7 435 200

200

18 130 10

4 21

12

I

-

497 213 10 19 134 10

8- 37

23

2

41

35 435

-C 44

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1914.

RECEIPTS.

C.

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous year :-

On Fixed Deposit,

15,000

By the Elected Committee

(see Table C),

8,200

At Current Accouut,

1,912

16,912

Balance :-

On Fixed Deposit,

Subscriptions:-

At Current Account,

16,000

1,855

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.........

359

17,855

Elected Committee,

336

Guilds,

4,792

Man Mo Temple,

1,299

Theatres,

1,312

8,099

Interest :-

On Deposit,

On Current Account,

Total,.

970

72

1,042

$

26,055.09

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

- C 45

Total,.

26,055.09

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from the 1st January to the 31st December, 1914.

RECEIPTS.

*

EXPENDITURE.

*

C 46

Balance from previous year,

111

Decorations,

42

Received from Permanent Board,.

8,200

Food,

Miscellaneous Receipts,..

37

Light and Fire,

2,772

1,216

Premium on bank notes,

429

Miscellaneous,

495

Passage Money,

18

Petty Expenditure,

497

Printing,

139

Repairs,...

201

Stationery,

86

Telephone,

105

Insurance,

321

Wages,

2,836

8,734

Balance,

43

Total,.....$

8,778.59

Total,...

8,778.59

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

41

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1914.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3.-Revenue and Expenditure. 4.-Steam-launches.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

6.-Registry of Shipping.

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

TABLES.

8. Marine Court. 9.-Examination of Masters,

Mates and Engineers.

10.-Examination of Pilots. 11.-Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories.

13.-Lighthouses.

I.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered.

II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII.-Junks cleared from China and Macao.

IX.-Licensed Steam-launches entered.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared.

XI.-Number of Boat Licences issued.

XII. Statement of Revenue.

XIII.-Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XIV. Return of Emigration.

XV.-Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVI.-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVII. Return of Immigration.

XVIII. Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

XIX.-Vessels registered.

XX.-Vessels struck off the Register.

D 2

XXI. Comparison in Number and tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1905.

XXII.-Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIII.-Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office. C.-Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1914 amounted to 517,439 vessels of 36,756,951 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1913, shows an increase of 27,211 vessels, with a decrease of 986,031 net register tons.

Of the above, 51,214 vessels of 25,279,624 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 47,520 vessels of 25,821,652 tons in 1913, and were distributed as follows:-

1913.

Numbers.

1914. Numbers.

1913. Tonnage.

1914. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

8.8%

8.3 %

32.7%

33.0 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships, 9.9

8.2

36.0

33.9

British River

Steamers,

14.0

13.0

15.8

15.9

Foreign River

Steamers, ...

3.8

3.5

3.6

3.6

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

9.5-

13:4

0.7

1.0

Trading Junks, 540

53.6

11.2

12.6

100'0

100'0

100.0

100.0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

2. Of vessels of European construction, 4,222 Ocean Steamers, 4 Sailing Ships, 4,213 River Steamers, and 3,403 Steam Launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 324 ships, as compared with 299 in 1913, and 28-7 in 1912.

D 3

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,577-5 tons to 2,612 1 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,742 tons to 2,636 3 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,453 7 to 2,590 2 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,327-7 tons to 2,003 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 5986 tons to 582 1 tons. That of British River Steamers has decreased from 616 2 tons to 6004 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 533-2 tons to 513.5 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1913 and 1914 is given in the following table :-

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

Reg.

No.

Tonnage.

British

Ocean- 1

going,

4,210

Foreign Ocean-

4,679

going,

British River

Steamers,......

6,624

Foreign River

Steamers,...

1,780

8,449,533 4,265 8,321,692

9,272,635 | 4,199| 8,592,222

4,078,635 6,643 3,990,712

949,328 1,777 913,270

55

127,841

480 680,413

19

87,923

36,058

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

4,574

189,003 | 6,856 251,983 2,282

62,980

(Foreign

Trade),...

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

25,653 2,882,518 27,474 3,209,745 1,821

327,227

:

:

:

Total, Foreign

Trade,

Steam-launches

of

plying in Waters Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

47,520 25,821.652 51,214 25,279,624 4,177 390,207 483 | 932,235

416,438 10,720,601 438,174 10,279,456 21,736

*26,270 | *1,200,726 128,051 †1,197,871 | 1,781

:

:

441,148

2,855

Grand Total. 400,228 37,742,982 517,438 36,756,951 27,694 390,207 483 1,376,238

Net,... 27,211

986,031

* Including 9,922 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 624,090 tons.

+

10.230

"

*

of 503,932

27

5. This table shows an increase in British Ocean-going Shipping of 55 ships, or 13 per cent., and a decrease of 127,841 tons, or 1·5 per cent. This is due to the fact that so many large ships were taken off the run, being employed as transports etc. since the war began.

D 4

British River Steamers have increased by 19 ships, or 0.3 per cent., and decreased by 87,923 tons, or 21 per cent. This is explained by a reduction in tonnage of the large and constantly running vessels on the Canton run, by reason of the amendments to the measurement Regulations.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels decreased by 480 ships of 680,413 tons, or 10-2 per cent. in numbers and 7.3 per cent. in tonnage. This may be ascribed almost entirely to the disappearance of the German and Austrian flags since the commencement of the war. But this decrease does not approach that which should result from that disappearance, (540 ships of 1,069,142 tons is the net decrease under those two flags since the war broke out), the balance being adjusted by large increases under the Japanese and Norwegian flags.

Foreign River Steamers are responsible for a decrease of 3 ships of 36,058 tons, or 0·16 per cent. in numbers and 38 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a slight falling off in the River passenger traffic since August.

Steam Launches in Foreign Trade show the enormous increase of 2,282 ships of 62,980 tons, or 502 per cent. in numbers and 33:3 per cent. in tonnage. This may be ascribed to the fact, that, in former years, as I discovered about a year ago, many of the launches on the run to the Eastward failed to report their arrivals or de- partures, but, owing to better supervision, this has now ceased.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 1,821 vessels of 327,227 tons or 7·1 per cent. in numbers and 11.3 per cent. in tonnage. The figures given do not show nearly all the movements of the Trading Junks, as will appear later.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony) there appears an increase under Steam Launches of 32,736 vessels, or 52 per cent., and a decrease of 441,148 tons, or 41 per cent. While in Junks there is an increase of 1,781 vessels or 6.7 per cent. with a decrease of 2,855 tons, or 0.2 per cent. The causes of this are identical with those I mention in the case of Foreign Trade Junks, and the effect is well shown by the fact that, since the outbreak of the war, the reported arrivals and departures of Local Trade Junks have increased by well over 100 per cent. compared with the corresponding period of 1913.

6. The above figures do not, however, show the real state of affairs, inasmuch that many conditions have materially altered since the outbreak of war, early in August. In the remarks which follow, I divide the year into two parts-the first 7 months, before the war, and the last 5 months, since war was declared, and confine myself to the Ocean-going shipping, which alone was seriously affected by the war.

I annex here comparative Tables, showing the figures for the Ocean-going Shipping of the port for the two periods.

I

D 5

COMPARATIVE SHIPPING RETURN FOR 1ST 7 MONTHS 1913-1914.

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No.

Tonnage. No Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

2,424 4,832.063 | 2,630 | 5,240,172 | 206

408,109

British Ocean-

going,........ ForeignOcean-

going.....

2,693 5,227,146 | 2,812 5,851,604 | 119| 624,158

Total....... 5,117 10,059,209 5,442 11,091,776 325 1,032,567

Junks Foreign 19,096 2,089,949 17,365 2,061,827

Trade,..

1,731 23,122

COMPARATIVE SHIPPING RETURN FOR LAST 5 MONTHS 1913-1914.

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

2

British Ocean- } going..........

1,782 3,606,632 | 1,630

3,068,842

152 537,790

ForeignOcean-

1,986 | 4,045,489 | 1,385 2,738,532

601 1,306,957

going,.........

753 1,844,747

}

Total,...... 3,768| 7,652,121 | 3,015 | 5,807,374

Junks Foreign Trade,........

6,557 792,569 10,109 1,147,918 | 3,552 355,349

First Seven Months.-Here is seen a continuation, more especi- ally in British vessels, of the steady increase which has been noted during past years, amounting, in the case of British ships, to 206 ships of 408,109 tons, or 85 per cent. in numbers and 84 per cent. in tonnage, compared with 64 per cent. and 8'6 per cent. respectively in 1913.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels increased by 119 ships of 624,458 tons, or 44 per cent. in numbers and 119 per cent. in tonnage, compared with 7.1 per cent. and 79 per cent. respectively in 1913.

The average tonnage of the British ships entering decreased from 1,995 2 to 1,9924, while that of Foreigners increased from 1,9489 to 2,080-9.

I should like to mention the large decrease shown in the Junk trade, which amounts to 1,731 vessels (8.5 per cent.) of 28,122 tons (1.3 per cent.). I am satisfied, for reasons which will appear later, that this decrease is not borne out by facts, but is really due to the increasing habit on the part of the Junk Masters of failing to report themselves.

D 6-

Last Five Months.-The effect of the war in the Ocean Trade of the port is here well shown. In British Ocean-going vessels there is shown a decrease of 152 ships of 537,790 tons, or 85 per cent. in numbers and 149 per cent. in tonnage. This would appear to be almost entirely due to the number of large vessels which have been taken up by the Admiralty as armed cruisers, transports, and Fleet Auxiliaries, although there was, undoubtedly, for a time, a partial suspension of sailings. It will be seen that the average tonnage of British arrivals fell to 1,882-7.

Foreign Ocean-going shipping decreased by 601 ships of 1,306,957 tons, or 30'2 per cent. in numbers and 32-3 per cent. in tonnage. Of this, the practical extinction of German and Austrian tonnage is responsible for 27-2 per cent. in numbers and 26-4 per cent. in tonnage, while the remaining 3 per cent. and 5'9 per cent. represent the net result of increases and decreases under other flags. Here I find increases under Norwegian (17.4 per cent. in numbers and 22.6 per cent. in tonnage, compared with the figures for the corresponding period of 1913), and Chinese (4.5 per cent. in numbers and in tonnage), while under the Dutch flag an increase of 89 per cent. in tonnage is combined with a decrease of 7·2 per cent. in numbers. Decreases are shown under Russian (647 per cent. in numbers and 68.3 per cent. in tonnage), Portuguese (305 per cent. in numbers and 203 per cent. in tonnage), United States (24.1 per cent. in numbers and 22.2 per cent. in tonnage), Danish (20 per cent. in numbers and 111 per cent. in tonnage), French shipping remains constant in numbers but decreases by 251 per cent. in tonnage, Swedish, while increasing by 20 per cent. in numbers, declines by 38.9 per cent. in tonnage, and Italian shipping disappears altogether.

The average tonnage of Foreign ships entering has decreased to 1,977.

In the Junk Trade, it will be noticed that there is shown the enormous increase of 3,552 vessels of 355,349 tons, or 542 per cent. in numbers and 46'1 per cent. in tonnage. It is obvious that no such a phenomenal alteration can have taken place in the trade since the outbreak of war, but the explanation is simple.

Since war commenced, no vessel can enter or leave the harbour without reporting herself, by reason of the Examination service, so that, of the Junks trading with Victoria Harbour, which means about 90 per cent. of those trading with the Colony, we are now able to account for all, which was very obviously not the case before.

7. The actual numbers of individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction entering during 1914 was 825, of which 385 were British and 440 were Foreign. In 1913 the corresponding figures were 791, 361 British and 430 Foreign.

These 825 ships measured 2,155,018 tons. They entered 4,226 times, and gave a collective tonnage of 8,468,609 tons. Thus, 34 more ships entered 221 less times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 405,197 tons, an average of 1,833-4 tons per entry.

J

-D7-

Thus:

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1913. 1914. 1913. 1914.

1913.

1914.

Steamers 359

383

2,099

British

Sailing...

2

2

2

Japanese, German,

164

188

740

2,130 4,209,950 4,168,538 3 5,419 7,249 826 1,907,307 2,114,494

106

96

597

350 1,107,453 691,852

Norwegian,

29

29

189

205

182,633 218,721

1

Austrian,

12

11

51

30

168,063 98,693

Chinese,

26

23

233

224

272,166 271,727

Danish,

6

8

13

16

34,433 46,906

Dutch,

15

19

128

124

242,928 252,700

French,

22

22

155

154

284,628 248,280

Italian,..

2

7

18,312

www.

Portuguese,

7

114

71

52,009 32,968

·

Russian,

21

15

34

20

86,021

54,721

Swedish,

7

8

12

12

31,497

24,093

U.S.A. {Sailing...

Steamers 15

13

73

60

270,987 236,624

1

1

1,043

Total,

791 825 4,447 | 4,226 8,873,8068,468,609

8. The 385 British ships carried 3,766 British officers and 12 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 5 U.S.A., 2 Dutch, 2 Danish, 2 Germans, and one Norwegian.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 0:32 per cent. comprising 5 nationalities, an increase of 0.02 per cent. with an increase in the number of officers and of ships.

9. The 440 Foreign ships carried 3,082 officers, of whom 94 were British as follows:-

1913. 1914.

In Chinese ships

94

84

Japanese ships

10

6

United States ships -

4

4

""

,, French ships

-

2

110

94

Thus, 305 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

$

D 8

10. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

U. S. A. AND EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1913. 1914. 1913. 1914. 1913. 1914. 1913. 1914.

British 361 385 24,728 24,264|| 1,022 866 134,220135,214

440 1,430 1,571 31,447 24,428 126,923 118,268

Foreign. 430

Total

}

791 825 26,158 25,835 32,469 25,294 |261,143 253,482

Hence in British ships: *

And in Foreign ships: -

1913.

1914.

1913.

1914.

15.46 %

15.13% of the crews were British.

0.90 %

1.08 % of the crews were British.

0.64 %

0.54% of the crews were other Europeans.

19.75 %

16.93% of the crews

were other Europeans.

83.90 %

84-33% of the crews 79.35% 81.98 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

2.--Trade.

were Asiatics.

11. It is once more necessary for me to call attention to the extreme inaccuracy of the reports by Masters of ships of cargo carried. There being no Customs, or other staff, to compile accurate statistics, I am dependent upon these reports for the figures upon which I base the remarks which follow, although I am able, in some cases, to obtain more reliable information elsewhere.

Imports. Here is shown a decrease of 229,089 tons, or 4.6 per cent., which, considering the circumstances attending the last five months of the year under review,--the total withdrawal from the run of all vessels under the German and Austrian flags; the loss (or, at least, the non-delivery) of the cargoes consigned to the Colony in many of such vessels; the risks run by neutral and Ally shipping during the early months of the war, by reason of the German cruisers then at large; and the general sense of insecurity felt by both shippers and importers, etc., etc.-may be considered a remarkably small decrease.

Increases are shown under the headings Beans, Coal, Cotton, Flour, Hemp, Bulk Kerosene, and Liquid Fuel, while there are decreases reported in Case Oil, Rattans, Rice, Timber, and General.

·

I

Lande

D 9

J

Beans. The import of Beans is generally reported as "General" unless, as sometimes occurs, the ship brings a full cargo. No reliance can, therefore, be placed upon the figures I receive, which here indicate an increase of 6,784 tons, or 952 per cent. So far as I am able to discover, no such increase has actually taken place.

Coal. An increase here appears of 171,664 tons, or 151 per cent., which seems to be quite uninfluenced by the war, the increase being uniformly spread over the whole year. There was a very large increase, as may be imagined, in the imports of Welsh coal, which, however, bear a very small proportion to the total imports. Japanese coal fell off, and Chinese increased, while a small quantity- of Australian coal found its way here in one of the prizes.

Cotton, Yarn, and Piece Goods. Here is an increase of 3,541 tons, or 87 per cent. This is not a real increase, but is only apparent, being due to the reported falling off in 1913 having been greatly in excess of facts. As a matter of fact, 1914 proved a bad year for this trade in the Colony, and for staple goods there was so little demand that the imports declined. The causes which led to this were, in the early part of the year, a heavy fall in prices and in exchange. In May and June, however, trade revived, and there seemed every prospect of a sustained improvement, when the floods inland caused a severe set back. Then came the war, which had a most deleterious effect on the trade inland, and increased freights acted as a further deterrent to importers. Added to these, the general financial state of China, throughout the year, has been far from encouraging.

Flour.-There is an increase reported of 12,504 tons, or 18'4

per cent.

As in Cotton, this increase is due to errors and omissions in the ship masters' reports in 1913. From enquiries I have made, I gather that there was actually a falling off of 16,713 tons, or 154 per cent., the reasons for which are directly due to the war.

It appears that the bulk of the imports arrive here in the later months of the year, shipments in large quantities commencing from America in August. This year, on account of the war, the demand for flour at the seat of the war was far above the average, with the result that prices soared to unprecedented heights. One brand, whose usual price is $2.30 per bag, now fetches $4.10. At the same time, freight doubled. Before the outbreak of war, imports were above the average.

Hemp.-I find here an increase of 3,010 tons, or 17.3 per cent.

It is possible that these figures approach the truth, as, during the first seven months of the year, conditions were very favourable to the trade, prices and freights ruling low, while in 1913 prices were very high. During these months before the war, the figures

D 10

show an increase of 7,011 tons, or 73.8 per cent., while during the last five months a decrease of 4,001 tons, or 513 per cent., appears. This is confirmed by the fact that, on the outbreak of war the market in Manila collapsed, and all business came to a standstill. Later, however, matters improved, and by the end of the year the market had practically resumed normal conditions.

Kerosene Oil.-Bulk Oil shows an increase of 21,328 tons, or 38 per cent.

Case Oil shows a decrease of 4,422 tons, or 9 per cent.

As explained last year, there is not very much significance in increases or decreases in either type of oil, so long as there is no large fluctuation in the joint total. During 1914, the market in both case and bulk oil showed a satisfactory rise, demand slightly increasing, with fair prices and freights, until after the war com- menced, when sales fell 50 per cent. and, up to the end of the year, there was no sign of appreciable recovery. Freights rose, after the outbreak of war, from $4 to $10 per ton from the American Coast; on account of war risks, and the increased demand in Europe.

It is somewhat remarkable to note that, in spite of the above facts, the imports of case oil show a falling off, before the war, of 12,549 tons, or 38'4 per cent., while, since the beginning of August, there appears an increase of 8,127 tons, or 391 per cent. None arrived, however, after October, and that which came in that month was probably on the high seas at the time war broke out.

Stocks at the end of the year show a slight increase over those in January.

Liquid Fuel.-A very large increase appears here, of 23,263 tons, or 197 per cent., which appears to be borne out by facts. It is explained by the great increase in numbers of oil-burning steamers bunkering here.

Rattans.-The reports here show a decrease of 2,100 tons, or 63.6 per cent., the greater part of which appears to be due to failure on the part of shipmasters to report this item of cargo. As a matter of fact, the market was normal up to August, after which it declined, but only slightly.

Rice. Also shows a decrease, which is explained in the same way. The figures I received indicate a decrease of 102,085 tons, or 138 per cent., but I find, on enquiry, that the imports were really about normal. Though the Chinese crops were good, there was a set back on account of the floods in the summer, and, Saigon and Siam rice being plentiful and cheap, there were large imports. The war does not appear to have affected the trade in any way.

+

1

D 11

Timber. Here I find the imports for 1914 less by 17,545 tons, or 21 per cent., than those reported in 1913. This again shows the tendency to "lump" cargo together as

cargo together as "General", for actually, about 20 per cent. more timber was imported during 1914, I am informed, than during 1913. There was a slight reduction in imports of Teak, which, however, was more than made up by those of Borneo hardwoods and American pine and deals.

General.-Here appears a decrease of 299,212 tons, or 116 per cent., which is obviously due directly to the war. During the first seven months of the year there is shown an increase of 61,838 tons, or 5 per cent., against a decrease of 361,050 tons, or 29 per cent., for the last five months, as compared with the corresponding periods of 1913.

Exports.-Show a decrease of 295,398 tons, or 11 per cent., which may be ascribed principally to the war, although there was a general falling off in exports throughout the year. The figures for the first seven months show a decrease, compared with those for the corresponding period of 1913, of 45,332 tons, or 3'4 per cent., while those for the last five months declined by 250,066 tons, or 188

per cent.

Transit Cargo. Here, again, the effect of the war is very marked. For the whole year, there appears a decrease of 513,725 tons, or 10'4 per cent. For the first seven months, however, there is shown an increase, of 301,699 tons, or 107 per cent., which appears to be very largely due to cargo carried through in German bottoms, where there is shown an increase over the 1913 transit cargo of 214,417 tons, or 51 per cent. The last five months are responsible for the decrease of 815,424 tons, or 16'5 per cent.

12. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1913, was as follows:-

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

4,445 8,868,387 | 4,222 | 8,460,317

River Steamers, 4.202 | 2,515,356 | 4,213 | 2,452,437 11

Sailing Vessels,

2

5,419

4

8,292

223 408,070

62,919

2,873

Total,

8,649 11,389,162 | 8,439 10,921,046 13 2,873 223470,989

Net Decrease,..........

210468,116

1

13. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction exporting cargo, and shipping bunker coal, follow :-

EXPORTS.

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No.

Tonnage.

Steamers,

4,440

River Steamers,

4,202

8,842,943 4,235 8,438,833 2,512,607 4,207 2,451,545

205

404,110

61,062

Sailing Vessels,

2

5,419! 3

6,472

1

1,053

Total,

8,644|11,360,969 | 8,445|10,896,850

6

1,053

205

465,172

Net Decrease,

199

464,119

Exported 2,385,602 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,681,318 tons in 1913.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

Strs.

Strs.

Coal.

Bunker

Coal.

Steamers,

4,440

596,138 4,235

515,827

205

80,311

River Steamers, ....:

4,202

74,094 4,207

77,356

5

3,262

...

Total,

8,642

670,232 8,442

593,183

5

3,262

205

80,311

Net Decrease,

200

77,049

- D 12 -

· D 13

14. The River Trade, compared with 1913, is shown in the following Table :--

1913,

1914,

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

393,263

366,515

2,991,890

378,403

376,540

2,228,354

15. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for 1913 and 1914 :-

IMPORTS.

1914.

1913.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,.............. 13,627

1,599,503

12,806

1,447,027

Local Trade,

13,979

599,846

12,951

601,740

Total,

27,606

2,199,349

25,757

2,048,767

1

Imported 465,671 tons as under :—

Cattle 1,198 head,

Swine 6,949 head,

Earth and Stones, General,

Tons.

99

408

31,260

433,904

Total,... 465,671

EXPORTS.

1914.

1913.

Foreign Trade,..... 13,847

1,610,242

12,847 1,435,491

Local Trade,

14,072

598,025

13,319

598,986

Total,

27,919

2,208,267

26,166

2,034,477

Exported 1,080,701 tons as under :—

Kerosine 1,603,153 cases,

Rice and Paddy,........

General,

Tons.

47,198

253,925

779,578

Total,........

.1,080,701

16. A summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1914.

- D 14 -

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emi-

Dis-

charged. Shipped.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal..

Total.

Registered

grants.

Arrived.

Tonnage.

Departed.

British Ocean-going,

4,265

1,881.637

1,082,243 | 2,281,021

263,493 | 5,508,394

8,321,692

188,379

126,574 49,740

Foreign Ocean-going,

4,199 | 2,327,731

926,567 2,128,347

252,334 5,634,979

8,592,222

88,102

98,777

26,010

British River Steamers,

6,643

217,089

216,949

56,992 491,030

8,990,712

989,100

1,066,432

Foreign River Steamers,...

1,777

161,314

159,591

20,364 341,269

913,270

90,534

82.288

Total,...

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade,

16,884 | 4,587,771

2,385,350 | 4,409,368

593,183 11,975,672 | 21,817,896

1,356,115

1,374,071

75,750

Junks, Foreign Trade, Total Foreign Trade,

6,856

27,474

4,287 9,511 353,988 1,017,270

51,214 | 4,946,046 | 3,412,131

4,409,368

12,369 26,167 251,983 1,371,258 3,209,745 605,552 13,373,097 | 25,279,624

24,758

28,917

65,894

66,731

1,446,767 1,469,719

75,750

Steam-launches, Local Trade,.

Junks, Local Trade,....

438,174

965

959

37,730

28,051

11,603

63,431

Total, Local Trade,

247,138

12,568

64,390

39,654 | 10,279,456 175,114 1,197,871

37,730 214,768

3,674.781

3,610,539

Grand Total,

517,439 | 4,958,614

3,476,521 | 4,409,368

9,055

6,337,599 3,683,836 643,282 13,587,865 | 36,756,951

9,201

3,619,740

5,130,603

5,089,459 75,750

1

- D 15

3. Revenue and Expenditure.

17. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $579,442.92 as against $612,672.08 collected in the previous year, showing a decrease of $33,229.16 or 5·4% :—

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment.. Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office, Miscellaneous Receipts,

1913.

1914.

$ 93,649.44 $ 90,397.87 104,648.41 103,667.97

Increase.

Decrease.

$ 3,251.57

980.44

159,010.53 172,148.25

13,137.72

4.

254,929.10 212,795.83 434.60 433.00

42,133.27

1.60

$612,672.08 $579,442.92

$13,137.72 $16,366.88

The principal decreases are under Sunday Cargo Working Permits $4,450; Medical Examination of Emigrants $39,209.50; Light Dues $3,251.57; Light Dues Special Assessment $980.44; Forfeitures $904.77 (there have been no forfeitures during the year); Fishing Stakes and Station Licences New Territories $210.70; Junk Licences $7,436.40; Junk Licences from New Territories $13,144.70; Examination of Masters, etc., $115.00; Gunpowder Storage $3,025.87; Chinese Passenger Ship Licence $165. On account of the state of war and prohibition of immigration into Singapore since 7th August the revenue under that heading has fallen off considerably.

The principal increases are under Boat Licences $30,716.42; Fines $3,698.39; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen $1,913.60; Survey of Steamships $1,225.01; Official Signatures $504.00; Steam- launch Licences $564.88.

The increase under Boat Licences is due to the fact that some of the craft which formerly took out Junk Licences are now licensed under boats.

18. The Expenditure of the Harbour Department (excluding the Imports and Exports Office) for 1914 was $173,214.01 as against $168,069.06 expended in 1913, showing an increased expenditure of $5,144.95, which is mostly due to increases in salaries, etc. sum of $2,702.45 was also expended for "Aga" lights for Fairway Buoys and the Cust Rock Buoy.

A

The Amount of Light Dues collected was as follows :—

Special Assessment.

Class of Vessels.

No. of

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per tou.

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

D 16

C.

C.

$

C.

Ocean Vessels,...

3,963

8,591,007

1 cent.

85,910.07

1 cent.

85,910.07

171,820.14

Steam Launches,

2,936

135,719 1

1,357.19 1

1,357.19

2,714.38

"

River Steamers (Night Boats),

1,651

939,182

3,130.61

4,695.91

7,826.52

??

River Steamers (Day Boats),

2,554

1,404,577

Nil.

Loko

11,704.80

11,704.80

"

Total,.....

.....

11,104 11,070,485

$90,397.87

$103,667.97

$194,065.84

4.

D 17

Steam-launches.

19. On the 21st December, 1914, there were 343 steam-launches (including motor boats) employed in the Harbour. Of these, 170 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 131 were private- ly owned, 20 were the property of the Government and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval.

Seven masters' certificates were suspended for incompetency or negligence in the performance of their duties; one of whom was suspended for 6 months, two for 3 months, one for 2 months and three for 1 month, while five of them were required to pass a further examination in the Rules of the Road on expiration of their suspensions before the return to them of their certificates.

Six hundred and twenty-seven (627) engagements and five hundred and seventy-nine (579) discharges of masters and engineers were made during the year.

Nine (9) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

20. Seventy-six thousand two hundred and ninety-six (76,296) Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1914 (142,759 in 1913.) Of these, 49,780 were carried in British ships and 26,516 in foreign ships.

One hundred and sixty-eight thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven (168,827) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had been emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 166,921 in 1913. Of these 129,164 arrived in British ships, and 39,663 in Foreign ships.

6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

21. During the year, 21 ships were registered under the provisions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 16 Certi- ficates of Registry cancelled. 147 Documents, etc., were dealt with in connection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,841.00 as compared with $1,438.01 in 1913.

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

22. Four hundred and forty-seven cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (435 in 1913). Breach of the Harbour Regulations, Disobeying the Lawful Orders of the Harbour Master, Neglecting to exhibit Lights, Failing to observe the Rules of the Road and Carrying Passengers in excess were the principal offences.

D 18

8.-Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

23 During the year 1914, there were four courts held :-

(1) On the 20th day of March, 1914, enquiry was made into the charges of being asleep and under the influence of liquor whilst on duty against John Fraser, certificate of competency Number 037,373 of Holyhead, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Foochow, Official Number 105,721 of London.

The Court found that the charges against John Fraser, whose certificate of competency as 1st mate was 037,373, Holyhead, proved, and suspended his certificate for twelve months.

(2) On the 29th April, 1914, enquiry was held into the charge of misconduct on the part of James Willox, whose certificate of competency as master was Number 036,321 of Aberdeen, master of the British Steamship Tai Lee and Robert Alexander Bires, whose certificate of competency as master was Number 024,435 of Dundee, master of the British Steamship Taishan.

The Court found that the Steamship Taishan Official Number 133,245 of Hongkong, the master of which was Robert Alexander Bires, Certificate Number 024,435 of Dundee as master and the Steamship Tai Lee, Official Number 133,248 of Hongkong, the master of which was James Willox, Certificate Number 036,321 of Aberdeen as master, left their respective wharves in Hongkong harbour within five minutes of each other on the morning of the 29th March, 1914, bound for Macao. That after passing the rock in Cheung Chau Channel, the Tai Lee overtook and passed the Taishan in such a manner as to place both ships in danger of collision. The Court was of opinion that the master of the Tai Lee passed dangerously close to the Taishan and admonished him to be more careful in future.

(3) On the 5th day of May, 1914, enquiry was made into the circumstances attending the casualty to the British Steamship Tai On, Official Number 95,858 of Hongkong.

The Court found as follows:-

We find that the British Steamship Tai On, Official Number 95,858 of Hongkong of which Robert Henry Wetherell, the number of whose Certificate of Competency as Master is 08,651 of London, was master, left Hongkong at 7 p.m. on the 27th April, 1914, on a voyage to Kongmun, with a general cargo of about 100 tons, 395 passengers, of whom only 362 paid any fares, and a crew of 38. At about 10.10 p.m. the ship being then off the Island of Ki Aụ, near the Swashway entrance to the West River, some of the passengers, who had embarked at Hongkong, rose and attempted to gain posses- sion of the ship, being armed with Mauser and Browning pistols. They attacked the bridge, where the master, mate, chief engineer

3

1

D 19

and two armed Portuguese guards were entrenched behind iron and barbed wire grilles and loopholed bullet-proof shields, who were able to repel the attack after shooting several of their assailants, with the loss on their side of one the chief engineer-slightly wounded. The pirates then retreated below, and endeavoured to persuade some of the peaceful passengers to go up and call upon the master to surrender, and, upon their refusal to do so, shot them. They then deliberately set the ship on fire in two or three places. This was about 11 o'clock. In the meanwhile the officers, in the intervals of fighting, fired distress signals-rockets, bombs and coloured lights, which were seen and answered by the British steamers Shun Lee, Shiu On and Hoi Sang which were on their way down the river, bound for Hongkong, and by the Chinese Steamship Wo Kwai bound for Kongmun. These four ships rendered all assistance in their power, and succeeded in rescuing some 165 persons by means of their boats. The flames spread rapidly, and the ship was shortly ablaze from stem to stern, the passengers, including pirates and crew jumping overboard-many, however, appear to have been unable to escape, and were burnt. The anchor was let go to bring the ship head to wind, but the officers soon found the bows untenable and had to jump also, the master being the last to leave the ship. They were picked up, with the exception of the mate, Mr. F. Ĉ. Evans, who was unable to secure a lifebelt, the fire having reached his cabin when he went to get one. The ship was completely gutted, but was subsequently towed back to Hongkong, when the charred remains of 17 bodies were found on board, besides evidences of many more, almost totally consumed by the flames. We find that no blame attaches to any of the certificated officers, who took all possible steps to secure the safety of the ship, and conducted the defence of the bridge most gallantly. The means adopted for the protection of the bridge appear to have been most efficient. We are of opinion that the conduct of the master of the British Steam- ship Lintan in failing to stand by the Tai On or to render her any assistance, requires further enquiry, as does that of the master of the On Lee who similarly failed. We also wish to point out the irregularity and very probable source of danger of the practice which seems to be universal on board vessels on this run of carrying an unlimited number of passengers runners, cargo brokers and live stock attendants, who pay no fare, and are commonly supposed to form an intelligence department for the pirates.

(4) On the 17th of October, 1914, enquiry was held into the charge of misconduct against J. W. Scott, certificate of competency as master was Number 037,069 of Liverpool, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Anhui, Official Number 118,340 of London.

The Court found that on the 7th October, 1914, when the British Steamship Anhui, Official Number 118,340 of London, was lying alongside her wharf at Shanghai, James William Scott, the number of his certificate of competency as master was Number 037,609, Liverpool, 2nd mate of the said ship was under the influence of liquor on board when he should have been on duty. That on the following day, the 8th October, Mr. Scott, having charge of the deck at 6.10 p.m. being under the influence of drink, altered

D 20

P

course without the permission of the master, with the result that the ship came into collision with the Fairway Bell Buoy at the entrance of the Yangtse River, and remained with her propellers foul of the buoy moorings for six hours. The Court therefore direct that Mr. Scott's certificate of competency as master be suspended for six months and that a 2nd mate's certificate of competency be issued to his during the period of suspension. Further, his certificate of competency as master shall not be restored to him unless he shall produce valid testimonials of sobriety, covering the period of three months next before such restoration.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

24. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:

Grade.

Passed. Failed.

Master,

17

ลง

2

Master, (Provisional Certificate),

First Mate,

17

3

Second Mate,

24

7

Only Mate,

2

Mate, River Steamer,

3

Total,.

61

14

First Class Engineer,..........

27

8

Second Class Engineer,

36

7

Total,...

63

15

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899 :-

*

Candidates.

Passed.

Failed.

For Master,........

64

9

For Engineer,

80

3

Total,

144

12

----མ

{

D 21

10.—Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

25. There was no candidate examined during the year. Four- teen licences were renewed.

11.-Sunday Cargo Working.

26. During the year 510 permits were issued under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891 as compared with 569 in 1913. Of these 135 were not used as it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday and the fees in such cases were refunded.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $66,950 as against $71,400 in 1913.

The decrease is owing to reduction in the number of steamers on account of the war.

12.-New Territories.

Sixteenth year of British Administration.

27. The Outstations attached to the Harbour Department, eight in number, have continued to perform the work allotted to them, and during the year Licences, Permits, etc., have been issued by them as follows:-

1913.

1914.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899.....

10.144

3.706

Tai O,

1899.

5,597

4,397

Tai Po,

1900.

7,691

5,810

17

Sai Kung,

1902.... 2,137

1,488

""

Long Ket,

1905....

4,686

1,980

""

Deep Bay,

1911....

2,782

2,373

""

Ping Shan, Lantao,

1911....

361

71

""

21

1912....

2,777

1,575

36,175

21,400

The decreases in number are due to the discontinuance of Blue Permits issued to fishing junks.

The Revenue collected by this Department from the New Territories during the year was $41,350.65 as compared with $36,554.30 in 1913.

13.-Lighthouses,

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

28. During 1914, 933 vessels were reported by telegraph from this station. Of this number 193 were signalled by Morse lamp.

Five (5) vessels were not reported owing to telegraphic com- munication being interrupted.

D 22

Three thousand and five (3,005) telegraphic messages were sent, including meteorological observations for the Observatory, and 510 messages were received. There were 60 hours of fog during the year and the fog signal was fired 386 times.

Telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year with the exception of one complete day and a few short interruptions caused by the land line being in contact with telephone wires.

On 9 occasions the relief was delayed by rough sea.

WAGLAN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1914, 2,659 vessels were reported. 1,728 messages were sent and 592 received. Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted, 205 vessels were not reported.

There were 234 hours and 48 minutes of fog and the fog signal was fired 2,410 times.

The Relief was delayed on two occasions.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1914, 1,410 vessels were signalled and reported from this station, 751 messages were sent, and 428 received.

Owing to communication being interrupted on 4 occasions, 26 vessels were not reported.

CAPE COLLINSON LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1914, 2,481 vessels were signalled and reported from this station. 4 messages were sent and 76 received

Owing to communication being interrupted on 18 occasions, 83 vessels were not reported.

Signals Sent and Received.

Flash Lamp Signals, 33.

Semaphore Signals, 5.

International Signals, 19.

The lights at Gap Rock, Waglan, and Green Island, (1st Order), at Cape Collinson, (4th Order), at Kap Sing Island, and at Mawan, (6th Order), have been maintained efficiently throughout the year.

The A.G.A. lights, which were installed on the Fairway and Cust Rock buoys on the 1st January, 1914, have now been in operation for a whole year, without a hitch, and have fully justified their employment. I have recived many appreciations of them from shipmasters.

BASIL TAYLOUR, Commander, R.N., Harbour Master, &c.

HARBOUR OFFICE,

1st February, 1915.

Y

Australia and

New Zea-

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

1

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS CARGOES of VESSELS ENT

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

COUNTK

Great Britain,

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other

Islands in

Vessels,

28

17

28

3,335

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,..

Tons,.

Crews,

WITII CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

T'ons,

Crews,..

56,905 32,453| 156,943

2,490,133

2,300 1,278 9,460

161,164

Discharged,.

18,000 55,000 46,000

442,000

Transit,

15,000 3,000 |53,000

484,000

9

1

157

146

188

J

185

:

:

131,8

6,1

:

0,876 1,143 597,546 398,663 620,008 28,

781

62 10,916 17,856 16,938 1,1

227,000 186,000 237,000 27,(

,000 2,000 591,000 | 202,000 | 396,000 8,(

1,145

276,624

5,

97

11,126

2

15

4,246

31,285 19,684

94

904

415

:

(Vessels,.

28

18

28

3,520

Tons,.

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

56,905 33,598 | 156,943

2,766,757

:

:

:

06

1

159

161

195

Crews...

2,300 1,375 9,460

172,290

781

Discharged,.

18,000 55,000 46,000

442,000

Transit,

Vessels,

15,000 3,000 53,000

25 28

484,000

137,36 | 30,876 1,143 601,792| 429,918| 639,692 28.6

6,203

62, 11,010 18,760 17,353 1,1

227,000 186,000| 237,000 27.00

2,000 391,000| 202,000| 396,000, 8,00

16

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Tons,

Crews,......

goes,

Discharged,

65,782 42,081 67,271

2,419 1,554 1,793

23,000 54,000 17,000

1,101 1,504 7,235

931,221 50,258 | 761,249

$9,518 63,316 21,534| 107,609

2,476 281,000

334,000 114,000

76

18

76

448

(

82,456

Transit,

34,000 8,000 8,000

196,000

12,000

90,952 238,997 1,312,029 156,17

4,989 2,220 4,887 30,812 4,3

25,000 18,000 73,000 930,000 85,00

21,000

81,000 246,000| 779,000 83,00

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,.

:

156 1,613

5,682

co

8

3

2

Tons,

Crews,..

Vessels,.

179,888 54,815 | 754,283

2,151

:

:

6,652 15,767

91,253

91

7,818

370

:

:

6.532 9,693

133

196

25

25

28

16

Tons,..

TOTAL.

'ar-

2008,

65,782 42,081 67,271

Crews,.

Discharged,

Transit,

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes.

• Coocio)

Tons,.

- 53

2,419 1,554 1,793

23,000 54,000 17,000

34,000 8,000 8,000

11

:

1,257 3,117 12,917

1,111,109 105,073 1,515,532 71,609

55,755 90,274

69,968 37,301 198,862 2,567 14,254 5,559 281,000

334,000 114,000 $54,000 25,000 196,000

129

84

58

18

79

452

6

12,000 $12,000 21,000

90,952 245,529 1,321,722 156,17

2,220 5,020 - 31,008 4,33

18.000 73,000 | 930,000 | 85,00

81,000 246,000 779,000 83,00

45

Crews.....

122,687 74,534 | 224,214

4,719 2,832 11,253 Discharged, 41,000 109,000 63,000

T:ansit,

49,000 11,000 61,000

4,498 1,201

7,235

3,421,354 50,258 761,249 201,377 186,636 83,599 688,498 637,660 1.932,037 184,84:

224,480 21,534 | 107,609 8,521

22,743 47,750 5,48: 723,000 334,000 326,000 161,000 25,000 245,000 250,000 1,167,000 112,000

680,000

16,000 559.000 23,000 672,000 448,000 1,175,000 91,00

138 77

175

220

320

- 8

15,035 5.051

13.136

Vessels..

Tons,

1

1,145

:

341 1,613 5,682

456,512 54,815 754,283 7,638

8

2

18

11

TOTAL.

('ar-

goes,

Crews...

Vessels,

Tons,.

Crews,..

Discharged,

4,719 2,929 11,253

41,000 109,000 (63,000

Transit,

49,000 11,000 61,000

97

:

17,778 15,767 91,253

249

7,818

370

4.246

37,817 29,377

94 1,037

611

53

46

14

4,777 3,117 12,917 122,687 75,679|224,214 | 3,877,866 | 105,073 1,515,532 209,015 242,258 37,301 198,862 8,770

723,000

334,000 326,000

680,000

16.000

559.000 23.000 672.000 448.000 1.175 000 91.000

164

138

85

177

240

647

81

186,631 91,117 692,744 675,477 |1.961,114| 184,845 15.035 5,421 13,230 23,780 48,361 5,482 161.000 25,000 245,000 259,000 1,167,000 112,000

*RETR

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China,} Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

Great Britain.

TONNAGE, CREW'S:

D 23

CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED in the COLONY of HONGKONG

India and

Settlements. Straits

Japanese Ports.

Java and other Islands in the Indian Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Macao,

Ships.

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

America.

North

Pacific.

North and

South

Ž Ž 18

100

100

943

*60

2,490,133

161,164

442,000

484,000

185

276,624

11,126

28

3,335

:

:

:

:

9

1

157

146

188

17

131,

0,876 1,143

6,0

781

62

597,546 398,663 620,008

10,916 17,856

227,000 186,000| 237,000

28,669

16,938

1,147

27,000

,000 2,000 591,000 | 202,000| 396,000

8,000

801

1

1

10

:

:

:

632,727

32,094

51.000

:

5,

1.

2

15

4,246 31,285

19,684

94

904

415

:

:

2

1,547

124

:

28

3,520

106

9

1

159

161

195

17

:

:

803

:

:

:

:

:

2,796 | 3,179

78

2.000

100

:

128.50

6,97

70,00

:

:

:

15,00 10

:

:

:

1

to

2,436

8,7. 5

51

21

19

:

1

1

:

143

2,766,757

30 172,290

6,203

781

20

442,000

2

JO

484,000

Co

6

1,101 | 1,504

7,235

OU

1

931,221 50,258 | 761,249

$9.548

3

63,316 |21,534 | 107,609

2,476

0

281,000

334,000 114,000

0

196,000

12,000

137.36 30,876 1,143 601,792 | 429,948 639,692 28.669

18,760 62 11,010

17,353 1,147

227,000 | 186,000| 237,000| 27,000

8,000 2,000 | 591,000| 202,000| 396,000

18

76 448

83 64 76

82,456 90,952 238,997 1,312,029 156,179 40,556

4,335 3,960 4,887 4,989 2,220

30,812

25,000 18,000 73,000 930,000 85,000 14,000

21,000 81,000 246,000| 779,000| 83,000

634,274

2,796 3,179 2,136 137,4

32,218

51,000

:

128 277 276

21,288 18,339 38,585 1,662 1,169

1,571 12,301 2,737

19,000 4,000 20,000 1,000

2

1

:

:

1

78

2,000

100

51

7. 5

70,

10

15,

0

w

34

21

4,406 1

102

48

1,. 3

88

156 1,613 5,682

179,888 54,815 | 754,283

91,253 6,652 15,767

8

3

2

10

434

2

:..

2,151

7,818

6.532

:

9,693

544

:

5,511

229 45,386

91

:

370

133

196

71

377

70 6,727

:

:

:

:

9,00 8,000 17

3, 90

ون

:

:

6

1

5,60 $3❘ 3,189

2 $

57

:

1,257 3,117 12,917

58

1,111,109 105,073 1,515,532

71,609 55,755 90,274

69,968 37,301| 198,862

14,254 5,359 2,567

281,000

334,000 114,000 $54,000 25,000

196,000

12,000 512,000 21,000

129

84

18

79

452

61

85

138

286

710

2

1

:

28

3

90,952 245,529 1,321,722 156,179 11,100

2,220 5,020

4,335 4,031 31,008

18,000 73,000 | 930,000 85,000 14,000 81,000 246,000 779,000 83,000

26,709 18.508 [83,971 | 1,662

102 1,948 12,371 9,464

19,000 4,000 20,000 1,000

1,169

40,151 7,595 | 177

48

145

9,000 8,000 175

3,0 20

7,235

4,198 | 1,304 3,421,354 50,258 761,249 201,377 | 186,636 83,599 | 688,498 637,660 1.932,037 184,848 40,556 | 654,010 |~,~

175

nga

920

21

82

000

077

976

1,158 4,348

163

723,000

224,480 21,534 | 107,609 8,521

334,000 3/26,000

680,000

15,035 5.051

5,482 3,960 13.136 22,743 161,000 25,000 245,000 || 259,000 1,167,000 112,000 |14,000 16,000 359.000 23,000| 672,000 | 418,000 1,175,000 91,000

47.750

33,665 12,301 | 4,.~

70,000 4,000 20,000,000

180

148

4,406 305

88

16

79000 8,000 | 331

18,000

75

341 | 1,613

456,512 54,815 | 754,283

5,682

2

18

11

12

9

434

1

12

1

5

7,638

17,778 15,767

91,253

249

7,818

370

4,246

94

37,817

1,037

29,377

544 7,058

229 45,386

:

2,436

14,408 3,189

12.

611

71

501

70 6,727

51

507

57

!

242,258 (37,301 198.862

12,917 4,777 | 3,117

3,877,866 105,073 (1,515,532] 209,015

8,770

177

164

723,000

680,000

334,000 | 326,000

:

16,000

240 138 85

186,631 91,417 692,744 675,477 1.961,114 184,848 41,100

5,482 4,031 15,035 5,421 13,230 23,780 48,361 161.000 25,000 245,000 259,000 1,167,000 112,000 14,000 559,000 (23,000 672,000 418,000 1,175,000 91,000

647

81

$5

941

710 286

661,073 18,568 83,971 4.458

34,166 12,371 | 9,464; 180

70,000 4,000 20,000 3,000

3

1

} 148

3

4,348 2,436 177,464 7,595318,.

51 € 36 145

142

16,

:

7:4000 8,000 331.

13,000

75,1

Philippine

nds.

Port Arthur.

from

Į

от

ED in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1914.

THENCE ARRIVED.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.]

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

America. North

Pacific.

North and

South

nds. Philippine

801

632,727

32,094

51,000

:

1

2,796 | 3,179

78 100

2.000

:

are

:

:

Port Arthur.

Hainan and

Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Weihaiwei.

TOTAL.

10

:

128

3

45

1

19

76

13

5,225

128,56

134,502 7,265

6,97

8,622 113

70,00

Ö

156,000 1,000

57,832 2,796

2,678 84

91,000 1,000

25,115 241,463 |16,213 | 5,797,625

15,00 10

40,000 15,000

1,106 4,793 853 285,144

24,000 240,000 6,000 2,099,000

14,000 384,000 8,000 2,281,000

}

:.

:

:

:

2

1

مرم

3

1

1

1,547

124

:

:

803

634,274

:

:

:

:

1

231

:

2,436

8,7.

51

2:

10

6,413 2,887

2,311

9,570 1,143

373,523

:

144

47

43

126

62

13,690

1

2,796 3,179 2,436| 137,0

1

1

1

4

131

45

1

1

19

79

14

5,456

140,916 10,152

32,218

51,000

78

100

51

5

2,000

70,

10

8,766 160

156,000 1,000

:

:

:

15,

0

40,000 15,000

83

128 277 276

2

1

10,556 21,288 18,339 38,585 1,662 1,169

34

3,960

102 1,571 12,301| 2,737

48

1,.

3

88

14,000

19,000 4,000 20,000 1,000

...

:

:

:

N

10

9 434

5,511 229 45,386

14,000

4,031 1,948 12,371| 9,464 102

19,000 4,000 20,000 1,000

544

71

377 70 6,727

$5

138 286 710

2

1

11,100

26,709 18.508 83,971 1,662

1,169

48

:

:

:

:

:

190

4,406 171,093 27,718| 195,503

7,499 672 9,746

9,0 10 8,000 175,000 4,000 320,000

12

194

5

4

3,0

10

1

7

5,6 3 3,189

6,158

2 13

57

298

35,000 19,000

1

875

43

:

5,000

57,832 2,796 2,311 |25,115 251,033 17,356 | 6,171,148

2,678 84 43 1,106 4,919 915

299,134

91,000 1,000 21,000 240,000 6,000 | 2,099,000

14,000 384,000 8,000 2,281,000

100 3 12,075

26,986 5,956 462,135 6,645 5,390,307

531 189 14,927 168 318,570

14,000 6,000| 139,000 6,000 | 2,847,000

$6,000

2,128,000

:

:

:

:

7,938

1,082,735

:

:

122,313

28

3

197

12

195

1

100

3 20,013

:

40,1 51 7,595 177,251 37,718 196,378

:

:

:

2,0 11 145

9,000 8,000

3,0 30

7,797 672 9,789

175,000 4,000 320,000

35,000 19.000

26,083 5,956 462,135 6,045 6,473,042

531 189 14,927 168 440,883

14,000 6,000 139,000 6,000 2,847,000

5,000 86,000

239

Ι

23

176

-16

2,128,000

17.300

3181 15

4,406 305,596 44,983 253,335 | 2,796 |26,986 31,071 703,598 22,858 11,107,30

8 9 88 16,121 735 12,424 84 531 1,295 19,720 1,021 604,014

79,000 8,000 331,000 5,000 411,000 1,000 14,000 30,000 | 379,000 12,000 4,946,000

18,000

|19,000 | 470,000 8,000 4,409,000

82.

950

977

976

40,556 | 654,010

རྨ༤ད་

3,960

14,000

33,665 12,301

70,000 4,000 20,000,000

1,458 4,348

163

وے

180

148

:

2

12

9

434

544

7.058

229 45,386

71

501

70 6,727

$5

941 286 710

3

75,000 34,000

1

12

10

1

1

1

3

1

,436 14,408 3,189

12,571 2,887

875

2,311

8,169

9,570 1,143 1,456,258

51

507

57

442

47

43

43

126

62 136,003

112

328

16

240

1

Co

6

23

179

17 25,469

41,100 661,073 18,568 S3,971 4.45S 4,348 2,436

177,464 7,595 318,367 47,870 | 254,210 | 2,796 29,297 31,071 713,168 24,001 12,644,190

N

4,031

34,166 12,371 | 9,461

180

148

:

51

14,000 70,000 4,000 20,00 3,000

:

:

:

13,000

:.

$ 16 145 16,563 832 12,467 84 574 1,295

7,000 8,000 331,000 5,000 411,000 1,000 14,000 30,000 379,000 12,000 4,916,000

75,000 34,000

|19,000| 170,000 8,000 4,409,000

19,846 1,083 740,017

1

***

F

Australia and New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Ccast of China,]

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS an

D

CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARE

Cochin China.

inent of

Kurope

Egypt.

Formosa.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

(Vessels,

Tons,

26

13

30

3,162

55,414 22,848 |160,320 | 2,624,641

Crews.

Cargoes,

2,201 1,159

16,000 4,000 46,000

6,784

172,591

582.000

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

7,000 2,000

4,000

90,000

Vessels,

5

15

1

43

Tons,

Crews,

8,373 38,910 3,242

66,077

Bunker Coal,

253 724

1,000 4,000

34

2,494

6,000

Vessels,

Tons,.

31

28

31

3,205

63,787 61,758 163,562 2,690,718

A

71

15

3

96

155

187

91,512

56,696

9,291

424,998 417,179 | 607,888

16,19

4.151

1,442

116

:

:

39,000

6.000

8,803 15,102 15,210

76,000 171,000 53,000

67:

5,00

18,000

2.000 !

1,000

8,000 44,000 29,000

3,000

37

2

Ι

3

16

17

51,858

1,326

2,510

2,092

115

12

10,666

216

29,822

1,095

47,399 18,41!

748

36%

7,000

1,000

1,000

6,000 1,000

2,000

:

108

17

99

171

201

16

TOTAL.

Crews,

2,454 1,883 6,818

175,085

:

:

143,370

+,022

11,801

435,664 447,001 655,287

34,611

6,243

,557

158

9,019 16,197 15,958

1,036

Cargoes,. Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

Vessels,

16,000 | 4,000 46,000

1,000 8,000 | 6,000

21 17

582,000

39,000

000

76,000 171,000

53,000

5,000

96,000

25,000

000

1,000

:

9.000 50.000 30,000

5,000

21

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Tons,

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

:

1,195 681 11,627

62,760 22,016 79,691 1,043,796 31,996 1,406,863 52,681

2,225 1,147 1,701 64,681 15,263 184,314 1,878

Cargoes,. 23,000 7,000 35,000 291,000

981,000 20,000

Coal,... 3,000 3.000

8,000

38

105

90

19

71

305

66

538

,388,

I

10 اور 6

92,804 103,333 217,579 987,096 163.620

4,825 2,547

74,000 14,000

1,280 26,049 4,378

88,000 117,000 60,000

43,000 4,000

3 0.000

Vessels,

7

1

70 2,440 1,605

33

I

:

:

2,000 50,000 8,000

10

53

123

3

Tons,

9,234 1,919

93,263 78,185 | 130,887

53,238

1,209

16,815

53,710 290,502

7,945

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

285

1,000

41

2,894 22,142

20,284

1,545

56

411

3,000 7,000

7,000

2,626 5,278

18,000 2,000 1,000

175

Vessels,

21

24

22

1,265 3,121 13,232

71

106

100

19

124

428

69

Tons,

TOTAL.

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

[ . {Vessels,

51

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARG

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

Cargoes,.

Coal,...

Vessels,

5

62,760 31,250 | 81,610 1,137,059 110,181 1,537,750 105,919 41 3,747

2,225 1,432 1,742 67,575 37,405 | 204,593 3,423 1 3,444

Cargoes,. 23,000 7,000 35,000 294,000

981,000 20,000 6 5,000

Coal,... 3,000 4,000

46,000 11,000

15,000 0,000

47 30

4,357 681 11,627 109

118,14 44,864 240,01 i 3,668,437 31,996 406,863 144,193 40 234

4,426❘ 2,306 8, 35 237,272 15,263 184,314

1 830 6.029

39,000 11,000 | 81,000 876,000

981,000 $9,000 71,000

10,000 | 5,000| 4,000 133,000 4,000

26.000 32000

22

109,619 103,333 271,289 1,277,598 171,565

5,266 2,547 6,906 31,327 4,553

74,000 14,000 88,000 117,000 60,000

20,000 52,000 9,000

190

3

90

9,2 91 92,804 | 528

1 16 4,825 11

74,000

115

226

492

75

100

7,984 179.812

.3.382 41,259 5,051

259,000 170,000 65,000 1

1,000

: 000

46,000 79,000 11,000

Tons,

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

52

8,373 48,144 5,161

253 1,009

1,000 5,000

52

113 2,440 1,605

159,340 78.185 130,887

70

3

1

10

69

140

10

105,096

75

5,388 [22,142 20,281

3.637

1,535

171

2.510 16,815

11,666

83,532 337,901

1

42 441

9,000 7,000

} 4,000

53

Tons,

126,517 93.008 245,172

TOTAL.

Crews,

Cargoes,. Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 11,000 10,000 4,000

8,560 4,679 3.315

39,000 11,000 | 81,000

4,470 | 3,121 13,232

3,827,777 110,181 1,537,750 249.289 | 477.769

9.666 242,660 37,405 | 204,598

876,000

981,000 59.000 71,000

142,000 11,000

179

1,000

123

1 216

1.000

1. 1

118

11,801109,619| "38 997

158 5,266 11506

74,000

100

26,364

3,721 6,026

538

21,000 3,000 3,000

295

85

632

40,000 38,000

1.000

9.000

$2,000 |

718,290 1,932,885 206,176 4

23,103 47,285 5,589

259,000 170,000 65,000 1

70,000

14,000

+

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other

Islands in

the Indian

COUNTRIES T

Coast of China,

Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

inent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

JAGE, CREWS an

CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED in the COLONY of HONGKON

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other Islands in the Indian Archipelago.

Kwongchau-

wan.

A

D 24

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Ships.

Масао,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao.

Junks.

Macao,

Mauritius.

North America.

, EACH CC

Hainan and

Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

71

15

تات

3

:

:

96

155

187

91,512

56,696

9,291

424,998 417,179 | 607,888

16,192

4,151

1,442

116

8,803

15,102

15,210

673

39,000

6.000

76,000 171,000

53,000

5,000

18,000

2.0CU

1,000

8,000 44,000

29,000

3,000

:

:

:

37

21

1

3

16

17

7

¿

51,858

326

2,510

10.666

29,822

47,399

18,419

2,092

115

12

216.

7,000

1,000

1,000

1,095

6,000 1,000

748

363

1,133

671.494

31,834

73,000

19,000

1

765

29

:

2,000

108

17

99

171

204

16

:

:

1,134

143,370

4,022 11,801

435,664447,001 | 655,287

34,611

672,259

:

:

:

:

6,243

,557

158

9,019 16,197 15,958

1,036

31,863

39,000

000

:

76,000 171,000 53,000 5,000

73,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

05

64

193

69,601

12

3,952

23,000

6,000

83

:

4,352

,000

7,000

109

147

88 102,312

14

137.31 11,913

6,956 8,304

25.000

25,000

000

3,000

:

9.000 50,000 30,000 5,000

19,000

13,000

681 11,627

38

105

90

19

71

31,996 1,406,863| 52,681

538

[15,265] 184,314

1,878

888

981,000 20,000 6 Ú 10

:

|78,185 | 130,887 53,238

|22,142 20,284 1,545

4,000

8,000 3 0.000

2,440 1,605

33

I

1,209

56

:

305

92,804 103,333 217,579 987,096 163.620 39,998

4,825 2,547 4,280 26,049 4,378 3,881

74,000 14,000 88,000 117,000 60.000 19,000

8,000 7,000

66

82

308

488

1

137

4,491

194

17,549

51,893 831

30,913 103,329

:

12,105 7,156 47

10,000

1,861 5,370

36,000 1,000

20,000

53,000

:

10

16,815

441

:..

2,000 50,000

53

...

1,000

8,000

11,000

123

3

2

133

24

127

10

97

7,000

7,000

3,121 13,232

71

106

100

19

124

53,710 | 290,502 7,945 646 23,069

2,626 5,278 175 65

18,000 2,000 1,000

428

612

20,599

12,845 125,444

1,576

222

857

1,000

69 84

138

332

615

1

| 110,181 1,537,750 105,919 41 3,747

:

|37,405 | 204,598

3,423 1 3,444

981,000

20,000 6 5,000

:

74,000 14,000

109

11,000

681 11,627

15,000 3 0,000

31,996.406,863| 144,193 | 40234

15,263 184,314 6.029 1 830

981,000 $9,000 74000

9,2 91 92,801 | 528

1:16 4,825

190

3

90

115

|74,000 4}.

4,000

26.000 32,000 1,000

: 2,440 1,605

70

3

Ι

10

3

46,000 79,000 11,000 | 7,000

69

140

10

109,619 103,333 | 271,289 1,277,598 171,56540,644 27,560

5,266 2,547 6,906 31,327

4,553 3,946 1,770

88,000 117,000 60,000 (19,000

10,000 36,000 1,000

20,000 52,000 9,000 7,000 *1,000 1,000

226

492

75 82 1.138 308

1,984 179 812 39,998 675,985 17,519

J.382 41,259 5,051 3,881 32,028 12,105

100 259,000 170,000 65,000 19,000

000

18.161 72,492 831

12,327 8,013 47

:

:

:

:

:

396 3,688

2,000

12,000

33

234

43.758 228,773

2.257 9,058

20,000 53,000

10,000 23,000

488

128. -2011

51.893 $31

7.156 17

(62,006 172,930

8.603 9,322

73,000

10,000

36,000 1,000

€29,000

76,000

19,000

1.000

30.000

17,000

2

134

24

127

= |78.185 | 130,887 | 105,096

1,535

2.5'10 16,815

1 1,666 83,532 337,901 26,364 646 23,834

612

20,599

22,112

07,000

20.281

3,637

171

42 441

24.000

1,000

216

1,000

3,721 6,026

538

24,000 3,000 3,000

65

1,605

222

857

1,000

3.121 13,232

110,1811,587,750| 249,289 | 477.769

37.405 201.598 9,666 1. 01

179

123

1 100

118

295

11,801

981,000 59.000 70.000

174.000

11,000

40,000 38,000

1.000

9.000

81 1,272

109,619 1 38 097718,290 1,932,885 206,176 40,644 699.819 18,161

158 5,266 11 506 23,103 47,285 5,589 3,946 33,633 12.327

259,000 170,000

65,000 19,000 73,000 10,000

70,000 82,000 14,000 7,000 20,000 1,000

632

85

332

615

-

72,492 831

:

:

:

14

180

18.933 | 227,756

610

8,040

3,000

19,000

142

381

8.013 47

36.000 1,000

A

:

80.939| 100.686

9.2 17,362

29.000 76,000

33,000 36,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

-nviɔduome

wan.

HICH DEPARTED.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao.

Junks. Macao,

Mauritius.

North America.!

in the COLONY of HONGKON EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1914.

Hainan and

Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

:

1,133

671,494

31,834

73,000

19,000

:

F...

05

64

32

3

S

2

5,182

:

193

69,601

12

3,952

23,000

1

6,000

83

:

:

:

20,001

380

41,797 8,751

6.358

12.092 205,643

2,428 5,656,237

1

1.908 215

185

574 4,411 124 278,557

16,000 8,000

:

1,000

9,000 1,000

3

10

765

:

29

:

:

:

:

1,134

672,259

31,863

73,000

:

:

:

88 102,312

14 4,352

1,000

109

7,000

147

137,31| 171,913

6,956

8,304

7,227 19,245

101

:

541

:

1,000

1,000

:

10

42

3

A

:

:

:

:

10,000

60,000 2,000

1,299,000

4,000

270,000

20

2

270

61,228 3,552

485,019

937

138

14,488

9,000 2,000

50,000

8

79

4

5,452

...

27,228 61,042 8.751

6,358

12,092 266,871 | 5,980

6,141,256

481

:

2,449 215

185

200

23,000

16,000 8,000

574

10,000

5,348

293,045

60,000 2

1,299,000

i

:

19,000

:

13,000

2,000

10,000 1,000

13,000 2

320,000

82

10

5

308

488

1

137

10

123

5

81

998

4,491

17,549 51,893 831

30,913 103,329

27,157 132,804

:

:

15,522

19,997

2,703

2,341 | 429,624

5,540,403

-381

194 12,105 7,156 47

000

000

10,000

1,000

36,000 1,000

1,861

5,370

20,000 53,000

561

6,949

499

47

71 13,959

379,376

3,000

74,000

9,000

1,000 109,000

2,113,000

2

133

241

127

÷

:

8,000

11,000

!

346

23,069 612 20,599

10

12,845 125,444

97

65

1,576

1,000

222

857

396

3,688

:

:

:

1,000 42,000

:

3,000

224,000

1

27

1

1

1

I

4,771

1

1,021

28,700

1,169

769

951

1,013

60

1,415

:

68

49

45

13

cra

2,000

12,000

7,000

:

:

953,775

64,221

→ 61,000

84

138

332

615

1

33

234

11

150

2

3

82

44

27,560 18,161 72,492 831

43,758 | 228,773

:

28,178 161,504

21,166 3,472

46 1,770 12,327 8,013 47

2,257

9,058

621 8,364,

567

96

00

10,000 36,000 1,000

20,000 53,000

3,000 74,000

9,000

3,292 430,667

116 13,972

1,000 109,000

20,293

6,49,178

443,597

2,113,00

00

*1,000 1,000

10,000 23,000

1,000 49,000

3.000

888

82 1.138

308

488

- 128† 2011

971 155 ...3

11 10.

>

23,834 612 20,599

35 1,605

1,000

34 1,272

7.156

17

-00

73,000 10,000

36,000 1,000

00

19,000 1.000

2

134

24

127

46

98 675,985 17,549 51,893 831

81 32,028 12,105

162,006,172,930

47,158 174,601 | 8,751

26,355

2,703

14,433 635,267

222

857

:

:..

:

:

:

:

8,603

9,322

29,000 76,000

941

3,000

30,000 17,000

8,857 215

90,000 8,000

2,000 51,000 1,000

684

9,000

47

645 18,370 124

057,937

11,000 169,000 2,000 3,412.000

7,000

494,000

14

180

37

'1

21

2

:

332

615

1

14 699.819 18,161 72,492 831

6 33,633 12,327 8,013 47

9.2..

17,362

00 73,000 10,000 36,000 1,000

29,000

76,000

00

20,000 1,000

33,000

36,000

18,933 227,756

610

8,040

3,000 19,000

142

80,939 | 400.686

8,248 47,945

1,169

769

951

62,271 3,552

5,041

1,438,794

161

1,956

68

49

45

:

1,000

8,000

:

:

:

381

21

192

3

S

2

11

:

:

3,000

90,000 8,000

3,000

59,000 1,000

55,406 222,546 8,751 27,524

1,102 10,813 215

752

9,000

96

78,709

111.000

25,745

3,472 15,384 697,538 | 5,980 | 12,635,434

690

19,320 262

11,000 169,000| 2.000

950 138

9,000 2,000

161

4

736,642

3,412,000

16,000 2.000

605,000

TOTAL.

T

- D 25

Table III.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1914.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY OF

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

1

British,

5,225 5,797,625 285,444

231 373,523

13,690

5,456 6,171,148 299,134

American,

59 236,664 9,372

2 1,003

72

61 237,667 9,441

Austrian,

30

98,693 2,114

30 98,693 2,114

Chinese,

963

687,445 52,816

24 20,784

1,261

987 708,229 54,080

}

Chinese Junks,

7,511 799,834 110,346

6,116 799,669 97,980

13,627 1,599,503 208,326

Danish,

16

46,906 578

16 46,906 578

Dutch,

83 222,481 6,024

41 30,219

1,676

124

252,700 7,700

French,

151 246,756 13,801

3 1,524

106

154

248,280 13,907

2

German,

337 679,746 25,485

13 12,106

588

350

691,852 26,073

Aut

Japanese,

743 1,986,112 50,551

83 128,382

3,558

826 2,114,494 54,109

Norwegian,

182 192,131 7,731

23 26,590

833

205 218,721 8,564

Portuguese,

192

52,002 4,578

6 1,540

211

198

53,542 4,789

Russian,

17

48,977

962

3

5,744

170

20

54,721 1,132

Swedish,.

10

23,963 377

2

130

18

12

24,093 395

Steamships

under 60

tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

1,781

68,597 33,835 1,622 55,044 15,837 3,403 123,641 49,672

TOTAL,

17,300 11,187,982 604,014 8,169 1,456,258 136,003 25,469 12,644,190 740,017

1

D 26

Table IV.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1914.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY

OF VESSELS.

WITH CARGoes.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,182 5,656,237 278,557

270 485,019

14,488

5,452 6,141,256 293,045

American,..

54 234,246 9.333

13 20,218

506

67 254,464 9,839

Austrian,

31 102,599 2,872

31 102,599 2,872

Chinese,

967 696,362 53,094

19 10,910

766

986 707,272 53,860

Chinese Junks,

12,115 1,458,756 191,470

1,732 151,486

21,141

13,847 1,610,242 212,611

Danish,

16 46,906 605

......

16 46,906

605

Dutch,

107 229,426 6,739

17 23,074

820

124 252,500! 7,559

French,

147 241,983 13,414

9 8,158

373

156 250,141 13,787

German,

248 585,407 20,189

106 107,064

5,164

354 692,471 25,353

Japanese,

598 1,621,770 42,167

225 475,635

9,416

823 2,097,405

51,583

Norwegian,

162 167,695 7,857

44 51,895

1,797

206 219,590

9,654

Portuguese,

62

29,638 2,903

134 23,074

1,619

196 52,712 4,522

Russian,

17

52,172 1,036

3 2,519

164

20

54,721

1,200

Swedish,

No Flag,

Steamships under 60 tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

23,898 329

3

195

26

12

24,093

355

01

720

65

2

720

65

989

49,545 27,368 2,464 78,797 22,364 3,453 128,342 49,732

TOTAL,...... 20,704 11,196,640 657,933 5,041 1,438,794 78,709 25,745 12,635,434 736,642

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,.

Discharged,...

Cargoes,

Transit,..

Vessels,

:

:

:

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chaâu.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

D 27

Table V.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS

ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HỌNGKONG in the YEAR 1914,

NAMES OF PORTS.

Shaukiwan.

:

Stanley.

:

Tai 0.

:

:

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

Victoria.

Hunghom.

5,225

5,797,625

:

5,225

5,797,625

285,444

285,444

2,099,000

2,099,000

2,281,000

2,281,000

231

231

Tons,

Crews,....

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

373,523

373,523

:

13,690

13,690

:

Crews,

Cargoes,

Discharged,

Transit,....

:

:

:

:

:

5,456

6,171,148

5,456

6,171,148

299,134

299,134

2,099,000

2,099,000

| 2,281,000

2,281,000

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,.....

Cargoes,

65 136

4,339 4,662

602 1,247

Discharged,... 1,000 1,000

Transit,..

37

438

89

694

10,616

12,075

1,168 79,813

259 6,152

1,000 | 48,000

1,755

46,678 5,251,892

5,390,307

537

:

7,242,

302,231

318,570

1,000

16,000 2,779,000

2,847,000

2,128,000

2,128,000

Vessels,

20 91

211

34

182

7,400

7,938

Tons,

387 2,114

43,987

673

15,345 1,020,229

1,082,735

{ Crews,.

133 664

3,999

200

2,572 114,745

:

122,313

!

( Vessels,

85 227

37

649

123

876 18,016

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

4,726 6,776

735 1,911

(Discharged,... 1,000 1,000

Transit,..

1,168 123,800

2,428

62,023 6,272,121!

20,013

6,173,012

259 10,451

1,000 48,000

737

1,000

9,814 416,976

16,000 2,779,000

440,883

2,847,000

2,128,000

2,128,000

Vessels,

65

136

37

438

89

694 15,841

17,300

Tons,

Crews,

4,339 4,662

602 1,247

1,168

79,813

1,755

46,678 11,049,517

11,187,932

259

Discharged,... 1,000 1,000

6,452 |

1,000 18,000

537

7,242 587,675

604,014

1,000

16,000 4,878,000

4,946,000

Cargoes,

Transit,...

:

Vessels,

20

20

91

211

34

Tons,

387 2,114

:

:

182

4,409,000

7,631

4,409,000

8,169

:

43,987

673

:

15,345 1,393,752

1,456,258

Crews,..

Vessels,

133

664

3,999

200

2,572 128,435

136,003

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

85 227

4,726 6,776

735, 1,911

(Discharged,... 1,000 1,000

Transit,..

37

649

123

876 23,472

25,469

1,168 123,800

2,428

:

62,023 12,443,269

12,644,190

259 10,451

737

1,000 48,000

1,000

9,814 716,110'

16,000 4,878,000

740,017

4,946,000

*

÷

4,409,000

4,409,000

TOTAL,

?

.

D 28

Table VI.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in. the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1914.

Vessels,

Tons,

BRITISH.

IN

BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chau.

Deep Bay.

Hunghom,

Long Ket,

Saikung.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

:

:

Crews,

Shipped,

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Į

Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,.

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

122

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

[Vessels,

Tons,

52

177

1,385 5,551

Crews,

Cargoes,

358 1,533 1,000 1,000

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,

:

Vessels,...

Tons,.

Crews,.

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons.

50

766 1,198

160 378

:

73 227

*,151 6,749

28886

21

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Tai Po.

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Yaumati.

:

:

:

:

:

Victoria.

TOTAL.

5,182

5,182

5,656,237 5.656,237

278.557

278,557

1,299,000 1,299,000

270,000

270,000

270

270

485,019

485,019

14,488

14,488

50,000

50.000

5,452

5,452

6,141,256 6,141,256

293,045 293,045

1,299,000 1,299,000

320,000 320,000

654 13,975 15,522

37

483

144

1,168 83,237

3,910

259 7,714

956

58,000

2,000

42,738 5,402.414 5,540,403

6,803 361,753 379,376

22.000 2,029,000 2,113,000

:

:

:

:

224.000

:

224,000

222

41,872

61

38

:

1,035

3,493

358

:

:

37

705

1,168 125,109

:

:

:

3,037

4,379

905,867

4,771

953,775

421

59,411

64,221

61,000

61,000

692 18,354 20.293

45,775 6,308,281 6,494,178

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Crews,

518 1,911

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:.

rvessels,

.52 177

Tons,

Crews,

1,385 5,551

358 1,533

Cargoes,

1.000 1,000

Shipped,

| Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

21

50

Tons,

766 1,198

Crews,

160

378

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

73

227

IN BALLAST,

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

Tons,

2,151 | 6,749

Crews,

518 1,911

Shipped,

¡Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,

1,600 1,000

'...

:

:

:

:

:

:

205

:

259 11,207

58,000

4,945

1,314

2,000

7,224 421,164 443,597

22,000 2,029,000 2,113,000

285,000 285,000

37

483 ...

1,168 83,237

259 7,714

58,000

144

3,910

956

654

:

2,000

19,157′′ 20,704

42,738 11,058.651 | 11,196,640

6,803 640,310 657,933

22,000 3,328,000 3,412,000

F:

222

61

38

41,872

3,493

:

1,035

494,000 494,000

4,649 5,041

3,037 1,390,886 1,438,794

358

421

:

73,899 78,709

111,000 111,000

37

705

203

1,168 125,109

4,945

259 11,207

1,314

...

58,000

:

2,000

:

:

692 23,806 25,745

45,775 12,449,537 | 12,635,434

7,221 714.209 736,642

22,000 3,328,000| 3,412,000

605,000 605.000

+

t

>

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1914.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen. Ves- gers. sels.

Passen-

Tons. Crew.

('argo,

gers,

Tous.

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

1,064 | 170,397 | 19,408 3,824 409,618 64,523

74,971 2,435 430,722 62,030 | 156,575 2,745 296,521

42,965

276 38,585 2,737 1,901 | 149,277 18,408 446 31,959 5,270

43,972

19,669 434 45,386 6,727

81 95,464 295 14,015 1,727 214 7,311 207 13,025 2,589

3,499 601,119 62,373 3,321 6,569 606,139 108,495 710 83,9711 9,464

74,971

65,351 | 156,575

19,667

40 2,196 163,290 20,135 200 653 44,984 7,859

121

95,464

415 7.311

Total. 1914,

7,511 | 799,836 | 110,346

62,332 353,990 6,116 |799,669

97,980

3,561 13,627 1,499,503 203,326

€5,894 353,988

Total, 1913,

8,240 | 832,071 | 113,444,

50,798 | 340,584 4,566 614,956

77,272

2,943 12,806 1,447,027 190,716

53,741 340,584

· D 29 —

1

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1914.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo, Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Tons.

Canton,..

4,278

702,258 73,812

West River.

