Administrative Reports - 1913

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1913

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal Service

11 General Observations

A Finances Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Royal Observatory

F Supreme Court

G Police Magistrates' Court

H Land office

I New Territories

J Police and Fire Brigade

K Prison

L Medical and Sanitary

M Botanical and forestry

N Education

O Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

P Public Works

Q Post office

R Railway

 




HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1913.

1.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $8,512,308, being $660,449 more than the estimate and $331,615 more than the revenue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1912 there were increases under every head with the exception of Fees of Court or Office, Interest, and Miscellaneous Receipts.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $8,658,013, inclusive of a sum of $1,247,689 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.

The detailed figures for 1913 are set out in the following

statements:-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Light Dues -

93,649.44

Light Dues, Special Assessment

104,648.41

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

5,510,560.89

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid -

711,534.94

Post Office

439,189.37

Kowloon-Canton Railway

325,115.22

Rent of Government Property, Land and

Houses

898,480.27

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

136,844.82

TOTAL,

- 8,220,023.36

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

292,285.48

- $8,512,308.84

2

EXPENDITURE.

Governor

82,051.05

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature 79,977.73

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

41,674.04

Audit Department

30,817.89

Treasury

66,161.92

Harbour Master's Department

228,516.80

Royal Observatory

24,255.49

Miscellaneous Services-

387,783.79

Judicial and Legal Departments

253,636.18

Police and Prison Departments

909,421.09

Medical Departments

227,307.03

-

331,234.55

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure -

Public Works Department

-

-

48,745.88

269,164.33

1,615,683.32 367,544.52

599,843.24

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

1,247,689.34

Post Office

622,587.51

Kowloon-Canton Railway

245,808.58

Charge on account of Public Debt

672,961.36

Pensions

280,230.88

Charitable Services

24,916.41

TOTAL,

- $8,658,012.93

The deficit on the year's working was $145,704, and the balance of assets and liabilities showed on the 31st December a sum of $2,659,426 in the Colony's favour.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1909-1913 :-

Revenue.

Expenditure

$

$

1909

6,822,967.

6,542,839

1910

6,960,861

6,907,113

1911

7,497,231

7,077,177

1912

8,180,694

7,202,553

1913

8,512,308

8,658,012

*

-

1

3

The capital expenditure on the British Section of the Kowloon- Canton Railway during 1913 was $236,806, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station. The total expenditure on this account amounted at the end of the year to a sum of $13,521,231.

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,732, and in addition the advances by the Crown Agents for Railway Construc- tion amounted at the end of the year to £188,518. Against these items there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £164,188 and there is a balance of £220,000 unpaid in respect of the loan to the late Viceroy of Wuchang.

No new taxation was imposed during the year and no change of any importance was made in existing taxation.

The existing valuation for 1912-1913 was adopted as the valuation for 1913-1914. During the year ending 30th June 1913, no general assessment was made, the difference in rateable value being the result of interim assessments.

Increases,

The City of Victoria, $164,202 or 1.63%.

The Hill District, $8,700 or 2.99%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $4,075 or 1·11%. Hongkong Villages, $3,019 or 2.31%.

Yaumati, $1,760 or 0.67%.

Mongkoktsui, $2,715 or 1.76%.

Hung Hom and Hok Un, $140 or 0 04%.

Decreases.

Kowloon Point, $18,835 or 3.56%. New Kowloon, $15,903 or 13-33%.

Kowloon Villages, $11,187 or 11.7%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $12,450,992, being an increase of $138,686 or equal to 1.12% over the value of the previous year.

For the period 1904-1913 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $9,929,171 to $12,450,992 an increase in value of 25·39 % .

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China Mercantile Bank of India

$18,417,339

5,429,671

704,742

$24,551,752

!

An Ordinance (No. 13 of 1913) was passed prohibiting the circulation of Bank notes other than those authorised, while Ordi- nance No. 15 of 1913, coming into force on 1st March, 1914, was passed to prohibit the circulation of foreign silver coin.

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican dollars and of subsidiary coin.

Foreign note circulation has wholly ceased.

The rate of discount on Hongkong subsidiary coin varied during 1913 between the following limits:-

50 cent pieces par

www

to 3 per cent.

20

10

5

31 per cent.

8

>>

""

6

"

1

""

121

6

""

>>

par.

Copper coin

The total issue of these coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $36,392,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1913 ten cent pieces of the face value of $1,040,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which has prevailed since 1905 may be attributed to the immtense quantity of similar coin which has latterly been minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuous- ly followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $7,607,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000. It is thought that about half of that amount has dropped out of circulation.

!

5

II. TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1913 amounted to 490,228 vessels of 37,742,982 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1912, shows an increase of 1,609 vessels of. 1,007,933 tons.

Of the above, 47,520 vessels of 25,821,652 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as against 46,603 vessels of 24,269,270 tons in 1912, and were distributed as follows:-

1912. Numbers.

1913. Numbers.

1912.

1913. Tonnage. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

8.4 %

8.8%

32.4 %

32.7 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

9.2

9.9

35.3

36.0

British River

Steamers,

15.0

14:0

17.3

15'8

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.8

3.8

3.5

3.6

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

8.6

9.5

0.6

0'7

Trading Junks,

55.0

54.0

10.9

11.2

100'0

100.0

100·0

100'0

The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of ships of European construction, 4,445 Ocean Steamers, 2 Sailing Ships, 4,202 River Steamers, and 2,287 Steam-launches (not exceeding 60 tons) entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 299 ships, as compared with 287 in 1912, and 26-9 in 1911.

The average tonnage of individual ocean vessels entering the port has increased from 2,5757 tons to 2,577.5 tons. That of British ships has increased from 2,713'4 tons to 2,742-7 tons, while that of Foreign ships has decreased from 2,457 tons to 2,4537 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean Vessels has increased from 1,257 tons to 1,995 5 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entered during the year has increased from 585-1 tons to 5986 tons. That of British River Steamers has increased from 602-5 tons to 6162 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 5151 tons to 533-2 tons.

6

A comparison between the years 1912 and 1913 is given in the following table:-

1912.

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonuage.

+

British

Ocean- }

going,

3,956

Foreign Ocean-

going,

4,367

7,779,970 4,210 8,449,533

8,592,320 4,679 9,272,635

254

669,563

312

680,315

British River

Steamers.......

6,968

4,197,744 6,624

4,078,635

:

344 119,109

Foreign River

Steamers,.

1,738

$94,349 1,780

949.328 42

54,979

Steamships un-

der 60 tons 3,981

150,612 | 4,574 189,003 593

33,391

:

:

(Foreign

Trade),...

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

}|25,593 2,654,275 25,653 | 2,882,518 60

228,243

Total, Foreign 46,603 24,269,270 47,520 25,821.652 1,261 1,671,191 344 119,109

Trade,

......

Steam-launches

plying in

Waters of Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

411,990 | 10,609,404 416,438 10,720,604 | 4,448 111,200

*30,056 *1,856,475 |† 26,270 †1.200,726

3,786 655,749

Grand Total,

488,649 36,735,149 490,228 37,742,982 | 5,709 1,782,6914,130 774,858

Net,...

1,579 1,007,833

* Including 9,922 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 624,090 tons.

t

10,026

""

"

"

"

of 407.276

""

:

This table shows an increase in British Ocean Shipping of 254 ships of 669,563 tons, or 64 per cent. in numbers and 86 per cent. in tonnage.

British River Steamers show a decrease of 344 ships of 119,109 tons or 49 per cent. in numbers and 2.8 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the fact that two Chinese owned British Steamers, the Wing Hon and the Hoi Tung, ceased running during the year.

Foreign Ocean Vessels increased by 312 ships of 680,315 tons or 7.1 per cent. in numbers and 7.9 per cent. in tonnage. This is. almost entirely due to the increase under the Japanese flag, of 287 ships of 650,766 tons, though there are small increases under the Austrian, Dutch, Norwegian and United States flags, while French, German and Italian shipping decreased.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 42 ships of 54,979 tons, or 24 per cent. in numbers and 6'1 per cent. in tonnage. These figures are explained by the subs titution of the Kwong Kung

:

7

of 418 tons under Chinese colours for the Kwong Wai of 195 tons. During the year the two River Steamers hitherto under French colours have been transferred to the Chinese flag.

Steam-launches in Foreign Trade increased by 593 vessels of 38,391 tons, or 15 per cent. in numbers and 255 per cent. in tonnage. The causes which led to the large increase in 1912 have

• continued to be operative during the whole of 1913 but larger launches have been employed on the various runs.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 60 vessels of 228,243 tons, or 23 per cent. in numbers and 85 per cent. in tonnage. This appears to indicate that the Foreign Trade is being carried in junks of larger size than formerly.

In Local Trade, i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony, there is an increase in Steam-launches of 4,448 vessels of 111,200 tons or 1 per cent. in both numbers and tonnage.

In Local Trade Junks there is shown a large decrease, of 3,786 vessels of 655,749 tons, or 12 per cent. in number and 35 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by the facts that many large junks formerly employed in Local Trade, have gone into Foreign Trade during the year, and that all junks under 150 piculs capacity are now classed as boats".

66

It is of interest to note the altered relative positions of German and Japanese shipping visiting the Colony. In 1912, German shipping arriving occupied the second place on the list, with 637 ships of 1,129,054 tons, or 74 per cent. of the total arrivals of Ocean and River Trade vessels, and 10'5 per cent. in tonnage. While under the Japanese flag came 592 ships of 1,572,194 tons, or 69 per cent. in numbers and 146 per cent. in tonnage. In 1913, German shipping fell to the third place in both number and tonnage with 597 ships of 1,107,453 tons, or 69 per cent. in numbers and 9-7 per cent. in tonnage, against Japan's 740 ships of 1,907,307 tons or 8.5 per cent. in numbers and 167 per cent. in tonnage.

The actual number of individual Ocean Vessels of European construction entered during 1913 was 791 of which 361 were British and 430 were Foreign. In 1912 the corresponding figures were 724, 336 British and 388 Foreign.

These 791 ships measured 2,045,076 tons. They entered 4,447 times, and gave a collective tonnage of 8,873,806 tons. Thus, 65 more ships entered 292 more times, with a collective tonnage increased by 687,670 tons, an average of 2,355 tons per ship.

8

Thus

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1912. 1913. 1912. 1913.

1912.

1913.

British {

Steamers 335

359

1,977 2,099 3,892,3544,209,950

Sailing...

1

2

1

2 2,890

5,419

Japanese,

123

164

592

740 1,572,194 1,907,307

German,

98

106

637

597 1,129,054 1,107,453

Norwegian,

26

29

168

189

173,145 182,633

Austrian,

10

12

46

51

153,624 168,063

Chinese,

30

26

236

233

275,310 272,166

Danish,

6

6

11

13

28,927

34,433

Dutch,

18

15

1J2

128

246,352|| 242,928

French,

26

22

142

155

229,532 284,628

Italian,..

4

2

13

7

31,403

18,312

Portuguese,

5

5

101

114

49,494

52,009

Russian,

18

21

35

34

103.998

86,021

Swedish,

6

7

14

12

37,262

31,497

U.S.A.,

18

15

70

73

260,597 270,987

Total,

724

791 4,155 4,447 8,186,1368,873,806

TRADE.

The remarks with which this section of the Harbour Master's Report has always opened, as to the unreliability of the figures sup- plied by shipmasters, were never more fully justified than this year, the discrepancies between the quantities of various items reported and the actual quantities, which in some cases it has been possible to discover, been very marked.

Imports.-Under this heading, which includes all cargo landed or transshipped in the Colony from Ocean Vessels and River Steamers (not from junks or steam launches) a total of 4,956,125 tons, was reported, which compared with that reported for 1912, shows the enormous increase of 804,000 tons, or nearly 20% .

Of this total, the imports of coal, case oil, rice, timber, and general" show increases, while cotton goods, flour, bulk oil, and liquid fuel show decreases.

cent.

Coal. Here an increase is reported of 75,000 tons or 7 per

This as last year, is accounted for by increased demand for coal in Canton, and generally inland: about of the total having been re-exported to Canton,

4,

སྣ་་2,।

I

No coal of British origin arrived in the Colony, except that imported by the Admiralty. The imports of Japanese coal fell off considerably during the latter part of the year, its place being taken by increased imports of Chinese coal.

Cotton Goods.-The decrease indicated here amounts to 19,894 tons, or 33 per cent. It is more than doubtful if this decrease is

• borne out by facts although there was undoubtedly considerable reduction in imports of both piece goods and yarn.

The favourable prospects prevailing at the beginning of the year, as noted in last year's report, were destined to be extinguished by the renewed political trouble in China, which created unrest and financial difficulties, destructive to trade, with the result that the demand fell to zero, and no shipments were made. During the last part of the year, however, the trade revived, prices ruling steady, and exchange generally favourable.

<<

Flour.-Here was reported a decrease of 30,716 tons or 31 per cent, most of which is fabulous, the imports of flour being probably reported, in many cases, as general". The actual imports amounted to 129,415 tons of which 67,887 tons were reported. This amended total, compared with that for 1912, gives a decrease of 12,950 tons or 10 per cent. The reason for this actual reduction in imported flour is undoubtedly the recrudescence of political trouble in China, which caused shippers to be cautious.

It is of interest to note that Canada, during 1913, made her first shipments of flour to this market. The quantity is as yet small, only 8,000 tons, or 6 per cent. of the whole, but given more stable conditions in China, there is no reason to doubt that the Canadian mills will shortly be sending us large quantities.

Kerosene Oil.-Bulk Oil shows a falling off of 12,537 tons, or 18 per cent. This decrease is not of any importance. The stocks in hand in the Colony were large at the beginning of the year, and low at the end, more having been sold than imported. The actual consumption of oil, imported in bulk, in South China decreased by about 5 per cent. but this was more than counterbalanced by in- creased consumption of oil imported in cases. Bulk oil is always decanted into tins before distribution in China, so that, to the actual consumer, it makes little, if any, difference in what form it arrives in this Colony.

Case Oil. Here an increase of 12,243 tons or 33

per cent. is reported, but, as in the case of Bulk Oil, there is no significance in the figures. It is merely a question of stocks and freights. Stocks were low at the beginning of the year and freights high. During the second half of the year freights dropped, and large shipments were made, so that by the end of the year all available storage was virtually full. During the year a new competitor in this trade has entered the arena, in the shape of the Texas Oil Company, who have made some large shipments to this market.

་་་་་་་

10

Liquid Fuel.-A large decrease is reported here, amounting to 8,116 tons, or nearly 41 per cent. It has not been possible to verify the suspicions that a large quantity of liquid fuel has entered the Colony unreported, but it is believed that this is so from the fact that although the vessels of the Toyen Kisen Kaisha have ceased to bunker here, the demand from other points is increasing.

Opium.-A further decrease is shown in the imports and exports of raw opium which indicates generally the effect of the Opium Agreement of May, 1911, and of the subsequent arrangements between the Governments of Great Britain and China. The figures for the imports and exports since 1908 are shown in the following table :-

1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909. 1908. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

Stock in hand 1st January, Imported during the year,

5,560 9,108

7,587 7,123 12,361 21,286

1,509 5,808 4,707 31,743 35,734 41,821

Total,..........

14,668 19,9481| 28,409

36,252 41,542 46,528

Boiled by Opium Farmer, Spurious Opium destroyed, Stolen, Exported during the year,

667 1,113

761

782 14

1,041 51

864

247

9,419

13,264 20,061 | 28,333 35,933

39,609

Total,.....

10,088 14,388 20,822

29,129 37,033

40,720

Stock remaining 31st Dec., 4,580 5,560

7,587

7,123 4,509

5,808

Rice. The figures furnished by shipmasters show an increase in the rice imports of 34 per cent. As a matter of fact, the increase amounts to about 20 per cent. The Rice crop in China was above average, so that there was no need for extra importation. In Annam and Siam the crops were unusually good, and prices ruled low, The Touking crop was poor. The figures given show that about 750,000 tons of rice arrived in the Colony during the year.

Timber. The increase of 9,663 tons, or 13.5 per cent. reported is due to the increased demand for Borneo hardwoods and American and Canadian pine, for house and ship building. It is mostly sent on, in junks, to Canton.

Rattans. The trade in rattans is an increasing one, though not to the extent indicated by the reports sent in, which show an increase of 2,426 tons. The quantity reported in 1912 was 907 tons and in 1913, 3,333 tons. As a matter of fact, 10,588 tons were imported in the latter year, being an increase of about

''

1

སྐ

11

11 per cent. Of this total, about 60 per cent. comes from the Straits Settlements, 30 per cent. from Java, and 10 per cent. from Borneo. About is exported, raw, to Canton.

General. Here an increase is reported of 688,286 tons, or 43'6 per cent.

This is probably a genuine increase, when allowance is made for the itemised descriptions of cargo reported as "general". It appears to be due to the state of the freight market during the greater part of the year, and serves to show that however much the political state of China influenced certain branches of trade, the deficit was more than made up in other branches.

Export Cargo.-Under this heading were reported 2,681,318 tons, an increase of 346,318 tons, or nearly 15 per cent.

Transit Cargo.-There is shown an increase in transit cargo of 345,848 tons, or 75 per cent.

Emigration and Immigration.

One hundred and forty-two thousand seven hundred and fifty- nine (142,759) Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1913, (122,657 in 1912).

Of these, 103,665 were carried in British ships, and 39,094 in Foreign ships.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements 1908 to 1913 compared with Total Chinese

Emigration 1908 to 1913.

No. of Emigrants

to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of Emigrants.

1908,

49,639

71,081

1909,

48,016

77,430

1910,

* 76,705

111,058

1911,

100,906

135,565

1912,

84,024

122,657

1913,

102,353

142,759

One hundred and sixty-six thousand nine hundred and twenty- one (166,921) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had been emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 163,248 in 1912. Of these 130,313 arrived in British ships, and 36,608 in Foreign ships.

12

(b.)-INDUSTRIES.

(i.)—Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-This industry improved as regards tonnage during the year under review.

1913.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld...... 11 vessels of 5,886 gross tons and 4,420 I.H.P. ● Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., 9

>>

3,304

""

2)

4,700

""

W. S. Bailey & Co.,

15

306

509

"

""

>>

دو

Kwong Fook Cheong,

3

220

385

وو

وو

Kwong Tuck Cheong,

6

Sam Kee,

21

1,493 140

2,406

250

11

""

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

6

558

"1

21

11

1,002

19

Kwong Sze Sang,..

6

380

720

"

"

>>

"

Total,

59 vessels of 12,287 gross tons and 14,392 I.H.P.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ed., W. S. Bailey & Co., Macdonald & Co...... Ulderup & Schluter,

Tung Hing Lung,

1912.

6

8 vessels of 2,121 gross tons and 1,065 I.H.P.

21

15

922 491

>>

""

1,275

"

486

""

11

""

3

197

218

"2

87

120

"

"

2

50

180

13

3)

Kwong Fook Cheong,

665

585

22

"J

Kwong Hip Loong,

1

27

76

*

*

"J

Kwong Tak Cheong,

548

846

າງ

>>

33

Kwong Tak Hing,

1

91

110

JJ

11

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

250

575

""

>>

Cheung Kee,..

34

79

"

Kwong Sze Sang..

206

">

Kwong Lee,

76

1,301 102

>>

""

""

ARRA ARAA *

Total,..

61 vessels of 5,765 gross tons and 7,018 I.H.P.

Sugar Refineries.-The year 1913 was an unsatisfactory one. Prices, owing to severe Japanese and Java competition, were on a very low scale throughout the whole period. In addition to this, tightness of money, restriction of credit, and want of confidence in the country generally, had an adverse effect on the China market.

Cotton Spinning.-The Cotton Yarn trade proved somewhat disappointing during 1913, as the bright prospects under which the year opened were not fully realized owing to political unrest and chaotic financial conditions in China. The local mill, however, has worked full time and did a larger turnover than in the previous year, which would tend to show that yarns produced from China Cotton (on similar lines to the Shanghai mills) are growing in favour.

It is generally felt that granted reasonable facilities for trade, the outlook is encouraging.

Rope Manufacturing. The rise in the price of hemp in the Philippines which was the chief feature of 1912, was well maintained during 1913, but towards the end of the year the market eased off

£

13

owing to absence of enquiry from the United States. It is antici- pated, however, that the crop for 1914 will be considerably below the average, and if this turns out to be the case we may expect no decline of importance during 1914. The effect of the high price of the raw material during the year was, as anticipated in our last report, to curtail sales, although the demand was on the whole satisfactory throughout the year.

Cement. The demand in the Far East kept up during the year. The local Green Island Cement Co. unfortunately was not able to keep the different markets well supplied on account of the embargo placed on the export of limestone from the Kwangtung province still being in force, the result being the re-appearance of various European and Japanese brands, and a large importation of the Haiphong Company's product. The trouble was nearing a settlement at the end of the year, and it is hoped that stone will be procurable from the old sources of supply before much longer. Outward freights from Europe and England were somewhat lower, and prices declined towards the end of the year.

(ii.)-Under Chinese Management.

Rattan and Fibre Furnitures.--Manufacturers and exporters alike report a greatly increased business, the demand for hemp string and sea grass being particularly good.

Native Tobacco.-Contrary to expectations this industry has revived, many Chinese who formerly used Cigarettes of European manufacture are now favouring the native weed. The output has increased 30 per cent. on the previous year and business has been profitably carried on.

Tinned Goods.-The volume of exports increased and local factories report a very good year.

Samshu.-The Superintendent of Imports and Exports reports that the trade has been steady during the year, an increase being shewn in Samshu (a) distilled locally, (b) imported, (c) exported and (d) consumed locally. New distilleries have been opened in Hong- kong and the New Territories.

Vinegar. The output shews a slight falling off as compared with the previous year and business generally has not been profit- able.

Knitted Vests and Socks.-Notwithstanding the keen competi- tion of the Japanese who imported largely in the early part of the year, business cannot be said to have been bad, and prospects for the coming year are good.

Leather and Hides.-Local tanneries have almost died out, but the export of raw hides to Penang has greatly increased and the re-import of fine leather from that port steadily grows to meet the extraordinary demand in China for foreign style ladies' boots and shoes, and for military equipment.

*

14

Ginger and Preserves.-Business increased 20 per cent. during the year, profits being considered good all round.

Soy.-Exporters again report a dull market, and a continual drop in export to Singapore and the South.

Paper. The year shows a further decrease in this trade and stocks on hand are heavy.

Vermilion. The output just about corresponds with the pre- vious year but the demand has increased and good profits have been made at enhanced prices.

Lard. The export of this and dried meats to the Philippine Islands increased about 30 per cent. and local merchants are pre- pared to comply with regulations imposed as to purity, etc.

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is imported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of con- siderable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE AND BOTANY.

On the south slope of Beacon Hill 66,000 one-year old pine tree seedlings were planted. 5,000 pine tree seedlings were also planted on the Kowloon Service Tank Hill.

About 50,000 pine tree seedlings have been raised for planting in 1914. A much larger number had been provided for but the August typhoon destroyed between 30,000 and 40,000.

At Aberdeen and Pokfulum, in areas cleared by fires, pine seeds were sown in sites.

Some 5,000 young Banian trees were planted on the low hills to the south of Beacon Hill. One hundred young Camphor trees were also planted on these hills.

In the Pokfulum valley over 2,500 young trees were planted consisting of Camphor, Tristania and Ficus.

Pine seed, amounting to 420 lbs., was sown broadcast on grassy hills in the vicinity of Kowloon Tsai.

Alongside the Castle Peak-Shataukok Road, 1,300 trees were planted consisting of Poinciana, Ficus and Melaleuca.

:

15

At U Kau Tang 1,000 pits were made, some of which were planted with trees and the others sown with seeds.

In the vicinity of Fanling 250 flowering trees were planted.

The young pine tree plantations at Mount Davis, Aberdeen and Lyemun were thinned out.

Creepers encircling trees in plantations at Mt. Kellett, Mt. Victoria, Mt. Gough, Mt. Parker, and Kowloon Catchwater were cut.

Trees and shrubs standing in the New Reservoir area at Tytam Tuk were felled.

Large numbers of flowering trees and shrubs were planted along the Bowen, May, Magazine Gap and Peak Roads and the Peak Tramline.

In connection with anti-malarial measures about 4,500,000 square feet were cleared of undergrowth at Government expense. A further area of about 975,000 square feet was cleared at the expense of the Military Authorities and an area of 3,500 square feet at the cost of private individuals.

For survey purposes an area of about 2,400,000 square feet was cleared for the Public Works Department.

Several inquiries were made by merchants regarding seeds of economic value and the desired information was given.

The first and second rice crops were good. Lichees were plentiful. On the last day of the year frost destroyed many of the fields of Sweet Potatoes in the New Territories.

(e)-LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF LAND.

There was a considerable increase in the net amount received from sales of Crown land and pier rights during 1913 the figure reached being $292,285 which is $128,501 more than the preceding year and $126,400 more than the average for the past five years. The principal items are:- $43,645 for Kowloon Inland Lots No. 1,283 and 1,284, a large area of 233,225 square feet situate near Yaumati Railway Station, $35,000 and $23,500 respectively for Inland Lots No. 2,028 and 1,968 in Taipingshan in the City of Victoria which were sold at the rates of $4.95 and $5.11 per square foot: $24,900 obtained for Inland Lot No. 1,947 an area of 249,000 square feet situate on the summit of the ridge east of the Happy Valley, and $12,936 for sales of land in the New Territories the last figure being $4,791 more than the amount received for the previous year, an increase of nearly 38%.

There were not as many sales of lots in and around the City as there were last year, but several large lots were sold, and in some instances there was keen competition, particularly in the case of the two lots at Taipingshan above mentioned, when the amounts realized were considerably in excess of the upset prices.

16

There was a further increase in the number of private proper- ties which changed hands the total number of lots or portions of lots being 1,455 as against 1,219 last year, the total purchase money paid being $21,845,734 which is $2,815,748 in excess of last year's total.

During the year a survey was made of Marine Lot No. 54 which was re-entered in 1912, the lot being divided into some 61 Inland Lots in respect of which 51 Crown Leases have already been issued.

There was an improvement in the demand for granite quarries after a period of depression, a batch of ten were put up to auction at the end of the year for short periods and realized an increase of 57% above the upset rentals.

In the New Territories the demand for land was normal inasmuch as the number of lots sold was very little in excess of the preceding year, but the sale of several large Agricultural Lots and a large Oyster Bed in the Northern District swelled the total acreage of and the prices obtained for lands sold in that part of the Colony to figures considerably above last year's totals.

An area of 42 acres was granted to the Royal Hongkong Golf Club as an extension to the existing course at Fan Ling in the New Territories.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty Ordinances were passed during 1913, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances and one, an Ordinance to repeal the Sugar Convention Ordinance, was subsequently disallowed.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the General Loan and Inscribed Stock Ordinance (No. 7) setting forth the terms and conditions applicable to loans authorised by the Hongkong Government and to provide for the creation of Hongkong Inscribed Stock, the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Notes (No. 13), the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Silver and Nickel Coins (No. 15), the Steam Launch and River Trade Steamer (Protection against Piracy) Ordinance (No. 18) which provides for precautions being taken on board River Steamers against the seizure of steamers by pirates who embark under the guise of passengers, and the Education Ordinance (No. 26) which provides for the registration, control and supervision of schools.

IV.—EDUCATION.

The Education Ordinance was passed and came into force towards the end of the year. By its provisions all schools except Government, Naval and Military Schools and a few others especially excluded, are compulsorily registered and are subject to inspection. Unregistered schools are illegal and the Managers liable to a heavy fine. The Director of Eduction has power to close inefficient and

=

16

There was a further increase in the number of private proper- ties which changed hands the total number of lots or portions of lots being 1,455 as against 1,219 last year, the total purchase money paid being $21,845,734 which is $2,815,748 in excess of last year's total.

During the year a survey was made of Marine Lot No. 54 which was re-entered in 1912, the lot being divided into some 61 Inland Lots in respect of which 51 Crown Leases have already been issued.

There was an improvement in the demand for granite quarries after a period of depression, a batch of ten were put up to auction at the end of the year for short periods and realized an increase of 57% above the upset rentals.

In the New Territories the demand for land was normal inasmuch as the number of lots sold was very little in excess of the preceding year, but the sale of several large Agricultural Lots and a large Oyster Bed in the Northern District swelled the total acreage of and the prices obtained for lands sold in that part of the Colony to figures considerably above last year's totals.

An area of 42 acres was granted to the Royal Hongkong Golf Club as an extension to the existing course at Fan Ling in the New Territories.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty Ordinances were passed during 1913, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances and one, an Ordinance to repeal the Sugar Convention Ordinance, was subsequently disallowed.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the General Loan and Inscribed Stock Ordinance (No. 7) setting forth the terms and conditions applicable to loans authorised by the Hongkong Government and to provide for the creation of Hongkong Inscribed Stock, the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Notes (No. 13), the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Silver and Nickel Coins (No. 15), the Steam Launch and River Trade Steamer (Protection against Piracy) Ordinance (No. 18) which provides for precautions being taken on board River Steamers against the seizure of steamers by pirates who embark under the guise of passengers, and the Education Ordinance (No. 26) which provides for the registration, control and supervision of schools.

IV.—EDUCATION.

The Education Ordinance was passed and came into force towards the end of the year. By its provisions all schools except Government, Naval and Military Schools and a few others especially excluded, are compulsorily registered and are subject to inspection. Unregistered schools are illegal and the Managers liable to a heavy fine. The Director of Eduction has power to close inefficient and

=

16

There was a further increase in the number of private proper- ties which changed hands the total number of lots or portions of lots being 1,455 as against 1,219 last year, the total purchase money paid being $21,845,734 which is $2,815,748 in excess of last year's total.

During the year a survey was made of Marine Lot No. 54 which was re-entered in 1912, the lot being divided into some 61 Inland Lots in respect of which 51 Crown Leases have already been issued.

There was an improvement in the demand for granite quarries after a period of depression, a batch of ten were put up to auction at the end of the year for short periods and realized an increase of 57% above the upset rentals.

In the New Territories the demand for land was normal inasmuch as the number of lots sold was very little in excess of the preceding year, but the sale of several large Agricultural Lots and a large Oyster Bed in the Northern District swelled the total acreage of and the prices obtained for lands sold in that part of the Colony to figures considerably above last year's totals.

An area of 42 acres was granted to the Royal Hongkong Golf Club as an extension to the existing course at Fan Ling in the New Territories.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty Ordinances were passed during 1913, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances and one, an Ordinance to repeal the Sugar Convention Ordinance, was subsequently disallowed.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the General Loan and Inscribed Stock Ordinance (No. 7) setting forth the terms and conditions applicable to loans authorised by the Hongkong Government and to provide for the creation of Hongkong Inscribed Stock, the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Notes (No. 13), the Prohibition of the Circulation of Foreign Silver and Nickel Coins (No. 15), the Steam Launch and River Trade Steamer (Protection against Piracy) Ordinance (No. 18) which provides for precautions being taken on board River Steamers against the seizure of steamers by pirates who embark under the guise of passengers, and the Education Ordinance (No. 26) which provides for the registration, control and supervision of schools.

IV.—EDUCATION.

The Education Ordinance was passed and came into force towards the end of the year. By its provisions all schools except Government, Naval and Military Schools and a few others especially excluded, are compulsorily registered and are subject to inspection. Unregistered schools are illegal and the Managers liable to a heavy fine. The Director of Eduction has power to close inefficient and

=

18

M

3

useful functions of its own. The Normal Classes for men and women, the Shorthand, Mathematics and English Classes were all well attended, as also a "First Aid" Class.

The University of Hongkong was opened for teaching in Sep- tember, 1912. Chancellor, His Excellency Sir Francis Henry May, K.C.M.G., B.A., LL.D., Vice-Chancellor and Principal, Sir Charles Eliot, K.C.M.G., C.B., D.C.L., M.A., LL.D., Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Professor C. A. M. Smith, M.SC., M.I.M.E., Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Francis William Clark, M.D., Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Professor A. E. W. Salt, M.A., Registrar, A. C. Franklin, F.I.C.

Faculties of Engineering, Medicine and Arts are fully estab- lished. In the Engineering Department courses are being given in Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, leading up to the degree of B.Sc. (Eng.). The Medical Faculty prepares students for the degrees of M.B. and B.S. The Arts Faculty gives the degree of B.A. which like all the other degrees of the University is modelled on the London Pass Degree.

Five years of residence are required before the M.B. or B.S. can be granted, and four for the B.Sc. (Eng.) and B.A. There are three terms in the Session, which begins on September 15th and ends about May 31st. The fees are $300 for tuition, and $240 for board and residence, with a deposit of $25 caution money. fees are payable in terminal instalments.

All

The University has shown abundant proof of vitality. At the end of the year the number of students was 107, 52 of whom were taking Engineering, 30 Medicine and 25 Arts. While most of the students have studied in Hongkong schools a number come from Canton, the Coast Ports of China and the Straits Settlements.

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

The Western Market was completed, being opened on the 1st October. The buildings in connection with it occupy fully half an acre of land, the main building being two-storied.

The Mongkoktsui Breakwater was constructed throughout to a height of about 5 feet above high water level or 14 feet above low water level, whilst the reclamation adjoining the northern entrance of the Harbour of Refuge, which forms part of the scheme, was nearly completed. The foundations of the pier enclosing the Harbour of Refuge to the south were ready to receive the super-

structure.

The concreting of the foundations of the valve tower in the large masonry dam, forming the second section of the Tytam Tuk Scheme, was begun at the close of the year.

The following buildings were completed :-Sanitary Offices in Wantsai and Saiyingpun Districts; new Operating Theatre, etc., at the Civil Hospital; an extension of the City Slaugther Houses and

19

Lairage Sheds and Quarters near same for an additional Inspector; a large extension of the Belilios Public School; Quarters for the sextons at Mount Caroline and Kailungwan Cemeteries; a temporary building for the Survey Staff of the Public Works Department; an underground Trough Closet at the west end of Wellington Street; a Vegetable and Fruit Market at Yaumati and an extension of the Royal Observatory, Kowloon. The following buildings were in course of erection :-New Magistracy; a new Public Works Store- yard; Quarters for Subordinate Officers at Breezy Point, on Mount Parish and adjoining King's Park, Kowloon, (30 houses in all); Stables for the Sanitary Department adjoining No. 1 Police Station; an underground Trough Closet at the foot of Pottinger Street; a Urinal at Happy Valley and additions to Hunghom Police Station.

A diversion of Wongneichong Road to the north of the village bearing the same name was completed and the improvement of a further portion of this road, extending from near the village to the gate of the Colonial Cemetery, was in progress. The Tramway Company undertook the extension of their Happy Valley line to opposite I.L. 1,927. Belchers Street was extended past M.L.'s 263-268, Kennedy Town, and the first portion of a road along the north face of Victoria Peak, extending for a distance of 2,820 feet from Victoria Gap, was nearly completed. The construction of a road to give access to I.L.'s 1,946 & 1,947, situated on the spur to the east of Happy Valley, was begun. In the New Territories, the remaining section of the Castle Peak -Sha Tau Kok Road, extending from Au Tau to San Tin, was completed, but the bridging of the creek at Au Tau still remains to be done. An extension of the road at Castle Peak Bay to a point where a pier can be constructed to admit of launches going alongside at all states of the tide was begun. A branch road from Au Tau to Kam Tin was completed, with the exception of the bridge near the latter place, and branch roads between the following points were completed or nearly so :- Sheung Shui Railway Station to Fanling Golf Course; Sheung Shui Railway Station to Shek Wu Hui and Sheung Shui villages.

The training of the stream at No. 12 Bridge, Shaukiwan, was completed for the full distance to which such works are to be extended at present and the training of a considerable length of the stream at No. 11 Bridge was proceeded with. Streams in the Wongneichong, Wanchai, Bowen Road, Magazine Gap and Mount Austin Districts were also trained. An extension of the nullah at the Railway Yard, Hunghom, was carried out with a view to obviating the flooding of the yard during heavy rainstorms and the consequent deposit of large quantities of detritus. Various ex- tensions of sewers in connection with new building lots were carried out and further drainage works were executed at Shamshuipo on account of reclamation works in progress there.

The reclamations in front of K.M.L.'s 29-31, Yaumati, to the south of K.M.L. 32, Taikoktsui, and at Shamshuipo were nearly completed. The works executed with a view to the improvement of Ap Liu Village were completed, but arrangements for the recon- struction of the houses themselves still remained to be carried out.

21

The Working Expenses compared with Gross Receipts show a marked decrease; the percentage for the previous year being 85.81 while for 1913 it was only 73.68.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic was $129,206, an increase of $12,382, and that from Through and Joint Sectional Traffic has increased by $78,942. The excess of income over expenditure for the year was $87,825.

The expenditure on the Fanling Branch during the year amounted to $11,086.29 against an estimate of $12,536.00 which shows a saving of $1,449.71. The estimated earnings were cal- culated to be $14,600 but the actual amount realized was $6,912.25 only. With the institution of the new rolling stock in April, 1914, it is hoped that the receipts will increase.

Passengers booked by British Section

to Stations in China,

Passengers booked by Chinese Section

250,437

to Stations on the British Section, 296,614 Passengers travelling on the British

Section, Main Line,

230,339

47,119

Passengers travelling on the British

Section, Fanling Branch,

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accommodat- ing 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 2,793 in- patients and 15,361 out-patients were treated during 1913 as against 2,731 and 15,177 respectively in 1912. 254 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 198 in 1912 and 112 in 1911. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows a decrease of 150 cases as com- pared with the year 1912. The Maternity Hospital contains 12 beds for Europeans and 4 for Asiatics. 213 confinements occurred during the year as against 140 in 1912. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1913, 220 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which con- tains 26 beds, 9 cases were treated in 1913, all being small-pox.

(b.)-LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is.under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 8 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 259 patients of all races were treated during 1913 and there were 17 deaths.

22

(c.)-THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. About half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being submitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervision of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst a Chinese house surgeon, trained in Western medicine, is a member of the hospital staff. There are 323 beds in the buildings and 4,910 patients were accommodated during 1913.

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 58 beds and during 1913, 101 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society, and consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904 and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1913 was 1,634 and the expenditure $18,053.34. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 394. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives which removal of Chinese plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and as designed will ultimately provide accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 1,416 patients were accommodated during 1913. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chair- manship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

The Hongkong University is an institution that arose from the joint enterprise of British and Chinese subscribers. It was

23

founded with funds representing about equal proportions of Chinese and British money.

The idea of the University is to provide, close to China, education for Chinese similar to that given in the British Universities, but at a much cheaper cost; for if a Chinese goes abroad to be educated he has to pay, besides travelling expenses, some $2,000 ⚫per annum ; whereas at Hongkong the expenses of the University are $540 per annum for board and tuition, or, including extras, from $600 to $650.

The founders of the University took into consideration the fact that Chinese students being educated abroad have usually to make their own arrangements for board and lodging. Con- sequently sometimes they contract irregular habits. All students educated at the Hongkong University are required to become boarders, and thus their whole lives are under supervision whilst they are there. Ample provision is made for indoor and outdoor recreation, and in this connection it is interesting to note that the Chinese residents of Hongkong recently subscribed a large sum for levelling a new playing field and that the work has just been completed.

The University is composed of three Faculties: 1.-Medical, which offers unexampled facilities for the practice of medicine. The anatomical laboratories were the gift of a Cantonese gentleman (Mr. Ng Li-hing). There is a large staff of instructors in medi- cine all the principal doctors of Hongkong give lectures at the University. 2.-Arts. The establishment of this Faculty was largely due to the munificence of a Straits Chinese gentleman (Mr. Cheung Pat-sze). Its special object is to provide training suitable to those who desire to enter the public service or the higher branches of mercantile life. Instruction comprises English and Chinese literature, political and constitutional history, political economy, jurisprudence and international and commercial law.

The largest of the Faculties is that of Engineering, to which nearly two-thirds of the students belong. It is divided into three branches Civil, Electrical and Mechanical. The University has an exceptionally large equipment of machinery and apparatus, and at the end of this year it will probably have fourteen laboratories and workshops in working order. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical management.

The University insists upon all students having a proper knowledge of their own language, although instruction at the University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examination in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Hanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China.

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VII-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported, by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for . the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1913 the number of persons admitted was €25 and at the close of the year 62 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese.

It is now housed in the Belilios Reformatory and receives a small grant from the Government.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent ($1,280), the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence

1

!

7

25

including one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay. The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary subscription, was $39,392.09. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII. CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 12,011 being a decrease of 649 or 5.13 per cent. as compared with 1912. There was in 1913 a decrease in serious offences of 825 or 19.30 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 202 below the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1909. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 176 as compared with 1912 and was 1,500 over the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1913 was Europeans 175, Indians 472, Chinese 576, making a total of 1,223 (as compared with 1,173 in 1912) exclusive in each case of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments and by private firms. Of this force 13 Europeans, 141 Indians and 48 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year, under an Assistant Superintendent.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 124, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 6,885 as compared with 6,236 in 1912. Of these 1,369 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,867 in 1912. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 77 more under the Prepared Opium Ordinance, and 10 less for infringement of Sanitary By- laws, than in 1912.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 702, the average for 1912 being 701, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.15 which is the average percentage for the last ten years. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accom- modation for 630 prisoners.

26

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 1-22 as compared with 140 in 1912 and 1.61 in 1911.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, washing, mat-making, tailoring, oakum-picking, etc. The profit on the work done was $59,007 as against $60,976 in 1912. A sum of $4,652 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,636 in 1912.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

year

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the under review was 489,114, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 398,520, of whom 21,470 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population at the Census was as follows:- Non-Chinese Civil Community,

Chinese

Population.

..12,075 ·

City of Victoria (including Peak),.

219,386

Villages of Hongkong,

16,106

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

67,602

New Territories,

80,622

Population afloat,

60,948

444,664

456,739

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

(6.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations which was so noticeable a feature of 1912 has continued and the demand for housing accom- modation by the Chinese has been greatly in excess of the supply; this indicates that many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911 and 1912 have elected to remain in the Colony.

A further influx of Chinese from the neighbouring provinces, estimated at from 50,000 to 60,000, occurred during 1913 as a result of renewed political disturbances, which fortunately however were speedily brought to a peaceful termination,

26

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 1-22 as compared with 140 in 1912 and 1.61 in 1911.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, washing, mat-making, tailoring, oakum-picking, etc. The profit on the work done was $59,007 as against $60,976 in 1912. A sum of $4,652 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,636 in 1912.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

year

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the under review was 489,114, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 398,520, of whom 21,470 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population at the Census was as follows:- Non-Chinese Civil Community,

Chinese

Population.

..12,075 ·

City of Victoria (including Peak),.

219,386

Villages of Hongkong,

16,106

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

67,602

New Territories,

80,622

Population afloat,

60,948

444,664

456,739

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

(6.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations which was so noticeable a feature of 1912 has continued and the demand for housing accom- modation by the Chinese has been greatly in excess of the supply; this indicates that many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911 and 1912 have elected to remain in the Colony.

A further influx of Chinese from the neighbouring provinces, estimated at from 50,000 to 60,000, occurred during 1913 as a result of renewed political disturbances, which fortunately however were speedily brought to a peaceful termination,

28

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The mean shade temperature for the year at the Royal Obser- vatory, Kowloon, (108 feet above mean sea level), was 71°.9, the same as in 1912, and the ten preceding years. The maximum temperature was 92°0 on the 20th July and the minimum 44o·0 on the 26th January. The hottest month was July, with a mean temperature of 82°-8 and the coldest, January, with a mean temperature of 59°-2.

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 83.73 inches, as compared with an average of 80-85 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was June with 16-03 inches, the driest, November, when 0.74 inch was recorded. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 405 inches on the 19th September while no rain fell on 221 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 77%, compared with an average of 78% during the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 5-6 hours, being 46% of the possible duration.

as

X.-POSTAL SERVICE.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1913 was $439,189.37 and the total expenditure $622,587.51 leaving a debit balance of $183,398.14. The total amount of payments during the year exceeded that estimated for by $183,244.51 owing to the claims in respect of mails sent via Siberia during the years 1910 and 1911 and the share of the Peninsular and Oriental mail subsidy for the 4th quarter of 1912 being settled this year instead of in 1912.

During the period 1st-28th May, statistics, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Union, were taken by all Union Offices to form the basis for calculating the transit charges pay- able on international correspondence for the years 1914 to 1919 inclusive.

XI.-GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The condition of the neighbouring Province of Kwangtung was in a very unsatisfactory state for the greater part of the year, and this condition re-acted upon the Colony. There were constant intrigues against the authority of the Central Government and it was necessary to adopt strong measures in order to prevent such intrigues from being fostered in Hongkong. The financial difficul-

}

28

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The mean shade temperature for the year at the Royal Obser- vatory, Kowloon, (108 feet above mean sea level), was 71°.9, the same as in 1912, and the ten preceding years. The maximum temperature was 92°0 on the 20th July and the minimum 44o·0 on the 26th January. The hottest month was July, with a mean temperature of 82°-8 and the coldest, January, with a mean temperature of 59°-2.

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 83.73 inches, as compared with an average of 80-85 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was June with 16-03 inches, the driest, November, when 0.74 inch was recorded. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 405 inches on the 19th September while no rain fell on 221 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 77%, compared with an average of 78% during the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 5-6 hours, being 46% of the possible duration.

as

X.-POSTAL SERVICE.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1913 was $439,189.37 and the total expenditure $622,587.51 leaving a debit balance of $183,398.14. The total amount of payments during the year exceeded that estimated for by $183,244.51 owing to the claims in respect of mails sent via Siberia during the years 1910 and 1911 and the share of the Peninsular and Oriental mail subsidy for the 4th quarter of 1912 being settled this year instead of in 1912.

During the period 1st-28th May, statistics, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Union, were taken by all Union Offices to form the basis for calculating the transit charges pay- able on international correspondence for the years 1914 to 1919 inclusive.

XI.-GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The condition of the neighbouring Province of Kwangtung was in a very unsatisfactory state for the greater part of the year, and this condition re-acted upon the Colony. There were constant intrigues against the authority of the Central Government and it was necessary to adopt strong measures in order to prevent such intrigues from being fostered in Hongkong. The financial difficul-

}

!

i

29

ties in which the Provincial Administration has been involved ever since the Revolution were accentuated by the depreciation of the unsecured note issue unwisely made by the Provincial Government; and this depreciation, coupled with further depreciation of the silver currency caused by continued issues of twenty-cent pieces, and the prevalence of brigandage throughout the Province militated against trade. The climax was reached when in July Governor-General Ch'an Kwing-ining proclaimed the independence of the Kwangtung Province. This movement was shortlived, for on the advance of Lung Chai-kwong from Kwangsi on Canton Ch'an Kwing ming fled and Lung Chai-kwong restored the authority of the Central Govern- ment. Many acts of piracy were committed in the waters of the Canton River delta throughout the year. The S.S. Tai On, a steamer flying the British flag, was attacked on the 2nd April. Pirates who had embarked on the vessel in the guise of passengers, succeeded in overpowering the officers and securing a large quantity of booty.

This outrage led to the enactment of the Protection against Piracy Ordinance referred to under the heading of Legisla- tion, and to a considerable increase in the Police whose duty it is to search passengers embarking on River steamers.

The embargo on the export of limestone from the Kwangtung Province was not moved in 1913. Although vigorous representa- tions were made to the Chinese Authorities at Canton and Peking, the question remained unsettled at the close of the year. Very great injury was occasioned to the Green Island Cement Company by its loss of a source of supply which it has enjoyed, by permission of the Provincial Authorities, for over 20 years.

The boycott of the Low Level Tramway which commenced in November of the preceding year came to an end in February. The Company received a grant from the Government amounting to $45,248 as partial compensation for the losses sustained.

With a view to obtaining a better control over the sale of pre- pared opium the Government decided to institute a Government Monopoly of the sale of the prepared drug in the Colony on the expiration of the lease of the present Opium Farm. Mr. R. O. Hutchison who was selected to inaugurate the Monopoly proceeded to the Straits Settlements in April to investigate the working of the system in that Colony and in the Federated Malay States.

Vigorous efforts were made in 1913 to check the smuggling of prepared opium out of the Colony, to countries which prohibit the importation of the drug. The Opium Farmer was allowed to renew his lease of the opium farm for a further period of one year from the 1st March, 1913, but a special clause was inserted in the agreement reducing the amount of opium to be prepared in the Farm during the year from 900 chests to 540 chests for local con- sumption and 120 chests for export. The Opium Ordinance was also amended during the year in several important respects the most noteworthy in this connection being the provision rendering it illegal for any person, other than the Farmer or his licensees, to be in possession of a quantity exceeding 5 taels of opium. The

}

:

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1913.

Comparative Statement of the Revenue and Expenditure for the period ended 31st December, 1913.

Revenue for

Estimates

1913.

Actual

Revenue to

31st Dec.,

1913.

same

period of

Increase.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates,

1913

preceding

Year.

Actual

Expenditure

to 31st

Dec., 1913.

Expenditure for same

period of

preceding

Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

84,000.00 93,649.44 87,454.95

6,194.49

Governor

83,078.00 82,051.05 77,566.72 4,484.33

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature.

...

80,916.00

79,977.73 67,552.91 12,424.82

96,000.00

104,648.41 98,448.45

6,199.96

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

43,736.00 41,674.04 45,520.75

3,846.71

Audit Department

ise specified 5,109,150.00 5,510,560.89 5.371,419.75

139,141.14

Treasury

...

pecific purposes,

:

:

:

602,060.00 711,534.94 785,534.51

400,000.00 439.189.37

401,054.32

38,135.95

73,999.57

Harbour Master's Department

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services.

31,074.00

30,817.89 26,727.35

4,090.54

64,084.00

66,161.92

59,183.11 6,978.81

233,222.00

228,516.80

207,361.15

21,155.65

23,591.00

24,255.49

22,595.08

1,660.41

:

:

:

:

:

F

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:.

:

:

Judicial and Legal Departments...

319,600.00 325,115.22 251,971.53

73,143.69

Police and Prison Departments

***

Medical Departments

Houses

849,760.00

898,480.27 873,732.50 24,747.77

Sanitary Department

...

5,000.00

Botanical and Forestry Department

181,473.00 387,783.79 214,275.04 173,508.75

258,284.00 253,636.18 241,508.52 12,127.66

864,242.00

909,421.09 749,571.07

159,850.02

239,049.00 227.307.03 213,602.02 13,705.01

350,621.00

331,234.55

324,195.86

7,038.69

44,192.00 48,745.88

39,865.27

8,880.61

inc purposes,

602,060.00

711,534.94

785,534.51

73,999.57

Harbour Master's Department

400,000.00 439.189.37 401,054.32 38,135.05

......

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

Judicial and Legal Departments...

319,600.00 325,115.22 251,971.53

73,143.69

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

'ises

849,760.00 898,480.27 873,732.50

24,747.77

Sanitary Department

***

5,000.00

:

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

136,290.00 136,844.82 147,293.49

10,448.67

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

...

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

7,601,860.00 8,220,023.36 8,016,909,50 287,562.10

84,448.24

Post Office

233,222.00

228,516.80

207,361.15

21,155.65

23,591.00

24,255.49 ,22,595.08 1,660.41

181,473.00 387,783-79 214,275.04 173,508.75

258,284.00

253,636.18 241,508.52 12,127.66

864,242.00 909,421.09 749,571.07 159,850.02

239,049.00 227,307.03 213,602.02 13,705.01

:

:

:

:

:.

..

:

FF.

:

:

:

:

O..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

250,000.00 292,285.48 163,784.58

128,500.90

Pensions

7,851,860.00 8,512,308.84 8,180,694.08 416,063.00

84,448.24

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

350,621.00

331,234.55

324,195.86

7,038.69

44,192.00 48,745.88 39,865.27 8,880.61

288,486.00

243,369.39 269,164.33

25,794.94

1,475,794.00 1,615,683.32 |1,421,352.47 194,330.85

380,651.00 367,544.52 314,590.96 52,953.56

435,600.00 599,843.24 447,636.44 152,206.80

1,693,300.00 1,247,689.34 1,051,840.43 195,848.91

439,343.00 622,587.51 296,867.12

325,720.39

......

256,672.00 245,808.58 207,350.78

38,457 80

752,323.00 672,961.36 647,172.56

25,788.80

300,800.00 280,230.88 258,439.16 21,791.72

24,375.00 24,916.41 24,399.09

517.32

******

8,544,906.00 8,658,012.93 | 7,202,543.25 1,459,316.39 3,846.71

.

}

Light Dues

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1913.

Comparative Statement of the Revenue and Expenditure for the period ended 31st December, 1913.

Revenue for

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates

1913.

Actual

Revenue to

31st Dec.,

1913.

Actual

same

period of

Increase.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates,

1913

preceding

Expenditure

to 31st

Dec., 1913.

Year.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

84,000.00 93,649.44

87,454.95

6,194.49

Governor

83,078.00

82,051.05

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature

80,916.00

79,977.73

96,000.00 104,648.41 98,448.45

6,199.96

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

43,736.00 41,674.04

5,109,150.00 5,510,560.89 5,371,419.75 139,141.14

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid

602,060.00 711,534.94 785,534.51

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

:

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

Interest

...

400,000.00 439.189.37 401,054.32

38,135.95

Audit Department

Treasury

...

73,999,57

Harbour Master's Department

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services.

:

31,074.00 30,817.89

64,084.00 66,161.92

233,222.00 228,516.80

23,591,00

24,255.49

181,473.00

387,783.79

258,284.00 253,636.18

864,242.00

909,421.09

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

Judicial and Legal Departments...

319,600.00 325,115.22 251,971.53

73,143.69

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

849,760.00 898,480.27

873,732.50 24.747.77

Sanitary Department

5,000,00

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

...

:

...

239,049.00

227.307.03

350,621.00 331,234.55

44,192.00 48,745.88

288,486.00 269,164.33

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1913.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $8,512,308 being $660,449 in excess of the estimate and $331,615 more than the revenue in 1912. Compared with that year there were increases under every head with the exception of Fees of Court or Office, Interest and Miscellaneous Receipts.

2. The principal sub-heads showing an increase over the estimate are as follows:-

(a.) Stamp Duties, ·

$165,914

(b.) Land Sales,

42,285

(c.) Fines,-

81,546

(d.) Forfeitures,

43,062

(e.) Sunday Cargo Working Permits,

38,400-

(f) Liquor Duties,

29,233

(g.) Rent of Buildings,

23,055

(h.) Post office,

39,189

These increases are due generally to the following causes :-

(a.) Death duties and trade prosperity, and

(d.) Numerous cases of infraction of law in regard to

Arms and Cocaine, etc.

While the remainder of the items may be attributed to general increase of business in the Colony.

3. The principal decreases were:—

Ordinances Sales,

$4,491

Due to delay in publication of New

Edition, and

Queen's College Fees,

$6,755

Due to reduction in number of scholars.

:

1

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure amounted to $8,658,013, being $113,107 over the estimate, and $1,455,469 more than the ex- penditure in 1912. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under every head with the exception of Treasury, Royal Observatory, Miscellaneous Services, Police and Prison Depart- ments, Botanical and Forestry Department, Military Expenditure, Public Works Recurrent, Post Office and Charitable Services. The excess, amounting to $206,310, under Miscellaneous Services was largely due partly to under-estimate of loss on subsidiary

·A (1) 2-

coins and partly to a loss incurred in 1912 debited to 1913. There was a large addition to the Staff of Police and Prison Departments with some increase of salaries while Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate on account of the balance of contribution in respect of the year

1912. An excess of $164,243 under Public Works Re- current is largely accounted for by excesses in respect of the votes "Waterworks: Maintenance of City and Hill Districts" and Typhoon Damages in Hongkong and the New Territories.

5. The non-expenditure in 1912 of a sum of $251,741 under the head" Post Office: Share of Mail Subsidy and Transit Charges": involved such being charged to the 1913 account; the bills not having been received in time.

6. There was a saving of a sum of $445,611 under the vote for Public Works Extraordinary, due to works being delayed or deferred owing to various causes, including Wireless Telegraph Station $100,000, Tytam Tuk Waterworks $130,000 and the Mongkoktsui Breakwater $90,000.

7. There were no other decreases of any magnitude.

8. The expenditure for the year exceeded the revenue by a sum of $145,704, whereas a deficit of $693,046 was anticipated; with the result that the credit balance of $2,805,130 at the end of 1912 was diminished to $2,659,426 at the end of 1913.

In this connection however credit might be taken for a sum of $180,000 being half the amount expended during the year on the Mongkoktsui Breakwater half the cost of which was intended to be met out of surplus balances.

1

r

-

L

9. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1913:--

LIABILITIES.

ASSETS.

C.

Deposits not Available,

House Service,.

Crown Agents' Advances, Postal Agencies in China,.... Overdrafts, Bank,..

220,661.57 | Subsidiary Coins, 266.71 Advances, 1,925,290.22 Imprest,.......

326,612.09

16,875.63.

97,946.42

67,679.14 Railway Construction,

4,386,341.57

367,558.19| Unallocated Stores,

408,480.76

Crown Agents' Current Account,

4,625.06

Total Liabilities,

....

2,581,455.83

Balance,........

2,659,425.70

Total,.....

$

5,240,881.53

Total,...

$5,240,881.53

– A (1) 3 —

A (1) 4

10. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years :--

1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. Revenue, 6,822,967 6,960,869 7,497,231 8,180,694 8,512,308.84 Expenditure,... 6,542,839 6,907,113 7,077,177 7.202,543 8,658,012.93

Surplus, Deficit,

280,128

53,756 420,054

978,151

145,704.09

PUBLIC DEBT.

11. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,732 and the contributions to the Sinking Fund with accrued interest total £164,188, being £22,796 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1912. The market value of the fund's investments on the 31st December was £152,970.

Of the loan of £1,100,000 to the late Viceroy of Wuchang £888,000 has been repaid and advanced to Railway Construction Account.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

12. The expenditure on Railway Construction amounted at the end of the year to $13,521,231, the expenditure during the year being $236,806, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station. The funds for this expenditure have been obtained by the advance of £880,000 from the Wuchang Loan, by advances from the Crown Agents in the sum of £188,518 and by advances from general funds, an overdraft having been arranged with the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank for the purpose.

GENERAL REMARKS.

13. There was no alteration of any importance during 1913 in the taxation of the Colony.

14. The total receipts and payments accounted for by the Treasury during the year were $15,813,829 and $16,176,762 re- spectively, compared with $13,535,343 and $14,168,626 in 1912. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to the transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, and Railway Construction.

15. The stock of subsidiary coins on the 31st December was of the face value of $149,935.72 as follows:---

50 cents,

$ 2,973.00

20

10

5

""

"S

""

Copper,

33,631.60

74,162.00

5,196.85 33,972.27

$149,935.72

1

A (1) 5 -

while $200,000 in 10 cent-pieces were shipped to London on the 19th December.

The value in the Treasury Books was $326,612.09, discount, written off the stock, being taken at 7 per cent. Coins of the face value of $1,040,000 were sent to England during the year for purpose of demonetization.

16. The limits between which the rates of discount ranged

were :-

50 cent-pieces par per cent. to 32 per cent.

20

10

5

27

Copper

31 6

8

**

""

12

""

"2

6

35

par.

On the 1st July an Ordinance (No. 15 of 1913) prohibiting the circulation of foreign silver and nickel coins was passed to come into force on the 1st March, 1914.

17. The circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows:

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China,... 5,429,671 Mercantile Bank of India,

.$18,417,339

704,742

$24,551,752

}

Ordinance No. 13 of 1913 which came into force on the 1st August prohibits the circulation of any notes other than those of the Banks whose issue is authorized by law or charter.

In consequence of this new law the circulation of Chinese and Portuguese bank notes has entirely ceased.

A. M. THOMSON,

9th April, 1914.

Treasurer.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1914-1915.

1. By order of His Excellency the Governor-in-Council, I have made a new valuation of the whole Colony, with the exception of some of the outlying small Chinese Villages.

2. The result of the new valuation is that the Rateable Value of the whole Colony has increased from $12,435,812 to $14,410,103, an addition of $1,974,291 or 15.87 per cent.

3. The City of Victoria.-The Rateable Value has increased from $10,236,737 to $11,945,570, an addition of $1,708,833 or 16.69 per cent.

4. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value has increased from $298,865 to $322,565, an addition of $23,700 or 7·93 per cent.

5. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.-The Rateable Value has increased from $370,040 to $377,032 an addition of $6,992 or 1.88 per cent.

6. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $133,413 to $164,914, an addition of $31,501 or 23-61 per

cent.

7. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $509,580 to $586,130, an addition of $76,550 or 15.02 per cent.

8. Yaumati.-The Rateable Value has increased from $262,335 to $325,610, an addition of $63,275 or 24:11 per cent.

9. Mongkoktsui.-The Rateable Value has increased from $156,690 to $196,675, an addition of $39,985 or 25.51 per cent.

10. Hunghom and Hokun. -The Rateable Value has increased from $295,589 to $299,265, an addition of $3,676 or 1.24 per cent.

11. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $84,396 to $90,241, an addition of $5,845 or 6.92 per cent.

12. New Kowloon.-The Rateable Value has increased from $88,167 to $102,101, an addition of $13,934 or 15.80 per cent.

B 2

13. Vacant Tenements.-The number of tenements reported to be vacant and inspected under Section 35 of the Rating Ordi- nance averaged about 80 monthly as compared with 56 last year.

14. Interim Valuations.-During the period from 1st July, 1913; to 1st June, 1914, 593 Interim Valuations were made as follows:-

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

No. Rateable Value. No. Rateable Value.

New Tenements,

224

$ 303,250 111

$

98,287

Tenements structurally altered, Replacing Assessments of,

60 96,811

12 48,536

81.155

48,895

15,656

359

318,906

97,928

Assessments cancelled, tene-

ments pulled down or being 128 in other respects not rateable.")

98,105 58

36,918

No. and Increase...

412

$220,801 | 181

$

61,010

15. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1913-1914 and 1914-1915:-

Valuation Valuation

District.

1913-14. 1914-15. Increase.

Per cent.

$

$

%

The City of Victoria, ...10,236,737 11,945,570 | 1,708,833

16.69

Hill District, and Hong-

kong Villages,...

802,318 864,511

62,193 7.75

Kowloon Point and Kow-

loon Villages,

1,396,757 1,600,022 203,265 14.55

Total, 12,435,812 14,410,103 1,974,291 15.87

+

+

B 3

16. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1905-1906 to 1914-1915 inclusive :-

Increase

Decrease

as com-

as com-

Year. Rateable

Value.

pared with previous

$

year.

$

pared with previous

year.

$

Percentage of Increase or Decrease

in Rateable Value as compared with the previous year.

%

5.86 Increase.

1905-06,

10,511,163

581,992

1906-07,

10,969,203

458,040

1907-08, ... 10,716,173

253,030

4.35 2:30

""

1908-09,

10,816,753

100,580

Decrease.

0.93 Increase.

1909-10,

10,750,902

65,851

1910-11,

11,082.179 331,277

0.60 Decrease. 3.08 Increase.

1911-12,

11,161,390

79,211

SE

1912-13, 12,312,306 1,150,916

0.71 10:31

...

...

1913-14, 12,435,812

""

123,506

1.03

...

15.87

""

1914-15, 14,410,103 1,974,291

17. Staff-I returned from leave on the 23rd September, 1913. Mr. Tang Shing-cheung was promoted to the Public Works Department on 1st July, 1913. Mr. So Shing-hon (appointed in the place of Mr. Tang Shing-cheung) and Mr. Chu Tsan-hing have discharged their duties as Clerk and Interpreter respectively to my satisfaction.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE,

17th June, 1914.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1913.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I and II.) REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $10,646: less than that for 1912 by $3,612. This decrease was due in main to the issue of fewer certificates to Chinese going to the United States of America; to reduced contribution from Chinese Dispensaries, etc., for clerical assistance; and to fewer registrations of societies and of copyright; and there were fewer forfeitures of Emigration House Bonds. There were a few items which shewed slight increases, viz., Emigration House and Marriage Licences, Certificates for registration and re-registration of house- holders, etc., Official Signatures Fees and Permits for display of Fireworks.

EXPENDITURE,

The total expenditure was $41,674 as compared with $45,521 in 1912 and fell short of the estimate by $2,312.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897. Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

2. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 194, as compared with 183 in 1912; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1912) is shown in Table III.

3. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 170 or 87.6% as compared with 65.6% in 1912; 3 were released under bond; one was married; 5 were restored to husbands or

C 2

relatives; 6 were sent home; while 9 cases were still under consi- deration on December 31st. Several girls from the Po Leung Kuk were again placed in the charge of the Italian Convent and Eyre Diocesan Refuge.

4. 11 names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly or quarterly to the Secre- tary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their being forced into prostitution. The names of 16 girls were struck off the list, of whom 5 were sent back to the Po Leung Kuk, the bonds executed for them being found to be invalid; in 8 cases the bonds were cancelled as being no longer necessary; one absconded, one died, and one was married. The number of names on the list on the 31st December was 56 as compared with 61 on January 1st, 1913.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 167, of whom 33 were found. (The 1912 figures were 239 and 55.) The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 293, of whom 43 were found, as compared with 65 out of 384 in 1912.

EMIGRATION.

Emigration Ordinance No. 1 of 1889,

(as amended by subsequent Ordinances). (i.)—EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREF). (Table IV.)

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 26,080 (women 16,501, girls 2,009, and boys under sixteen 7,570) as compared with 23,248 in 1912. The increase in numbers affected to some degree all the ports to which emigrants usually proceed: but the largest proportion of the increased number went to the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, the figures being 23,318 as compared with 20,328 in

1912.

7. The record of the occupations of female emigrants (women and girls) shows that out of a total of 18,510, 9,592 were going with their husbands or other relatives, or to join relatives: 5,577 gave their occupations as maid-servants, 681 as seamstresses and 485 as prostitutes. (In 1912 the figures were 4,439, 575 and 505.) The remainder included 2 schoolmistresses and 20 nuns.

8. 63 or 24% of the total number of women and children passenger emigrants were detained for enquiries, as against 40 out of 23,248-17% in 1912. Of these 53 were allowed to proceed after enquiry, 4 were restored to relatives, 1 married, while 5 cases were still under consideration at the end of the year.

C3

9. There were 7 applications for the recovery of women who had emigrated, and of the 8 persons reported missing two returned and were restored to their husbands, 3 refused to return, and 3 could not be traced. 48 women and children, either sent back by the Authorities in Singapore, Penang and Bangkok on suspicion, or returning of their own free will, were given assistance in proceeding to their homes.

10. The year's work with women and children generally presented a number of new and difficult problems, owing princi- pally to the distress in North China and the unrest in Canton. In addition to the extra facilities the conditions offered for traffick- ing in prostitutes (conditions of which there is reason to think full advantage was taken: although the prosecutions in the Colony under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897, rose only from 62 to 64 with 29 convictions against 25 in 1912, 13 prosecutions were instituted and 11 convictions secured by this Office, as compared with 8 and 5 in 1912), the closing of the Canton brothels resulted in a stream of undesirable prostitutes into the Colony, who, had to be sent back as they arrived and the Northern distress was responsible for an in- creased number of purchased children, sold it would seem in the hope of improving their lot, brought through Hongkong. Some few of these children were detained and released on bond or on adoption: but in the majority of the cases as it proved impossible to return them to their homes, and as they were probably in any event better off in the new conditions, no action was taken.

(ii.)-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED).

(Table V.)

11. Male Emigration during 1913 presented no unusual features. The total number of emigrants presented for examina- tion was 22,984 as compared with 21,458 in 1912. The num- ber of those examined who refused to proceed was 595, or only 2.58% as compared with 3.28% in 1912. The total number rejected in Hongkong or on arrival in Singapore as unfit for labour was 798 (713 at this end and 85 by the Protector of Chinese, Singapore). All of these were repatriated through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the Hongkong Boarding Houses which recruited them.

12. There was again little demand for Chinese labour in British North Borneo, only 668- assisted passengers being passed for Borneo ports during the year under the new form of contract which came into force on April 1st, 1912. It is possible, however, that a number of coolies were taken down as free emigrants under the "kangany" system by recruiters sent back from the planta- tions.

13. The arrangements made with the Straits Settlements Government for the repatriation of decrepit coolies at the expense of their employers enabled 272 such decrepits to return to their homes in China during the year.

From British North Borneo 75 decrepits, as compared with 28 in 1912, were repatriated via Hongkong, also at the expense of their employers.

A large number of these decrepits were blind or maimed and in such cases escorts were provided by the Tung Wa Hospital to see them safely home

14. The regulations for the registration and photographing of assisted emigrants (which are invaluable for maintaining the good name of emigration through Hongkong) have again proved to be of great assistance to parents and relatives of missing men in tracing them through this Office.

During the year there were 21 applications to procure the redemption and repatriation of relatives who had emigrated. Of the 22 men concerned, 14 had gone to Singapore, 2 to British North Borneo, 5 to Muntok, and 1 to Billiton. 14 returned and were restored to their relatives, 1 had absconded, 4 refused to return, while 3 (including the 2 in British North Borneo) had not been traced by the end of the year.

15. At the beginning of the year a number of articles and notices appeared in the Chinese newspapers and elsewhere con- cerning a new proposed Emigration Company called the Tsak Tsik Company which was to take in hand the management of emigra- tion from the Kwong Tung Province to foreign ports: more especially the Straits Settlements. The idea of the promoters, who seemed to have obtained the support of the Canton Govern- ment, was with headquarters in Hongkong to establish recruiting agencies throughout the Province and contract with estates in the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States to supply large batches of labourers. This scheme though to some extent safe- guarding the interests of the coolies recruited was at the opposite end of the scale to the "kangany" system, and was of such a nature that it was found impossible to release the emigrants from any of the formalities connected with assisted labour. The company in consequence seems to have done little business during the

year.

16. Another form of emigration that came under notice during the year was that of Japanese contract labour to Thursday Island. It appeared that several firms in the Colony, acting as agents for Thursday Island firms, engaged Japanese labourers in Japan, chiefly divers for the pearl fisheries, who were brought down to Hongkong where they signed a contract, and sent on to Thursday Island as assisted emigrants, though the formalities required by the Emigration Ordinance had not been complied with. The number of emigrants

- 0 5

concerned however is very limited and they are all drawn from a class above the ordinary "coolie: so that the breach of the formali- ties of the Ordinance does not appear to be a matter of serious importance.

17. A proposal to ship Chinese stevedores under contract to German New Guinea was made by a local firm in November but was carried no further.

18. The monthly returns furnished by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore, of the number of contracts signed by Hongkong assisted passengers to labour in the different localities give the following figures for the year:-

Straits Settlements,

British North Borneo,

Federated Malay States,

Brunei,

Sarawak.

-

746

410

197

90

www

218

Malay Peninsula (Johore and New States), 2,065 Dutch Possessions,

- 6,440

Total,

- 10,166

19. None of the Emigration Houses were detected in com- mitting any serious offence during the year, but various breaches of the by-laws were met by prosecution and fine. In no case was cancellation of the licence found necessary. A conviction-3 weeks hard labour each--was also secured against two recruiters who brought down a batch of countrymen from Wuchow with a view fraudulently to persuade them to emigrate.

20. The classification of assisted emigrants by the language spoken (Table V shows the number of labourers recruited from each particular locality) gives the following figures :—

Cantonese,

Hakka,

-13,212 - 7,620

Hoklo,

91

Hainanese, -

579

Southern Mandarin (mostly Kwong Sai),

- 1,482

Total,

- 22,984

21. During the year, 63 Emigration Hotel Licences (7 new) and 48 Assisted Boarding House Licences (20 new) were issued. The former had accommodation for 5,866 boarders and the latter for 2,097.

C 6

The number of houses holding licences at the end of the year was:-Hotels 61, and boarding houses for assisted emigrants 33, as compared with 53 and 26 respectively at the end of the year

1912.

34 duplicate licences were issued for removal of premises or transfer of names.

22. The recasting of the Emigration Ordinance and Regula- tions to fit the new conditions under which no coolie labourer will be permitted to sign a penal written contract in British possessions after June 30th, 1914, has been taken in hand by the Government during the year. The opportunity has been taken to effect a number of improvements in the Ordinance: and the result is a finished work which seems to differ widely from its pattern. The changes however appear largely to be matters of form: and there is little reason to think that the volume or the system of the emigration to British Colonies will in fact be in any way affected, as far as this Colony is concerned.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

23. 3,259 householders were registered, of which 264 were first registration. (In 1912 the figures were 2,226 and 98.) 15,987 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 9,299 in 1912. This increase in the number of registra- tions is the first fruits of the Regulation of Chinese Amendment Ordinance (No. 24 of 1913) which abolished all registration fees while doubling the penalties laid down by Ordinance No. 3 of 1888 for infringement of the law.

24. With the establishment of the proposed District Watch- men's Quarters on the Kowloon side, it is hoped shortly to extend the system of registration to Tsimshatsui, Yaumati and Hunghom; and to make what is at present rather a useless formality into something of real practical value.

25. The number of Chinese business-men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to other Government Departments and reported on by this office was 811. Reports of this nature do not of course go far: they amount to saying that the Register contains certain names as those of the Registered Householders of certain houses, and that the business carried on seems a good one: but the office cannot (as seems to have been expected of it) guarantee validity on the data available. This guarantee can only be correctly secured by the deposit of deeds or other security in proper legal form.

+

+

L

C 7

26. Bonds were required to be executed by 5 non-resident householders.

REGISTRATION.

27. In the early part of the year a registration campaign, the first since 1909, was started throughout the City of Victoria and the Kowloon Peninsula. From the 1st April preliminary enquiries made it apparent that in certain picked streets 40 to 50% of the householders and tenants were unregistered. The defaulters were warned and 2,000 copies of a notification on the subject were distributed and pasted up in the streets. From May 1st the Chief District Watchmen and Detectives began house to house visits in their respective districts, reporting day by day to this Office. The daily reports were then compared with the existing registers, and whenever a floor was found unregistered, a notice was served on the tenant asking him to require his rent collector to register. If this was ineffective a notice was served on the person registered as, or appearing to be, the householder; and if this course failed, a summons was thereupon taken out, which was withdrawn if it had the necessary effect before the case came to Court. The result of the campaign was shown by the increased receipts of fees, the average figures for the 3 months, May, June and July, being $670 as compared with $210 in previous months. In the course of their enquiries the District Watchmen came across a large number of opium divans and sly brothels which were at once reported to the Police. A new register was made of all common lodging houses, whether licensed or not, and a large number of such houses were called upon to take out licences. A number of unlicensed clubs

and societies were also unearthed which were dealt with under Ordinance 47 of 19i1.

28. The percentage of unregistered floors varied in the different districts between 10% and 50%, and the excuses given for failure to register were varied and curious.

(ii.) DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

29. The District Watchmen Committee met on 17 occasions, the average attendance of members being 11.

Among the subjects of more than ordinary interest that were discussed were the regulation of Chinese theatres, the prohibition of the circulation of foreign notes and silver, and means for the more effective registration of Chinese householders.

The advice of the Committee, on all the subjects on which they have been consulted during the year, has been accepted and followed, with uniformly successful results.

C 8

30. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen's Fund at the end of the year was $13,670 as compared with $9,775 on January 1st, the income exceeding the expenditure by nearly $9,000. The income, however, includes a donation of $5,000 by Mr. Ho Kom Tong towards the cost of erecting District Watchmen's Quarters on the Kowloon side, an extension of the work of the Com- mittee which has been in contemplation for some time. The saving on the expenditure side-of some $4,000- was effected largely with a view to further expenditure in this direction: the public spirited donation of Mr. Ho Kom Tong has now made it possible to carry out the work, as soon as arrangements can be completed for the acquisition of a suitable house.

31. The strength of the force at the end of the year was 95 (against 99 on January 1st) out of an approved strength of 100. During the year 8 of the 12 vacancies caused by death, resignation and dismissal were filled up by further enlistments. An attempt is being made to enlist a small proportion of men from natives of districts other than Canton itself. The experiment is not without its difficulties, but it is hoped will still be successful.

32. The number of convictions secured by members of the force was 226 as compared with 415 in 1912 and 273 in 1911.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

33. 537 permits to fire crackers were issued, 387 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

Other permits issued were, 5 to hold processions, 33 to perform theatricals in temporary buildings and 28 to conduct religious ceremonies.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinances No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

34. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 165 as compared with 143 in 1912. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 28. In 1912 it was 17.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

35. Four (4) certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States of America; one (1) to enter Philippine Islands.

1

}

1

}

9

All these certificates are limited to Chinese British subjects resident in Hongkong.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

36. Twenty-five (25) books were registered during the year as compared with 40 in 1912.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XII.)

37. The following gentlemen comprise the Committee for

1914:-

Chau Siu-ki, Chairman,

Lam Heung-lun,

Tong Yat-chun,

!

}

Mok Yuk-chi,

Chu Sui-tong,

Hung Li-tun,

Chan Ching-hok,

Tsang Hung-sam,

Tam Pak-shiu,

Chan Yuet-ting,

Leung Heung-tin,

Yu Chi-ting,

Chan Shiu-kui,

Ip Kuk-yu,

Lo Chan-ting,

of whom the first three named are in charge of the Hospital's finances.

38. Under the 1913 Directorate, the Balance Sheet (Table VIII) of the Hospital's accounts for the Kwai Chau Chinese year (6th February, 1913, to 25th January, 1914,) was again very satisfactory, and showed an excess of receipts over disbursements of more than $25,500.

39. The total number of in-patients admitted during the year was 4,706 (4,210 in 1912) of whom 1,692 or 35.9% as compared with 34.1% in 1912, elected to take European treatment. The out-patients numbered 107,395 (as compared with 102,333 in 1912) of whom 10,908 or a percentage of 10.1 as against 8.7 in 1912 were treated by European methods.

40. The number of destitutes sent home was 2,053 of whom the great majority were sent from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

C 10

41. The accounts of the Hospital as set out in Tables VIII and IX are still kept according to Chinese reckoning; and as mentioned in previous reports cannot therefore be accurately compared with the balance sheets in previous years of varying length.

42. The total expenditure was the highest on record having risen to $94,349 as compared with $81,923 in 1912, $84,162 in 1911, and $92,954 in 1910. The principal increases under normal headings were "Salaries and Wages" ($1,800), "Drugs” ($2,000) and "Light" ($1,300), which can be fairly attributed to the increase in the number of patients attended. The heavy expenditure is further accounted for by two extraordinary items "Construction of the new Mortuary" ($4,200) and "Reconstruction of house No. 64 Bonham Strand" (Hospital property destroyed by fire) ($3,401). The latter item is, however, more than balanced on the credit side by the receipt of $3,821, the amount paid by two Chinese Insurance Companies on the house in question.

43. The total receipts from all sources, including a balance of $19,608 brought forward, amounted to $139,471, an increase of nearly $38,000 over the previous year's figures. This increase is due to the following items, not including the amount mentioned above as paid on the insurance claim:

Premium on notes,

Sale of deceased persons' property,

$2,677

1,578

Payment for medicine, sale of refuse, and

sundries,

6,357

and finally Balance of the new Mortuary

Construction Fund,

18,145

44. Of the funds administered by the Hospital, the “Emer- gency " and "Man Mo Temple" Funds (Tables X and XI) present no unusual features.

From the Emergency Fund were paid out several sums to boatmen who suffered loss in the two typhoons that visited the Colony towards the end of the summer.

The receipts of the Temple Fund show an increase of some $3,300 over the previous year's figures, accounted for by increased payments by the Temple Keeper and a deposit of $2,000 from the same source. On the Expenditure side the item "Free Schools and Sundries" has risen from $6,963 in 1912 to $9,014.

45. The Hospital is now the Trustee of the funds of the Brewin Charity, the details of which are administered by a Com- mittee and a Sub-Committee annually appointed from among the promoters (Table XII). In 1913 the income of the Charity amounted to $2,623 including $1,000 further subscriptions, and a

C 11

sum of $574 was expended on pensions to widows. The balance to the credit of the Charity has thus increased from $42,122 to $44,164.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII and XIV.)

46. This Hospital did excellent work during 1913, the second year of its existence, and was full almost throughout the year.

47. In all 1,352 patients were admitted (as against 1,225 in 1912) of whom 712 came under Chinese treatment and 640 under European treatment. It thus is seen that 47% of the whole. admissions, as compared with 41% in 1912, elected to be treated by European methods.

The total number of out-patients treated was 9,386 as against 6,362 in 1912, of whom 859 or 9.1% (12.8% in 1912) elected to come under European treatment.

48. The total expenditure on the Hospital for the "Kwai Chau" Chinese year amounted to $24,852 which included no extraordinary items.

The total receipts by the Tung Wa Hospital Committee for the Kwong Wa amounted to $28,066, including Government Grant of $8,500, subscriptions from various sources $9,088, a sum of $5,918 drawn from the Hospital Building Fund (now closed), and $2,000 paid in direct to the Kwong Wa in subscriptions from Yaumati.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XV to XVII.)

49. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries again shows a marked increase over the 1912 figures-88,803 as compared with 75,331.

The percentages of return and new cases treated are 36.5 and to 63.5, the figures being 32,447 and 56,356.

50. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $33,000, an increase of $4,000 on the 1912 figures, which is accounted for by the expenditure of just over that sum on the building of the new Dispensary at Shamshuipo. A further economy of expenditure

C 12

was arranged in connection with the supply of medicines. Dr. Gibson of the Alice Memorial Hospital has been good enough to undertake the purchase of necessary supplies direct from abroad and to supervise the detailed issue in the Colony: the new system to date from January 1st, 1914.

The revenue, not including the balance from 1912 ($18,205), was $33,662 and exceeded the expenditure by $662.

51. The number of dying or dead infants brought to the Dis- pensaries again shows a decrease, 1,342 as compared with 1,669 in 1912, and the number of vaccinations performed has fallen from 9,736 to 6,065.

52. The number of infants under 5 years of age brought in for treatment also shows a falling off, 8,396 as compared with 9,043 in 1912, but is slightly better than the 1911 figures (7,890). The high figures for 1912 are however somewhat discounted by the heavy epidemics of small-pox and plague which prevailed that year. In 1913 the Colony was comparatively free from these diseases.

53. The only constructural work undertaken by the Com- mittee during the year was the building of the Shamshuipo Dis- pensary, on which $4,400 was expended and which is now nearing completion.

54. There was comparatively little plague in the Colony in 1913 and as a result the Plague Hospitals at West Point, Wanchai, and Kowloon City were practically empty throughout the year.

At Wanchai 12 ordinary cases were admitted of which 10 recovered, while at Kowloon City one plague case was admitted. The West Point Hospital had no patients.

55. In connection with small-pox the following regulations were drawn up and approved by the Government, to remove as far as possible some of the causes of dumping. Their value connot be properly estimated till there is another serious outbreak; but they form a considerable concession to Chinese prejudices :-

A.-Patients

may

be treated in their own homes:

(1.) If report is made to the Medical Officer of Health as soon

as the nature of the disease is suspected.

(2.) If all the other occupants of the house are vaccinated within 48 hours or can produce certificates of successful vaccination not more than 3 years old: or alternatively, if all the occupants of the floor are vaccinated and the other floors vacated.

C 13

(3.) If the disinfecting, etc., required by the present regulations is carried out as far as the presence of the patient permits. (4.) If recognised treatment is given and the patient not allowed out until certified by the Sanitary Department as free from infection.

B.-Patients may be removed from their homes to other quarters

in the Colony for treatment:-

(1.) Only under permit from the Medical Officer of Health. (2.) Only if removed in the special conveyances provided by

the Tung Wa Hospital and Chinese Public Dispensaries. (3.) If the house where the disease first appeared is dealt with

under the existing regulations.

(4.) If the house to which the patient is removed is dealt with under the conditions (A) for the treatment of patients in their own homes.

56. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 623 (as compared with 760 in 1912 and 315 in 1911) the monthly figures varying from 38 in July to 70 in June. The percentage of dumpings" to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 7.6 as compared with 8·1 in 1912 and 4·2 in 1911 (Table XIX).

66

Of the 623 bodies abandoned 212 were taken to the Dispen- saries.

The number of bodies reported by the police as dumped during the year was 402 (Table XX).

57. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in pro- portion to the total number of Chinese deaths and the number of cases in which post mortem examinations were held.

The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified has risen again from 41 in 1912 (38 in 1911) to 47, which may be considered quite satisfactory in that the total number of Chinese deaths in 1913 though less than in 1912 was considerably greater than in 1911. The rise in the percentage may to some extent be put to the credit of the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

58. The following table gives particulars of interest regarding plague and small-pox.

The figures for small-pox show a marked improvement, but those for plague are unsatisfactory, the percentage of cases

C 14

-

reported after death having in a comparatively small epidemic risen from 35.3 in 1911 to 47.6 in 1912 and to 60 in 1913:-

-:

1

2

3

4

5

6

Disease. Cases.

Removed Treat-

to ed at

Died

in

Reco- vered.

Report-

Hospital. Home. Hospital.

ed after death.

of column 7 ∞

Percentage

to column 2.

1911.

Small-pox, 271 91

26

64

180

66.4

Plague, 269

174

6

157

15

95

35.3

1912.

Small-pox, 709 232

88

144

477

67.3

Plague, 1,847

967

...

888

78

880

47.6

1913.

Small-pox, 111

74

44

30

37

33

Plague, ... 408

161

127

34

247

60

TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1913.

Translation from Chinese into

English.

Translation from English into Chinese.

Petitions,.

58 Ordinances,.

3

Letters,

116

Regulations,

Newspaper articles and items

Government notices,

126

of news,.

361

Minutes,

5

Unspecified, ....

68

Unspecified,

69

Total,....... 603

Total,....................... 210

C 15

59. The total number of translations done was thus 813 as compared with 726 in 1912 and 449 in 1911.

In addition, most of the translations made in other departments are sent to this Office to be checked and revised; frequently, also, less important translation work, of which no record is kept, has been done by members of the Department other than the Trans- lator.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXI.)

60. The balance to the credit of the Fund at the end of the year was $7,745, an increase of $637. The expenditure, which in- cluded no unusual items, was $876 and the income from the rent of stalls $1,513. A suggestion for the general improvement of the ground is now under consideration.

CHARITABLE FUNDS.

(Table XXII.)

61. The net income of the Passage Money Fund was $936 and the total expenditure which included only the ordinarily recurring items $260. The balance to the credit of the Fund at the end of the

year was thus increased from $1,589 to $2,265.

62. The custody of the funds of the Brewin Charity was transferred during the year to the Directorate of the Tung Wa Hospital in accordance with the conditions of the Trust Deed (v. § 45).

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

63. During the year 64 applications for registration or exemption from registration were received and investigated. 28 clubs or societies were exempted from registration by notice in the Gazette; 10 were required to register; in 9 cases permission to register was refused on the grounds specified in section 4 of the Ordinance; 7 clubs were found to contain less than 10 members and did not therefore come under the Ordinance; and in the other 10 cases no action was taken and the clubs concerned dissolved.

Of the 9 concerns which were refused permission to register, 5 were Chinese Dramatic Societies, 2 were social clubs, one was a (so-called) religious association, and one a District Society.

Ở 16

INTERPRETATION SUB-DEPARTMENT.

64. On 1st June supervision of the Student Interpreters was transferred to the Department of the Director of Education.

ORDINANCES.

65. The chief Ordinances affecting the Chinese which were passed during 1913 were as follows:-

No. 3 of 1913.-The Magistrates Amendment Ordinance, 1913. This Ordinance considerably extends the number of offences for which a Magistrate may order the offender to be flogged in addition to other punishment.

No. 9 of 1913.-The Offences against the Person (Amend- ment) Ordinance, 1913. By this Ordinance ill-treatment or neglect by those in charge of a child or young person is declared a misdemeanour, punishable by heavy fine and imprisonment. Fail- ure to provide adequate maintenance, or, in case of indigence, to send the child to a charitable institution, is an offence.

In

No. 10 of 1913.-The Deportation Ordinance, 1913. practical working some of the formalities laid down by the 1912 Ordinance (No. 9 of 1912) had proved cumbersome and led to delay. The new Ordinance simplifies these formalities, and in making it possible for detention prisoners to be brought down to be interviewed in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs instead of in the Gaol, acts largely in the interests of such suspects.

No. 13 of 1913.-The Foreign Notes (Prohibition of Circu- lation) Ordinance, 1913. This enactinent prohibits the circulation in the Colony of all bank-notes other than those of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the Chartered Bank, and the Mercantile Bank of India; the immediate necessity for it was the flooding of the Canton money market with debased paper. It has worked smoothly and with entire success from the beginning.

No. 15 of 1913.-The Foreign Silver and Nickel Coin Ordinance, 1913. This Ordinance, similarly prohibits the use and circulation in the Colony of all foreign silver and nickel coins as from the 1st March 1914.

No. 24 of 1913.-Regulation of Chinese Amendment Ordi- nance, 1913. This Ordinance abolishes the greater part of the fees connected with the Registration of Householders under the Regula- tion of Chinese Ordinance while doubling the.penalties for omit- ting to register.

C 17

Ma

No. 26 of 1913.-The Education Ordinance, 1913. This Ordinance, by exactly defining schools, has met a difficulty which arose last year in connection with the Societies Ordinance. All schools and educational associations have now to register with the Director of Education.

7

=

Labour Troubles.

66. There were no serious strikes during 1913, but one or two labour disputes are worthy of comment.

Pond Fish Guild.-The trouble in this case arose from the attempt of one firm in the guild by splitting into two to secure two shares of the limited accommodation for fish tubs on board the Canton River Steamers. The attempt was abortive.

Rice Carrying Coolies.-In June there was a strike of some 150 to 200 coolies employed by Haiphong rice merchants in un- loading and storing rice. The strike was probably engineered by one or two agitators who incited the men to demand higher wages. Little difficulty was experienced in replacing the strikers by casual labour and the strike had no serious result.

Stone Masons.-In September a money dispute between the contractors and the stone masons employed on the extension of a local firm's premises led to an unimportant strike of the masons. The matter was compromised on reference to this office.

Coal Coolies.In October representations were made by certain local firms regarding an extraordinary rise in the wages of casual coal coolies. On investigation it appeared that the supply of coolies for coal carrying-work which only a limited class will undertake-had been for some time unequal to the demand thus raising the average rate of wages from 50 cents to $1.35 per day. The conditions were, however, exceptional; the arrival of a large number of coal steamers synchronising with the period in which the coolies are in the habit of returning to their villages. There was nothing in the shape of a guild concerned and many unusual sources of labour supply were tapped to make up the deficiency until conditions again became normal.

GENERAL.

67. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance, 1913, reports were furnished on 488 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention.

68. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals, recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences, who claimed to be Hongkong born.

C 18

69. A good deal of difficulty has been experienced during the year in dealing with Chinese theatrical matters: owing partly to the desire of "Young China" to use the theatre for political pur- poses and partly owing to the feeling of entire irresponsibility caused by the sudden relaxation of the old traditions that have for so long bound the Chinese stage. The feeling is manifested especi- ally in the "pak wa hi"-Dramas in Cantonese Vernacular-of which a great number are now being turned out. They are as a rule very poor stuff, and often depend for their entire point on inflammatory polities or immorality. The older generation of Chinese express great concern at the harmful effect of this new tendency for the freedom that Chinese women have claimed since the Revolution has shewn itself in nothing more clearly than in determined attendance at theatres of this stamp. Some plays have been ruled out : one company suspended for exceeding the limits of its permit by the use of "gag": female troupes have been altogether refused permis- sion to act and permits are now only issued to well-known companies whose number is itself limited as far as is possible. But it will not be possible for some time to come to relax any of the precautions now taken.

70. In August a most inflammatory article appeared in a local Chinese newspaper, the Shat Po, denouncing Yuan Shi Kai, and calling on the Chinese to combine to overthrow him. The editor was prosecuted for "seditious publication" under section 2 of Ordinance 15 of 1907, which makes it an offence to print, publish, offer for sale or distribute any publication calculated to excite tumult or disorder in China, and at the October Sessions was con- victed and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment.

71. 18 applications for British Born Subject Certificates were received and reported on; 11 were granted. There were no appli- cations for naturalisation during the year.

72. During 1913 the cases of seven leper women were enquired into. 5 were sent to their homes, and the other 2 were put in the charge of the leper asylums at Canton and Tung Kun, in each case through the Tung Wa Hospital.

TRADE AND COMMERCE (CHINESE).

73. Resulting on the formal appointment by the Government from the 1st January, 1914, of a local correspondent of the Com- mercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, the customary précis of Chinese Trade and Industries is now no longer included in this Report.

STAFF.

The name of this Office was altered during the year to "The Secretariat for Chinese Affairs"

- Ŏ 19

First Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

74. Mr. D. W. Tratman, who continued to act as Head of the Sanitary Department throughout the year, was appointed Assistant District Officer, Southern District, from the 29th November, 1912. Mr. A. E. Wood was appointed 1st Assistant with effect from April 19th, 1913, and took up his duties on return from leave on the 7th November.

Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Assistant Postmaster and 2nd Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the 19th April continued to act as 1st Assistant up to the 4th August; and Messrs. S. B. B. McElderry, N. L. Smith and R. E. Lindsell acted from the 5th August, the 19th September and the 2nd November, respectively.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

75. Mr. A. E. Wood, while on leave of absence, was appointed First Assistant from the 19th April and Mr. J. D. Lloyd was appointed Second Assistant from that date. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted up to the 1st April and again from the 7th November to the end of the year. Mr. N. L. Smith acted from the 2nd April to the 27th August, from the 17th to the 18th September and from the 2nd to the 6th November. Mr. M. J. Breen acted from the 28th August to the 16th September and from the 19th September to the 1st November.

From 1st January, 1914, an extra 2nd class post-Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs -has been created, to which Mr. D. W. Tratman was appointed (Mr. A. E. Wood acting), 2nd Assistant Mr. A. E. Wood (Mr. R. E. Lindsell acting), 3rd Assistant Mr. R. E. Lindsell (Mr. N. L. Smith acting).

Sergeant (Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance).

76. Sergeant George Willis reverted to the Police Department on the 1st November and Sergeant Thomas Cashman was appointed in his place.

77.

Mr. Lau Tsz

was reduced to 3rd Mr. Lau Pak Tun.

SUBORDINATE STAFF.

Second Grade Writer.

Ping resigned on the 16th March. The post Grade and was filled by the appointment of

Fourth Grade Writer.

Mr. Lau Pak Tun was promoted to 3rd Grade Writer on the 16th March and this post was abolished on the transfer of the Student Interpreters to the Department of the Director of Educa- tion.

Ć 20

Fifth Grade Clerk.

Mr. Tsoi Kin Yung was promoted to 4th Grade Clerk on the 1st June and his place was filled by the appointment of Mr. Wong Hi Yung from the 1st June to the 30th September, and by Mr. Leung Kwai Lam from the 1st October.

Sixth Grade Clerk.

Mr. Yung Kwong Ip resigned on the 1st June.

The post

was raised to 4th Grade and was filled by the appointment on promotion of Mr. Tsoi Kin Yung.

Typist (temporary).

Mr. Tsin Yik Hong resigned on the 16th March and Mr. Chau Chun Yat was appointed in his place. His services were dispensed with on the 1st June, as the work in the Translator's Office was then not so pressing.

First Grade Translator.

Mr. Lo Kam Chak obtained First Class Translator's Certificate on the 3rd October.

4th April, 1914.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

C 21

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1912 and 1913.

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1912.

Revenue in

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

C.

C.

C.

C.

Licences and Internal Revenue not other-. wise specified,

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reimburse- ments-in-aid,

Emigration House Licences. Forfeitures,

Money Changers' Licences,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., .

Contribution from Chinese Dispensaries, &c., for Clerical Assistance,

Householders' Registration,

Bond by Non-resident

Official Signatures,

Householders,,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908.

4,850

2,200

*

5,618

*

768 *

*

2.200

Marriage Licences,

No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902.

833

1,274

441

No. 8 of 1887.

2,700 †

2,700

No. 3 of 1898.

425

225

200

389

240

149

No. 3 of 1888.

294

792

498

10

25

15

"

Re-registration,

2,128

2,184

56

ܕ,

Removals,

15

17

2

";

Extracts.

15

10

3

2

1

,

Duplicate,

No. 14 of 1913.

60

60

Registration of Societies,

No. 47 of 1911.

120

50

70

Interest,. Miscellaneous,

Receipts,.

Interest accrued on official account.

9

6

3

Refunds, etc.,

251

40

211

Other Miscellaneous

Copyright Registration,

No. 14 of 1910.

11

11

Permits for Firework Displays,

100

100

Total,.

14,257.54

10,645.58

1,940.50

5,552.46

Deduct Increase,

$

1,940.50

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

† For seven months only. Transferred to Police Department.

Total Decrease in 1913, ....$ 3,611.96

Ċ 22 -

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1904.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Year.

Total.

Decrease. Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen- diture to Revenuc.

c.

e.

$ C. $ c.

C.

$0.

%

1904, 167,083.66

1905,... 172,947.89

1906, 177,284.21

6,731.85

31,339.71

÷

1.584.07

18.75

:

5,864.23 31,761,32

421.61

18:36

4,336.32 36,947,46

5,186.14 20.81

1907, 163,261.13 14,203.08

35,630.88

1,316.58

21.82

1908, 164,459.99

1,198.86 43,848.51

8,217.63 26.66

1909,

104,138.88 60,321,11

1910,

15,492.12 88,616.76

1911,

1912,

1913,

14,518.19 973.93

14,257,54 260.65

10,645.58 3,611.96

:

:

:

:

43,793.61

54.90

42.05

42,462.81 1,330.80

274-09

49,217.74

6,754.93 339.01

45,521.01

3,696.53

319 28

41,674.04

3,846.97

:

391.47

}

Table III.

4

Total.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Permitted to leave,

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,

Married,

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent,

To French Consul to be sent home,

Under Detention on

1st January, 1913.

Detained during 1913.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

€ 23

10 2

3

...

2

I

:00 10:00

117

53

170

178

3

3

5

1

1

:

1

3

1

4

4

2

6

1

1

2

1

1

1

...

3

...

...

...

1

...

1

...

1

1

4

9

9

...

...

15

5

20

131

63

194

214

Dead,.....

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

Total,.

Cases brought forward, 20.

Cases dealt with during the year, 203.

Cases carried forward, 9.

1

Table IV.

Number of Assisted Emigrants and of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Registrar General under "The Chinese Emigration Ordinances, 1889-1908," during the year 1913.

Whither Bound.

Male

Assisted

Women and Children, 1913.

Male

Assisted

Women

and

Emigrants

1913.

Women. Girls. Boys. Total.

Emigrants Children

1912.

1912.

German New Guinea,

32

3

12

47

19

Japan, ......

39

24

66

7

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,

12,769

15,688

1,907

5,723

23,318

8,490

Dutch Indies,

3,567

516

60

501

1,077

5.858

20,328

1,147

Borneo,

668

450

Honolulu,

41

14

40

95

121

Peru,

12

Canada,

1

388

389

...

...

614

United States of America,

49

te

424

485

331

Mexico,

South America,

Mauritius,.

1

51

52

:

111

17

76

Australia,

India,

Africa,

29

12

1 2 3 4

314

332

238

66

144

242

21

53

77

6

22

1

Total, 1913,

17,004

16,501

2,009

7,570 26,080 14,798

23,248

Total, 1912, .

14,798

14,629 1,776 6,843 23,248

•16

...

+

C 24-

€ 25

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Passed.

Rejected

Un- willing.

at S.C.A. as unfit.

Rejected by Doctor.

Sent Total

Percentage of back. Rejected. Rejection.

%

1911,...

34,087 24,605* 1,236

1912,... 21,458 14.798* 705

1913,.. 22,984 17,004* 595

2,179

470

281

4,166

12,22

1,370

139

317

2,531

11.79

620

93

85

1,393

6.06

* Including Emigrants to Borneo.

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1913.

Sent home by Tung Wa Hospital, .....

10

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense of

boarding houses,....

1,325

Sent away without help,

58

Total rejected,....

1,393

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

East River,...

North River,

Canton,

Delta,

Kwong Sai,

Southern Districts,

Mandarin,

2,043

4,019

1,820

1,502

1,135

3,408

2,495

582

Total,.........

17,004

26

Table VI.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1913.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

*

C.

$

**

c.

C.

To Balance,

9,775

By Wages and Salaries :-

Chief District Watchmen,

1,691

""

Contributions,

Assistant Chief District Watch-

26,679

men,

1,560

Detectives,.

1,182

""

Grant by Government,..

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,

2,207

2nd

91

"

9,012

Donation from Mr. Ho Tai-shang

3rd

155

"1

??

Allowance to Chief District

towards the building of District Watchmen's Quarters at Kow- loon,......

Watchmen and Detectives,

783

Medal Allowance

312

5,000

Instructors' Allowance,

96

16,999

02

"Payment for Special Services,

By Miscellaneous :--

413

22

Fines,.....

29

Messenger,

Cooks, Coolies,

68

432

· 384

884

90

>>

Interest,...

By Office Staff :-

406

Manager,

308

""

Rent from Mr. Ch'an Yui-tong for permission to erect the iron gate on I. L. 680 for the year 1913,...

Writer,

Interpreter,

72

60

Collector,

350

790 50

1

Total,...

18,673 52

By Other Charges:-

Crown Rent,

Water Account,.

22

48

Uniform and Equipment,

1,424

Stationery and Printing,

184

Rewards,

25

Gratuities,

42

Oil,

360

Premium on Fire Policies,

452

Loss on Exchange,

1,872

Rent of Telephone,

405

Fittings and Repairs,

1,223

Coolie and Conveyance Hire,..

244

Furniture,

16

Conservancy,

45

Photographs,

5

Sundries,

260

6,632

64

By Pension:-

300 00

So Tai and Au Pún's widow,...

By Retiring Allowance :-

Ex District Watchman No. 80

Ng Shing,

Total Expenditure,... Balance,

Total,

.$ 44,305 72

Disposal of Balance :---

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

*

Total,................................

Cents omitted except in the totals.

29

25

25

25,635 41 18,670 31

Total,

.$$$

44,305 72

.$10,000.00 8,670.31

.$18,670.31

1

7

Patients.

1

Table VII,

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1913.

on 31st December, 1912.

Remaining in Hospital

Chinese Treatment.

European

Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1913.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought

to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Male,

Female,

151 2,469 1,167 3,636 3,787 2,682

942

163 63,102|| 6,255 69,357

388

8712,053

53 545

743

525 |1,070 |1,123

332

4833,385 4,653 38,038

392

...

...

Total,.

204 3,014 1,692 4,706 4,9103,4251,274 211 96,487 10,908 107,395 3881,2632,053

Total for 1912,

159 2,7141,406

3124,2792,616 1,459

155

204 93,395 | 8,938 102,333 | 1,381

287

!

- C 27

F

1

*

C 28

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Kwai Chau Year (1913).

Receipts.

SA

Amount,

$

Payments.

Amount.

$

$

Balance brought forward from Yam Tsz

Year, (1912),...

To rent of Hospital property,.

To Subscriptions:-

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs,.... 12,178

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

By Food for Staff,

5,322

19,608

""

Salaries and Wages,

17,430

""

Sick room expenses,.

5,103

36,576

""

Patients' food and washing,

6,649

99

Chinese drugs,

15,047

""

European drugs,

3,615

""

Light,..

...

4,676

""

Passage money

to patients and

destitutes,

670

6,534

""

Repairs,...

1,914

""

Repairs to Hospital property,

2,008

3.

4.

मं

and Donations,

4,806

"

29

Crown Rent,

from wealthy persons,

3,120

Insurance,

,, Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

Advertisements,

946

...

627

...

1,091

5.

دو

medicines, coffins,

for the supply of

quilted clothing and

2,225

""

Sundries,

""

""

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital, Construction of New Mortuary,

39

2,526

2,916

4,200

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant

Directors and Committee,

To Government Grant,

2,158

31,022

22

8,000

Re-construction of (Hospital Pro-

perty) house No. 64 Bonham Strand,

+

Subscription to the Kwong Wa

Hospital, the Fong Pin Hospital and the London Hospital,

3,401

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

3,205

81,357

" Interest,

Balance of the Fund for construction

of the New Mortuary, ...

,, Compensation from the Yan On and Fuk On Insurance Co. for house No. 64 Bonham Strand,

Premium on notes,

6,149

Burial of bodies from Government

""

18,145

""

Mortuary, (Victoria), ....................... Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),.............................. Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

pital,

$61

1,510

4,985

Coffins for bodies by Tung Wa

3,821

Hospital,

5,634

"

Sale of deceaseds' property,

ornaments, ...................

"

??

Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen

refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

Contribution from the Ko Shing, and

Kau U Fong Theatres, ....

:

:

:

2,677

251

12,991

Total,

94,349-

1,327

Balance,.....

45,122

""

6,357

3,033

Grand Total,...........

$139,471.90

Grand Total,.................

$139,471.90

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

3

>

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Kwai Chau Year (1913).

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

*

To Loan from Relief Fund,.

8,440

>>

""

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,.

29,681

"}

>>

>>

Man Mo Temple Fund, ...

5,860

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

"}

"}

>>

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

"}

Fund,

6,000

>>

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,.

88,887

"

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund,.

15,226

109,566

By Bank Balance at close of year :- With Ming San, Tin Fuk, Tai Fung, and Wai Kat Banks, Shang- hai Bank & Kowloon Land Investment Co.,

By House Property (original value) :— 2 houses in Bonham Strand and Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

10,400

8,108

14,900

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

112,410

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

17,386

7 houses in Queen's Road West (including cost of additions to building),

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West,

26,000

3 houses in Bonham Strand,

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague

Hospital),

54,697

Total,..

$221,976.78

Subscriptions not yet paid :-

From Hongs,

*

Cents omitted except in the totals.

""

Individuals,

Total,.....

$1,950

1,650

$3,600

$

45,122

176,854

$ 221,976.78

- C 29

Receipts.

4

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Kwai Chau Year (1913).

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

*

Balance from Yam Tsz Year (1912),

57,494

Interest,..

1,379

Gift to boatmen Chan Chi, Li Kwai and Leung Kwong Fuk,

35

Reward to Li Tai for rescuing destitutes,

50

Gift to boatman Ho Muk Tai,

200

Lai Shui Mui for shipwreck,

50

>>

boatman Li Kwai,

50

""

Kwok Hung for shipwreck,

200

""

boatman Cheng Kan,.

200

""

Balance,

58,089.

X

Grand Total,..

.$

58,874.04

Grand Total,.

58,874.04

Disposal of Balance,

Tai Fung, Wai Kat, Ming San and Tin Fuk Banks, Shanghai Bank and Kowloon Land Investment Co. * Cents omitted except in the totals.

1.

?

- ₫ 30

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Kwai Chau Year (1913).

Amount.

*

Balance from Yam Tsz Year (1913), Government Grant in aid of Free Schools from

12,391

the Director of Education,

709

Temple Keeper,

4,597

Rent of Temple property,...................

4.997

Deposit from Temple Keeper,

2,000

Interest,..

324

Refund of Crown Rent,..

19

Police rates for the free school,.

55

Grand Total,..

25,094.81

Payments.

Amount.

Tung Wa Hospital,

Free Schools and sundries,.. Balance at close of the year :-

With Tai Fung, Ming San, Wai Kat and Tin Fuk Banks, Shanghai Bank and Kowloon Land Investment Co.,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$

*

2,500

9,014

13,580

Grand Total,..... ......$

25,094.81

C 31 -

Revenue.

Table XII.

'Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity 1913.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

$

*

Balance from 1912,

42,122

Subscriptions,......

1,000

""

Stamps for receipts,

Interest on mortgages,

1,012

>>

By Charity given to widows,

Examination of deeds by Mr. Dennys, ....

574

*

1

5

29

on current account (Po Un Bank),................

599

>>

Photographs,

.80

Advance from Tung Wa Hospital,

11

Balance with Chartered Bank,

35,164

""

Mortgage of a house from Miss Ng Li,...

9,000

Grand Total,

$

44,745.71

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Grand Total,...

44,745.71

- C 32

Patients.

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the

Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1913.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

383

4,556

430

4,986

3,971 429

4,400

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1913.

Chinese

Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

43

511

473

984 1,029

685

281

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1912.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

19 201 167 368 387 202 160

Male,

45

Female,

Total,.

64

712

1,3521,416

640

887

441

88

8,527

859

$59

9

19

Total for 1912,

46

702

523

1,225 | 1,271

671

536 64

5,547

815

63

:

:

:..

:

- Ċ 33

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital from 6th February, 1913, to 25th January, 1914, (Kwai Chau Year).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

$

Balance brought forward from Yam Tsz

Year, (1912),

1,036

Salaries and wages,

8,838

Government Grant,

8,500

Food for staff,

2,537

Contribution from Tung Wa Hospital,

2,000

Patients' food and washing,...

8,100

>>

>>

wealthy persons,

700

Sick room expenses,.

409

""

""

charitable persons,

536

Chinese drugs,.

1,893

house to house in Yaumati,

3,452

""

وو

European drugs,

1,914

""

""

Tai Ping Theatre,

1,000

Stationery, stamps and advertisements,...

422

"}

Ko Shing Theatre,

1,200

""

Light,

722

Interest,

158

Telephone,

101

Hospital),

Amount drawn from Hospital Building Fund (deposited with Tung Wa

Amount of subscriptions received by Kwong Wa Hospital and temporarily deposited with Tung Wa Hospital,

Premium on notes,

""

""

silver dollars,.

Fees from patients,

Payments for Chinese medicine,

Fees from private patients,

Payments for kitchen refuse,

Petty receipts,

Payment for construction work in

Hospital,

407

5,918

Repairs,.

245

Furniture,

333

Discount on sub-coins,

128

...

2,000

Bonus to servants,

124

564

Sundries,

962

17

Coffins,

623

259

Burial expenses (apart from coffins),

331

488

Coffins for bodies from Government

46

Mortuary, (Kowloon),.

737

111

Burial of bodies from Government

74

Mortuary, (Kowloon),

404

Expenses of Small-pox Hospital, Yaumati,

613

$24,852.76

Balance (subscriptions deposited with

Tung Wa Hospital),

2,000.00

Cash with Manager,

1,214.01

Total,

$28,066.77

Grand Total,... $28,066.77

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

་་

Subscriptions promised, not yet paid--$750.

C 34

▸ 35

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand

Total.

Total

Total

1913.

1912.

New Cases,....

Return Cases,

56,356

32,447

Total,......

88,803

75,331

>>

""

Certificate of nature of disease issued,

cause of death,.................

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,

Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary, Attendance at cleansing of infected premises,.. Compensation, claims sent in,

Applications received for coffins,......

....

21

11

***

371

401

412

523

1,173

1,460

412

1,213

60

384

652

717

22

for midwives,

135

117

!

Infants brought to office, (alive),...

206

22

""

(dead),

1,136

Total,......

1,342

1,669

}

"

Vaccination at house,..

"office,

566

5,499

Total,..

6,065 9,736

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1913.

C 36

Receipts.

$

$

c.*

Expenditure.

$

$

To Balance,

18,205

Maintenance of Dispensaries, Victoria, 22,417

Government Grant to the East and

1,900

West Plague Hospitals,...

Harbour Dispensary,

3,345

"}

Donation from Tai Ping Theatre,

Victoria,...

4,950

Shaukiwan

2,837

"}

""

وو

Donation from San Theatre, Victoria,

2,166

28,600

Ko Shing Theatre,

""

300

Victoria,

7,416

Annual Subscriptions, Land,

"3

Harbour,

13,673

7,748

Part cost of building of Shamshuipo Dispensary,

Balance :-

4,400

33,000

Donation from Mr. Lai Ching-bin towards the funds of the Har- bour Dispensary to replace the amount of subscriptions em-

At Current Account,

18,165

610

In hand,..

143

bezzled by Lai Wing-tak,.

Subscriptions, Shaukiwan,

885

from Committee of

""

286

Dispensaries,

""

[23,202

Advance to Dispensary Clerks,.........................

Alice Memorial Hos- pital for purchase of drugs, ....)

60

500

18,868

Annual Subscriptions to Wanchai

296

Plague Hospital,

Subscription to Saiyingpún Plague

25

Hospital,

Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street,

420

Interest,

391

Salary not drawn by Lai Wing-tak who absconded,..

10

51,868

76

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$51,868 76

C 37

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts 1913.

Description.

Receipts:-

To Balance, .............

Subscription, &c.,

Government Grant,

Donation from Shamshuipo Temple,...

Hau Wong

"" Kun Yam

""

Proceeds of Theatrical Performance

in aid of Dispensary Fund,

Donation from Po Hing Theatre, &c., Grant from Dispensary in Hunghom,

Expenditure:-

Total,.....

Through Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs,

By Committee,

Amount overdrawn from 1912,.

Hung-

Yaumati.

hom.

Kowloon City.

515

17

2,794

4,319

1,511

100

420

950

#

400

722

570

4

391

909

200

4,307.18 | 6,514.70 | 3,002.82

1,590

1,816

750 3,419

1,588 1,370

256

...

Total,......

3,662.93 4,169.89 | 2,958.96

Balance :-

At Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, With Committee,

277

2,140

366

204

128

15

Total,

$

644.25 2,344.81

43.86

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

?

......

1

2

3

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1913 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

Number of deaths.

Number certified.

uncertified.

Number

Percentage of

3 to 2.

Number examined

after death and not sent to mortuary.

Vietoria,

Harbour,

5,447

2,909

2,538

53.

735

13

1,803

33

1,044

172

872

16

748

71

124

11

Kowloon,

1,403

727

676

51

105

571

40

Shaukiwan,.

223

47

176

21

65

29

111

49

Other villages in Hongkong,

83

13

70

15.

44

53

26

31

Total,..

8,200

3,868

4,332

47

1,697 ́

20

20

2,635

32

6

7

8

9

Percentage of

6 to 2.

Number sent to

mortuary.

Percentage of 8 to 2.

Ċ 38

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1913.

Victoria Districts.

Month.

Victoria.

Total.

Harbour. Kowloon.

West.

Central. East.

Hongkong outside Victoria.

New

Territories.

Total.

Grand

Total.

January,

February,

11

8

March,...

April,.

May,

6

June,

11

July,

5

August,

4

September,

12

October,.

6

November,

7

December,

6

QLOLO HOOONS TO ON LO

7544O

20

15

19

18

2

18

17

6

x=

16

10

16

11

15

11

14

6

24

10

32

13

8

11

ONCO-N-

1

17

21

19

19

15

15

1

7

28

10

14

9

14

11

1

14

7

13

8

1

NWA&ENA & OF 10 10 24

37

57

26

4.4

28

45

37

53

32

47

46

70

25

38

49

66

35

54

46

57

35

49

29

43

Grand Total,..

91

59

48

198

121

220

74

10

425

623 *

Total for 1912,

139

148

100

387

149

153

70

1

373

760

* Of 623, 212 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

Ċ 39

C 40

Table XX.

Return of Bodies Abandoned for the years, 1911, 1912 and 1913.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1911.

Over

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

15 years.

15 years

& under.

Over

15 years.

15 years

& under.

Over

15 years.

15 year

& under.

Total.

Victoria,

9

Kowloon,.

13

Harbour,

11

Elsewhere,

12

ལci。་

76

79

166

15

18

1

47

19

3

50

22

18

52

Total,...... 45

128

4 134

4

315

1912.

Victoria,

48

76

Kowloon,

22

64

Harbour,

18

25

Elsewhere,

7 34

12

6742

62

76

30

42

~~::

2

194

2

171

77

95

Total,...... 95 199

Victoria,

39

26

Kowloon,.

21

81

Harbour,

25

Elsewhere,

20

29 210

1913.

1626

37

84

20

14

Total,.....

69

152

15 155

:

:

11

4

537

103

198

52

49

402

20

To Balance,

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXI.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1913.

Receipts.

Total,

Payments.

7,108

By Wages of Watchmen, &c.,

558

1,513

Miscellaneous,

318

Balance,

7,745

""

$8,621.57

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,

$ 8,621.57

— °C 41 —

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statements of Amounts of Passage Money Fund.

$

*

Payments.

*

- Ở 42 –

To Balance at Current Account, .........$1,504

Cash,.

84

>>

"

1,589

19

By Gifts to 16 women on being married, Annual Charitable Allowance to two persons, Subscription to Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

36

72

50

"""

Passage Money Received, Less Refunds,

*

1,007

""

874

3

Petty Expenses,.

"

·,

Interest on Current Account, Miscellaneous,

55

6

Alice Memorial Hospital, Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,. Small gifts to distressed persons,

Balance :-

Current Account, Cash,

50

18

28

4

Total..

$ 2,525.77

$2,205

60

2,265

Total,

$ 2,525.77

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Table XXIII.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 1 of 1889 and No. 4 of 1897.

Remarks.

Offence,

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male.

Female.

Male.

Female.

'Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

6

3

Fireworks, Discharging without permits,

43

Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating,

2

163

2

:

:::

Processions, Organising in the public streets

without permit, ...........

Nil.

...

:

Householder Registration,-Failing to register,

10

32

49

...

Ordinance No. 1 of 1889.

Decoying men or boys into ór away from the Colony,

3

Keeping unlicensed Emigration Houses,

1

:

Neglecting to enter names of boarders on register,..

10

Personating Emigrants, .....

1

3

9

1

...

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under the age of 13 years (Sec. 26),

21

8

2

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

12

Detaining, harbouring or receiving women or girls,. Procuration of girls under age to have carnal connection,

15

210

10

25

...

Knowingly deriving profits from prostitution,

letting women out for hire, trading in them, ......

12

:..

- °C 43 -

6

1 male & female committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

6

1

2 males & 1 female committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

1

C 44

Annexe A.

Report of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1913.

The following gentlemen were elected in March, to act as Managing Committee for the year 1913 :—

Chan Lok-chun,

Chau U-ting,

Tsui Oi-ting,

Chan Sut-ngam,

Chau Chi-hing,

Lo Siu-oi,

Fu Yik-pang,

Sham Pak-ming,

Wong Ping-sun,

Tsang Ping-kwan,

Wong Leung-him, Lo Man-hing.

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on the 1st January, 1913, was 64, and 625 persons in all were admitted during the year as compared with 581 in 1912. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken regarding them are set out in Table A.

194 women and girls were committed under warrant, and 377 were admitted without warrant of the rest, 25 were lost children, 10 were accompanied by parent or guardian, and 3 were runaway maidservants.

On leaving the Kuk 191 women and girls were placed in the charge of husband, parent or other relative; 31 were sent to Chari- table Institutions in China; 35 were adopted; and 17 married. The number released under bond was 20. 8 cases were sent to the Italian Convent, Eyre Diocesan Refuge and Victoria Home. The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on the 31st December was 62.

The income and expenditure during the year and the assets and liabilities of the Society are set out in Tables B and C attached. The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have been audited by Messrs. Chiu Chau-sam and Li Yaut-sun.

The balance to the credit of the Society at the close of the year was $16,912, as compared with $17,672 on the 1st January.

The total expenditure thus exceeded the income by $760, a falling off in subscriptions to this amount accounting for the deficit.

·

A

C 45.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. Chau Siu-ki, Brotherton Harker (who died in December) and F. Maitland. On no occasion was any complaint received, or ground seen for adverse comment. The average of inmates monthly was 66 as compared with 75 in 1912.

The matron reports that the conduct of the inmates was uniformly good, the newcomers soon settling down; and that over 40% showed considerably industry in learning to sew, read and write.

4th April, 1914.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs, President.

3

January, 1913, In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st |

2

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1913 and the

arrangements made regarding them.

64 15

σ

:..

24

4

2

:

64

12

817

20

OT

12

ون

N

1

64

Total.

Committed under Warrant from Registrar General's Office. Committed under Warrant from Emigration Office.

Pending the opening of the Registrar General's Office.

Sent with

their own consent

by Registrar General. Sent with their own consent from Singapore. Manila and Swatow. Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband.

Placed in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home.

Dead.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

Admitted during the year, ... 625 131 63 16 268 | 24

85 25 10

3 625 305

12 20 163 25

3 23

10

Total,

689

Kuk on the 31st Decem- Remaining in the Po Leung

62

ber, 1913,

4

6 1 2 34 3

689 146 68 16 292 2899 27 10

3 689317| 20

21170 31

8 35

17

5

62 689

растов

:

2

62

:

3 61

625

C 46

7

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1913.

RECEIPTS.

$

*

$

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous year :-

By the Elected Committee

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

15,000

2,672

(see Table C),

$

9,500

17,672

Balance :-

On Fixed Deposit,

15,000

Subscriptions

· ---

At Current Account,

1,912

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,

872

16,912

Elected Committee,

300

Guilds,

4,264

Man Mo Temple,.

1,040

Theatres,

1,187

7,665

Interest :-

On Deposit,

On Current Account,

Total,..

975

99

1,075

$ 26,412.74

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,........

$ 26,412.74

Ở 47

,

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from the 1st January to the 31st December, 1913.

*

RECEIPTS.

Balance from previous year, Received from Permanent Board,

Miscellaneous Receipts,.

Premium on bank notes,

$

EXPENDITURE.

$

*

84

Decorations,

53

9,500

Food,

3,406

'360

Light and Fire,

1,361

35

Miscellaneous,

431

Passage.Money,

85

Petty Expenditure,

597

Printing,

128

Repairs, ....

164

Stationery,

120

Telephone,

Insurance,

100

321

Wages,

'Balance,.

3,097

9,869

111

Total,

$

9,980.10

Total,..

9,980.10

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 48-

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1913.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3.-Revenue and Expenditure. 4.-Steam-launches. 5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6. Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court. 8.-Marine Court.

9.- Examination of Masters,

Mates and Engineers.

10.- Examination of Pilots. 11.-Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories. 13.-Lighthouses.

14.-Commercial Intelligence, Board of Trade.

TABLES.

I.--Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV. -Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII.--Junks cleared from China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered.

XI-Licensed Steam-launches cleared.

XII-Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII.--Statement of Revenue.

XIV.-Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV.-Return of Emigration.

XVI-Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

D 2

XIX. Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

XX.-Vessels registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII-Comparison in Number and tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1903.

XXIII. Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV.-Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on the Imports and Exports Office. C.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office.

D.--Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1913 amounted to 490,228 vessels of 37,742,982 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1912, shows an increase of 1,609 vessels of 1,007,933 tons.

Of the above, 47,520 vessels of 25,821,652 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as against 46,603 vessels of 24,269,270 tons in 1912, and were distributed as follows:-

1912. Numbers.

1913. Numbers.

1912. Tonnage.

1913. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

8.4 %

8.8%

32.4%

32.7 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

9.2

9.9

35.3

36.0

British River

Steamers,

15'0

14:0

17.3

15.8

Foreign River

Steamers, ...

3.8

3.8

3.5

3.6

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

8.6

9.5

0'6

· 0.7

Trading Junks, 55.0

54.0

10.9

11.2

100.0

100'0

100'0

100.0

The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above

figures.

}

D 3

2. Of ships of European construction, 4,445 Ocean Steamers, 2 Sailing Ships, 4,202 River Steamers, and 2,287 Steam-launches (not exceeding 60 tons) entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 299 ships, as compared with 28'7 in 1912, and 26'9 in 1911.

3. The average tonnage of individual ocean vessels entering the port has increased from 2,575 7 tons to 2,577.5 tons. That of British ships has increased from 2,713-4 tons to 2,742-7 tons, while that of Foreign ships has decreased from 2,457 tons to 2,4537 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean Vessels has increased from 1,257 tons to 1,995 5 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entered during the year has increased from 5851 tons to 5986 tons. That of British River Steamers has increased from 6025 tons to 6162 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 515°1 tons to 533.2 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1912 and 1913 is given in the following table:-

1912.

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British

Ocean-

going,

Foreign Ocean-

going,

British River

Steamers,...

6,968

Foreign River

Steamers.......

1,938

$94,349 1,780

3,956 7,779,970| 4,210 | 8,449,533

4,367 8,592,320| 4,679 | 9,272,635

4.197,744 6,624 | 4,078,635

949.328

254

312

669,563

680,315

311

119,109

12 51,979

:

Steamships un-

der 60 tons 3,981

150,612 4,574 189,003 593

38,391

:

(Foreign

Trade),...

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

25,593

2,654,275 25,653 || 2,882,518 60

228,243

Total, Foreign |

Trade,

46,603 24,269,270 47,520 25,821.652 1.261

1,671,491 344 119.109

Steam-launches

plying in

Waters of Colony,

411,990 10,609,404 | 416,438 10,720,604 | 4,448

111,200

Junks, Local

Trade,

30,056 *1,856,475 +26,270 †1.200,726

3,786 655,749

Grand Total. 488,649 36,735,149 | 490,228 37,742.982 5,709

1,782,6914,130 774,858

Net....

1,579 1,007,833

* Including 9,922 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 624,090 tons.

10,026

,,

1,

23

of 107,276

27

D 4

5. This table shows an increase in British Ocean Shipping of 254 ships of 669,563 tons, or 64 per cent. in numbers and 86 per cent. in tonnage.

British River Steamers show decrease of 344 ships of 119,109. tons or 49 per cent. in numbers and 2.8 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the fact that two Chinese owned British Steamers, the Wing Hon and Hoi Tung, ceased running during the year.

Foreign Ocean Vessels increased by 312 ships of 680,315 tons or 7.1 per cent. in number and 79 per cent. in tonnage. This is almost entirely due to the increase under the Japanese flag, of 287 ships of 650,766 tons, though there are small increases under the Austrian, Dutch, Norwegian and United States flags, while French, German and Italian shipping decreased.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 42 ships of 54,979 tons, or 24 per cent. in numbers and 61 per cent. in tonnage. These figures are explained by the substitution of the Kwong Kung of 418 tons under Chinese colours for the Kwong Wai of 195 tons. During the year the two River Steamers hitherto under French colours have been transferred to the Chinese flag.

Steam-launches in Foreign Trade increased by 593 vessels of 38,391 tons, or 15 per cent. in numbers and 255 per cent. in tonnage. The causes which led to the large increase in 1912 have continued to be operative during the whole of 1913 but larger launches have been employed on the various runs.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 60 vessels of 228,243 tons, or 23 per cent. in numbers and 8.5 per cent. in tonnage. This appears to indicate that the Foreign Trade is being carried in junks of larger size than formerly.

In Local Trade, i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony, there is an increase in Steam-launches of 4,448 vessels of 111,200 tons or 1 per cent. in both numbers and tonnage.

In Local Trade Junks there is shown a large decrease, of 3,786 vessels of 655,749 tons, or 12 per cent. in number and 35 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by the facts that many large junks formerly employed in Local Trade, have gone into Foreign Trade during the year, and that all junks under 150 piculs capacity are now classed “boats".

It is of interest to note the altered relative positions of German and Japanese shipping visiting the Colony. In 1912, German shipping arriving occupied the second place on the list, with 637 ships of 1,129,054 tons, or 74 per cent. of the total arrivals of Ocean and River Trade vessels, and 105 per cent. in tonnage. While under the Japanese flag came 592 ships of 1.572,194 tons, or 6'9 per cent. in numbers and 14.6 per cent. in tonnage In 1913, German shipping fell to the third place in both nuniber and tonnage with 597 ships of 1,107,453 tons, or 69 per cent. in numbers and .97 per cent. in tonnage, against Japan's 740 ships of 1,907,307 tons or 85 per cent. in numbers and 16.7 per cent. in tonnage.

D 5

6. The actual numbers of individual Ocean Vessels of European construction entered during 1913 was 791 of which 361 were British and 430 were Foreign. In 1912 the corresponding figures were 724, 336 British and 388 Foreign.

These 791 ships measured 2,045,076 tons. They entered 4,447 times, and gave a collective tonnage of 8,873,806 tons. Thus, 65 more ships entered 292 more times, with a collective tonnage increased by 687,670 tons, an average of 2,355 tons per ship.

Thus:

Flag.

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

1913.

Steamers 335

359

1,977

British

1912. 1913. 1912. 1913. 1912.

2,099 3,892,3544,209,950

Sailing.... 1

2

1

2 2,890

5.419

Japanese,

123

161

592

740 1,572,194 1,907,307

German,

98

106

637

597

1,129,054 1,107,453

Norwegian,

26

29

168

189

173,145 182,633

Austrian,.

10

12

46

51

153,624 168,063

Chinese,

30

26

236

233

275,310 272,166

Danish,

6

11

13

28,927 34,433

Dutch,

18

15

112

128

246,352 242,928

French,

26

22

142

155

229,532 284,628

Italian,..

4

13

7

31,403

18,312

Portuguese,

5

5

101

114

49,494

52,009

Russian,

18

35

34

103,998

86,021

Swedish,

6

7

14

12

37,262 31,497

U.S.A..

18

15

70

73

260,597 270,987

Total,....i 724 791 4,155 4,447 8,186,1368,873,806

7. The 368 British ships carried 3,623 British officers and 11 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 5 U.S.A., 2 Dutch, 2 Danes, 1 Norwegian and 1 Swedish.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers serving in British ships was 0.30 per cent. comprising 5 nationalities, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

8. The 430 Foreign ships carried 2,790 officers, of whom 110 were British, as follows:-

1912.

1913.

In Chinese ships

79

91

French

2

2

11

Japanese

9

10

United States ships

6

1

96

110

||

D 6

Thus, 39 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREWS.

U. S. A. AND EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1912. 1913. 1912. 1913.| 1912.| 1913.| 1912. 1913.

British,. 336 361 22,829 24,728 257 1,022 126,314134,220

430 1,561 1,430 29,229 31,447 120,280 126,923

Foreign,. 388

Total,

724 791 24,390 26,158 29,486 32,469 246,594 261,143

Hence in British ships

And in Foreign ships:-

1912.

1913.

1912.

1913.

15.29 %

15.46 % of the crews were British.

1·03 %

0.90 % of the crews were British.

0.18 %

0.64% of the crews were other Europeans.

19:35 %

19-75% of the crews

were other Europeans.

84.53 % 83.90% of the crews

79.62% 79-35 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

were Asiatics.

2.-Trade.

10. The remarks with which this section of my report has always opened, as to the unreliability of the figures supplied by ship masters, were never more fully justified than this year, so many and glaring are the discrepancies between the quantities of various items reported and the facts, which in some cases I have been able to discover.

Imports. Under this heading, which includes all cargo landed or transshipped in the Colony from Ocean Vessels and River Steamers (not from junks or steam launches) a total of 4,956,125 tons, was reported, which compared with that reported for 1912, shows the enormous increase of 804,000 tons, or nearly 20%.

Of this total, the imports of coal, case oil, rice, timber, and "general" show increases, while cotton goods, flour, bulk oil, and liquid fuel show decreases.

.

cent.

D 7

Coal.-Here an increase in reported of 75,000 tons or 7 per

This as last year, is accounted for by increased demand for coal in Canton, and generally inland: about of the total having been re-exported to Canton.

Again I have to record that no coal of British origin arrived in the Colony, except that imported by the Admiralty. The imports of Japanese coal fell off considerably during the latter part of the year, its place being taken by increased imports of Chinese coal.

Cotton Goods.-The decrease indicated here amounts to 19,894 tons, or 33 per cent. It is more than doubtful if this decrease is borne out by facts although there was undoubtedly considerable reduction in imports of both piece goods and yarn.

The favourable prospects prevailing at the beginning of the year, as noted in my last report, were destined to be extinguished by the renewed political trouble in China, which created unrest and financial difficulties, destructive to trade, with the result that the demand fell to zero and no shipments were made. During the last part of the year, however, the trade revived, prices ruling steady, and exchange generally favourable.

Flour.-Here was reported a decrease of 30,716 tons or 31 per cent. most of which is fabulous, the imports of flour being probably reported, in many cases, as "general". The actual imports amounted to 129,415 tons of which 67,887 were reported. This amended total, compared with that for 1912, gives a decrease of 12,950 tons or 10 per cent. The reason for this actual reduction in imported flour is undoubtedly the recrudescence of political trouble in China, which caused shippers to be cautious.

It is of interest to note that Canada, during 1913, made her first shipments of flour to this market. The quantity is as yet small, only 8,000 tons, or 6 per cent. of the whole, but given more stable conditions in China, I see no reason to doubt that the Canadian mills will shortly be sending us large quantities.

KEROSENE OIL.

Bulk Oil shows a falling off of 12,537 tons, or 18 per cent. This decrease is not of any importance. The stocks in hand in the Colony were large at the beginning of the year, and low at the end, more having been sold than imported. The actual consumption of oil, imported in bulk, in South China decreased by about 5 per cent. but this was more than counterbalanced by increased consumption of oil imported in cases. Bulk oil is always decanted into this before distribution in China, so that, to the actual consumer, it makes little, if any, difference in what form it arrives in this Colony.

D 8

Case Oil.-Here an increase of 12,243 tons or 33 per cent. is reported, but, as in the case of Bulk Oil, there is no significance in the figures. It is merely a question of stocks and freights. Stocks were low at beginning of the year and freights high. During the second half of the year freights dropped, and large shipments were made, so that by the end of the year all available storage was virtually full. During the year a new competitor in this trade has entered the arena, in the shape of the Texas Oil Company, who have made some large shipments to this market.

Liquid Fuel.---A large decrease is reported here, amounting to 8,116 tons, or nearly 41 per cent. I am unable to verify my suspicions that a large quantity of liquid fuel has entered the Colony unreported, but I gather that this is so from the fact that although the vessels of the T. K. K. Co. have ceased to bunker here, the demand from other points is increasing.

Rice. The figures given me by shipmasters show an increase in the rice imports of 34 per cent. As a matter of fact, the increase amounts to about 20 per cent. The rice crop in China was about average, so that there was no need for extra importation. In Annam and Siam the crops were unusually good, and prices ruled low. The Tonking crop was poor. The figures given show that about 750,000 tons of rice arrived in the Colony during the year.

Timber-The increase of 9,663 tons, or 13.5 per cent reported is due to the increased demand for Borneo hardwoods and American and Canadian pine, for house and ship building. It is mostly sent on, in junks, to Canton.

Rattans.-The trade in rattans is an increasing one, though not to the extent indicated by the reports made to me, which show an increase of 2,426 tons or 267 per cent. The quantity reported in 1912 was 907 tons and in 1913, 3,333 tons. As a matter of fact, 10,588 tons were imported in the latter year, being an increase of about 11 per cent. Of this total, about 60 per cent. comes from the Straits Settlements, 30 per cent. from Java, and 10 per cent. from Borneo. About is exported, raw, to Canton.

General.-Here I find an increase reported of 688,286 tons, or 436 per cent. This is probably a genuine increase, when allowance is made for the itemised descriptions of cargo reported as "general". It appears to be due to the state of the freight market during the greater part of the year, and serves to show that however much the political state of China influenced certain branches of trade, the deficit was more than made up in other branches.

Export Cargo.-Under this heading were reported 2,681,318 tons, or nearly 15 per cent.

Transit Cargo.-There is shown an increase in transit cargo of 345,848 tons, or 7.5 per cent.

D 9

11. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1912, was as follows:-

1912.

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

4,154 8,183,246 4,445

8,868,387

291 635,141

River Steamers, 4,351 2,545,882 4.202 | 2.515,356

149 30,526

Sailing Vessels,. 1

2,890

2

5,419

2,529

Total,

8,506 10,732,018 8,649 11,389,162

292 687,670 | 149 30,526

Net Increase,.....

143 657,144

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction exporting cargo, and shipping bunker coal, follow :-

EXPORTS.

1912.

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage.

No.

Steamers,

River Steamers,.

No.

Tonnage.

4,167 8,183,264 4,440 8,842,943 4,355 | 2,546,211 |4,202 | 2,512,607

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

273

659,679

153

33,604

Sailing Vessels,.

1

2,890

2

5,419

1

2,529

...

Total,

8,523 10,732,365 8,644 11,360,969

274

662,208 153

33,604

Net Increase,

121 628,604

Exported 2,681,318 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,335,000 tons in 1912.

:

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Steamers,

4,167

550,858 4,440

River Steamers,

4,355

72,166 4,202

596,138 273

74,094

45,280

1,928 153

Total,.

8,522

623,024 | 8,642

670,232 273

47,208

153

Net Increase,

120

47,208

- D 10 -

:

D 11

——

13. The River Trade, compared with 1912, is shown in the following Table :-

1912,

1913,

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

363,776

319,565

3,435,235

393,263

366,515

2,991,890

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for 1911 and 1913 :-

IMPORTS.

1913.

1912.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,..... 12,806

1,447,027

13,158

1,363,928

Local Trade,..

12,951

601,740

14,891

934,032

Total,

25,757

2,048,767

28,049 2,297,960

EXPORTS.

1913.

1912.

Foreign Trade,.... 12,847

1,435,491

12,435

Local Trade,

13,319

598,986

15,165

1,290,347 922,443

Total,

26,166

2,034,477

27,600

2,212,790

15. A summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1913. nearest 1,000 tons only :-

The trade return is given to the

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

British Ocean-going,

Foreign Ocean-going,

British River Steamers,

Dis-

charged. 4,210 | 1,956.000 1,203.000 2,401,000 4,679 2,607,000 | 1,111 000 | 2,523,000 6,624 235,000 209,000

Shipped.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal,] Total.

Registered

Tonnage.

Emi-

grants.

Arrived.

Departed.

285,000 5,845,000

8,449,533 187,214 136,239 103,665

311,000 6,552,000

9,272,635

117,314

114,426 39,094

50,000 494,000

4,078.635

1,284,802

1,358,479

I

Foreign River Steamers,.

Total,.

1,780 159,000 157,000 17,293 4,957,000 | 2,680,000

24,000 340,000

949,328

194,339

154,270

4,924,000

670,000 13,231,000 | 22,750,131

1,783,699

1,763,414 | 142,759

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade, Junks, Foreign Trade,

Total Foreign Trade, Steam-launches, Lrcal Trade, Junks, Local Trade,..

D 12 -

4.574 2,000 7,000 25,653 311,000 884 000 47,520 5,300,000 | 3,571,000 | 4,924,000

...

6,000

15,000

1,225,000 2,882,518 676,000 14,471,000 | 25,821,652

189,003

23,393

28,015

53,741

57,548

1,860,833

1,848,977 142,759

416,438 1,000 26,270 447,000

1,000

75,000

34,000 36,000 10,720,604 522,000 1,200,726

3,737.277

3,745,334

2,122

2,276

Total, Local Trade,

442,708

448,000

76,000

Grand Total,

490,228 5,748,000 | 3,647,000 | 4,924,000

34,000 558,000 11,921,330 8,739,399

710,000 15,029,000 87,742,982 5,600,232

3,747,610

5,596,587 | 142,759

D 13

3.-Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $612,672.08 as against $549,275.40 collected in the previous year, showing an increase of $63,396.68 or 11·5% -

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment.. Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office, Miscellaneous Receipts.

1913.

1912.

$ 87,154.95

$93.649.44

98,448.45

163,933.47

104 648.41 159,010.53

Increase.

$ 6,194.19 6,199.96

Decrease

4,912.94

199,146.33

254,929.10

302.20

434.60

55,782.77 132.40

i

$549,276.40 $612,672.08 $68,309.62 $4,912.94

The principal increases are under Sunday Cargo Working Permits, $31,175; Medical Examination of Emigrants, $11,959.50; Boat Licences, $9,212.10; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen, $7,852; Light Dues, $6,194.40; Light Dues, Special Assessment, $6,199.96; Storage of Gunpowder, &c., $1,808.60; Survey of Steam- ships, $1,701.91; Forfeitures, $833.77; Official Signature (a new item of Revenue from 15th July) $776; Examination of Masters and Engineers, &c., $612.50; Fishing Stake and Station Licences, $162.90; Chinese Passenger Ships Licences, $120; Message Fees for notifying ships signalled, $117.40; Steam-launch Licences, &c., $101.50; Survey of Steam-launches, $45.

There has been falling off in Revenue under the headings:-

Junk Licences, $15,313.46, entirely due to the fact that some of the native craft which formerly were licensed under "Junks" have since 1st July, 1913, taken out Other Boat Licences under the new Regulations; Fines, $124.75; Private Moorings and Buoys Rent, $90; Sale of Printed Forms, $33.25; and Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, $24.50.

17. The expenditure of the Harbour Department (excluding the Imports and Exports Office) for 1913 was $168,069.06 as against $149,043.58 expended in 1912, showing an increased expenditure of $19,025.48, which is partly due to increase to salaries and also the privileged rate of exchange and partly due to the fact that the expenditure of 1912 did not include the sum of $6,544.98, paid for coal for Harbour Office steam-launches, being charged to the vote for coal for Government steam-launches under Miscellaneous Services, while in 1913, such expenditure, amounting to $7,406.41 including cost of coal for additional launch H.D. 4 was charged to the Departmental vote.

The Amount of Light Dues collected was as follows :-

Special Assessment.

No. of

Class of Vessels.

Tonnage.

Trips.

Rate

per ton,

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

C.

..

$

C.

Ocean Vessels,

4,086

8,738,462

1 cent.

87,384.62

1 cent.

87,384.62

174,769,24

Steam Launches, ....

1,593

84,575 1

845.75

1

845.75

1,691.50

""

River Steamers (Night Boats),

2,857

1,625,720

5,419.07

8,129.60

13,548.67

River Steamers (Day Boats),

1,524

994,659 Nil.

Lako

ne

8,288.44

8,288.44

Total,...

10,060

11,443,416

$93,649.44 |

$104,648.41

$198,297.85

D 15

4.-Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, there were 312 steam-launches (including motor boats) employed in the Harbour. Of these, 142 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 128 were privately owned, 20 were the property of the Government and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval.

Nine masters' certificates were suspended for incompetency or negligence in the performance of their duties; six of whom were each suspended for 3 months and were required to pass a further examination before their certificates were returned, two were suspended for 2 months and one for 1 month and all were required to be re-examined in the Rules of the Road before the return to them of their certificates.

Four hundred and fifty-four (454) engagements and four hundred and forty-one (441) discharges of masters and engineers were made during the year.

Nine (9) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

19. One hundred and forty-two thousand seven hundred and fifty-nine (142,759) Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1913 (122,657 in 1912).

Of these, 103,665 were carried in British ships, and 39,094 in Foreign ships.

One hundred and sixty-six thousand nine hundred and twenty- one (166,921) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had been emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 163,248 in 1912. Of these 130,313 arrived in British ships, and 36,608 in Foreign ships.

6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 17 ships were registered under the provi- sions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 16 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 104 Documents, etc., were dealt with in connection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,438.01 as compared with $1,438 in 1912.

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Four hundred and thirty-five cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (487 in 1912). Breach of the Harbour Regulations, Disobeying the Lawful Orders of the Harbour Master, Neglecting to exhibit Lights, Failing to observe the Rules of the Road and Carrying Passengers in excess were the principal offences.

Ď

- 16 -

8.-Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22. During the year there were three courts held :-

(1.) On the 24th day of February, 1913, enquiry was made into the charge of misconduct against H. Porter, number of whose certi- ficate of competency is 042,025 of Liverpool, supernumerary 2nd mate of the British Steamship Chunsang, Official Number 105,804 of London.

The Court found that the charge against Mr. Hubert Porter, of being asleep on watch on the night of the 12th February, 1913, proved. There appears to be no defence. There is no evidence of his having been under the influence of liquor, or of his having been overworked. The offence appears to have been deliberately com- mitted. We therefore suspend his certificate for one year.

(2.) On the 19th day of May, 1913, enquiry was held into the charge of incompetency and misconduct on the part of Mr. William McGhee, number of whose certificate of competency as 2nd mate is 2,924 of Hongkong, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Laertes, Official Number 81,318 of Hongkong.

The Court found that Mr. William McGhee, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Laertes, Official Number 81,318 of Hongkong, the number of whose certificate of competency as 2nd mate is 2,924 of Hongkong, was guilty of serious misconduct on board the said ship insomuch that on the 9th April, 1913, the ship being at the time at Saigon, he sent an insulting letter to the mate of the said ship, by means of which he attempted to create bad feeling between the master and mate, he having appended a colourable imitation of the said master's signature to the letter. That, on the 13th April, 1913, the ship being at the time at Saigon, and on the point of sailing, he did leave the said ship without permission, returning on board drunk, and then created a disturbance by using threatening and abusive language to the master and mate. That no evidence has been adduced in support of the third charge.

In consideration of Mr. McGhee's previous record we adjudge him to have his certificate of competency as 2nd mate cancelled.

(3.) On the 1st day of August, 1913, enquiry was made into the charge of misconduct against J.. T. Naylor, number of whose certi- ficate of competency as master is 034,314, Cardiff, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Foochow, Official Number 105,721 of London.

The Court finds that the charge of misconduct preferred against Mr. John Tate Naylor, 2nd mate of the British Steamship Foochow, the number of whose certificate of competency as master is 034,314, Cardiff, proved, insomuch that first on the 21st June, 1913, he came on board the said ship at 8.10 p.m., under the influence of liquor, and created a disturbance which caused an attack to be made upon him by the Chinese crew, which might have had serious results. 2nd, that on the night of the 7th July, 1913, being officer in charge of the

#

D 17

bridge, he wilfully disobeyed the orders of the master and mate of the said ship by neglecting to take four point bearing of the Karang Koko Light; and, when ordered by the master to leave the bridge, refused to do so. We therefore direct that his certificate of com- petency be suspended for two calendar months.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:-

Grade.

Passed.

Failed.

Master,..

23

6

Master, (Provisional Certificate),..........

1

1

First Mate,.

12

3

Second Mate,...

11

11

Mate,...

Mate, River Steamer,...

2

Total,......

49

21

First Class Engineer,.

22

3

Second Class Engineer,

45

12

Total,....

67

15

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899 :-

For Master,......

Candidates.

Passed. Failed.

61

6

75

1

For Engineer,

Total,

136

D 18

10.-Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There was no candidate examined during the year. teen licences were renewed.

11.-Sunday Cargo Working.

Four-

25. During the year 569 permits were issued under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891 as compared with 357 in 1912. Of these 163 were not used as it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday and the fees in such cases were refunded.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $71,400 as against $40,225 in 1912.

12.-New Territories.

Fourteenth year of British Administration.

26. The Outstations attached to the Harbour Department, now eight in number, have continued to perform the work allotted to them, and during the year Licences, Clearances, Permits, etc., have been issued by them as follows:-

1912.

1913.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899...... 12,327

10,144

Tai O,

1899.....

8,051

5,597

""

Tai Po,

Sai Kung,

1900..... 8,879

7,691

1902.....

2,372

2,137

Long Ket,

1905.....

4,972

4,686

""

Deep Bay, Ping Shan, Lantao,

1911....

4,278

2,782

""

1911.....

426

361

31

1912....

787

2,777

19

42,092

36,175

The decrease in number of Permits, etc., issued is due to the discontinuance of Blue Permits previously issued to fishing junks.

The Revenue collected by this Department from the New Territories during the year was $36,554.30 as compared with $35,947.51 in 1912. The slight increase shewn is caused by the licensing of fishing boats under 150 piculs as Harbour boats since the 1st July.

13.-Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During 1913, 1,041 vessels were reported by telegraph from this station. Of this number 141 were signalled by Morse lamp.

Twenty-six (26) vessels were not reported owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted.

D 19

Three thousand and four (3,004) telegraphic messages were sent, including meteorological observations for the Observatory and 565 messages were received.

There were 75 hours 10 minutes of fog during the year and the fog signal was fired 469 times.

Telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year with the exception of 5 complete days and a few short interruptions caused by the land line being in contact with telephone wires.

On 3 occasions the relief was delayed by rough sea.

WAGLAN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1913, 2,208 vessels were reported. 1,653 messages were sent and 417 received. Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted, 340 vessels were not reported.

There were 209 hours and 24 minutes of fog and the fog signal was fired 2,170 times.

The relief was delayed on two occasions. Started firing the new fog signal on the 15th April, 1913.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1913, 1,822 vessels were signalled and reported from this station. 836 messages were sent and 451 received.

Owing to communication being interrupted on 3 occasions, 22 vessels were not reported.

CAPE COLLINSON LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1913, 1,916 vessels were signalled and reported from this station. 6 messages were sent and 51 were received.

Owing to communication being interrupted on 9 occasions 30 vessels were not reported.

SIGNALS SENT AND RECEIVED.

Flash Lamp Signals, 49.

Semaphore Signals, 24.

International Signals, 17.

D 20

14.-Commercial Intelligence, Board of Trade.

28. The work connected with the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade was transferred to the Secretary of the Hongkong General Chamber of Commerce on 1st March, 1913. Up to that time the work was carried out, as heretofore, to the best of my ability, handicapped as I was by having no staff to assist me in making the enquiries necessary to enable me to reply to the several queries I received.

HARBOUR OFFICE,

1

30th January, 1914.

BASIL TAYLOR, Commander, R.N.,

Harbour Master.

1

TOTAL.

(Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews,.....

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Discharged,

Transit,

:

Australia and New Zea-

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VI

Coast of China,[

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

Great Britain.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Vessels,

Tons,.

Crews,.........

36

36

30

3,286

73,320 68,586 150,754

2,543,054

2,889 | 2,236 | 7,025

150,721

Car-

goes,

Discharged,

29,000 90.000 148,000

474,000

Transit,

25,000 26,000 51,000 544,000

Vessels,.

:

186

TOTAL.

Tons,

Crews,....

[Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews,...

:

:

:

:

:

111

11

ลง

174

132,802

46,705 5,905 | 608,533

6,396

1,185

115

210.000 10,000

12,296

181,000

10,000

68,000 7,000 | 570,000:

242,269

12,980

2

6,540

1,080

212

209

:

36

36 30

3,472

73,320 68,586 | 150,754

2,785,323

Car-

goes,

Discharged,.

2,889 2,236 7,025

29,000 90,000 48,000

163,704

474,000

:

:

:..

115

16

N

174

139,342

50,785 5,905 | 608,533

6,608

શું

210,000

10,000

Transit,

25,000 26,00 51,000

544,000

1,394 115 12,296

181,000: 10,000 68,000| 7,000 570,000:

+

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

[ Vessels,

Tons,

30

21

7

Crews,.....

Discharged,.

299,000

1,135 718 7,987

70,918 30,764 18,037 | 1,003,520 30,564 | 797,266 8,672 629.726 65,696 67,699

2,979 1,309 481 53,717 9,968 | 110,858 3,119 17,952 4,758

15,000 47,000 | 5,000

326,000 | 118,000| 143,000|17,000

68

168

70

13

1,563

19,000

Transit,

39,000 3,000| 3,000

335,000

5,000 625,000 1,000

86,000 2

Vessels,.

1

1

Tons,

177

349

147 1,238

145,171 45,870 | 585,194

4,288

1

5

6

*

349

3,401 | 6,134

Crews,..

54

36

6,095 10,289 72,765

36

159 233

:

Vessels,

31

21

8

1,282 1,956 12,275

69

173

76

13

Tons,.

67,699 2

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

71,095 30,764 18 386 1,148,691 76,434 1,382,460 79,021 633,127 71,830

59,812 |20,257 | 183,623 3,155

1,563 18,111 | 4,991

299,000

326,000 118,000 143,000 17,000 19,000

335,000

5,000 | 625,000 1,000 86,000

4,42: 718

179 7,987

182 72 187

3,516,574 30,564 797,266 211,474 | 676,431 71,601 | 676,232| 6

204,441 9,968 110,858 9,515 19,137 4,873 13,859

773,000

326,000 328.000| 153,000 |17,000 200,000 | + 15.000 693,000 8.000 656,000' 5

Crews,.....

Discharged,

Transit,

̃ ̃Vessels, ............................

Tons,.

3,033 1,309 520

15.000 47,000 | 5.000

39,000 3,000 3,000

57 66

37

144,238 99,350 | 168,791

5.868 3,545 | 7,509

44,000 | 135,000 (53,000

Crews,...

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Discharged,

64 000 29,000 54,000 879,000

Transit,

Vessels,..

1

Tons,

177

Crews,...

54

:

1

333 1,238

349

387.440 45 870

4,288

585.194

5

6

6,889

7,481 6,134

36

19.075 10 299

72,765

248

368 233

12,275

184

189

78

187

4.754 1.956

3,934.014 76,434 1,382,460 218,363 | 683,912|77,735 | 676,232 68

183,623 9.763 19,505 | 5,106 13,859

326.000 328,000 153,000 17,000 200,000

67

57

38

144,415 (99,350 | 169,140

5,922 3,545 | 7 545

44,000 137,000 53,000

..

64,000 29,000 54,000

223,516 20.257

773,000

879,000

1.000 693,000 8,000 656,000 | 55

3369

36

Australia and

New Zea-

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China,Į Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

D 21

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED in the COLONY

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

'essels,

'ons,.

30

3,286

73,320 68,586 150,754

2,543,054

Crews,..

2,889 2,236 | 7,025

150,724

goes,

Discharged,.

29,000 (90.000 48,000

474,000

Transit,

25,000 26,000 51,000

544,000

:

'essels,.

'ons,.

!rews,..

Tessels,..

186

:

:

242,269

12,980

36

36

30

3,472

`ons,.

73,320 68,586|150,754 | 2,785,323

:

:

:

:

:

:

111

11

2

174

166

205

42

775

132,802

6,396 1,185 115 12,296 21,021 19,257 1,930

210,000 10,000

46,705 5.905| 608,533 | 468,877| 665,347| 61,129

582,996

27,246

181,000 | 355,000| 328,000| 60,000

53,000

10,000

68,000 | 7,000|570,000| 325,000| 399,000| 64,000

:

2

*6,540

1,080

212

209

2

5.153

17,502

18

351

92

1,143

23

59

115

16

N

171

168

211

42

776

139,342

50,785 5,905 | 608,533 474,030| 682,849 | 61,129

92 584,139

rews,....

2.889 2,236| 7,025

163,704

goes,

Discharged,

29,000 90,000 48,000

474,000

Transit,

25,000 26,00 51,000

}

544,000

10,000

6,608 1,394 115 12,296 21,139 19,608 1,930

210,000 10,000

181,000 355,000| 328,000 60,000

68,000 7,000 570,000 325,000 399,000 64,000

23

27,305

53,000

:

:

:

essels,

ons,

rews,..

goes,

Discharged,.

Transit,

30

70,918 30,761 18,037

2,979❘ 1,309 484

15,000 47,000 | 5,000

39,000 3,000| 3,000

21

7

:

1,135 718 7,987

1,003,520 30,564 797,266 8,672 629.726 65,696

53,717 | 9,968 | 110,858

3,119

17,952 4,758

299,000 326,000 | 118,000 143,000 17,000

335,000

5,000 | 625,000 1,000

68

168

70

13

69

446

76 107

109

311

25.

67,699 | 210,659|1,285,255| 172,230 |18,296 17,658 17,288

1,563 4,239 33,210 4,780 4,859 1,308

9,399 2,58€

19,000 98,000 | 873,000|123,000 |25,000 16,000

86,000| 227,000 | 828,000|102,000 | 1,000

34,80.

2,000 15,000

:

essels,.

1

}

147 1,238

4,288

1

5

6

ons,

177

rews,.

54

:

:

349

145,171 45,870 | 585,194

349

3,401 | 6,134

...

:

36

6,095 [10,289

72,765

36

159 233

2

1,480 4,399

83

190

1

17

:

:

:

278

...

705

8,937

29,762

38

637

:

4,507

essels,.

31

21

8

ons,.

71,095 30,764 18 386

*ews,...

goes,

Discharged,

Transit,

essels,

›ns,.

3,033 1,309 520

15.000 47,000 5.000

39,000 | 3.000j 3,000

66 57 37

1,282 1,956 12,275

1,148,691 76,434 |1,382,460| 79,021| 633,127|71,830

59,812 20,257 183,623 3,155 18,111 | 4,991

299,000

326,000 | 118,000| 143,000|17,000

335,000

69

173

ew's,.

goes,

Discharged,

5.86 3,545 7,509

44.000 13,000 53,000

Transit,

64.000 29,000 54,000

879,000

:

76 108

67,699 | 212,139 |1,289,654| 172,230 |19,001 26,595 17.288 64,567

1,563 4,322 33,400 4,780 4,897 1,945 9,399 7,093

19,000 98,000 873,000 123,000 25,000 16,000 2,000 15,000

5,000 625,000 | 1,000 86,000 227,000 | 828,000|102,000 1,000

718 7,987 4,421

179 182 72 187 235 651

118 107

31,805 141,238 99,350 |168,791 | 3,546,574 |30,564 | 797,266 211,474 676,431 71,601 | 676,232 679,536 |1,950,602 233,359 48,296 600,654 17,288

204,441 9.968 | 110,858 9,515 19,137 4,873 13,859 25,260 52,467 6,710 1,859 28,554 9,399 2,586

773,000

326,000| 328,000 | 153,000 |17,000 200,000 | 453,000 1,201,000 183,000 25,000

69,000 2,000

15,000 693,000 | 8,000 | 656,000 552,000 1,227,000 166,000 1,000

76

13

71

452

126

311

531

884

311

253

15,000

:

:.

essels,.

ns,

ews,.

་་་

1

177

54

1

33 1,238

4,288

7

6

4

12

18

278

:.

:

:

:

36

19.075 10.289

349 387,440 45 870 | 585,194

72,765

6,889

7,481 6,134

6,633

21,901

797

10.080

:

29,762

248

368 233

201

541

61

696

4,507

ssels,

67

57

38

189

78

ns,.

144,115 99,350 | 169,140

2WS,..

goes,

Discharged,

5,922 | 3,545 | 7.545

44,000 187,000 53,000

Transit,

64,000 29,000 54,000

4,754 1.956 12,275 184

3,934.014 76,434 (1,382,460| 218,363 | 683,912 77,735 676,232 | 686,169 |1,972,503 233,359 |49,093 | 610,734 | 17,288

223,516 20,257! 183,623 9,763 19,505 5,106 13,859 25,461- 53,008 6,710 4,920 29,250 9,399

773,000

326,000 328,000 153,000 17,000 200,000 453,000 1,201,000 183,000 25,000 69,000 2,000

1.000 879,000

17,000 | 693,000| 8,000|656,000 552,000 1,227,000 166.000

187

239

663

118 109

902

311

531

64,567

7,093

15.000

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Масао,

Junks

D 21

INTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

FA

I

"NTERED in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1913.

America.

Pacific. North and

South

North

Philippine

Islands.

Port Arthur.

Hainan and

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Ports in

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

America.

South

Tsingtau.

United States

of America.

Weihaiwei.

42

761,129

:

7

1,930

0 60,000

64,000

775

582,996

27,246

53,000

:

:

:

:

1

2

1,562 4,594

62

2.000

117

:

6,000

2

:

1

92 1,143

:

:

:

:

23

59

108

97

1

27

1

1

72 10

5,197

131,004

109,336 2,994

35,495 3,179 2374 246,362 13,960 5,958,868

7,129

5,854 68

1,733 96

67 4,893 690 273,029

51,000

105,000

40,000

4,000

68,000 4,000

151,000 4,000 2,191,000 1,000 223,000 5,000| 2,400,000

8

*

:

11,008

5,927

1,211

471

151

45

1

215

1,820

22

296,745

14,611

42

61,129

1,930

23 27,305

60,000

53,000

776

:

1

2

116

100

1

28

1

1

73

10

5,412

92 584,139

1,562 4,594

62 117

:

:

2,000

:

112,012

76,000

$1,000

:

115,263 2,994

6,005 68

105,000

36,706 3,179 2,374 248,182|13,960 | 6,255,613

1,778 96

67 4,915 690 287,670

40,000

:

| 64,000

6,000

4,000

68,000 1,000

151,000 4,000 2,191,000

1,000 223,000 | 5,000 2,400,000

}

76 107

109

311

253

2

2

1

40

3

259

24

259

5

10

109

12,302

5 172,230 48,296 17,658 17,288

4,780 4,859 1,308 9,399

)|123,000 25,000 16,000 2,000

34,805 2,054 | 2,378 1,243

55,347

3,688

227,653 66,305' 267,579 21,453 22,877

560,293

5,809,923

2,586

106 129

65

2,407

15,000

)|102,000 | 1,000

2,000

:

:

1

705

38

17

8,937

637

:

:

:

:

:

***

127

20,000 3,000

1,000 4,000

81,000 58,000 8,000

11,095 1,250 12,665 491 508

302,000 7,000| 461,000 18,000 3,000 153,000

39,000 75,000

17,852

313,783

3,108,000

2,523,000

278

29,762

4,507

1

1

7

***

4

1

1

1

1

6,008

+

1,169

292

9,303

81

*

27

290

:

2,292 2,264

154

949 5,911

10,267

:

864,375

32

47 126

216

96,095

76 108

126

311

531

2

3

N

47

263 25

260

}

Co

10

110

18,310

106 110

92

**

2,000

fu

4172,230 49,001 26,595 17,288 64,567 2,054 | 3,547 1,535 64,650 3,688 229.945 68,569 268,528 27,364 22,877 | 570,560

4,780 4,897 1,945 9,399 7,093

123,000 25,000 16,000 2,000 15,000

102,000 1,000

6,674,298

2,697

118 107

2 233,359 48,296 600,654 17,288

884

311

253

7 6,710 4,859 28,554 9,399

0183,000 25,000

69,000

2,000

15,000 2,000 ...

3

34,8053,616 | 6,972 1,243 186,351

2,586 168 246 65 9,536

71,000

1

20,000

1,000

148

25

127 11,249 1,282 12,712 617 508 18,068

3,000 302,000 7,000| 461,000 18,000 3,000 | 153,000

4,000 $1,000 58,000 8,000

39,000 75,000

3 356

286 6

181 10 17,499

3,688 336,989 69,299 | 303,074 24,632 25,251 806,655 13,960 11,768,791

409,878

3,108,000

...

2,323,000

11

:

0 166,000 | 1,000

:

2,000 6,000

5,000

127 16,949 1,318 14,398 587 575 22,745 690 586,812

3,000 407,000 7,000 501,000 18,000 3,000 304,000 4,000 5,299,000

4,000 149,000 62,000 8,000

40,000 | 298,000 5,000 4,923,000

C

18

797

10.080

278

29,762

1

1

15

:

1,169 292 20,311

61

696

4,507

81

27

761

1

2

305

8.219 2,264

32

2,160 | 5,911

92 126

2

:

12,087

6,223

1,161,120

238

110,736

3

118 1091 902

311

531

3

5

2

163

3

69,000

2,000

3 233,359 49,093 610,734 17,288 64,567 3,616 8,141 1,535 | 206,662

6,710 4,920 29,250 9,399 7,093 168

92 10,297

183,000 25,000

15.000 2 000

71.000

166,000 1,000

5,000

363 26

3,688 345,208 71.563

288

7

11

183

10 23,722

305,234 30,543 25,251 818,742 13,960 12,929,911

327

. 127 17,254 1.350 14,490 713 575 22,983 690 697,548

2,000 6,000

3,000 | 407,000| 7,000|

4,000 | 149,000 |62,000

501.000 18,000| 3,000

8,000 |10,000

304,000| 4,000| 5,299,000

298,000 | 5,000| 4.923,000

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES,

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,]

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

Vessels,

Tons,

29

14

35

3,383

:

89

15

96

158

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped, Bunker

59,226 26,228 176,298| 2,721,318

2,493 1,050 8,335 149,308

14,000 4.000 49,000

657,000

108,276

50,480

427,488 424,078

4,871 1,211

9,894 20,398

23,000 9,000

...

83,000 163,000

Coal,...

9,000 3,000 2,000

92,000

Vessels,

2

1

26

21,000

64

1,000

2,000

51,000

5

1

6

14

Tons,

454 23,083

2,997

45,866

:

96,115

13,062 2,267

...

14,236

30,377

Crews,

28 453

47

2,110

...

Bunker Coal,

1,000 3,000

:.

4,000

3,655

16,000

310

27

264

616

[ Vessels, .

3

23

36

3,409

Tons,.

Crews,

59,680 49,311 179,295 | 2,767,184

Cargoes, Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

10,000 | 6,000

2,521 1,503

14,000 4,000 49,000

2,000

8,382

151,418

657,000

96,000

:

:.

...

:

:

:

:

3,000

3,000

153

20

102

172

204,391

634542

2,267

441,724 454,455

8,526

1,521

27

...

10,158

21,014

23,000

9,000

:

83,000 | 163,000

37,000

1,000

5,000 54,000

Vessels,

29

13

22

1,278 692 10,705

29

162

1

Tons,

68,266 19.051 68,512 1,053,970 30,000 1,254,021

Crews,

2,953 955 1,828

Cargoes, 27,000 4,000 24,000 Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 2,000 1.000

56,726 9,900 158,596

326,000 1,000 | 856,000

48,000 3,000

37,477 612,333

1,445 18,974

25,000 98,000

87

2,620 89,251 71,864 237,990

32 5,523 1,774 5,176

79,000 13,000 102,000

15

74

6,000 42,000

1,000

8,000

[Vessels,

2

10

Tons,

4,084 11,325

57 1.301 1,646

61,545 47,845 121,495

45

1

1

62

64,147

10,267

1,115

70,112:

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

129 471

2,236 10,895 18,903

1,884

452

57

...

3,733

2,000

4,000 2,000

9,000

:

25,000

31

23

22

1,335 1,993 12,351

74

163

1

87

16

136

Tuns,

Crews,

3,082 1,406 1,828

Shipped, Bunker

Cargoes, 27,000 4,000 24,000 326,000 1,000 856,000

Coal,... 2,000 3,000

52,000 5,000

[Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

Vessels,

Tons,

58

57

127,492 45,279 244,810

5,446 1,985 10,163

Cargoes,. 41,000 8,000 73,000

Coal,... 11,000 4,000| 2.000

4

4,538 34,408

27

72,350 30,376 68,512 | 1,115 515 77,845 1,375,516 101,624 | 622,600

58,962 20,795 | 177,499 3.329 19,426

25,000 98,000

15,000 42,000

4.661 692 10,705

118

177

3.775,288 30.000 1,254,021 145,753 | 662,813

206,034 9,900 158,596 6.316 20,185

983,000 1,000 8 6.000

48,000 107,000

140.000 3,000

27.000

2,620 89,251

72,979 308,402 |1,

32❘ 5,523

1,831 8,909

79,000 13,000 102,000 | 1

32 5,523 11,668

1,000

1 87

2,620 89,251 499,352 662,068 1,

25,574

33,000

111

232

43,000

79,000 96,000 265,000 2

1,000

19

1

2.997

83 1,301 1,646

107,411 47.845| 121,495 | 160.262

109

I

2,000 59,000 1

7

76

23,329

2,267

15,351 | 100,789 | 3

Crews,

157

924

47

Bunker Coal,

Vessels.

1,000 5,000

4,346 10,895 18,903 5,539

$.000 2,000

762

27

321

4,349

25,0JU

3,000

28,000

62

46

58

Tons,

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

132,030 79.687 247,807

10,210 5,603 2,909

Cargoes,. 41,000 8,000 73,000

Coal,... 12,000 | 9,000 2,000 148.000 5.000

4,744 1,993 12,351

3,882,699 77.8451,375,516 306.015 686,142

210.380 20.795 | 177.199 11.855 20,917

983,000 | 1,000 | 856,000 48,000 107,000

52,600

43,000

227

183

2

87

118

308

4,887 89,251 514,703 762,857 2,

59 5,523 11,989 29,923

79.000

96,000 265,000 | 2

1.000

5,000

87,000

I

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Australia and New Zealand.

British North Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of Chin a, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

D 22

II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED in the COLONY of HONG

Formosa.

Great Britain.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

29

14

35

3,383

9,226 26,228 |176,298 | 2,721,318

2,493 1,050 8,335

149,308

:

:

:

89

15

96

158

259

CO

6

831

108,276 50,480

427,488 424,078 || 804,827

15,423

512,727

4,871 1,211

4,000 4.000 49,000 657,000

23,000

9,000

:

9,000 3,000 2,000

92,000

21,000

1,000

2

9

1

26

64

5

1

:

:

83,000

9,894 20,398 22,077 163,000 | 125,000

515

29,167

5,000

52,000

2,000 51,000 54,000

2,000

12,000

:

:

:

:

1

6

14

12

8

1

2

:

454 23,083

2,997

45,866

96,115 13,062

2,267

14,236 30,377

33,147

12,741 92

28

453

47

2,110

3,655

310

27

264

616

491

458 30

225

696

64

:

:

:

:

1 562

62

1,000

1.000 3,000

4,000

16,000

3

23

36

3,409

153

20

1

:

:

3,000

3,000

1,000

2,000

:

102

172

271

14

833

29

22

10

...

:

-9,680 49,311|179,295 2,767,184

2,521 1,503 8,382 151,418

4,000 4,000 49,000 657,000

0,000 6,000 2,000 96,000

13

1,278 692 10,705

-8,266 19,051 68,512 | 1,053,970 30,000 1,254,021

2,953 935 1,828 56,726 9,900 158,596

7,000 4,000 24,000

326,000 | 1000 | 856,000

2,000 1,000

48,000 3,000

2

4,084 11,325

129 471

:

:

204,391 63,542

2,267

:

441,724 454,455 | 837.974 |

28,164

92 513,423

1.562

20

8,526

1,521

27

10,158 21,01+ 22.568

973

30

29,231

62

23,000 9,000

83,000

163,000 | 125,000

5,000

52,000

1

37,000 1,000

:

5,000

54,000 55,000

4,000

12,000

1,000

29

162

1

87

15

74

291

5& 110

118

309

371

2

37,477 612,333

1,445 18,974

25,000 98,000

6,000 42,000

:

:

2,620 89,251

32 5,523 1,774 5,176

79,000 13,000 | 102,000

71,864 237,990 | 919,296 | 133.606 50,011

25,355

17,269

39,023| 1,934

32,591

3,948 4,909

1,696

9,474

5,603 125

149,000 53,000 23,000

1,000

6,000

28,000 1,000

1,000

57 1.301 1,646

61,545 47,845| 121,495

45

1

1

8,000

62

64,147

10,267

1,115

61,000

109

70,412 298,828 29,326

6,000 5,000

1,000

1,000

12

7

5

122

:

2,098

167

20,952

1,

+4

2,236 (10,895

18,903

1,884

452

57

...

31

2,000

23

4,000 2,000

9,000

...

22

1,335 1,993 12,351

74

163

1

87

16

3,733 5,955

25,000 1,000 3,000

136

400

630

201

37

725

...

...

70 110

125

314

496

2

-,350 30,376 68,512

,082 1,406 1,828

,000 4,000 24,000

,000 3,000

1,115 515 77,845 1,375,516 101,624 622,600

58,962 20,795 177,199 3.329 19,426

326,000 1,000 | 856,000 25,000 98,000

52,000 5,000

15,000 42,000

2,620 189,251 72,979 | 308,402 1,218,124 162,93 250,011

4,578 4,909

53,000 23,000

27,453

17,436

59,975 1,934| 1.

58

,492 45,279 244,810

446 1,985 10,163

000 8,000 73,000

000 4,000 2.000

27

57

4.661 692 10,705

177

3,775,288 30.000 1,254,021 145,753 662,813

206,034 9,900 | 158,596 6.316 20,185

983,000 1,000 8:6.000 48,000 107,000

140.000 3,000

118

27.000 43,000

4

19

]

538 34,408

2.997

157

000 5,000

924

47

62

46

58

83 1,301 1,646

107,411 47.845 | 121,495 | 160.262

4,316 10.895

18,903 5,539

S.000 2.000

4,744 1,993 12.351

199

i

76

32 5,523 1,831 8,909 38,546 79,000 13,000 102,000 149,000

1,000

33,000 62,000 9,000 5,000

87 111

232

550

64 110 2,620 89,251 499,352 | 662,068 1,724,123 149,029 50,011 538,082 32 5,523 11,668 25,574 54,668 4,463 4,909 30,863

79,000 96,000 265,000| 274,000 58,000 23,000

1,000 2,000 59,000 115,000 8,000 5,000

7

20

i

1,897

9,511

6,328 125

1,000

6,000

28,000 1,000

1,000

1,000

949

309

374 ૐ

600

17,269 39,023 3,496 3,7

.9,474 5,603 187

53,000

12,000

6,000 28,000 1,000 1,0

1,000

:

2,000

121

9

5

122

23,329

762

2,267

25,000

227

183

87

15,351 100,789 | 331,975 42,067 92 2,794

321

4.349 6,446 1,088 30

265

3,000 28,000 2,000 5,000

118

308 671

167 20,952

37

1,1

725

:

84 111

958

314

496

030 79,687 247,807 3,882,699 77,845 1,375,516 306,015 686,142

303 2,909 10,210

210.380 20.795 | 177 199 11,855 20,917

000 8,000 73.000 983,000 1,000 | $56.000 48.000 107,000

700 9,000 2,000

148.000 5,000

$2,000 43,000

4,881 89,251 514,703 762,857 2,056,098 191,096 50,103 | 540,876 17,436 59,975 3,496 4.3

59 5,523 11,989 29,923 61,114

5,551 4,93 9 31,128 9,511 6,328 187 1 79,000 96,000 265,000 274,000 58,000 23,000 53,000 6,000 28,000 1,000 1,0

1.000 5,000 87,000 117,000 13.000 5,000 12,000 1,000

2,000

Macao,

Junks.

Mauritius.

Kwongchau.

wan.

.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Junks. Масао,

> in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1913.

O WHICH DEPARTED.

Mauritius.

North America.

Philippine Islands.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

South

America.

:

:

...

I

831

512,727

29,167

52,000

12,000

:

2

92

696

30

64

:

:

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:

13,759 75,695

833

92 513,423

30 29,231

1

113

58

3

24

2

1 562 3,179 153,952| 104,621

5,606

30.002 2,422

62

96

7,277 3,712

164

1,432

85

1,000

79,000 40,000,

1,000

12,0 0 2,000

1,000

:

21,000

5,000

10

62

:

463;

3,565

2,000

6,000

1

123

120

:

:

:

8,000 1,000

6

11,807

1

8

55

1

5,182

6,280

8,793 217,449

1.776 5,862,014

4:

101

580 4.725

62

267,615

6,000

7,000 $1.000

1,413,000

1,000 1,000 4.000

291,000

1

272

:

3,179

97

:

:

:

10

210

30,998

410,541

455

13,505

1,000

:

4:

5.000

47,000

:

3

30

2

1

1

8

65

5,422

62

1.562 | 3,179 167,711180,289

96 7,840 7,277

5,606

41,809 2,422 3,179 6,280

8,793 248,147 1,776

6,272,555

164

1,704 85

3398

97

101

580 5,180 62

281,120

52,000

:

1,000 79,000 40,000

...

1,000

12,000 2,000

12,000

1,000

110

118

309

371

2

:

:

23,000 11,000

9,000 1,000

:

:

6,000

1,000

7,000

1,000 9,000

81,000

1,413,000

338,000

[50,011 25,355 17,269 39,023 1,934

4,909 1,696 9,474 5,603 125

40

83,266 208,025

173

14

133

3

:

81

1

14,820

39,228 113,120

20,348

3,946

459,097 1,654

5,660,533

3,306 9,135

817 6,518

659

127

15,616 57 358,443

23,000

1,000

6,000

28,000 1,000

39,000 89,000

4,000 67,000

8,000

135,000 1,000

2,159,000

5,000

:

1,000

1,000

13,000 10,000

3,000 37,000

1,000

1,000

:

4,000

254,000

7

5

122

1

112

2,098

167

20,952

1,169

201

37

725

69

...

:

4

3,920 135,231| 1,219 | 2,778

138 4,823 34 78

1,000 16,000

1

2

54

H

:

1

3,556

65,465

1,169

4,096

958,653

3,293

333333

63

62

54,868

...

20,000

1,000

84,000

110

125

314

496

2

1

44

285

1

16

187

-

3

82

1

18,376

50,011

27,453

1,909 1,897

9,511

17,436 59,975 1,934 1,169

6,328 125

87,186 343,256 | 1,219 42,006| 178,585

21,517

3,946

69

23,000 1,000

6,000

28,000 1,000

3,444 13,958 31 895 9,811

39,000 89,000

722

127

4,000 67,000

8,000

...

:

:

:

463,193 1,654

15,678

57

135,000 1,000

6,619,186

413,311

2,159,000

| 5,000

1,000

...

1,000

14,000 26,000

3,000 57,000

1,000

1,000

5,000

338,000

+

110

949

309

50,011 538,082 17,269

4,909 30,863 9,474

23,000 53,000 6,000

5,000 12,000

1,000

374 3

153

39,023 | 3,496 | 3,179 | 237,218| 312.649

5,603 187 96 10,583 12,847

28,000 1,000 1,000 118,000] 129,000

2,000

34,000 15,000

1

231

17

157

4

8

136

20,002

44,834 143,122| 2.422

20,348

10,226

8,793 676,546 3,430| 11,522,547

918 7,950 85

659

228

580 20,341 1.9

626,058

5,000

79,000 2,000

8,000

6,000

7,000 | 216,000 1,000 3,572,000

3,000

45,000 1,000

1.000

2,000

1,000 $,00

1

9

5

122

1

14

174

2

60

11

:

545,000

3,796

92

2,794

167

20,952

1,169

30

265

37

725

69

701 8,388 34

3,000 22,000

17,679 | 210,896 | 1,219 | 2,778

78

77,272

4,348

:

35,094

:

1,369,194

3,565

106

517

68,373

111

958

314

2

167

405

50,103 510.876 17,436

4,93 9 31,128 9,511

23,000 53,000 6,000

5,000 12,000 1,000

2,000

37,000 87,000

37,000

496

59,975 3,496 | 4,348 | 254,897 523.545 1,129 47,612 220,394 2,422 24.696

6,328 187 165

11.284 21,235 34 1,059 11.515 85 819

28,000 1,000 1,000 118,000| 129,000

5.000

3.000

1

19

21,000

217

6,000

131.000

2

$

8

147

2

23,798

10,226

228

79.000 2,000

8,000

6,000

66,000 1,000

1,000

2,000

1,000 14,000

8,793 711,640 3,430 12,891,741

580 20,858 119 694,431

7,000 216,000 1,000 3,572,000

676,000

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

D 23

Table III.--NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1913.

NATIONALITY

OF VESSELS.

ENTERED.

WITH CARgoes.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tous. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,197 5,958,868 273,029

215 296,745

14,641

5,412 6,255,613 287,670

American,

68 266,044 10,231

5 4,943

180

73 270,987 10,411

Austrian,

51 168,063; 4,083

51 168,063 4,083

Chinese,.

831 565,814 39,171

32 25,638

1,500

863 591,452 40,671

/

Chinese Junks,

8.240 832,071 113,444

4,566 614,956

77,272

12,806 1,447,027į 190,716

Danish,.

13

34.433

486

13 34,43%

486

Dutch,

87 218,625 6,241

41 24,303

1,570

128 242,928 7,811

French,

304 421,078 17,119

1,723

98

307

422,796 17,217

German, ...

564 1,068,687 39,848

33

38,766 1,640

597 1,107,453 41,488

Italian,....

7 18,312. 690

7 18,312 690

Japanese,

687 1,833,608 48,556

53

73,699

2,378

740 1,907,307, 50,934

1

Norwegian,

160 156,760 6,219

29 25,873

801

189

182,633 7,020

Portuguese,

218 67,382 6,279

5

2,285

227

223

69,667 6,506

Russian,....

31 79,702 1,541

3

6,319

140

34

86,021 1,681

Swedish,

12 31,497 508

12 31,497 508

Steamships under 60

tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

1,029 47,852 19,367

1,238 45,870

10,289

2,267 93,722 29,656

TOTAL,

17,499 11.768.791 | 586,812 6,223 1,161,120 110,736 23,722 12.929,911 697,548

D 24

Table IV.—NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1913.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY

OF VESSELS.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,182 5,862,014 267,615

240 410,541

13,505

5,422 6,272,555 281,120

American,.......

63 251,310 10,449

5 5,041

156

68 256,351 10,605

Austrian,

50 164,157 4,425

• 4

50 164,157 4,425

Chinese,

828 573,752 39,199

35 18,089

1,329

863 591,841 40,528

Chinese Junks,

11,079 1,293,044 164,199

1,768 142,447

19,628

12,847 1,435,491 183,827

Danish,

13

34,433 504

...

13 34,433

504

Dutch,

114 219,397 7,030

12 19,920

607

126 239,317 7,637

French,

292 409,898 27,558

16

13,112

619

308 423,010 28,177

German,

424 899,469 33,148

169 201,910

9,965

593 1,101,379|

43,113

Italian,

7 18,312

684

......

18,312

684

Japanese,

531 1,407,936| 36,570

203 485,302

9,554

734 1,893,238|

46,124

Norwegian,

137

125,336

6,256

49

53,045 2,320

186 178,381

8,576

Portuguese,

220

68,724

6,233

1

67

25

221 68,791

6,258

Russian,

30 83,081 1,805

4 2,940

124

34 86,021

1,929

Swedish,

12 31,497 446

12 31,497

446

No Flag,

1

117

10

6 1,569

162

1,686

172

Steamships under 60 tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

1,001

47,269 19,374 1,306 48,012 10,932

2,307 95,281 30,306

TOTAL...... 19,984 | 11,489,746 625,505 3,814 1,401,995 68,926

23,798 12,891,741 694,431

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

!

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chaâu.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

D 25

Table V.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS

ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1913.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

:

Crews,

Discharged,..

Cargoes,

Transit,.....

Vessels,

:

:

:

Tons,

Crews,

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

5,197

5,958,868

273,029

2,191,000

2,400,000

215

:

:

:

5,197

5,958,868

273,029

2,191,000

2,400,000

215

296,745

:

296,745

:

:

:

:

:

14,641

:

14,641

5,412

5,412

:

:

6,255,613

6,255,613

Crews,

:

:

:

287,670

287,670

Discharged,

:

:

:

:

2,191,000

2,191,000

Cargoes,

Transit,..

:

:

2,400,000

2,400,000

Vessels,

141

132

18

573

1 31

1,135

10,271

12,302

Tons,

6,431 3,297

728

73,204

5 660

72,074 5,653,524

5,809,923

Crews,..

959 916

134 6,549

4 195

11,494 293,532

313,783

Cargoes,

Discharged,.