5,133

580,929 89,526

65,698

Macao,

488

51,893 7,156

15

East Coast,

1,638

West Coast,

89,213 14,600

578 43,463 6,376

2

490

328,497 921 4,672

36,365 127 20,599

41,205 602 76,825 16.195 40 1.501

595,008 42 4,069 527

12,254

857

7,199

302

4,320 706,327| 74,339

595,008

158 6,054

615

96 2,240 165,856 21,799 272 618 35,964 6678

629,601 101,780 65.856

328,497

72,192 8,013

15

36,365

98

41,205

762 16,195

Total, 1914,

12,115 1,467,756, 191,470

66,205 1,017,270 1,732 | 151,666

21,139

526 13,847 1,610,240| 112,609 66,731 1,017,270

Total, 1913,

11,079 1,293,044 164,199

56,998

883,735 1,768 | 142,447

19,628

550 12 847 1,435,491] 183,827 57,548 883,753

D 30 -

PLACES.

?

Table IX.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1914.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1913,

Do.,

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

104,391

2,339,846

739,936 4,048 103,828

1914,

...

138,897 | 2,863,330 | 1,082,063

Passengers.

Tons.

Cargo,

3,020,456

80,190 | 2,276,398

759,390 3,732,329 | 642,917 3,674,781

965

Vessels.

TOTAL.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

892 208,219 5,360,302 1,199,326 3,737,277 219,087 5,139,728 1,724,980 | 3,674,781

892

965

Canton,.......

367 10,043 3,044

828 19,003 6,501

1

West River,

85 2,606 756

393

64 2,029 535 614

Macao,

9 220

70

East Coast,

75 2,072 600

277 18,339 12,301 7,789 4,287 491 26,062 13,464 15,962

|

1,195 29,046 9,545

149 4,635 1,291 1,007

286 18,568 12,371|7,789||| 4,287 566 28,134 14,064 15,962

Other places,

1,086 40,094 11,867 |

121

3.164| 1,034

1,207 43,258 12,401

Total,..

1,622 55,044 (15,837 393 1,781 68,597 33,835 24,365 4,287 3,403 | 123,641 49,672 24,758

4,287

- D 31

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Bunker

Vessels.

Ton-

nage,

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. gers. Tons.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo,

gers.

Coal,

Tons.

Tons.

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1914.

D 32

}

Do.,

Within the Waters of the Colony1913, 1914,

739,606 104,354 2,358,859| 138,717|2,857,890 1,080,263

2,687

103,865 3,001,443 80,370 | 2,281,838

759,720 | 3,742,647 644,717 | 3,610,539:

957

959

208,219 | 5,340,302 1,499,326 3,745,334 219,087 | 5,139,728 | 1,724,980 | 3,610,589

957

33,983

959

37,730

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,.........

1,141 32,540 9,010|

:

42 1,317

442

55

12345

:

1,183 33,857 9,452

55

:

West River,

81 2,362 715

630

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

24 612 222

:

80 2,131 635

492 26,086 13,598 15,805 51

1,138 41,152 11,782 |

75 2,209 627

44

***

...

Total,

2,464 78,797 22,364

630

72 2,384 596 818

308 17,549 12,105 11,565 9,460

153 4,746 1,311 1,448

332 18,16112,327|11,565| 9,460 | 1,265 572 28,217 14,233 15,805 51 2,331 1,213 43,361 |12,409

989 49,545 27,368 28,287 9,511 3,453 128,342 49,732 28,917 9,511 12,369

5,832

570

44

2,371

PLACES.

1

J

Table XI.

Number of Boat Licences issued and fees collected during the year 1914 as compared with the previous year. (Under Table U, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

D 33

$5.00 “

""

Passenger Boats, Classes A & B,.

1,208

Cargo Boats,...

1,384

Lighters,

173

1913.

1914.

DESCRIPTION OF BOATS.

LICENCE.

CATE.

LICENCE DUPLI- REPAINT- Books.

FEES.

LICENCE.

ING.

LICENCE DUPLI- REPAINT- BOOK. CATE. ING.

FEES.

Licence Book, $1.00 each,

Repainting, $0.25

...

1,953

...

$

1,953.00

152.25

7,988.00

...

...

$

3,612

3,612.00

2

10.00

4,600

1,150.00

7,449.00

32,941.43

8,270.25

609

1,138

24,562.50

1,468

8,108.25

180

Water Boats,

67

1,421.75

64

Other Boats,...

5,597

22,133.00

10,461

1,348.75

42,186.75

Fish Drying Hulks,.

81

563.00

64

481.25

Duplicate,

2

2.00

...

6

6.00

TOTAL,

8,510

1,953

2

609 $66,883.75

13,375

3,614

6

4,600 $ 97,455.43

Refunded on Lighters laid up,.....

$

144.74

Total,...

$66,739.01

Total, $ 97,455.43

D 34

Table XII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the Years 1913 and 1914

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount

1913.

Amount 1914.

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Special Assessment,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

wise specified :-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

C.

f.

93,649.44

90,397.87

104,648.41 103,667.97

...

66,739.01 97,455.43

dinance 1 of 1889,

1,815.00

1,650.00

Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordi-

nance 1 of 1889,

1,600.00

1,600.00

Fines,

7,055.75

10,754.14

Forfeitures,..

904.77

......

171.00

2,839.70

185.60

2,629.00

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

Pilots' Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid :—

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Gunpowder, Storage of--Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures, Ord. 14 of 1913,..... Printed Forms, Sale of,

48,191.50 | 40,755.10

24,572.30

11,427.60

70.00

75.00

5,051.50

5,616.38

31,576.20 33,489.80

227.00

313.50

2,780.00 12,315,34

2,895.00 15,341.21

*91,681.00 †55,471.50

776 00

1,280.00

229.75

314.75

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent for―

Ordinance 10 of 1899,....

3,570.00

3,480.00

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

1,438.01

1,841.00

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

3,375.00

3,915.00

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,....

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891.......

4. Miscellaneous Receipts (other)-Message

Fees for notifying ships signalled, Sale of old lamps and unclaimed

cartridges,

29,419.93 | 30,644.94

71,400.00 66,950.00

419.60

433.00

15.00

Total,......

*

See next page.

..$612,672,08 579,442.92

- D 35

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1913 :—

Harbour Departinent

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health

Medical Department

Revenue

collected by.

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

4,028.15

4.

$ 94,681.00

5,618.00

10,044.00

$110,343.00

$ 24,686.63

16,458.48

Net Revenue........$ 85,656.37

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1914 :—

Harbour Department

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health

Medical Department

......

Revenue collected by.

»

$ 55,456.50

5,036.00

9,036.00

$ 69,528.50

Net Revenue..

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

3,653.62

14,990.77

$ 22,844.39

$ 46,684.11

Table XIII.

Summary of Chinese Emigration from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year 1914.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Children.

WHITHER BOUND.

Adults

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

3.

F.

Africa,

Australia,

Calcutta,

Canada,

Caroline Islands,

92

8

6 2

108

92

8

1,072

2

1,074

950

938

18

20 6

982

168

:

:

3

963 2.022

CO 10

108

168 1,106

18

20

2,037

1,150

1,917

6 166

7 5,096

405

413 5,322

171

5,509

...

516

25

14

3

558 516

25

14

558

Dutch Indies,

11,151

411

431

86 12,082 11,151

411

434

86

12.082

Fiji,

Honolulu,

Japan,...

Marseilles,

Mauritius,

Mexico,

South America,...

57

24

....

13

162

15

19

312

15

129

1

8

::

0D EO

2

59

57

2

59

27 976

183

69

31 1,259

1,000

183

72

31

1,286

13

416

28 108

6

558

129

28

108

6

571

103

103 103

103

...

07 40 00

8

204

174

28

25

1

228

336

43

44

432

357 761

31

794 1.103

2

46

:

1,151

138 323

174

506 452

10 182

644

Straits Settlements,..

30,081 | 6,540 | 2,235 83239,688 4,160

755

285

83 5,286 34,241| 7,295 | 2,523

915

Ta hiti,

724

14

13

752

10

1

13 731

...

16

14

10 -

44,974

765

Timor,

157

ì

157

157

U. S. of America,.........

:

157

970

2

39

United Kingdom,

114

1,011| 3,279 |

114

39

258

9 | 3,585 4.249

41

297

9

4,596

114

...

114

Total 1914.

Do. 1913,.

39.792| 6,601| 2.528|856|49,780 23,392 | 1,494 1,410 220 26,516 63,184 8,098 |82,839 13,790 | 5,419 1,617 103,665 33,642| 2,810| 2,200 442 39,094 116,481 16,600

Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

3,938 | 1,076| 76,296

7,619|2,059 | 142,759

39.792 6,604 2,528| 856 49,780 23,392| 1,491| 1,410| 220 26,516

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

|16,400 5,110 1,118,

636 23,264

ر

D 36

Table XIV.

Statement of average number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1910 inclusive.

1880.

41,720

1885. 1890. 63,138 66,706

1895. 1900. 60,360 66,961

1905. 1910. 73,103 88,452

Table XV.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1905 to 1914 inclusive.

Whither bound.

1905.

1906. 1907. 1908. 1909, 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913.

1914.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

45,948 51,589 71,141 40,746 40,129 9,026 8,731 11,907 8,893

7,887

65,372 83,875 68,809 85,099 36,764 11,333 17,031 15.215 17,254 8,210

Total,

54,971

60,320

83,048 19,639

48,016

76,705 100,906

84,024 | 102,353 | 44,974

Other Ports, Males,

9,308

Other Ports, Females,

59

16,348

57

22,829

90

Total,

9,367

16,405

21,299

143

22,919 21,442

28,965

449

33,692

661

33,935

724

37,791

842

39,001 30,358

1,405

964

29,414 34,353 34,659 38,633❘ 40,406 31,322

Grand Total,

64,341

76,725 105,967 71.081

77,430111,058 135,565 122,657 142,759

76,296

- D 37

F

Table XVI.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the Year 1914.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

D 38

GRAND TOTAL.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

WHERE FROM.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M. P.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

From Australia,

1,430

66

92

21

1,609

1,468

38

92

""

Bangkok,.

146

26

31

11

214

693

47

42

99

Canada,

4,023

95

159

22

4,299

75

220

a to

1,607

2,898

104

181 30

3,216

788

839

73

73

17

1,002

81

4.098

95

165

22

4,380

Dutch Indies,

8,097

148

240

46

8,531

8,097

148

240

46

8,531

Honolulu,

47

"}

Japan,

84

Mauritius,

5$3

Mexico,

121

48X4

57

57

751

52 88 15

906

798

56

93

16

963

102

681

38

33

8

660

665

46

40

11

762

12

4

602

127

11

19

460

1,010

14

31

1,062

6

131

141

3

10

1

158

265

7

16

289

South America,

126

14

2

148

126

14

6

2

148

Straits Settlements,

114,739

3,133

2,557

900 | 121,329

18,951

436 506

136

20,029 |133,690

3,569 3,063 1.036

141,358

U. S. of America,.

758

20

41

2

$21

5,747

201

272

75

6,295 6,505

221 313

77 7,116

Total Passengers, 1914,... 121,931

964129,164

Do.,

1913, .118,105

3,359 2,910 988 1,314 7,968 |2,604 |1,636 | 130,313 33,615 1,705

37,060

301

39,663 | 158,991

4,347 4,224|1,265 | 168,827

795

493

36,608 151,720

9,673 3,3992,129|166,921

Total Passengers by British Vessels,..

121,931

3,359 | 2,910

964 | 129,164

Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

37,060

988 |1,314 301 39,663

Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

81,871

2,371 | 1,596 663 89,501

1

Table XVII.

Statement of average number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1910 inclusive.

1880. 1885. 1890. 48,114 68,830 96,068

1895. 1900. 1905. 1910. 104,118 109,534 137,814 146,585

Table XVIII.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for 10 years, from 1905 to 1914, inclusive.

Where from.

1905. 1906. 1907. 1908.

1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913.

1914.

....

Total,

19,291

329

19,620

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

120,863 | 114,568 | 124,338 | 129,650 115,480 117,963

114,653 110,525 | 121,935 | 125,228 6,210 4,043 2,403 4,422

112,093

3,387

110,439 | 114,069 | 123,594 |123,363 | 136,753 7,524 5,688 7.869 10,381

4,605

119,757 | 131,463 | 133,744 | 141,358

19,848

496

21,387 27,869 29,180 30,986 28,816 30,835 31,756 26,462 97 290 161 615 1,321 1,450 1,421 1,007 20,341 21,481 28,159 29.341 31,601 30,137 31,785 33,177 27,469

Grand Total,

140,483 | 134,912 | 145,822 | 157,809 | 144,821 149.564 149.894 163,248166,921 | 168,827

- D 39

Table XIX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1914.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build. Where and when built.

Remarks.

I. Wa Sun,

133,247

149.78

180

Clencher Hongkong,

1914

2. Tai Lee,

133.248

3. Queen Bee,

133,249

524.18 1,700

4.66

>;

"

...

Yawl

4. Wuchang,

133,250

1,974.66 1,600

Carvel

Clencher

1912

""

1914

"

5. Wing On,

133,251

456.46

600

99

"S

1

6. Iphis,

133,252

13.81

70

7. Lips...

133.253

163 58

Carvel

Clencher

55

:

יי

8. Argestes,

133,254 163.58

"}

9. Tungchow,

133,255 1,262.57 1,850 Schooner

""

10. Tien Sang,

133,256 58.30

160

11. Rhamses,

133,257

378.26

Carvel

Clencher Renfrew,

יי

12. Tarakan,

133,258

153 62

13. Tien Kwai,..

133,259

58.59

160

""

Carvel

Hongkong,

14. Unio,

95.938 1,116.19

900 Schooner Clencher Low Walker on Tyne,..1902

15. Gannet,

133.260 58.88 350

""

Hongkong,

16. Chungking,

137,673

137,674

17. Tien Kwan, 18. Sin Tai Ng, 19. Sin Tai Luk.

20. Chekiang. 21. Taikoo Ming,

137,675 1 313.00 1,400 Schooner 23.94 150

137,676

137.671 1,310.56 1,400 | Schooner 137,672 36.30 72

"

150.48

150.48

Carvel

[Clencher

י!

...

.་

י,

""

"

19

"

1884

Purchased from foreigners.

1912

1914

1914

D 40

Appendix D (1).

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND

EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1914.

LIQUORS CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE.

1. The revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed ware- houses for 1914 was $656,955.89 as compared with $729,340.60 in 1913. The decrease is almost entirely due to the general situation attendant on the war, as is shown by a comparison of the revenue for the respective half-years, given below:-

1st half-year.

Duties, European Liquors,

Duties, Chinese Liquors,.. Licensed Warehouse Fees,

Licensed Warehouse Overtime Fee,

1913.

1914.

$121,449.64 $114.316.23

225,845.25 223,118.16

7,000.00 54.00

6,750.00 34.00

2nd half-year.

$354,348.89 $344,218.39

Duties, European Liquors,

Duties, Chinese Liquors,......

$133,010.95 $107,715.45

241.899.93

204,988.05

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

Licensed Warehouse Overtime Fee,

20.83 60.00

34.00

$374,991.71 $312,737.50

Total,

$729,340.60 $656,955.89

As

2. The details of the trade in European liquors are given in Table I, of the trade in Chinese liquor in Tables II and III. was to be expected a general decrease is shown in the imports, the amount distilled, the exports and local consumption.

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

3. The lease of the Opium Farm expired on February 28th, It had already been decided that on the expiration of this lease the preparation and retail sale of opium in the Colony should be under the direct control of the Government and the management was placed in the hands of this department. I would like at once to express my gratitude to the members of the Opium Farm, and more particularly the Manager Mr. Ch'an Kai-ming for the assistance given me in taking over and for much valuable advice. The system adopted was practically that of the Farmer. Certain modifications were introduced from the Singapore Monopoly which I had the opportunity of visiting in 1913, and where I gained much from the experience of Mr. F. J. Baddeley, the Superintendent.

D (1) 2

4. The Government purchased a certain quantity of raw opium towards the end of 1913 through Messrs. David Sassoon & Co. who acted as agents.

Later an arrangement was come to with the Indian Government for a regular monthly supply. The shipping arrange- ments were left in the hands of Messrs. David Sassoon & Co. and have been very satisfactory.

5. The Opium Factory at Wantsai which had been used by successive farms was leased by the Government and the fittings which had been in use were taken over. The factory was put under the charge of Mr. H. Alan Taylor who was appointed Monopoly Analyst. Practically the whole of the Opium Farmer's boiling staff were re-engaged, and Sergeant G. Watt of the Police was appointed a Revenue Officer to supervise their work. The work at the factory has proceeded smoothly from the commencement. A laboratory was fitted up at the factory and all analytical work connected with opium and intoxicating liquor is now done by the department.

6. For the packing and sale of prepared opium, the shed at the back of the Harbour Office, formerly used by the Sanitary Department, was converted into offices. The packing staff and other employees of the Farmer were taken over as far as possible and their work has been satisfactory. In the Northern District of the New Terri- tories the Farmer had a branch office at Taipo and this was kept on under the charge of Mr. H. Anderson who had formerly worked with the Farmer.

7. The arrangements for the retail of opium were a little difficult. In Singapore opium is sold to licensees who are allowed to retail to the public at a rate which gives them roughly 10% profit on their turn-over. It was thought that if this system was adopted in Hongkong licensees would have too much incentive in increasing their sales and that there would therefore be a danger of their en- couraging attempts at illicit export. At the same time it would have been difficult and expensive to establish a system of branch offices all over the Colony. To prevent attempts to import illicit opium it is necessary to have Government opium available at the various centres where there is a demand. Two kinds of licences were therefore issued, but in both cases the retail price is fixed by the Government. In places where a big business is done in pre- pared opium licensees are paid a fixed sum per month to sell opium for the Monopoly. They are in a sense paid servants of the Monopoly but they have to pay for their opium in advance. In those districts where the sales of opium are small, and where the danger of illicit export is not so great, licensees are paid a commission on their sales the rate varying with the accessibility of the locality. Care is taken to see that their sales do not exceed certain limits, and the rate of commission is reduced if their sales show signs of any unusual increase. The system introduced has been very satisfactory.

8. The prepared opium sold through licensees is all packed in earthenware pots done up in such a way as to make its conveyance and therefore smuggling as awkard as possible. A finer quality of

A

D (1) 3

opium is made which is sold in 3-tael tins at the head office. It is only purchased by the well-to-do classes and to prevent any chance of smuggling it is only issued to registered persons.

9. From the sales made to registered persons it is possible to get some idea of the amount of opium smoked by confirmed smokers. From March 1st to the end of the year the greatest quantity purchased by one person was 68 tins or 204 taels, which if all consumed by that person comes to 2/3 tael per diem. The average of the 17 largest purchasers is 49 tins or roughly tael per diem. As purchases of this particular kind of opium are only made by well-to-do classes, it can I think be safely assumed that these are the heaviest smokers in the Colony and that the average local consumption falls very much below this figure.

10. It is not possible to compare with any accuracy the actual consumption of opium under the Government and under the Farm. The number of chests boiled per annum however gives an indica- tion that a considerable reduction has been effected. In 1912 the total number of chests boiled was 1,113; in 1913, 667 and in 1914, 449.

11. The gross revenue derived from the sale of opium from March 1st, 1914, to December 31st, 1914, was $3,594,284. From this must be deducted the cost of raw opium and administrative charges. These cannot be separately set out exactly but may be taken to be roughly $900,000.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF Raw OPIUM.

12. Tables IV to VII show the details of the imports and exports of raw opium, but the figures are no longer of any real value. The import of certified opium from India ceased in January, 1914, and the trade is now confined to the gradual ab- sorption by China of the stocks held in Shanghai and Hongkong. There have been some movements of opium between Hongkong and Shanghai but these have been due to temporary conditions and do not affect the general position. The price of certified opium re- mained more or less steady throughout the year.

13. A certain amount of Persian opium passed through the Colony, mostly for Formosa. A considerable quantity of the stock of Persian opium which has been lying in the Colony was shipped to London.

14. Uncertified Indian opium was imported into the Colony for the use of the Government and also for export to Macao for the use of the Macao Opium Farmer.

SUGAR.

15. Tables VIII and IX show details of the import of sugar for the year.

- D (1) 4 --

GENERAL.

16. Very good work was done by the preventive staff during the year. The enormous difference between the price of certified Indian opium and that of uncertified and Persian opium have encouraged attempts to smuggle the drug through the Colony into China on a large scale.

A number of large seizures were made during the. year, chiefly through the energy of Mr. J. C. Wildin. In spite of these, however, the traffic appears to be on the increase. With the enormous difference in price at present ruling and the strong demand which continues to come from China, it is only possible to deal with this traffic satisfactorily by controlling the supply of opium at its source. There is still a number of centres from which opium can be purchased without difficulty. Table X shows the number of seizures made and the amount of opium confiscated.

17. Apart from opium very useful work has been done by the preventive staff under the Liquors Ordinance, the Arms and Ammuni- tion Ordinance and the Post Office Ordinance.

18. Mention should be made of the excellent work done by Mr. F. P. da Silva and the rest of the clerical staff of the Imports and. Exports Office during the earlier stages of the Monopoly. A consi- derable amount of extra work fell on the staff, which was always cheerfully undertaken.

6th September, 1915.

R. O. HUTCHISON, Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

Class of Liquor.

Balance in

¦

Bond on

31st De-

cember,

1913.

Table 1.

Arrivals.

Exported

ex Ship

to Ship

Ship

Store.

or ex

Bond.

Consumed

locally.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1914.

In H.K. & K.

In Holt's

General

Godown Co.'s

In Licensed

Bonded

General Bonded Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse.

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons

Gallons.

Ale, Beer and Stout,

112,282

560,992

270,678

57,504

281,558

2,984 (3) 23,870

36,898

63,752

Bitters,

201

569

153

39

287

18

2

274

294

Brandy,

6,986

38.894

32,298

908

5,358

476

2,476

4,364

7,316

California Wine,

1,616

1,616

Champagne,

2,417

6,556

3,349

586

2,840

100

232

1,866

2,198

Claret,

3,292

14,653

6,136

2,542

6,055

94

666

2,1452

8,212

Cider,

116

233

80

22

97

150

150

Gin,

4,274

25,534

15,567

3,906

5,811

64

828

3,632

4,524

Ginger Wine,

55

339

81

180

133

133

Liqueurs,

2,208

5,474

3,410

405

1,328

258

157

2,124

2,539

Malaga,

Madeira,

172

13

30

71

114

114

Marsala,

265

261

243

29

82

172

172

Medicated Wine,

42

328

209

41

120

120

Muscatel,

1

1

Port,

3,635

13,043

7,361

631

Prune Wine,.

51

29

4,300

2

...

:

Rum,

663

58 (1) 4,097

(1) Includes 2,856 gallons for preserving tobacco and 659 gallons distilled locally.

13,113

395

86

1

828

4,069

:

22

32

919

78

...

4,383

78

9,226

Class of Liquor.

Table I.—Continued.

Balance in

Bond on

31st De-

Exported

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1914.

Arrivals.

ex Ship

to Ship

Ship

Store.

Consumed

locally.

In H.K. & K.

cember,

1913.

or ex

In Holt's

General

Godown Co.'s

Bond.

Bonded

General Bonded

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse.

Warehouse.

D (1) 6

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons,

Gallons.

Sake,

360

7,085

1,814

781

4,519

224

104

328

Sherry,

3,115 |

3,394

1,616

561

1,828

26

li

2,464

2,504

Sparkling Wine,

444

461

120

36

332

2

116

299

417

Spirits of Wine & Arrack,

22,422

138,292

360,193

220 (1) 76,393

23,588

320

23,908

Other Still Wine,

4,299

28,928

22,109

2,300 (2)

5,735

216

494

2,373

3,083

Tonic Wine,

(3) 244

22

4

Vermouth,..

1,175

10,251

6,105

815

2,288

50

817

1,051

1,918

Vebrona,

27

48

66

9

9

Whisky,

14.860

48,677

20,213

8,242

20,653

2,826

678

10,925

Wincarnis,

69

78

93

54

11,429

54

Wine (European), ........... (4)

60,557

60,557

· ་

(1) Includes 76.297 gallons for burning, perfumery, etc.

(2)

90

preserving tobacco.

(3) 218 gallons imported as Tonic Wine were found on examination to be Stout and transferred to stock of Stout in Kowloon General Bonded Warehouse.

(4) Re-exported immediately without examination.

Table II.

Denatured and

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1913.

Arrivals.

Consumed

Locally.

Exported.

used for

Vinegar, etc.

Remaining in Bond on 31st December, 1914.

Dis-

Im-

Distilled Im-

Distilled ex Bond

Distilled

Im-

Bond.

or ex Ship

In

Holt's Distilled General

In

H. K. & K,

Godown

In Li-

tilleries ported. Locally. ported. Locally, to Ship. Locally. ported. Locally. Bonded Co.'s Gen-

Ware-

house.

eral Bond-

ed Ware-

house.

cent-d

Ware-

houses.

In Dis-

tilleries.

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,

"}

35%

1,550

""

45%

"}

"}

50%

Above 50%

122,326

3,443

3,679

525 70,139

225 | 481,334

11,202

743

13,389 | 29,769

19,148 | 29,833

20 1,577

743

58,065

9,328 39,862 3,552 1.240 345,089 3,682

20 8,318

Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons| Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons.| Gallons. 7,138 17,880870,653 916,706 631,583 743,654 228,822

1,217 8,284 13,812

747 101,175

44,199

24

184

509

7.184102,228

27

1,277

Total,

138.342

|1,437,071

18,630 |1,437,071| 979,263 693,505 754,242 | 622,121 65,299

747 | 145,374

8,425112,273 |*14,348

* Not including New Territories.

Hongkong and New Kowloon.

Hongkong,

i

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1914.

Output.

Consumed Locally.

Sold into Bond.

Exported.

Denatured Denatured

for Tobac- with salt for

co making

preserving bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

the 31st

Dec.. 1914.

Gallons. |Gallons. Gallons,

Gallons.Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 500,787 413,528 16,361 51,398

Above

Rum,

35%

8,688 3.936

45%

>>

50,775

27

50%

20

857 3.386

1 027 2,772

20

3.650

43,299

50%

Total,

659

45

530

95,688

13.812

309

27

84

650,929 | 418,556

19,990 58,434

530

43,299 95,688

14,432

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight.| 243,496 | 222,548 8,791 6,667 for local consumption in

5,487

"}

35%

45%

5,519 5,257

1,144 212

126

166

82

900

Total,

250,189 228,017 8,920

6,865

900

5,487

D

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1914.

Output.

Consumed

Locally.

Sold into

Bond.

Exported.

Denatured

for Tobac-

Denatured

with salt for preserving

co making. bean-curd.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

the 31st

Dec., 1914.

Gallons. Gallons.| Gallons.

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 240,931| 226,935

for local consumption.

11

35%

45%

769

135

"

"'

Total..

241,700 | 227.070

13,996

634

14,630

Total...

650,929 | 418,556

19,990 58,434

530

43,299

95 688

11,432

250,189 | 228,017

8,920 6,865

900 5,487

241,700 | 227,070

14,630

"}

Grand Total,.

|1,142,818| 873.643 28.910

65,299

530

44,199 101,175

29,062

D (1) 9

}

Table IV.

Varieties of Opium Imported.

MALWA.

PATNA.

BENARES.

PERSIAN.

TURKISH.

CHINESE.

TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1913,

1914,

5,030

1,876

439

1,761

2

834

886

669

670

230

Increase,

Decrease,

1,196

990

1,091

9,108

3,0591

6,049

Varicties of Opium Exported.

MALWA.

PATNA. BENARES. PERSIAN. TURKISH. CHINESE.

TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1913,

4,328

2,773

795

1,520

2

9,419

1914,

2,032

1,117

609

1,153

4,911

Increase,

Decrease,

2,296

1,656

186

367

2

4,507!

Through Cargo reported in Manifests but not landed {

1913,.

1914,.

731 chests.

15

""

་,

- D (1) 10

Table V.

Varieties of Certificated and Un-certificated Opium Imported and Exported during the year 1914 :-

D (1) 11

CERTIFICATED.

UN-CERTIFICATED.

Grand

Malwa.

Patna. Benares. Total. Persian.

chests.

chests. chests.

chests.

chests.

Patna. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests.

Total.

chests.

Stock on 1st January, 1914,

2,007

1,204

544

3,755

629

161

35

825

4,580

Imported during the year 1914,.

8843

346

13

1,2231

670

*540

*626

1,836

3,0591/

2,842

1,550

587

1,979

1,299

701

661

2,661

7,640

Exported during the year 1914,.

2,032

797

233

3,062

1,157

+320

+376

1,853

4.915/

8093

753

354 1,916

142

381

285

808

2,724

Boiled by Opium Farmer during January and February 1914,

36

36

36

Boiled by Government Monopoly during

the year 1914,

2

:

:

237

174

413

413

Spurious Opium destroyed,

19

19

19

Balance on the evening of the 31st De- cember, 1914,

8091

753

354

1,91632

121

108

111

340

2,2561/

*For Hongkong Government Monopoly and Macao Opium Farmer. † For Macao Opium Farmer.

By Steamers to China :-

Amoy,

Canton,

Foochow,

Hoihow,

Kong Moon,

Macao,*

Pakhoi,..

Shanghai,

Swatow,

Table VI.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during 1914.

Malwa.

chests.

Patna.Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests. chests.

Total

chests.

Total

in lbs.

By Steam-launches, Junks and Railway to various adjacent Ports in China,

Total for Chinese Ports,

3

11

1,656

861

420

56

23

18

209

16

278

སྐྱུ རྞ ཤྩ ཨྠ 1 ཨྠ 1

93

1

1,3751

196,796

57

7,608

20

74

11,219

27

254

40,154

35

1

52

7,898

2

320

82

453

64,974

715

3

723

...

96,375

62

62

:.

:

8,246

2,032

796

238

2

*The above figures for Macao represent the exports to Macao for re-export to China.

3,063 435,2363

D

Malwa.

chests.

Patna. Benares. Persiau, | Turkish. Chinese. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Total

Total

chests.

in lbs.

Table VI,-Continued.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during 1914.

By Steamers to Non-Chinese Ports :-

London,

:

:

Rabaul,

Macao,

Tamsui,

Takao,

Keelung,

368

2

320

376

748

20

13

Timor,

1

Total for non-Chinese Ports,

321

376

1,151

Total for Chinese Ports,

2,032

796

233

2

Grand Total,..

2,032

1,117

609

1,153

Through cargo exported but not landed,

15

D

(1)

13 —

368

50,416

2

274

696

111,360

748

102,476

20

2,740

13

1,781

1

160

1,848

269,207

3,0631/

435,236

4,911

704,4431

15

:

:

:

D (1) 14

Table VII.

-

The following Table shows the quantity of Opium imported and exported during the years 1913 and 1914 :-

1913.

1914. Increase.

Decrease.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

Imported,

9,1081

3,059

6,049

Exported,

9,419

4,930

4,4885

Through Cargo reported,

but not landed,....

731

15

716

Table VIII.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels of different nationalities during the years 1913 (from January to Angust) and 1914 (from May to December) :-

1913.

1914.

Tons.

Tons.

American Steamers,

9,416

293

Austrian

20

>>

British

83,856

35,382

19

Chinese

211

>>

Dutch

69,755

315 82,112

""

French

943

German

13,918

99

377 1,022

Italian

""

Japanese

149

5,744

""

Norwegiau

4,747

10,593

Portuguese

224

206

**

Russian

"

Swedish By Junk

53

Train

">

Total,

183,223

139,073

1913.

1914.

Decrease.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

Imported, ......

183,223

139,073

44,150

- D (1) 15

Table IX.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong during the years 1913 (from January to August) and 1914 (from May to December) showing place of origin:-

1913.

1914.

Tons.

Tons.

From China,....

5,070

7,474

Cochin China, Java,

2,860

207

127,362

120,726

"

London,

6

14

Mauritius,

2,401

2,033

New Territories,

4

6

""

Philippine Islands,

45,520

8,613

Straits Settlements,

Total,

183,223

139,073

One hundred and two (102) Certificates of Origin for Exportation of Sugar were issued from this Office during the year 1914.

Fifteen (15) Permits for Delivery of Sugar which arrived in the Colony without Certificate of Origin were issued from this Office during the year 1914.

Table X.

Amount of Opium Confiscated.

Number

Number

1914

Month.

of

Seizures.

of

Convictions.

Raw Opium.

Prepared Opium.

Dross Opium.

Opium Dross.

Taels. Mace.

Taels. Mace. Taels. Mace.

Taels.

Mace.

March,

ไว้

12

583

10

April,

26

23

309

634

9.3

May,.

18

13

432

1,773

3.2

June,

21

17

2,085

831

3.68

July,

26

22

600

650

2.5

August,

20

18

5,798

249

6.6

September,

12

10

4,242

897

2.2

October,

14

8

14,736

18

6.5

November,

9

6

246

829

3.5

December,

11

5,784

3,221

9

:

:

7

23

- D (1) 16

22

6

0.6

::: |:>:

32

6.5

19

1.1

17

3

36

2.5

103

21

4.8

18

5

5

33

172

137

34,233

9,690

1:48

33

6.6

309

1.9

1

‚'

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL

OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1914.

I. GROUND AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department, with the assistance of the two Observatory coolies.

In the month of March blue grass (ophiopogon) was planted under the pine trees in the western portion of the grounds, and over the denuded area between the pine trees and the Kowloon School playground. This has improved the appearance of the grounds and will prevent erosion when the grass has spread.

The paths were considerably damaged by heavy rain in the summer months.

The new shed for the thermograph was completed early in the year and the thermograph mounted.

The roof of the main building was repaired by the Public Works Department on several occasions.

year.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Kew Barograph.-This instrument worked well during the

The temperature compensation is now practically correct.

Beckley Anemograph.--The electrial time-break apparatus has failed occasionally. The three-minute contact every half-hour made too great a demand on the battery of 14 dry cells. An accumulator set of ten three-plate Tudor cells, of 27 ampère-hours capacity and 9 ampères maximum discharge, was put in by the Public Works Department in the month of November. The installation was not completed by the end of the year.

The spindle of the direction apparatus became disconnected from the recording pencil on August 26. This was remedied on September 9. The Dines-Baxendell record was utilised in the interval.

Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.-With the exception of the electric time-break, which is operated by the same battery as the Beckley Anemograph, this instrument worked well during the year. A strong spring was fitted to the driving clock on February 12, in order to overcome the additional friction caused by unwinding the roll of paper from a spool, over a recording spindle on to the cylinder. It was found, however, that even with the stronger spring the friction was too great. The recording spindle was therefore

E 2

removed, and the record obtained directly on the cylinder. This has had the desired effect. The fact that the effective diameter of the cylinder increases with each successive layer of paper is un- important, as the time-break is made electrically by an independent clock.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instrument in April, 1910, are given below :

Month.

Factor (Dines Beckley).

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

January,

2.33

2.30

2'12

2'54

February,

2:34

2.32

2°30

2°40

March,

2.30

2.35

2.25

2'33

April,.....

2°27

2.33

2:26

2125

May.

2.23

7.25

2:34

2.22

2'13

June,

2.23

2'10

2:44

2:09

2*13

July,

2'14

2'21'

2'57

2°28

2.26

August,

2'07

2.25

2.65

2.39

2.18

September,

2.18

2*31

2'49

2.81

2*22

October,

2°30

2.27

2.51

2.69

2:08

November,

2-28

2°27

2'47

2.71

2:08

December,.

2.23

2*31

2*24

2.54

2:07

Year,

2*25

2:29

2°41

2.39

2*22

Kew Thermograph.-This instrument was mounted in the new thermograph shed in the month of January, and a 12-inch electric fan set up in the shed in a 14-inch zinc pipe, at a distance of 6 feet from the thermometers. The fan is operated from the 59th to the 60th minute of each hour by a contact on one of the mean time electric dials, so that exactly at the hour, when the thermogram is measured, the wet bulb thermometer should show the true temperature of evaporation. It was found however that with the fan at this distance the air current produced over the thermometers was very feeble; the fan was therefore moved 2 feet nearer the thermometers which are now well aspirated every hour.

Aneroid barometer tester.-This apparatus was received in the month of August. A teak cover was obtained locally to protect it from breakage. It consists of two glass cylinders, one 4 inches in diameter and 6 inches high, containing the cistern of a mercurial barometer, and the other 10 inches in diameter and 6 inches high for receiving the aneroid barometer to be tested. The glass cylinders rest on brass plates and are connected by a pipe to an air pump.

}

E 3

Apparatus for comparing thermometers.--This was completed in the month of March. It consists of a double water tank of teak, the outer tank being zinc lined. An inclined shelf serves as a support for the thermometers, which are read by a microscope on a jointed arm. The thermometers to be compared, and the standard, are read in rotation, from left to right and right to left alternately. The water is stirred by a fan on a vertical spindle, before each set of readings.

1

III.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure and temperature, dry and wet bulb, are obtained with Kew pattern instruments, and automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the Report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Beckley and a Naka- mura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine recorder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph.

Eye Observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. (Until the end of the year 1912 they were made at each hour of Hongkong Local time.) The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal Features of the Weather in 1911.- The principal features of the weather in 1914 were the absence of violent typhoon winds, relatively high temperature in January, February and March, and excessive rains in July, September and November, with a relatively dry August, and a rainless January.

Barometric pressure was considerably above normal in January and October and moderately above normal from April to June. It was considerably below normal from July to September and moderately below normal in February, March, November and December.

The mean temperature for the year was 73°4, or 1°7 above normal. The highest temperature was 94°0 on August 31, as against 92°0 in 1913 and 97°0 for the past 31 years. The lowest temperature was 47°4 on January 1, as against 440 in 1913 and 32°-0 for the past 31 years.

According to the records of the Beckley Anemograph the wind velocity was again below normal in each month of the year, except in July when it was 0'4 m.p.h. above. The greatest velocity for one

E 4

hour was 42 miles at 11 a.m. on September 3. The maximum squall velocity on this day, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell anemograph, was at the rate of 479 m.p.h. at 9h 52m a.m. The maximum squall velocity for the year was at the rate of 55'4 m.p.h. at 4' 10" a.m. on July 9.

Rainfall at four Stations. In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet.

Months.

Observatory Police Station (Kowloon). (Taipo).

Botanical Matilda

Gardens Hospital (Hongkong). (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

0'000

0'000

0*000

0'000

February,

3*240

4'310

3'040

2.620

March,

1'190

1.690

1'540

1.300

April,

4465

5'730

5'920

4'950

L

May,

12.620

13'590

13'480

9.800

June

"'

12*225

13°320

12.660

13.150

July,

26.305

34°270

23'370

22*420

August,

4'205

5°320

6.130

3'530

September,...

19'980

22'410

2 I'OZO

25*250

T

October,

6'450

4.750

10'670

10*320

November,...

8.815

11.580

9*100

9'260

December,

0*720

1'130

I'I20

0'770

Year,... 100°215

1 18.100

108.050

103°370

Typhoons.-Six typhoons passed within 300 miles of Hongkong during the year, but no destructive winds were experienced. The greatest squall velocities were at the rate of 55'4 m.p.h. at 4h 10TM a.m. on July 9, and 478 m.p.h. at 9h 52m a.m. on September 3. The tracks of 16 typhoons and 6 of the more important depres- sions which occurred in the Far East in 1914 are shown in two plates in the monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December, 1914.

From August 19 to September 5 there was a shallow depression over the China Sea in which a series of typhoons formed. One passed about 100 miles to the south of Hongkong on an ENE track on August 24, remaining nearly stationary on the 25th and 26th, at a distance of about 120 miles E by S of Hongkong. It appeared at the time, from the available information, that this typhoon formed to the West of the Bashi Channel and moved North-west- ward.

A typhoon formed over the Batan Islands on the morning of September 19, and after moving towards the Pescadores for about 24 hours, curved sharply to the South-west and approached to with-

E 5

in 130 miles of Hongkong on the morning of the 21st, when it curved to Northward. From the information to hand it was thought that this typhoon had entered the coast near Amoy and filled up on the afternoon of September 20.

These two typhoons emphasize the fact that until weather reports can be obtained promptly from such stations as Pratas, Chelang Point, Swatow, Kwong Chau Wan, and the south point of Hainan, a repetition of the 1906 typhoon disaster may confidently be expected, sooner or later.

1

IV.-WEATHER FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East and the Daily Weather Report, containing meteorological obser- vàtions, usually at 6 a.m. and 2 p.m., from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, and the Philippines, and a daily weather forecast for Hongkong and district, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Hainan, and the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lamocks, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on the notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. The maps were reproduced from the original by the Roneo Litho duplicator from November 5. Prior to this date they were traced. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to various offices, &c., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to the Hydrographic Office, Tokio, and to Lieut. Commander Pradyat, Royal Siamese Navy; and every 10 days to the Director, Central Meteorological Observa- tory, Phulien. An exchange of daily weather maps and reports was made with the Royal Maritime Observatory, Trieste, until the outbreak of war.

The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was distributed to the principal observatories and scientific institutions of the world.

has

Beginning with 1914 January 1, a charge of $10 a year been made for supplying firms and private individuals with the Daily Weather Report. This has had the desired effect of reducing the distribution list and so accelerating delivery.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Daily Weather Telegrams from East Coast Ports, Indo-China, the Philippines, and the Japanese Empire have been received with commendable regularity through- out the year. The service from Wladivostock was interrupted from August 5 to October 25:

E 6

There has been no improvement in the services from Hoihow, Pakhoi, and the central China stations.

In the month of November, a scheme for the improvement of the service of weather telegram exchanges in the Far East, was submitted to the Cable Companies and approved by the Head Office in London.

The scheme embodies certain of the resolutions passed at the Meteorological Conference held at Tokio in May, 1913. It lightens considerably the burden on the Telegraph Companies, and at the same time provides for increased and uniform information from each reporting station, namely-barometric pressure, wind direction and force, weather, temperature, and humidity, at 6 a.m. and 2 p.m. daily, and the inclusion of 12 representative stations in the Japanese telegrams in place of 10. It also provides for information from more representative stations in the Philippines to be sent to the Hongkong, Macao, Phulien, Taihoku, Tokio, and Zikawei Obser- vatories.

The following is the code which the Observatories have been requested to adopt from 1915 February 15.

Code letter.

First letter.

E 7

Proposed letter Code for Weather Telegrams.

Wind

Barometer

Wind Force

Direc-

and Force.

and Weather.

tion.

Tempera- ture.

Fourth letter.

(c)

Second Third

letter. letter.

Beaufort.

m. p. s.

Fifth letter.

Sixth

letter.

Dry-wet.

Code Time. ¶

રી

d

b

c

d

e

m m.s.

7147 007

71703

720 0.6

72309

7261.2

f

729 1'5

g

732 1.8

No Fog.

h

735 2.I

i

738 24

S

N

- I

NNE

2

NE

ENE

E

ESE

SE

15

1.6-3.3

3-4 34-80 5-6 8.1-13.8

7 13'9-17'1

700

8

17°2-20'7

9-10208-284

SSE - 12 > 28°4

1-0

0-1'5

Fine. detached clouds, or blue sky.

j

741 27

SSW

2

1.6-3.3

k

74400

SW

3-4 3'4-8.0

1 747 03

WSW

5-6 81-138

m

750 06

W

7 13'9--17'1

n 753 09

WNW

8 17'2-207

0

756 12

NW

p

759 15

Fog.

q

762 1.8

9-10 208-28.4

NNW II

Calm

12!

Cloudy or Overcast.

-28

+ II

-26

+12 04 3

-24

+13 0.6

4

22

+14 0.85

20

+15 10 6

1

18

+16 127

16

+17 14 8

14

+18 169

I

12

+19 1.8

+201

2'0 10

Q

30 or +10 001 a.m.

0.2 2

ΙΟ

උළු

8

2

+21 2511

+22 30 Noon.

+23 35 p.m.

+24 40 2

r

765201

S

768 2'4

t

771

2.7

u

774

:

V 777

:

:

7

00

W

780

3.4-8.0 5-681-13.8

8

113·9-

13.9—17'1

17'2—20*7

9-10 208-28.4

X

783

II - 12

>284

У

786

:

%

> 28°4

0-15

о

+25 45 3

+ I

+26 50 4

2

1.6-3.3

+2 +27 55 5

3

4

+3

+28 6.0 6

Rain.

+4

+29 6.5 7

+ + + +

+5

+30 7°0

+6

+32 7.5

+7 +34 8.09

+8

+36 9.0 10

+9 +38 100 11

Midn.

со

† or below,

‡ or above.

z=no instrumental readings.

as used by the Cable Companies.

E 8

Extra Weather Telegrams.-The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half-rates, during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong :-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams at his discretion, from Aparri, or some other station nearer the typhoon centre.

From May to October the 9 p.m. observations at Swatow, in addition to the 6 a.m. and 3 p.m., were forwarded to the Observatory by the Customs authorities, as in previous years.

By the courtesy of the Naval authorities meteorological obser- vations made on board His Majesty's ships were occasionally forwarded to the Observatory by wireless telegraphy. The last was received on July 20.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently experi- enced are given below, with the results of the previous five

years-

1

Year.

Complete Partial Success. Success.

Partial Failure.

Total

Failure.

बोट

%

%

%

%

1909..

58

32

8

2

1910........

58

32

9

I

1911

55

32

I I

2

1912.....

62

34

3

I

1913..

66

28

3

3

1914.

62

32

5

I

>>

Storm Warnings. Storm warnings according to the “China Coast code, and the local code, were displayed when necessary. Others according to the Hongkong telegraphic code were sent to the following ports:-Amoy, Swatow, Sharp Peak, Macao, Canton, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore. For the benefit of vessels taking shelter in Kowloon Bay and to the west of Stonecutters Island, the local warnings are repeated at Lyemum by the Military authorities and at Lai-Chi-Kok by the Standard Oil / Company.

7

E 9

In the following table are given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the years 1909-14:-

Red Signals.

Black Signals.

Bombs.

Year.

Number of hours.

Number of times fired.

1909

233h

458

I

1910

80

196

1911

73

377

2

1912

151

164

1913

146

189

I

1914

146

178

The red signals indicate that the centre of the typhoon is believed to be more than 300 miles distant and the black less than 300 miles. Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that winds of typhoon force are anticipated.

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the red and black day signals, were hoisted.

V.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORts, &c.

Logs received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 308 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 17,011 days' observations, have been utilised for determining typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1913 were 290 and 18,006.

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year more than 2,000 comparisons of ships' barometers have been made by means of observations taken when in harbour, and several direct comparisons of barometers for ship masters and various persons in the Colony.

Material for Pilot Charts.-Some progress has been made with this work. The mean values of barometric pressure, wind direction, and force, in degree squares, have been deduced for each month of the year.

Means for 2 degree squares have been formed for the months of January to July. A pilot chart showing these elements has been completed for January, and isobars drawn for the months of January to July. They have revealed some interesting effects of islands on the distribution of atmospheric pressure.

E 10

VI.-MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolute determinations of magnetic horizontal force, dip, and declination were made near the middle of each month with instru-

ments of the Kew pattern. In the determinations of horizontal force two sets of deflection observations were made, one before and one after the vibration observations. Four dip needles were used in rotation, two on one day of each month.

The Kew Magnetometer No. 83 was sent to England to be altered in February, but had not been returned by the end of the year.

The azimuth of the north magnetic mark was re-determined in the months of February and March, with a 5-inch micrometer theo- dolite loaned by the Public Works Department. The results of each night's observations were as follows:-

Azimuth.

Date.

February 23rd,

24th,

10° 17′ 43′′ E of North 10 17 34

March

1st,

10

17 26

Mean,

10

17 34

No alteration has been made in the adopted value, which has been 10° 17' 30" since the year 1884.

The mean values of the magnetic elements for the years 1913 and 1914 were as follows:-

Declination (west)

Dip (north)

Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit)

Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit)

Total Force (C.G.S. unit)

1914.

1913.

0° 6' 13"

0° 8′ 31′′

.30 53 41

30 53 28

0.37172

0.37192

0-22242

0.22351

0-43318

0.43340

VII-TIME SERVICE.

A detailed description of the time service installation, together with a discussion of the rates of the electric transmitter under vary- ing conditions of friction and impulse, was published as an appendix to the Hongkong Observations, 1913.

Time-Ball.-The Time-Ball on Blackhead Hill is dropped daily at 13 Hongkong Standard Time (51 a.m. of Greenwich Time). The ball is also dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. No application for a supplementary time signal was inade in the year 1914. The ball was dropped successfully 362 times. There were two failures, on March 17 and December 17, owing to inadvertent disconnections during alterations.

E 11

The ball was not raised on September 3 owing to strong wind. It fell with an error of 03 or less on 302 occasions, with an error of 0*4 or 0-5 on 35 occasions, and 0a6 or 0a7 on 14 occasions. Errors of 0*8 occurred twice, of 0`9 four times, of 10 three times, and 1′′1 and 12 once each. The probable error varied from 014 in February, September and October, to 0-28 in December.

A proposal to heighten the time-ball tower, and also the mast, is under consideration. In the month of March the time-ball wire was run on Government poles along the railway to prevent inter- ference and accidental earthing, or contact with other lines.

――

Transit instrument. Observations for time were made daily with the 3-inch transit instrument and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1913 and 1914 were as follows:-

Transits,

Level determinations,

Azimuth

17

Collimation

>>

1913.

1914.

1,118

1,803

308

893

80

47

47

43

Transits of the sun were only observed when star transits were not available from the previous night.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Chief or First Assistant, usually once a week. The azimuth deter- minations depend usually on observations of the north and south marks.

A new object glass was fitted on January 4. The value of one revolution of the micrometer screw was re-determined on January 6 and 8, with the following results :—

January 6 8

""

4**035 4°*027

In the month of January the lamps used for illuminating the field of view were removed from their original supports on the instrument and set up in sockets on the east and west walls of the room, in order to minimise their heating effect on the instrument. One end of the horizontal axis was filled with a lens to collect sufficient rays for illuminating the threads.

16.

The thread intervals were re-determined on April 28 and May

On August 18 a ruled glass scale was substituted for the spider threads, which are unsuited to the large variations of humidity experienced in Hongkong. It was found however that the lines on the glass were too fine, being almost invisible in certain lights.

E 12

Scales with more distinct lines have been ordered. On the same date the counting comb was removed and a new micrometer head fitted for recording the revolutions of the screw; a worm wheel on the head operating a graduated dial.

Clocks. The daily losing rate of the sidereal Standard clock (Dent 39741) varied from +060 on January 3, to -101 on several days in the summer. At the former rate the barometric pressure was 30-24, and the temperature of the clock room 60°9. At the latter rate the barometric pressure varied from 29-39 to 29ins 65 and the temperature from 82° to 85°. The excess of the observed over the calculated rate, after cloudy periods is given below:-

Excess of observed over calculated errors of Dent No. 39741, after cloudy periods in the year 1914.

Interval

Date 1914.

Interval

without

observations.

Excess of

observed over

Date 1914.

without

observations.

Excess of observed over

calculated error.

calculated error.

d.

S.

d.

S.

January

10

2

""

23

2

-0.33

+0°26

July

""

5

February 15

3

+0.29

IO

""

2340

+030

+0.35

-0°04

8

3

+0.34

20

"9

>>

I I

3

-0.13

August

I

-O'ZI

+0.31

">

19

2

+0'49

21

8

+0.73

""

"

March

I

4

-0°03

September 5

6

-0.19

7

2

+0.25

9

2

-0'40

}}

9

+0.28

October

14

3

+0'21

21

28

4

-0°51

28

+040

19

་་

April

I I

IO

18

4

"

23

2

26

3

""

May

I

4

13

17

2

">

20

""

""

31

June

"">

10

13

10 + ~~+ UN MN in t

+0:25

+0'59

November 3

10

+0.15

+0'10

""

+0.25

99

13

2

+0.82

25

5

+0'15

28

>>

5

+0.25

December

+1.00

""

3

+0'73

12

+0.25

+0'21

27

"

WNNON

IO

IN 20 M o N 00

31

2

-0°24

-0°10

-0.62

-0°24

+0.48

+0.21

+1.17

-O'21

+0.34

-E 13 -

£ 14

The Dent mean time clock, No. 39740, was used for automa- tically dropping the time-ball until June 24, when it was sent to England to have an invar pendulum fitted, and also electric contact springs for emitting 2-second signals. The Brock mean time clock was brought into use on June 25. It had recently been fitted with an invar pendulum and electric contacts for emitting 2-second, minute and hour signals. The contacts are similar to those described on page 105 of the Report of the Chief Astronomer, Canada. Some trouble has been experienced with the minute and hour contacts on account of the shape and size of the jewels, which do not admit of a clean drop off the tooth of the cam without the latter touching the contact lever, and so making a short circuit through the clock. This defect was however utilised for making the hour contact, one lever being held permanently off the cam, and the contact made by the rubbing of the end of the other contact lever against the tooth of the cam. New levers were provided for the minute contacts, with jewels projecting from their sides. The original levers were returned to England to have suitable jewels fitted, for use when necessary.

The coils of the accelerator and retarder were found to be defective. They were therefore rewound. A correction of 1 second can now be obtained in about 8 minutes, with the ten cell accumu- lator working through a 66 ohm resistance coil. In spite of the new invar pendulum rod, the temperature co-efficient of which was found to be nil, the rate of this clock has only been moderately good. After a steady rate for several days, relatively large vari- ations occur for which no reason can be assigned. The clock is corrected daily by the electric regulating apparatus, and its daily rate is usually kept within 05 by the addition or removal of weights from the pendulum.

Though kept stationary on a table near the sidereal Standard clock, Chronometer Kullberg No. 8546, which was purchased in 1913, has not maintained the steady rate reported last year. It varied from +03 on January 20 to 29 on December 26, under nearly identical conditions of temperature and barometric pressure. There appear to be fortuitous variations superposed on a

time factor".

(6

The electric impulse dials in various parts of the building have required no adjustment.

Experiments with the electric transmitter under varying condi- tions of friction and impulse indicated that the pallet required to be jewelled and the bearings of the gravity arm improved, in order to obtain the best results from this type of clock.

Attempts to render the cylindrical glass cover airtight have proved unsuccessful.

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.-Provision has been made on the Estimates for the purchase of apparatus for automatic emission of wireless time signals according to the International

"

7

E 15

www.

code, and an outfit for recording similar time signals, and weather reports.

VIII-MISCELLANEOUS.

Lee Equatorial-In the month of April the Lee 6-inch Equa- torial, which had been dismounted for many years, was returned to the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, by direction of His Excellency the Governor.

Vistors. Among the visitors to the Observatory during the

year were:-

His Excellency the Governor, Sir F. H. May; the Honourable the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Claud Severn; the Director of the Geological Survey, Pekin, Mr. V. K. Ting; the Director of the Zikawei Observatory, the Rev. Father Froc, S. J.; the Coast In- spector, Chinese Maritime Customs, Mr. F. W. Tyler; the President, Canton Christian College, Dr. C. K. Edmunds; and several officers of the Army and Navy (British, French, Italian, and Japanese). Many commanders of vessels called to make enquiries concerning the weather they were likely to encounter after leaving Hongkong, and similar enquiries were made and answered by telephone.

Staff.-There was no change in the European staff during the year. Sixth grade telegraphist, Leung King-kwong, was trans- ferred to the Harbour Department as fifth grade telegraphist on October 3, and Chan Iu-fong appointed sixth grade telegraphist on October 5. Miss Doberck, the assistant meteorologist, returned from 10 months leave of absence on March 22.

The Director acted as a Cable Censor for four hours daily, from October 5; and the Chief and First Assistants from September 1.

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows:-

Year.

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

e.

$

C.

$

C.

1905

21,220.40

1906

19,995.17

716.75 1,225.23

1907

20,110.53

115.36

1908

21,110.61

1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21,787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

E 16

Acknowledgments.-Acknowledgments are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities for daily observations and extra obser- vations during typhoon weather; to the Telegraph Companies, for transmitting the observations free of charge; to the officers of the Company at Cebu, Iloilo, Bacolod, and Malate for making and transmitting observations twice daily; to the commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations, and the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties. I have especially to thank Mr. W. L. Carter, Manager of the China and Japan Telephone Company, for his advice and assistance in the maintenance of the electrical apparatus of the Time Service.

1915, February 10.

T. F. CLAXTON, Director.

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT

FOR THE YEAR 1914.

}

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

342 actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1914, and there were 655 pending at the commencement of that year, as against 250 and 557 respectively in 1913. 212 were disposed of during the year, 57 being settled or withdrawn before trial, leaving a balance of 785 undisposed of, as against 149, 59 and 655 respectively in 1913.

Two injunctions, one interim and one final, were granted during the year.

The amounts involved were $2,149,905 and £5,189.118.31d. as against $1,960,684 in 1913.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $1,437,417 and £4,519.18.5 d. as against $484,904 in 1913.

The fees collected amounted to $19,485.90 as against $15,250.40 in 1913.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages (0. 2), (0.3), (0. 4), (Y. 3) and (Y. 4) of the Blue Book for the year 1914.

1A.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION-IN PRIZE.

10 actions were instituted under the above head. The follow- ing steamships were involved :-

"

"Elsbeth", "Senegambia ", "C. Ferd Laeisz ", "Frisia' "Rajaburi' "Hanametal", "Singan", "Paklat ", "Tannenfels" and "Rio Pasig ".

In three of these cases the ships were condemired as lawful prizes, and in two the ships were released. Five of the actions are pending.

The ships condemned were the

the "Tannenfels ".

C

Elsbeth",

(6

the Frisia" and

The ships released were the "Hanametal" and the "Singan ", the former by the Court after trial and the latter on application by the Crown.

F 2

2.-SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

2,380 actions were instituted during the year, and 412 were brought forward from 1913, as against 1908 and 198 respectively in 1913. The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled or with- drawn 1,006, Judgment for the Plaintiff 806, Judgment for the Defendant 49, Non Suited 7, Struck out, Dismissed and Lapsed Writs (not served) 48, leaving 896 as pending, as against 757, 646, 56, 0), 37 and 412 respectively in 1913.

"

The amounts involved were $456,021.28 and £124.18s.7d., and the debts and damages recovered amounted to $179,193.17 and £28.10s.0d. as against $362,046.09 and $133,387.69 respectively in 1913.

1913.

The fees collected amounted to $9,474 as against $7,876 in

The number of Distress Warrants for rent issued was 702, representing aggregate unpaid rents amounting to $89,342.32, of which the aggregate sum of $37,869.42 was recovered, as against 524, $44,519.08 and $32,076.20 respectively in 1913.

397 Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 344 in 1913.

The fees collected amounted to $4,443.25 as against. $2,884 in 1913.

3.-CRIMINAL JURISDICTION,

There were 31 cases and 50 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 92 and 107 respectively in 1913.

The number of persons actually indicted was 19, of whom 35 were convicted and 14 were acquitted. Against one person the case was abandoned. In 1913 the figures were respectively 94, 66 and 28.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

There were 6 appeals instituted during the year, viz. :-

From the decision of the Chief Justice, 4 as against 5 in 1913.

11

Puisne Judge,. .1 Magistrate,

.1

"

1

IN

Total 1914,

6 1913,.. 10

of which the following were disposed of, viz. :-

From the decision of the Chief Justice,...3 as against 1 in 1913.

31

Puisne Judge....1 Magistrate, ......1

Total...

2

"}

31

=

تن

J

F 3

Leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted in one action, being action No. 101 of 1913, The Great Western Smelting and Refining Company t. Francisco Pereira Marques.

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

There were 5 actions instituted and 2 actions were tried during the year.

Three actions are pending. Two vessels were arrested and were subsequently released.

The fees rollected amounted to $324.65 as against $270.50 in 1913.

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

There were 74 petitions filed, 49 being Creditors' petitions and 25 being petitions by the Debtors themselves. The figures for 1913 were respectively 49, 29 and 20).

The number of Receiving Orders made was 57, being 35 on Creditors' Petitions and 22 on Debtors' Petitions. The figures for 1913 were respectively 33, 17 and 16.

The number of Public Examinations held was 16 as against 16 in 1913.

There were 38 Adjudications and 5 Schemes of Arrangement. The figures in 1913 were 29 Adjudications and one Scheme of Arrangement. There were 3 cases held over, 13 withdrawn, 1 dismissed and 5 proceedings annulled.

was

The aggregate amount of estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and were not rescinded, $5,644,583, and estimated liabilities $8,512,215 as against $697,145 and $2,075,191 respectively in 1913.

The fees collected amounted to $4,376 as against $2,986 in 1913, and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, to $12,027 as against $9,010 in 1913.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

There were 229 grants made by the Court, being :-

Probate,

Letters of Administration,

94

135

220

The figures in 1913 were respectively 98 and 145.

3

F 4

The aggregate value of the estates was $3,961,770 as against $5,149,642 in 1913.

Probate Duties amounted to $204,740.18, Court Fees to $9,986.50 and Official Administrator's, Commission to $863.04. The figures in 1913 were respectively $229,027.50, $11,185 and $830.

There were 48 estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $35,361.96. The figures for 1913 were respectively 44 and $32,943.

15 Estates were wound up during the year, representing an aggregate value of $8,449.09 as against 24 in 1913 representing* $20,479.

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The total number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1914 was 25, and the aggregate amount of Trust Funds $83,167.13, as against 27 Estates aggregating $105,603 in 1913 and certain house property. Two Estates were wound up during the year.

The amount of Commission collected was $182.17 as against $197.38 in 1913.

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

The total number of Companies registered from the commence- ment of the Companies Ordinance, 1865, was 846 with an aggregate capital of $383,731,466.35.

Of the 846 Companies which have been on the Register 2 were not floated, 38 are in course of being wound up, 418 (exclusive of those in course of being wound up) were in existence at the end of 1914 and 388 have been struck off the Register.

The figures in 1913 were 800, $373,468,329.35, 3, 150, 328 and 339.

There were 46 Companies registered in 1914 as compared with 40 in 1913, the revenue from which was:

Registered fees,

$5,617.00 as against $5,236.00 in 1913.

Filing and other fees,...$4,220.10

Total,.....$9,837.10

""

$4,040.60

""

$9,276.60

27

The number of licences granted under section 35 of "The Companies Ordinance 1911" (No. 58 of 1911) enabling Companies operating outside the Colony to keep Local Register of members was 152 as against 149 in 1913.

}

F 5

The fees collected in respect of such licences amounted to $34,131.16 as against $35,277.52 in 1913.

10. FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sums collected during the year by way of Fees and Commission amounted to $73,422.69 as against $63,303.78 in the previous year.

11.-STAFF.

His Honour the Chief Justice, Sir William Rees Davies, pro- ceeded to England on leave of absence on the 16th April and returned on the 19th November. During his absence His Honour Mr. Justice Gompertz, Puisne Judge, acted as Chief Justice, and Mr. F. A. Hazeland, First Police Magistrate, acted as Puisne Judge.

I continued to perform the duties of Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks, in addition to my other duties, until the 17th March when the substantive officer, Mr. E. V. Carpmael, arrived. I proceeded on leave of absence on the 10th June and resumed duty on the 28th Junuary, 1915. Mr. G. H. Wakeman, Land Officer, acted as Registrar, in addition to his other duties, from 10th June to 18th November. Thereafter Mr. C. D. Mel- bourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, acted as Registrar until my return.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as 2nd Police Magistrate from 16th April until 18th November. Mr. G. A. Woodcock, First Clerk and Magistrate, performed the duties of Deputy Registrar and Appraiser from 10th June until 28th January, 1915.

Mr. J. W. Lee-Jones, Deputy Registrar and Accountant, proceeded on two months' leave of absence on the 18th November previous to retirement on pension, and Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Assistant Postmaster General, acted from the 27th November.

Mr. A. B. Suffiad, First Grade Clerk of Court and Clerk to the Chief Justice, was promoted to Higher Grade Clerk of Court and Clerk to the Chief Justice on 1st April.

Mr. A. W. Hill, Second Bailiff, went on nine months' half pay leave under the free passage scheme on the 1st April and returned on the 31st December.

27th February, 1915.

*

HUGH A. NISBET. Registrar.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1905 to 1914).

Year.

2

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Total

Number

of cases

dealt

with.

Total.

Increase. Decrease. Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to Expenditure.

$

j

$

$

C.

C. $ c.

c.

%

1905,

1,166

66,711.72

8,030.69

61,984.69

12,876.32

92.91

1906,

1,039

69,667.23

2,955.51

52,904.11

9,080.58

75'93

1907,

1,031

69,592.75

74.48 56,156.78 3,252.67

80.69

1908,

1,014

87,270.40 | 17,677.65

46,592.80

9,563.98

53.38

1909,

1,030

89,209.17

1,938.77

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

1910,

1,259

91,789.15

2,579.98

65,527.80 19,666.25

71:38

1911,

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05 *48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912,

1,263

88,346.36

1,644.26

*60,544.30 12,201.81

68.53

1913,

898

98,351.02

10,004.66

*63,303.78

2,759.48

64.36

1914,

1,091 107,780.92 9,429.90

*73,422.69

10,118.91

68.12

* Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

Į

— F 6 —

Appendix G.

REPORT ON THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT

FOR THE YEAR 1914.

Mr. Hazeland acted as Puisne Judge from 16th April to 18th November, 1914.

Mr. Wood acted as First Police Magistrate from 16th April to 18th November, 1914.

Mr. Melbourne acted as Second Police Magistrate from 16th April to 18th November, 1914.

Mr. Woodcock acted as Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, Su- preme Court in addition to his own post as First Clerk and Magis- trate from the 10th June, 1914.

Mr. Mehr Din Khan 5th Clerk resigned on account of ill-health and Mr. Natha Singh was appointed in his place on the 1st June, 1914.

The number of cases was 11,034 as compared with 13,954 in 1913; and the revenue was $92,109.34 as compared with $158,451.56 for 1913.

18th February, 1915.

F. A. HAZELAND,

Police Magistrate.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1905 to 1914.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Year.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

C.

C.

A

نہ

*A

Ś

C.

%

1905,

35,762.86

2,723.62 88,145.26

7,259.86

13,450

40:57

1906,

39,303.16

3,540.30

79,557.64

8,587.62

13,871

49.40

1907,

40,455.52 1,152.36

67,133.26

12,424.38

13,414

60.26

1908,

46,018.18 5,562.66

68,696.43

1,563.17

...

10,555

66.98

1909,

40,119.69

5,898.49 | 69,986.42

1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910,

38,428.03

1,691.66

1911,

43,298.26 4,870.23

75,970.76 5,984.34 52,464.87

11,688

50.58

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

1912,

41,590.98

1,707.28 99,253.10 46,788.23

13,450

41.90

1913,

42,867.21*

1,276.23

158,451,56 59,198.46

13,954

27.05

1914,

42,807.15*

60.06 92,109.34*

66,342.22

11,034

46.47

* Tai Po District not included.

G 2 -

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1914.

1.-REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand four hundred and thirty-three (2,433) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting three thousand seven hundred and thirteen (3,713) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous documents amounted to $43,110,225 particulars of which are shown in Table I. The total Number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1914 was 56,671. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2.-GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 510 acres 1 rood 153 poles of which 395 acres 0 rood 31 poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Land Offices including 231 acres of quarries granted on lease for 3 years. The total area resumed was 29 acres 2 roods 18 poles being an excess of 480-acres 2 roods 37 poles land granted over land resumed during the year.

This is exclusive of quarries and lands let on short temporary permits by the Public Works Department. Particulars of the grants are shown on pages W 2 and W 3 of the Blue Book for 1914.

3. GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 66, particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year amounted to $44,012 being $8,206 less than the previous year. The amount of land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $2,684.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1905 to 1914 are shown in Table IV.

H 2

5.-CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $417,835 an increase of $18,539 on the previous year. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,557 an increase of $10 on the previous year. The total number of lots of Crown Land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6.-NAVAL AND MILITARY LANDS.

A portion of Elliot Battery comprising an area of 138,770 square feet was transferred by the War Department to the Colonial Government for the sum of $33,814.50 representing a premium of 10 cents per square foot and capitalized Annual Crown Rent of $250 per acre which amount was credited to the War Department in the Colonial Military Lands account. A small area of Murray Parade ground comprising 473 square feet was transferred by the War Department to the Colonial Government for the purpose of widening the end of Garden Road the War Department being credited with the sum of $1,282.50 representing a premium of $2.50 per square foot and a capitalized Annual Crown Rent of $400 per acre. A small portion of Signal Hill Kowloon comprising 850 square feet was also transferred by the War Department to the Colonial Government in consideration of $610 representing a premium of 60 cents per square foot and a capitalized Annual Crown Rent of $200 per acre which was credited to the War Department in the Lands account. The War Department were also granted the right to make and maintain a new approach road over Crown Land to Mount Davis Battery on the usual terms. All the documents of transfer have been signed and completed. The terms as regards the drainage on Admiralty property, Kowloon Marine Lot No. 41, were amended as agreed upon and the necessary amend- ments made in the documents.

7.-SCAVENGING LANES.

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of three pro- perties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedicated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in consideration of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemp- tions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, and the necessary documents were completed and registered.

8.-NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES.

Twelve licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the pro- visions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board.

}

H 3

J

9.-BUILDING COVENANTS.

In twenty cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

10. MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above, various miscellaneous documents were drawn and completed including fifteen agreements to secure Govern- ment Contracts.

11.-STAMP DUTY.

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $114,291. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $81,844.

12.-STAFF.

Mr. Jacks acted as Land Officer in addition to his other duties from the 1st January to the 8th February during the absence on leave of Mr. Wakeman:

Mr. Li Kung Shan, 5th Grade Clerk, was promoted to Grade IV and transferred to the Public Works Department on the 27th February but was allowed to revert to his former post at the Land Office on the 1st April. Mr. Tsang Tso Chau, 5th Grade Clerk, retired on the ground of ill health on the 31st March. Mr. Chan Tang Piu was appointed 5th Grade Clerk on 27th February.

20th March, 1915.

G. H. WAKEMAN,

Land Officer.

3

Marine.

Inland.

Hill District.

Garden.

3 39 3 3 1 13

Description of Documents.

H 4

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

Total Consider- ation.

No. of Lots

Number

Registered.

or portions of Lots affected.

$

C.

Assignments,

787

998

18,431,236.32

Mortgages and Transfers of

Mortgages,

817

1,330

15,179,613.28

Reassignments and Satis-

factions,

592

904

9,460,457.94

Surrenders,.

32

41

18,790.63

Judgments and Orders of

Courts,

46

102

Probates and Letters of

Administration,

66

141

Miscellaneous Documents,...

*93

197

20,127.00

Total,

2,433

3,713

43,110,225.17

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1914.

New

Kow-

New

Hongkong.

Kow-

Total.

loon.

Territories.

loon.

Quarries.

Inland.

Inland.

Tai Po.

Lantao Marine.

Southern District.

1

1

1

1 66

T

H 5

Table III.

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during ten years from 1905 to 1914.

Year.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1905

2,155

41

1906

1,769

49

1907

1,428

64

1908

1,522

73

1909

1,544

44

1910

1,706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2.814

1914

2,433

118 66

Table IV.

Fees collected during the ten years from 1905 to 1914.

Year.

Registration Searches and

of

Grants

Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of

Total.

Leases.

$

C.

$

SA

c.

$

C.

$

C.

1905,

34,161.00

2,567.05

1,220.00

37,948.05

1906,

27,565.00

2,219.30

1,310.00

31,094.30

1907,

21,507.00

2,010.05

1,835.00

25,352.05

1908,

23,178.00

1,920.50

1,970.00

27,068.50

1909,

22,325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25,863.75

1910,

27,798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825.25

1911.

33,871.00

2,827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912,

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820.00

42,153.75

1913,

45,018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

1914,

38,362.00

3,200.25

2,450.00

44,012.25

H 6

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Victoria Marine Lot,

238

63,437.50

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot,

160

18,201.00

Victoria Inland Lot,

1,685

155,076.82

Quarry Bay Marine Lot,

2

18,334.00

Inland Lot,

11

3,207.00

""

Farm Lot,

45

2,452.80

Garden Lot,

Rural Building Lot,

41

1,065.00

117

10,784.84

Aberdeen Marine Lot,

5

579.16

Inland Lot,

62

2,105.88

Aplichau Marine Lot,

20

150.56

Inland Lot,

22

172.64

Shaukiwan Bay Marine Lot,.

10

1,928.00

Lot,

142

2,410.40

Stanley Inland Lot,

4

4.00

Kowloon Marine Lot,

57

41,216.13

Inland Lot,.

844

50,873.93

""

Farm Lot,

6

161.12

11

Garden Lot,

3

64.00

>>

Hunghom Marine Lot,

3,862.00

Inland Lot,

220

6,775.50

""

Shek O Inland Lot,

5.00

Tytam Inland Lot,

1

1.00

Tong Po Inland Lot, Quarries,...

1

1.00

15

20,028.00

New Kowloon Marine Lot,

7,368.00

Inland Lot,

59

2,682.00

22

Farm Lot,

1,096.00

13

Rural Building Lot,

18.00

""

Tai Po Inland Lot,

Fan Ling,

Sheung Shui,

Sai Kung Marine Lot,

"

Inland Lot,

Peng Chau,..

273.00

208.00

8.00

1

1

500.00

Mining Lot,

A

225.00 2,560.00

Total,....

3,798

$ 417,835.28

HI 7

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

C.

Wongneichung,

129

225.00

Aberdeen,

21

84.50

Pokfulam,

31

55.50

Tai Hang,

640.50

Ah Kung Ngam,

27

20.25

Kai Lung Wan..

1

9.80

Shaukiwan,...

174

243.75

Tai Kok Tsui,

10

16.00

Mong Kok,

18

110.00

Hok Ün, Tokwawan,

Shek Shan,.

95

277.50

188

329.00

31

69.00

Sun Shan.

18

59.50

Mataukok,

31

44.50

Mati,

5.50

Ho Mun Tin,

37.50

Matauchung,

58

160.50

Matauwei,

126

220.50

Kau Pui Shek,

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong,

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,.

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,

77.00

Little Hongkong,

8.00

Tong Po,.

Stanley,

Tytam,.

Tytam Tuk,

3.50

21.00

3.50

2.50

Wong Ma Kok,

2.00

Chai Wan.

18.00

Shek O,

23.00

Hok Tsui,

1.50

Chung Hom Bay,

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria,

3.00

Aplichau, ..

69

288.00

Tsat Tsz Mui,..

35

99.00

Kowloon Tong,

47

121.00

Deep Water Bay,

Telegraph Bay, Hung Hom West,

2

2.00

13

43.50

6.00

Total,..

1,441

$ 3,557.30

Appendix I.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1914.

A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I-STAFF.

The Staff was increased by the addition of one 4th Grade Clerk, there were no other alterations in the Staff throughout the year.

II.-Magistracy.

The following Table shows the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate:--

1913.

1914.

Cases heard,

287

221

-

Persons brought before the Magistrate,- 549

455

Persons convicted,

390

257

Persons discharged,

76

105

Persons imprisoned,

96

69

Fines inflicted,

$1,611.50 $2,158.00

Warrants executed,

44

37

Civil (Small Debts).

Cases,

116

42

Writs of execution, -

37

41

Summons fees,

$71.00

$8.00

There was very little serious crime during the year under report and the number of persons imprisoned has steadily decreased.

A large number of Money Loan Association cases was heard which are not included under the heading Small Debts.

III. LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales of land and other transactions affecting land which took place during the year are set forth in Table A.

The number of documents affecting land registered during the year was 2,886, as against 3,390 in 1913, but the registration fees paid amounted to $1,713.80 as against $1,659.50 in the previous year. Therefore, though there was a decrease in the number of transactions, the transactions covered larger and more valuable areas than those dealt with in 1913.

I 2

There was a considerable decrease in the amount of Crown land sold. The year 1913 was an abnormal year and the premia on land sales amounted to $11,275.69. During the year under report the amount realised was $6,982.78; this amount, however, shows a considerable increase on the amounts realised in any pre- ceding year with the exception of 1913.

As predicted in last year's report considerable development has taken place both at Tsung Pak Long and also in the immediate neighbourhood of Fan Ling. Castle Peak appears to be a district favoured by well to do Hongkong Chinese, quite a number of really well constructed houses surrounded by gardens have recently been built in this neighbourhood.

IV.-REVENUE.

The Revenue collected in the District is set forth under the various heads in Table B.

The total amount collected is $107,453.21; this is an increase on all previous years with the exception of 1913, when the total collected amounted to $111,301.72, but during that year, as already pointed out, the amount collected on sales of Crown land was quite abnormal.

V.-LIQUOR.

The total liquor revenue collected in the District was:

Distillery Licences,

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

Liquor Duties,

$

C.

2,920.03

3,943.75

5,967.85

$12.831.63

The amount collected in 1913 was $11,792.22.

VI.-GENERAL.

The year was a prosperous one. There was no typhoon and the two crops were good. There was, however, quite an abnormal rainfall, no less than 118:10 inches of rain fell during the year.

Towards the end of the year a ghari service was started between Au Tau and Castle Peak, and shortly after this service had started gharis were also running between Sheung Shui and Au T'au. There can be no doubt that these services would be of immense benefit to the Territory, connecting as they do Yun Long market with Castle Peak, and Yun Long market with Sheung Shui and the railway. It is doubtful, however, whether such services can be successful or even safe until the road beween Au T'au and Castle Peak has been widened and the bridges between Sheung Shui and Au T'au railed off. The narrowness of the road and the unrailed condition of the bridges are at present a danger to all vehicular traffic.

I 3

The event of the year, the outbreak of the European War, had little effect upon the Territory. There was a small panic early in August because certain New Territory junks were unable to clear for the Territory, but this was due to a misunderstanding and the matter was quickly set right. There was at one time a rumour that airships were coming from Tsing T'au but this had little effect as few persons out here know anything about either airships or Tsing T'au. Large numbers of notices in simple Chinese were distributed telling the people that there was a war, but that it was a long way off, and that they had better attend to their own business and not worry about things which did not concern them. The people have taken this advice and I imagine that now the vast majority of the people out here are quite ignorant of the fact that there is a war at all.

20th May, 1915.

S. B. C. Ross,

District Officer.

Headings.

No. of Sales, Permits, Licences, etc. No. of Lots.

Area.

Table A.

Term

of

Remarks.

Period.

С

75 yrs.

""

""

25

"

1 yr.

5 yrs.

1 yr.

10 Unsurveyed Lots.

1

Lot.

A. R. P.

€*

C.

$

C.

SA

""

Sales of Land for :-

Agriculture (K.C.R. Land),

Building

(Crown Land),

6

1.19

ac.

148 | 1,542,589 s.f.

35

263

226,244

5

"

932

Farm-yard

1

26,136

2

""

""

Lime-kiln

450

""

Threshing floor (

33

26,573

2

OHON N

1 0 30%

26

1.32

143.72

49.00

3,682.00

31 378.15

2,515.00

16 6.00

262.00

13 2.00

17%

3.70

5.00

330.00

}}

""

Permits to occupy Land for :-

Agriculture (K.C.R. Land),...

38

67

8.74 ac.—

8

19

(Crown Land),...

6

14

47,553 8.f.

1

),...[

13

16

8.58 ac.

8

NON

∞ = ∞

2

38% 51.50

0

143 8.78

2 12% 21.04

99

""

Building

>>

),...

5

5

9,104 s.f.

832 21.10

Re-entries,

68

112,389

2

ލ

Surrenders,

18

87,154

2

""

Resumption of Land,

87

8:30

8

Exchange of Land,

1

⚫36

""

...

Stone Quarry Leases,

1

76

20110

12

15.73

...

01

14.43

8

17%

0 1710.00

Matshed Permits,

72

Permits to cut Earth, &c.,,

97

Permits to quarry Stone,

66

Water Wheel Licences,

7

Ferry Licences,

6

Forestry Licences,

420

Pineapple Land Leases,.

23

13.42

|30,309·67 ac.— =30309

""

Grave Certificates,..

182

2,224.56

72.50

98.00

229.25

10.00

12.00

2

27

3,050.77

13

1

27

37.26

91.00

18.92

Registration of Graves,

205

Deeds Registered,

2,886

Stamps sold for Registration

of Deeds,

Conversion,.....

cx:

a:

75 yrs.

1 yr. ¦

1,713.80

6

5,437 s.f.=

20

7.37

45.06

75

Agricultural Land conver- y's. ted into Building Land.

I 4

I 5

Table B.

Revenue collected in the Northern District, during the years 1913 and 1914.

1913. 1914.

Crown Rent,

79,867.13

79,011.26

Kerosene Oil Licences,

268.00

278.00

Distillery Licences,

2,486.50

2,920.03

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

3,606.25

3,943.75

Pawnbroker's Licences,

1,600.00

1,600.00

Money Changer's Licences,

100.00

600.00

Forestry Licences,

3,257.51

3,050.77

Permits to cut Earth,..

108.00

98.00

Fines, ...

1,611.50

1,647.00

Forfeitures,

Grave Certificates,

Matshed Permits, Stone Quarries, Certified Extracts,

Sun Prints,

Water Wheels,

175.35

149.24

Distress Warrants,

23.00

113.75

91.00

56.00

72.50

285.00

229.25

121.00

107.00

120.00

40.00

Pineapple Licences,

40.26

37.26

10.00

10.00

Ferry Licences,

12.00

12.00

Premium on Land Sales,

11,275.69

6,982.78

Summons Fees,

71.00

1

House Rent,

267.50

185.00

Liquor Duties,

5,699.47

5,967.85

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

43.00

37.00

Arrears of Revenue,

1.56

.52

Forfeitures, (Sales of Land),..

72.25

61.00

Permit to use Water,...

10.00

Temporary Licence to sell Liquor,

Reward Fund, (Opium Fines),

2.00

320.00

$111,301.72 $107,453.21

1 6

V

Table C.

Rainfall in 1914.

Inches.

January,

00:00

February,

4:31

March,

1.69

April,

5.73

May,

13:59

June,

13:32

July,

34:27

August,

5:32

September,

22.41

October,

4.75

November,

11.58

December,

113

Total,

118 10 inches.

The rainfall during 1913 was 96:34 inches.

The average rainfall for the last nine years at Tai Po is 96'99 inches.

I 7

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I-STAFF.

Mr. S. B. B. McElderry acted as Assistant District Officer throughout the year.

II-MAGISTRACY.

V

The Assistant District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 247 cases affecting 355 persons. 304 persons were convicted or bound over and 41 were discharged.

The following table gives a comparison with 1912 and 1913-

1912.

1913.

1914.

No. of cases

124

167

247

No. of persons affected

179

267

355

No. of persons convicted or

bound over

150

212

304

No. of persons discharged -

29

55

41

Fines exclusive of opium

$2,112.68

$5,020.35 $4,865.78

No. of persons imprisoned ·

33

Opium fines paid to the farmer Opium fines paid to Government

Reward Fund

$67.74

56 $711.77

45

$242.00

Forfeitures

$164.64

$299.56 $196.71

III.-SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Fifty-seven cases were heard during the year as compared with seventy in 1913 and one hundred and thirty-six in 1912. Courts were held fortnightly in Tai O and Cheung Chau.

IV.--LAND OFFICE.

Eleven hundred and thirty-six deeds were registered as against eleven hundred and sixty-five in 1913. Registration fees for 1913 and 1914 amounted to $1,229,50 and $970.30 respectively.

Twenty-one lots of Crown land on 75 years lease were sold by public auction at a premium of $5,609 and twenty-nine lots by pri- vate treaty at a premium of $277.00. $387.50 was collected as premium for encroachments on Crown land at Cheung Chau shown by the recent survey.

In all 471 acres of land were sold at a premium of $6,273 and an increased annual Crown rent of $220.

Building licences affecting twenty-five lots were issued for 72 acres of agricultural land with a resultant increase of $96.82 in the annual Crown rent. Sums amounting to $150.60 were also paid as conversion fees in respect of the licences issued for New Kow- loon.

Five five-year leases of 822 acres were granted at an annual rental of $46.60.

I 8

Twenty-six annual permits were issued for 9'6 acres at a rental of $336.70 but a number of these were merely renewals of permits formerly issued by the Public Works Department.

Two three-year quarry leases of 231-33 acres were issued at a total annual rental of $820; one of these was for a new quarry opened at Cheung Chau, the other being a renewal of a former lease.

Twenty-three lots comprising 112 acres were resumed mostly in connection with the Ap Liu improvement scheme and compen- sation amounting to $7,115.50 was paid for land and buildings.

Forty-three lots of 86 acres were surrendered during 1914 and in January 1915 for non-payment of Crown rent due for 1913-14.

Fourteen grave certificates were issued.

V.-REVENUE.

Table A shows the revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer. The total is considerably greater than in 1913 due chiefly to the increased land sales; the old Cheung Chau police station however accounts for more than half of the total land sale receipts.

The revenue collected in the District by other departments is set out in Table C. There is a slight decrease in liquor duties as com- pared with 1913.

Details of revenue for 1913 and 1914 collected under the head- ing of Police Licence Fees are shown in Table B.

VI.-LIQUOR.

Liquor duties amounting to $105,620 were collected in the Southern District in 1914 as against $111,400 in 1913.

The chief sources of this revenue for 1912, 1913, and '1914 are given in the following table:-

Tsun Wan Kwai Chung

Rest of mainland in- cluding Kowloon City and Sham- shuipo.....

Cheung Chau.

Tai 0.

No. of Distilleries in 1914.

Revenue Revenue Revenue

1912. 1913.

1914.

$5

$

$

21

15

31,000

36,300

43,343

9,067

12

254

32,700

53,000 25,400 20,500

37,722

13,783

1,432

7

J

I 9

Much of this liquor manufactured in the New Territories is for export and for Hongkong consumption.

VII.-OPIUM.

From the 1st of March, 1914, the opium monopoly was taken over by Government. 6,781 taels of prepared opium and 560 taels of dross opium were sold during the ten months of Government management. The figures for the corresponding ten months of 1913 were given as 10,000 taels of opium and 350 taels of dross.

VIII.-GENERAL.

Crops. Both rice crops were up to the average. The pineapple crop of Tsun Wan was good.

Fishing. Fishing generally was very good though some of the larger junks were kept away through shortage of capital.

Salt pans.-There are now four salt pans working at Tai 0; about eight hundred tons of salt were exported in 1914 at an average price of eighty cents per picul.

Cheung Chau. The prosperity of Cheung Chau was adversely affected by the difficulty of obtaining capital which prevented the shops from financing the fishing junks to the usual extent, and in consequence fewer of the larger fishing junks made the island their headquarters.

The slackness of trade is shown by the decrease of liquor duties from $20,500 in 1913 to $13,800 in 1914 and in junk and boat licence fees from $11,160 to $9,530.

On the other hand a new industry was started by the opening of a granite quarry on the island and there were considerable sales of Crown land during the year.

The new survey of the island was completed and boundary stones were placed and Crown leases issued for the foreign house sites.

The market established by local enterprise is running smoothly under the management of a local committee. Regulations under the New Territories Land Ordinance were passed to restrict the sale of fresh meat in the island to the market.

A plague isolation hospital is now under construction on a site granted by Government, the funds being subscribed by the Cheung Chau people who also on their own initiative opened a subscrip- tion list for the Prince of Wales' Fund.

Public Works.-Resumptions and reclamation at Ap Liu were continued but otherwise there were no public works of importance in the district.

S. B. B. McELDERRY, Assistant District Officer, Southern District.

27th February, 1915.

I 10

Table A.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer, New

* Territories, Southern District.

1913.

1914.

C.

C.

Land Sale,

755.00

6,459.10

Crown Rent,

27,325.05

29,687.73

Assessed Taxes,

8,996.96

7,560.77

Lease of Stone Quarries,

1,200.00

1,078.38

Forestry Licences,

1,396.04

1,926.46

Earth Permits,

160.00

77 50

Matshed Permits,

775.50

725.50

Pineapple Licences,

1,023.20

1,071.85

Registration Fees,

1,229.50

970.30

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

64.00

95.00

Distress Warrauts, (Small Debts),

19.00

14.00

Writs of Summons,.

91.00

80.00

Fines, (Police Court),

5,020.35

4,865.78

Forfeitures,

299.56

196.71

Certified Extracts,

27.00

13.00

Grave Certificates,

Interest,

5.50

10.00

Miscellaneous Receipts,

99.16

62.00

39.49

23.17

Legal Costs,

12 50

Sunprints,

35.00

20.00

Boundary Stones,

108.00

641.05

Water Wheel Licences,

34.00

46.00

Reward Fund, (Opium Fines),

242.00

Building Plans,

13.00

$48,714.81

$55,879.30

Station.

Ι 11

Table B.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

Distillery.

Dogs.

Total.

$

1913

800

2,450

48

Kowloon City. ..

*

$15

$

$

20

327

1,500

: *

$

5,145,00

1914 800

2,900

57

20

300

1,500

5,577,00

1913 400

5,200

54

95

426

2,000

8,175.00

Shamshuipo.......

1914 400

4,800

60

55

624

2,000 10

7,949.00

1913 100

462.50

40

:

602.50

Tai 0,

1914

112.50

650

1913

173

575

Cheung Chau,

1914

149

800

1913

372

425

Tsun Wan.....

1914

679

425

∞ ∞ = a *

66

400 50

1,278.50

68

2,800

30

3,646.00

66

800

20

1,835.00

36

833.00

34

10

1.138.00

1913

Po Toi,.

1914

25

25

1913

:

:

:

:

50.00

:

Yung Shu Wan,

1914

50

50.00

1913 1,845

9,112.50 246

115

753 6,300 30 18,401,50

Total,.

.$

1914 2,165.50 | 9,650 263

er

924 +,700 90 17,867.50

Table C.

Revenue collected through other Departments from the New Territories, Southern District.

1913.

1914.

$

C.

C.

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots), Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon),

11,986.32

11,566.83

12,933.27

14,399.22

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets, etc.), Police, (Licence Fees),

27,369.30

28,384.85

18,401.50*

17,867.50*

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties),..

111,401.79

105,620.34

182,092.18 $177,838.74

* See Table B.

·

Appendix J.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE

FOR THE YEAR 1914.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1914 was 8,817 as against 12,011 in 1913 being a decrease of 3,194 or 26 59 per cent. The average for the last five years is 10,513.2.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor Offences there appears a decrease, as compared with 1913, of 467 cases or 13:54 per cent. in the former and of 2,727 cases or 31:85 per cent. in the latter.

The decrease as compared with 1913 in Serious Offences is shown as follows:-

་-

Robbery,

Burglary or Larceny in Dwelling,

Assault with intent to rob,

Kidnapping and Protection of Women

and Children,

Piracy,

Unlawful possession,

Larcenies,

Other Felonies, -

52

17

3

77

1

76

204

37

467

Total Decrease,

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1913 and 1914 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these Offences.

MURDER.

3. Fourteen murders were reported to the Police during the year, the same number as in 1913.

In connection with 10 of these reports, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 4 cases arrests were made, but in these 4 cases no conviction was obtained (12 persons).

MANSLAUGHTER.

4. Six cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 7 in 1913.

In one case, no arrest was made; in the remaining 5 cases arrests were made. There was one case in which conviction was obtained (1 person). In 4 cases there was no conviction (4 persons).

J 2

GANG ROBBERIES,

5. Seventeen Gang Robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 50 in 1913.

In 11 cases, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 6 cases arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were obtained (9 persons of whom 6 were convicted and 3 discharged). In 3 cases there was no conviction (9 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Sixteen Street and Highway Robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 23 in 1913.

In 8 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 8 cases arrests were made. There were 4 cases in which convictions were obtained (6 persons of whom 4 were convicted and 2 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (5 persons).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Seven cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 19 in 1913.

In 5 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 2 cases arrests were made. There was one case in which conviction was obtained (1 person) but in the other case, there was no conviction (1 person).

PIRACY.

8. The S.S. Tai On, a river steamer of 438 tons trading be- tween Hongkong and Kong Mun, owned by the Kwong On Steam- ship Co., left Hongkong at 7 p.m. on April 27th, 1914. At 10.10 p.m. when off Ki O in Chinese waters pirates who had boarded the ship in Hongkong as passengers attempted to take possession of the ship. The European Officers and guards with great courage resisted the pirates, who after some time set fire to the ship, which was carrying a company of 433 passengers and crew. The ship was burned out but 180 persons were rescued. With the assistance of the Chinese and Macao Police twenty-three pirates were arrested. Seventeen of these were executed by the Chinese Authorities.

The Norwegian steamer Childar of 1,500 tons chartered by the Chino Siam Co., No. 5 Queen's Road West, and trading between Hongkong and coast ports, left Hongkong at noon on March 15th, 1914. About 6 p.m. when about twelve miles South East of Mendoza Island, about sixty pirates who had boarded the ship as passengers overpowered the officers and took possession of the ship. They ransacked the ship and then left in small boats which put off from the shore. With the assistance of the Macao and Chinese Police fifteen pirates were arrested. Of these nine have been executed by the Chinese Authorities, one died in gaol and trial of others pending.

On August 28th, 1914, an Ordinance entitled the Piracy Pre- vention Ordinance was passed under which the owners of river

I

J 3

www.m

steamers and steamers trading to coast ports have to enter into bonds and carry out certain regulations for the protection of the ships. Up to 31st December one hundred and seven bonds have been signed, and one hundred and fifty-eight guards under Police control have been engaged. The total number of steamers affected by this Ordinance is about one hundred and fifty. Two European and 26 Chinese police are employed in searching steamers and passengers under the above mentioned Ordinance, and one European Lance Sergeant is in charge of the guards.

OTHER FELONIES.

9. Under this heading are comprised the following:-

Arson and attempted arson, -

1914. 1913.

1

Cutting and wounding,

22

22

Demanding money with menaces,-

5

Embezzlement,

47

Forgery,

11

Housebreaking,

69

100

ཚམ་ྲ

44

20

bodily harm,-

Assault with intent to do grievous

Abominable Offences,

Throwing corrosive fluid, Receiving stolen property, Child stealing,

G

1

-

25

1

Threatening letter,

Attempted burglary,

Seditious Publication, -

1

1

1

1

5

Attempted armed robbery,

Possession of materials for making

forged notes,-

Attempted to obtain money by

false pretences,

-

Aiding and abetting in a piracy, Aiding and abetting prisoner to

escape from lawful custody. Falsification of accounts by clerk,- Shooting and causing grievous

bodily harm,-

Possessing explosive substance

with intent,

1

2

1

186 222

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 60 as against 78 in 1913.

GAMBLING.

10. Two hundred and forty Gambling Warrants were executed as against 328 in 1913. There were 15 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

J 4

Twenty-eight were lottery cases, compared with 44 in 1913.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED,

11. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $190,073.27 as against $276,213.61 in 1913, a decrease of $86,140.34, the average for the last five years being $293,125.81.

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $26,997.59 as against $70,004.00 in 1913, a decrease under pro- perty recovered in the previous year of $43,006.41.

LOST PROPERTY.

12. The following is a return showing property lost or re- covered :-

Articles

Year. reported Value lost. articles found which

Articles recovered and

Value

lost.

found.

were not reported lost.

1914

321

$18,206.20

105

$5,386,17

1913

412

25,710.35

74

$5,651.44

OPIUM WARRANTS.

13. Two hundred and four Search Warrants for opium were executed by the Police and Excise Officers of the Opium Farm com- pared with 2,047 in 1913.

In 68 cases opium was found and 80 persons were arrested.

OPIUM DIVANS.

14. Seventy-three Warrants were executed by the Police for keeping Opium Divans. In 40 cases convictions were obtained, 1 case was discharged and in 32 cases no arrest was made.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

15. The Examiner of Weights and Measures made the following verifications:

Examined.

Correct.

Incorrect.

Foreign Scales,

273

269

1

Chinese Scales,

2,712

2,657

55

Yard Measures,

314

314

Nil.

Chek Measures,.

543

543

Nil.

L

J 5

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

59

59

$522.00

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :—

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

6

6

$35.00

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

17. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance :

No. of Cases.

Nil.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

Nil.

Nil.

Samples purchased and sent to Government Analyst :-

Brandy. Whisky. Rum.

Gin. Port. Sherry.

Ale.

6

6

6

2

4

2

6

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of one sample of brandy.

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS.

18. Inspector Garrod was appointed Traffic Inspector on 1st August. Four Indian and one Chinese Constables were detailed for traffic duty from 12th October.

J 6

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations:-

Total Amount

No. of Cases.

Convictions. Discharged. Withdrawn.

of Fines.

Trucks 1,023,....... 993

18

12

Rickshas 480,...... 468

12

Chairs 88,

70

10

$5,077.00

Motor Cars 6,..................

5

1

Bicycle 1,

1

:

Total 1,598,

1,537

39

22

MENDICANTS.

19. Fifty-two beggars were dealt with by the Magis trate; 99 were sent to Canton as follows:-

Once,

Twice,....

Thrice,

Four times,...

How often sent away.

Total.....

Canton.

83

10

4

2

99

DEAD BODIES.

20. Table II shows the number of the unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

21. 777 Persons were deported from Hongkong.

736 Persons deported from Singapore were sent on by

Police.

J 7

8 Persons deported from British North Borneo were sent

on by Police.

402 Vagrants were received from Singapore and sent on by

Police.

591 Vagrants were received from Dutch East Indies and sent

on by Police.

108 Vagrants were received from British North Borneo and

sent on by Police.

1,286 Vagrants were received from Saigon and sent on by

Police.

14,195 Coolies were received from Singapore and sent on by

Police.

LICENCES.

22. The following Licences were issued during 1914 :-

1,150 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

16 Kowloon Garage Licences.

20 Kowloon Garage Drivers. 345 Kowloon Jinrickshas. 685 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

13,406 Drivers and Bearers.

1,364 Truck Licences.

8 Private Vehicles. 33 Motor Cars (Livery). 19 Motor Cars (Private). 65 Motor Car Drivers. 19 Motor Cycle Licences. 20 Motor Cycle Drivers.

2 Auctioneers.

6 Licences to store Acetone.

8 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

4 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

2 Licences to store Chlorate Mixture.

4 Licences to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorates.

9 Licences to store Compressed Oxygen.

25 Licences to store Detonators.

7 Licences to store Dissolved Acetylene.

12 Distillery (Old Territories).

32 Distillery (New Territories).

50 Licences to store Dynamite.

54 Licences to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids. 211 Licences to shoot and take game.

25 Licences to store Gunpowder.

12 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (in Godown). 1,208 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (Ordinary).

- Ì 8 --

75 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (New Territories).

25 Marine Stores.

247 Money Changers.

90 Official Signatures.

37 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

1 Licence to store Naphtha and Benzine (in Garage).

2 Licences to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane.

96 Pawnbrokers.

8 Licences to store Petroleum in bulk.

5 Licences to store Phosphorus.

6 Licences to store Rockets.

1 Poison (Wholesale).

249 Spirit (Chinese, Old Territories).

83 Spirit (Chinese, New Territories).

28 Licences to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 6,744 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

23. 2,605 dogs were licensed during 1914.

114 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

1,155 stray dogs were impounded, 408 were sent to the

Dogs Home and 747 were destroyed.

ARMS ORDINANCE.

24. Seven licences to import and deal in arms and two to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1914. Dur- ing the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz:-

Eighteen Winchester rifles, 13 muskets, 5 rifles, 10 Mauser pistols, 25 automatic pistols, 7,870 rounds of Winchester ammunition, 4,947 rounds automatic pistols ammunition, 8,073 rounds Mauser pistols ammunition, 45 revolvers, 8,289 rounds revolver ammunition, 1,402 primers, .269 rounds sporting ammunition, 548 rounds various calibre ammunition, 3 dag- gers, 50 empty cylinders, 386 sticks dynamite, 346 detonators and 200 fuse coils.

EDUCATION.

25. During the year 7 Europeans and 26 Indians obtained certificates for knowledge of Chinese, 2 Europeans obtained certi- ficates for Hindustani and 23 Indians obtained certificates for English.

MUSKETRY.

26. The Europeans and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry, and 20 Europeans and 30 Indians qualified as marksmen.

-

J 9

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

27. Four hundred and seventy-four persons were identified as having previous convictions against them, an increase of 18 as compared with last year.

One hundred and three identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

28. The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 175) was good. The total number of reports against them was 51 as against 72 in 1913. There were 9 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 12 in 1913, 1 for sleeping on duty as against 6, and 3 for neglect of duty as against 2.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 487) was good. There were 332 reports as against 440 for the preced- ing year.

For drunkenness there were 27 as against 20, for dis- orderly conduct 33 as against 47, for neglect of duty 32 as against 73, for absence from duty 64 as against 95, for gossiping and idling on duty 61 as against 35, and for sleeping on duty 32 as against 29. 273 men had no report.

Seven Indian Constables were convicted by the Police Magis- trate (three dismissed from the Force): 2 for assault, 3 for larceny and 2 for importing wine into the Colony.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 621) was very fair. There were altogether 853 reports as against 906 in 1913. There were 3 reports for drunkenness (none last year), 127 for sleeping on duty as against 117, 18 for disorderly conduct as against 21, and 362 for minor offences as against 358; 188 men had no report.

Four Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (three dismissed), 1 for gambling, 1 for being in possession of raw opium, 1 for allowing a prisoner to escape and 1 for assault.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers and stokers (average strength 150) and 139 reports as compared with 193 for last year. For drunkenness there was no report (same as last year), and 77 for absence from station and late for duty as against 103 in the previous year. 85 had no report recorded against them.

Two seamen and one stoker were convicted by the Police Magistrate (all dismissed), 1 seaman for obtaining money with menaces, and 1 seaman and 1 stoker for larceny.

REWARDS.

29. One Chief Inspector, 8 Inspectors and 5 Sergeants were granted medal for long and meritorious services, and 1 European Constable was commended by His Excellency the Governor for pluck in attempting to secure a lunatic.

J 10

One Jemadar and two Indian Sergeant Majors were granted medals for long and faithful service. One Lance Sergeant was granted reward for prompt activity in arresting a man who had stolen jewellery and one Indian Constable was commended by His Excellency the Governor and granted a reward for his assistance in the smart capture of 3 robbers.

One Chinese Sergeant Major, 4 Chinese Sergeants and 2 Chinese Constables were granted medals for long and faithful services, 2 Chicese Constables were granted rewards for the smart arrest of a man for being in possession of dynamite and detonators, 1 Chinese Sergeant was granted a reward for zeal, intelligence and activity displayed in securing the arrest of 4 men who had com- mitted larceny, 1 Chinese Constable was granted a reward for zeal and activity in arresting a man for snatching jewellery from a woman, 1 Chinese Constable was commended by His Excellency the Governor for good work done, 1 Chinese Constable was granted a reward for prompt action in saving the life of a Chinese woman who accidentally fell into the harbour, 1 Chinese Constable was granted a reward for smart capture of a snatcher and 1 Chinese Constable was granted a reward for very plucky and zealous action in effecting the arrest of a burglar.

HEALTH.

30. Admissions to Hospital during last three years were as follows:-

Europeans,

Nationality.

Average

Strength.

1912.

1913.

1914.

Admis-

sions.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

164 104 175 125 175 142

Indians,

462

300

472

415 487

426

Chinese,

547 180

576 172 621

112

J 11

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to 31st December, 1914-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Average Strength.

Treated.

Average Strength.

Treated.

Europeans,

159

135

16

t-

Indians,

346

321

141

105

Chinese,

572

100

49

12

J

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever, the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :---

Europeans 18, Indians 72, Chinese 7.

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

31. The Deputy Superintendent (Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse) re- turned from leave on 12th October.

Major C. G. Woodhouse, who was seconded from the 126th Baluchistan Regiment as Assistant Superintendent, New Terri- tories, returned to Military Service on 1st February when Mr. D. Burlingham was appointed in his plare.

POLICE FORCE.

32. Twenty-one Europeans were engaged during the year, 18 were recruited from England and 3 enlisted locally. Table III shows changes in the personnel of the Force during the year, and Table IV the strength, expenditure and revenue for the past ten

years.

SPECIAL CONSTABLES.

33. Three hundred and fifty-two men were sworn in after the outbreak of war in August and performed their duties in a most creditable manner.

10th March, 1915.

C. McI. MESSER, Captain Superintendent of Police.

J 12

ANNEXE A.

Report on the Water Police.

All the launches from 1 to 9 have completed their overhauls and are in good order.

No. 1 Launch has had extensive repairs during

the year including a new high pressure cylinder and propeller. Built in 1900, this launch is about the fastest launch in the harbour, and is in good condition.

No. 2 Launch built in 1900. This launch was very badly strained when ashore during the typhoon of September, 1906, and was surveyed and condemned in May, 1914, as being unfit without very considerable expenditure for Police work. She was sold at public auction to Kwong Hip Loong for $6,055 and the steam launch "Mee Lee" was chartered and fitted for Police work, pending the construction of a new launch.

The Mee Lee is in every way satisfactory, being fast, economi- cal and commodious.

No. 3 Launch built in 1901 has been running well until quite recently when she developed boiler troubles. I anticipate a complete set of new tubes will be required at an early date.

No. 4 Launch is running well and is an excellent sea boat with good cruising speed. This launch has been fitted. during the year with two new deck water tanks.

No. 7 Launch was fitted with a steel "engine and boiler room casing", and also a new funnel, and is now running well.

The Motor Launch No. 9 has been running extremely well dur- ing the year and with a very small cost of upkeep, i.e., $360. This included a new cylinder. This launch costs about 45 cents per mile to run, for fuel alone.

An "Even-rude" overstern motor was fitted on a specially built boat and supplied to San Tin Station for the Deep Bay patrol, and I understand is satisfactory.

During the year a new Police sailing boat was built and sup- plied to Tai O Station. Also the boats from Aberdeen and Sha Tau Kok were overhauled and painted. All the Station boats were also overhauled and painted.

During the year quarterly practice with Maxim and rifle at a mark has been exercised, and in December the 3 launches, i.e., 1, 2 and 4, practised firing at a moored target 5 feet square, whilst steaming full speed along a line of 3 buoys, laid at right angles to the target

J 13

i.e., 1,500 yards, 1,000 and 1,500 yards. The result of each run was marked by the motor boat and the P. C. spotting when the Sergeant fired his run and vice versâ. The average number of shots got away on the run was 250, and on the whole the shooting was good, taking into consideration the smallness of the target and the length of the range, and I am satisfied that a junk at the same range would be badly hit about.

Signals have been exercised during the year by day and night with the various coastal Police Stations and short messages can be sent and received.

During the year:—

2 Europeans passed for coxswain.

9 Seamen were dismissed.

4 Seamen resigned.

2 Seamen died.

1 Seaman transferred to Land Force.

All the above vacancies were filled.

Various transfers took place during the year amongst the Europeans: Inspector Kerr returned from leave and resumed duty with the Water Police on 19th December. Inspector Murison and Inspector Gordon were in charge during various periods of the year.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N., Assistant “up'.. Water Police.

5th January, 1915.

ANNEXE B.

Report on the Police School.

Staff. At the beginning of the year the Staff was reduced by 1 European Master and 1 Indian Master.

Mr. R. J. Birbeck assumed charge vice Mr. A. W. Grant who resigned on appointment as Second Master, Queen's College.

Mr. R. J. Birbeck's resignation was accepted on March 3rd and Mr. W. Curwen was appointed Master-in-charge.

J 14

Owing to the death of Mr. W. Curwen early in August, Mr. E. J. Edwards was appointed Master-in-charge on the 1st September.

Buildings.-School is held at Queen's College, three class rooms there being devoted for the purpose. These rooms are satisfactory in every respect. On Wednesdays when European Police Constables are attending a class is held for them in the Police Library, Central Police Station.

Attendance. The following table gives the attendance during the year:

Class.

No. of School Days.

Average Daily Attendance.

European Police Constables,

77

22

Indian

92

24.6

">

Gaol Staff,...

94

20.1

Average Daily Attendance 46·9.

Examinations.-During the year 15 European Police Constables obtained Certificates of Exemption and 18 Certificates were obtained by the Indian Police Constables and Gaol Staff.

General Remarks.-Considering the fact that duty prevents the men from attending regularly progress is on the whole satis- factory. Special attention is now being given to Colloquial English in the instruction of the Indian Police Constables and Gaol Staff, and it is hoped that a great improvement in this important subject will be made.

12th February, 1915.

E. J. EDWARDS,

Master-in-charge.

J 15

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COM

Serious Offences.

Robbery with Violence and Assault with

Larcenies and

Burglaries.

Larcenies in Dwelling

Other

Assaults and Disorderly

Felonies.

Conduct.

intent to rob.

Houses.

1913.

Gambling.

Kidna

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

:

:

:

:

1 1

...

:

:

9

8

со

7

3

3

52

CI

3

4 4

1

45

18 183

55

8

Ι

1

:

55

4

ON

9

Chinese,

104 32

16107 22

Total,

104 32 16

108 | 23

4 2,442 850|221| 238| 87 45518 717

42,459 862 | 227|245|| 94 | 46 615 827

79 763 4,479 | 168 | 24

91766 4,489 | 168 | 24

1914.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

1

...

2

:

:

2

47 22

22

19

90 13

: ཙ

49 22 21 91 13

2 2,244 738 234 204 90

3 2 1 3 2 1 49

50

10

5

00

8

1 7

...

:

32,255 741 242 207 92 67

28:

33 36 10

...

:

:

:

:

66

397 571 111| 5212,564 279

6

479 657 126 | 521| 2,564 | 279

6

J 15

Table I.

EPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1913 AND 1914.

nd

y

Gambling.

Kidnapping.

Minor Offences.

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance.

Unlawful

Drunkenness.

Possession.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Total of

all cases.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.]

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

8

cc

1

1

4 2

9

...

...

:

...

:

:

:

:

:

21

20

1

1

1

...

18 17

1

3

ce

138

55

51

11

142

26

26

6

107

79 763 4,479 168 24 21 12 122100 56 388 376

91 766 4,489|168|| 24

21 12

122 100 56 | 388 376

88

96 17 17

...

1,485 1,485

5,554 8,376 683

11,762

96 56 54

21,489 1,488

1

5,635 8,453 700

12,011

10

5

10

:

11521 2,564 279

26521 2,564 | 279

:

6 4

25 21 4

40

31

15

121

:

:

:..

:

I

6

4

7

383

1

1

62

2

42 31 310 279 84 19 19

2 11

=

11

1

1

33

118

I-

92

:

1,155 1,155

3,549

4,212 515

8,604

63 43 31 312279 86 55 51 4 1,157 1,156

1

3,622 4,864 | 537

8,817

VICTORIA.

1 month

Under

one month.

and under

1 year.

1 year and under 5 years.

5 years

1 month

and under 15 years.

15 years and

over.

Under

one

and under

month.

1 year.

m.

f.

SOX

junk.

9

B

sex

SPX

f.

m.

f.

m. f.

{uuk.

unk.

m.

-H

4

2

7 10

25 17

11

***

:

KOWLOON.

1 year and under 5 years.

16

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1914.

5 years and under

15 years and

over.

Under

One month.

1 month and under

15 years.

1 year.

SCX

sex

Li

m. f.

m.

f.

unk.

lunk.

m.

f.

sex unk.

f. m.

m. f. m.

SCX

f.

m. f.

junk.

00

8

56

5

9 10 2

38 24

48

50

17 25

:

15

37 II

5

8

Year.

Victoria. Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere. Total.

Males.

Femal

1910,

80

76

1911,

99

58

1912,

194

171

1913,

103

198

1914,

154

271

7*2*8

63

76

295

192

31

77

52

66

6698

53

241

146

95

537

291

49

402

221

60

551

331

272

23

17

21

E

H

16

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1914.

HARBOUF..

ELSEWHERE.

ider

years.

and

over.

years

nd

15 years Under

1 month and under

1 year and

5 years

1 month

15 years

and

one month.

under

and

under

5

1 year.

years.

over.

Under

one mouth.

and under

15 years.

1 year.

f.

m.

f.

25

25 37 11

m.

f.

sex junk.

m.

نبه

f.

SCX junk.

sex

m.

m.

f.

Sex

m

f.

m.

f.

Junk.

lunk.

m. f.

شده

100

5

4

8

6

12

8

2

1

9 6

Co

1

:

:

3

4

Elsewhere. Total.

Males. Females. Unknown. Children.

Adults.

C3698

76

295

192

94

9

158

137

53

241

146

85

10

174

67

95

537

294

239

4

413

124

49

402

221

170

11

318

81

60

551

331

212

$

408

143

sex

unk.

:

1 year and under 5 years.

5 years and under

15 years and

Total.

over.

15 years.

sex

m.

f.

unk.

m.

f. m. f.

13

10 1 6

3 16

3

551

J 17

Table III.

Return showing the Establishments and Casualties in the

Force, 1914.

Nationality.

Europeans,

175

21

5

2

6

3

16

Indians, ....

487

58

10

5

1

31

15

52

Chinese,....

621 111

12

14

62

88

Total,... 1,283 190

22

3

51

80

156

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments also the Engineers, Coxswains and Stokers, but it is exclusive of:-

1 Captain Superintendent,

1 Deputy Superintendent, 1 Assistant Superintendent,

1 Assistant Superintendent, New Territories,

1 Probationer,

1 Accountant,

1 Clerk and Hindustani Interpreter,

5 Clerks,

6 Telephone Clerks,

90 Messengers and Coolies, and

8 Indians and 13 Chinese who are employed by Private

Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1914.

Europeans.

Indians. Chinese.

Total.

Present,

160

429

594

1,183

Absent on leave,

6

27

80

Vacancies,

9

11

20

Tota! Establishment,

175

487

621

1,283

J 18

Table IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1905 to 1914.

Total Strength.

Revenue Collected by

Expenditure.

Year.

the Police

Police

Fire

Police

Fire

Force.

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

Brigade.

$

$

1905,...

1,018

97

509,298

28,956

130,873

1906,...

1,047

97

515,874

25,499

134,212

1907,... 1,048

96

522,406

46,250

138,417

1908,...

1,046

96

556,607

31,172

124,288

1909,...

1,054

97

564,835

72,227

125,958

1910,... 1,042

103

583,847

41,548

161,420

1911,. 1,102

103

586,985

32,421

162,026

1912,...

1,196

105

591,076

41,263

172,397

1913,...

1,247

105

756,663

35,319

185,250

1914,... 1,304

106

789,100

35,913

193,915

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

J 19

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 34 Fires and 50 Incipient Fires during the year against 13 and 75 in 1913. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $651,318.00 and by Incipient Fires $612.00 as against $223,615.00 and $1,393.80 in 1913.

The Brigade turned out 43 times during the year (46 in 1913).

2. There was constant supply of water in the fire mains throughout the year.

3. One fire occurred in the harbour during the year.

4. There were no prosecutions for arson during the year.

5. There are 38 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 12 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The Brigade attended 8 calls received by Street Fire Alarms.

8. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

C. McI. MESSER, Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

10th March, 1915.

ANNEXE À.

HONGKONG, 17th February, 1915.

SIR, I have the honour to forward the Annual Report on the condition of the Government Fire Brigade Machinery and Equip- ment for the year ending 31st December, 1914.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This vessel which has now been on regular duty for about 5 years was thoroughly overhauled in September. The boilers were

7

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON FOR THE YEAR 1914.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1913 were as follows:

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

""

Courts Martial, -

Supreme Court for China and Corea, High Court, Weihaiwei, -

Debtors,-

1914. 1915.

3,034 5,792

3

1

6

61

52

949 1,034

Total,

-

4,050 6,885

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

There was a decrease of 2,835 on the total number of ad- missions as compared with the year 1913. There was a decrease of prisoners convicted for Larceny during the year under review, the number being 595 against 726 for the previous year.

2. The number of prisoners admitted to prison for offences not

of a criminal nature was 1,991 made up as follows:

Convicted by Courts Martial, Debtors,

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

3

61

135

34

""

"J

""

""

Divan Gambling Market

139

>>

349

22

""

""

""

51.

51

39

*

>>

59

"

39

Post Office Ordinance,

""

>"

Prison

""

""

""

Stowaway

Arms

Vehicle Police

Sanitary By-laws,

Harbour Regulations,

45

30

5

14

316

6

23

A

~

"

Marine Hawkers

"

39

""

Dangerous Goods

>>

Servants' Quarters Ordinance,

5

4

**

13

"

5

""

""

19

""

Pharmacy Ordinance,

Chinese Wine and Spirit

Ordinance,

Eating House Ordinance, Education Ordinance, - Lodging House Ordinance,

Carried forward, -

поло маий п

1,211

K 2

Convicted for Adultery,

>

""

""

A

""

29

"}

""

22

17

""

21

""

"

"

""

""

""

27

15

>>

""

Discharging fireworks,

Wasting water,

Hawking without a licence,

Brought forward,-

1,211

4

2

1

226

1

11

2

2

Cruelty to animals,

Keeping house for prostitution Impersonation,

Removing Sand, Stone and Earth

without permission,

-

Depositing rubbish in the public

Street,

Illegal pawning,

Perjury,

Travelling on river-steamer, with-

out paying legal fare, Drunkenness,

Trespassing,

Disorderly conduct, Vagrancy,

Naval offence,

Assault,

Obstruction, -

"

"

""

""

Cutting trees,

""

>>

Fighting,

Mendicancy,-

>>

Malicious Damage,

""

∞ ∞ ∞

5

6

37

52

13

9

79

55

25

21

19

14

2

1

1

21

*

"J

15

>>

Applying false trade marks,

Soliciting person for immoral pur-

poses,

Demanding more than legal vehicle

fare, -

Attempting to commit suicide,

Throwing goods into water to pre-

vent seizure,

Unnatural offence,

""

""

Triad Society,

""

19

Unlawfully printing and publish-

ing lottery tickets,

Removing dead body without per-

,,

59

mit,

-

Unlawful possession of lottery

tickets,

Catching fish by explosives,

22

""

""

""

Offering bribe,

13

Failing to return to House of De-

tention,

2 NM

2

3

30

1

121

4

1

1

">

Leaving the service without giving

due notice,-

""

Carrying pigwash without covers, -

Total,

34

1,991

K 3

3. The above figures show that 65 per cent. of the total admis- sions to prison were for non-criminal offences. The percentage in 1913 was 77.

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:

In default of payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of fine.

Total.

Served the imprisonment.

Paid full Paid part

fine.

fine.

1913

1.212

2,867

624

1,096

5,799

1914

1,415

1,086

277

262

3,040

4. There were 60 juveniles admitted into prison 28 of whom were sentenced to be whipped in addition to various terms of imprisonment varying from 24 hours detention to 6 months and 42 days imprisonment with hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 117 as com- pared with 131 for 1913.

6. There were 113 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 154 for the previous year (136 in 1912).

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

Year.

to

Percentage Daily Percentage Estimated No. of

of population. convicts. population. number of population.

average

prisoners.

1905

462,861

216

⚫046

697

•150

1906

414,049

156

*037

518

.125

1907

414,415

146

*035

502

•12]

1908

420,741

130

⚫038

465

•110

1909

428,858

180

*042

560

•130

1910 435,986

208

⚫048

547

•125

1911

464,277

241

*052

595

•128

1912

467,777

222

⚫047

701

*149

1913

489,114

253

*052

702

•144

1914

501,304

216

*044

600

•120

he

– K 4

8. There were 804 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, being an average of 1.34 per prisoner as compared with 853 with an average of 122 for the preceding year. There was no case in which corporal punishment was inflicted for a prison offence during the year.

9. 72 prisoners were whipped by the order of the Courts.

10. There was no escape or attempt to escape.

11. There were 7 deaths (5 from natural causes, 1 execution, 1 suicide).

12. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long-sentence -prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

13. 7,801,548 forms were printed and issued to the various Government Departments and 46,908 books bound and repaired.

14. The buildings are in good repair.

15. The conduct of the European Officers generally has been excellent and that of the Indian Staff satisfactory.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition, and the water supply adequate.

1

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

C. McI. MESSER,

2nd March, 1915.

Superintendent.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1914.

EXPENDITURE.

Amount.

INCOME.

Amount.

$

C.

Pay and Allowance of Officers including Uniform,

Earning of Prisoners,....

66,034

07

&c.,

Victualling of Prisoners,.

76,314 00

Debtors' Subsistence,.

• 549

25

15,574 03

Wei-hai-wei Prisoners' Subsistence,

109

50

Fuel, Light, Soap and Dry Earth,

9,060 | 10

Canton Prisoners' Subsistence,

14

70

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding and Furniture, .

7,195 11

Shanghai

do.,

553

80

Tientsin

do.,

55 50

Naval

do.,

118

20

Military

do.,

7 20

Subsistence of Prisoners sentenced by Marine

Magistrate,

Waste Food sold,

Sale of Condemned Store,.

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for Prisoners'

Maintenance,

3,058

95

37,546 | 02

2 *** NNU-NUNGS

70

50

80

Total,.

$108,143 | 24

1913,

$106,275 | 20

Total,...

$108,143 24

Average annual cost per prisoner $62.58-in 1913 $64.07 and in 1912 $50.25.

K 5 -

K 6

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Year.

Expenditure.

Income.

Actual cost of

prisoners' maintenance.

Average cost per

prisoner.

$

C.

$

C.

$

c.

$

1905

110,687.83

39,444.50

71,243.33

102.21

1906

96,202.08

39,613.26

56,598.82

109.24

1907

89,711.39

40,079.90

49,631,49

98.86

1908

95,537.85

48,066.33

47,471,52

102.09

1909

93,926.80

46,421.13

51,505.67

91.97

1910

96,302.19

52,104.75

44,197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97

66.50

1912

97,577.82

62,348.80

35,229.02

50.25

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976.70

64.07

1914 108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02

62.58

Nature of Industry.

*

+

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1914.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Value of

Value of

Value of

Value of

Stock on

Value of

Articles

Articles

Manufactur- Manufactur-

Stock on

Value of

Earnings

hand

Materials

Total Dr.

ed or work

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

(Difference

January 1st Purchased.

1914.

done for

Payment.

done for

December

Goal or other

31st 1914.

between

Columns

3 & 7.)

Department.

c.

C.

$

C.

$

C.

$

$

C.

C.

$

C.

Oakum,

263.20

263.20

712.40

142.00

854.40

591.20

Coir,

240.00

Net-making,

1,494.68

61.25

1,734.68

1,174.38

337.70

582.12

2,094.20

359.52

61.25

175.53

...

.80

176.33

115.08

Tailoring,

139.50

2,183.20

2,322.70

132.81

3,455.95

31.32

3,620.08

1,297.38

Rattan,

13.80

7.50

21.30

22.44

6.70

1.40

30.54

9.24

Tin-smithing,

34.25

360.80

395.05

35.89

671.97

5.90

713.76

318.71

Carpentering,

7.69

341.30

348.99

212.10

932.99

.90

1,145.99

797.00

Grass-matting,

1.20

38,40

39.60

8.67

23.70

11.40

43.77

4.17

Shoe-making,

62.82

2,173.82

2,236.64

535.78

2,086.27

1.19

Laundry,

3.20

1,739.20

1,742.40

...

8,136.08

2,623.24

8,136.08

386.60

6,393.68

Printing and Bookbinding

18,178.43

19,121.02

37,299.45

>

Photography,

127.00

127.00

169.82

24.49

78,142.45

| 14,714.37 93,026.64 55,727.19

136.81

161.30

34.30

...

Total,..

..$ 18,944.09 27,648.17

27,648.17

46,592.26 46,592.26

|

3,204.31 93,930.62 15,491.40 112,626.33 66,034.07

|

Paid into Bank during 1914 which sum includes $89.62 for work executed in 1913, $3,329.45. Value of work executed during 1914 for which payment was deferred to 1915, $59.88.

-K 7-

Appendix L.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1914.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health,

Page.

3

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

34

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

39

ANNEXE E.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 54

ANNEXE F.-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

55

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals,

57

ANNEXE H.-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,

59

ANNEXE I-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

62

ANNEXE J.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer of the

Tung Wa Hospital,

ANNEXE K.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals, -

ANNEXE L.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist, -

ANNEXE M.--Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

ANNEXE N.--Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,

ANNEXE O.-Report of the Government Analyst.

ANNEXE P.--Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

68

-

77

78

90

94

97

100

L 3

S

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year:

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department,

Mr. G. N. Orme, for whom Mr. D. W. Tratman acted from 1st January to 21st September.

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, Honour- able Mr. W. Chatham, C.M.G., for whom Mr. A. F. Churchill acted from 10th March to 31st December. The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Honourable Mr. E. R.

Hallifax.

The Medical Officer of Health, Dr. F. W. Clark.

The Honourable Mr. E. A. Hewett, C.M.G.

Dr. G. H. L. Fitzwilliams.

Mr. Ng Hon Tsz.

Colonel J. M. Irwin, D.D.M.S., succeeded on 1st November by Lieut.-Colonel F. W. G. Gordon-Hall, D.D.M.S.

Mr. F. B. L. Bowley, for whom Mr. P. W. Goldring

acted from 1st May to 5th December.

Mr. Chan Kai Ming.

Mr. Hewett was re-appointed a member for a further terin of 3 years.

The Secretary, Mr. Bowen-Rowlands, was on leave from February 24th to December 1st, and his place during that time was taken by Mr. E. W. Hamilton.

By-laws were passed by the Board:-

(a) to permit of special cleansing and disinfection being carried out in plague-infected districts, and of the removal of hollow ceilings, linings, etc., on payment of suitable compensation.

(b) for the establishment of urn-cemeteries for purposes

of re-interment.

Special Committees of the Board sat to consider (a) the in- sanitary condition of certain backyards, lanes and passages in the rear of blocks of buildings in European business quarters of the town, and (b) the existing system of water carriage.

L 4

BURIALS AND CREMATIONS.

<

The Cremation Ordinance, No. 5 of 1914, was passed for the establishment of Crematoria and regulation thereof', and rules were made under it on May 14th.

Cremation is now practised by the Japanese in their Sokunpo crematorium, and by the Indians at the Sikh Temple, but it is still repugnant to Chinese sentiment, and there is no present expectation that the congestion of Chinese burying grounds in the Colony can be relieved in that way. Arrangements are therefore being made for exhumations on a large scale during the present year and the removal of the remains to more distant cemeteries; after which, it is hoped, by continuing this practice on a smaller scale to provide sufficient burying grounds within easy reach of the City.

Owing to the crowded condition of the Roman Catholic Cemetery at Happy Valley, permission was given for exhumation from unre- cognisable or unclaimed graves to terraces above the main cemetery. and this work was taken in hand in October and continued through the remainder of the year.

SCAVENGING.

The scavenging of the City and of Kowloon was continued on the same lines as in 1913.

On January 1st the work of cleansing the nullahs and culverts was taken over from the Public Works Department, and carried out in a satisfactory manner. On February 16th the hours of scaveng- ing were re-arranged, and collections were thenceforward made from about 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. instead of all the work being done between 3 a.m. and 3 p.m. as heretofore. This provides one scavenging round after the Chinese morning meal, and one after the evening ineal, and the streets are thus kept in a much cleaner condition than under the old system.

Owing to the opening of new houses and streets it became necessary to increase the scavenging staff on July 1st, by the engagement of 10 more coolies.

The cost of the scavenging of the City of Victoria was $46,386.80 and of Kowloon $14,869.00.

REFUSE DISPOSAL.

The work of refuse disposal was performed by means of two launches and five lighters.

No interruptions were caused by storms or other accidents through the year, and the launches and lighters were kept in good condition.

CONSERVANCY.

The fees due from the Contractor for the City of Victoria were $51,876.00 for the year, but owing to floods and famines in the

!

?

J

L 5

country, together with some stringency in the money market owing to the war, he obtained permission to defer the last four months' payment, and so only $35,584.00 was received. The revenue from this source for Kowloon was $9,000.00.

STREET WATERING.

Two four-wheeled water carts arrived from England in good condition, and with this accession of strength the street watering was carried on without interruptions, and extended, by the use of a two-wheeled cart, to the following streets not previously watered :— Bonham Strand (East and West), Jervois Street, Cleverly Street, Morrison Street and Mercer Street.

HOUSE CLEANSING.

Even more important than the cleansing of the streets is the cleansing of the dwellings of the poorer classes of Chinese, and this work is now coming to occupy most of the energies of the Depart- ment. Tanks of soap and water are provided in the streets for the respective blocks of houses, and notice is served on the inmates that their houses must be cleansed by a certain day,-when all floors, rooms and cubicles must be cleared out and they with their furniture ready for inspection: if the house in question is not clean, the cleansing gang take charge of it and cleanse it thoroughly. The District Inspectors then carefully inspect all the house and furniture, and take note of any nuisances or illegalities, which in this way can be systematically dealt with. So useful have these cleansings been found that it is now intended to increase them by an increase in staff from about twice a year to four times.

In addition to the house cleansings done by this Department, all tenement houses were limewashed by their landlords according to law once during the year. There was, however, considerable trouble and delay in getting this work properly done.

EATING-HOUSES.

Particular attention was paid in the last year to the sanitary condition of eating houses and restaurants, in which cleanliness is of the greatest importance. Steps were taken to secure the removal of all ceilings and hollow linings, in which Messrs. Weismann set a good example to the rest, the provision of proper urinals, the cement rendering of the ground surfaces, and the thorough cleans- ing and limewashing of the whole premises twice a year.

PREVENTION OF DISEASE.

The special measures undertaken for the prevention of Plague, and incidentally much of the general work of the Department is outlined in the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health, who supervises the work of the District Inspectors and advises as to the policy to be adopted or the steps to be taken for the eradication of disease.

- L 6

The past year was marked by a serious out break of Plague, which called for special exertions on the part of this Department during the Plague season, in attending to cases, and in disinfecting houses and clothing.

The measures taken for the prevention of Malaria are also dealt with in the same report, and in this direction there has again been a distinct advance, especially in the district of Wanchai, which was almost free from Malaria in 1914.

On the whole a continued improvement in the cleanliness of the town and of Kowloon was observable at the end of the year; but in the worst and most congested districts, which are to be found mostly in Wanchai, West Point, and Mongkok (Kowloon), there are two factors militating against any permanent improve- ment: one is the insanitary structure and structural condition of many blocks of tenement houses, and the other is the low class and shifting nature of the population which inhabits them.

It is satisfactory to report that there were practically no com- plaints from, or friction with, the public during the year, and there appeared to be an increasing willingness on their part to do or suffer such work as was considered necessary in the interests of the public health.

REPORT OF THE COLONIAL VETERINARY SURGEON.

The Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses are under the charge of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon, who gives in his report the results of the year's working. He also exercises a general supervision over the Markets, and over the sale of meat, fish, and fowls, in the Colony. One new market, a small one, was opened in Tai Hang near Causeway Bay.

Ninety bullocks are now employed for the traction of dust carts and watering carts; they were first tried for this purpose in 1910, and have proved an unqualified success: they thrive under the care of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon in spite of their hard work and rather confined life.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total expenditure during 1914 was $353,431.65 as com- pared with $331,234.55; the estimate for the year was $369,566.00.

Certain revenues are collected by this Department, the bulk coming from Market rents, and the rest chiefly from licence and registration fees.

The total revenue was $264,352.82 compared with $254,811.70 in 1913.

1

L 7-

A comparative table of the cost of scavenging for the last three years is attached below: and a table of market revenues for this and preceding years is appended to the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon's report.

9th March, 1915.

G. N. ORME, Head of Sanitary Department.

Comparative Cost of Scavenging, 1912 to 1914.

1912.

$52,040.00 (Contract) $47,330.01

(a) City Scavenging,

(b) Kowloon Scavenging. (c) Refuse Disposal,

13,535 39

16,963.09

Tutal,

$82,538.48

1914.

1913.

$46,386.80

14,660.88 14.869.24

22,118.52* 19,379.42

84,109.41* 80.635.46

*$2,000 due to damage from typhoon.

- L 8-

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL

OFFICER OF HEALTH.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends to the Island of Hongkong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of territory on the mainland between the shore and the first range of the Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan () in Junk Bay on the East, to the Village of Kau Pa Kang on the West, with a sea frontage of about thirteen miles and an area of about sixteen square miles. Old Kowloon, with an area of about 23 square miles, has been in British occupation since 1861, but New Kowloon was leased to this Government in 1898, as part of what is known as the New Territories. The remainder of the New Territories comprising an area of about 356 square miles is not under the control of the Sanitary Board.

The City of Victoria, built on the Northern shore of the Island of Hongkong, has a frontage to the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the opposite mainland of Kowloon by the Harbour, which is rather less than a mile and a third wide opposite the centre of the City and widens out to somewhat over three miles at its widest part, contracting again at Lyemun Pass on the East to little more than a quarter of a mile in width.

The domestic buildings of the City of Victoria number 9,824 (exclusive of Barracks and Police Stations), of which 938 are non- Chinese dwellings, while there are also 172 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of new houses completed during the year was as follows:-City of Victoria 166, Kowloon 95, Outlying District 35 and Peak 1, making a total of 297 as against 335 in 1913, 231 in 1912, 155 in 1911 and 93 in 1910.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 48--42 in 1913.

The reduction in the total number of domestic buildings in the City, in spite of the completion of many new buildings, resulted from the temporary conversion of many of them into stores and godowns after the exodus of Chinese which is referred to overleaf.

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into ten, and Old Kowloon into two urban Health Districts with an Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District of the City (the principal European quarter) is also in charge of the Peak.

L 9

There are in addition five Inspectors in charge of the scaveng- ing work, one Inspector of Cemeteries, one Inspector in charge of the City Disinfecting Station, one in charge of the Kowloon Disinfect- ing Station, and three for general duties, making 23 in all.

The supervision of the sanitary work in the various outlying villages of the island of Hongkong, in Kowloon City and in Sham Shui Po is done by the Police Inspectors.

The Inspectors in Hongkong work under the personal direction and supervision of the Medical Officer of Health while those iu Kow- loon are under the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITION.

The activity in building operations, which was so noticeable a fea- ture of 1912 and 1913 has only slightly abated and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912 and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony. However, in August and September, 1914, nearly 60,000 Chinese hastily returned to China, owing to fears of a bombardment of the Colony following the outbreak of the European war. The Chinese quarters which had been in an overcrowded condition throughout the Plague season were thus relieved of their excess, but not in time to prevent the severe epidemic of Plague which had been predicted in the report for 1913. The relationship between overcrowding and Plague was discused at length in the report for 1912.

In connection with anti-Plague measures, to render houses as far as possible rat-proof, 175 ground surfaces in houses have been repaired in the City and 8 in Kowloon, (175 and 31 in 1913), while 1,404 buildings have had rat-runs filled up with cement and broken glass in the City and 995 in Kowloon, (1,867 and 1,657 in 1913), and 1,132 ceilings have been removed in the City and 21 in Kowloon (294 in 1913).

Permits for the use of three basements as workshops and one basement for the storage of food were issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards, under notice, in 228 houses in the City and 16 in Kowloon (251 and 24 in 1913). Notices to abate sanitary nuisances to the number of 7,434 in the City and 1,855 in Kowloon and building nuisances to the number of 1,265 in the City and 155 in Kowloon, have been applied for during the year (5,155, 2,035, 1,583 and 302 respectively in 1913), while 383 notices in regard to the breeding of mosquitoes in the City and 46 in Kowloon have also been served (364 and 73 in 1913).

In addition to the above improvements in connection with dwelling houses carried out under the supervision of the Sanitary Department various permanent improvements affecting sanitation

L 10

have been effected by the Public Works Department. These include the training of additional nullahs to the extent of 9,731 ft. (7,409 ft. in 1913), and the building of two public latrines, one in Pottinger Street and the other in Cross Street; a public urinal at Happy Valley; a market at Tai Hang, new bullock stables at Bowrington, and Inspectors' Quarters at Breezy Point.

The total area of lanes obtained for scavenging purposes during the year has been 20,740 sq. ft. (23,787 sq. ft. in 1913); the length being 3,583 ft. (4,740 ft. in 1913).

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorological conditions which prevailed during the year as recorded at the Royal Observatory, Hongkong:-

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max. Mean. Min,

Rel.

Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

о

O

p.c. ins.

p. c.

hours. ins.

points. miles p.h.

January,

February,

March,

April,

May, June,...

30.23 67.4 62.8 58.8 69 30.12 66.9 | 63.1 59.9 30.03 71.7 67.2 63.5 29.9876.3 71,5 | 68.0 29.89 82.8 78.5 | 75.3 29.78 86.6 82.0 78.9

0.40

39

240.4 | 0.000 | E by N

13.4

79 0.47

77

117.6 3.240 | E by N |

14.4

83

0.56

77

133.4

1.190

E

12 0

83 0.65

85

114.4 4.465

E

12.8

800.79

72

191.5 12.620 ESE

11.4

79 0.86

74

174.4 12.225 | S by E

10.8

July,

August,

29.68 86.9 | 81.9 78.1 29.70 87.9 82.3 78.2

83 0.90

69

180.126.305 SE by S

11.5

79 | 0.87

63

241.9 4.205

SSE

8.6

September,... 29.80 85.4 80.4|76.2 | October,

30.06 81.277,5 74.3 November, 30.08 73.5| 69,9 66.4 December, 30.15 67.7 64.0 60.5

73

0.76

51

215.0 19.980 NE by N

9.0

77 0.73

65

192.5 6.450 E

13.3

74 0.55 73 0.45 75

78

113.1 8.815

ENE

11.3

111.4 0.720

ENE

10.7

Mean or } 29.96 77.9 | 73,4 | 69.8 78 0.67 69

Total,...

2028.7 100.215

E

11.6

The average annual rainfall during the ten years ending 1904 was 749 inches and ranged from 1003 inches in 1897 to 45'8 inches in 1895; the average for the decade ending 1914 has been 818 inches. The rainfall for the last year (100-2 inches) is there- fore well above the average of the last 20 years.

POPULATION.

The Non-Chinese population of the Colony comprised, at the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, a white civil population of 6,035 : to this must be added an average resident white population of 2,313 belonging to the Navy and an average strength of 2,360 British Troops. The coloured races (Non-Chinese, Civil) numbered 6,040 and include East Indians, Asiatic Protuguese, Japanese, Filipinos, Malays, Africans, Persians and a few others; in addition there were 2,054 Indian Troops stationed in the Colony. The table on page 18 shows a similar classification of the Non-Chinese

L 11

population for the year 1914 and from this it will be seen that the total Non-Chinese population-inclusive of Army and Navy-amount- ed to 20,710 (including 420 Malays and Filipinos). The total Chinese population including 47 Chinese Sappers and 175 Chinese servants employed in Naval Establishments equals 480,594 of whom 90,594 reside in the New Territories exclusive of New Kowloon.

The distribution of population at the Census was as follows :— Non-Chinese Civil Community,

12,075

Chinese Civil Population :--

City of Victoria (including Peak)

219,386

Villages of Hongkong,

16,211

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),.

67,497

New Territories (land)

80,622

Population afloat,

60,948

Total Chinese Civil Population....

444,664

Total Civil Population,

456,739

The estimated total population of the Colony at the middle of 1914 is 501,304, but the figures given below in respect to births and deaths relate only to Hongkong and Kowloon (including New Kowloon), and the rates therefore in respect to these data are calculated on an estimated Chinese population of 390,000 and a Non-Chinese population of 20,710 of whom 13,000 were civilians, the remainder belonging to the Naval and Military services.

The Civil population consists chiefly of male adults. At the Census held in 1911 the proportion of males was 648 per cent of the total Civil population; at the Census taken in 1906 the propor- tion was 701 per cent. and at the 1901 Census the proportion was 72.6 per cent., so that there was a steady increase in the proportion of females (which means an increase in family life) during these ten years. Over half the Civil population (529 per cent of the Chinese and 557 per cent of the Non-Chinese) were between the ages of 20 and 45 years.

The Chinese boat population (exclusive of the New Territories) as given in the Census taken in 1911 was 45,302 while the estimate to the middle of 1914 is 49,200. The number of boats belonging to the Port and the villages of Hongkong is as follows:-

Passenger boats, Cargo boats,

1,138

1,468

Steam-launches,...

343

Lighters,

180

Harbour boats,

4,554

Fishing boats,

1,431

Trading junks,

2,796

Total,...

11,910

- L 12

This gives an average of 41 persons per boat.

In addition there were at the Census 5,791 Chinese employed in the mercantile marine in the Harbour, and the addition of 6,100 for 1914 to the estimated boat population gives a total Chinese popula- tion afloat of 55,300 exclusive of the New Territories.

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 7,508.

City of Victoria

The following table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house

and

per

floor in the

City of

Victoria

as estimated for the

year

1914.

Health Districts.

One-storey

Dwellings.

Two-storey

Dwellings.

Three-storey Dwellings.

Four-storey Dwellings.

Five-storey Dwellings.

Total Dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average number of floors per dwelling.

Number of persons |

per dwelling.

Number of persons

per floor.

1

194

444

236

33

2

Nil.

325

679

116

Nil.

3

922

1,120

1,937

2.1

14.3

6.8

3,151

2.8

31.1

11.4

3

Nil.

11

18

28.

Nil.

57

188

3.3

*

4

8

48

561

440

1,068

3,602

3.4

31.4

9.3

5

14

132

552

258

Nil.

956

2,966

3.1

27.2

8.7

6

50

35

389

432

39

945

3,210

3.4

26.9

7.9

7

13

21

441

430

10

915

3,148

3.4

25.9

7.5

1

75

570

347

14

1,007

3,319

3.3

24.0

7.6

9

20

432

586

107

Nil.

1,145

3,070

2.7

31.9

11.9

10

18

176

396

161

Nil.

751

2,202

2.9

29.0

9.9

Total and Averages 1914,.

318

1,699

4,428

2,352

77

Total and Averages 1913,

365

1,928 4,358 2,269

FR

* Most of the Chinese of this District live in quarters attached to Offices.

8,886

26,793

3.0

27.8

9.2

8,985

26,746

2.9

26.4

8.9

- L 13 -

L 14

The following Table shows the acreage of the City Health Districts with the houses and approximate population in each district as estimated for the year 1914 :-

Built

Non-

Non-

Persons

Chinese

Chinese

Health Districts.

Total

over

Chinese

Chinese

Acreage. Areas in

Dwell-

Dwell-

Popula-

per acre

Acres.

ings.

tion.

Popula-

(built

ings.

tion.

over).

1,

531

134

922

163 13,200

1,720

111

850

34,800

$00

2........

243

140

1,120

66

253

{Troops)

3,.....

232

137

57

431

8,400

3,500

87

56

53

1,068

162

33,500

1,260

656

.་་..

5............

29

27

956

12

26,000

90

966

6,......

30

27

945

20

25,400

150

946

36

31

915

23,700

45

766

8.....

49

47

1,007

9

24,200

90

515

9,...

44

44

1,145

36,500

55

830

10,..

252

106

751

62 21,800

700

212

Total 1914,......

1,502

746 8,886

Total 1913....

1,502

938 247,500 746 8,985 1,024 237,500

9,260

344

9,470

331

The number of Chinese living at the Peak and Stonecutters' Island is estimated at 1,800.

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to houses and floors in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey Four-storey

dwellings. dwellings. dwellings.

dwellings.

Kowloon.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Total dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average number of floors per Chinese dwelling.

Chinese Population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling. Number of persons per Chinese floor.

Area in acres.

Old Kowloon, (2 urban Health districts),

804 22

737 293 1,204 59 203

Kowloon City District, .....

606

:

...

456

4

Sham Shui Po District,

938

1

214

4

:

:

:.

223

2 3,324 7,495 2.2 55,760 16.7

7.3 2,012

1,071 1,540

1.4

7,490

6.9

4.8 2,758

...

1,180 1,444

1.2

6,750

5,7

4.6 2,068

Total 1914,

2,348 | 23 |1,407 302 | 1,231

59

203

2 5,575 10,479 1.8 70,000 12.5 6.6

6,838

Total 1913,

2,343 | 23 |1,402 290 | 1,199

43

196

2 5,508 10,306 1.8

69,500 68,500 12.4 6.6 6,838

- L 15-

L 16

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows:--

Males.

Females.

Total.

Chinese,

1,741

927

2,668

Non-Chinese,

179

154

333

Total 1914,

1,920

1,081

3,001

1913,

2,138

1,593

3,731

This gives a general birth rate of 73 per 1,000 as compared with 94 per 1,000 in 1913 and 7'1 per 1,000 in 1912.

The birth and death rates are based on the estimated popula- tion of the Colony as given on page 12; the increase in the birth rate during 1913 was no doubt due in part to the large influx of Chinese from the mainland and in part to the temporary suspension of the custom which prevails among Chinese women in Hongkong returning to their native villages for the birth of their children. The exodus from Hongkong induced by the European war restored the birth rate to more normal dimensions.

The birth rate among the Non-Chinese community was 16'8 per 1,000 as compared with 15.8 per 1,000 in 1913 and 16-2 in 1912.

The nationalities of the Non-Chinese parents were as follow:- British 137, Portuguese 76, Indian 60, Malay and Filipino 21, Ger- man 11, American, Spanish and Jew 5 each, Dutch, French, African, West Indian and Brazilian 2 each, Austrian, Roumanian and Japanese 1 each.

The number of Chinese births registered does not give.an accurate record of the number of births which have occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering births unless the child has survived for a month and often in the case of female children not at all, it is probable that the majority if not all of the infants which are sickly at birth or die before they have lived one month have not been registered. It is customary, therefore, to as- sume that all children of one month old and under, who are admitted to the various Convents (being brought there sick by poor people) and all young infants found dead in the streets, harbour, hillsides, etc., by the Police, have been born in the Colony but not registered. By adding the number of such children to the number of the registered births it is assumed that a somewhat more correct number of births is obtained and from this is calculated a corrected birth rate.

The number of such children in 1914 was 407 males and 560 females, total 967, which being added to the registered births, makes a total of 3,968 as compared with 4,758 in 1913. The corrected birth rate is, therefore, 97 while amongst the Chinese community alone the rate becomes 9.3 instead of 6'8 per 1,000.

L 17

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked amongst the Chinese, there being 188 males to every 100 females in 1913 the proportion was 137 to 100, and in 1912, 181 to 100. With the addition of the 967 above mentioned unregistered births the proportion becomes 144 males to 100 females.

In the Non-Chinese community the proportion of male births to female births for 1914 was 117 to 100 as compared with 107 to 100 in 1913 and 118 to 100 in 1912.

DEATHS.

The deaths registered during the year numbered 9,585 (8,435 in 1913 and 9,682 in 1912). The general death rate was, therefore, 23:34 per 1,000 as against 21:16 in 1913 and 25'67 in 1912.

The rise in the death rate was due to the epidemic of Bubonic Plague which accounts for no less than 2,020 deaths.

The total number of deaths among the Chinese community was 9,316 which gives a death rate of 23.88 per 1,000 as against 21.75 in 1913 and 26:33 in 1912.

The deaths registered amongst the Non-Chinese community numbered 269 of which 216 were from the Civil population, 24 from the Army, 3 from the Navy, and 26 from foreign navies and the mercantile marine.

This gives a death rate for the Non-Chinese community gen- erally of 12.99 per 1,000 as compared with 109 in 1913 and 145 in 1912 and for the Non-Chinese resident civil population (estimating the mercantile marine population at 900) of 17·85 per 1,000 (156 in 1913).

The nationalities of the deceased were as follows:-British 64, Indian 82, Portuguese 48, Japanese 24, Malay and Filipino 30, American 6, German, French and Jew 3 each, Spanish 2, Russian, Swiss, Belgian and Annamite, each. This gives a death rate of 7·9 per 1,000 for Europeans and Whites (7.1 in 1913), 136 per 1,000 for East Indians (10'4 in 1913) and 187 per 1,000 for races classed as mixed and coloured (204 in 1913).

Table I shows the number and causes of deaths registered dur- ing the year.

L 18

The following Table of population (including Army and Navy), births and deaths is given for the purpose of ready comparison with similar Tables given in the reports from other Colonies :-

Number of inhabitants in 1914

(estimated), exclusive of the New Territories, other than New Kowloon,

Number of Births in 1914,

of Deaths in

of Immigrants in 1914.

of Emigrants in

of inhabitants in 1913.

11,000

Increase,

Decrease.

780

Europeans

and

Whites.

10,220

164

81

Africans.

East

Indians.

Chinese

and

Malays.

Mixed and

Coloured.

5 6.010 390,420

4.055 410,710

60 2,689

86 3,001

82

9,346

76 9.585

168,827

76,269

20

3

6,130877,470

3,917398,520

12.950

138 13,090

120

900

There is an enormous passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China, the passenger figures by river steamers alone being as follows:-

Arrivals 1,079,634, Departures 1,148,720.

While the figures by railway are:-

Arrivals 353,722; Departures 277,512.

It must not be assumed, however, that the excess of arrivals by rail and steamer over the departures (7,124) or the excess of im- migrants over emigrants (92,558) necessarily represents an increase in the population of the Colony, for thousands of those who arrive in this manner subsequently leave for China by the more leisurely launch or junk, while the converse also holds good, and the num- bers so leaving or arriving are not available.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 2,398 or 250 per cent. of the total deaths, as compared with 28-6 per cent. in 1913 and 23.5 per cent. in 1912.

The infant mortality among the Non-Chinese community dur- ing the year was 93 per 1,000 as compared with 156 per 1,000 in 1913 and 113 per 1,000 in 1912. The corresponding figure for England and Wales for the year 1912 was 95 per 1,000.

Total.

C

L 19

Among the Chinese population the deaths of the infants num- bered 2,367 (2,360 in 1913) while only 2,668 Chinese births were registered. Taking the corrected Chinese birth figure to be 3,635 as explained on page 16 it would even then appear that more than two-thirds of the Chinese children born in the Colony die in in- fancy. The Census return for 1911 showed however 1,180 Chinese infants under one year of age and 24,738 Chinese children between the ages of one year and five years, while the Annual Report for that year showed that more Chinese infants died during the year than there were births registered: it is very evident therefore that a large number of small children are brought into the Colony from the mainland of China.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from these diseases for the year was 2,252 (2,537 in 1913) of which 54 were among the Non-Chinese community leaving 2.198 among the Chinese population; 621 out of this total occurred in infants under one year of age (637 in 1913).

Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis alone account for 769 deaths (914 in 1913) of which 742 were Chinese. Pneumonia caused 996 deaths (1,163 in 1913) of which 975 were Chinese. 481 of these deaths from Pneumonia occurred in infants under one year of age (524 in 1913),

The death rate among the Chinese from Respiratory Diseases was 5'6 per 1,000 as compared with 6:5 per 1,000 in 1912 and 1913 ; that for Phthisis alone was 29 per 1,000 as compared with 2:3 in the previous year.

The deaths from Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis amongst the Chinese were 7'9 per cent. of the total deaths amongst that com- munity, as compared with 108 in 1913, 81 in 1912 and 10.0 in 1911; if other deaths from tuberculosis are included the total amounts to 1,054 or 113 per cent. of the total deaths among the Chinese (155 per cent. in 1913).

Considerable efforts are still being made to put a stop to the inveterate habit of the lower class Chinese of spitting in public buildings and offices and on staircases, footpaths, wharves, etc. Notices have been posted in many public build- ings as well as in trancars, ferry boats and other public vehicles, while lectures have been given and leaflets distributed, calling attention to the dangers incident to this habit. It is hoped in this way, coupled with the improved sanitary condi- tion of the native dwellings, to gradually reduce the death rate from Phthisis. The fact that the soil in the lower levels which are the most densely populated) is water-logged during the greater part of the year has no doubt much to do with the heavy mortality from this disease, but it is to be hoped that the influences of education will gradually effect a further reduction in our Phthisis

- L 20

mortality which at present stands at nearly double that of England and Wales, which, in the decennium 1891-1900 was only 13 per 1,000.

NERVOUS DISEASES.

The number of deaths from this heading for the year 1914 was 606 as compared with 655 in 1913 and 501 in 1912. Of these 471 were of Chinese children under 5 years of age. 335 being infants less than one year old. These deaths of Chinese infants comprise 237 deaths from Tetanus, Trismus, and Convulsions, and 93 deaths from Meningitis; the influence of the Public Dispensaries and of the Public Midwives is, however, being gradually felt, and these figures will, we hope, show a steady reduction.

MALARIAL FEVER.