Transit,...

3,000 1,000

:

36,000

31,000 3,037,000

3,108,000

2,523,000

2,523,000

Vessels,

19

20

2

263

7

18

5,679

:

6,008

Tons,

382 458

24

:

Crews,..

(Vessels,

133 139

160

152

=20

11

50,317

4,422

:

380

:

3,889

808,925

864,375

57

:

295

91,038

96,095

20

836

1

38

:

1,153 15,950

18,310

Tons,

Crews,.

6,813 3,755

752 123,521

5 1,040

75,963 6,462,449

6,674,298

1,092 1,055

145

Discharged,

3,000 1,000

:

10,971

36,000

4

252

11,789 384,570

409,878

31,000 3,037,000

3,108,000

Cargoes,

Transit,....

:

:

Vessels,

141 132

18

573

1 31

:

1,135

2,523,000

15,468

2,523,000

Tons,

6,431 3,297

728

5 73,204

660

Crews,

959 916

134

6,549

195

Discharged, ... 3,000 1,000

36,000

Cargoes,

Transit,..

Vessels,

19

20

20

2

263

Tons,

382

458

24

50,317

Crews,

Vessels,

133

139

11 4,422

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

72,074 11,612,392

11,494 566,561

17,499

11,768,791

586,812

31,000 5,228,000

4,923,000

5,299,000

4,923,000

18

5,894

6,223

380

3,889 1,105,670

1,161,120

57

:

:

295

160 152

20

836

1 38

105,679

1,153 21,362

110,736

Tons,

6,813 3,755 1

752 123,521

5 1,040

Crews,

1,092 1,055

145 10,971

4

252

75,963 12,718,062

11,789 672,240

23,722

12,929,911

697,548

Discharged, 3,000 1,000

36,000

:

Cargoes,

Transit,.

:

:

31,000 5,228,000

4,923,000

5,299,000

4,923,000

Victoria.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Hunghom.

TOTAL.

D 26

Table VI.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS CLEARED at. EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1913.

CARCOES.

Vessels,

Tons.

Aberdeen.

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH

TOTAL.

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

NAMES OF PORTS.

:

:

4.

Cheung Chatt.

Deep Bay.

Hunghom.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

4:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

[Vessels,

67 110

Tons,

910 2,681

Crews,

#418

772

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

(Vessels,.....

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

13 593

445 81,907

91 8,162

63,000

:

:

Tai

Po.

:

:

Yaumati.

:

:

:

:

:

Victoria.

TOTAL.

5,182

5,182

5,862,011 5,862,014

267,615

267.615

1,413,000 1,413.000

291,000

291,000

240

240

410,541

410.54!

13.505

13.505

47,000

47.000

5,422

5.422

6,272.555 6.272.555

281.120

:

281.120

:

:

1,413,000 1,413,000

338,000

338.000

8

324

1,135

12,894 14,820

72,074 5,501,192 | 5,660,533

30

:..

11,494 337,476 358,143

40,000 2,054,000 2,159.000

254.000

25

397

18

3,889

3 119

907,416

254.000

3.556

958,653

150

295

50.083

54.868

$1,000 84,000

33333

1,153

721

:

16,013

75,963 6,108,638

18.376

180

11,789

6,619.186

387,559 413.311.

:

:

Tons,.

Crews....

Bunker Coal,

Vessels.

Tons,

61

40

*

1,308

622

3

336 248

128 130

3,218 3,303 3,213

£

.754 1.020

7 286

307 44,684

54 3 702

20 879

752 126,591

14511,861

[63.000

TOTAL.

:

Crews,

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels.

67 110

Tons,

Crews,

1,910 2,681

418 772

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

:

Vessels,

61

40

Tons,

1,308

622

Crews,

336 248

Bunker Coal,

[Vessels,

Tons.

128

150

3.218 3,303

'I OTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

Crews,

Shipped,

Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,

754 1,020

1,000 1,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

13 593

445 81,9 7

91 8.142

$3.0

:

:

286

107 144.681

5+ 3 702

:

40,000 2.054,000| 2,159,000

338,000

338.000

1,135

18.076

20.002

72,074 11.363 20611,522,547

324

304

11,494

1

635.091 626.058

40,000 3.467,000 3,572,000

25

397

170

:

20 874

752 | 126,591

:

:

:

33

721

145 11.864

226

63.000

:

:

:

:

:

:

18

545,000

3 359

3.889

1,317,987

545,000

3,796

1.369.194

295

63,588 68,373

131,000

131,000

1.153

21,435

23.798

75,963 12,681,193 | 12,891,741

11,789 668.633 694.431

4,000 3,467.000 3,572,000

676,000 676,000

TOTAL.

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1913.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

- D 27 -

Vessels.

Tous. Crew.

gers.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Passen-

Cargo,

Tons. Crew.

gers.

Tons.

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,.o

1,173 187,955 21,403 4,026 | 438,559 64,314 253 34,805 2,586 2,368 | 143,728 20,498 420 27,024 4,643

163

88,631 1,711 309,674 32,747 50,572 154,587|2,342 | 258,970 37,625 15,269 278 29,762 4,507 75,924 180 11,393 1,439 63 6,173 55 5,157 954

2,884 497,629 54,150 2,928 6,368 697,529 101,939 531 64,567| 7,093 15 2,548 155,121| 21,937 475 32,181 5,597

...

88,631

53,500 | 154,587

15,269

178

75,924

63

6,173

Total, 1913,

8,240 832,071 113,444

50,798 | 340,584 | 4,566 | 614,956

77,272

2,943 12,806 1,447,027' 190,716

53,741 | 340,584

F

Total, 1912,

9,593 | 921,289 | 126,968

15,051 167,783 3,590443,210 56,957

16,701 13,183 1,364,499), 183,925 31,752 467,788

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1913.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,.......

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

3,698 589,601 62,854 4,586 540,547 | 73,777 374 39,023 5,603 1,994 94,640 16,730 427 29,233 5,235

494,022 58 8,278 56,933300,702 (1,025 50,223 27,841 122

852

3,756 597,879 63,706

494,022

11,986

512 5,611 590,770

85,763

57,445| 300,702

20,952

61

4

44,104

525

62,017

725

5,801

496

59,975

6,328

...

27,841

2,519 156,657

22,531

61

44,104

17,066

38

977

264

38

465 30,210

5,499

42

17,066

Total, 1913,

11,079 1,293,044164,1 99

56,998 | 883,735 1,768 142,447

19,628

550 12,817 1,435,491 183,827 57,548 883,735

Total, 1912,

.....

10,203 1,113,166 159,417

28,923 732,063 2,256 | 177,740 | 23,793

1,770 12,459 1,290,906| 183,240 30,693 732,063

- D 28 -

1

- D 29

Table IX.

SUMMARY.

1912.

1913.

FOREIGN TRADE.

No. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

#

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

5,246

5,677,122

263,168

Do.

do. in Ballast,

217

317,890

15,216

5,197 215

5,958,868

273,029

296,745

14,641

Total,......

5,463

5,995,012

278,384

5,412

6,255,613

287,670

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

5,276

5,585,729

277,027

5,182

5,862,014

267,615

Do.

do. in Ballast,.

185

396,973

10,278

240

410,541

13,505

Total,.......

5,461

5,982,702

287,305

5,422

6,272,555

281,120

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

2,833

4,503,852

204,563

3,033

4,930,000

180,972

Do.

do. in Ballast,.....

210

233,154

10,203

204

203,549

8,534

i

Total,....

3,043

4,737,006

214,766

3.237

5,133,549

189,506

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

2,605

4,113,822

166,831

2,722

4,287,419

174,317

Do.

do. in Ballast,...

467

635,841

21,160

500

800,995

24,861

Total,....

3,062

4,749,663

187,991

3,222

5,088,414

199,178

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,...

1,159

46,928

15,633

1,029

47,852

19,367

Do.

do.

do. in Ballast,......

817

26,590

7,016

1,238

45,870

10,289

Total,......

1,976

73,518

22,649

2,267

93,722

29,656

do.

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes,...

Do.

1,147

47,776

16,033

1,001

47,269

19,374

do.

in Ballast,....

858

29,318

7,496

1,306

48,012

10,932

Total,......

2,005

77,094

23,529

2,307

95,281

30,306

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

9,593

921,289

126,968

8,240

823,071

113,444

3,590

443,210

56,957

4,566

614,956

77,272

Total,......

13,183

1,364,499

183,925

12,806

1,447,027

190,716

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

Total,.....

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

10,202 2,256

12,459 1,290,906

23,665 12,170,035 22,987 12,100,365

1,113,166

159,447

11,079

1,293,044

164,199

177,740

23,793

1,768

142,447

19,628

183,240

12,847

1,435,491

183,827

699,724 23,722 682,065 23,798

12,929,911 12,891,741

697,548

694,431

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in Į

46,652

24,270,400

1,381,789 47,520

25,821,652 1,391,979

Foreign Trade,.

!

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

14,891 15,165

934,032 922,443

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,..

30,056

1,856,475

144,900 146,079

290,979

12,951 0,601,740 13,319 0,598,986

102,174

101,910

26,270

1,200,726

204,084

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,.

Grand Total,......

46,652 24,270,400 30,056 1,856,475

76,708 26,126,875

1,381,789

47,520

25,821,652

1,391,979

290,979

26,270

1,200,726

204,084

1,672,768

73,790 27,022,378

1,596,063

>

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1913.

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1912,

...

Do.,

1913,

103,420 2,315,796 733,202 104,391 2,339,846 739,936

6,195 102,566 2 988,906 750,556 3,637,517

1,201

4,948 |103,828 | 3,020,456

759,890 3,732,329 |

892

205,995 5,804,702 1,183,758 3,643,712 208,219 5,360,302 | 1,499,326 | 3,737,277

1,201

892

Outside the Waters of the Colony :

Canton,..

West River,

118 4,046 1,077

73 2,219

637

:

:

98 2,573

822

22

21 644 180

24

:

:.

216 6,619 1,899 22

...

94 2,863 817

24

...

Macao,

311 17,288 9,399 7,166 2,266

31117,288 9,399 7,166 2,266

East Coast,

26 787 203

386 20,640 7,457 11,709

215

Other places,

1,021 38,818| 8,372

392

Total,..

1,238 45,870 |10,289

2136,707 1,509 4,080

392 1,029 47,852 | 19,367 23,001 2,481 2,267 98,722 29,656 23,393 2,481

23,001

412 21,427 7,660 11,709 1,234 45,525 9,881 4,472|

215

...

:

· 19 30-

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1913.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

PLACES.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. Tons.

gers.

Ton-

Crews.

nage.

Passen- Cargo, Tons.

gers.

Bunker

Coal,

Tons.

Within the Waters of the Colony1912,

103,392 | 2,314,809 |

732,872

5,908

Do.,

1913,

104,354 | 2,358,859

739,600

2,687

750,886 | 3,643,948 102,603 | 2,989,893 103,865 | 3,001,443| 759,720 |3,742,647

1,216

957

205,995 | 5,301,702|1,483,758|3,649,856 208,219 | 5,360,302|1,499,326 | 3,745,334

1,216

27,167

957 33,983

1

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,....

West River,....

Macao,......

192 6,284 1,668

:

79❘ 2,411

702

47 1,343

493

14 385

5 167

37

119

309 17,269 9,474 11,187 6,400

314 17,436 9,511 11,187 6,400 1 217

3C

141

239 7,627 | 2,161

141 | 1,208

33

2

93 2,796

821

37

2 642

East Coast,

16 481

126

...

412 21,394 7,687 12,196

218

428 21,875 7,813 12,196|

218 | 1,445

Other places,

1,014 38,669 | 8,399

439

Total,

1,306 48,012|10,932

219|6,878|1,601| 4,148

30,306 28,015 443 1,001 47,269 19,374 27,572 6,761 2,307 95,281 30,306 28,015 6,761 6,473

1,233 45,547 10,000 4,587

...

1,961

f

ir

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences issued and fees collected during the year 1913 as compared with the previous year. (Under Table UT, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

1912.

1913.

DESCRIPTION OF BOATS.

LICENCE.

LICENCE REPAINT- Books.

FEES.

LICENCE.

ING.

LICENCE

Book.

CATE.

DUPLI- REPAINT- ING.

FEES.

$

Licence Book, $1.00 each, Repainting, $0.25 each....

5,759

5,759.00

1,953

803

200.75

Passenger Boats, Class A,

446

448

Passenger Boats, Class B,

694

9,493.25

760

Passenger Village Boats,

1,601

Cargo Boats,....

1,292

26,413.00

1,384

Lighters,

245

8,215.66

173

Water Boats,

63

1,347.75

67

Other Boats,.

1,126

4,952.25

5,597

Cinder, Bum, Hawker and Marine

Dealers' Boats,

412

894.00

Fish Drying Hulks,..

81

569,25

81

:

:.

:

:

:

:

Duplicate,

...

2

...

TOTAL,

5,960

5,759

803 $57,844.91 8,510

1,953

2

Refunded on Lighters laid ap,................

Total,..

$

318.00

$57,526.91

609

1,953.00

152.25

...

:

7,988.00

24,562.50

8,108.25

1,421.75

22,133.00

563.00

2.00

609 $66,883,75

Total,.

144.74

$66,739.01

D 32

D 33

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour

Department during the Years 1912 and 1913.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount

1912.

Amount 1913.

C.

C.

87,454.95

93,649.44

Special Assessment,

1. Light Dnes, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

39

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

98,448.45 104,648.41

wise specified :-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

57,526.91 | 66,739.01

dinance of 1889,

1,695.00

1,815.00

Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordi-

nance 1 of 1889,

1,600.00

1,600.00

Fines,

7,180.50

7,055.75

Forfeitures,....

71.00

904.77

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.

199.50

171.00

2,648.30

2,839.70

54,683.05 48,191.50

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

Pilots' Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid :-

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Gunpowder, Storage of--Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures, Ord. 14 of 1913, Printed Forms, Sale of,

33,299.21 | 24,572,30

70.00

70.00

4,950.00 5,051.50

23,724.20 | 31,576.20

251.50

227.00

2,282.50 13,532.61

2,895.00 15,341,21

*82,721.50 †94,681.00

776.00

I a

263.00

229.75

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent for-

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

3,660.00

3,570.00

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

1,438.00

1,438.01

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899......

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,...

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,

Miscellaneous Receipts (other)-Message

Fees for notifying ships signalled, Sale of old lamps and unclaimed

cartridges,

3,330.00 3,375.00

27,718.02 29,419.93

40,225.00 71,400.00

302,20

419.60

15.00

Total,...

*

† Sce next page.

$549,275.40 612,672,08

- D 34

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1912 :-

Harbour Department, Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health, Medical Department,...

Revenue collected by.

$ 82.721.50

4,850,00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

3,235.20

8,358.50

12,953.86

$ 95,930.00

$ 20,389.06

Net Revenue,....$ 75,540.94

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1913 :—

Harbour Department, Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health, Medical Department,....

Revenue collected by.

$94,681.00

5,618.00

10,044.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

4,028.15

...

16,458.48

$110,343.00

$ 24,686.63

Net Revenue,....$ 85,656.37

"

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigration from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year 1913.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

BRITISH SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHITHER BOUND.

Adults. Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults

Children

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M. F.

MA F. M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

5

}

Australian Ports,

1,685

487

15

Calcutta,

Canada,

8,542

Caroline Islands,

Dutch Borneo,

Dutch Indies,

Fiji,

Honolulu,

Japan.....

Mauritius,

Mexico,

South America,.

452

6 1 1,696

727

8

:

735 2,412

12

1

2,431

7

514

126

1261 613

15

7

640

327

8,871 2,024

53

2,077 10,566

2

380

10,948

549

37

11

601

549

37

11

601

51

3

3

58

51

3

38

...

8,695

531

503

709,807 | 8,695

534

508

70

9.807

129

258

2

2

133

1

130

2

2

134

A

61

13

6

2

82 2,510

390

187

94 3,181 | 2,571

403

193

96

3,263

56

23

79 381

46

1

2 430 137

46

24

2

509

- D 35

...

...

532

76

66

2 676

532

76

66

2

676

...

995

9

1,004 1,787

43

1,830 2.782

52

2,834

i

...

640

21

312 1 974 640

21

312

1

974

...

68,725 13,732 192

132

1,159

676

4,939 1,606 89,002 10,745 | 1,664

14

8

215

8

8

140 84 2 1,253 4,874 676

...

Straits Settlements,.

Tahiti,

Timor,

U. S. of America,.........

United Kingdom,

Total 1913,........

Do. 1912,.

82,839 13,790 5,419 1,617 103,665 33,642 2,810| 2,200|442 39,094 116,481 16,600 7,619 2,059 142,759

70,298 12,370 4,626 1,455 S8,749 29,777 | 1,957| 1,899|275 33,908 | 100,075 14,327 6,525 1,730 | 122,657

Total Passengers by British Ships,. Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,

|82,839|13,790| 5,419| 1,617| 103,665 |33,642 2,810| 2,200 442 39,094 49,197|10,980| 3,219| 1,175| 64,571

690 252|13,35179,470 15,396 5,629 1,858 102,353

31

326

:;::

192

132

14

8

215

8

140

16|5,247|| 6,033 676

39 410

18

6,500

676

...

:

:

Table XV.

Statement of average number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1910 inclusive.

1880.

41,720

1885. 1890. 1895. 1900. 63,138 66,706 60,360 66,961

1905.

1910.

73,103

88,452

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1904 to 1913 inclusive.

i

Whither bound.

1904.

1905. 1906. 1907.

1908. 1909. 1910. 1911.

1912.

1913.

D 36 -

Straits Settlements, Males,

53,131

Straits Settlements, Females,

9,596

45.948 51,589 71,141 40,746 9,026 8,731 11,907

8,893

40,129 65,372 83,875 68,809 7,887 11,333 17,031 15,215

83,099

17,254

Total,

62,727

54,974 60,320 83,048

49,639

48,016 76,705 | 100,906 84,024 | 102,353

r

Other Ports, Males,

13,499

Other Ports, Females,

78

9,308

59

16.348

57

22,829

90

21,299

143

Total

13,577

9,367

16,405 22,919 21,442

28,965

449

29,414 34,353

33,692

661

33,935

724

37,791

39,001

842

1,405

34,659

38.633 10,406

Grand Total,

76,304 64,341

76,725 |105,967

71,081

77,430|111,058 |135,5651:22,657 142,759

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the Year 1913.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

D 37

GRAND TOTAL.

WHERE FROM.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

1.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

From Australia,

1,833

46

57

11

Bangkok,....

21

71

Canada,

5,375

93 80

ཚ:ཚེ

34 1,970

1,025

33

16

12

1,086

2,858

79

73

46

3,056

21

1,785

161

112

74

2,132

1,806

161

112

74

2,153

50

5,598

5.375

93

80

50

5,598

...

·

Dutch Indies,.

184

10

Honolulu,

83

Japan,

339

426

206

9,383

227

107

93

783

42

30

19

357

1,391

80

37

19

""

Mauritius,

Mexico,

90

90

344

18

26

:

200

6

3

213

131

5

3

New Guinea,

521

21

10

349627

9,780

9,567

237

115

67

9,986

874

866

47

33

21

967

1.527

1,730

87

42

25

1,884

396

434

18

26

486

141

331

11

351

559

521

21

10

559

:

Samoa Island,

::

271

274

274

271

...

"}

15

South America,

...

460

12

19

9

500

460

12

19

500

"}

Straits Settlements,

108,606

U. S. of America,

1,374

7,771 2,429 1,522 120,328 30 18

12,022

899 306

189

13,416 | 120,628

8,670 2,735|1.711 133,744

15 1,437

5,496

207 129

91

5,923 6.870

237 147 106

7,360

Total Passengers, 1913,...| 118,105

7,968 | 2,604 | 1,636 | 130,313

Do..

1912,...115.274

1,705 795 6,226 |2,609 |1,390 |125,499 35,493 1,352 553

33,615

493

36,608 151,720

9,673

3,399|2,129 |166,921

351

37,719 | 150,767

7,578 3,162 1,741 | 163,248

Total Passengers by British Vessels,

Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels, Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

118,105

33,615

84,490

7,988 2,604 | 1,636 130,313

1,705 795 493 36,608

6,263 | 1,809 | 1,143 93,705

Table XVIII.

Statement of average number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1910 inclusive.

1880. 1885. 48,114 68,830

1890.

96,068

1895. 1900. 1905. 104,118 109,534 137,814

1910.

146,585

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for 10 years, from 1904 to 1913, inclusive.

1913.

Where from.

V904.

1905. 1906. 1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912.

Straits Settlements, Males,

123,542

Straits Settlements, Females,

4,842

Total,

128,384

114,653 | 110,525 | 121,935 125,228 112,093 110,439 114,069123,594 6,210 4,043 2,403 4,422 3,387 7,524 5,688 7,869 10,381 120,863 | 114,568 |124,338 |129,650 115,480 117,963 119,757 131,463 | 133,744

123,363

Other Ports, Males,

Other Ports, Females,

Total,

20,447

364

20,811

19,291

329

19,848 21,387 27,869 496 97 290

29,180 30,986 28,816 30,335 81,756 615 1,321 1,450 1,421 19,620 20,344 21,484 28,159 29,341 31,601 30,137 31,785 33,177

161

Grand Total,

149,195 | 140,483 | 134,912 | 145,822 |157,809 | 144,821|149,564 | 149,894 | 163,248 | 166,921

- D 38

Name of Vessel.

Official

[Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

1

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1913.

Fower.

Rig.

Build. Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Luen Ho,.. 2. Luen Yi, 3. Phra Nang, 4. Devawongse, 5. Luen Ho....... 6. Luen Yi,

7. Mexico City, 8. Tien Fu,.. 9. Sin Tai Sam,.

127,229 1,735.23 1,500 127,230

"

Clencher Dunkerque,

.1905. Cancelled: new registry opened.

*,

97,675 1,022.00 95,032 1,047.34 1,400 127,229 1,735.23 1,500 127,230

Schooner

"3

Glasgow,

1890.

.1888.

Purchased from foreigners.

""

"

Dunkerque,

1905.

Transferred from Shanghai.

Do.

105,873 3,178.70 3,000 Schooner 133,238 57.77 187 133,239 150,07

>>

11

Sunderland,

1896.

10. Sin Tai Sze,.

133,240

11. Tai Ming,.

12. Hoi Wa

133,241 237.05 350

Carvel

99

22

Clencher

Hongkong.

1913.

""

"

"7

"

133,242 99.81 170

י

"

་་

13. Tung Kwong,

133,243

57.94 275

14. Sioiman,

133,244

796.25.515 Schooner

""

Norway,

1885.

15. Chingchow,

76,981 1,195.19 700

19

Middlesboro,

.1877.

16. Taishan,

133,245 927.08 3,700

Carvel

Hongkong,

1913.

17. Medusa,

133,246 323.07 500 Schooner Clencher

""

- No 39 -

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1913.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Built

Rig.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

of.

.1912 Transferred to Liverpool.

1909 Burnt and completely destroyed. .1912 Sold to foreigners.

1903 | Registry no longer required. .1896 | Sold to foreigners.

Vessel being non-existent.

unknown. Ship broken up.

.1902 | Sold to foreigners.

.1852 Ship lost.

1899 | Sold to foreigners. 1903

Do.

.1888 Sold and registered anew at

Sandakan.

.1896 Registry no longer required.

1882 Sold to foreigners.

.1905 New registry opened.

"

Do.

1. Circe,

128,715

314.20 1912 500 Schooner

2. Hong On,

127,003

3. Cholon,

133,233

4. Daswin,

47.50 1909 67.75 1912 126,988 12.53 1908

70

44

5. Lungshan,

107,007

6. Iona,

41,246

7. Algerine,

140.74 1897 28 549.78 1863 64,091 160.96 1873

Clencher Hongkong, Carvel

Clencher Chinese Carvel Schooner

>>

"9

"

Barque

"}

80

Schooner

י,

Unknown,

8. Wing Hon,

109,870

412.19 1904

190

""

Hongkong,

9. John Bull,

41,191

248.00 1860

Barque

10. Luisa,

109,854

23.08 1900

20

"}

Dunkerque,.. Hongkong,

...

11. Hoi Tung,

116,031

467.87 1909

90

12. Normanhurst,...

88,846

55.93 1888

24

Clencher

Carvel

>>

13. Tai Yeuk Fong,

128,697

11.24❘ 1911

40

Clencher

91

14. Tai Wan,..

87,005 1,041.70 | 1905

938

Schooner

35

Greenock,

15. Luen Ho,..

16. Luen Yi,

127.229 | 1,735.23| 1913 127,230

1500

Dunkerque,...

""

- D 40-

D 41

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1904.

YEAR.

No. of

VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1904

51,173

22,299,582

1905*

51,578

22,653,616

1906†

44,550

22,453,077

1907

47,660

23,032,891

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

⚫ 44,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

Net Decrease in 1913 against 1904 of 3,653 vessels and Net Increase

of 3,522,070 tons.

* Steamships not exceeding 60 tons in Foreign Trade included for first time. † Decrease due to Typhoon of 18th September, 1906.

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Total Revenue Total Expenditure

Year.

of Department.

of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

c.

%

1904,...

301,128.95

146,951.90

48.80

1905,.

302,817.76

147,396.72

48.67

1906,

274,008.78

160,899.99

58-43

1907,

348,300.10

160,389.48

46.05

1908,

357,768.52

163,579.54

45-72

1909,................

462,469.82

172,680.55

37.34

1910,......

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

1911,......

506,964.85

161,149.32

31.76

1912,.....

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913..

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

3

Table XXIV.

it Hongkong, from 1867 to 1913 inclusive.

pping Tonnage only.

's German Shipping Tonnage only.

apanese Shipping Tonnage only.

Shipping Tonnage only,

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

and Foreign Shipping Tonnage.

Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

Trade

launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade. entire Foreign

in

British and

*8381

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-launches.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

13,000,000

|12,300,000

12,100,000

11,900,000

I1,700,000

|11,500,000

11,300,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,000,000

9,900,000

9,800,000

9.700,000

9,600,000

9,500,000

9,400,000

9.300,000.

TONS.

9,700,000

9,600,000

9,500,000

9,400,000

9,300,000.

9,200,000

9,100,000

9,000,000

8,900,000

8,800,000

8,700,000

8,600,000

8,500,000

8,400,000

8,300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7.700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

0,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

1,300,000

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

700,000

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

90,000

80,000

50,000

40,000

30,000

20,000

13,000,000

12,300,000

12,100,000

I 1,900,000

11,700,000

11,500,000

11,300,000

I1,200,000

11,000,000

10,000,000

9,900,000

9,800,000

9,700,000

9,600.000

9,500,000

9,400,000

9,300.000

9,200,000

0.100,000

TONS.

1867.

1868.

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from

1867 to 1913 inclus

RED LINE represents British Shipping Tonnage only. DOTTED BLACK LINE represents German Shipping Tonnage only. DOTTED RED LINE represents Japanese Shipping Tonnage only. BLUE LINE represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage only. GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Shipping Tonnage.

YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade. THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign S

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886. 1887.

'8881

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

Table

XXIV.

1895.

1896.

9,200,000

9,100,000

9,000,000

8,900,000

8,800,000

8,700,000

8,600,000

8,500,000

8,400,000

8,300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

. 7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

*3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

BLACK

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

BLACK

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

*ELLOW

1,300,000

GREEN

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

RED

.700,000

600,000

BLUE

500,000

400,000

300,000

OTTED

200,000

BLACK

100,000

LINE

90,000

'IOLET

80,000

50,000

40,000

OTTED

RED

30,000

LINE

20,000

AL

D 45

Annexe A.

MERCANTILE MARINE OFFICE.

26,833 seamen were shipped and 22,651 discharged at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships during the year, compared with 19,240 shipped and 19,362 discharged during 1912.

189 distressed seamen were received and admitted to the Sailors' Home, etc.; of these 50 were sent Home, 5 to Calcutta, 3 to Genoa, 1 to Kobe, 1 to Manila, 1 to Melbourne, 2 to Port Said, 1 to San Francisco, 1 to Singapore, 1 to Sydney, 15 passengers to Calcutta, 57 to Canton, 1 to Shanghai, 2 to Singapore, I handed over to Naval Authorities, 5 deserted, 1 died in Kennedy Town Hospital, 5 remained in the Sailors' Home, 3 in Hospital, 2 in Prison and 31 obtained employment.

$3,741.09 was expended by the Harbour Master on behalf of the Board of Trade in the relief of these distressed seamen.

Annexe B.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OFFICE.

Liquors Consolidation Ordinance, 1911.

1. The revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed warehouses for the year 1913 was $729,340.60 made up as

follows:

Duties, European Liquors,

Duties, Chinese Liquors,

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

Licensed Warehouse Overtime Fees,

$

C.

254,460.59

467,745.18

7,020.83

114.00

$729,340.60

2. The duty collected from European liquors shows an increase as compared with 1912. There is a further marked increase in the local consumption of brandy and figures for the last four years of the amount of brandy consumed locally are worthy of notice :-

1913.

1910.

1911.

1912.

2,909 gallons 4,032 gallons 5,335 gallons 7,055 gallons.

The variations in other varieties call for no special comment. The details of the trade in European liquors are given in Table I.

3. The revenue from Chinese wines also shows an increase, both from wine imported and from that distilled locally. There is a slight decrease in the consumption of the stronger varieties. The details of the trade in Chinese liquors are given in Tables II and III.

·

D 46

4. The actual expenditure of the department for the year was $60,334.93.

5. Opium.-A further decrease is shown in the imports and exports of raw opium which indicates generally the effect of the Opium Agreement of May, 1911, and of the subsequent arrangements between the Governments of Great Britain and China. The figures for the imports and exports since 1908 are shown in the following table :-

1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909. 1908.

Chests.

Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

Chests.

*

Stock in hand 1st January. Imported during the Year,

5,560

9,108

7,587 12,361

7.123 4.509 5,808 21.286 31,743

4,707 35.734 41.821

Total,....

14,668 19.9481 28.409

30.252

41,542

46,528

Boiled by Opium Farmer. ..... Spurious Opium destroyed.

667

1.1B

761

782

1,044

$64

2

14

51

247

Missing or stolen.

2

Exported during the year,

9,419

9 13,2644 20,061

28,333

35,938

39,609

Total.............

10,088

Stock remaining 31st Dec.,

14.3884 20,822

4,580 5,560 7,587

29.129 37.033

VIII.

40,720

7,123 4.509 5.808

Further details of the opium trade are given in Tables IV to

was

6. Sugar.-The Sugar Convention Ordinance of 1904 repealed as from 1st September, 1913. The imports of sugar up to that date are shown in Table IX.

7. Preventive Force.-Very good work has been done by the preventive force during the year. Twenty-seven convictions were obtained against persons for offences against the Liquors Consolida- tion Ordinance, 1911. Five seizures of morphia and four seizures of cocaine were made, the total seized during the year amounting to 1,764 oz. of cocaine and 5,584 oz. of morphia. In six of these cases convictions were obtained and in one case a Chinese failed to appear and bail amounting to $2,500 was estreated. Twenty seizures of prepared opium intended for illicit export were made and seventeen convictions obtained. The total amount of opium seized was 12,974 taels. Eleven convictions were obtained for offences against the Post Office Ordinance, five for offences against the Gambling Ordinance and ninety for offences against the Arms and Ammunition Ordinance.

14th April, 1914.

R. O. HUTCHISON,

Superintendent,

Imports and Erports Office.

Table I.

- D 47 -

Class of Liquor.

Balance in

Bond on

31st De.

Arrivals.

Exported

ex Ship

to Ship

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1913.

cember,

Ship

Store.

Consumed

locally.

or ex

In Holt's

General

In H.K. & K.

Godown Co.'s

In Licensed

1912.

Bond.

Bonded

General Bonded Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer and Stout,

168,437

639,016

267,901

60,334

366,936

3,848

14,856

93,578

112,282

Bitters,

229

858

551

22

310

10

194

204

Brandy,

10,027

32,640

27,561

1,065

7,055

190

256

6,540

6,986

California Wine,

2,114

2,114

Champagne,

2,848

9,212

4,977

988

3,678

24

206

2,187

2,417

Claret,

6,484

23,276

12,601

5,417

8,450

34

606

2,652

3,292

Cider,

273

144

76

24

201

116

...

116

Gin,

5,779

26,527

1.5,989

6,101

5,942

...

76

1,010

3,188

4,274

Ginger Wine,

75

159

12

167

55

55

Liqueurs,

2,557

4,245

2,726

390

1,478

300

1,908

2,208

Malaga,

19

19

Madeira,

175

162

38

21 (1)

106

172

172

Marsala,

309

486

222

4

304

265

265

Medicated Wine,

50

226

219

15

42

42

Muscatel,

1

1

Port,

4,389

12,261

6,904

1,073

5,038

16

6

3,613

3,635

Prune Wine,

11

59

19

51

51

:

Rum,

1,026

3,928

450

209 (2) 3,632

72

591

663

(1) Includes

20 gallons denatured for Worcester sauce.

(2)

2,660

""

11

"}

preserving Tobacco and 5 gallons distilled locally.

3

#1

Table I,-Continued.

Balance in

Class of Liquor.

Bond on

31st De-

cember,

1912.

Arrivals.

Exported

ex Ship

to Ship

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1913.

Ship

Store.

Consumed

locally.

In H.K. & K.

or ex

In Holt's

General

Godown Co.'s

General Bonded

Bond.

Bonded

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total in

Boud.

Warehouse.

Warehouse.

D 48

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Sake,

752

8,085

1,549

820

6,108

360

360

Sherry,

2,675

4,830

1,760

713

1,917

82

3,033

3,115

Sparkling Wine,

444

762

221

69

472

90

354

444

Spirits of Wine & Arrack,

29,447

487,336

410,409

1 (3) 83,951

21,648

74

22,422

Other Still Wine,

4,376

56,136

45,064

6,147 (4) 5,002

1,150

3,149

4,299

Tonic Wine,

6

309

...

71

244

244

Vermouth,

1,814

8,611

6,557

767

1,926

75

1,100

1,175

Vebrona,

27

50

50

27

27

Whisky,

17,559

48,670

18,179

9,434

23,756

2,860

996

Wincarnis,

27

128

86

11,004

69

14,860

69

Wine (European), .....(5)

74,559

71,559

...

(3) Includes 83,721 gallons denatured for burning. perfumery, etc.

(4)

174

"

preserving tobacco, (5) Re-exported immediately without examination.

Table II.

Balance in Bond

Arrivals.

on 31st Dec., 1912.

Consumed

Locally.

Exported.

used for

Vinegar, etc.

Denatured and

Remaining in Bond on 31st December, 1913.

In

Dis-

Bond.

Distilled

Im- Distilled Im- tilleries. ported. Locally. ported. Locally.

ex Bond Distilled or ex Ship to Ship. Locally.

Holt's Im- Distilled General ported. Locally. Bonded Co.'s Gen-

In

H.K. & K.

Godown

In Li-

censed

Ware-

In Dis-

tilleries.

Ware-

house.

eral Bond-

ed Ware-

house.

houses.

D

49

Not more than 25%

of alcohol by weight,

7,257

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons |Gallons. |Gallons. Gallons.|Gallons. | Gallons.| Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. 18,708982,475 1,104,075 670,017|895,246 305,320 79,104

111,845

1,090 6,048

17,880

35%

1.476

742 71,590

18,773 42,892 14,882 27,142

3,366

18 1,538

ཛཱ525

""

45%

144,541

"}

50%

3,725

""

Above 50%

960

275 609,686

11,130

4,670

11

49,426 | 35,137

103 3,197

997

2,320 | 442,053

5,393

9,970 41,488

3.104

119,422

255

103 4,190

664

2,779

11

3,679

""

Total,

157,959

19,725 1,679,551 1,172,388 752,234912,562 779,005

87,863

9,970 | 153,333

4,876 |133,466 | *18,€30

*Not including New Territories.

}

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1913.

Output.

Consumed Locally.

Sold into

Bond.

Exported.

Denatured

with salt for preserving bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

the 31st

Dec., 1913,

|Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons.| Gallons. 【Gallons. Gallons.

110,893

17,880

525

225

Hongkong and New Kowloon.

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 723,189 506,010

25,390 63,016

29

35%

12 109 7.799

540 3,245

*

45%

56,221

>>

2,304 7,020 5,393 41,279

>>

50%

103

103

Above

Rum,

50%

11

11

""

253

Total,

248

791,886 516.232 32,950 71,654

41,279 | 110,893

18,878

Manufactured in New Territories for con- Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 208,282 | 185,760 5,482 16,088 sumption in Hongkong.

"}

35%

45%

Total,

* No figures are available.

""

952

7,204 7,083

121

6,813

16 6,588

209

222.299 | 192,859 12,070 16,209

209

952

I

D 50 -

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1913.

Output.

Consumed Locally.

Bond.

Sold into

Exported.

Denatured

with salt for preserving bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

the 31st

Dec., 1913.

Gallons | Gallons,|Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Manufactured in New Territories for local consumption.

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 203,476 | 203,476.

35%

45%

>>

Hongkong and New Kowloon.

Manufactured in New Territories for con- sumption in Hongkong.

Manufactured in New Territories for local consumption.

Total....

203.476 203,476

Total.

1

D 51 -

791,886 516,232

32,950

71,654 41,279 | 110,893 18,878

222,299 | 192,859 12,070 16,209

209

952

203,476 203,476

Grand Total,.

|1,217,661| 912,567 | 45.020

87,863

41.428 111,845 18,878

* No figures are available.

31

Table IV.

Varieties of Opium Imported.

MALWA.

PATNA.

BENARES.

PERSIAN. TURKISH. CHINESE. TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1912,

4,097

5,350

2,266

6481

12,3611

1913,

5,030

1,876

139

1,761

2

9,1081/2

Increase,

93312

1,1124.

2

Decrease,

3,474

1,827

...

...

3,252

Varieties of Opium Exported.

MALWA.

PATNA.

BENARES. PERSIAN.

TURKISH. CHINESE.

TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1912,

1913,

5,620

4,215

1,978

1,452

4,3281

2,773

795

1,5201

2

13,2661

9,419

Increase,

67

Decrease,

1,292

1,442

1,183

...

Through Cargo reported in Manifest but not landed 1913;

1912,

...

3,8474

chests.

11,912

731

D 52

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL

OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1913.

I.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

In the month of June the Botanical Department planted an avenue of Latania palms, and cleaned the grounds

In November the western portion of the grounds was converted into a playground for the children of the Kowloon British School.

The additions to the Main Building which were commenced in November, 1912, were completed in May, 1913.

The new thermograph shed was not ready for use by the end of the year.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Kew Barograph.--Comparisons of the measures of the barograms with the readings of the standard barometer, indicated that the Kew barograph was under-corrected for temperature. The temperature Compensator was accordingly adjusted on 1913, January 1, and again on November 7.

Beckley Anemograph-The instrument was cleaned and oiled once a month. In the month of July apparatus was added to the clock to keep the velocity pencil off the paper for 5 minutes each hour, as the 3-minute break made by the electric dial was found insufficient at low wind velocities.

Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.-The spindle of the float was cleaned once a week, and the head oiled once a month. The level of the water was adjusted when necessary. Registration on rolls of blank paper 40 feet long was commenced on November 8. As the clock spring was found to be too weak to perform the additional work of unwinding the paper off the spool, over the registering spindle on to the cylinder, 40 feet of silk cord was wound round a groove on the . base of the cylinder and led over a pulley to a weight sufficiently heavy to overcome the additional friction. This plan has not proved altogether satisfactory. It is proposed to fit a stronger spring to the clock.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instrument in April 1910, are given below ;-

E

Factor (Dines Beckley).

Month.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

January,

2'33

2:30

2.12

February,

2:34

2°32

2.30

March,

2:30

2:35

2.25

April,..

2°27

2°33

2.26

May,

2.23

2.25

2:34

2,22

June,

2.23

210

2:44

2.09

July,

2.14

2.21

2:57

2.28

August,

2'07

2.25

2.65

2.39

September,

2.18

2.31

2'49

2.81

October,

2*30

2.27

2.51

2.69

November,

2:28

2.27

2:47

2.71

December,

2.23

2.31

2.24

2.54

Year.

2*25

2:29

2*41

2.39

The mean factor for the year was practically the same as in 1912, but was considerably less from June to August, and consider- ably greater from September to the end of the year. The cause of these large variations is uncertain.

III.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure are obtained with a Kew barograph, and automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the Report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automa- tically by a Beckley and a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine recorder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph.

Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. (Until the end of the year 1912 they were made at each hour of Hongkong Local time.) The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal Features of the Weather in 1913.-The principal feature of the weather in the year 1913 was the irregular distribution of rainfall. The fall was 4 inches above normal in March, 24 inches above in July and 5 inches in September, and was 3 inches below normal in April, 24 inches below in May, 4 inches in August, and 1 inches in October. The total rainfall for the year was 83,73 inches, or 0.56 inch above normal,

$

1

3

A drought occurred from October 12 to December 8, broken only by a fall of 0.03 inch of rain on November 8 and 071 inch on November 13 to 15. This would have caused a shortage in the water supply had it not been for the rain which fell in the typhoon of September 17 to 20.

Pressure was moderately above normal in January, October, November and December, and moderately below normal in April and July.

Temperature was 2o1 above normal in February and 1°9 below normal in December. In the remaining months the departure from normal did not exceed 10.

The mean temperature for the year was 71°9 or 0°2 above normal. The highest temperature was 92° 0 on July 20 and August 16, as against 91°3 in 1912 and 97°0 for the past 30 years. The lowest temperature was 44°0 on January 26 as against 45° 3 in 1912, and 32°0 for the past 30 years.

According to the records of the Beckley Anemograph the wind velocity was below normal in each month of the year, but there is evidence to show that the instrument is more sluggish than for- merly, the mean velocity for the period 1884 to 1900 being 13:21 m.p.h., and for the period 1901 to 1913 only 12:41 m.p.h. represents a defect of 92,000 miles of wind in the last 13 years.

This

Rainfall at the Observatory, Botanical Gardens and Taipo compared :-

In the following table the rainfall at the Observatory is com- pared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo, and the Botanical Gardens, Hongkong.

Botanical

Observatory Police Station

Months.

Gardens

(Kowloon).

(Taipo).

(Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,. February,

1'025

I'I I

0.87

2'390

2.58

2.16

March,

6.945

7'47

8.13

April,

2.175

2'21

3°33

May,

9'300

7°23

10*35

June,

16.035

27'54

17'73

July,

15.050

15°22

15.39

August,

10.565

16.37

13'45

September,.

14*570

13965

15'92

October,

3'550

0.60

2'14

November,

0'740

1.39

1.25

December,

1*385

0'97

1'70

Year,

83.730

96.34

92'42

E 4

Typhoons.-A typhoon passed within 50 miles to the south of the Observatory at about 11 a m. on August 17, when the barometer fell to 29 316 inches, and the wind attained a mean velocity of 86 m.p.h., as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph. A squall at the rate of 105 m.p.h. was recorded by the Dines Anemograph at 11" 36" a.m. This storm was travelling at the rate of 24 miles per hour when passing Hongkong. A second typhoon passed within 100 miles to the north of the Observatory in the early morning of September 19, the barometer falling to 29-279 inches at 1 a.. The maximum wind velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, was 56 miles at 1 a.m., and the maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines Anemograph, 70 miles at 1 15" a.m. 4 inches of rain fell in the first typhoon and 6 inches in the second. Owing to their short duration, comparatively little damage was done by either storm, though in the second a certain amount of unlooked-for damage was caused on account of its unusual track, and the con- sequent strong winds from westward instead of from eastward.

h

The tracks of 14 typhoons and 8 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East, in the year 1913, are shown on two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December.

IV.-WEATHER FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Report.-A weather map of the Far East, and the Daily Weather Report, containing meteorological observations, usually at 6 a.m. and 2 p.m. from about 40 stations in China, Indo- China, Japan, and the Philippines, and a daily weather forecast for Hongkong and district, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Hainan, and the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lamocks, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Seventy copies of the Daily Weather Report were distribut- ed to various offices, &c., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to the Hydrographic Office, Tokio, and the Lieut.- Commander Pradyat, Royal Siamese Navy; and every 10 days to the Director, Central Meteorological Observatory, Phulien.

The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was distributed to the principal Observatories and scientific institutions of the world.

Owing to the increasing demand for the Daily Weather Report, and the consequent late delivery to some firms, it was decided to charge a subscription of $10 a year for the Report, as in England, from 1914 January 1, with a view to confining the distribution list to the firms, etc., most vitally concerned, and hence accelerate delivery.

Daily Weather Telegrams.—In the month of October, by the courtesy of the Harbour Master, and by permission of the Chinese

}

[

E 5

-

Customs Authorities, the 6 a.m. and 2 p.m. observations from Canton were substituted for the 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. observations sent formerly. This is another step towards synchronous meteorological reports from all stations in China.

I am unable to report any improvement in the service of weather telegrams from Hoihow and Pakhoi. On the few occasions when they have been received they have arrived too late to be utilised for the weather map.

The service of weather telegrams from the interior of China, which was interrupted during the rebellion, re-commenced at the end of October and has been continued with more or less regularity since, though the morning observations are never received in time to be utilised for the Weather Map, except those from Kiu Kiang occasionally. The previous afternoon's observations are frequently of considerable value, however.

Extra Weather Telegrams.--In the month of October Canton was added to the list of stations sending extra weather telegrams during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong. Other stations from which such messages are received are Manila, or some other station in the Philippines nearer the typhoon centre, Taihoku, Phulien, Macao, Amoy, and Sharp Peak.

From May to October the 9 p.m. observations at Swatow were forwarded to the Observatory by the Customs Authorities as in previous years. On the whole, the observations were delayed less than usual, but were occasionally not received.

By the courtesy of the Naval Authorities meteorological obser- vations made on board His Majesty's ships were occasionally forwarded to the Observatory by wireless telegraphy.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently experi- enced are given below, with the results of the previous five years:-

t

Year.

Complete Partial Partial

Success. Success. Failure.

Total

Failure.

%

%

1908..

59

31

1909..

58

32

1910

58

32

1911

32

I I

ale a∞ an

%

I

8

2

9

I

2

1912

62

34

3

I

1913.....

66

28

3

3

The forecasts comprise wind direction and force, and weather. Two elements correct constitutes a partial success and only one element correct constitutes a partial failure.

E 6

Storm Warnings.-Storm warnings according to the "China Coast" code, and the Local code, were displayed when necessary. Others according to the Hongkong telegraphic code were sent to the following ports:-Amoy, Swatow, Sharp Peak, Macao, Canton, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore. For the benefit of vessels taking shelter in Kowloon Bay and to the west of Stonecutters Island, the local warnings are repeated at Lyemun by the Military Authorities and at Lai-Chi-Kok by the Standard Oil Company.

V.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.

Logs received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 290 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 18,006 days' observations, have been utilised for determining typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1912 were 334 and 23,202.

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year several hundred indirect comparisons of ships' barometers have been made, and direct comparison of barometers for several ship masters and various persons in the Colony.

Material for Pilot Chart.-The entry of sea observations into degree squares for the area 9° South to 45° North Latitude, and 100° to 180° East Longitude, has been discontinued, except for squares containing less than 50 observations. For those containing more than 50 observations means are being formed and the observations collected into two-degree squares. The work has been delayed, however, owing to the extra work thrown upon the First Assistant during the absence on leave of the Assistant Meteorologist since May 28.

VI.-MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolute determinations of magnetic horizontal force, dip, and declination were made near the middle of each month with instru- ments of the Kew pattern. In the determinations of horizontal force two sets of deflection observations were made, one before and one after the vibration observations. Four dip needles were used in rotation, two on one day of each month.

Preparatory to a magnetic survey of the New Territories, magnetometer No. 83 was compared with No. 55 (the instrument used for the routine observations) and observations of declination and horizontal force made at 2 points in Taipo on March 8. The instrument is not suitable for survey work however. Provision has been made in the Estimates for 1914 for certain improvements to this instrument and also for the purchase of an earth inductor.

Beginning with the year 1912 the observations of horizontal force have been reduced by the aid of three tables, the first giving the correction to log T. for varying chronometer rates and arcs of

1,

E 7

vibration (mean of the arcs at the beginning and end of the observa- tions), the second giving values of

H F

log. 3 K-log{ 1 + +

for varying values of t, when (1 +

I

(gt + g't2) }

H

X

F

} = 1.00354,

то

with a subsidiary table of corrections for any departure from this value; and the third giving the values of

log. {

1 + 2/1014

2.3

+ (jt + g't2) } + log. + log. ( 1

2

P

2

for varying values of t, and two values of r, namely, 30 cms. and 40 cms.

The value of P used in this table was 7·05 (the mean of the years 1910-12). The computations are considerably shortened by using these tables.

The mean values of the magnetic elements for the years 1912 and 1913 were as follows:-

Declination (west)

Dip (north)

Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit)

1912.

0° 4′ 16′′

1913. 0° 6′ 13′′

.30 56

20

30 53 41

0:37172

...0.22294

0.22242

0.43318

Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit) ...0·37193

Total Force (C.G.S. unit) ........0'43363

VII.-MISCELLANEOUS.

Time Service.-The Time Service installation is now practically complete except for new pendulums to the Dent clocks, and a return signal from the Time Ball to the Observatory chronograph. A detailed description of the installation, together with a discussion of the rates of the electric transmitter under varying conditions of friction and impulse, is in course of preparation.

·

Time-Ball. Since the beginning of the year 1913 the time-ball on Blackhead Hill has been dropped daily, Sundays and General Holidays included, at 13h Hongkong Standard Time (5" a.m. of Greenwich Time). It was also notified in the Gazette, Notification No. 391 of 1912 December 27, that the time-ball would be dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. Advantage was taken of this regulation on only one occasion, on April 1, when the ball was dropped at 16 as well as 13", at the request of the King's Harbour Master. The ball was dropped successfully 354 times. There were 6 failures, two caused by mistakes of the Chinese computer in the time-ball tower, and the remainder by electrical defects. It is proposed to run the time-ball wire along the Railway with a view to preventing interference and accidental earthing or contact with other lines. The winding pinion was found broken on March 7, the ball having probably been allowed to fall on the previous day without disconnecting the pinion from the rack. A new pinion was fitted by the Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co. on March 11.

.

E 8

The ball was not raised on August 17 owing to high wind. It fell with an error of 03 or less on 297 occasions, with an error of 04 or 05 on 34 occasions, and 0°6 or 07 on 12 occasions. Errors of 0.8 occurred 5 times, of 09, 10, 11 and 18 once each, and of 13 twice. The probable error varied from 053 in March to 010 in June.

Observations for Time.--Observations for time were made daily with a 3-inch transit instrument, weather permitting. 1,118 transits were observed during the year. The errors of level and azimuth were determined 308 and 80 times respectively, and the line of collimation 47 times. The corresponding figures for the year 1912 were 1,012, 395, 63 and 62. The time determinations were made by the Chief and First Assistants, by the eye and ear method, until October, when advantage was taken of the arrival of the Hipp tape Chronograph to instruct the Chinese computers in the use of the transit instrument and, since November 4, time determinations have been made by them at night, chronographically, and occasionally during the day by the Chief and First Assistants, who also determine azimuth error by observation of circumpolar stars once a week, weather permitting.

New spider threads were inserted in the micrometer frame on March 25, the old threads having become loose in the damp weather.

New Meridian Marks.-In the month of April two new meridian marks were erected, one to the north and one to the south of the transit instrument. The old south mark, distant 11,354 feet from the transit instrument, is frequently obscured by smoke from the ships in harbour, and its image rendered unsteady by lateral refraction over the water. It was decided therefore to erect a distant mark to the north of the transit instrument, and accordingly a stone pillar 4 feet wide and 8 feet high was erected on the side of the hills 16,655 feet to the north of the transit instrument and at an altitude of 2°15'. A vertical black line was painted on the south face of the stone to serve as the observing mark. The position of the mark was fixed by means of flag signals from the Observatory, seen by the aid of binoculars.

The collimating lens formerly used for the old north mark was transferred to the south opening in the transit room, and a pillar, similar to the old north pillar, built at a distance of 72 feet to the south of the transit instrument. The mark is a hole, inch in diameter, drilled in the vertical face of an iron plate, the horizontal base of which is embedded in the brickwork. For night observa- tions the hole is illuminated by electric light. The old mark on the south side of the harbour is still visible above this pillar.

There is a systematic difference between the line of collimation observed by each of the three marks.

Clocks.-The Brock mean time clock was sent to England on July 20, to have an invar pendulum fitted.

J

E 9

The performance of the standard sidereal clock (Dent No. 39741) was generally satisfactory, except during disturbed and variable weather. It is proposed to have an invar pendulum and air pressure compensator fitted. The daily losing rate varied from+0*60 on March 24 to-099 on July 10, the temperature of the clock room on these days being 59°1 and 85°7, respectively, and the barometric pressure 30°02's and 29'621 On March 6 the one-second electric contact springs, which had been out of com- mission for some years, were again brought into use, and the driving weight increased by about 9 ozs. to prevent possible tripping. Unfortunately a period of cloudy weather and several rapid changes of temperature occurred after this, and no time determinations could be made until March 25, when the adopted clock correction was found to be 18 too small. Hence the large probable error of the time-ball in this month.

The

The time-ball clock (Dent No. 39740) is corrected daily by the electric regulating apparatus and its daily rate kept within 05_by the addition or removal of weights from the pendulum. electric contact springs required adjustment on several occasions. On July 21 the electro-magnet of the accelerator and retarder was moved nearer the coil, in order to effect the necessary correction more quickly. It is proposed to fit an invar pendulum and air pressure compensator to this clock also.

The main spring of chronometer Dent No. 39946 was found broken on November 5, 1912, and the hair spring of Dent No. 40917 on March 8, 1913. A new spring was fitted to the latter by Messrs. Falconer & Co. It is proposed to send the former to the maker to be overhauled and to have a new spring fitted. The performance of neither of these chronometers is satisfactory. A new chronometer (Kulberg No. 8546) was received on September 22, and its rate since that date has been excellent. The mean daily variation from its monthly rate was 011 in October, 0·16 in November and 0°17 in December.

The electric transmitter and 5 electric dials ordered from Messrs. Gent & Co., of Leicester, in June, 1912, were received in January, 1913. Two of the dials, one in the clock room and one in the transit room, are driven by two-second impulses from the transmitter. The three other dials, and an old one-second dial, adapted for the purpose, are driven by minute impulses from the time-ball clock. A pair of contact springs on one of the minute dials is utilised for interrupting the direction register of the Beckley Anemograph, and both registers of the Dines-Baxendell Anemo- graph, for the first three minutes of each hour, and a second pair interrupts the velocity register of the Beckley Anemograph from the 30th to 33rd minute of each hour.

A similar pair of springs on another mean time dial is utilised for interrupting the (electric) registering light of the Kew barograph and thermograph, through a special relay designed to carry a heavy current. The thermometers of the Kew thermograph are aspirated during the last minute of each hour by means of a 12 inch fan

E 10

operated, through a similar relay, by another pair of contact springs on the same clock.

Experiments with the transmitter with varying conditions of friction and arc are still in progress.

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.-On the recommendation of the Director, His Excellency the Governor decided that the Colony should co-operate in the scheme proposed by the Conference International de l'heure for distributing time signals by wireless telegraphy.

Meteorological Conference.-In the month of May the Director attended a Meteorological Conference held at Tokio at the instigation of Prof. K. Nakamura, Director of the Imperial Meteorological Observatory, Tokio. The principal objects of the Conference were the adoption of a uniform code of storm signals for the Far East and improvements in the Service of Weather Telegrams. The Minutes of Proceedings at the Conference are being printed in Tokio.

Visitors. Among the visitors to the Observatory during the year were:--

His Excellency the Governor, Sir F. H. May; the Rev. Father Froc, S.J., Director of the Zikawei Observatory; Mr. F. W. Tyler, Coast Inspector, Chinese Maritime Customs; and several officers of the Army and Navy (British and Japanese). Many commanders of vessels called to make enquiries concerning the weather they were likely to encounter after leaving Hongkong, and similar enquiries were fequently made by telephone.

Staff. There was no change in the European staff during the year. Miss Doberck, the Assistant Meteorologist, was on vacation leave from May 28 to September 28 and on commuted leave from September 29 to the end of the year.

The Head Computer, Wan Suit Ngam, was promoted from the fourth to the third grade of the subordinate service on July 1, after 23 years' service.

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past 10 years is as follows:

Year,

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

C.

1904

21,937.15

843.82

1905

21,220.40

1906

19,995.17

716.75 1,225.23

1907

20,110.53

115.36

1908

21,110.61

1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21,787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

E 11

Acknowledgments.-Acknowledgments are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities for daily observations and extra observations during typhoon weather; to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the observations free of charge; to the officers of the Company at Cebu, Iloilo, Bacolod, and Malate for making and transmitting observations twice daily; to the commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations, and to the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

1914, February 16.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT

FOR THE YEAR 1913.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

The number of actions instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1913 was 250 and there were 557 pending at the commencement of that year as against 221 and 480 respectively in 1912. 149 were disposed of during the year, 59 being settled or withdrawn before trial, leaving a balance of 655 undisposed of, as against 147, 50 and 557 respectively in 1912.

There were one interim injunction and one injunction granted during the year.

The total amount involved was $1,960,684, as against $2,496,284 in 1912.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $484,904 as against $584,537 in 1912.

The total fees collected amounted to $15,250.40 as against $15,333 in 1912.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and. the following paragraphs are printed at pages (O. 2), (0. 3), (0.4), (Y. 3) and (Y. 4) of the Blue Book for the year 1913.

2. SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

The number of actions instituted during the year was 1,908 and 198 were brought forward from 1912, as against 2,037 and 230 respectively in 1912 and were disposed of as follows:--Settled' or withdrawn 757, Judgment for the Plaintiff 646, Judgment for the Defendant 56, Non Suited 0, Struck out, Dismissed and Lapsed Writs (not served) 37, Struck out of the Cause Book as having been standing over for more than a year 0, leaving 412 as pending, as against 875, 796, 50, 6, 219, 123 and 198 respectively in 1912.

The total amount involved was $362,046.09 and the debts and damages recovered amounted to $133,387.69 as against $336,378.26 and $139,484.05 respectively in 1912.

The total amount of Fees collected amounts to $7,876 as against $8,895 in 1912.

F 2

The number of Distress Warrants for Rent issued was 524 representing aggregate unpaid rents amounting to $44,519.08 of which the aggregate sum of $32,076.20 was recovered, as against 575, $42,525.11 and $16,466.24 respectively in 1912.

344 Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties, as against 416 in 1912.

The total fees collected amounted to $2,884 as against $2,849 in 1912.

3. CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 92 cases and 107 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 61 and 104 respectively in 1912.

The number of persons actually indicted was 94 of whom 66 were convicted and 28 were acquitted. Against 11 persons the cases were abandoned, and against 2 persons the cases were post- poned. In 1912 the figures were respectively 104, 76 and 27.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

There were 10 appeals instituted during the year, viz.

From the decision of the Chief Justice, 5 as against 6 in 1912.

>"

Puisne Judge, 4 Magistrate

1

"

1

1

>>

Total 1913,....

.10

1912,...

of which the following were disposed of, viz. :——

From the Chief Justice,

1 as against

2 in 1912.

""

Puisne Judge,........

......... 2

""

0.

"2

Magistrate,

0

1

""

Total,.......

3

Leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted in one action being Action No. 87 of 1910, Li Yun Shang v. Li Yu Nung.

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

There were 5 actions instituted and no action was tried during the year. Two actions were settled and three are pending. Two vessels were arrested but were subsequently released.

The total fees collected amounted to $270.50 as against $77.25 in 1912.

1

1

F 3

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

There were 49 petitions filed, 29 being Creditors' Petitions and 20 being Petitions by the Debtors theinselves. The figures for 1912 were respectively 38, 18 and 20.

The number of receiving orders made was 33, being 17 on Creditors' Petitions, and 16 on Debtors' Petitions. The figures for 1912 were respectively 29, 11 and 18.

The number of Public Examinations held was 16 as against 17 in 1912.

There were 29 Adjudications, and one Scheme of Arrangement. The figures in 1912 were 22 Adjudications, and 2 Compositions. There were 3 Discharges granted.

The aggregate amount of estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and were not rescinded, was $697,145, and estimated liabilities $2,075,191 as against $216,856 and $659,654 respectively in 1912.

The fees collected amounted to $2,986 as against $1,854 in 1912, and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors to $9,010 as against $4,945 in 1912.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

There were 243 Grants made by the Court, being :

Probate,

Letters of Administration,

98

145

243

The figures in 1912 were respectively 88 and 143.

The aggregate value of the Estates was $5,149,642 as against $6,213,955 in 1912.

Probate Duties amounted to $229,027.50. Court Fees amounted to $11,185 and Official Administrators' Commission to $830. The figures in 1912 were respectively $356,185, $10,600 and $1,914.

There were 44 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $32,943. The figures for 1912 were respectively 53 and $39,279.

24 Estates were wound up during the year, representing an aggregate value of $20,479 as against 22 in 1912 representing $25,785.

Fi

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The total number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1913 was 27 and the aggregate amount of Trust Funds $105,603 as against 27 Estates aggregating $116,085 in 1912 and certain house property. One Estate was wound up and one new one was taken over during the year.

The amount of Commission collected was $197.38 as against $226 in 1912.

9.--REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

The total number of Companies registered from the commence- ment of the Companies Ordinance, 1865, was 800 with an aggregate capital of $373,468,329.35.

Of the 800 Companies on the Register 149 are defunct, 3 were not floated, 170 were wound up and 150 were in the course of being wound up, leaving 328 on the Register at the end of 1913 represent- ing an aggregate capital of $359,294,554.35.

The figures in 1912 were respectively 760, $363,083,603.35 140, 2, 155, 135, 308 and $338,254,343.39.

There were 40 Companies registered in 1913 as compared with 36 in 1912 the revenue from which was :--

Registration Fees, $5,236.00 as against $4,826.50 in 1912. Filing and other Fees,... 4,040.60

$9,276.60

"2

4,474.80

$9,301.30

""

The number of licences granted under section 35 of "The Companies Ordinance 1911" (No. 58 of 1911) enabling Companies operating outside the Colony to keep local registers of members was 149.

The fees collected in respect of such licences amounted to $35,277.52.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sums collected during the year by way of Fees and Commission amounted to $63,303.78 as against $60,544 in the previous year.

11.--STAFF.

His Honour the Chief Justice, Sir William Rees Davies, proceeded to Manila on a holiday on the 4th of February and returned on the 23rd of February.

His Honour Mr. Justice Gompertz, Puisne Judge, proceeded on leave of absence on the 19th March and returned on the 7th November. Mr. J. H. Kemp, Crown Solicitor, acted as Puisne Judge during the period.

JAV

¡

}

1

F 5

I continued to perform the duties of Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks in addition to my other duties during the year.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, acted as 2nd Police Magistrate from 1st January to 27th August. During this period the duties of Deputy Registrar and Appraiser were performed by Mr. S. B. B. McElderry and Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Passed Cadets, the former from 1st January to 4th August and the latter from 5th to 26th August.

Mr. J. W. Lee-Jones, Deputy Registrar and Accountant pro- ceeded on leave on 26th February and returned on 19th November. His duties were performed by Mr. S. B. B. McElderry and Mr. J. D. Lloyd in addition to their other duties, the former from 26th February to 4th August and from 4th to 18th November, and the latter from 27th August to 27th October.

On the 1st of July Mr. I. U. Mirza, 2nd Grade Clerk of Court and Clerk to the Puisne Judge, was transferred to the Public Works Department as 1st Grade Clerk. He was succeeded by Mr. J. M. P. da Silva of the Stamp Office as 1st Grade Clerk of Court and Clerk to the Puisne Judge.

Mr. N. G. Nolan, Chief Interpreter, returned from leave of absence on the 18th October, having been absent on leave since the 2nd of April, 1912.

Mr. Wong Tak Kwong, Court Translator, was lent to the Government of Victoria, Australia, to perform translation work in connection with a case then pending before the Court there. He left on the 12th July and returned on the 7th January, 1914.

Mr. Alim Khan, 3rd Grade Clerk, was transferred to the General Post Office on the 1st July and was succeeded by Mr. Mahomed Akbar from the General Post Office.

Mr. T. F. O'Sullivan, Clerk and Usher, proceeded on leave of absence on the 19th February and returned on the 16th December. Mr. Tullock, a Constable of the Police Force, acted as Clerk and Usher during the period.

Mr. Wong Yui Sham, 5th Grade Librarian, was promoted to 4th Grade Librarian on the 1st July.

27th February, 1914.

HUGH A. NISBET, Registrar.

+

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1904 to 1913.)

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Total

Number

Year:

of cases

dealt

with.

3

Total. 'Increase. Decrease. Total. Increase. Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to Expenditure.

C.

c.

c.

$

C.

C.

C.

%

1904,

1,038

58,681,03

1905,

1,166

1906,

....

1,039

66,711.72 8,030.69 69,667.23 2,955.51

...

...

16,863.49 | 49,108.37 61,984.69 12,876.32 52,904.11

7,349.54

83.68

92.91

9,080.58

75.93

1907,

1,031

69,592.75

74.48 56,156.78 3,252.67

80.69

1908,

1,014

87,270.40 17,677.65

1909,

1,030.

89,209.17 1.938.77

1910,

1,259

91,789.15 2,579.98

46,592.80

45,861.55 65,527.80 19,666.25

...

9,563.98

53.38

731.25

31.40

...

71.38

1911,

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05 *48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912,

1,263

88,346.36

1,644.26

...

1913,

898

98,351.02 | 10,004.66

*60,544.30 12,201.81 *63,303.78 2,759.48

68.53

64.36

*

F 6

Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

Appendix G.

REPORT ON THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS

FOR THE YEAR 1913.

Mr. G. A. Woodcock acted as Assistant Crown Solicitor from the 19th March to the 7th November.

Mr. R. H. Kotewall acted as 1st Clerk from the 19th March to the 7th November.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as 2nd Police Magistrate from the 1st January to the 26th August.

Mr. G. N. Orme acted as 2nd Police Magistrate from the 27th August to the 19th September.

Mr. J. R. Wood returned from leave on the 22nd September and resumed duty as 2nd Police Magistrate.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as 1st Clerk in addition to his other duties from the 25th November to the 2nd December.

Mr. Woodcock was in Hospital from 22nd to 29th November and was granted two days sick leave by the Doctor on the 1st and 2nd December and resumed duty on the 3rd December.

The number of cases was 13,954 as compared with 13,450 in 1912; the revenue was $158,451.56 as compared with $99,253.10 for 1912.

.

13th February, 1914.

F. A. HAZELAND,

Police Magistrate.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1904 to 1913.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Year.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

C.

€9

C. $

C.

$

G.

%

do

1904,

1905,

1906,

1907,

1908,

1909,

1910,

38,486.48

35,762.86 39,303.16 3,540.30 40,455.52 1,152.36 46,018.18 5,562.66 40,119.69

38,428.03

440.81

95,405.12 | 24,094.35

14,505

40.34

2,723.62

88,145.26

7,259.86

13,450

40.57

...

79,557.64

8,587.62

13,871

49.40

67,133.26

12,424.38

13,414

60.26

68,696.43

1,563.17

10,555

66.98

...

5,898.49 | 69,986.42

1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1 691.66

75,970.76

5,984.34

11,688

50 58

1911,

43,298.26 4,870.23

52,464.87

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

1912,

41,590.98

...

1913,

42,867,21* 1,276.23

1,707.28 99,253.10 | 46,788.23 158,451.56 59,198.46

13,450

41.90

13,954

27.05

*Tai Po District not included.

Gt 2

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1913.

1.-REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand eight hundred and fourteen (2,814) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting four thousand three hun- dred and seventy-four (4,374) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous documents amounted to $43,744,118.91 particulars of which are shown in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1913 was 54,232. The Number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2.- GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on Lease during the year was 411 acres 0 rood 211⁄2 poles of which 281 acres 3 roods 31 poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Offices. The total area resumed was 112 acres 0 rood 123 poles being an excess of 299 acres 0 rood 9 poles land granted over land resumed during the year which was due mainly to the letting of 1 large oyster bed and 2 large quarry lots. Particulars of the grants are shown on pages W 2 and W 3 of the Blue Book for 1913.

3.-GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 118 particulars of which are specified in Table II. A large number of these were new leases granted for portions of Marine Lot No. 54 (which was re-entered last year) as Inland Lots. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps exclusive of the New Territories during the year amounted to $52,219 being $10,065 more than the previous year. The amount of Land Registration Fees in the New Territories amounted to $2,889.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1904 to 1913 are shown in Table IV.

H 2

5.-CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $399,296 a decrease of $10,077 on the previous year which was due to the expiration of quarry leases and to the reductions in rent granted to a number of lessees of quarries who had suffered considerably by the closing down of their quarries owing to the Revolution in China. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,547 a decrease of $2 due to the resumption and re-entry of a few small lots. The total number of lots of Crown land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6.-NAVAL AND MILITARY LANDS.

A new agreement was made with the War Department with reference to Kowloon City Rifle Range. Kowloon Inlaud Lot No. 1281, the site for the New Diocesan Girls' School at Kowloon, was transferred by the War Department to the Colonial Government. The Cantonment at Stanley was surrendered to the Colonial Govern- ment and an agreement embodying the terms upon which the War Department hold the Military Cemetery at Stanley was completed. Temporary permits were granted to the War Department for a water tank, telephone stations and iron fences. A portion of Inland Lot 87 was surrendered to the Colonial Government by the Naval Authorities for the purpose of making a new road up Mount Parish, and a permit was granted to them to lay moorings in the Tolo Channel.

7.—SCAVENGING LANES.

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of 16 properties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedicated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in consideration of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemp- tions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, and the necessary documents were completed and registered.

8.-NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES.

Seven licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the pro- visions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board.

9.-BUILDING COVENANTS.

In seven cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

H 3

10. MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above, various miscellaneous documents were drawn and completed including 2 deeds extending the terms of old Crown Leases from 75 to 999 years under Earl Grey's Despatch of 3rd March, 1849, and an agreement relating to the grant of new leases for Marine Lot No. 54 (re-entered upon in 1912) which required the signatures of 70 parties, other documents included under this head- ing being agreements to secure Government Contractors and Deeds of Surrender to the Crown of resumed areas.

11. STAMP DUTY.

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $153,452. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $306,638.

12.-STAFF.

Mr. Jacks acted as Land Officer in addition to his other duties from the 9th April to the end of the year during the absence on leave of Mr. Wakeman.

Mr. Tsang Tso Chau, 5th Grade Clerk, was granted three months leave of absence on account of ill health from 14th May to 14th August. There have been no changes in the staff.

G. H. WAKEMAN,

23rd April, 1914.

Land Officer.

CO

6

- H 4 ·

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

Description of Documents.

Number Registered.

No. of Lots

Total

or portions of Consideration. Lots affected.

C.

Assignments,

1,060

1,455

21,845,733.71

Mortgages, Transfers of

Mortgages, Reassign-

ments and Satisfaction,

1,415

2,248

Surrenders,

33

45

21,632,677.42 28,568.95

Judgments and Orders of

Courts,

42

95

.....

Probates and Letters of

Administration,

Miscellaneous Documents,

$$

90

226

174

305.

237,138.83

Total,.........

2,814

4,374 $43,744,118.91

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1913.

Hongkong.

Kowloon and

Hung Hom.

Marine.

Inland.

Hill District.

Garden.

Shaukiwan and Aberdeen.

Marine.

888

Inland.

Quarries.

Piers.

3

3 4 1 10 1 1

New

Total.

Territories.

Tai Po.

1

118

¿

— À — - 5 -

Table III.

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during the ten years from 1904–1913.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases issued.

Year.

1904

1,926

86

1905

2,155

41

1906

1,769

49

1907

1,428

64

1908

1,522

73

1909

1,544

44

1910

1,706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2,814

118

Table IV.

Fees collected during the ten years from 1904 to 1913.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year.

of Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

c.

$

C.

$ c.

$

C.

1904,

30,209.00

2,029.00

2,355.00

34,593.00

1905,

34,161.00

2,567.05

1,220.00

37,948.05

1906,

27,565.00

2,219.30

1,310.00

31,094.30

1907,

21,507.00

2,010.05

1,835,00

25,352.05

1908,

23,178.00

1,920.50

1,970.00

27,068:50

1909,

22,325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25,863.75

1910,

27.798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825.25

1911,

33,871.00

2,827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912,

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820.00

42,153.75

1913,

45,018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

HF6

Виотека

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

No.

Locality and Description.

of

Total Crown Rent.

Löts.

$

C.

Hongkong, Marine,

235

""

Praya Reclamation Marine, Inland,

162

1,658

62,134.88

18,265.00

152,967.17

""

Quarry Bay, Marine,

R

18,334.00

Inland,

11

3,207.00

""

Hongkong, Farm,

42

1,913.80

Garden,

37

989.00

Rural Building,

116

10,658.84

Aberdeen, Marine,

5

579.16

Inland,

62

2,105.88

""

Aplichau, Marine,

20

150.56

Inland,

22

172.64

22

Shaukiwan Bay, Marine,

10

1,928.00

Inland,

140

2,397.40

לי

Stanley, Inland,

4

4.00

Kowloon, Marine,

57

41,216.13

Inland,

933

50,035.43

23

Farm,

6

161.12

Garden,

64.00

""

Hunghom, Marine,

3,862.00

Inland,

222

6,775.50

Shek "O, Inland,

1.00

Tytam, Inland,

1.00

Tong Po, Inland,

1.00

Quarries,

7,640.00

New Kowloon, Marine,

5

7,368.00

Inland,

40

1,895.00

"J

Farm,

2

940.00

99

Rural Building,

1

18.00

19

Tai Po, Inland,

3

171.00

Fan Ling,

3

54.00

Sai Kung, Marine,

1

Inland,

1

500.00

Peng Chau, Farm,

Mining,

1

225.00

2

2,560.00

Total,

3,718 $399,295.51

H 7-

Village Rent Roll.

No.

Locality and Description.

of

Total Crown Rent.

Lots.

C.

Wongneichung,

129

225.00

Aberdeeu,

24

84.50

Pokfulam,

32

68.25

Tai Hang,

157

635.50

Ab Kung Ngam,

27

20.25

Kai Lung Wan,

1

9.80

Shaukiwan,

174

243.75

Tai Kok Tsui,

10

16.00

Mong Kok,

48

110.00

Hokun,

95

277.50

Tokwawan,

188

329.00

Shek Shan,

Sun Shan,

Mataukok,

Mati,

Ho Mun Tin,

Matauchung,

Matauwei,

31

69.00

18

59.50

31

44.50

2

5.50

9

37.50

58

138.50

126

220.50

Kau Pui Shek,

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong, .

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

5

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,..

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,

18

77.00

Little Hongkong,

6

8.00

Tong Po,

2

3.50

Stanley,

Tytam,

11

21.00

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk,

3

2.50

Wong Ma Kok,

1

2.00

Chai Wan,

Shek O,

18.00

23.00

Hok Tsui,

1.50

Chung Hom Bay,

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria,

1

3.00

Aplichau,

69

288.00

Tsat Tse Mui,

35

99.00

Kowloon Tong,

48

125.00

Deep Water Bay,

Telegraph Bay, Hung Hom West,

2

2.00

13

43.50

2

6.00

Total,

1,443

$3,547.05

Appendix I.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1913.

A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I.-STAFF.

Mr. G. N. Orine acted as District Officer from the 1st January to the 25th August.

I assumed my duties as District Officer on the 26th August. Mr. N. L. Smith acted as Assistant District Officer from the 1st January to the 31st March when the post of Assistant District Officer was abolished.

Mr. Last, Land Bailiff, died on the 25th July and Mr. Burford was appointed in his place.

Mr. Unwin, Land Bailiff, deserted on the 3rd September and Mr. Chambers was appointed in his place.

A change was made during the year in the administration of the District.

The District was run by a District Officer and an Assistant District Officer who had equal powers, and who were both Assist- ant Superintendents of Police and were as such subordinate to the Captain Superintendent of Police.

On 1st February, Major (then Captain) Woodhouse of the 126th Baluchis was appointed Assistant Superintendent of Police and on the 31st March the post of Assistant District Officer was abolished.

The present arrangement is therefore the same as that which obtained before 1908 except that the Assistant Superintendent of Police is not now also Police Magistrate and Collector.

II.

MAGISTRACY.

The following Table shows the number of cases heard by the Police Magistrate:-

MAN

- I 2

1912.

1913.

Cases heard

-

396

287

Persons brought before the Magistrate -

710

549

Persons convicted

+

479

390

Persons discharged

172

76

Persons imprisoned

139

96

Fines inflicted

$2,477.26 $1,611.50

Warrants executed

53

44

Civil (Small Debts).

Cases

193

116

Writs of Execution

86

37

Summons Fees

$179.00

$71.00

A large number of small debt cases were however dealt with in a summary manner and did not attain to the dignity of being considered a case and having a case number.

III.-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales, etc., which took place during the year are set forth in Table A. There has been a decrease in the number of private land transactions but this is no doubt due to the large number of lots which were acquired for the Golf Club during 1912.

The following Table sets forth the number of deeds registered annually in this office since the Land Ordinance of 1905 :---

No. of Deeds.

1905

1,794

1906

1,407

1907

2,160

1908

2,384

1909

2,544

1910

3,885

1911

3,590

1912

4,036

1913

3,390

Fees.

- $1,414.70 1,966.20

1,659.50

There has been a very large increase in the amount of Crown Land sold. In 1911 the premia realised on sales of Crown Land were $4,649, and in 1912 they were $5,790.40, while during the year under review the amount increased to $11,275.69, an increase of nearly 100 per cent.

Developments in the near future in the neighbourhood of Fan Ling and Tsung Pak Long can be confidently predicted.

During the year surrenders, re-entries and resumptions were responsible for the abandonment of 62 acres of land carrying an annual rental of $184.46 as against 21 acres in 1912 with a rental of $89.91.

- I 3

The land cases which come before the District Officer have altered materially in the last few years. Disputes with regard to graves and forestry areas bave now almost ceased to exist. The registration of grave sites which was started in 1909 is popular and is responsible for allaying quarrels which could never be settled in a satisfactory manner as all evidence was so perjured by the time the case came before the Court that the discovery of the real facts was impossible.

Some years ago by tacit consent parties did not bring forward cases relating to the "Tso" and the settlement of ancestral property. Now a large number of the cases heard are applications for a declaration as to the parties entitled to take a share in the property of a common ancestor and these cases are of great interest in the light they throw on the family life and customs of the people and any problems which arise can nearly always be solved by demanding the production of the "Tsuk Po" or family registers which is kept by each family. I have never heard any one dispute an entry in the "Tsuk Po".

IV.-REVENUE.

The Revenue collected in the District is set forth under the various heads in Table B. The total amount collected is $111,301.72 which is an increase on the amount collected in 1912 when the figures were $106,607.67.

For purposes of comparison I set forth in Table C the revenue collected in this District since 1908.

V.- OPIUM.

Offences against the Opium Ordinance have almost ceased to exist. Only 18 cases occurred during the year and of these 13 occurred during the first six months. This is due to the high price of opium across the frontier so that it no longer pays to smuggle opium into the Territory.

The price of opium was $6.00 per tael which is the highest price on record but this high price does not seem to have affected sales in any way or the amount smoked. I am told that 28,665 taels of prepared opium were sold in this District during the year.

VI.-LIQUOR.

The total revenue derived from liquor was:

Distillery Licences,

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

Liquor Duties,

$

...2.486.50 ...3,606.25 ...14,253.90

$ 20,346.65

I 4

-

Of this amount $8,554.43 was collected in Hongkong. The total amount of Liquor Duties collected in 1912 was $13,778.86.

VII.-GENERAL.

The year was a prosperous one as a whole. There were two typhoons which did a certain amount of damage more especially to bunds in the Sha T'au Kok and Sha T'in districts, but the second crop was excellent and made amends for the damage done. Rice was sold at Yun Long market after the second crop at the high price of $5.40 a picul and large quantities were sold at this price for transshipment to Siam.

The rainfall was 96.34 inches. The average rainfall for the last 8 years is 94-36 inches. The rainfall since 1906 will be found in Table D.

The road to Au T'au from San T'in was completed during the year with the exception of the bridge over the creek just before Au T'au. The road and bridge connecting the large village of Kam T'in with the Au Tau-San Tin and Au T'au-Castle Peak roads were also completed.

There was considerable development in the vicinity of Fan Ling and Tsung Pak Long and it looks as if these places were destined to become an outlet for the well to do Chinese not only of Hongkong but also of Canton,

There was an outbreak of rinderpest during the year and many cows must have died but no statistics are available as to actual numbers. Numerous religious ceremonies were held in consequence throughout the Territory at the end of the year and it is hoped that they may have the expected result in preventing any return of this disease.

Throughout the year there was an almost complete absence of serious crime.

22nd February, 1914.

S. B. C. Ross,

District Officer.

Table A.

Land Office Returns,

Area.

Crown

No. of

No. of Rent

Heading.

Sales,

Premium.

Reduc- tion in Compensa- Annual

tion.

Lots.

or

&c.

Fee.

In acres.

In square

feet.

Rent.

C.

$ C.

3

c.

Auction Sales,

98 147

256.55

10,280.00

205.82

Private Sales,

175

190

128.70

877.00

2.56

""

or 8,965,670

111,763

Agricultural Land converted to Building Land,

4

4

6.86

49.00

.15

>>

Re-sale of Railway Land,

1

1

.32

69.69

.32

6,500

13,939

Permits to occupy Land (Agricultural),

13

15

81.80

22.30

""

971,648

"}

>>

""

(Building),

5

27.50

.08

3,354

""

"

""

""

(Threshing Floor),

1.02

.17

7,500

""

"}

""

Railway Land (Agricultural),

40

73

50.48

""

Lease of Stone Quarry,

1

2

975.00

...

47

...

Re-entries,

12

Surrenders,

Resumptions,

24

486

8.94

76.00 » 3,310,560

Unsurveyed.

2.33 or 101,607 50.17 58.57 2,551,309

""

389,426

2.40

""

104,527

14.79

""

>>

""

"

{

""

Postage),

""

Registration of Memorials,

Matshed Permits,

Permits to quarry stone, Permits to cut earth, &c.,

Sandalwood Mill Licences, Ferry Licences,

Registration of Graves,

Stamps sold (for Registration of Deeds),

Fees of Small Debts Court),..

48

56.00

119.50

13,124.48

...

77

285.00

94

108.00

10

10.00

·

6

12.00

...

226

113.75

1,659.50

...

171.05

71.00

...

...

3,390

...

...

- 1 5 -

Crown Rent,

Kerosine Oil Licences,

I 6

-

Table B.

Revenue collected in the Northern District, during the years

1912 and 1913.

1913.

C.

79,867.13

268.00

1912.

$

C.

$

79,420.78

278.00

Distillery Licences,

2,509.50

2,486.50

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

3,943.75

3,606.25

Pawnbrokers' Licences, -

1,600.00

1,600.00

Money Changers' Licences,

120.00

Forestry Licences,

3,503.86

100.00 3,257.51

Permits to cut Earth,

144.00

108.00

Fines,

2,487.26

1,611.50

Pineapple Licences,

Forfeitures, -

Distress Warrants,- Grave Certificates, Matshed Permits, Stone Quarries, Certified Extracts, Sun Prints,

Sales of Wild Trees,

Water Wheels,

130.32

175.35

68.00

23.00

115.00

113.75

45.00

56.00

208.00

285.00

125.00

121.00

150,00

120.00

13.50

46.47

40.26

10.00

10.00

Ferry Licences,

16.00

12.00

Premium on Land Sales,

5,790.40

11,275.69

Summons Fees,

179.00

71.00

House Rent,

527.67

267.50

Liquor Duties,

5,159.16

5,699.47

Distress Warrants (Crown Rent),

17.00

43.00

Arrears, 1911–1912,

1.56

Forfeitures (Sales of Land),

72.25

Permit to use Water,

10.00

$106,607.67

$111,301.72

Year.

1908

1909

1910

1911

Table C.

Revenue collected in the Northern District.

Amount.

$

C.

93,001.17

97,928.20

101,032.40.

102,960.60

1912 1913

According to the figures obtained at the population of the Northern District was 66,140. in 1913 therefore works out on an average as population.

106,607.67

111,301.72

Census of 1911 the The Revenue obtained $1.68 per head of the

L

January, February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

Rainfall for 1912 was

I 7.

Table D.

Rainfall in 1913.

111 inches.

2.58

"

7.47

2.21

"

7.23

27.54

39

15.22

16:37

13.65

⚫60

"

1.39

""

⚫97

27

Total,

-

96.34

62.13

The annual rainfall since 1906, when observations were first made, has been as follows:-

Year.

1906

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

-

1912

1913

Inches.

94.22

106.16

119.69

88.48

81.12

106.74

62.13

96.34

The average rainfall for the last 8 years is 94′36 inches a year.

I 8

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I.-STAFF.

Mr. G. R. Sayer acted as Assistant District Officer from January 1st to November 21st.

Mr. S. B. B. McElderry acted from November 22nd to the end of the year.

II. MAGISTRACY.

The Assistant District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 167 cases affecting 267 persons. Of these 212 were convicted or bound over and 55 were discharged.

The large increase in fines is due to convictions for illegal possession of arms and of dynamite on board fishing junks.

The following table gives a comparison with 1912 :—

1912.

1913.

No. of cases,.

124

167

No. of persons affected,.

179

267

No. of persons convicted or bound over,

150

212

No. of persons discharged,

29

55

Fines exclusive of opium,..

$2,112.68

$5,020.35

No. of persons imprisoned,..

33

56

Opium fines paid to the farmer,

$67.74

$711.77

Forfeitures,..

$164.64

$299.56

III-SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Seventy cases were heard during the year as against one hundred and thirty-six in 1912. Courts were held fortnightly in Tai O, Cheung Chau, and Tsun Wan.

IV. LAND OFFICE.

Eleven hundred and sixty-five deeds were registered during the year-the highest number on record.

Thirteen auctions of Crown land were held and twenty sales by private treaty. In all 2.72 acres were sold with a premium of $755 and Crown rent of $94.82. 58 lots comprising 6·13 acres were resumed-for the most part in connection with the Ap Liu improvement-15 lots of area 94 acre were surrendered and 80 lots of 27.75 acres including 22 acres in Lantao were re-entered for non-payment of rent.

Twelve grave certificates were issued.

I 9

V.-REVENUE.

Table A shows the revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer.

Table C shows that collected through other Departments.

Most items show an increase over 1912. In Table A the greatest increases are in fines, due chiefly to conviction for illegal possession of arms, and in matshed permits, where some revenue due in 1912 was credited to 1913.

On the other hand there is a distinct falling off in land sales.

In Table C quarries again show as in 1912 a decrease of $5,000.

The increased revenue from harbour dues is accounted for by the higher scale of fees introduced during the year. The great increase in liquor revenue is the chief feature of this table.

Table B gives details of the revenue collected under the head- ing of Police Licence Fees.

VI.-CROPS.

The rice crop was very good throughout the district though some damage was done locally to the second crop by salt water flooding in the August typhoon.

Sweet potatoes and the pineapple crop of Tsun Wan and Tsing I were also good.

VII.-LIQUOR.

Liquor duties amounting to $111,400 were collected in the Southern District in 1913 as against $100,700 in 1912.

The chief sources of this revenue in 1912 and 1913 are given in the following table: —

Tsun Wan,

Rest of mainland including

Kowloon City and Sham- shuipo,

Cheung Chau,

No. of Distilleries,

1912.

Revenue Revenue

1913.

$

$

10

31,000

36,300

32,700 53,000

5

25,400

20,500

I 10

In view of these figures and of the two new distilleries at present being built at Kwai Chung in Gin Drinker's Bay there can be little doubt as to the prosperity of the trade in Chinese wine.

VIII.

OPIUM.

For the last ten months of 1913 sales of opium in the district exclusive of Kowloon reached 10,000 taels and of dross 350 taels. These figures show a slight reduction on the opium sales of the previous year.

IX.-TYPHOON DAMAGE.

Much loss of life and property, chiefly among the fishing population, was caused by the typhoon of August 17th. Many junks from places on the coast between Hongkong and Swatow were wrecked in British waters and refugees were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital. The Committee of the hospital also afforded relief to boat people of British territory left destitute through the loss of their junks.

In the Tsun Wan district the damage to sea walls amounted to $1,500 and the consequent ruin of crops to about the same amount. Government made a grant of $300 towards the repairs. The Government pier was also carried away.

At Tai O the damage to roads, bridges, salt pans, and boats, was estimated at $8,000; at Pui O and Cheung Chau the loss to crops, houses and matsheds to the amount of $3,000 and at Cheung Chau loss of junks to the value of $8,000 was reported. The con- tractor for the Mong Kok breakwater lost several lighters in the Cheung Chau district worth about $25,000.

These figures however represent only a small proportion of the total damage.

X.- GENERAL.

Cheung Chau (Long Island, Dumbell Island).-The prosperity of the island seems to have fallen off slightly owing perhaps to the increased fees levied on junks and fishing boats which may prevent some from entering the harbour.

There is however no abatement in the demand for building land and considerable development during 1914 seems probable.

The position of the new market has been altered to permit of a proper approach road from the foreshore, where a pier is to be constructed, to the police station, and the buildings now stand in an open space bordering on the new road. Regulations to prevent the sale of fresh meat and vegetables elsewhere than in the market are in contemplation.

I 11

The market is managed by the community and the profits are devoted to public purposes.

The island continues to be a popular health resort for mis- sionaries from Canton and the building of bungalows continues. There are thirty bungalows on the island with a summer popula- tion of over one hundred.

With a more suitable ferry service the island might well become a summer resort for Hongkong and Kowloon.

Absence of fever, excellent bathing, and the abundance of good building sites on ridges overlooking the sea form the chief attrac- tions. One drawback from a residential point of view is the absence of shade. Some banians have been planted along the paths but little can be effected without the co-operation of the landowners.

A new survey of the village undertaken in 1912 is almost complete. The placing of boundary stones and the issue of Crown leases for the foreign house sites are now in hand.

Ping Chan.-The coral beds round Ping Chau island were put up for auction on a five years lease and fetched a good price after keen bidding. Extensions to the coral burning kilps on Ping Chau also testify to the prosperity of this trade.

Lamma.-Lamma continues to be quietly prosperous and a very noticeable improvement on the condition of ten years ago in respect of the housing, clothing and general comfort of the people is reported. The number of brown cattle on the island has largely increased, and the price has gone up 75% in the ten years. Much grass is cut on the island and sold in Aberdeen at 80 cents a picul for boat breaming purposes.

In 1913 Crown leases were issued for grants of land in Lamma made during the last few years.

Tsun Wan.-Tsun Wan also continues its prosperity. This district sends fifteen boys to school in Canton at a cost of $1,000 in school fees.

Pineapple cultivation still extends and as the areas available for grass cutting recede there arise the inevitable quarrels about village rights.