The total number of deaths from Malarial Fever during the year was 241 (as compared with 290 in 1913 and 432 in 1912) of which 5 were Non-Chinese. Of these 236 Chinese deaths, 73 occurred in the City of Victoria (110 in 1913), while there were 58 deaths in Kowloon (47 in 1913), 86 in the villages of Hongkong (95 in 1913), and 19 in the Harbour (30 in 1913). Some of the deaths, however, which occurred in the City were cases brought over from Kowloon or from the Harbour, for treatment in the various City Hospitals; Sai Ying Poon (No. 9 Health District) with 19 deaths was again the most infected district of the City, while Wanchai (No. 2 Health District) showed a marked improvement. The Military figures also show that there has been a steady decrease in the amount of Malaria infection in the Colony. Of the deaths which occurred in the villages 19 were at Shaukiwan (11 from the land population and 8 from the boat population (as compared with 33 in 1913; 47 at Aber- deen (20 from the land population and 27 from the boat population) as compared with 53 in 1913; and 20 at Stanley (9 in 1913). The Stanley registration district includes the village of Tai Tam Tuk where a large number of workmen have been employed throughout the year in the construction of the extension to the Tai Tam reservoir. This explains the marked incrase in the figures for this district.

Anti-malarial measures were first inaugurated in the City in 1899 and during the past year considerable attention has been paid to this work-special visits have been made by the Sanitary Inspec- tors in search of breeding places for mosquitoes, dense tangles of brushwood in the neighbourhood of houses have been cut down, quinine has been administered to school-children in certain selected districts, the trained nullahs have been regularly swept to prevent the formation of waterweed and algæ and standing water has in places been treated with kerosine or with carbolated creosote at regular weekly intervals (including several acres of pools in Kow- loon), while such cases of malaria as have come to the knowledge of the Sanitary Department have been investigated and steps taken to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes in the neighbourhood where they occurred. For this purpose weekly returns of all cases of Malaria admitted to the Hospitals are sent to the Medical Officer of

L 21

mp

Health, while information is also obtained from private medical practitioners as to special outbreaks of Malaria in any portions of the Colony and the death returns are scrutinized for deaths from this disease. Copies of a pamphlet entitled "Advice concerning Mos- quitoes and Malaria," in both English and Chinese, have also been freely distributed to householders and every effort has been made to induce them to take part in the work of mosquito destruction. The amounts spent on nullah training for the years 1912, 1913 and 1914 were respectively $27,225, $18,140 and $33,926, while the total length of trained nullahs and channels built since the commence- ment of anti-malarial work in the Colony is 70,928 feet or 134 miles; the total cost of this work has been $325,496.

The Police Admissions to Hospital for Malaria for the past ten years are shown in the following Table :-

From

From rest

Year.

the

City,

of the Total. Colony.

Average Precent- strength

age of

of Police Strength.

Force.

1905,

42

85

127

1,018

12

1906,

37

37

74

1,047

7

1907,

40

65

105

1,049

10

1908.

32

76

108

1,018

10

1909,

37

50

87

1,050

1910,

66

69

135

1,039

13

1911,

30

83

113

1,031

11

1912,

37

51

88

1,120

1913,

68

95

163

1,170

14

1914,

101

81

182

1,206

15

The following Table shows the total deaths in the Colony from Malaria during each of the past ten years

Year.

Total Deaths from Malaria.

Deaths in the City

(Chinese only).

Total Deaths.

1905,

87

287

1906,

134

448

1907,

138

579

1908,

133

499

1909,

123

422

1910,

282

591

1911.

176

338

1912,

214

432

1913,

110

290

1914.

73

241

Average

378

Average

447

Average

12.2

Average

4.6

L 22

Hygiene is taught systematically in all the schools in the Colony. Lectures have been written for this purpose by the Medical Officer of Health for the information and guidance of school teachers and special attention is paid in the lectures on Malaria to the mode of conveyance of the infection by the mosquito, the manner in which the mosquito breeds, and the measures to be adopted for its extermination.

The Military return of admissions for Malaria is given below from which it will be seen that the ratio per 1,000 is only slightly higher than the ratio in 1913 which was the lowest on record. Much of this infection is contracted in rural districts when the men are under training and camping out.

Admissions for Malaria.-European Troops.

Year.

Strength.

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Invalided. Ratio per 1,000.

1905,..

1,370

348

1906,....

1,515

480

1907,

1,416 287

1908,...

2.012

515

1909,

1,943

269

1910,

1,887

334

1911,.

1,849

232

1912,.

1,797

151

1913,

1,883

80

1914,.

1,654

87

O4OONTOHOO

1

254.0

15

314.7

12

196.0

17

256.0

2

10

138.4

1

9

177.0

125.5

1

84.0

42.5

52.6

Average

232

Average

The admissions for Malaria amongst the Native Troops during 1914 were 565. The ratio of admissions per 1,000 for the last five years were 89 8 in 1910, 318 in 1911, 83·2 in 1912, 83′9 in 1913 and 143.77 in 1914.

Beri-beri.

There were 399 deaths (339 in 1913) from this disease during the year, all except two of which were among the Chinese com- munity; the two Non-Chinese cases were Japanese sailors. During the past few years circulars have been distributed to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet without a sufficiency of other food and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded. The influx of thousands of strangers from the neighbouring provinces is a sufficient explanation of the tem- porary rise in the number of deaths from this disease.

Infectious Diseases.

The total number of cases of infectious disease notified during the year was 2,521 (1,013 in 1913) of which 2,146 were of Plague.

96

Plague,

Kowloon.

Harbour.

New Territories.

Villages of Hongkong. No Address.

Imported.

Total 1914.

Total 1913.

Peak.

The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :-

City of Victoria: Health Districts.

Typhoid Fever,

Paratyphoid Fever,

1

2

ลง

3 4 5

6

CO

7

8 9 10

16114 80

79 74 82 291 75

125 247

16/1

18

19 13

1

4 2

21

N

:

:

:

3

:

:

:

Cholera,

...

:

Small-pox,

2 3

Diphtheria,

2

12

Puerperal Fever,

2

1

Scarlet Fever,..

Relapsing Fever,

:

:

:

:

:

2

:.

:

714

53

12 18

:

1

2

:

:

00

:

:

:

:

CO

2 9

7

1

2

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

1

:.

:

58138

10

16

44 2,146 408

24 140 201

L 23

5

]

1

2

I

19

19 116

00

8

110 111

:

18

70

7

14

4

Co

2

:

:

:

...

:.

:

:

:

2

78 148

1

2

18 26

1

3

...

...

:

L 24

Plague.

The incidence of Plague during 1914 was severe, 2,146 cases being reported (as against 408 cases in 1913 and 1,847 cases in 1912).

The Medical Officer of Health, in the Report for 1912, attributed the severe epidemic of that year to the serious overcrowding which had resulted from the influx of Chinese from the neighbouring provinces and which is believed to have led to a large increase in the rat population of the inhabited districts. The fact that the epidemic of 1912 was followed by a year in which the Plague incidence was light is in accordance with past experience in regard to the alternation of epidemic with non-epidemic years, the most probable explanation of which is that a large proportion of the remaining rats are immune. The further rush of Chinese to the Colony during the latter part of 1913 brought about the same con- ditions in 1914 as had prevailed in 1912 with similar consequences to the health of the Colony. The exodus of Chinese from the Colony following the outbreak of the European war did not occur until the epidemic of Plague was at an end, for there were only 16 cases in the City during August and 8 in September, while in Kowloon the figures for the same two months were 2 and 1 respectively.

once

The measures upon which the Colony relies for the prevention of Plague consist in (1) the exclusion of rats from all dwellings by means of concreted ground surfaces, the protection of all drain openings and ventilating openings by iron gratings and the pro- hibition of ceilings, and hollow walls in new buildings and in those existing buildings from which they have been removed by order; (2) the collection and bacteriological examination of all dead rats- facilities for their collection in the native quarters are provided in the shape of small covered bins attached to lamp posts, telephone posts, electric light standards, etc. These bins contain a carbolic acid disinfectant and the inhabitants are invited to at once put into them all rats found or killed by them. There are 650 of these bins distributed throughout the City and its suburbs, and each of them is visited twice daily by rat collectors who take all rats found in them to the Government Bacteriologist. Each rat is at labelled with the number of the bin from which it is taken, and if subsequently found to be plague infected, a special survey is at once made of the block of houses in the immediate vicinity of such bin, all rat-holes and rat-runs are filled up with broken glass and cement, defective drains and gratings dealt with, and rat-poison freely distributed to the occupants, while the occurrence of several plague-infected rats in one locality is a signal for a special house-to- house survey and cleansing of that district. The disinfectant in the rat bins is renewed not less than once a week; (3) the destruction of rats by poison, traps and birdlime boards; (4) the encouragement of the community to keep cats: (5) the systematic cleansing and washing out of all native dwellings at least once in three months with a flea-killing mixture-kerosine emulsion; (6) an efficient daily scavenging of all streets and lanes and the removal of refuse daily from all houses, coupled with the provision of covered metal dust-

L 25

bins for all houses, to reduce as far as possible the amount of food available for rats; (7) the disinfection of Plague-infected premises by stripping them and washing them out thoroughly with the kerosine emulsion coupled with the disinfection of all bedding, clothing, carpets, rugs, etc., by superheated steam. No objection is raised to the treatment of Bubonic Plague cases in native Hospitals, and no restrictions are imposed in regard to the burial of those dead of Bubonic Plague, except the provision of a substantial coffin, while every effort is made by means of lectures, addresses and explanations to induce the native population to participate in these preventive measures.

There were 72 Non-Chinese cases-twenty-five Indians, eighteen Malays and Filipinos, thirteen Japanese, ten British, four Asiatic Portuguese, one Eurasian and one African. The deaths were twenty Indians, sixteen Malays and Filipinos, seven Japanese, four Portuguese, two British, one Eurasian and one African. Three of the Portuguese cases occurred in one family (a mother and two children). The Non Chinese death rate was therefore 708 per cent.

The Chinese cases numbered 2,074 and the deaths 1,969 giving a death rate of 95 per cent.

It is probable that some undiscovered cases recover and that therefore the case mortality may not be quite so high as would appear from these figures.

During the year 82,715 rats were caught or found dead in the City of Victoria and the adjoining villages and 18,943 in Kowloon, a total of 101,658 as against 108,507 in 1913. Those from the City and villages were examined by the Government Bacteriologist, Dr. Macfarlane, at the Public Mortuary, and those in Kowloon by Dr. Pearse, Assistant Medical Officer of Health, and Dr. Smalley, with the result that 471 of those from the City or 5'7 per 1,000 and 181 of those from Kowloon or 9'5 per 1,000 were found to be infected with Plague.

It is interesting to contrast the Plague incidence among rats with its effects upon the human population. In 1912 the total number of infected rats found in the City was 390 (of which 56 were Mus Rattus), representing a ratio of 5·5 per 1,000 of the total rats obtained, and the number of human cases was 1,333: in 1913 the » total of infected rats was 249 (22 being Mus Rattus) or a ratio of 2.9 per 1,000 and the number of human cases was 299; in 1914 the total of infected rats was 471 (32 being Mus Rattus) or a ratio of 5.7 per 1,000 and the number of human cases was 1,183.

Table III shows the monthly distribution of the Plague-infected rats during the year.

Typhoid Fever.

The number of cases of this disease during the year was 140 compared with 201 during 1913 and 138 in 1912; 24 of the cases were imported. The cases of European or American nationality

L 26

numbered 38 while the Chinese cases numbered 92 and 10 cases occurred amongst the other Asiatic races in the Colony. Four of the British cases and one Portuguese case died, while 59 of the Chinese cases died.

The disease Paratyphoid was made notifiable during the year and 8 cases were reported, namely, 4 British, 3 Chinese and 1 Indian. One of the Chinese cases died.

In many of the cases of Typhoid Fever that occur in the Colony the infection is probably contracted by eating salads of raw rege- tables, which have been grown in Chinese market-gardens, where it is customary to water and manure the plants with diluted human excreta both urine and nightsoil. Residents in the Far East should carefully avoid such articles of food as water-cress, lettuce, etc., in view of this danger of contracting Typhoid Fever. Cholera, or In- testinal Parasites, all of which diseases may be conveyed in this manner. Oysters from neighbouring Chinese ports are also oc- casionally the source of infection.

It is an interesting fact that no less than 22 of the Chinese cases occurred in children under 5 years of age; one British case was also in a child under 5, and one of the Chinese cases of Paratyphoid.

Cholera.

Nineteen cases of Cholera were imported into the Colony from neighbouring ports but no local cases developed.

Small-pox.

During the year 110 cases of Small-pox were certified (111 in 1913 and 709 in 1912) of which 4 were British, 2 Portuguese, 1 German, 1 Japanese and the rest Chinese; 8 of the cases were imported. One British and one Portuguese case died, while 89 of the Chinese cases died.

The number of vaccinations for the year was 8,897 as compared with 10,177 in 1913 and 16,155 in 1912.

Efforts are made to secure the re-vaccination of school children and a memorandum has been issued to all school teachers in the Colony setting forth its advantages, while arrangements are made for re-vaccination free of cost at the schools on application.

Diphtheria.

Seventy-eight cases of Diphtheria were notified throughout the year (148 in 1913), five of them being imported cases. 17 of the cases were Europeans and 14 were "other Non-Chinese." leaving 47 Chinese cases. The cases occurred mostly in the cool and dry

L 27

J

season of the year-there being 9 in December, 21 in January and in February-the remaining months averaging less than four cases each.

child.

Thirty-seven of the Chinese cases died and also one British

Puerperal Fever.

Eighteen cases of this disease were notified throughout the year, (26 in 1913). Seventeen of them were Chinese; 15 of the cases died.

The Government employs nine Chinese midwives, trained in Western methods, to attend the poor in their confinements, and dur- ing the year 2,157 cases were attended by these women as against 2,329 in 1913.

There were 85 cases of abortion, 48 still-births and one case of Puerperal Fever. 70 of the infants died during the year, and 634 were taken back to China, or lost sight of owing to removals; the remainder of the infants are well. Six of the others died from accidents of child-birth, including four cases of Puerperal Fever; the causes of the other two deaths being Plague and Heart-failure respectively.

Rabies.

This disease was introduced into the Colony after many years of freedom, and two Non-Chinese deaths from Hydrophobia were recorded, one being British and the other Japanese. One Chinese child also died of this disease. A muzzling order for dogs was promptly introduced by the Government and is still in force, while the importation of dogs from places in which rabies is known to be endemic has been prohibited for some years past.

INTERMENTS.

The following number of interments in the various cemeteries of the Colony have been reported during the year and in 1913:-

General Cemeteries.

1913.

1914.

Colonial,...

71

77

7

Roman Catholic,

Mohammedan,

1,214

1,274

68

84

Parsee,

1

1

Japanese,

16

15

Total,

1,370

1,454

L 28

Chinese Cemeteries.

1913.

1914.

Mount Caroline,

508

563

Kai Lung Wan. .

1,042

1,716

Tung Wa Hospital,

3,004

2,972

Protestant,

48

50

Eurasian,

4

6

Shaukiwan,

198

174

Aberdeen,

197

200

Stanley,

Shek O,

Ma Tau Wai,

22

42

3

2

1,429

36

Au Pui Loong,

242

2,017

Shai Yu Shek,

116

94

Shai Yu Shek Christian Cemetery,

1

15

Kowloon Tong, .

121

156

Kowloon City (Christian),

11

Chai Wan (Christian),

14

Cheung Leung Tin,

Total,

6,948

8,060

There were in addition 42 cremations of bodies during the year namely 25 at the Sikh Temple, 15 at the Japanese Crema- torium and 2 at Kowloon. No less than 1,086 of the interments in the Roman Catholic Cemetery were the bodies of Chinese children and of these 422 were infants that had been baptized at the convents and died there shortly after admission.

DISINFECTING STATION.

During the year the Disinfecting Stations (in Victoria and in Kowloon) dealt with 81,454 articles of clothing, bedding, etc., (48,118 in 1913).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 282 days and in addition 8,325 articles were washed, and 99 public vehicles were disinfected. The disinfecting apparatus in Kowloon was in use on 227 days.

PUBLIC BATH-HOUSES.

The free Public Bath-houses, erected by the Government at Wanchai and in Pound Lane, Taipingshan, also the temporary bath-houses, fitted up in Chinese tenement houses rented for this purpose, at 92 Second Street and 2 Sheung Fung Lane, have been

م

L 29

in considerable demand by the poor class of Chinese and the following figures show the total number of persons who have used these bath-houses during the year 1914:--

Wanchai,

Pound Lane,

Second Street,

Sheung Fung Lane,

Total,...

The number in 1913 were 377,956.

132,419

169,160

71,960

31,600

405,139

Separate baths, with an ample supply of hot water, are furnished at each of these bath-houses-that at Wanchai is for men only, and is largely used by the coal coolies engaged in coaling ships in the Harbour, and that at Second Street is also for men and boys only. The Pound Lane bath-house has separate buildings for men and for women and children and the Sheung Fung Lane bath- house is for women and children only.

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured not only at any hour of the night or day by telephoning (No. 363) to the Disinfecting Station, Tai Ping Shan, but additional ones are stationed at the following places for use by the Police in all cases of emergency :-

The Bay View Police Station.

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley.

Eastern District Sanitary Office (Queen's Road East).

The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street.

The City Hall.

The Post Office.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wa Hospital.

The entrance gate in Queen's Road West to the Govern-

ment Civil Hospital.

The Western District Sanitary Office.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

Outside the City limits ambulances are also stationed at the Pokfulam Police Station, at Aberdeen, Shaukiwan and Stanley Police Stations, at the Water Police Station at Tsim Sha Tsui and at Tai Po. Ambulances may be obtained at Kowloon by tele- phoning (No. 44K) to the Kowloon Disinfecting Station.

1

L 30

These are all hand ambulances on bicycle or light wooden wheels, with rubber tyres, and of the St. John Ambulance pattern.

Those stationed in the City are in the charge of the various District Inspectors, whose duty it is to see that they are kept clean and efficient, and that they are disinfected after use. At the Sanitary Stations coolies are always available for the conveyance of these ambulances, but at the other Stations the police obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for this purpose, while if the ambulance has been soiled or used for an infectious case, the Sanitary Department is notified so that it may be cleansed and disinfected at once.

Ambulances frnm the Disinfecting Stations and Branch Stations were used 661 times in Hongkong and 261 times in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Thirty-four samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the year all of which were found to be genuine. One sample of condensed milk and four samples of bread were analysed; the milk was found to be spoiled and the consignment was con- demned, while the bread was genuine.

A number of tins and bottles of preserves and sweets, and a small quantity of flour which had become unsound were seized and destroyed. The purity of alcoholic liquors is dealt with by the police, who periodically submit samples for analysis.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, F.R.C.S. (Ed.), Principal Civil Medical Officer.

FRANCIS CLARK, M.D., M.R.C.P., D.P.H.,

Medical Officer of Health.

- L 31 —

DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1914.

4

99

661

10

2 242

24

...

:.

:.

T:.

:

:

1

...

17 26

3

4

2

Small-pox.

Measles.

Typhoid Fever.

Diphtheria.

Cholera.

Diarrhoea.

Dysentery.

Plague.

Malarial Fever.

Puerperal Fever.

Septic Infections.

Syphilis.

Poisoning.

Injuries. Alcoholism.

Developmental Diseases.

Old Age.

General Tuberculosis.

Beri-beri.

Cancer.

Paralysis and Convulsions.

Heart Diseases.

Pneumonia.

Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

2

A.

10

:

...

48

5

4 2

...

:

:

:

:

:

FM.

:

ΟΙ

3 4

I

:

5

3

2 6

7

:

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

16

...

:

:.

:

:

3

ེ ས

10

81214 247

21 116

6

60 143 46

69

09

5

16 2 19

:

19

1

19

У

:

21 257

ลง

84 641 401|322 17 24

34921131 5840

2

1

14 71 148 20 | 4

6

5 139 150 987

52 238 138

4

10 24 299 122 2128

10

:

6

T

:

338

25 30

:

23

:

:

:

:

36 18 245

2

2

74

19

1

42

:

1

:

15 81200 10

81284 17 209

4645 390 | 275399 86275 160| 996769|397 26 3 365 362 381 339 51 422 | 163 1164 911 211 28

67 1481 426 9585

54 156 1322 575 8435

:

3

52 22 11

8

00

2

...

6

:

E

:

:

:

:

4

71 123 1219 73

5 24 83 54

18 35 637 58

I 10 6 28 11

:

2 1 20

2

1

6

co

51|182 8

3 3

23 11

2

:

...

:

F:.

:

:

20

5 9

19

6

2

r Civil,

2 141

British and

Foreign

Community,

Army,

:

Navy,

D

:

:

:

:

:

Victoria and

18

Peak, ...................

Harbour,

12

Kowloon,

55

10

Chinese

Community,

་།

Shaukiwan,... 4

Aberdeen,

Stanley,..

Total, 1914,

4

""

1913,

4

16 106 197 2020 241

84 110 212 386 290 17

3838

Total for 1914, ..............

Total for 1913,

January.

February.

March.

L 32

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1914.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Europeans,

2

3

7

3

15

Plague,

Chinese,

46

41

218

615

826

238

54

Others,

1

3

19

25

7

1

Europeans,

3

1

3

3

3

3

4

Typhoid Fever,

Chinese,

6

7

10

11

6

4

9

Others,

***

2

Paratyphoid Fever,

....

Europeans, Chinese, .. Others, Europeans,

3

3

...

...

: : - - ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

25

10

1

2,074

2,146

403

408

57

5

1

4

5

38

44

4

14

12

3

92

140

136

201

4

1

I

10

21

4

3

00

...

1

**

Cholera,

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,

Small-pox,

Chinese,

3

Others,

Europeans,

10

Diphtheria,

Chinese,

11

Others,

Europeans,

Puerperal Fever.......

Scarlet Fever,...............

Relapsing Fever,

Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others,

Chinese,

1

16

1

...

5

1

1

29

37

18

3

1

2

2

1

5

3

3

1

4

...

102

1

1

8

...

1

1

Others,

Europeans,

3

1

1

...

1

1:2 :ནྡྲ27 ཀ ::- :-

19

19

111

116

5

110

103

111

1

3

30

49

47

78

75

148

1

24

...

17

18

26

26

26

2

1

1

3

...

...

1

:

883

67

291

696

892

265

82

40

66

52

71

84 95 119

101

146

98

74

41 26 17 21

52

52

55

:

:

2,521

:

:

1,013

Total, 1914.

Total, 1913.

L

L 33

Table III.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1914.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

Ni

~~

ai

·σ

co:

7 3 13 6 1

January,

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

September.

August.

October.

November.

December.

thTotal.

32

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,...

14 57 93 149

91 15

6

Total infected rats,

216

64 96 162 97

16

6

Human Cases of

Plague,

41

35 122 353 464 116

28 16

C

3

:

:

:

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1914.

KOWLOON.

Mus Rattus, Mus Decumanus,...

Total infected rats,

Human Cases of

Plague.....

7 31

62 47 21

7 31 62

48 22

7

95 202 289

སྶསྶ} ཚེ

:"

Mond

9 1

1

24 2

1

...

:

:

471

1183

Total.

2

179

181

...

1714

L 34

Annexe C.

REPORT BY ADAM GIBSON, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 33,259, a decrease on the previous year of 5,416. In Kennedy Town 29,645 were admitted, a decrease of 1,355 on last year. There were 46 cattle rejected alive as unfit for food against 39 in 1913. In Ma Tau Kok 3,614 were admitted against 6,647 in the previous year and 25 were rejected alive as unfit for food against 77

in 1913.

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 200,705, a decrease on last year's total of 16,917.

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 32,127, a decrease of 1,413 on 1913.

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

Rinderpest.

A few cases were met with in the Depôts in the early part of the year but it had entirely disappeared by the end of the third quarter and has not since occurred.

Foot and Mouth Disease.

As in 1913 no cases were found.

Anthrax.

While in 1913 no cases were reported, in 1914 2 cases were found in the Slaughter House.

Tuberculosis.

As usual no cases were observed on native cattle but four carcases of 'cast' cows from local dairies were destroyed on account of this disease and several carcases were partially destroyed. Several advanced cases of genealised Tuberculosis were taken direct to the crematorium for destruction and did not come through the Slaughter House at all.

Coccidiosis.

An interesting case of this disease was observed in the liver of a Chinese buffalo. The animal was in good condition but the liver was found to be infected throughout. There was no alteration to the naked eye in any part of the bowel and scrapings from various parts of the bowel wall did not show any coccidia microscopically. This disease, so far as I can find out, has only hitherto been noticed in the Colony in tame rabbits and domestic fowls.

L

L 35

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematorium for the year were:

Cattle, -

Sheep and goats,

Swine,

Horses, -

Dogs and miscellaneous animals,

39

73

204

55

807

Condemned meat from the Slaughter House, - 6,464 lbs.

Besides the above, 54 cart loads of old papers and books from Government Offices and private firms were destroyed.

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 the following

collected :

fees were

75 large animals at $2.00 each,

92 small

Bone ash sold,

private papers,

0.50

Refund for fuel used in destroying

Total,

$150.00

46.00

65.00

9.48

$270.48

The amount of coal used was 33 tons, 15 cwts., 18 lbs.

SLAUGHTER HOUSE REVENUE.

Kennedy Town :-

Slaughtered.

1913.

1914.

$ C.

$ c.

Cattle @ 40 c....... 31,250–12,500.00 Sheep @ 20 c.... 17,278 3,455.60

= Swine @30 c.....197,189 59,156,70 Cattle and swine slaugh-

tered at Pokfulam,

29,050-11,620.00

17,003 3.400.60 178,901 - 53,670.30

892.10

Duplicate order lost,......

.25

Exported.

Cattle @ 50 e...

313-

156.50

Sheep @ 10 c...

16,264

1,626,40

495 14,627

247.50 1,462.70

Swine @ 10 c..

10,452

1,045.20

་ ་

9,878= 987.80

$77,940.65

$72,281.00

Ma Tau Kok :-

Slaughtered.

1913.

1914.

$

C.

$ C.

Cattle @ 40 c..........

6,659

2,663.60

3,592

Sheep @ 20 c............. 308=

Swine @30 c... 37,458

Outstanding tickets sold,

Exported :--Nil.

61.60

11,237.40

242 40,205

1,436.80 48.40 12,061.50

160.20

$13,706,90

L 36

Sai Wan Ho :--(Contracted out.)

1913.

$ C.

Swine,

6,445 = 2, 16.00

Aberdeen

པ།

(Contracted out.)

1913.

$

1914.

$ C.

5,760 1,980.00

Swine,

3,517= 768.80 3,270= 804.00

The total revenue, including contracts, from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses is as follows:-

1914.

$ c.

1913.

1914.

Kennedy Town, Fees,

$77,940.65

$72,281.00

Ma Tau Kok, Fees,...

13,962.60

13,706.90

Kennedy Town, Blood and Hair Contract,.. Ma Tau Kok

7,044.00

7,404.00

1,140.00

1,296.00

Sai Wan Ho, Slaughtering Contract.

2,016.00

1,980.00

Aberdeen

768.00

804.00

39

$102,871.25 $97,471.90

The total number of animals slaughtered for food was :-

1913.

1914.

Cattle.

Sheep Swine. Cattle. Sheep

Swine.

Ma Tau Kok,

Kennedy Town,.. 31,250 6,659

and Goats. 17,278 197,189

and

Goats.

29,050

17,003

178,901

308 37,458

3,592

242

40,205

Aberdeen,

3,517

3,270

Sai Wan Ho,.

6,445

5,760

Total,

Grand Total,

37,909 17,586 244,609 32,642 17,245 228,136

300,104

278,023

The following table shows the numbers of animals slaughtered during the past ten years:-

Year.

Cattle.

1905,..

26,758

1906,.

27,141

1907,

27.631

1908,.

29,612

1909,

30,848

1910,.

30,504

1911,.

30,371

1912,

33,761

1913,

37,909

1914,.......

32,642

Average

28,398.

for 5 years, for 5 years,

ərdən

33,037.

Sheep and Goats.

19,774

16,403

18,279

18,104

17,855

17,439 17.671

18,177

17,586

17,245

Average

18,083.

for 5 years, for 5 years,

Average

17,623.

Swine.

186,059

206,586

206,124

185,231

182,791

223,705 227:597

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years, 233,400.

192,158

242,956

244,609

228,136

L 37

NEW TERRITORIES.

No outbreaks of diseases among animals was reported during The outbreak of Rinderpest mentioned in last year's report had come to an end before the beginning of 1914.

the year.

GRASS SUPPLY FOR GOVERNMENT BULLOCKS.

Only a very little more land on Mt. Davis was cultivated as the steepness of the hill renders cultivation more and more difficult until the expense hardly warrants further extension. The grass supplied to Hongkong and Kowloon amounted to 240 19 tons against 212.75 tons in 1913. The land cleared beside the Kowloon Disinfecting Station has been very productive but no record has been kept of the actual weight of the grass cut.

EXPORT OF LARD TO THE PHILIPPINES.

The special factories erected at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town by Chinese lard makers to comply with the pure food laws of the United States of America have done more business than in 1913. The following are the figures :-

Lard,.

Dried meats,

1912. 1,199,342 81,084

1913.

840,917 75,592

1914. 1,050,959 lbs.

59,181 lbs.

It may be noted that during the last quarter of the year one of the factories sent a consignment of 43,200 lbs. of lard to Liverpool.

DAIRIES AND COW SHEDS.

A small outbreak of Rinderpest occurred at the Dairy Farm premises and also at the Cow Sheds belonging to the Mission Etrangères. In the case of the latter outbreak, the cattle in infected sheds were destroyed and compensation paid, and the disease did not attack the remaining sheds. The cattle concerned in the former outbreak were treated with Anti-Rinderpest serum.

IMPORTATION OF FRESH BEEF AND MUTTON.

The Dairy Farm Company were the only importers of frozen and chilled meat. The amount imported was 335,193 tbs of Beef and 353,671 lbs. of mutton and lamb.

RABIES.

After an absence of many years a case of Rabies in the dog was found in Yaumati. The history of the case pointed to infection from Chinese Territory. Action was immediately taken to prevent the spread of the disease, riz., registration and muzzling of all dogs and the destruction of all stray dogs found on the streets at night. This energetic action on the part of the Police while it can hardly yet be said to have stamped out the disease has been the means of closely confining it. Very many dogs were placed under observation but in seven cases only did the suspicions prove well founded. One fresh case has been found since the beginning of the year but there is every hope that the steady pressure of the muzzling order will ultimately suppress the disease. Various reports from Coast Ports indicated that Rabies was to be found fairly well distributed on the mainland.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the revenue derived from Markets :·

Markets.

1901 to 1910 (Average for 10 years),

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

$

C.

$

C.

Central Market,

48,546.08

59,457.76

60,850.80

60 199.20

60,340.20

Hung Hom Market,

2,634.72

3,940.80

3,756.50

3,746.59

3,831.40

Mong Kok Tsui Market,

963.37

1,076.00

1,050.00

1,159.80

1,259.90

Sai Wan Ho Market,

1,870.73

1,780.60

1,698.80

1,823,50

2 274.80

Sai Ying Poon Market,

11,986.08

14,016.94

14,781.60

14,806.00

14 955.10

Shaukiwau Market,

1,034.23

1,643.70

2,036 00

2,015.60

2,036.30

Shek Tong Tsui Market,

531.33

750.20

818 10

853.20

853.20

So Kon Po Market,

1,213.56

1,391.50

1,449.30

1,482.00

1,479.00

Tai Kok Tsui Market,

533.74

719.90

620.80

611.80

632.40

Tsim Sha Tsui Market,.

1,146 20

3,963.60

3,969.00

4,243.70

Wan Tsai Market, Western Market, (New),

3,555.03

4,435.20

4,770.50

4,861.20

4,861.20

10,532.15

14,384.80

15,298.20

13,239.70

18,893.10

Yaumati Market,

Western Market, (Old),

Aberdeen Market,

22,714.13

21,750.90

22,623,20

20,2+0.40

30,185.00

5,811.78

7,898,00

7,938.50

9,149.30

10,324.40

387.00

496.00

464.20

Canal Road (opened April 1913),

Praya East (opened December 1913).

Reclamation Street (opened September 1913),.

Staunton Street,

Tai Hang (opened 1st October 1914),

387.00

516.00

194.60

683.00

1,821.50

3,606.30

162.00

670.50

714.40

351.30

Total.

111,926.93

133,892.50

142,224.90 148,845.10

162,504.90

- L 38 —

L 39

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY Dr. W. V. M. KOCH, Superintendent.

Dr. J. Bell went on leave in September, and retired from the service on pension in December. I was appointed to succeed him as Superintendent and Dr. W. B. A. Moore took over my duties.

Sister Lee returned from leave.

The following Sisters left the service-Sisters Gourlay and Wilks, and Anderton and Parkinson-the former two on their mar- riage, the latter two on completion of engagement. During the year the Nursing Staff was increased by three Nursing Sisters. The vacancies and new appointments were filled by Sisters Astin, Bone, Benson, Lawrence, Kenny, Chettle and Craddock.

Wardmaster Grant went home on long leave, and Wardmaster Tong Po retired on pension.

Three honorary appointments were made to the Civil Hospital, viz., an honorary visiting surgeon, physician, and obstetric physician. These are in charge of certain beds, and in addition are clinical teachers of their subjects in the University. Mr. Martyn Lobb, Dr. Aubrey and Dr. Forsyth were appointed to these posts.

STATISTICS.

The total number of admissions was 2,742 as against 2,793 in 1913. In the out-patient department 13,828 prescriptions were dis- pensed as against 13.778, and 200 vaccinations were performed as against 539.

The average daily number of sick was 86·76 as against 85°7.

The following tables are attached :-

1. Admissions and Deaths under respective diseases.

2. Yearly Admissions for Malaria from each Police Station. 3. Number and class of Patients admitted during last ten

years, and deaths.

Women and Children -There were 328 women admitted as compared with 343 in 1913 with a death rate of 103 per cent., and 107 children with a death rate of 14'8 per cent. against 111.

L 40

Sp

Deaths-The deaths numbered 194 making a percentage of 71 as against 178 with a percentage of 6'4. Of these deaths 94 occurred within 24 hours of admission.

Nationality of Patients admitted:-Europeans 620 as against 553, Indian and Coloured 789 as against 771, Asiatics 1,333 as against 1,469. The death rate was--Europeans 28 per cent., Indians 4 per cent. and Asiatics 108 per cent.

DISEASES.

The most prevalent diseases were :——

Increase.

Or1

1914. 1913.

Decrease.

Malarial Fever,

Beri-beri,

Influenza,

324

254

+70

45

52

- 7

15

42

- 27

Dysentery,

35

26

+ 9

Diphtheria,

15

31

16

Tuberculosis, -

74

82

Rheumatism, -

80

89

Diseases of Respiratory System,

200

193

11+

8

Digestive

268 276

Injuries,

530 608

--78

The largest number of deaths occurred in the following

diseases :-

Cholera,

Plague,

11 deaths.

44

Tuberculosis,

Diseases of Respiratory System,

12

73

10

"

"

Digestive Urinary

9

"

"

13

"

21

Injuries,

47

11

New Growths:-The following cases of malignant disease were under treatment :-

Chinese male, Portuguese female, -

Chinese,

22

29

י י

A

""

male,

*

93

female,

male,

Epithelioma of Neck.

-

aged 35 54

www

Cancer of Uterus.

43

Sarcoma of Neck.

38

Cancer of Uterus.

36

Sarcoma of Gland.

,

43

14

7+

37

Epithelioma of Tonsil.

Dermoid Cyst of Ovary.

Submaxillary Cancer.

Chinese female,

L 41

- aged 49

-

Cancer of Uterus.

62

Cancer of Scar.

""

21

"

male, female,

Indian male.

46

Malignant Tonsil

34

Cancer of Breast.

Epithelio- [ma.

50

Cancer of Uterus.

""

53

11

Chinese

57

""

29

Sarcoma of base of Skull.

Epithelioma of Tongue.

Fractures :-The following fractures were treated

18, with 15 deaths.

7

8, with 1 death.

6

2

2

4, with 2 deaths.

Skull,

Thigh, -

Leg,

Arm,

Forearm,

2

Clavicle,

Jaw,

Spine,

Patella,

Radius alone,

6

Ribs,

1

Tibia alone

2

Pott's fracture

1

Os Calcis, Metatarsals, -

1

Metacarpals, -

Malarial Fever

-The number of cases under treatment was 324, an increase of 70 over that of last year. No points of interest presented themselves.

Typhoid Fever:-16 cases were under treatment as against 20. One case died. No abnormal symptoms occurred.

Dysentery :-There were 35 cases with 2 deaths. Emetine continues to give the excellent results it promised, and is always used.

Appendicitis:-16 cases were under treatment of these 7 were European males, and 6 European females; there were also an Indian female, a Chinese female and a Portuguese male. Fourteen case were operated on-two died after operation.

Operations: There were 210 cases done under anæsthetics. Of the major operations there were 6 laparotomics, intestinal adhesions 1, appendicectomy 13 (with 2 deaths), salpings-oophorectomy 1, cystic ovary 1, splenectomy 2 (with 1 death), radical cure of hernia 10,

L 42

P

incarcerated hernia 1 case (fatal), hæmorrhoids 7, fistula in ano 4, curettage of uterus 3, vesical calculus 1, amputations 7 (1 fatal), plating and wiring fractures 7, adenoids and tonsils 3.

Maternity Hospital.

There were 261 admissions as against 213. Of these 100 were free patients, and the remainder were paying patients-Europeans numbered 73, and of these 39 belonged to the Garrison as against 47 last year.

The wives of Government servants numbered 39, as against 28.

There were 122 male infants born, and 94 female infants-still births numbered 8. Vertex presentations numbered 206, of which ROA occurred 22 times, ROP 2 and LOP 2. There were 6 breech presentations and two foot presentations. Forceps were applied 7 times; craniotomy done once. There was one case of eclampsia (fatal), one of placenta prævia (fatal), one of accidental hæmorrhage (fatal). There was also one case of hydatid mole and one of contracted pelvis. Twins occurred twice, males each time.

Police.

The strength of the Force in 1914 was 1,270, consisting of 175 Europeans, 483 Indians and 612 Chinese.

Admissions: -There were

728 under treatment as against

771-Europeans 166, Indians 451 and Chinese 111.

Sick Rate:-

Europeans

95 per cent. as against 86′2

Indians

Chinese -

93

>"

18

72.5

41.1

Diseases:

The chief diseases were :—

Malarial Fever

Digestive Diseases

Respiratory Diseases

Diseases of Lymphatic System

Dysentery

- 197 cases.

- 48

78

"

38

11

Injuries

7

85

Malaria-There were 17 Europeans attacked making 97 per cent. as against 57 per cent., 156 Indians, 32:3 per cent. as against 16'17, and 24 Chinese, 39 per cent. as against 7·7.

Invaliding-Two Europeans and two Indians were invalid-

ed as against a total of 20 in 1913.

J

- L 43

Deaths: The deaths amounted to 15 :-

Europeans 3.-(Pulmonary Phthisis, Nephritis, and Bullet

Wound).

Indians 5.-(Anæmia 2, Cerebral Apoplexy, Pneumonia,

Pleurisy).

Chinese 7. (Plague 3, Pyæmia, Pneumonia, Beri-beri and

Gangrene of Scrotum).

Mortality Rate:-

Europeans

Indians

Chinese

17 per cent. as against 0:57 1:03

1.14

19

0:16

0.68

The Gaol Staff.

There were 82 admissions as against 55 last year, and there was one death, and no invalidings.

Sanitary Department.

There was 27 admissions as against 23. No deaths, no in- validings.

Diseases.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox,

L 44

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1914 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1913. sions.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital at end

Deaths,

Treated.

of 1914,

Chicken-pox,

Rotblen,

co::

3

Typhus,

Dengue,

3

3

Influenza,

15

15

1

Diphtheria,

15

3

15

1

Febricula,

27

27

Enteric Fever,

2

14

1

16

co:

3

Cholera,

15

11

15

Dysentery,

}

34

2

35

1

Mumps,

3

Plague,

58

4

35

3

44

58

::

Malarial Fever:-

1. Quartan,

1

1

2

2. Simple Tertian,

89

3. Malignant,

3

230

4. Chronic Malarial Poisoning,..

Beri-beri,..

Pyæmia,

Septicæmia,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

Leprosy,

Relapsing Fever,

1

Hæmoglobinuric Fever,

:

Paratyphoid,....

3

3

Whooping Cough,

Syphilis,

55

56

3

(a) Primary,

7

7

(b) Secondary,

9

9

(c) Inherited,

3

3

Gonorrhoea,

56

60

Hydrophobia,

1

Hæmophilia,

Rickets,

45

2

4

6

68 12

:: BA-Ni wii

89

3

233

45

1

2

4

74

Carried forward,...... 18.

763

89

781

26

L

- L 45

le I.

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Kate M

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total. Total

at end Admis- of 1913. sions.

Cases

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Hospital

at end

Cases

Admis-

of 1913.

sions. Deaths. Treated.

Hospital at end of 1914.

Remain- ing in Hospital

3

: ܗ:

:

10

∞0: 5 N

2

5

10

21:

:

:

2

25

25

3

COUN

2

1

3

61

:

:

:

:

:

...

64

3

33

19

19

10:

:

:

:~

...

10

10

5

:

2

3

99

102

...

...

L 46

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1914 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1913.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Admis-

sions. Deaths.

Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

Brought forward,...

18

763

89

781

26

GENERAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Alcoholism,

51

52

Rheumatism,

2

78

80

3

Gout,

New Growth, Non-malignant,

10

10

New Growth, Malignant,

13

3

14

Anæmia,

Diabetes Insipidus,.

1

9

10

1

56

60

Debility,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Neuritis,

Meningitis,

Congestionof Brain,

Functional Nervous Disorders:

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,..

Neuralgia,

Insomnia,...

Hysteria,

Neurasthenia,

Mental Diseases :-

Idiocy,...

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Delusional Insanity,

Diseases of the Eye,

Ear,

8

5

2

9

20

122

сс

600122

1

1

1

1

3

50

53

:

9

2

Carried forward,...... 32

1,090

97 1,122 35

i

L 47

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1913.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated

ing in Hospital

at end

of 1911.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Admis- sions,

Deaths, Treated.

at end

of 1914.

3

61

...

T:.

1

1

64

8

::

...

3

99

I

102

10

II

: ܗ:

19:2

...

15

Giai

6

6

15

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

::

...

...

1

⠀⠀ ⠀ co

3

...

1

1

2

...

1

3

...

...

:

2

10

...

...

་་་

1

...

O

...

...

85

90

1

...

252

242

1231

2

3

1

10

5

148

1

153

Diseases.

- L 48

Brought forward, ...

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1914 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1913. sions.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

32 1,090

97 1,122

35

Diseases of the Nose,.

1

1

:

""

"

Circulatory System,...

2

20

3

22

""

""

Respiratory System,...

8

192

10

200

3

29

Digestive System,

10

258

9

268

9

""

27

29

Lymphatic System,...

71

71

""

""

Pregnancy,

29

>>

Urinary System,

3

32

13

35

$ 3

""

""

Male Organs,

""

"7

دو

Generative System,...

Female Organs,

Organs of Locomotion,

::

:

:

71

3

73

35

37

3 2

3

2

58

Cellular Tissue,

80

84

5

""

19

37

>>

Skin,

Injuries, General,

Local,

63

63

1

::

516

47

530

18

Malformations,

Poisons,

Chronic Opium,

Parasites,

1

7

8

20

6

20

1

31

Fracture, Dislocation of Neck,

(Execution),...

::

:

32

1

Effects of Heat,

Immersion,

1

22

3

23

1

3

Pregnancy,

Miscarriage,

Under Observation,

Local,

In Attendance,

Accompanying Patients,

Observed mentally and certified of

sound mind,

Malingering,

Parturition, (Female Prison),

Strangulation, (Suicidal),

1

2

2

60

60

29

29

:

:

:::

...

Total,........ 83 2,659 194 2,742

80

1

1

L 49

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

at end Admis-

of 1913. sions. Deaths.

Cases Treated..

ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

5

85

90

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Admis- sions,

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Deaths. Treated.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

10

5

148

1

153

:

1

1

8

2

8

1

I

60

1

60

29

29

1

104

105

1

4

5

1

9

10

3

...

:

1

6

7

4

1

1

4

4

1

8

1

1

7

1

6

4

...

...

...

:::

6

...

4

...

...

1

...

...

...

...

...

...

1

30

1

31

5

5

1

1

16

...

16

2 5

1

...

...

13

13

:

...

61

:

68

...

44

61

1

...

1

1

1

:::

8

8

68

1 00 00 CO

6

8

3

∞ co co

6

8

...

3

1

1

8 158

1 166

79

483

7 562

:

L 50

Table II.-Showing prevalence of Malarial Fever in the different Police Stations during 1914.

Station.

No. of Cases.

Percentage

Increase or Decrease

to

Strength.

over 1913.

Central,

82

22.1

+ 11.3

No. 2,

6

9.1

8.4

7,

18

19.0

+

5.6

""

""

8,

Aberdeen, Stanley,

0

1.6

10.3

5.4

44.5

22.1

Shaukiwan,.

20.8

+ 12.5

Shek 0,

50.0

Gough Hill,

17.6

+ 12.9

Tai O,..

0

6.2

Water Police,

6

2.7

1.3

Yaumati,.

1

2.1

2.3

Kowloon City,

0

62.0

Hung Hom,

1

4.3

0.2

Sham Shui Po,

5

29.4

+ 17.7

Tai Po,

20

125.0

18.7

Sha Tau Kok,

36.3

4.8

Ping Shan,

9

45.0

+ 29.3

San Tin,

5

38.4

=

Sheung Shui,

1

4.0

9.3

Au Tau,

7.6

53.9

Tsun Wan,

1

10.0

35.4

Tung Chung,

2

20.0

30.0

Sai Kung,

1

12.5

+ 2.5

Cheung Chau,

1

7.0

+

7.0

Sha Tin,

1

11.0

+ 11.0

Kennedy Town,

1

14.3

+ 14.3

Tai Tam,

3

100.0

+ 100.0

Tsat Tsz Mui,

5

83.0

+ 83.0

Total,.........

193

15.5

+

6.1

·

1

Table III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

Class of Patients.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

Police,

726

742

776

660

633

613

519

657

771

728

Paying Patients,

866

720

762

724

659

591

631

735

667

723

Government Servants,

271

339

367

315

250

352

188

249

257

312

Police Cases,

329

307

318

285

287

432

313

380

370

283

Free,

512

637

488

343

555

674

719

710

728

696

Total,..

2,704

2,745

2,711

2,527

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

2,742

L 51

Total Deaths,.

150

167

170

157

131

147

173

194

178

194

Percentage,

5.6

6·0

6.2

6.2

5.4

5.6

7.3

7.1

6.4

7.1

L 52

REPORT BY DR. E. L. MARTYN LOBB, Honorary Visiting Surgeon, Government Civil Hospital.

The appointment of Honorary Visiting Surgeon to the Govern- ment Civil Hospital was instituted and gazetted on June 27th, 1914.

Work was commenced on July 1st, 1914, and the following beds were placed at the disposal of the Honorary Visiting Surgeon,

viz.:

(a) All of the cases in No. 13 ward for natives.

(b) All surgical cases, except emergency cases, in Ward No. 14. (c) All surgical cases in No. 12 female ward.

The work of the Clinic has been carried out by the following:-

J

House Surgeon, ..G. H. Thomas, M.B., B.S.,

Dressers,

(Hongkong),

...July to Dec.

Chak Chiu Hang, S. R.

Krishnan, F. M. da Graça

Ozorio, A. S. Tuxford, ...July to Sept. Wong Siong Cie, Teoh

Cheng Toe,

...Oct. to Dec.

Ward Clerks,

Wong Siong Cie,

Teoh

Cheng Toe,

...July to Sept.

Tiang Eam,

Teh Lean Swee, Cheah

The work of the Clinic is summarised in the following table:--

...Oct. to Dec.

Month.

Admis- sions.

Operations. Deaths.

Average Daily No.

Patient.

July,

52

August,

60

September,

43

464

14

ران

3

22.1

16

2

21.2

24

26.6

October...

November,

888888

39

18

01

1

25.5

30

15

0

15.5

December,

29

12

0

16.3

July to December,... 253

99.

21.2

-

L 53

The Honorary Visiting Surgeon has made a Teaching Round on three mornings of the week from 11.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon, and operations have been performed on the other three days of the week as required. Medical students of the University other than those holding appointments in the Clinic have been welcomed to the Teaching Rounds and also to the Operation Room.

The reports of the cases have been kept by the Ward Clerks. They will be carefully indexed and will form valuable material for future reference, information and research.

The dressing of all cases has been done by the Dressers and they have also performed certain minor and simple operations with the assistance and under the immediate supervision of the Honorary Visiting Surgeon.

The House Surgeon has also performed certain operations under similar conditions and in addition has given the greater number of anæsthetics required in the Clinic.

A start has been made of a Museum of Surgical Pathology in connection with the Clinic.

Two students of the Clinic, viz., Mr. F. M. da Graça Ozorio and Mr. Chak Chiu Hang, obtained the degree of M.B, B.S., (Hong- kong), at the examination held in December, 1914.

――w.m.com

L 54

Annexe E.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY Dr. J. T. C. JOHNSON, Medical Officer in Charge.

Buildings.-These were maintained in good order, and certain minor repairs effected.

The Nursing Staff consisted of three Sisters as hitherto, five of the Sisters of the Department being on duty for varying periods.

Admissions.-There were 158 admissions during the year as compared with 224 in the previous year. One death occurred and was due to General Peritonitis.

:

Malarial Fever.-Thirty such cases were admitted in the previous year 43 cases of this disease were treated. The varieties of Malaria found were:-

Benign Tertian,

2

Summer-Autumn or Sub-tertian, 25 Chronic Malarial Poisoning,

3

The monthly distribution of Malaria was found to be :-

January,

February,

4 0

March,

April,

May....

2

June,

July,

August,

September, October, .. November,

December,

L

6

3

1

1

-

4

2

-

J

L

-L 55

Annexe F'.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. B. A. MOORE, Medical Officer.

During the year there were 187 patients under treatment (259 in 1913).

103 cases were brought in by the Police (140 in 1913).

There were 34 paying patients (34 in 1913). The deaths numbered 15 being 802 of the number under treatment (6'5° in 1913).

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1914.

Remain- ing at

Admit- end of ted.

Total Number Treated.

Dis- charged.

Died.

1913.

Remain- ing at end of 1914.

M.

F. M. F. M. F. M. F.

M. F.

M.

F.

2

27

C

31

2 21

ŏ 0

5

10

1

CO

6

6

CO

0 5

0

1

0

0

77 49 81 51 75 49

7

1

2

1

LO

5

5 58

2

0

2

Europeans,

4

ลง

Indians,

0

Chinese,

2

Other Nationalities,...

3

Total,

11 7115 54 | 126 | 61 103 54

14

9

I. 56

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1914.

Yearly Total.

Remaining

Total Cases in Hospital

Treated. at end of

1914.

Diseases.

Remaining in Hospital at end of 1913.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Dis- charged.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

Tuberculosis,

Plague,

Burns,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases

of the Nervous

System :---

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous Dis-

orders :-

Epilepsy,

SUB-SECTION III.

Mental Diseases :-

Imbecility,

General Paralysis of the

Insane,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

15

1

1

1

:

10

13

15

1

30

1

{

10

J

4

·

:

·

I

1

60

17

5

14

2

48

CONN

:

54

64

14

19

-4 3 1

12

19

5

6

51

52

T

L

30 13

169

15 157

187

15

244

17 224

259

18

1Q0

Delusional Insanity,........

Under Observation,

Total, 1914,..

18

"

1913,....

15

J

7

L 57

Annexe G.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS, KENNEDY TOWN.

REPORT BY Dr. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer in Charge.

Buildings.-The various buildings have been well cared for during the year. No structural alterations have taken place but the premises, internally and externally, have been repainted.

All of the patients suffered from Small-pox.

In all eight cases were treated (9 in 1913). males and three were females.

Of these five were

Between April 3rd and June 11th seven patients were admitted with two deaths. Of the patients who died one was a young, un- vaccinated child and one adult was suffering from hæmorrhagic small-pox. The latter had only been vaccinated in childhood. During December one patient was admitted and recovered.

Maximum and minimum periods of detention in hospital:- Maximum, 30 days (recovery). Minimum, 2 days (death).

Nationalities of patients.-English 1, Scotch 3, Portuguese 2, Japanese 1, German 1.

The following gives the relationship between Vaccination and the severity of the attack (as judged by the rash being discrete, confluent or hæmorrhagic) :-

Vaccinated in childhood and at least once after.

Vaccinated in childhood only.

Not vaccinated.

Hæmorrhagic,

Confluent,

Discrete,

1

ลง

2

1

3

1

TUNG WA SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE). Buildings.---The buildings have been maintained in a good and sanitary condition. No important alterations have been made.

The total admissions were seventeen.

Small-pox and Plague were treated.

L 58

Small-pox Cases.

Admitted,

Died,

Still under treatment,

Discharged,

14

7

6

One case was admitted for observation but proved not to be Small-pox.

Plague. Two cases of Secondary Pneumonic Plague were treated.

One of these died and the other was returned to the main hospital where recovery took place.

J

-

4

4

1

L 59

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL.

REPORT BY Dr. C. W. McKENNY, Medical Officer.

Dr. W. B. A. Moore took over charge of the Gaol Hospital on the 18th of March, and I resumed my position on the 23rd of Sep- tember.

Buildings.-The buildings in general and the yards have been maintained in good condition, and the sanitary arrangements are satisfactory.

Gaol Hospital. The total admissions during the year were 483 (324 in 1913).

The number of cases of Malaria treated was 10. There were no deaths from this disease.

The following is the number of cases of Malaria treated during the past ten years:-

1905,

1906.

1907,

1908,

1909,

52

1910,

22

1911.

56

1912,

68

1913,

13

1914,

16

3

12

10

10

There were 33 admissions (40 in 1913) grouped under the heading of Febricula. In these cases no malarial parasites could be found, and the condition never gave cause for anxiety.

Nineteen cases of Dysentery were treated in hospital with no deaths. In 1913 there were 19 cases with one death.

Seven cases of Typhoid Fever occurred, all of which recovered, as against 20 cases last year with one death.

There were 5 admissions for Beri-beri with no death, as com- pared with 6 admissions in 1913.

The following were the admissions on account of other diseases:

:-

Debility,

15

Anæmia,

6

Injuries,

16

Syphilis,

10

Opium Habit,

61

Gonorrhoea,

2

Phthisis,

20

Diseases of the Circulatory System,

8 with 2 deaths.

Digestive System,... 104

"

Respiratory System, 40 Cellular Tissues,

1 death.

30

1

""

Lymphatic System,

9

Mental Diseases,

10

Rheumatism,

10

1

Skin Diseases,...

5

Other Diseases,

63

L 60

The total number number of out-patients treated was 2,348 (1,981 in 1913).

The principal diseases were :—

Scabies,

Ringworn,

Injuries,

Diseases of the Eye,

Ear,

""

Syphilis,

Gonorrhoea,..

Opium Habit,

Rheumatism.

125

253

125

56

28

73

34

90

32

Diseases of the Respiratory System,... 289

Digestive System,

Cellular Tissues,

Other Skin Diseases,

792

99

89

There were 5 deaths during the year (10 in 1913).

Out of 272 cases detained for observation 40 were admitted to the hospital, 125 were treated as out-patients, and 107 were found to be malingering.

2,149 prisoners were vaccinated during the year. Of this number, 920 were successful, 621 were unsuccessful, and 608 were not examined owing to early discharge from Gaol on expiration of their sentence.

The following prisoners were permanently discharged from Gaol on medical grounds :-

Phthisis,

Leprosy,

Plague,

Chronic Bronchitis,

1

Insanity,

3

Total,

13

as compared with 16 in 1913 and 22 in 1912.

GENERAL REMARKS.

Health of the prisoners :-The health of the prisoners during the year has been satisfactory and there was a considerable diminu- tion in the number of cases of serious illness. The number of deaths and discharges from Gaol on medical grounds was less than in recent years.

There was an increase in the number of prisoners who attended at the out-patient department for unimportant conditions requiring simple remedies, e.g., constipation, diarrhoea, toothache: and among

-

L

L 61

the cases suffering from various affections of the skin there were many which required a daily visit to the out-patient department for a considerable period, thus increasing the total number of attend-

ances.

Rates of Sickness and Mortality.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of :-

Rate per cent. of :-

Prisoners Admitted to Gaol.

Admissions to Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Deaths due

to Discase.

Prisoners in Gaol.

Sick in Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Admissions to Hos-

pital to Total

Admissions to Gaol.

Daily Average in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of Prisoners coming to Out-patient De- partment to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Dis- ease to Total Ad- missions to Gaol,

1913, 6,822 324 | 1,981 10702 12:08 | 53-85

4.74

1.72

7.67

0.14

1914, 4,050 483 2,348 5601 13:36 83.84 11.92

22

138

0.12

Cases remaining over at end of 1914 in Victoria Gaol Hospital :-

Debility (Senile),

Diseases of the Digestive System,

وو

Cellular Respiratory

13

รา

Febricula,-

Chronic Opium Poisoning, (Opium Habit),

Total,

I

10

1

1

1

1

4

L 62

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer.

The number of cases treated at the Government Dispensary, Kowloon, shows an increase of 1,645 over the figures for 1913, a satisfactory feature being a steady increase in the number of Chinese females and children who have come up for treatment.

The Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon, with statistics (which is attached) shows an increase of 201 post mortems as com- pared with the previous year, mainly due to an outbreak of Plague.

During the year 18,943 rats were sent to the Mortuary for examination by the Medical Officer, 181 of these were found to be Plague-infected. These figures show a decrease of 2,521 on the number of rats examined and an increase of 136 in the number of Plague-infected as compared with the figures for 1913.

Mr. P. D. R. Naidu acted as Assistant to the Medical Officer throughout the year and performed his duties well.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

The health of the European Staff has been very good. The Chinese and Indian Staff were largely increased in connection with the new night service to Canton. As a result of this and also on account of the amount of Malaria in the New Territories there was a considerable increase in the number of Railway servants treated.

On account of this increase in the Staff I had 280 men sent to the Dispensary for physical examination, as the vast majority of these men had to have their sight and colour vision tested as well as their ability to read the rules of their particular posts, the amount of work entailed was very considerable.

Leave of absence on account of sickness was granted on 248 occasions as compared with 160 on 1913. Five cases of Bubonic Plague occurred amongst the Chinese Staff.

Malaria was very rife during the year in the New Territories, so just before the onset of each Malarial period-June and October- we had recourse to prophylactic injections of Quinine. 379 such injections were given (always on the gluteal region) and on no occasion did any inflammatory trouble ensue. The average dose employed was Quin. Bihydrochlor gr. xii. 1 completely gave up giving pills to the Chinese Staff, employing only injections and Quinine mixture and on many occasions enforcing daily visits to the Dispensary to ensure the dose of the latter being taken.

1

-

L 63

Tai Po and Fan Ling Stations again supplied the vast majority of the Malarial cases.

Medicine chests have been made, filled up and distributed to the four following Stations:-Sam Chun, Sheung Shui, Sha Tau Kok and Sha Tin, whilst one is carried on each train, except the expresses. These chests contain enough dressings, lotions, splints, etc., for all emergencies and contain in addition five stock mixtures and a spirit lamp and basin for sterilizing instruments, etc. Additional long splints are kept at the stations and on the trains.

The Station Masters and guards are held responsible for these chests and report weekly if they have used any of the contents. The remaining Stations, except Hung Hom, have cupboards contain- ing dressing and lotions and a few useful mixtures.

During the year five fatal accidents occurred on the line, there were the usual number of minor ones.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

There was a considerable increase in the amount of Plague and Small-pox as compared with 1913.

All the Small-pox cases were sent to Kennedy Town till a case of Bubonic Plague at the Kwong Wa Hospital unfortunately developed Small-pox and was removed to the Yaumati Small-pox Hospital. This case recovered and 4 more were subsequently admitted.

The Kowloon Mortuary returns show an increase of 239 cases of Plague and Small-pox compared with the previous year.

1

A considerable number of vaccinations have been performed in the New Territories. In the Sheung Shui district 479 people were vaccinated with 21 failures whilst in the Au Tau and Tsun Wan districts no failures are recorded in 125 vaccinations. In Kowloon we performed 135 vaccinations with 1 failure in a primary case and 19 in secondary cases making a total of 739 vaccinations with 41 failures.

The Government Dispensary at Tai Po Market and the Railway Dispensary at Tai Po have both been visited at intervals by the Medical Officer and his Assistant.

The following table gives the number of cases treated at these two Dispensaries together with the figures for 1913:--

L 64

Tai Po Market.

Tai Po.

1914. 1913. | 1914. | 1913.

Skin Diseases,

14

13

40 49

Ulcers,

152

184

85

72

Diseases of the Respiratory System,

7

6

:

11

Digestive System,

40

29

Eye,

19

18

Malaria,..

166

138

120

103

Total,..

358

359

285

253

In Kowloon there has, during the year, been a considerable amount of Whooping Cough and Mumps with a small outbreak of Measles in September.

The Kowloon British School has been visited regularly and the health of the children reported on, the number of them suffering from defective teeth being particularly noted. During the latter part of the year the German Blind Home at Kowloon City was placed under my care.

The health of the Police Force has been satisfactory. The stations on the mainland, and those at Cheung Chau and Tai O have been visited at different times during the year. Tai Po Station again stands out as the most unhealthy station in the New Territories owing to the prevalence of Malaria in the district. Intra-muscular injections of Quinine and prophylactic doses of the drug in mixture, however, kept the figures down to approximately the same as 1913 despite the fact that the past year was undoubtedly a worse Malarial year than the previous one.

The following table gives the number of admissions for "Malaria" and "other diseases to the Government Civil Hospital from the Police Stations on the mainland:-

L

L 65

Cases sent in by Medical Officer, New Territories.

Admissions to Government Civil Hospital.

Police Station.

For Malaria.

For other diseases.

Total.

Tsun Wan,

Sha Tau Kok,

Au Tau,

San Tin,.

Ping Shan, Sheung Shui, Tai Po, Sai Kung,

14

15

7

8

15

4

Sha Tin,

Sham Shui Po,

|:ཀ — — |

LO

5

7

12

9

15

24

2

4

20

24

1

3

1

1

5

10

15

Yaumati,

30

31

Hung Hom,

1

9

10

Kowloon City,

1

8

9

Water Police, ...

10

49

59

Total..

63

165

228

+6

11

The majority of the cases under other diseases are due to injuries resulting from assault, etc.

At the Kowloon Dispensary 5,742 cases were treated-of which 2,910 were new and 2,832 were old cases-amongst the latter have been included 135 vaccinations and 280 physical examinations. The number of prescriptions dispensed has increased from 3,562 in 1913 to 4,868 during last year.

From these figures it can be seen that there has been a sub- stantial increase all round in the work done during the year-1,645 in the number of cases and 1,306 in the number of prescriptions dispensed, and I have no hesitation in saying that the work will increase considerably in every subsequent year.

During 1914, 42 cases were sent to the Government Civil Hospi- tal from the Kowloon Dispensary, 11 of these were suffering from Malaria-the remainder being mainly surgical cases, 3 cases were sent to the Victoria Hospital, 1 to the Nethersole Hospital, 10 to Kwong Wa and I to the Tung Wa Hospital making a total of 57 which together with the 228 cases from the Police Stations make a grand total of 285 cases that it was found necessary to send from Kowloon and the New Territories to a Hospital.

L 66

www.

TABLE OF NEW CASES FROM KOWLOON AND THE NEW Territories TREATED DURING 1914 WITH FIGURES FOR 1913.

(Exclusive of those treated at Tai Po and Tai Po Market

Dispensaries.)

GENERAL DISEASES :-

1914.

1913.

Whooping Cough,

7

12

Mumps,

9

3

Pneumonia,

10

Small-pox,.

5

2

Dengue Fever,

3

5

Influenza,

31

42

Enteric Fever,

2

2

Dysentery,...

50

75

Malaria :-

Simple Tertian,

55

Malignant,

117257 194

Mixed Infection,

85

Beri-beri,

4

7

...

Chicken-pox,

1

Measles,

Plague, Bubonic, Paratyphoid Fever,

Tuberculosis:

(a) Glands,

:

11

6

(b) Phthisis,

37

28

(c) Bone,

2

Leprosy,

3

3

Syphilis (I),

36

20

(II),

58

45

(III),

3

5

وو

Gonorrhoea,

102

80

Rheumatism,

30

63

Alcoholism,

2

Gout,

2

2

New Growths :-

(a) Benign,

(b) Malignant,

13

3

13

Anæmia,

Debility,

.9

132

125

Total,...

807

746

LOCAL DISEASES:-

Nervous System :-

Sub-section

Neuritis, Myelitis,

L 67

-

1914.

1913.

I:

12 A

1

Sub-section II:

Neuralgia,

Hysteria,

44

63

17

61

2

Sub-section III:-

Idiocy,

Mania,

3

1

Digestive System,

502

394

Circulatory System,

9

10

Respiratory System,.

380

278

Generative System :--

(a) Male,

33

27

(b) Female,

28

48

Urinary System,

28

Lymphatic System,

10

Of the Organs of Locomotion,.

39

25

Eye,

91

96

Ear,

52

55

Nose,

10

Cellular Tissue,...

496

221

Skin,

140

128

...

Injuries:-

(a) Severe,

9

36

(b) Others,

150

198

Poisons:-

(a) Monkey-bite,

1

(b) Dog-bite, ...

24

17

(e) Vegetable Alkaloid,

8

1

(d) Aniseed,

4

(e) Other Poisons,

Parasites:

(a) Ascaris Lumbricoides, (b) Oxyuris Vermicularis, (c) Guinea Worm,

(d) Pediculus Pubis,

9

24

62

104

11

1

Surgical Operations,

0000

3

6

Total,

2,104

1,764

Total New Cases,

2.911

2,510

Total Old Cases,

2,832

1,587

Cases from Dispensaries in New

Territories,.

643

612

Grand Total, ..

6,386

4,709

L 68

Annexe J.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

As in past years it is my privilege to thank the Chairman, (Mr. Chau Siu-ki), and the Directors for their assistance and generosity.

The Tung Wa Hospital has maintained the number and standard of its varied activities. In some departments there have been small decreases in the number of individuals receiving relief— medicinal or financial-but the cause of this must be sought for in conditions beyond the control of the institution.

The students of the University have again obtained valuable material for clinical work in medicine and midwifery in the wards of the hospital.

Buildings and Equipment. The hospital's general condition remains the same, and no structural alterations have been made. The accommodation is 330 beds in the hospital proper and 60 in the Refuge for destitutes. Suitable warming for the operating theatre has been obtained by electric radiators.

Staff. Dr. G. H. Thomas has acted during the year as Re- sident Medical Officer. He has been assisted by Dr. Song Chong- chai. The other members of the staff remain the same as in 1913 with the exception that Dr. Chan Shui-yee has severed his connec- tion with the hospital.

Statistics. The total number of admissions to the hospital numbered 4,472 as against 4,706 in 1913.

There were 211 patients remaining over from 1913, so that the total number of cases treated during the year was 4,683 (4,910 in 1913). Of this total, 2,937 were discharged, 1,507 died in hospital, and 239 were under treatment at the end of the year.

There were 469 cases admitted in a moribund condition. If this number be deducted from the total admissions, there remains a balance of 4,214 cases who were able to make their choice of treatment. The number of patients under Western and Chinese methods of treatment were as follows:-

Chinese, Western,

2,588

1,626 (4,214

giving a percentage of 61:42 per cent. for Chinese treatment and 38.58 per cent. for Western treatment. This shows an increased percentage for European treatment as compared with 1913, and as many patients who select European treatment after one or two days of Chinese treatment are still shown on the register as being under

L 69

Chinese treatment, the percentage is not quite accurate. It is probable that 43 to 45 per cent. represents more nearly the number who elected to be treated by European methods.

The number of visits to the out-patient department was 102,158 (107,395 in 1913). Of this number, 91,887 selected Chinese treat- ment and 10,271 Western treatment.

There were 1,029 vaccinations during the year at the hospital or in connection with it (374 in 1913).

I have inspected the Chinese Mortuary (Yee Chong) on several occasions and found it suitably maintained. The provision of increased accommodation appears to have been amply justified.

Malaria.-There were 151 cases admitted in 1914, which together with 3 brought over from 1913 give a total of 154 cases treated with 22 deaths, i.c., a mortality of 14.28 per cent. In 1913 among 152 patients there were 68 deaths, i.e., a mortality of 44.74 per cent.

The treatment is still in many cases a compromise between Eastern and Western methods, and I believe the lower mortality to be due to the fact that fewer patients arrived in a comatose condition, and that the intra-muscular injection of quinine was more usually adopted.

Beri-beri.-There were 595 cases admitted which together with 32 from 1913- make in all 627 cases treated with 181 deaths, i.e., a mortality of 28-86 per cent. In 1913, with 544 cases treated, there was a mortality of 25'07 per cent. The slightly increased mortality may partly be accounted for by the bad general condition of many of the individuals admitted. This was especially true of those

coolies coming from the South.

Phthisis.-There were 693 cases admitted, and of these 311 died, i.e., a mortality of 4471 per cent. Of these the treatment was as follows:

Western, Chinese,

.258 with 85 deaths, i.e., 32·94%

435

226

"

*

In 1913 the figures were :-

Western, Chinese,

51.95%

.104 with 48 deaths, i.e., 46-15%

513

238

""

46.4%

""

It will thus be seen that with an increased number of cases under Western care there has been a reduced death rate. This is satisfactory, but as the modern treatment of the disease cannot be properly carried out in the hospital on account of its situation, it would be unwise to expect that the present percentage of fatal cases will be reduced in future years, or even to state that it will not be increased.

Plague. There were 520 adınissions (143 in 1913) with 493 deaths (140 in 1913), i.e., 948 per cent. mortality. Anti-plague

L 70

serum and intra-venous injection of iodine were tried in some cases, but the results were not of an encouraging nature. Only one at- tendant was infected and this was a mild case which recovered.

Chronic Opium Poisoning.-There were 181 cases admitted (219 in 1913) with 33 deaths, (19 in 1913). The treatment of these was as follows:-

་་་

Western, Chinese.

72 with 9 deaths, i.e., 12.5% 109

24

13

22.01%

Operations. The general operations numbered 186 (143 in 1913). The increase noted last year has been maintained. It is rare to find a patient who is in need of surgical measures refusing operation.

Eye Department.This has been, as in former years, under the care of Dr. Harston. During his absence, Dr. Martyn Lobb acted in his place.

The following tables are appended:-

1. Return of Diseases and Deaths.

2. Return of Diseases and Deaths: proportion of cases

treated by Western and Chinese methods.

3. Vaccinations.

4. General Operations.

5. General Statistics.

6. Tung Wa Hospital, Small-pox Branch.

7. Patients treated at the Kwong Wa Hospital.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

1914.

1913.

Remaining in hospital at end of 1913, .. ... 211

204

Admissions during 1914.

4,472

1,706

Total number of in-patients treated in 1914,

4,683

4,910

Deaths during 1914,

1,507

1,274

Discharged during 1914,..

2.937

3.425

Remaining in hospital on 1st January, 1915, Cases treated by Chinese methods,

239

211

2,823

3,233

Western

1,860

1,677

1)

"

Deaths under Chinese treatment,

1,069

982

Western

>>

21

Males treated,

Females treated,

438

292

3,685

3,952

998

958

f

Serious injuries and medico-legal cases sent

to the Government Civil Hospital, .

82

91

Cases admitted in a dying condition,.

Cases brought in dead,

Bodies sent to the Public Mortuary, Free burials, ...

old cases),

469

293

1,710

1,263

583

626

2,671

3,004

Out-patients: Native treatment (new and

.91,887 96,487

P

L 71

GENERAL STATISTICS,-Continued.

Out-patients: Western treatment (new and

1914. 1913.

Vaccinations,.

old cases),

Eye out-patients (new and old cases),

Destitutes sheltered,..

General operations,

Eye operations,

.10,271

10,908

1,805 2,143

1,064

2,053

1,029

374

186

143

49

138

VACCINATIONS IN 1914.

Tung Wa Hospital,

Shaukiwan, .

Aberdeen,

Deep Water Bay,..

Yaumati,

Stanley,

22223

16

28

7

1,029

OPERATIONS PERFORMED IN 1914.

Amputations for :-

(a) Severe injuries,

(b) Chronic ulcers, -

(c) Gangrene,

(d) Tubercular suppurating arthritis,

Abscesses, cellulitis, etc., incised under general

anæsthesia,

Psoas abscess, -

Appendicular abscess,

Liver abscess,

Empyema of Antrum of Highmore,

Bullet wounds (extraction of foreign body), Lacerated wounds (plastic operation), Tumours:

Sarcoma of orbit,

Sarcoma of tonsil,

Carcinoma of liver,

Carcinoma of breast,

Lipoma of mesentery,

Lipoma of thigh,-

Sebaceous cysts,

Ovarian cyst,

Myoma of uterus,

Aneurysm of common carotid artery,

Aneurysm of femoral artery,

Inguinal hernia,

1

1

1

10 00 00 2

17

223

3 2 died.

IA LU W WON A

1 1 died.

2

1

Carried forward,

117 3 died.

L 72

OPERATIONS PERFORMED IN 1914,-Continued.

Vesical calculus,

Brought forward,

Cirrhosis of liver, -

Elephantiasis of leg, Fistula-in-ano, Hæmorrhoids,

Intussusception, ilio-cæcal, Stricture of urethra, Tubercular adenitis, Tubercular testis, Tonsillectomy,

-

Excision of lachrymal sac,

Excision of bursa,

Phimosis,-

Epulis,

Necrosis of jaw,

Necrosis of bone.

Injection of neosalvarsan,

117 3 died.

12

Ι

4

2

1

1 died.

13

1

3

1

10

4

12

Total,

- 186 4 died.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL, SMALL-POX BRANCH.

Number of patients remaining at end of 1913,

0

admitted during 1914, -

17

ל ,

+3

deaths during 1914,-

KWONG WA HOSPITAL, YAUMATI.

Number of patients remaining at end of 1913, -

""

"

17

admitted during 1914,

-

deaths during 1914,-

88

1,699

746

1

L 73

+

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1914 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

1913.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1914.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox,

Diphtheria,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

Dysentery,

Plague,

Malarial Fever :-

1. Simple Tertian,

2. Malignant,

1

1

15

11

15

40

40

1

26

18

27

160

94

162

4

520

493

520

Malarial Cachexia, Beri-beri,

Pyæmia,

Septicemia,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

Mumps,....

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary,.

(b) Secondary,

(c) Tertiary,

3

...

نت

137

20

140

11

2

32

8:

595

181

627

2

1

19

18

7

6

4

54

18

13

ཚེ༤༠༤ ཅི་

...

48

...

3

19

124

Gonorrhoea,

4

49

Rheumatism,

12

85

New Growth, Malignant,

Anæmia,

2 2 2 0 2

9

9

8

1

11

143

16

3

53

1

97

6

3

5

1

1

28

2

19

61

11

Debility (Senile),.......

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Meningitis,

2

1

2

:

Carried forward,........ 86

1,695

901 2,051

92

L 74

-

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1914 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

Hospital

at end of 1913.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1915.

Brought forward,......

86

1,965

901

2,051

92

LOCAL DISEASES,- -Continued.

Functional Nervous Disorders :-

Paralysis,

Neuralgia,....

23

153

- 18

37

176

17

7

Diseases of the Eye,

""

"

""

Mental Diseases ;-

Delusional Insanity, .

""

Circulatory System, Respiratory System,.. Digestive System,

~

:

101

101

7

41

>>>

>>

Urinary System,

Male Organs,

:ཤས༤:

12

14

748

376

789

36

12

310

57

322

8

18

170

64

188

14

8

}

8

""

""

Female Organs,.

1

5

1

Organs of Locomotion,

2

62

2

22

Cellular Tissue,.

21

397

24

418

34

Skin,

2

2

...

Injuries, Local, Filaria,.

Opium Habit, Childbirth,

6

319

9

325

9

4

1

181

33

181

20

...

86

3

87

Total,.....

211

4,472

1,507

4,683

239

L 75

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1914, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

GENERAL DISEASES.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

Chicken-pox, Diphtheria, Febricula,

....