Salt pans.-There are three salt pans in working at Tai O. In the beginning of the year trade was bad but improved consider- ably during the latter half. The total export of salt from all three was 600 tons. During the year the price fell from 80 to 70 cents per 100 catties.

Fishing. The fishing population suffered considerably in the August typhoon. Even apart from this the season was a bad one.

I 12

Forestry. The conservation of the Government forestry area on the southern slopes of the Kowloon range causes trouble owing to trespass by grass cutters and cattle from the villages. Some hardship is inevitable since the practice of grass cutting has gone on for centuries and is a chief source of support to many of the villagers who must now give it up or go much further afield for the grass.

It is long before there can be much visible result from this branch of the forestry department's work but already the pine trees on the hills to the western end of the range show that much may be expected if the young trees get proper protection.

Resumptions and reclamations at Ap Liu were continued. The building of Cheung Chau police station, the new survey of Cheung Chau, and the rebuilding of the pier and bund at Tsun Wan were the only other public works of importance in the district.

24th March, 1914.

S. B. B. McELDERRY,

Assistant District Officer, Southern District.

Station.

I 13

Table A.

Revenue collected during 1913 by the Assistant District Officer,

New Territories, Southern District.

1912.

C.

$

1913.

C.

Land Sale,

1,138.00

755.00

Crown Rent,

26,775,62

27,325.05

Assessed Taxes,

8,938.05

8,996.96

Lease of Stone Quarries,

1,080.00

1,200.00

Forestry Licences,

1,550.15

1,396.04

Earth Permits,.....

109.00

160.00

Matshed Permits,..

188.50

775.50

Pineapple Licences,

958.29

1,023.20

Registration Fees,

1,108.40

1,229,50

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

113.00

64.00

Distress Warrants, (Small Debts),

9.00

19.00

Writs of Summons,..

111.50

91.00

Fines, (Police Court),

2,159.03

5,020.35

Forfeitures,

164.64

299.56

Certified Extracts,..

27.00

Grave Certificates,

Miscellaneous Receipts,

Interest,

3.50

5.50

52.00

99.16

23.43

38.49

Legal Costs,

Sunprints,

Boundary Stones,

Water Wheel Licences,

65.00

12.50

الله

65.00

35.00

150.00

108.00

34.00

34.00

$44,796.11

$48,714.81

Distillery

**Licences.

Wine and

Table B.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

Spirit

Licences.

Kowloon City,

Shamshuipo,

800

$ 2,450.00

C.

FA

48

NEA

$

$

$

C.

20

327

1,500

400

Tai 0,

Cheung Chau,....... 173

5,200.00 54

100 462.50 40

95 426 2,000

5,145.00

8,175.00

602.50

Tsun Wan,

575.00

372 425.00 36

68

2,800

30

3,646.00

833.00

Total,.....$ 1,845 9,112.50 246

115

753

6,300

30

18,401.50

Money

Changers.

Totals.

I 14

Table C.

Revenue collected through other Departments from the New Territories, Southern District.

1912.

1913.

$

c.

$

C.

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots),.............

11,628.60

11,986.32

Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon),

17,781,24

12,933,27

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets,

etc.)........

20,860.80

27,369.30

Police. (Licence Fees),

2,880.75*

18,401.50†

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties), 100,700.07

111,401.79

$ 153,851.46 $ 182,092.18

*This did not include Kowloon and Shamshuipo.

See Table B.

Appendix J.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1913.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1913 was 12,011 as against 12,660 in 1912 being a decrease of 649 or 5'13 per cent. The average for the last five years is 10,713-6.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor offences there appears a decrease, as compared with 1912, of 825 cases or 19:30 per cent. in the former and an increase of 176 cases or 2·10 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1912 in Serious Offences are shown as follows :---

Decrease.

Murder,

2

Robbery,

37

Burglary or Larceny in Dwelling,

-

9

Assault with intent to rob,

Piracy, -

Unlawful Possession,

Larcenies,

4

2

- 152

-

674

Increase.

Total,

Kidnapping and Protection of Women

and Children -

Other Felonies

Total,

33 22

880

55

Nett Decrease,

825

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1912 and 1913 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these Offences.

MURDER.

3. Fourteen murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 16 in 1912.

In connection with 4 of these reports, no arrest was made ; in the remaining 10 cases, arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were obtained (4 persons). In 6 cases there was no conviction (10 persons). One case with one man undecided.

MANSLAUGHTER.

4. Seven cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 5 in 1912.

J 2

In 3 cases no arrest was made and in the remaining 4 cases, arrests were made, but in all of these 4 cases no conviction was obtained.

GANG ROBBERIES.

5. Fifty gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 82 in 1912.

In 35 cases no arrest was made, and in the remaining 15 cases arrests were made. There were 12 cases in which convictions were obtained (29 persons of whom 23 were convicted and 6 discharged). In 3 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Twenty-three street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 24 in 1912.

Twenty-one men were arrested and convictions obtained.

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Nineteen cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 23 in 1912.

In 17 cases no arrest was made, in the remaining 2 cases arrests were made and convictions were obtained (6 persons, of whom 2 were convicted and 4 discharged).

OTHER FELONIES.

8. Under this heading are comprised the following:-

1913. 1912.

Arson and attempted arson,

1

2

Cutting and wounding,

-

22

15

Demanding money with menaces,

5

8

Embezzlement,

44

31

Forgery,

- 20

28

Housebreaking,

- 100

125

Indecent assault and rape,

2

Shooting with intent to murder,

Assault with intent to do grievous

bodily harm, -

Abominable offences,

Throwing corrosive fluid,

1

6

1

~21

Receiving stolen property,

Child stealing,

9

1

Threatening letter,

Attempted burglary,

1

1

Seditious publication.

Attempted armed robbery,

1

Possession of materials for making

forged notes,

Attempting to obtain money by false

pretences,

:

1

222

218

11

- J

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 78 as against 76 in 1912.

GAMBLING.

9. Three hundred and twenty-eight Gambling Warrants were executed as against 228 in 1912. There were 5 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Forty-four were lottery cases compared with 8 in 1912.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

10. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $276,213.61 as against $473,476.77 in 1912, a decrease of $197,263.16.

The average for the last five years is $297,143.24.

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $70,004.00 as against $43,210.21 in 1912, an increase over property recovered in the previous year of $26,793.79.

LOST PROPERTY.

11. The following is a return showing property lost or re- covered:

Articles

Articles recovered and

Year. reported Value lost. articles found which

Value

found.

lost.

were not reported lost.

1913

412

$25,710.35

74

$5,651.44

1912

321

$13,587.42

54

$1,105.48

OPIUM WARRANTS.

12. 2,047 search warrants for opium were executed by the Police and Excise Officers of the Opium Farm compared with 1,691 in 1912.

In 823 cases opium was found and 1,127 persons were arrested.

OPIUM DIVANS.

13. 262 Warrants were executed by the Police for keeping opium divan. In 219 cases convictions were obtained, 24 cases were discharged, and in 19 cases, no arrest was made. During 1912 116 Warrants were executed.

- J 4

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

14. The Examiner of Weights and Measures made the following verification:-

Examined. Correct. Incorrect.

Foreign Scales,......

184

181

3

Chinese Scales,

2,443

2,393

50

Yard Measures,

329

329

nil.

Chek Measures,

630

630

nil.

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

No. of Cases.

53

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

53

$600

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dan- gerous Goods Ordinance:-

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

nil.

nil.

nil.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance:-

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

nil.

nil.

nil.

:

J5

Samples purchased and sent to Government Analyst :-

Ale.

Brandy. Whisky.

Rum.

Port.

Gin.

6

3

10

6

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of one sample of whisky which was found to be deficient in by-products to the extent of four per cent.

The Government Analyst recommended that the proprietor be warned as to the quality of the liquor, which was done.

MENDICANTS.

17. Forty-eight beggars were dealt with by the Ma gistrate: 192 were sent to Canton as follows:

Once,

Twice,

Thrice,....

Four times.

How often sent away.

Total,

Canton.

181

8

192

DEAD BODIES.

18. Table II shows the number of the unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

LICENCES.

19. The following licences were issued during 1913:-

1,100 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

50 Quarry Bay Jinrickshas.

345 Kowloon Jinrickshas.

673 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

5,880 Drivers.

2,932 Chair bearers.

4,998 Extra drivers and Chair bearers.

ì

1,268 Truck licences.

13 Private Vehicles. 29 Motor Cars.

45 Motor Car drivers.

J 6

4 Motor Cycle drivers.

2 Auctioners.

3 Licence to store Acetone.

15 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

1 Brewery.

5 Licence to store Calcium Carbide.

2 Licence to store Chlorate Mixture.

2 Licence to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorates.

11 Licence to store Compressed Oxygen.

13 Licence to store Detonators.

6 Licence to store Dissolved Acetylene.

11 Distillery (Old Territories).

25 Distillery (New Territories).

49 Licence to store Dynamite.

57 Licence to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids. 222 Licence to shoot and take Game.

20 Licence to store Gunpowder.

16 Licence to store Kerosine Oil (in Godowns). 1,191 Licence to store Kerosine Oil (Ordinary).

66 Licence to store Kerosine Oil (New Territories). 29 Marine Stores.

316 Money Changers.

36 Licence to store Naphtha and Benzine.

2 Licence to store Naphtha and Benzine (in Garage).

2 Licence to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane.

91 Pawnbrokers.

10 Licence to store Petroleum in bulk.

4 Licence to store Phosphorus.

6 Licence to store Rockets.

2 Poison (wholesale).

240 Spirit (Chinese, Old Territories).

78 Spirit (Chinese, New Territories).

28 Licence to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 7,929 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

20. 1,925 dogs were licensed during 1913.

137 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

84 stray dogs were impounded, 72 were sent to the

Dogs' Home and 12 were destroyed.

T

J 7

ARMS ORDINANCE.

21. Seven licences to import and deal in arms and two to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1913. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz.:

One hundred and forty-four Winchester rifles, 187 automatic pistols, 193 revolvers, 140.749 rounds ammunition, 10 daggers, 3 swords, 7 refilling tools, 36 magazines, 16 bayonets, 2 knuckle dusters, 6 shot guns, 178 shot ammunition, 4,867 empty cylinders, 20 rifles incomplete, 1 mauser rifle, 1 H.M. rifle, 13 Swiss rifles, 8 muskets, 1 two-barrelled pistol, 364 boxes primers, 1,524 boxes percussion caps, 100 blank ammunition, 1,131 sticks dynamite, 1 stick cheddite. 699 detonators, 251 bags saltpetre, 1 bag sulphur, 29 lbs. shot, 5 Winchester barrels, 4 breech blocks, 12 butts, 10 springs, 1 machine gun and mounting, small quantity of powder, fuse and gun-cotton and a quantity of leather equipment.

EDUCATION.

22. During the year 7 Europeans and 20 Indians obtained certi- ficates for knowledge of Chinese, 1 European obtained certificates for Hindustani, 23 Indians and 1 Chinese obtained certificates for English.

MUSKETRY.

23. The European and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry, and 17 Europeans and 59 Indians qualified as marksmen.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

24. 456 persons were identified as having previous convictions against them. This number is 45 less than during the year 1912.

One hundred and twenty-one identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

25. The conduct of European Contingent (average strength 175) was good. The total number of reports against them was 72 as against 47 in 1912. There were 12 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 10 in 1912, 6 for sleeping on duty as against 2, and 2 for neglect of duty as against 5.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 472) was good. There were 440 reports as against 358 for the preceding year. For drunkenness there were 20 as against 21, for disorderly conduct 47 as against 23, for neglect of duty 73 as against 35, for absence from duty 95 as against 42, for gossiping and idling on duty 35 as against 97, and for sleeping on duty 29 as against 34. 241 men had no report.

Thirteen Indian Constables were convicted by the Police Magis- trate (seven dismissed from the Force): 3 for disorderly conduct, 4 for assault, 2 for larceny, 1 for violating his duty, 1 drunk and incapable, 1 for misconduct and 1 for malicious damage.

J 8

There was an improvement in the behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 576) which was fair. There were altogether 906 reports as against 1,105 in 1912. There was no report for drunkenness (same as last year), 117 for sleeping on duty as against 152, 21 for disorderly conduct as against 22, and 358 for minor offences as against 396.

Ten Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (7 dismissed): 2 for bribery, 1 for taking part in a fight, 1 for allowing a prisoner to escape, 2 for demanding money with menaces, 2 for neglect of duty and 2 for assault. 175 men of this Contingent were not reported during the year.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers and stokers (average strength 150) had 193 reports as compared with 146 for last year. For drunkenness there was no report (same as last year), 103 for absence from station and late for duty as against 83 in the previous year. 77 had no report recorded against them.

REWARDS.

26. One Inspector was granted a medal for long and meritorious service, and one European Constable was commended by His Ex- cellency the Officer Administering the Government for plucky conduct and good work done in connection with the typhoon of 17th August.

Three Indian Constables were granted medals for plucky and intelligent action in connection with the Ha Tsun robbery, 1 Indian Constable was granted a medal for prompt action in rescuing from drowning 2 Filipino boys at Green Island, 1 Sergeant Major, 1 Sergeant, 1 Lance-Sergeant and 9 Constables were commended by His Excellency for plucky conduct and good work done in connection with the typhoon of 17th August.

One Chinese Constable was granted a reward for plucky conduct in arresting a man, 1 Chinese Constable was commended by His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government and granted a reward for smart and prompt action in effecting the arrest of a robber in connection with an armed robbery at Seymour Road, 2 Chinese Constables were granted rewards for alertness and intelli- gence in securing the arrest and conviction of two men for burglary, 2 Chinese Constables were granted rewards for alertness and prompt action in effecting the arrest and conviction of two robbers, 1 Chinese Sergeant was granted a reward and 1 Chinese Constable was granted a medal and a reward for prompt and intelligent action in connection with the Tai On piracy, 1 Chinese Constable was granted a reward for vigilance in discovering six Annamites found in possession of bomb cases and explosives, 3 Chinese Constables were commended by His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government for plucky conduct and good work done in connection with the typhoon of 17th August, 1 Chinese Constable was com- mended by the Police Magistrate for plucky action in effecting the arrest of a man for stealing clothing, and 1 Chinese Constable was commended by His Excellency the Officer Administering the Govern- ment and granted a reward for zeal and intelligence in effecting the arrest of a man who committed larceny from the person of a child.

J 9

HEALTH.

27. Admissions to Hospital during last three years were as follows:-

Nationality.

1911.

1912.

1913.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

Europeans,

126

73 164

104 175 125

Indians,

372 356

462

300

472 415

Chinese,.....

547 153 547 180 576 172

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to 31st December, 1913 :—

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Average Strength.

Treated.

Average Strength.

Treated.

Europeans,

157

118

18

7

Indians,

331

229

141

116

Chinese,

528

157

48

15

J 10

-

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territory without being removed to Hospital were :—

Europeans 6, Indians 46, Chinese 16.

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

28. The Captain Superintendent (Mr. F. J. Badeley) left for England on leave on 19th February. Mr. C. McI. Messer was appointed Acting Captain Superintendent on 19th February and Captain Superintendent on April 19th. The Deputy Superintendent (Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse) left for England on leave on 22nd November. Mr. T. H. King acted during his absence and Mr. G. R. Sayer acted as Assistant Superintendent.

Captain C. G. Woodhouse who was seconded from the 126th Baluschistan Regiment acted as Assistant Superintendent, New Territories, from 1st February.

Mr. C. G. Perdue was appointed Probationer and arrived in the Colony on 12th January.

POLICE FORCE.

29. Thirty-one Europeans were engaged during the year, twenty-five were recruited from England and six enlisted locally. Table III shows changes in the personnel of the Force during the year, and Table IV the strength, expenditure and revenue for the past ten years.

C. McI. MESSER, Captain Superintendent of Police.

13th March, 1914.

ANNEXE A.

Report on the Water Police.

During the year the fleet has been strengthened by a fast motor patrol launch.

No. 1 launch, built in 1901, has had an extensive overhaul and is at present in good order and running well, her boiler is 13 years old and is showing signs of wear and tear.

No. 2 launch, built in 1901, has had an extensive overhaul in 1913 and cost much more than was estimated owing to considerable damage being found on lifting out the boiler. The boiler of this launch is in a bad state and it is now considered unsafe to carry more than 100 lbs. steam pressure on it,

J 11

No. 3 launch, built in 1902, has had an extensive overhaul in 1913 and is in good running order.

No. 4 launch, built in 1906, and bought by Government in September, 1912, has had an extensive overhaul in 1913 and is in first class condition.

Nos. 5 and 7 launches, built in 1906, are now running in good state of repair.

Nos. 6 and 8 launches-new hulls to the old pinnaces' engines in 1911. These launches run very well and are in good repair.

No. 9 launch a 40 feet long, 9 feet beam motor boat, fitted with a 30/40 H.P. Kelvin, 4 cylinder engine, built in April, 1913, has been out of action for the last 3 months owing to a valve spindle breaking and fracturing the cylinder bottom. This is now being recast and an improved method of attachment of valve to spindle has been adopted to prevent the possible re-occurrence of an accident of this nature.

The small motor boat attached to No. 4 Police launch has been overhauled and her hull caulked and strengthened; the engine runs very well at present. A high tension Borsh magneto will be fitted later.

Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 launches have carried out satisfactory quarterly, firing during the year with maxim and rifles at targets.

The system of signalling by day and night between the launches and shore stations have been constantly exercised during the year.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Assistant Supdt., Water Police.

ANNEXE B.

Report on the Police School.

The School has been open on 100 days during 1913.

The attendances were as follows :-

Central Station and Queen's College

Units attending

E. P. C.'s,

I. P. C.'s,

C. P. C.'s, Gaol Staff,

5,099

37

- 296

- 106

- 60

Total,

499

J 12

Examinations were held four times during the year with the following results :-

E. P. C.'s, I. P. C.'s,

Passed.

28

25

Gaol Staff,

Total,

59

Mr. R. J. Birbeck acted as Master in Charge from January till March. I resumed duty on April 1st and resigned on December 31st on being appointed 2nd Master at Queen's College.

There were several minor changes in the Indian Staff.

7th January, 1914.

ARTHUR W. GRANT, B.A. (Cantab.),

Master in Charge

+

1

+

:

1912.

*

Robbery with

Violence and Assault with intent to rob.

Cases.

J 13

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1912 AND 1913.

Serious Offences.

Minor Offences.

Burglaries.

Larcenies and Larcenies in

Dwelling

Other

Felonics.

Assaults and Disorderly

Conduct.

Gambling.

Kidnapping.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Unlawful

Possession.

Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Houses.

Ordinance.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted. Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Total of

all case

Europeans and Americans,

***

13

:

10

I-

CO

10

...

:

2 52 54

7

2

Indians,

:

:

...

:

...

12

67 4 3

1

25

22 9

:.

::.

:

:

:

:

:

:

I

1

...

Chinese,

145 50

41

Total,

145 50

147 23

41147 23

83,078 1,147 343 218|| 63

51

675 957|135|538| 2,950204 | 35

26 38

77

83,103 1,159 357 227 71

54 752 1,035|146|538| 2,950|204|35 26 38 78

11 11

26 26

3

3

34

28 15

133

=

2

22

24 1

77

...

5,384 7,682 626

12,450

1123

:

[1,600 1,600

:

...

5,440 7,734 642

12,660

61 33540 | 520 91 18 18

62 | 33 |510|520 | 91 55 55

... 1,595 1,595

1913.

Europeans and Americans,|

Indians,

Chinese,...

9

3 3 3

223

52 55

8

Log

I

:

:

...

:

:

:

:.

21

20

1

1

55

I

1

8 5 3 4

45

:

1995

55

4

2

9

...

:

18

...

...

...

...

17

I

Co

26

: ཛྱཱ

104 32

16 107 22

4 2,442 850|221|238 | 87

45518 717

79|763| 4,479 168|24 21

2

Total,

104 32

16 108 23

42,459 862 227 245 94

46615827

91766| 4,489 168 | 24

21

12

༄།རྩ:

:

35

51

11

142

225

26 6

107

12 | 122 | 100 56388376 96 17 17

1,485 1,485

5,554 8,376 683

11,762

122 100 56 388 376 96 56

54

2 1,489 1,488

I 5,635 | 8,453|700

12,011

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

V

J 14

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1913.

HARBOUR.

ELSEWHERE.

Under

one month.

1 month and under

1 year.

1 year and under 5 years.

years and under

1 month

15

years and over.

Under

one month.

and under

1 year and

under

5 years 15 years and

Under

and

under

5

15 years.

1 year.

years.

over.

one month.

1 month and under

under

15 years.

1 year.

1 month

5

1 year and under years.

5 years and

15 years

and

over.

Under one' month.

and

1 year and under

under

years and under

15 years and

Total.

15 years.

1 year.

5 years.

15 years.

over.

sex

m.

f,

m. f.

junk.

sex unk.

sex

m. f.

Junk.

m. m. f.

f.

m.

£.

sex

m. f. unk.

sex

sex

sex

f. m.

junk.

unk.

m. f. m.

f.

f. m.

sex

f. m.

m. f.

unk.

unk.

sex unk.

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

m. f.

f. m. unk.

sex

sex

m. f.

unk.

Junk.

m.

f. m. f.

6

4 6

14 14

3 11

39

1

20

13

3

18 20 2 36

40 1 7 11

21

6

6 3

4 6

11 8

4

3

4

2

1 1 6 3 3 9 8

5 2 5 6

402

...

Year.

Victoria. Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total,

Males.

Females. Unknown. Children.

Adults.

1909,

89

119

1910,

80

76

1911,

99

58

1912,

194

171

1913,

103

198

82288

83

90

63

76

31

53

77

95

52

49

*****

381

261

114

295

192

94

241

146

85

537

294

239

402

221

170

11

GROTH

204

177

158

137

10

174

67

4

413

124

318

84

H

སྐ

i

1

1

}

J 15

Table III.

Return showing the Establishments and Casualties in the

Force, 1913.

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Europeans,.

175

31

3

1

9

6

19

1

Indians, ....

472

91

1

13

32

Chinese,.

576

146

LO

5

383

12

58

53

54

120

Total,... 1,223 268

9

22

94

72

197

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments also the Engineers, Coxswains and Stokers, but it is exclusive of:-

1 Captain Superintendent,

1 Deputy Superintendent,

1 Assistant Superintendent,

1 Assistant Superintendent, New Territories,

2 Probationers,

1 Accountant,

1 Clerk and Hindustani Interpreter,

5 Clerks,

6 Telephone Clerks,

88 Messengers and Coolies, and

6 Indians and 18 Chinese who are employed by Private

Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1913.

Europeans.

Indians. Chinese.

Total.

Present,

159

435

560

1,154

Absent on leave,

9

37

16

62

Vacancies,

7

...

7

Total,

175

472

576

1,223

14

-

J 16.

Table IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1904 to 1913.

Total Strength.

Revenue Collected by

Expenditure.

Year.

the Police

Police

Fire

Police

Fire

Force.

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

Brigade.

1904,...

993

1905,... 1,018

1906.... 1,047

5 5 5

97

506,008

27,428

133,597

97

509,298

28.956

130,873

97

515,874

25,499

134,212

1907,... 1,048

96

522,406

46,250

138,417

1908,...

1,046

96

556,607

31,172

124,288

1909,...

1,054

97 564,835

72,227 *

125,958

1910,... 1,042

103 + 583,847

41,548

161,420

1911,. 1,102

103 586,985

32,421

162,026

1912,...

1,196

105

591,076

41,263 §

172,397

1913,...

1,247

105

756,663 ¶

35,319

185,250

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

* $44,120 was for the New Floating Engine.

Crew for the New Floating Engine. $9,852 was for the New Floating Engine. $10,237 was for the Motor Tender. ¶ $4,770 was for Motor Launch.

teast

7

A

J 17

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE

FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 13 Fires and 75 Incipient Fires during the year against 31 and 93 in 1912. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $223,615 and by Incipient Fires $1,393.80 as against $281,095 and $4,732.50 in 1912.

The Brigade turned out 46 times during the year (52 in 1912).

2. There was constant supply of water in the fire mains through- out the year.

3. One fire occurred in the harbour during the year.

4. There were no prosecutions for arson during the year.

5. There are 32 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 16 Street Fire Alarms of which 3 are at the Peak.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The Fire Alarms were used only once, and in that case by the public.

8. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

5th March, 1914.

C. McI. MESSER, Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

ANNEXE A.

HONGKONG, 3rd March, 1914.

SIR,I have the honour to forward the Annual Report on the condition of the Government Fire Engines for the year ending 31st December, 1913.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This vessel, which has now been in service for almost 4 years, received her annual overhaul in July. Throughout the year the Machinery and Boilers have been regularly tested at monthly drills in addition to actual fire service.

Hull, Machinery and Boilers are in good order.

J 18

V

No. 2 Fire Float.

The Hull, Machinery and Boiler of this vessel are now in good working order, having been overhauled in August, and regularly tested at monthly drills.

Motor Fire Escape.

This machine has now been in service for close on two years. Motor and equipment are in good order and have been frequently exercised throughout the year.

Land Steamers Nos. 2, 4 and 5 (Central Station).

Land Steamer No. 3 (Yaumati).

These engines have all been overhauled during the year, re- gularly tested at monthly drills for firemen and drivers and are in good working order but are nearly worn out and could not be depended upon for a big fire of say 18 or 24 hours duration. I am, therefore, of opinion that a Motor Fire Engine should be ordered which would replace Nos. 2 and 4 Land Engines and be much more effective to combat a fire.

All the manual engines and gear, hose reels, ladders, supply carts, etc., have been kept in repair and are now in good working order.

Fire Alarms (12 Points).

Fire Alarms are in good order and are tested daily.

I have, &c.,

Hon. Mr. C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

D. MACDONALD, Engineer, Fire Brigade.

J 19

ANNEXE B.

STRENGTH OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

Superintendent, -

Deputy Superintendent,

Assistant Superintendent,

European. Chinese.

1

Engineer,

Assistant Engineer and Station Officer,

Clerk,

Engineer Drivers,

Assistant Engineer Drivers,

Fitter,

Blacksmith,

Carpenter,

Stoker,

Sailmaker, -

Overseers of Water Works,-

Inspector of Dangerous Goods,

Assistant to

Do.,

Foremen,

Assistant Foremen,

Firemen,

Interpreters,

1

2

Floating Engines.

Foremen and Engine Drivers,

Chief Engineer, -

Engine Drivers,-

Coxswains,-

Stokers,

5

10 CO

1

1

1

1

5

1

1

3

22

28

I

3

Seamen,

Total, 1913,

49

Total, 1912,

49

||

1223 +

།།

56

11

S

Table I.

Fires during the year 1913.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly. Partly.

- J 20-

Damage to cargo unknown.

1 | April 3rd

3.00 p.m. Boat-building Shed at Cheung Sha Wan.

1 launch.

N

3rd

""

9.10 p.m.

House No. 73 Nullah Lane,

18,000 A spark from a hot rivet.

965 Unknown.

3

18th

1.00 a.m.

Do.

4 Douglas Lane, Kennedy Town,

4,500

Do.

""

19th 10.45 a.m.

Do.

16 Ice House Road,

""

19th

1.00 p.m.

Do.

85 Jervois Street,

1,500 Overheating of kitchen flue.

30,000 Unknown.

29th

6.00 p.m.

On board Licensed Cargo Boat No. 830v along.

500

Do.

side Praya Wall,

"1

11

12

29th

7 May 13th 9.40 a.m.

8 July 12th ́4.30 p.m. 18th 4.00 a.m.

10 Sept. 21st | 12.50 a.m.

29th 12.00 midt.

5.00 a.m.

House No. 21 Gough Street,.

2,000

Do.

Do

81 Hollywood Roard.

1

600

Upsetting of a Kerosine lamp.

Do.

482 Canton Road, Mong Kok Tsui,

122,500

Do.

84 Ko Shing Street,

Overheating of a stove in the drying 26,000 | Unknown.

[room.

Wooden hut behind No. 78 Main Street. Shau Į Ki Wan,.. House No. 31 Morrison Hill Road,

1 hut.

4,000

Do.

1 house.

2

223,615

13 Nov. 13th 1.50 p.m. Fishing stake matshed near Tseng Kau, Tsun Wan, 2 matsheds |

13,000 | A spark from cooking-stove.

50 Set on fire by 3 men from an unknown [junk.

"

Total

}

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON

FOR THE YEAR 1913.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1912 were as follows:-

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

Courts Martial,

Supreme Court for China and Corea - High Court, Wei-hai-wei,

Debtors,

1913. 1912.

5,792 5,205

1

7

6

5

52

66

1,034

951

Total,-

- 6,885 6,236

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

-

There was an increase of 649 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1912. There was a decrease of prisoners convicted for Larceny during the year under review, the number being 726 against 1,023 for the previous year.

2. The number of prisoners admitted to prison for offences not of a criminal nature was 4,482 made up as follows:

Convicted by Courts Martial, Debtors,

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

"

""

"

29

"5

""

""

"

""

AAA

* A

A

وو

""

1

52

673

Divan Ordinance,

1,674

"

Gambling

676

"

Market

50

""

73

""

31

1

13

34

10 2

5

Arms Vehicle

Police

Sanitary By-laws, Harbour Regulations, Post Office Ordinance, Prison

""

Women and Girls Pro-

tection Ordinance,

Stowaway Ordinance,

13

2

Servants'

Quarters

Ordinance,

24

Carried forward,

3,324

K 2

Brought forward,

Convicted under the Marine Hawkers

37

39

"3

""

""

* A

""

A

27

Ordinance,

Railway Ordinance,

- 3,324

Dangerous Goods Ordin-

ance,

Pharmacy Ordinance, Chinese Wine and Spirit

Ordinance,

Gardens Regulations,

Weights and Measures

Ordinance,

Eating House Ordinance, - Lodging

""

""

95

for Absence,

>>

Posting up notice without

permission,-

Taking wild birds from trees,

Wasting Water, -

Hawking without a licence,

""

""

""

""

23

""

Cruelty to animals,

وو

Bringing a False Charge,

""

Using Threatening Language,

Removing Sand, Stone and Earth without

permission,

Convicted for Depositing rubbish in the public

99.

35

street,

Neglecting to register Births

and Deaths,

-

>>

Travelling on river-steamer,

without paying legal fare,

Refusing to pay legal vehicle fare, Drunkenness,

24

3

19

5

1

ex fund

1

1

3

32

1

1

12

274

2

1

1

13

45

19

1

""

""

">

""

""

Trespassing,

""

Disorderly Conduct,

39

29

Vagrancy,

Disobedience,

19

87

83

17

44

""

Removing nightsoil without

covers,

3

Assault,

103

دو

""

""

Obstruction,-

127

25

Cutting Trees,

16

""

Fighting,

12

Mendicancy,

61

""

""

Rogue and Vagabond

65

"

"3

A

Malicious Damage,

7

>>

""

Breach of Contract,

1

"

""

Breach of Licence Conditions,

3

>>

Applying false trade marks,

1

Carried forward, -

- 4,439

حمد

K 3

Brought forward,

Convicted for Catching fish by explosives,

""

""

>>

B

""

Offering bribe,

Failing to return to House

of Detention,

Leaving the service without giving due notice,

""

""

Exposing indecent pictures,

""

39

Carrying pigwash without covers,

Total,

- 4,439

8

18

1

8

1

7

4,482

3. The above figures show that 77 per cent. of the total admissions to prison were for non-criminal offences. The percent- age

in 1912 was 65.

The following Table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:-

In default of payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of fine.

Total.

Served the

Paid full

imprison-

Paid part

fine.

fine.

ment.

1912.

1,753

2,315

589

562

5,219

1913.

1,212

2,867

624

1,096

5,799

4. There were 77 juveniles admitted into prison 18 of whom were sentenced to be whipped in addition to various terms of imprisonment varying from twenty-four hours' detention to 1 year imprisonment with hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 131 as compared with 17-3 for 1912.

6. There were 154 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 136 for the previous year (100 in 1911).

7. The following Table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the

K 4

percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

Year.

Estimated No. of Population. Convicts.

Percentage Daily aver- Percentage

to

to

age number Population. of prisoners. Population.

1904

446,217

243

.054

726

.162

1905

462,861

216

.046

697

.150

1906

414,049

156

.037

518

.125

1907

414,415

146

.035

502

.121

1908

420,741

130

.038

465

.110

1909

428,858

180

.042

560

.130

1910

435,986

208

.048

547

.125

1911

464,277

241

.052

595

.128

1912

467,777

222

.047

701

.149

1913

489,114

253

.052

702

.144

8. There were 853 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, being an average of 1.22 per prisoner as compared with 876 with an average of 140 for the preceding year. There were 3 cases in which corporal punishment was inflicted during the year. There were 77 prisoners whipped by the order of the Courts.

9. There was no escape.

10. There were 10 deaths from natural causes.

11. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long- sentence prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

12. There were 5,774,077 forms printed and issued to the various Government Departments and 36,234 books bound and repaired during the year under review.

13. The sanitary condition of the prison is good.

14. The buildings generally are in good repair.

15. The conduct of the European Officers has as a rule been excellent and that of the Indian Staff satisfactory.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition, and the water supply adequate.

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

1

1

f

- K 5-

18. Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse acted as Assistant Superintendent from 1st to 14th January during the absence on leave of Mr. R. H. A. Craig.

19. Mr. R. H. A. Craig returned from leave on 15th January and was retired on pension on 28th April.

20. Captain F. C. C. Rogers, M.V.O., acted as Assistant Superintendent from 29th April to 30th September and Mr. C. D. Melbourne from 1st October to 26th December.

21. Mr. J. W. Franks was appointed Assistant Superintendent on 15th November and arrived in the Colony on 27th December.

22. I append the usual returns.

4th March, 1914.

C. McI. MESSER, Superintendent.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1913.

EXPENDITURE.

A mount.

INCOME.

Amount.

– K 6 —

$1

C.

C.

Pay and Allowance of Officers including Uniform, &c.,

69,855 | 13

13

Earning of Prisoners,

59,007

Victualling of Prisoners,

18,658 82

Debtors' Subsistence,

Fuel, Light, Soap and Dry Earth,

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding and Furniture,...

9,845 75

Wei-Hai-Wei Prisoners' Subsistence,

7,915 50

Shanghai Prisoners' Subsistence,

Tientsin Prisoners' Subsistence,

423 50

112 50

563 70

96 30

Total,..

$106,275 | 20

1912,

$97,577 82

Naval Prisoners' Subsistence,

Military Prisoners' Subsistence,

Subsistence of Prisoners sentenced by Marine Magistrate,

Waste Food sold,

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for Prisoners' Maintenance,

Total,.

22

80

2 70

921 60

148 20

44,976

70

$106,275 20

* ** *******

20

Average annual cost per prisoner $64.07-in 1912 $50.25 and in 1911 $66.50.

}

- K 7

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Actual Cost Average Cost

Year.

Expenditure. Income.

of Prisoners'

Maintenance.

per Prisoner.

$

C.

$ C.

c.

C.

1904

113,251.48

37,186.64

76,064.84

104.77

1905

110,687.83

39,444.50

71,243.33

102.21

1906

96,202.08

39,613.26

56,588.82

109.24

1907

89,711.39

40,079.90

49,631.49

98.86

1908

95,537.85 48,066.33

47.471.52

102.09

1909

97,926.80

46,421.13

51,505.67

91.97

1910

96,302.19 52,104.75

44,197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97

66.50

1912

97,577.82

62,348.80

35,229.02

50.25

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976.70

64.07

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1913.

K

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Value of

Value of

Value of

Value of

Nature of Industry.

Stock on

Value of

Articles

hand

Materials

Total Dr.

January 1st Purchased.

1913.

Manufactur- ed or work

done for

Payment.

Articles

Manufactur- ed or work

done for

Stock on

hand

December

Total Cr.

Gaol or other

31st 1913.

Department.

8.

Value of

Earnings

(Difference

between

Columus

3 & 7.)

$ C.

c.

$

C.

C.

C.

C.

$

C.

Oakum,

99.00

906.20

1,005.20

927.59

263.20

1,190.79

185.59

Coir,

174.88

1,399.09

1,573.97

2,244.66

292.01

240.00

2,776.67

1,202.70

Net-making,

108.67

108.67

181.39

181.39

72.72

Tailoring,

10.94

1,780.80

1,791.74

80.59

2,845.91

139.50

3,066.00

1,274.26

Rattan,

2.50

25.80

28.30

6.35

8.98

13.80

29.13

83*

Tin-smithing,

27.14

206.58

233.72

35,22

367.07

34.25

436 54

202.82

Carpentering,

19.30

418.47

437.77

396.14

307.25

7.69

711.08

273.31

Grass-matting,

1.90

30.95

32.85

...

35.50

1.20

36.70

3.85

Shoe-making,

285.58

913.45

1,199.03

444.00

734.20

62.82

1,241.02

41.99

Laundry,

Printing and Book-binding,

3.42

10,997.54

1,159.41 18,760.92 | 29,758.46

1,162.83

7,527.20

3.20

7,530,40

6,367.57

Total,..

.....$ .$ | 11,622.20 | 25,710.31 | 37,332.54

4,599.03 72,796.62 72,796.62 | 18,944.09

283.09 60,678.50 | 18,178 43

| 18,944.09 96,339.74 59,007.20

79,140,02

49,381.56

!

Paid into Bank during 1913, which sum includes $152.32 for work executed in 1912, $4,652.06. Value of work executed during 1913 for which payment was deferred to 1914, $89.62.

Appendix L.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1913.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health, -

Page.

3

9

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

34

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

39

ANNEXE E-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 52

ANNEXE F.-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

53

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals,

55

ANNEXE H-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,

57

ANNEXE I-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

60

ANNEXE J.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer of the

Tung Wa Hospital,

65

ANNEXE K.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals, -

77

ANNEXE L.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

78

ANNEXE M.--Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

84

ANNEXE N.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,

88

ANNEXE O.-Report of the Government Analyst,

91

ANNEXE P.--Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

94

}

L 3

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY DEPARTMENT.

STAFF.

Mr. D. W. Tratman continued to act as Head of the Sanitary Department throughout the year.

Dr. Francis Clark acted as Colonial Veterinary Surgeon in addition to his other duties until the 24th March when Mr. A. Gibson returned from leave and resumed duty.

Two Inspectors returned from leave and three went on leave. One Inspector died and one was dismissed the service. These places were filled by men recruited locally.

From the beginning of the year all Inspectors for whom free quarters could not be found were granted a house allowance of $30 per month. Those Inspectors whose emoluments already included a house allowance were granted an equal sum as a personal allow- ance. The annual boot allowance of all Inspectors was increased from $12 to $24.

EPIDEMICS.

The Plague incidence during 1913 was comparatively light. A small outbreak of Cholera occurred, mostly among the boat popu- lation; the disease originated in the fishing village of Shaukiwan, whence it was no doubt imported from the neighbouring coast of China. Typhoid Fever again showed an increase; nearly one-third of the Chinese cases occurring in children under the age of 5 years. There was only one European death from this disease. Malaria shows a considerable reduction, although the Police figures are higher than at any time during the past ten years, which is attributed to the posting of young recruits in the New Territories where anti- malarial measures on any large scale are for the present impracticable.

LEGISLATION.

""

The only by-law passed during the year was one amending No. 1 of the By-laws governing the "Disinfection of Infected Premises by the addition of the words "para-typhoid fever" to the list of Epidemic, Endemic, Contagious or Infectious Diseases contained therein.

By a resolution of the Board, No. 1 of the By-laws governing the Notification of Infectious Disease was amended by the addition of "para-typhoid fever" to the diseases mentioned therein as notifi- able by a medical practitioner.

A crematorium for human remains-the first in the Colony--was constructed by the Japanese community in So Kon Po Valley and opened in December, 1912. As existing laws did not provide ade-

:

L 4

quately for the control of this method of disposing of the dead or for the regulation of Crematoria a special Bill was drafted and submitted to the Board. The Bill received the approval of the Board on the 20th November.

CEMETERIES.

Exhumations for the purpose of providing new ground for burials in sections A and D took place at Mount Caroline Cemetery. These exhumations were carried out by the Tung Wah Hospital at Government expense.

The work began on the 15th July and was completed on the 19th September. 1,669 bodies were exhumed and 137 jars of bones were removed. It is estimated that 180 new sites for

graves in class D have been made available.

Another large exhumation was carried out by the Tung Wah Hospital at Tai Hau Wan for the purpose of extending their mor- tuary. 652 bodies were exhumed.

The total number of exhumations during the year 1913 amount- ed to 2,957 as compared with 481 in 1912. 517 permits were issued to relatives of the deceased, of which 18 were subsequently cancelled for various reasons, leaving 499 which were acted upon. The total of 2,957 includes private disinterments, and those carried out by the Tung Wah Hospital (2,458) under 2 permits. Of the bodies exhumed 298 were removed from the Colony and 2,659 reburied within the Colony.

Sites were set apart in Kowloon for new European, Indian and Chinese Cemeteries. Burials in the two last were authorised on the 13th March. The opening of the first was held over as funds were not available for enclosing the site and providing the necessary buildings. The provision of a public Crematorium was recommended to Government by the Board in connection with the Bill mentioned under the preceding head.

SCAVENGING (1) COLLECTION.

As indicated in last year's report the Department on the 1st January took over from the Contractors the whole work of scavenging the City of Victoria. All the best men in the Contractor's gangs including Foremen were taken on to the Staff. After a few weeks' trial it was found necessary to increase the number of scavenging coolies by 10. Of these 7 were needed for Districts which had grown largely since the scheme was drafted, and the remainder for the removal of manure from the cattle wharves. The cost of the latter is more than covered by the payments made by importers of cattle for this service.

A special coolie for scavenging Blake Pier and the neighbouring water was engaged on 1st April.

?

L 5

Owing to objections from the men themselves the proposal that the scavengers should be housed and fed by one Contractor was dropped and the men left to make their own arrangements. The feeding question ceased to give trouble in a very little while: but it was otherwise with the housing. Owing to the general overcrowding of the Colony, rents, particularly in the Central Districts, rose continually and it was soon seen that the estimated allowance of $1 a head a month was quite inadequate. Not only did rents rise but in some cases landlords positively refused to allow scavengers to occupy their houses, so greatly had the social status of their property advanced.

After the men had changed quarters several times it became clear that in the interests alike of economy and efficiency it was desirable to provide Government quarters at any rate for the central division of the scavenging staff.

It was finally decided that temporary matshed quarters should be erected on the vacant land below Bridges Street just west of Sing Wong Street and that permanent quarters should be erected in the neighbourhood of Rutter Street at some future date. The matshed was occupied on the 1st of December by the men of Health Districts 3 to 8 and the Peak.

On the 1st December the last relic of the contract system was abolished. Under the new scheme as originally drafted the supply of coolie labour for hauling the refuse carts on levels where bullocks cannot go, was to be by contract, on the ground that it would be waste of money to take on to the staff men whose services would only be required for 3 to 4 hours a day. From the first these "casual" coolies were a source of trouble. It was found impossible to ensure that they were suitable men from the point of view either of physique or character, with the result that the carts were often carelessly handled and a number of accidents, some serious, took place.

At the end of November, therefore, it was decided to abolish the 120 purely hauling coolies, to take on to the staff half that num- ber of additional scavengers and to lay on the scavengers the duty of hauling their own carts. The change has proved most successful. Not only are the carts more safely handled but the whole scaveng- ing-round is finished from half an hour to an hour earlier. The cost is moreover $90 per annum less than the contract system.

The total cost of the first year's working of the new scheme was $45,756.58. This sum includes 20% for depreciation in the value of the additional bullocks (34) also the whole wages of a shoer and head-driver whose duties extend to the old establishment as well as the new.

The cost for 1912 under the contract system was $52,040.00.

The new scheme .has therefore effected a saving of over $6,000.00 in the cost of collecting the refuse of the City which completely justifies its adoption from a purely financial point of view. For efficiency of control there can be no comparison between the direct system and the contract system.

L 6

The cost of scavenging the Kowloon Peninsula increased by $1,129.49 which is accounted for by the raising of the minimum. wage for Government employees from $8 per month to $9. 97 men were affected by this increase.

(2) DISPOSAL.

The cost of the refuse-disposal work shows an increase of $2,085.97 on last year. This is due to the sinking in the Typhoon of the September the 18th of the steam lighter S.D. "2" and the towing barge S.D. "B". The salvage of the two vessels cost $750.00 and repairs to the barge $1,572.00.

The steamer was found to be not worth repairing and was sold as she stood for $900.00 which was credited to the general revenue of the Colony. It will be seen, therefore, that apart from this accident the cost of the refuse disposal was less than in the previous

year.

CONSERVANCY.

The City Conservancy Contractor was awarded $750.00 com- pensation in July in respect of the closing for alterations of Possession Point Latrine.

A number of nightsoil boats were lost in the September typhoon but there was no serious interruption of the service.

STREET WATERING.

One additional four-wheeled watering van was purchased from England at a cost of $638.88. The street-watering service in Kowloon had to be somewhat starved owing to the high price of bullocks and to defects in certain carts. It is expected that a more continuous service will be possible next year.

BUILDINGS.

The following new buildings were completed and handed over to the Department during the year:-Quarters for the Second Inspector at Kennedy Town on March 1st, .New Eastern District Office and Quarters on May 1st, New Western District Office and Quarters on June 1st.

The alteration and enlargement of the bullock stables adjoining No. 1 Police Station were completed in August.

The work of enlarging the pig slaughter house at Kennedy Town was continued and was practically complete by the end of the year.

MARKETS.

Three new Markets were opened during the year:-the Re- clamation Street Market at Yaumati on the Ist of September, the re-constructed Old Western Market (now called Western Market South Block) on the 1st of October and the Praya East Market on the 1st of December.

t

7

- L 7.

The first and the last of these are for the sale of fruit, vege- tables and sundries: the second has fresh fish stalls and tanks on the ground and vegetable and fruit stalls on the upper floor.

In each case there was wild speculation in tenders for the vacant stalls, prices altogether out of proportion to their value being offered. This was particularly marked in the case of the Reclama- tion Street Market, the rents from which have dropped from $657.40 in the opening month, to $369.80 in December with signs of further weakening. It is to be expected however that the value of stalls in this Market will rise again as soon as buildings are erected on the waste land adjoining it.

COLONIAL VETERINARY SURGEON'S REPORT.

The report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon deals in detail with Markets, Slaughter-houses and Cattle Depots, and also with cattle diseases. It shows an increase of $3,072.55 in the revenue derived from Slaughter-houses, and an increase of $6,620.20 in rents from the Markets of which $1,369.10 was contributed by the surplus stalls in the reconstructed Old Western Market, $2,664.00 by the Reclamation Street Market and the stalls which it rendered vacant in Yaumati Old Market and $194.60 by the Praya East Market.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total revenue collected during the year amounted to $254,811.70 as compared with $249,626.96 in 1912. The estimated revenue for the year was $239,150.00. The total expenditure during the year was $331,234.55 compared with $324.043.92 in 1912. The estimated expenditure in 1912 was $350,621.00.

D. W. TRATMAN, Head of Sanitary Department.

27th February, 1914.

Valuation of Bullocks.

Brought forward from 1912,

1913 Purchases, less sales,

$2,686.69 745.00

$3.431.69

Less depreciation during 1913 at 20% per

annum,

686.34

Value of bullocks on 1-1-14,.

$2,745.35

Ï 8

Maintenance of Bullocks.

Kowloon.

Average number of bullocks, 27.

Fodder, drivers and sundries,

Depreciation in value of bullocks,

Maintenance of bullocks,

Cost per head,

Hongkong.

Average number of bullocks, 62.

Fodder, drivers and sundries,

Depreciation in value of bullocks,

Maintenance of bullocks,

Cost per head,

$3,960.44

208.22

$4,168.66

154.39

$8,799.72

478.12

$9,277.84

149.64

2614 '

L 9

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL

OFFICER OF HEALTH.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends to the Island of Hongkong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of territory on the mainland between the shore and the first range of the Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay, on the East, to the village of Kau Pa Kang on the West --with a sea frontage of about thirteen miles and an area of about sixteen square miles. Old Kowloon, with an area of about 22 square miles, has been in British occupation since 1861, but New Kowloon was leased to this Government in 1898, as part of what is known as the New Territories. The remainder of the New Territories comprising an area of about 356 square miles is not under the control of the Sanitary Board.

The City of Victoria, built on the Northern shore of the Island of Hongkong, has a frontage to the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the opposite mainland of Kowloon by the Harbour, which is rather less than a mile and a third wide opposite the centre of the City and widens out to somewhat over three miles at its widest part, contracting again at Lyemun Pass on the East to little inore than a quarter of a mile in width.

The domestic buildings of the City of Victoria number 10,009 (exclusive of Barracks and Police Stations), of which 1,024 are Non- Chinese dwellings, while there are also 168 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of new houses completed during the year was as follows:-City of Victoria 251, Kowloon 58, Outlying Districts 21 and Peak 5 making a total of 335 as against 231 in 1912 and 155 in 1911.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 42,-45 in 1912.

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into ten, and Old Kowloon into two urban Health Districts with an Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District of the City (the principal European quarter) is also in charge of the Peak.

There are in addition four Inspectors in charge of the scaveng- ing work, one Inspector of Cemeteries, one Inspector in charge of the City Disinfecting Station, one in charge of the Kowloon Dis- infecting Station, and two for general duties, making 21 in all.

L 10

The supervision of the sanitary work in the various villages of Hongkong, in Kowloon City and in Sham Shui Po is done by the Police Inspectors.

The Inspectors in Hongkong island work under the personal direction and supervision of the Medical Officer of Health while those in Kowloon are under the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITION.

As will be seen from the figures given on the preceding page the activity in building operations, which was so noticeable a feature of 1912, has continued, and the demand for housing accom- modation by the Chinese has been greatly in excess of the supply; this indicates that many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911 and 1912 have elected to remain in the Colony. A further influx of Chinese from the neighbouring pro- vinces, estimated at from 50,000 to 60,000, occurred during the months of July, August and September, 1913, as a result of renewed political disturbances, which fortunately however were speedily brought to a peaceful termination. There can be very little doubt that the Chinese quarters generally are still in an over- crowded condition and although the incidence of Plague has been light during the past year there is reason to fear that the Colony may not be so fortunate during 1914. The relationship between overcrowding and Plague was discussed at length in the report for 1912, and further reference to this question will be found in this report under the heading of that disease.

In connection with anti-Plague measures, to render houses as far as possible rat-proof, 175 ground surfaces in houses have been repaired in the City and 31 in Kowloon, (197 in 1912), while 1,867 buildings have had rat-runs filled up with cement and broken glass in the City and 1,657 in Kowloon, (7,142 in 1912), and 294 ceilings have been removed, (4,277 in 1912).

Permits for the use of two basement kitchens, eight basement workshops and one basement dwelling were issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards, under notice, in 251 houses in the City and 24 in Kowloon (597 in 1912). Notices to abate sanitary nuisances to the number of 5,155 in the City and 2,035 in Kowloon and building nuisances to the number of 1,583 in the City and 302 in Kowloon, have been applied for during the year (10,770 and 2,163 respectively in 1912), while 364 notices in regard to the breeding of mosquitoes in the City and 73 in Kowloon have also been served (157 in 1912).

In addition to the above improvements in connection with dwelling houses carried out under the supervision of the Sanitary Department various permanent improvements affecting sanitation have been effected by the Public Works Department. These include the training of additional nullahs to the extent of 7,409 ft. (6,567 ft. in 1912) and the building of the South block of the New Western

L 11

Market, two public latrines, one near the Fire Brigade Station and the other on the Shaukiwan Road, fruit markets at Yaumati, Canal Road West and Wanchai, sextons' quarters at Mount Caroline and the Kai Lung Wan Cemeteries and Branch Sanitary Offices for the City at Wanchai and Saiyingpoon.

The total area of lanes obtained for scavenging purposes during the year has been 23,787 sq. ft. (12,109 sq. ft. in 1912); the length being 4,740 ft. (2,308 ft. in 1912).

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorological conditions which prevailed during the year as recorded at the Kowloon Observatory :—

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA- TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Month.

Rain.

Max. Mean. | Min.

Rel.

Abs.

Direction, Vel.

O

ins.

O

O

p.c. ins.

January, February,

30.21 64.5 59.2 54.8 30.14 64.6 60.5 | 57.3

69 | 0.36

81

0.43

p. c. hours.

49 68

ins.

198.3 1.025 ENE. 107.7

points. miles p.h.

11.5

2.390 | E by N

13.1

March,

30.05 65.8 | 61.7 | 58.5

79

0.45 84

96.7

6.945 E by N

14.5

April,

29.93 75.8 71.2 67.7

85

0 66

80

141.7 2.175 E

12.7

May,

29.86 | 82.5 77.2 | 73.8

82

0.77

69

168.1 9.300 E by S

12.5

June,....

29.79 85.6 81.2 77.6

83

0.88

75

181.5 16.035 | S by W

9.6

July,

August,

29.69 88.1 82.8 78.8 29.72 86.5 81.6 September,...| 29.79 | 84.7 | 80,4 | 76.7

82 0.92

67

233.8 15.050 SE

9.3

77.7

84

0.90

58

197.8 10.565 E by S

8.7

81

0.84

72

146.8 14.570

E

9.5

October,

30.02 | 80.3 | 76,1| 72.2 November, 30.15 74.0 70,0| 66.0| December, 30.22 64.9 61,056.5

64 0.59

35

266.9 | 3.550

ENE

11.7

72 0.54 68 0.38 67

56

171.3 0.740 124.8 1.385 NE

ENN

12.5

9.9

Mean or

Total,...

29.9676.4| 71,9 | 68.1

77 0.64 65

2035.9 83.730 | E

11.3

The average annual rainfall during the ten years ending 1903 was 77.3 inches and ranged from 104.2 inches in 1894 to 45.8 inches in 1895; the average for the decade ending 1913 has been 79.8 inches. The rainfall for the last year (83.7 inches) is therefore slightly above the average of the last 20 years.

POPULATION.

The Non-Chinese population of the Colony comprised, at the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, a white civil population of 6,035 : to this must be added au average resident white population of 2,313 belonging to the Navy and an average strength of 2,360 British Troops. The coloured races (Non-Chinese, Civil) numbered 6,040 and included East Indians, Asiatic Portuguese, Japanese, Filipinos, Malays, Africans, Persians and a few others; in addition there were 2,054 Indian Troops stationed in the Colony. The table on page 19 shows a similar classification of the Non-Chinese population for the year 1913 and from this it will be seen that the total Non-Chinese population--inclusive of Army and Navy--amounted to 21,470 (including 420 Malays and Filipinos). The total Chinese population

- L 12

including 49 Chinese Sappers and 188 Chinese servants employed in Naval Establishments equals 467,644 of whom 90,594 reside in the New Territories exclusive of New Kowloon.

The distribution of population at the Census was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

12,075

Chinese Civil Population :-

City of Victoria (including Peak),

219.386

Villages of Hongkong,

16,211

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

67,497

New Territories (Land),

80,622

Population afloat,

60,948

Total Chinese Civil Population,

444,664

Total Civil Population, ...

456,739

The estimated total population of the Colony at the middle of 1913 is 489,114 but the figures given below in respect to births and deaths relate only to Hongkong and Kowloon (including New Kowloon), and the rates therefore in respect to these data are calculated on an estimated Chinese population of 377,050 and a Non-Chinese population of 21,470 of whom 12,700 were civilians the remainder belonging to the Naval and Military services.

The Civil population consists chiefly of male adults. At the Census held in 1911 the proportion of males was 64.8 per cent. of the total Civil population; at the Census taken in 1906 the proportion was 70.1 per cent. and at the 1901 Census the proportion was 72.6 per cent., so that there was a steady increase in the propor- tion of females (which means an increase in family life) during these ten years.

Over half the Civil population (52.9 per cent of the Chinese and 55.7 per cent. of the Non-Chinese) were between the ages of 20 and 45 years.

The average strength of the Troops in Garrison during 1913 was 147 British Officers and 2,120 British N.C.O.'s and men; and 74 Indian Officers and 4,004 Indian N.C.O.'s and men; and 49 Chinese attached to the Royal Engineers. There were also 478 British women and children, and 35 Indian women and children, making a total of 513.

The average strength of the British fleet was as follows:-

British permanently in the Colony 480, British occasionally in the Colony 4,300, Chinese permanently in the Colony 145, Chinese occasionally in the Colony 125, making a total of 5,050. For the purpose of estimating the population it is considered a fair average to include one third only of those "occasionally" resident in the Colony this gives a total of 2,100 and of these 188 are Chinese.

1

wwwww

L 13

The Chinese boat population (exclusive of the New Territories) as given in the Census taken in 1911 was 45,302 while the estimate to the middle of 1913 is 47,870. The number of boats belonging to the Port and the villages of Hongkong is as follows:-

Passenger boats,...

Cargo boats, ...

Steam-launches,

Lighters,

Harbour boats,

Fishing boats,

Trading junks,

Total,

1,208

1,317

312

173

3,327

2,415

2,196

10,948

This gives an average of 4.9 persons per boat.

In addition there were at the Census 5,791 Chinese employed in the mercantile marine in the Harbour, and the addition of 6,000 for 1913 to the estimated boat population gives a total Chinese population afloat of 53,870 exclusive of the New Territories.

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 8,133.

The following table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house and per floor in the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1913 :-

City of Victoria Health Districts.

193

439

229

31

3

895

1,097

2.1

14.1

6.6

2

Nil.

345

689

116

Nil.

1,140

3,201

2.8

29.2

9.3

3

1

9

15

Nil.

Nil.

25

64

2.6

*

4

8

48

561

440

11

1,068

3,602

3.4

30.0

8.9

10

567899

14

132

555

250

Nil.

951

2,943

3.1

26.3

8.5

50

37

390

433

39

949

3,221

3.4

25.8

7.6

13

27

416

431

8

895

3,079

3.4

25.5

7.4

1

75

564

347

14

1,001

3,301

3.3

23.1

7.0

28

449

554

107

Nil.

1,133

3,011

2.6

30.9

11,6

62

367

385

114

Nil.

928

2,407

2.6

22.8

8.7

- L 14

Totals and Averages 1913,

365

1,928

4,358

2,269

75

8,985

26,746

2.9

26.4

8.9

Totals and Averages 1912,

375

1,937

4,307

2,186

77

8,882 26,299

2.9

25.4

8.6

* Most of the Chinese of this District live in quarters attached to Offices.

r

L 15

The following Table shows the acreage of the City Health Districts with the houses and population in each district as estimated for the

year 1913:

Built

Non-

Chinese

Chinese

Health Districts.

Total

over

Chinese

Dwell-

Acreage. Areas in

Dwell-

Popula-

Non- Chinese

Persons

Popula-

ings.

tion.

per acre (built

Acres.

ings.

tion. over).

t

1,

531

134

895

175

12,600

1,680

106

830

2,...........

243

140

1,140

66

33,340

1,205

253

Troops

3............

232

137

25

480

8,080

3,410.

84

4.....

56

53

1,068

164 32,080

1,245

629

5......

29

27

951

12

25,000

90

929

6......

30

27

949

20

24,500

150

913

7.........

36

31

895

6

22,800

45

737

8....

49

47

1,001

15

23,120

90

494

9.......

44

44

1,133

4

35,000

55

797

10,.

252

106

928

82 20,980

670

204

:

Total 1913,...... 1.502 Total 1912..

1,502

746 8,985 746 8,882

1,024 237,500 950225,500

9,470

331

9,304

303

The number of Chinese living at the Peak and Stonecutters' Island is estimated at 1,760.

1

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to honses and floors in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey Four-storey

dwellings. dwellings.

dwellings.

dwellings.

Kowloon.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Total dwellings.

Total floors.

Average number of floors per Chinese Dwelling.

Chinese population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling.

Number of persons per Chinese floor.

Area in acres.

Old Kowloon, (2 urban Health districts),

802 22 732 2811,184

43

196

2 3,272 7,361

2.2 54,500 16.6

7.4 2,012

Kowloon City District,

605

456

ما

4

:

Sham Shui Po District,.

936

1 214

4

11

:

:.

:.

:.

1,070 1,539

1,166 1,406

1.4 | 7,450

1.2 | 6,550

6.9

4,8 2,758

5.6

4.6 2,068

- L 16-

Total 1913,..

2,343

231,402 |290|1,199

43 196

25,508 10,306

1.8 68,500 12.4

6.6 6,839

n

Total 1912,.

2,343 | 231,403 [280|1,187 | 30

196

2 5,474 10,213

1.9 68,900 12.6

6.7 6,838

1

L 17

BIRTHS.

The Births registered during the year were as follows:-

Chinese,....

Males.

1,963

Females.

Total.

1,429

3,392

Non-Chinese,

175

164

339

Total 1913.... 2.138

1,593

3,731

1912,...

1,687

984

2.671

""

This gives a general birth rate of 9.4 per 1,000 as compared with 7.1 per 1,000 in 1912 and 4.7 per 1,000 in 1911.

The birth and death rates are based on the estimated population of the Colony as given on page 12 and this does not allow for the temporary influx of Chinese already referred to; it is to this addi- tion that the increase in the birth rate both during 1912 and 1913 is no doubt partly due, while another factor would be the temporary suspension of the custom which prevails among Chinese women in Hongkong of returning to their native villages for the birth of their children.

The birth rate among the Non-Chinese community was 15.8 per 1,000 as compared with 16.2 per 1,000 in 1912 and 19.2 in

1911.

The nationalities of the Non-Chinese parents were as follows:— British 145, Portuguese 89, Indian 58, Malay and Filipino 18, German 14, American 3, Dutch 2, Annamite 2, and Spanish, French, Norwegian, Swedish, Dane, African, Arabian and Jew, 1 each.

The number of Chinese births registered does not give an accurate record of the number of births which have occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering births unless the child has survived for a month and often in the case of female children not at all, it is probable that the majority if not all of the infants which are sickly at birth or die before they have lived one month have not been registered. It is customary, therefore, to assume that all children of one month old and under who are admitted to the various Convents (being brought there sick by poor people) and all young infants found dead in the streets, harbour, hillsides, etc., by the Police, have been born in the Colony but not registered. By adding the number of such children to the number of the registered births it is assumed that a somewhat more correct number of births is obtained and from this is calculated a corrected birth rate.

The number of such children in 1913 was 450 males and 577 females, total 1,027 which being added to the registered births, makes a total of 4,758 as compared with 3,549 in 1912. The

18

corrected birth rate is, therefore, 12.6 while amongst the Chinese community alone the rate becomes 117 instead of 8.9 per 1,000.

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked amongst the Chinese, there being 137 males to every 100 females; in 1912. the proportion was 181 males to 100 females. With the addition of the 1,027 above mentioned unregistered births the proportion becomes 120 males to 100 females.

In the Non-Chinese community the proportion of male births to females births for 1913 was 107 to 100, as compared with 118 to 100 in 1912 and 114 to 100 in 1911.

DEATHS.

The deaths registered during the year numbered 8,435 (9,682 in 1912). The general death rate was, therefore, 21.16 per 1,000 as against 25.67 in 1912 and 20.74 in 1911.

As explained however in relation to the birth rate, no account has been taken in these rates of the abnormal influx of people which occurred during 1912 and 1913, and which would necessarily in- crease the death rate in the same manner as it has increased the birth rate.

The total number of deaths among the Chinese community was 8,200 which gives a death rate of 21.75 per 1,000 as against 26.33 in 1912 and 21.13 in 1911.

The deaths registered amongst the Non-Chinese community numbered 235 of which 185 were from the Civil Population, 28 from the Army, 7 from the Navy, and 15 from foreign navies and the mercantile marine.

This gives a death rate for the Non-Chinese community generally of 10.9 per 1,000 as compared with 14.5 in 1912 and 13.14 in 1911 and for the Non-Chinese resident civil population (estimating the mercantile marine population at 850) of 15.6 (21.7 in 1912).

The nationalities of the deceased were as follows:-British 67, Indian 64, Portuguese 58, Japanese 20, Malay and Filipino 13, German 6, French 2, Papuan 2, Austrian, Norwegian and Swede 1 each. This gives a death rate of 7.1 per 1,000 for Europeans and Whites (8.5 in 1912), 10.4 per 1,000 for East Indians (16.7 in 1912) and 20.4 per 1,000 for races classed as mixed and coloured (27.1 in 1912).

Table I shows the number and causes of deaths registered during the year.

L 19

The following Table of population (including Army and Navy), births and deaths is given for the purpose of ready comparison with similar Tables given in the reports from other Colonies:-

Number of inhabitants in 1913

(estimated). Exclusive of the New Territories, other than New Kowloon,

Number of Births in 1913,

of Deaths in

>>

17

of Immigrants in 1913,

99

of Emigrants in

"

Europeans

and

Whites.

Mixed and

Coloured.

Total.

11,000

3 6.130 377,470

3,917 398,520

169

58 3,410

93 3,731

78

:

64

8,213

80 8,435

:

,

of inhabitants in 1912, 10,946

Increase, .................................

Deerease,

166,921

| 142,759

2

6,085 356,440

3,710377,183

54

1

45 21,030 207 21,337

There is an enormous passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China, the passenger figures by river steamers alone being as follows:-

Arrivals 1,479,141; Departures 1,512,749.

While the figures by railway are :

Arrivals 296,614; Departures 250,437.

It must not be assumed, however, that the excess of passenger arrivals by rail and steamer over the departures (12,569) or the excess of immigrants over emigrants (24,162) necessarily represents an increase in the population of the Colony, for thousands of those who arrive in this manner subsequently leave for China by the more leisurely launch or junk, while the converse also holds good, and the numbers so leaving or arriving are not available.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 2,413 or 28.6 per cent. of the total deaths, as compared with 23.5 per cent. in 1912 and 31.8 per cent. in 1911.

The infant mortality among the Non-Chinese community during the year was 156 per 1,000 as compared with 113 per 1,000 in 1912 and 133 per 1,000 in 1911. The corresponding figure for England and Wales for the year 1912 was 95 per 1,000;

J

L 20

Among the Chinese population the deaths of the infants num- bered 2,360 (2,232 in 1912) while only 3,392 Chinese births were registered. Taking the corrected Chinese birth figure to be 4,419 as explained on page 17 it would even then appear that more than half of the Chinese children born in the Colony die in infancy. The Census return for 1911 showed however 1,180 Chinese infants under one year of age, and 24,738 Chinese children between the ages of one year and five years, while the Annual Report for that year showed that more Chinese infants died during the year than there were births registered; it is very evident therefore that a large number of children are brought into the Colony from the mainland of China.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from these diseases for the year was 2,537 (2,379 in 1912) of which 73 were among the Non-Chinese com- munity leaving 2,464 among the Chinese population; 637 out of this total occurred in infants under one year of age (561 in 1912).

Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis alone account for 914 deaths (786 in 1912), of which 885 were Chinese. Pneumonia caused 1,163 deaths (1,113 in 1912) of which 1,130 were Chinese. 524 of these deaths from Pneumonia occurred in infants under one year of age (446 in 1912).

The death rate among the Chinese from Respiratory Diseases was 6.5 per 1,000 as compared with 6.5 per 1,000 in 1912 and 7.0 per 1,000 in 1911; that for Phthisis alone was 2.3 per 1,000 as com- pared with 2.1 in the previous year.

The deaths froin Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis amongst the Chinese were 10.8 per cent of the total deaths amongst that community, as compared with 8.1 in 1912 and 10.0 in 1911; if other deaths from Tuberculosis are included the total amounts to 1,269 or 15.5 per cent of the total deaths among the Chinese (12.1 per cent in 1912).

Considerable efforts are still being made to put a stop to the inveterate habit of the lower class Chinese of spitting in public buildings and offices and on staircases, footpaths, wharves, etc. Notices have been posted in many public buildings, as well as in tramcars, ferry boats and other public vehicles, while lectures have been given and leaflets distributed, calling attention to the dangers incident to this habit. It is hoped in this way, coupled with the improved sanitary condition of the native dwellings, to gradually reduce the death rate from Phthisis. The fact that the soil in the lower levels (which are the most densely populated) is water-logged during the greater part of the year has no doubt much to do with the heavy mortality from this disease, but it is to be hoped that the influences of education will gradually effect a further reduction in our Phthisis mortality which at present stands at nearly double that of England and Wales, which, in the decennium 1891-1900 was only 1.3 per 1,000.

L 21

NERVOUS DISEASES.

The number of deaths from this heading for the year 1913 was 655 as compared with 501 in 1912 and 526 in 1911. Of these 509 were of Chinese children under 5 years of age, 370 being infants less than one year old. These deaths of Chinese infants comprise 285 deaths from Tetanus, Trismus, and Convulsions, and 85 deaths from Meningitis; the influence of the Public Dispensaries and of the Public Midwives is however being gradually felt, and these figures will, we hope, show a steady reduction. The year was an unhealthy one for infants, as evidenced by the high infant mortality among the Non- Chinese community, although the general death rate was low.

MALARIAL FEVER.

The total number of deaths from Malarial Fever during the year was 290 (as compared with 432 in 1912 and 338 in 1911), of which 88 were Non-Chinese. Of these 282 Chinese deaths, 110 occurred in the City of Victoria (214 in 1912), while there were 47 deaths in Kowloon (80 in 1912), 95 in the villages of Hongkong (81 in 1912), and 30 in Harbour (36 in 1912). Some of the deaths, however, which occurred in the City were cases brought over from Kowloon or from the Harbour, for treatment in the various City Hospitals; Wanchai (No. 2 Health District) with 18 deaths and Sai Ying Poon (No. 9 Health District) with 20 deaths were again the most infected Districts of the City. The Military figures also show that there has been a steady decrease in the amount of Malaria in- fection in the Colony. Of the deaths which occurred in the villages 33 were at Shaukiwan (23 from the land population and 10 from boat population) as compared with 34 in 1912; 53 at Aberdeen (13 from the land population and 40 from the boat population) as compared with 44 in 1912; and 9 at Stanley (3 in 1912).

Anti-malarial measures were first inaugurated in this City in 1899 and during the past year considerable attention has been paid to this work-special visits have been made by the Sanitary Inspec- tors in search of breeding places for mosquitoes, dense tangles of brushwood in the neighbourhood of houses have been cut down, quinine has been administered to school-children in certain selected districts, the trained nullahs have been regularly swept to prevent the formation of waterweed and algae and standing water has in places been treated with kerosine or with carbolated creasote at regular weekly intervals (including several acres of pools in Kow- loon), while such cases of Malaria as have come to the knowledge of the Sanitary Department have been investigated and steps taken to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes in the neighbourhood where they occurred. For this purpose weekly returns of all cases of Malaria admitted to the Hospitals are sent to the Medical Officer of Health, while information is also obtained from private medical practitioners as to special outbreaks of Malaria in any portions of the Colony and the death returns are scrutinized for deaths from this disease. Copies of a pamphlet entitled "Advice concerning Mosquitoes and Malaria", in both English and Chinese, have also been freely distributed to householders and every effort has been

L 22

(

made to induce them to take part in the work of mosquito destruc- tion. The amounts spent on nullah training for the years 1911, 1912 and 1913 were respectively $24,650, $27,225 and $18,140 while the total length of trained nullahs and channels built since the com- mencement of anti-malarial work in the Colony is 61,197 feet or 11.6 miles; the total cost of this work has been $291,570.

The Police Admissions to Hospital for Malaria for the past ten years are shown in the following Table :---

Average Percent- Strength

From

From rest of

Year.

the

Total.

the

City.

Colony.

Force.

of Police age of

Strength.

1904,..

1905,

42

1906,

1907

1908,..

32

1909,

1910,..

1911,..

1912,....

1913.

22KONKURAS

40

67

107

993

11

85

127

1,018

12

37

37

74

1,047

7

40

65

105

1,049

10

76

108

1,018

10

37

50

87

1,050

8

69€

135

1,039

13

83

113

1,031

11

51

88

1,120

8

68

95

163

1,170

14

Average

Average

10'8.

10:2

The following Table shows the total deaths in the Colony from Malaria during each of the past ten years:---

Total Deaths from Malaria.

Deaths in the City

Year.

Total Deaths.

(Chinese only).

1904,

90-

301

1905,

87

287

1906,

134

448

1907,

138

579

1908;.

133

499

1909

123

422

1910,

282

591

1911

176

338

1912

214

432

1913;..

110

290*

Average

Average

415.

423.

- L 23

Hygiene is taught systematically in all the schools in the Colony. Lectures have been written for this purpose by the Medical Officer of Health for the information and guidance of school teachers and special attention is paid in the lectures on Malaria to the mode of conveyance of the infection by the mosquito, the manner in which the mosquito breeds, and the measures to be adopted for its exter- mination.

The Military return of admissions for Malaria is given below from which it will be seen that the ratio per 1,000 is the lowest on record. Much of this infection is contracted in rural districts when the men are under training and camping out.

Admissions for Malaria.-European Troops.

Year.

Strength.

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Invalided. Ratio per 1,000.

1904,...

1,426

390

1905,

1,370

348

1906.

1,515

480

1907,.

1,416

287

1908,..

2,012

515

1909...

1,943

269

1910,.

1,887

334

1911..

1,849

232

1912,.

1,797

151

1913..

1,883

80

9 768.0

1

254.0

15 314.7

09401

10400~HOTO

12

196.0

17

256.0

138.4

177.0

125.5

84.0 42.5

Average

114

Average

$259

The admissions for Malaria amongst the Native Troops during 1912 were 326. The ratio of admissions per 1,000 for the last five years were 54.3 in 1909, 89.8 in 1910, 31.8 in 1911, 83.2 in 1912 and 83.9 in 1913.

Beri-beri.

There were 339 deaths (231 in 1912 and 320 in 1911) from this disease during the year all of which were among the Chinese community. During the past few years circulars have been distri- buted to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet without a sufficieney of other food, and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded. The influx of thousands of strangers from the neighbouring provinces is a suffi- cient explanation of the temporary rise in the number of deaths from this disease.

Infectious Diseases.

The total number of cases of infectious disease notified during the year was 1,013 (2,757 in 1912) of which 408 were of Plague.

Peak. Kowloon.

Harbour.

New Territories.

Villages of Hongkong.

No address.

Imported.

Total 1913.

Total 1912.

The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases:

City of Victoria: Health Districts,

1 2 3 4

TO

5 6 7

g 9

10

184081,847

147 9 18

7 16 38 201 138

29 5 15116

- L 24

1

3

16111

709

3

6148

38

26

13

3

:

:

3

1

:

5

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Plague,

3333

76

Typhoid Fever, ..

15

19 15 26

228

1 29 9 14 10 27 79

20

:

42

11

6 8 39

Cholera,

8 10

17

LO

6 57 10

Small-pox,

5 2

3

10

2

7

16

2.9

..T

CHI

21

11

1

15

7

...

134

10

Diphtheria,.

16

20 12 18

7

KO

20 3

4

Puerperal Fever,

3

1 1 2

1 3 2

2

16 9

3

3

Scarlet Fever,......

I

:

:

Relapsing Fever,

:

...

...

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

1

:

:.

L 25

Plague.

The incidence of Plague during 1913 was light, 408 cases being reported (1,847 in 1912) of which 18 were known to be imported.

The Medical Officer of Health, in the Report for 1912, attribut- ed the severe epidemic of that year to the serious overcrowding which had resulted from the influx of Chinese from the neighbour- ing provinces and which is believed to have led to a large increase in the rat population of the inhabited districts. The fact that the epidemic of 1912 was followed by a year in which the Plague in- cidence was light is in accordance with past experience in regard to the alternation of epidemic with non-epidemic years, the most probable explanation of which is that a large proportion of the re- maining rats are immune. The further rush of Chinese to the Colony during the latter part of 1913 is however likely to bring about the same conditions in 1914 as prevailed in 1912, with similar consequences to the health of the Colony.

An outbreak occurred in the village of Shaukiwan which has a population of 11,200 on land and 6,400 in fishing and other boats. In all 45 cases occurred-one each in January February, and March, 10 in April, 19 in May, 5 in June, 6 in July and 2 in August. The village contains many old and rat-ridden dwellings of the one-storied village type, and although considerable improvements have been effected of late years and a number of modern dwellings have been constructed for the employees of the Taikoo Dock, yet there still remains a large number of dwellings which it is impossible to render rat-proof without actual demolition and reconstruction.

The measures upon which the Colony relies for the prevention of Plague consist in (1) the exclusion of rats from all dwellings by means of concreted ground surfaces, the protection of all drain openings and ventilating openings by iron gratings, and the pro- hibition of ceilings, and hollow walls in new buildings and in those existing buildings from which they have been removed by order; (2) the collection and bacteriological examination of all dead rats-facilities for their collection in the native quarters are provided in the shape of small covered bins attached to lamp posts, telephone posts, electric light standards, etc. These bins contain a carbolic acid disinfectant, and the inhabitants are invited to at once put into them all rats found or killed by them. There are 650 of these bins distributed throughout the City and its suburbs, and each of them is visited twice daily by rat collectors who take all rats found in them to the Government Bacteriologist. Each rat is at once ́.labelled with the number of the bin from which it is taken, and if subsequently found to be plague infected, a special survey is at once made of the block of houses in the immediate vicinity of such bin, all rat-holes and rat-runs are filled up with broken glass and cement, defective drains and gratings dealt with, and rat poison freely distributed to the occupants, while the occurrence of several plague-infected rats in one locality is a signal for a special house-to- house survey and cleansing of that district. The disinfectant in the rat-bins is renewed not less than once a week; (3) the destruction of rats by poison, traps and birdlime boards; (4) the

L 26

encouraging of the community to keep cats; (5) the systematic cleansing and washing out of all native dwellings at least once in three months with a flea killing mixture-kerosine emulsion; (6) an efficient daily scavenging of all streets and lanes and the removal of refuse daily from all houses, coupled with the provision of covered metal dust-bins for all houses, to reduce as far as possible the amount of food available for rats; (7) the disinfection of Plague- infected premises by stripping them and washing them out thoroughly with the kerosine emulsion coupled with the disinfection of all bedding, clothing, carpets, rugs, etc., by superheated steam. No objection is raised to the treatment of Bubonic Plague cases in native Hospitals, and no restrictions are imposed in regard to the burial of those dead of Bubonic Plague, except the provision of a substantial coffin, while every effort is made by means of lectures, addresses and explanations to induce the native population to participate in these preventive measures.

There were 5 Non-Chinese cases-three Indians and two Asiatic Portuguese and 405 Chinese cases. The three Indians and one of the Asiatic Portuguese died; 282 of the Chinese cases died, which represents a case mortality of 94 per cent.

It is possible that some undiscovered cases may recover and that therefore the case mortality may not be quite so high as this.

During the year 87,043 rats were caught or found dead in the City of Victoria and the adjoining villages and 21,464 in Kowloon a total of 108,507 as against 89,970 in 1912. Those from the City and villages (the latter mostly from Shaukiwan) were examined by the Government Bacteriologist, Dr. Macfarlane, at the Public Mortuary and those in Kowloon by Dr. Pearse, the Assistant Medical Officer of Health and Dr. Smalley, with the result that 249 of those from the City or 2.9 per 1,000 and 45 of those from Kowloon or 2.1 per 1,000 were found to be infected with Plague.

It is interesting to contrast the Plague incidence among rats with its effects upon the human population. In 1912 the total number of infected rats found in the City was 390 (of which 56 were Mus Rattus), representing a ratio of 5.5 per 1,000 of the total rats obtained, and the number of human cases was 1,333: in 1913 the total of infected rats was 249 (22 being Mus Rattus) or a ratio of 2.9 per 1,000 and the number of human cases was 299.

Table III shows the monthly distribution of the Plague- infected rats during the year.

Typhoid Fever.

The number of cases of this disease during the year was 201 compared with 138 during 1912 and 107 in 1911; 16 of the cases were imported. The cases of European or American nationality numbered 44, while the Chinese cases numbered 136 and 21 cases occurred amongst the other Asiatic races in the Colony. One of the European cases (a British engineer), one Indian and one Japanese and 87 of the Chinese cases died,

-

L 27

In many of the cases of Typhoid Fever that occur in the Colony the infection is probably contracted by eating salads of raw yege- tables, which have been grown in Chinese market-gardens, where it is customary to water and manure the plants with diluted human excreta both urine and nightsoil. Residents in the Far East should carefully avoid such articles of food as water-cress, lettuce, etc., in view of this danger of contracting Typhoid Fever, Cholera, or intes- tinal parasites, all of which diseases may be conveyed in this manner. Oysters from neighbouring Chinese ports are also occasionally the source of infection.

It is a remarkable fact that no less than 42 of the Chinese cases occurred in children under 5 years of age.

Cholera.

For the first time for many years past an outbreak of Cholera occurred in the Colony during 1913. Reports had come in from neighbouring ports that Cholera was very prevalent and in August fifty cases occurred, almost all of which were on board fishing and cargo boats belonging to the village of Shaukiwan. The epidemic continued throughout September (28 cases) and October (26 cases), and then ceased. During the early part of the year five cases were imported by steamer, but these had no connection with the later outbreak. Fish was believed to be the principal source of infection, at least in the Non-Chinese cases which included a Japanese medical man, and two sailors from a Portuguese cruiser. The total number of cases reported was 116, five of which were Non-Chinese.

Small-pox.

During the year 111 cases of Small-pox were certified (709 in 1912 and 272 in 1911) of which 6 were Europeans, 3 were other Non- Chinese and 102 were Chinese; 15 of the cases were imported. A British ship's engineer and a West Indian passenger died; both were reported to have been vaccinated in infancy. Of the Chinese cases 18 had been vaccinated and of these 11 died and 7 recovered. Six of the non-vaccinated Chinese cases recovered and 68 died-of the remaining ten Chinese no information was obtainable as to vaccination.

The number of vaccinations for the year was 10,177 as com- pared with 16,155 in 1912 and 8,549 in 1911.

Efforts are made to secure the re-vaccination of school children and a memorandum has been issued to all school teachers in the Colony setting forth its advantages, while arrangements are made for re-vaccination free of cost at the schools on application.

Diphtheria.

""

One hundred and forty-eight cases of Diphtheria were notified throughout the year (38 in 1912), six of them being imported cases. 49 of the cases were Europeans and 24 were other Non-Chinese leaving 75 Chinese cases. The cases occurred mostly in the cool and dry season of the year--there being 14 in November, 17 in December, 15 in January, 16 in February, 25 in March and 30 in April--the remaining six months averaging only five cases each.

L 28

Fifty-six of the Chinese cases died; the Non-Chinese deaths comprised two Portuguese children, a British child and a British officer in the Mercantile Marine.

Puerperal Fever.

Twenty-six cases of this disease were notified throughout the year, (13 in 1912). All of them were Chinese; 17 of the cases died.

The Government employs nine Chinese midwives, trained in Western methods, to attend the poor in their confinements and during the year 2,329 cases were attended by these women as against 1,937 in 1912.

There were 91 cases of abortion, 47 still-births and one case of Puerperal Fever. 55 of the infants died during the year, and 289 were taken back to China, or lost sight of owing to removals; the remainder of the infants are well. Eight of the mothers died from accidents of child-birth, including the one case of Puerperal Fever; the causes of the other deaths being Placenta prævia (2), Eclampsia (2), post partum haemorrhage (1), Cardial failure (1), and Hemiplegia (1). INTERMENTS.

The following number of interments in the various cemeteries of the Colony have been reported during the year and in 1912--

General Cemeteries.

1912.

1913.

Colonial,

92-

71

Roman Catholic,

1,351

1,214

Mohammedan,

106

68

Jewish, ...

1

0

Parsee,

0

1

Japanese,

16

Total,

1,553

1,370

Chinese Cemeteries.

1912.

1913.

Mount Caroline,

639

508

Kai Lung Wan,

1,684

1,042

Tung Wah Hospital,

3,305

3,004

Protestant,

40

48

Eurasian,

4

4

Shaukiwan,

183

198

Aberdeen,

184

197

Stanley,

12

22

Shek 0,

5

3

Ma Tau Wai,

2,036

1,429

Au Pui Loong,

242

Shai Yu Shek, ...

102

116

Shai Yu Shek Christian Cemetery,

0

1

Kowloon Tong....

119

121

Kowloon City (Christian),

3

11

Chai Wan (Christian),

2

Total,

8,317

6,948

L 29

There were in addition 34 cremations of bodies during the year. No less than 1,026 of the interments in the Roman Catholic Cemetery were the bodies of Chinese children and of these 980 were infants that had been baptized at the convents and died there shortly after admission.

DISINFECTING STATION.

During the year the Disinfecting Stations (in Victoria and in Kowloon) dealt with 48,118 articles of clothing, bedding, etc., (91,498 in 1912).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 305 days and in addition 8,816 articles were washed, and 22 public vehicles were disinfected. The disinfecting apparatus in Kowloon was in use on 89 days.

PUBLIC BATH-HOUSES.

The free Public Bath-houses, erected by the Government at Wanchai and in Pound Lane, Taipingshan, and also the temporary bath-houses, fitted up in Chinese tenement houses rented for this purpose, at 92 Second Street and 2 Sheung Fung Lane, have been in considerable demand by the poor class of Chinese and the follow- ing figures show the total number of persons who have used these bath-houses during the year 1913:-

Wanchai, Pound Lane,

Second Street,

Sheung Fung Lane,

Total,

The number in 1912 were 387,263.

112,327

161,640

73,206

30,783

377,956

Separate baths, with an ample supply of hot water, are furnished at each of these bath-houses-that at Wanchai is for men only, and is largely used by the coal coolies engaged in coaling ships in the Harbour, and that at Second Street is also for men and boys only. The Pound Lane bath-house has separate buildings for men and for women and children and the Sheung Fung Lane bath-house is for women and children only.

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured not only at any hour of the night or day by telephoning (No. 363) to the Disinfecting Station, Tai Ping Shan, but additional ones are stationed at the following places for use by the Police in all cases of emergency :-

The Bay View Police Station.

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley.

Eastern District Sanitary Office (Queen's Road East). The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street.

The City Hall.

The Post Office.

L 30

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wah Hospital.

The entrance gate in Queen's Road West to the Govern-

ment Civil Hospital.

The Western District Sanitary Office.

The Cattle Depot, Kennedy Town.

Outside the City limits ambulances are also stationed at the Pokfulam Police Station, at No. 6 Police Station, Peak, at Aberdeen, Shaukiwan and Stanley Police Stations, at the Water Police Station at Tsim Sha Tsui and at Tai Po. Ambulances may be obtained at Kowloon by telephoning (No. 44K) to the Kowloon Disinfecting Station.

These are all hand ambulances on bicycle or light wooden wheels, with rubber tyres, and of the St. John Ambulance pattern.

Those stationed in the City are in the charge of the various District Inspectors, whose duty it is to see that they are kept clean and efficient, and that they are disinfected after use. At the Sani- tary Stations coolies are always available for the conveyance of these ambulances, but at the other Stations the police obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for this purpose, while if the ambulance has been soiled or used for an infectious case,t he Sanitary Department is notified so that it may be cleansed and disinfected at once.

Ambulances from the Disinfecting Stations and Branch Stations were used 720 times in Hongkong and 187 times in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Twenty-five samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the year, of which three were found to be adulterated. One sample of condensed milk, two samples of bread, four samples of coffee, one sample of butter, two samples of cocoa and two samples of tea were analysed and found to be genuine.

A number of tins of condensed milk, various kinds of pickles, sauces, and potted meats, some hams, cheeses and a quantity of fruit, all of which had become unsound were seized and destroyed. The purity of alcoholic liquors is dealt with by the police, who periodically submit samples for analysis.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, F.R.C.S. (Ed.),

Principal Civil Medical Officer.

FRANCIS CLARK, M.D., M.R.C.P., D.P.H.,

Medical Officer of Health.

February 12th, 1914.

L 31

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1913.

Navy,

Civil,.

British and Foreign Army, Community,

2

2

*

4 3

:

:

:.

:

:

AN

-SH

2

:

22 9 31

2

3

26

تت

9

2

10

:

:

:

LO

5 1

:

:

:

:

3

CO

6

1

26

13

:

:

:

197

30

8

:

1

74 40 47 85 127284110 15 52 259

10 116

332

2

I-

27

1

17 18 30:

2

6

2

48

3

60 8 52 1

ཚལ

73 | 331 | 194| 33 |361

91756 | 504 154 11

31

110 903 294 5447

8

13

72

122

96 16

6

5

17

81 148 759

6 50 37 47

:

20

17

31

18114 37 74 8 23

45 289185 23 11 14

21 199 92 1403

Q

:

:

:

:

:

16 8 42 33

1 53

9

2

3 39

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

8888

2

19

లు

5

12

40

69

2

:

56

:

:

:

:

:.

Co

:.

1

72 34 353

...

...

16 4

214

...

:.

9

24

Co

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

4

:

:

:

:

Victoria and

Peak,

47 3

Harbour,

6

6

Kowloon,

25

1

Chinese

Community,

Shaukiwan,

Aberdeen,

Stanley,

1

:

2

:

Total, 1913,

""

1912,

84 110 212 386 290

17 81 284 17 209 3 365 362|381|339 | 51

422 | 163 || 164 911 | 211 28

888

54 156 1322 5758435

2861811768 432 11 | 64 140 12.157 2 378 355 | 385231 43 558 | 190 |1113) 738 97 26 23

1398 83 1398 330 9682

84

90 60

P

30

565

87 21

+

January.

February.

March.

+

L 32

Table II.-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1913.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Relapsing Fever,

Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others,

Small-pox,

Plague,

Typhoid Fever,

Cholera,

Europeans,

Chinese, Others,

Europeans, Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese,

5

2

21

25

Others,

1

Europeans,

3

11

1

2

Diphtheria,

Chinese,

5

18

13

Others,

4

3

4

6

...

Europeans,

Puerperal Fever,...................

Chinese,

8

2

Others,

Europeans,

Scarlet Fever,.

...

2:12-

6

29

61

78

83

60

34

15

9

23

403

1

1

2

1

•••

1

4

1

4

5

11

5

3

2

5

3

18

16

20

19

21

10

136

2

2

4

50

28

26

}

1

111

1

:

3

1

1

1

103

...

3

10

4

2

3

9

1

4

3

7

1

1

...

...

...

:སྒྱུ8སྶ:ཌ1::8:ཨེ :::

408

1,812

1,847

5

35

44

33

201

88

138

17

116

1

1

20

111

669

709

3

20

49

3

148

24

333

38

24

11

2

26

26

11

13

2

7

3

1

8

3

...

3

:

Total for 1913,

66

52

71

84 95 119

101

146

98

Total for 1912,

:.

291

247

429 798 518

169

29

28

22

212

74

52

55

...

:

15

18

24

:

1,013

...

2,757

Total. 1918. Total.

1912.

7

L 33

Table III.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS DURING THE YEAR 1913.

Mus Rattus,..

Mus Decumanus,

CITY OF VICTORIA.

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September

October.

November.

December.

Total.

4

Mus Musculus,

Total infected rats,

4

Human cases of

Plague,

3 1

28 51 47

5

23

13

со

8

34 54 48

54 | 28

13

:

2 15

23

29

59

48

29

16

4

22

227

:

...

10

5

249

22

22

299

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS DURING THE YEAR 1913.

Mus Rattus,.. Mus Decumanus, Mus Musculus,

KOWLOON.

10

-9:

NA

::

i ai

99

10

Total.

41

Total infected rats,

Human cases of

Plague,

1

1 3 3 3 12 7

11

4 1 6

6 10 6

45

...

со

8

3

1

42

L 34

Annexe C.

REPORT BY ADAM GIBSON, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 38,677 an increase on the previous year of 3,960. In Kennedy Town 32,030 cattle were admitted an increase of 2,759 on last year.

There were 39 rejected alive as unfit for food against 72 in 1912. In Ma Tau Kok 6,647 head of cattle were admitted against 5,556 in the previous year and 77 were rejected alive as unfit for food against 44 in 1912.

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 217,044, an increase on last year's total of 1,685.

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 33,550 a decrease of 58 on 1912.

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

RINDERPEST.

Towards the end of the year a few sick cattle came in to the Depôts from the Sun On District and the cattle dealers stated that the disease was very prevalent in the neighbourhood of Swatow. The disease appeared to be of a somewhat mild type as before the end of the year it seemed to have disappeared.

TUBERCULOSIS.

As usual no cases were found in native cattle but four cast" cows from local dairies were destroyed on account of this disease.

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematorium for the year were:

Cattle including calves,

Sheep and Goats,

Swine,

Horses,

នង្គ

79

38

202

43

173

- 13,377

Dogs and miscellaneous animals,

Condemned meat from the

Slaughter House,

In addition to the above a great many cart loads of old papers from Government Offices and from private firms and unwholesome foods from private stores condemned by the Sanitary Department were destroyed.

L 35

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 the following

fees were collected:-

74 large animals at $2.00 each, 108 small animals at $0.50 each, Bone ash sold,

Total Receipts, -

$148.00

54.00

-

93.00

$295.00

The coal used amounted to 30 tons, 8 cwts., 104 lbs. @ $9.75 per ton-$296.85.

SLAUGHTER HOUSE.

Kennedy Town.-The total revenue was $77,940.65 made up as follows:-

Slaughtered.

1912.

1913.

$

C.

3,581.20

$ c. 31,250=12,500.00 17,278 3,455.60 197,189-59,156.70

Cattle @ 40 c.... 28,359=11,343.60

Sheep @ 20 c....

17,906

Swine @ 30 c.... 195,934-58,780.20

Exported.

Cattle @ 50 c..........

Sheep @ 10 c... Swine @ 10 c............

Totals,

303= 151.50 15,920 1,592.00

9,333= 933.30

313 156.50 16,264 1,626.40 10,452 1,045.20

$76,381.80

$77,940.65

Sheep @ 20 c........ Swine@ 30 c....

5,469 2,187.60 271- 54.30 37,679-11,303.70

Increase on 1912...$1,558.45.

Ma Tau Kok.-The total revenue was $13,962.60 and was made

up as follows:-

Slaughtered. Cattle @ 40 c........

J

1912.

$ C.

1913.

$ c.

6,659 2,663.60

308- 61.60 37,458-11,237.40

Exported.

Cattle @ 50 c......

6:

3.00

Sheep @ 10 c....

Swine @ 10 c....

4:

0.40

Totals,

$13,548.90

$13,962.60

Increase on 1912 $413.70.

The Slaughter Houses at Sai Wan Ho and Aberdeen were

leased to a Contractor.

- Ĺ 36

The total revenue from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter

Houses including contracts is as follows:-

Kennedy Town, fees collected,

Ma Tau Kok, fees collected,

Kennedy Town, Blood and Hair Contract,...

Ma Tau Kok, Blood and Hair Contract, Sai Wan Ho Contract,

Aberdeen Contract,

1912.

1913.

$76,381.80 $77,940.65

13,548.90 13,962.60

6,400.00

7,044.00

792.00

1.140.00

1,980.00

2,016.00

696.00

768.00

Total,...

$99,798.70 $102,871.25

Increase on 1912,...

$3,072.55

The total number of animals slaughtered for food was:-

1912. Cuttle. Sheep

and

1913.

Goats.

Swine. Cattle. Swine. Cattle. Sheep

and Goats.

Swine.

Kennedy Town, 28,359 17,906

Ma Tau Kok, 5,402

...

Aberdeen,...

Sai Wan Ho,

271

195,934 31,250 17,278 37,661 6,659 308

197,189

37,458

2,715 6,646

3,517

6,445

Total of all animals,...

Increase in 1913,

33,761 18,177 242,956 37,909 17,586 244,609

294,894

300,104

5,210

The figures for Aberdeen and Sai Wan Ho have been supplied by the Contractors.

The following Table shows the numbers of animals slaughtered during the past ten years :-

Year.

Cattle.

1904,...... 30,829

1905,......

26,758

1906,

27,141

1907..

27,631

1908,.

29,612

1909,......

30,848

1910,.

30,504

1911,...

30,371

1912,

33,761

1913,......

37,909

Average

Sheep and

Goats.

23,736

19,774

16,403

18,279

for 5 years, for 5 years,

32,678.

28,394.

Average

Swine.

181,046

186,059

200,586

206,124

185,231

182,791

223,705

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years,

17,745.

19,259.

18,104 17,855 17,439

17,671

18,177

17,586

227,597

242,956

244,609

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years, 224,351.

191,809.

L 37

New Territories.

In September Rinderpest was reported from the neighbourhood of Sha Tau Kok. Previous to that report there had been rumours as to the existence of the disease in the Sun On District. Enquiry at Sha Tau Kok showed that the disease existed and that in all probability it had been brought there by cattle from Sun On on their way to the Hongkong market. A little later sick animals were reported from Sheung Shui and there again cattle in transit from Sun On on to Hongkong appeared to be the cause of the trouble. Efforts were made by the police to limit the movements of cattle as much as possible and confine cattle for Hongkong to the main roads. These precautions together with the old Chinese custom of taking cattle to the hills and keeping them in shelters there until infection had died out appeared to be successful as no further extension of the disease were reported. So far as is known the number of deaths was not so severe as to interfere to any serious extent with farming operations.

Grass Supply for Government Bullocks.

The area of cleared land round Kennedy Town was further extended and 212 tons of grass were supplied to the draught bullocks of the Department. In 1912, 150 tons were so supplied. Towards the end of the year a considerable area behind the Kowloon Disinfecting Station was cleared and made ready for grass planting in the Spring.

Export of Lard to the Philippines.

The special factories erected at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town by the Chinese lard makers to comply with the Pure Food Laws of the United States of America have not been quite so busy. These factories are under the direct supervision of the Inspector of the Slaughter Houses and the following is the output of the factories for the year:-

Lard, ...

Dried meats,

1912. 1,199,342 lbs. 81,084 lbs.

1913.

840,917 lbs.

75,592 lbs.

The reason for the decrease given by the makers is the fall in price of lard owing to heavy competition from large packing houses in America.

Dairies and Cow Sheds.

The outbreak of Rinderpest mentioned in the annual report for 1912 as occurring in December on the Dairy Farm Company's premises lasted till May of 1913. The type of disease was a mild one with a long duration of illness and a small mortality.

Importation of Fresh Beef and Mutton.

As in former years the Dairy Farm Company were the only importers and imported 357,108 lbs. of beef and 393,600 lbs. of mutton from Australia.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the revenue derived from Markets :-

Markets.

1900 to 1909 (Average for

10 years).

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

C.

$

Central Market, .... Hung Hom Market,

47,302.17

53,714.73

59,457.76

60,850,80

60,199.20

2,376.67

3,935.05

3,940.80

3,756.50

3,746.50

Mong Kok Tsui Market,

833.98

1,093.80

1,076.00

1,050.00

1,159.80

Sai Wan Ho Market,

1,795.12

2,021.95

1,780.60

1,698.80

1,823.50

Sai Ying Poon Market,

11,553.48

13,514.32

14,016.94

14,781.60

14,806.00

Shaukiwan Market,

947.79

1,564.00

1,643.70

2,036.00

2,015.60

Shek Tong Tsui Market,

461.64

680.40

750.20

848.10

853.20

So Kon Po Market,

1,139.56

1,376.50

1,391,50

1,449.30

1,482.00

Tai Kok Tsui Market,

544,44

693.70

719.90

620.80

611.80

L 38

Tsim Sha Tsui Market,

1,146.20

3,963.60

3,969.00

.....

Aberdeen Market,

Wan Tsai Market, Western Market, (New), Western Market, (Old), Yaumati Market,

1

3,244.00

4,440.90

4,435.20

4,770,50

4,861.20

10,028.00* 12,549.30

14,384.80

15,288.20

13,239.70

23,080.25

20,109.16

21,750.90

22,623,20

20,260.40

5,132.99

6,752.50

7,398.00

7,938.50

9,149.30

387.00

496.00

Canal Road (opened April 1913),

Praya East (opened December 1913),

Reclamation Street (opened September 1913),. South Block Western (opened October 1913),

387,00

194.60

1,821,50

......

7,098.30

Staunton Street,

162.00

670.50

Total...

108,440.09

122,446.31

133,892.50 142,224,90

148,845,10

*4 years' average.

L 39

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY Dr. J. BELL, Superintendent.

I resumed charge in January and in November Dr. Koch returned from England and took over the duties of Assistant Super- intendent from Dr. Moore.

Sister Gourlay returned from home leave and Sisters Lee and Park went on long leave, the latter resiguing at home.

Sisters Wood and Girling joined vice Sisters Luckman and Park.

Wardmaster Regan returned from home.

STATISTICS.

The total number of Admissions was 2,793 as against 2,731 in 1912. In the out-patient department 13,778 prescriptions were dispensed as against 15,177 and 539 vaccinations were performed as against 878. The average daily number of sick was 85.7 as against 94.8.

The following Tables are attached:

1. Admissions and deaths under respective diseases.

2. Yearly admissions for Malaria from each police sta-

tion.

3. Number and class of patients admitted during last

ten years and deaths.

Women and Children :-There were 343 women admitted as against 333, with a death rate of 9.6 per cent., and 111 children, with a death rate of 15.3 per cent, against 136.

Deaths --The deaths numbered 178 making a percentage of 6.49 as against 194 with a percentage of 7.1. Of these deaths 80 occurred within 24 hours of admission.

Nationality of Patients admitted :-Europeans 553 as against 437, Indian and Coloured 771 as against 644, Asiatics 1,469 as against 1,288. The death rate was Europeans 2.3 per cent., Indians 3.6 per cent, and Asiatics 9.3 per cent.

L 40

DISEASES.

The most prevalent diseases were:—

Increase

or

1913. 1912.

Decrease.

Malarial Fever,

254

198

+56

Beri-beri,

52

26

+26

Influenza,

42

5

+37

Dysentery,

26

51

-25

Diphtheria,

31

16

+15

Tuberculosis,

82

68

+14

Rheumatism,

89

86

+ 3

Diseases of Respiratory System,

193

179

+14

Digestive

276

200

+76

""

Injuries,

608

636

-29

The largest number of deaths occurred in the following

diseases :-

Tuberculosis,

21 deaths.

Diseases of Respiratory Systein,

21

Digestive

11

""

Injuries,

58

New Growths:-The following cases of malignant disease were under treatment:-

Chinese male aged

""

22

49

""

50

>"

""

36

>>

34

""

""

>>

43

"

"

""

female

30

""

45

"

""

Sarcoma.

Lympho-Sarcoma. Sarcoma.

Lympho-Sarcoma. Sarcoma. Sarcoma.

Lympho-Sarcoma. Carcinoma.

Cingalese male aged 18

Sarcoma.

Fractures :-The principal fractures treated were:-

Skull,

Thigh,

Leg,.-

Spine,

Arm,-

Forearm,

Patella,

Pelvis,

Ribs, -

Clavicle,

Jaw, -

{

25, with 23 deaths.

10

17

2,

6

15

5

""

Malarial Fever:-The number of cases under treatment was 254 an increase of 56 over that of last year.

None were of any

special interest.

Ja

- Ì 41 -

Typhoid Fever: -20 cases were under treatment as against 37. Of this number 7 were imported cases. The death rate was 20 per cent. No abnormal cases occurred but two had severe hæmorrhages. They recovered and were treated with large doses of Calcium Chloride every 4 hours.

Dysentery: 26 cases with four deaths. All the amoebic cases have been treated entirely by daily injections of emetine after Rogers' method and this drug may now be looked on as a specific for this, in olden times, serious disease. Having seen number of cases in my 29 years practice I have been astonished at the rapid manner in which these cases now clear up under this method.

+

a fair

Liver Abscess : -3 cases were under treatment. Two were operated on successfully. In the case of the third after aspirating the liver and finding pus nothing further was done save to give a daily injection of emetine. The case rapidly recovered and is now, 6 months after, at work quite fit. Two other cases under hepatitis were typical clinically of liver abscess and both recover- ed with the same treatment. It would appear, therefore, as if the surgical treatment of liver abscess due to amoebae is a thing of the pasta fortunate matter considering the serious nature of the operation and the high death rate.

Appendicitis:-8 cases were under treatment: 5 Europeans, 2 Japanese and one Indian. All recovered, 7 after operation.

Diseases of Circulatory System :-The only interesting_case under this heading was a case of Stokes-Adams Disease (Heart Block). I believe there are only about 30 cases on record and this is the first any of us has ever seen. It is fortunately a rare disease as the treatment is of no avail and the disease is long and wearing. This patient eventually reached a steady pulse rate of 25 to 28 per minute.

Parasites (Intestinal) -1,045 cases were examined and 535 were found infected.

occurred 81 times.

Multiple infection Ascaris Lumbricoides Tricocephalus Dispar Opisthorchis Sinense

279

>>

"3

110

"

"

61 45

Ankylostoma Duodenale Toenia Solium

Oxyuris Vermicularis

Fasciolopsis Buski

4

""

"

3

2

23

Filarial disease occurred only twice, in one case of elephantiasis

of the scrotum and one of elephantiasis of the labium.

L 42

Poisons:- -19 cases were under treatment due to opium (7), datura (3), veronal (2), belladonna (1), morphia and lysol (1), lysol (1), Japanese anise (1), fish (1), coal gas (1), and one unde- termined.

20

Operations :--Among the major operations performed were 7 cases of appendicitis, 6 cases of vesical calculus, 1 cholecystotomy, 12 cases of radical cure of hernia, 2 cases of strangulated hernia, 2 cases of liver abscess, 1 case of uterine fibroids, laparotomy for wound of liver (1), wound of intestines 4 and tubercular peritonitis 2, 2 cases of ovariotomy, 2 cases of ruptured spleen, 2 cases of hysteropexy, 2 cases of shortening the round ligament, 3 cases of radical cure of hydrocele, 1 case of radical cure of ventral hernia, 1 of ruptured umbilical hernia, 3 cases of opening and flushing the knee joint and 1 case of carcinoma of the breast.

SICKNESS AMONG THE POLICE, GAOL AND SANITARY Staff.

Police.

The average strength of the force was 1,225 consisting of 175 Europeans, 612 Indians and 438 Chinese.

Admissions:-There were 771 under treatment as against 540.

Deaths:-1 European from pneumonia, 1 Indian from malarial fever and 3 Chinese from beriberi.

Invaliding :-Twenty men were invalided as against 11 last year, 2 Europeans, 13 Indians and 5 Chinese.

Sick Rate:-

Europeans

86.2 per cent, as against 76

1

Indians

Chinese

Mortality Rate:-

Europeans

Indians

Chinese

-

72.5 41.1

74

""

""

""

""

18

*

""

33

0.57 per cent. as against 0.63

0.16 0.68

0.45

""

""

""

""

0.53

""

>>

Diseases :-The chief diseases were:-

Venereal

Phthisis

Beri-beri

Dysentery

Typhoid Fever Diphtheria Hepatic Abscess Sprue -

39 cases.

12

""

18

4

1

23

""

1

""

Malarial Fever

143

""

1

L 43

a

With reference to the last disease Europeans suffered to the extent of 5.7 per cent. as against 7 per cent., Indians 16.17 per cent. as against 12.2 per cent. and Chinese 7.7 per cent. as against 5.5 per cent.

The Gaol Staff.

There were 55 admissions as against 56 last year the force being 98 strong. There were no deaths and 4 Indians were invalided 3 for phthisis and 1 for heart disease.

Sanitary Department.

There were 23 admissions as against 77 last year. There were no deaths. Four Indians and 1 Chinese were invalided.

Maternity Hospital.

There were 213 admissions as against 144 this being the largest on record. One death occurred in a Chinese from placenta prævia. Of the admissions 110 were paying patients, 28 wives of Govern- ment servants and 75 free. Of the European patients 47 belonged to the Garrison as against 22 in 1912 and 38 in 1911.

Forceps were applied in only two cases and craniotomy was done twice for contracted pelvis, the mothers in both cases doing well. There were 3 cases of placenta prævia. Four cases of breech presentation and one of foot occurred and one

twins.

case of

L

Diseases.

L 44

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1913 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1912.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis-

sions. Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Whooping Cough,

Small-pox,

Measles,

3

♡ 24

Scarlet Fever,..

2

2

Dengue,

12

12

...

Influenza,

42

42

Diphtheria,

3

28

3

31

Febricula,

1

35

36

Enteric Fever,

1

19

2

Cholera,

3

3

Dysentery,

25

26

Mumps,

19

19

Plague,

1

7

6

8

Malarial Fever:

1. Quartan,

4

4

1

2. Simple Tertian,

124

124

3. Malignant,

1

125

3

126

3

4. Mixed Infection,

5. Chronic Malaria Poisoning,

...

6. Sub-tertian,

Paratyphoid Fever, ................

Beri-beri,......

Erysipelas,

Pyæmia,

Septicæmia,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

Leprosy,

(a) Tubercular,

8

(b) Anæsthetic,

Vaccinal Fever, Chicken Pox,

1

50

7

52

Ι

1

2

2

4

78

21

2

1

:སྨམ

6

...

4

4

Pneumonia,....

Cerebrospinal Fever,

Carried forward,...... 16

595

50

611

13

· L 45

le I.

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Total

Hospital

at end

Admis-

of 1912.

sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain-

ing in Hospital

at end

of 1913.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1912.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end

of 1913.

1

13

ww: 5 N:

19

2

:~

2

: N

a:

: 60

2222232

22

19

3

3

13

:

1

3

:

-:

6

2

2

3

1

I

40

Ew: 5:

40

20

20

2

:

19

19

1

11

:

11

...

10

10

8

31

31

1

1

7

2

3

1

3

116

1

116

3

1

116

...

3 117

...

...

...

***

...

...

...

...

دن

3

- L 46

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1913 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1912. sions.

Yearly Total.

Total

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

Brought forward,...

16

595

50

611

13

GENERAL DISEASES.- Cont.

Syphilis,

(a) Primary,

(b) Secondary,

(c) Tertiary,

(d) Inherited,

Gonorrhoea,

Sprue,

Rickets,

Alcoholism,

Rheumatism,

Rheumatic Fever,

Cyst,

New Growth, Non-malignant,

New Growth, Malignant,

Anæmia,

Debility,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :--

6

::

10

5

69

K

75

1

1

56

888

40

41

1

88

89

2

1

1

3

7

8

3

1

12

47

1♡♡

3

13

47

48898

1

:

Neuritis,

Meningitis,

3

1

Hemiplegia,

Myelitis,

Sclerosis,

:

Functional Nervous Disorders:

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

.....

Hysteria,

1

2

1

1

2

26

28

2

- COM

I

Carried forward,...... 35 960

62

995

29

4

1

L 47-

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of 1912.

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

at end

of 1913.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1912.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

:

116

1

116

3

1

116

3

117

3

1

...

...

...

1

5

4

5

1

1

1

1

2

...

1

6

h

1

...

6

62

...

2

***

2

...

1

CO

6

2

1

4

6

3

...

ลง

2

1

2

1

:

2 136

1

:

...

18

18

6

Co

Co

6

...

7

19

19

79

3

13

2

..

1

...

2

2

::

...

3

...

...

2

~

:

2

10

5

138

3

2 186

4

188

4

Diseases.

L 48

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1913 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1912.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis-

sions. Deaths. Treated.

at end of 1913.

Brought forward, ...

35

960

62

995

29

LOCAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Mental Diseases :-

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Delusional Insanity,

21

:

1

...

...

2

...

Diseases of the Eye,

+

55

59

3

Ear,

1

6

7

19

27

}}

"

Nose,...

5

5

""

Circulatory System,...

20

1

20

2

""

>>

Respiratory System,..

10

183

21

193

8

وو

""

Digestive System,

6

270

11

276

10

""

""

Lymphatic System,..

1

41

42

""

""

Urinary System,

1

42

7

43

3

"

""

Thywid Body,

:

12

"}

Male Organs,

2

""

""

Female Organs,

1

22

Organs of Locomotion,

"

""

""

Cellular Tissue,

5

Skin,

84883

2111

69

71

44

1

45

58

59

60

3

65

2 2 3 4

55

56

*

""

"

Injuries, General,.

Immersion,

Effects of Heat,

Malformations,

Poisons,

Parasites,

Under Observation, In Attendance,

Local,

Parturition....

Born in Hospital,. With Mother,

24

584

58

608

14

14

14

...

37

37

1

12

12

1

19

4

19

2

50

52

1

85

86

:..

25

25

...

:

...

...

...

Total,.

95 2,698 178 2,793

83

L 49

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL. ·

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1912.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Remain-

Cases

Admis-

Deaths. sions.

Treated,

ing in Hospital at end of 1913.

ing in Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Hospital

Cases

Hospital

at end of 1912.

Admis-

sions.

Deaths. Treated. at end

of 1913.

2

136

5

138

3

2

186

4

188

4

...

}

...

::

::

1

3

- 00

::

...

:::

10

5

1 17

1

3

1

...

...

...

3

13

:

:

2

...

5

3

18

1

1

3

1

...

10

1

...

10

1

3

9

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

:

1

...

24

2

4

21&

:

:::

:::

HA N

2

1

::

1

...

...

11

1

11

46

2

48

1

29

25

1

26

1

8

8

...

...

1

...

:::

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

227

5

2

7

...

...

27

...

...

::

1

245

36 1,720

11

11

...

5

5

10

3

3

...

1

1

...

10

10

***

CO

3

221

8 224

8

* All opium.

...

...

::

2

...

270

1

5

2

:::

1

:::

27

1*

...

...

245

1,756

68†

...

...

2

...

...

...

412 305

10 2,346

79

† Out-patients.

L 50

Table II.-Showing prevalence of Malarial Fever in the different Police Stations during 1913.

Station.

No of Cases.

Percentage

Increase or Decrease

to

Strength.

over 1912.

Central,

40

10.8

No. 2,

7

17.5

7,

8

13.3

8,

1

1.6

Aberdeen,

3

15.7

Stanley,

6

66.6

Shaukiwao,..

2

8.3

Shek Q,

1

50.0

Gough Hill,

I

4.7

Tai O,.......

1

6.2

Water Police,

4.0

Yaumati,...

4.4

Kowloon City,

1

6.2

Hung Hom,

1

4.5

Sham Shui Po,

2

11.7

Tai Po,

23

143.7

+11+1++ 1 + 1 + 1+++ |

1.2

+ 17.5

4.7

1.6

5.3

+ 22.2

21.1

+ 50.0

18.0

6.2

2.1

0.2

6.2

9.1

5.7

+130.4

Sha Tau Kok,

7

41.1

+ 27.8

Ping Shan, San Tin, Sheung Shui, Au Tau, Tsun Wan, Tung Chung, Sai Kung,

COLO ∞ ∞ 10 10 1

15.7

+ 15.7

5

38.4

+ 38.4

2

13.3

6.7

61.5

+ 53.8

45.4

+ 7.9

50.0

+ 35.7

10.0

2.5

Total,.........

143

11.6

6.I

7

Table III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

Class of Patients.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

Police,

707

726

742

776

660

633-

613

519

657

771

Paying Patients,

794

866

720

762

724

669

391

631

735

667

Government Servants,

276

271

339

367

315

250

352

188

249

257

Police Cases,

262

329

307

318

285

287

132

313

380

370

Free,

555

512

637

488

543

555

674

719

710

728

L 51

Total,..

2,583

2,704 2,745

2,711

2,527

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

Total Deaths,

128

150

167

170

157

131

147

173

194

178

Percentage,

4.1

5.6

6.0

6.2

6.2

5.4

5.6

7.3

7.1

6.4

L 52

Annexe E.

#

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. C. JOHNSON, Medical Officer in Charge.

Dr. Johnson arrived in the Colony on the 15th January and assumed duty on that date.

Buildings.-These were maintained in good order, and the triennial painting and overhauling was carried out.

Nursing Staff-Five of the Sisters and one of the Nurses of the Medical Department were on duty during the year for varying periods, as required.

Admissions.-There were 224 admissions during the year as compared with 234 in 1912. Eight deaths occurred, all of which were in infants, with the exception of one adult who died of Sprue, as did her twin infants, both of whom suffered from the same disease from their birth.

Malarial Fever.-There were 43 cases of this disease admitted, 32 such cases having been admitted in 1912.

They were classified as follows:

Quartan,

Benign Tertian,

Sub-tertian,

Chronic malarial poisoning.

1

3

31

8

The cases of Malaria were distributed throughout the year as

follows:-

January,..

.......2.

.2. February,......0. April,.....1. May,.. ..2. July,.... ..4. August,........ ..1. October, ......9. November,....2.

March, ......4. June, ..........7. June,...... September, ...8. December, ...3.

1

L 53

Annexe F.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. V. M. Kосн, Medical Officer.

During the year there were 259 patients under treatment. 140 cases were brought in by the Police.

There were 34 paying patients (39 in 1912). The deaths numbered 17, being 65% of the number under treatment (10.7% in 1912).

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1913.

Europeans.....

Indians,

Chinese,

Other Nationalities,.....

Remain-

ing at Admit- end of ted.

1912.

Total Number treated.

Remain-

Dis- charged.

Died.

ing at

end of

1913.

M. F. M. F. M. F. M F. M. F. M. F.

10

5

21 4 26

10

5

19 2 3

H

0

0

6 0 6 0

Co

6

0

0

10

5

1 134 70 139

71 120 68 12

2

2

10

5

10

5

7

5

10

0

3

Total,.....

11

4 165

79 176 83 150 71 15

4

2

11

7

L 54

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1913.

Yearly Total.

Diseases.

Remaining in Hospital at end of 1912.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Dis- charged.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

Malaria,

Plague,....

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases

of the Nervous

System :-

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous Dis-

orders :-

Epilepsy,

SUB-SECTION III.

Mental Diseases

I

Remaining

Total Cases in Hospital

Treated.

17 1

3

15

18

1

1

...

1

A

at end of

1913.

3

1

Imbecility,

3

Idiocy,

1

Mania,

9

82

80

91

Melancholia,

Dementia,

~~

2

18

18

2

21

15

Delusional Insanity,..

2

Under Observation,

Total, 1913,......

1912,

93

Co

3

86

72** *

20

23

THQ 10 2

4

2

5

93

4

128

15

244

17 224

259

18

30

213

26

202

243

15

+

£55

Annexe G.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS, KENNEDY TOWN.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer in Charge.

Buildings. The buildings have been well cared for during the year and several minor repairs undertaken. Gas for illumina- tion has been installed in the Sisters' Quarters.

All of the patients treated suffered from Small-pox.

In all nine cases were treated (35 in 1912).

Between January 17th and May 5th 8 patients were treated with 2 deaths. Of the patients who died one was moribund on admission and the other was a confluent case in an old and enfeebled man.

Nationalities of Patients.-English 6, Japanese 1, West Indian 1.

In December a case was imported from the North. Although the patient was 62 years of age and had only been vaccinated in childhood he made a quick and uninterrupted recovery.

The following gives the relationship between Vaccination and the severity of the disease (as judged by the eruption being Discrete or Confluent):-

Confluent,

.....

Discrete,

Vaccinated in childhood and

at least once after.

Vaccinated in childhood only.

0

4

2

TUNG WA SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE),

Buildings. The buildings have been maintained in good repair and in a cleanly condition. Towards the end of the year electric light was installed throughout the Hospital. Separate telephonic communication has also been obtained.

Small-pox, Plague and Cholera were treated.

L 56

Small-pox Cases.

Patients admitted,

-36

Died, -

-21

Under Observation,

- 1

Discharged,-

-14

Of these cases 33 chose Chinese treatment with 20 deaths (60.6%) and 2 Western treatment with 1 death (50%).

The case under observation proved not to be Small-pox.

Plague.-One case of Pneumonic Plague was treated in this Institution for Public Health reasons. The patient died.

Cholera.-Admissions 59. Deaths 53.

In addition to these cases 9 cases with 8 deaths were recorded in the main Tung Wa Hospital.

Of these cases 7 were treated by European methods with 2 recoveries. In suitable cases hypertonic saline was used. In a large number of the admissions it was remarked that the "typho- cholera" stage had not been reached and yet death supervened. One patient was a ward attendant but fortunately the disease in him ran a mild course and recovery took place.

1

י

- L 57

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings. The prison buildings and yards are well cared for, and the general sanitary conditions are satisfactory.

Gaol Hospital.-The total admissions during the year were 324 (183 in 1912).

The admissions to hospital were 4.74% of the total admissions to the Gaol as against 2.94% in 1912.

The number of cases of Malaria treated was ten. There were no deaths from this disease.

The following is the number of cases of Malaria treated during the past ten years:-

1904

59

1909

13

1905

52

1910

16

1906 -

22

1911

3

1907 -

56

1912

12

1908 -

-

68

1913

A

-

10

There were 40 admissions (23 in 1912) grouped under the heading of Febricula. In these cases, no Malaria parasites could be found, and the fever although in some cases high was always of short duration.

Nineteen cases of Dysentery were treated in hospital with one death. In 1912 there were five admissions with no death.

Twenty cases of Typhoid Fever occurred of which one died, seventeen recovered, and two are under treatment.

The following were the

diseases :-

admissions on account of other

Debility,

19

Anæmia,

7

Injuries,

7

Syphilis,

8

Opium Habit,

27

Gonorrhoea,

2

Phthisis,

15

""

Digestive System,

Circulatory System,

Respiratory System,

11

with 1 death

2 deaths

2

""

1 death

-

25

1

""

-

Cellulitis,

31 7

Mental Disease,

7

Lymphatic System,

8

Skin Diseases,

There were six admissions for Beri-beri with one death as

against two in 1912.

58

The total number of out-patients treated was 1,981 (783 in 1912). The principal diseases were:-

Scabies,

132

Ringworm,

151

Other Skin Diseases,

138

Injuries,

101

Diseases of the Ear,

28

Diseases of the Eye,

51

Syphilis,

91

Gonorrhoea,

49

Opium Habit,

61

Rheumatism,

70

Debility,

46

Digestive System,

·505

Respiratory System,

220

There were 10 deaths during the year (12 in 1912), all from natural causes.

Out of 273 cases detained for observation, 28 were admitted to hospital, 65 were treated as out-patients and 180 were found to be malingering.

3,199 prisoners were vaccinated during the year. Of these, 846 were successful, 705 were unsuccessful, and 1,648 could not be examined owing to their discharge on expiration of sentence.

The health of the prisoners during the year has been satis- factory, and the number of deaths and discharges from prison on medical grounds compares favourably with previous years.

The following prisoners were permanently discharged from gaol on medical grounds:-

Chronic Bronchitis,

Insanity,

1

Tuberculosis,

Small-pox,

Leprosy,

2

Beri-beri,

1

Chronic Opium Poisoning,

2

Septicemia,

1

Heart Disease,

1

Debility,

1

16

Total discharges 16 as compared with 22 in 1912.

GENERAL REMARKS.

Typhoid Fever.-An increase in the number of typhoid cases occurred during 1913. The probability is that for the most part the disease was contracted through contact with persons who had

A

!

L 59

already suffered from typhoid and were "carriers" of the infection. One case only proved fatal, giving a mortality of five per cent.

In order to obviate as much as possible the danger from "carriers", the following precautions are taken:-

(1) All prisoners connected with the cook house are thoroughly examined in order to make sure that there are no "carriers employed in this work.

(2) Special precautions have been taken with regard to the sanitary buckets; lids are kept on them when on the open ramp, thus preventing flies from gaining easy access and disseminating the virus. Seventy-eight buckets have been so made that they are always retained in the same cell, so as to prevent an interchange of buckets. Should the system prove satisfactory, it is hoped that in time all prisoners sentenced to six months or more may be supplied with a separate bucket.

(3) Patients who have suffered from typhoid are isolated for a period after discharge from hospital and urotropine is administered to them.

(4) The ordinary disinfection of floors, spittoons and latrines is carefully attended to as heretofore.

(5) All food in the least likely to be contaminated is thorough- ly boiled before being given to the prisoners.

In addition to those developing typhoid in the gaol, several of the cases came into the gaol already infected, as proved by their incubation period. From observing some cases which came for treatment as late as the second week of the disease, I feel sure that many "ambulant" cases of typhoid occurred.

Chronic Opium Poisoning.-A greatly increased number of prisoners suffering from the effects of this habit were admitted, and they improved under treatment, although no cases were treated in hospital which were not in a fairly advanced state of that general debility and mal-nutrition which are such marked symptoms of the chronic opium smoker.

Rate of Sickness and Mortality in Victoria Gaol.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of ~

Kate per cent. of :-

Prisoners admitted

to Gaol.

Admissions to Hospital.

Cases treated as

out-patients.

Deaths due to

Disease.

Prisoners in

Gaol.

Sick in

Hospital.

Hospital Out-patients.

Admissions to

Hospital to Total Admissions

to Gaol.

Daily Average Sick in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of all Sick in Gaol to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Disease to Total Admissions

to Gaol.

1912, 6,236 183 783 11 701 508 25·00|

2.94

0.72

4.29

0-18

1913, 6,822 324| 1,981

10702 12-08 | 53.85

4.74

1-72

9.39

0.14

L 60

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer.

From January to May 12th the work of this department was carried out by Drs. Allan and Heanley, the latter taking charge of the Public Mortuary.

During the remainder of the year Dr. J. T. Smalley has carried out the whole of the work.

The Report on the Public Mortuary with statistics (which is attached) shows a decrease of 428 post mortems as compared with the previous year, this is entirely due to a decrease of 562 in the number of cases of Plague and Small-pox as compared with 1912.

During the year 21,464 Rats were sent to the Mortuary for examination by the Medical Officer, 45 of them were found to be Plague-infected.

Mr. P. D. R. Naidu acted as Assistant to the Medical Officer throughout the year.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

The health of the European Staff has been good.

There have been a few cases of Malaria, Dengue, and Dysentery Two of the Staff went on sick leave, one after an attack of " boils and the other after a severe attack of Dysentery.

It is

Amongst the Chinese and Indian Staff there has been a certain amount of Malaria, the figures however show a decrease as com- pared with 1912--the result probably of weekly quinine injections instead of mixtures or pills much of which are never taken. a known fact that quinine pills sent out to the New Territories have found their way to the market to be retailed at considerable profit, whilst I have found full bottles of medicine in the houses of the station staff weeks after it has been sent out to them.

The vast majority of Malarial cases came from the staff of Taipo and Fanling Stations. There was one case of Bubonic Plagne and 3 of Mumps amongst the staff at Hunghom.

Leave of absence, on account of sickness, was granted on 160 occasions, the average duration of the leave was about 2 days.

The clearance of the station latrines by a contractor did not work at all satisfactority and now each Station Master is held responsible for the sanitary condition of his station. At Yaumati, Hunghom and Kowloon Stations the nightsoil is removed by the sanitary authorities.

L 61

1

There were four fatal accidents on the line during the year, three Chinese women being run over and one gang coolie being killed in jumping from the train when in motion.

There was the usual number of minor accidents.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

There has been a large diminution in the number of Plague and Small-pox cases. Only 3 cases of Small-pox were treated in February at the Kwong Wa Small-pox Hospital all of whom recovered. In 1912 there were 31 cases of Small-pox treated at this branch hospital, which I understand will not be used in 1914.

The Kowloon Mortuary returns show a decrease of 562 cases of Small-pox and Plague as compared with the previous year.

A large number of vaccinations have been performed in the Territories. 667 have been performed by the vaccinator in the Sheung Sui District: of these 98 per cent. were successful. The figures for the Tsun Wan District are not available. At the Kowloon Dispensary 17 vaccinations—none of them primary-were performed, 6 of which were successful.

There are Dispensaries at Taipo Market and at Taipo, both of them are in charge of Chinese Dispensers and are visited frequently by the Medical Officer or his Assistant.

The Dispensary at Taipo Market was found to contain a large amount of unnecessary furniture and stores, some of the former was bsorbed into the Kowloon Dispensary, but the majority of the articles were returned to store at the Government Civil Hospital.

The Dispenser at Taipo is paid by the Railway Department and attends Railway servants only.

The following Table gives the number of cases treated at the two Dispensaries :-

Skin Diseases,

Ulcers,

-

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Respiratory System,

Diseases of the Digestive System,

Malaria,

Total,

-

Taipo Market. Taipo.

13

49

184

72.

18

6

29

138

103

359

253

The health of the Police Force has been satisfactory.

L 62

Amongst the European members there has been a considerable amount of digestive trouble, owing I think mainly to lack of

exercise.

Many of the Force are ex-Service men and come from a life of considerable activity and a simple dietary to one of diminished activity and increased dietary. One European constable committed suicide and another died from Pneumonia.

Amongst the Indian constables there has been a certain amount of Malaria, but practically limited to those stationed outside Kowloon.

The following Table gives the number of admissions for Malaria to the Government Civil Hospital from six of the main stations :—

Tai Po, Au Tau, Ping Shan,-

Sheung Sui,

Tsun Wan, -

20

8

3

4

At Tai O there was an outbreak of disease which clinically resembled Cholera which was followed-a fortnight later-by an outbreak of what was proved to be definitely Cholera at Shaukiwan. Unfortunately no material was obtainable at Tai O for bacterio- logical examination. It will be interesting to see if it recurs at the same season in 1914.

At the Kowloon Dispensary 4,097 cases were treated-2,510 of these were new cases and 1,587 old-while 3,562 prescriptions were dispensed.

TABLE OF NEW CASES FROM KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES

TREATED DURING 1913.

(Exclusive of these treated at Tai Po and Tai Po Market

Dispensaries.)

GENERAL DISEASES :-

Whooping Cough,

Mumps,

Pneumonia,

-

Small-pox, Dengue Fever, Influenza,

Enteric Fever,

Dysentery,

Malaria,

Beri-beri,

1

12

3

10

2

5

42

2

75

194

7

C

Tuberculosis

L 63

(a) Glands, (b) Phthisis,

(c) Bone,

6 28

Leprosy,

Syphilis :-

I,

1

II,

20 45

III,-

5

Gonorrhoea,-

80

Rheumatism,

63

Alcoholism,-.

2

Gout, -

2

New Growths (Benign),

13

Debility,

125

Total,

746

LOCAL DISEASES :---

Nervous System, Circulatory System, Digestive System, Respiratory System,

Generative System :-

(I) Male,

(II) Female,

Urinary System,

I

Lymphatic System,

Of the Organs of Locomotion,

""

Eye, Ear,

Nose,

"

Cellular Tissue,

Skin,

Injuries :-

(I) Severe,

(II) Others,

Poisons:-

(1) Dog-bite,

P

(II) Vegetable Alkaloid,

(III) Aniseed,

-

(IV) Other Poisons,

47

10

394

278

27

48

28

10

25

96

55

10

221

128

1

36

198

17

1

4

L 64

-

Parasites

(1) Ascaris Lumbricoides, (II) Oxyuris Vermicularis, (III) Guinea Worm,

Surgical Operations, major,

Total,

104

11

1

6

- 1,764

Total New Cases, - Total Old Cases, -

Grand Total,-

-

2,510 1,587

- 4,097

}

1

པཐ་ ཟས་

L 65

Annexe J.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

It is again a pleasant duty to return thanks for the munificent generosity of the Chairman (Mr. Un Kam Wa) and Directors.

The Directors have been most painstaking in conducting the hospital, and they have also in a very practical way shown their desire for the good of the institution by the necessary supply of funds. One of the most convincing proofs of the hospital's advance is the fact that in ten years the expenditure has risen from $50,000 to $100,000.

Having taught the medical students of the University for a year I am aware of how greatly they appreciate the valuable field afforded by the Tung Wa Hospital for clinical work.

Buildings and Equipment. The hospital's general condition has been well maintained, and the staff performed their difficult work in excellent manner. The accommodation of the hospital remains the same, viz., 330 beds in the hospital proper, and 60 in the Refuge for destitutes.

Staff-Dr. G. H. Thomas has acted during the year as Resident Medical Officer. He has been assisted by Dr. Song Chong Chai, and for some time by Dr. Chan Shui Yee. The other members of the staff remain the same as in 1912.

Statistics.-The total number of admissions to the hospital numbered 4,706 as against 4,119 in 1912.

There were 204 patients remaining over from 1912, so that the total number of cases treated during the year was 4,910 (4,278 in 1912). Of this total, 3,425 were discharged, 1,274 died in hospital, and 211 were under treatment at the end of the year,

Two hundred and ninety-three cases were admitted in a moribund condition. If this number be deducted from the total admissions, there remains a balance of 4,617 who were able to make their choice of treatment. The number of patients under Western and Chinese methods of treatment were as follows:

Chinese Western

3,018} 4,617

1,599

giving a percentage of 65.37% for Chinese treatment and 34.63% for Western treatment. This shows a slightly reduced percentage for European treatment as compared with 1912, but as many patients select European treatment after one or two days of Chinese treatment and are still shown on the register as being under Chinese treatment, it will be readily understood that the percent-

7

L 66

ages are not quite accurate. It is probable that forty per cent. represents more nearly the number who elect to be treated by European methods..

The number of visits to the out-patient department was 107,395 (102,333 in 1912). Of this number, 96,487 selected Chinese treatment, and 10,908 Western treatment.

There were 374 vaccinations during the year at the hospital or in connection with it (1,627 in 1912). This extreme decrease is rather difficult to account for, and I can only suggest that the large number vaccinated in 1912 reduced the number of adults requiring re-vaccination, while the low Small-pox incidence possibly gave a false sense of security and consequently led to the neglect of vaccination.

2,053 destitutes were sheltered till they could be sent to their native villages or otherwise provided for.

1,263 bodies were brought to the hospital mortuary for burial (1,550 in 1912). Where the history as regards cause of death was not satisfactory, the bodies were transferred to the Public Mortuary for post-mortem examination. The total number thus sent amounted to 626 (236 in 1912).

Free burials were provided by the hospital for 3,004 poor persons (3,347 in 1912).

I have inspected the Chinese Mortuary (Yee Chong) at Telegraph Bay, and did not find any cause of complaint. The accommodation is being increased by means of additions to the building.

Malaria.-One hundred and forty-five cases were admitted in 1913, which together with seven cases remaining from 1912, give a total of 152 cases treated with 68 deaths, that is, a mortality of 44.74%. I do not think that it serves any useful purpose to try to give separate figures for European and Chinese treatment, as the treatment is, in the majority of cases, mixed. The high mortality is accounted for by the fact that almost all the patients delayed coming to Hospital till the disease had made great advance and they were frequently in a state of coma. The great decrease in admissions (368 in 1912) shows that the general anti-malarial precautions are achieving their desired end. With the exception of one case of benign malaria and one of quartan, the cases were all of the malignant or tropical type.

Beri-beri.-There was a total admission of 537 cases together with 7 from 1912 making in all 544 cases with 138 deaths, that is, a mortality of 25.7%. In 1912, with 292 admissions there was a mortality percentage of 17.8. It will thus be seen that there has been a great increase in admissions and a small increase in the mortality. I have tried in a large number of cases

L 67

the value of a congee made from rice polishings, but without marked success. At present all cases under European treatment are being fed on unpolished rice, but not sufficient time has elapsed to give any statement of results. I am also experimenting with a preparation said to be made from rice and which is sold under the name of "vitamine”.

Phthisis. -617 cases were admitted and the deaths were 286, i.e, 46.35%. Of these, the treatment was as follows:

Western, Chinese,

104 with 48 deaths, i.e.,

513

238

""

""

>>

46.15% 46.4 %

In this disease there has been a great increase of admissions and a considerable decrease of mortality. The mortality of those under European treatment has risen slightly, but this is easily explained by the fact that in the largely increased number of cases treated, many were in a desperate condition and often chose this treatment because tubercular laryngitis-a frequent complication towards the end of the disease- was present. The reason for the fall in the Chinese mortality is not easily accounted for.

A point which I would like to emphasise, and which I think these figures help to prove, is that advanced phthisis under present conditions is practically incurable, and that medicinal remedies are of little value when unaccompanied by suitable hygienic surround- ings. A superficial comparison between the methods employed in this hospital on the Western and Chinese sides may be of interest.

Treatment.

Rest. Better food.

European. given.

">

Chinese.

given.

""

More air space.

Cough sedatives.

Pulmonary antiseptics.

Free air space and sunshine.

Opium or derivatives. given. not given

99

Opium.

not given.

"

It will be seen that with the exception of pulmonary antisep- tics, Chinese and European treatments proceed on similar lines; and I do not think that any of our present antiseptics can hope to achieve much unless fresh air and sunshine are also present. It is possible that in some little while when our nursing arrange- ments are better that thoracic surgery may ameliorate matters but I do not think that the Tung Wa Hospital can ever hope to be a suitable place for such cases.

Plague.-There were 143 admissions (547 in 1912) with 140 deaths (526 in 1912).

Operations. The general operations number 143 (86 in 1912). The increase in the number is satisfactory for it goes to show that the value of surgical work tends to be appreciated better. The

L 68

great merit of the department lies in the fact that it can do some- thing definite and obvious, and so paves the way for a mòre general belief in European methods.

Eye Department. This department, as in previous years, has been under the care of Dr. Harston, who is kindly giving the following technical Report:

REPORT ON THE OPHTHALMIC DEPARTMENT

OF THE TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

The work of this important department of the Tang Wa Hospital still increases. The department was inaugurated in December, 1905; in my report for 1906 I stated that the objects of the department were twofold, viz. :—

1. Relief of the appalling amount of suffering from eye dis- eases existing amongst the poorer classes of the Chinese com- munity.

2. The practical training of Chinese students of medicine in this special subject, to enable them more effectually to relieve their afflicted fellow countrymen.

With regard to the first object, the attendance in the out- patient department amounted to the large total of 2,143 on the record; but I have reason to believe that a large number of attendances were unrecorded, owing to clerical deficiency; I am however endeavouring to have this defect remedied in future. The number of operations is more than double that of the previous year, and amounts to the respectable total of 138. This increase is very gratifying for it constitutes the best evidence available that one's efforts in the operating theatre for the relief of suffering are being more and more appreciated by the Chinese, who as a race are not very fond of operative interference. The number of opera- tions performed does not include that of 'expression' for trachoma; had the latter operation been included the total number of opera- tions would have been more than quadrupled.

Amongst the operations performed mention should be made of the new operation of Sclero-corneal trephining devised by Lient.-Col. Elliott, I.M.S., of the Government Eye Hospital, Madras, for the relief of glaucoma. This operation may be truly said to mark an epoch in the history of ophthalmology.

Fifty years ago the onset of glaucoma (a rise of tension) in the eye meant blindness for the patient in whom it occurred. Von Graefe then introduced the operation of iridectomy for the relief of the condition. For fifty years this operation held undisputed sway, but it has long been recognised that it did not relieve all cases of glaucoma, more especially the chronic cases of glaucoma, such as are met with in hospital practice. Such cases nearly always terminated in blindness and such patients who arrived at

L 69

the Tung Wa Hospital formed no exception to the rule. Now as a result of the brilliant work of Colonel Elliott at the Government Eye Hospital at Madras, such cases can be, and are being relieved. I commenced operating on these cases in the middle of the year and so far twenty cases have been successfully treated-saved, in fact, from inevitable blindness. This number will doubtless be greatly increased in the future yearly, and such cases will bear striking testimony to the utility of the department.

I now come to the educational aspect of the department. Since my appointment as lecturer in ophthalmology at the newly constituted Hongkong University, I have given two courses of lectures in this subject. Through the courtesy of the Directors these courses have been held at the Tung Wa Hospital. I have thus been enabled to give the lectures a practical and clinical value which they would otherwise have lacked, for at each lecture I have been able to demonstrate to the students illustrative cases from the patients in hospital, thus ensuring the continuous appreciation in the future, locally, of the value of Western science in the treat- ment of eye diseases. In my report of 1906 I ventured to peer into such a possible future: it is gratifying to find that the predic- tions hinted at in that report have now become true. An endeavour is made to keep the students well informed of the latest develop- ments in the science of ophthalmology so that their knowledge is in some instances in advance of that afforded by the text books. In fact they witnessed the Elliot operation for glaucoma as soon as the students in the London hospitals witnessed it.

In conclusion I must thank Dr. Thomas, the House Surgeon, for his indefatigable zeal on behalf of the patients operated upon; and Mr. Pun, the Dispenser, for his clerical assistance in the out- patient department.

A list of the operations performed during the past year, and of the diseases treated in the out-patient department is appended.

LIST OF OPERATIONS PERFORMED.

Extraction of Cataract,

Extraction of Cataract, by capsulotomy,

Intranuclear

(Smith's method),

22

2

""

"2

99

by linear incision.

and curette,

4

47

Enucleation,

6

32

Iridectomy and Iridotomy,

Entropion (Snellen's operation),

Pterygium,

...

Sclero-corneal trephining for Glaucoma

(Elliott's method),

Conjunctivoplasty,

-

20

1

Total,

-

138

L 70

M

LIST OF DISEASES TREATED.

Diseases of the Conjunctiva :-

Trachoma,

Conjunctivitis,

Phlyctenular conjunctivitis, Pterygium, Symblepharon,

Gonorrhoeal Ophthalmia, -

Diseases of the Cornea :

Corneal opacities,

ulcer,

>>

Keratitis,

Ectasia,

Conical cornea,

Staphyloma,

Epithelioma,

Diseases of Iris and ciliary body:

Irido-cyclitis,

-

Gumma of iris,

Diseases of Lens :-

Cataract,

Diseases of Sclera :

Scleritis,

Diseases of eyelids

Entropion and trichiasis,

1

1

- 314

57

38

16

2

-

39

-

138 - 104

41

3

27

78

1

42

4

Meibomian cyst,

18

6

Blepharitis,

12

Foreign body in eye,

9

Diseases of retina, choroid, and optic nerve,

30

Errors of refraction,

64

Phthisis Bulbi,

Glaucoma,

23

The following Tables are appended:-

I.-Return of Diseases and Deaths.

II.-Return of Diseases and Deaths with proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods.

III.-Vaccinations.

IV.-General Operations.

V.--General Statistics.

1

L 71

M

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1913 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

DISEASES.

Remain- ing in Hospitali at end of 1912.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1913.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Measles,

Diphtheria,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

Cholera,

Dysentery,

Plague,

Malaria Fever:-

1. Quartan,

2. Simple Tertian,

3. Malignant,

Malarial Cachexia,

Beri-beri,

Erysipelas,

Septicemia,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

Leprosy :-

(a) Tubercular, (b) Anaesthetic,

8

Mumps,....

14

14

15

16

14

14

45

23

45

68

61

68

3

176

99

179

143

140

143

1

: : : : :

2

1

1

::

1

1

123

65

130

co::

3

20

3

20

...

537

138

544

32

3

3

22

22

22

...

17

12

17

6

50

27

56

...

ON

2

ลง

...

...

Syphilis :--

(a) Secondary, (b) Tertiary,

10

5

3 149

23

3

25

151

19

Gonorrhoea,

6

78

M

84

4

Rheumatism,

9

76

2

85

12

Gout,

New Growth, Non-malignant,

New Growth, Malignant,

Anæmia,

1124

1

I

14

10

Debility (Senile),.............

11

56

13

67

9

Carried forward,..

58

1,640

652

1,698

86

L 72

Table I.-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1913 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

1912.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1913.

Brought forward.................. 58

1,640

652

1,698

86

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :—

Meningitis, ....

Functional Nervous Disorders:

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,

Epilepsy,

:

Q

2

18

17

1

18

12

141

40

153

23

3

3

Mental Diseases :--

Mania,

Melancholia,..............

Diseases of the Eye,

99

""

to a

10

5

116

121

Circulatory System,

19

5

19

2

Respiratory System,...

41

1,103

387

1,144

41

A

22

Digestive System,

12

309

49

321

12

Urinary System,

4

177

75

181

18

""

A

,,

Male Organs,

""

""

Female Organs,..

""

Organs of Locomotion,

Cellular Tissue,..

37

ララ

""

""

>>

Skin,

Injuries,

Opium Habit, Parturition,

a: ::

:

5

3

4

1

6

13

1

19

427

20

461

21

2

2

26

427

453

6

219

19

219

73

}

76

1

Total,...........

204

4,706

1,274

4,910

211

1

L 73

Table II,

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1913, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Measles,

9

5

...

1

Diphtheria,

5

2

11

9

Febricula,

4

10

Enteric Fever,

15

4

30

19

Cholera,

3

3

65

58

Dysentery,

48

21

131

78

Plague,

32

31

111

109

r

Malaria Fever :-

1. Quartan,

1

...

2. Simple Tertian,..

1

...

3. Malignant,.

26

9

104

56

Malarial Cachexia,.

3

17

3

Beri-beri,

138

34

406

104-

Erysipelas,

2

:

1

Septicæmia,

8

8

14

14

Tetanus,

6

4

11

8

Tubercle,....

23

11

33

16

L

Leprosy :-

(a) Tubercular,

(b) Anaesthetic,

Mumps,

Syphilis :-

(a) Secondary, (b) Tertiary,

Gonorrhoea,

Rheumatism,

Gout,

(Sent to Canton.)

"

22

""

1

3

69

17

21

CO

New Growth, Non-malignant,

New Growth, Malignaut,

Auæmia,

1

Debility (Senile),

}

1

...

:

...

6

85

19

67

3

64

2

1

1

11

3

11

56

9

Carried forward,..

453

138

1,245

514

L 74

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1913, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

Brought forward,...

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Meningitis,

Functional Nervons Disorders :-

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,

Epilepsy,

Mental Diseases :-

Mania,.....

Melancholia,

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

453

138

1,245

514

I

1

I

42

121

5

13

13

111

31

2

:

Sent to Lunatic Assylun.

62

::

Diseases of the Eye,

121

*

"

Circulatory System,

5

2

14

3

""

}}

Respiratory System,

378

96

766

291

""

""

Digestive System,

95

11

226'

38

Urinary System,

72

21

109

54

""

Male Organs,

""

""

12

77

Female Organs,

""

Organs of Locomotion,

32 2

3

2

1

2

4

15

99

Cellular Tissue,

158.

4

306

16

Skin,

2

""

""

Injuries, Opium Habit, Parturition,.

172

81

281 138

16

2-0 20

1

76

Total,..

1,677

292

3,233

982

L 75

Table III.

VACINNATIONS.

Tung Wa Hospital,-

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

Shun Shui Po,

Yaumati,

Stanley,

Total,

1

338

4

15

9

374

Table IV.

GENERAL OPERATIONS PERFORMED DURING THE YEAR 1913.

Amputation of leg,

Amputation of fingers and toes;

Removal of tuberculous glands,

-

Opening abscesses, etc., under chloroform,-

Injection of Neo-Salvarsan, -

Radical cure of Inguinal Hernia,

Circumcision,

Appendicectomy,

Radical cure of hydrocele,

Removal of innocent tumours,

4

7

12

48

17

5

9

1

6

1

4

2

Alexander-Adam's operation with peri-

neorrhaphy for prolapsus uteri,

Thiersch's Skin Grafting,

Hæmorrhoids,

Fistula-in-ano,

Hysterectomy (complete rupture of uterus),

Removal of sequestra,

S

Removal of urethral calculus,

1 died

3

Carcinoma of breast,

2

Plating fracture of tibia,

1

Removal of nasal polypi,

2

Extraction of bullet,

3

Exploratory laparotomy (inoperable

growth),-

1

died

Splenectomy (splenic anæmia),

died

3

Tonsillectomy,

Excision of ingrowing toe-nail,

Opening hepatic abscess,

Tenoplasty,

Omentopexy,-

M

1

1

died

143 with 4 deaths

L 76

Table V.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

Remaining in Hospital on 1st January

1913.

1912.

1913,

204...

159

...

...

Admissions during 1913,

4,706...

4,119

Discharged during 1913,

3,425...

2,616

Deaths during 1913, ...

1,274...

1,459

Under treatment on 1st January, 1914,

211...

204

Total number of in-patients treated

during 1913,

4,910...

4,278

do.

Cases treated by Native Methods,

Western do.

Number admitted in dying condition, Bodies brought in dead,

...

3,233...

2,793

1,677...

1,485

293...

248

...

1,263...

1,550

Bodies sent to Public Mortuary for

post mortem examination,

626...

236

Free burials,

3,004...

3,347

Out-patients: Native Treatment,

...

96,487... 93,395

do.

Western do.

...

10,908... 8,938

Vaccinations.

Destitutes sheltered,

Eye Cliniques (old and new cases),

General operations under general

anæsthesia,

Eye Operations,

2,053...

2,870

...

2,143...

722

374...

1,627

143...

86

...

...

138...

69

L 77

Annexe K.

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS.

1913 AND 1912.

Total in-patients

treated.

Deaths.

1913. 1912.

1913. 1912.

Alice Memorial Hospital,.....

65

117

Ho Miu Ling Hospital,.

460

355

36

23

Nethersole Hospital,.....

559

567

55

42

Hospital,

Alice Memorial Maternity }...550

489

23

20

Total,...

1,634

1,528

114

85

- L 78

wwwwwww

Annexe L.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Nineteen calves were inocculated (20 in 1912). The total nuínber of tubes of lymph issued was 8,035 (16,042 in 1912). The value of the lymph by Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $3,532.60 ($7,095.20 in 1912). The decrease in the issues is accounted for by the absence of any serious epidemic of Small-

pox.

The method of preparation of the lymph is based on the methods used in the Local Government Board Calf Lymph Establishment, England. Full use is made of cold storage, lymph being made only in the colder months-November to March. Lymph made three years ago and kept in the cold store was issued in the hottest months of the summer and was reported on by the Medical Officer of the Gaol as giving excellent results. The method recently proposed by Dr. Blaxall of the L. G. B. Establish- ment of adding clove oil to the Glycerinated. Lymph is being tried and has so far given very good results.

INVESTIGATIONS.

The investigation of the mosquitoes of Hongkong has been continued during the year. This work is carried on by the collect- ing of larvæ and pups which are bred out in the Institute-3,980 different samples of larvæ have been collected and from these 11,916 adult mosquitoes have been pinned and stored.

Captain Arthur, I.M.S., M.B., Sc., has worked daily with me on the examination of the adult specimens and is my partner in this work.

The investigation is not yet completed and will be continued during 1914.

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The amount of work to be done steadily increases, the numbers for 1913 being 91,336 as compared with 71,652 in 1912;-

L 79

New Growths,-Examination by section, Widal's Reaction for Malta Fever,

دو

29

27

Bacillus Typhosus, -

22

Examination by culture for Bacillus Dysenteriæ,

32

1

308

Paratyphoid B.,

237

9

"S

"

Diphtheria,

186

"

""

"

Vibro Cholera, Typhoid Carriers,

32

18

>>

of Clothing for Spermatozoa,

Shell-fish,

Spirocheta Pallida,

Microscopical Examination for Gonococcus,

""

"

"

""

of Urine for Tubercle Bacilli,

99

Pleural Effussion for T. B. for Plague Bacilli,

Malarial Parasites,

Differential count of Leucocytes,

Breeding out and generic determination of

Dipterous Larvæ,

Rideal Walker Estimation of Disinfectants,

Wasserman's Syphilis Reaction,

1

11

10

6

1

Sputum

21

""

1

-

2

Preparation of Zutogenous Vaccines,

Examination of Rats for Plague, -

Bacteriological Examination of Water,

Animal Inoculation for Tubercle Bacilli, Miscellaneous,

3,288 1

10

1

87,043

75

2

13

Total,-

91,336

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

The results are given in Table I. The total number of Rats examined was 87,043 compared with 70,633 in 1912. 249 were found to be Plague-infected (390 in 1912).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III and IV.

In every case the sample was taken at its source, i.e., either directly before or directly after filtration.

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my "Report on an investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply' (No. 20 of 1911) and the results obtained closely follow the conclusions arrived at in that report.

L 80

Table I.

The Examination (post mortem) of Rats.

Month.

Total. Male. Female.

Plague- infected.

Pregnant.

Newly born and not classified.

January,

6,286 3,123 3,163

347

529

February,..

5,467 2,702 2,765

297

404

March,

7,585 3,788

3,797

361

563

April,

6,980 3,461

3,519

34

933

563

May,

7,532 3,728

3,804

54

404

604

June,

7,821 3,871

3,950

48

452

752

July,

7,666 3,787

3,879

54

470

804

August,

7,291 3,612 3,679

28

429

660

September,..... 7,217 3,564 3,653

|

429

592

October,

8,013 3,960 4,053

13

434

588

November,

7,676 3,793 3,983

1

380

576

December,

7,509 3,703 3,806

5

416

631

Total, ......87,043 43,092 43,951

249

5,352

7,266

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year, 1913.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

?

ļ

nies on

of

Salt Peptone Water.

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc.

Filtra-

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. To cc.

1 cc.

2 cc. 5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

- L 81-

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

28-1-13.

30

28-1-13. 441

15

Unfiltered, 30-1-13.

40

Filtered,

30-1-13. 441

20

Unfiltered, 1-2-13.

35

Filtered;

1-2-13. 441

10

Unfiltered,

8-4-13.

30

...

Filtered,

8-1-13.

452

10

Unfiltered,

10-4-13.

40

Filtered,

10-4-13.

15

Unfiltered,

12-4-13.

40

Filtered,

12-4-13.

20

Unfiltered,

8-7-13.

60

Filtered,

8-7-13.

720

15

Unfiltered,

10-7-13.

90

Filtered,

10-7-13. 720

20

Unfiltered, 12-7-13.

70

Filtered,

12-7-13.

720

25

Unfiltered,

7-10-13.

50

Filtered,

7-10-13.

469

25

Unfiltered,

9-10-13.

60

Filtered,

9-10-13.

454

25

Unfiltered, 11-10-13.

45

11-10-13. 445

20

Filtered,

D+1+1+1+

| | 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

| + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1+1

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1+TE

1

FI + I + LE

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +i+i+1 +1 +1 | +

+++++ 1

+++1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +

Groups I, II, III in 20cc. negative below 20cc, Absent in 50 cc., not tested higher. I 4 (B. Gruntha) only in 5 cc. Absent in 50 cc., not tested higher. No true Coli in 5 or 10 cc. Absent in 50 cc., not tested higher. I 4 only in 20 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

10

""

50

""

}}

">

10 >>

50

Group IV only in 2 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Group IV only in 1 cc.

""

"

50

5

""

Negative in 50 cc. Group IV in 5 cc. II in 50 cc.

Negative up to 5 cc. Group 11 in 50 cc. Negative up to 10 cc.

Ne

""

""

50 cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey.

+

Acid and Gas _1

Acid only;

No change.

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1918.

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

$

Rate Total Colo-

of

nies on

Sample.

Date.

Filtra-

Agar in 1 cc

Presence of the Coli Group.

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. To cc.

1 cc. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

- L 82 —

Unfiltered,

27-1-13.

50

...

Filtered,

27-1-13. 700

30

Unfiltered,

29-1-13.

60

Filtered, ...

29-1-13. 600

35

Unfiltered,

31-1-13.

50

...

Filtered.

31-1-13.

600

20

Unfiltered,

7-4-13.

70

Filtered,

7-4-13. 449

15

Unfiltered,

9-4-13.

80

Filtered,

9-4-13. 565

20

Unfiltered,

11-4-13.

80

Filtered, ...

11-4-13. 534

40

Unfiltered,

7-7-13.

80

Filtered,

7-7-13. 818

20

.................. | + | + |│

Unfiltered,

9-7-13.

70

Filtered,

9-7-13. 817

20

Unfiltered,

11-7-13.

85

Filtered,

11-7-13. 818

25

...

Unfiltered,

6-10-13.

60

Filtered,

6-10-13. 660

35

Unfiltered,

8-10-13.

75

Filtered,

...

8-10-13. 700

40

...

Unfiltered, 10-10-13. Filtered,

80

10-10-13. 776

30

+ | | | | | + 1 + 1 + 1 +1 +1 +++++ |

+ { ││[+1 +1 +1 | | + ] + !+ 1 +++!

+ ¦ ¦ ¦ + | + | + | + | | | +4 + 1 ++++++

+++++ !+ !+++++++

+ 1 +++ 1 + 1 +4 ++++++++++++++

+ | + | + | + | + | ++++++++++++++

No true Coli in 1 & 2 ccs., not tested higher. Group II in 50 cc., absent in 20 cc. or less. No true Coli in 10 cc., not tested higher. No true Coli in 50 cc, or less.

No true Coli in 10 cc., not tested higher. Absent in 50 cc., not tested higher. Negative in 1 cc., I 4 and 11 34 in 5 cc.

>>

50 ces.

Groups I, III and IV in 1 and 5 cc. I 4 and Groups III and IV in 50 cc. I and II 34 in 5 cc.

I 4 and II 34 in 20 cc.

Groups I, III ands IV in 10 cc.

do.

do.

Group I and III in 1 and 2 cc.

III in 10 cc.

""

>>

I, III and IV in 1 and 2 cc.

">

IV in 10 cc,

++++++

Group III in 2 cc.

"" 5 cc.

I and II in 1 cc.

III and IV in 5 cc.

""

""

I, II and III in 1 cc.

I and III in 10 cc.

"}

All samples taken either immediately

before

or immediately after filtration.

Acid only;

-

The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey. + Acid and Gas;

No change.

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Pokfulum Water Supply for the year 1913.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

- L 83 -

of

nies on

Salt Peptone Water.

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc

Presence of the Coli Group.

Filtraat 37°C. for tion.

24 hours. To cc.

10

1 cc.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Over-

Unfiltered,

27-1-13.

grown.

+

Filtered,

27-1-13. 598

""

Unfiltered,

29-1-13.

300

Filtered,

29-1-13.

504

40

Unfiltered,

31-1-13.

120

Filtered,...

31-1-13.

563

60

Unfiltered,

7-4-13.

...

100

Filtered, ...

7-4-13. 400

50

Unfiltered,

9-4-13.

100

Filtered,...!

9-4-13.

400

60

Unfiltered,

11-4-13.

120

...

Filtered, ...

11-4-13.

294

60

Unfiltered,

7-7-13.

90

Filtered, ...

7-7-13. 650

20

Unfiltered,

9-7-13.

110

Filtered,

9-7-13.

500

40

Unfiltered,

11-7-13.

100

Filtered,

11-7-13.

600

30

...

Unfiltered, 6-10-13.

50

Filtered,

6-10-13. 500,

20

...

Unfiltered, 8-10-13. Filtered, Unfiltered, 10-10-13. Filtered, 10-10-13. 500

70

8-10-13. 550

25

45

+ !+TU

25

}│+1 +1 + | | | + 1 + 1 + 1 + }}}

+++++ |+] + ] + } + | + | + | + | + | + |

+++ | | 1+ ] + ] + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

++ |||| + |+|+| | 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

+ + 1 + 1 + 1 + |+ 1 + 1 + F+ 1 +++++++

++++ ++ ++++ F+ 1 +++ |+++++++

""

Groups I and II in 1 cc.

I 4 (B. Giantha) only in 5 ec. 14 (

No true Coli in 10 ccs., not tested higher.

Do.

Groups I and IV in 20 ces.

I 4 in 1 cc. and II 34 in 5 cc. I 4 only in 50 ccs.

Groups I and IV in 1 and 5 cc.

""

""

I, III and IV in 50 cc.

IV in I and 5 cc.

Negative in 50 cc.

""

5 cc.

"

Group III only in 2 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Group III only in 1 cc.

Negative in 50 cc.

Negative in 2 cc., positive in 5 cc. in 50 cc.

""

Groups II and III in 1 cc.

I and IV in 50 cc.

) in 5 cc.

"}

""

99

I, II and III in 2 cc. II, III and IV in 20 cc.

All samples taken either immediately

before

or immediately

Acid and Gas I

Acid only;

after filtration. The rate of Filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey.

+

No change.

L 84

KA

Annexe M.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

Report on Post Mortems.

Male bodies examined,

Female bodies examined,

Sex undetermined,

+

Total,

1913.

1912.

...

1,276

1,354

801

1,126

7

2,084

2,480

Claimed bodies sent from Hospital and

other places, ...

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

Total,

1,567

1,757

517

723

2,084

2,480

Epitome of Causes of Death.

*1913.

1912.

I-General Diseases,

II. - Local Diseases :-

1,181

1,630

(a) of the Nervous System,

5

(b)

""

Circulatory System,...

58

43

(c)

Respiratory System,

493

491

...

(d)

""

Digestive System,

229

232

(e)

""

Genito-Urinary System,

23

13

III.-Death from Violence, ...

95

71

Total,

2,084

2,480

"

L 85

General Diseases.

1913. 1912.

Small-pox,

4

Plague,

Cholera,

Beri-beri,

35 251

210

475

36

36 28

Malaria,

67 64

(b.) Of the Circulatory System,-Contd.

Brought forward,

Atheroma of Coronary Ar-

teries,

Atheroma of Aorta............

1913. 1912.

15 14

2

3

Septicæmia,

12 17

Fatty Degeneration of Heart, Valvular Disease of Heart, ..

4

1

36

26

Diphtheria, ...

28

7

Typhoid Fever,

59

53

Puerperal Fever,

9

Total,

58

43

General Tuberculosis,

55

97

Spleno Medullary Leucoy-

thmia.

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :—

Prematurity,

57

104

1913. 1912.

Marasmic Condition,

210

313

Broncho-Pneumonia and

Syphilis,

141 21

Bronchitis,

362

340

Still Born,

58 40

Pleurisy,

18

5

Atelectasis,

24

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

14

74

Senile Debility,

1

1

Empyema,

13

22

Icterus Neonatorum,

4

Noma,

งา

2

Emphysema,

3

Lobar Pneumonia,...

36

46

Malformations,

1

Interstitial Penumonia,

1

Gangrene,

1

Ι

Acute Phthisis,

17

Skull,

1

Chronic

24

""

Skeletons,

3

2

Abscess of Lung,

1

Decomposed bodies,

132

150

Pulmonary Hæmorrhage,

5

2

Sarcoma of Lung,

1

....

Total,

1,181 1,630

Total,

493

491

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :---

(d.) Of the Digestive System :-

1913. 1912.

1913. 1912.

Intracranial Hæmorrhage....

Tabes Mesenterica,

32

47

Meningitis, ...

2

Peritonitis, ...

1

8

Tuberculous Meningitis,

Septic Peritonitis,

16

Tuberculous Peritonitis,

4

Total,

5

Gastro-Enteritis,

86

15

Cirrhosis of Liver,...

Abscess of Liver,

1

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :-

Primary Cancer of Liver,

4

Diarrhoea,

29

1913. 1912.

Dysentery,

18

...

Acute Pericarditis,

6

7

Strangulated Hernia,

2

1988-

33

Septic

1

Intussusception,

1

Hæmopericardium, ...

2

1

Cancer of Stomach,

1

Aneurism of Aorta, Thoracic,

6

Hæmorrhage from Gastric

Abdominal,

2

Ulcer,

1

Carried forward,

15

14

Carried forward,

198

224

- L 86

(d.) Of the Digestive System,-Contd.

1913. 1912.

Brought forward,

198

224

Duodenal Ulcer,

1

Cholecystitis,

5

1

Tubercle of Intestine,

20

6

Acute Intestinal Obstruction,

5

Hæmatemesis,

Total,

Rupture of Spleen,...

>>

دو

Fracture of Skull and

(b.) Local:-

1913. 1912.

5

Kidney,

Liver,

NNU

Spleen, ...

1

Fracture of Skull, ...

20

13

229

232

>>

Pelvis,

Skull and Liver,

1

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System:-

""

1913. 1912.

Acute Nephritis,

1 3

Sub-acute Parenchymatous

Nephritis,

1

Granular Contracting Kid-

ney,

4

Chronic Nephritis,

11

7

Abscess of Kidney,

1

Pyo-Nephrosis,

1

Throat,

Post Partum Hæmorrhage,

3

2

Shot Wound,

Rupture of Extra Uterine

Crushed Chest,

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Pregnancy,

1

1

Total,

23

13

Total,

34

34

Bullet Wound in Heart,

""

Bullet Wound in Brain, Neck

and Liver,

Bullet Wound in Groin,

Stab in Liver,

>>

Heart and Liver,

Hæmorrhage from rupture

of Mesentery,

Hæmorrhage following Cut

1

NINCON

2

Lung,

Brain,

1

|

2

3

Injuries (Death from Violence) :--

(a.) General:---

Multiple Injuries,

1913. 1912.

15

7

Asphyxia,

by Earth,

"

""

by Water,

2

13

72

""

by Hanging,

H

1

""

by Ligature

round Neck,...

Opium Poisoning, ...

Chronic Opium Poisoning,

Gelsenium Poisoning,

Burns,

Delayed Shock following

Injuries,

Shock, Electrical,

QHNAH

1

7

colla

7

Nationality of Bodies.

Chinese,

Portuguese,... Japanese,

European, British,

Indian, German,

1913. 1912.

2,074 2,463

2

1

1

1

3

3

GO

7

American,

2

1

Unknown,

1

1

Total,

61

37

Total,

2,084 2,480

L 87

Total Plague cases,

210

32 unclaimed.

178 claimed.

Total Small-pox cases,

35 24 unclaimed.

Il claimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1913.

Victoria.

Harbour.

Chinese,

.2,074 1,803 124

Portuguese,

2

1

Japanese,

1

1

British,...........

3

Indian.

3

2

Unknown,

1

:

:

:

Old Kowloon.

New Kowloon,

Shaukiwau.

́Other Villages.

7

3

111

26

4.:.

:

:.

:.

:

:.

1

1

Total, .... .2,084 | 1,810

125

7

3

113

26

:

:

- L 88

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in Charge.

1. The total number of Post Mortem Examinations made during the year was 1,063 as compared with 1,491 in 1912 and 959 in 1911.

2. During the year there were only 62 cases of Small-pox and Plague as compared with 624 in 1912. This large decrease in these two diseases is responsible for the considerable difference in the total figures for the two years.

3. The nationalities of the bodies were as follows:-

Chinese,

Indians,

Portuguese,

1,060

2

1

1,063

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases, ...

1913.

1912.

346

922

II.-Local Diseases :-

(a.) Of the Nervous System,

5

(b.)

Circulatory System,...

15

28

(c.)

""

Respiratory System,

343

202

(d.)

>"

Digestive System,

55

(e.)

12

ود

(f.)

Genito-Urinary System Organs of Locomotion,

(g.) Developmental Diseases,

III.-Injuries

(a.) General,

(b.) Local,

IV. Decomposed bodies,

:

Total,...

38

34

17

20

231

150

1,063

1,491

L 89

General Diseases.

(b.) Of the, Circulatory System :-

1913. 1912.

Plague,

36

399 Pericarditis,

Small-pox,

26

225 Anæmia,

1

1913. 1912.

2

11

Enteric Fever,

1 Myocarditis,

Diphtheria,

6

6

Pneumonia,

53

53

Fatty Degeneration of

Heart,

Cholera,

13

Sprue,

Measles,

Syphilis-Acquired,

2

Syphilis Congenital,

6

Dysentery,

N

Malaria,

24

21

Hæmo-pericardium,...

Thoracic Aortic Aneurism,.. Atrophy of Heart,

1 Valvular Disease of Heart,

Aneurism,

4 Congenital Malformation of

Heart,

32∞

5

1

1

2

ས་

1

7

General Tuberculosis,

19

15

Leprosy,

3

Total,.....

15

28

Beri-beri,

21

29

Septicemia,

9

6

Do. Puerperal,

Toxæmia,

Pyæmia,

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :—

Marasmus,

66

Prematurity,

5

12

1913. 1912.

Still-birth,

60

65

Senile Decay,

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

43

38

Tubercular Abscess of Lung,

Inanition,

Debility at birth,

Empyema,

15

8

Tetanus,

3

1

Pleurisy,

6

15

Rachitis,

1

Capillary Bronchitis,

3

Atelectasis Pulmonum,

26

22

Icterus Neonatorum,

8

4

Splenic Anæmia,

Bronchitis,

19

45

Lymphatic Leukæmia,

Emphysema,

Natural Causes,

1

2

Bronchiectasis,

1

Pulmonary Hæmorrhage,

346

922

Broncho-Pneumonia,

231 160

343 292

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :--

(d.) Of the Digestive System:-

Hepatitis,

1913. 1912. Cirrhosis of Liver,

Suppurative Peritonitis, Tabes Mesenterica,

Intra-cranial Hæmorrhage,... Convulsions,...

5

1 Noma,

5

Tubercular Meningitis

Gastro-Enteritis,

...

2 Carcinoma of Liver,...

1913. 1912.

4

2

6

1

Carried forward,... 10

6

--- Ꮮ 90

L

(d.) Of the Digestive System :-Contd.

(g.) Developmental Diseases :-

14 Congenital Diaphragmatic

Hernia,

1913. 1912.

Brought forward,... 10

6

Enteritis,

28

Abdominal Tumour,

Strangulated Hernia,

Tubercular Peritonitis,

Peritonitis,

Intestinal Obstruction, Acute Yellow Atrophy of

Liver,

Ulcer of Stomach,

Carcinoma of Stomach,

£2

28.00

Injuries.

(a.) General :-

Biliary Cirrhosis,

Choleraic Diarrhoea,

Drowning,

Parotid Abscess,

Burns,

Tubercular Enteritis,

8

Asphyxia,

Appendicitis,

1

Multiple Injuries,

Hepatic Abscess,

1

Scalding,

Compression,

Total,.

55

33 Poisoning,

Strangulation,

Hanging,

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :

1913. 1912.

2

2

1913. 1912.

24

18

2

O LO

2

5

or co pomoć

1

3

5

2

38

34

1913. 1912.

2

1

2

1

Nephritis,

Chronic Nephritis,

Cystitis,

Child-birth, ...

Ruptured Ectopic Gesta-

tion,

:

1913, 1912.

8

(b.) Local:-

----

2

1

1

3

1

Cut Throat,

Cerebral Concussion,

Dislocation of Neck,

1 Rupture of Spleen,

Hæmorrhage from Wounds,

* 12

6

Rupture of Stomach,

Gunshot Wound,

Fracture of Skull,

(f.) of the Organs of Locomotion :--

Stab Wound in Thigh, Wound of Neck,

:

Cellulitis of Leg, Gangrene of Foot, Sarcoma of Humerus,

+

1

7

1

Injuries of Head,

1

Heart,

1

"}

12

Brain,

2

1913. 1912.

1

1

17

20

1

2

1913. 1912.

Decomposed bodies,

231

150

L 91

Annexe 0.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY FRANK BROWNE, F.I.C., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed was 9,609, as against 5,887 in 1912. The following classification shows the nature of the work done:

I.-Chemico-legal.

Toxicological (including 28

stomachs),...

VI. Opium Ordinance.

1913. 1912.

1913. 1912.

50 43

Substances,..

36 33

Articles for stains,

13 61

Opium Pills,

1

1

Banknotes and Materials,

16

...

Coins and Materials,

30

VII.-Pharmacy Ordinance.

II.-Potable Waters.

Medicines for Poisons,

6 0

Public Supplies,

36

36

Wells, &c.,

9

14

VIII.-Mineralogical, &c.

III.-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Petroleum Oil,

71

Liquid Fuel,....

21

Lighthouse Oil,

388

66

Metals,

30

Ores,

Coal,

216

300

21

11

3

11

Crude Petroleum,..

1

Petrol,

1

Vaseline Oil,

1

IX. – Liquors Ordinance.

Substances for Explosives,...

5

Ships for inflammable vapour, 16

13

European Liquor,

Chinese Liquor,

IV.-Food and Drugs Ordinance.

Denatured Spirits,

4

0

.8,891 5,099

1

3

Bread,

2

0

Brandy,

6

10

Milk,

41

25

Milk, Condensed,

8

0

Whisky,

15

10

X.-Miscellaneous.

Coal Tar Disinfectants,..

Port Wine,

4

10

Spirit of Wine,

Beer,

6

Wood Oil,

Stout,

1

Lubricating Oil,

Rum,

13

9

Cassia Oil,

Lard,

11

1

Anise Oil,

Gio,

2

Boiler Deposits,

Tea,

2

1

Tallow,

Coffee,

5

Chemicals,

Sherry,

0

2

Urine,

Flour,

3

Cotton Wool,

Cocoa,

2

0

Liqueur,.

1

0

Soils,

Butter,

2

Fertilisers,

V-Building Materials.

Battery Fluids,

Calculus, Bean Oil, Liquid,

Paste, Residue, Ammonium

∞∞∞ NOOOOO~6. 723010~H~~~~OO

33

Concrete,

Cement,

Colour Wash,

Paint,

Lime........

2

0

1

4

Sulphate, Pad, (one each), Other Substances,

7

0

5

1

1

1

0

9,609 5,887

1

0

L 92

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations were 27 cases of suspected human poisoning. Opium was present in nine enquiries, Veronal in two, Gelsemium elegans in two, Lysol in two, Japanese Star Anise in two, and Atropine in one.

WATERS.

3. The results of the analyses of samples taken each month from the Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon Reservoirs, indicate that these supplies continue to maintain their excellent qualities.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel 92 samples were tested during the year. The Clowes-Redwood apparatus for detecting inflammable air has been used on 16 ships.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following Table gives the results of 66 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department:-

Description.

Number of Samples.

Number found Number found

Genuine.

Adulterated.

Beer,

6

6

0

Brandy,

3

0

Bread,

2

2

0

Butter,

2

1

1

Cocoa,

2

0

Coffee,

4

4

0

Gin,

2

2

Milk,

23

20

Port,

4

4

Rum,

6

6

0

Tea,

2

Whisky,

10

29

0

1

MINERALOGICAL.

6. The 216 metals examined were :-tin 199, tin compound 7, antimony 7, silver 2, zinc 1.

LIQUORS ORDINANCE.

7. The figures given include only those samples tested in the Government Laboratory; the results of very many examinations made by the Assistant Analyst at the various godowns, etc., are not taken into account,

1

·

L 93

PHARMACY ORDINANCE.

8. Two sellers of poisons were convicted and fined. Veronal and some similar hypnotic remedies were placed on the list of poisons.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

9. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination ou payment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $8,846.50 as against $10,260.50 in 1912.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special reports have been supplied on : -Opium Alkaloids and their Derivatives, Medicines for exemption under the Opium Ordinance, Hypnotic Poisons, Oils and Fertilisers, Dissolved Acetylene, and Hongkong Rum.

11. The value of the year's work as determined from the tariff of fees (Government Notifications No. 285 of 1907 and No. 360 of 1910) is $22,738.50, ($20,096.50 in 1912). There is much work for which nothing has been set down, and all samples examined under the Liquors Ordinance have been calculated at the merely nominal rate of $1 each.

LIBRARY.

12. Several standard works of reference have been added.

RESEARCH.

13. Further work has been done on Chinese Wood Oil, Mr. A. C. Franklin prepared some pure oil direct from genuine seeds, and determined several constants. Mr. E. R. Dovey made a large number of observations on its refractive index at various tem- peratures.

In connection with tin, some experiments were made, in order to see if any impurities were eliminated after melting drillings for assay purposes.

STAFF.

14. Mr. A. C. Franklin, F.I.C., First Assistant Analyst, left on August 31 to take up a post in the University of Hongkong. Mr. E. R. Dovey, A.R.C.S., and Mr. H. A. Taylor were appointed Assistant Analysts during the year.

L 94

Annexe P.

THE HEALTH OFFICE OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P. JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port.

During the year the work of this department was carried on by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt, Dr. Gröne and Dr. Forsyth. Dr. Keyt returned from leave and resumed duty on the 8th February, after nine months vacation. On September 25th Dr. Gröne went home on leave and was succeeded by Dr. Lindsay Woods. Forsyth returned to the Colony after one year's leave of absence on the 28th October.

Dr.

As usual the work of this department is carried on under three separate headings, namely :—

(a.) Daily inspection of ships arriving in Port.

(b.) Medical examination of Emigrants.

(c.) Quarantine Duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT.

All vessels entering port between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. are boarded and particulars of the voyage as to any sickness from the last port and during the voyage duly recorded on the approved forms and signed by the Master or Surgeon. These reports are therefore available for future reference in case of any trouble. Further all passengers and crews of ships which arrive from any infected port undergo special medical examination in quarantine.

During the year there were 4,447 arrivals in port giving again an increase of 293 over the returns of the year 1912. Of this number 2,348 were under the British flag and 2,099 under various foreign flags. As River Steamers are only dealt with when an infectious disease is reported, these are not included in the above figures.

(b.)-MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year there has been a decided increase in the emigration figures over the previous year, amounting to so large an increase as 20,102. The total number of passengers examined during the year was 145,717 but of these 2,958 were rejected by us, so that the actual number of emigrants leaving the Colony was 142,759. Of this total by far the largest number proceeded to Singapore and the Straits Settlements amounting to 102,887 as against 84,024 for last year. The nature of this work is extremely

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arduous and fatiguing while it often involves the whole time of two of us during an afternoon or morning. It is interesting to note that early in the year, two batches of Chinese sailors numbering 676 were examined and passed for Liverpool. These men have formed the crews of the two new Canadian Pacific Railway Steamers, viz., the Empress of Russia and the Empress of Asia.

Table I shows the numbers of Emigrants passed and rejected for the various ports.

Table II shows the monthly statement of the emigration figures, the numbers of the crews of the steamers and the numbers of rejections. The highest figure was reached in March-probably due to a rush of emigrants after conclusion of the Chinese New Year festivities. From March the figures show a gradual decrease till the minimum is attained in August when probably most of the labourers are beginning to find work in preparation of the harvest.

From this Table it will be gathered also that the actual amount of emigration examinations made by us is made up of the number of emigrants passed, the number of emigrants rejected and the number of the crews of the ships. The grand total of these three items makes 186,442 men examined during the year. These figures speak for themselves of the enormous work entailed. The total number of rejections for 1913 was 2,958 as against 2,476 for 1912; the increase being accounted for by the total increase of emigration.

Table III gives the various diseases which are accountable for the rejection of emigrants. It will be noticed that fevers account for a large number of rejections. It is obviously impossi- ble to attempt any more accurate diagnosis of the variety or nature of the fever.

(c.)-QUARANTINE Duty.

Under this heading must be included the special examinations which are frequently required for the so-called "medical inspec- tion" of ships either coming from a proclaimed infected port or having any suspicion of infectious disease on board, such vessels proceeding to the quarantine ground for examination.

for

During the year 10 ships were detained in quarantine, namely,

Small-pox, Cholera, Plague,

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1

The port of Hoihow was declared infected early in the year and continued so until the 23rd August.

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Table IV gives the number of ships detained in quarantine together with the causes, dates and periods of detention. Two exceptional cases of Quarantine for protracted periods require special mention :-

1. The Portuguese Cruiser Adamastor had quite a sharp out- break of Cholera after being in Dock for sometime. The infection therefore was locally acquired and accounted for 6 cases sent into Hospital. The Captain and Officers helped us in every way to stay the epidemic, but notwithstanding this it took six days before the epidemic was cut short and the vessel released.

2. The steamer Hanoi from Haiphong arrived with Small-pox on board during the period when Hoihow was a proclaimed port under the Quarantine Act. The probability is that there were Hoihow passengers who proceeded to Haiphong and then came up to Hongkong, thus to avoid quarantine here. Vessels from these ports frequently carry a quantity of live stock on board and until these are landed it is obvious, no disinfection can be attempted. Such vessels therefore when in quarantine considerably raise the average period of detention for vessels in quarantine.

Vessels in quarantine for Small-pox have the whole of the passengers and crew vaccinated unless evidence of recent successful vaccination is found.

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1913.

Ports of Destination.

Passel.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements,

Calcutta,

San Francisco,

Honolulu,.....

Japan,

Java ports,

Seattle,

Mexican ports,

British Columbia,

Australian ports,

102,887 106

2,669

1

:

6,005

27

2,991

3

Į

489

10,986

88

9,807

106

3,521

27

749

2

2,959

13

South America,

849

9

Dutch Borneo,

58

Mauritius,

676.

13

United Kingdom,

676

1

Total,

142,759

2,958

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Table II.

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews and Rejections.

Months.

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

January,

February,

March,

10,836

2,599

162

7,352

2,431

110

21,455

3,920

391

April, May,

12,819

2,615

310

19,619

4,297

535

June,

10,017

3,136

247

July,

9,779

3,789

195

August,

7,643

3,428

106

September,

9,122

3,323

175

October,

12,830

3,924

337

November,

10,704

2,877

200

December,.......

10,553

4,386

190

Total,

142,759

40,725

2,958

Appendix M.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1913.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens.-The first quarter of the year was dry and sunny which was particularly favourable for winter-flowering annuals.

In the second quarter the first two months were propitious for general work. In June rain fell on 27 days out of 30 and on 18 consecutive days. This somewhat retarded operations.

The third quarter was disastrous, as the typhoon of the 17th August and the rainstorm of the 19th September did considerable damage.

In the fourth quarter lovely, dry weather prevailed.

The following trees, which flowered magnificently were con- spicuous features during the year. Bauhinia Blakeana, Bauhinia variegata, Paulownia Fortunei, Crataeva religiosa, Cassia Fistula, Poinciana regia, and Brownea Ariza.

As usual, Bignonia venusta and Antigonon leptopus, both the pink and white varieties, were the best of the flowering creepers.

Rhododendron indicum in the Old and New Gardens flowered well and made a brilliant show.

The Hydrangeas on the bank near the College Gardens' entrance have become established and they were much admired when in flower.

Later on in the year the Allumandas on the same bank flowered to perfection.

In April a large bed of Nicotiana Sanderae, which does remarkably well here, was one of the most noticeable things in the New Garden.

In the plant houses a good display was made by Phalaenopsis Schilleriana, Gloxinias and Anthuriums.

The Show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held on the 7th and 8th March. The weather was fine on both days and the show was one of the greatest successes the Society has had, Both flowers and vegetables were above the average.

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Two wardian cases of plants were received from the Director, Royal Gardens, Kew. Most of the plants are of a highly decorative nature, and they will greatly enhance the beauty of the Gardens.

In the Agave bed in the Old Garden, plants which had flowered were rooted out and were replaced by young specimens.

Two walks in the Old Garden which originally had been sur- faced with chunam were broken up and re-surfaced with cement and disintegrated granite. As these walks have a rather steep gradient the cement and granite make a much better surface for walking on.

To obviate the necessity of lighting the Gardens with Japan- ese lanterns on the occasion of any evening function in the Gar- dens, the Public Works Department installed electric light. The standards for carrying the lights were made detachable so that they need only be fixed in position when they are required. This does away with any unsightliness which might have been caused by their permanent erection.