Enteric Fever,

Dysentery,

Plague,

6

9

32

:

11

16

14

56

21

106

73

184

171

336

322

Malarial Fever:

1. Simple Tertian,.

2

1

2. Malignant,...

64

3

76

17

Malarial Cachexia,

2

9

2

Beri-beri,

208

48

419

133

Pyæmia,

1

1

1

Septicemia,

1

18

18

Tetanus,

Tubercle,.

Mumps,

2

17

130

5

5

41

15.

-5

8

:

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary,. (b) Secondary,

(c) Tertiary,

Gonorrhoea,

Rheumatism,

New Growth, Malignant,

Auæmia,

Debility (Senile),

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Meningitis,

6

6

::

42

2

101

9

14

39

36

61

2

1

3

2

9

19

1

10

2

51

17

1

Carried forward,...

688

260

1,363

641

L 76

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1914, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

DISEASES.

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

ious.

Brought forward,..

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

-

Functional Nervous Disorders :-

688

260

1,363

1

641

Paralysis,

68

Neuralgia,

10

108

27

5

Mental Diseases :

Delusional Insanity,

:

:

:

Diseases of the Eye,

101

Circulatory System, Respiratory System,

282

**

..

Digestive System,

4%

Urinary System,

Male Organs,

་་

Female Organs,

Organs of Locomotion,

Cellular Tissue,

Skin,

"

Injuries, Local,

Filaria,

Opium Habit,

Childbirth,

182

151

2

72 87

ཌནྡྷུ1::ཉྫཱ

:

4

10

108

507

131

16

191

79

25

109

}

5

:

1

1:|:|:|: 1:|: 1:|::

236

174

109

24

ཧྨ=མྦྷ ;

i

268

41

39

Total,..

1,860

438 2,823

1,069

L 77

Annexe K.

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS,

1914 AND 1913.

Total in-patients

treated.

Deuths.

1914. 1913.

1914. 1918.

Alice Memorial Hospital,.

18

65

(

(

Ho Miu Ling Hospital, ..

345

460

21

36

Nethersole Hospital,

482

559

35

55

Alice Memorial Maternity 424

550

5

23

Hospital,

Total,....

1,269

1,634

61

114

MATILDA HOSPITAL.

Number of cases remaining at end of 1913,

admitted during 1914,

**

"

deaths,

6

158

1

L 78

Annexe L.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Twelve calves were inoculated (19 in 1913). The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 7,372 (8,035 in 1913). The value of the lymph by Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $3,326.00 ($3,532.60 in 1913). The decrease in the issues is accounted for by the absence of any serious epidemic of Small-pox and by the reduc- tion of the garrison.

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The amount of work to be done steadily in- creases, the numbers for 1914 being 94,626 as compared with 91,336 in 1913:-

New Growths,--Examination by section, Brain for Negri Body,--Examination by section, Widal's Reaction for Bacillus Typhosus,

Examination by culture for Bacillus Dysenteriæ,

Diphtheria,

Vibro Cholera,

22

3

247

Paratyphoid B.,

247

2

175

1

I

1

6

7

2

Typhoid Carriers,

of Blood for Dysenteriæ,

Microscopical Examination for Trepanoma Pallida,

11

י

"

"

51

of Urine for Casts,

for Gonococcus,

-

of Urine for Tubercle

Bacilli,

of Fæces for Eggs,

of Sputum for Tubercle

Bacilli,

for Leprosy Bacilli,

W13

"

11

for Plague Bacilli,

1

for Malarial Parasites,

24

for Piroplasma,

4

Rideal Walker Estimation for Disinfectants,

Animal Inoculation for Tubercle Bacilli,

Bacteriological Examination of Water,

Examination of Rats for Plague,

Breeding out and generic determination of Dipterous

larvæ, -

Miscellaneous,

Total.

75

82,715

11,043

- 94,626

1

-

7

L 79

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

471 were

The results are given in Table I. The total number of Rats examined was 82,715 compared with 87,043 in 1913. found to be Plague-infected (249 in 1913).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III and IV.

In every case the sample was taken at its source, i.e., either directly before or directly after filtration.

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my "Report on an Investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply" (No. 20 of 1911).

INVESTIGATIONS.

Mosquito Investigation.-In view of the opening of the Panama Canal and the possible importation of Yellow Fever, the Secretary of State by a letter of 22nd August, 1913, ordered that arrangements be made "to supply the Imperial Bureau of Entomology as soon as practicable with all information available as to the distribution of Mosquitoes and in particular of Stegomyia in Hongkong, and also for collections of mosquitoes to be sent to the Director of the Im- perial Bureau ".

The carrying out of this work was entrusted to me by the Principal Civil Medical Officer and though not yet completed, some definite results can now be recorded.

The total number of different samples of larvæ collected for breeding out purposes now amounts to 14,909; from these, over 41,000 adult mosquitoes have been bred out and pinned.

Approximately 26,000 of these species derived from over 6,000 different samples of larvæ have been finally dealt with. The Imperial Bureau of Entomology has made the diagnosis in 21,000 of these specimens, the remaining 5,000 being dealt with locally. 15,000 specimens still remain to be classified but it is expected that the majority of these can be classified here, only specimens of special interest being forwarded to the Imperial Bureau.

The following is a complete list of species so far found in Hongkong. In every case the diagnosis has either been made or confirmed by the Imperial Bureau of Entomology.

*

L 80

Anopheles indiensis. Theo.,

jeyporieusis. Theo..

karwari. James,

maculatus, Theo.,

Var..

minimus.

Theo.

Var.,

*

15

,,

rossi. Theo. Var. indefinatus Ludl..

sinensis. Theo.,

tesselatus. Theo.,

Stegomyia fasciata.

scutellaris. Walk.,

W. alba. Theo.,

*Armigeres obturbans. Walk.,

Culex bitaeniorhynchus. Giles.,

""

concolor. R. D.,

*

*

fatigans. Wied.,

mimeticus. Noé.,

"

*

་་

་་

Var. domesticus Leic,

fuscocephalus. Theo.,

sinensis. Theo.,

sitiens. Wied.,

tritæniorhynchus. Giles,

virgapites. Edw. sp. Nov., vishnui. Theo.,

Culiciomyia pallidothorax. Theo.,

Ficalbia minima. Theo.,

Lophoceratomyia minutissima. Theo.,

Rubithoracis. Leic.,

Mansonioides uniformis. Theo.,

Micraedes malayi. Leic.,

Ochlerotatus macfarlanei. Edw. sp. Nov..

greeni. Theo., togoi. Theo.,

Uranotaenia macfarlanei. Edw. sp. Nov.,

Dr. J. C. Thomson in a report regarding the mosquitoes that occur in the Colony of Hongkong" 1902, records the only systema- tic mosquito work done in Hongkong prior to the present investiga- tion.

As the result of a year's careful work, he reports three anophe- lines (A. maculatus. Theo., A. sinensis. Theo., A. minimus. Theo.,) and seven named culicines, namely, C. fatigans, C. annulus, ('.sericeus, C. Reesii, C. concolor, Armigeres obturbans and Stegomyia scutellaris.

I understand that Mr. Edwards of the British Museum regards C. annulus as a synonym of C. tritaenorhynchus, and C. sericeus Theo. and C. reesii Theo. to be synonym of C. fatigans.

Eight named species therefore remain from Dr. Thomson's report and these have all been refound and are marked (with an asterisk in the above list).

L

L 81

All the other species are new to Hongkong and the species Ochleroratus macfarlanei Edw., Uranotaenia macfarlanei Edw., and Culex virgapites Edw., (male type) are entirely new.

A report dealing with the distribution, relative numbers, etc., of all these species will be prepared when the whole collection has been worked through.

The Director of the Imperial Bureau has been good enough to return a complete set of all the above species determined by Mr. Edwards of the British Museum. These are preserved in this Institute and are available for study.

The Genus Stegomyia.-Three species of this genus are now known to exist in Hongkong.

Stegomyia W. alba.-This species is apparently rare as it has only been found twice, being bred from larvæ taken from a hillside.

Stegomyia Scutellaris.-This is probably the commonest mosquito in Hongkong and is well known to everyone. During the summer it is found in practically every Chinese house breeding in small collection of water in old pots, tins, etc., and it is also found apart from houses on hillsides, etc. Whether the water in which it breeds is clean or dirty does not appear to matter.

Stegomyia fasciata.-The search for this species has given considerable trouble but the most recent results show that it not only exists here but that it is much more prevalent than might be thought.

Stegomyia fasciata in Kowloon,--Ninety-six separate finds of Stegomyia fasciata larvæ were made in Kowloon between the 15th April and the 29th September, 1914.

Appendix 1* gives the exact distribution of these larvæ and the number of adults bred out and pinned from each sample.

A plan of Kowloon (plan 1)* is also attached which shows their general distribution. From this plan it will be seen that the chief Districts of Kowloon, namely, Yaumati, Mongkoktsui, Taikok- tsui and Hunghom are all infected with Stegomyia fasciata. The European half of Kowloon point has not been examined.

The exact kind of receptacle in which the Stegomyia fasciata larvæ were found has not always been recorded by the various collectors but if the sixty-four finds of Stegomyia fasciata larvæ made by me when collecting personally in the period 19th August to 23rd September be taken, the results may be tabulated as follows:-

* Not printed.

L 82

Drinking Water Storage Receptacles.

Wooden Iron Iron Wooden Bucket. Bucket. Tank. Barrel.

!

Not

Other Receptacle. Recorded.

Earthern-

ware

(Kong).

25

11

3

1

13

10

Total 53.

10

1

1

In fifty-three cases therefore or 84 per cent. of the total finds, the larvæ were obtained in the stored clean water used for drink- ing, cooking, etc.

In the remaining eleven cases, the finds were made three times in miscellaneous jars in yard, twice in flower pots, once in a wooden tank for soaking bamboos in (Chair Makers), three times in jars in Preserved Fruit Factories, once in a jar in a woodyard and in one case no record of the jar was made.

In all cases the finds were made in densely built over areas either in the houses themselves or in their immediate vicinity.

The habits of Stegomyia fasciata here are therefore the same as in other parts of the world with the important exception that it is not usual to find it breeding in miscellaneous receptacles such as old jars, cans, tins, etc., as described by Sir Rubert Boyce and other authorities.

Careful and prolonged search has been made of these miscel- laneous breeding places both in this investigation and by Dr. J. C. Thomson in 1902.

In Dr. Thomson's case no fasciata at all were found, and in the present investigation they have only been found in these re- ceptacles to a very limited extent.

Stegomyia scutellaris which is to be found breeding in practically every such collection of water here apparently occupies the place taken by Stegomyia fasciata in other parts of the world.

With the exception of a few licensed premises none of the Chinese houses in Kowloon have water laid on.

All water for drinking, cooking, etc., has therefore to be carried from stand pipes in the street and stored in the kitchen or yard in wooden barrels, earthenware jars (kongs), iron pails, etc.

>

-

L

L 83

It is in this stored clean water that by far the majority of fiuds of fasciata larvæ have been made.

As the labour of carrying this water is considerable, the storage receptacle is not frequently emptied and cleansed; more water is simply added to what is already there. The water is also used more economically, the average amount per head being about half that used in Victoria.

The fasciata larvæ have therefore plenty of time to develop and owing to their well known habit of going to the bottom when the water is disturbed, they are not likely to be taken out when water is removed for cooking or other purposes.

As it was not practicable to empty these barrels, etc., when searching for larvæ, special dippers were made by which samples of the water could be removed for examination.

Experience, however, showed that if the barrel, etc., was full the chance of capturing larvæ was very small, much better results were obtained in receptacles which were more or less empty.

It may therefore be assumed that many well filled barrels and kongs were passed as negative owing to the impossibility of catch- ing the larvæ.

46

Howard, Dyer and Knab in their well known work The Mosquitoes of North and Central America and the West Indies. 1912 state (p. 286) "when water is poured from a receptacle in- habited by calopus (i.e., fasciata) larvæ these quickly seek the bottom and their presence may not even be suspected although the vessels be in constant use. They cling so closely to the bottom that unless the jars are tipped up so as to empty them completely, which is not usually done, nearly all the larvæ remain in the jars ".

They further state (p. 287) that the first yellow fever com- mission to Vera Cruz found that, on account of this habit, the larvæ are not easily disposed of by pouring out the contents of a barrel. When the barrel or other container with thousands of larvæ is approached and slightly agitated the insects dis- appear rapidly to the very bottom, so that nearly all the water can be dipped out from the barrel without removing more than a few of the larvæ. The barrel may be turned upon its side, and it will be found that about 80% of the larvæ will stay in the few remaining ounces of water."

My experience in Kowloon agrees with these well known authorities and it is therefore, I think, safe to assume that the finds of fasciata larvæ in stored water receptacles (barrels, kongs, etc.) in Kowloon under-estimates the prevalence of these larvæ.

The same, however, is probably not true of collections of water found in mis- cellaneous jars, pots, tins, etc., as in nearly every case these can be completely emptied and the last larvæ collected.

L 84

The results so far obtained in Kowloon would appear to indicate that if the storage of clean water could be completely done away with by laying on a continuous tap supply into the houses, the chief breeding places of Stegomyia fasciata would be destroyed. This remedy would necessitate a sufficient supply of water as probably twice the present amount of water would be used or wasted. No cisterns should be allowed unless completely protected.

Stegomyia fasciata in the City of Victoria.--The miscellaneous jars in houses and backyards in Victoria have been very thoroughly examined with the result that in only three cases have Stegomyia fasciata larvæ been taken.

These three finds are widely separated, being in Wellington Street, Jervois Street and Des Voeux Road West. The miscellaneous receptacles are therefore even less infected with fasciata than in Kowloon. Water is laid on to taps in all houses in Victoria being in this respect the opposite to what obtains in Kowloon. For about seven months in the year, the supply is continuous; in the remain- ing five months, it is intermittent but never less than two hours per day.

A relatively very large amount of storage receptacles are kept and are put into use during the intermittent period but are very largely disused during the continuous supply.

At the time of my inspections, the City was on the continuous supply and any storage barrels in use were full to overflowing. It was therefore not practicable to make any thorough examination.

Further search is delayed till the intermittent supply is brought into force again when a thorough search of the stored water will be made.

Junks in the Harbour of Hongkong.-1,500 visits were made by the two Police Collectors to junks and Chinese cargo lighters in the Harbour. No fasciata larvæ were obtained.

Tabanida Investigation.-In collaboration with Mr. Adam Gibson, M.R.C.v.s., Colonial Veterinary Surgeon, who originated the work, an investigation of this well-known family of biting flies has been started and is still in hand.

1,508 specimens have been forwarded to the Director of the Imperial Bureau and a preliminary list dealing with 395 of these has been received and contains the following species:-

Tabanida.

1. Chrysops dispar, F.

2. C. striata, Wulp. 3. Tabanus crassus, Walk.

4. T. ditaeniatus. Macq.

I

5. T. hilaris, Walk. 6. T. hybridus, Wied. 7. T. indianus, Ric. 8. T. jucundus, Walk.

9. T. negativus, Ric.

L 85

10. T. sanguineus, Walk.

11. Tabanus sp. nov., near birmanicus, Big.

12. Tabanus sp. nov., near inobservatus, Ric.

According to Dr. C. Kerte'sz's "Catalogue Dipterorum” Vol. 3, 1908, only one of these species, Chrysops Dispar, F., is noted as occurring in Hongkong.

Tabanus hybridus, Wied., is given as occurring in Macao and Tabanus jucundus, Walk., as in China. Two species are entirely new and are not yet described by the British Museum.

Epizootic Abortion.-Experiments were started in December to see if Bang's Bacillus of Epizootic Abortion could be isolated. here and if so, to try the effects of Bacterial treatment. This work has not yet advanced far enough for report.

- L 86

Table I.

The Examination (post mortem) of Rats.

Mouth.

Total.

Male.

Newly born and not

classified.

January,

7,170 3,542 3,628

2

405

634

February,

6,495 3,222 | 3,273

16

372

404

March,.

7,883| 3,900| 3,983

64

451

633

April,

8,248 | 4,080| 4,168

96

480

:

:

785

May,

8,575 4,241 4,334

162

540

827

June,

7,475 3,694; 3,781

97

471

July,

6,909 3,410 | 3,499

16

408

August,

6,009 2,956 | 3,053

6

373

September,.... 5,701 2,802 2,899

|

9

372

October,

5,817 2,863 2,954

431

November, 6,012| 2,961: 3,051.

448

:

:

:

December, 6,421 3,164 3,257

479

797

645

551

551

595

649

671

Total.

82,715 40,835 41,880

471 5,230

7,742

L

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year 1914.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

nics on

of

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agarin 1 cc

Filtra-

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. cc.

1 cc.

2 cc. 5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

+1 11+ |

+++

] + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

Unfiltered,

6-1-14.

50

Filtered,

6-1-14.

140

20

Unfiltered,

8-1-14.

40

Filtered,

8-1-14.

434

30

Unfiltered,

10-1-14.

40

Filtered,

10-1-14.

434

25

..

Unfiltered,

7-1-14.

35

Filtered,

7-1-14.

15

Unfiltered,

9-4-14.

40

Filtered,

9-4-14.

15

Unfiltered,

11-4-14.

38

Filtered,

11-4-14.

12

Unfiltered,

7-7-14.

55

Filtered,

7-7-14.

15

Unfiltered,

9-7-14.

60

Filtered,

9-7-14.

Unfiltered,

11-7-14.

85

Filtered,

11-7-14.

20

Unfiltered,

6-10-14.

25

Filtered,

6-10-14.

10

ོ⪜ལ་

Unfiltered,

8-10-14.

20

Filtered,

8-10-14.

10

Unfiltered, 10-10-14.

30

15

Negative up to 5 ee Negative in 50 cc. Negative up to 2 ce. Negative in 50 ce. Negative up to 2 cc. Negative in 50 cc. 5

22 Negative up to 50 ee. Group I + IV in 20 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

לי

Group III + IV in 20 cc.

Negative in 50 cc.

+++++++++ | + | + | ++++++ || ++

+ 1 + 1 + 1 +++ | + ! + 1 + 1 +++ | ! | + |

+1 +1 +1 ++ | | + | | | + 1 + 1 4 1 1 1 +

20

19

""

50

>>

25

20

+9

""

50

"

Group I in 1 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Negative up to 20 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

"1

$5

99

20

50

";

-- L 87 --

Filtered,... 10-10-14.

All samples taken either immediately before or inmediately after filtration.

The rate of filtration is given by the

Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, + Acid and Gas,

Acid only;

-No change.

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1914.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

nies on

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc

Filtra-

at 37°C. for

tiou.

24 hours. cc.

1 cc. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. | 20 cc. | 50 cc.

- L 88-

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

5-1-14.

125

5-1-14. 646

60

Unfiltered,

7-1-14.

100

Filtered,

7-1-14. 646

35

Unfiltered,

9-1-14.

130

Filtered.

9-1-14. 640

30

Unfiltered,

6-4-14.

75

Filtered,

6-4-14. 790

34

Unfiltered,

8-4-14.

85

Filtered,

8-4-14.

790

30

Unfiltered, 10-4-14.

67

Filtered,

10-4-14. 790

Unfiltered, 6-7-14.

95

Filtered,... 6-7-14. 576

40

Unfiltered, 8-7-14.

110

Filtered,...! 8-7-14. 780

45

Unfiltered,

10-7-14.

115

Filtered,

10-7-14. 507

60

Unfiltered, 5-10-14.

65

Filtered,

5-10-14.

15

Unfiltered,

7-10-14.

70

Filtered,

7-10-14.

783

55

Unfiltered, 9-10-14.

50

Filtered,

9-10-14. 621

20

++++ i +1 +1 +1 +

+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++++ ! !

1 +1 +1

1 +1 +1 F + + + + + +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +

+1 +1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 ++++++++++++

++++++++++++I+F+F+F+++++

+++++++++++ |+++

++FF++

+

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

Negative up to 5 ce.

وو

50

15

2

50

""

93

Group I in 2 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Group II in 1 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Group I in 1 cc. Negative in 50 cr.

Groups I and IV in 2 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Group IV in 1 ec.

III

II

To cc.

1 cc.

II

"}

""

多多

"

""

""

39

לי

99

II

""

"" 10 cc.

Negative up to 10 cc.

Group I in 2

II 10

""

99

IV

19

2

10

20 ""

cc.

爷爷

39

The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, + Acid and Gas 1 Acid only;

No change.

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Pokfulum Water Supply for the year 1914.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

Sample.

Date.

nics on

Agarin1 cc

Presence of the Coli Group.

Filtraat 37°C, for tion.

24 hours. cc.

1 ce. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. | 20 cc. | 50 cc.

- L 89 —

Unfiltered,

5-1-14.

140

Filtered,

5-1-14. 500

15

Unfiltered,

7-1-14.

110

Filtered,

7-1-14. 325

20

Unfiltered,

9-1-14.

120

...

Filtered,

9-1-14. 325

20

Unfiltered, 6-4-14.

125

Filtered,

6-4-14. 325

95

Unfiltered,

8-4-14.

105

Filtered,

8-4-14. 325

60

Unfiltered,

10-4-14.

115

Filtered,

10-4-14.

325

50

Unfiltered,

6-7-14.

150

Filtered, ...

6-7-14.

570

15

Unfiltered,

8-7-14.

120

Filtered, ...

8-7-14.

570

20

Unfiltered,

10-7-14.

110

Filtered,

10-7-14.

450

30

Unfiltered,

5-10-14.

85

Filtered,

5-10-14. 625

10

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

7-10-14. 7-10-14. 555.

80

60

Filtered,

Unfiltered, 9-10-14. 9-10-14. 450

70

เง

+1 1+1 +

| + | +++ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ! +++ 1 + 1 ] ]

1 + + + 1 + + + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + | + | + | + !+++ !+++ ¦

+ !++++++++ 1 +++ i +

[ +++++++ !+ + + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

F+

+++

Negative in 2 cc.

50

2

""

"}

50

13

"}

Group IV in 1 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Groups I and III in 2 cc.

Negative in 50 cc.

Groups III in 1 ec, Negative up to 50 cc. Groups IV in 1 ce. Negative in 50 ec. Group II in 1 cc.

99

"

III in 20 cc.

Il in сс.

Negative in 50 cc. Group IV in 2 cc. Negative in 10 cc. Group II in 1 cc. I in 20 cc.

""

""

>

"S

2

5

""

""

II in 50 >>

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of Filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey,

+

Acid and Gas L

Acid only;

No change.

L 90

Annexe M.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

Report on Post Mortems.

Male bodies examined,

Female bodies examined,

Sex undetermined,

Total,

Claimed bodies sent from Hospital and

other places,

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

Total,

A

Epitome of Causes of Death.

1914.

1913.

1

1,288

1,276

950

801

2

2,240

2,084

1,822

1,567

418

517

2,240

2,084

1914.

1913.

I.-General Diseases,

1,247

1,181

II.-Local Diseases :-

(a) Of the Nervous System,

9

5

(1)

Circulatory System,

71

58

(c)

>>

Respiratory System,

520

493

(d)

Digestive System,

309

229

(e)

ན་

Genito-Urinary System,

26

23

III. Death from Violence,

58

95

Total,

2,240

2,084

-

L 91

General Diseases.

Small-pox,

22

35

Plague,

437

210

Cholera,

2

36

Beri-beri,

65

36

Malaria,

34

67

Septicæmia,

11

12

Puerperal Septicemia,

7

9

Diphtheria, ...

16

28

Typhoid Fever,

38

General Tuberculosis,

44

Spleno Medullary Leucoy-

thamia.

1

Prematurity,

30

57

Marasmic Condition,

221

210

Syphilis,

101

141

Still Born,

48 58

1914. 1913. (b.) Of the Circulatory System,-Contd.

Brought forward,

Hæmopericardium following

rupture of Aneurism,

Aortitis,

1914.

12

1913.

7

3

2

1

10

Rupture of Aneurism of

Aorta,

Aneurism Aorta, Abdominal, Atheroma of Coronary Ar-

teries,

Atheroma of Aorta,.

Valvular Disease of Heart, 37

6

4

36

71

58

Fatty Degeneration of Heart,

..

Total,

Atelectasis, ...

75

24

Senile Debility,

Malformations,

Icterus Neonatorum,

Gangrene,

Chronic Opium Habit,

Skull only, no diagnosis

possible,

Skeletons, no diagnosis

3

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :-

Broncho-Pneumonia and

Bronchitis,

1914. 1913.

316 362

1

Lobar Pneumonia,

95

36

Interstitial Pneumonia,

1

possible, ...

1 3

Acute Fibrinous Pleurisy,...

24

Decomposed bodies, no

Tubercular Pleurisy,

1

diagnosis possible,

91 132

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

8

""

Hæmorrhage,

Total,

1,247 1,181

Hæmorrhage from Lung.

10001

18

14

5

Miliary Tuberculosis of

Lung,

Local Diseases.

Infarction of Lung,

Intracranial Hæmorrhage,...

(a.) Of the Nervous System :--

Meningitis, ...

Septic Meningitis, Tuberculous Meningitis, Cerebral Hæmorrhage, Eucephalocele,

Total,

3

11

a

Empyema,

1914. 1913.

Emphysema,

Acute Phthisis,

Chronic

Mediastinal Neoplasin,

Total,

10

13

3

26

17

31

24

1

520 493

LO

(d.) Of the Digestive System:

1914. 1913.

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :--

Tabes Mesenterica,

29

32

1914. 1913.

Peritonitis, ...

2

1

Acute Pericarditis, ...

Septic

Acute Myocarditis, Septic Endocarditis,

4

6

Septic Peritonitis,

25

16

5

1

Tuberculous Peritonitis,

3

4

Acute Gastro-Enteritis,

152

86

Chronic Enteritis,

2

Carried forward,

12

:

Carried forward,

213

139

(d.) Of the Digestive System,--Contd.

Brought forward,

Tubercular Enteritis,

Verminous

Cancer of Stomach,

Primary Cancer of Liver, ..

Cirrhosis of Liver,... Hanot's Cirrhosis of Liver, Abscess of Liver.

Duodenal Ulcer,

Hæmorrhage from Gastric

Ulcer,

Diarrhoea,

Dysentery,

Strangulated Hernia,

Intussusception,

Cholecystitis,

Tubercle of Intestine,

Acute Intestinal Obstruction,

Suppurative Cholangitis,

Mesenteric Thrombosis,

L 92

1914. 1913.

213

139

8

9

2024 2

12

42

1

Injuries (Death from Violence),-Contd.

(a.) General,-Contd.

Brought forward,

Chronic Opium Poisoning, .

Gelsemium Poisoning,

Burns,

Delayed Shock following

Injuries,

Shock, Electrical,

Total,

34

49

2

1

5

6

2

1

39

61

29

(b.) Local :-

18

1914. 1913.

2

Rupture of Spleen,...

4

1

Liver and Spleen,

2

Liver,

20

Fracture of Skull andSpleen,

5

*

Liver and Spleen,

1

Skull,

5 20

Spine,...

1

21

and Ab-

dominal Injuries,

1

1

"2

Lung,

Brain,

""

Total,

309 229

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :—

1914.

1913.

Acute Nephritis,

Chronic

""

Sub-acute

493

1

15

1

Bullet Wound through

Abscess of Kidney,

Sarcoma

""

Pyo-Nephrosis,

1

Post Partum Hæmorrhage, 3

3

Extra Uterine Gestation,

4

1

Placenta Prævia,

1

Uræmia,

Bullet Wound in Heart,

Bullet Wound in Brain, Neck

and Liver,

Heart, Lungs and Spinal Cord,

Hæmorrhage from rupture

of Mesentery,

Hæmorrhage following Cut

Throat,

Shot Wound,

Crushed Chest,

Total,

26

23

Injuries (Death from Violence) :-

(a.) General:-

Total,

1

1

1

1

1

1

19 34

Multiple Injuries,

Asphyxia,

""

by Earth,

by Water,

27

22

by Hanging,

by Ligature

round Neck,...

6

1

from Crushing,

1

British,

Indian, Malay, American,

1914. 1913.

Nationality of Bodies.

3

15

10

1334

Chinese,

2

Portuguese,...

Japanese,

NH

1914. 1913.

...2,228 2,074

1

2

1

4

3

1

1

Cellulitis of Neck....

1

Filipino,

Poisoning,

1

Unknown,

1

Opium Poisoning,..

7

Total,

2,240 2,084

Carried forward, .........

34

49

L 93

Total Plague cases,

437

116 unclaimed. 321 claimed,

Total Small-pox cases,

22

17 unclaimed.

5 claimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1914.

Victoria.

Chinese,

..2,228 | 2,083

76

Portuguese,

Japanese,....

2

1

British,.......

เง

Indian,

1

1

Malay,

2

2

American,

1

Filipino,

Ι

:

:

:

Harbour.

:

:

:

:

Total,

..2,240 2,092 79

6

52

1224

:

Old Kowloon,

:

:

:.

If

New Kowloon.

:

Shaukiwan.

Other Villages,

52

II

...

L 94

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in Charge.

1. The total number of Post Mortem Examinations made during the year was 1,324 as compared with 1,063 in 1913 and 1,491 in 1912.

2. During the year there were 305 cases of Small-pox and Plague as compared with 62 in 1913 and 624 in 1912.

3. The Nationalities of the bodies were as follows:-

Chinese,

Indians,

Portuguese,

Filipino,

1,318

4

1

1

1,324

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

1914.

1913.

I.-General Diseases,

586

346

P

II. Local Discases :-

(a) Of the Nervous System,

5

L

(b)

Circulatory System,

13

15

(c)

Respiratory System,

329

343

(d)

Digestive System,

69

55

(e)

Genito-Urinary System,

12

(f)

Organs of Locomotion,

1

(g) Developmental Diseases,

III.-Injuries:-

(a) General,

(b) Local,

IV. Decomposed bodies,

21

38

L

16

17

279

231

Total,

1,324

1,063

General Discases.

L 95

w

(b.) Of the Circulatory System:-

Malaria,

General Tuberculosis,

Leprosy,

Beri-beri.

Septicemia.

Puerperal Septicemia,

Marasmus,

Prematurity,

1914. 1913.

Plague,

248

36

Small-pox,

57

26

Enteric Fever,

8

Diphtheria,

6

Lobar Pneumonia,

39 53

Cholera,

Sprue,

Measles,

Syphilis-Acquired,

Syphilis Congenital,

Dysentery,

1-1-282157

NNN

Pericarditis,

...

Anæmia,

Fatty Degeneration of

Heart,

Hæmo-pericardium,...

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm, Valvular Disease of Heart, Pyo-pericardium,

1914. 1913.

2

22

2

3

2

7

13

15

33

24

19

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :--

3

21

1914. 1913.

9

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

44

43

1

1

Empyema,

16

15

35

52

Pleurisy,

5

6

41

Atelectasis Fulmonum,

19

26

Still-birth,

49

60

:

Bronchitis,

43

19

Senile Decay,

5

Fibroid Lung with

Inanition,

Bronchiectasis,..

Tetanus,

Broncho-Pneumonia,

192

Rachitis,

Gangrene of Lung,..

co R-1

7

3

231

Icterus Neonatorum,

11

Splenic Anæmia,

329 343

Natural Causes,

1

586

346

(d.) Of the Digestive System :-

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :--

Subphrenic Abscess,

Enteritis,

1914. 1913.

Cirrhosis of Liver,

8

4

Suppurative Peritonitis,

7

6

Tabes Mesenterica,

Suppurative Pylephlebitis,

18

1

1

32

28

1914. 1913.

Intra-cranial Hæmorrhage,...

Convulsions,...

Tubercular Meningitis,

Suppurative

Hydrocephalus,

Strangulated Hernia,

Tubercular Peritonitis,

5 Carcinoma of Stomach,

Tubercular Enteritis, Appendicitis,

Hepatic Abscess,

10

8

1

Total,.

69

55

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System:-

Acute Nephritis,

Child-birth,

Ruptured Ectopic Gesta-

tion.

L 96

Injuries.

(a.) General-

1914. 1913.

2

3

Drowning,

Burns,

1

Asphyxia,

(f) of the Organs of Locomotion :-

Cellulitis of Leg,

Multiple Injuries,

12 Poisoning,

Hanging,

1914. 1913.

13

24

150

2

919

1275

38

(b.) Local:

1914. 1913.

1914. 1913.

1

Cerebral Concussion,

Dislocation of Neck,

Ι

1

Rupture of Spleen, ..

Gunshot Wound,

Fracture of Skull,

10

9

Stab Wound in Thigh,

Chest,

1

16

17

g.) Developmental Diseases :—

Spina Bifida,

1914. 1913.

1

1914. 1913.

Decomposed bodies,

279 231

L

י

L 97

Annexe O.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY FRANK BROWNE, F.I.C., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed was 8.069 as against 9,609 in 1913. or without including Chinese liquor, 664 aa against 718 in 1913.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done:

VI.—Opium Ordinance.

I.-Chemico-legal.

1914. 1913.

Toxicological (including 22

Substances,.

stomachs),.

63 50

Opium Pills,

1914. 1913.

21

36

1

Articles for stains,

12

13

Banknotes and Materials,

0

16

VII.-Pharmacy Ordinance.

Coins and Materials,

30

Medicines for Poison,'

1 6

II.-Potable Waters.

VIII.—Mineralogical, &c.

Public Supplies,

36

36

Metals,

164

216

Wells, &c.,

5

Ores,

28

21

III.-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Coal,

23

3

Petroleum Oil,

45

71

Liquid Fuel,.....

10

21

IX.-Liquors Ordinance.

Petrol,

6

1

European Liquor,

3

4

Substances for Explosives,...

7

0

Chinese Liquor,

.7,405 8,891

Ships for inflammable vapour, 17

16

Denatured Spirits,

0

1

IV.-Food and Drugs Ordinance:

X.-Oils.

Bread,

4

Anise,

42

Brandy,

6

6

Cassia,

5

Milk,

48

41

Olive,

Milk, Condensed,

Lubricating,

Whisky,

Port Wine,

Beer, Pepper,

15

Peppermint,

4

Wood,

wowo 11

2

0

3

3

7

0

XI.—Miscellaneous.

Rum,

Lard,

Gio, Tea,

Coffee,

Sherry, Flour,

Cocoa,

Liqueur,..

Butter,

Concrete,

Cement,

V.-Building Materials.

Colour Wash,

1-1-20ONDOO O

13

Coal Tar Disinfectants,.

11

Spirit of Wine,

2

2

Resin,

2

2

Railway Sleepers,

11

Iron wire,

22

Urine,

Candles,

Soils,

0

Fertilisers,

Paint,

Paint Remover,.

Battery Fluids,

Writing Paper,

Tobacco, Lactometer, Dye, Dust, Rat Poison, (one each) Other Substances,

8,069 9,609

mooooσONOMO

Lime.......

L 98

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations were 21 cases of suspected human poisoning. Opium was present in five enquiries, Japanese Star Anise in three, and Arsenic in one.

WATERS.

3. The results of the analyses of samples taken each month. from the Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon Reservoirs, indicate that these supplies continue to maintain their high purity.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel 55 samples were tested during the year. The Clowes-Redwood apparatus has been used on 17 ships.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE,

5. The following Table gives the results of 72 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department:

Description.

Number of Number found | Number found

Samples.

Genuine.

Adulterated.

Beer,

Brandy,

Bread,-

Gin,

Milk,

36

Port,

Rum, Sherry. Whisky,

COTNETENS

6

1

2

34

4

4

6

2

2

6

01000000

1

PHARMACY ORDINANCE.

Several

6. One seller of poison was convicted and fined. attempts were made to buy poison from unregistered persons, but nothing resulted.

MINERALOGICAL.

7. The 164 metals examined were:-tin 158, antimony 3, bronze 1, platinum alloy 1, and zinc 1.

Of tin 49,600 slabs, each weighing one cwt., were stamped as a guarantee of quality. No claims of any kind were received by Hongkong exporters of this metal during the year.

J

L

L 99

The ores comprised antimony, copper, gold, iron, lead, molybdenum, silver, tin, titanium, and zinc minerals.

LIQUORS ORDINANCE.

8. The figures given include only those samples tested in the Government Laboratory; the results of very many examinations made by the Assistant Analyst at the various godowns, etc., are not taken into account.

On September 30th, the examination for revenue purposes of Chinese liquor was transferred to the laboratory of the Imports and Exports Department.

OILS.

9. At the request of the Association of Exporters and Dealers of Hongkong, the sampling and analysis of Cassia and Anise oils has been undertaken by the Government. In order to assist in these examinations, more floor space, and some new apparatus, are being provided. Already 1,134 cases of Anise, and 80 of Cassia oil, have been shipped under Government certificates. Early in February next, every case leaving Hongkong will bear a Government seal.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

10. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on payment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amount- ed to $10,353.00 as against $8,846.50 in 1913.

11. Special reports have been supplied on:-Dissolved Acety- lene, Definitions under the Pharmacy Ordinance, 1908, Safe-Blast, and Cassia and Anise oils.

of

12. The value of the year's work as determined from the tariff of fees (Government Notifications No. 285 1907 and No. 360 of 1910) is $21,973.50 ($22,738.50 in 1913). There is much work for which nothing has been set down, and the Chinese samples exam- ined under the Liquors Ordinance have been calculated at the nominal rate of $1 each.

LIBRARY.

13. Several standard works of reference have been added.

RESEARCH.

14. Work has been done on Cassia and Anise oils in order to arrive at constants, which will help in the detection of adulterants.

STAFF.

15. During the year, Mr. O. F. Lubatti, Doc. Chem. (Turin), was appointed an Assistant Analyst, and Mr. H. A. Taylor left to take up the post of Monopoly Analyst in the Imports and Exports Department.

L 100

Annexe P.

THE HEALTH OFFICE OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. F. T. KEYT, Health Officer of the Port. During the year the work of this department was carried on by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt, Dr. Gröne, and Dr. Lindsay Woods.

Dr. Gröne returned to the Colony on April 3rd, after being absent for six months, Dr. Jordan left on a year's leave of absence on May 19th and Dr. C. Forsyth was appointed as a Deputy Health Officer during his absence.

The work of this Department may be described under three separate headings, namely:-

(a.) The daily inspection of shipping.

(b.) The inspection of emigrants.

(c.) Quarantine duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ON ARRIVAL.

All vessels entering this port are duly boarded and particulars are obtained as to any illness during the voyage, as well as the number, and causes of deaths, and a certificate to this effect is signed by the master of the ship.

All passengers and crews of ships arriving from infected ports are carefully examined and in the event of any disease of an infec- tious epidemic type having occurred during the voyage, such ships are detained in quarantine, and duly dealt with under Table L, section 23 of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance of 1899.

During the year there were 4,226 arrivals in port, of which 2,133 were British ships, and 2,093 Foreign ships.

These figures do not include the Canton and Macao River Steamers. Junks and smaller craft are also not boarded by the Health Officer, except in the event of any epidemic disease occurring in them.

(b.)--INSPECTION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year there was a marked decrease in emigration, viz., 76,186 as compared with 142,759 for last year, a difference of 66,573.

-

+

1

+

L 101

As usual the largest numbers were for Singapore, and the Straits Settlements, viz., 45,352, while the remaining 30,834 were for other ports, such as San Francisco, Mauritius and British Colum- bia.

Table I shows the numbers of emigrants passed and rejected, while Table II gives the monthly figures, numbers of rejections, and the numbers of the crews of the steamers.

The wave of emigration reached its maximum height in March when 15,072 passengers left the Colony, while during the latter part of the year, from August to December, there was a considerable decrease in numbers, riz., 8,081, as compared with 50,882 for the corresponding period for 1913.

This decrease was partly due to the war and partly to the closing up of many of the tin mines in the Federated Malay States, and a slump in the Rubber Market.

Of the total 76,186 emigrants, there were 73 "through pas- sengers", who were on their way via Hongkong to the ports of destination. These were all medically examined, along with the other passengers, and are therefore included in our list.

The total numbers of rejections were 1,124 as against 2,958 for 1913, this decrease being due to the total decrease in the emigration figures.

Table III gives the causes of rejections under the various diseases tabulated. Fevers, skin and eye affections predominate. A large number were also rejected for anæmia and debility, and for being physically unfit.

(e.) QUARANTINE DUTY.

During the year six ships were detained in Quarantine, viz. :-

2 for Cholera.

2 for Small-pox.

2 for Plague.

On November 20th, the river port of Wuchow was declared infected with Cholera, and all steamers arriving from this port were examined in the Quarantine Anchorage. These restrictions were removed on December 19th. During this period, no cases were imported.

Table IV gives the number of ships detained in Quarantine, together with the causes, dates and periods of detention.

L 102

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1914.

Ports of Destination.

Passed.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements,

45,352

885

Calcutta,

816

3

San Francisco,

4,134

21

Honolulu,

1,125

2

Japan,

302

British Columbia,

5,774

41

Java Ports,

12,080

107

Australian Ports,

3,683

50

Seattle,

Mexican Ports,

South America,

397

1,381

355

13

Mauritius,.

476

2

South Africa,

64

Marseilles,....

103

United Kingdom,

114

Total,.......

76,186

1,124

Table II.

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews and Rejections.

Months.

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

January,

6,945

2,433

81

February,

12,177

2,865

228

March,

15,072

4,062

213

April,..

11,163

3,429

114

May,

9,959

3,660

189

June,

7,120

3,623

133

July,

5,669

3,405

111

August,

1,828

1,764

20

September,

1,578

1,512

Į

October,

1,997

2,210

13

November,.

963

1,062

5

December,

1.715

1,765

16

Total,...

76,186

31,790

1,124

Appendix M.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY

DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1914.

GENERAL REMARKS.

Weather. It is a great pleasure to be able to report that the year was free from typhoons, as these storms when they occur undo the work of years.

The amount of sunshine during the first quarter was above the average and was especially beneficial to winter-flowering annuals many of which are similar to those grown in England during the summer months.

The second quarter was favourable for gardening operations except for the last few days of June when heavy rains fell.

wet.

In the third quarter, July and September were particularly

The rainfall during the fourth quarter was 20.89 inches and has been only twice exceeded, viz., in 1893 and 1909, and was 1079 inches above the average taken over a period of 23 years.

November made two records (1) in the number of rainy days and (2) in the amount of rain which fell.

This quarter was particularly fatal to many vegetables and winter-flowering annuals.

On the other hand the rains were extremely beneficial to young trees which were planted earlier in the year.

Growth of the Department.-Since my appointment as Head of the Department in 1910 numerous works and grounds have been added to those at that time placed under my charge.

Of these additions the following may be mentioned:-The planting of trees alongside the road from Castle Peak to Fanling, the planting of the hills at Fanling with flowering trees and shrubs, Government Civil Hospital Grounds, Lunatic Asylum Grounds, Royal Observatory Grounds, Extension to Colonial Cemetery, Government Bungalows' Grounds, Royal Square Plots, Volunteer Parade Ground and Grounds around Subordinate Officers' Quarters.

An Economic Garden has also been started at Fanling with the hope that it will lead to some of the natives taking up, especial- ly, the cultivation of vegetables for themselves and the Hongkong market.

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Experiments with artificial fertilizers will be carried out in this garden so far as circumstances will allow.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Many trees and shrubs flowered well during the year of which the following were some of the best :-Bauhinia Blakeana, Bauhinia variegata, Cratava religiosa, Cassia Fistula, Brownea Ariza, Erythrina Crista-galli, Bougainvillea spectabilis, Brunfelsia Hopeana, Brunfelsia undulata, Lagerstroemia indica and Allamanda Schottii.

Poinciana regia and Poulownia Fortunei did not flower for some reason or other, probably on account of the damage done to them by the typhoon of August 19th, 1913.

The Poinsettias were a gorgeous show, they were never better, and the wet, mild weather in the autumn suited them admirably.

Amongst pot plants in the open air, which are such a great feature in Hongkong gardening, Plumbago rosea, Salvia splendens, Marguerites, Lilium speciosum and Renanthera coccinea were especially good.

Plants of Phaius grandifolius, locally known as the Nun Lily, were attacked by a fungus so that the usual display of this orchid was wanting.

In the plant houses, Impatiens Holstii, Impatiens Sultani, Gloxinias, Anthurium Ferrierense, Phalaenopsis Aphrodite, Phalaen- opsis Schilleriana and Eranthemum Wattii were conspicuous objects at various seasons of the year.

On a tree in the Old Garden Dendrobium aggregatum was extremely fine when in flower.

The Hippeastrums (Amaryllis) in both beds in the Old Garden made a brilliant show and a large quantity of seed was collected from the best varieties from which a stock of young plants has been raised.

Bauhinia Blakeana is still the best winter-flowering tree in the Colony and about 60 layers were taken off the trees in the Gardens for planting in conspicuous places on the island and in the New Territories.

Cuttings from this tree do not strike readily and as it has not yet produced seed its propagation is slow.

The Rhododendron bank in the New Garden was extended by putting in several plants of Rhododendron phoeniceum, the purple- flowered species.

Several layers were taken of Rhododendron Henryi and these will be planted during 1915.

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Many of the roses in both gardens having become worn out they were taken up and replaced with young plants which had been propagated for that purpose.

The young Cassia Fistula trees in the Old Garden were attacked by a green caterpillar which turned out to be the caterpillar of the butterfly Catopsilia pomona.

During the summer the leaves of violets in pots were very much damaged by a red and black caterpillar which proved to be another butterfly Argynnis hyperbius.

In the New Garden a hedge of prickly bamboo flowered; this was removed and replaced by the Mauritius palm, Chrysalidocarpus lutescens.

A large Araucaria excelsa which stood at the east end of the lower terrace in the Old Garden was blown down by a sudden gust of wind in August. After it fell it was found that nearly the whole of the trunk had been destroyed by white ants.

The old Crotons in the bed at the Caine Road entrance to Glenealy were taken up and the bed replanted with Brunfelsia Hopeana and Brunfelsia ramosissima.

At the Glenealy end of the Gallery walk several tree ferns were planted.

Ophiopogon, locally known as "blue grass", was taken up in several places in order to have sufficient for planting elsewhere. There is nothing to equal this plant for covering bare ground under

trees.

The seed shed in the pot plant nursery which had got beyond repairs was taken down and a new one built on the same site. The old structure was supported by wooden posts but in the new one brick pillars were substituted as being more lasting.

Walks and plant houses were repaired as required and the seats in the Gardens were painted.

In the spring months the basin at the base of the fountain in the Old Garden becomes the home of many frogs and as they keep up their croaking all night long as many as possible are caught and destroyed. Last spring about 500 were accounted for.

The Annual Show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held on the 3rd and 4th March. The weather was fine on both days and the show was a great success.

Government House Grounds.-Four groups of Rhododendrons were planted on the bank at the east end of the ballroom.

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One young tree of Fokienia Hodginsii was also planted on the same bank.

The Poincianas planted inside the hedge on the east side of the grounds have made good progress.

Another fifty feet of the bamboo hedge were removed and replaced by Chrysalidocarpus.

Lawns which had become bare in places from various reasons were repaired with good turf.

Towards the end of the summer caterpillars attacked the principal tennis lawn. The lawn was sprayed with arsenate of lead and this checked the pest immediately.

The walks were repaired when necessary and the garden seats painted.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.-The lawn between the main walk and the shrubbery at the foot of the big retaining wall was taken up and relaid as it had become uneven.

Several Rhododendrons were planted on the bank below the chunam tennis court.

A row of Hydrangeas was planted at the east end of the tennis lawn.

Alongside the watercourses above the approach road numbers of Hedychiums and Cannas were planted.

The undergrowth in the valley at the east of the grounds was cleared when necessary.

A stone and cement channel, 164 feet long, was made leading from the approach road to the stream in the valley to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes.

Five new garden seats were added to those already there.

The gravel paths were on several occasions badly washed out by heavy rains and were repaired as required.

The Rhododendrons and Hydrangeas in the grounds flowered well.

Blake Garden.-The bank of the new terrace at the east end of the garden was turfed. .

A flight of cement concrete steps was made leading from the walk on the south side down to the east terrace.

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Many of the Agaves which were planted a few years ago to prevent visitors making paths across the lawns were removed.

It is hoped that it will not be necessary to replant the Agaves as the garden looks much better without them.

Towards the end of the year the Public Works Department began the construction of a new summer house on a mound towards the west end of the garden but it was not completed at the end of December.

Two young and vigorous Aleurites triloba trees had to be cut down to allow of the erection by the Public Works Department of a latrine on the north side. The latrine when completed will be under the garden and will be quite out of sight.

Twenty new garden seats were provided at the beginning of the year as those already there were insufficient for the number of people who frequent the place.

Peak Garden.-A swamp having made its appearance in the middle of the garden drain pipes were put in to carry the water into the stream at the lower end of the garden.

One of the Aleurites trees died and this was replaced by another.

West End Park.-Eighteen Poinciana regia trees were planted in various parts of the park.

Many stumps of trees were removed from the lower end near Park Road.

A bamboo hedge 270 feet long was planted on three sides of the new playground.

Lantana and Mimosa again proved troublesome and young plants of both were rooted up when they appeared.

King's Park. The young trees planted in the upper part of the Park were pruned and re-tied as occasion required.

As usual, many pine trees killed by the dust from the Hok Un Cement Works were cut down and removed.

Several broad-leaved trees and shrubs were cut down to enable the Public Works Department to construct two nullahs.

Lantana, Mimosa and long grass covering 'palms and shrubs were cleared away from time to time.

Twelve persons were arrested and convicted for allowing goats to trespass and damage trees in the park, one was convicted for stealing boundary posts and another for stealing earth.

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Colonial Cemetery.--Bare patches under trees where grass will not grow were planted up with Ophiopogon.

Large shrubs which were obstructing paths and obscuring tombstones were either cut back or removed.

Many, large specimens of Chinese palms which had been planted on graves when quite small were cut down as they were damaging monuments on the graves on which they were planted as well as those of adjoining graves.

Seventeen young trees of Poinciana regia were planted in various localities.

A row of Ficus repens was planted at the foot of the cutting made in connection with one of the new terraces. These plants will in time cover the cutting and render it less unsightly than at present.

One old tree of Bauhinia purpurea was cut down and a young specimen of Bauhinia Blakeana planted.

ment.

The plant houses were repaired by the Public Works Depart-

Royal Square Garden.-Cannas interfering with the develop- ment of shrubs were taken away.

The beds in the middle of the plots were kept filled with annuals and other flowering plants.

The plants of Bauhinia Blakeana in the plots grew and flowered well.

A few cockchafer grubs were found under the lawns at the end of June and these were collected and destroyed.

To get rid of worms in the lawns a dressing of chachai was given.

Fifty Chinese palms in pots were placed around the Queen Victoria Statue.

Civil Hospital Grounds.-The lawns were dressed with arti- ficial fertilizers but as practically all the lawns were covered with matsheds in the middle of August the results could not be determined.

The matsheds were still standing at the end of the year so that all the lawns will require to be re-turfed when the matsheds are removed.

The area used as a pot plant compound was also utilized for matsheds and a temporary place was found elsewhere.

The Aleurites trees around the Maternity Hospital were pruned.

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Fifty Poinsettias were planted on the bank at the south side of the grounds.

Royal Observatory Grounds.-A large area under pine trees was planted with Ophiopogon besides an area where pine trees formerly stood.

Many trees and shrubs were also planted.

Undergrowth under trees was removed and the grounds were cleared of Lantana and Mimosa.

Lower Albany Nursery.-The site of this nursery is an old rubbish tip and those who remember its unsightly appearance ten or twelve years ago and saw the display of Poinsettias there at the end of the year would be able to appreciate the change which has taken place.

The display would have been much greater if part of the site had not been sold for building purposes as several hundred addi- tional Poinsettias were planted on this area last spring.

As many as possible of these latter were transferred elsewhere as well as any other plants which could be transplanted with safety.

At various times during the year Salvia splendens, Marguerites, Cannas and Russelia juncea made quite good shows.

Peak Tramway Banks.-The planting of these banks with flowering trees and shrubs was continued.

The principal things planted were 223 Hibiscus Lambertianus, 8 Cassia Fistula, 7 Cratava religiosa, 10 Bauhinia Blakeana, 4 Lagerstroemia indicu, 13 Rhododendron indicum, several Allamanda Schottii and Brunfelsia ramasissima.

There were shrubs of one kind or another in flower throughout the year.

Twenty-two Bauhinia variegata were taken up from the terraces above the Union Church and transferred to Royal Square. These were replaced by plants of Bauhinia Blakeana.

Hongkong Club Plot.-The Hibiscus shrubs planted last year have grown well and produced flowers freely.

The turf has practically covered the ground and the plot now certainly adds to the amenities of the place.

Roadside Bunks and Rockeries.-The purple-flowered Rhodo- dendrons were lifted from Battery Path and transplanted elsewhere.

One hundred and fifty Rhododendron indicum and 100 Hydran- geas were planted on the banks above and below Battery Path,

M 8

The Rhododendrons at this place flowered freely and made a good show.

On the hillside below Mountain View, 93 Rhododendrons and 56 Hydrangeas were planted.

Near the Military Hospital, Bowen Road, 91 Hydrangeas were planted. Those which were previously planted at this place have done well.

A row of Russelia juncea was planted on the east side of the Albany Nullah between Kennedy Road and the lower train terminus. Those planted on the west side of the nullah flowered profusely.

In Glenealy between Robinson Road and Conduit Road, twenty tree ferns were planted.

The bare ground under the Banian at the garden tank plot at the junction of Bowen and Garden Roads was planted up with Ophiopogon.

A bank alongside the Peak Road, above Queen's Gardens, was cleared of Lantana and planted with Chinese palms and Acalyphas. It was formerly a dumping place for all kinds of refuse.

Government Offices' Grounds. As large quantities of "blue grass" were required for planting elsewhere, a considerable area under trees in these grounds was taken up, divided and replanted.

The grounds were kept in a tidy condition and seedling trees and weeds were pulled up as they appeared.

Volunteer Parade Grounds.-The turf was kept in good order until the beginning of August when three rows of tents were erected on the ground.

The tents were not removed until the end of the year and by that time all the grass had been destroyed.

In the meantime it would not be much use to re-turf the ground as it is constantly used for parade purposes.

The hedges around the ground were trimmed when necessary.

Government Bungalows' Grounds. Several Hydrangeas were planted on the hillside to the North of the Pavilions and a few on the south side.

A large portion of the grounds around the villas was alienated by the Government for the erection thereon of the new Peak School.

Some good specimens of Rhododendron were taken up and replanted in other parts of the grounds.

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Many other shrubs, on account of their size, had to be destroyed as the season of the year when the site was required was unsuitable for transplanting operations.

Children's Plot, Kowloon.-This plot was placed under this Department during the year and immediately after the transfer a gang of coolies was employed in taking up Mimosa which had over- run the ground. It is an exceedingly difficult plant to eradicate after it has once obtained a footing.

Cricket Ground.-During the winter months patches on the pitch were repaired with new turf after every match.

After the playing season was over about half of the turf on the pitch was taken up as it had become very thin with constant play and replaced with new turf.

The pitch was given a dressing of nitrate of soda and an in- provement in the turf was soon visible.

From the beginning of August until the end of the year the ground was used by the Reserves and Volunteers for purposes of drill which of course did not improve it.

Magpies were rather a nuisance in the middle of the summer as they frequented the ground just at daybreak and made numerous semicircular holes in the turf each about four inches in diameter, evidently in search of worms or insects.

Subordinate Officers' Quarters' Grounds.-The grounds around the new quarters at Breezy Point were placed under the charge of this Department on the completion of the buildings.

The various plots were turfed and the lawns were afterwards cut when necessary.

HERBARIUM.

The specimens of Labiata sent to Mr. S. T. Dunn, referred to in last year's report, were returned early in the year and the thanks of the Department are due to that gentleman for having so kindly undertaken their revision.

Four hundred and eighty-seven specimens were presented by Mons. H. Lecomte, Directeur, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. These were mostly Chinese and Cochin-Chinese plants, many of which were not previously represented in the Hongkong collection.

The Superintendent, Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta, present- ed specimens of 23 Indian species and there were smaller collections of Chinese plants presented by Captain A. E. Hodgins and the Revd. C. B. Shann.

Four hundred and forty-two Kwangtung and 210 Kweichow specimens were purchased.

Two new cabinets were added to accommodate the increasing collections.

M 10

During the year several local residents interested in Botany have made use of the collections in connection with their studies.

A list of additions to the local flora is given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.--Over 27,000 one-year old pine tree seedlings were planted in 91 on the bare hills near the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel and over 7,000 sites were sown with seeds.

On hills covered with grass in 9 and 9B, 185 lb of Pine seed were sown broadcast and there are now thousands of seedlings to be seen in these areas.

In the Tytam catchment area 15,000 sites were sown with seeds and at Aberdeen 9,500 sites.

Broad-leaved Trees Planțed.—On the hills around the Cheung- shawan reservoir 1,000 Melaleuca and 1,000 Ficus were planted.

Over 3,000 trees were planted in the Tytam catchment area consisting principally of Melaleuca, Eucalyptus and Tristania.

Care of Trees in Plantations.--Towards the end of January the caterpillar of Metanastria punctata, Walker, was discovered in large numbers on the young pine trees in the plantations on the south side of the Kowloon hills.

Arrangements were made to collect and pay for them by weight and the first collections were made on the 30th January.

From that date up to and including the 12th March, when very few caterpillars remained, collections were made almost daily.

Altogether over 19 tons by weight, estimated to contain up- wards of 12,000,000 caterpillars, were collected and destroyed.

As the caterpillars when full-grown are from 23 inches to 3 inches long, if placed end to end they would have formed a line something like 500 miles in length.

They were weighed and paid for either by myself or Mr. Green and afterwards buried under the supervision of one of us near the plantations where they were collected.

Myself or Mr. Green had to devote at least half a day to this work during the six weeks that the collecting was in progress.

The prompt measures taken were eminently satisfactory as very few trees indeed were much damaged.

The Assistant Superintendent, who was frequently employed on the hills long after office hours, co-operated most loyally and heartily in the work.

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This is the most serious visitation of this pest since 1894, in which year 36 tons of caterpillars were collected.

It may be of interest to draw attention to the fact that the year 1894 was also the worst year ou record for Plague and that the year 1914 was also a bad year for that disease.

The Assistant Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Pearse, has informed me that the early part of 1914 was particularly favourable for fleas so that it seems that climatic conditions which are favourable for fleas are also favourable for pine tree caterpillars, hence the coinci- dences mentioned above.

A large amount of creeper-cutting was done during the year.

The principal plantations in which this work was carried on were those in the vicinity of the following roads :-

Aberdeen Road, Bowen Road, Barker Road. Conduit * Road, Craigmin Road, Aberdeen-Wanchai Road, Shaukiwan- Tytam Road and Wongneichong Gap Road.

In 98 and 9c, pine tree plantations near Ngaushiwan which are the result of broadcast sowings were thinned out.

Altogether about 45,000 of small seedling trees were removed.

For the construction of a path from Aberdeen Police Station through the forest to Aberdeen-Wanchai Road. the trees in the line of the path were cut down.

Protection from Fire. The usual clearing of the Fire Barriers in Hongkong and Kowloon was completed before the Chinese autumn festival.

The Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs kindly lent 10 District Watchmen to assist the Forest Guards and Foresters in watching for fires at the Tsing Ming and Chung Yeung Festivals and their presence no doubt had a good effect as no fire occurred ou either occasion.

There were 49 fires reported during the year, 22 in the first quarter, 19 in the second, none in the third and 8 in the fourth quarter.

The wet autumn was undoubtedly the reason for so few fires being reported in the last quarter of the year.

The biggest fire took place at Repulse Bay but none of them were very extensive.

Forest Guards' Service.-The Forest Guards arrested 321 per- sons for Forestry Offences compared with 459 in the previous year. The presence of troops in various parts of the Island after the begin- ning of August had a very salutary effect on some of the villagers.

M 12

On two or three occasions persons were arrested for exposing certain native flowering shrubs for sale contrary to last year's Order- in-Council of the 19th June.

In every case the person arrested was found to be without a licence, so that although convictions could not be obtained under the Order-in-Council, they could be, and were, for hawking without a licence.

The order has had a very good effect on the flower sellers as very few of the prohibited flowers and shrubs were exposed for sale in the flower market during the year.

Formerly Lilium Brownii was brought to the market in large quantities, but last summer, although frequent visits were made, not a single specimen was seen.

The lily has become scarce on the island as the flower collectors formerly pulled up the whole plant when in flower.

Six owners of matsheds had sums amounting to S67 altogether deducted from their securities for damage done to trees by their workmen in the vicinity of the matsheds.

Timber Felling.-Several acres of trees were cut down above the Pokfulam Road in the vicinity of Belcher's Fort to enable the Public Works Department to construct filter beds.

At Pokfulam some large fellings were made on Farm Lots purchased by the Dairy Farm Company.

A large felling was made at North Point so that soil could be obtained for reclamation purposes.

On the plateau east of the Race Course, Wongneichong, fellings were made so that the erection of houses could be proceeded with.

At Homuntin, near Yaumati Railway Station, a big felling was also made so that houses could be erected on the site.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.- Nearly 200 young trees were planted in roads and streets in Hongkong and Kowloon.

Sixteen trees which were growing in the centre of the roads in Royal Square were cut down.

Some of these were very unsightly, others blocked the view of the Queen Victoria Statue, whilst all of them were considered to be interfering with the upkeep and proper repair of the roads.

To replace the sixteen trees felled, trees of Bauhinia rariegata were planted on the side-paths on both sides of the roads.

Of the 32 trees planted 30 have done well and although the trees were pruned hard back and not planted until the end of July

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they have made wonderfully good growth and give every prospect of flowering freely in the spring.

Owing to the alteration in the alignment of Salisbury Road, Kowloon, several Aleurites trees had to be removed. The smaller trees were transplanted whilst the large specimens had to be destroyed.

A hedge of bamboos, 175 feet long, was planted on the Bowen Road at the top of a steep retaining wall to prevent children from falling over.

In the vicinity of Morrison Hill many of the Banian trees growing there had large holes in their trunks and branches and these were filled up with cement to prevent rain water accumulating in them and forming breeding places for mosquitoes.

Camphor trees infected with white ants were treated with carbolineum.

Street and road trees whose branches were likely to come in contract with Government telephone lines were attended to when required.

Branches of trees along country roads liable to interfere with persons on horseback or vehicular traffic were removed.

Goats were again a great nuisance in roads in Kowloon where young trees are planted.

Grazing grounds for goats have now been allotted to the Indian Police and it is hoped that this will tend to stop the nuisance.

The Military Authorities have had grazing grounds at Kowloon for several years.

Shataukok-Custle Peak Road. The section of the road between Santin and Autau was completed in 1913 but not sufficiently early in the year to admit of tree-planting. Planting, however, was begun and finished early in 1914.

Altogether 2,150 trees consisting of Poinciana, Albizzia, Camphor, Melaleuca and Ficus infectoria were planted.

Each tree was protected by a guard, pig baskets being used for this purpose.

In the previous year sugar baskets were used but the Chinese from whom they were obtained apparently thought that the Depart- ment could not do without them and put up the price until it was prohibitive and lost all orders in consequence.

Pig baskets, the baskets in which pigs are carried to the market, proved to be both more suitable and cheaper.

M 14

There were a few cases of pilfering of baskets, sticks and string but on the whole the baskets were a great protection to the young trees.

When the road was being made it was not considered what was the best material to put in for the growth of trees but that which was nearest at hand was used, consequently trees of the same kind show very uneven growth along the road.

Sheung Shui Station—Golf Club Road.-Both sides of this new road were planted with Camphor, Aleurites and Cratava trees and were protected with pig baskets. Altogether 190 trees were planted.

U Kau Tang Forest Reserve.--At this lovely spot where the finest waterfall in the Colony may be seen, 100 Bauhinia pur- purea and 10 Cassia siamea were planted.

In the beautiful woods at this place are to be found several trees which have not hitherto been found in Kwangtung province and one or two which have not been recorded previously from China.

Fanling Hills.-Young Poinciana trees which were killed by fire and frost at the end of 1913 were replaced by others.

Eight hundred Hydrangeas were planted on one of the low hills near the No. 1 Green and these flowered well for the first

year.

On the low hill above No. 2 Green 120 young Bauhinia pur- purea, Bauhinia variegata and Hibiscus mutabilis with a few Tristanias were planted. The flowering plants have not done well as they were attacked by beetles which ate them off close to the ground and repeated the same thing when new shoots appeared.

On the low hill east of the No. 3 Green 120 Callistemons were put in and these have made good progress.

A few plants of Rhododendron indicum planted on the hill above the No. 3 Green show that these plants will be a success.

Near the No. 5 Green 700 Russelia were planted and they promise well.

The hill on which the Ladies' Bungalow is situated was planted up with 240 Hibiscus Lambertianus and 60 Cassia siamea and the former have already made a good display.

The Cannas planted in 1913 were quite a feature several times during the year in spite of the fact that they were attacked by weevils in large numbers which were only kept in check by constant attention.

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In the vicinity of the No. 9 Green the four young trees of Bauhinia Blakeana and the Hibiscus Lambertianus flowered well.

Flowering Trees and Shrubs.-In addition to those already mentioned in this report 80 Poincianas were planted in the lower part of the Pokfulam valley, 200 at Deep Water Bay, 63 in the valley south of Magazine Gap, 30 above Kennedy Road and 14 at Kennedy Town.

On the spur of a hill between Wongneichong Gap and Deep Water Bay, 500 Rhododendron indicum were planted.

Forestry Service Paths. The path on the north side of Mount Parker was continued round to the south side to the catchwater path.

The old paths in Hongkong and Kowloon damaged by the summer rains were repaired in the autumn.

Clearing Undergrowth around Houses.-About 9,000,000 square feet were cleared for anti-malarial purposes at the Government's expense in various parts of Hongkong and Kowloon, and at Taipo, New Territories.

Some of the areas cleared were around the Police Stations at Aberdeen, Mt. Gough, The Peak, Tsimshatsui and Taipo, and around the District Officer's Quarters, Taipo.

The Military Authorities requested this Department to clear at their expense, areas around the Military Hospital, Bowen Road, and the Military Sanitarium, Mt. Gough, to the extent of 2,250,000 square feet and this was done.

Additional clearings up to 288,000 square feet were made for private individuals at their own cost.

Clearing for Survey Purposes. In connection with surveys carried out by the Public Works Department about 1,780,000 square feet were cleared compared with about 2,400,000 in 1913.

Forestry Licences, New Territories.—The fees collected in the Northern District amounted to $3,050.77 so I am informed by the District Officer and those in the Southern District to $1,926.46 according to the report of the Assistant District Officer, making a total of $4,977.23.

COMMERCIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

Several requests were received from India for seeds of Aleurites Fordii and Aleurites montana but the trees in Hongkong and the New Territories did not produce fruits in sufficient quantity to admit of seeds being distributed.

An application was received from Mr. D. Fairchild, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, for seeds of Quercus cornea, the Chinese edible acorn tree, and these were sent when ready.

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Seeds of Pueraria Thunbergiana were sent to the Economic Botanist, Bonbay, for experimental purposes. The fibre obtained from this plant is used in China for making cloth.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, &c.

Upwards of 46,000 pine tree seedlings were raised in the Beacon Hill Nursery for planting on the hills in 1915.

Several thousand Poinciana, Camphor and Albizzia trees were also raised in the same nursery for planting along the new roads in the New Territories.

The Kanghau Nursery was given up during the year.

An Economic Garden was started at Fanling as mentioned earlier in this report and at the end of the year several kinds of vegetables were under trial.

About 100 West Indian Limes were planted and as these grow and fruit well in Hongkong they should prove a success in the New Territories if given sheltered situations.

Plants of spineless Cacti were planted in the hope that they would become useful as a winter fodder crop for cattle.

So far they have made very little progress although a spiny species, Opuntia Dillenii, is naturalized in various places in Hong- kong and Kowloon and grows without any trouble.

A part of this garden is in use as a nursery for trees and shrubs and several thousand young plants were accommodated there at the end of the year.

In the East Point Nursery Cinnamomum Cassia fruited freely and seeds will be obtained when ripe for increasing the stock of this tree.

This is the tree which produces the Cassia Bark and Cassia Buds of commerce.

The first rice crop was above the average and the second was even better, but difficulty was experienced in harvesting the latter owing to the wet weather which prevailed at the time.

The crop of Lichees was below the average whilst that of Peanuts was good.

Applications were made by several shippers of plants to the United States and the Philippines for certificates specifying that the plants were free from fungoid and insect pests.

After an examination of the plants the certificates were given with one exception.

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K

PRESENTATIONS TO THE Department.

The following, to whom the thanks of the Department are due, presented seeds or plants:-Captain Spencer Wilde, S.S. "Haisang"; Captain A. E. Hodgins, S.S. "Haiyang"; Mr. F. Soares: Director, Experimental Station of Forestry, Taihoku, Formosa; Superinten- dent, Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta; Director of Agriculture, Ceylon; Miss Wallace; Mr. C. Roebelen; Director, Botanic Gardens, East Java; Mr. M. J. D. Stephens; Mons. H. Lecomte, Director, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris; Conservator of Forests, Forestry Department, Nairobi, B. E. Africa; Mr. D. MacGregor, Superintendent of Parks, &c., Shanghai; Mr. H. Nehrling Gotha, Florida, U.S.A; Lady Hanbury, "La Mortola", Ventimiglia, Italy; Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England; Dr. E. A. Voretzsch; Mr. A. Chapman; Mr. D. W. Tratman; Li Kau; Mrs. A. Milroy and U On.

The Honourable Mr. Claud Severn and Mr. G. B. Carpenter each presented an armadillo, Mons. J. Knoth a golden pheasant, Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher a wild duck and the Commander of H.M.S. Kennet a Borneon Hornbill.

The following were the principal recipients of seeds or plants :--- United States Department of Agriculture; Saikung Police Station; Sergeant Kerr, Golf Club, Fanling; Captain A. E. Hodgins, S.S. "Haiyang"; Department of Agriculture, Jamaica; Botanical, Forestry and Scientific Department, Uganda; Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England; Curator, Botanic Gardens, Darwin, Australia; Director, Botanic Gardens, Lawang, E. Java; Major Hall, R.G.A., Lyemun; Mr. R. Baker, Kowloon-Canton Railway; Mr. H. Humphreys; Taipo Police Station; Government Botanist, Bombay; Archdeacon Barnett; Mr. E. A. Irving, Taipo; Mr. Moore, Cheung Chau Island; District Officer, Taipo; Assistant Superinten- dent of Police, Taipo: Mr. A. Chapman; Dr. E. A. Voretzsch; Horticultural Department, New Delhi, India; Superintendent, Royal Botanic Gardens, Ceylon; and the Consulting Agriculturist, Ministry of Agriculture, Cairo, Egypt.

STAFF.

The Superintendent was absent from the Colony from the 10th to the 13th April on an expedition to the North River, a report of which is given in a supplement. The Head Clerk, Mr. Tsoi Wa Cheung, was absent on vacation leave for 3 days; the Assistant Clerk, Mr. Mak Kun, for 9 days; the Head Forester, Mr. Wong Shing Po, for 14 days; the Assistant Head Forester, Mr. Un Kam Po, for 14 days; the Foreman Forester, Mr. Li Kam Fuk, for 3 days, and the First Herbarium Assistant, Mr. Fung King Wan, for 13 days.

W. J. TITCHER,

Superintendent.

3rd March, 1915.

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1914.

- M 18

Botanic Gardens.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar. April May

May June July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

inch. inch.

inch.

inch.

inch, inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch.

inch. inch.

I,

•20

*23

1.79

⚫05

18

*14

2,

*66

•56 ⚫30

1.05

•29 1.38

...

3,

*06

*06

1.41

⚫01

1.69

4,

'03

*26

1.77

3.90

•26

⚫01

5,

⚫01

1.24

•18

*07

⚫01

6,

·01

⚫06

1.60

:

7,

⚫03

*01

*08

*65

⚫03

1.21

*25

8,

1.98

•15

2.12

•11

⚫03

9,

*03 ⚫03

•90

2.95

•15

...

...

10,

*05

1.34

·11

1.08

11,

04

⚫01

.01

⚫02

.01

12,

.01

1.87

'04

*07

...

13,

∙17 *15

1.07

*02

•26

1.45

⚫01

•16

14,

⚫05 *43

*01

⚫53

*14

1.73

15,

*07

*76

•43

*44

...

...

16,

*07

•26

⚫04

'03

*52

1.19

•17

-M 19 -

Table̟ I,—Continued.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb., Mar. April | May | June | July | Aug, June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch, inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch.

17,

18,

•95

1.90 4.13 *09 2.55 •01

•64 .88

•18 3.75

*04

*02

*52

...

24,

25,

26,

27,

28,

29,

30,

31.

Total,.

19,

20,

21,

22,

23,

...

•17

.04

⚫05

•19

•18

...

.80

⚫03

⚫31

•16

⚫02

...

*17

*20

'06

.77

4.78

⚫02

5.79

*09

*01

•44

1.24

1.73

2.39

...

·09

⚫05

*08

*41

1.83

1.91

.37

⚫03

•20

•20

*02

•10

⚫38

⚫42

•10

11

⚫06

⚫46

...

.76 *32

•88

⚫20

•24

*85

*07

'06 4.02

5.90

...

*03

*05

*52

•13

⚫06

...

...

⚫07

⚫01

3.20

...

2.88

·04

•61

3.04

1.54

5.92 13.48 12.66 | 23.37

6.13 21.02 10.67 9.10

1.12

Total for the year 108·05 inches.

Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens 88:45 inches.

Total rainfall registered at the Royal Observatory, Hongkong, for the year 92-81 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

M 20 -

Reports of

Village or District. Block.

Compartment.

Pine

Pine tree Pine tree Brush- trees branches needles stealing. stealing. stealing. stealing.

Grass Wild

wood

cutting.

Wild Cattle flowers fruits stealing. stealing.plantation.

grazing

Victoria,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

6

27

13

Wongneichong,

A.B.C.D.E.G.

co

3

18

14

Shaukiwan,.

Tytam,

A.B.C.D.E.F.

1

9

15

31

+ཨ¢

4

Nil.

Nil.

2

""

""

Nil.

1

""

A.B.C.E.F.

Nil.

6

2

1

""

""

Stanley

A.E.F.

2

2

Nil.

1

""

""

Aberdeen,

A.B.C.D.E.F.

4

2

8

1

1

2

Pokfulam,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

4

4

13

Nil.

Nil.

2

Kowloon,....

A.B.C.E.

I

1

8

3

>>

Harbour Belt,

9

A.B.C.D.F.

2

5

7

11

6

""

Cheungshawan,

10

Nil.

3

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

1

""

Kanghau,

11

1

5

1

Nil.

>>

""

""

Total for 1914,

26

41

28

93

105

10

1

17

Total for 1913,

29

42

40

123

126

69

12

18

1

M 21

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

50 cents to $1 fine,.

$1.25

$2

$2.50

$3

1914.

1913.

22

24

0

3

29

85

33

0

2

>>

67

36

"

$4 to $5

45

65

"

$7

$9

1

24

1

0

4

$10 to $25 $50

3 days' imprisonment,

5 to 7 days'

32

37

0

2

>>

3

5

2

1

**

25

37

8 to 14

"3

""

15 to 31

"

6 weeks'

">

2 months'

,;

29

31

6

31

2

1

3

Whipping with the birch,

Discharges,

Withdrawals,

2

4

45

17

1

9

Forfeiture of Bail,

4

10

Personal Bond,...

4

2

Total,......................

.321

459

Table IV.

Locality.

NURSERIES.

Kanghau,.

East Point,

Kowloon Tsai,.. Fanling,

1

Expenses.

$ 143.70

59.40

614.90

193.11

Total,...

$1,011.11

Revenue.

- M 22

Table V.

REVENUE.

1914.

1913.

$

(.

Timber Sales....

1,602.36

3,066.74

Forestry Licences,

4,977.23

4,653.55

Loan of Plants,

341.28

417.00

Forfeiture of Timber Contractor's

Security,

200.00

Interest on Current Account,

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,.