The Band of the Duke of York's Light Infantry gave a con- cert in the Gardens on the 21st July, when the electric light was used for the first time.

Much damage was done to garden seats and leaves of Agaves by persons cutting characters on them. A watch was set and several youths were arrested, and on being charged at the Police Court convictions were obtained which put a stop to further damage.

During the typhoon of the 17th August an Araucaria 70 Feet high was blown down and another one was snapped off near the top. A fine specimen of Bauhinia variegata growing at the east end of the lower terrace in the Old Garden was destroyed. Two trees of Bauhinia Blakeana on the east side of the Old Garden and another one near the deer pen in the New Garden were badly damaged. The latter tree has been blown down at least half a dozen times but it seems to have a wonderful power of recovery. Nearly all its branches were lopped off and it was put up again. It made new growth and flowered as usual, and was a charming sight at the end of the year. Many roses and small shrubs were blown out of the ground. The absence of much rain during the gale had a remarkable effect on the leaves of most trees. They had the appearance of being scorched and old residents stated that they had never seen anything like it.

Considerable repairs were made to plant houses necessitated by the typhoon and otherwise.

All the channels on the sides of the walks were re-pointed with cement.

The seats in both gardens were re-painted,

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Over 200 trees and shrubs were re-labelled with teak labels.

Twenty-four persons were arrested for disorderly conduct and theft of plants and flowers, and of these twenty-three were con- victed.

Government House Grounds.-A large portion of the bamboo hedge on the east side of the grounds was removed and replaced with Chrysalidocarpus.

The small lawn to the east of the Ball-room which had be- come very uneven was taken up and re-laid.

Palms and Hydrangeas were planted on a bank on the north side of the grounds.

The ironwork of the creeper screens around the lawn on the west side of the house was tarred.

A bank on the west side of the old tennis ground was planted up with Ophiopogon, which is locally known as "blue grass".

The Banian trees in the grounds were trimmed as usual. One of these was attacked by caterpillars in the autumn.

The walks were repaired with disintegrated granite when required and garden seats and plant tubs were painted.

The lawns were not affected by caterpillars to any extent during the year.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.--Two large Chinese palms near the entrance which had become too big were cut down.

Several Chinese palms on the banks around the valley to the cast of the house were cut down.

Hydrangeas were planted at the base of the mound above the approach road, on the left side of the walk leading to the front door, and on the bank at the east end of the cement tennis court.

A few Rhododendrons were planted on, the bank below the approach road.

On the level ground at the east end of the cement tennis court a bed of Cannas was planted.

Acalyphas were planted near the main entrance.

Around-the valley to the east of the house the shrubs were thinned out; only the best being allowed to remain.

The Rhododendrons which were planted a few years ago flowered very freely. They were kept free from grass and creepers as required.

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The bamboo fences were repaired and the walks dressed with disintegrated granite.

Blake Garden.—Extensive alterations were made so as to give visitors more space for either walking about or sitting down.

The turf was taken up from four places, the ground levelled, drained and surfaced with disintegrated granite.

A part of the valley at the east end was filled in, to give a further piece of level ground.

Many of the Agaves alongside the walks were removed as they were no longer required for protective purposes.

Cockchafer grubs made their appearance in some of the lawns and they were collected and destroyed.

In the August typhoon three Banian trees were blown down. These were afterwards lopped and put up again.

Five persons were arrested and convicted for disorderly con- duct and damage to plants.

Peak Garden.-The Aleurites trees in this garden made very slow progress.

The Hydrangeas on the banks flowered well. Long grass covering them and other plants was cut as required.

The creepers on the big retaining wall at the upper end are gradually making headway.

West End Park.-The level piece of ground for many years used as a children's playground at the east end of the Park having been appropriated by the Government for building purposes a new playground was selected further west. This was under construc- tion by the Public Works Department at the end of the

year. number of trees had to be cut down to enable the necessary cutting down of a bank and filling up to be done.

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Mimosu and Lantana roots were taken up and burnt as funds permitted.

Several of the Camphor trees were attacked by white ants and these were treated with Jeyes' Fluid.

King's Park.-The August typhoon did much damage to the Eucalyptus and other trees. As many as possible were raised and most of them are slowly recovering.

Gangs of coolies were employed taking up Mimosa and Lan-

tana roots.

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Several persons were arrested and convicted for stealing shrubs and allowing cattle to graze in the Park,

Many pine trees which had been killed by the dust from the Hok Un Cement Works were cut down and removed.

Colonial Cemetery.- Ficus and other creepers were planted at the base of the retaining walls on some of the new terraces.

Trees and shrubs damaging tombstones were removed.

Branches of trees and shrubs which interfered with the read- ing of inscriptions on monuments were cut back.

Trees attacked by white ants were treated with either Jeyes' fluid or Carbolineum.

Eighty-one new graves and intervening spaces were covered with turf.

For extension purposes several trees and shrubs had to be cut down.

Three persons were arrested and convicted for stealing flowers.

Royal Square Garden.--The plot of ground west of the Law Courts was laid out. As the surface material consisted largely of builders' rubbish it was removed to a depth of one foot or more and replaced by good soil. A few small flower beds and shrub- beries were made and the remainder turfed.

Cannas were planted in the shrubberies for temporary effect and they made a blaze of colour in a short time.

The lawn in the plot which was laid out in 1910 was badly attacked by cockchafer grubs. They were discovered before much damage was done and the whole of the turf was taken up, the grubs collected and destroyed, then the turf re-laid.

Civil Hospital Grounds. The lawns required considerable attention as they had got into a bad condition by worms and weeds. It will be sometime before they are in good order again.

Branches of trees which were overhanging the upper tennis ground were cut off.

An improvement has been made with plants in pots and by strict attention to detail this should be maintained.

A small plot of ground near the new operating theatre was planted up with blue grass, palms and shrubs.

Royal_Observatory Grounds.-These grounds were placed under this Department at the beginning of the year.

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The grounds were cleared of undesirable undergrowth, un- sightly trees cut down and others pruned.

Thirty-six trees of various kinds as well as a number of palms and flowering shrubs were planted in suitable places.

Two oval beds were made on the lawn outside the Observatory building and filled with annuals.

Pot plants were grown for the decoration of the verandah,

Lower Albany Nursery.-This piece of ground has become. quite a feature of the tramline as many of the plants when in flower can be seen by people travelling on the Peak cars.

Nicotiana Sanderae, Cannas, Russelia, Antigonon and Poni- settia were amongst the most conspicuous objects in flower.

Peak Tramway Banks.-The Hibiscus shrubs on these banks made a very pleasing show for the greater part of the year.

They suffered somewhat badly by the August typhoon but soon recovered.

Additional plants were put in as funds permitted, as well as several flowering trees, such as Bauhinia Blakeana, Lagerstroemia indica, and Crataeva religiosa.

Below the Kennedy Road a large number of Allamandas were planted.. As they were good specimens when they were put in they made a 'pleasing show at once.

The plantation of Bauhinia variegata on the terraces above the Union Church has done remarkably well and as the small native trees between it and the tramline have been cut away the Buuhi- nias when in flower will form a very conspicuous feature in the landscape.

The beautifying of banks and roads with flowering trees and shrubs was commenced a few years ago on the suggestion of His Excellency the Governor, Sir Henry May, when he was adminis- tering the Government, and it is these plants that are now so much appreciated by the public.

Hongkong Club Plot. The plot of Crownl and west of the Club building was planted with Hibiscus and flowering trees. Squares of turf were put down at 6 feet intervals, and these will in time cover the site if the ground is undisturbed.

Roadside Banks and Rockeries.-The Rhododendrons on Bat- tory: Path flowered well but as the purple and red-flowered varie- ties were often in flower at the same time it was decided to remove the former and plant them elsewhere.

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The Glenealy rockeries were overhauled, exhausted plants were taken out and replaced by younger specimens.

Several tree ferns were planted in the upper part of Glenealy.

The Hydrangeas planted on Bowen, May and Magazine Gap Roads received frequent attention. Many of these groups flowered well but others were less satisfactory.

The Bauhinia variegata trees planted four years ago on the bank opposite the main entrance to Government House have grown exceedingly well and they flowered profusely.

Government Offices' Grounds.-The big Pterocarpus tree was badly broken by the August typhoon but it is now recovering.

<

One Caryota urens which had flowered was cut down.

The grounds were kept in a tidy condition, the grass was cut when required and weeds in the “blue grass" under the trees were removed.

Volunteer Parade Ground.--This plot was placed under the care of this Department during the year.

The grass was frequently cut and the hedges trimmed when

necessary.

Government Bungalows' Grounds.-The grounds were kept in good order but no planting was done.

Children's Plot, Kowloon.-Six trees were planted in the area recently reserved for children in Chatham Road, but it will be several years before they are of use for shade purposes even if

any they survive typhoons.

Cricket Ground.-The turf on the playing pitch having got into a very bad condition this Department was instructed to take it up, remove the soil underneath to a depth of eighteen inches, fill up with good soil and put down new turf.

These operations were duly carried out and although it was late in the season before the work was completed the ground was available for play in October.

HERBARIUM.

A number of local plants were added to the collection.

Mr. C. Talbot Bowring again presented a small collection of Chekiang plants to the Department.

In 1912 the Tung Wa Hospital Committee kindly presented specimens of all the vegetable drugs exhibited by them at the Medical Congress held in Hongkong in that year. Two hundred and thirty of these have now been identified,

M 8

In addition, some 800 other specimens were named.

Duplicate specimens to the number of 1,200 have been sent to various botanical establishments in exchange.

Mr. S. T. Dunn, B.A., F.L.S., kindly offered to revise the Labiata and Derris in the Hongkong Herbarium and they were accordingly sent to him for that purpose.

Additions to the local Flora are given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Demarcation.-No new areas were demarcated but numbers and letters of the blocks and divisions were repainted.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.—Sixty-six thousand one- year old pine tree seedlings were planted on the lower hills in the vicinity of the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel in 9B.

Over 5,000 one-year old seedlings were planted on the Kow- loon Service Tank hill.

Bare sites where fires had destroyed the trees at 6D, Aber- deen, and 7F, Pokfulum, were cleared of debris and sown with pine tree seeds.

On the grassy hills near Kowloon Tsai in 9A and 9B, 420 lbs. of pine seeds were sown broadcast.

Broad-leaved Trees planted.-Camphor trees to the number of 200 were planted above and below the Peak-Pokfulum Road in the Pokfulum valley, and 100 on the low hills near the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel.

In 9B on the low hills near the railway 5,000 Banian trees were planted and in the Pokfulum valley 2,400 Tristania seedlings and Ficus,

Care of Trees in Plantations.-The pine tree seedlings in 6E and 7D, Aberdeen, 7G, Mount Davis, and 9E, Lyemun, were thinned out where required.

Dead trees were removed from several plantations and creep- ers encircling trees were cut in the following:--Mount Davis, Pokfulum, Aberdeen, Bowen Road, Magazine Gap Road, Wanchai Gap Road, Quarray Bay Road, Shaukiwan, Taitam Road and Kowloon Catchwater.

In 9B, near Kowloon City, some of the pine tree plantations were attacked by the caterpillar of Metanastria punctata, Walker, and 700 lbs., as well as 125 lbs. of cocoons, were collected and destroyed.

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Camphor trees in various parts of the Colony were attacked by white ants and the trees were treated with either Jeyes' fluid or Carbolineum.

Protection from Fire.-Fire Barriers were cleared as usual in Hongkong and Kowloon, the total length cleared being 174,000 ft.

The numbers on the Fire Barriers were repainted as required.

No fires occurred at the Tsing Ming or Chung Yeung Festi- vals. The Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs kindly lent 10 District Watchmen on each of these occasions and no doubt their presence greatly conduced to make the worshippers at the tombs more careful than they otherwise would have been.

Altogether 45 fires were reported during the year, the biggest of these occurring on Mount Kellett. No doubt many of these fires were caused by grass-cutters, whilst others occurred through the carelessness of individuals in throwing either lighted matches or cigarette ends into the plantations when walking along the pub- lic roads.

Forest Guards' Service.--The number of persons arrested for Forestry Offences was 459 as compared with 360 in the previous year, and the fines inflicted by the Magistrates amounted to about $1,400. Statistics of Offences are given in Tables II and III.

A sum of $116 was received from eighteen owners of mat- sheds for damage done to trees and shrubs in the vicinity of the matsheds by the occupants.

Any person who obtains a permit to erect a matshed in a plantation has to give a guarantee that he will pay for any damage done to trees and shrubs by his employees.

Owing to the rapid extinction of many native shrubs and plants by flower sellers, an Order-in-Council was made prohibiting the sale of certain native plants and flowers in the Colony.

To further stop the destruction of native plants a circular was sent to the residents at the Peak, asking them to instruct their servants not to pick flowering trees and shrubs.

Considerable damage was done to native trees in the vicinity of Shek O. Search Warrants were obtained for several of the houses in the village and four persons were arrested and charged with unlawful possession of timber, and on conviction they were fined $25 each.

Timber Felling. In order to enable the Public Works Depart- ment to proceed with the new Tytam Tuk reservoir, an area of 53 acres was felled.

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A few hundred pine trees were cut down in the Royal Obser- vatory Grounds to enable a playground to be made for the children at the Kowloon British School.

At Aberdeen, a considerable amount of felling was done in connection with the Chinese new cemetery.

Several fellings were made in the plantation adjoining the Colonial Cemetery for cemetery extension purposes.

In the Chinese Old Cemetery at Mount Caroline, for the pur- poses of exhumation and formation of terraces, a considerable num- ber of trees were felled.

Grass-cutting.-Owing to several of the grass-cutters who supply the cattle dealers at Kennedy Town with grass having been arrested for cutting grass in Government plantations an applica- tion was made by them for licences. The conditions of the licences were explained to them and they appeared satisfied. The Colonial Veterinary Surgeon informed me later that the grass-cutters con- sidered the fee of $5 per annum too high and no licences were issued.

These people have repeatedly behaved in this manner and it is pretty certain that they do not want to take out licences.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-The young trees on Conduit Road, May Road, Brewin's Path, at the Race Course and in the Kowloon Roads were several times re-staked and re-tied. The Poincianas at the Race Course were repeatedly damaged by boys, and wire netting was fixed around the tree guards to further protect the trees.

In Kowloon goats did considerable damage to the young trees and several persons were arrested and convicted in connection with this matter. The trees mostly affected were Aleurites triloba from which the goats ate the bark.

The August typhoon played great havoc with the trees in Kowloon, no less than 93 were blown down and 60 in addition severely damaged.

The Aleurites suffered more than others and those left standing had practically all their leaves destroyed.

Sixty-six flowering trees and shrubs were planted along the Bowen Road.

The pruning of street trees in Hongkong and Kowloon was carried out as usual.

A stock of Aleurites seedlings was raised for repairing avenues in Kowloon in 1914,

M 11

Branches of trees interfering with Government telephone lines were cut twice during the year.

At the request of the Honourable the Captain Superintendent of Police several big Banian trees were cut down and others were lopped to allow the Fire Brigade motor engine to pass safely along the streets at night.

The few trees which remained in Pedder Street were removed after the demolition of the Clock Tower as it was found that they were a bigger obstruction to traffic after the removal of the struc- ture than they were before. Their removal has considerably im- proved the look of the street in addition.

To enable the Electric Tramway Company to extend their line to Wongneichong several Banian trees were removed from the road at the upper end of the Race Course.

Shataukok-Castle Peak Road.-On the section between Castle Peak and Au Tau over 1,100 trees were planted consisting of Poinciana, Ficus and Melaleuca. The Melaleucas were planted in swampy ground where other kinds of trees would not grow.

Between San Tin and Fan Ling 200 trees of the same varie- ties as above were planted.

The planting was not completed on these sections as there were not sufficient Poincianas in stock for the purpose, and as Camphor trees were required for some of the planting a sufficient number of both these trees were raised in order to complete the work in 1914.

To prevent damage by bullocks, buffaloes and pigs, sugar baskets were used as tree guards, and they have proved quite a success, as only a small percentage of the baskets have been stolen or destroyed.

On the last day of the year some of the Ficus infectoria were injured by frost but the damage will not be of a permanent nature.

U Kau Tang Forest Reserve.-About 1.000 pits were dug and planted with trees and shrubs or sown with seeds.

Forestry Service Paths.-These were repaired after the summer rains in both Hongkong and Kowloon. A new path was made on the north side of Mount Parker.

Fanling Hills.-Some 240 flowering trees and about a dozen shrubs were planted on the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course. A few were damaged by fire at the end of the year and a few more by frost but the majority of them are doing well.

Two large beds of Cannas were also planted and although it was rather late in the summer when the work was done the plants flowered freely.

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Sung Wong Toi Hill.-Mr. Li Ping, who a year or two ago, offered to build a wall around this hill free of cost to the Govern- ment, commenced operations, and trees and shrubs in the line of the proposed wall were cut down.

When the work is completed a few trees will be planted in favourable positions.

Clearing Undergrowth around Houses. For anti-malarial pur- poses an area of approximately 4,500,000 square feet was cleared at the Government's expense in various parts of Hongkong and Kowloon and around the Police Stations in the New Territories.

A further area of about 975,000 square feet was cleared for the Military Authorities at their expense, and an area of 3,500 square feet at the cost of private individuals.

Clearing for Survey Purposes.-To enable the Public Works Department to carry out surveys, etc., areas amounting to about 2,400,000 square feet were cleared.

Forestry Licences, New Territories.-The District Officer re- ports that the fees collected for the Northern District amounted to $3,257.51 and the Assistant District Officer states that a sum of $1,396.04 was collected in the Southern District, making a total of $4,653.55.

COMMERCIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

A representative of Messrs. Joseph Crossfield & Sons, Soap Manufacturers, England, made a personal application for informa- tion about several kinds of oil seeds and he was furnished with the particulars asked for.

Several kinds of oil were received from Messrs. Bradley & Co., with a request that they might be supplied with the names of the plants from which the oils were obtained, and this was done.

A Government official from Burmah was supplied with in- formation regarding Ginseng and Chinese Kut Root,

At the request of the Director of the Imperial Institute, a quantity of Perilla seed was sent to the Director of Agriculture, Nairobi, British East Africa, for experimental purposes.

NURSERIES, AGLRICUTURE, &C.

In the Beacon Hill Nurseries some 80,000 pine tree seedlings were raised for planting in 1914.

Unfortunately, however, upwards of 30,000 were destroyed by the August typhoon.

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Several hundred Camphor trees were raised for planting along the Shataukok-Castle Peak Road in 1914. In addition, several thousand Poinciana and other trees were raised for planting along the Shataukok-Castle Peak Road and elsewhere.

At Kang Hau Nursery no additional plants were put in, and owing to its inaccessibility it was decided to abandon it as soon as a new place could be obtained at Fanling.

The first and second rice crops were good and the Lichi crop was up to the average.

ABNORMAL WEATHER,

On the 31st December the lowest ground temperature since January 1893, was recorded.

Visitors to the Race Course on the morning of the 31st Decem- ber reported that the valley was white with hoar frost.

In the New Territories, at Fanling, the following exotic plants were killed-Coleus, Pandanus Veitchii, Acalypha hispida, and Sanchezia nobilis.

The following exotics were damaged more or less:-Crotons, Acalypha tricolor, and Poinciana regia.

The following indigenous plants also suffered from the effects of the frost-Ficus infectoria, Melastoma candidum, Embelia Ribes, Pandanus odoratissimus, and Lycopodium cernuum.

Many acres of Sweet Potatoes had their leaves turned quite black from the same cause.

The actual lowest temperature on the above date is not known. The Royal Observatory thermometers at about 4 ft. from the ground did not register anything below 44·4° F.

PRESENTATIONS TO THE DEPARTMENT.

The following institutions and persons presented seeds or plants-Botanic Gardens, Singapore; Mr. H. M. Curren, Captain Hodgins, Mr. H. Humphreys, Mr. W. M. Humphreys, Inspector Kerr, Li Kau, Mr. J. F. C. Rock, Mr. C. Roebelen, Mrs. Rowe; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Mr. F. Soares and Miss Wallace.

Mr. H. A. Siebs presented a Kangaroo which unfortunately died shortly after it was received.

The following were the principal recipients of seeds or plants: --Mr. C. C. F. Allen, North Australia; Mr. J. Barton; Botanic Gardens, Singapore; Rev. G. Bunbury; Director of Agriculture,

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Nairobi, British East Africa; Mr. L. Gibbs; Government Botanic Gardens, Bangalore; Mr. A. E. P. Griessen, New Delhi, India; Mr. J. H. Higgins, Hawaii; ('aptain Hodgins, Mr. E. A. Irving, Inspector Kerr, Mr. H. Nehrling, Pokfulum Police Station, Mr. C. Roebelen; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Taipo Police Station, United States Department of Agriculture; and Miss Wallace.

STAFF.

Mr. H. Green was in charge of the Department from 1st January to the 8th April, and the Superintendent resumed duty on return from leave on the 9th April.

7th March, 1914.

W. J. TUTCHER,

Superintendent.

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1913.

Botanic Gardens.

– M 15 —

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. April May June

June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Dec.

inch. inch.

inch.

inch. inch. inch. | inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

•11

*09

1.70

*53

2,

*09

1.97

+24

•13

1.17

+24

...

.12

*54

⚫90

*26

...

...

•19

*43

*02

*79

1.04

*24

6,

*06

*12

⚫02

...

*15

⚫06

'01

8,

·05

1.55

*25

⚫33

·01

...

...

9,

•35

...

1.62

*22

•29

*05

⚫30

10,

.05

*25

1.60

*04

1.76

.35

•44

...

11,

·01

⚫03

•01

•12

1.27

⚫20

⚫33

*05

*44

⚫03

12,

...

.70

1.35

2.79 1.75

*05

•27

⚫02

.12

13,

17

⚫01

•80

*55

1.10

2.90

*04

*02

14,

•20

1.45

⚫55 *80

1.94

.88

...

...

15,

*90

1.09

⚫03

•12

16,

⚫58

·04

•22

⚫39

...

::

⚫06

•24

⚫01

...

...

- M 16-

Table 1,-Continued.

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. April May

June July Aug. | Sept. | Oct.

Nov. Dec.

inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch.

17,

18,

ཝྱཱ་ྲ

*02

inch.

*19 .24 *01 ⚫36

inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

*79 *02

⚫06

4.00 2.36 1.01

•16

⚫20

3.80

*30

19,

•22

⚫04

*05

*03

4.40

'02

20,

⚫03

*02

1.30

•21

3.34

.20

21,

·41

⚫01

*52

⚫57

⚫30

1.33

·05

22,

•19

·01

.38

.16

•20

23,

+36

16

⚫06

⚫01

⚫06

*28

⚫03

⚫01

'08

24,

⚫02

1.62

⚫03

⚫01

1.90 •51

⚫03

25,

•22

⚫02

1.13

•63

*06

26,

⚫08

2.60

*25

27,

⚫02

.46

1.84

28,

·01

·02

⚫04

•37

*33

:

29,

*22

⚫02

⚫08

30,

*90 .12 ⚫07

*02

31,

*80

4.07

Total,

.87

2.16

8.13

3.33 10:35 | 17-73 15-39 13:45 15.92 2.14 1.25

1.70

Total for the year 92:42 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens 86'44 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year 71.83 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

Village or District.

Block.

Compartment.

Pine tree stealing.

Pine tree branches stealing.

Pine tree

needles stealing.

Brushwood

stealing.

Grass-cutting.

Wild flower stealing.

Wild fruits stealing.

Cattle grazing plantation.

Roots stealing.

Victoria,

Shaukiwan,

Wongneichong,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G. A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

73

Nil.

14

8

31

2

Nil.

Nil.

12

30

15

10

2

"

""

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

10

10

9

35

42

15

1

""

Tytam,

A.D.G.

Nil. Nil.

Nil.

3

Nil.

Nil.

""

Stanley,

A.E.F.

1

Nil.

1

4

"}

Aberdeen,

A.B.C.D.E.

1

5

Nil.

""

""

Pokfulum,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

Kowloon,

A.B.C.D.E.

Harbour Belt,

A.B.C.D.

6

273

4

13

1

3

23

4

Nil.

13

4

5

32

2

""

Cheungshawan,

10

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil,

""

བསྙའོ །།ཚེ་

*9

"

5

""

Kowloon Reservoir,

11

1

1

34

125

""

""

*99

"}

"

Total for 1913,

29

42

40

123

126

69

· 12

18

Nil.

Total for 1912,

4.7

26

34

120

66

45

Nil.

13

9

M 17 -

M 18

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

1913.

1912.

50 cents to $1 fine,

24

53

$1.25

3

0

""

$2

85

60

"

$2.50

2

0

$3

36

41

""

$4 to $5

65

29

""

$7

24

0

""

$10 to $25

37

10

">

$30

0

1

$50

2

0

""

2 days' imprisonment,

4

3

""

5

16

4

22

5 to 7 days'

8 to 14

""

""

22

1

0

37

74

31

33

15 to 31

6 weeks'

2 months'

>>

""

""

""

31

3

1

3

3

0

Whipping with the birch,

4

1

Discharges,

Withdrawals,

Forfeiture of Bail,

Personal Bond,..

47

26

9

3

10

1

2

2

Total,..

..459

360

Table IV.

NURSERIES.

Locality.

Kang Hau,

Expenses. $289.30

East Point,

Kowloon Tsai,

61.70 927.20

Total,

$1,278.20

M 19

Table V.

Revenue.

REVENUE.

7

Timber Sales, ....

Forestry Licences,

Loan of Plants,

Forfeiture of Timber Contractor's

Security,.

Interest on Current Account,

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

Sale of Old Tools,

1913.

1912.

$

C.

3,066.74

$ c. 1,976.90

4,653.55

417.00

307.44

200.00

10.68

15.07

4.09

5.50

....

Total,

$8,352.06

$2,304.91

Table VI.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FROM THE YEAR 1904 To 1913.

Year. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

$ c.

$

C.

%

1904

49,688.98

25,201.44

50.72

1905

46,670.14

3,468.94

7.43

1906

46,796.19

6,898.64

14.74

1907

44,131.14

7,730.52

17.52

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43,694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13,230.59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7.769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2,304.91

5.78

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

M 20

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Uvaria Hamiltonii, Hook. f.-Collected near Castle Peak. Known from Hongkong, Sikkim and Assam.

2. Xylosma longifolium, Clos.-Discovered near Fanling. Not previously recorded from China, but known from the Western Himalayas and Assam.

3. Securidaca tavoyana, Wall.-Found at U Kau Tin. Known from Hongkong, India, Burmah and Java.

4. Garcinia oblongifolia, Champ.-Growing in a wood near Shataukok. Found previously in Hongkong and Hainan only.

5. Ternstræmia japonica, Thumb.-In the Forest Reserve at U Kau Tin. Common in Hongkong and known from India, Ceylon, Sumatra and Japan.

6. Elaocarpus Griffithii, Mast.-In the Forest Reserve at U Kau Tin. Known from India, Malacca, Singapore, Java and Hainan.

7. Crotalaria ferruginea, Grah.-Near the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel. Recorded from Lofaushan, India, Malaya and the Philippines.

8. Crotalaria sesseliflora, Linn.-Near the Golf Course at Fan- ling. Known from Hongkong, Lofaushan and several parts of China.

9. Eschynomene indica, Linn.-Near Castle Peak. Found over Tropical Asia, Africa and Australia.

10. Dunbaria subrhombea, Hemsl.-Along the roadside at Fan- ling. Known from Kiangsi, Hupeh and Japan.

11. Cælsalpinia vernalis, Champ.-North of the Kowloon Re- servoir. Only previously known from Hongkong.

12. Canthium didymum, Gaertn.-In a wood near Shataukok. Found in India, Hongkong and Malaya.

13. Aster trinervius, Roxb.-At Castle Peak. Known from Hongkong, China, Japan and India.

14. Cnicus chinensis, Maxim.-Found at Castle Peak, Re- corded from Hongkong, Kwangtung, India and Burmah.

1

P

M 21

}

15. Lactuca stolonifera, Maxim.-At Castle Peak. Known from Shantung and Japan.

16. Diospyros Tutcheri, Dunn-Two small trees only, male and female, found in a bed of a ravine on the south side of Mount Gough when clearing for anti-malarial purposes. New to science.

17. Lettsomia Championi, Benth. & Hook. In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak. Known from Hongkong and Kwangtung.

18. Capsicum minimun, Roxb.--On waste ground near Shatau- kok. Extensively cultivated, but native country unknown.

19. Sopubia stricta, G. Don.-Near the Fanling Golf Course. Recorded from India and Java but not previously known from China.

20. Strobilanthes apricus, T. Anders.-On the Lyemun hills but not before found out of Hongkong.

21. Justicia glauca, Rottb.-In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak. Previously known from the North River and India.

22. Piper Matthewii, Dunn.-In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak. Only previously known from the Lienchow River.

23. Machilus breviflora, Hemsl.-In a wood near Shataukok. Only previously recorded from Hongkong.

24. Lindera communis, Hemsl.-In a wood near Shataukok. Known from Kwangtung, Hupeh and Szechuen.

25. Cleidion javanicum, Bl.-In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak. Recorded from Hongkong, Hainan, India and Ceylon.

26. Glossula calcarata, Rolfe.-This small orchid was discovered by Dr. E. A. Voretzsch in 1911 on the north side of Mount Gough. Also found on Lofaushan. New to science.

27. Alpinia formosana, K. Schum.-In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak. Only known previously from Hongkong and For-

mosa.

28. Caryota ochlandra, Hance.-In the Temple ravine, Castle Peak, apparently wild. Only known previously from cultivated plants near Canton.

29. Phragmites communis, Trin.-On the banks of the tidal swamp at Castle Peak. Known from the river banks, Canton, and elsewhere.

Appendix N.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1913.

}

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.

Revenue and Expenditure.

The Education Ordinance.

Classification of Schools :-

(a.) Schools outside the Ordinance :-

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools. Excluded Private Schools.

(b.) Controlled Schools:-

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(e.) The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

Normal Classes.

Hygiene.

Oxford Local Examinations.

School Readers.

The University.

The Cadet Corps.

Boy Scouts.

Athletics.

General-His Majesty's Portrait-Visual Instruction-The

Montessori System.

TABLES.

I.-Government Schools.

II.-Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III-Chart: Total Pupils in English and Vernacular Schools. IV. Revenue and Expenditure.

V.-Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

N 2

VI.-Oxford Local Results.

VII.-Fees remitted to Free Scholars.

VIII.-Technical Institute:

IX.-

Do.

Balance Sheet.

Figures of former years extracted.

APPENDIX.

Report on the Montessori System.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE,

(Tables I, II, IV, V, VII, VIII and IX.)

After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expendi- ture on education was $195,916, ($170,165 in 1912). This is the largest amount by nearly $26,000 spent in any year on education in the Colony. The increase is mainly in connection with the Educa- tion Ordinance.

2. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $73,248 were collected ($69,196 in 1912). As in addition $3,759 in school fees were remitted to free scholars, this amount is also a 'record'.

3. The percentage of revenue to the total expenditure of the Colony is still very low, 2:40.

4. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table I with the average of preceding years. The increase at Queen's College and the decrease at the British Schools are noteworthy.

THE EDUCATION ORDINANCE, (No. 26 of 1913).

5. "An Ordinance to provide for the registration and supervi- sion of certain schools was passed on '1st August, 1913.

"}

6. It defines a school as a place where ten or more persons are being or are habitually taught whether in one or more Classes", and empowers the Director of Education to register all schools other than Government and Military Schools and such others as the Governor-in-Council may direct; also to remove registered schools from the register, or refuse registration, at his discretion, an appeal lying to the Governor-in-Council. Unregistered schools are lawful", and the Managers liable to a fine of $500.

..

un-

7. The effect of the Ordinance is to ensure a certain minimum of sanitation and disciplinary and educational attainment in every school in the Colony. The children in private schools both in the Colony and in the New Territories now for the first time fall under Government supervision,

1

:

N 3 -

8. The principle of State registration of schools has been much discussed at home lately; but I am not aware that it has received the sanction of the legislature in any part of the Empire other than Hongkong. It is justifiable on the following grounds :----

The public are entitled to protection so far as a Government Department can give it: "if mines and factories cannot be left with- out supervision, neither can schools" (Bishop Welldon). And as the State endeavours to prevent the public from being defrauded in respect of other commodities, so also it should do where education is sold, it being a ware the value of which it is difficult to assess at a glance. There is the further argument that State expenditure on education cannot be used to the best advantage unless the extent of that private educational effort is known, which it professes to supple- ment. Without compulsory registration this knowledge is unttain- able.

9. The Ordinance came into force on October 1st, 1913. An Inspector of English Schools (Mr. Ralphs) and an Acting Inspector of Vernacular Schools (Mr. Cavalier) were appointed, as well as a Cantonese Sub-Inspector for the Colony, and a Hakka Sub-Inspector for the New Territories. Mr. Ralphs was unfortunately invalided home almost at once. Mr. de Martin was appointed to act for him.

10. A preliminary census of the private schools in the Colony and the New Territories had been taken earlier in the year. With this as a basis, the work of registration at once began. It is by no means complete, since by the terms of the Ordinance Managers are not compelled to register their schools before 30th June, 1914; but it is well in hand, and no serious difficulty nor friction is antici- pated. Details of the work of the Inspectors are given in paragraphs 68 and 69 below.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

11. The enforcement of the new Education Ordinance necessi- tates a somewhat different classification of schools. Instead of being considered under the heads of Government, Grant and Private Schools, it becomes convenient to follow the clsssification of the Ordinance and treat them as schools to which the Ordinance does, and those to which it does not apply. The latter fall into two divi- sions (a) Government Schools which are under the direct control of the Education Department, and (b) the Military Schools and certain others with which the Department does not concern itself in any way: Excluded Schools. The schools to which the Ordinance does apply may conveniently be called Controlled Schools. They fall conveniently into three classes, (a) Grant Schools, the schools which are in receipt of a Grant under the written contract with the Govern- ment called the Grant Code, (b) all others (Private Schools) whatso- ever except (c) Subsidised Schools, certain schools in the New Territories which as a temporary measure are in receipt of a small subsidy, and which partake of the character of both Government (i.e., Departmentally controlled) and Grant Schools.

12. The schools are considered in this order in the following paragraphs.

N 4

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table I.)

-

13. Kowloon British School.-The average attendance at Kow- loon School was 62 (52 in 1912). The increase was due mainly to the abolition of the age limit for boys. A Class for big boys was started in a matshed adjoining the main building in the spring term under Mr. Hamilton, who subsequently acted as Headmaster during the absence on sick leave of Mrs. Main.

14. Extracts from the report of the Inspector of English Schools are given below:

"The senior girls' time table was well arranged as regards French, and in accordance with what has been found advisable in the early stages of learning a modern language. The reading was fair. A small piece of dictation was done fairly well by two out of six girls. I recommend that French dictation form a regular part of the work in this Class. It was rather difficult to make them speak; but two girls tried, and one was fairly successful. I think it may be safely concluded that some progress has been made in this subject, and that a definite system is in force.

In Classes 4 and 5, the French reading was satisfactory, and I suppose that on ordinary occasions the pupils read louder. They answered easily questions I asked them from the book, but similar questions slightly re-arranged did not seem to convey much to them. Some exercises I saw had been well done, and were neatly written. The coloured picture book is fair, but an easier vocabulary would be more suitable for beginners.

In History this Class was willing, even eager, to answer, and seemed to know their period. Atlases should be used in History lessons.

The senior boys are taken by the Headmaster in a matshed which struck me as rather chilly-it was a bleak day.

They do no French and have only just begun Latin. They are using the "Elementa Latina ", quite a good book for beginners.

I asked them a few questions on the Stuart period, which were answered intelligently. They are a small body but seem promising.

I was glad to hear that test papers in History are employed wisely (ie., History is not studied in order to provide material for periodic test papers, but test papers are set when the teacher consi- ders they will be useful). I asked a few questions on Tudor His- tory, which were satisfactorily answered.

Generally I was struck with the business-like air of the whole school, and pleased with the examples of neat written work I picked up casually."

}

+

1

N 5

15. The Rev. N. C. Pope, Incumbent of St. Andrew's Church, took the elder girls in Scripture once a week. He reports as follows:-

"I have visited the School on Tuesday mornings during term time since October, 1912, and am pleased to have the opportunity of putting on record that I have been most favourably impressed with the discipline and general tone of the School.

í

As a class they have given excellent results, and I hope you are pleased."

16. The health of the school has been satisfactory.

17. Victoria British School.-Mr. H. A. Cox, who has been Head- master since December, 1910, resigned at the end of his agreement. During his headmastership the numbers of the school doubled. The average daily attendance in 1913 was 63, (47 in 1912). Part of the increase may be attributed to the abolition of the age limit for girls.

18. While work is on the whole satisfactory, the Headmaster is finding it necessary to devote more time to Reading, Writing and Spelling. It has been considered advisable to re-organise the system of French teaching in order to bring it into touch with modern methods. These and other changes will be fully effective when another Assistant Mistress, for whom provision has been made for 1914, arrives in the Colony.

19. The school is fortunate in possessing a good playing field, of which both girls and boys take full advantage.

20. As usual there has been a quarterly medical inspection.

21. I took occasion at the annual prize-giving to refer to the Medical Officer's report on the bad condition of many of the child- ren's teeth.

PEAK SCHOOL.

21a. Provision having been made to open a school for residents at the Peak in 1914, preparations were made to have it so opened at the beginning of January, as in fact it was.

QUEEN'S COLLEGE.

22. Queen's College has of late years felt the competition of three new schools for Chinese, the effect of which has been to reduce the numbers. This result though not particularly lamentable in itself has led to the retention and promotion of boys who are unfit for their position in the school; and this in turn has led to a great loss of efficiency. This tendency is now being resisted, a process which may lead at first to some further reduction in numbers, but which will add enormously to the true value of the College and ultimately should increase the attendance.

.

ww

N 6-

P

23. In my report for 1912, I wrote that the primitive organisa- tion of the College still required much development. This work of re-organisation has proceeded steadily through the year. In the first place inquiry shewed that the Lower and Remove Classes which work at the same syllabus as the District Schools, failed to attain the same high average standard. The fault was due mainly to a too lenient system of promotion, which has for years been the bane of the College. The Vernacular entrance examination and the system of pari passu promotions in the English and Vernacular Classes having become considerably relaxed, the rigour of the rules has now been restored.

24. In the Upper School it was recognised that a uniform course of study failed to suit the requirements of many pupils who cannot afford to stay a year or more in Class I. The curriculum has now been divided into two Courses, a full three years' Course for such boys as intend to go up for the University Matriculation Examina- tion, and a two years' Commercial Course for others. I was assured that it would be very hard to get parents to let their sons follow any other than the beaten track, and I therefore had a circular letter written in which the alternative course was clearly explained. As a consequence the great majority of Class 3 came back after the sum- mer holidays with orders from their parents to take the Commercial Course. It is often said that the Chinese parent is reactionary and unwilling to accept new methods of education. The foregoing experience argues the value of putting facts plainly before him. The Courses of the full and commercial sides were printed in pamphlet form in September. Strange to say, the syllabus of the Upper School has never before been published. It is hoped that this and other material of interest may appear later, as the Calendar of the College. The Commercial Course includes book-keeping and shorthand and commercial geography among other subjects, but omits general history, physics and chemistry. Physics is a new subject this year, and chemistry will be taken for the first time in September, 1914.

25. General History was taken as a subject throughout the Upper School (Full Course) since September. The absurdity of teaching Chinese boys no history except detached and not necessarily consecutive periods of English History seems so obvious, that only the difficulty of preparing a satisfactory alternative syllabus can have sanctioned it. In 1903 a Committee reported in favour of the teaching of general history, and now after ten years a series of school texts on the subject, specially prepared for the schools of Hongkong, have been published under the auspices of the Oxford Local Dele- gacy. They are by no means perfect, but constitute a real step in advance. They have received the approval of our University author- ities.

26. The Student Interpreters were put under my control in the course of the year. They now spend all their time of study at Queen's College, and follow a special syllabus. The Normal School makes a separate and fourth course of study, with those of the Full and Commercial Courses and that of the Student Interpreters.

J

$

1.1

N 7

27. Terminal reports are now issued twice a year to every boy for the information of his parents. They are headed with a notice warning employers not to accept them in lieu of school certificates.

28. School certificates are now issued only on the following terms, which should accentuate their value: namely, to boys who have passed the leaving examinations for either the Full or Commer- cial Courses. In other cases nothing more will be given than a bare statement of character.

29. The Classmaster system works well enough in the Lower and Remove Classes where there is the Normal Master to co-ordinate methods of teaching; but in the Upper School it was found that differences of method were producing friction. Accordingly certain masters have been put in charge of certain subjects throughout the Upper School. They are known as Subject Masters and have free powers of criticism of and some powers of interference with the teaching of their subject in Classes other than their own. innovation seems to be working well. There are Subject Masters for English, History, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, and Translation.

This

30. It was found impossible to attempt to prepare boys for both the Oxford Senior and the Hongkong University Matriculation. The former test has consequently been abandoned. Boys used to be prepared in Class 3 for the Oxford Preliminary and in Class 2 for the Junior. It is considered probable that many boys will not be fit to take the Matriculation Examination until they have been in the Upper School for four years. A new Class 1 Junior has therefore been instituted and boys will only be admitted to Class 1 Senior who are fit to take the examination within one year. It will be incumbent upon all boys in Class 1 Senior to sit for the examination; and the Matriculation Certificate endorsed by the Headmaster's certificate to character will be the Senior Leaving Certificate.

31. At the two Matriculation Examinations held in the course of the year, Queen's College passed 10 boys direct from the College, and several others after a few months' absence. Only one school beat this performance, which should however be easily surpassed next year. One of the boys who passed direct was A. H. Rumjahn who won the King Edward Scholarship.

32. The boys are endeavouring to raise a fund for the erection of a pavilion on the Queen's Recreation Ground, which has become necessary owing to the increased interest in Athletics that has been a feature of the past year.

33. An English-speaking Club and a Chess Club, started or revived during the year, are welcome evidence of vitality upon which the Staff no less than the boys must be congratulated.

34. The promotion of Mr. Ralphs made it possible to reduce the Staff of English Assistant Masters by one, at the same time increas- ing their hours. In exchange they obtained a very considerable

N 8

increase of salary. Incidentally the College hours were changed to those common to other schools. Hitherto the morning period has been from 9 a.m. to 1.30 p.m., and put an unjustifiable strain on masters and boys.

35. The College has received my close and personal attention during the year.

36. District Schools.-Upper Grade. The combined average at the three schools (Saiyingpun, Wantsai and Yaumati) was 827, (720 in 1912). The amount collected in fees was $25,419 ($22,971 in 1912).

37. Saiyingpun has the largest average attendance, 389. The Inspector of English Schools was impressed with "the energetic Colloquial and Reading Lessons, the general willingness to answer, and the satisfactory state of the exercise books and the writing therein". In his report he commends "the thorough organisation, the vigorous teaching and the excellent discipline It is not sur- prising therefore that this school has had to refuse large numbers of applications for admission at the Spring and Autumn re-openings. The school has not had a successful football season, the Headmaster complains that there is no available ground. The school will have a share in the new recreation field now being laid out in the West End Park. Mr. Kay has been acting Headmaster since September when Mr. Morris went to Queen's College to act as Normal Master.

38. Wantsai School has had an increased average attendance of 249. The Chinese syllabus has been re-organised in order to corres- pond with that of the Lower Classes in Queen's College. Mr. Brawn has been Headmaster since February. The following extract is from the report of the Inspector of English Schools :-

(C

Teaching-I heard lessons given in every Class, and was generally satisfied with the work done. The Chinese masters should pay more attention to pronunciation. Great attention seemed to be given to correct phrasing. Volley Ball has not been so popular here as elsewhere, but the school has had an unbeaten record in football, and still retains the Wolfe Challenge Cup.

39. Yaumati School has had an increased average attendance of 189 (164 in 1912). The numbers were abnormally low in January but since then the average attendance has been satisfactory. There has been an improvement in school apparatus, and the standard of Chinese studies has been raised. I am satisfied that with the present careful supervision the school is recovering rapidly from the temporary set-back to which I referred in my report of last year. Mr. Curwen has been Headmaster since February.

40. Belilios Public School for Girls.-The extension of the school building over the former playground was opened in December, on the 20th anniversary of the opening of the school. The new build- ings are admirably adapted for school purposes. They include a cloistered quadrangle of considerable size, which is freely used for physical drill and as a playground. Since the girls used to be

TIS

"

N 9

unwilling to play under the gaze of surrounding houses, the school has gained a playground and not lost one. The extension consists of 8 Class rooms capable of accommodating 320 pupils, 3 Teachers' rooms and the usual offices.

41. The Branch School has been closed, and its pupils housed in the extension.

42. The fees were raised in the Christmas term from $1 to $2 per mensem, to the great benefit of the Revenue and with no ill effect upon the attendance.

43. The re-organisation of the school as an English School, which has been proceeding steadily for the last four years, is now complete. The Lower Classes receive one hour's English instruc- tion daily, and the time spent on it is increased year by year, until in the highest Classes Chinese is no longer studied. The work done is thoroughly satisfactory. The syllabus might be improved.

44. Miss Pearce, acting Headmistress, resigned in April upon Mrs. Tutcher's return from leave. Miss Henderson was appointed Assistant Mistress, and took up her duties in September.

45. The demand for Chinese women teachers is very great. In the year 17 girls are known to have left the school to this employ- ment. It can be stated with confidence that they take away a very warm feeling of gratitude and goodwill towards the school and its teachers, and doubtless disseminate it among their pupils through the Canton Province.

46. Lower Grade Government English Schools.-These schools do not go above Class 3 or Class 4. They are not under English Masters; but receive much attention from the Inspector of English Schools.

47. The Indian School.-This school seems to have suffered from the absence on leave of its Senior Master. The attendance fell to 52 (58 in 1912). It is housed very unsatisfactorily in a Chinese tene- ment house. The number of Indian children in the Colony is con- siderable; and it is probable that a superior school would be attended in much greater numbers.

48. Preparations were made to open a Branch School for Indians in Kowloon at the beginning of 1914.

49. Praya East School is the biggest of the Lower Grade Schools and perhaps the most successful. It is to some extent a feeder to Wantsai District School. The average attendance was 97 (65 in 1912). The work was well reported on by the Inspector.

50. Of the three outlying schools Tai Po is the most prosperous, having an average attendance of 41, (31 in 1912). This is probably due to the fact that this school is, on account of its situation, more in touch with the commercial life of the Colony. At the January inspection this school was classed as satisfactory.

+

N 10

51. Un Long School has benefited by the removal from Ping Shan, and has had an average attendance of 27, (14 in 1912).

52. Cheung Chau has not yet recovered the figures of 1911, and with an average attendance of 21 in 1912 and 22 in 1913 is in num- bers and efficiency the weakest of the Lower Grade Schools.

MILITARY AND POLICE SCHOOLS.

53. Garrison Schools.--There are four Garrison Schools in the Colony, in Victoria, Kowloon, and at Lyemun and Stonecutter's Island. These are attended by 108 boys and 74 girls.

54. The Police School is an evening school for European, Indian and Chinese Members of the Police Force and Gaol Staff. It is staffed by an English Master and 2 Indian Masters, from the Educa- tion Department, and is under the control of the Captain Superin- tendent of Police. The average attendance was 51.

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

55. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society account for 388 boys, and the same Body man- ages St. Stephen's Girls' College, which has an average daily attend- ance of 105. The managing Bodies of these schools have applied for their exclusion from the number of controlled schools.

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table II.)

56. A special report is furnished annually upon each Grant School, a copy being sent to the Correspondent.

57. The number of Grant Schools is reduced by one, Vernacular School 47 having been closed for inefficiency at the end of 1912.

58. The total Grant for English Schools was $38,264 ($32,551 in 1912) and that for Vernacular Schools $13,118 ($12,972 in 1912).

59. In the Autumn, the Diocesan Girls' School moved into its new quarters at Kowloon, towards the cost of which the Government gave a Building Grant of $10,000. The school appears to have gained by the change, and is not competing unduly with the neigh- bouring schools.

CONTROLLED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

60. The private schools of the New Territories are dealt with along with the subsidised schools there, under the next heading. I am now dealing with private schools in the Hongkong and Kowloon urban districts only.

61. A census of these schools was taken in the Spring, and they were all re-visited by one or other of the Inspectors in the Autumn.

N 11

62. The following figures give the numbers of pupils actually seen by the Inspectors, which probably correspond fairly closely with the average attendance. When once registered these schools will be expected to keep average attendance registers.

SCHOOLS.

PUPILS.

Boys. Girls. Total. Boys. Girls.

Total.

English Day,

23

Night,

24

-་

1

24

814

14

828

25

360

8

368

47

2

49

1,174

22

1,196

Vernacular Day,..

261

43

301

6,174

1,262

7,436

Night,.

7

7

54

54

268

43 311

6,228 1,262

7,490

Total,

315

45 360 7,402

1,284

8,686

63. One adult school-held to teach the use of sewing machines by a business firm-has been disregarded. Dual schools, of which there are several, have been distributed proportionately between the Boys' and Girls' Schools.

64. A rough census in 1911 shewed a maximum enrolment at these schools of 9,814, which corresponds closely with the present figures.

65. With over 3,000 children in private schools in the New Territories there are thus about 12,000 children, above those in Government and Grant Schools, to be dealt with by the Education Department.

66. The Private Schools have been further classified as those which reach the not very exacting level of our Grant Schools under native management ("A" schools), and those which fall in various degrees from this standard ("B" and "C" schools). The figures

are :—

Schools.

Pupils.

A.-English,

Vernacular,.

17

526 -

526

27

1,232

414

256

B.-English,

15

414-

Vernacular,

131

3,114

1196

C.-English,

17

256

Vernacular,

153

3,144

Total,...

360

8,686

N 12

67. Thus, while nearly half the pupils in the English Private. Schools get tolerable instruction in decent schools, the contrary is the truth in the case of five pupils out of six in the Vernacular Private Schools.

68. Extracts from the report of the Inspector of English Schools, Mr. G. P. de Martin, are given below:-

"The 'C' class have received warning notices. Of these I have sent 14. As a result of, or at least subsequent to, the warning one day and one night school have closed. The masters of all the schools visited have been supplied with translations of the Educa- tion Ordinance, 1913. Rather more than half had heard of the Ordinance, and a few themselves asked me about it. Each master has also been reminded that he will have to apply for and obtain registration before July 1st, 1914.

The average fees are $3 a month, but 65 boys pay fees of $5 or more. The night school fees average less than $1.50 only one school charging $3.

The boys at the night schools are either :—

(1) young boys attending a Vernacular School in the day-

time, or,

(2) servants, house-boys, hotel-boys, men employed in

engineering works, etc.

The work at the day schools is more advanced. At night in most schools easy sentences are learnt, more or less by heart, from books with Chinese and English in parallel columns. In the day- time composition is attempted; at night written work rarely gets beyond copy books or the copying of passages from books, and is in either case so badly done as to be worthless; alse; almost without exception, night school written work is uncorrected and apparently unsupervised.

Nearly all day schools keep a register of attendances; at most night schools boys attend casually and stay as long as they can or wish.

There are certain schools frequented by engineering employees and men from the Dockyard. Here are no readers nor copybooks; they are learning the names of parts of machinery and phrases com- mon in their trade. These schools undoubtedly supply a need and may be considered efficient for the modest purpose for which they exist.

I would select two points for special mention :--

(1) there are boys paying fees to be taught a jargon it

would be flattery to call 'pidgin’;

(2) nearly all the premises in which these schools are

being carried on are at the best quite unsuitable."

69. Extracts from the report of the Inspector of Vernacular Schools, Mr. A. R. Cavalier, are given below:-

AL

N 13

"The 'C' schools were, with a few exceptions, thoroughly unsatisfactory. In a few of them modern readers were used, but there was no proper teaching. The majority were run on old- fashioned lines, i.e., the pupils were set with books before them, and took care to shout out their lessons when they were afraid the teacher was going to wake up, or when they thought it necessary to impress a visitor favourably. Of the meaning of the characters they were entirely ignorant, and they evidently regarded it as a most extraordinary idea that they should be asked any questions at all on their work. In most cases the premises were very dirty, and the remainder were filthy. Most of them were quite unsuitable quar- ters, the school in many cases being held in a bedroom with coolies sleeping in bunks during the hours of instruction, or in a room partitioned off into cubicles. A warning notice was sent to 35 of the worst of them. A few schools were spared, although hopelessly antiquated, as they outshine the others not merely in the matter of cleanliness, but also by the teaching of what so many of these Chinese teachers seem to think no longer necessary, viz., good man- ners. Of the night schools only one is worthy of the name. The others vary from school-rooms, where day-boys are allowed to sit and read in the evening by the aid of a poor light, whether the teacher is there or not, to places where school is supposed to be held, though the teacher is usually said to be out."

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS. (NEW TERRITORIES.)

70. Beyond the establishment of 3 small English Schools at Taipo, Uen Long and Cheung Chau nothing was done, prior to 1913, for education in the New Territories.

71. In anticipation of the passing of the Education Ordinance Mr. Sung Hok-pang, Senior Chinese Master at the Belilios Public School, was seconded for duty in the New Territories. He was required to take a census of schools and teachers, the latter with a view to discover how many were deserving of Government support. This task occupied most of Mr. Sung's time for six months, and it was carried out in a very satisfactory manner. Only a part of Lantao Island was left out through lack of time.

72. According to the census of 1911 there was in the New Territories, Northern District and Islands, a Chinese population of 80,622, of whom 17,623 were between the ages of five and fifteen. The following, table is obtained from Mr. Sung's report:-

District.

No. of Schools.

Average Attendance.

Taipo,

42

436

Sha Tau Kok,

32

437

Sheung Shui,

32

279

Sha Tin and Au Tau,

41

505

Ping Shan,

31

383

Tsun Wan, Tsing Yi and Ma Wan,

14

201

Sha Tin,

19

215

Sai Kung and Tap Mun,

36

534

Cheung Chau, Ping Chau and Lamma

(part of),

13

233

Total,

260

3,223

N 14

M

73. The percentage of children attending school is thus just under 4 per cent. of the total population, and rather more than 18 per cent. of the total population of school-going age.

74. It is not easy to find a parallel to the New Territories, which is without any towns worth the name. Tobago has an area and population of about one-third, but has a school-going population of two-thirds, of that of the New Territories, Northern District and Islands. The percentage of school-going to total population in Trinidad is about the same as Tobago, namely, 8 per cent., or double that of the New Territories. So much for the quantity of the education. As to the quality I cannot illustrate my criticism/ thereof better than by quoting Mr. Sung's report.

75. That the school-rooms themselves are dark and dirty to a degree is not surprising. They are just ordinary rooms set aside for schools by the villagers, and the idea of making a school a bright clean place would amaze them. As for the teachers, they are usually quack doctors or geomancers, who make education a "side line". They make no pretence to a knowledge of modern methods of teaching and when their remuneration is considered, this is hardly surprising.

"The teachers' incomes are quite uncertain at the opening of the school. The teacher is expected to teach without having been definitely promised what his annual income would be until the 4th or 5th moon, when the question of teachers' incomes will be discussed and settled. If there is a large attendance the teacher gets more; otherwise he gets less.

Pupils will have to share the Kung Tong expenses which cover tea, tobacco, fuel and light for the teacher's use. This is in addition to the pupils' ordinary school fees.

School fees vary considerably; a beginner pays much less than those in Advanced Classes. Some pupils include the teacher's food money in their fees, while others pay separately. The average school fees amount to approximately $5 per head per annum.

According to the educational census many teachers' annual income amounts to over $100, but the difficulty they have had to face makes one horrified. Most pupils do not pay their fees in full. It was 5 days after Chinese New Year at the time of my visit; some teachers complained then that their fees for the past year had not been fully collected. In failing to get fees from his pupils one of the teachers got angry and burnt all his books, swear- ing at the same time that he will teach no longer. A great num- ber of teachers gave up their profession for the same reason.

From what I gathered from the population it is certain that if a teacher can earn $200 a year, his income would be considered very good.

N 15

STA

i

}

{

In Li Uk Tsun, Sha Lo Tung and Tai Hang, schools receive an annual support of $10 from ancestral funds. In Cheung Uk Tsun each pupil receive 50 cents per annum from ancestral funds. Other schools receive no support in any way apart from school fees and food supplied by pupils.

There is no certainty of fees in any one school, near relatives to teachers pay less, others pay more: an average of about $3 each per annum.'

76. The hours of study are also trying :

"Probably boys go to school soon after daylight and are allowed to go back for breakfast and tiffin. The teachers finish their day's work when they take their supper; an average of about 8 hours" work is being done in the school every day."

Fortunately the term is short:

66

C

When

Practically all teachers stop work in the eighth moon. questioning one of the teachers about this I got. the reply Every year on the 9th day of the 9th moon if the teachers don't run, pupils will 年年九月九,先生唔走學生走’This is an old saying in the country schools."

77. As to the value of the work done in these weary hours:

"There is a school in which explanations are being taught, and a pupil who has spent 7 years in this school cannot explain the word

(son).

In explaining the books only book language is being used. *For instance the word學 is being explained 學者效也”

78. Nothing but reading of this type and the writing of charac- ters is taught. It is true that in a few of the schools a little more intelligence is shown.

79. It is sometimes suggested that modern methods of educa- tion are banishing the old standard of Chinese politeness. This is the old standard of the New Territories:

66

They don't say good morning to their teachers when they come in in the morning. They don't stand up when visitors enter the school nor will they stand up to answer their teachers. Teach- ers don't stop or punish boys when they use bad terms to each other or abusive words."

80. It is not that the villagers fail to support their teachers. Of one who used to beat his boys till they dared not go to school we read:

}

}

N 16

"Because this teacher is so strict people of this village want to send all their children to this school, and some of them fearing that the teacher will not take their boys in, pay the teacher a whole year's school fee in advance in order that their boys may be admitted to this school."

81. In grappling with the problem of education in the New Territories there are three main difficulties to contend with. The difficulty of finding suitable teachers, the difficulty of distances and bad roads, and the language difficulty. The first of these three is dealt with in Mr. Cavalier's report below: concerning the other, two more quotations may be made:

"I find Hakka boys go to Punti schools but no Punti boys can be found in any of the Hakka schools. In a mixed tongue school the teacher must know the two different dialects. In San Tong Po school the teacher teaches his boys first in the San On Punti dia- lect, and then in Hakka. The people are very fond of learning Punti: but the Punti in San On is good for that particular district alone, and is hardly intelligible to a native of Canton.

The district of Sai Kung is the biggest in the New Territories. It has a great number of streams, and after raining most places are rendered unpassable. For this reason there is great hardship for- people in villages where there is no school to send their children to school elsewhere. During the rainy day it is usual for teachers to keep their boys in school, and, if necessary, keep them over night till all stream water has disappeared. Teachers will supply their pupils with food during this short period, and whatever food is supplied by the teachers will be refunded to them by parents of pupils. Because of this sort of inconvenience people will not send their little ones to school in other villages, unless they have rela- tives in that village or the teacher is their own relative."

82. Mr. Sung in his report recommended a certain number of teachers as not altogether incapable of improvement, and the plan was formed of subsidising 50 schools under their control to the amount of $60 each per annum, provision being made accordingly in the Estimates. In the last month of the year Mr. Cavalier went through a large part of the New Territories and succeeded in es- tablishing 23 such schools before China New Year. His report gives a picture of some of the difficulties to be encountered:

"As I was not able to go to the New Territories till December, there was very little chance of inspecting New Territories Schools. The buildings were there, and, in some cases, the teachers; but there were no pupils at the Hakka Schools, and only a few Punti Schools were still open. Owing to lack of accommodation it was impossible to work each district thoroughly, and the only thing to do was to summon a few of the chief teachers recommended by Mr. Sung together with the village elders, and see if they cared to receive the Government subsidy.

N 17

The idea was to choose the most central villages, but either the teachers whom one wished to stay in those particular villages had already made their arrangements for the following year, or they had already departed, or the village elders did not care for the teacher proposed, each man wishing to bring in his own friend or relation, or nothing could be done till the building had a roof ou it which they were not prepared to pay for themselves; and so one's plans fell through.

In a few cases great enthusiasm was shown, and there was a frantic desire to secure the subsidy-either on the part of the teach- er himself, or on the part of some elder for a friend-in which case the present teacher was of course an opium smoker and most unsatisfactory in every respect.

In other cases complete indifference was shown, and in a few cases great reluctance. This was partly due to the fear of inspec- tion: parents (they said) very often refused to let their children come to school if they wanted them to work in the fields, and then if an inspector came round they would get into trouble. In all cases the teachers seemed to realise that as soon as they were pro- mised a subsidy the parents would refuse to pay such high fees as before, and that their last state would be much the same as, if not worse than, the first.

In the Taipo, Sha Tin, Sheung Shui, Sha Tau Kok and Sai Kung districts 23 schools (with a total of 425 pupils) were selected, 10 Punti and 13 Hakka. It would have been better to have a preponderance of Punti Schools, but owing to local conditions it was impossible to arrange this."

83. With all these obstacles, and in spite of prejudice and ignorance, I can feel no doubt that a few years' steady effort will produce good results.

It

84. The subsidy system is justified as a temporary measure. is undesirable to engage a number of men on salaries until more experience is acquired on both sides, and it is already clear that however much the Government pays is more likely to go into the pockets of the parents than of the teachers, until a point is reached when school fees disappear. But judging by experience in Hong- kong a supply of good education produces a demand. Before long it may be hoped that parents in the New Territories will gladly pay according to their means for the education, the efficient education, of their children.

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

(Tables VIII and IX.)

85. The nett cost was $6,527 (an average of $6,209 for the pre- vious 5 years). The increase is due to the withdrawal of the Li Shing and College of Medicine Grants which now go to the Univer- sity.

N 18

86. The following extracts are from the Report of the Director:-

"At the end of the 1912-13 Session in June, examinations were conducted by Independent Examiners.

161 candidates were examined, of whom 116 passed, 29 with "Distinction", making 72 per cent. passed, which is exactly the same as in 1912.

The Classes for Building Construction I, Electricity, Chemistry II and III, Metallurgy, Women Teachers I, II and III and English III all show a 100 per cent. of passes.

The Shorthand Classes continue to attract a large number of students, and the examination results show more than 80 per cent. of passes in each of the three divisions.

In the Speed Test

2 students sat for 80 words per minute and 1 passed.

4

70

3

J

""

"}

"

23

"

5

>>

3

60 50

5

>>

3

21

"

"}

>

"

>>

In every case the matter read to the students was taken from a newspaper report of a company meeting, and was a fairly severe

test.

In Mathematics the results were very poor, chiefly owing to an insufficient grounding in the more elementary part of the work.

In Chemistry the results were very satisfactory. We may point out Mr. Chan Wing-to, Demonstrator in Chemistry at the Univer- sity, received all his scientific education and training at the Tech- nical Institute.

The Electricity Class is very small, but the examination results were very good. The subject is dealt with in a practical way, and endeavours will be made to extend its sphere of usefulness.

The Teachers' Classes are well attended, and are of undoubted use to the Colony. The results show a high percentage of passes, over 80 per cent. in each division.

French is the only modern language now taught. The great difficulty is to get the students up to the same standard. A senior class was started, but had to be given up owing to the falling off in numbers.

First Aid.-Thanks are due to Drs. Fitzwilliams, Dalmahoy Allan and Leung Chik-fan, Lecturers in the First Aid Classes, who give their services gratuitously.

N 19

These Classes continue to be well attended, and are of great benefit to the inhabitants of the Colony. As a result of the examinations held last January, 23 certificates were awarded by the St. John's Ambulance Association.

The Mechanical Class and English III, which is mainly Poli- tical Economy, meet the requirements of the Hongkong University Matriculation Examination, and ought to attract more students. The Technical Institute is anxious to do everything possible to assist students in preparing for the University.

87. The most important Classes are those for Shorthand, Teach- ers, First Aid and English, which account for 70 per cent. of the passes.

88. The number of students who take the examinations is small, only 48 per cent. of the total.

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

(Table 1.)

89. The following table summarises the figures in the preceding paragraphs, omitting those for the Police School :--

Number of Pupils in

English

Vernacular Schools. Schools.

Total.

Government Schools,

2,155

107

2,262

Military Schools,

182

182

Excluded Private Schools,

493

493

Grant Schools,

2,029

2,169

4,198

Controlled Private Schools,...

1,196

7,490

8,686-

Controlled Private Schools,

New Territories,

3,223

3,223

Technical Institute,

387

387

Total,

6,442

12,989

19,431

1,,, - + བཅ་ ད

- N 20

NORMAL CLASSES.

90. There are now five Normal Classes in the Department.

91. Normal School for Pupil Teachers at Queen's College.-In this school Chinese boys are trained to be teachers in Queen's College and the District Schools by the Normal Master. They numbered 15 in 1913, and provision 'has been made to increase their number to 27 in 1914. The course extends over 3 years.

92. Student Teachers' Classes at the Technical Institute.-At the end of three years these pupil teachers become Grade V masters, and are then required to take a further three years' course in English and Pedagogy at the Technical Institute.

93. Student Teachers' Classes (Women).—Senior Girls at the British and Belilios Public Schools are appointed as Student Teachers at those schools, and take a three years' training course at the Technical Institute.

94. Vernacular Teachers' Classes.-The Vernacular Masters at the Government Schools and many from the Grant and Private Vernacular Schools attend Normal Classes at the Technical Insti- tute, which were established in the course of the

year.

95. Vernacular Teachers' Classes (Women).-These are held at the Belilios Public School for the teachers and a few outside students.

96. Altogether there are 49 male and 9 female students at the English Classes, and 56 male and 9 female students at the Verna- cular Classes, or 123 in all.

HYGIENE.

97. The teaching of Hygiene has been continued on the lines laid down in my last report. At a recent Matriculation Examina- tion held by the University the good work done in this subject by Queen's College boys was the subject of favourable comment.

98. In every Government and Grant School mosquito larvæ were kept under observation. Sometimes they were obtained by the pupils, but in most cases they were kindly supplied by the Medical Officer of Health. It is curious to note that there was the greatest difficulty in getting a proper supply of anopheles larvæ.

99. The causes and prevention of Tuberculosis and Beri-beri and Small-pox are made the subjects of special lessons. Pupils are not admitted to schools unless they have had Small-pox or been vac- cinated.

157.

• Į

N 21

100. Generally speaking, it is found that Hygiene can best be taught in a practical way, and in relation to the diseases that are familiar to the students.

101. The "First Aid” Classes at the Technical Institute may be mentioned in connection with this subject.

OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS. (Table VI.)

102. There were 42 "Seniors" obtained, which number has never been reached before. The numbers of "Juniors" and "Preliminaries were also easy "records ".

SCHOOL READERS.

103. The Vernacular Readers hitherto used in most schools have been a series known as the Republican Readers. The desirability of something more suited to local conditions being obvious, the Rev. H. R. Wells, aided by a small committee, undertook to produce a series of elementary Hongkong readers. Three volumes repre- senting the work of the first three Standards are nearly complete.

THE UNIVERSITY.

104. The connection between the University and the Secondary Schools is rapidly drawing closer. The presence of the Director of Education on the Senate and Matriculation Boards of the Uni- versity has proved a useful link. Queen's College already pre- pares its boys, so far as the full course is concerned, directly for Matriculation. By the end of the year the general substitution of University Examinations for the Oxford Local Examinations was under discussion.

105. Two Matriculation Examinations were held, one in Septem- ber and one in December; out of 40 successful candidates 16 came from St. Stephen's College, 11 from Queen's College, 2 from St. Joseph's College, one each from Diocesan and Ellis Kadoorie Schools, and 9 from schools outside the Colony.

CADET CORPS.

106. A Cadet Corps was formed early in the year.

107. The Annual Camp of Instruction for 1913-14 was held from the 2nd to the 10th January, 1914, at Crown Point in the New Territories. The date was selected to coincide with the Christ- mas holidays at the various schools attended by the boys without unduly interfering with the Christmas festivities. At the time of going into camp the Company was 52 strong. Of these a total of 37 attended camp for some part of the time, including 21 who attended for the whole time. The daily average was 32.

108. The Government British Schools were represented by 13 boys from Victoria and 7 from Kowloon.

Ń 22

Boy SCOUTS.

109. At St. Joseph's College a troop of Boy Scouts was formed, which has since been affiliated with the London Association. It owed its inception to the energy and enthusiasm of Major F. J. Bowen, A.P.D., who has further guided it through its initial stages until it is now a flourishing body of nine patrols of twelve boys each.

110. In addition to the regular scouting exercises there are sub- sidiary activities such as Map Reading, Signalling, First Aid Lectures kindly given by Dr. Coleman, a Thrift Club and a Scouts Gazette, the first number of which contained a letter of congratulation from the Chief Scout, Sir Robert Baden Powell.

111. At the end of the year Captain P. Streatfeild, R.N., M.V.O., kindly undertook the formation of a troop of Sea Scouts.

112. Care is taken that the Scouting Exercises and other activi- ties do not interfere with the school routine.

ATHLETICS.

113. Better provision has been made for the schools at Queen's Recreation Ground, where Plot D has been set aside for them, and is to be levelled. A reference to the pavilion which it is proposed. to erect there is made under heading Queen's College above. A small cricket ground is available at Happy Valley. The West End Park Ground, which was so valuable to schools at the West end of the City, has been built over; but a new ground is being made for them close by.

114. The game of volley-ball which was introduced by the Young Men's Christian Association has been taken up with consi- derable enthusiasm. As it demands only a small space, it is well adapted to our circumscribed playgrounds. Badminton, at Queen's College, is also an innovation. Football continues to be the principal game played by Chinese boys. Most schools organise bathing parties in the season.

GENERAL.

115. Portraits of the King have been issued by the Education Department to all Government and Grant Schools.

116. The Visual Instruction lantern slides were shown on several occasions at the Technical Institute, to which they are better suited than to schools, owing to climatic difficulties."

117. An interesting experiment was made with the Montessori System at the Diocesan Girls' School by Miss Fernie, whose report thereon is given in an Appendix.

Education Department,

9th March, 1914.

E. IRVING, Director of Education.

2

W

+

}

N 23

Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

STAFF.

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

English. Local. (2) (3)

Vernacular.

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon and Victoria Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary,...

4

Maximum Average

Rate of

Monthly AL-

Fees

Fees Gross Cost. Collected.

Net Cost to

Govern-

Ditto for

each unit in)

Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

ment.

Average

Attendance.]

Ditto

previous 5

years.

REMARKS.

152

125

$5

C.

C.

C.

$

15,246.89

4,286.50

10,960.38

87.68

110.47

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians.

Pre-

pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations,

15

11

5 and 5 Visiting

618

550

$5 to $2

83,838.81 31,245.00 52,593.81

95.62

56.27

Previous 4 years.

Masters.

Saiyingpun, Wantsai and Yaumati Schools-for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College,

25

9

953

827

14

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary,

3 Needlework

2

Teachers.

500

414

$3

$2

43,978.76| 25,419.00 18,559.76

22.44

21.18

19,962.89 6,050.00 13,912.89

33.60

26.70

1 Drawing Master.

2 Pupil Teachers.

Praya East-mainly for Chinese. Primary,

.3

1

131

97

$2

3,369.94 2,158.00

1,211.94 |

12.49

22.63

Previous 3 years.

:.

English School for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College,........

...

2

Tai Po, Uen Long and Cheung Chau Schools-Element- ary English for Chinese. Primary,....

VERNACULAR SCHOOLS.

West Point and Tang Lung Chau Schools-for Chinese. Primary,

:

63

52

2323

$1

2,400.59 568.00

1,832 59

35.24

37.46

3

3

127

90

50 cents.

3,303.56

54.50

2,792.06 81.02

34.07

:

:

...

148

107

Free.

1,989.86

...

1,989.86

18.59

14.88 Previous year.

2,692

2,262

174,091.29 70,288.00 | 103,853,29

(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local).

:

N 25

TABLE II.

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT UNDER

THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

ENGLISH

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 38 A & B,

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

}

St. Joseph's College, (B.)

2

Italian Convent, (G.)

*

3

French Convent, (G.)

*

R. C. M.

"}

""

4

English School for Portuguese, (M.) *

وو

Diocesan School, (G.) *

C. of E.

8. Diocesan School, (B.)

9:

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.) *

""

R. C. M.

13

St. Francis', (M.) *

11

Ellis Kadoorie, (B.)

>>

Secular.

∞ ∞ ∞ 10 00 20 00 r-x

Average Attendance.

Total.

Total.

Total.

$

$

*5

$

€9

$

**

*

1,675 (10,223 145 5,323

85 1,735

480

1,610

600

145 1.798

215 6,570.

257

623

204

† 306 290

510

22 | 4,488

14

4,060 | 8,548

205

355 87

206

293

24

208

123† 33 23

70

103

24

600

2,088 15

15

248

105

10

† 73 70

83

22

220 13

205

65

27

27

54

24

648 15

3,090 5,178 1,050 1,650 910 1,130

405 1,053

...

...

242

335

150

sit 125.117.

275

24: 3,600, lễ bá

202골

127 † 21 20

† 81 80

102***

20

400 14

243

124 † 18 15

† 81 75

99

22

330 14

230

735 130

380

510

20

2,600 | 14

1262,855 1,120 | 1,520 1,050 1,380 5,320 | 7,920

2,592 680

1,849

2,029

14,974

58,7 18,760 33,734

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A & B.

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

mber of

andards.

Number

of

Maximum School Eurolment.

Attendance.

Rate.

1,520

1,380

185 8,105

1,080 3,450 38,264

tal Capita-

on Grant.

ent Grant.

tal Grants.

!

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

Under Section 39 A & B.

Number of

Standards.

Number

of

Maximum School Eurolment.

Days.

Attendance. Rate.

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.)

**

Ber. M.

258

93

† 82 80

9

Fairlea, (G.)

**

C. M. S.

2174

63

55

11

19

20

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) * Training Home for Girls, **

***

230

84

† 77 75

11

55

L. M. S.

219

121

105

11

361

319

VERNACULAR

}

SCHOOLS.

Under Section 39 A.

Total Capita- tion Grant.

Rent Grant.

$

Total Grants.

$

720

720

605

605

825

825

1,155

1,155

| 3,505

3,305

22

Mosque Juuction, (G.)

*

R. C. M.

24

Holy Infancy, (M.)

*

25

Hunghom. (G.)

*

26

Yaumati, (G.)

>

28

Aberdeen. (M.)

*

29

No. 109 Second Street, (B.)

***

30

No. 48 Bridges Street, (G.) **

31

No. 5 Clarence Terrace, (G.)

"}

11

>>

11

L. M. S.

>>

};

44553442

2481/2

75

57

171

171

245

80

65

4

260

260

248

60

40

160

160

2491

80

61 60

240

240

2511

48

31

124

124

205

51

42

210

210

211

45

† 38 35

140

200

340

215

20

17

68

120

188

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)

**

225

85

74

370

240

610

>>

3

34

85

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.)**Į No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) * *

222

130

† 117100

400

400

>>

235

41

35

140

160

300

}}

36

Wanchai Chapel, (B.) *

**

206

57

45

225

225

"}

37

Hospital Chapel, (B.)* *

207

63

53 50

200

200

"}

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.) **.

252

50

38 35

140

80

220

""

40

No. 343 Queen's Road West, (B.)

**

218

35

25

125

125

"

12

Tanglungehan Chapel, (B.) * *

215

25

19

4

76

76

;"

13

41

No. 158 Reclamation Street, Yanmati, (G.) No. 20A Aberdeen Street, (G.) * *

222

67

49

4

196

150

346

234

50

39

156

160

316

}}

45

Tanglungchau Chapel, (G.) **

221

+4

34

136

186

>>

16:

Wanchai Chapel, (G.) * *

+

243

93

63

252

252

;1

18.

Shamshuipo, (M.) * ^

B. M.

4

2281/2

111

85

255

255

19

Shaukiwan, (M.)

*** ***

4

219

69

45

4

180

180

>>

50

Tokwawan, (B.)

**

212

60

47

235

235

"}

51

High Strect, (G.)

**

230

78

58

4.

212

212

}}

53

No. 218 Hollywood Road, (B.) **

C. M. S.

241

66

49

245

245

53

No. 77 Queen's Road, (G.) *

**

216

41

35

4

140

216

356

""

57

No. 6 Western Street, (G.)

**

2434

69

55 50

200

136

336

77

59

Yaumati Chapel, (G.)

**

255

56

31

3

93

93

""

60

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.)

**

232

62

52

208

208

>>

61

No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.)

**

247

42

40

200

116

316

"}

62

Shaukiwan. (G.),* **

4

230

39

25

125

72

197

}}

** 964 Queen's RondTM West, (B.) * ̈*

4

235

46

34

170

68

No. 9 Elgin Street (G) * *

TXY

31

No. 5 Clarence Terrace, (b.)

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)

**

225

85

74

""

31

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.)**; No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) * * Wanchai Chapel, (B.) * *.

4

222

130

† 117100

4

400

400

>>

4

235

41

35

4

140 160

300

206

57

45

225

225

37

Hospital Chapel, (B.)* *

207

63

53 50

200

200

>>

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.)

42

*

40 No. 343 Queen's Road West, (B.) Tanglungehan Chapel, (B.)'

*

252

50

38 35

140

80

220

>>

***

218

35

25

125

125

}}

215

25

19

76

76

;"

43

No. 158 Reclamation Street. Yanmati, (G.)**

222

67

49

196

150

346

>>

41

No. 20、 Aberdeen Street, (G.) * *

234

50

89

156

160

316

}}

45

Taughungchau Chapel, (G.) * *

221

14

34

>>

16

Wauchai Chapel, (G.) * *

243

93

63

;

48

Shamshuipo, (M.) * *

B. M.

4

228

111

85

3

19

Shaukiwan, (M.) *

* *

4

219

69

45

4

""

50

Tokwawan, (B.)

**

4

212

60

47

5

51

High Street, (G.)

**

4

230

78

53

""

53

55

No. 218 Hollywood Road, (B.) No. 77 Queen's Road, (G.) *

**

C. M. S.

5

241

66

49

5

**

4

216

41

35

""

57

No. 6 Western Street, (G.)

* *

4

243

69

55 50

""

39

60

61

62

Shaukiwan. (G.)

Yaumati Chapel, (G.) * *.

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.) No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.)

**

6

255

56

31

3

>>

4

232

62

52

>>

* *

4

247

42

40

>>

4

230

39

25

"}

Oh Queen's Road West, (B.)

***

235

46

34

IZ

68

No. 9 Elgin Street, (G.) **

W. M.

69

No. 35 Pottinger Street, (G.)

**

>>

70

Kowloon City, (G.) **

74

Kowloon City, (B.)

**

C. M. S.

B. M.

THE LO

242

*64

† 53 50

235

74

65

2521

63

37

209

132

107

+ HILO HLOTHCO E LO 10 10 10 10 THE

136

136

252

252

255

180

255

180

235

235

4

212

212

245

245

4

140

216

356

4

200

136

336

93

93

:..

4

208

208

200

116

316

125

72

197

170

170

270

250

280

530

325

200

525

148

90

238

428

120

548

37

2,414

1,850

9,813

Grand Total,

5,367

4,198

7,4732,340

44,512 3,420 |3,450 51,882

NOTE.-R. C. M.=Roman Catholic Mission. C. of E.Church of England.

C. M. S.Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M. Berlin Mission.

L. M. S.=London Missionary Society.

Rh. M. S. Rhenish Missionary Society. B. M. Basel Mission.

*

***

$

W. M.

Wesleyan Mission.

B.

=Boys.

G.

=Girls.

M.

=Mixed.

= School year ends 30th June, 1913.

=School year ends 31st December, 1913. No. 47 closed.

† In the case of these schools the actual average attendance (shown in black) has exceeded the estimated number (shewn in red). The grant is calculated on the estimated number.

20,000

*

}

བས་ ཡས་་་--- ་

-19,000

18,000

-17,000

-1-6,000

15,000

14,000

13,000

12,000

11,000

10,000

Table III.

Average Attendance in all Schools and total enrolment at the Technical Institute.

Note.-The figures prior to 1913 are not very trustworthy, as there was no right of entry into private

schools until that year.

The figures for the New Territories are included in 1913 for the first time.

The Technical Institute was opened in 1908.

The University and Police School are not included.

English Schools :-Red.

Vernacular Schools :- -Black.

#

1901. 1902. | 1903. 1904. 1905. | 1906. | 1907. 1908. 1909.1910. 1911. | 1912. 1913.

3,970

9,000

3,680

3,375

8,000

3,213

2,900

7,000

5,096

*5,527

5,582

5,752

4,610-

4,490

4,630

10,327

9,863

6,785

6,065 6,100

6,000

5,420

5,230

5,000

4,580 4,540 4,430

4,660

4,000

1900 1903.

3,000

2,000

1,000

8,140

6,442

12,989

}

- N 29 -

Education excluding

Grant Schools.

Year.

Govern- Techni-

Govern-

Techni-

ment

cal In. Total.

Schools.stitute.

ment

Schools.

cal In-

Total.

stitute.

Govern-

ment

Schools.

Table IV.

Table showing Expenditure, Revenue and Average Number of Pupils under instruction in the Education Department, for the years 1904 to 1913.

Total Expenditure on

Total Revenue

Percentage of the Departmental Revenue to Departmental Expenditure.

Excluding Including Technical Technical Institute. Institute.

Average Number of Pupils Average Net Cost per under Instruction

pupil.

Techni-Govern-

Techni-

Grant

Schools.

Grant

cal In-

stitute.

ment

Schools.

cal In-

Schools.

stitute.

$

$4

$ 0.

$

..

C.

No.

No.

No.

$ c.

$ 0.

$ c.

%

%

1904.

115,701

115,791 | 36,251.59

36,251.59

1,665

3,305

47.71

10.86

31.33

:

1905,

118.785

1906,

118,952

118,785 | 41,201.50

2,731 | 121,683 | 46,436.07

41,201 50

1,797 3,526

43.17

11.31

34.68

645.00 47,081.07

1,932

3,564

191

37.53

11.34

10.92

39.03

38.69

1907,

142,072

7,755 | 149,827 49,238.00

2,184.50 | 51,422 50

2,144

3,780

253

43.30

11.10

22.01

31.65

34.32

1908,

157,366

9,891 | 167,257 | 54,791.11

3,742.00 58,533.11

2 251

3,927

317

45 57

12.35

19.39

34.81

34.99

1909,

154,626

9.379164,005 | 68,201.25

3,699.50 71,903.75

2,326

4.234

256

37.15

13.07

22.18

44.10

43.84

1910,

1911,

1912,..

1913,

163,955* 10,607 174,562 71,952.50 3,141.50| 75,094.00 173,292* 9,130 182,422 72,597.CO |3,459.25 | 76,056.25 171,968*, 10,387 |182,355 | 66,172.50 3,023.50 68,196.00 199,602 602

1,960

4,337

327

46.94

11.77

22.83

44.00

43.01

2,120

4,183

310

47.50

13.27 18.29

41.89

41.69

2,024 4,309

421

52.27

14.14

17.49

38.47

37.94

9,907 209,509 | 70,238.00 3,010.00 73,248.00

2,262 4,198

387

57.19

14.13

17.82

35.18

34.96

* Including Head Office charges.

!

**

N 30

part you

Table V.

Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

Total

Revenne

Years.

excluding

Total spent on Educa-

Land Sales and School

tion (Gross

Fees Collected.

Cost).

Total spent on Educa- tion (Nett Cost).

Percentage.

Fees.

$

$

€9

$

%

1904,

6,286,697 151,589

36,252

115,337 1.83

1905,

6,484,942

158,678 41,202

117,476

1-81

4

1906,

6,574,989

159,373

47,081

112.292

171

1907,

6,391,107

184,028

51,423

132,605

2:07

1908,

5,976,316

205,875

58,533

147,342 2:47

1909,

6,214,929

219,359

71,904

147,455 2:37

1910,

6,553,089

225,606

75,094

150,512

2.30

*

1911,

6,723,169

237,942

76,056

161,886 2.41

† 1912,

7,947,714

239,361 69,196

170,165 2.14

§ 1913,

8,146,775

269,164 73,248 195,916

2:40

* Fees remitted to "Free Scholars" ($4,124) are not included in this table.

+

$

Do. Do.

($4,008) ($3,759)

do.

do.

7

Appendix P.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1913.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually ex- pended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:-

Amount voted.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Actual Expenditure.

Total.

$

20,421.71 899,307.71

366,107.07

(i.) Personal Emoluments

(in.) Special Expenditure:-

and Other Charges, 378,886.00

Surveying Instru- ments, &c.,

1,765.00

1,765.00 1,447.56

(ii) Annually Recurrent

Works,

435,600.00

(iii.) Extraordinary Works,, 1,693,300.00

190,520.65 626,120.65 750,681.18

116,965,231,810,265.23 1,247,857.06

Total,...$ 2,509,551.00

327,907.59 2,837,458.59 |2,366,096.17

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers on leave and refunds on account of supervision of work executed by the Department for various public companies.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below :—

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Telephones, including all cables, Maintenance of Public Cemetery,

Maintenance of Recreation Grounds,

Maintenance of Shaukiwan, Water Works,

$ 771.47

469.03

1,930.04

436.75

261.08

Maintenance of Aberdeen Water Works,

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., Gas Lighting,

Electric Lighting,

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, Dredging Foreshores,

:

787.81

628.04

151.20

1,287.02

1,841.24

P 2

New Territories.

Maitenance of Buildings,-Islands in Southern District, Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,--Mainland, Maintenance of Telephones, &c.,-Mainland, Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,-Mainland, Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,-Mainland, Water Account (Meters, &c.),—-Mainland,

$ 954.32

148.34

215.15

779.64

339.78

458.10

The savings were more than counter-balanced by excesses on

other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Buildings,

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City,

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., ...

$17,945.17

14,985.40

2,782.31

Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

2,016.46

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

Dredging Foreshores,

521.49 1,556.52

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

50,723.58

Stores Depreciation,

2,976.47

...

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works, ...

28,179.04

Water Account (Meters, &c.),

3,016.31

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Buildings,

4,157.79

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

997.95

Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

100.18

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

3,960.08

Maintenance of Water Works,

1,493.80

Water Account (Meters, &c.),

2,389.81

New Territories.

Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in

Northern District,

6,001.95

Typhoon and Rainstorm

Damages,-Islands in

Southern District,

5,559.11

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and

Islands in Northern District,

24,743.68

15

፡፡

>>

The excesses on Maintenance of Buildings were due partly to a large increase in the cost of work and partly to the increased number of buildings to be maintained; those on "Maintenance of Roads partly to increase in the cost of work and partly to the adoption of tar-macadam and other materials of a more expensive kind than those hitherto in use; those on "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages to the occurrence of the typhoons and rainstorms to which allusion is made in this Report and that on "City and Hill District Water Works" to an increased amount of pumping, the cleansing of the filtering materials and the adoption of special measures to conserve the supply of water on account of the deficient rainfall in 1912.

"3

}

+

P 3

2. Comparison of Expenditure, 1912 and 1913.

The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1913 as compared with that of the previous year :--

1912.

1913.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

$ c.

C.

(i) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

313,731.15

366,107.07

52,375.92

(ia) Special Expenditure:-

Surveying Instruments, &c.,

867.68

1,447.56

579.88

(ii) Anually Recurrent Works, 417,650.18

750,684.48

303,034.30

(iii) Extraordinary Works,...] 1,056,034.44 | 1,247,857.06

191,822.62

Total, $1,818,283.45 2,366,096.17

€47,812.72

C.

Item (i).—The increase in the first item is principally due to the alteration made in the rate of exchange for the conversion of the salaries of officers paid on a sterling basis into dollars. From the 1st January, 1913, the maximum rate for the conversion of officers' salaries into dollars was fixed at 1/9 as regards 80 per cent. of such salaries; the remaining 20 per cent. being paid at the average rate prevailing during each month. As the maximum rate in force for the conversion of the full salary, prior to the date mentioned, was 2/-, the alteration represented a considerable increase in expenditure. The average rate during 1912 amounted to 1/11 and, during 1913, was also 1/11 but, as mentioned above, during the latter year, this rate applied to only 20 per cent. of the salary. Other important factors in causing the increase were the grant of an increased scale of pay to all Second Class Overseers and the grant of house allowances to most of the Overseers and Land Bailiffs.

Two new posts, one as Electrician and the other as Inspector of Stores,-- were created.

มง

Item (ii). The principal cause of the increase in this item was the taking over of the Dredger St. Enoch for "Plant Account ($150,000). The vessel was purchased in July, 1908, for dredging in connection with the Harbour of Refuge Works and had since, whilst endeavours were being made to find a purchaser for it, been maintained out of the vote for that work, but it was eventually decided to retain it with a view to dredging the harbour, a transfer to "Plant Account" being accordingly made. Another important cause of the increase was the damage which resulted from the typhoons of the 17th August and 19th September and the rainstorm of the 12th June. The increased prices payable for work under the large annual contracts were another important contributing cause.

A new item "Upkeep of Plant", resulting from the taking over of the Dredger appears for the first time under "Annually Recurrent Expenditure" (Annexe A).

P 4

Any detailed comparison between the sub-heads of the 1912 and 1913 Estimates is impossible in many cases, on account of the sub-division of the votes in the latter year under the headings "Hongkong", "Kowloon" and "New Territories ".

Item (iii).The increase under this item may be ascribed to the Tytam Tuk Water Works Scheme, to the numerous large build- ings in active progress, including the New Magistracy, Western Market Reconstruction, five blocks of Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Belilios Public School Extension and New Stores for the Public Works Department and to several other considerable works which were in full swing during the year.

Revenue from Waterworks.

3. Waterworks Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Waterworks during the year 1913 :-

Excess Con-

sumption.

Rates. 2 %

Total.

City: Including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

88,754,52

207,372.05

296,126.57

Hill District,

4,554.00

6,029,62

10,583.62

Pokfulam District,

}

...

1,089.00

1,089.00

Kowloon Including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

41,215.25

26,724.92

67,940,17

Aberdeen,

2,369.00

335,12

2,701.12

Shaukiwan,

84.75 2,164.18 |

2,248.93

Laichikok,

...

:

23,527.75

23,527,75

Total,

161,594.27

212,625,89

404,220,16

£

+

P 5

4. Comparison of Waterworks Revenue, 1912 and 1913.-The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Waterworks during the years 1912 and 1913 :-

:==

City (as above stated),

Hill District,

:

:

:

:

:

:

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above described),...

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

Total,

1912.

1913.

$

316,264.22

296,126.57

10,906.39

10,583.62

2,296.25

1,089.00

59,532,14

67,940.17

1,161.15

2,704.12

2,135.94

2,248.93

18,305.50

23,527.75

410,601,59

401,220.16

The figures for excess consumption have been supplied by the Treasury and represent the actual amounts collected and placed to Revenue.