10.18

10.68

3.16

4.09

Total,

$6,934.21

$8,352.06

Table VI.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FROM THE YEARS 1905 To 1914.

Year. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

1905

$ 46,670.14

C.

$

C.

%

3,468.94

7.43

1906

46,796.19

6,898.64

14.74

1907

44,131.14

7,730.52

17.52

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43,694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13.230.59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7,769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2,304.91

5.78

1913

48.745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14.12

-

+

M 23

Supplement I.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Drymaria cordata, Willd.-Collected near Cheung Mi. Re- corded from Hongkong and from Kwangtung without locality. A common tropical weed.

2. Pentaphylax euryoides, Gardn. & Champ.--In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Not previously found out of the island of Hongkong.

3. Thespesia populnea, Corr.-Near the seashore at Cheung Mi. A tropical seashore plant recorded from the Loochoos and Formosa but not hitherto from the mainland of China.

4. Elaeocarpus sp.-A tree 12 feet to 15 feet high. Flowels white. In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Apparently new.

5. Elaeocarpus lancæfolius, Roxb.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Previous localities Hongkong, Formosa, Java and India.

6. Alysicarpus vaginalis, DC.-Near U Kau Tang. Found in Hongkong and throughout the tropics of the Old World.

7. Lespedeza striata, Hook, & Arn.-At Kowloon. Gathered in Hongkong and various places in China.

8. Altingia gracilipes, Hemsl.-Several trees 40 feet to 60 feet high in the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Only previously re- corded from Fokien. The U Kau Tang tree differs from the type in having serrate leaves.

9. Casearia greuiafolia, Vent. In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Only previously known from Malaya and the Philippines.

10. Viburnum odoratissimun, Ker.-On the banks of a stream near Fanling. Found in Hongkong, Fokien, the Loochoos, Japan and eastern India.

11. Adina globiflora, Salisb.—On the banks of a stream near Maipo. Gathered in various localities in Kwangtung and in Shensi.

12. Hedyotis tenelliflora, Bl.—Growing on the southern slopes of the Kowloon hills. Recorded from Hongkong, Macao, Malaya and the Philippines.

13. Webera attenuata, Hook. f.-In a wood near Taiwai, col- lected in Hongkong, and recorded from China without locality.

14. Lasianthus Wallichii, Wight.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Known from Hongkong, the Han River, the Lienchow River, Formosa and eastern India and Malaya.

M 24

15. Carpesium abrotanoides, L.-On roadsides at Kowloon City. Previously collected at Canton and the Lienchow River. Extends from eastern Europe to north India and Japan.

16. Lobelia chinensis, Lour.--Near Fanling in grass lands. Known from Hongkong and various places in Kwangtung.

17. Enkianthus quinqueflorus, Lour.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Previously recorded from Hongkong and the Phoenix Mountain, Swatow.

18. Ardisia sp.-Common near a village at Fanling. Evidently a new species.

19. Ardisia chinensis, Benth.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Found in Hongkong, near the Lienchow River and Formosa.

20. Ligustrum strongylophyllum, Hemsl.-Near the seashore at Cheung Mi. Only previously collected in Hupeh.

21. Osmanthus Matsumuranus, Hayata.-Growing on the banks of the stream at Taiwai. The only other locality known is Formosa.

22. Gymnema tingens, Wight & Arn.-Climbing over trees below the Victoria Road, Kailungwan. Only previously known in China from Kwangsi. Widely spread in tropical India, and in Burmah.

23. Bonnaya reptans, Spreng.-At Cheung Mi. Recorded from various localities in Kwangtung, in India and Malaya.

24. Brea hygrometrica, R. Br.-On damp rocks in the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Only previously known in Kwangtung from the North River. Also found in Chihli, Hupeh and other northern provinces.

25. Polygonum strigosum, R. Br.--Along the banks of a stream at Maipo. Known from Hongkong, Kiangsi, India, Malaya and Ceylon.

26. Cinnamomum Burmanni, Bl.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Found in Hongkong, in various localities in Kwangtung, in Hainan and Java.

27. Viscum japonicum, Thumb.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang, growing on trees of Altingia gracilipes, Hemsl., but on no others. This Mistletoe is recorded from Hongkong, from various localities in Kwangtung, India, Malaya, Mauritius, Australia and Polynesia.

28. Daphniphyllum glancescens, Bl.-In the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Recorded from Hongkong, Chaochaufu, Chekiang, the Loochoos, Japan, South India and Ceylon.

L

-

M 25

29. Ficus formosana, Maxim.-On the banks of streams at Maipo and Fanling. Known from Hongkong, the Lienchow River, Hoifung, Formosa and Szechuen.

30. Bochmeria platyphylla, D. Don.-On Mount Gough north in a shady ravine. Collected in various localities in Kwangtung and other provinces of China, in Formosa and India.

31. Eria rosea, Lindl.-On rocks at the top of the waterfall, U Kau Tang. Only previously collected in Hongkong and Hainan.

32. Pachystoma chinense, Reichb.-On the banks of paddy fields near Fanling. Recorded foom Hongkong, Macao and Formosa.

33. Alpinia calcarata, Rosc.--Iu a hedge near Maipo. Known from Hongkong, Hainan, India and Malaya.

34. Alpinia stuchyodes, Hance.--On the hillside at Kanghau and in the forest reserve at U Kau Tang. Not previously found out of the island of Hongkong.

35. Dioscorea daemona, Roxb.--At Homuntin. Recorded from Formosa, Hainan, and from India and New Guinea.

36. Lophotocarpus guyanensis, Durand and Schinz.-At Fan- ling and Maipo. Known from Hongkong and tropical Asia, Africa, Madagascar and America.

Col-

37. Sagittaria sagittifolia, L.--At Maipo in paddy fields. lected in Hongkong and widely dispersed in Europe and temperate Asia.

38. Lipocarpha microcephala, Kunth.-In damp ground at Fanling. Known from Hongkong, Japan, Singapore. Queensland and elsewhere.

39. Marsilea quadrifoliata, L.-In paddy fields near Mairo. The previous records for Kwangtung are Canton, the West River and Chaochaufu. Spreads from Central Europe to Japan and the north of India.

M 26

Supplement II.

A Botanical Expedition to the North River with additions to the Flora of Kuangtung. By W. J. Tutcher, F. L. S, Superintendent, Botanical and Forestry Department, Hongkong.

With the idea of adding to my knowledge of the flora of the province of Kwangtung I took advantage of four consecutive holi- days, April 10th to 13th, 1914, and proceeded to the North River.

It was my original intention to visit the Lofau mountains but on applying to the British Consul at Canton for a passport for this purpose he informed me that it was not advisable to go there at that time owing to the disturbed state of the district, and he further suggested that the country along the railway north of Canton would be preferable.

The Government very kindly allowed ine to take a few native collectors and we left Hongkong on the evening of the 9th April and arrived at Canton early next morning. At 8 a.m. on the 10th we left Canton by train and arrived at Yingtak, about 90 miles north of the former city, at 12.30 p.m. the same afternoon,

Soon after leaving Canton numerous ponds planted with Nelumbium speciosum were noticed, whilst others were filled with Sagittaria sagittifolia, both of which are an article of food with the Chinese. On the banks surrounding these ponds trees of the Litchi, (Nephelium Litchi), were growing whilst dotted about on slightly elevated ground were a few big trees of Ficus infectoria.

Further on were paddy (rice) fields, and on the banks of the streams the most noticeable feature was the curious conifer, Glypto- strobus heterophyllus known as the Chinese water pine. The tallest trees were not more than 30 feet high but their buttressed trunks were very pronounced. They were planted close together and were a very striking object in the landscape.

North of Sunkai the wells used for the purpose of irrigating the paddy fields were of great interest. They occur every few hun- dred yards and the poles, about 10 or 12 feet high, with their levers for raising the buckets of water stand out as the most conspicuous object of this wide expanse of country. I presume that the land is nearly a dead level and that it is only by the use of these wells that the paddy fields can be sufficiently irrigated.

After passing Quantien small granitic hills appear and these are planted with Pine trees (Pinus Massoniana) but, as is usual with these trees grown by Chinese, all the lower branches had been cut off thus giving the trees the appearance of big mʊps.

-

M 27

Small fields of tobacco were seen before reaching Pak Kong Hou the first station on the North River, from which place the rail- way follows the east side of the river northwards.

The river runs between high hills on both sides and as it is more or less in view right up to Yingtak some very pretty scenery was passed.

The hills are covered with shrubs and small trees but large trees are nowhere in evidence except around the villages.

The railway station at Yingtak is on the east side of the river but the town itself is on the west side and as the hills outside of the town looked more promising than those near the railway we crossed over by ferry.

Immediately to the west of the town we came across a field of buckwheat (Polygonum Fagopyrum) in full flower, a mass of pink and a very pretty sight. Next to this was a field of bearded wheat in process of being harvested.

The hills which are of limestone formation only rise to about 500 or 600 feet at this place and there was not much difficulty in investigating their flora. At one time they must have been used for quarrying as numerous abandoned quarries were seen completely overgrown with vegetation.

At the foot of one of the hills Trachelospermum jasminoides was met with in flower covering several hundred square feet of rock. Hypericum chinense, Crataegus pyracantha, Paliurus orientalis, Melastoma candidum, Rosa moschata, Rosa microcarpa and Pittos- porum pauciflorum, all in flower, were some of the commonest shrubs met with at this place.

In grass lands at the base of the hills the commonest herbs were a species of Lamium,Euphorbia pekinensis, Ranunculus acris and Prunella vulgaris.

Pine trees were planted on the hills but otherwise there was nothing bigger to be found than the Crataegus.

We stayed at Yingtak for the night and proceeded down river next morning by boat to Lien Kong Hou, about 15 miles from Yingtak, stopping at such places as seemed to be of interest. The most striking feature on the granitic hills on this stretch of the river was the large quatity of Rhododendron Mariæ in flower. The flowers vary in colour from white to deep lilac and as both sides of numerous ravines were simply one mass of flower from the river banks to as far up the hills as the eye could see, they formed a most charming picture.

Other common plants met with were Pieris ovalifolia, Photinia variabilis, Loropetalum chinense and a species of Ilex, all of which were in flower.

M 28

In damp places near the river Delphinium anthriscifolium was abundant and in similar places several fine specimens, 60 feet high, of Pterocarya stenopteru were seen.

Gentiana Loureiri was common

on the slopes of the hills and Salvia japonica in bamboo groves.

The hills around the village of Lien Kong Hou are planted with Quercus fissa and these were in flower at the time and made a very pretty sight. We were informed that they were coppiced every six years for fuel.

At Lien Kong Hou we noticed the villagers collecting the unexpanded young fronds of Blechnum orientale which was very common at this place, and on making enquiries they told us that they boiled the fronds and used them as a vegetable.

We stayed on the boat for the night and resumed our journey down stream the following morning. We had some little difficulty with our boatman, however, as he refused to go any farther unless he had a military escort, informing us that the river was infested with pirates between Lien Kong Hou and Kou Wang Shek, our next station. We tried to persuade him that it would be all right as we were travelling in daylight but he said he certainly would not go on unless he had at least a military flag.

At all the villages above the river a small number of troops are kept with an officer in charge at each village, so to appease the boatmen I told him that I would go to the officer and see what could be done. On making my request known to him he said there would be no difficulty about letting the man have a flag but it was not necessary as there were no pirates on the river, he had been a pirate himself but was now an officer in the army and he knew! It appears that pirates are chary of attacking a boat flying a military flag as there may be soldiers on board. We arrived at Kow Wang Shek, about 15 miles from Lien Kong Hou, without any untoward result but I do not know whether the flag had anything to do with it.

Between Lien Kong Hou and Kow Wang Shek all the level ground alongside the river is planted with bamboos, and judging by the large areas devoted to their cultivation an enormous business must be done. The bamboos are cut, tied up into rafts and floated down the river to Canton.

Specimens of Aleurites Fordii and Aleurites montana were seen in a few places but as last year's seeds were lying on the ground it was evident that no interest was at present taken in their cultivation.

The

On this length of the river there are a few lime kilns. men employed at them informed us that the limestone was brought down from a place north of Ying Tak and on enquiring why it was not burnt where it was quarried we were told that it was owing to the scarcity of fuel at the place, and that it was cheaper to bring the stone down the river than to take the fuel up.

-

I

M 29

Behind the village of Kow Wang Shek were some very fine specimens of flex rotunda, about 50 feet high with trunks 14 feet in diameter. In bamboo groves at this place Lysimachia cephalantha was carpeting the ground and on shady banks Schizocapsa planta- ginea was quite common.

We remained at Kou Wang Shek for the night and as it was raining and blowing hard the next morning we crossed the river and took the train back to Canton.

To one who had not seen this part of the country before it was an interesting trip but owing to the constant cutting down of nearly all shrubs and trees for fuel it was not so rich botanically as it otherwise would have been.

The hills farther away from the river would no doubt have yielded many novelties but our time was so limited that we had no opportunity of examining them. Altogether over 270 species were collected in the 21 days, representing 200 genera and 79 natural orders.

The following is a list of additions to the Flora of Kwangtung since the publication of Dunn and Tutcher's "Flora of Kwangtung". The collectors' names are given in every case for the first record except for plants discovered by myself. The list also contains a few notes on other plants which have been found previously in the province. Those recorded for the first time are numbered, the others are not.

1. Ranunculus acris, Linn.-In grass fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,642. A southern extension of the known specific area of this plant in China.

2. Xylosma longifolium, Clos.—In a wood near Fanling, Hong- kong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 9,131, 9,150. An eastern extension from Yunnan of the known specific area.

Arenaria serpyllifolia, Linn.-At Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,624. Previously recorded in the province by Dunn from the Han River, Swatow.

3. Polygala leptalea, DC.-In grass fields but not common. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,706. The only previous record for China, so far as known, is Yunnan.

4. Thespesia populnea, Corr.-On the seashore at Cheung Mi, Hongkong New Territories, growing with Hibiscus tiliaceus, Linn. Jongkong Herb. No. 10,946. Recorded from the Loochoos and Formosa but not previously from the mainland of China.

Reevesia thyrsoidea, Lindl.-Trees 40 feet high in a wood behind a village near Kow Wang Shek, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,909. A slightly northern extension of the known specific area.

M 30

5. Elæocarpus Griffithii, Mast. In a wood at Ukautang, Hongkong New Territories.. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,219. The first record from the mainland of China, although previously recorded from Hainan.

6. Elæocarpus yunnanensis, Brandis. At Shek-chi-liu near Chaochaufu, Swatow, Dunn. Hongkong Herb. No. 6196. An eastern extension from Yunnan of the known specific area.

7. Impatiens eramosa, sp. n.-Herba 9-12 poll. alta, caule glaberrimo, erecto, tenue, eramoso, purpureo-striato, inferne longe nudo, apice tantum folioso. Folia 14-2 poll. longa, utrinque minute scabrida, petiolata, lanceolata, membranacea, acuminata, serrulata vel crenulata, basi cuneata, biglandulosa, in petiolum filiformem ğ-1 poll. longum angustata, nervis utrinque 6-7. Pedunculi brevissimi, uniflori; pedicelli 9 lin. longi, capillares, basi bracteati; bracteæ filiformes. Flores ad 9 lin. expansi, purpurei. Sepala 4, 2 exteriora ovata vel ovato-rotunda, cuspidata, 4 lin. longa; 2 interiora lineara, breviora. Vexillum obovato-oblongum vel obcordatum 5 lin. longum, costa dorsa carinata. Alæ 9 lin. longæ; lobi basales flabelliformes; distales oblongi in laminam bilobam connati. Labelli limbus cupularis vel alte cymbiformis, ore oblongo acuto 8 lin. longo horizontale; calcar brevissimum, integrum vel bilobum, robustum, inflatum. Ovarium lineare.

On limestone rocks at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,664. It differs from Impatiens Musyana, Hook. f., by its interior linear sepals, differently shaped wings of the corolla and bracteate peduncles.

8. Protium serratum, Engler.-At Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,694. Not previously recorded from China if correctly identified. I have not been able to compare it with any authenticated specimen.

9. Paliurus orientalis, Hemsl.-On limestone hills at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,622. Recorded also from the Lienchow River.

10. Rhus vernicifera, DC.—At Lien Kong Hou, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,824. A southern extension of the known specific area.

Astragalus sinicus, Linu.-In fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,650. Only previously recorded in Kwang- tung from Swatow and Macao.

11. Flemingia strobilifera, R. Br.-In the Lienchow River district, Matthew, Hongkong Herb. No. 4,835. The first record for Kwangtung.

12. Entada scandens, Benth.-At Man Sze Hop, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,781. An extension of its known specific area from Yunnan and Hainan.

3

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13. Rubus columellaris, sp. n.-Frutex vagans vel scandens. Caules, lignosi glabri, teretes, cum petiolis pedunculisque sparsim aculeati. Aculei in ramis recti vel recurvi, in petiolis recurvi. Folia pinnato-ternata petioli 9 lin. longi. Foliola chartacea, subæqualiter serrata, utrinque 7-10 nervia, supra nitida, minutis- sime scabrida, subtus nitidissima, glaberrima, terminale majus, 2-4 poll. longum, longe petiolulatum, lanceolatum, acumina- tum, acutum, basi rotundatum vel subcordatum, lateralia multo minora, oblique lanceolata, brevissime petiolulata. Stipulæ petiolo adnatæ, persistentes, lineares, poll. longæ. Inflorescentia ter- minalis, subcorymbosa, 1-4-flora, aphylla; bracteæ parvæ. Flores 14 poll. diam., longe pedicellati; sepala lanceolata, acuminata, post anthesin reflexa, extus glabra, intus tomentosa; petala spatulato- oblonga, 9 lin. longa, alba vel albido-purpurea, sepalis multo longiora; stamina numerosa, post anthesin reflexa; carpellorum capitulum stipitatum, subglobosum, stipite columellare glabro, 2 lin. longo; torus subglobosus, glaber; carpella numerosa, parva, glabra: styli longi, persistentes. Fructus maturus non visus; drupeolæ segreges.

Under trees at Polohang and Lien Kong How, North River. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 10,747 and 10,823. This species differs from Rubus Thunbergii, S. and Z., in its much larger leaves, stronger growth, non-caudate sepals and glabrous carpophore.

14. Rubus jambosoides, Hance.-On the hill near Chaochaufu, Swatow, Dunn. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 5,857 and 5,870. Only pre- viously recorded from Fokien.

15. Potentilla discolor, Bunge.-In grass fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,627. Not previously record- ed farther south than Fokien.

Potentilla Kleiniana, Wight. et Arn.-In grass fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,627a. The second record for Kwangtung, having been previously collected along the West River.

16. Poterium tenuifolium, Franch.-On the Lienchow River, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,943. A southern exten- sion of the known specific area.

Rosa multiflora, Thunb.-In hedges and along the river bank at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,662. The pro- fusion of pink flowers open at the time of my visit was a very pretty sight. The second record for the province, previously from Swatow.

17. Hydrangea paniculata, Sieb.-In Fung Wan district, north Kwangtung at 3,000 to 3,600 feet, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,083. The first record for Kwangtung.

18. Altingia gracilipes, Hemsl., var. serrulata, var. n. Folia serrulata. In a wood at Ukautang, Hongkong New Territories.

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Hongkong Herb. No. 10,947. The type has entire leaves without the least trace of indentation and was collected in Fokien by Mr. S. T. Dunn. The variety is a tree 40 to 60 feet high and is abundant in the wood referred to above. In the same wood are Altingia chinensis, Liquidumbar formosana, Elaeocarpus Griffithii, Pentaphylax euryoides and Rhododendron Westlandii, and on rocks at the edge of the wood Eria rosea.

19. Casearia grewiaefolia, Vent.-In a wood at Ukautang, Hong- kong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,931. The first record for China and an extension of the known specific area from Malaya and the Philippines.

Acanthopanax spinosum, Miq.-At Ying Tak and various places along the North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,634. The species was previously collected at Swatow.

Lonicera affinis, Hook. et Arn.-At Lien Kong Hou, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,815. The second record for Kwang- tung, having been previously collected at Swatow.

20. Uncaria rhynchophylla, Miq.-Common along the Sam Kong River, N. W. Kwangtung, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 61, Mell, once recorded from Fokien but not previously from Kwangtung.

21. Hedyotis assimilis, sp. n.--Herba erecta, 1-2 ped. alta, remulis quadrangularibus, scabridis. Folia breviter petiolata, lan- ceolata, 2-3 poll. longa, chartacea, acuminata, basi cuneata, utrinque scabrida, venis conspicuis, utrinque 4. Stipellæ laciniata, laciniis linearibus, 4-6. Flores 3-4 lin. longi, paniculati, paniculis axil- laribus terminalibusque folia brevioribus; bracteolæ parvæ, angus- tissimæ; pedicelli circiter 1 lin. longi, scabridi; calycis dentes ovati, acuti, scabridi, tubo glabro longiores; corolla alte 4 lobata, lobis lanceolatis, obtusis, extus glabris, intus infra apicem barbatis; filamenta barbatæ; ovarium glabrum, stylo exserto infra medium barbato. Fructus non visus.

At Manszehop and Kow Wang Shek, North River. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 19,768, 10,857a and 10,883a. This has a superficial resemblance to H. Matthewii, Dunn, from which it differs in its laciniate stipules; scabrid leaves, shorter pedicels and hairy style.

22. Hedyotis Mellii, sp. n.-Herba vagans? ramulis qua- drangularibus. Folia breviter petiolata, lanceolata, 3-5 poll. longa, chartacea, acuminata, basi cuneata, utrinque scabrida, venis con- spicuis, utrinque 4: stipulæ trifidæ. Flores numerosi, 3-4 lin. longi, paniculam hirsutam terminalem plusminus foliatam for- mantes; bracteolæ parvæ, angustissimæ; pedicelli 1 lin. longi, hirsuti; calycis dentes ovati, acuti, hirsuti, tubo hirsuto breviores; corolla alte 4-lobata, lobis lanceolatis, acutis, extus hirsutis, intus infra apicem barbatis; filamentæ glabrae; ovarium glabrum, stylo exserto, glabro. Capsula matura non visa.

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In the Fungman district, north Kwangtung, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,942. This differs from Hedyotis assimilis in its much denser inflorescence, shorter calyx lobes, hairy calyx and corolla, glabrous filaments and style.

Randia acutidens, Hemsl. and Wils.-In a wood near a village near Sun Wang Shek, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,904. Hemsley and Wilson describe the plant from Szechuen as a bush or small tree 3 metres high and the variety laxiflora found in Hong- kong comes under this designation. The North River specimens however were umbrageous trees 30 feet high with trunks a foot in diameter. The corolla in Wilson's No. 4093 from Szechuen in Hongkong Herbarium, in the Hongkong variety laxiflora and in the Kwangtung specimens is 4-lobed.

Psychotria Tutcheri, Dunn.-Not common, in woods at Polohang. North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,755. Not previously found out of Hongkong.

Aster striatus, Champ.-At Kanghau, Hongkong New Terri- tories, and in grass fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 8165 and 10,638. The first records outside of Hong- kong.

23. Gynura bicolor, DC.-At Lien Kong Hou, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,812. Recorded from Yunnan, Szechuen and Formosa but not previously from Kwangtung.

24. Senecio Oldhamianus, Maxim.-On limestone rocks at Ying Tak and Shiu Cheung Sha Tau, North River. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 10,690 and 10,837a. A southern extension of the known specific area.

25. Lactuca polycephalu, Benth.--Between Ying Tak and Lien Kong Hou, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,722. A southern extension from Chekiang. It agrees with the description but I have not been able to compare it with authenticated specimens.

Lysimachia cephalantha, Knuth.--At Lien Kong Hou and in bamboo groves at Sun Wang Shek. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 10,810 and 10,901. Previously recorded in Kwangtung from Macao.

26. Ardisia (Crispardisia) dumelosa, sp. n.-Frutex ramosus, 2-3 pedalis, ramulis hirsutis. Folia petiolata, oblanceolata, 23-3 poll. longa, 1-1 poll. lata, obtusa, obscurissime glanduloso-crenu- lata, papyracea, supra glabra, subtus albido-pilosa, conspicue venosa, petiolis 4-poll. longis. Inflorescentiæ longe stipitatæ folia superantes, basi foliis sueto 2 instructæ, nunc simplices nunc compositæ umbellatæ, albido-villosa pedicellis poll. longis. Sepala lacteola, 14 lin. longa, ovata, acuta, extus villosa, intus glabra. Petala lacteola, basi purpurea, 2 lin. longa, ovata, acuta. Stamina petalis manifeste breviora, filamentis brevissimis. Ovarium ovoideum, prope apicem pilosum, stylo piloso.

M 34

On the outskirts of a wood near the village Sheungshui, Hongkong New Territories, where it forms dense masses. Hong- kong Herb. No. 10,948. This differs from its nearest ally A. vestitu, Wall., in its oblanceolate leaves and much smaller flowers.

27. Diospyros Tutcheri, Dunn.-In a watercourse on the south side of Mt. Gough, Hongkong. Hongkong Herb. No. 9,995. Only one male and one female tree seen.

28. Styrax confusus, Hemsl.-On Lantao Island, native collec- tor. Hongkong Herb. No. 143 of 1889. Inadvertently omitted in Dunn and Tutcher's Flora of Kwangtung and Hongkong.

29. Osmanthus Matsumuranus, Hayata.-Trees about 20 feet high on the banks of a stream near Taiwai, Hongkong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,949. I have not seen Hayata's plant but my specimens agree with the description. A westward extension of the known specific area from Formosa if correctly determined.

30. Ligustrum strongylophyllum, [Hemsl.-On the sea-shore at Cheung Mi, Hongkong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 10,927 and 10,950. A southern extension of the known specific area from Hupeh.

Cynanchum atratum, Bunge.-In fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,663. Previously recorded from Kwangtung but without locality.

MA

31. Gymnema tingens, Wight. At Kailungwan, Hongkong, covering trees, native collector. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,951. An eastern extension of the known specific area from Kwangsi.

32. Capsicum minimum, Roxb.-Near villages in the Hongkong New Territories. My specimen was collected near Shataukok. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,553. Not recorded from China previously except from Hainan.

33. Mazus stachydifolius, Maxim.-On grassy hillsides at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,698. A southern extension of the known specific area from Chekiang.

34. Sopubia stricta. G. Hongkong New Territories. first record for China and an specific area.

Don.-In grass fields at Fanling, Hongkong Herb. No. 10,554. The eastern extension from India of its

35. Salvia miltiorhiza, Bunge.-Along the Lienchow River, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,944. A southern exten- sion of its specific area from Chekiang.

Nepeta Glechoma, Benth.-At Shiu Cheung Sha Tau, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,879. The only previous record for Kwangtung was Hongkong.

+

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36. Prunella vulgaris, Linn.-In grass fields at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,668. The first record for Kwangtung but known from the adjoining province of Fokien.

37. Amarantus gangeticus, Linn.-At Samkong, N. W. Kwang- tung, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 126, Mell. Possibly previously collected in Kwangtung but I have no record.

38. Chloranthus serratus, R. Br. On the limestone hills at Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,632. Recorded from the adjoining province of Fokien.

A

39. Sassafras Tzumu, Hemsl.-At Fungwan, N. W. Kwang- tung, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 148, Mell. southern extension of the known specific area from Chekiang.

40. Euphorbia Esula, Linn.-In the Tungkun district, native collector. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,194. Recorded by Hance in the Journal of Botany, 1878, p. 14, from the North River but some doubt has been expressed as to whether it was this species.

Ficus Abelii, Miq.-Not at all uncommon along the North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,733. The second record for the province, having been previously collected near Swatow.

Ficus hispida, Linn.-At Lien Kong Hou, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,856. Only previously collected in the province in Hongkong.

Eria rosea, Lindl.-On rocks at the top of the waterfall, Ukautang, Hongkong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,954. An interesting discovery as there is no record to show that it has been collected in Hongkong, its hitherto known habitat, since Wilford collected it in 1857 or 1858.

41. Acanthephippium sinense, Rolfe.-Swatow district, Dunn. Hongkong Herb. No. 6,504a. Not known from elsewhere.

42. Phaius sinensis, Rolfe.-Swatow district, Dunn. Hongkong Herb. No. 6,504. Not known from elsewhere.

43. Microtis parviflora, R. Br.-In grassy places on limestone hills at 500 feet, Ying Tak, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,709. Also in the adjoining province of Fokien.

44. Glossula calcarata, Rolfe.-On Mt. Gough, Hongkong, Voretzsch, and on Lofoushan, Ford. Hongkong Herb. Nos. 9,260, 9,261 and 180m.

Alpinia formosana, K. Schum.-This has now been collected at Castle Peak, Hongkong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,560. It was thought to be rare in Hongkong but it proves to be exceedingly abundant in the Glenealy ravine, and is also found at Sheko and Cape d'Aguilar.

M 36

Alpinia stachyodes, Hance. At Kanghau and Ukautang, Hong- kong New Territories. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,952. Not previously found out of the island of Hongkong.

45. Lycoris radiata, Herb.-At Samkong, N. W. Kwangtung, Professor R. Mell. Hongkong Herb. No. 10.945. Also in the adjoining provinces of Kwangsi and Fokien.

46. Dioscorea daemona, Roxb.-On a hill at Homuntin, Kowloon. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,953. Known from southern China and Formosa but not previously recorded from Kwangtung.

Juncus alatus, Franch.-At Shiu Cheung Sha Tau, North River. Hongkong Herb. No. 10,872. An extension of its known specific area from Hupeh and Swatow.

Asplenium chinense, Bak.-At Polohang, North River. Hong- kong Herb. No. 10,737. Previously recorded from Canton.

1

Appendix N.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1914.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Classification of Schools:

(a.) Schools outside the Ordinance :

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools. Excluded Private Schools.

(6) Controlled Schools:-

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(c.) The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

University and Oxford Local Examinations.

The Cadet Company.

Boy Scouts.

General:-School Readers--Acting appointments.

I.-Government Schools.

TABLES.

II. Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III.-Chart: Total Pupils in English and Vernacular Schools.

IV. Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

V.-Oxford Local Results.

VI.-University Matriculation Results.

VII.-Fees remitted to Free Scholars.

VIII.-Technical Institute:

IX.-

Do.

Balance Sheet.

Figures of former years extracted.

N 2

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I, II, IV, VII, VIII and IX.)

After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expenditure on education was $216,848 ($195,916 in 1913). This is, by nearly $20,000, the largest amount spent in any year on education in the Colony. The increase is mainly in connection with the Education Ordinance.

The ratio which expenditure on education bears to the total revenue of the Colony is 203, and is the lowest it since 1906.

2. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $75,792 were collected ($73,248 in 1913). In addition $3,566 fees were remitted to free scholars, ($3,759 in 1913).

3. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table I with the average of preceding years. The increases at Queen's College and the British Schools are noteworthy, and are considered under those heads below.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

4. It is convenient to follow the classification of the Education Ordinance, and distinguish schools as those to which the Ordinance does, or does not apply. The latter fall into two divisions (a) Government Schools which are under the direct control of the Educa- tion Department, and (b) the Military Schools and certain others. with which the Department does not concern itself in any way: Excluded Schools. The schools to which the Ordinance does apply may be called Controlled Schools. They fall into three classes (a) Grant Schools, those which are in receipt of a Grant under the written contract with the Government called the Grant Code, (b) all others (Private Schools) whatsoever except (c) Subsidised Schools, certain schools in the New Territories which as a temporary measure are in receipt of a small subsidy, and which partake of the charac- ter of both Government (i.e., Departmentally controlled) and Grant Schools. The schools are considered in this order in the following paragraphs.

SCHOOLS TO WHICH THE ORDINANCE DOES NOT APPLY.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table I)

5. Kowloon British School. The average attendance at Kowloon School was 52 (62 in 1913). Five German children left. A playground has been made behind the school, of which full advantage has been taken. The boys have the use of a football ground twice a week.

N 3

The girls have started a hockey club. The school was twice visited by the Government Medical Officer, who comments adversely on the condition of the children's teeth. Otherwise their health has been good.

6. Discipline is good, and the results of an examination held in July was satisfactory. A pleasing testimony of the work done in the school is afforded by the mother of three ex-pupils. Writing from Melbourne she states that her children are now attending two of the best Public Schools in Australia; all were classed with others of about their own age, and have done very well indeed, especially in Scripture, French and Drawing. The letter concludes "We are very grateful to Mrs. Main for the interest she took in our little family while she had them under her care- -a term of seven years-- which has enabled them to take such good places here".

7. Victoria British School.-The Head Master, Mr. Sutherland, was given a commission in the Army in November. His place was taken by Mr. Barlow. The Staff has been considerably strengthened. It is satisfactory to note that the two Student Teachers employed received their entire education at a Departmental (Kowloon) School.

8. Extracts from the report of the Head Master are given below:-

"The apparatus is adequate, and in fairly good condition. The playing field is in as good a condition as can be expected, but it is very difficult to keep the Chinese of the neighbourhood from trespassing, to the detriment of the fence and trees. The School library contains over 200 books-an increase of nearly 100 since last year. It is well patronized, by girls as well as by boys. The discipline is very good.

Health.-In April printed extracts from the Medical Officer's Report were sent to parents, calling attention to the condition of the teeth of some of the children, and to the importance of giving them immediate dental attention. At more recent inspections he regrets to find in some cases little or no notice has been taken of the matter. The eyesight of the children is good. Recommendations niade regarding the sanitary conditions of the School have been carried out to the satisfaction of the Medical Officer.

Studies.-The result of the Annual Examination held in July were satisfactory. The examination held in December showed a general improvement in the work, especially on the girls' side. Most of the boys in the Upper School are not yet up to the mark, and require systematic drilling in the elementary subjects, Arithmetic, Writing, Spelling, Geography, History, Grammar, Geometry and Algebra being rather weak. Composition and Literature were good, although some of the ideas were crudely expressed. The Scripture paper evidently was too much for most of the boys. Singing has been carefully taught.

"Athletics. The children make fair use of the playing-field on their particular days, the boys playing Football and the girls Hockey. More interest ought to be taken in the latter game. All the boys of 10 years and over are members of the Cadet Corps.”

N 4

9. The Staffs of both the Kowloon and Victoria Schools were increased by one English Mistress. This is the main cause of the increased cost per unit, as shewn in Table I.

10. Peak School.-The School was opened on January 6th in temporary premises at the Peak Hotel. 8 former pupils of a small private school, which had been carried on for some time in the house of a resident of the Peak, formed the nucleus around which the present numbers have grown. In all 41 children have passed through the school, and the year closed with 30 in actual attendance. 11 pupils have left in 9 cases the reason was the departure of their parents from the Peak District.

11. The Staff has consisted of one Head and one Assistant Mistress. In July, Miss Skinner arrived from home to take up her duties as Assistant Mistress, when Miss Stevenson, who had filled the position temporarily, was transferred to the Belilios School. The Staff has since been strengthened.

12. The following extracts are from the Report of the Inspector:-

"With children of such varying ages, and with the limited Staff of the school, the classification of the pupils has been a somewhat difficult problem. In the Lower School the Assistant Mistress arranged the pupils into three separate Classes, while in the adjoining Class-room children between the ages of 7 and 12 were taught by the Head Mistress.

"Work. The work generally has been of a most elementary character a modified form of kindergarten was adopted with the youngest children.

64

:

The subjects taught include Holy Scripture, Reading, Writing, Number, Dictation and Composition (written and oral), History, Geography, Drawing and Brushwork, and Needlework for the girls. A special feature of the teaching has been the use of the Direct Method of teaching French by means of songs, recitation and simple conversations. The singing and recitation both in French and English are particularly good. The children seem very happy, and undoubtedly take a great interest in their work.

"Discipline. On the whole the discipline is now satisfactory, although at the beginning of the year the older boys were a good deal out of hand.

Drill. The need of a suitable open space for physical exercise has been greatly felt. In the case of boys this has been partially overcome by the appointment of a Scout Master to teach drill after school hours twice a week. The movement has proved very popular.

"The Scout Movement. -All the boys, except the very young ones, have been taken on walking or climbing expeditions, and they have had several “talks" on the subject from Major Bowen, A.P.D., who has undoubtedly earned the gratitude of boys and parents alike by his unflagging devotion to the welfare of the Peak boys."

}

N 5

QUEEN'S COLLEGE.

13. The numbers at Queen's College have been diminishing for a number of years: this is due mainly to the abolition of the lowest Classes and to the pari passu system of promotions. This system is now producing most desirable results in raising the standard of written Chinese throughout the scholastic system of the Colony. The decrease in numbers which, I hope, is merely temporary and not likely to go further, was foreshadowed in my report for last year. It has added to the cost per unit.

The Commercial Course, described in my last report, has been in working order during the year and seems popular. Owing to the withdrawal of one of the Science Masters for censorship duty the Chemistry syllabus has had to be modified. In other respects the new courses of study as described last year are being worked out normally.

14. The flourishing state of athletics is largely the result of the efforts of the Assistant Masters, and is a matter for congratulation to them and the College. It appears that Queen's College has shewn during the last two years a marked spirit of renaissance. I think the Acting Head Master is perhaps rather severe in his criticisms of the Upper School, as given below.

15. The following extracts are from the report of the Acting Head Master, Mr. A. W. Grant. His complaint as to the number of subjects taught is being considered; and the reduction of subjects consequent on the introduction of alternate courses last year may perhaps be continued still further with advantage :—

Staff. The Head Master, Mr. T. K. Dealy, has acted as Director of Education since June. Messrs. de Martin and de Rome

have been seconded for special duty.

"Building and Equipment.-Although we have not yet got our new Laboratory, the temporary building is efficiently equipped. We hope that we shall soon have the use of a Pavilion at Causeway Bay, the funds for which have been collected among the boys and. their friends.

"Curriculum.-In the Upper School-Classes 1, 2 and 3-the strain of fifteen compulsory subjects prevents exceptionally good results. English is poor, and Mathematics only fair; Chinese Translation and Vernacular were also fair. Mr. Wells, the Transla- tion Master, states in his report that 'more study of English and Chinese is needed in order to make the students proficient in Translation. In the Remove and Lower School English generally-- with the exception of Dictation-is satisfactory.

Class I Results.-The examination of Class I A is conducted by the University of Hongkong, the Government paying the fee for the Matriculation Examination. The certificates are awarded by the University. Our results under the test have been satisfactory. 13 students presented themselves for Matriculation and of these 11 passed (11 in 1913.)

-

N 6

Athletics.-The year under review has been an eminently satisfactory one for the College, no less than four Championships being secured; namely, the Senior Football League, Volley Ball, Swimming and the medal for the best all round athlete. The Sports and Games Club, inaugurated last year, is in a flourishing condition, and a large and increasing number of boys take advantage of the various branches of sport organised under its control. At the various matches I have seen played our boys shewed a most keen and well behaved attitude. During the Summer bathing parties

and picnics were held.

"The Chess Club is well attended and several players show a good knowledge of the game.

"Many additions have been made during the year to both the Lending and Reference Libraries. The number of issues from the

former during the year was 650, a large increase on last year. Reference Library has also been largely used by the Staff."

The

16. District Schools.--Upper Grade.-The combined average at the three schools (Saiyingpun, Wantsai and Yaumati) was 809 (827 in 1913). The amount collected in fees was $25,893 ($25,419 in 1913).

17. Saiyingpun has the largest average attendance, 339 (389 in 1913). Plague affected the numbers during May, June and July. The general results are not up to the standard of previous years. This is partly due to unavoidable changes in the Staff, the Head Master, Mr. Morris, being engaged as Normal Master at Queen's College until October, and Pupil Teachers acting for more senior Masters. The boys still enter into games enthusiastically, football and volley ball being the favourites. During the year bathing picnics and excursions have been held; Empire Day was celebrated by sports at Castle Peak Bay. The school contributed $348 to the West River Flood Relief Fund.

18. Wantsai School had an average attendance of 240 (249 in 1913), the decrease being due to Plague in the Spring. Since 'September the attendance has improved, and was higher than in the corresponding months of 1913. Work has progressed satisfactorily. In sports the school has been very successful, winning both the District Schools' Football Cup and the Schools' Junior League Championship. Bathing picnics were held during the Summer when many boys learned to swim.

19. Yaumati School has again increased in numbers. The average attendance was of 230 (189 in 1913). The growing success of this school is largely due to the enthusiasm and untiring efforts of the late Head Master, Mr. W. Curwen, whose death on military duty with the Volunteers was deeply felt by his pupils and the whole Staff of the Education Department.

20. Mr. Brawn became Head Master in September. Comparing Wantsai School and Yaumati School Mr. Brawn writes: "I should say that the boys of the Wantsai School are brighter than the Yaumati boys. This, I think, can be put down to their environment.

1

N 7-

The brothers and parents of the Wantsai boys have more intimate associations with English people than have the relations of Yaumati boys. Half the Wantsai boys' guardians can speak English; very few can in Yaumati." The brightness referred to probably is an ability to seize and adopt Western ideas.

21. Belilios Public School for Girls.-The Belilios Public School has for the first time for many years shewn a falling off in numbers. I am unable at present to assign any definite cause for this. A full inspection is to take place in 1915. The work and general tone of the School continue to be very satisfactory.

22. The following extracts are from the report of the Head Mistress :-

"Building and Equipment.-The teachers' rooms have been fully furnished, and 27 seats in the old building have been supplied with backs. Two hundred and fifty catalogues of books in the Library have been printed at the Gaol.

<<

Discipline. A noticeably friendly feeling exists between teachers and pupils, and it is very rarely that a dispute occurs.

Staff. The Staff remains the same in total number as in the previous year, but there is one English Mistress more (Miss Clarke) and one Chinese Mistress less (Mrs. Tsang Lai-shi). The latter resigned on pension at the end of the year, after 20 years' service, and Miss Clarke, from Cheltenham, was appointed because of the additional numbers in the higher Classes. She arrived on Decem- ber 31st and has been appointed to Class 3.

"Organisation.-Now that Vernacular and English sides of the school have been combined, the course of study has been consider- ably modified. Whereas pupils used to study Chinese for seven years, and afterwards English for seven years more making a hopelessly long curriculum, English and Chinese are now taken together in all Classes, and the school course is fixed as 11 years. The three lowest Classes are called Standards, and these take English for one hour a day only; in the succeeding Classes 8-1, the time given to English is gradually increased, and the highest Class takes Chinese for only half an hour daily. It is too early yet. to say whether this dual study will overcome the previous difficulty, i.e., the comparatively small number of pupils to reach the highest Class.

"Studies.-9 Preliminary and 3 Senior candidates sat for the Oxford Local Examinations last July, and all passed. This is the fifth year in succession without a failure in the Oxford Classes. 7 Scholarships have been awarded to the best pupils in English in the Upper Classes-a year's free education.

16

'In the last examination in connection with the Technical Institute, 8 Belilios Public School pupils obtained passes-4 in the Women Teachers' Class (2 of whom got distinction) and 4 past pupils secured a pass in Shorthand (1 with distinction). vernacular pupils left during the year to become teachers in Kwang-tung Province and elsewhere, making a total of 33 teachers from Belilios Public School in 2 years. 4 recent English students have become teachers, and 3 stenographers.

N 8

School Outing. The first picnic in connection with the school was held at Sheung Shui in March. 350 pupils and all the teachers set off at 9 a.m. and took train to Fanling. The walk to Sheung Shui through beautiful cultivated country was an absolutely novel experience to the great majority of the pupils, and lunch and sports in the open air made a completely happy day for all. It is hoped to repeat the outing elsewhere next Spring.

C

General.-Physical Drill and Singing are now taught in all Classes. It having been decided that Classes 1 and 2 shall in future sit for the Hongkong University Local Examination, a syllabus has been applied for, but nothing complete has yet been issued.

"Discipline remains excellent, and a marked feature of the pupils is the kindness and help shown to those less favoured than themselves. A sum of nearly $500 was voluntarily subscribed for the West River Flood Relief Fund, and a further sum of $475 was collected for the Ministering League Fund."

23. Praya East School.--The attendance fell to 86 (97 in 1913). This school follows the same syllabus as the lower Classes in the District Schools, so that boys are enabled to pass direct into these schools from Class 6.

24. The Indian School.-The average attendance was 45 (52 in 1913). The decrease is due partly to the prevalence of Plague and partly also to the opening of a Branch School for Indians in Kow- loon. The School is still housed very unsatisfactorily in a Chinese tenement house. It is interesting to note that a boy who obtained a Free Scholarship from the Indian School to Queen's College was successful last year in winning the King Edward VII Scholarship, tenable at the Hongkong University.

25. Branch School for Indians, Kowloon.-This school opened in February, with an attendance of 7. The average attendance for the year was 13, the school in common with others being ad- versely affected by the outbreak of Plague.

26. It was not possible to arrange for the inspection of the Outlying Lower Grade English Schools, owing to the employment of the Inspector on other duties.

27. Taipo School continues to increase in numbers, the average attendance being 51 (41 in 1913.) The growing importance of this school may soon demand for it a strengthening of the staff.

28. Un Long School has had an average attendance of 23 (27 in 1913). Most of the work done is satisfactory.

29. Cheung Chau English School. The attendance has fallen to 16, and the School is not well reported on.

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

30. Garrison Schools. -I am indebted to the Inspector of Army Schools for the following information :--

N 9 -

"Three of the Army Schools in the Garrison-Victoria, Lyeemun and Stonecutters-are still open and have a total of 116 children attending.

"The Army School at Kowloon has been temporarily closed, and the scholars from it attend the local Civilian Schools.

'The plan of outdoor classes under matshed roofs has been tried, and proves to be a decided success.

66

The results of the year's working have been particularly good, and in the writing competition open to all Army Schools in the British Empire a large proportion of prizes was taken by the Ilong- kong children: one of the pupils at Garden Road School taking the First Prize for children under 13 years of age."

POLICE SCHOOL.

31. The Police School is an evening school for European, Indian and Chinese Members of the Police Force and Gaol Staff. It is staffed by an English Master and 3 Indian Masters from the Education Department, and is under the control of the Captain Superintendent of Police. The average attendance was 12, as against 51 last year. The decrease in attendance is probably due to the fact that attendance on the part of the Chinese constables is no longer compulsory.

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

32. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society have an attendance of 450 boys (388 in 1913); and the same body manages St. Stephen's. Girls' College which has an average attendance of about 130 (105 in 1913).

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS.

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table II)

GRANT CODE,

33. A new edition of the Grant Code was published in 1914. This was necessary in order to bring it into line with the Education Ordinance. The occasion was taken to introduce a number of changes mostly of an unimportant character. The following deserve notice :-

The Code now recognises the principle that all teachers in schools must be either Certificated Teachers or Students (Passed or Present) from the Normal Classes of the Technical Institute. The Upper Classes of English Schools are encouraged by Grants to take the Matriculation and Junior Local examinations of the Hongkong University. This encouragement takes the somewhat novel form of

N 10

a Capitation Grant for each pupil presented for examination, whether he passes or not; the idea being to encourage the preparation of Classes as a whole, as opposed to the cramming of promising pupils.

34. In 1914, Full Inspections of the following schools were made: St. Joseph's College, the Italian Convent and the English School for Portuguese; the remaining schools receiving a Casual Inspection. The results, while revealing occasional weak points, shewed that good work is being generally done.

35 The number of Grant Schools is reduced by one, Vernacu- lar School No. 31 having been struck off the Grant List at the end of 1913 as being unnecessary.

36. The total Grant for English Schools was $37,155 ($38,264 in 1913) and that for Vernacular Schools $12,774 ($13,118 in 1913).

37. The Ellis Kadoorie School ceased to be a Grant School at the end of the year, when it was handed over to the Government, to be in future a fourth District School for Chinese, with Saiying- pun, Yaumati, and Wantsai.

ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

38. In the early part of the year many of the Schools did not apply for Registration Certificates, but quietly faded out of existence. Others closed during the year owing to the decrease in attendance. In previous years it has been quite common for num- bers of private schools to open after Chinese New Year and continue only for a few months, while the Master was engaged in trying to obtain a post in some other capacity than that of schoolmaster. One good effect of the Ordinance is that such schools will rarely now be opened.

39. The remaining schools have been carried on regularly and satisfactorily, and in most cases shew signs of improvement. The working of the Ordinance has thus caused the voluntary closing of the least efficient schools, and has led to the survival of the fittest.

10. The work done in some of the schools is distinctly good. In others better work would be done if a less ambitious syllabus were adopted.

41. One school was started for the study of Esperanto, but disappeared during the latter part of the year.

42. A Portuguese School, opened in Kowloon, is an endeavour to prevent a literary knowledge of their language being lost by the younger generation of Portuguese resident in the Colony.

N 11

43. The school premises are often not very commodious or well furnished, and are not always as clean as might be desired; these conditions are, however, gradually being improved.

44. There are still many teachers who have not attained to a very high degree of efficiency. In a few cases, teachers are attend- ing the Normal Classes at the Technical Institute.

45. In the Day Schools the fees average about $3 a month. the highest fee paid being $6 a month. In the Night Schools the average fee is $1.50.

EXEMPTED SCHOOL.

46. Only one school has been exempted from liability to full inspection under the Code: the Catholic Seminary. It is a free school maintained by the Roman Catholic Mission, and consists of a Latin Class and a Chinese Class. The students are trained for the priesthood.

VERNACULAR PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

47. The following report by the Inspector of Vernacular Schools shews that considerable progress has been made, and that the Ordinance has already had some effect in raising the standard of the Private Vernacular Schools :-

<<

48. During the year certificates were issued to 360 Day Schools. Of these 40 were existing Grant Schools, 223 existing Private and 97 new Private Schools. During the last six months of the year 1 Grant School, managed by the Rhenish Mission, was given up, and 23 existing and 28 new schools disappeared. In only two or three cases did the Managers notify the Department of the closing of these schools, and return the certificate.

"One effect of the Education Ordinance has been to get rid of many of the worst schools. Of the 269 Private Day Schools now existing there are only 86 thoroughly unsatisfactory ones compared with 148 last year, and of these 19 will not be allowed to continue after the Chinese New Year, 1915. Of the remaining 183 there are 20 which are on a decidedly higher level than the rest: the remaining 169 are in many cases barely satisfactory.

"Of Night Schools, 2 existing and 6 new ones were registered. One of the former closed during the year and 3 of the latter. Vernacular Night Schools are such irregular and spasmodic affairs that teachers evidently have not thought it worth their while to get registered.

"Thus there are now, exclusive of the New Territories, 312 Vernacular Schools, (39 Grant, 269 Private Day and 4 Private Night)

-a decrease of 38.

"There were 6 Prosecutions during the year, 5 of which resulted in unlawful schools being closed.

"Owing to the pressure of work in connection with registering all the Schools for the first time, it was impossible to set about a systematic inspection. All the schools were visited by me at least

N 12

once, except 8 which had been visited at the end of 1913 and registered soon after. Many had to be visited several times owing to the inaccurate details supplied in the first instance, and 97 new schools had to be visited and classified.

"All Schools were visited also by the sub-inspector. most of them more than twice. Much of his time has been taken up with answering questions as to what is meant by a time table, roll call, etc., and with helping teachers to fill in the forms required."

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS,--(NEW TERRITORIES).

49. In 1913 there were 260 schools with an average attendance of 3.223. At the end of that year, monthly subsidies of $5 were promised to the teachers of 50 of the least bad of these schools: the object was to develop them at the expense of the rest. and thus obviate the necessity of applying the Ordinance and closing the in- efficient schools, a step for which the New Territories are certainly not ripe. The following report by the Inspector of Vernacular Schools shews at any rate that there has been an improvement in the 50 schools selected. They have an average attendance of 852 or rather more than one quarter of the whole. The total subsidy amounts to $3,000 and works out at $3.52 per unit.

50. As funds are available, the scheme is capable of expansion by increasing the number of Subsidised Schools or increasing the subsidies, or in both directions. The system of Subsidies has re- ceived some destructive criticism from persons in a position to know; but no alternative suggestion has been made to me; and I still think that it represents the best that can be done in a difficult situation.

51. The following extracts are from the Report of the Inspector of Vernacular Schools:

"I personally visited each school at the beginning of the year. A second visit was paid at the end of the year to all of these except 5. Each school was visited by the sub-inspector 3 or 4 times, except in three cases where only 2 visits were paid. It had been arranged that he should go the round of the schools every 3 months: but for the last 2 months of the year, when I wished him to accompany me, this plan had to stand over. He has done what he could in these few visits towards helping on the more old-fashioned schools, especially with Arithmetic and Geography, and has made a satis- factory beginning.

"The teaching in most of these schools is of a very elementary nature, but of the 50 that were chosen for a subsidy this year very few have proved failures. One teacher abandoned both school and subsidy towards the end of the year, and another man returned his money as soon as he found that there were regulations to be observed.

"Three schools were struck off the list as not having fulfilled the conditions of the Grant. Of the remainder, 11 barely justify their existence as subsidised schools. but the rest are satisfactory. The schools at Un Long, Ho Chung, Saikung and Kau Pa Kang are exceptionally good, the last named being a model village school The total number of pupils is 1,132, with an average attendance of 852. 27 of the schools are Hakka, 21 Punti and 2 Mixed.

N 13

"At Sheung Shui there is a Girls' School with 18 pupils. There are also 10 girls at a Mixed School at Tsuen Wan. At the remaining 48 schools there are only 14 girls all told."

52. The work of the Vernacular Inspecting Staff in both the New Territories and in the Colony has been of a tedious and trying nature. It has been well performed. The organisation evolved for carrying out the requirements of the Ordinance is well fitted to the purpose.

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

(Tables VIII and IX.)

53. The nett cost was $7,656 ($6,527 in 1913). The increase is due to the withdrawal of the Li Shing and College of Medicine Grants in 1913. The average cost of the students was $16.02 ($16.86 in 1913).

54. The number of students was 478 (387 in 1913). This increase is mainly due to the formation of Classes for the training of Vernacular Teachers, whose ignorance had been brought to light by inspections conducted under the Education Ordinance.

55. The Director of the Institute reports :-

"It is satisfactory to note that more students have presented themselves for examination than in previous years, the percentage being 563 (48 last year.) The least satisfactory Section was Mathematics. The failure was due mainly to the absence of a thorough grounding in the subject before joining the Classes In Chemistry 7 students were examined and 5 passed. An attempt was made to obtain new members of this Class by the issue of a Circular to various firms, but the response was not gratifying. In the Electricity Class there were 6 passes.

"Teachers' Classes.-New Classes for the training of Vernacular Teachers were started during the Session. A Criticism Class was. held in Queen's College Hall every Monday evening during the Second Term, when Criticism and Model Lessons were given.

64

*At the Examination only 19 Teachers passed out of 40--a proof that there is serious need of such a Class. However, part of this failure may be attributed to the fact that many of the teachers did not commence their attendance until the Second Term.

"All the 'English' Teachers' Classes, both for men and women, were well and regularly attended and the examination results were very satisfactory, especially when it is remembered that a high standard is required for a 'pass'.

"The Building Construction Class had 7 passes, 3 in the first and 2 in each of the second and third stages: all with Distinction

The Shorthand Classes are still very popular, and much ex cellent work is done by Mr. Young. The Examiner speaks in high praise of the success of the students and the thoroughness of the work done. Most of the students have submitted highly satisfactory papers which reveal an intelligent grasp of the subject 9 inter- mediate and 4 speed passes were given, besides 14 preliminary.

N 14

"First Aid Classes are conducted by Drs. Fitzwilliams, Dalmahoy Allan, Coleman, Thomas and Leung Chik-fan, all of whom lecture in an honorary capacity. These Classes are doing a very useful work, and the results of the examination held under the auspices of the St. John Ambulance Association were satisfactory. 26 passes were given at the Institute.

6

The Machine Drawing Class was revived, and 7 students sat for examination, 4 passing, which is satisfactory considering that the Class had been defunct for some years.

66

English.—In English Stage I (5 passes) and Stage II (8 passes) : the examination results were better than in any previous year. In December a Lantern Lecture was given to members of these Classes and their friends, the subject being The Sea Route from Gibraltar to Aden'.

“A Third Year English Class was commenced, but was closed at the end of the First Term in consequence of the small attendance

“French The French Class was small, but did very good work. Since the outbreak of war the attendance has increased very con- siderably.

7

The Classes in Steam, Appl. Mechanics, Bookkeeping and Physics also shewed satisfactory results. Metalli rgy was a failure.“

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

56. The following table gives the number of pupils and students in the aforerientioned schools and institutions, omitting those for the Police School, and the uncontrolled schools of the New Territories :-

Number of pupils in

English Vernacular

Total.

Schools. Schools.

Government Schools,

2,076

85

2.161*

Military Schools,

116

116+

Excluded Private Schools,..

580

580+

Grant Schools,

2,137

2,192

4.329*

Controlled Private Schools,

2,075

8,790

10,865+

C

Controlled Private Schools,

New Territories,

852

852*

Technical Institute..

478

478†

Total,

7.462

11,919

19,381

*

Average attendance.

Total enrolment.

J

N 15

OXFORD AND HONGKONG UNIVERSITY LOCAL EXAMINATIONS.

Table VI.

57. The Oxford Local Examinations are now being replaced by the Matriculation and Local Examinations of the Hongkong Uni- . versity. The advantage of the University examinations lies in the fact that the Courses of Study are especially suited to local needs.

CADET COMPANY.

58. The Annual Camp of Instruction for 1914-15 was held from the 2nd to the 11th January, 1915, at Dome Hill in the New Territories, Lieutenant Crowther Smith being in command. Of 62 units who attended, the Victoria School contributed 16 and Kowloon School 17 (13 and 7 in 1913). The weather was far from good, and interfered to a certain extent with the work. The Camp was inspected by His Excellency the Governor, accompanied by the Hon. Colonial Secretary and Lieut.-Colonel Chapman, Öfficer Commanding Hongkong Volunteer Corps. The Inspector of English Schools speaks highly of the arrangements made for the welfare of the boys, who all looked strong and healthy. A Hospital Tent was established, and an orderly from the R.A.M.C. was pre- sent the whole time, but there were no cases of sickness. The boys were all anxious to remain longer in Camp.

Boy Scorts.

59. The St. Joseph's Scouts, established last year, have conti- uned to flourish, although the numbers were reduced in consequence of the rule that Baden-Powell troops should consist of British subjects only.

60. The first Scout camp has just been held, the boys encamp- ing on the ground obtained for them at a nominal rental from the Royal Engineers, west of Murray Barracks. Instruction was given in "Tender-foot" work, bridging, camping, etc.

61. During the year, the boys have been taught Stretcher Bearing (at the Military Hospital), First Aid and Bandaging, Swimming and Life Saving. Artificial Respiration, Morse Signal- ling, Knotting and Splicing, Natural History, Camp-cooking and the elementary Scout Tests.

62. On two occasions the Scouts assisted the Volunteers on Field Days by distributing ammunition to the men in the firing line, and by acting as messengers, signallers and orderlies.

63. Lieut.-Colonel Chapman reports that "they were most useful and conducted themselves in an exemplary manner. They were willing and seemed to be tireless. The only fault I have to find is that when distributing ammunition to the firing line they were apt to be rather too enthusiastic and keen, consequently they occasionally exposed themselves on the sky line too much."

N 16

VISUAL INSTRUCTION.

64. The lanterns with the slides representing scenes in Eng- land and on the sea route to the Far East were lent to the Lecture Department of the National Young Men's Christian Association Committee of China, and were exhibited during the year in Peking, Canton and 16 other great cities. They are thus exercising a valu- able influence, even if it is one which affects Hongkong only indi- rectly.

CHINESE READERS,

65. General. The adaptation of the National Readers to suit the primary schools of Hongkong has taken longer than was expected, and has been a somewhat laborious task for the Translation Master, Queen's College, the Rev. H. R. Wells, who is in charge. The first book is now complete, and progress has been made with books 2 and 3. As soon as these are ready a fresh edition, adapted to the needs of country children, should be prepared.

66. At the end of 1913 when the machinery for the new Educa- tion Ordinance was under construction, Mr. Ralphs, Inspector of English Schools, had unfortunately to go on a year's sick leave. I was myself absent on sick leave during the latter half of 1914. Mr. Dealy, who acted for me, had to spend much of his time on other duties. Consequently much responsibility has fallen on Mr. de Martin, who discharged it in a way which deserves special mention; the more so, as during the war he had himself other duties to perform.

Education Department,

20th April, 1915.

E. IRVING,

Director of Education,

N 17

Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

STAFF.

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

English. Local.

(2)

Vernacular.

(3)

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon, Victoria and Peak Schools—for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary,

¡

}

Maximum Average

Rate of

Net Cost to

Monthly AL- Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

Fees

Gross Cost.

Fees

Collected.

Ditto for

each unit in

Ditto

Govern-

previous 5

REMARKS.

Average

ment.

Attendance.

years.

$

3

C.

S

C.

8

6

:

168

133

$5

24,925.94 6,404.50 18 521.44 139.25 (a) 95.98

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians. Pre- pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations,

14

10

9

539

490

$5

83,367.97 | 28,065.00 55,302.97 102.60

63.00

Saiyingpun, Wantsai and Yaumati Schools-for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College,

4

25

10

1,005

809

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary,

14

3 Needlework

2

Teachers.

490

410

$3

$2

46,418.90 25,893,00 20,525.90

25.37

21.99

1 Drawing Master.

20,262.72 8,648.00 11.614.72

28.33

28.50

2 Pupil Teachers.

Praya East—mainly for Chinese. Primary,

English Schools for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College,................

3

130

86

$2

3,905.33 1,920.00

1,985.33

23.03 (b) 18.70

:

70

58

$1

3,479.83 623.00

2,856 83

49.25 (c) 35.15

Tai Po, Un Long and Cheung Chau Schools-Element- ary English for Chinesc. Primary,

......

VERNACULAR SCHOOLS.

West Point and Tang Lưng Chan Schools-for Chinese.

Primary,

:

3

4

126

90

50 cents.

3,655.85

560.50

3,095,35

34.39

36.44

4

112

85

Free.

790.32

178.50

611.82

7.19 (2) 17.41

2,640

2,161

(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local),

186,806.86| 72,292.50 114,514,36

(a) Excluding Peak School.

(b) Previous 4 years.

(e) Excluding Indian School (Kowloon Branch)

(d) Previous 2 years.

1. Patent co

Italian

Kowloon British Stephen's

St.

St.

St.

Private

Total.

Convent.

School.

Girls'.

Mary's. Francis'.

Tuition.

-

1

917 34

916 | 27

... |14|20| 39

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior. Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior. Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior. Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior. Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior. Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

l'reliminary.

Special.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Special.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Table V.

Oxford Local Examination Results: 1905 to 1914.

1

Senior.

...

:

50

Diocesan

Ellis

Kadoorie

St.

Queen's

St.

Boys'.

College.

School.

Joseph's. Stephen's

Boys'.

St.

Paul's

Victoria

Belilios

British

Public

C.M.S.

Girls' High

Diocesan

French

Girls'.

Convent.

1

College

School.

School.

School.

Year.

4

8

Preliminary.

Special.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

| Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior. : | Junior.

:

:

Preliminary. |

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior. Junior.

Preliminary.

Special.

Junior.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

со

1905.....

1906, ....

2

5

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1911,

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6 1910

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31 6 16 15 21 | 28 |

415 32

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4

2 2

...

:

-

-

Co

2

:

... ...

:

***

:

..

...

:

:

12 25

35

...

:

...

2+

...

:

10

1

***

30|44| 38

... 3143 59

7 38 60 113

...

39 41 108

... | 12 | 69 |142

:

23 53 114

:

:

3

...

44

:

11

:

*

3

...

N 23

Table IV.

Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

1

2

3

4

Total

Years.

Revenue Total spent excluding on Educa- Land Sales, tion (Gross

Fees Collected.

School

Cost).

Total spent on Educa- tion (Nett Cost).

Column 4 as a

percent-

Fees and

age of Column 1.

Kowloon

Railway.

$

$

*A

$

%

1905,

6,484,942 158,678 41,202 117,476

1.81

1906,

1907,

6,574,989 159,373 47,081 112,292

6,391,107 184,028 51,423 132,605

1-71

2.07

1908,

......

5,976,316 205,875

58,533 147,342

2.47

1909,

6,214,929 219,359

71,904 147,455

2.37

1910, ..... 6,553,099 225,606 75,094 150,512

2.30

*#1911,

†1912,

§1913,

6,723,169 237,942 76,056

7,947,714 239,361 69,196

8,146,775 269,164 78,248

161,886

2.41

170,165

2.14

195,916 2.40

1914,

10,666,114 292,890 75,972

216,848 2.03

* Fees remitted to Free Scholars ” ($4,124) are not included in this table.

D

Dé.

Do.

($4,008) ($3,759) ($3,566)

do.

do.

do.

N 19

TABLE II.

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF AG

THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

ENGLISH

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 38 A & B,

Average Attendance.

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

1

St. Joseph's College, (B.)

**

2

Italian Convent, (G.)

*

3

French Convent, (G.)

4

7

Diocesan School, (G.) *

S

English School for Portuguese, (M.)

Diocesan School, (B.)

9

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.) "

*

13

St. Francis', (M.)

*

11

Ellis Kadoorie, (B.) *

9

Number of

Classes.

Number of School Days.

Maximum

Enrolment.

Upper &

Remove

Classes.

Lower

Classes.

Total.

and Remove Class

Rate for the Upper

Total

$

R. C. M.

8

250

612† 221

210 300

521

24

5,040

">

S&Inf. 201

353

85

† 216 210

301

24

2,040

213

101

21

56

77

24

504

5&Inf. 243

102

4

† 80

70

84

20

80

22

C. of E.

8

209

103† 39

8

246

350 147

>>

R. C. M. 6 & Inf.

223

129 † 23

32

30

33

72

24

720

† 131 125

278

24

3,528

20

79

102

20

400

5 & Inf. 214

114 16

75

91

20

352

""

Secular.

8

213

879 12

† 488 370

611

22 2,460

2,743 671

1,458

2,137

15,124

1

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS

Under Section 39 A & B.

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

17

18

19

20

4

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) Fairlea, (G.)

**

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.)*

Training Home for Girls, ***

22

24

25

26

28

*

Mosque Junction, (G Holy Infancy, (M.) Hunghom, (G.) Yaumati, (G.) * Aberdeen, (M.) *

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

""

L. M. S.

Number of

Standards.

7967

Number

of

School

Maximum Enrolment.'

Attendance.

Rate.

Days.

263

90

+ 88

80

9

218

138

† 114 110

11

242

109

† 101

75

11

221

141

† 122 105

11

478

425

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS

Under Section 39 A.

***

R. C. M.

"7

""

25

44

241

75

64

212

82

† 70

65

2403

62

† 17

45

241

74

54

MY

N 19

– N

TABLE II.

SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT

A GRANT UNDER THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Under Section 38 A & B.

Average Attendance.

Mission.

Total.

Total.

Total.

$

$

R. C. M.

250/

612221 210

300

521

24

5,040 15

4,500 9,540

950 10,490

8&Inf. 201

353

85

† 216 210

301

24 2,040 15

3,150' 5,190

65 5,255

ઃઃ

213

101

21

56

77

24

504 15

840 1,344

90 1,434

5 & Inf. 243

102

4

† 80

70

84

20

80 13

910

990

480

1,470

C. of E.

8

2091

103 † 39

30

33

72

24

720 15

495

1,215

125 1,340

*

8

246

350

147

† 131 125

278

24

3,528; 15

1,875

5,403

1,145

6,548

""

R. C. M. 6 & Inf. 223

129 † 23

20

79

102

20

400 14

1,106 1,506

5 &Inf. 214

114 16

75

91

20 352 14

1,050 1,402

Secular.

8

213

879 12:

† 488 370

611

2,743 671

1,458

2,137

15,124

|19,106 |34,230

22 2,460 14 5,180 7,640

30 1,536

1,402

40 7,680

480 2,445 37.155

RNACULAR

:

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A & B.

Mission.

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

L. M. S.

Number of

Standards.

7167

Number

of

School

Maximum Enrolment.

Attendance.

Rate.

Days.

Total Capita-

tion Grant.

Rent Grant.

Total Grants.

$

$

263

90

+ ४४

80

9

720

218

138

† 114 110

720

11

1,210

480

242

109

† 101

75

11

825

221

141

† 122 105

1,690 825

11

1,156

1,165

478

425

3,910 480

4,390

ERNACULAR

LAR SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A.

R. C. M.

་་

::

445 3

241

75

64

212

82

70

65

2403

62

† 47

45

1243

2413

74

54

00 03 A Co

192

192

260

260

135

135

162

162

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

1

2

St. Joseph's College, (B.) Italian Convent, (G.)

*

**

4

X

3 French Convent, (G.)

*

English School for Portuguese, (M.)

Diocesan School, (G.) *

Diocesan School, (B.)

9

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.)

*

13

St. Francis', (M.) *

11

Ellis Kadoorie, (B.) *

9

Average Attendance.

Total.

relan or[ ro} Ó10k

and Remove Class

Tot:

د کرد

R. C. M.

$ 250 S&Inf. 201

612† 221 210

300

521

24 5,0

353

85

† 216 210

301

24 2,0.

213

101

21

56

77

30

""

5&Inf. 243

102

4

+ 80

ΤΟ

84

3

22

C. of E.

S 209/1/

103 † 39

30

33

T2

7:

8

246

350 147

† 131 125

278

24

3,5:

R. C. M. 6&Inf. 223

5&Inf. 214

Secular. 8 213

129† 23

20

79

102

20

40

114

16

75

91

20 3.

879 12

† 488 370

611

22 2,40

2,743 67

1,458

2,137

15,1:

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS

Under Section 39 A & B.

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

17

18

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) ******* Fairlea, (G.)

19

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) 20 Training Home for Girls, **

哭哭

མ་

4

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

*

L. M. S.

Number of

Standards.

7967

Number

of

School Days.

Maximum Enrolment.

Attendance.

Rate.

263 218

90

† 88

80

9

138

† 114 110

11

242

109

† 101

75

11

221

14 141

†122 105

1 1

478

425

SCHOOL:

VERNACULAR

Under Section 39 A.

22

24

Holy Infancy, (M.)

25

Mosque Junction, (G.)

Hunghom, (G.)*

*

R. C. M.

241

*

212

""

2401

8833

75

64

82

70

62

† 47

112535

65

45

""

26 Yaumati, (G.) *

241

74

54

22

28

Aberdeen, (M.) *

240

40

31

وو

29

No. 109 Second Street, (B.) * *

L. M. S.

219

49

32

30

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.) **

238

21

14

23

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)

***

226

84

61

"2

34

35

36

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.)** No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) * * Wanchai Chapel, (B.) * *.

222

150

† 122

120

27

239

45

† 36

35

27

205

50

37

""

37

Hospital Chapel, (B.)*

**

215

66

46

99

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.)

* *

231

47

33

27

40

No. 27 Water Street, (B.) **

224

40

24

42

Tanglungchau Chapel, (B.) **

206

40

28

43

No. 158 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (G.)**

221

77

† 64

55

11

44

No. 20A Aberdeen Street, (G.) * *

238

40

28

45

Tanglungchau Chapel, (G.) **

213

37

29

>>

46

Wanchai Chapel, (G.) * *

244

77

5+

48

Shamshuipo, (M.) **

B. M.

238

110

† 86

85

49

50

51

Shaukiwan, (M.) **

Tokwawan, (B.) **

High Street, (G.) * *

239

60

† 46

45

""

227

70

60

238

104

52

53

No. 218 Hollywood Road, (B.)

**

C. M. S.

243

70

51

55

No. 15 Stanley Street, (G.)

**

232/

50

39

>>

57

No. 6 Western Street, (G.)

**

260

70

50

59

Yaumati Chapel, (G.)

***

256

32

21

32

60

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.) * *

255

68

49

>>

61

No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.)

256

61

36

"

62

Shaukiwan, (G.)

251

38

27

63

Stanley, (M.)**

245

45

28

64

No 263 Queen's Road West. (B) **

Rh M

S.

101

130

98

Dior 00 00 HL 09 IN A 00 00 00 # # CO IN CO - COG IN OTOT 00 IN 00 00 00 4 00

3

-1

(B.)*

(G.)**

Mission.

Classes.

Number of

Number of

School Days.

Maximum

Enrolment.

Upper &

Remove

Classes.

Average Attendance.

Lower

Classes.

Total.

Rate for the Upper

and Remove Class

Total.

Rate for the

Lower Classes.

Total,

$

$

.... R. C. M.

23

S S&Inf. 201

250/

612221

210

300

521

24

353

85

† 216 210

301

24

5,040 2,040 15

15

4,500 9,540

950 10,490

3,150 5,190

65 5,255

2133

101

21

56

77

24

504 15

1

840 1,344

""

5&Iuf. 243

102

† 80

70

84

20

80 13

910 990

"

C. of E.

8

2091/

103 † 39

30

33

72

24

720 15

495 1,215

8

246

350

147

† 131 125

278

24

3,528 15

1,875, 5,403

""

R. C. M. 6 & Inf.

223

129 † 23

20

79

102

20

400 14

1,106 1,506

5&Inf. 214

114

16

75

91

20

352 14

1,050 1.402

Secular. 8 213

879 12'

† 488 370

611

22

2,460 14

5,180 7,640

2,743 67

1,458

2,137

15,124)

90 1,434

125 1,340 1,145 6,548 30 1,536

1,402 40| 7,680

19,106 34,230 480 2,445 37,155

480

1,470

ERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A & B.

Mission.

Ber. M. C. M. S.

* *

L. M. S.

7767

Number of

Standards.

Number

of

School

Maximum Enrolment.

Attendance.

Rate.

Days.

Total Capita-

tion Grant.

Rent Grant.

Total Grants.

263

90

† 88

80

9

218

138

† 114 110

720

720

11

1,210

480

242

109

† 101

75

1,690

11

825

221

4 141

† 122 105

825

11

1,156

1,155

478

425

3,910

480

| 4,390

ERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A.

R. C. M.

241

75

212

82

64

† 70 65

240/1/

62

† 47 45

"

241

74

54

"2

240

40

31

""

L. M. S.

2194

49

32

238

21

14

"

6

226

84

222

150

61 † 122 120

239

45

† 36 35

"J

205

50

37

4

215

66

46

>>

231

47

33

1

224

40

24

206

40

28

4

221/

77

† 64

55

5

238

40

28

"J

213

37

29

"2

244

ww

54

22

B. M.

238

110

† 86

85

239

60

"

† 46

45

3

227

70

60

""

238

104

52

4

">

C. M. S.

243

70

51

232

50

39

י

260

70

50

>>

256

32

21

255

68

49

:་

256

61

36

251

38

27

245

45

28

5

Or di 00 00 00 IN 30 IA JA CO CO CO IT IF CO IN CO IN IF I CIA CN ON CA 00 00 00 1A CO

192

192

260

260

135

135

162

162

93

93

128

128

42

200

242

305

240

545

600

600

140

160

300

111

184

4

132

96

84

::::

111

184

80

212

96

84

220 150

370

84 160

244

116

116

216

216

3

255

255

135

135

180

180

208

208

4

204

204

117

216

382

200 136

336

63

63

147

147

108 116

224

135

72

207

140

114

¡

Appendix P.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1914.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expend- ed by the Department under the various headings, were follows:-

as

Amount voted.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Actual Expenditure.

Total.

$

$

(i) Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges, 432.530.00

19,285.10 451,815.10

413,850.57

(i) Special Expenditure:-

Furniture,

660.00

660.00

660.00

(ii) Annually

Recurrent

Works,

481,000.00

145,009.83 626,009.83 567,100.18

(ii) Extraordinary Works... 2,130,800.00

B.

138,816.44 2,269,116.44 1,639,594.72

Total... 3,044,330.00 303,271.37 3,347,601.37 2,621,205.47

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers on leave and refunds on account of super- vision of work executed by the Department for various public companies.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below :——

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

477.61

Maintenance of Telephones, including all cables,

340.83

Electric Lighting, City,

123.57

Maintenance of Public Cemetery,

250.21

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

3.382.60

Dredging Foreshores,

9,956.43

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

12,388.09

Maintenance of Shaukiwan Water Works,

572.52

Maintenance of Aberdeen Water Works,...

223.95

T

Expenditure.

Gas Lighting,

P 2

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

$197.79 889.88 2.971.60

New Territories.