As explained in last year's Report, the revenue for 1912 was somewhat inflated owing to the accounts for 1911 having fallen into arrear through insufficiency of staff. The disconnection of the ser- vices to wharves along the City front during the period from 29th November, 1912, to 23rd April, 1913, on account of the shortage of water also caused a diminution in the receipts during the latter year. It will be observed that the only reduction of any moment is in the figures for the City, which are about $20,000 less than those for 1912.

-

P 6

Land Sales and Surveys.

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.-The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these :

No. of Lots.

Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Sales by Auction.

$

C. $

C.

$ C. $ C.

Island of Hongkong,

29

560,821

3,658.00

157,604.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

4

241,342

1,712.00

68,931.00

N. T., New Kowloon,..

Southern District,

34

109,771

66.48

""

655.00

Northern District, 147

>>

3,173,246

325.05

11,055.00

214

4,085,180

5,761.53

238,245.00

Sales without Auction.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,... N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, Northern District,

1

11,430

184.00

28,575.00

:

20

9,148

15.75

100.00

191

""

125,802

128 02

946,69

212

146,380

327.77

29,621.69

Extensions Granted.

Island of Hongkong,

26

19,661

1,532.00

11,261.18

Kowloon Peninsula,..

1

6

32.00

2.85

New Territories,

1,413

102.00

14.13

28

21,080

1,666.00

11,278.16

"J

""

Conversions and Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,..

N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, Northern District,

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

ري

1

360

100

19,514

60.00

21

25,700

59.77

329.25 22.00

26

45,574

120.77

351.25

Island of Hongkong,

1

242,160

6.00

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

1

1,829,085

42.00

2

- 2,071,245

48.00

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong,..

3

25,260.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

14

6,270,699

2,301.11

17

6,270,699

27,561.11

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong,

486

10,625.29

Kowloon Peninsula,.

155

8,412.17

New Territories,

231

4,269.64

N. T., let by A.D.O., S.

840

964.50

N.

544

19

785.81

2,256

25,057.41

Extensions of Short

Period Leases to

75 years.

Quarry Leases.

Island of Hongkong,. Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories,

Quarry Permits let on

Tender or at Auction.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories,

Prospecting and Mining Licences.

New Territories,

Total,...

4,421,340

4,702.00

3

4,617,360

1,335.00

6

9,038,700

6,037.00

145

1,192,673

812,830

720.00 3,026.00

3,704,342

10,726.25

10

5,709,845

14,472.25

:

4

2,000.00

4

2,000.00

2,775

(27,388,7031

$83,051.84

$279,496.10

-זל.

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $297,089.10 or much more than the Estimate, which amounted to $250,000. It included the following sums which do not appear in the above tabulated statement :-

Premium derived from sale of right to

erect piers,

$12,100.00

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots, .. 1,519.00 Premium for permission to build upon

portion of K.M.L. 11 (1,186 sq. ft.), Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co.'s property,

3,380.10

A sum of $2,567.75 was refunded to the owners of various lots, made up as follows:

F. L. 76,

Number of Lot.

Crown Rent.

Premium.

$

0.

$

c.

14.57

42.60

133.56

79.90

I. L. 1901,

I. L. 1926.

I. L. 1927,

K. M. L. 9,

644.02

743.10

Pier at end of Public Square

Street, Yaumati,

160.00

750.00

Remarks.

Area found to be less than that stated in Sale Conditions.

Do.

Error made in

date

of commencement of

Crown rent.

Area found to be less

than that originally leased.

Licence for 12 months

recalled and monthly licence substituted.

In some cases the premium for land sold in one year is not received by the Treasury until the following year, thus causing an apparent discrepancy between the Treasury figures and those given by this Department.

P 8 -

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1911-1913-

Sales by Auction,

Sales without Auction,

Extensions granted,

Grants on Nominal Terms,

Grants on Short Leases,

Permits to occupy land for short periods,

etc.,

Extensions of short period leases to 75

1911.

1912.

1913.

C.

$

0.

$

C.

247,507.00

135,401.45

238,245.00

1,797.00

1,262.40

29.621.69

10,175.69

4,267.93

11,278,16

4,125.00

years,

Quarry Leases,

Mining Licences,

Premia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

4,741,77

6,450.00

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,

1,501.00

12,100.00 1,519.00

Re-adjustments in Hongkong and Kow-

loon,

Re-adjustments in New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

3,228.50

5,030.90

351.25

Premium for Encroachments,

4

Premium on Kowloon Marine Lot No.

90, sold in 1909,

3,957.50.

8,566,00

Premium for permission to build upon portion of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 11,

CATAR

3,380.10

Total,

.$

271,407,46 166,604.68

296,495.20

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

271,804.46 167,492.68 297,089.10

6. Sales by Auction.-Two lots in the New Territories were sold by the Public Works Department, viz., Taipo Inland Lot No. 6 which realized $100 and Lot No. 2108, D.D. 92, which realized $675. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo sold 145 small lots which realized $10,280 and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 34 lots, most of which were small, which realized $655.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales :—

Area in square feet. Crown Rent.

No. of Lot.

Premium.

Rate realized.

K. I. L.'s 1283 |

& 1284 (

I. L.

2028

I. L.

1947

I. L. 1968

233,225

7,068 249,000 4,600

$1,606.00

114.00 1,430.00 74.00

$46,645.00

$0.20 per sq. ft

35,000.00 24,900.00 0.10 23,500.00 5.11 "

4.95

"2

7. Sales without Auction.-There was only one item under this heading in Hongkong, viz., Inland Lot No. 2,048, containing an area of 11,430 sq. ft., which was sold to the Chinese Y.M.C.A. as a site for an Educational Institute, the premium paid being $28,575 and the Crown rent $184 per annum. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong sold 211 lots in the New Territories by private treaty,

- P 9-

7a. Grants without Auction.—The only item under this head- ing, viz., Fan Ling Lot No. 2 in the New Territories, was a grant, on a long lease at a remunerative rental, to the Royal Hongkong Golf Club, for the formation of a relief Golf Course, of an area, containing about 1,829,085 square feet, acquired by the Government for the purpose of such lease.

8. Extensions granted.—The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised small areas to Inland Lots 1564, 1669, 1938, 1940, 760 and 804, 2049, 705, 1253, 2052, 1881, 1887, 1452, 1878, 1880, 1907, 1742, 483, 1875, 1919 and 1095, Rural Building Lots 77 and 101 and Shaukiwan Inland Lots 398, 432 and 433. In Kowloon an extension was granted to Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1124 and in the New Territories to Taipo Inland Lot No. 5.

There were no extensions granted by the Assistant District Officer at Taipo or the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-There was only one exchange in Hongkong, viz., Inland Lot No. 2047, which was granted in exchange for Pokfulam Lot No. 27.

In Kowloon, an extension of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1282 was granted in exchange for Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 942 and 946, the areas exchanged being equal.

In New Kowloon, New Kowloon Inland Lot No. 60 was converted from a portion of Lot No. 1171, Survey District No. 4. An exchange of site was granted to the Lessee of New Kowloon Inland Lot No. 52 and New Kowloon Inland Lot No. 58 was grant- ed in exchange for Lots Nos. 800, 2767, 2768 and 3219, Survey District No. 4.

Particulars of the conversions and exchanges in the New Territories, Northern and Southern Districts, will be found in the Land Officer's report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.-In Hongkong there was only one lot granted under this heading, viz., Inland Lot No. 1949, containing an area of 242,160 square feet, granted to the Hongkong University as a Recreation Ground for the students. There were no grants of this description in Kowloon.

A 11. Grants on Short Leases.-Three such grants were made in Hongkong, viz. :-

(i.) The old Land Office Building, area 3,170 square feet, which was leased for a period extending from 1st July, 1913, to 31st December, 1914, at a monthly rental of $280.

(ii) The old Post Office Building leased for a period extending from 1st July, 1913, to 31st December, 1914, at a monthly rental of $1,450.00.

(iii.) Portion of old Supreme Court Building, leased from 1st February, 1913, to 31st December, 1914, at a monthly rental of $375.

.

J

P 10

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon.

Two lots in the New Territories were let on leases for five years, viz., Taipo Inland Lot No. 7 containing an area of 17,835 square feet with an annual Crown rent of $50 and Taipo Inland Lot No. 8 containing an area of 24,656 square feet with an annual Crown rent of $102.

Nine lots containing an area of about 123,274 square feet were let for terms varying from one to five years by the Assistant District Officer, South, and he also let Salt Pan No. 3 with an area of 5:66 acres for a term of eighteen years.

The Assistant District Officer, North, let an Oyster Bed con- taining an area of 120 acres for a period of twenty-one years and also a Salt Pan with an area of 14:49 acres for a period of eighteen

years.

12. Permits to occupy land, etc., for short periods.-These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

14. Quarry Leases and Permits.-Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot No. 1 which was leased by Public Auction in 1912 for a period of 3 years commencing from 1st January, 1913, was surrendered to Government on 31st December, 1913.

The following quarries were let by tender for various short periods:-

Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot No. 2 from 15. 1. 13 to 31. 12. 13. Hok Un Quarry Lot No. 6

Ma Ti Quarry Lot No. 9

Jordan Road, Kowloon Quarry Lot

No. 10

Yaumati Quarry Lot No. 11

Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots 1-4 Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lot A/6

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots Nos.

1-5 and 7-24

Lyemun Quarry Lots 1-25

Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots Nos.

1-30

>>

>>

>>

"" 22 "", 97

""

>>

""

""

>>

"1

"

"

">

"

17

""

""

>>

""

***

***

""

* 2

""

""

22

""

"

29

"

""

A

15. 3. 13 to 14. 3. 14*

19

"}

"

to 30. 6. 14.

">

22

""

""

>>

to 14. 6. 14.

The following quarries were let by Public Auction for a period

of one year commencing from the 1st January, 1914:-

Hok Un Quarry Lot No.. 6

Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. 7

Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. 8

Ma Ti Quarry Lot No. 9.

Jordan Road, Kowloon Quarry Lot No. 10

Yaumati Quarry Lot No. 11

P 11

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. A/6 Sai Tso Wan Quarry Lots Nos. B/1 to 16. Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots Nos. 1 to 4. Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot No. 2.

The Assistant District Officer in Hongkong let by Public Auction Chu Lu Kok Quarry Lot No. 2 for a period of one year from 15th August, 1913.

Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots Nos. 1 and 2 were let by Public Auction for one year commencing from 1st May, 1913, by the Assist- ant District Officer at Taipo.

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences.--Three Prospecting Licences were issued, each for a period of six months, for the Ping Shan, Un Long and Tsün Wan Districts but no renewal was applied for when the period expired. A licence for prospecting in the Sha Tau Kok District was issued on the 7th August, 1913, for a period of six months.

A

16. Resumptions.-Pokfulam Lots Nos. 26, 28, 29, 30 and Inland Lot No. 1512 were resumed by Government at a total cost of $350 for the purpose of laying out a new lot for which an applica- tion had been received. Aberdeen Lots 23 to 27 and 41 were resumed for the purpose of forming a cemetery for Chinese in which permanent interments would be permitted. The compensation paid to the various owners was $468.95 but Government has been re- imbursed in the sum of $345.20 by the Cemetery Board. House No. 117, Queen's Road Central, was resumed at a cost of $11,000 and houses Nos. 118 and 128, Des Voeux Road Central (portions of Marine Lot No. 54), were resumed at a cost of $3,500 and $11,500 respectively. The houses in question were riding floors over the ends of private streets, the removal of which was considered desirable on sanitary grounds. Shaukiwan Lot No. 376 was resumed at a cost of $100 for the purpose of constructing a nullah through the lot. A strip of Marine Lot No. 239 containing an area of 12,865 square feet was surrendered to Government free of cost for the purpose of extending Belchers Street across that lot. Though no expenditure was involved, sundry concessions were made to the lessee in consideration of the surrender of the area referred to. House No. 1 at Totiwan was re-entered on account of non-payment of Crown rent. Tai Hang Washing Tank No. 7 was voluntarily surrendered by the holder. The lease of Inland Lot No. 1530, which was an annual one, was determined by Government to enable Belchers Street to be formed past Marine Lots 263-265. The area (Inland Lot 1530) had been occupied for the storage of building materials. Marine Lot No. 54, which had been subdivided into many sections, was re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent but new Inland Lot leases were subsequently granted to the section- holders. In issuing the new leases, the two private streets which traversed the lot (Wing On and Tung Man Streets) were retained by Government as public streets. Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1132,

P 12

containing an area of 50,927 square feet, was resumed by Govern- ment. The major portion of the lot (31,549 square feet), containing a house, was appropriated as a residence for the Manager of the Railway, whilst the remainder (19,378 square feet) was incorporated with an adjoining area of Crown land and utilized as a site for the erection of Subordinate Officers' Quarters. The compensation paid was $60,000, $46,682 being defrayed from Railway funds and the balance ($13,318)* from Item No. 43, Public Works Extraordinary.

A sum of $594, which had been offered in 1907 as compensation for Ma Ti Lot No. 35 (cultivated land), resumed in April of that year in connection with the laying out of Kowloon Inland Lot 1203 for the establishment of a Cigar Factory, and which had been refused by the occupier, was paid to his administrator, the occupier having died in the meanwhile. The cost was charged against "Miscellaneous Receipts".

In the Southern District of the New Territories, 57 lots, contain- ing an area of 6·13 acres, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $8,072.10 and 95 lots were either surrendered or re-entered on account of non-payment of Crown rent.

In the Northern District, 486 lots, containing about 58-57 acres, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $13,124.48 and 71 lots, containing about 4:73 acres, were either voluntarily surrendered or re-entered as well as 12 other lots which are unsurveyed.

17. Lease Plans. Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 133 lots and 3 piers were forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones.-Boundary stones were fixed for 13 lots in Hongkong, (including 4 stones for Mt. Caroline Cemetery), for 5 lots in Kowloon, (including 6 stones for Hau Pui Loong Cemetery, 5 for the European Cemetery and 4 for the Indian Cemetery at Tai Shek Ku), and for 4 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys.-Numerous surveys were undertaken for the purpose of defining the boundaries of lots or for the preparation of sale and lease plans, etc.; and, wherever practicable, such surveys were plotted direct on to the Ordnance Sheets. A portion of the Western District of the City, containing an area of about 15 acres was surveyed in detail and plotted on the Ordnance Sheets. A survey was made of the boundaries of Mt. Caroline Cemetery, enclosing an area of 52 acres.

Some progress was made with the Ordnance Survey in Kowloon, the survey of Ma Tau Wei Village and district being practically completed and partially plotted. Kowloon Farm Lots Nos. 3 and 4 and surroundings, containing an area of about 806,900 square feet, were surveyed and plotted; but, owing to lack of staff and the numerous surveys necessitated by applications for land, new leases,

* As a transfer of the sum of $4,682 from Railway funds was overlooked, the expenditure under item No. 43, Public Works Extraordinary, appears as $18,000.

!

P 13

etc., it was found impossible to keep any Surveyors permanently on this work. One Surveyor was engaged for three months in carrying *on and extending the original scheme of triangulation in Kowloon

and the New Territories.

Two Surveyors were engaged for five weeks in surveying and contouring an area, containing about 35 acres, at Taipo to enable certain applications which had been received for building lots to be dealt with.

It having been found imperative that a complete and com- prehensive map of the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and adjoining lands should be made so as to allow of a final settlement of the land resumption and railway boundary ques- tions being arrived at, one Surveyor was engaged on this work for seven months and a traverse of about 191⁄2 miles, commencing at the South face of Beacon Hill Tunnel, was run along the centre of the railway track to Sham Chun on the Frontier, closing on five trigono- metrical points on the way. Subsidiary traverses were run from permanent marks left on the main traverse for the purpose of pick- ing up details, such as Sidings, Stations, Cuttings, Banks, etc., and in addition over 1,500 lots of cultivated land were either wholly or partially surveyed. Most of this work has been plotted on the Ordnance maps to a scale of 200 feet to one inch.

The Surveyor stationed in the New Territories was transferred to Cheung Chau where he surveyed the Village of Cheung Chau, comprising about 500 houses, and about 30 European building lots situated in various parts of the Island. Before being transferred to Cheung Chau, he ran a main traverse from Sha Tau Kok to Kwan Tye, about five miles in length, and carried out other survey work on the mainland.

The total length of traverses, in addition to detail work, carried out by Surveyors during the year was about 190 miles.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course.-A sum of $10,268 was realized by the letting of sites for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the race meeting.

21. Squatters. During the year, the survey of Ma Tau Wei Village, comprising 114 houses, 65 pig-sties and extensive cultivat- ed areas, was completed and the necessary particulars with regards to areas, ownership, etc., were in course of preparation with a view to the issue of titles.

Areas and other particulars in connection with 2,255 lots at Little Hongkong Village were prepared to enable titles to be recorded.

Similar particulars were prepared in connection with 1,577 lots of land and 231 houses at Shek O Village, which were surveyed in 1912.

P 14

P

22. Military Lands.-Permission was granted for the following encroachments on Colonial Government Land, viz. :—

Water Tank above Kennedy Road, Gardens on portion of King's Park at Kowloon and an extension to the Rifle Range at Kowloon City.

During the year a revised statement was prepared and printed containing particulars of all Military Holdings, including Encroach- ments, and a statement of account relating to transfers of land between the Military Authorities and the Colonial Government.

23. Naval Lands.-Permission was granted for encroachments consisting of 8 pairs of beacons in Tolo Channel, Mirs Bay.

A strip of Inland Lot No. 86 (Naval Hospital, Mt. Shadwell), containing about 7,500 square feet, was surrendered to the Colonial Government free of charge in connection with the construction of the new Public Works Storeyard. The Government undertook in . return to construct a retaining wall along the base of Mt. Shadwell so as to render the grounds of the Naval Hospital less accessible from the storeyard. In accordance with the provisions of the lease, an area of 6,942 square feet on the west side of Inland Lot No. 87 (Naval Infectious Hospital, Mt. Parish) was surrendered to the Colonial Government free of charge for the purpose of forming an approach path to Inland Lot No. 1928.

24. Piers. The only transaction in connection with piers in Hongkong held under long lease was the grant of an extension to the pier owned by the Hongkong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Co. situated opposite the west end of Wing Lok Street. In Kowloon, the large new wharf for the Star Ferry launches was nearly_com- pleted. The wharf in question is divided into two sections, (Kow- joon Permanent Piers Nos. 32 and 33), one of which is for the ordin- ary ferry service and the other for a Railway service. No premium was charged in the case of this wharf. Licences for the following temporary piers for various periods were issued or renewed :--18 in Hongkong, 11 in Kowloon and 15 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 17 slipways in Hongkong, 2 in Kowloon and 1 in the New Territories, the total fees for which amounted to $5,627.72. The premia derived in respect of perman- ent pier rights amounted to $7,500 and temporary piers to $4,600.

25. Cemeteries.-An area of 15'04 acres (Aberdeen Inland Lot No. 78) was set apart as a place of permanent interment for Chinese families settled in Hongkong. Further allusion to this cemetery will be found in para. 43 of this Report. At Hau Pui Loong, an area of 17-24 acres was set apart for a burial ground for Chinese, whilst, at Tai Shek Ku, areas of 3'74 and 1.89 acres were set apart for the interment of Indians and Europeans respectively.

!

}

P 15

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

26. By-laws and Regulations.-No new by-laws or regulations affecting constructional work were passed during the year, nor were any amendments made.

27. Plans.-There has been a marked increase in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1912, the greatest difference being in the number deposited for alterations and additions to existing buildings. The following is a tabulated statement showing the number of buildings, etc., for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures of 1912 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :--

1912. 1913. Increase. Decrease.

European Houses,...

138

74

Chinese Houses,....

281

251

64

30

Buildings and structures other

than the above,.....

79

141

62

Alterations and additions to ex-

isting buildings,..

1,998 2,763

7.65

Verandahs,

81

112

31

:

Balconies,

154

164

10

Sunshades,..

17

27

10

Areas,....

Co

6

6

Piers,..

6

N

4

Total,..

2,760 3,534 878

104

28. Certificates.-The following certificates for new buildings were issued:

104 for 340 domestic buildings under section 204 of Ordinance

1 of 1903.

30 for 37 non-domestic buildings.

These figures show an increase of 109 in the number of domestic buildings and a decrease of 8 in the number of non-domes- tic buildings or a nett increase of 101.

. P 16

29. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1912 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-

1912. 1913. Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices, 140

263

123

Miscellaneous Notices,

554

509

45

:

Nuisances reported by offi-

cers of the Sanitary Depart-

ment,

2,186

2,207

21

:

Permits,

1,029

1,209

180

Fees collected on account of

the issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from

$

Crown land,

...

1,293.00

650.16

$3

642.84

Legal proceedings were taken in 25 cases for removal of stone from Crown land or foreshore without permission. In each case a conviction was obtained, and fines amounting to $790 were imposed.

Legal proceedings were also taken in connection with blasting operations in 2 cases in which the precautions prescribed by Ordi- nance had been omitted In each case a conviction was obtained and fines amounting to $200 were imposed.

30. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, &c.-A statement of the work done will be found under the heading "Public Works Extra- ordinary".

31. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following streets :--

Yan Shau Lane.

Wai Tak Lane.

Breezy Terrace.

Lane at rear of 117-153 Shanghai Street and 106-136 Reclama- tion Street.

Lane at side of 10 & 12 Queen's Lane at rear of 89-115 Shanghai

Road Central.

Sai Hing Lane.

Tsung Sau Lane East. Ko Shing Street.

Tsung Sau Lane West. Wing Kut Street.

Sam Ka Lane.

Wing Fung Street.

Street and 78-98 Reclamation Street.

Lane at rear of Gilman's Bazaar

and Wing Kut Street.

Lane at rear of 2-12 Stanley Street, 15B-19 Wellington Street and 1-13 D'Aguilar Street.

f

P 17

32. Improvements, &c., of Public Streets.-The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kowloon has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

33. Footways.-Attention has been given to the footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In the following cases the neces- sary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners :—

K.I.L. 1076-Canton Road and Reclamation Street. M.L.'s 266 and 267-Belchers and Beach Streets. I.L. 640-Eastern Street.

6-16 Hollywood Road.

M.L.'s 122 and 123-Wanchai Road (6 houses). 2-40 Centre Street.

25-31 Aberdeen Street.

1-38 Austin Road.

140 Canton Road,

1 Shanghai Street.

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-Practically no damage was done to buildings in the Colony by typhoons and rainstorms, but, during the typhoon of September 18th, a matshed, in which were housed workmen employed on new buildings in Kimberley Road, Kowloon, collapsed, resulting in the death of 2 persons and injuries to 9 others. Considerable damage was also caused to several private piers, most of which have since been put into a proper state of repair.

35. Landslips.-A retaining wall at Kellett Crest (G.L. 4) and one at the rear of No. 3 Un Wo Lane collapsed without serious con- sequences in either case.

36. Collapses.Nos. 7 & 9 Upper Station Street collapsed suddenly on the afternoon of September 14th, when 18 persons were killed. A subsequent examination of the adjoining houses showed the buildings to be so defective that the entire block, numbering 12 houses, (including Nos. 7 and 9), has since been demolished.

Nos. 40 and 42 Sheung Wang Kai, Shamshuipo, collapsed on the 25th September resulting in the death of 1 person and injury to 1 other.

No. 51 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, collapsed on the 17th August, but in this case the accident was unattended by any loss of life or injury to person.

There were several other collapses of a minor nature which do not call for special comment.

P 18

37. Tests of Mortar.-Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 228 samples being taken from works in progress. In no case was the mortar found to be sufficiently below the accepted standard to warrant the taking of legal proceedings.

38. Prosecutions for Defective Building Work.-Legal pro- ceedings were taken on account of defective work in 5 cases in each of which a conviction was secured, the fines imposed amounting to $260.

39. Prosecutions for other nuisances.-Legal proceedings were taken in 71 cases for non-compliance with notices issued in connection with nuisances reported by officers of the Sanitary Department. In 66 of these cases fines were inflicted amounting to $873.

40. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting to $150 were collected on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by care- lessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in carrying out the work. This shows an increase of $70 over 1912.

41. Modifications.-Written modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were granted in 134 cases under the powers conferred by Section 265b. This shows a decrease of 87 compared with the previous year.

42 Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 2656.-Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor-in-Council in 12 cases. Of these 9 were granted but certain conditions accompanied the grant in 3 out of the 9 cases. In 3 cases in which dissatisfaction was felt with the manner in which the Building Authority had exercised his discretionary powers, appeals were made to the Governor-in-Council. One of the appeals was granted and the other

two were partially granted.

43. Cemeteries.-Owing to vacancies in the staff and to pressure of other work, no progress has been made in connection with the surveys of Chinese Cemeteries. The necessary surveys for keeping the records of new grave spaces in the Colonial Cemetery up to date were made.

Work in connection with the forming of new terraces, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out at the following cemeteries:-Mt. Caroline (Sections A, B, C and D); Kailungwan (Sections A, B and C); Ma Tau Wei (Section A and Plague Section); Chaiwan (Section A); Aberdeen (Section A); Kowloon Tong (Section B); Sai Yu Shek (Sections A and B); and Hau Pui Loong (Section A and Plague Section). In addition, various paths were surfaced and other works were carried out at Mt. Caroline, Kailungwan and Kowloon Tong. For particulars of expenditure under this heading see paras. 114, 115, 117 and 137 of this Report.

P 19

Extensive exhumations were carried out in Mt. Caroline Ceme- tery at a cost of $3,261.09 and a large area will be rendered available for burials so soon as the formation of terraces is completed.

The permanent quarters for Sextons at Mt. Caroline and Kailungwan Cemeteries and the improvements to the approach road to the former were completed. Further reference to these works will be found in paras. 114 and 115 of this Report.

The following additional cemeteries were set apart during the year:

The Hau Pui Loong Chinese Cemetery. The Tai Shek Ku Indian Cemetery.

In addition to these, a large area of land at Aberdeen was granted as a cemetery for permanent interments (no exhumation) as the result of an appeal made by a committee of Chinese residents in the Colony. The cemetery (A.I.L. 78) has an area of approximately 15 acres.

A survey has been undertaken to enable a scheme to be prepared for the laying out of the cemetery in a suitable manner and, when this has been approved, a portion of the area will be laid out.

44. Theatres and Public Performances Regulation Ordinance. -In all, 19 buildings were licensed under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose and in other cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of the licences.

A sum of $1,833 was derived from fees paid in connection with the issue of licences. This includes the following cases in which the nominal fee of $1 per annuin was sanctioned by the Governor-in-Council: -City Hall, Seamen's Institute, and Hongkong Volunteer Head Quarters.

The Hall in the Sailors' and Soldiers' Home, Arsenal Street, was altered to comply as far as possible with the requirements of the Ordinance prior to the issue of a licence but no application for a licence had been received up to the close of the year.

The alterations to the Yaumati Theatre were completed.

45. Fires.--The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to require reconstruction :--

29 and 31 Morrison Hill Road.

21 Gough Street.

84 Ko Shing Street.

81 Hollywood Road.

76 Main Street, Shaukiwan.

Knitting Factory on K.I.L. 1076.

e

- P 20

Some other fires of a minor nature also occurred. In no case was any life lost.

46. Reclamations.-The only private reclamation in progress during the year was that of Shaukiwan Inland Lot 433, the area to be reclaimed being 11,268 square feet.

47. Principal Works of a Private Nature.-The block of Students' Quarters on I. L. 1877, belonging to the University, begun in 1912, was completed, as was also the Hostel on I.L. 1874, Hatton Road, belonging to the London Missionary Society and intended for the accommodation of students attending the University.

The School of Anatomy in connection with the University, on I.L. 1859, Pokfulam Road, was also completed.

The formation of a recreation ground on I.L. 1949, adjoining Pokfulam Road, for the University Union was undertaken.

A large building for the Chinese branch of the Young Men's Christian Association on I.L. 1757, Tai Ping Shan, was completed.

The erection of a new double wharf at Kowloon Point for the Star Ferry was begun. One half of the wharf is intended for the ordinary Ferry service and the other for a service in connection with the Railway.

The new Diocesan Girls' School on K.I.L. 1281, Jordan Road, was completed.

A Church Hall in connection with St. Andrew's Church, on K.I.L. 1153, Nathan Road, was completed though not certified.

Some extensive works at Tai Wan, Kowloon Bay, for the purpose of a glass factory were completed.

A large block of buildings on K.I.L. 574, Carnarvon and Mody Roads, was completed and occupied.

The area formerly occupied by Messrs. Fenwick & Co.'s Engineering Works, Praya East, (M.L.'s 31 and 36), was laid out afresh, a new private street, known as Lun Fai Street, being opened up and 31 Chinese tenement houses being erected.

The laying out of R.B.L. 136, Pokfulam Road, was completed and the erection of a block of buildings on the lot to be used as a home for blind children was nearly completed.

The erection of extensive premises for the Sincere Company in Wing Wo Street was commenced.

No. 20 Des Voeux Road Central, the new premises of Messrs. Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ltd., was completed.

- P 21

The erection of a considerable building for the accommodation of the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank at No. 7 Queen's Road Central was well advanced.

The extensive additions to the Ellis Kadoorie Schools, on I.L. 1244, Hospital Road, referred to in last year's Report, were completed.

The erection of a Church and School on I.L. 1924, Bonham Road, in connection with the Basel Mission was commenced.

Further alterations were made to the Hongkong Hotel.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed during the year, the following may be mentioned :—

Works commenced.

28 Chinese houses, I.L. 618, Wyndham Street.

16

571∞∞

11

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

3

do.

4

do.

10

do.

do.

(workmen's quarters in connection with

Monastery), R.B.L. 51, Pokfulam,

(I.L.'s 1036-1038 and 2023), Whitfeild.

I.L.'s 2050 and 2051), Tai Hang.

I.L. 953, North and Belchers Streets.

M.L. 37a R.P., 2-16 Des Voeux Road W. I.L. 2028, Taipingshan.

I.L. 1968, Taipingshan.

K.I.L.'s 553, 554 and 555, Reclamation St. K.M.L. 48. Canton Road.

N.K.I.L.'s 40 and 41, Shamshuipo.

12 European houses, I.L. 157 R.P., Caine Road.

11

6

1

do.

do.

İ.L.'s 1926 and 1927, Wongneichong.

I.L.'s 1898, 1942, 2021 and 2022, Conduit Rd. (large) I.L. 426, 7 Castle Road.

Schoolhouse, I.L. 1937, Macdonnell Road.

Glass Factory, I.L. 1936, North Point.

Glass Works and Quarters, I.L. 1893, Tunglowan.

Godown and Quarters, I.L. 2040, Tai Hang.

Wharf, Godown, Shops, etc., Q.B.M.L. 2, Quarry Bay.

Chapel, I.L. 899, Chinese Christian Cemetery.

Vermilion Factory, K.I.L. 1218, Portland St., Mongkoktsui. Cinematograph Theatre, K.I.L. 752, Portland St., Mongkoktsui. Extensive additions to Cigar Factory, K.I.L. 1203, Coronation

Road.

Temple and Dispensary, N.K.I.L. 54, Shamshuipo.

-09

Works completed.

8 Chinese houses, I.L. 797, Water Street.

22

do.

5

do.

10

M.L.'s 266 and 267, Belchers Street and

Praya, Kennedy Town.

I.L. 800, 127-135, Second Street.

P 22

16* Chinese houses, I.L. 640 R.P., Eastern and Second Streets

5

do.

11

do.

13

do.

8

31

do.

8+

do.

8

12

do.

5

do.

4

do.

5

do.

88 888 888

and Kwok Hing Lane.

I.L. 38 and M.L. 185, Queen's Road West. I.L. 1272, Ki Ling Lane.

I.L. 700, Po Hing Fong and Wa Ning Lane. I.L. 1901, U Lam Terrace.

M.L.'s 31 and 36, Praya East and Lun Fat

Street.

I.L. 388 R.P., 9-23 Cross Street.

S.I.L. 407, Shaukiwan.

K.I.L. 1076, Canton Road and Reclamation

Street.

I.L. 275, Tank Lane.

S.I.L.'s 426, 427 and 431, Shaukiwan. N.K.I.L. 39, Shamshuipo.

3 European houses, I.L. 1095, Hill Road.

9

do.

10

do.

8

do.

12

do.

1

do.

do.

do.

2

do.

1

do.

9

do.

9

do.

58

do.

I.L. 606, Hospital Road.

I.L. 605, Bonham Road.

I.L.'s 704 and 1661, Robinson Road.

I.L. 150, Caine Road.

(large), I.L. 1875, Kennedy Road.

I.L. 1909, Kennedy Road.

M.L.'s 122 and 123, Wanchai Road.

R.B.L. 50, Barker Road.

(large), R.B.L. 61, Peak Road.

K.I.L. 575, Minden Row and Minden Villas.

K.I.L. 540, Kimberley Road.

K.I.L. 1172, Kimberley Road.

Nurses Home, I.L. 1897, Breezy Path.

Extensions to Electric Light Co.'s premises, I.L.'s 1210 and 1922,

Star Street.

Crematorium and Chapel, I.L. 1879, Soo Kun Po.

9 European flats, I.L. 445, Wanchai Road and Heard Street.

11 European houses, I.L. 757, Hing Hon Road.

8

2

do. do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

1

do.

1

do.

I.L.'s 760 and 804, Bonham Road.

I.L. 1919,

I.L. 797, Pokfulam Road.

do.

I.L. 609, St. Stephen's Lane.

I.L. 483, Leighton Hill Road.

I.L.'s 1914 and 1917, Tsat Tsz Mui. (large) I.L. 1388, Bowen Road.

I.L. 1911, Leighton Hill.

Extension to the Dairy Farm Co.'s Depôt, I.L. 1280, Wyndham

Street.

Ginger Factory, K.1.L. 1176, Reclamation Street, Mongkoktsui.

* 4 houses were subsequently added to the 12 mentioned in 1913 Report.

† 6 of the 14 houses mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1913.

† 5 of the eight houses mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1913.

§ Erroneously stated as 6 in last year's Report.

f

- P 23

The following buildings mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1913:-

21* European houses, K.I.L.'s 410 and 1215, Ashley and

Hankow Roads.

Club Pavilion, M.L. 239, Li Po Lung Path.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above, which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

Hongkong.

48. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Government House :-

throughout,

General repairs and painting

Repairs to roof of stable and sundry

repairs,

Government Civil Hospital:---

-$9,553

974

$10,527

A Block-Sundry repairs,

419

B Block-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,

2,100

-

1,466

2,124

B Block-Replacing defective stair- case with reinforced concrete staircase, etc., -

C Block-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,

European Lunatic Asylum-General

repairs and painting throughout, 1,052 Maternity Block-General repairs

and painting throughout, Maternity Block-Forming new flues

with glazed tile wall facings,

L

Chinese Lunatic Asylum-General

repairs and painting throughout, including replacing defective stairs with concrete,

fective portion of roof with rein- forced concrete,

648

386

991

Chinese Quarters-Reinstating de-

574

Chinese Quarters-Internal

lime-

46

177

190

10,173

washing and tarring throughout,

Superintendent's Quarters-Sundry

repairs,

Staff Quarters--Sundry repairs,

* Number of houses increased from 20 to 21.

Hongkong.

P 24

Kennedy Town Depôts and Slaughter Houses :-

Cattle Depôt-General repairs and painting, limewashing and tar- ring throughout,

Slaughter House-General repairs and painting, limewashing and tarring throughout, -

Slaughter House-Repairing floor with cement concrete and stone setts,

Sheep and Swine Depôt-General repairs painting, limewashing and tarring throughout,

- $2,833

=

970

-

1,188

-

-

1,723

$6,714

Victoria Hospital:-

Main Building-General repairs and

painting throughout,

2,980

Staff Quarters-General repairs and

painting throughout,

- 1,207

4,187

Government Offices:-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

-

1,037

770

Central Police Station:

light,

Barrack Block-Installing electric

-

Barrack Block-Renewing flooring

and general repairs,

Single Inspectors' Quarters-General repairs and painting through- out,

Married Sergeants' Quarters-

General repairs and painting throughout,

Married Sergeants' Quarters- Substituting reinforced concrete stairs for defective timber ones,- D.S.P.'s and Married Inspectors'

Quarters-Sundry repairs,

Wanchai Market :-

General repairs and painting, Reconstructing southern portion of

roof in reinforced concrete, Fitting up old shed adjoining P.W.D. Stores as a temporary market during such reconstruction,

544

539

3,572

123

58

3,071

455

-

2,106

-

480

3,041

Victoria Gaol :-

P 25

Reconstructing defective roof in covered yard in reinforced con- crete, supplying sundry stores and carrying out sundry repairs,

Belilios School :-

General repairs and painting through-

out, - Taking out defective timber beams and replacing same with rolled steel joist,

Hongkong.

- $1,785

$2,654

752

2,537

No. 7 Police Station :-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Reinstating defective stairs with

reinforced concrete staircase,

1,742

187

1,929

Central Market:-

General repairs, limewashing and

tarring internally,

499

Substituting

reinforced concrete

stalls for defective timber stalls, 1,073

1,572

Aberdeen Police Station--General repairs and painting

throughout,

1,305

New Western Market, Northern Block,-General repairs

and painting throughout,

1,238

Gough Hill Police Station-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout, -

1,041

Victoria School-General repairs and painting through-

out,

920

Courts of Justice-Re-tiling verandahs, repairs to

lights, lifts, &c.,

803

Government Pavilions-General repairs and painting

throughout,

580

New Government Offices-Relaying tiles and executing sundry repairs including repairs to lights, lifts, &c.,

550

No. 1 Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

536

No. 6 Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

437

Saiyingpun Market-General repairs, limewashing and

tarring internally,

416

Gardeners' Cottages-Substituting reinforced concrete floors for defective timber floors and execut- ing sundry repairs,

-

385

P 26

Hongkong.

Pound Lane Bathhouse-General repairs, painting, colourwashing and limewashing throughout, Shektongtsui Market-General repairs, painting and

limewashing throughout, -

Sanitary Department Stables, Pokfulam Road,-General repairs, painting, colourwashing and lime- washing throughout, -

Government Villas-Substituting reinforced concrete

roof to verandah for defective tiled roof,

-

No. 5 Police Station-Renewing floors and sundry

repairs,

Postmen's Quarters (behind old Land Office)-Fitting up iron bunks and small repairs,

Mountain Lodge-Washing down painted walls,

Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station-General repairs, painting

and colourwashing throughout,

$380

348

344

312

297

276

239

201

49. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were expended upon various lighthouses:

Gap Rock:-

Repairing derricks, &c.,

- $1,000

General repairs, painting and lime-

washing externally,

282

Lightning conductors,

200

Flag cupboard,

91

$1,573

Lyemun Beacon :--

Constructing reinforced concrete band round beacon where fractured, -

1,013

Green Island :--

General repairs, painting and lime-

washing throughout,

659

Miscellaneous small items,

222

881

Waglan:--

General repairs, painting and lime-

washing externally,

-

680

Lightning conductors,

46

726

Cape Collinson :-

General repairs, painting and lime-

washing throughout,

268

A considerable amount of damage was caused to the light- houses or their appurtenances by the typhoon of the 17th August, especially in the case of Gap Rock. There, the lantern was damaged, several Muntz metal shutters were badly twisted, prac- tically the whole of the iron railings fencing the various paths, etc., were destroyed, several doors and windows were carried away and

1

P 27

Hongkong.

the roofs and chimneys, etc., were damaged. At Waglan, the landing-place was washed away, a small derrick and winch were badly damaged and jalousies, doors, etc., were injured. The cost of repairing all such damages was charged to the Vote “Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" (Item 14 of Annexe A).

50. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City. (Approxi- mate Mileage 60).—The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition. A considerable amount of damage was caused by the typhoon of August 17th, especially to the roads along the Harbour front. The necessary repairs had not been entirely completed by the end of year. The following are par- ticulars of improved surfacing introduced on a number of the roads.

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam :-

Connaught Road, near west end of Wing Lok Street, . Morrison Street,

Great George Street,

Praya East,

>q. yds.,

sq. yds.

364

162

322

185

1,033

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Mucadum :-

sq. yds.

Des Voeux Road, north side, near General Post Office,. Kennedy Road,

794

1,640

* Connaught Road, between Wardley Street and Ped-

ders Street,

3,972

*

Do.

between Wing Wo Street and Man

Wa Lane,

3,477

Caine Road,

1,970

Praya East,

363

Wyndham Street,

918

sq. yds., ......13,134

Application of a Thin Coating of Tar Toppings

Robinson Road,

Caine Road,

Morrison Hill Road,

Garden Road,

sq. yds.

939

339

704

574

sq. yds.,................

2,556

* This work was carried out in re-instating the road after the typhoon.

Hongkong.

P 28

Tarring and Sanding

Robinson Road,

Caine Road,

Bonham Road,

Wanchai Gap Road,

Macdonnell Road,

sq. yds.

755

1,419

3,683

1,198

4,107

sq. yds.,...... 11,162

In addition to the foregoing, some small areas were laid with mastic asphalt on portions of Praya East and Morrison Hill Road. Some experimental patches of compressed asphalt were laid in Wing Lok Street and in Queen's Road at its junction with Battery Path.

A tar-spraying machine was obtained for carrying out the tarring of road surfaces more effectually and expeditiously.

An improvement was made in the line of the footway in Bon- ham Strand at the New Western Market, South Block.

This was carried out in re-instating the footway and road after the erection of the Market, in connection with which an alteration in the build- ing line was made.

A considerable length of defective paving on both sides of Queen's Road East, near the Naval Yard, was taken up and re-laid with granolithic paving and at the same time a low-lying portion of the road was raised and improved.

51. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City. (Approx- imate Mileage 38).-The roads generally were maintained in a satis- · factory manner. Macadam was substituted for decomposed granite on that portion of Shaukiwan Road between the Royal Hongkong Yacht Club and the Belle View Hotel. The central width of the Wanchai Gap Road was laid with cement concrete. A consider- able portion of Chamberlain Road near the Upper Tram Station was taken up and re-laid with cement concrete slabs.

Tar macadam was laid on the following roads :-

sq. yds.

Barker Road (remaining portion), Mount Kellett Road (from Matilda Hospital to

"Yalta"),.........

796

1,472

sq. yds.,

2,268

P 29

Hongkong.

The surfaces of the following roads were tarred and sanded:-

Magazine Gap Road,

Causeway Bay Road and portions of Shauki wan Road bounding Taikoo Dockyard and be- tween the eastern terminus of the tramway and Shaukiwan Market,

sq yds.,

sq. yds.

6,041

13,617

19,658

52. Maintenance of Telephones, including all cables.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. The lines throughout the City were improved so as to obviate leakage and, in the case of the Peak lines, phosphor bronze wires were substi- tuted for iron so as to obviate the frequent breakage which occurred with the latter.

The cable to Waglan Lighthouse broke in September and it was found necessary to lay a new shore-end at Cape D'Aguilar, the shore-end at Waglan being repaired. Other faults were located near Cape D'Aguilar necessitating five splices. The work of test- ing and repairing the cable was done departmentally. A length of spare cable and also the necessary repairing tools and stores have been provided against future emergencies.

Direct telephonic communication was established from the Public Works Office to the new Water Works in progress at Tytam Tuk. These works were also put in communication with Stanley Police Station, the cost of these connections being defrayed out of the vote Public Works Extraordinary, 30, "Tytam Tuk Scheme, Second Section".

Telephonic communication was established between Shau- kiwan Police Station and the Military Guard Room, Lyemun, the cost being defrayed out of the vote Public Works Extraordinary, 26," Miscellaneous Works".

Other minor extensions of telephones were carried out, some of which were charged to other votes than that which forms the heading of these paragraphs.

53. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.- The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were regularly cleansed and maintained in good condition and the flushing tanks, with the exception of those in the Hill and High Level Districts supplied from the water mains, were periodically worked at low tides. The use of the flushing tanks supplied from the water mains, which had been discontinued in September, 1912, was recommenced in July when constant supply was restored in the Rider Main Districts,

Hongkong.

P 30

Sand deposits were removed from the storm-water drains in Cadogan and Collinson Streets, Kennedy Town, and from the nullah near the market at Aberdeen. A considerable amount of sludge deposit was removed by the aid of divers from opposite the Hillier Street and Eastern Street sewer outfalls. Several old drains were uncovered and removed in Queen's Road Central, between D'Aguflar and Pottinger Streets, and in Chamberlain Road opposite the upper terminus of the Peak Tramway.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs, ...

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

$10,720.69 5,037.79

877.33

as against $16,827.51 in the previous year.

29.00

$16,664.81

54. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,059, an increase of 9 over the previous year and in Hill District 128, an increase of 1. The positions of the various additional lamps and a note of any lamps removed will be found in paragraph 111 of this Report.

55. Electric Lighting, City.-The number of arc lamps in the principal roads remains unaltered, namely, 75. The number of incandescent lamps has been increased to 16 by installing 6 new lamps on the path from Bowen Road to May Road.

56. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:-

Blake Pier-Painting and general repairs, Murray Pier--Reconstructing pier head in hard-

wood timber and general repairs,

Kennedy Town Pier-Forming rubble mound underneath pier and executing general repairs, Statue Square Pier-General repairs,

$2,857

1,748

1,179

186

$5,970

57. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.-The construction of two new terraces, with the necessary stone retaining walls, was proceeded with in the western portion of the Cemetery, but neither of them was quite completed at the end of the year. The terrace formed last year was extended westwards. An improvement was effected by trimming and turfing the bank of the terrace in Sec- tion 21.

1

P 31

Hongkong.

58. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

59. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.--The various grounds were maintained in good order, those upon which any considerable sum was expended being the following:

Queen's-Fencing-in areas,

Wongneichong-Labour in trimming,

$844.00 457.00

60. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year :-

Causeway Bay,

Praya East (in front of Blue

Buildings),

-

Eastern Street sewer outlet,

27,974 cubic yards.

923

39

-

524

>>

Total,

· 29,421

The vessel was slipped and painted at a cost of $200. The woodwork of the cabin, which was found to be badly damaged by white ants, was renewed at a cost of $314.

The vessel was hired to Messrs. Leigh & Orange for a period of 7 days to perform some dredging opposite Marine Lot 65, Praya East. The sum of $210 was received for the hire of the

vessel.

61. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The principal damage occurred in places exposed to the action of the sea, the roadways along the City front and at Aberdeen suffering most severely. Åt the latter place, the Praya wall was destroyed and the roadway entirely washed away over a considerable length. A considerable amount of damage was done to Blake Pier by a lighter which escaped from its moorings and pounded against the pier, breaking some of the landing steps, &c. The pier opposite the Harbour Office, which is a structure of a somewhat temporary kind, was practically destroyed. The reclamation for the market at Sai Wan Ho, which was protected in a temporary manner only, was extensively damaged and the pitched slope at the Gunpowder Depôt, Green Island, also suffered considerably. In comparison with these, the damage done in the case of buildings, lamps, telephones, etc., was comparatively slight, though, in the aggre- gate, it amounted to a considerable sum.

62. Town Clock.-As the tower containing the clock, which formerly stood at the junction of. Pedders Street with Queen's Road, formed a serious obstruction to traffic, it was decided that it.

Hongkong.

P 32

should be demolished and this work was begun in May and com- pleted in August. The clock, being of no further service, was sold at public auction, realizing $662.50.

63. Stores Depreciation.-Adjustments of Store Values have been made under this head from time to time as discrepancies have been discovered in the books. Obsolete and unserviceable stores have, under authority, been sold or otherwise disposed of. Receipts from such sales have been credited to the Revenue Vote, "Miscellaneous Receipts,-Condemned Stores, &c.". The total book value of the Stores so disposed of has been credited to "Unallocated Store Account (Suspense)", the amount being $4,002.94 for the year.

64. Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks.-As mentioned in last year's Report, owing to the deficient rainfall during the wet season of 1912, it was found necessary to have recourse to street fountains for supplying the Rider Main Districts with water, the use of the rider mains being entirely suspended. The supply by fountains remained in force until the 1st July, when constant supply by means of the house services was restored to most of the properties in the Rider Main Districts, the re-con- nection of such services being fully completed by the 5th July. Constant supply was maintained until the 3rd November, when the rider main system was brought into operation with a view to conserving the supply to such an extent as to ensure its lasting throughout the dry season, 1913-14. As regards the restrictive measures in force during the early part of the year, the street-watering posts deriving a supply of water from the mains, which had been disconnected in November, 1912, were re-connected on the 30th March and the supplies to wharves, which had also been discon- tinued in November, were restored on the 23rd April.

1

The adoption of the system of supply by street fountains for conserving the water supply during the dry season 1912-13 proved very effective and probably caused the minimum of hardship to the inhabitants of those sections of the City affected. As a con- stant supply was available, the people were able to obtain water from the fountains at any time during the 24 hours instead of receiving, in many cases, a meagre supply in their houses at restricted and stated times as must have been the case had the rider main system been in operation. To effect the necessary curtailment of consumption, the rider mains could only have been operated for about one hour daily.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoirs on the 1st January amounted to 288.47 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 10th May when it amounted to 145.26 million gallons.

___

P 33

Hongkong.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods :--

Reservoir.

Capacity to perman- ent overflow level. (Million gallons.)

Period.

Tytam,

384.80

Tytam Byewash,

22.36

Tytam Interme-

diate, -

195.91

Wongneichong,

30.34

Pokfulam,

66.00

1st Aug. to 15th Dec. (137 days). 2nd to 30th Aug. and 14th Sept.

to 12th Oct. (58 days). 1st Aug. to 1st Nov. (93 days). 24th to 27th June, 1st to 25th Aug. and 19th Sept. to 17th Oct. (58 days).

13th June to 5th July, 26th July to 8th Sept. and 13th Sept. to 19th Oct. (105 days).

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year amounted to 509.10 million gallons.

The pumps at Tytam Tuk were in operation from 8th January until 14th April and from 20th October until the end of the year (a total of 166 days). The quantity of water pumped by this plant amounted to 201.58 million gallons.

In addition to the permanent pumps already mentioned, the temporary pump, to which reference has been made in previous annual reports, was in use from 1st January until 26th May and from 4th November until the end of the year (a total of 203 days). The quantity of water pumped by it amounted to 98.57 million gallons.

The gross quantity of water pumped during the year by both permanent and temporary pumps amounted to 300.15 million gallons.

the

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pump- ing during the years 1912 and 1913:-

Tytam Tuk Pumping Station-Permanent Pumps.

1912.

1913.

$

C.

C.

Coal, - Wages,

6,324.00

5,115.00

3,985.94

3,601.58

Miscellaneous, including repairs

and stores other than coal,

2,584.98*

2,140.29

Total.

$12,894.92

$10,856.87

* Includes a sum of $700 for repairs to buildings.

Hongkong.

P 34

Tytam Stream-Temporary Pump.

1912.

1913.

$ C. 5,087.10

$

c.

1,123.65

6,058.80 1,847.05

-

821.58

678.53

$7,032.33

$8,584.38

Wages,

Coal, -

Miscellaneous, including repairs

and stores other than coal,

Total,

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table :-

Month.

January,

1.02 .94 .87 .66 .90 .55 1.11

February,

March,........

2.39

6.95

2.48 2.16 1.21

1.54 1.81 2.58

6.39 8.13

5.94

April,

2.18 2.34 3.33

6.72 6.88 7.47

2.10 2.26 2.07 2.21

May,

9.30

8.38 10.35

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,.

November,

December,

1.39

8.16 8.99 6.72 7.23

16.03 18.27 | 17.73 16.27 | 17.96 | 17.33 27.54

15.05 15.02 15.39 17.76 | 16.48 | 16.60 15:22

10.57 10.91 | 13.45 9.75 9.43 12.29 | 16.37

14.57 17.86 16.01 14.28 13.67 13.99 13.65

3.55 2.50 2.14 4.22 3.85 2.79 .60

.74 .83 1.25 .73 .66 1.14 1.39

1.50 1.70 .71 .82 1.13 .97

Total,......... 1913 83.74 87.42 | 92.51 | 81.79 83.28 83.30 96.34

"}

1912 63.92|64.60 | 67.34 65.90, 65.74 62.54 64.40

Increase,

Decrease,.

19.82 22.82 25,17 15.89 17.54 20.76 31.91

لا

P 35

Hongkong.

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amount- ed to 1,581.16 million gallons filtered and 23.56 million gallons unfiltered, making a grand total of 1,604.72 million gallons or 95.10 million gallons less than in 1912,

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to 17.2 gallons, whilst, during the period of constant supply in all dis- tricts, it was 22.6 gallons and, during the time when the supply within the Rider Main Districts was derived from public fountains, it amounted to 13.2 gallons. In arriving at these figures, the population has, in each case, been estimated at 254,119.

Full details of consumption, contents of reservoirs, etc., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year and the results obtained by the Bacteriological examinations were also satisfactory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District during the year amounted to 88.49 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of 240,000 gallons, whilst 37.60 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District giving an average daily consumption of 100,000 gallons. As compared with 1912, there was an increase of 7.11 million gallons pumped to the High Level District and 4.27 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 126.09 million gallons as compared with 114.71 million gallons pumped during 1912.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

year

amounted

The number of meters in use at the end of the to 1,382 in the City and 180 in the Hill District or a total of 1,562 as compared with 1,280 and 171 in 1912 or a total of 1,451. These figures do not include 12 meters in use at Pokfulam.

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows :-

Filtered:-Trade,

194.97 million gals.

Domestic (City),

....

180.09

""

25

""

(Hill District),...

37,60

55

99

Unfiltered,

23.56

""

""

Total,............$436.22

""

"?

Hongkong.

P.36

These figures show an increase of 18.06 million gallons in the quantity of water supplied by meter as compared with 1912.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired or connected to the mains, to the number of "523 and 56 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 1,589. All defects were made good after the usual notices (79 in all) had been served.

65. Maintenance of Waterworks, Shaukiwan.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total consumption being 25.44 million gallons (including 3.54 million gallons supplied to the barracks at Saiwan Battery) or about 69,600 gallons per day. The works for augmenting the supply to Shaukiwan were not quite completed but the waters from certain streams in Saiwan Valley rendered available by these works were utilized throughout the year.

Details of the supply are given in Annexe F.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the

year.

66. Maintenance of Waterworks, Aberdeen.-A satisfactory supply was maintained at Aberdeen throughout the year, the total consumption being 23.48 million gallons (including 4.79 million gallons supplied to water boats by the works installed towards the end of 1912) or about 64,300 gallons per day. The consumption has increased greatly and this is ascribed to the laying of an additional inain which was found to be necessary for affording a supply to Water Boats, the facilities for obtaining water being thereby greatly increased. The old arrangements for supplying water boats, which were in private hands, were abolished towards the end of 1912, as it was found that the water supplied was subject to contamination.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

67. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and

repaired during the year amounted to 668.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote:-

New meters fixed (difference in value between

issues and receipts),

Repairs to meters,

$5,560.51

3,489.64

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

290.48

1,175.68

Total,

-$10,516.31

P 37

Kowloon,

68. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Houses in Chatham Road resumed for future ex- tension of road-General repairs and limewashing throughout,

-

Yaumati Police Station-General repairs and

painting throughout,

Royal Observatory-General repairs and painting

throughout,

-

$3,875

2,323

1,418

Mataukok Cattle Depôt :—

General repairs and limewash- ing and tarring internally only,

- $398

Inspector's Quarters-Renewing ant-eaten timbers and gen- eral repairs,

523

921

290

+

269

Water Police Station-Sundry repairs,

Kowloon School-Renewing floor joists and floor-

ing to class-rooms,

Yaumati Market-General repairs, limewashing

and tarring internally only,

211

69. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges (Approximate Mileage 28). The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner. The macadamizing of Nathan Road for the full width was continued between Cameron and Granville Roads. The kerbing, channelling and macadamizing of that portion of Chatham Road between Austin and Gascoigne Roads was completed. The footway on the north side of Carnarvon Road was entirely relaid with granolithic paving.

Tar Macadam was laid on the following roads :-

Carnarvon Road (remaining portion), Junction of Nathan and Peking Roads,

1,759 yards.

200

""

1,959

""

The surfaces of the following roads were tarred and sanded :--

Chatham Road (Middle to Gascoigne Roads), Cameron Road (Carnarvon to Chatham Roads), Humphreys Avenue (a portion),

Salisbury Road,

10,932 yards.

2,108

""

223

"

Hankow Road,

Peking Road,

(margins),

2,108

15,371

A

""

Kowloon.

- P 38

A channel was constructed at a cost of $368.42 to intercept the water from the path leading from Hunghom to the Fo Pang Valley and divert it from the Railway Depôt at Hunghom.

70. Maintenance of Telephones.-The lines and instruments were kept in good order.

The transfer of lines from the overloaded poles in Nathan and Austin Roads to the new route following the railway were nearly completed.

71. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition. Sand deposits were removed from most of the trained nullahs, but more especially from the Waterloo Road nullah into which sand is carried during rainstorms from one of the old waterworks valleys. A small dam across this valley was repaired for the purpose of preventing as much as possible the

escape of

sand.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

$3,836.76 784.20 591.23

...

$5,212.19

72. Gas Lighting.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 256, an increase of 1 as compared with the previous year. Particulars of the positions of additional lamps and a note of lamps removed will be found in paragraph 132 of this Report.

73. Electric Lighting.-The number of electric lamps in use, all of which are incandescent, at the end of the year was 43, an increase of 4 over the previous year. Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 132 of this Report.

74. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.--The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote :

Water Police Pier, Kowloon Point,-General

repairs,

Temporary Coaling Pier opposite Water Police Basin, Kowloon Point-General re- pairs,

$975

463

75. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

J

P 39

Kowloon.

76. Improvement of King's Park. This work consisted of removing obstructive boulders, brushwood, etc., and effecting some general improvements in the Park.

77. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year:---

Gillies Avenue nullah outlet,

Naval Yard Camber,

-

400 cubic yards.

11,310

>>

11,710

""

Total,

From the 9th October to the end of the year the vessel was let on hire to the Naval Authorities for the purpose of dredging the Naval Camber at Kowloon. The amount due for the hire of the vessel up to the close of the year was $2,010.

78. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-A considerable amount of damage was caused to the roads in Kowloon by the typhoon of the 17th August, but greater damage was caused by that of the 18th-19th September when 5.61 inches of rain fell. Apart from this, the damage suffered in Kowloon was compara- tively slight.

79. Maintenance of Waterworks, Kowloon.-A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied amounting to 382.30 million gallons, which gives an average daily consumption of 1.05 million gallons or, taking an estimated population of 94,700, say, 11.1 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe H.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on 1st January amounted to 243.30 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 10th May when it amounted to 170.86 million gallons. The reservoir was at or over its permanent overflow level from the 27th July until the 2nd December. The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 329.30 million gallons.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the examinations made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

There were 431 meters in use at the end of the increase of 35 over 1912.

year, an

House services were constructed, altered or repaired in 143 instances and 15 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

Kowloon.

P 40

80. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 272.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote:

New meters (difference between issues and

receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total,

$2,841.23

1,179.20

348.80

20.58

$4,389.81

=

New Territories.

81. Maintenance of Buildings-Islands in Southern District.— The works executed under this heading were all in the nature of small repairs, none of which call for special mention.

82. Maintenance of Buildings-Mainland and Islands in Northern District.--In the case of the New Territories buildings, the following are those which entailed considerable expenditure:

Lai Chi Kok Quarantine Station (let to the Military

Authorities for occupation as barracks) -General repairs, painting, tarring and limewashing throughout, renewing ant- eaten timbers and laying concrete

channels,

-

Au Tau Police Station-General repairs, paint- ing, colourwashing and limewashing, throughout,

Ping Shan Police Station-General repairs, paint- ing, colourwasbing and limewashing throughout,

Shataukok Police Station-General repairs, paint- ing, colourwashing and limewashing throughout,

Taipo Rest House-General repairs, painting, colour-

washing and limewashing throughout, Tsun Wan Police Station-Raising chimney and

repairing pier,

:-

- $2,900

1,828

1,741

-

1,190

I

-

968

-

360

360

348

Tai Po Clerks' Quarters-General repairs, painting and limewashing throughout,

Takuling Police Station-General repairs, painting and limewashing throughout,

Kowloon City Police Station-Renewing ant-eaten

timbers and laying concrete floor to kitchen,

Taipo Police Station-Renewing ant-eaten timbers, -

280

209

1.

P 41

New Territories.

83. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges Mainland (Approx- imate Mileage 46).-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The maintenance of the completed portions of the Castle Peak-Shataukok Road was let under special contract, the Con- tractor being paid on the mileage system upon the condition that the road was at all times maintained in a satisfactory condition, otherwise, there is nothing special to report under this heading.

84. Maintenance of Telephones-Mainland.-The lines and instruments were kept in good order. Part of the line to Sai- kung was reconstructed with iron poles. The line to San Tin Police Station was continued to the new temporary station at Lok Ma Chau.

It was decided that the lines extending to the north of the Kowloon Range of Hills, which have hitherto traversed a route over the hills via Kowloon City and Shatin Pass, should follow the route of the Railway and be conveyed through Beacon Hill Tunnel in a cable. A cable containing 10 pairs of wires was accordingly laid through the tunnel and tested. The entire work was executed departmentally. The reconstruction of the over- head lines was still in progress at the end of the year.

The telephones and electrical signalling apparatus on the Kowloon-Canton Railway were kept in good order.

85. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., Mainland.-The sewers at Shamshuipo and the sullage channels at Kowloon City were cleansed and maintained in good condition. The sewer out- fall near the Kowloon City Pier was repaired.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows :-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs, -

Tools for cleansing operations,

General incidental expenditure,

$123.22

97.14

$220.36

86. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, Mainland.—The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 43 of this Report.

87. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages-Islands in Southern District. The principal damage occurred at Tai O where the cliff in proximity to the Police Station was undermined by the sea, during the typhoon of the 17th August, necessitating the con- struction of a retaining wall to prevent further damage. The

New Territories.

- P 42

small breakwater there was also badly damaged. A bamboo pier at Cheung Chau was practically destroyed and had to be recon- structed.

88. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages-Mainland and Islands in Northern District.-The principal expenditure under this head- ing was in connection with repairs to roads. The new main road between Ping Shan and Au Tau and between Pok Wai and Chuk Un was breached in several places during a severe rainstorm on the night of the 12th June. In reinstating the road, additional culverts and bridges have been constructed with a view to pre- venting a recurrence of the damage.

The road from Sha Tin to Tai Po was badly damaged by the typhoon of the 17th August when a considerable portion of it between the 10th and 11th milestones, where it skirts Tide Cove, was almost entirely washed away. The causeway between the mainland and the island at Tai Po was badly damaged during the same typhoon and the bridge between the railway crossing and the island also suffered badly. The matsheds occupied by the Police at Sha Tin were wholly destroyed and those at Lok Ma Chau partially so. At Lai Chi Kok Quarantine Station, which is occupied by one of the Indian Regiments stationed in Hongkong, the roofs of a number of the buildings were damaged.

89. Maintenance of Waterworks, Laichikok: Water Boat Supply. The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 91.64 millon gallons or about 251,000 gallons per day. Details are given in Annexe J.

There were 13 meters in use.

90. Water Account.-Meters were examined and repaired during the year in 29 instances.

13.

The total number of meters in use at Laichikok amounted to

The expenditure under the vote was as follows :-

Meter repairs,

Meter boxes and pit repairs,

$40.80 1.10

Total,

$41.90

91. Upkeep of Plant.-

An explanation of these two

92. Store Plant Account.-

items has already been given under paragraph 2 (Item (ii)) of

this Report.

1

P 43

Hongkong.

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

93. New Magistracy.-A contract for this work was let to Messrs. Kang On & Co. at the end of January and the demolition of the old magistracy building was commenced shortly afterwards. In the design of the new building, provision was made for an extensive basement, the excavation for which was found to consist largely of rock, considerable difficulty and delay being thus caused in the progress of the work. It was also found that the retaining wall adjoining Arbuthnot Road was in such a defective condition as to be inadequate for the support of the new building and it was therefore almost entirely taken down and rebuilt in lime and cement mortar, the old stone facing being used again. In conse- quence of these obstacles, the building proper was not commenced until about the middle of May.

On completion of the foundations, excellent progress was made with the building and by the end of the year the walls were approximately five feet above the level of the first floor, the door and window frames at this level being fixed in position. The con- creting of the ground and first floors was completed and all steps up to first floor level were fixed. The steel stanchions for columns on east side were fixed in position, some of the surrounding con- crete to form the columns being filled into the moulds. A large quantity of joinery was prepared ready for fixing and the work generally was well advanced.

1913 Estimates, .....$40,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$106,000.00

Expenditure to

1913 Expenditure, 30,370.91 31/12/13,

30,370.91

94. Sanitary Inspectors' Office, &c.,-Wantsai District.-This building, which was fully described in last year's Report, was completed in May, all liabilities being discharged before the close of the year.

It occupies a site at the junction of Wanchai Gap Road and Queen's Road East where formerly No. 3 Police Station stood. No. 3 Police Station was dispensed with in 1903, the buildings, which were old and unsound, being subsequently pulled down.

|

1913 Estimates, .........$6,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$18,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

1913 Expenditure, ...... 5,164.70

13,381.28

95. Old Western Market.-Reconstruction.-The old Western Market consisted of a number of small sheds and shops of a very primitive and obsolete description, occupying a site between Queen's Road West and Bonham Strand and to the west of Morrison Street. The site was almost entirely enclosed by privately-owned buildings, fronting on the streets already mentioned, access to it being obtained by narrow alleyways. It had however a frontage of about

Hongkong.

P 44

107 feet to Bonham Strand but this was absorbed by five shops and one of the alleyways already mentioned.

In September, 1910, shortly prior to the demolition of the old market buildings and the commencement of the new ones, two of the enclosing privately-owned buildings fronting on Morrison Street collapsed. The buildings in question formed part of a block of four shops and houses situated between two of the narrow alley- ways giving access to the market site and, as the two remaining houses were so badly damaged as to necessitate their demolition, advantage was taken of the opportunity thus offered to acquire the whole area and utilize it for market purposes. The amount paid for the land (1,807 square feet) was $55,500 or $30.71 per square foot, this expenditure being defrayed from a special vote and not being included in the cost of the new buildings.

With the area so added, the site became approximately T-shaped, with frontages on Morrison Street and Bonham Strand, and the new main building, which is a two-storied one, was designed accordingly. Open spaces, not less than 15 feet in width, are pro- vided along the sides of the building, thus ensuring adequate light and air. The area of the entire site, exclusive of an alleyway com- municating with Queen's Road West, is about 30,000 square feet, the areas occupied by the new buildings being as follows:-

Main market building, (two-storied), Subsidiary building, containing Overseer's quarters,

latrines, &c., (three-storied),

sq. ft. -19,832

1,597

Open shed intended for carts, etc., but occupied by

market stalls, (one-storied),

396

Total area occupied by buildings,-

Total area of open spaces,

-21,825 - 8,175

Total area of site,-

30,000

The foundations required to be piled, 421 hardwood piles, 10" x 10", of an average length of 19 feet and 112 China fir piles, 6" diameter and of an average length of 15 feet, being driven.

The buildings are constructed of Canton red brick, the frontages to Morrison Street and Bonham Strand being faced with Amoy bricks and granite dressings, the latter being freely introduced. The upper floor and roof are of cement concrete supported on wrought iron beams and stanchions, all of which are encased in cement concrete. The ground floor is composed of cement concrete, 6" thick, the ground and upper floors being finished with granolithic paving and provided with channels to carry off water. The central portion of the roof is barrel-shaped,

P 45

Hongkong.

25 feet span, and the side portions are flat, in spans varying from 13 to 17 feet, the whole being constructed in cement concrete and iron. All flat roofs are covered with 8-ply ruberoid patent roofing protected with a layer of granolithic, 1" thick. The walls of the market are lined with unglazed tiles for a height of 6 feet on the ground floor and 5 feet on the upper floor. The height of the ground floor is 19' 6" and of the upper floor 18' 0" to the underside of the flat roofs.

There are three entrances to the market, namely, from Bonham Strand, Morrison Street and Queen's Road and, at each of these, granite staircases communicating with the upper floor are provided. Large openings are formed in the side walls for the admission of light and air, those on the ground floor being fitted with collapsible iron gates and those on the upper floor with fixed iron grilles. The main entrances are also fitted with collapsible iron gates. The lighting of the upper floor is augmented by the provision of circular dormer windows in the barrel-shaped portion of the roof whilst glass louvres are provided in the gables.

The main market hall on each floor contains an area of 15,244 square feet. Staircases and landings absorb an area of 1,632 square feet on the ground floor and of 804 square feet on the upper floor, whilst certain recesses and a small wing adjoining Morrison Street, communicating with the main market halls, contain an area of 1,271 square feet on the ground floor and 2,168 square feet on the upper floor.

The ground floor contains 74 stalls, exclusively devoted to the sale of fish and the upper floor 84 stalls and 20 shops exclusively devoted to the sale of vegetables. Two portions of the ground floor (combined area 3,987 square feet) are railed off and are occupied by large tanks for live fish, the apparatus for keeping the water in the tanks aerated being provided by the lessees themselves. The passages between the stalls have a width of 10 feet and those at the sides a width of not less than 12 feet.

Three small stores are provided under the entrance from Queen's Road, which is at a higher level than the ground floor of the market.

F

The 3-storied subsidiary building already mentioned is con- structed similarly to the market building, except that the staircase is of concrete, the edges of the steps being protected with iron plates. The building affords the following accommodation :-

Ground floor-trough closet (15 seats); combined

urinal and lavatory (27 urinal stalls and 5 lavatory basins); kitchen and bathroom.

Hongkong.

P 46

First floor:-combined trough closet and urinals (9 seats and 8 urinal stalls), connected by a bridge with the upper floor of the market; quarters for scavenging coolies (2 rooms); kitchen and bathroom.

Second floor :-quarters for a market overseer (3 rooms,

kitchen, pantry, store and bathroom).

All the buildings are fitted with electric light and, in addition to a water service connected with the City mains, a system for the distribution of water obtained by pumping from a well in the market building erected in 1906 on the plot of land to the north of the old Harbour Office has been installed. The latter supply is used for flushing the trough closets and urinals and for other purposes of a similar nature.

The market was opened for trade on the 1st October.

1913 Estimates, $90,000.00.

1913 Expenditure, 88,922.99.

Total Estimates, - $240,000.00 Expenditure to 31/12/13,

189,071.61

A balance of $13,000 remained to be paid under the contract in 1914, besides other items.

96. Civil Hospital-Operating Theatre, &c.-An account of the various minor works which had to be carried out in connection with the construction of the operating theatre was given in last year's Report. The entire work was completed and handed over to the Medical Department in November. The building, containing the theatre, is a two-storied one and is situated at the south- eastern angle of the main hospital building with which it is connected on both floors. The accommodation provided on the ground floor comprises an Ophthalmic Room, an X-Ray Room, two Dark Rooms, a Coal Store and a Heating Chamber, and, on the upper floor, the Operating Theatre, Preparation Room, Sterilising Room, Instrument Room, Anæsthetic Room, Surgeons' and Nurses' Rooms.

The walls are of Canton red brickwork built in cement mortar with Amoy brick facing and cement mouldings, etc. All the floors, including those of the verandahs, are of cement concrete, those on the ground floor being finished with granolithic and those on the

the upper floor with "Terrazzo". while the verandahs are finished with red tiling. The building is covered with a flat roof of ferro-concrete, covered with 8-ply Ruberoid patent roofing and finished with granolithic.

The walls generally are plastered internally but those of the Operating Theatre are lined for their full height with white-glazed tiles, whilst the remaining rooms on the upper floor have tiled dadoes about 49" high. All angles are rounded. All plastered walls are painted so as to be washable.

P 47

Hongkong.

The building is lighted by electric light throughout and a heating system by low pressure hot water, with swinging radiators, has been installed. Water is laid on where necessary. The necessary equipment of a special nature was obtained from England by the Medical Department, but was installed by the Public Works Department and charged to the Vote for the building.

A balance of $500 remained to be paid under the Contract in 1914 and there were a few other small items outstanding.

1913 Estimates,

$22,000.00

1913 Expenditure,... 21,671.44

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/13.

...

$30,000.00

26,152.77

97. Public Works Department-New Stores.-Very satis- factory progress was made with this work during the year, the levelling of the site, which lies between Wood Road on the east and the Royal Naval Hospital on the west, being completed. In connection with the levelling of the site, extensive retaining walls were constructed, one 645 feet long and from 20 to 28 feet high along the east and south boundaries to support Wood Road and Queen's Road respectively and another 585 feet long and 10 feet high along the western boundary to support the hill on which the Royal Naval Hospital stands. By arrangement with the Naval Authorities, a portion of the base of the hill, containing 7,500 square feet, was surrendered to Government on condition that a wall of a height of 10 feet was constructed along their boundary when the necessary excavation had been carried out. The total quantity of excavation in levelling the site was 21,500 cubic yards, the material being removed and deposited on the foreshore to the north of the area at present occupied as a store-yard in front of Praya East. An old storm-water drain, 2′ 0′′ × 2′ 0′′, which traversed the whole length of the yard, was taken up and recon- structed. In connection with this work, the drains for carrying off storm-water from the surrounding hilly ground had to be re-arranged, 18" stoneware pipes being laid for this purpose in Queen's Road between Wood Road and the end of Kennedy Road.

An open shed, 174′ 0′′ long x 42′ 0′′ wide, for the storage of heavy materials was constructed abutting against the retaining wall supporting Queen's Road. The floor of this shed is laid with cement concrete, 4 inches thick, and the roof is constructed of ferro-concrete slabs, 14′ 6′′ × 10′ 6′′ × 6" thick, reinforced with No. 38 Triangle Wire Mesh. The roof, which is intended for the storage of lighter materials, is carried on ferro-concrete beams supported by granite pillars, built in cement mortar. The longitudinal beams are 21" x 12", reinforced with four steel rods (1" diameter), and the cross-beams are 12" × 12", reinforced with four steel rods (ğ" diameter). Access to the roof is gained by a ramp from the yard having a gradient of 1 in 8.

The other buildings, consisting of quarters for the storekeeper and his staff and an enclosed two-storied building for the storage of

Hongkong.

- P 48

small stores, were commenced before the close of the year, the for- mer being constructed up to first floor level. The materials from the buildings in the existing store-yard were utilized as far as possible for the erection of the new buildings.

1913 Estimates, $35,000.00

...

Total Estimates, ... $63,500.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

36,507.95

1913 Expenditure, ... 34,929.88

98. City Slaughter House-Extension.-The extension south- wards of the most westerly lairage shed and the addition of an upper storey to the same, referred to in last year's Report, were completed early in the year. The alterations to the Pig Slaughter House were then undertaken and these were completed by the end of the year, all liabilities being discharged. The alterations con- sisted of removing an internal wall and replacing it with brick piers in cement and erecting 8 double scalding pans to replace 10 old ones which were removed. Considerable changes were made in the plans originally prepared for this portion of the work, the slaughter house building being extended to include a space which had hitherto formed an open-air passageway along the east side of it.

The buildings are of red brick built in lime mortar and pointed in cement mortar. The new upper floor of the lairage shed is constructed of ferro-concrete supported on ferro-concrete beams resting on cast iron columns. The old roof has been re-erected over the new upper storey. The extension of the slaughther house is roofed with ferro-concrete. Small ferro-concrete bridges, 5 in number, connect the upper floor of the lairage shed with the floor of the slaughter house which, being situated on a higher terrace, is approximately at the same level.

1913 Estimates,

$ 5,000.00

1913 Sup. Vote,

6,700.00

Total Estimates,... $26,500.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

22,393,56

1

$11,700.00

1913 Expenditure,... 10,090.65

99. City Slaughter House-Quarters for additional Inspector.- This building, which was fully described in last year's Report, was completed in March.

Total Estimates, ... $ 6,000.00

1913 Estimates,

$ 2,000.00

1913 Sup. Vote,

1913 Expenditure,...

1,766.00

$ 3,766.00 3,749.20

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

5,982.86

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Hongkong:

100. Belilios Public School-Extension.-The contract for this work was completed, the building being handed over to the Educa- tion Department in December. The extension consists of a two- storied building extending round 3 sides of the area originally laid out as a playground and situated to the north of the original school-building. The original building, which was presented to the Colony in December, 1893, by the late Hon. Mr. E. R. Belilios, C.M.G., contains twelve class-rooms capable of accommodating 608 pupils, whilst the extension contains eight class-rooms, capable of accommodating 320 pupils; four cloak-rooms; four lavatories; two teachers' rooms with lavatories attached; a waiting-room for amahs; quarters for a caretaker (2 small rooms); a small room and two staircases. Corridors, 8 feet wide, are provided on both floors throughout the full extent of the building. Arrange- ments have been made, by means of folding partitions, for convert- ing the four class-rooms on the upper floor into two large ones, if required.

spare

An entrance from Shing Wong Street is provided and connec- tion with the old school-building is afforded by covered-ways and a double flight of steps, also covered over. The covered-ways are designed for use as play-sheds, being from 7' 6" to 12' 0" in width and covering an area of 982 square feet. The open yard remain- ing between the covered-ways and the new building has an area of 1,752 square feet.

The walls are of Canton red brick in cement mortar, covered externally with rough-cast plaster, certain portions of the brick- work being left exposed for effect. The internal surfaces of all walls are plastered, except those of the lavatories, which are lined with white glazed tiles for a height of 6' 0". The ground and upper floors are both laid with cement concrete, covered with hardwood boarding in the case of the class-rooms and teachers' rooms, and with Terrazzo in the case of the corridors, lavatories, etc. The roof is flat and is constructed of cement concrete covered with 8-ply "Ruberoid" patent roofing and finished with granolithic. The staircases are of cement concrete, the edges of the steps being protected by iron plates.

Large windows are provided to all the class-rooms and are so arranged as to provide cross-ventilation. The class-rooms are all practically the same size, the dimensions of the smallest being 20′ 2′′ × 20′ 4′′.

Electric light is installed throughout the building and water is laid on where required.

Sundry minor works were carried out in conjunction with those already described. These include arrangements for the coù- version hereafter of a building constructed in 1900 as a public latrine underneath the old playground, but subsequently closed, into a public bath-house and the provision of two waiting-rooms

Hongkong.

P 50

for amahs and some additional accommodation for the caretaker in connection with the old school building. A large portion of the old retaining wall adjoining Gough Street had to be reconstructed.

1913 Estimates, .$38 000,00 | Total Estimates,- Expenditure to 1913 Expenditure.... 32,770.64 31/12/13,

.$55.000.00

40,945.64

A sum of $8,813.29 remained to be paid in 1914 under the Contract.

101. Western District--Sanitary Office.--This building, includ- ing coolie quarters, was completed in May. It occupies a vacant piece of land adjoining the stables, situated at the intersection of Pokfulam Road and Third Street, now occupied by the Sanitary Department but formerly by the Police, when mounted patrols were employed in suburban districts. Retaining walls were con- structed along the west and north sides of the site so as to render available for occupation as large an area as possible.

The main building contains a basement, ground and upper floors. The basement is occupied by an ambulance shed, 21′ 3′′ × 20′ 0′′, with entrance from Second Street; the ground floor by an office, 35' 9" x 13' 6", a bath and dressing room for Inspectors, 13′ 6′′ × 5′ 0′′, and a boy's room, 10' 0" x 7' 0"; and the upper floor by 3 living rooms ranging from 15′ 0′′ × 13′ 6′′ to 13′ 6′′ × 10′ 0′′, a bath-room, 7′ 0′′×6′ 0′′, and a kitchen, 15′ 0′′×7′ 0′′. A balcony extends along the north and portion of the east fronts. The coolie quarters comprise a covered-in shed, 25' 0" x 11' 0"; a coolies' room, 10′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′ ; kitchen, 10′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′; bath-room, 14′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′; latrine, urinal and coal shed. The upper floor of the main building is connected with the yard by a ferro-concrete flight of steps.

The walls are of Canton red brick in lime mortar, pointed in cement mortar, and the roofs are of double pan and roll tiling. The basement floor of the main building and the floors of the coolie quarters are covered with Deep Water Bay salt-glazed tiles, laid on lime and cement concrete. The other floors of the main building are of hardwood boarding laid on hardwood joists with the exception of those of the bath-rooms and kitchen which are of cement concrete, covered with cement tiles. The balcony floors. are of cement concrete, the pillars and brackets being of iron.

1913 Estimates, ......$ 6,000.00 | Total Estimates,......$11,500,00 1913 Sup. Vote,..... 2,000.00 Expenditure to

$8,000.00

...

1913 Expenditure, 7,958.31

31/12/13,

11,529.41

102. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,- Breezy Point and Mount Parish :-

Breezy Point.-As mentioned in last year's Report (paragraph 133), Inland Lot 805 was resumed at a cost of $2,100 in order to

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Hongkong.

provide a site for these quarters, a portion of the area known as West End Park being incorporated with it (vide Government Notification No. 98/1913).

A contract for the preparation of the site and erection of the buildings was let to Messrs. Sang Lee and Company, in February. In addition to the construction of certain retaining walls, etc., the work includes the erection of three 3-storied blocks of flats grouped around a considerable plot of land, which is capable of being utilized for recreation purposes. All three blocks are exactly similar, each block containing six flats,-two on each storey, making a total of eighteen flats in all.

Good progress was made with the work and by the end of the year the large retaining wall adjoining Park Road was completed, two of the blocks were roofed in and the third nearly so. Á large amount of external rough-casting and internal plastering was also done, all door and window frames being fixed and all doors, windows, jalousies and mantels being on the site, ready for fixing.

Mount Parish.-A contract for the preparation of the site, which involved a considerable amount of excavation, was let to the Po Yick Co. in July and was completed in August.

A contract for the erection of the buildings was let to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. in October. It includes the erection of a terrace of four 2-storied houses together with fence walls, etc.

On account of the limited extent of the site obtainable by levelling off the ridge of the hill, it was found necessary to construct a ferro-concrete retaining wall to support the Coolie quarters. In conjunction with this wall, a platform, 61⁄2 feet wide, is being constructed in ferro-concrete on the cantilever system to afford access to the coolie quarters.

By the end of the year, the concrete foundations to all walls had been laid and all the reinforcement to the retaining wall was fixed in position, the greater portion of the concrete construction being also done. A good deal of timber was delivered on site and carpenters were engaged in preparing door frames, etc., etc.

1913 Estimates,...... $100,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$162,500.00 1913 Expenditure,... 70,508.35 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

70,508,35

103. Wireless Telegraphy Station.-As no particulars with regard to the structures required in connection with this work were received from England, no steps towards their erection could be taken.

1913 Estimates, ......$100,000.00 | Total Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,....

Expenditure to31/12/13,

Hongkong.

- P 52

104. Government Offices-Temporary Building for Survey Staff, etc.-A contract for this work was let to the Hung Cheong firm in February but was subsequently cancelled, in consequence of the firm dissolving partnership. The security of $300 was forfeited to Government. A new contract was entered into with Hop Hing Cheong in May and the work was completed in Decem- ber. The building, which is situated on the north side of Lower Albert Road between the Government Offices and Murray Battery, is constructed principally of timber, but, as it will contain valuable plans, a compartment, 8' 6" x 8' 6", constructed of brickwork, with cement concrete floor and roof, was also provided, in which such plans might be kept with safety. The other accommodation afforded by the building is a drawing office, 25′ 4′′ × 20′ 0′′ ; a bailiffs' office, 9′ 6′′×9′ 6′′; a bath-room and a lavatory. The building is lighted throughout with electric light.

1913 Estimates,...... $2,300.00 | Total Estimates,......$3,500,00 1913 Sup. Vote,................ 1,200.00 Expenditure to 31/12/13, ....

1913 Expenditure,...

$3,500,00

3,351.26

3,351.26

105. Stables for Sanitary Department adjoining No. 1 Police Station.-A contract for this work was let in March and was completed in December, all liabilities being discharged by the close of the year. It included the alteration of the existing stables from a single to a double row of stalls to provide accom- modation for 22 bullocks; the addition of a kitchen to the over- seers' quarters; an extension eastwards and westwards of the old servants' quarters; a fodder store; an open lean-to shed along the south side of the servants' quarters to provide stall accom- modation for 13 bullocks; a lean-to shed for carts along the boundary wall enclosing the site on the north side; a small pound for the use of the Police and latrine accommodation. A circular watering trough for the bullocks was constructed in the yard.

The buildings are of red brick, with tiled roofs and concrete floors.

1913 Estimates,...... $4,700.00 Total Estimates,

| 1913 Sup. Vote, 1,660,00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

....$4,700.00

6,200.40

$6,360.00

1913 Expenditure,.......

6,200.40

106. Public Latrines and Urinals :

(a.) Underground Trough Closet in D'Aguilar Street.-In consequence of representations made by the neighbouring house- holders and others, the proposal to erect a latrine on a vacant piece of Crown land at the top of D'Aguilar Street was abandoned. A scheme was then prepared for the construction of an under- ground trough closet on the same site but this also met with much

- P 53

Hongkong.

opposition and was ultimately abandoned. A further scheme for the construction of a trough closet at the intersection of D'Aguilar Street and Lan Kwai Fong was next prepared. The neighbouring householders and others petitioned against this proposal but a resolution of the Legislative Council approving of the site was ultimately passed on the 9th October and a plan was forwarded for submission to the Sanitary Board on the 22nd December. Tenders had not been called for at the close of the year. In laying a pipe to supply the trough closet near the Fire Brigade Station with water from Glenealy culvert, provision was also made for a supply to the one under consideration.

|

1913 Estimates, ......$4,000.00 Total Estimates,...$7,000.00 1913 Expenditure,... 345.25 Expenditure to

·

31/12/13,

****

370.21

(b.) Underground Trough Closet near Fire Brigade Station. This structure was completed in October. In addition to the particulars given in last year's Report, it may be mentioned that the walls are lined throughout for their full height with white- glazed tiles and that the lighting is by "luxfer" roadway lights set flush with the surface of Wellington Street. Ventilation is provided for by 3 gratings at street level and by a pipe extending into the shaft of a neighbouring street lamp, the draft being assisted by a gas-jet.

gas-jet. Electric light has been installed and the water supply for flushing purposes is derived from Glenealy culvert. That portion of Wellington Street extending over the trough closet has been paved with wood blocks and additional gullies for intercepting storm-water in Wellington Street have been constructed and connected with the storm-water drains.

1913 Estimates, ......$4,000.00 1913 Sup. Vote, ...... 5,000.00

$9,000.00

1913 Expenditure,... 8,455.61

Total Estimates, ...$10,500.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13, ...... 11,712.67

(c.) Urinal at Happy Valley.—A contract for the erection of this structure on a site at the extreme northern end of the Recrea- tion Ground and adjoining the nullah where it passes under Leighton Hill Road was let in April and operations were begun, but, as much opposition was raised by some neighbouring property owners and residents, work was suspended. It was finally decided to erect this convenience on a new site to the east of the Military Pavilion where it will be more centrally situated and be well away from residential property. The new site required to be considerably raised in order to admit of proper drainage and, by the close of the year, the necessary filling-in had been done and the walls of the structure had been built. A 5′′ cast iron drain pipe was also laid to the building from the sewer in Wongneichong Road.

|

1913 Estimates, ......$1,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$3,000.00 1913 Expenditure,... 890.12 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

890.12

Hongkong.

- P 54 -

(d.) Underground Trough Closet at the foot of Pottinger Street.-A contract for this work was let in October, but, before its construction could be commenced, it was necessary to lower the sewer in Pottinger Street. By the end of the year, the excavation for the site and lowering of the sewer were well advanced, but progress was necessarily slow owing to the existence of rock in the lower portion of the site, the close proximity of buildings and the presence of a large water main, which could not be disturbed. In connection with the laying of a pipe for conveying water from Glenealy culvert to the trough closet near the Fire Brigade Station, provision was made for affording a supply to this con- venience also.

1913 Estimates, ...$10,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$11,000.00 1913 Expenditure, 616.88 Expenditure to

31/12/13, ......

616.88

(e.) Extension of Latrine at Bath House in Cross Lane, Wantsai.--A contract for this extension was let in July and the work was completed in December. It consisted of bricking up the access from the bath-house to the latrine; making an addition at the north-east corner of the building; providing an entrance in Cross Lane; and increasing the latrine accommodation from 4 seats to 12 and the urinals from 1 stall to 2.

1913 Estimates,

$800.00 | Total Estimates,......$800.00 1913 Expenditure, ... 777.39 Expenditure to

107. Roads and Streets :-

31/12/13,..

777.39

(a.) Diversion of Wongneichong Road in connection with the conversion of Farm Lot 52 into Inland Lots.-This work was described in last year's Report under the heading" (e) General Works" (vide paragraph 101, item vi). It was completed in April.

1913 Estimates, ......$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$4,400.00 1913 Expenditure, ... 1,076.16 Expenditure to

31/12/13,...... 3,476.66

(b.) Extension of Belchers Street past Marine Lots 266-268, Kennedy Town.- This work was also described in last year's Re- port under the heading "(e) General Works" (vide paragraph 101, item v). The work was completed in May. The stormwater drain at the junction of Belchers and Beach Streets was extended with 24" pipes to the nullah south of Belchers Street.

1913 Estimates, ......$1,500.00 1913 Expenditure, ... 1,281.95

Total Estimates,...$4,500.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,...... 3,108.70

*

}

"

}

P 55

Hongkong.

(c.) Road from Victoria Gap to High West Gap.-A contract for the first section of this road, extending over a length of 2,820 feet, was let to Mr. Li Hing in June and, with the exception of the surfacing and the erection of railings, the section was completed at the close of the year. Its construction was undertaken to form a connection between Victoria and High West Gaps along the northern slopes of Victoria Peak. Though a few building sites will be rendered available on a spur below the signalling flagstaff, the road will be principally used as a promenade, a wonder- ful panoramic view of the City, Harbour and surroundings being obtainable from it. Starting from Victoria Gap, the road contours the hillside below the Mount Austin Barracks, being practically level until it reaches a point below Bishop's Lodge, whence it continues westwards with a rising grade of 1 in 18 to the end of the first section. It is 8 feet in width and is generally cut out of the hillside. In some places, it has been necessary to construct retaining walls in order to avoid excessive cutting or to improve the alignment of the road.

1913 Estimates, ...$15,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$55,000.00 1913 Expenditure,... 11,373.61 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

... •

11,373.61

(d.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading except those of a trifling nature. The sum stated is, in some cases, only a part of the cost, owing to the work extending into more than one year.

(i.) Constructing a path, 6-ft. wide, from the east end of Kennedy Road to Mount Parish, (completed),

(ii.) Improvement of Wongneichong Road past the Hindoo and Parsee Ceme- teries, (not completed),

(iii.) Forming Belchers Street between Collin-

son and Beach Streets, (completed), (iv.) Extending Hau Fung Lane southwards

past Inland Lots 1913 and 1930, (v.) Lowering portion of Tank Lane adjoin-

ing Inland Lot 1901,

$2,366.07

4,606.19

-

1,146.07

1,196.63

258.66

212.70

$10,000.00

10,125.31.