Maintenance of Telephones,

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,--Mainland,

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,-Mainland,

Water Account (Meters, &c.), -Mainland,

1,213.21

183.18

426.60

173.29

The savings were much more than counterbalanced by excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

Maintenance of Buildings, ...

Hongkong.

$13,972.35

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City,

44,551.26

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City,

7,964.15

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

1,901.37

Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District,

367.09

Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

631.48

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

105.67

Stores Depreciation,

3,520.71

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works,

15,953.64

Water Account (Meters, &c.).

3,068.61

Κουίοση.

Maintenance of Buildings,...

887.94

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

6,957.11

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

689.36

Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

7,489.94

Maintenance of Water Works,

2,039.03

Water Account (Meters, &c.),

753.92

New Territories.

Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in Southern District, Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in

740.97

Northern District,

504.83

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

Mainland,.

4,068.51

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Islands in Southern

District,

2,532.08

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and Is-

lands in Northern District,

5,564.79

Upkeep of Plant,

2,266.24

The excesses on

Maintenance of Buildings" were due largely to the increased rates payable under the Contracts for 1914; those Maintenance of Roads partly to the same cause and partly to the use of improved surfacing materials; that on "Praya Walls and

on

>

19

P3-

Expenditure.

Piers, Kowloon to the adaptation of the old Star Ferry Wharf for a public landing place; those on "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, New Territories" to a big landslip at Tai O which threatened to endanger the Police Station and to the reconstruction of a bridge at Tai Po damaged by the typhoon of August 1913; those on

"Main- tenance of Water Works to the laying in of a large stock of coal on account of the outbreak of war and to increased consumption of water necessitating an increased amount of sand-washing; and those on "Water Account-Meters to the fixing of a large number of additional meters. The item Upkeep of Plant was for the maintenance of the dredger "St. Enoch", which was laid up throughout the whole year.

""

Comparison of Expenditure, 1913 and 1914.

2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1914 as compared with that of the previous year :---

1913.

1914.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

c.

6.

$ c.

$

C.

(i) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

366.107.07

413,850.57

47,743.50

(1) Special Expenditure,

1,447.56

660.00

(11)Annually Recurrent Works. 750,684.48 567.100.18

i

787.56

183,584,30

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,247,857.06 | 1,639,594.72 391,737.66

Total, $ 2.366,096.172,621,205,47

439,481.16

184,371.86

Item (i).--The increase in this item is due partly to the lower rate of exchange in 1914, the average rate for 1914 being 1/10 as against 1 11 for 1913; partly to an increase in the number of surveyors and partly to the grant of house allowances to certain overseers and others.

"}

66

Item (ii).The decrease under this head is principally accounted for by the fact that, in 1913, the dredger "St. Enoch ($150,000) was taken over under "Plant Account and charged to Annually Recurrent Works". The other principal contributing cause was the absence of typhoons during 1914, $92,249 less being spent under "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" than in 1913. On the other hand, a sum of $55,759 more than in 1913 was expended on "Roads and Bridges "generally. Any decreases or increases under other sub-heads were comparatively small.

17

Item (iii).-No useful comparison can be instituted between the expenditure on "Extraordinary Works in any two years. It will suffice to mention that the transaction with regard to the dredger

Water Works Revenue.

P 4

"St. Enoch ". already alluded to, caused the expenditure under Extraordinary Works" in 1913 to appear as $150,000 less than it really was owing to that amount being credited to the sub-head "Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui" by deducting it from the amount expended, and that, under the sub-head "Tytam Tuk Water Works Scheme-Second Section", a sum of $223,510 more was spent in 1914 than in 1913.

Revenue from Water Works.

3. Water Works Revenue.—The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the year 1914 :-

Excess Con- Rates

sumption

Total.

20.

$ C.

c.

C.

City including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

102,295.30

225,913.19 326,208.19

Hill District,

5,897.00

Pokfulam District,

2,383.75

6,308.02 12,205.02

2,383.75

Kowloon including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

50,719.50

29,276.05 79,995,55

Aberdeen,

2,096.00

353.30

2,149.30

Shaukiwan.

635.25 2,220.92

2,856.17

Laichikok,

25,411.75

25.411.75

Total,

$ 189,438.55

264,071.48 453,510.03

P 5

Water Works Revenue.

4. Comparison of Water Works Revenue, 1913 and 191-1-The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the years 1913 and 1914 :-

City (as above stated),

Hill District,...

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above stated).

Aber leen,

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

:

:

:

:

Total,

:

:

:

1913.

1914

C.

296.126.57 328,208.19

10,583.62

12,205.02

1,089.00

2.383.75

67,940.17 79,995.55

2.704.12

2,449,30

2,248.93

2,856.17

23.327.75

25,111.75

$

404 220.16 453,510.03

The figures for excess consumption have been supplied by the Treasury and represent the actual amounts collected and placed to Revenue.

The great difference in the revenue for the two years is partly explained by the fact that the receipts in the case of the City, during 1913, were low, partly owing to shortage of water, the services to wharves along the City front being disconnected from the 29th November 1912 until the 23rd April on this account.

The revenue in the case of the City was $20,000 less in 1913 than in 1912.

J

P 6

Land Sales and Surveys.

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.—The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these:-

No. of Lots. Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Total.

Total.

Total.

x

Premiun.

Total.

X

C.

C.

X

C.

Sules by Auction.

""

"

Island of Hongkong, .. Kowloon Peninsula,........... N. T., New Kowloon,...........

Southern District, Northern District,

Sales without Auction.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,...... N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, "" Northern District," 229

ཀསྶ དིསྶ བྷསྶ

2,051,625 64,752

3,636.00

106,725.00

764.00

87,283 00

503,784

248.00

2,723.00

21

120,226

138.90

5,627.00

220

2,063,093

319.80

6,964.00

282

4,803,480

5,106.70

|209,322,00

8,990

62.00

4,495.00

31

77,972

51.65

608.78'

162,183

148.37

1,143.72;

261

249,145

262.02

6.247.50

Extensions Granted.

Island of Hongkong,

22

75,652

519.00

Kowloon Peninsula,..

162

50

16,040.12 208.75

New Territories,

7,313

8.00

16.78

31

83,427

527.50

16,265.65

Conversions and Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, ..

Kowloon Peninsula,....

N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, "} Northern District.

Grants on Nominal

35,284

114.00

6,493.48

14

62,895

283.00

1,579.60

202,535

144.92

160.60

9,313

6.87

40.74

59

310,027

548.79

8.274.42

Terms.

Island of Hongkong, ..

111,309

2.00

Kowloon Peninsula,

21,590,

2.00

New Territories, ..

5

132,899

4.00

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong,

2

289,520

18,800.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories, .

133

1,587,792

485.72

135

1,877,312

(19,285.72

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong,

509

11,582.35

Kowloon Peninsula,

209

9,598.70

New Territories,

189

3,877.02

N. T., let by A.D.O., S.

737

1,240.97

N

"

19

>>

873

3,600.78

2,517

29,899.82

Extensions of Short

Period Leases to

75 years.

Island of Hongkong,..

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

Quarry Leases.

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

Prospecting and Mining

Licences.

New Territories, ..

Total,....

1

6

523,591 1,276,744

770.00 7,376.00

11

17,566,111

18,479.00

18

19,366,776

26,625.00

ين

1,250.00

3

1,250.00

3,311

26,823,066

$83,509,55

$240,109.57

- P7

Land Sales, &c.

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $268,476.27 or somewhat more than the Estimate, which amounted to $250,000.00. It included the following sums which do not appear in the above tabulated statement

Premium derived from sale of right to

erect piers,

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots, Premium for permission to build upon portions of K.M.L.s 10 and 11 (1,458 sq. ft.), Hongkong and Kow- loon Wharf and Godown Co.'s property,

$21,883,06

2.261.30

1.155.30

A sum of $165.00, being rent erroneously paid on Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 12 from 1st July 1912 to 30th April 1914, was refunded to the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co., Ld., as Kowloon Marine Lot No. 9, opposite which the pier stood, had been resumed by Government in 1912 for the Railway Terminus. Another sum of $588.58, being premium (8335 075 and Crown rent ($53.51) from 1st January 1915 to 5th August 1915, was refunded to the licensee of the pier opposite Waterloo Road, Kowloon, as Government contemplated the introduction, in the beginning of 1915, of new arrangements with regard to this and other piers used for ferry purposes.

In some cases payments for land sold in one year do not reach the Treasury until the following year, thus causing an apparent discrepancy between the Treasury figures and those given by this Department.

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1912-1911

1912.

1913.

1914.

$

('.

Sales by Auction,

135,401,45

Sales without Auction.

1,262.40

Extensions granted,

4,207.93

238.215.00 29.621 60 11.278.16

209.322.00

6.247.59 16.265.65

Grants on Nominal Terms,

4.125.00

+

Grants on Short Leases,

Extensions of short period leases to 75

years,

Premium derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

6.450.00

12 100 40

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,

1,501.00

21.883 06 2.261.30

Re-adjustments in Hongkong and Kow-

loon,

Re-adjustments in New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

5,030 90

351.25

527442

Premium for Encroachments,

Premium on Kowloon Marine Lot No.

90, sold in 1909,

8,566.00

Premium for permission to build upon portions of Kowloon Marine Lots Nos. 10 and 11.

3,380.10

4.155 20

Total,

.$ 166,604.68

296,495.20 268.409.23

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

..$

167,492.68

297,089.10 268,476.27

Land Sales, &c.

P 8

6. Sales by Auction.-Five lots in the New Territories were sold by the Public Works Department, riz.-New Kowloon Farm Lots Nos. 7 and 8, which realized $1,035.00, New Kowloon Inland Lot No. 63, which realized $1,688.00, Sheung Shui Lot No. 1, which realized $855.00, and Fau Ling Lot No. 4, which realized $315,00. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo sold 218 small lots, which realized $5,794.00, and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 21 lots, which realized $5,627.00.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales :-

Arci in square feet. Crown Rent.

No. of Lot.

Premium.

M. L.

321

125.000

$1,292.00

$37,500.00

Rate realized. $0 30 per sq. ft

I. L.

2091

£2,000

386.00

12,900.00

0.31

"

""

F. L.

78

868,875

200.00

100 per acre.

F. L.

79

665,670

306.00

5,492.00

200

99

F. L.

80

96,000

44.00)

K. I. L. 1286

13,862

190.00

K. I. L. 1293

11,670

134.00

K. I. L. 1294

29.570

340.00

41,586,00 11,670,00 29,620,00

200 * 3.00 per sq. ft.

"

1.00

..

་་

1.00

ད་

A sum of $100.00, being the deposit required in connection with the sale of Inland Lot No. 2073, Wong Nei Chong Road, was forfeited as the applicant failed to bid for the lot.

7. Sales without Auction. There was only one item under this heading in Hongkong, viz.:—Inland Lot No. 2083 containing an area of 8,990 sq. ft. which was sold as a site for the Helena May Institute, the premium paid being $4,495.00 and the Crown rent $62.00 per annum. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong sold 260 lots in the New Territories by private treaty.

8. Extensions granted.—The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised small areas to Inland Lots 1641, 1518, 1772, 1905, 1549, 2051, 2064, 1968, 1876, 1909, 1890, 2092, 1568, 2028, 691 and 1633, Section A of Inland Lot No. 706, Marine Lot 53, Garden Lots 5 and 31 and Rural Building Lots 16 and 120. In Kowloon, there were extensions to Kowloon Inland Lots 948, 949, 975, 970, 968, 552 and 1076 and Kowloon Marine Lot 90, and in New Kowloon to New Kowloon Inland Lot 53.

There were no extensions granted by the Assistant District Officer at Taipo or the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-In Hongkong, Inland Lots 2065, 2066 and 2067 were granted in exchange for Farm Lot 45, Wong Nei Chong, and Shankiwan Inland Lot 434 was granted in exchange for Shankiwan Lots 216, 217, 218 and 219.

There were no conversions or exchanges in Kowloon.

In New Kowloon, New Kowloon Inland Lot 61 was granted in exchange for Lot 417, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 62 for a portion of Lot 423, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 65 for a portion of Lot 5762, S.D. I, New Kowloon Inland Lot 66 for a

P 9

Land Sales, &c.

portion of Lot 652, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 64 for Lot 2491, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 67 for Lots 2552, 2553 and 2742, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 68 for Lot 2445, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 69 for Lots 2430 and 2431, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lot 70 for Lot 2448, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lots 71 and 72 for Lot 2560, S.D. IV, New Kowloon Inland Lots 73 and 74 for Lots 2429, 2433, 2460, 2424, 2343 and 799, S. D. IV, and New Kowloon Inland Lot 75 for Lot 2354, S.D. IV.

Particulars of the conversions and exchanges in the New Territories, Northern and Southern Districts, will be found in the Land Officer's report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.-There were two lots granted under this heading in Hongkong, riz. :-Shaukiwan Inland Lot 430, containing an area of 3,773 square feet, granted as a site for a public dispensary at Shaukiwan and an extension of 107,536 square feet to Inland Lot 1415 (Eurasian Cemetery). In Kowloon, there were 3 lots granted, viz. :-Kowloon Inland Lot 1295, containing an area of 7,290 square feet, granted to the Chinese Church Body as a site for a Church at Yaumati, Kowloon Inland Lot 1296, containing an area of 2,050 square feet, granted to the Hon. the Secretary for Chinese Affairs on behalf of the Harbour Dispensary Committee as a site for a public dispensary at Yaumati and an extension of 12,250 square feet to Kowloon Inland Lot 1116 as a playground for the Church Missionary Society.

There were no grants of this description in the New Territories.

11. Grants on Short Leases.--Two such grants were made in Hongkong, viz. :—

(i) Inland Lot 1689, (plot north of the Central Market), con- taining an area of 23,520 square feet, leased for a period of two years from 1st November 1914 at a monthly rental of $1,525.00.

(ii) Rural Building Lot 132; Deep Water Bay, containing an area of 266,000 square feet, leased to the Green Island Cement Company for a period of 5 years from 1st July 1914 at an annual rental of $500.00.

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon.

In the New Territories, 31 lots, containing an area of about 776,676 square feet, were let by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong and 102 lots, containing an area of about 811,116 square feet, by the Assistant District Officer at Taipo for terms varying from one to five years.

12. Permits to occupy land etc. for short periods.—These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

Land Sales, &c.

P 10

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

14. Quarries.-Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots A/15, A/18, A 28 and A/25, which were sold by Public Auction for a period extending from 25th March 1914 to 30th June 1915 were surrendered to Government in September 1914. They were put up to Public Auction again on 28th September 1914 but there were no bidders. Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots 1 to 4, which were sold on 29th December 1913 for a term of one year from 1st January 1914, were re-entered by Government in April 1914 and were put up to Public Auction and sold on 11th May 1914.

The following quarries were let by Public Auction for the periods mentioned below:---

Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot No. 2 for one year from 1st January

Hok Un Quarry Lot No. 6

Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. 7

Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. 8

Mati Quarry Lot No. 9

Jordan Road, Kowloon, No. 10

Yaumati Quarry Lot No. 11

་་

Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots 1-30 Lyemun Quarry Lots 1-25

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lot. No. 1/6

Sai Tso Wan Quarry Lots B/1-B 16

""

[191

Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots 1-4 from 11th May 1914 to 31st

December 1914.

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots

A/1, A/5, A/7, A/8, A/10, A/19, A/20 and A/25.

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots A/9, A/11, A/12, A/13. A/14. A/21 and A/22.

Don 25th March 1914 to 30th

June 1915.

""

Two quarries, one in Cheung Chau Island and the other at Chan Lu Kok, were let by Public Auction by the Assistant District Officer in Hongkong for a period of 3 years each, commencing from 1st July 1914 and 1st January 1915 respe

Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots Nos. 1 and 2 were let by Public Auction for one year commencing from 1st June 1914 by the Assistant District Officer at Taip

P 11

Land Sales, &c.

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences.-A Prospecting licence was issued for a period of six months in the Un Long District but was not renewed when the period expired. Two Mining licences were issued in the Un Long and Sha Tau Kok Districts for periods of 12 months commencing from 7th January 1914 and 31st De- cember 1914 respectively.

16. Resumptions.-In addition to the resumptions of which particulars are given in paragraph 117 of this Report, all the houses constituting Tytam Tuk Village, including Nos. 1-6 and 9-17, were resumed in connection with the Tytam Tuk Water Works Scheme, Second Section, at a total cost of $5,834.84. The site of the village will be submerged when the new dam has been constructed. Seventy-three lots in Little Hongkong were resumed at a total cost of $525.00 for the purpose of constructing a public road between Aberdeen and Deep Water Bay. Kai Lung Wan Farm Lot No. 1, which was let on an annual lease, was resumed by Government at a cost of $196.00 and is now incorporated with Farm Lots 78-80. A portion of Elliott Battery site, comprising an area of 138,770 square feet, was taken over by the Colonial Government from the Military Authorities in connection with the construction of additional filter beds and service reservoir at West Point, the sum of $33,814.50 being credited to the War Department in the Military Lands Account. Ho Mun Tin Lot No. 33, containing an area of 39,600 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $148.50 in connection with the filling in of Kowloon Inland Lots 1283 and 1284. A supplemen- tary vote was taken to cover this expenditure. Inland Lot 1854,

which was let on a short lease for storage purposes, was surrendered to Government for the purpose of extending Star Street in front of new houses which had been erected on Inland Lot 1715. Inland Lot 1394 and Shaukiwan Inland Lot 413 were re-entered on account of non-payment of Crown rent.

In the Southern District of the New Territories, 33 lots, con- taining an area of 48,787 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $7,115 50 and 45 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered on account of non-payment of Crown rent.

In the Northern District, 87 lots, containing an area of 361,548 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $2,224.56 and 86 lots were either voluntarily surrendered or were re-entered.

17. Lease Plans.-Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 203 lots and 1 pier were forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones.-Boundary stones were fixed for 32 lots in Hongkong, 7 lots in Kowloon and 25 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys. The Ordnance Survey of the Colony was con- tinued throughout the year and good progress was made with it especially in the Hill District, the Central, Western and Eastern Districts of the City and the Conduit Road District. The survey of Kowloon Peninsula is practically finished and is now being revised.

Land Sales, &c.

P 12

The survey of Shaukiwan was undertaken late in the year and is now well advanced and that of Pokfulam Farm Lots is nearly finished. The surveys of numerous villages in Kowloon have been completed, riz.:-To Kwa Wan, Hok Un, Shek Shan, Ho Mun Tin, Ma Ti, Fo Pang, Ma Tau Chung, Ma Tan Kok, Lo Loong Hang, Wong Nei Wu, etc. In the New Territories a surveyor was engaged on the Railway survey which was completed early in the year. Surveys of the following villages in the New Territories have also been completed, riz.:--Kwantye, Lo Shu Liang, Kam Tsin, Santin, and Kam Tin; others are now in hand. Full details of this work appear in the Annual Survey Report.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course.-- A sum of $6,498.00 was realized by the letting of sites for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the race meeting.

21. Squatters.-The surveys of the villages enumerated under paragraph 19 were undertaken with a view to the issue of titles to the villagers and particulars with regard to the areas, ownerships, etc., of 737 lots of land and 923 houses in the villages of Hok Tsui. To Kwa Wan, San Shan, Shek Shan and Hok Un were prepared for that purpose.

22. Military Lands.-As mentioned under paragraph 16, an area of 138,770 square feet, being a portion of the site of Elliott Battery, was taken over by the Colonial Government from the Military Authorities in connection with the construction of addi- tional filter beds, etc., at West Point.

Permission was granted for the following encroachments on Colonial Government Land, riz.

(i) A path from Pokfulam Road to Mount Davis.

(ii) A Cremation Ground for Sikhs and Dogras at Fo Pang, Kowloon.

23. Naval Lands.-Permission was granted for the following encroachments on Colonial Government Land,`riz.:

(i) 2 pairs of beacons in Tolo Channel.

(ii) A notice board near the Signal Station, Victoria Peak.

24. Piers. The right of erecting piers under long leases was granted in two cases in Hongkong, riz.:-Permanent Pier No. 31 opposite Marine Lot 106 and an extension to Permanent Pier No. 6. Licences for the following temporary piers for various periods were issued or renewed:---18 in Hongkong, 11 in Kowloon and 14 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 18 slipways in Hongkong, 2 in Kowloon and I in the New Territories. the total fees for which amounted to $5,548.67. The premia derived in respect of permanent pier rights amounted to $17,500.00 and temporary piers to $4,400.00.

P 13

B. O. Work.

25. C'emeteries.—An area of 4 acres on Aplichau Island was set apart as a burial ground for Chinese.

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

26. By-laws and Regulations.—No new by-law or regulations affecting constructional work were passed during the year, nor were any amendments made.

27. Plans.-There has been a marked decrease in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1913, the greatest difference being in the number deposited for alterations and additions to existing buildings. The following is a tabulated statement shewing the number of buildings, etc., for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures for 1913 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:----

1913. 1914. Increase. Decrease.

European houses,

Chinese houses,

Buildings and structures other than

the above,

Alterations and additions to exist-

ing buildings,

Verandahs,

Balconies,

74 109

35

251 291

40

141 140

I

2,763 1,790

973

112 152

40

164

85

79

27

19

8

:

7

Sunshades,.

Areas,

Piers,

2

:

Total,.....

3,534 2,597 124 1,061

28. Certificates.--The following certificates for new buildings were issued:-

126 for 313 domestic buildings under Section 204 of Ordinance

1 of 1913.

41 for 48 non-domestic buildings.

These figures show a decrease of 27 in the number of domestic buildings and an increase of 11 in the number of non-domestic buildings or a net decrease of 16 as compared with 1913.

B. O. Work,

P 14

29. Notices and Permits.—The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1913 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-

1913.

1914.

Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices,...

263

149

Miscellaneous Notices,.....

509

372

Nuisances reported by officers of

the Sanitary Department,

2,207

1,560

Permits,..........

1,209

1,077

Fees collected on account of the

$

issue of permits to obtain sand

:

:

:

114

137

647

132

and stone from Crown land,... 650.16 2,730.60 2,080.44

Legal proceedings were taken in 8 cases for removal of stone from Crown land or foreshore without permission. In each case a conviction was obtained, and fines amounting to $250.00 were imposed.

Legal proceedings were also taken in connection with blasting operations in 2 cases in which the precautions prescribed by Ordi- nance had been omitted. In each case a conviction was obtained and fines amounting to $200.00 were imposed.

30. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, &c.—A statement of the work done will be found under the heading “Public Works, Extra- ordinary".

31. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following

streets:

Lane at rear of 322-328 Queen's Road West and 95-101 First Street.

Lane at rear of 113-119 Queen's Road West, 30-34 Ko Shing Street, 1-6 Wo Fung Street and 1 and 2 Pan Kwai Lane.

In Ku Lane.

Sai Yuen Lane.

Sze Kan Lane. Chung Wo Lane. Li Yuen Street East.

Li Yuen Street West.

Lane at rear of 292-306 Queen'-

Road Central and 1-13 Lower Lascar Row and at side of 1 Ladder Street. Kom U Street. Wa In Fong East. Wa In Fong West. Tung Wa Lane. Holy Infant Lane. St. Francis Yard. Man Hing Lane.

P 15

Lane between 16 and 18 First

Street.

Wing Kut Street. Rienaecker Street.

B. O). Work.

Torsièm Street.

Tai Loi Lane. Cheung Fuk Lane.

32. Improvements, &c., of Public_Streets-The policy of re- quiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kowloon, has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

33. Footways.--Attention has been given to the footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners. to repair such footways. In the following cases the necessary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners :—

25 Des Voeux Road Central.

9, 11 and 11a Peel Street.

1-5 and 6-13 Tai On Terrace.

38-56 Staunton Street.

13-17 Western Street.

I.L. 676-Tung Wo Lane East.

Queen's Road East between Arsenal Street and Royal Naval

Hospital (general improvements, partly executed).

14-16 Star Street.

82, 82A and 82в Stone Nullah Lane.

1 Tunglowan.

K.I.L. 571-Nathan Road.

45A-67 Reclamation Street.

1-5 Gillies Avenue.

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.--Practically no damage was done to buildings in the Colony by typhoons and rainstorms.

35. Landslips.---A landslip occurred on Crown land at the rear of 13 Star Street, resulting in the death of two children and injuries to a third.

36. Collapses. A portion of the first floor of No. 5 Austin Road collapsed on the 24th December resulting in injury to several persons, one of whom died on the following day. There were a fow other collapses of a minor nature which do not call for special comment.

37. Tests of Mortar.—Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 237 samples being taken from works in progress. Legal proceedings were taken in two cases in which the mortar was found

B. O. Work,

P 16

"

to be below the accepted standard and fines amounting to $300.00 were imposed.

38. Prosecutions for Defective Building Work.-Legal proceed- ings were taken on account of defective work in 7 cases in each of which a conviction was secured, the fines imposed amounting to $641.00.

39. Prosecutions for other nuisances.—Legal proceedings were taken in 76 cases for non-compliance with notices issued in connec- tion with nuisances reported by officers of the Sanitary Department. In 62 of these cases fines were inflicted amounting to $1,125, and in 5 others, though convictions were obtained, no fines were inflicted.

40. Testing Drains.—Fees amounting to $130.00 were collected on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by carelessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in carrying out the work. This shows a decrease of $20.00 compared with 1913.

41. Modifications. Written modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were granted in 102 cases under the powers conferred by Section 265b. This shows a decrease of 32 compared with 1913.

42. Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 265b.-Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor-in-Council in 3 cases. Of these one was granted on certain conditions whilst the two others were refused. In two cases in which dissatisfaction was felt with the manner in which the Building Authority had exercised his discre- tionary powers, appeals were made to the Governor-in-Council. In each case the appeal was refused.

43. Cemeteries.-Owing to the absence of an apprentice sur- veyor and to pressure of other work, no progress has been made in connection with the surveys of Chinese cemeteries. The necessary surveys for keeping the records of new grave spaces in the Colonial Cemetery up to date were made.

Work in connection with forming new terraces, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out in the following cemeteries:-

Mount Caroline (Sections A. B & C).

Kailungwan (Sections A, B, C & D and plague section). Kowloon Tong (Sections A, B & C).

Hau Pui Loong (Section A and plague section).

In addition, various paths were surfaced and other maintenance works were carried out at Mount Caroline, Kailungwan and Ma Tau Wei.

In connection with the new Chinese cemetery at Aberdeen for permanent interments (A.I.L. 78), a contoured survey of about one-third of the area was made and a laying-out plan was prepared

- P 17

B. O. Work.

and, after considerable discussion and amendment, was finally approved by a Committee of the Founders. A contract for the laying-out of paths and terraces, and for the erection of a mortuary, reception hall, gardeners' quarters, boundary walls, entrance gates, etc., was let in July to the Tung Shing Firm. The amount of the contract is $26,234.40 and the cost of the work will be borne by the Founders. At the end of the year the whole of the roads and paths included in the contract and about two-thirds of the terrace had been formed but not surfaced, whilst the buildings had been erected up to eaves level.

44. Theatres Regulation Ordinance. Twenty-four licences were issued under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose, in some cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of the licences and in other cases for performances in the open air.

A sum of $1,546 was derived from fees paid in connection with the issue of licences. This includes the following cases in which the nominal fee of $1.00 per annum was sanctioned by the Governor-in-Council :-The Hall in the Sailors' & Soldiers' Home, Arsenal Street; St. Andrew's Church Hall, Kowloon.

45. Fires.--The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to require reconstruction :-

149 Queen's Road East.

140 & 142 Queen's Road East. 16 Cochrane Street.

8, 9 & 10 Jubilee Street. 51 & 53 Wellington Street. 119 & 121 Queen's Road Central. 275 Queen's Road Central. 377 Queen's Road Central.

293 Queen's Road Central.

73 Queen's Road West. 358 Queen's Road West. 184 Wing Lok Street. 125 Wing Lok Street. 5 Sai Street.

33, 34, 35 & 36 Aplichau. 10 houses in Shamshuipo. Oil Godowns, Lai Chi Kok.

46. Reclamations.-The only private reclamation in progress during the year was that of Shaukiwan Inland Lot 433 referred to in last year's Report.

47. Principal Works of a Private Nature.-The erection of 2 blocks of Students' Quarters and of 5 houses for the Staff of the Hongkong University on Inland Lot 1877 and of an engineering workshop on Inland Lot 1853 was commenced.

Work in connection with the formation of a Recreation Ground on Inland Lot 1949 for the University Union was proceeded with.

The double wharf at Kowloon Point for the Star Ferry was completed.

B. O. Work.

P 18

The block of buildings on Rural Building Lot 136, Pokfulam Road, ("Ebenezer "), was completed.

Considerable progress was made with the erection of new and extensive premises for the Sincere Company in Wing Wo Street.

The new building for the accommodation of the Deutsch- Asiatische Bank at No. 7 Queen's Road Central was completed.

The new church and school on Inland Lot 1924, Bonham Road, in connection with the Rhenische Mission, were completed.

A steel-framed building containing Retorts and Engine House was erected by the Hongkong & China Gas Company on their premises adjoining Whitty Street.

The erection of the Helena May Institute on Inland Lot 2083, Garden Road, was commenced.

The development of Inland Lot 1947, on the ridge east of Happy Valley, was proceeded with and the erection of 10 European bungalows was commenced; of these 3 were completed before the end of the year.

The erection of Maternity wards in connection with the Matilda Hospital on Mount Kellett Road was commenced.

The erection of two blocks of Hats on Inland Lot 1929, May Road, was commenced.

The erection of some new Oil Tanks at Lai Chi Kok for the Standard Oil Company was commenced.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed during the year the following may be mentioned :----

Works Commenced.

15 Chinese houses, M.L. 644, Praya East and Tai Wong Lane.

8

43

26

6

ī

5

3

20

18

M.L. 64, Praya East.

"

11

19

M.L. 40, Praya East.

"

**

M.L. 110, Praya East.

I.L. 1943, Whitfeild.

71

"">

I.L. 834, Hill Road.

งา

I.L. 798, Third Street.

"

I.L. 2040, Tai Hang.

"

I.L. 2085, Tai Hang.

5

K.I.L. 571, Nathan Road.

K.I.L. 1286, Reclamation Street.

15.

K.I.L. 1282, Portland Street.

33

*

K.L.L.s 1223 and 1292, Kowloon City Road. N.K.L.L.S 41 and 46, Shamshuipo.

P 19

B. O. Work.

12 European houses, I.L.s 690 and 691, Bonham Road.

12

6*

2

11

I.L. 729, Leighton Hill Road.

I.L. 124, Old Bailey.

I.L.s 1934 and 1941, Kennedy Road.

I.L. 2039, Wongneichong.

10

1

དྭཱ་

I.L. 1926, Wongneichong.

11

י

K.I.L. 414, Middle Road.

Silencers and Coolers for Hongkong Electric Company's Power

Station, I.L. 1210, Star Street.

Cinema Theatre, I.L. 834, Hill Road.

Acetylene Gas Factory and Godown, I.L. 2082, Kennedy Town.

Coal Godown and machinery house, etc., S.M.L. 1, Sai Wan Ho.

School in connection with Rosary Church, K.I.L. 617, Chatham

Road.

Brewery and quarters, N.K.I.L. 60, Cheung Sha Wan.

Knitting Factory, K.I.L. 1260, Portland Street.

Workshops and packing sheds, N.K.I.L. 53, Tai Wan.

Forming sites for building operations :--I.L.s 1931, 1938 and 1948, Kennedy Road; L.L.s 690 and 691, Bonham Road; I.L. 953, Belcher's Street; K.I.L.s 1283 and 1284, Ho Mun Tin; and K.I.L.s 640 and 1267, Ma Tau Kok.

Works Completed.

28 Chinese houses, I.L. 618, Wyndham and On Lan Streets.

R.B.L. 51, Pokfulam (workmen's quarters

in connection with monastery).

16

8

11

85

11

3

20 10

5

3 00 00

ג

>>

I.L.s 2050, 2051 and 2064, Tai Hang.

"

"

"

I.L. 953, North and Belcher's Streets.

3

F

11

"

99

יי

3

""

59

3

15

19

6

11

7

::

37

, י

"2

M.L. 37A R.P., 2-16 Des Voeux Road West.

I.L. 2028, Yeung Lok and Fuk On Lanes. I.L. 1968, Yeung Lok Lane.

I.L. 676, Queen's Road West and Hill Road. I.L. 1715, Star Street.

"

I.L. 1953 and M.L. 53 R.P., 112-118 Des Voeux Road Central and 44 Hing Lung Street.

I.L. 786, Kennedy Street.

I.L. 747, 13, 15 and 17, Western Street.

I.L. 388, Stone Nullah Lane and Tai Yuen

Street.

I.L.s 783 and 784, Stone Nullah Lane and

Kat On Street.

S.I.L.s 62, 59 and 141. Main Street, Shau-

kiwan East.

B. O. Work.

P 20

3 Chinese houses, K.I.L.s 553, 554 and 555, Reclamation Street.

+

K.M.L. 48, Canton Road.

N.K.I.L.S 27, 40 and 41, Shamshuipo.

12

K.I.L. 1285, Reclamation Street.

"

"

20

K.I.L. 416, Pekin Road.

""

546

30 -

+

H.H.I.L. 235, Gillies Avenue.

"

K.I.L. 690, Kramer Street.

1

K.M.L. 90, To Kwa Wan.

"}

K.I.L.s 476, 477 and 478, Portland Street. M.L. 53 and I.L. 1953, Des Voeux Road

Central.

12 European houses, I.L. 157 R.P., Caine Road.

6

21

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5

4

со

་་

I.L.s 1898, 1942, 2021 and 2022, Conduit

Road.

K.I.L.S 410 and 1215, Ashley Road.

I.L. 1095, Pokfulam Road.

I.L.s 1876, 1890, 1912 and 1921, Kennedy

Road.

I.L.s 390 and 391, Robinson Road and

Mosque Junction.

Glass Factory, 1.L. 1936, North Point.

Glass Works and Quarters, I.L. 1893, Tunglowan.

Wharf, Godown, Shops, etc., Q.B.M.L. 2, Quarry Bay.

Chapel, I.L. 899, Chinese Christian Cemetery.

Vermilion Factory, K.I.L. 1218, Portland Street, Mong Kok

Tsui.

Cinematograph Theatre, K.I.L. 752, Portland Street, Mong Kok

Tsui.

Extensive additions to Cigar Factory, K.I.L. 1203, Coronation.

Road.

Wing to Berlin Foundling House. I.L. 607, Hospital Road.

Roman Catholic Chapel, S.I.L. 432, Shaukiwan.

Additions to Cigarette Factory, I.L. 743, Wanchai Road.

Quarters for Chinese employees, cowsheds, etc., F.L.s 18, 26,

32, 65 and 78, Pokfulamı.

Club Pavilion, M.L. 239, Li Po Lung Path.

Godown, K.M.L. 88, Tsim Sha Tsui.

Godown, K.M.L. 43, Mong Kok Tsui.

Sugar Boiling Factory, K.I.L. 56, Mong Kok Tsui.

Engineering Shop, K.I.L. 714, Portland Street.

Pier opposite the Paper Mills, Aberdeen.

P 21

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Pier opposite godown, M.L. 239, Kennedy Town.

Extensions to the Mortuary belonging to the Tung Wa Hos-

pital, I.L. 1572, Sandy Bay.

The following buildings mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December 1914: --

* 3 Chinese houses, I.L.s 1036, 1037 and 1038, Whitfeild.

† 9 European houses. I.L.s 1926 and 1927, Wongneichong.

1 European house, I.L. 426, 7 Castle Road.

Schoolhouse, I.L. 1937, Macdonnell Road.

Godown and Quarters, I.L. 2040, Tai Hang.

Temple and Dispensary, N.K.I.L. 54, Shamshuipo.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above, which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

Hongkong.

48. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

New Government Offices :—-

General repairs and painting through-

out.

Brass nosings to treads of stairs, -

Various minor repairs,

Laying ruberoid on flat roof,

Taking up and relaying tiles,

Government Civil Hospital:-

"A" Block-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,

-

Superintendent's Quarters-General re-

pairs and painting throughout,

$6,607

468

408

250

220

$7,953

3,354

795

Lunatic Asylums-Sundry repairs,

265

Maternity Block-Sundry repairs,

1

227

"A" Block-Sundry repairs,

346

"B" Block-Sundry repairs,

181

Staff Quarters-Sundry Repairs

139

Chinese Quarters-Limewhiting and

tarring internally,

90

5,397

*

2 Chinese houses on I.L. 2023, which, in the Report for 1913, were grouped with those mentioned, were completed.

† 2 Of the 11 European houses on I.L.s 1926 and 1927, mentioned in the Re- port for 1913, were completed.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Victoria Gaol :—

P 22

Warders' Quarters General repairs

and painting throughout,

Materials supplied.

$3,574

512

A

Various minor repairs to buildings

generally,

429

Printing Shop-Erecting steel stan-

chions under floor,

-

226

Laying cement concrete floor to cell

Assistant Superintendent's Office-Re-

newing floor,

Cookhouses-Renewing doors,

Queen's College :--

General repairs and painting through- out and reconstructing verandah roof in south-west corner with reinforced concrete,

Laying ruberoid on roof.

163

138

103

$5,145

Various minor repairs,

4.577

119

131

4,827

Kennedy Town Depôts and Slaughter Houses :-

Cattle Depôt--General repairs and lime-

whiting and tarring internally,

Sheep and Swine Depôt--General re- pairs and limewhiting and tarring

1,040

internally,

-

902

Slaughter House-Relaying portion of

floor with granite setts,

771

Inspector's Quarters--General repairs

and painting throughout,

188

Slaughter House--General repairs and

limewhiting and tarring internally.

395

Various minor repairs,

364

repairs,

Cattle Depôt-Various minor repairs, Inspector's Bungalow-Various minor

Mountain Lodge:--

General repairs and painting and

colouring with "Synoleo ".

213

68

4,241

3,712

256

3,968

Various minor repairs.

Central Market :--

out,

Cleaning ironwork in roof, &c..

Various minor repairs,

General repairs and painting through-

Rebuilding stoves in Poultry Killing

Room, -

3,177

406

292

149

4021

41

Superintendent's

P 23

Botanical and Forestry Department :-

Gardeners' Cottages-General repairs

and painting throughout,

Quarters-General

P.W.R. Hongkong.

$1,026

repairs and painting throughout, - Forestry Store-General repairs and

891

painting throughout,

254

Gardeners' Cottages-Renewing por-

tion of timber verandah floor with reinforced concrete,

373

$2.544

throughout, -

2,430

Harbour Office-General repairs and painting

Saivingpun Market:-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Renewing zinc gutters and downpipes

with cast iron,

Various minor repairs,

-

Bacteriological Institute--General repairs and

painting throughout,

-

General repairs and painting through-

1,198

587

85

1,870

1,824

No. 5 Police Station:

out,

Various minor repairs,

1,685

75

1,760

Kennedy Town Hospital:-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

1,632

Various minor repairs,

Green Island Explosives Depôt and Quarters:--

General repairs and painting through-

96

1,728

out,

-

1,356

Relaying path to Quarters in concrete,- Various minor repairs,

284

27

1,667

Stanley Police Station :-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

856

Repair and tar Boatslip,

397

1,253

Old Government Offices :-

Renewing hardwood floors and repairs

to roof,

636

Laying ruberoid on roof,

548

Various minor repairs,

64

1,248

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Volunteer Headquarters :-

P 24

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Central Police Station :-

Various minor repairs to buildings

generally,

D.S.P.'s and Married Inspectors' Quar-

ters-Sundry repairs, -

repairs,

Single Inspectors' Quarters-Sundry

Married Sergeants' Quarters-Sundry

repairs,

Chair Coolies' Quarters and Chair Shelter.

Victoria Gap:—

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Wanchai School :-

$958

$768

90

53

43

954

855

General repairs and painting through-

out,

795

-

Various minor repairs,

51

846

Sookonpoo Market:-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

840

No. 2 Police Station :---

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Various minor repairs,

789

11

800

Kennedy Town Police Station":-

General repairs and painting through-

706

out,

Government Villas:

General repairs and painting through-

out,

699

Victoria Hospital:-

Various minor repairs,

364

Laying ruberoid on roof,

294

658

Government House :-

Various minor repairs,

182

Renewing Guard Room floor with con-

crete and tiles,

135

617

P 25

City Disinfecting Station :-

Various minor repairs to buildings,

ing boundary wall,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

$241

Repairing forge chimneys and rebuild-

167

New iron tank,

148

$556

Gough Hill Police Station :-

Repairing roof and timbers,

351

Various minor repairs,

194

545

Opium Shed -

General repairs and painting through-

ont,

508

Victoria School :-

Various minor repairs,

205

Repairing fence in playground,

160

Repairing path leading to School,

110

475

Caine Road Police Matshed :—

Repairing matshed, etc..

New Law Courts :

Laying ruberoid on roof,

Various minor repairs,

Sai Wan Ho Market-General repairs and painting

416

285

121

406

384

throughout,

No. 6 Police Station :--

Laying ruberoid on roof,

209

Repairing and tarring roof and minor

repairs,

145

354

ing roof of No. 7,

-

Government Laundries, Kennedy Road,-Reconstruct-

Temporary Quarters for Scavengers. Bridges St.,--Re-

345

pairing matshed,

-

323

Western Market :—

North Block,-General repairs and linnewhiting and tarring internally, - South Block--Various minor repairs, -

305

219

524

Shaukiwan Police Station :

Erecting wire mesh fence,

Various minor repairs,

220

70

290

P.W.R. Hongkong.

P 26

Wanchai Market :-General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station-Renewing floors,

$281

238

Aberdeen Police Station-Fixing downpipes and

various minor repairs,

230

No. 8 Police Station-Minor repairs,

218

and tarring throughout,

213

Shankiwan Market--General repairs and limewhiting

49. Maintenance of Lighthouses.—The following sums were

expended upon the various lighthouses :—

Gap Rock:-

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

Steel Rollers,

Lightning Conductors,

Sundry repairs, -

Cape Collinson :-

$1.098

176

174

39

$1.487

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

200

Laying cement concrete path and

channels,

853

1,053

Waglan:-

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

797

Minor repairs,

27

821

Green Island :-

General repairs, colourwashing and

painting externally,

Minor repairs,

Cap Sui Mun-

346

33

379

General repairs, painting, etc., through-

out,

212

50. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City. (Approximate Mileage 60.) The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition, the bituminous treatment of carriage-ways throughout the City being considerably extended with the satisfac- tory result of appreciably diminishing the erosion of surfaces caused by rain scour. The following are particulars of improved surfacing introduced on a number of the roads :-

P 27

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam :

Connaught Road near west end of Wing Lok Street,

Praya East,

Rienaecker Street,..

Torsiem Street,

sq. yds.

Yee Wo Street,

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam :-

Albany Road,.

Caine Road,

Catchick Street,.

Conduit Road,

Garden Road,

Morrison Hill Road,

Praya East,

Queen's Road Central,

Robinson Road, Smithfield,..

Application of a thin coat of Tar Toppings :

Bonham Road,

Catchick Street,

Conduit Road,

Hospital Road,

Kennedy Road,

Morrison Hill Road,.

Park Road,

Robinson Road,

Tarring and Sanding :-

Albany Road,

Bonham Road,

Catchick Street,

Chater Road,...

Connaught Road,.

143

169

300*

301*

190

sq. yds., 1,103

sy. yds.

100

749

25

1,315

200

990

400

5,106

1,300

498

sq. yds., 10,683

sq. yds.

1,670

121

501

1,905

2,333

133

1,565

3.319

sq. yds., 11.547

sq. yds. 2,210

2,000

272

1,089

1,694

2.752

600

3,190

100

985

760

2,868

sq. yds., 18,520

Garden Road,

Jackson Road,

May Road,.

Park Road,

Road crossing Happy Valley north of Racecourse,

Robinson Road,

Wardley Street,

*As these are private streets the cost of surfacing them with granite setts

was defrayed by the lessees of the adjoining lots.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

P 28

In the case of the footpaths, defective paving was replaced by granolithic paving in several portions of Queen's Road East, near the Cricket Ground and in front of 396-404 Des Voeux Road West.

To facilitate the supply of materials required for the improved methods of road sufacing now in use, a Government Quarry was opened at Tsat Tsz Mui. It is being equipped with a Crushing Plant and with machinery for making tar macadam and concrete slab paving so that such materials may in future be produced where the raw materials are obtained.

51. Maintenance of Rouds and Bridges Outside City. (Appro- ximate Mileage 38.) The roads were generally maintamed in a satisfactory manner. Macadam was substituted for decomposed granite on that portion of Shaukiwan Road between the Bay View Police Station and the Royal Hongkong Yacht Club.

The cement concrete paving to Chamberlain Road mentioned in Report was continued for a further length of 490 feet. der of Mount Kellett Road was laid with tar macadam, 2,285 square yards being laid during the year.

last year's The remain-

The surfaces of the following roads were tarred and sanded:--

Aberdeen Village Road,

Coombe Road,

Harlech Road,

Plantation Road,

Pokfulam Road,

Victoria Gap Road,

sq. yds.

268

2,595

2,624

5,556

9,030

3,222

sq. yds., 23,295

52. Maintenance of Telephones, including all cables.--The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. On several routes the lines have been diverted from crowded streets to more advan- tageous positions.

Ten new lines were installed and several minor extensions made. ́ These are dealt with under their respective votes.

The cable to Waglan Lighthouse broke in September necessi- tating the use of 500 yards of new cable which was spliced on to the existing cable. The work was carried out departmentally.

The rapid extension of departmental work necessitated the erection of larger workshops at Wanchai Depôt. These were com- pleted by the end of the year.

In addition to the construction of new telephone lines and the maintenance of existing lines, a large amount of work was done in the way of installing electric light and bell services in various Government buildings and maintaining such services in others.

P 29

P.W.R. Hongkong.

The following buildings were wired for the installation of electric lighting:

Victoria Gaol, Cells and Quarters.

Married Quarters, Central Police Station.

Mountain Lodge.

Inspector's Quarters, General Post Office.

New Western Market, North Block.

Breezy Point Quarters.

Magistracy.

The two last-mentioned buildings were also wired for bells and fans.

The following is a statement of the number of lamps, etc., installed or repaired during the year:-

Lamps installed. ...

Radiators installed,

Bells installed,

Bell indicators installed,

Telephones installed,

Fans installed,

Lamps issued to Departments,

565

34

13

19

31

1,486

Owing to the works already enumerated absorbing the entire energies of the staff, the wiring of the Subordinate Officers' Quarters at Mount Parish and Kowloon was carried out by Contract.

The lifts at the Law Courts and General Post Office were maintained in good order.

53. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.—The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition, and the principal flushing tanks were periodically worked at low tides. Deposits of sand were cleared as they occurred, a considerable amount of this work being required in the Western District where extensive building operations were in progress. Any old, disused drains discovered were destroyed and filled in, about 2,430 feet of such drains of varying sizes and types being, removed.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations,

General Incidental Expenditure.

as against $16,664.81 in the previous year.

$ 9,260.23

6,060.42

482.92

97.80

$15,901.37

P.W.R. Hongkoug.

P 30

54. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,086, an increase of 27 over the previous year and in the Hill District 125, a decrease of 3. The positions of the various additional lamps and a note of any lamps removed will be found in paragraph 109 of this Report.

55. Electric Lighting, City and Hill District. The number of arc lamps in the principal roads remains unaltered, namely, 75. The number of incandescent lamp has been increased to 21 by installing 5 new lamps on Lugard Road in the Hill District. Electric current was not available in the Hill District until 1912. when the Hongkong Electric Company extended their service of cables to that district.

56. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.--The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:—

Kennedy Town Pier-Continuing rubble mound under-

neath pier and executing general repairs, Murray Pier-Repairing hardwood pier-head and bam-

boo portion of pier,

$3,121

727

Aberdeen Village Seawall-Forming concrete curb and executing general repairs to wall and slipway, Statue Square Pier--Renewing defective piles and

general repairs,

409

337

Arsenal Street Pier-Renewing defective handrailing,

etc.,

242

Ship Street Refuse Pier-Renewing iron plates and

coating with patent anticorrosive paint,

180

57. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.-The construction of the two new terraces, with the necessary retaining walls and steps, mentioned in last year's Report, was completed. Extensive cement concrete channelling was laid to carry away the water from the hillside above the terraces.

58. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

59. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. Departmental labour was introduced during the year for the purpose of mowing the grass, cleansing ditches, etc. The following is a statement of the princi- pal items of expenditure:-

Queen's-Fencing in areas, ..

New turf,

$ 501

267

$768

496

New turf,

913

Labour in trimming,..

1.090

2.499

Wongneichong-Fencing.

P 31

P.W.R. Hongkong.

60. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year :-

Inside Royal Naval Coaling Camber,

Kowloon,

Alongside Royal Naval Dock entrance,

Hongkong,

18.724 cubic yards.

138

Dust Boat Stations,

1,258

Storm-water drain outfalls,

16,289

('auseway Bay,

1,173

Trial Pits for Praya East Reclamation

Scheme, ...

3,175

Total,.

40,757

The vessel was slipped and painted at a cost of $200.00 and, at the recommendation of the Government Marine Surveyor, general repairs were carried out at a cost of $474.75, A new dinghy was supplied at a cost of $56.00.

The vessel was hired to the Naval Authorities for a period of 122 days during which the dredging inside the Coaling Camber and at the entrance to the Dock was executed. The sum of $3,660,00 was received from the Naval Authorities for the hire of the vessel.

61. Typhoon und Rainstorm Damages.-The making good of the damage to the Praya at Aberdeen, mentioned in last year's Report, was completed in the early part of the year.

The heavy rains of July and September brought about numerous landslides, the largest being on the Victoria Road below R.B.L. 136. It completely blocked the road to traffic and carried away the parapet walls. As several large boulders on Crown land at the rear of Star Street were rendered dangerous by the washing away by the heavy rains of the surrounding earth, the slope was cut back and the boulders were removed. The road surfaces not treated with tar were badly scoured by the heavy rains and required considerable repairs and some of the storm-water channels on the hillsides also suffered considerable damage.

62. Stores Depreciation.--The adjustment of store values and the re-conditioning of old stores have been met from this head. Obsolete and unserviceable stores have, under authority, been sold or otherwise disposed of, receipts from such sales being credited to the Revenue Vote "Miscellaneous Receipts,-Condemned Stores, &c.". The book value of the stores so disposed of, amounting to $13,517.80, has been credited to "Unallocated Stores Account (Suspense)". A sum of $4,080.85, being rebate on freight charges in connection with stores purchased in England through the Crown Agents, was credited to “Stores Depreciation Account as was also a sum of $868.78 on account of stores which were issued prior to to 1914 but were returned during that year.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

P 32

63. Upkeep of Plant.--This item provides for the necessary expenditure in connection with the dredger "St. Enoch" which has been laid up on terra firma in Quarry Bay Shipyard. In addition to payment of rental to the Shipyard Co., watchmen are employed to look after the vessel and certain gratuities are paid to the Captain and crew of the Stanley" for exercising some supervision over it.

64. Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works.-The year opened with intermittent supply in force in the Rider Main Dis- tricts and, except during 3 days at Chinese New Year, when constant supply was turned on, it continued in operation until the 29th April. As the impounding reservoirs then contained less than one month's supply, at the rate of consumption then prevailing, it was considered prudent to resort to further restrictive measures. The properties in the Rider Main Districts were accordingly supplied from street fountains from the 30th April until the 28th June in the same way as during the dry season, 1912-13. On the 29th and 30th June, intermittent supply by Rider Mains was resumed and on the 1st July constant supply to all districts was restored. All street-water- ing posts deriving their supply from the mains were disconnected on the 30th April and were not re-connected until 5th July, whilst the monthly tests of Military Fire Hydrants were discontinued in May and were not resumed until the 23rd November.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoirs on 1st January amounted to 509.10 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 11th May when it amounted to 101.40 million gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods:----

Reservoir.

Capacity to

permanent

overflow level. (Million gallons.)

Tytam,

384.80

Tytam Byewash,

22.36

Tytam Intermediate,

195.91

Wongneichong.. ..

30.34

Pokfulam,......

66.00

Period.

9th July to 31st Dec., (176

days).

Various periods, amounting to 109 days, between 19th July and 28th Nov. 18th July to 30th Dec.. (165

days).

Various periods, amounting to 64 days, between 26th June and 7th Oct. Various periods, amounting to 152 days, between 22nd June and 7th Dec.

P 33

P.W.R. Hougkong.

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year amounted to 660.88 million gallons.

The excep- tionally late rains which occurred during October and November rendered it unnecessary to have recourse to the rider main system of supply during the latter part of the year and the year closed with constant supply in force throughout the entire City.

The pumps at Tytam Tuk were in operation from 1st January until 12th May, with the exception of 2 days, and from 17th Decem- ber until the end of the year, a total of 145 days. The quantity of water pumped by this plant amounted to 175.72 million gallons.

In addition to the permanent pumps already mentioned, the temporary pump, to which reference has been made in previous annual reports, was in use, with short intermissions, from 1st Jan- uary until 22nd June and from 27th October until the end of the year, the combined periods of pumping amounting to 176 days. The quantity of water pumped by it amounted to 83.44 million gallons.

The gross quantity of water pumped during the year by both the permanent and temporary pumps amounted to 259.16 million gallons.

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pump- ing during the years 1913 and 1914 :-

Tytam Tuk Pumping Station—Permanent Pumps.

1913.

1914.

Coal,

5,115.00

5,454.35*

Wages,

3,601.58

4,066,70

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores

other than coal,

2,140.29

2,039.19

Total,....

10,856.87

11,560.24

* An additional sum of $6,900 was expended in laying in a stock of coal on account of the outbreak of war. This stock was still intact at the close of the year.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

P 34

Tytam Stream-Temporary Pump.

1913.

1914.

Coal,

6,058.80

5,880.70

Wages,...

1,847.05

1,570.04

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores

other than coal,

678.53

230.73

Total,..

8,584.38

7,681.47

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table:

Month.

Royal

Observatory.

Kowloon

Reservoir.

Public

Gardens.

Tytam

Reservoir.

Tytam Tuk.

Pokfulam

Reservoir.

Taipo

Quarters.

January,...

February,..

3.240 4.55 3.04

2.69

3.17

2.71

4.310

March,

1.190 1.28

1.54

1.39

1.40

1.67 1.690

April,

4.465 7.40

5.92

4.35

4.70

5.30 5.730

May,

June,

July,

12.620 8.97 13.48 12.225 12.70 12.66 26.305 28.42 23.37

12.68 | 12.32

10.89 13.590

15.20 12.51

13.19 13.320

27.46

25.33

24.56 34.270

August,

4.205

3.82

6.13

6.28

5.87 4.42

5.320

September, 19.980

21.04

21.03

19.88

October,. 6.450

5.71

10.67

November, 8.815

8.21

9.10

December,..

.720

.89

1.12

21.23 3.74 4.01 9.05 8.77 .77 1.08

23.71 22.410

13.48 9.37

4.750

11.580

.83 1.130

*

Total 1914, 100.215 | 102.99 | 108.06 103.49 100.39

110.13 118 100

19

1913, 83.740 87.42 92.51

81.79

83.28

83.30 96.340

Increase,.. 16.475 15.57 15.55 21.70

Decrease,..

17.11 26.83 21.760

*This is the first occasion since 1897 on which the rainfall for the year, as recorded at the Observatory, has reached 100 inches.

P 35

P.W.R. Hongkong.

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 1,740.08 million gallons filtered and 21.13 million gallons unfil- tered, making a grand total of 1.761.21 million gallons or 156.49 million gallons more than in 1913.

The average comsumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to 18.5 gallons, whilst, during the period of constant supply in all districts, it was 20.8 gallons and, during the time when the supply within the Rider Main districts was derived from public fountains, it amounted to 14.9 gallons. In arriving at these figures, the population has, in each case, been estimated at 257,719.

Full details of consumption, contents of reservoirs, etc., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year and the results obtained by the Bacteriological examinations were also satisfactory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District during the year amounted to 95.49 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of about 260,000 gallons, whilst 40.24 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District, giving an average daily consumption of about 110,000 gallons. As compared with 1913, there was an increase of 7.00 million gallons pumped to the High Level District and 2.64 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 135.73 million gallons as compared with 126.09 million gallons pumped during 1913.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the the High Levels and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E

All engines, motors and station buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

The old pumping station on Bonham Road, which is to be handed over to the University, was vacated and the new station on Pokfulam Road, in which a new engine has been erected, was brought into use on the 28th July. Further reference to the new station and engine is made in paragraph 121 of this Report.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year amounted to 1,487 in the City and 178 in the Hill District or a total of 1,665 as compared with 1,382 and 180 in 1913 or a total of 1,562. These figures do not include 13 meters in use at Pokfulam.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

P 36

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows:-

Filtered:-Trade,..

Domestic (City),....

""

Unfiltered,

270.80 million gals.

139.18

་་

(Hill District)....

40.24

21.13

471.35

Total, ..

These figures show an increase of 35.13 million gallons in the quantity of water supplied by meter as compared with 1913.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired or connected to the mains, to the number of 995 and 84 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 1,126. All defects were made good after the usual notices (35 in all) had been served.

65. Maintenance of Water Works, Shaukiwan.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total con- sumption being 28.08 million gallons (including 3.30 million gallons supplied to the barracks at Saiwan Battery) or about 77,000 gallons per day. The new reservoir and filter beds near Sywan Gap were brought into use on 28th May.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe F.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

The filtering materials at the old No. 1 Intake were taken out, cleaned and reinstated and the intake itself was thoroughly repaired.

66. Maintenance of Water Works, Aberdeen.-A satisfactory supply was maintained at Aberdeen throughout the year, the total consumption being 24.58 million gallons (including 4.34 million gallons supplied to water boats) or about 67,000 gallons per day.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

67. Water Account.—The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 759.

vote:

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the

New meters fixed (difference in value between issues

and receipts),

Repairs to meters..

$5.261.58

3,721.79

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total....

.......

154.46

1,430.78

$10,568.61

P 37

P.W.R. Kowloon.

68. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:

Mataukok Cattle Depôt :-

Slaughter House-General repairs, lime-

whiting and tarring throughout,

Inspector's Quarters--General repairs and

-$1,604

painting throughout,-

Various minor repairs,

throughout,

000

46

-$1,983

Various minor repairs,

painting throughout,

Yaumati School--General repairs and painting

Hunghom Police Station :---

General repairs and painting throughout, - Repairing steps leading to Station,

Tsim Sha Tsui Market-General repairs and

Mongkoktsui Market :---

Geueral repairs and painting throughout,- Repairing cement concrete floor,

Hunghom Market:-

1.212

990

127

93

1,210

663

372

68

440

Renewing ant-eaten timbers,

146

General repairs and limewhiting internally, Renewing drain gratings,-

155

110

411

Fuk Tsun Heung Police Station (temporary) and Guard House:-

Police Station-General repairs and paint-

ing internally, -

279

Guard House-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,-

122

401

Kowloon British School :-

Repairing and renewing floors, -

208

Various minor repairs,

186

394

internally,

Royal Observatory-Various minor repairs,

Yaumati Market-General repairs and painting

Houses in Chatham Road resumed for future extension of road, but at present occupied -Various minor repairs, -

361

348

261

Taikoktsui Market-General repairs, painting,

etc., throughout,

202

Water Police Station--Various minor repairs, -

162

P.W.R. Kowloon.

P 38

69. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges (Approximate Mileage 28).—The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner. Consequent upon the laying-out of the new terminal Passenger Station, the temporary Railway line, which was laid in Salisbury Road in 1910, was removed and the alignment of the road was altered to meet the requirements of the Railway. The cost of the alterations involved, so far as they affected the south side of the road, was defrayed from Railway funds. An area at the western end of Salisbury Road was handed over to the Military Authorities for the construction of certain defence works, the cost of any neces- sary temporary works for affording access to the piers being borne by them. A strip of roadway, 15′ 0′′ wide, was macadamised to connect Salisbury Road with Chatham Road pending the completion of the realignment of the former.

Cement concrete was substituted for lime concrete in Reclama- tion Street between Public Square Street and Wing Sing Street. The lane in the rear of K.I.L. 659, Reclamation Street, was relaid to new levels with cement concrete. Macadam was substituted for decomposed granite at the eastern end of Wuhu Street--a distance of 150 yards..

The surfaces of the following roads, in addition to those men- tioned in last year's Report, were tarred and sanded :-

Ashley Road,

Granville Road (a portion),

Humphrey's Avenue (further portion), - Kimberly Road (margins).

885 square yards. 1,421

200

3,117

Nathan Road (full width between Salis- bury and Granville Roads and portion of width northwards to Austin Road), 15,168 Salisbury Road,

-

8,673

29,464

"

70. Maintenance of Telephones. The lines and instruments. were kept in good order.

The transfer of the overhead lines to the new route following the Railway and the removal of the Railway exchange from Yaumati station to the terminal station was completed. The transfer of the overhead lines is more fully described in paragraph 82 of this Report.

A new line was installed to the house of the Manager of the Railway and paid for out of P.W.E. 28.

All repairs to instruments, etc.. in Kowloon are now carried out at the Government workshops in Chatham Road (Hunghom I.L. 198), the workshop at Yaumati having been dispensed with.

71. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.—The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition.

- P 39

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Sand deposits were removed from the trained nullahs, the Waterloo Road nullah requiring more attention than others in this respect on account of a portion of its length still remaining untrained and irregular. It also became necessary to repair the western end of Soy Street nullah owing to the washing-out of the mortar from the joints of the masonry by tidal action.

The details of the expenditure under this head are as follows:--

Labour for cleansing operations, -

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure.

Total, -

$4,628.31

1,505.48

358.57

197.00

$6.689.36

72. Gas Lighting. The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 257, an increase of 1 as compared with the previous year. Particulars of the positions of additional lamps and a note of lamps removed will be found in paragraph 128 of this Report.

73. Electric Lighting.-The number of Electric lamps in use, all of which are incandescent, remains the same as last year, riz., 43.

74. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.—The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote :--

Tsim Sha Tsui Wharf-Re-arranging and adapting

Old Star Ferry Wharf as a public wharf including provision of 3 stairways, new seats, etc., and repairing and painting the whole of

the iron and woodwork above low-water level,

Old Police Pier-General repairs,

Temporary Bamboo Coaling Pier-General repairs,

$8,686 169

107

75. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

76. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-Apart from damage done to the Dock Lane Latrine, there is nothing special to report. The latrine in question was a cast-iron structure and it was entirely destroyed by a landslip resulting from the heavy rains during July. It was replaced by a matshed structure.

77. Maintenance of Water Works.-A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied amount- ing to 422.27 million gallons, which gives an average daily consumption of 1.16 million gallons or, taking an estimated popula- tion of 94,700,* say, 12.2 gallons per head per day.

Details are given in Annexe H.

*The estimated population in last year's Report was erroneously given as 91,700 instead of 92,900. With a population of 92,900 the consumption during 1913 amounted to 11.3 gallons per head per day.

P.W.R. Kowloon,

P 40

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on 1st January amounted to 329.35 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 11th May when it amounted to 244.58 million gallons. The reservoir was at or over its permanent overflow level from the 9th July until the 21st December. The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 350.76 million gallons.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the examina- tions made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

There were 462 meters in use at the end of the year, an increase of 31 over 1913.

House services were constructed, altered or repaired in 117 instances and 15 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

Permanent quarters for a Police guard were erected at the Kowloon Reservoir.

78. Water Account. The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 257.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the

vote:--

New meters (difference between issues and

receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total,

$2,290.02.

1,037.39

399.33

27.18

$3.753.92

NEW TERRITORIES.

79. Maintenance of Buildings, Islands in Southern District.— The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Lantao Island :---Tai O Police Station-General

repairs, painting, etc., throughout.

Lantao Island-Tung Chung Police Station— General repairs, painting, etc., throughout, Lamma Island:-Yung Shu Wan Police Station -General repairs, painting, etc., through-

$1,429

422

out, -

267

80. Maintenance of Buildings, Mainland and Islands in Nor- thern District.—In the case of the buildings on the Mainland, the following are those which entailed considerable expenditure :—

P 41

P.W.R. New Territories.

Sai Kung Police Station :--

General repairs, painting, etc,

throughout,-

Constructing reinforced concrete

staircase,

Kowloon City Police Station --General repairs and painting throughout, Tsun Wan Police Station-General repairs and painting throughout,

$1.479

125

$1,604

1,266

646

Lai Chi Kok Quarantine Station :----

Constructing retaining wall,

217

Repairing roofs and renewing

timbers,

386

603

Tai Po Island Quarters :---

Cement concrete surfacing of path

and channelling, -

356

Various minor repairs,

204

560

Tai Po Police Station :-

Repairing path with cement con-

crete,

409

Various minor repairs,

120

529

Tai Po Rest House:

Repairing piles to sewer,

277

Various minor repairs,

153

430

Tai Po Land Office-General repairs

and painting throughout,

-

419

Tai Po Magistracy-General repairs and painting throughout, -

365

Shatin Police Station-Various minor

repairs,

218

81. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges, Mainland (Approxi- mate Mileage 46). The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner. Macadam was substituted for decomposed granite from Tai Po Causeway for a length of 780 feet southwards and cement concrete channels were put in. The surface of Tai Po Causeway was tarred and sanded, an area of 3,622 square yards being so treated.

P.W.R. New Territories.

P 42

---

82. Maintenance of Telephones.-The lines and instruments. were maintained in good order. All the telephones and electrical signalling apparatus on the Hongkong Section of the Kowloon- Canton Railway were also maintained in good condition. The telephone alarm systems at Au Tau and Ping Shan were kept in working order.

The remainder of the line to Sai Kung has been reconstructed with iron poles.

The transfer of the lines extending to the north of the Kowloon Range of Hills to the route of the Railway was completed early in the year.

The main feature of the scheme is that the Railway and other Government telephone lines in the New Territories have, as far as possible, been grouped together on one set of poles running alongside the Railway, thus facilitating the carrying out of repairs and reducing the cost of maintenance. The cable through the Beacon Hill Tunnel, containing 10 pairs of wires, is at present utilized for the following lines :-

Government Offices, Hongkong, (C.S.O. Exchange), to Taipo.

Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station to Tai Po.

Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station to Shatin.

Railway purposes (3 pairs).

Of the remaining 4 pairs of wires, the use of one pair has been granted, temporarily, to the China and Japan Telephone Company.

There are two main Sub-Exchanges on this trunk line; one being at Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station and the other at Tai Po Police Station. From the Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station Exchange there are 17 subsidiary lines to various offices, the longest being the one to Sai Kung,—and from Tai Po Exchange there are 10 sub- sidiary lines, the longest being that to Ping Shan Police Station.

83.—Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., Mainland.-The sewers at Shamshuipo and the sullage channels in Kowloon City were cleansed and maintained in as good a condition as possible. It is however impossible to provide for the proper drainage of these large villages until the villages themselves have been entirely reconstructed.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:--

Labour for cleansing operations, Repairs, -

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

-

$ 49.78

21.73

245.31

$ 316.82

P 43

P.W.R. New Territories.

84. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.---The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

85. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, Islands in Southern District. The heavy rains of July caused a large portion of the land to the east of Tai O Police Station to slip, a considerable portion of the approach path and walls supporting same being carried away. The slope has been trimmed back and surfaced with chunam with a view to preventing a recurrence of the damage. Apart from this, there is nothing special to report under this heading.

86. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, Mainland and Islands in Northern District. The rebuilding of the bridge at Tai Pc between the Railway crossing and the Island, mentioned in last year's Report, was completed.

Some heavy seas experienced during July carried away a portion of the Shun Wan Road, near Shun Wan Village. A toe wall has been erected and the road made good.

The Tai Po Road, near the 91⁄2 mile point, was breached during the heavy rains of the 19th July. In reinstating the road, a culvert has been put in with a view to preventing a recurrence of the damage.

The matsheds occupied by the Police at Lok Ma Chau again suffered by the heavy winds and considerable repairs had to be undertaken.

Numerous landslips occurred on the Tai Po Road and, in dealing with these, the slopes were, where possible, trimmed back to improve the bends on this road.

87. Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok: Water Boat Supply.--The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 91.68 million gallons or about 251,200 gallons per day. Details are given in Annexe J.

There were 13 meters in use.

88. Water Account Meters were examined and repaired during the year in 10 instances.

The expenditure under the vote was as follows :

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous, -

$ 19.70

7.01

Total,-

$ 26.71

P.W.E. Hongkong.

-

P 14

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

89. New Magistracy.-Good progress was made with this work, very little remaining to be done at the end of the year, except the fittings of the two Courts and other finishings of a similar

nature.

The building occupies the site of the old Magistracy, adjoining the Central Police Station and the Gaol, its principal front being towards Arbuthnot Road, and, in addition to providing the accom- modation required in connection with the Magistrates' department, it contains quarters for 2 married Police Officers and 30 Indian Police. The level of the site is, on an average, 21 feet above Arbuthnot Road and, as the land to the eastward of Arbuthnot Road falls sharply away, the building occupies a conspicuous and commanding position. It contains in all four stories, the lowermost of which is, owing to the configuration of the site, a partial basement.

The accommodation provided is as follows:--

Partial Basement.--7 store-rooms, ranging from 27′0′′× 14′0′′ to 15′6′′ × 14′0′′; 2 small strong-rooms for records; 2 prisoners' waiting-rooms; 3 cells, each 13′0′′ × 12′6′′; 4 rooms for servants, averaging about 15′0′′ × 9′0′′, a kitchen and latrines.

Ground Floor-First Court, 50'0" x 30'0"; Second Court. 35′0′′ × 25′0′′; hall, 36′0′′x14′0′′; two magistrates' rooms, each 20′0′′×13′0′′, with lavatories attached; two witnesses' rooms, each 16′0′′ × 10′0′′, also with lavatories attached; two offices for the clerical staff. each 20'0' 12'6"; a fines office, 15′0′′ × 13′0′′ aud lavatories for the staff.

X

First Floor-Upper parts of Courts, (the Courts occupy two storeys in height); two solicitors' rooms, each 20′9′′ x 13'4′′, with lavatories attached; a dormitory and mess-room for Indian Police, the former capable of accommodating 12 men; a small room for a non- commissioned Police Officer; two kitchens and a lava- tory.

Second Floor.-Two sets of quarters, containing 3 rooms each, besides bath-room, stores, kitchen and servants' quarters, for married Police Officers; a dormitory for Indian Police (18 men) and a large lavatory.

The basement and ground floor extend over the entire site, but, at the level of the first floor, a central well, measuring 36'0" 14′0′′, which is situated over the hall on the ground floor, is introduced, around which the two upper floors are arranged. A staircase, entered from Arbuthnot Road, is provided for the use of the Magistrates and solicitors, whilst separate staircases are provided for access to the Police Officers' Quarters, the Indian Police Quar- ters, the servants' quarters and the basement. Stairs from the

·

P 45

P.W.E. Hongkong.

basement to the dock are also provided in each Court. A large concrete canopy is provided along the south front to protect the door- ways entering the First Court, thus enabling them to be kept open during rainy weather. The Courts extend practically the full height of two storeys (23'0"), having barrel-shaped ceilings of reinforced concrete in which are provided large exhaust ventilators. The hall on the ground floor is lighted by a large skylight which derives its light from the central well,

The walls are of Canton red brick in lime mortar, faced externally in the case of the Arbuthnot Road front with Amoy bricks. The pillars of the verandahs are concrete monoliths and the principal features of the building are finished in finely moulded cement concrete. The entrance doorway in Arbuthnot Road has finely-dressed granite jambs, arch, architrave and pediment.

The floors are of reinforced concrete throughout, carried generally on reinforced concrete beams. Those of the Courts, offices and rooms are finished generally with teak flooring boards nailed to fillets let into the cement concrete, whilst those of the verandahs, hall, lavatories, etc., are finished generally with tiling. All floors in the basement are finished with a layer of granolithic. The roof is covered with double pan and roll tiling supported on steel trusses, except in the case of the verandah, which has a flat roof of reinforced concrete, finished with a layer of ruberoid. All staircases are of concrete with cast iron nosings to the steps.

On the top floor, the partitions are extensively constructed of reinforced concrete.

The walls of the hall are lined with glazed tiles for a height of 17'10", those of the fines office for a height of 3'6" and those of the lavatories for varying heights. The walls of the Courts are panelled with teak generally 4 feet high, but increased to 9 feet around the benches. The whole of the benches and fittings generally are of teak, carved and panelled. Above the panelling, the walls of the Courts are relieved with pilasters, panelling and ornamental plasterwork which extends also to the barrel-shaped ceilings. Water closets are installed throughout and the building is fully fitted up with electric light, fans and bells. The basement is, where possible, lighted by prismatic pavement lights over sunk areas which are lined with white glazed tiles.

|

1914 Estimates,......$70,000.00 Total Estimates......$106,000.00

Expenditure to 31/12/14,.....

... 96,072.02

1914 Expenditure.... 65,701.11

90. Old Western Market,--Reconstruction.-This work was completed in 1913 and was fully described in last year's Report. The payments in 1914 consisted chiefly of a balance of $13,000, due under the Contract for the construction of the buildings.

1914 Estimates, ... $35,000.00 | Total Estimates,... $240,000,00

Expenditure to

1914 Expenditure,... 13,268.23

31/12/14,..... 202.339.84

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 16

91. Ciril Hospital-Operating Theatre, &c.—In this case also, the expenditure consisted only of certain balances due for work done in 1913, the buildings having been completed in November of that year. A description of the work was given in last year's Report.

|

1914 Estimates,..... $2,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$30,000.00

Expenditure to

1914 Expenditure.... 1,450.35

31/12/14... 27,603.12

92. Public Works Department,—New Stores.-A description of the site and of the open shed for the storage of heavy materials was given in last year's Report. The quarters for the storekceper and his staff were completed and occupied in June and the two-storied building for the storage of small stores was in readiness for the roof by the close of the year. Certain of the materials, beams, etc., for this building had to be obtained from the old, two-storied building erected in 1899 in the store-yard adjoining Praya East, the demo- lition of which could only be proceeded with after the quarters for the storekeeper had been completed.

The building containing the quarters is 3 stories in height, the ground floor being utilized principally for storage purposes and the two upper floors for habitation. It affords the following accom- modation :-----

Ground floor. -Two store-rooms, 17′ 4′′

14′ 8′′ and 17′ 4′′ × 16′ 8′′ respectively, and one room for watchmen, 21′ 0′′ x 7' 8".

First floor-Three rooms (to house 11 store-boys), 18′ 0′′ × 15' 0", 18' 0" x 17' 0" and 10' 0" x 8' 0" respectively, with kitchen attached.

Second floor.-Three rooms and a kitchen, similar to those on the first floor, forming quarters for the storekeeper. Latrine accommodation is provided in the yard adjoining the quarters and a small, detached building contains a lavatory for the Inspector of Stores. The building is fitted throughout with electric light.

The walls are of Canton red brick with granite plinths, window sills and heads. The ground floor is laid with cement concrete, 4′′ thick the whole of the first floor and the kitchen on the second floor with reinforced concrete, 6" thick the remainder of the second floor being of wood. A verandah, 4 feet wide, is provided on the north-west front, the floors of which are of reinforced concrete, 6" thick, supported on 4" wrought iron pillars. Independent access is provided to each floor by means of an outside stone stair which extends upwards to Wood Road, thus affording access from that road.

1914 Estimates, ..$27,600.00 | Total Estimates, ...$63,500,00

Expenditure to

31,12;14,

1914 Expenditure.... 11,157.09

..... 47,584.02*

Owing to a clerical error, the expenditure to 31st December, 1913, was erroneously given in last year's Report as $36,507 95 instead of $36,426.93.

P 47

P.W.E. Hongkong.

93. Belilios Public School- Extension.---The expenditure under this head consisted almost entirely of a balance due under the Con- tract for the erection of the new building, the amount being $8,813.29. The work, which was completed at the end of 1913, was fully described in last year's Report.

1914 Estimates, 1914 Sup. Vote,

$4,500.00 | Total Estimates,

$55,000.00

4,344.58

$8,844.58

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

49,790.22

1914 Expenditure,..

8.844.58

94. Quarters for Subordinate Officers― Breezy Point and Mount Parish:

Breezy Point. The buildings were completed by the end of April and the flats were occupied in the following month.

The site of these quarters is at the junction of Park and Lyttel- ton Roads. In order to render it available for building purposes, retaining walls had to be constructed along the western and northern sides and a certain amount of excavation had to be executed along the southern side.

As mentioned in last year's Report, the buildings comprise three 3-storied blocks of flats grouped around a considerable plot of ground, which has been laid out as a bowling green. Each block contains six flats, two on each floor, with servants' quarters attached, the flats on the two upper floors being reached by a common stair- case. Each flat contains a living-room, 18′ 4′′ × 15′ 6′′, two bed- rooms, 16′ 2′′ × 13′ 7′′ and 15′ 6′′ x 15′ 4′′ respectively, two bathrooms, a pantry and a store-room. In the case of one flat on each of the two upper floors, a small additional room, 13′ 6′′ × 7′9′′, is gained by utilizing the space over the entrance hall on the ground floor. Verandahs, 5' 6" wide, are provided in front, with portions of extra width opposite the living-rooms. Balconies and bridges provide access to the servants' quarters in the rear, which contain a European kitchen, 10' 9" x 5' 9", boy's room, 10′ 9′′ x 5′ 9", amah's room, 10′ 9′′ × 6′ 1′′, a cook-house and coal-house.

All

The walls of the buildings throughout are of Canton red brick, plastered internally and covered with rough-cast externally. floors throughout the building are of cement concrete, those of the ground storey being solidly supported and those of the upper stories being reinforced with wire-mesh. In the case of all rooms, the floors are finished with hardwood flooring boards nailed to fillets let into the cement concrete; in the case of the front verandahs, they are laid with 4" ; 4" red tiles and in the case of the kitchens, bath- rooms, etc., they are finished with a layer of granolithic. The roofs of the main buildings are of double pan and roll tiling and those of the verandahs and servants' quarters are of reinforced concrete. All staircases are of cement concrete, the steps having cast iron nosings. Electric light and electric bells have been installed throughout all the quarters.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 18

Mount Parish.-These quarters were completed at the end of October and were occupied in the following month. Some inter- ference with the progress of the work was caused by the bursting of a water main, belonging to the Naval Authorities, which occurred at night, resulting in the washing away of a portion of the bank in close proximity to the foundations of the eastern wall of the build- ing. This necessitated the construction of a retaining wall along the eastern side of the site.

The work comprised the erection of a terrace of four 2-storied houses, with detached servants' quarters on the west side, on the ridge of the spur adjoining the east end of Kennedy Road and known as Mount Parish. The servants' quarters have been con- structed at as low a level as possible so as to admit as much air as possible to the quarters themselves.

The two end houses contain 4 rooms each, varying from 20′ 0" x 16′ 0′′ to 14′ 0′′ 12′ 0′′, whilst the two intermediate houses contain 3 rooms each, varying from 20′ 1′′ x 18′ 0′′ to 14′ 5′′ × 10′ 6". In addition to the foregoing, each house contains a kitchen, a pantry, one or two bathrooms and a store-room and is provided with the necessary servants' quarters. Verandahs, 5′ 0′′ wide, extend along the east side of the houses on both floors, and also partially along the north end. Portions of the verandahs opposite the sitting rooms on the ground floor are widened to 7′ 0′′. Separate access to the servants' quarters is provided by means of a ferro-concrete gangway, 6 feet wide, constructed on the cantilever system in conjunction with the ferro-concrete retaining wall which supports the west wall of the building. A ventilating space is provided under the ground floor of the quarters.

The walls to the level of the ground floor are of rubble masonry and above that level of Canton red brick in lime mortar, covered externally with rough-cast plaster, certain portions of the brickwork being left exposed for effect. The internal surfaces of all walls, except those of the servants' quarters, are plastered. The floors of the rooms are laid with hardwood boarding on hardwood joists, (the joists of the upper floor being wrought as they are exposed to view), and those of the verandahs, kitchens, servants' quarters, etc., are of cement concrete. In the case of the ground floor verandahs, the floors are laid with 4′′ × 4′′ red tiles, all other concrete floors being finished with a layer of granolithic. The stairs are of hardwood. The roofs generally are covered with double pan and roll tiling, those of the verandahs being of reinforced concrete.

The quarters are provided with electric light throughout.

1914 Estimates, ...$104,500.00 | Total Estimates, ...$162,500,00

1914 Expenditure. 98.584 92

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

.. 169,093.27

95. Wireless Telegraphy Station. The erection of a Low Power Station at Cape D'Aguilar for mercantile purposes was decided upon and the necessary plans were prepared, the apparatus being ordered from the Marconi Company. Tenders for the erection

P 49

P.W.E. Hongkong.

of the buildings were received in the beginning of August, but. owing to the excessive amounts quoted, none of them could be accepted. Further endeavours were made to obtain more reasonable tenders and finally on the 2nd December a Contract for the work was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co.

By the close of the year, the sites for the station and quarters had been levelled, the foundations laid and brickwork commenced. The whole of the apparatus required for the equipment of the station was received from the Marconi Company before the close of the year and the Company's representative to supervise its instal- lation arrived in the Colony on the last day of the year.

.$100,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$102,500.00

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,. 38,180.26

38,180.26

96. Government Offices-Temporary Building for Survey Staff, &c. This work was completed in 1913 and was described in the Report for that year.

1914 Estimates.

$ 500.00 Total Estimates,

1914 Expenditure, . 374.15

$ 2,800.00

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

3,725.71

97. Married Quarters for Police, Caine Road.-A Contract was entered into in June with Messrs. Po Yick Co. for the erection of a large block of quarters on the site rendered available by the abolition of old No. 2 Tank and the diversion of Bonham Road (ride para. 101 (b) of the Report for 1912).

Some matsheds erected for the temporary accommodation of the Police had to be taken down and re-erected before work on the permanent buildings could be begun. As the site of the old tank had been filled in, piling was necessary to all foundations, the depth at which solid ground was met with being in some cases as much as 35 feet. The piles used were of China fir, 6′′ diameter, varying in length from 15 to 35 feet. Pile-driving was completed early in November, the total number of piles driven being about 800 and, by the end of the year, the walls were on an average 8 feet above the level of the ground floor, all frames for ground floor doors and windows being fixed and the work generally in a forward state.

1914 Estimates, ...$ 20,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$

1914 Expenditure,. 13,400.18

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

13,400.18

98. Saiyingpun School Extension.--Preliminary plans for this work were prepared, but, in consequence of the taking over by Government of the Ellis Kadoorie School, it was decided that it should be abandoned. No expenditure was therefore incurred under the Vote.

1914 Estimates,

}

$15,000.00 | Total Estimates. .....$15,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

1914 Expenditure............

*

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 30

99. Guol Extension.——A Contract for the first section of this work, which comprised the construction of a block in the lower yard of the gaol containing 78 cells, was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co., in July. The building is a 4-storied one but the ground storey is entirely open at the sides, being intended to form a covered yard.

The construction of the building necessitated the demolition of sundry sheds and this was carried out by Prison labour which is also being utilized for the preparation of some of the woodwork required for the new building. As the work is being carried out within the Prison yard, special fences have been erected and a separate entrance from Arbuthnot Road, which is constantly guarded by an Indian Sentry, has been formed.

As the three upper storeys are supported entirely on concrete piers and beams, reinforced with steel rods, the details and execu- tion of the work have called for very careful supervision.

All reinforcement boarding having been prepared and placed in position, concreting of the foundations was begun on the 29th September and, by the 28th November, the piers had been construct- ed to the underside of the main girders, the work being carried up in layers about one foot thick. The form-work for the girders and slab forming the first floor was then proceeded with, all reinforcing rods and stirrups being set in position and preparations for concre- ting being completed by the end of December.

An alteration was made in the design of the cell windows in order to admit more light and ventilation, the new windows consist- ing of a reinforced concrete frame with wire-glass louvres, protected from the inside by a wrought iron grill and wire netting. A number of these frames had been made before the close of the year so as to obviate delay in the progress of the work when the brick- work above the first floor level was proceeded with.

1914 Estimates,...... $25,000.00 | Total Estimates,......$65,000.00

Expenditure to 31/12/14,....

1914 Expenditure,... 9,425.76

9,425.76

100 Queen's College Improvements. --Three designs were pre- pared for this work before the approval of the College Authorities could be obtained. The work comprises the provision of lavatory and latrine (trough-closet) accommodation in substitution for that hitherto existing, the erection of a small store, the removal of the massive granite stairs which absorb a large portion of the lower playground on the north side of the College and the substitution of two much smaller flights of steps in lieu of same.

The approved design provided for the construction of the trough-closet, etc., underneath Staunton Street at the south-east corner of the College compound. Tenders were received on the 16th November, but, as the amounts quoted were excessive, fresh tenders were called for and these were not received until the 28th December,

P 51

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Arrangements were made to obtain a supply of water for the trough-closets from a storm-water drain in Peel Street and the necessary piping for this had been laid by the close of the year.

1914 Estimates,...... $5,500.00 Total Estimates,......$10,000.00

1914 Expenditure,...

375.31

Expenditure to

31/12/14,.......

373.31

101. Hill District School. --A Contract for the formation of the site for this building was let to Messrs. Kang On & Co. in June and was completed in November. It included a diversion of Gough Hill Road, to effect which a projecting tongue of land hitherto belonging to the Government Villas had to be cut away, the approach path to the Villas being diverted. These works and the formation of the site involved the construction of a considerable amount of retaining walls.

A Contract for the construction of the school building was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. in December and the necessary preli- minary works and the excavation of trenches for the foundations were begun before the close of the year.

1914 Estimates,...... $15,000.00 Total Estimates.......$23,000.00

1914 Expenditure,...

8,324.68

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

8,824.68

102. Ciril Hospital Improvements :---

Block--Concrete floors and tiling. The floors of the verandahs on the ground and first storeys on the south side of the building, which were in a worn-out condition, were removed and replaced with cement concrete, which was reinforced in the case of the upper floor. The floors were finished with encaustic tiles similar to those laid last year (ride paragraph 118 of last year's Report). The expenditure on this item was $3,272.07.-

"A", "B" & "C" Blocks- New fireplaces.The old grates and overmantels were removed and replaced with new grates, teak- wood overmantels and tiled hearths similar to those fitted in 1913 (ride paragraph 118 of last year's Report). The expenditure on this item was $1,169.79.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,.....

103. Public Latrines and Urinals :

$4,800 00

4,441.86

(a.) Underground Trough Closet in D'Aguilar Street,-A Con- tract for this work was signed on the 5th March. The site of the convenience, which is underground, is at the junction of Wing Wah Lane with D'Aguilar Street, entrance being gained by a flight of steps entered from Wing Wah Lane. At the end of the year, the main structure was completed, the troughs and partitions were in position and the work generally was nearing completion.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 32

The retaining walls are of cement concrete and the roof is of ferro-concrete supported on beams of the same material. Light is obtained during the day by the provision of 4 "Luxfer" lights in the roof and at night by incandescent electric lights. The walls are lined for their full height with white-glazed tiles and the floor is laid with salt-glazed tiles. Ventilation is provided by a gas jet and by 6 cast iron gratings which are flush with the road and the water supply for flushing purposes is obtained from Glenealy culvert.

The accommodation comprises 18 seats, a 10' trough urinal and a small store.

Owing to the closet being underground, a considerable diversion of the sewerage and storm-water drainage was necessitated and this was carried out at a cost of $1,355.55.

1914 Estimates,...$7,000.00 Total Estimates, ......$7,000.00

1914 Expenditure,...... 4,573.18

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

4,943.39

(b.) Urinal at Happy Valley.—This structure was completed in April. It is constructed of Canton red brick pointed externally in cement mortar. The roof is of a Chinese type with overhanging eaves carried on ferro-concrete brackets and is covered with double pan and roll tiling. The walls are lined with glazed tiles and the floor is laid with encaustic tiles. The accommodation consists of 8 stalls.

+

1914 Estimates,

$3,000.00

1914 Expenditure,...... 1,405.22

Total Estimates, Expenditure to 31/12/14,....

.$3,000.00

2,295.34

(e) Underground Trough Closel at the foot of Pottinger Street. This structure, which is inmediately to the south of Queen's Road, was completed in September. It contains 28 trough-closet stalls, 4 urinal stalls and a store, and is constructed entirely below the level of Pottinger Street, the surface of which was raised to some extent and otherwise adjusted to facilitate the execution of the work. Access is provided by a doorway entered from the footpath on the west side of Pottinger Street, which is at a considerably lower level than the remainder of the street.

The floor and walls are of cement concrete, the former being lined throughout with white-glazed tiles and the latter laid with salt-glazed tiles of local manufacture. The roof, which forms the surface of Pottinger Street, is of ferro-concrete supported on beams of the same material. Six large "Luxfer" lights, flush with the surface of the roadway, ensure ample light during the day and electric light is provided for illumination by night. Ventilation is provided by a gas jet in connection with a ventilating shaft and by six cast-iron gratings in the roof. A collapsible iron gate enables the convenience to be closed when desired. The alteration and

P 53

P.W.E. Hongkong.

lowering of the main sewer in Pottinger Street necessitated by the work was carried out.

1914 Estimates,..

.$8.000 00 | Total Estimates,

.$11,000.00

1914 Expenditure,...... 7,272.64

Expenditme to 31/12/14,

7.889.52

104. Roads :

(u.) From Victoria Gap to High West Gap, “Lugard Road' Work was confined to the completion of the first section a description of which was given in last year's Report. The railings and surfacing were completed. The surfacing is of tar macadam. An electric cable was laid in the road and five incandescent lamps were erected to light it.

1914 Estimates, . .$7,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$55,000,00

1914 Expenditure,

66

6,573.12

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

17,946.73

(b.) To Inland Lots Nos. 1946 and 1947 on the ridge east of Happy Valley. Broadwood Road. -The construction of this road was undertaken in October 1913, in accordance with the Conditions of Sale for the lots mentioned and it was complete in November 1914. It is 10' wide and 2,769' long and is surfaced with tar macadam laid on a foundation of broken stone. On account of the precipitous nature of a large mass of rock encountered on the line of the road, it was necessary to have recourse to bridging and a length of 235!'. comprising eleven spans, ranging from 13′ 9′′ to 35′ 0′′, was con- structed in this manner. The bridging is of ferro-concrete supported on brick piers which are rendered all over with cement mortar. liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1914 Estimates, ....$14,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,... 11.474.53

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

.. $16,500.00

12,924,47

All

(c.) From Aberdeen to Deep Water Bay-A Contract for this work was let to Li Hing in July and by the close of the year the first half of the road was completed except the surfacing. Some very heavy rock cutting remained however to be done on the remaining half. The work executed includes the construction of one large culvert 10′ 0′′ × 9′ 0′′ and six smaller culverts ranging from 4′ 0′′ × 3' 0" to 3' 0" 2'6" as well as several lengths of retaining wall.

This length of road forms a portion of the scheme for the construction of a carriage road to encircle the greater portion of the Island which was planned in 1898, when the construction of the Victoria Road was undertaken. The old road between Aberdeen and Deep Water Bay passes over a gap, 264 feet high, from which it descends steeply and by a dangerous zig-zag to Deep Water Bay, being thus quite unfit for vehicular traffic. The new road leaves the old Aberdeen Road at a point about a mile east of Aberdeen Police Station and traverses the flat valley in which the Green Island Cement Co.'s Brickworks are situated until it reaches the

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 54

coast, after which it is constructed along the face of the cliffs which extend to Deep Water Bay. Owing to the configuration of the cliffs encountered along the coast, it has been necessary to introduce rising gradients in the road, the highest point reached being 70 feet above Ordnance Datum. From this point, the road falls towards Aberdeen with a gradient of 1 in 40 and towards Deep Water Bay with a varying gradient, the maximum being 1 in 23. The road is a little over a mile in length and is being constructed with a width of 20 feet.

1914 Estimates,

...$12,000 00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

1914 Expenditure,... 11,855.84

$48,000.00

11,855.84

(d.) General Works.--The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading except those of a trifling nature. The sum stated is, in some cases, only a part of the cost, owing to the work extending into more than one year:--

(i.) Raising level of streets in Tai Hang Village,

(not completed). -

$ 351.92

(ii.) Improving Wongneichung Road past the Hindoo

and Parsee Cemeteries, (completed),

1,176.23

(iii.) Improving road between Deep Water Bay and

Stanley, (not completed),

1,664.34

(iv.) Improving road between Stanley and Shauki-

wan, (not completed), -

2,549.06

(v.) Constructing Belchers Street across M.L. 239

(portion of lot surrendered to Government for the purpose), (completed),

(vi.) Improving alignment of Bonham Road past I.L.s

1096 and 1848, (not completed),

www

(vii.) Fuk On Laue-Forming steps and channelling and surfacing with cement concrete around new houses on I L. 2028,

(viii.) New street south of Po Hing Fong-Forming steps and channelling and surfacing with cement concrete around I.L. 1968.

(ix.) Star Street--Kerbing, channelling and sur- facing with cement concrete in front of I.L. 1715,

(x.) Wongneichong Road--Kerbing, channelling and laying granolithic footway in front of I.L.S 1484 and 1690,

962.45

1,221.55*

1,359.68

1,095.72

533.54

226.02

(xi.) Shaukiwan Road-Kerbing, channelling and forming footway in front of I.L.s 1740 and 1893,

(xii.) Cutting a trace for a path from Peak Road above Inverugie ", (I.L. 1146), crossing the Peak Tramway at No. 6 Bridge and extend- ing to the path connecting Barker Road with May Road, (completed),

239.34

279.42

A sum of $778.86, which was spent in diverting water mains, was charged to

"Maintenance of Water Works".

1

P 55

P.W.E. Hongkong.

$ 739.58 1,234.37

(xiii) Erecting additional railings on Findlay Road,

(completed),

(xiv.) Bluff Path-Erecting iron railings,

(xv.) Constructing a path 4 feet in width from Wanchai Gap Road to Aberdeen Police Station, (completed),

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

$15,000.00

14,201.45

225.75

Item (i). This work was undertaken on account of the sale of Inland Lots Nos. 2040, 2051 and 2087. The streets in that portion of the village which was laid out about 20 years ago are at too low a level and they are being raised as opportunity arises.

Item (ii). This work was described in last year's Report. The expenditure incurred was for the completion of the work.

Items (iii) and (iv). These works were undertaken in order to make the existing road between the places mentioned available for motor cars. They were included with the contract which was let to Li Hing for the construction of the road already described under item (c) of "Roads”. Item (iii) comprised the improvement of the bends near Stanley Gap, 2 miles distant from Deep Water Bay Golf Links, and the widening of the remaining portion of the road as far as Stanley, a distance of 13 miles. Item (iv) consisted of widen- ing the greater part of the 2.4 miles of road between Shaukiwan and Tytam Tuk Gap by about 4 feet and improving the zig-zag to the south of that Gap.

Item (v). Arrangements having been made with the lessee of Marine Lot 239 for the surrender of the necessary land, it became possible to link up the two portions of Belchers Street hitherto severed by that lot and thus secure a second thoroughfare to Kennedy Town. The portion of road in question is 426 feet in length. Its width is at present 30 feet but arrangements have been made with the lessee of Marine Lot 239 for the surrender hereafter of a further portion of his lot for the purpose of widening the road to 50 feet.

Item (vi). This work was undertaken to improve the align- ment of Bonham Road past Inland Lots 1096 and 1848. To enable this improvement to be carried out, an exchange of land was effected with the Church Missionary Society. The length of road involved was 350 feet and the work included the diversion of a telegraph cable, two electric light cables, two 6′′ gas mains and two 12′′ and one 6" water mains.

Items (vii) to (ix). These works became necessary on account of the erection of buildings on the various lots mentioned.

Item (x). This work formed an extension southwards of the straightening of Wongneichong Road on the east side of Happy Valley (vide page 47 of Report for 1912 paragraph (e) (i) ).

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 56

Item (xi). This work became necessary on account of the erection of buildings on the lots mentioned.

Item (xii). This trace was made with a view to ascertaining the feasibility of constructing a path or road which would render available further building sites and at the same time afford access from a proposed new station on the Peak Tramway to the large group of houses in the neighbourhood of Queen's Gardens.

Item (xiii). The hillside traversed by Findlay Road being very steep in places, it was considered advisable to erect some additional railings along the outer edge of the road.

Item (xiv). Bluff Path was formerly a private path but it was taken over by Government some years ago. It was considered advisable to provide railings in places for the protection of the public.

Item (xv). This work was undertaken to afford more direct communication with the Aberdeen Police Station from the Wanchai Gap Road.

105. Training Nullahs:-

(a.) South-west of M.L. 239 and I.L. 1355.—This work was undertaken in accordance with the terms arranged with regard to certain exchanges and re-adjustinents of Marine Lot 239 and Inland Lot 1355, Kennedy Town, the owner of these lots agreeing to con- tribute towards the cost. Owing to an extensive landslip on Lot 1355, work was restricted to the streamcourse on the west side of the lots, a Contract for this being let to Messrs. Wo Fat & Co. in July. The work was nearing completion by the close of the year. The length trained is 448 feet, the nullah being constructed with rubble stone side walls 5′ 0′′ high and a cement concrete invert 3′ 6′′ wide, in which granite steps are provided at intervals with a view to reducing the velocity of the water flowing in it. A pathway, 6′ wide, has been formed alongside the nullah.

1914 Estimates.................$7,500.00 | Total Estimates,..

$7,500.00

Expenditure to

2,183.10

1914 Expenditure,... 2,183.10 31/12/14,...

(b.) General Works.--The following is a statement of the works

carried out under this heading:

(i.) Shaukiwan (No. 11 Bridge)—comple- tion of Item (i). paragraph 108, of last year's Report, (completed).

Length Expendi- trained.

ture.

Lin. Ft.

X

225

3,024.07

- P 57

(ii.) Extension of Wongneichong Nullah and

training of branch nullah west of I.L. 1926 in connection with con- version of F.L. 52 into Inland Lots

"

1926 and 1927, Item (ii) of last year's Report-Branch nullah, (completed), -

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Length Expendi- trained. ture. Lin. Ft. $

150

1,426.77

(iii.) Magazine Gap-District south of Gap- completion of Item (iii) of last year's Report,

220

632.74

(iv.) Magazine Gap--District south of Gap- further training works undertaken, (not completed),

(v.) Training streams north and east of Military Hospital, Bowen Road----

Item (xiii) of last year's Report, (completed),

1430

3,079.39*

503

1,251.30

(vi.) Nullahs at Pokfulam-extension towards base of dam of reservoir, etc., (com- pleted), -

451

722.04

(vii.) Improving main nullah at Pokfulam Nullah by removing rocks, (com- pleted), -

(viii.) Extending branch nullah west of Mount

Austin Barracks, (completed),

Road, extension northwards of path to R.B.L. 126, (completed),

(ix.) Nullah west of R.B.L. 107, Barker

(x.) Training streamcourses south of R.B.L.

68, Magazine Gap, (completed),

222.27

346

1.135.67

179

627.52

-

389

546.09

(xi.) Constructing storm-water channels above and below Cameron Villas, R.B.L. 35, Mount Kellett, (com- pleted), -

(xii.) Constructing storm-water channel along north-east side of R.B.L. 48, ("Fernside"), Mt Kellett, (com- pleted), -

-

(xiii) Training nullah on west side of I.L.

1942, Conduit Road, (completed), Cost of work,

-$449.16

Less contribution by owner, 250.00

(xiv.) Diverting storm-water drains in Bonham

and Park Roads on account of a re- adjustment of the boundaries of I.L. 691, (completed). ($2,063.38 to be refunded by the lessee of I.L. 691),

-

617

760.52

196

496.18

202

199.16

3,274.38

* A sum of $500 was subscribed towards the cost of this work by the Military Authorities, but was credited to the general revenue of the Colony.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 58

(xv.) Training streamcourse on east side of I.L. 1628, Kennedy Road, (com- pleted), -

(xvi.) Diverting storm-water drain clear of I.L. 2083, Garden Road, (site of Helena May Institute), (completed). (Cost to be refunded by the In- stitute),-

(xvii.) Diverting and training nullah to the south of R.B.L. 136, Pokfulam Road, (completed),

Length Expendi-

trained.

ture.

Lin. Ft.

100

229.63

607.78

(xviii.) Various small items,

1914 Estimates,-

1914 Sup. Vote, -

1914 Expenditure,

310

1.712.30

374.89

-$20,000.00

4,000.00

$24,000.00

20.322.70*

106. Flushing Tanks and Iron Pipes.—An old tank, known as Cowper's Tank and utilized in past years for water works purposes, at the junction of Centre Street with Bonham Road, has been adapted for use as a large flushing tank for the low-level sewerage system. It has a capacity of 6,700 gallons and the water for filling it is obtained from the nullah at the north-west corner of West End Park. The tank was in working order by the end of November and, with the exception of a small sum for road repairs, all liabilities had been discharged. The cost of it was $1,125.79, a contribution of $350 towards this amount being received from the lessee of Inland Lots 690 and 691 under an arrangement whereby the boundaries of these lots were re-adjusted.

A small tank, (capacity 150 gallons), arranged to discharge automatically, has been constructed in Pound Lane. the waste hot and soapy water from the Pound Lane Bath House being thus utilized for flushing purposes. The cost of it was $135.75.

As a useful spring of water was found in the course of filling in an old, disused storm-water drain in Duddell Street, it was decided to utilize it for flushing purposes by converting a portion of the old drain into a flushing tank, with a capacity of 1,500 gallons.

The work was completed by the end of the year at a cost of $168.00, all liabilities being discharged with the exception of a small sum due for road repairs.

1911 Estimates,.

.$1,800.00

Total Estimates, Expenditure to 31/12/14,.

1914 Expenditure,.............. 1,055,54

27,044.02

* A sum of $243 in respect of work executed in 1913 was received from the lessees of Inland Lots 1931 and 1938 and was credited to the sub-head by deducting it from the sum expended. The expenditure therefore appears as $20,079.70 in Annexe B.

P 59

P.WE. Hongkong.

107. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amount stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year :-

(i.) Diversion of large storm-water culvert near site of old No. 2 Tank between Seymour Road and Caine Lane, (completed),

(ii.) Extension of 6" sewer to R.B.L. 15, Gough Hill

Road, Peak, (completed), -

(iii.) Extension of 6" sewer to L.L. 1947 on ridge east

of Happy Valley, (completed),

(iv.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Park Road to Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Breezy Point, (completed),

$1,081.10

330.05

2,058.63

775.14

(v.) Extension of " sewer to I.L. 1928, Catchick

Street, (completed),

-

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1898, Conduit Road,

(completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessees.

230.02

$620.05 600.00

20.05

(completed),

(vii.) Extension of 6" sewer to L.L. 953, North Street,

(viii.) Extension of outfall of storm-water drain opposite

Spring Gardens Lane, (completed),

-

778.78

639.36

-

(ix.) Extension of 6′′ sewer to I.L. 1942, Conduit Road,

(completed),

1,389.27

(x.) Substituting 9" for 6" sewer in front of Peak

Hotel, (completed),

624.17

(xi.) Substituting 12" for 9" sewer in Bonham Strand

East, (completed),

850.19

(xii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1926, Wongnei-

chong, (completed), -

116.84

(xiii.) Extension of 4" sewer to No. 4 Pumping Station,

Bowen Road, (completed),

234.07

(xiv.) Extension of 6′′ sewer and 9′′ storm-water drains

to I.L. 1715, Star Street, (completed),

598.77

(xv.) Extension of 6" sewer to Shing Wong Street,

(completed),

134.90

(xvi.) Extension of 6" sewer to R.B.L.s 67 and 68,

Magazine Gap, (completed),

-

368.73

(xvii.) Extension of 6" sewer to Tai Hang 1.L. 2040,

(completed),

203.19

(xviii.) Extension of 6′′ sewer to I.L. 2023, Shaukiwan

Road, (completed),

324.35

(xix.) Extension of 6" sewer to R.B.L. 2, Findlay Road,

(completed),

-

300.03

(xx.) Extension of 6" sewer in On Lan Street to I.L.

618, etc., (completed),

Cost of work,

$394.32

Less contribution by lessee,

197.16

197.16

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 60

(xxi.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1929, May Road,

(completed),

-

(xxii.) Construction of 9" sewer in Belchers Street,

(completed),

-

-

(xxiii.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Duddell Street, (completed, but $83.77 to be paid in 1915),

(xxiv.) Drain Connections (108) and other small items,

(completed),

Cost of work,

Less contributions by various lessees.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

$420.12

309.74

252.67

- $6,749.76

3,047.72

3,702.04

-$30,000.00

18,777.41

Item (i). This work was described in last year's Report-Item (ii), paragraph 110.

Item (ii). The sullage water from this lot was discharged into the nullah, causing objectional smells in the hot weather. It was considered advisable to connect the house drains with the sewer which discharges over the cliff near R.B.L. 28.

Item (iii). This work was rendered necessary by the erection of a number of buildings on the ridge referred to. The sewer was extended from opposite the approach road to Inland Lot 1911 at the north end of the ridge.

Item (iv). This extension became necessary on account of the erection of three large blocks of quarters for Subordinate Officers at Breezy Point. It conveys all the storm-water from the area occupied by the quarters and from the adjoining road.

Item (v). This extension was required to intercept the sullage water from certain quarters on the Standard Oil Co.'s property at Kennedy Town.

Item (vi). In consequence of the erection of houses on the western section of Conduit Road, it became necessary to extend the sewer across the bridge which spans the ravine to the westward of Inland Lot 703. The portion crossing the bridge is laid with cast iron pipes, supported on the outer edges of the piers, the remainder being of stoneware pipes. It is capable of extension westwards to Inland Lot 1889.

Item (vii). This extension was necessitated by the erection of 7 houses in North Street to be used as fat-boiling factories. The sewer was extended from Catchick Street.

Item (viii). This was rendered necessary owing to extensions of the reclamation at this point.

P 61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Item (ix). This was rendered necessary owing to the erection of buildings on Inland Lot 1942, Conduit Road.

Item (x). As the 6" sewer was found to be inadequate during rainstorms, it was taken up and replaced by a 9′′.

Item (xi). Owing to the construction of an underground trough closet at the west end of Wellington Street, it was found necessary to replace a length of 6′′ sewer in Bonham Strand with 9" pipes.

Item (xii). This work consisted of an extension across the nullalı to the lot on the west side where a number of houses are about to be erected.

Item (xiii). This work was necessary to intercept the sullage water from the quarters at No. 4 Pumping Station and convey it to the Kennedy Road sewer.

Item (xiv). Owing to the erection of houses on Inland Lot 1715, an extension of the sewer (6′′) and of the storm-water drain (9′′) became necessary.

Item (xv). The erection of temporary quarters for the scaveng- ing coolies employed by the Sanitary Department necessitated an extension of the sewer to the site occupied which is on the north side of Bridges Street.

Item (xvi). The sullage water from the houses on Rural Build- ing Lots 67 and 68, which formerly discharged on the hillside, has now been intercepted and connected with the sewer in Coombe Road.

Item (xvii). This work was necessitated by the sale of a large lot on the west side of Tai Hang Village on which buildings have been erected.

Item (xviii). Building operations on the lot mentioned rendered this extension necessary. A great deal of rock was met with in excavating the trench for the sewer.

Item (xix). Further building operations on Rural Building Lot 2 rendered it necessary to extend the sewer. Half the cost of this work is to be defrayed by the lessee.

Item (xx). This extension was due to the laying-out of a new street between Wyndham Street and Zetland Street, on both sides of which houses have been erected.

Item (xxi). This work was carried out to meet the requirements of a block of flats in course of erection on Inland Lot 1929.

Item (xxii). In connection with the construction of Belchers Street across Marine Lot 239 as a public road and the erection of certain buildings on the lot, a 9" sewer was extended from Sands Street.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 62

wwwwww..com

Item (xxiii). This work was carried out with the object of minimizing the flooding which occurs in Queen's Road near Dud- dell Street during rainstorms.

Item (xxiv). This calls for no comment.

108. Draining Swamps at Shaukiwan.-This work consisted of draining an area of level swampy ground near Sywan Gap to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes. Concrete channels of varying sizes, totalling 2,007 lineal feet in length, were constructed and subsoil drains of a total length of 1,080 lineal feet were laid. The works were completed by the end of the year.

1914 Estimates, $ 4,500.00 | Total Estimates, 1914 Sup. Vote, ... 150.00 Expenditure to

$4,650.00

31/12/14,

$, 4,500.00

4,649.55

109. Extensions of Lighting. --The following lamps were

erected :---

Gas Lamps.

Aberdeen Street,-

Wongneichong Road,

Pokfulam Road, -

Hill Road, -

Upper Rutter Street,

Conduit Road,

Kennedy Town, -

Private Street on I.L. 605, Bonham Road, Wood Road (refixing lamp removed in 1913 on account of formation of site for new Store),

Deduct lamps removed :---

D'Aguilar Street,

Mountain Lodge,

1

4

1

1

10

6

**

It

28

Net increase in gas lamps,

24

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Lugard Road,

10

5

Total increase in number of lamps,-

gas and electric,

1914 Estimates,

1914 Sup. Vote,

29

!!

$1,000.00 1914 Expenditure,.. $1.160.00

200.00

$ 1,200,00

*Provided under Private Street Improvements and charged to lessee of lot.

Charged to Item 4 P.W.E.

P 63

P.W.E. Hongkong.

110. Survey of Colony.-Particulars of the work carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 19 of this Report.

111. Mount Caroline Cemetery,--Quarters for Sextons. As mentioned in last year's Report, this building was completed in 1913. The expenditure in 1914 consisted merely of a small balance payable under the Contract for the work.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,.

$

500.00 | Total Estimates,

421.82

$ 3,600.00

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

2,854.12

112. Kailungwan Cemetery, —— Quarters for Sextons. - This building was also completed in 1913, the expenditure in 1914 con- sisting merely of a small balance payable under the Contract.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,.

302.27

700.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

$ 2,200.00

2,015.14

113. Government Schools,— Installing_electric fans and tele- phones.—Electric fans and telephones connected with the Govern- ment telephone system were installed in the under-mentioned schools:-

Belilios,

Wanchai,

Saiyingpun,

Yaumati,

Fans.

Telephones.

5

1

5

1

6

1

6

1

114. Immorts and Exports Department,—Fittings and Strong Room. The necessity for these works arose in consequence of the Government undertaking direct control of the opium trade and abo- lishing the system of farming hitherto in operation. The old timber shed in Des Voeux Road, originally erected as a temporary market and subsequently occupied as stables by the Sanitary Department, was altered and adapted for offices and store-rooms, etc., in connection . with the sale of opium. Several partitions, constructed either of brick or of concrete slab panels in wood framing, were erected in order to sub-divide the shed into compartments in which the various operations involved in selling and packing the opium, etc., could be carried on. Electric light was also installed in the building. The Opium Factory in Wanchai also underwent considerable repairs, special fittings being provided for the laboratory and the old store- room being converted into a strong-room. Bostwick gates and iron

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 64

grilles were provided in order to render the building secure and some necessary extensions of the electric light service were carried out.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

$12,000.00 11,948.84

115. Chinese Cemeteries,--Laying out new areas: -A statement of the work carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 43 of this Report.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

$4,000.00 1.279.61

116. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extend- ing over more than one year :-

Government Offices (Colonial Secretariat and P.W.D.):-

Providing additional accommodation for the Buildings Ordinance branch of the Public Works Department, com- prising 2 rooms 24′ 11′′ × 18′ 0′′; 1 room 15' 6" x 9' 4" and a lavatory, fitted up with electric fans, lights, bells and telephones,

-

Providing electric fans and lights to various other offices and installing one Government telephone,

Alterations to Accountant's Office.

Old Harbour Office :-

Providing stabling accommodation for the Sanitary Department and fitting up a Branch Post Office on ground floor, Alterations to first floor to provide quarters for Postmen and Sanitary Department Staff,

$6,912

551 48

$7,511

2,679

2,534

Providing and fitting up iron bunks in

quarters,

601

Substituting reinforced concrete for hard-

wood floor to kitchen,

405

6.219

Government Offices (Pedder Street) :-

Providing and fitting iron gates to protect letter boxes and making sundry alter- ations,

1,453

Providing 2 mail notice boards and enamel

letter plates,

881

Additional electric fans and lights to

various offices, -

384

Providing new window and door to the

Secretary for Chinese Affairs' offices, 292

-

P 65

P.W.E. Hongkong.

$3,010

227

Brought forward,..

Providing "In and Out" board,

Installing Government telephones in Edu- cation and Secretary for Chinese Affairs' Departments,

150

Erecting partitions in Basement,

136

Minor alterations to the various offices

throughout the building,

150

Providing teak telephone box,

131

$3,804

Western Market, North Block :--

Reconstructing meat stalls in reinforced

concrete,

Alterations to Inspector's quarters and

installing electric lights,

Alterations to existing flues,

1,902

-

348

153

Clearing away fish tanks and sundry

alterations,

147

2,550

Mountain Lodge :-

Installing electric lights and radiator, Sundry minor fittings,

2,060

149

2,209

Tai Hang Village :-

Erecting temporary market, containing 12

stalls, and room for caretaker, Constructing catchwater at rear of pig-

1,581

sties,

209

1,790

Central Police Station:-

Installing electric lights in Married Ser-

geants' Quarters,

604

Installing 3 W.C.'s in the Deputy Super-

intendent's Quarters,

Extending matshed in compound,

Installing electric lights in kitchens of

JOD

139

Inspectors' Quarters,

Sundry small items,

Victoria Gaol :-

མ—

Installing electric lights in Assistant

Superintendent's Quarters,

141

79

1,518

366

Providing and fixing rolled steel joists to

strengthen floor of Printing Office and inserting one new window,

348

Installing electric lights in 12 cells, -

169

Boarding in verandahs of Warders'

Quarters, -

82

965

Bathing Beaches:---

Erecting bamboo pier and matshed dress- ing-rooms, clearing stones off beach and providing watchman at Kennedy Town,

939

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 66

Brought forward, .

Erecting bamboo pier and providing

watchman at North Point, -

Tytam Reservoir,-Erecting permanent quar-

ters for Police guard,

Blake Gardens, Erecting ornamental shelter, - Cape Collinson Lighthouse,-Adding one extra

room, 11′ 6′′ × 11′ 9′′, to quarters and a store-room, 8′ 0′′ × 9′ 0′′,

Government House :-

Altering fire service and connecting same

with City mains instead of service from nullah,

Providing 2 Bostwick gates to doors and

iron grilles to windows,

Sundry small alterations, -

$939

180

$1,119

912

850

787

494

159

132

785

679

Victoria School,-Constructing a Fives Court, - Western District Sanitary Depôt and Branch

Post Office:-

Constructing roof over outside staircase to Inspector's Quarters and making

minor alterations.

Converting foreman's quarters into a

branch Post Office,

Installing electric lights, -

Government Civil Hospital :

Minor alterations to doors and floor, Providing and fixing new fire grates, Constructing latrine,

Additional shelving to Staff Quarters, etc.,

Chair Coolies Shelter,--Erecting shelter for chair coolies in Chater Road opposite the Hongkong Club,

Queen's College :--

Completing alterations to the Physics Laboratory under Normal Room- commenced in 1913, -

384

235

53

672

230

222

105

32

589

572

249

Additional electric lights and telephone

extension,-

180

Forming a Badminton Court,

112

541

Plot of land west of Hongkong Club-house

name-plates,

(M.L. 274),---Erecting fence,

Peak District Roads,-Erecting indicating

No. 5 Police Station (Fire Brigade Station) :-

Installing 7 electric fans and telephone

and bell extensions,

Constructing cleaning pit for motor fire-

tender, etc.,

467

367

232

135

367

P 67

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Approach path to Pokfulam Village :--

Erecting ferro-concrete bridge, 4' 0" wide, across streamcourse (two spans of 10′ 0′′),

Less contribution by Lessee of F.L. 76,

Victoria Hospital,-Tiling walls of Lavatory,

etc.,

446

100

$346

239

201

$40,000.00 38,135.52

Royal Square,-Paving around statues with

granolithic slabs,

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

117. Public. Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,--Com- pensation and Resumptions. This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes, for the payment of compensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes and other matters. In some cases where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space requirements has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without com- pensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1914 Estimates, - 1914 Expenditure,

$30,000.00

29,956.10 *

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation :-

(1.)-Properties resumed.

Compensation paid.

C.

No. 110 Des Voeux Road Central (riding floors over entrance to Hing Lung Street, M.L. 64. Demolition carried out by lessee at his own expense. (This case was settled by Arbitration and the figures given in- clude the Arbitrator's fee ($1,000) and the costs of the arbitration ($952.10)), No. 178 Wing Lok Street (riding floors over entrance to Tung Hing Lane, M.L. 235, Sec. B). Demolition remained to be carried out by Government in 1915, No. 84 Second Street (riding floors over en- trance to Sheung Fung Lane, I.L. 634 R.P.). Demolition carried out by lessee

at his own expense,

$

11,380.10

3,500,00

1,350,00

* A sum of $430 was received from the Dairy Farm Co. for the resumption of Lots 26-30 inclusive and Inland Lot 1512, Pokfulam, and this was credited to the vote by deducting it from the sum expended. The expenditure thus appears as $29,526.10 in Annexo B.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 68

Sub-section 1 of Section A of Marine Lot 64a (area about 4,510) square feet) resumed in order to widen Tai Wong Lane to 30 feet,

Farm Lot No. 1, Kai Lung Wan, resumed in connection with extension to Kai Lung Wan Cemetery,

$13,530,00

196.00

(2.)-Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Arrangements were made for the resumption of areas required for scavenging lanes in the rear of the following properties, but, as compensation had not been paid before the close of the year, no expenditure was incurred under this sub-head :--

Area in Sq. Ft.

In rear of No. 44 Hing Loong Street, M.L. 53 R.P., Do. Nos. 34-40 Belchers Street and Nos. 1-7

North Street, I.L. 953,

44.00

- 1,056.00

(3.)-Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered

to Government.

Area in Sq. Ft.

948.00

In rear of Nos. 45-53 Pokfulam Road, I.L. 1095, - Nos. 28-32 Tai Yuen Street and Nos. 27-31 Stone Nullah Lane, I.L. 388 R.P., Nos. 2-16 Wyndham Street and Nos. 1-20 On Lan Street, I.L. 618,

252.00

Do.

Do.

-

1,674.00

Do.

16 quarters in connection with monas- tery on R.B.L. 51, Pokfulam,

Do.

Do.

No. 5 Sai Woo Lane, M.L. 92 R.P., Nos. 26 and 28 Robinson Road and 2

1,440.00 11.50

Mosque Junction, I.L. 390, -

377.30

Do.

No. 85 Bonham Strand West and 247

Wing Lok Street, I.L. 2052,

99.00

Do.

Do.

Do.

Nos. 1 and 2 Tank Lane, I.L. 275, Nos. 29 and 31 Whitfeild, I.L. 2023, Nos. 506-516 Queen's Road West and Nos. 6-10 Hill Road, I.L.s 676 and 675, Section B,

283.80

199.00

-

- 1,120.00

Do.

Nos. 112 and 114 Des Voeux Road Cen- tral, M.L. 53 R.P.,

202.00

Do.

Nos. 116 and 118 Des Voeux Road Cen-

tral, I.L. 1953,

158.00

Do.

Nos. 2-16 Des Voeux Road West, M.L.

37A and I.L. 2049.

607.50

Do.

-

Do.

Do.

Nos. 9-15 Kat On Street and 82, 82A and 82B Stone Nullah Lane, I.L.s 783 and 784, No. 166 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 233, Nos. 1, 3 and 3A Kennedy Street, I.L.

-

477.00

88.00

786,

300.00

Do.

Nos. 47a-49c Caine Road and Nos. 1-6 Po Wa Street, I.L. 157 R.P..

792.00

P 69

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Area in Sy. Ft.

372.00

In rear of Nos. 1-8 Yeung Lok Lane, 1.L. 2028,

No. 6 Pokfulam Road, I.L. 677 Section A, Sub-section 1.

Do.

69.00

Do.

No. 25A Eastern Street, I.L. 687, Section

D,

87.00

-

Do.

Two houses on IL. 1927, Wongnei- chong,

210.00

Do.

Nos. 13, 15 and 17 Western Street, I.L.

747 Section B, Sub-section 2,

199.50

Do.

No. 76 Main Street, Shaukiwan East,

S.I.L. 64,

81.00

Do.

Nos. 54 and 56 Main Street, Shaukiwan East, S.I.L. 62 Section A. -

174.00

(4.)--Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an opportunity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining streets.

In rear of No. 63 Queen's Road West, I.L. 1178,

Area in Sq. Ft.

-

65.30

Do.

Nos. 13 Square Street and 144 Holly- wood Road, I.L. 255,

-

-

132.00

Do.

No. 85 Wing Lok Street, I.L. 1885,

82.00

Do.

No. 102 Wing Lok Street, I.L. 1832 Section A,

45.75

Do.

No. 34 Wing Lok Street, I.L. 1868,

35.00

Do.

No. 105 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 135

R.P.. -

43.60

Do.

No. 166 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 253

Section C,

90.00

Do.

Nos. 32 and 34 Main Street, Shaukiwan East, S.I.Ls 141 and 59,

147.00

Do.

No. 85 Jervois Street, I.L. 900 R.P.,

90.30

118. Shaukiwan Water Works Extension.-These works were satisfactorily completed and were put into operation on the 28th May. A description of then will be found in last year's Report.

..$3,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$40,000.00

4,000.00

1914 Estimates,

1914 Sup. Vote,......

$7,000.00 | Expenditure to 1914 Expenditure,...... 6,994.96 31/12/14,

.37,399.24

119. Additional Service Reservoir, &c., West Point.-The ne- gotiations with the Military Authorities mentioned in last year's Report were concluded and resulted in the transfer to the Colonial Government of a large portion of the area occupied in connection with Elliott Battery. This alteration in the site necessitated a re-arrangement of the works as originally designed and consequent- ly a Contract for the work was not let until the end of September. The scheme includes 6 Filter Beds, each provided with a pre-filter, of au average area of about 880 square yards, besides a service re- servoir with a capacity of about 5 million gallons. The service reservoir will be divided by a cross-wall so as to admit of one com-

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 70

partment being used whilst the other is being cleaned out. The work also includes the necessary re-arrangements and extensions of mains to connect the new works with the West Point Filter Beds, the Pokfulam Road Pumping Station and the City mains.

The Contractor commenced work on the 19th October and by the end of the year the excavation was well advanced; the walls of the nullah crossing the site selected for the deposit of the excavated material were under construction and the diversion of the path to Pinewood Battery was practically completed.

1914 Estimates,.....$150,000.00 | Total Estimates,....$310,000.00

Expenditure to,

31/12/14,. ... 15,211.85

1914 Expenditure,

4,502.62

120. Tyłam Tuk Scheme, Second Section.—In the early part of the year, whilst the cofferdams to enclose the site of the main dam where it crosses the stream-bed were still in course of construction. the excavations over the remaining portion of the length of 380 feet of foundation trench referred to in last year's Report were com- pleted and concreting over this length was proceeded with The cofferdams, which consisted of a single row of sheet piling, 4′′ thick, V-grooved and tongued, driven down to the rock and backed up with earth in the case of the upstream dam and with stone in the case of the downstream dam, were completed in March and the work of excavating the foundations within the area enclosed by them was begun in April. The water percolating through and around the cofferdams was dealt with at first by a centrifugal pump driven by an oil engine. As the excavation deepened, more pumping-power was required and a steam-driven_ram-pump and two additional centrifugal pumps were added, the latter being kept in reserve.

In excavating down to the rock-bottom, with the exception of a layer of small water-worn boulders overlying the rock, the material met with was entirely sand. Rock was encountered at about the estimated depths, the general level at the deepest part being 30 feet below the stream-bed. As the stream-bed itself was at about mean sea level, the cofferdams were called upon to withstand a very considerable pressure of water and it is satisfactory to be able to record that they successfully withstood it notwithstanding the unfavourable nature of the ground in which they were situate On the upstream or reservoir side of the foundation-trench, a tongue, about 13 feet wide and 16 feet deep, was cut into the rock. the depth and width of the cutting varying with the soundness of the rock encountered. To admit of cutting the tongue and subse- quently filling it in with concrete, it was necessary to make arrange- ments for carrying off the water leaking through the upstream cofferdams and so prevent it flooding the cutting. This was accom- plished by constructing, parallel with the tongue and immediately clear of the base of the main dam. two concrete walls separated from each other by a distance of two feet, the upstream wall being on a foundation of dry rubble, and by laying a pipe from the space or channel so formed to lead the leakage-water away to the pump-

- P 71

P.W.E. Hongkong.

sump. This arrangement proved entirely successful and, by the end of the year, the cutting of the tongue had been completed and the depositing of fine cement concrete in it had been begun.

The two large masonry culverts, each 12 feet wide by 10 feet high, provided for carrying off storm-water whilst the foundations of the main dam were in course of construction, were completed in May They came into operation on completion of the cofferdams in March. No very heavy falls of rain occurred during the year though the total quantity of rain which fell was well above the average. The culverts proved in consequence to be of ample size.

At one time, after a thunderstorm, the water rose in them for a brief period to a height of 8 feet but this was partly due to the fact that the outlet end was obstructed by some centering.

Concrete work in the dam-trench between the culverts and the stream-bed was proceeded with and was carried to a height of about 40 feet above Ordnance Datum though the confined space available for working in necessarily made progress slow.

In all, 18,700 cubic yards of soft material and 5,900 cubic yards of rock were excavated during the year, 10,350 cubic yards of soft material and 2,800 cubic yards of rock being from the stream-bed foundations. The quantities of cement concrete deposited and of granite masonry set were as follows:-

Fine cement concrete,

3,092 cub. yds.

- 3,907

-17,217

ft.

多命

Hearting concrete containing granite dis-

placers,

Granite ashlar,

The remaining consignments of 18" cast iron pipes and specials, totalling 1,604 tons, for the suction mains and two addi- tional rising mains, were received early in the year and a Contract for laying them was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. on 6th March. Good progress had been made by the end of the year, 4,000 lineal yards of main having been laid whilst 2,100 lineal yards of pipes were distributed along the road in readiness for laying in the trench.

A Contract was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. in June for the construction of the pump-pit required in connection with the pumping machinery which is on order and on the comple- tion of this work a further Contract was let to the same firm in September for the construction of the massive concrete foundations to support the pumping engines.

The first consignment of pumping machinery was due in November but, owing to delays resulting from the war, it had not arrived up to the end of the year.

1914 Estimate,......$514,000.00

1914 Expenditure, 340,259.28

Total Estimates, $2,400,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/14,

459,197.57

=

P.W.E. Hongkong.

P 72

121. Pokfulam Road Pumping Station. -This building was completed during the year with the exception of some finishings which cannot be undertaken until the erection of the old engine, which has been transferred from the Bonham Road station, now dis- used, has been completed. The new station comprises a boiler house adjoining the Pokfulam Road containing ample space for the two Cornish boilers which have been transferred from the old station; a coal bunker, capable of storing about 40 tons of coal, and an engine room, sufficiently large to accommodate a new pumping. engine made by Messrs. Tangye & Co. in addition to the old engine (also made by Messrs. Tangye & Co.) which has been converted to drive three-throw pumps. A square chimney, 70 feet high, affords ample draught for the boiler furnaces. Quarters for the Chinese staff are provided in the rear of and overlooking the engine house. An overhead travelling crane has been provided for dealing with loads up to about 5 tons and has already proved of great assistance in erecting the two engines. Both boiler and engine rooms are well lighted by windows during the day and electric light has been installed for use by night.

A road to contain the various mains has been constructed and most of the new lines of mains, joining up with the Peak and High Level mains, have been laid.

The new pumping engine commenced regular work on the 28th July and has proved extremely efficient, both in output of water and also in reducing the shocks upon the delivery mains. The engine is coupled direct to three-throw pumps capable of raising water either to the Peak or to the High Levels of the City, the difference in height of delivery being compensated for in the quantity of water raised..

The principal dimensions of the plant are as follows :-

C'ylinders

103" : 16′′ : 24′′

24"

and pumps

38" : 6"

24′′

The old engine was taken down and good progress with its re-erection was made by the end of the year. Further allusion is made to this under “Miscellaneous Water Works”.

1914 Estimates,

$22,000.00

1914 Sup. Vote, ... 25,500.00

1914 Expenditure,

$47,500.00

44,699.52

Total Estimates,

$72,500.00

Expenditure to

31/12/14,

64,673.83*

122, Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following are the prin- cipal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some instances only part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extending over more than one year :-

(i.) Altering alignment of rising mains for the

supply of the Hill District, (not completed), $3,209.16

* The expenditure to 31st December, 1913, was erroneously given in last year's Report as $20,382.64. It should have been $19,974.31.

P 73

P.W.E. Hongkong.

$1,134.18

(ii.) Extension of Belchers Street main, (com-

pleted),

(iii) Channel from Wongneichong Reservoir to

Bowen Road Conduit, (completed),

(iv.) Conversion of old compound pumping engine into triple expansion engine, (not com- pleted),.

2,344.81

1914 Estimates,..........

1914 Sup. Vote,

4,861.38

$6,000,00

6,600.00

$12,600.00

11,549.53

1914 Expenditure,

Item (i). The object of this work was to improve the align- ment of the rising mains which convey the water from the Pumping Station on Pokfulam Road to the service reservoir at Vic- toria Peak. A very sharp bend has been eliminated and other improvements effected by laying the mains across Inland Lot 621, which is the garden attached to “The Eyrie ". The work was com- completed with the exception of taking up and cleaning some of the pipes on the old alignment which have now been superseded.

Item (ii). This work was commenced in 1913 and was referred to in the Report for that year. It was completed during the year.

Item (iii). The reason for this work was stated in last year's Report. Owing to the steepness of the valley, the velocity of flow was so great that, notwithstanding frequent stepping of the channel, it was found necessary to cover it in many places in order to retain the water. A gauge basin with two gauges has been constructed close to the Bowen Road Conduit. One gauge measures the water conveyed by the channel from the reservoir and the other that collected from the valley between Wongneichong Gap and the Con- duit.

Item (iv). The engine which has done service for the past ten years, in pumping water to the Peak from the Bonham Road Pump- ing Station, has never given entire satisfaction owing to the fact that the pumps were two-throw and that consequently the two cranks were set at 180°. This resulted in undue variations of pressure in the rising mains causing shocks and producing leaks.

The necessity of installing a new engine and of removing the one in question to the new pumping station on Pokfulam Road (ride paragraph 121) has afforded an opportunity of overcoming the defects by adding a third cylinder, thus converting the old engine into a three-throw pumping engine, with cranks set at 120°. The new engine is of this type and is found to work in a very noiseless and satisfactory manner, shocks in the rising mains being nullified. The alterations and re-erection of the old engine in the new station were well advanced at the close of the year.

No progress was made with the "Extension of Fire Hydrants, etc., Kennedy Road", (item (v), paragraph 124 of last year's Report) as the diversion of Kennedy Road had not been carried out.

P.W.E. Kowloon,

P 71

123. Quarters for Subordinate Officers adjoining King's Park. -As mentioned in last year's Report; a Contract for the erection of these quarters was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. in September 1913 and was completed by the end of August 1914, the houses being occupied during the following month.

The buildings consist of a row of 8 two-storied houses with detached servants' quarters. Each house has a small plot of ground in front and a small yard in the rear from which access to a scavenging lane, 8 feet wide, is provided.

The two end houses contain a living room 20′ 0′′ x 16′ 0′′, ૉ kitchen 14′ ()" x 12′ 0′′, three bedrooms 16′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′, 16′ 0′′ 13′ 0′′ and 14′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′ respectively, two bathrooms and a pautry and store-room. Each of the six intermediate houses contains a living room 18′ 0′′ 15' 6" a kitchen 10′ 6′′ > 8′ 6′′, two bed- rooms 20′ 0′′ × 18′ 0′′ and 14′ 5′′ × 10′ 6′′ respectively, a bathroom, a pantry and a store-room. Each house is provided with a verandah in front on both floors. The servants' quarters for each house contain a boy's room, an amah's room, cookhouse, latrine and coal house.

The walls are of rubble masonry up to ground floor level and of Canton red brick in lime mortar above that level, rough-east externally and plastered internally. The floors of rooms are of hardwood laid on hardwood joists and those of verandahs, kitchens, bathrooms, etc., are of reinforced concrete, surfaced, in the case of the ground floor verandahs, with 4′′ × 4" red tiles. The roof of the main building is of pan and roll tiling and those of the veran- dahs and servants' quarters are of reinforced concrete. Electric light has been installed in all the quarters.

A balance of $7,916.54 remained to be paid in 1915.

$45,000.00 | Total Estimates

...

1914 Estimates, 1914 Sup. Vote, 15,200.00

$60,200.00 | Expenditure to

31/12/14,

1914 Expenditure,.. 69,146.60 |

$74.000.00

68,430.48

124. Hunghom Police Station,--Additions.-This work was commenced in December 1913 and completed in November 1914. It was carried out by Messrs. Hing Lee & Co. under the annual contract held by them for the maintenance and minor extensions of Government Buildings, being measured and paid for in accordance with their contract which was based upon the Government Schedule of Prices.

In the case of the main building, the works comprised the addition of two bedrooms, 20′ 0′′ × 17′ 6′′ and 18′ 9′′ × 12′ 0′′ respectively; the conversion of the two old cells into a third bedroom, 16′ 6′′ x 12′ 0′′; the substitution of two new cells, each 12′ 0′′ × 6′ 6′′, by partitioning off portions of the old Inspector's room and Charge room; the conversion of the remaining portions of

P 75

P.W.E. Kowloon,

the old Inspector's room and Charge room, including extensions of same, into a Charge room, 24′ 0′′ × 15' 0"; and the addition of 3 bathrooms, a drying-room and a kitchen.

In the case of the subsidiary building in the rear of the main building, an upper storey was added, containing two large dormitories, 47′ 2′′ 12' 3" and 46′ 4′′ x 14' 0" for 8 Indian and 10 Chinese Constables respectively, besides bathrooms and a verandah, whilst, on the ground floor, a small bay containing the staircase to give access to the new upper floor was constructed.

The walls throughout are of Canton red brick covered externally with rough-cast plaster. The internal surfaces of the walls of the main building are plastered whilst those of the subsidiary building are pointed and limewashed. The floors of the main building are of hardwood nailed to fillets let into cement concrete and those of the subsidiary building are of reinforced concrete. The roofs, where pitched, are covered with the ordinary Chinese pan and roll tiling and, where flat, with reinforced concrete. The staircase to the upper storey of the subsidiary building is of reinforced concrete.

The buildings throughout are lit by electric light.

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1914 Estimates, 1914 Sup. Vote,

$ 2,500.00 | Total Estimates,

$6,500.00

9,200.00

$11,700.00

1914 Expenditure..

11,340.62

Expenditure to

31/12/14.

13,921.94

The reason of the large excess is that extensive alterations and additions were made after the date of the original estimate and it was also decided to proceed at once with certain portions of the scheme which it had been intended to allow to remain in abeyance.

125. Roads-General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading except those of a trifling

nature:

(i.) Ashley Road-forming carriageways and foot- ways around K.I.L. 110, including the necessary kerbing, channelling and drainage, (completed),

(ii) Constructing two reinforced concrete bridges over nullah in Portland Street, (completed), - (iii) Kerbing and channelling, etc., portions of area in front of new Railway Terminus to form approach to new Star Ferry Wharf, (com- pleted),

-

(iv.) Nathan Road--taking up and resetting herbing and laying new channelling to west front of K.I.L. 571, (completed),

$1,758*

692

583

422

* Certain private streets laid out on K.I.L. 410 were surrendered to Government

in March 1914.

P.W:E. Kowloon.

P 76

(v.) Canton Road-kerbing, channelling, making up carriageway and laying granolithic footway around K.M.L. 48, (completed),

-

(vi.) Hankow Road--laying granolithic paving in front of new houses on portion of K.I.L. 410, (completed),

(vii.) Cox's Path-kerbing, channelling and surfacing footway with decomposed granite in front of Subordinate Officers' Quarters, (completed), - (viii.) Reclamation Street -taking up and resetting kerbing and laying new channelling opposite K.I.L.s 553 to 555 and 1285, (completed),

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

126. Training Nullahs :-

$5,000.00

4,676.25

$378

246

223

196

(a.) King's Park Area. A contract for this work was let to Mr. Un Lau On in June and, at the close of the year, the nullah in the west valley, 1,105 feet in length, was completed. The invert of this nullah is of cement concrete, 3′ 6′′ wide, and the side walls are of rubble masonry, 4' high. Field drains, 4" diameter, were being laid to drain a swampy area of ground and a path was in course of construction alongside the uullahi. The nullah in the east valley. 710′ in length, was about half completed at the end of the year.

1914 Estimates, ... $9,000.00

1914 Expenditure.....

5,974.65

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/14,

$13,000.00

5,974.65

(b.) General Works.--The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure incurred under this heading, the only item of work worth recording being the uncovering of a storm-water culvert in the Hok Un district, thus converting it into an open nullah :----

(i.) Reconstruction and extension of nullah in Railway Yard, Hunghom, (completed in 1913-balance payable in 1914), -

(ii.) Uncovering culvert west of K.M.L. 53, Hok Un, raising side walls and erecting rail-

$145.12

2,569.55*

ings on same,

1914 Estimates,..

1914 Expenditure,...

$4,000.00

2,764.87

127. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year :--

(i.) Extension of 18", 15", 12" and 9" storm- water drains in Salisbury Road, between Nathau and Chatham Roads, including gullies and connections, (completed),— completion of item (vi), paragraph 131 of last year's Report,

$1,007.66

* The cost of this item was $2,260.43, but, owing to a wrong book-entry, it

appears as $2,569.55.

- P 77

P.W.E. Kowloon.

(ii.) Diversion of storm-water drain opposite K.I.L. 1286, Reclamation Street, (com- pleted, but a balance of $222.74 remained to be paid in 1915). (Cost to be recovered from the Lessees),-

-

(iii.) Extension of 6" sewer and 9′′ and 12′′ storm- water drains in Middle Road and Ashley Road and 9′′ storm-water drain in Pekin Road to K.I.L. 416, (completed),

$1,609.05

1,320.88

(iv.) Exteusion of 9′′ and 12" sewers in Jordan Road to K.I.L. 63, (completed),

987.99

(v.) Extension of 6" sewer to Royal Observatory,

(not completed),

651.88

(vi.) Extension of 9" sewer to K.I.L. 1282, Fife

Street, Mongkok, (completed),

563.90

(vii.) Extension of 6" sewer to K.I.L. 414, Middle

Road, (completed).

148.38

(viii.) Extension of 6′′ and 9′′ sewers and 9" storm- water drain in Shantung and Portland Streets to K.1.L. 1218, (completed),

292.38

(ix.) Extension of 9′′ and 12′′ storm-water drain from Hankow Road to K.I.L. 110, (com-

pleted) :--

('ost of work,-

$505.30

Less contribution by Les-

sees,

252.65

(x.) Extension of 6" sewer in Ashley Road to

K.I.L. 410, (completed) :--

Cost of work,-

$141.60

Less contribution by Les-

sees,

71.93

252.65

69.67

(xi.) Extension of 9" sewer in Pitt Street to

K.I.L. 48, (completed),

(xii.) Extension of sewer to Subordinate Officers'

Quarters, King's Park, (completed), (xiii.) Extension of 6" sewer to Tiu Hau Temple,

(completed),

245.97

210.54

188.72

(xiv.) Extension of 6" sewer to K.I.L.'s 394 and

910, Waterloo Road, (completed), -

175.05

(xv.) Extension of 6" sewer in Man Ming Lane

to K.I.L. 629, (completed),

163.01

(xvi.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain to K.I.L. 1203, Orient Tobacco Co.'s premises,

(completed) :-

Cost of work,

sees.

Less contribution by Les-

$131.21

131.21

P.W.E. Kowloon.

P 78

(xvii.) Drain Connections (19) and other small

items, (completed): --

Less contributions by

Cost of work,

various owners,

1914 Estimates,......

1914 Expenditure,

- $1,489.68

71.27

1,418.41

.$10,000.00

9,606.14*

Item (i). This work was described in last year's Report.

Item (ii). On excavating for the foundations of some houses ou K.I.L. 1286, it was found that the foundations of the verandah piers would extend over the storm-water drain in Reclamation Street. Arrangements were accordingly made with the lessees of the lot whereby the drain was diverted at their expense.

Item (iii). The erection of a block of 11 Chinese houses on K.I.L. 416, on the south side of Pekin Road, necessitated extensions of the sewer (6") and storm-water drain (12′′ and 9′′) from Hankow Road along Middle and Ashley Roads and also the laying of a branch storm-water drain (9") from Pekin Road to the lot.

Item (iv). Owing to the erection of Livery Stables on K.I.L. 63, in Jordan Road, it was necessary to extend the main 12" sewer as far as Shanghai Street from which point the diameter was reduced to 9".

Item (v). Complaints having been received that bad smells were emanating from the gullies at the junction of Observatory and Kimberley Roads, an inspection was made and it was found that sullage water from Canton Villas was discharging into the gully sump. To prevent this, an extension of the sewer was made and the sullage water was intercepted.

Item (vi). This extension was carried out with 9" pipes with a view to further extension when the development of Mongkok District requires it. The extension ran eastwards along Fife Street from Shanghai Street.

Item (vii). Owing to the erection of blocks of European houses on K.I.L. 414, it was found necessary to run a 6′′ branch sewer from Nathan Road along Middle Road to connect up the drainage from the buildings.

*The following sums were credited to this sub-head by deducting them from the amount expended:-

Amount paid by Naval Authorities for drainage works executed in 1913 (Item (ii) of paragraph 131 of last year's Report),

Amount wrongly credited to Miscellaneous Drainage

Works".

$4,347.35

309.12

$4,656.47

The expenditure thus appears as $4,949.67 in Annexe B.

P 79

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Item (viii). This work consisted of extending the main 9′′ sewer in Shantung Street in order to intercept the sullage water from houses recently erected on K.I.L. 1218. An extension of the storm-water drain had also to be carried out.

Items (ix) and (x). Extensions of the sewer and storm-water drains were necessary on account of the erection of a considerable number of houses on K.1.L. 410. The land had hitherto been occupied as a garden.

Item (xi). Owing to the development of K.I.L. 48, it was necessary to extend the sewer in order to connect the houses erected on the lot.

Item (xii). This work was rendered necessary by the erection of Quarters for Subordinate Officers adjoining Cox's Path, King's Park.

Item (xiii). This extension was necessary to enable sullage water from some quarters in connection with the Tin Hau Temple to be intercepted.

Item (xiv). This work was undertaken to improve the scaveng- ing lane between K.I.L.s 394 and 919 which was in an insanitary condition owing to the channels becoming continually blocked.

Item (xv). Complaints having been received from the Soy and Ginger Factory on K.I.L. 629 that flooding occurred during heavy rains, causing trouble with the drainage of their premises, the sewer was extended and a direct connection was given to it.

Item (xvi). This extension was made to enable an extra con- nection to be made from K.I.L. 1203 to the storm-water system as the premises were flooded during heavy and prolonged rains. The cost was defrayed by the lessees.

Item (xvii). This calls for no comment.

128. Extensions of Lighting.--The following lamps were

erected:

Salisbury Road, near new Star Ferry Pier, Tsim Sha Tsui Wharf, -

Deduct

Lamp removed from portion of Salisbury Road

enclosed for building operations,

1

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

1

Net increase,-

1

$500.00

38.00

P.W.E. Kowloon.

P 80

129. Reclamation opposite K.M.L.s 29-31, Yaumati.-This work, together with the slipway for the Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches, which was constructed as an extra work under the contract, was completed in November. All liabilities were discharged before the end of the year. The area reclaimed (9.05 acres) lies to the westward of Reclamation Street and extends from Saigon Street to Public Square Street.

1914 Estimates,. .$16,000.00 | Total Estimates.......$87,000.00 1914 Sup. Vote,......

4,700,00

$20,700.00 Expenditure to

1914 Expenditure,... 20,693.72 31/12/14, 81,763.71

130. Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui.-Good progress continued to be made with this work. Throughout the entire length of the breakwater, the rubble hearting on which the pitching and paving blocks are set was completed and a large amount of block-setting, particulars of which are given hereafter, was executed.

The manufacture of the concrete blocks in the blockyard at Taikoktsui, which was begun in January of last year, was finished in September of this year. The total number of blocks made was 12,453, comprising composite granite and concrete foot-blocks for the round-heads at each end of the breakwater, concrete foot- blocks for the inner slope, pitching-blocks for the outer slope and paving-blocks for the top of the breakwater and foundation-blocks for the outer wall of the pier and for the pier-head which enclose the Refuge at the southern and northern ends respectively.

Block-setting for the breakwater commenced in April, the setting of the granite foot-blocks for the outer slope and of the concrete foot-blocks for the inner slope proceeding simultaneously. The setting of the ordinary concrete blocks forming the facing of the outer slope and of the ordinary granite blocks forming the facing of the inner slope followed in June. By the end of the year, 118 composite foot-blocks, (5 tons each), 553 granite foot-blocks, (3 tons each), 690 concrete foot-blocks, (2 tons each), 920 special pitching-blocks, (3 tons each), 5,448 ordinary concrete facing blocks, (2 tons each), and 7,230 ordinary granite blocks, of an average weight of ton each, had been set.

The reclamation south of K.M.L. 32, at the northern entrance to the Refuge, was completed with the exception of the parapet wall and surfacing of the pier-head.

The superstructure of the pier which projects from the western frontage of K.M.L. 49, at the southern entrance to the Refuge, was proceeded with. The foundation-blocks of the outer wall were set, the cement concrete footing-course of the inner wall was deposited and the lime concrete hearting between the inner and outer walls was carried up to a height of 12 feet above low water. These operations were carried out before the typhoon season in order

P 81

P.W.E. Kowloon.

that the Shelter should afford as much protection to craft as possible. The masonry facing of the inner and outer walls was proceeded with later but was not completed by the end of the year.

There was no storm during the year of typhoon force and no damage was done to the works under construction by the mild blows which occurred.

1914 Estimates,.....$500,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$2,301,600.00

Expenditure to

1914 Expenditure,.. 496,604.49

31, 12 14,....................... 1,956,596.45

131. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches.- As mentioned in previous Reports, (paragraph 110 of 1912 Report and paragraph 133 of 1913 Report), the Government decided to utilize a portion of the area reclaimed in front of K.M.L.s 29-31 as a depôt for the repair and coaling of Government launches, such provision being necessary on account of the arrangement entered into with the Wharf and Godown Co., whereby the area occupied by the Water Police Basin, etc., at Tsim Sha Tsui is to be handed over to the Company (paragraph 134 of 1912 Report).

The new yard occupies the area between Saigon and Pakhoi Streets, having a marine frontage of 166′ 4′′ and a depth of 248′ 8′′, the area being 41,359 square feet.

The appliances, structures and buildings which are being provided in connection with the yard are as follows:-

(i.) A slipway to accommodate launches of the class of the

"Victoria".

(ii.) A steel pier, 67′ 6′′ long by 15′ 0′′ wide, with a T-head

30′ 0′′ in length.

(iii.) A coal store, 70′ 0′′ × 30′ 0′′.

(iv.) A carpenters' shop, 50′0′′x28′ 6′′, painters' shop and store, each 30′ 0′′ × 14′ 0′′, three rooms for workmen, (two measuring about 28′ 6′′×9′ 6′′ and one 11' 0"x 9' 0"), and a kitchen, 15' 0"x9′ 6′′.

(v.) A building, 90′ 0′′ × 30′0′′, partially 2-storied, to provide accommodation on the ground floor for housing unde- sirables deported from the Straits Settlements and elsewhere and shipped to Hongkong for repatriation and on the upper floor for a sail-makers' loft. The ground floor contains a large room with a floor area of 1,660 square feet, two bathrooms, a dressing room, a large kitchen and a caretaker's room. Latrine accommodation is provided in a detached building. The floor of the sail-makers' loft measures 69′ 0′′x 27' 8".

(vi.) A four-roomed bungalow, with deatched servants' quarters, for the European Police Sergeant in charge of the yard.

P.W.E. Kowloon.

P 82

The construction of the slipway was carried out as an extra work under the contract for the reclamation of the area opposite K.M.L.s 29-31 and was completed. An indent for the steelwork for the pier was despatched in May but, owing to the outbreak of war, no advice of the materials had been received up to the end of the year.

A contract for the erection of the whole of the buildings was let to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. on the 27th July and by the end of the year substantial progress had been made with all of them.

1914 Estimates,

...$33,000.00

1914 Expenditure....... 9,380.63

Total Estimates, (exclu-

sive of slipway),...$39,000.00 Expenditure to

31,12/14....

9.380.63

132. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new areas.— -A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 43 of this Report.

1914 Estimates,

1914 Expenditure,

$3,000.00

1,174.70

133, Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their execution extending over more than one year:-

Yaumati Vegetable Market :---

Kerbing, channelling and laying grano-

lithic paving on west side of market, $1,424 Erecting kitchen and store,

606

$2,030.00

Yaumati Police Station :-

Constructing an additional room over the

1,059

main gateway and installing electric light,

Constructing a reinforced concrete stair- case to Sergeants' mess room and altering windows of European De- tective's quarters,

Kowloon Reservoir:-Constructing permanent

quarters for Police Guard,

Mataukok Cattle Depôt :-

Inspector's Quarters-Substituting hard- wood flooring laid on cement con- crete for floors laid on wooden joists, Slaughter House-Providing extra scald-

503

1,562 00

1,016.56

418

ing pans,

137

Shroff's Quarters-Providing extra win-

dow and iron grilles to windows, -

30

585.00

P 83

Kowloon Water Works:---Filter Beds near Lai Chi Kok Pass--Laying 2" pipe for sand-washing purposes,

P.W.E. Kowloon.

$517.00 *

Royal Observatory :--

Erecting main entrance gates,

Minor alterations, -

$448

72

520.00

Ho Mun Tin --Resumption of Lots 20, 21

and 22. -

528

Less contribution from Railway funds,

67

461.00

Kowloon British School:-Turfing play-

ground and cutting catchwater,

435.00

Chatham Road Houses :- Alterations to pro- vide electrical workshop and installing

electric light to same,

345.00

Cox's Path ----Cutting away bank to obviate

landslips,

309.00

Steam Road Roller Shed :-Reconstructing

shed in new position,

200.00

Hire of matsheds to provide quarters for

deportees, etc.,

200.00

Tsim Sha Tsui Market:--Alterations to trough

closet,

194.00

Kowloon City:-Demolishing ruins which had

become dangerous,

1914 Estimates,.

187.00

$7,000,00

1914 Sup. Vote,

1914 Expenditure,

1,928.00

$8,928.00

8.921.35

134. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-Compensation and Resumptions, -The purposes of this vote are referred to in paragraph 117 of this Report.

1914 Estimates,.

1914 Expenditure,...

(1)-Properties resumed.

$5,000,00

2,954.88

There is nothing to report under this heading.

(2.)-Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Area in Sq. Ft.

In rear of Humphreys Buildings, Cornwall Avenue, K.I.L. 574,

1,688.5

Compensation paid.

$2,954.88

* A portion of this work has been charged to the Vote "Miscellaneous Water Works" (paragraph 135).

P.W.E. Kowloon,

P 84

Arrangements were also made for the resumption of the area required (384.5 sq. ft.) for a scavenging lane in the rear of Nos. 107-113, Canton Road, K.M.L. 48, but compensation had not been paid by the close of the year.

(3.) Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

Area in Sq. Ft.

In rear of Nos. 7-15 and 16-22 Ashley Road and

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Nos. 7-15 Hankow Road, K.I.L. 410, - Nos. 1-39 Pekin Road K.I.L. 416, Nos. 1-5 Gillies Avenue, H.H.I.L. 235, 2 houses on N.K.I.L. 27, Shamshuipo, Nos. 53-67 Reclamation Street, K.I.L.

1285,

3,438.00

1,800.00

462.75

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