(vi.) Constructing parapet wall to Ladder

Street adjoining Inland Lot 1901,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

1

Item (i). The sale of Inland Lot 1928, on which a dwelling- house has been erected and the erection of a block of Subordinate Officers' Quarters on an adjoining area of land necessitated the construction of this path. A contract was let to Mr. Un Lau On in January and the work was completed in July. The path is 6 feet wide and 970 feet in length and is surfaced throughout with lime and cement concrete, 4 feet thick. It is provided with iron railing of the usual type wherever necessary.

Hongkong.

P 56

Item (ii). This work was undertaken to complete the im- provement of Wongneichong Road along the west side of the Racecourse prior to the extension of the Tramway from near the gate of the Colonial Cemetery to Wongneichong Village. A contract was let to Mr. Un Lau On in May and the work was nearing completion by the close of the year. It consisted of filling in to raise the level of the road, the maximum extent of the raising being 4 feet. A portion of the improved road was surfaced with cement concrete, a further portion, extending to the south end of the Jockey Club Stables, with tar-macadam and the remainder with ordinary macadam.

Item (iii). This work forms a continuation of that described under item (b) above. It is intended to extend Belchers Street through to Kennedy Town and arrangements have been made with the lessee of Marine Lot 239 for the surrender of a portion of his lot to enable this to be done. The portion of road between Collin- son and Beach Streets was completed during the year.

Item (iv). An extension of Hau Fung Lane became necessary on account of the sale of land in proximity to it and the erection of houses on the areas sold. Owing to the steepness of the hillside, flights of steps had to be constructed in forming the road.

Items (v) and (vi). These works became necessary on account of the erection of a row of houses on Inland Lot 1901.

108. Training Nullahs.-The following is a statement of the Works carried out under the above heading :-

Length Expendi- trained.

(i.) Shaukiwan (No. 11 Bridge), (in-

complete),

(ii.) Extension of Wongneichong Nullah and training of branch nullah west of I.L. 1926 in connection with conversion of F.L. 52 into Inland Lots 1926 and 1927

main nullah, (complete), branch nullah, (incomplete),

(iii.) Magazine Gap--District south of

Gap, (incomplete)

Cost of work,

$4,423.62

Less contribution by

ture.

Lin. Ft.

479

2,241.13

545

4,999.95

Military Authorities, 1,440.00

(iv.) Nullah at Pokfulam, extending from Length

3,147 2,983.62

already given in

for 1912.

-

298.74

Village to overflow channel from

Reservoir, including tanks for Report villagers, (completed),

1

- P 57 -

Hongkong.

Length Expendi-

(v.) Extension of nullah in Stone Nullah Lane from Kennedy Road to base of dam for supplying Government Laundries total length 256 feet, (completed),

-

(vi.) Two nullahs west of Mount Austin Barracks, Peak, (completed), (subsoil drains, 63 yards long, were laid in connection with this work), (vii.) Portion of nullah below Kennedy Road between I.L. 1923 and I.L.'s 1931 and 1938 (completed), (item ix of last year's Report) total length 633 feet :-

trained.

ture.

Lin. Ft.

$

145

1,693.91

910

1,710.50

Cost of work,

Less contributions by

Leesses of I.L.'s

1931 and 1938,

- $1,131.98

1,000.00

422

131.98

(viii.) Channels east and west of nullahs No. 12 Bridge, Shaukiwan, (com- pleted), (subsoil drains, 73 yards long, were laid in connection with this work),

(ix.) Two nullahs near junction of Craigmin and Gough Hill Roads (completed),

(x.) Nullah west of R.B.L. 107, Barker Road, between Barker Road and path to R.B.L. 126, (completed),

(xi.) Diversion of stream-course with pipes and channel to carry it clear of I.L. 1388, Bowen Road, (com-

pleted),

Cost of work,

-

- $187.76

Less contribution by

Lessee of I.L. 1388, 187.76

(xii.) Diversion of small nullah near new Inspector's Quarters, Smithfield,

193

681.84

232

451.42

97

206.39

163

(completed),

135

166.29

(xiii.) Nullahs north and east of Military Hospital, Bowen Road, (incom- plete),

168

136.83

1913 Estimates-Items (a)-(d),

$28,600.00

Supplementary Vote-General Works,

1913 Expenditure, ....

1,750.00

$30,350.00

15,965.34

Hongkong.

P 58

109. Flushing Tanks and Iron Pipes.-It was not found pos- sible to carry out any work under this head during the year. There was a small credit of $15.57 to the Vote from articles returned into Store.

$1,800,00| Total Estimates, .....

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure, ...

Nil.

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

.$25,988.48

110.- Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a statement of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year:

(i.) Extension of sewer to I.L. 1911, Wongnei-

chong Road, (completed),

-

-

$ 785.95

(ii.) Diversion of large storm-water culvert near site of old No. 2 Tank between Seymour Road and Caine Lane, (incomplete), - 1,238,62 (iii.) Craigmin Road sewer outfall works near Wan-

chai Gap, (completed),

-

-

(iv.) Extension of 12" sewer to S.I.L.'s 126-131,

Shaukiwan West, (completed),

-

-

(v.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1874, Hatton Road, London Mission Hostels, (com- pleted) :-

Cost of work,

-$1,555.47

Less contribution by Lessees, 1,052.01

1,112.64

1,092.53

503.46

(vi.) Diversion of 9" sewer near I.L. 1927, Wong-

neichong Road, (completed),

-

798.31

(vii.) Laying 6" sewer to School of Anatomy, Pok-

fulam Road, I.L. 1859, (completed),

(viii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1928, Mount Parish,

Kennedy Road, (completed)

Cost of work,

:

Less contribution by Lessee,

827.92

-$ 898.86

100.00

798.86

(ix.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1890, Kennedy

Road, (completed) :--

Cost of work,

-$1,344.10

Less contribution by Lessee, 400.00

(x.) Extension of 6" sewer in Park Road to New Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End

(xi.) Extension of 4" sewer to Signal Station, Victoria

Park, (completed),

Peak, (completed), -

944.10

705.99

558.66

}

P 59

(xii.) Extension of

sewer to intercept drainage

from houses on R.B.L. 34, Peak, (com- pleted),

My

(xiii.) Diversion of Glenealy storm-water culvert at junction of Wyndham Street and Albert Road, (completed) :-

Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessees

Hongkong.

$520.41

-81.012.62

of I.L. 1280,

425.33

587.29

(xiv.) Extension of 6" sewer to University Hostel,

Bonham Road, I.L. 1877, (completed),

(xv.) Extension of storm-water outfall on Praya East opposite Tai Wo Street, (completed),- (xvi.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Po Hing

Fong to I.L. 700 (completed),

403.26

308.83

244.53

(xvii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 1909, Stone

Nullah Lane, (completed),

274.54

(xviii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L.'s 266, 267 and 268, Beach Street, (completed),

250.21

(xix.) Extension of 6" sewer to S.I.L. 407, Shauki-

wan West, (completed),

230.94

(xx.) Re-laying old storm-water drain with 6" pipes between Nos. 52 and 72A, Queen's Road Central, (completed),

312.00

(xxi.) Extension of 6" sewer' to I.L. 797, Water

Street, (completed),

200.92

(xxii.) Extension of 6" sewer to L.L. 1897, Breezy

Path, (completed),

-

169.86

(xxiii.) Extension of 9" sewer in Cooper Street, Tai Hang, between Shepherd Street and branch nullah, (completed),

152.99

(xxiv.) Construction of catchwater channel on south and west sides of Tai Hang Village, (com- pleted),

(xxv.) Extension of 6" sewer in Hau Fung Lane to

I.L. 1913, (completed):-

Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessee,

Credit,

-$ 185.91

200.00

-$ 14.09

(xxvi.) Diversion of storm-water channel in rear of

I.L. 1897, Breezy Path, (completed) :—

Cost of work,

-$ 222.51

Less contribution by Lessee, 222.51

134.14

Hongkong.

P 60

(xxvii.) Extension of 9" sewer and 15" storm-water drain along Victoria Road, Kennedy Town,

(completed) :-

Cost of work,

Less contributions by tenants

of portions of reclamation,

-$804.84

334.00

$470.84

(xxviii.) Drain Connections and other small items, (com-

pleted):-

Cost of work,

Less contributions by various

Lessees,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

-$5,501.27

1,162.35

4,338.92

-$18,600.00

18,702.72

Item (i). This work was described in the Annual Report for year 1912.

Item (ii). It was found that the invert and vertical shaft of the storm-water culvert forming a continuation of the nullah west of I.L. 703, Robinson Road, where it crosses Caine Road, near the site of the old No. 2 Tank, had collapsed and, as it was found that the culvert pursued a very circuitous route, which was likely to cause trouble in various ways, it was considered advisable to re- construct a portion of it on a new and improved line. Besides improving its course, the culvert was removed from a site upon which it is proposed to erect quarters for Married Police Officers.

Item (iii). It was considered advisable to treat the effluent from the Craigmin Road sewer before discharging it into the Aber- deen Valley and arrangements for this were made by converting a filter bed which formerly existed at this point into a settling tank and by constructing two small percolating filter beds.

Item (iv). A number of old house drains of a primitive des- cription between S.I.L.'s 126 and 131, Shaukiwan, which formerly discharged on to the foreshore, were relaid with proper pipes, a 12" earthenware pipe sewer being laid along a roadway parallel with the main road from a temporary outfall near S.I.L. 131 to connect with the existing 9" and 6" sewers discharging into the nullah near S.I.L. 126.

Item (v). An extension of the sewer was required from near I.L. 1880, Bonham Road, to I.L. 1874, Hatton Road, to take the drainage from the Hostel built by the London Mission. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes where necessary. In accordance with the conditions of sale for I.L. 1874, a contribution of two-thirds of the cost of the work was made by the Mission.

P 61

Hongkong.

Item (vi). This diversion was necessitated by the alteration of the line of the Wongneichong Road near I.L. 1927 in connection with the conversion of the old Farm Lots into building lots. The work consisted of the laying of 9" earthenware pipes, with manholes, and the removal of the old sewer.

Item (vii). This work was required to take the drainage from the new School of Anatomy and from the lodge at the west entrance gate to the University. A branch was run from the sewer in Hill Road alongside the branch nullah to the west of No. 1 Bridge until it reached the Pokfulain Road, which it subsequent- ly followed. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware

pipes, with manholes.

Item (viii). This extension was required to take the drainage from a new building erected on I.L. 1928, Mount Parish. The extension of the sewer was made from Hing Wan Street. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes with manholes.

Item (ix). This work consisted of the extension of a sewer from opposite I.L. 1677, Ship Street, up the hillside and along Kennedy Road to opposite I.L. 1890 to take the drainage from a building on the latter lot. 6" earthenware pipes with manholes were laid. Rock was met with in several sections.

Item (x). This work was required owing to the erection of the Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End Park. The sewer was extended from opposite I.L. 760 to opposite the new quarters and consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xi). An extension of the sewer was made to intercept the drainage from the Signal Station at Victoria Peak and convey it into the Peak sewerage system. The work consisted of the laying of 4" earthenware pipes, with manholes. Much rock was encountered in laying the new sewer.

Item (xii). This work was required to intercept the drainage from 3 houses situated on R.B.L. 34, Peak, and conduct it into the new Craigmin Road sewer. It consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes with manholes. The excavation was through rock for most of the distance.

Item (xiii). As it was found in carrying out excavations in connection with an extension of the Dairy Farm Co.'s premises on I.L. 1280, Wyndham Street, that the Glenealy storm-water culvert crossed a corner of the lot, it was necessary to divert it clear of the lot. Half the cost of the diversion was borne by the Dairy Farm Co.

Hongkong.

P 62

was

Item (xiv). Owing to the erection of a Hostel for the students of the University on I.L. 1877, an extension of the sewer required from Bonham Road to take the drainage from this building. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xv). The continual extension of reclamation by the tipping of earth in front of that portion of Praya East opposite Tai Wo Street necessitated an extension of the storm-water drain outlet.

Item (xvi). An extension of the storm-water drain in Po Hing Fong from Po Yan Street to opposite I.L. 700 was required to take the storm-water discharging from a new private street constructed on the lot. The work consisted of the laying of 9′′ earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xvii). A short extension of the sewer was necessary to take the drainage from new houses erected on I.L. 1909, Stone Nullah Lane. The work consisted of the laying of 6′′ earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xviii). A short extension of the sewer was required to take the drainage from new houses on I.L.'s 266, 267 and 268 in Beach Street. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xix). This work consisted of the laying of 6′′ earthen- ware pipes, with manholes, to take the drainage from new houses erected on S.I.L. 407, Shaukiwan.

Item (xx). During the laying of electric light cables, the old storm-water drain between Nos. 52 & 72A, Queen's Road Central, was uncovered and found to be in a defective condition. A 6′′ earthenware pipe drain, with manholes, was laid to replace it.

Item (xxi). A small extension of the sewer was made in Water Street, south of Third Street, to take the drainage from new houses erected on I.L. 797. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xxii). The erection of a nurses' home on I.L. 1897, Breezy Path, in connection with the Nethersole Hospital, necessi- tated an extension of the sewer to take the drainage from the building. The work consisted of the laying of 6" and 4" earthen- ware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xxiii). A 9" earthenware pipe sewer, with manholes, was constructed in Cooper Street to take the drainage from newly- erected houses in Tai Hang Village.

P* 63

Hongkong.

Item (xxiv). In order to prevent the flooding of houses in Tai Hang Village by surface water from the hillside, a catchwater was constructed on the south-west side to lead the water to the existing nullah.

Item (xxv). The 6" sewer in Hau Fung Lane required extend- ing to take the drainage from a new house erected on I.L. 1913. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, with manholes.

Item (xxvi). The existing storm-water channel on I.L. 1897 had to be diverted between newly-erected buildings on the lot. The cost was borne by the lessee.

Item (xxvii). Applications were received from Contractors to tip spoil from adjoining lots on to the foreshore along the Victoria Road and to utilize the areas so reclaimed for storage purposes. In order to render this possible, the storm-water drain and sewer in Victoria Road had to be extended. The work consisted of the laying of 15" earthenware pipes for the storm- water drain and 9" earthenware pipes for the sewer, together with manholes. A contribution towards the cost of the work was made by the applicants.

Item (xxviii). This item calls for no special comment.

111. Extensions of Lighting:-The following lamps were

erected:

P

Gas Lamps.

Breezy Terrace, Bonham Road, (private

road),

Kennedy Road, (eastern portion),

1

6

Ng Fuk Lane, Eastern Street, (private

road),

1

Sui Cheung Lane, Queen's Road West,

(private road),-

1

Wa Ning Lane, Po Hing Fong,

1

Catchick Street,

2

Wellington Street,

1

Junction of Beach Street and Belchers

Street,

1

Junction of Holland Street and Belchers

Street,

U Lam Terrace, Rozario Street,

Lun Fat Street, (private road), Junction of Praya West and Douglas Lane, Private lamp No. 132 on pathway on

R.B.L. 1, (private lamp taken over by Government),

122 -

2

2

1

1

21

Hongkong.

P 64

Deduct lamps removed :-

Wood Road,

Government House, -

Tung Wo Lane, Hill Road,

Net increase in gas lamps,

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Path from Bowen Road to May Road,

Total increase in number of lamps--

1

gas and electric,

1

9

11

-

10

6

16

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

-$1,000.00 906.69

112. Triangulation Survey of Colony.-With the exception of the Tung Hoi or Eastern District of the New Territories and portions of Lantao and Lamma Islands, the main triangulation of the Colony has now been completed, 40 main and 55 minor stations being marked by permanent beacons. The area covered amounted to 300 square miles. The work has now been closed on to the original base and satisfactorily checked with the base adopted by the Military Authorities.

The main triangulation was extended by a series of interlac- ing polygons, accurately closed, the maximum error in any angle being about 6", except in the case of the Lantao-Cheung Chau section, the error in which was slightly greater owing chiefly to the fact that observations had to be carried out during the hot season, when fogs are common, to enable the survey of Cheung Chau to be pushed forward.

The minor stations were mostly fixed in the more populous and cultivated districts, including Taipo, Sheung Shui and Pat Heung Valleys, to enable the survey of the chief villages to be put in hand.

A main traverse was also laid down from Castle Peak Pier to Fanling, a distance of about 20 miles, and tied on to the minor triangulation station at intervals of 5 to 6 miles.

113. Public Bathing Places.-Under instructions from Gov- ernment, the construction of bathing sheds was not proceeded with as the provision of facilities for bathing was undertaken by the Tramway Co. An Indian watchman, whose duty it was to prevent digging for shells within the bathing area, was stationed at North Point, a small matshed being erected for his accommodation,

L

P 65

www

Hongkong.

1913 Estimates, ...$2,000.00

1913 Expenditure, 62.89

Total Estimates,... $2,000.00 Expenditure

31/12/13,

114. Mt. Caroline Cemetery:-

to

62.89

(a.) Quarters for Sextons.-Hitherto the Sextons have been housed in a matshed but a permanent building has now been erected at a cost of $2,854.12. The building is constructed of brickwork in lime mortar, pointed in cement, with cement concrete floors and tiled roofs. It contains an office, store room, 4 living rooms, a kitchen and latrines, together with a verandah extending along the whole front of the building. The work was completed, but a balance of $421.82 remained to be paid in 1914.

1913 Estimates, ......$3,100.00 Total Estimates, ......$3,600.00 1913 Expenditure, 2,432.30 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

..2,432.30

(b.) Improvements to Approach Road. The approach road, along the western side of Caroline Hill, which has hitherto been in a somewhat rough condition, has been considerably improved by executing some cutting and filling and constructing concrete side channels and proper cross-drainage. The work was completed and paid for.

1913 Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,.....

.$ 900.00 | Total Estimates, 899.20 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

.$ 900.00

899.20

115. Kailungwan Cemetery-Quarters for Sextons.-A per- manent building has been erected at a cost of $2,015.14 to take the place of the matsheds formerly occupied by the Sextons. It contains an office and store, 2 living rooms, kitchen and latrine, with a verandah extending along the front of the building. It is of brick in lime mortar, pointed in cement, with cement concrete floors and roof. The work was completed, but a balance of $302.27 remained to be paid in 1914.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Sup. Vote,

$1,500.00

Total Estimates, 215.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$2,200.00

1,712.87

$1,715.00

1913 Expenditure, 1,712.87

...

*116. Installing electric fans in Nos. 2, 5, 7 & 8 Police Stations and electric lights in Nos. 5, 7 & 8.--The title of the vote conveys a sufficient description of the work executed under this heading. The work was completed, being carried out by the Hongkong Electric Co.

1913 Estimates,. 1913 Expenditure,

.$1,300 | Total Estimates, .........$1,300

1,004 Expenditure to

31/12/13,.

1,004

Hongkong.

P 66

117. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas.-A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 43 of this Report.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

.$4,000.00 1,615.18

118. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extend- ing over more than one year :-

New Government Offices

:

New entrance to Post Office from Des Voeux Road in connection with Chinese Postal Work, including counters, brass rail- ing, wire netting, partitions, etc.,

Providing and fitting shelves for mail sacks

in basement,

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs-Additional

fans and lights,

Additional teak partitions in Postal Hall, Sorting Room in basement-Additional fans

and lights,

Gas fires (4) in Strong Room,

Platforms in lane on west side of Post Office

for loading mail trucks,

$2,164

749

499

-

177

276

245

198

170

Additional screens in verandahs,

142

129

Altering position of glass in frames of Post

Office,

w

102

Various small items throughout the build-

ing,

575

$5,726

Green Island Gunpowder Depôt :-

Fitting iron doors to Powder Magazines,

-

2,700

Brass signs and signboards,

Treasury-Additional fans and bells,

Fitting iron bars to windows of Magazines, 1,729 Constructing reinforced balcony and steps, 1,108 Constructing wire entanglement and exten-

sion of lightning conductor,

Government Civil Hospital:

:-----

A Block-Construction of reinforced con- crete floor in verandah (N) and laying

with encaustic tiles,

Teakwood mantlepieces,

963

6,500

1,929

522

Various small items in buildings generally, 621

3,072

:

Hongkong.

- $1,812 201

$2,013

Queen's College:

P 67

Alterations to form Physics Laboratory

under Normal Room,

Various small items,

Old Government Offices near Murray Battery:- Extension of Maintenance Office, Public

Works Department, by including verandah,

675

Additional telephones, fans, lights, etc.,

576

Forming lavatory in Colonial Secretary's

Office,

173

Various small items,

352

1,776

-

1,358

408

1,766

Central Police Station:---

Constructing floor over charge room in reinforced concrete and fitting up lavatory basins,

Additional fans and lights and various

small items,

Temporary Police Barracks, Caine Road :-

Concreting surface of floor and compound

and providing bed boards,

Electric light installation, drain connec-

tion, etc.,

Eyre Diocesan Refuge-Contribution towards

construction of iron fence,

Gough Hill Police Station :-

་་

Enclosing verandah,

Installing electric lights,

Praya East Market :—

- 1,511

183

1,694

1,550

1,143

258

1,401

Erecting matshed market, alterations, etc., 1,033 Electric light installation and drain connec-

tion,

Temporary Market adjoining Bowrington Canal -Constructing timber shed to contain 6

stalls,

No. 1 Police Station :-

79

1,112

812

Forming new bath-room and balconies,

727

Installing electric lights,

-

63

790

}

Hongkong.

No. 6 Police Station: -

- P 68 -

Constructing re-inforced concrete covered-

way and enclosing verandah,

Installing electric lights, -

-

Wanchai School-Erecting additional Master's

Room,

Clock Tower - Removing clock and taking down tower at junction of Pedder's Street with Queen's Road Central,

Kennedy Town Hospital-Installing gas fittings and lamps and various small items, -

$ 675

77

$752

734

560

534

Old Supreme Court:-

Telephone boxes, partitions, etc.,

263

Electric light fittings and various small

items,

250

513

Possession Point Latrine-Extensive alterations

to improve accommodation,

504

433

405

Public Gardens--Arrangements for lighting with electric light on special occasions, Tytam Tuk Quarters- Mosquito netting, etc., No. 5 Police Station:-

Enclosing portion of the ground floor of verandah, and providing switch-board, Fitting Alarm Bells, etc.,

Pokfulam Catchment Area ---Fixing iron railings

near Mount Austin Barracks,

Government House-Providing new water-closet

and fixing additional electric lights, No. 2 Police Station-Forming new drying-

room,

Green Island Lighthouse-Constructing concrete

tank, etc.,

Arbuthnot Road and Wyndham Street-Ratain-

ing wall to remove untidy condition of bank, Sanitary Department Stables at No. 1 Police Station Temporary matshed stable for bullocks,

Courts of Justice-Various minor items

Government Villas :-

Enclosing verandahs,

Installing electric lights,

240

157

397

369

320

300

296

274

240

239

$ 116

121

237

A

P 69

Saiyingpun School-Erecting matshed class-

room and concreting surface, Blake Pier-Additional seats, etc., Peak Road-Improvements opposite Queen's

Gardens,

New Western Market-Northern Section--

Fixing iron bars and netting to windows, providing separate meters to Inspector's Quarters and making alterations to win- dows, etc.,

Conduit Road District-Cutting trace for pro- posed new road above Conduit Road to join Hatton Road,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Sup. Votes,

Hongkong.

$ 235

231

210

205

200

$30,000.00

5,785,00

$35,785,00

1913 Expenditure,......

38,822.61

119. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,-Com- pensation and Resumptions.-This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes and for the payment of com- pensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes, the loss of storeys resulting from the operation of Section 188 sub-section (3) of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance and other matters. In some cases where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space re- quirements has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without compensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

$30,000.00. 27,765.75.

1

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation

(1.)-Properties resumed.

No. 118 Des Voeux Road Central (riding floors over entrance to Tung Man Lane, M.L. 54). (This resumption was arranged and the building was demo- lished in 1912 but, owing to certain technical difficulties, the compensation was not paid until 1913), No. 117 Queen's Road Central (riding floors over southern entrance to Tung Man Lane, M.L. 54),

Compensation paid.

$

C.

3,500.00

11,000.00

Hongkong.

P 70

No. 117 Queen's Road Central, demolition carried out by Government at a

-

cost of No. 128 Des Voeux Road Central (riding floors over entrance to Wing On Lane, M.L. 54). Demolition carried out by lessee at his own expense,

Compensation paid.

$

C.

360.00

11,500.00

Lots 292 and 299, Shaukiwan,

832.00

Lot 376, Shauki wan,

100.00

Pokfulam Lots 26, 28, 29 and 30 and

350.00

Inland Lot 1512, Pokfulam,

Village Lots 23-27, Aberdeen, required for the new Cemetery on

A.I.L. 78,-

$468.95

Less refund made by the

Cemetery Committee, 345.20

-

123.75

(2.)-Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

There is nothing to report under this heading.

(3.)—Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

In rear of Nos. 9-23 Cross Street, I.L. 388,

Area in Sq. Ft.

Do.

Sec. F, Nos. 1-21 and 2-24 Lun Fat Street and Nos. 12 and 12a-g Praya East, M.L.'s 31 R.P. and 36 R.P., -

693.00

1,679.25

Do.

Do. Do.

Nos. 1-4 Po Hing Fong, I.L. 700, Nos. 1-9 Wa Ning Lane, I.L. 700, Nos. 25a-h Praya, Kennedy Town,

M.L.'s 266 and 267,

405.00

1,269.00

-

585.00

Do.

Nos. 39a-h Belchers Street, M.L.'s

266 and 267,

585.00

Do.

Nos. 23a-g Eastern Street, I.L.

640 R.P.,

636.00

Do.

Nos. 2, 2a, 2b, 4 and 4a Second

Street, I.L. 640,

480.00

Do.

Nos. 1-11 Ki Ling Lane, I.L. 1272,

868.40

Do.

Nos. 45A-D Robinson Road, I.L.'s

704 Sec. C and 1661,

570.00

Do.

Nos. 21-24 Kennedy Road, I.L.

1909,

600.75

Do.

Nos. 38A Bonham Road, I.L. 591

Sec. F,

390.00

Do.

Nos. 6-10 Hospital Road, I.L. 606,

996.00

Do.

Nos. 31 and 31A-C Pokfulam Road,

I.L. 797 Sec. C,

522.00

རྩྭ

P 71

Hongkong.

Area in Sq. Ft.

In rear of Nos. 27-41 Water Street, I.L. 797

Do.

Sec. C, Nos. 28A, 30, 30a, 32 and 32a and

B Caine Road, I.L. 150,

858.00

1,388.00

Do.

Nos. 1-6 Leong Fei Terrace, I.L.

150,

1,607.00

Do.

Nos. 11-13 Hill Road, I.L. 1095, -

378.00

Do.

Nos. 12-30 Bonham Road, I.L.

605 R.P..

1,734.00

Do.

Nos. 3-71Tank Lane, I.L. 275,

288.00

(4.)-Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an opportunity

occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining streets.

In rear of No. 191 Queen's Road West, M.L.

Area in Sq. Ft.

90, Sec. A,

85.50

Do.

No. 66 Bonham Strand, I.L. 867

R.P.,

49.00

Do.

Do.

No. 68 Bonham Strand I.L. 1410, No. 1 Sai Woo Lane, M.L. 92

R.P., Sec. C,

6.66

42.75

-

Do.

No. 3 Sai Woo Lane, M.L_92

R.P., Sec. B,

41.50

Do.

No. 25 Upper Lascar Row, I.L.

247B, Sec. A,

42.00

Do.

No. 27 Upper Lascar Row, I.L.

247 C,

42.79

Do.

No. 26 Lower Lascar Row, I.L.

247 B, R.P.,

42.00

Do.

No. 28 Lower Lascar Row, I. L.

247C, -

42.79

Do.

No. 5 Kwok Hing Lane, I.L.640.

52.50

Do.

No. 7

do.

do.

53.83

Do.

No. 123 Bonham Strand, M.L. 163,

Sec. A, S.S. 1,

67.00

Do.

No. 108 Jervois Street, I.L. 195A,

52.50

Do,

No. 172 Wing Lok Street, M.L,

234, Sec. C,

98.50

Do.

No. 174 Wing Lok Street, M.L.

234, Sec. B,

98.50

In addition to the above, an existing lane in the rear of Nos. 10 and 12 Ko Shing Street (M.L. 69, Sec. A, S.S. 2) was opened up for scavenging purposes as the result of representations made to the owner. The area of this lane is 130 square feet.

120. Shaukiwan Waterworks Extension.-The service reservoir and filter beds were completed by the close of the year and the filtering materials were deposited in the filter beds. The only work remaining to be done was the surfacing with concrete of the area

1

Hongkong.

P 72

required for sand-washing, the formation of paths, the erection of fencing, etc. As mentioned in last year's Report, the service reservoir has a capacity of about 350,000 gallons and the filter beds, two in number, have an area of about 216 square yards each. The top water level of the filter beds is 228.50 feet above Ordnance Datum and that of the service reservoir 222.50.

The service reservoir and filter beds are constructed entirely of cement concrete, the former being covered with a ferro-concrete roof.

1913 Estimates,.........$18,000.00 | Total Estimates,......... $60,000.00 1913 Expenditure,...... 10,284.04 Expenditure to 31/12/13, 30,404.28 |

121. Additional Service Reservoir, etc., West Point.-Plans and estimates for the construction of the necessary works on a site alongside the Pokfulam Road to the south-westward of Elliott Battery were prepared, but, as it was found that a much more satisfactory site was available within the boundaries of the Battery and that there was a likelihood of the area in question being sur- rendered by the Military Authorities, negotiations for its surrender were instituted. They had not however reached a conclusion by the close of the year and no steps could therefore be taken towards carrying out the work.

The only expenditure incurred, besides some small amounts for preliminary works, was for cast iron pipes which will be re- quired in connection with the scheme.

1913 Estimates,......$50,000.00 | Total Estimates,...... 1913 Expenditure,... 10,705.93 Expenditure to

31/12/13,... $10,712.53

122.-Tytam Tuk Scheme, Second Section.-Excavations for the foundations of the dam and for the diversion of the main stream, which were begun on the 7th December, 1912, were continued throughout the year. The excavations for the dam were confined to a length of 380 feet and, by the end of the year, 70 feet of this had been completed, the depositing of concrete being begun on the 24th December. The inlet and outlet cuts for the stream diversion were nearly completed. In all, 22,200 cubic yards of soft material and 11,120 cubic yards of rock were excavated.

Quarrying operations at Totiwan, whence stone for the dam is being obtained, were carried on and, by the end of the year, 14,200 cubic feet of ashlar facing for the dam and culverts had been prepared. A large quantity of displacers and 5,000 cubic yards of broken stone were also prepared in readiness for concrete work.

A temporary diversion of the Shaukiwan to Stanley Road necessitated by the works was proceeded with and was nearly completed.

- P 73

Hongkong.

Substantial quarters and offices, built of rubble masonry, the former on an elevated site about 4 mile distant from the site of the dam to accommodate 3 Government Overseers and the latter close to the site of the dam, were erected. The quarters were occupied by one overseer in July.

Quarters for 10 Government Foremen and for 4 Indian Police Constables, constructed of weather boarding, with titled roofs, were erected. The former was occupied in June and the latter in August.

All the guide piles for the downstream cofferdam and 6 of those for the upstream cofferdain were driven. These cofferdams are being constructed to enclose the site of the dam where it crosses the present stream-bed, both tidal and flood water having to be excluded from the area.

The first consignment of 246 tons of cast iron pipes, 18" diameter, for the additional suction and rising mains, which will shortly be laid, arrived from England in December, the pipes being conveyed to Tytam Tuk and stacked on the reclaimed ground in front of the pumping station.

|

1913 Estimates,......$250,000.00 Total Estimates, $2,400,000.00 1913 Expenditure,... 116,749.31 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

118,938.29

123. Pokfulam Road Pumping Station.-This item appears in the Estimates as "Bonham Road Pumping Station", but as explained in last year's Report, it was decided, instead of making extensions there, to remove the entire plant and station to a new site some distance westward of No. 1 Bridge on the Pokfulam Road. This decision was arrived at after the Estimates for 1913 had been prepared.

A contract for the preparation of the site and erection of the necessary buildings was let to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. in March. Good progress was made with the work, the pumping-station, boiler-house, chimney-shaft and quarters all being in an advanced state by the close of the year.

The new pumping-engine and pipes for mains arrived towards the close of the year, the cost of the former being debited to the vote, and arrangements were in progress for the transfer of one of the boilers from the existing pumping-station in Bonham Road to the new building.

1913 Estimates, ...... $20,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$56,000.00 1913 Expenditure,... 19,565.98 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

20,382.64

Hongkong.

P 74

124. Miscellaneous Water Works.--The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading representing in some instances only part of the cost of the works in consequence their extending over more than one year :—

(i.) 5" Main at Aberdeen, (completed in 1912), ... $853.64 (ii.) Altering alignment of rising mains for the sup- ply of the Hill District, (not completed),

of

347.00

(iii.) Diversion of main at Wongneichong Village,

(completed),

908.41

(iv.) Abolition of syphons in the Pokfulam Conduit and construction of culvert in place of same, (completed), ........

740.23

(v.) Extension of Fire Hydrants, etc., Kennedy

Road, (not completed),

366.61

(vi.) Extensions to Belchers Street main, (not com-

pleted),

793.19

(vii.) Alteration to Gauge Basin, Pokfulam Re-

servoir, (completed),

864.30

(viii.) Channel from Wongneichong Reservoir,.

(ix.) Clearing Pokfulam Conduit near Villa Lucia, (x.) Raising Bowen Road Conduit near Tunnel

54.60

646.16

409.94

Outlet,

Item (i). The main referred to was completed and brought into use in 1912 but a balance of $853.64 remained to be paid in 1913. An alteration of the pipe from the Paper Mill supply main to the filter beds was found to be necessary on account of the improved pressure, consequent upon the laying of the new 5" main, resulting in an increase in the consumption of water.

Item (ii). It was not considered expedient to proceed with this work owing to the necessity for keeping in reserve until the arrival of new pipes, which had been indented for in connec- tion with the new Pokfulam Road Pumping Station, such pipes as were in Store. The new pipes arrived at the end of the year and the necessary alterations to the Peak main will be undertaken as early as possible during 1914.

Item (iii). This work was rendered necessary by the laying out of the land to the north and north-west of Wongneichong Village for building purposes, the line and levels of the roadway undergoing considerable alterations.

Item (iv). As Pokfulam Reservoir fills more rapidly than those in the Tytam area, it is important that it should be possible to utilize the water from it to the greatest extent possible, leaving the other reservoirs to fill. The occurrence of syphons at two points on the route of the Pokfulam Conduit resulted in the discharging capacity of the conduit being seriously impaired and the removal of these syphons was therefore undertaken, lengths of conduit contouring the hillside being substituted for them.

- P 15

Hongkong.

Item (v). This work had to be suspended as an extensive realignment of that portion of Kennedy Road to the westward of Wanchai Gap Road is contemplated.

Item (vi). This work became necessary on account of the extension of Belchers Street and the erection of some large blocks of houses adjoining it.

Item (vii). This work was undertaken in conjunction with item (iv). It will enable more water to be passed from Pokfulam Reservoir through the gauge basin than has hitherto been possible.

Item (viii). As trouble has been experienced in drawing water from the Wongneichong Gap Reservoir during the rainy season in consequence of its having to flow for a considerable distance in a natural stream-course before being intercepted and led into the Tytam Conduit, it was decided to construct an independent chan- nel to convey the water into the conduit. Under the conditions hitherto existing, the water became charged, during rainy weather, with mud and sand through flowing in the stream-course and, as the mud and sand were deposited in the conduit, they caused such an obstruction as to reduce its discharging capacity. Only some preliminary work was executed before the close of the

year.

Item (ix). Much trouble has been experienced in the past in clearing the roots of trees out of the Pokfulam Conduit. In carry- ing out the necessary operations on the present occasion, a quantity of earth which covered the conduit has been removed, and it is hoped that this will prove beneficial in checking penetration by the roots of trees.

Item (x). The Bowen Road conduit alterations carried out during 1912 were confined to that portion of the conduit to the westward of the Tytam Road. The remaining portion between the Tunnel outlet and the Tytam Road has now been dealt with, a great increase in the carrying capacity of the conduit being effected.

Kowloon.

125. Yaumati-Vegetable and Fruit Market.-This structure was described in last year's Report (para. 95). It was completed in July and handed over to the Sanitary Department, all liabilities being discharged before the close of the year.

1913 Estimates,... $2,000.00 1913 Sup. Vote,... 6,100.00

$8,100.00

1913 Expenditure, 8,069.55 |

Total Estimates, $10,300.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

...

9,578.11

126. Royal Observatory --Extension. This work comprised the addition of 2 rooms at the west end of the Observatory building, 2 rooms for servants at the west end of the outbuildings and a water-closet for the European Staff. The work was com- pleted in August.

Kowloon.

P 76

The rooms added to the Observatory building consist of an office, 20′ 0′′ × 16′ 0′′, and an additional room for the Director's quarters, 20' 8" x 16' 4". The verandah which extends along the south side of the building was continued in front of the new rooms. The building is of brick with ferro-concrete floors and roof.

1913 Estimates, 1913 Sup. Vote,

$4,700.00 Total Estimates,

1,000.00

$5,700.00

1913 Expenditure, ... 5,347,25

$6,700.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

5,669.98

127. Quarters for Subordinate Officers adjoining King's Park.-Reference. is made in paragraph 16 of this Report to the acquisition of Kowloon Inland Lot 1132, a portion of which is being utilized in conjunction with some adjoining Crown land for the erection of these quarters.

A contract for the preparation of the site, which included the removal of a considerable portion of the hill occupying the site, was let to Messrs. Kang On & Co. in June and was completed during August. A contract for the erection of the quarters was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. at the beginning of September and, as it was found necessary to erect a retaining wall to support the remainder of the hill, this work was also entrusted to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. The contract includes the erection of a terrace of eight 2-storied houses, together with fence walls, etc.

By the end of the year, the walls of the buildings were approximately up to ground floor level, the retaining wall being constructed to about the same height. A large quantity of timber had been brought on the site and all ground floor frames were ready for fixing.

1913 Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,...

$32,000.00 8,283.88

Total Estimates, ... $65,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

***

8,283.88

128. Hunghom Police Station-Additions.-Plans were pre- pared and approved for adding another storey to the Servants' Quarters and for carrying out considerable extensions to the main building. As it was not possible to vacate the building, the work had to be undertaken piecemeal, only the additional storey on the Servants' Quarters being proceeded with during the year. The additional storey is for the accommodation of Indian and Chinese Constables. Considerable progress was made with this.

1913 Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,...

$6,500,00 Total Estimates, 2,581.32 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$11,600.00

...

2,581.32

P 77

P

Kowloon.

129. Roads and Streets-General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading except those of a trifling nature. The sum stated is in some cases only a part of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year :-

(i.) Improving the old path from the Tai Po Road to Tong Mi Village with a view to its extension to Ap Liu Village, (completed-total cost $986.21),

(ii.) Kerbing, channelling and paving footpaths with granolithic in Re- clamation Street, Argyle Street and Canton Road, around K.I.L. 1076, (completed),

(iii.) Mody Road-kerbing and channelling north and south sides and paving footpath on south side with grano- lithic, between Hanoi Road and Minden Row, (completed),

(iv.) Lane in rear of Nos. 495-533 Shanghai Street-raising level, surfacing with cement concrete and channelling, (completed),

(v.) New road off Mody Road between K.I.L.'s 408 and 575-levelling,

surfacing and channelling road and paving footway on west side with granolithic, (completed),

(vi.) Lane at rear of Diocesan Girls' School, King's Park-surfacing with ce- ment concrete and channelling,

(completed),

(vii.) Reclamation Street and Canton Road -laying sundry lengths of chan- nelling and kerbing to suit new levels, (completed),

(viii.) Lane in rear of houses on K.I.L. 1212— raising lane to suit new levels and surfacing with cement concrete, (completed),

(ix.) Yaumati Fruit and Vegetable Market -paving footway in front with gra- nolithic, (completed),.............

.$ 187.21

1,940.75

1,104.62

503.44

462,54

263.35

258.31

229.48

266.89

Kowloou.

P 78

130.- Training Nullahs-General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading:

Length trained. Expenditure.

Lin. Ft.

(i.) Extension of Waterloo Road nullah,

north of No. 4 Railway Bridge, Length (completed). (Item (xiv), para. 104, of last year's Report),

(ii.) Reconstruction and extension of nul- lah in Railway Yard, Hunghom, (completed),

1913 Estimates,

....

1913 Supplementary Vote,

included in 1912 Report.

$

303.93

1,777.17

463

$ 1,000.00 2,200.00

$ 3,200.00

1913 Expenditure,

2,081.10

131.-Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a statement of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year:-

(i.) Constructing new type gullies and con- nections in Chatham and Gascoigne Roads, (completed)--completion of item (xix), para. 106, of last year's Report,.....

(ii.) Laying 15" and 12" sewers in Canton and Austin Roads from Jordan Road to Shanghai Street, (completed). (Cost

$ 39.00

to be recovered from the Admiralty),.. 4,347.35

(iii.) Extension of 15" and 12" sewers across reclamation in front of K.M.L.'s 29- 31, Yaumati, (completed),

(iv.) Extension of 18′′, 15′′ and 12′′ storm-water drain in Hankow and Peking Roads to K.I.L. 410, (completed),

(v.) Diversion of 12" sewer to clear site of Kowloon Terminal Station, (completed): $1.546.28

Cost of work, .............

Paid from Railway funds,.. 1,546.28

(vi.) Extension of 18", 15", 12" and 9′′ storm- water drains in Salisbury Road be- tween Nathan and Chatham Roads, (not completed),

(vii.) Extension of 12" and 9" storm-water drain in Chatham Road between Mody and Middle Roads, (completed),

2,471.28

1,712.12

1,554.10

715.73

}

L

P 79

(viii.) Extension of 6" sewer in Saigon Street to

Kowloon,

Diocesan Girls' School, (completed),.. $525.99 (ix.) Extension of 6" sewer in rear of K.I.L.'s 973, 1190 and 1191, Portland Street, for new houses, (completed),

(x.) Extension of 6" sewer in rear of K.I.L.'s 430-438, Shanghai Street, in con-

sequence of raising level of lane, (com- pleted),

(xi.) Extension of 6" sewer in lane in rear of K.I.L. 936, Portland Street, for new houses, (completed),

293.85

221.57

176.09

(xii.) Drain Connections and other small items,

(completed):

Cost of work,

$757.75

Less contributions by

various owners, .

145.16

612.59

1913 Estimates,.

$9,100,00

1913 Supplementary Vote,

2,350.00

$11,450.00

1913 Expenditure,

12,670.12

Item (i). This work was described in last year's Report.

Item (ii). This work was carried out in consequence of a complaint by the Naval Authorities that a nuisance was being created by the discharge of sewage in front of their premises. The drain which gave rise to this complaint was originally laid under that portion of Austin Road which extended from Canton Road to the sea-front. The portion of road referred to was closed in 1904, the area being incorporated with the Admiralty property to the north and south of it and since then the water area in front of Admiralty property and to the north of the old torpedo-boat camber has been closed by a breakwater, thus precluding the possibility of any tidal scour. The sewage was accordingly intercepted by laying a sewer (15′′ and 12′′ pipes) along the route indicated. The necessary manholes were constructed, existing branch drains being altered where required and connected with the new sewer. The expenditure incurred is to be defrayed by the Naval Authorities.

Item (iii). This work was necessitated by the reclamation of the foreshore in front of K.M.L.'s 29-31. The work consisted of the laying of 15" and 12" earthenware pipes on a foundation of piles and cement concrete and the construction of manholes.

Item (iv). The extensions referred to were required in con- nection with the laying-out of new streets and the erection of houses on K.I.L. 410. The work consisted of the laying of 18", 15" and 12 earthenware pipes, with manholes, the re-connecting of existing gullies and the construction of new ones. In some places

Kowloon.

P 80

the pipes were covered with concrete on account of their proximity to the surface of the road.

Item (v). This diversion was required on account of that portion of Canton Road south of Salisbury Road being incorporated with the site of the New Terminal Station at Kowloon Point. The work consisted of the laying of 12" and 6′′ earthenware pipes, a foundation of cement concrete being necessary in certain places.

Item (vi). This work was necessary for the drainage of that portion of Salisbury Road to the east of Nathan Road. The portion of road in question has hitherto been allowed to remain incomplete pending the settlement of the question of the Terminal Station site. The work consisted of the laying of 18′′, 15′′, 12′′ and 9" earthenware pipes, with manholes. In some places a foundation of cement concrete was necessary whilst in others rock was met with in excavating the trenches. The work was incom- plete at the end of the year, some of the 12" and 9" pipe sections and the gullies and connections not being finished.

Item (vii). An extension of the storm-water drain in Chatham Road was required to drain that portion of roadway between Mody and Middle Roads. In this case also, the completion of the portion of roadway referred to had been allowed to remain in abeyance pending the settlement of the question of the Terminal Station site. The work consisted of the laying of 12′′ and 9′′ earthenware pipes, with manholes, and the construction of two single-gullies and connections.

Item (viii). An extension of the sewer in Saigon Street was required to take the sullage water from the New Diocesan Girls' School. The work consisted of the laying of 6" earthenware pipes, manholes being constructed where necessary.

Items (ix), (x) and (xi). These works consisted of extensions of 6" earthenware pipe sewers, with manholes, to collect the sewage discharging from houses on the lots named. In two cases, such extensions were required on account of the erection of new houses and, in the third case, on account of an alteration in the levels of the surrounding area.

Item (xii). This item requires no comment.

132. Extensions of Lighting:-The following lamps were erected :-

Gas Lamps.

Austin Road, near Shanghai Street, Pitt Street, near Steam Laundry, Shanghai Street, near Austin Road, Lo Lung Hang, Hunghom,

-

2

-

1

1

-

1

Deduct :---

P 81

P

Lamps removed from South Praya on account of

area being occupied by Railway Terminus, - 3 Wharf lamp removed from Tsim Sha Tsui Police

Pier,

1

Kowloon.

Net increase, 1

Electric Lamps.

Jordan Road,-16-C.P. incandescent lamps.

133. Reclamation opposite K.M.L.'s 29-31, Yaumati.-Satis- factory progress was made with this work, 91.000 cubic yards of material being deposited, leaving only about 3,000 cubic yards to be deposited in order to complete it. The sea-wall enclosing the reclamation was completed with the exception of the quoins for the entrance to the slipway which is being constructed in connection with the depôt for the repair and coaling of Government launches. The south wall of the nullah in Public Square Street, between Reclamation Street and the sea-wall, was raised to the level of the Reclamation. Two gullies were also constructed in the low-lying portion of Reclamation Street, between Market and Public Square Streets.

The silpway for Government launches, which is being con- structed by the Contractor for the reclamation as an extra on his contract, was proceeded with. All the concrete blocks required for the work, 62 in number, were made and 17 of them were set. The hand-packed stone foundation for the slipway floor was nearly completed and the pitching of it was laid over a considerable length.

-

- $38,000.00 | Total Estimates,

$87,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

61,069.99

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure, - 37,494.14

134. Typhoon Refuye, Mongkokt sui.-Good progress was made with the breakwater and with the reclamation to the south of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 32, adjoining the northern entrance to the refuge. The rubble mound forming the foundation of the pier, which will project from the western frontage of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 49 to enclose the refuge to the south, was com- pleted in 1912 but the superstructure was not proceeded with, as it was considered advisable to allow as much time as possible for the settlement of the rubble mound.

Kowloon.

P 82

The total quantity of stone deposited during the year. the whole of which was for the breakwater, amounted to 285,686 cubic yards (junk and barge measurement). It included 41% of the 5-ton stones required for facing the outer berm and 29% of the 3-ton stones for facing the inner berm. By the end of the year, the stone throughout the entire length of the breakwater stood at an average height of 44 feet above highwater level or 5 feet below the finished height of the breakwater.

The quantity of material deposited in the reclamation south of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 32 during the year amounted to 45,980 cubic yards, all of which was obtained from the Taikoktsui range of hills. The quantity required to complete the reclamation is about 11,500 cubic yards. The sea-walls enclosing this reclama- tion along its southern and eastern boundaries were carried up to the underside of the coping and the cement concrete footing for the pitched slope along the western boundary was deposited.

The manufacture of concrete blocks of various sizes, principal- ly for the pitching and paving of the superstructure of the break- water, was carried on throughout the year. In all, 6,468 blocks, containing 9,245 cubic yards of concrete, were made, or 52% of the total number of blocks which will be required. No blocks

were set.

The works were far enough advanced for the refuge to afford some small amount of shelter to craft during the typhoon season, but no effective protection will be afforded until the height of the breakwater has been increased and the superstructure of the southern pier, which will reduce the present opening from 840 to 390 feet, has been completed.

The typhoons of the 17th August and 19th September, beyond causing a general settlement of about 6 inches throughout the entire length of the breakwater, had no injurious effect on the permanent works. Some minor damage was caused to temporary works and plant.

A sum of $150,000 was credited to the vote on account of the transfer of the dredger St. Enoch to "Plant Account", thus causing the expenditure for the year to appear as $361,768.90 instead of $511,768.90 as was actually the case.

|

1913 Estimates,.....$450,000.00 Total Estimates, ..$2,301,600,00

Expenditure to

1913 Expenditure,. 361,768.90

31/12/13, 1,459,991.96

135. Purchase of portion of K.I.L. 1132.—Particulars of this transaction have already been given in paragraphs 16 and 127 of this Report.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

.$18,000.00

18,000.00*

* The transfer of a sum of $4,682.00 from Railway funds has been over- looked. The correct amount chargeable to P. W. D. funds is $13,318.00.

1

P 83

Kowloon.

136. Installing electric fans in Tsimshatsui and Yaumati Police Stations.-Electric fans were installed in the Water Police and Yaumati Police Stations by the China Light & Power Co.

The title of the vote conveys a sufficient description of the work executed under this heading. The work was completed, being carried out by the China Light & Power Co.

137. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas.—-

--A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 43 of this Report.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

$1,500.00 555.75

138. Miscellaneous Works. The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their execution extending over more than one year :-

Kowloon School :--

Erecting matshed for class-room,

Levelling and forming playground,

Royal Observatory :--

$ 496

1,109

--$1,605.00

Screen for Thermograph, etc.,

207

Connecting Telephone to Time Ball

Tower and connecting Thermo- graph Light,

206

413.00

Portland Street-Filling in low-lying areas west of K.I.L. 1261 to prevent formation of pools, Forming Playground for Children on area reserved

for future widening of Chatham Road,

828.38

562.55

Dust Boat Station at Saigon Street, Yaumati,

Pier for Dust Shoot,

747.49

Matshed for Deportees at Tsim Sha Tsui Police

Basin,

-

-

425.45

Pillar Letter Boxes-Cost of 2 new pillar boxes,

(not fixed by end of year),

King's Park Rifle Range-Extension of Butts,

139. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-Compensation and Resumptions.--The purposes of this vote are referred to in para. 119 of this Report.

170.00

150.00

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

$5,000.00 Nil.

Kowloon.

P 84

(1.)-Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of Compensation.

There is nothing to report under this heading.

The following is a statement of the scavenging lane areas pro- vided by owners without compensation :---

(2.)-Seavenging Lanes provided by owners but not

surrendered to Government.

In rear of Nos. 470-480 Canton Road, K.I.L.

Area in sq. ft.

1076,

276.37

Do.

Nos. 439-449 Reclamation Street,

K.I.L. 1076,

276.38

Do.

Nos. 1-9 Torres Buildings, Kim-

berley Road, K.I.L. 540,

1,800.00

Do.

Nos. 1-5 Aimai Villas, Austin

Avenue, K.I.L. 1172,

760.00

Do.

Nos. 1-5 Minden Villas, K.I.L.

575,

1,632.00

In addition to the above, a lane at the rear of 4 blocks of flats in Cornwall Avenue, (K.I.L. 574), was formed and compensation at the rate of $1.75 per square foot was agreed upon but payment for it had not been made before the end of the year. The area of the lane is 1,560 square feet.

New Territories.

140. Cheung Chau Police Station.-The old Customs Station on Cheung Chau had hitherto been occupied as a Police Station, but the piratical attack of the 9th August, 1912, when 3 Indian Constables were killed, revealed the necessity for a proper station which would be defensible against such attacks. A site occupying a commanding position on a small plateau on the ridge of the hill above the village was accordingly chosen and a contract for the erection of the new station was let on the 24th December, 1912. The Police entered into occupation of the new building in November, 1913, and all work was completed by the end of the A balance on the contract and sundry minor items remained however to be paid in 1914.

year.

The building is a two-storied one, the ground floor being raised 3 feet above the level of the ground. The accommodation afforded by the main building is as follows:-

Ground floor, Charge Room, 15' x 12', 2 cells, quarters for 10 Indian Constables (one room 22' 9" x 18' 0"), 8 Chinese Constables (one room 16′ 0′′ × 15′ 0′′), and 6 Boatmen (one room 15′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′).

First floor, quarters for a Sergeant (three rooms, rang- ing from 18' 0" x 15′ 0′′ to 15' 0" x 12' 0", and two bath-rooms), 1 European Constables (two rooms 18' 0" x 12' 0" and 12' 0" x 10' 0", and a bath-room)

P 85

New Territories.

and a small storeroom. Verandahs, 7 feet wide, are provided along the south front on both floors, whilst a balcony is provided along the back on the upper floor for giving access to the bath-rooms and coolie quarters. The coolie quarters which are also two-storied contain 3 kitchens, each 10' 0" x 10' 0", 3 servants rooms, each 10' 0" x 10' 0", and bath-rooms and latrines for the Indian and Chinese Constables. There is also a lainp-room and a coal store in a small adjoining building. A covered-way, 3′ 0′′ wide, is provided along the east side of the coolie quarters on both floors.

9

1

All openings on the ground floor are barred with wrought iron grilles, the front and back entrances being provided with wrought iron gates. The balcony extending along the back of the building on the upper floor is also enclosed with a wrought iron grille, gates being provided where necessary and the top of the staircase in the main building is similarly protected.

Water is derived from a well sunk for the purpose and the station is lighted throughout with electric light, the current being obtained from a local installation established by a Chinese company for the lighting of the village.

|

A Compound, 54′ 0′′ × 48′ 0′′, is enclosed on the south by the main building, on the east by the coolie quarters and on the remaining two sides by a brick boundary wall, 6 feet high. The boundary wall is finished on top with a coping of cement and broken glass. A barbed wire fence has been erected all round the small plateau on which the Station has been built.

The walls are of Canton red brick, built in lime mortar and pointed in cement mortar and the roofs are of double pan and roll tiling laid on hardwood rafters supported by steel or timber purlins and timber roof trusses. All ground floors are of lime and cement concrete, covered with Deep Water Bay salt-glazed tiles, and all upper floors are of ferro-concrete, covered, in the case of the main building, with hardwood boarding. The verandah floors are laid with cement tiles. The balcony and covered-way are constructed of concrete. The staircase in the main building is of hardwood and a ferro-concrete flight of steps gives access to the balcony and upper floor of the coolie quarters.

1913 Estimates, ...$22,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$22,000.00

1913 Expenditure, 15,241.85

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

15,241.85

141. Market-Tai 0.---It was originally proposed to erect this structure on the south side of the creek, but it was subsequently decided that a site should be reclaimed for it in a more central position on the north side.

New Territories.

P 86-

Plans had been prepared for the building, prior to the alteration of the site, but further action had to be postponed until arrangements for carrying out the reclaination could be made. As no provision for such work had been made in the Estimates for 1913, the matter was ordered to stand over.

1913 Estimates, $4,500.00 | Total Estimates,

1913 Expenditure, Nil.

...

142. Roads:-

$4,500.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

Nil.

(a.) Santin-Au Tau.--This road, which forms a section of the main road from Castle Peak Bay to Shataukok, was completed at the end of November. Its length is 4.73 miles, its width, where carried on embankment, being 8 feet and where in cutting 16 feet. The latter is the width recommended by the Public Works Com- mittee for the road in question (vide Sessional Paper No. 9/1913). The maximum gradient is 1 in 50.

The work included the construction of one bridge, 30 feet span, and 26 culverts, ranging from one containing three 6 feet spans to a single span of 2 feet, all of these being constructed of ferro- concrete. Pipes, ranging from 15" to 6" diameters, were laid where required for irrigation purposes. As a great depth of alluvial mud was found to exist over most of the route traversed by the road, the foundations of all the culverts had to be well spread. In the case of the bridge, however, the foundations were in solid ground.

Except the bridging of the creek at Au Tau, which has not yet been undertaken, the road from Castle Peak Bay to Fan Ling, a distance of 16.09 miles, is now completed, but, as the greater part of it is only from 6 to 8 feet in width, it is practically useless for wheeled traffic.

A small sum ($25.02), due as compensation, payment of which had been overlooked, remained to be paid in 1911, otherwise, all liabilities were discharged in 1913.

It is however stated that some claims may be made in respect of areas from which material to form the embankment carrying the road was obtained.

1913 Estimates, ...$ 25,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$ 36,000.00

1913 Sup. Vote,

10,300.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$ 35,300.00

38,690.87

1913 Expenditure,... 34,765.90

It

(b.) Kam Tin-Au Tau.-With the exception of the bridge at Kam Tin and the approaches to same, this road was completed. is 1.04 miles in length, its width being 8 feet on embankments and 16 feet in cuttings. The work includes the construction of a 75' bridge (3 25-ft. spans) and one culvert (6-ft. span). The bridge and culvert are both constructed of ferro-concrete. As only pumps

P 8**

M

New Territories.

of native construction were available for keeping the excavations free of water, considerable difficulty was experienced in constructing the foundations of the bridge. With the exception of the decking, the structure was however completed at the end of the year. constructing the bridge, the stream-course was diverted and improved.

1913 Estimates, ... $5,000.00 Total Estimates,... $9,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

1913 Sup. Vote,

5,000.00

$ 10,000.00

6,963.80

8,241.65

In

1913 Expenditure,...

(c.) Extension at Castle Peak Bay, including construction of Pier.-As it was found that the launches calling at Castle Peak Bay were unable at low tides to come alongside the small pier constructed in 1911 and as it was considered important that they should be able to land passengers and goods without the interven- tion of small boats, it was decided to extend the road a further distance of 2,800 feet along the shore of the bay and to construct a pier at the point thus reached.

A contract for the work was let in November, only the preli- minary works being in progress at the close of the year.

|

1913 Estimates, ...$ 10,000.00 Total Estimates, ... $10,000.00

Expenditure to 1913 Expenditure,...

31/12/13,

(d.) From train-halt to existing road from Fan Ling to San Tin. The main object of this road was to provide a shorter route to the Fan Ling Golf Course than that hitherto existing and a contract for its construction was let in March to the local Village Elders; the whole of the work was completed in October, all liabi- lities being discharged. A ferro-concrete bridge, (span 30 feet), carries the road across a stream-course adjoining the railway. The length of the road, including an extension beyond the Fan Ling-San Tin Road, is 0.5 mile and its width is 14 feet.

The expenditure includes $445.04 for land resumption and $3,705.67 for the construction of the road.

|

1913 Estimates, $ 4,800.00 Total Estimates,... $4,800.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

1913 Expenditure,...

4,150.71

4,150.71

(e.) From train-halt to Shek Wu Hui.-A contract was let in March to the local Village Elders for the construction of this road and the work was completed at the close of the year. The road, which is 700 feet in length and has a width of 8 feet, forms a portion

New Territories.

P 88

of the road to Sheung Shui, described under (f). There is a ferro- concrete bridge (25 feet span) at the junction of the two portions, the cost of which is divided between them. A diversion of the stream, which effected an improvement in its course, was made. A balance of $672.93 remained to be paid under the contract in 1914.

The expenditure included $146.55 for land resumption and $1,137.16 for the construction of the road.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,...

$2,000.00 Total Estimates, ... $2,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

|

1,283.71

1,283.71

(f.) Shek Wu Hui-Sheung Shui-As already mentioned, this is a continuation of the road to Shek Wu Hui, described under (e), the entire work being carried out simultaneously by the Village Elders. It was completed by the close of the year. The road is 0.02 mile in length and has a width of 8 feet. It includes one ferro-concrete culvert, 6 feet span. The work was completed by the close of the year, but a balance of $739.24 remained to be paid under the contract in 1914, besides sums amounting to $116.47 as compensation for the resumption of land required for the road.

The expenditure in 1913 included $282.15 for land resumption and $1,000.78 for the construction of the road.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,...

|

1,282.93

$2,000.00 Total Estimates,... $2,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/13,

1,282.93

(g.) General Works.-The only items to be recorded under

this heading are the following:-

Lane at rear of houses on N.K.I.L. 39, Sham-

shuipo,-Forming, surfacing and channel- ling, (completed),

Surveying expenses in connection with proposed

road from Tai Po to Fan Ling,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,...

$212.77

113.48

$2,000.00

326.25

143. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following were the only items of importance carried out under this heading during the

year:

(i.) Extension seawards of cement concrete sewer hitherto discharging near N.K.I.L. 26, Shamshuipo, rendered necessary by re- clamation works, (completed),.

(ii.) Training nullah to the north-west of the Lai Chi Kok Segregation Camp, (completed), Length in feet 286,

.$1,303.02

829.89

New Territories.

P 89

(iii) Drain Connections and other small items,

(completed),

1913 Estimates,.

1913 Expenditure,....

$12.60

$5,000.00

$2,145.51

144. Improvement of Ap Liu Village.--Considerable difficulty was experienced in coming to terms with the villagers for the removal and, in some cases, the re-erection of their buildings and," for this reason, a sum of only $3,592.00 was expended. This amount represented the compensation for land and buildings paid to the villagers who were reasonable in their demands. As however a sum of $3,744.15, which had been drawn but not disbursed during 1912, was refunded to the credit of the vote during 1913, the vote in the 1913 Estimates was not drawn upon, a credit balance of $152.15 being added to it as the result of the refund.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure, ......$3,592.00

Less refund of amount drawn

$10,500.00

but not expended in 1912, 3,744.15

152.15.Cr.

Cr. Balance, 31/12/13,

- $10,652.15

Total Estimates,

$33,600.00

Expenditure to 31/12/13,

23,212.28

145. Tai Po Fish Pond-Raising level.-This work was com- pleted in 1912, the only expenditure being the payment of a balance due under the contract.

$400.00 | Total Estimates,...

1913 Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,...... 128.67 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

.$2,300.00

2,128.67

146. Shamshuipo-Reclamation Scheme to provide sites for lessees dislodged from old village. The contract let to Mr. Li Hing in May, 1912, for the reclamation of an area of 5'03 acres was completed in December at a cost of $20,898.80. The work consisted merely of filling in with earth the area already mentioned and protecting the same on the north-west side with a rubble mound and pitched slope. The new area adjoins on its north-east side the area filled in in con- nection with the improvement of Ap Liu Village.

Very satisfactory progress was made with the second contract, which was let to the Po Yick Co. in November, 1912, for the reclama- tion of an area of 4'64 acres adjoining that already mentioned. By the end of the year, 110,000 cubic yards of filling-in had been deposited and 19,000 cubic yards of rubble had been placed in position to form the protecting mound on the north-west side. The sea wall, 405 feet in length, protecting the reclamation on the south-west side, was completed.

New Territories.

P 90

1913 Estimates,

..$47,000.00

1913 Sup. Vote,....

5,200.00

Total Estimates, ...$84,300.00 Expenditure to

64,231,92

$52,200,00

1913 Expenditure,...... 52,177.83

31/12/13,

147. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas. A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 43 of this Report.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

$500.00

372.18

148. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their execu- tion extending over more than one year :--

Lok Ma Chau Police Station :-

$

Erecting matsheds for temporary station, 2,519.00 Additional Quarters for Indians,

207.00

Channelling, etc.,

524.00

Shelving, etc.,

145.00

Diverting telephone line from building

hitherto occupied as a Police Station at San Tin,

Takuling Police Station :-

Constructing additional room, cookhouse

and latrine and making alterations in existing building,

Erecting wire netting fence round build-

ing,

Compensation for resumption of land,

Tai O Police Station :-

Fixing bars to windows,

Erecting wire netting fence,

229.45

-3,624.45

-

1,751.57

559.64 3.74

-2,314.95

-

Tai Po Police Station-Additional cookhouse for Indians and partitions to form extra rooms,

- 1,007.69 415.08

-1,422.77

792.00

Tsun Wan Police Station-Fixing wire gauze

and frames,

475.00

Sha Tau Kok Police Station-Various small

items,

111.71

Constructing bamboo bridge across branch

stream near Lowu Ferry,

390.00

P 91

Tsun Wan Village-Contribution towards rebuilding bund damaged by typhoon, Ping Shan, Un Long and Ha Chun-Install-

ing telephone alarms,

-

New Territories.

$

$

300.00

110.93

Kong Hau and Kong To Villages—Contri-

bution towards construction of bridge, - Compensation for resumption of lots near

100.00

Kowloon City,

540.10

Compensation for land resumed in connection

with Fan Ling Golf Course,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Sup. Votes,

969.38

.$ 3,000.00

11,450.00

$14,450.00

1913 Expenditure,........

11,151.31

Works Not Provided for in Estimates.

Hongkong.

149. Temporary Quarters for Scavenging Coolies.-In con- sequence of the scavenging of the City being taken over by Government instead of being let to contract as hitherto, it was found necessary to make provision for housing the coolies, number- ing 200, and it was decided to erect temporary quarters until a permanent building could be provided. The site selected for the purpose is a strip of Crown land on the north side of Bridges Street. A contract for the work was let to the Po Yick Co. at the end of July. It consisted of two large matsheds, the larger containing four apartments, each 32′ 0′′ × 30′ 0′′, and the smaller two apartments, each 22' 6" x 30' 0", both matsheds having verandahs 5' 0" wide along their entire length. Between the matsheds is a brick building, partly one and partly two-storied, containing latrines, bath-room and kitchen. The quarters are entered by concrete steps from Bridges Street.

The work was completed and the quarters were occupied by the middle of November.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,... $4,124.69

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$7,000.00

4,124.69

150. Addition to Printing Office, Victoria Gaol.-An exten- sion of the Printing Office was commenced in September, the existing building, which is a two-storied one, being merely extended in length. The work was not completed at the end of the year.

...

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,... $1,794.09

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$2,500.00

1,794.09

Hongkong.

P 92

151. Road giving access to Inland Lots 1946 and 1947 on spur east of Happy Valley.-Under the Conditions of Sale, a road had to be made to give access to Inland Lots 1946 and 1947, which are extensive lots occupying the ridge of the spur on the east side of Happy Valley. The necessary survey was made, plans were prepared and a contract was let in October. Good general progress had been made with the work by the end of the

year.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,... $1,449.94 |

Total Estimates, ... $16,500.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,

1,449.94

152. Levelling portion of West End Park to form a Play- ground. As an area of land at the junction of Lyttelton and Park Roads, which had been used as a playground for some years past by the schools in the neighbourhood, was appropriated as a site for Subordinate Officers' Quarters, it was decided to level a portion of the West End Park situated somewhat further to the west and a supplementary vote was taken to enable the work to be proceeded with.

A contract for the work was let in April. Owing to a landslip, which occurred at the south-east corner as the result of a rainstorm, it was necessary to construct a retaining wall to support Lyttelton Road. The building of this wall proved to be a trouble- some matter on account of the large boulders encountered and the sodden nature of the ground. The cost of constructing the wall has been charged against the vote for Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.

The entire work was nearing completion at the close of the year.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,... $1,544.70 |

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$2,300.00

1,544.70

Kowloon:

153. Compensation for deprivation of Marine Frontage Rights in the case of K.M.L.'s 29-31.-The sum of $2,360 mentioned in last year's Report (paragraph 127) as outstanding was paid during the year, thus closing this account.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,... $2,360.00 |

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/13,

$99,544.10

A sum of $1,666.00, which was expended in obtaining valua- tions and reports with regard to the claims made against the Government by the Marine Lot-holders, was charged to the Vote "Reclamation opposite K.M.L.'s 29-31, Yaumati," (Item 41 of Annexe B).

P 93

New Territories.

154. Road-Tai Po to Fan Ling.-A survey of this road was made in April and a longitudinal section prepared, the side widths for resumption purposes being set out and lockspitted. Borings for the new bridge at Tai Po were also made.

The only expenditure incurred was for the resumption of some of the land required for the road.

...

Total Estimates,... $46,000.00

1918 Estimates, 1913 Expenditure,... $1,750.00

$1,750.00 Expenditure to

31/12/13,...

...

1,750.00

155. Resumption of land for Golf Courses at Fan Ling.-As a number of irregular patches of cultivated land in the occupation of the neighbouring villagers were included within a large area of Crown land which it was proposed to lease to the Royal Hongkong Golf Club, it was considered the best course for the Government to resume such areas and this was accordingly done.

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,

...

$10,149.87

156. Kowloon-Canton Railway, Fan Ling Branch.--The expenditure under this heading consisted merely of a transfer to Railway funds on account of work executed by that Department,

1913 Estimates,

1913 Expenditure,...

...

...

595.20

Staff, etc.

157. The deaths of the following Officers occurred during the year:-

Mr. A. T. Walker, Executive Engineer, 27th July.

Mr. H. C. Sayer, Temporary Assistant Engineer, 28th July. Mr. J. Ross, Overseer, 24th October.

Lau Piu, Foreman, 6th January.

158. The following Officers retired on pension during the

year:-

Mr. Thomas Olsen, Dredger Master, 1st August.

Mr. Ng Sze, Store Clerk, 21st April.

Mr. Chan Yau, Boatswain, Crane Pontoon, 30th October.

159. The following Officers left the service of the Depart- ment:-

Mr. E. M. Wood, Assistant Engineer.

Mr. George Morphew, Overseer.

Mr. R. J. Wilkinson, Custodian, Recreation Grounds.

P 94

Mr. Ma Fung-shu, 3rd Grade Surveyor.

Mr. Leung Tak-shing, 5th Grade Draughtsman. Mr. Leung Hin, Foreman.

Mr. Fung Man-tat,

do.

Mr. Chan Foo,

do.

Mr. Pun Foon,

do.

Mr. Shum Lee,

do.

Mr. Ng Kam-shing,

do.

Mr. Ng Pan,

Mr. Cheung Ah-fung, Waterman.

do.

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

Mr. A. M. de Souza, Chief Clerk, Accounts Office, was transferred to the Treasury on promotion as Higher Grade Clerk on 1st July and Mr. I. U. Mirza, Clerk of Court and Clerk to His Honour the Puisne Judge, Supreme Court, was transferred on promotion to succeed Mr. Souza.

160. The following appointments were made:-

do.

Mr. P. D. Wilson, 2nd Grade Assistant Engineer. Mr. A. G. W. Tickle, Mr. F. H. Kales, Temporary Assistant Engineer. Mr. E. B. Lambert, Assistant Land Surveyor.

Mr. Wm. E. Douglas,

do.

Mr. W. J. Thomson, Temporary Land Surveyor. Mr. W. G. Mooney, Temporary Assistant Engineer.

Mr. Wm. Higby, Apprentice Surveyor.

Mr. G. H. Haskett, Inspector of Stores.

Mr. R. C. Dixon, 1st Class Overseer.

Mr. C. W. Randall, 2nd Class Overseer. Mr. R. S. Vergette,

Mr. O. M. Hoyem, Overseer.

do.

Mr. D. J. Brown, 2nd Class Overseer.

Mr. Wm. Nuttal, Custodian, Recreation Grounds.

Mr. Chan Pui Lau, Computer.

Mr. Pang Lai Sang, Clerk.

Mr. Ng Ping Un, do.

Mr. Tang Ki Fan, Temporary Tracer.

Mr. Tang Chi Lun, Tracer.

P 95

Mr. A. A. Samy, Master, Grab Dredger.

Mr. A. Fernandes, Foreman.

Mr. Lau Tak-yuen,

do.

Mr. Chan Wing,

do.

Mr. Chan Shun,

do.

Mr. Tai Yau,

do.

Mr. Chan Shing,

do.

Mr. Ho Ka,

do.

Mr. Fung Tsun,

do.

Mr. Ho Kwai-fong, do.

Mr. Chan Kee, Waterman.

Mr. Wu Pang,

Mr. Yeung Tam,

do.

do.

Mr. Cheung Tam, do.

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

161. The following Officers joined and left the service of

the Department during the year:--

Mr. J. S. Watson, 2nd Class Overseer.

Mr. M. Williams,

Mr. Edward Emery,

Mr. W. L. Choy, Foreman.

Mr. Fung Yuk-hing, do.

do.

do.

Mr. Tsun Hing,

do.

Mr. Badan Singh,

do.

Mr. Fung Man-tat, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. Carlos Veralde, Foreman.

Mr. Mok Wa-hoi,

do.

Mr. Ng Pan, Waterman.

Mr. Cheung Fung, do.

Mr. Mok Fat,

do.

Mr. Lam Ngo,

do.

Mr. Chu Sing,

do.

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank,

P 96

162. The following Officers returned from leave and resumed duty on the dates mentioned:-

The Hon. Mr. W. Chatham, D. P. W.,

Mr. C. H. Gale, 2nd A. D. P. W., Mr. H. G. C. Fisher,* Executive Engineer, Mr. D. Jaffé, Special Engineer,

Mr. F. A. Biden, 1st Grade Assistant

Engineer,

Mr. L. O. Ross, 2nd Grade Assistant

Engineer,

Mr. E. Newhouse, Assistant Engineer, Mr. J. J. Bryan, Drainage Surveyor, Mr. F. Sutton, 2nd Grade Surveyor, Mr. H. West, Surveyor,

Mr. G. W. Kynoch, 1st Class Overseer,

Mr. J. H. Barrington,

Mr. U. A. Farrell,

do.

do.

Mr. J. E. Eldridge, 1st Class Overseer,

Mr. Tam Yam, Foreman,

24th November.

1st September.

4th March.

28th October.

11th October.

3rd November.

11th September.

- 21st November.

- 2nd January. - 11th September. - 27th January. - 22nd February.

1st May.

4th April.

PUBLIC WORKS OFFICE,

- 26th May.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G, M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

HONGKONG, 28th February, 1914.

* Went on leave again in August under medical certificate.

1

!

---

P 97

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1913.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

PROVISI-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ONALLY BALANCE,

VOTED.

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

pensation, .....

Other Charges, ...

Special Expenditure.

Furniture,

Surveying Instruments,....

1 Typewriter,

HONGKONG.

3

345,307

334,040.07* 33,579 32,067.00

$

C. $ C.

$

$

s

EXCESS.

$ c.

11,266.93 | 15,351.71 | 26,618.64 1,512.00 5,070.00 6,582,00

...

...

$378,856 366,107.07

12,778.93 20,421.71 33,200.64

290

1,200

275

1,184.63 262 93

1,765

1,447.56

:

290.00

290.00

15.37

15.37

12.07

12.07

317.44

317.44

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,... 2. Maintenance of Lighthouses,.

51,000 4,500

68,945.17 | 17,945.17 4,664.97 164.97

17,000.00 175.00

945.17

10.03

Communications.

3. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

60,000

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

26,000

74,985.40 14,985.40

25,946.84

16,300.00

1,314.60

53.16

65.00

118.16

5. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500 5,728.53

771.47

771.47

Droinage.

6. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

14,000

16,782.31 2,782.31

Lighting.

7. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

47,500

8. Electric Lighting, City,

23,000

47,690.16 23,007.10

190.16 7.10

190.16 7.10

...

:

2,782.31

Miscellaneous.

9. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

10.

""

11.

"

Public Cemetery, Chinese Cemeteries,

4,500 6,516.46 2,016.46 2,500 2,030.97 4,000 4,521.49 521.49

2,650.00

469.03

633.54 469.03

521.49

12.

Public

Recreation

"g

Grounds,..

3,000

1,069.96

1,930.04

1,930.04

13. Dredging Foreshores,

14. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,.

7,000

8,556.52

24,000

74,723 58

1,556.52 50,723.58

6,000.00

4,443.48

53,700.00

2,976.42

15. Town Clock.

16. Stores Depreciation,

Water Works.

200

200

100,00 3,176.47

100.00

2,976.47

7,510.00

100.00 4,533.53

...

17. Maintenance of City and Hill District, . 50,000

78,179.04 28,179.04

...

27,850.00

329.04

18.

""

19.

Shaukiwau, Aberdeen,

>>

20. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

1,000 500 7,500

563,25 238.92 10,516.31

436.75 261.08

436.75 261.08

...

3,016.31

3,000.00

16.31

Carried forward, .................

336,900 457,943.45 125,064.98

4,021.53 134,968.75 | 17,998.13 4,072.83

*There is a difference of $10.11 between the Treasury and Public Works •

Department Totals which is due to Treasury's short debiting, and short crediting Transfer No. 16 D. 26.2.13,......

$20.13

10.02

$10.11

}

P 98

ANNEXE A,-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

ONALLY BALANCE. VOTED.

PROVISI-

EXCESS.

Brought forward,

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

21. Maintenance of Buildings,

Communications.

$

C.

$

C. $c. $ C.

C. $ c.

336,900 457,943.45 125,064.98 4,021.53 134,968.75 17,998.13 4,072.83

6,500

10,657.79 4,157.79

:

5,000.00

842.21

22. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges, 23.

23,000

""

Telephones,

2,500

23,997.95 997.95

2,447.57

1,000.00

52.43

2.05 52.43

...

...

Drainage.

24. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.

6,000

5,212.19

787.81

:.

787.81

Lighting.

25. Gas Lighting,

26. Electric Lighting,

10,500

9,871.96

1,700

1,548.80

628.04 151.20

628.04

151.20

Miscellaneous.

27. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

1,500

1,600,18

100.18

250.00

149.82

28.

Chinese Ceme-

27

""

teries,

1,500

212.98

1,287.02

1,287.02

29. Improvement of King's Park,

1,000

1,000,00

...

30. Dredging Foreshores, .

1,000

Cr. 841,24

1,841.24

...

31. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

5,000

8,960.08

3,960.08

4,000.00

1,841.24 39.92

Water Works.

32. Maintenance of Water Works,

8,000

33. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

2,000

9,493.80 1,493.80 4,389.81 2,389.81

1,500.00 2,800.00

6.20 410.19

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

34. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in

Southern District,

35. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland

and Islands in Northern District,.......

Communications.

1,200

245.68

4,800 10,801.95 6,001,95

954.32

954.32

6,001.90

.05

36. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-

Mainland,

12,000

11,851.66

148.34

148.34

...

37. Maintenance of Telephones,—Main-

land,

4,000

3,784.85

215.15 1,500.00

1,715.15

:

Drainage.

38. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

-Mainland,

1,000

220.36

779.64

779.64

Miscellaneous.

39. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,—

Mainland,

500

160.22

339.78

339.78

40. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-

İslands in Southern District,

500

6,059.11 5,559.11

6,400.00

840.89

·

41. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-

Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

2,500

27,243.68 24,743.68

27,100.00

2,356.32

Water Works.

42. Maintenance of Laichikok,... 43. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),-Main-

1,500

1,497.10

2.90

2.90

land,

500

41.90

458.10

*44. Upkeep of Plant,

...

*45. Store Plant Account,

1,441.41 1,441.41 150.000.00

1,500.00 150,000.00

458.10 58.59

1435,600, 750,684.48 175,910.74 11,667.50 342,020.65 31,850.29 4,072.88

|

Total.....

.$

* Works not appearing in Estimates.

1

P 99 -

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1913.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION- INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY

BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

HONGKONG.

C.

C.

C.

C.

ن

C.

Buildings.

1. New Magistracy,.

40,000

30,370.91

2. Sanitary Inspectors' Office, &c.,

Wantsai District,

6,000

3. Old Western Market, Re-construction, 4. Civil Hospital,-Operating Theatre,

&c.,

90,000

5,164.70 88,922.99

9,629.09

835.30 1,077.01

9,629.09

:

...

835.30 1,077.01

22,000

21,671.44

328.56

328.56

5. Public Works Department,-New

Stores,...

35,000

34,929.88

70.12

6. City Slaughter House,-Extension, 7. City Slaughter House,-Quarters for

Additional Inspector,..

8. Belilios Public School,-Extension,... 9. Sanitary Inspectors' Office,-Western

District,

10. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,

Breezy Point and Mount Parish,.

5,000

10,090.65

5,090.65

45.39 6,700.00

115.51 1,609.35

...

2,000

3,749.20

1,749.20

1,766.00

38,000

32,770.64

5,229.36

16.80 5,229.36

...

6,000

7,958.31

1,958.31

2,000.00

41.69

100,000

70,508.35

11. Wireless Telegraphy Station, 12. Government Offices,-Temporary

Building for Survey Staff, &c.,...| 13. Stables for Sanitary Department, ad-

joining No. 1 Police Station,

100,000

29,491.65 100,000.00

29,491.65 [100,000.00

#

2,300

3,351.26

1,051.26

1,200.00

148.74

:.

:

4,700

6,200.40

1,500.40

1,660.00

159.60

14, Public Latrines and Urinals:

*--

(a) Underground Trough Closet in

D'Aguilar Street,

4,000

345.25

3,654.75

3.654.75

(b) Underground Trough Closet

near Fire Brigade Station,

4,000

(c), Urinal at Happy Valley,

1.000

8,455.61 890.12

4,455.61

5,000.00

109.88

544.39 109.88

...

(d) Underground Trough Closet at foot of Pottinger Street,

10,000

616.88

9,383.12

9,383.12

(e) Extension of latrine at bath-

house in Cross Lane, Wantsai,

Communications.

800

777.39

22.61

15. Roads and Streets:→→

(a) Diversion of Wongneichong Road in connection with Con-

version of Farm Lot 52 into Inland Lots,

2,000

1,076.16

923.84

:

:

22.61

...

923.84

...

:

(b) Extension of Belchers Street

past Marine Lots 266-268,

Kennedy Town, ....

1,500

1,281.95

218.05

218.05

(c) Road from Victoria Gap to

High West Gap,.....

15,000

(d) General Works,

10,000

+

11,373.61 10,125.31

3,626.39

125.31

725.31

3,626.39 600,00

::

Drainage.

16. Training Nullahs:

(a) Shaukiwan (No. 11 Bridge), (b) Extension of Wongneichong

6,500

2,241.13

4,258.87

4,258.87

...

Nullah in connection with Conversion of Farm Lot 52* into Inland Lots,

5,000

(c) Magazine Gap,-District South

of Gap,

4,999.95

:.

11,100

(d) General Works,

6,000

2,983.62 5,740.64

.05

8,116 39 259.36

8,116.38

1,750,00 2,009.36

.05

Carried forward, $

.$ 527,900 366,596.35 15,930.74 177,234.39 | 20,846.70 182,150.35

:

:

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

P 100

ANNEXE B-Continued.

PROVISION-

*

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

$

527,900

366,596.35

*A

C.

$ c.

$ c.

c.

15,930.74 177,234.39 | 20,846.70 182,150.35

$

17. Flushing Tauks and Iron Pipes, 18. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,..

1,800 18,600

Cr. 15.57 18,702.72

1,815.57

1,815.57

102.72

1,252.58 1,149.86

Brought forward,..

Drainage,—Continued,

Lighting.

C.

:.

::

...

19. Extensions of Lighting,

1.000

906.69

93,31

93.31

Miscellaneous.

20. Triangulation Survey of Colony,

3,000

2,872.58

+

21. Public Bathing Places, ..

2,000

62.89

127.42

1,937.11

::

127.42 1,937.11

22. Mount Caroline Cemetery :-

(a) Quarters for Sextons,....... (b) Improvements to Approach

3,100

2,432.30

667.70

667.70

Road,

900

899.20

.80

.80

23. Kailungwan Cemetery,-Quarters for

Sextons,

......

1,500

1,712.87

212.87

215.00

2.13

24. Installing electric fans in Nos. 2, 5, 7

& 8 Police Stations and electric lights in Nos. 5, 7 & 8,,

1,300

1,004.00

296.00

296.00

25. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

4,000

1,615.18

2,384.82

26. Miscellaneous Works,...

30,000

38,822.61

8,822.61

8,985.00

2,384.82 162.39

...

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

27. Compensation and Resumptions,

30,000

27,765,75

2,234.25

2,234.25

Water Works.

28. Shaukiwan Water Works Extension, 29. Additional Service Reservoir, &c.,

West Point,...

18,000

10,284.04

7,715.96

7,715.96

50,000

10,705.93

39,294.07

39,294.07

\

30. Tytam Tuk Scheme,-Second Sec-

tion,.

250,000

116,749.31

133,250,69

133,250.69

31. Bonham Road Pumping Station, 32. Miscellaneous Water Works,

20,000 6,000

19,565.98

5,998.98

434.02 1.02

434.02 1.02

...

KOWLOON.

-1

Buildings.

33. Yaumati,-Vegetable and Fruit Mar-

ket,

2,000

34. Royal Observatory, Extension, 35. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, adjoining King's Park,

4,700

8,069.55 5,347.25

6,069.55 647.25

6,100.00 1,000.00

30.45 352.75

36. Hunghom Police Station,--Additions,

32,000 6,500

8,283.88

2,581.32

23,716.12 3,918.68

23,716.12 3,918.68

Communications.

37. Roads and Streets,--General Works,...

5,000

5,297.67

297.67

800.00

502.33

Carried forward, $1,019,390 656,277.05

32,083.41

395,121.93 39,199.28 402,237.80

::

1

¦

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

P 101

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED.| ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

C.

C.

C.

$ C. $ C.

C.

$

Brought forward,

1,019,300

656,277,05

32,083.41 395,121.93 39,199.28 402,237.80

Drainage.

38. Training Nullahs,-General Works,... 39. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,

1,000 9,100

2,081.10 12,670.12

1,081.10 3,570.12

2,200.00 1,118.90 3,581.26

11.14

Lighting.

40. Extensions of Lighting,

Miscellaneous.

500

61.00

439.00

439.00

41. Reclamation opposite K.M.L.'s 29-

31, Yaumati,....

38,000

42. Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui,

450,000

43. Purchase of portion of K.I.L. 1132, 44. Installing electric fans in Tsimshatsui

18,000

37,494.14 361,768.90 18,000.00

505.86

88,231.10

505.86 88,231.10

:

...

and Yaumati Police Stations,

200

66.00

134.00

134.00

45. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

1,500

555.75

46. Miscellaneous Works,.....

7,000

5,123.86

944.25 1,876.14

944.25

2,000.00 3,876.14

...

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

47. Compensation and Resumptions,

5,000

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

5,000.00

5,000.00

48. Police Station,-Cheung Chau,......................... 49. Market. Tai О,.......................

22,000 4,500

15,241.85

6,758.15 4,500.00

6,758.15 4,500.00

Communications.

50. Roads :-

(a) San Tin-Au Tau,...............

25,000

34,765.90

9,765.90

(b) Kam Tin-Au Tau,

5,000

6,963.80

1,963.80

10,300.00 5,000.00

534.10 3,036.20

(c) Extension at Castle Peak Bay, including construction of pier,

10,000

10,000.00

10,000.00

(d) From train-halt to existing road from Fan Ling to San Tin,

4,800

4,150.71

649.29

:

(e) From train-halt to Shek Wu

Hui,

2,000

1,283.71

(f) Shek Wu Hui-Sheung Shui,...

(g) General Works,

2,000

1,282.93

2,000

326.25

716.29 717.07 1,673.75

649.29

716.29

:.

***

...

717.07 1,673.75

Drainage.

51. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,.

5,000

2,145.51

2,854.49

2,854.49

Miscellaneous.

52. Improvement of Ap Liu Village, 53. Tai Po Fish Pond,-Raising level, 54. Shumshuipo,-Reclamation Scheme to provide sites for lessees dis- lodged from Old Village,

10,500 400

Cr. 152,15 128.67

47,000

52,177.83

5,177.83

10,652.15 271.33

10,652.15

271.33

5,200.00

22.17

Carried forward,. .$ 1,689,800

1,212,565.08

53,642.16 531,044.80 | 67,480.54 544,883.18

::

:

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

P

P 102

P

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

$

C.

Brought forward,...

1,689,800 1,212,565.08

C.

C.

C.

c.

C.

53,642.16 531,044.83 | 67,480.54 |544,883,18

500

3,000

372.18 11,151.31

127.82

127.82

...

8,151.31

11,450.00 3,298.69

Miscellaneous,—Continued.

55. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

56. Miscellaneous Works,.

Work not appearing in Estimates.

Hongkong.

57. Temporary Quarters for Scavenging

Coolies,

58. Addition to Printing Office, Victoria

Gaol,

59. Roads giving access to I.L.'s 1946 and 1947 situated on ridge east of Happy Valley,

60. Levelling Portion of West End Park

to form playground, ...........................

Kowloon.

of

61. Compensation for deprivation

Marine Frontage Rights in the case of K.M.L.'s 29, 30 & 31, 4.

New Territories.

62. Road Tai Po to Fan Ling,..

63. Resumption of land for Golf Courses

at Fan Ling,

64. Kowloon Canton Railway Fan Ling

Branch,

RA

:

4,124.69

4,124.69

1,794.09

705.91 2,500.00

705.91

...

1,449.94

...

1,544.70

12,550.06 14,000.00

755.30 2,300.00

12,550.06

755.30

2,360.00

1,750.00

10,149.87

:

2,360.00

1,750.00

850.13 11,000.00 850.13

:

:

...

595.20

595.20

...

595.20

1

Total,.....

1,693,300 1,247,857.06 62,388.67 546,034.02 116,965.23 563,171.09

595.20

A

}

TAITAM.

Annexe C.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1913. Monthly Consumption and Contents of Reservoirs (Millions of Gallons).

6.

-P 103 -

WONG-NEI-CHONG.

POKFULAM.

TOTAL CON-

MINT DAM, BLUE POOL

RAIN-

COLLECTED TOTAL CON-

FALL

MONTH.

TENTS OF

FROM

SUMPTION

MAIN.

BY-WASH.

INTERMEDIATE,

In Reser-

Delivered

Delivered

voir 1st of

month.

over

over

gange.

In Reservoir | In Reservoir 1st of month. 1st of month.

In Reservoir

1st of month.

gauge.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

inonth.

over

gauge.

Delivered IMPOUNDING RESERVOIRS.

STREAMS. (Filtered).

AND

SUPPLIES

FROM

POKFULAM TOTAL.

GRAND

AT

OBSER-

REMARKS.

VATORY

CONDUIT

|(Unfiltered).

(Inches).

Jan.,

31.84

8.39

166,15

1,94

86.60

87.81

1.94

288.47

2.00

98.20

2.06

100.26

1.025

Feb.,

27.72

6.05

116.40

1.87

65.06

76.84

2.18

:

213.23

3.63

86.52

2.27

88.79

2.390

Constant supply by street fountains in Rider Main Districts. Supply to houses by Rider Mains discon- tinued.

Do.

March, 25.66

15.03

81.00

1.74

40.52

61.56

2.29

7.14

151.21

13.90

97.63

2.19

99.82

6.945

Do.

April,.

39.42

22.24

110.60

.70

36.50

67.77

2.45

2.88

189.67

7.54

100.43

1.87

102.30

2.175

Do.

May,

21.60

23.15

86.10

1.37

33.92

74.00

2.12

145.11

15.20

112.35

1.67

114.02

9.300

Do.

·

June,

26.30

18.26

94.00

2.45

64.32

44.89

9.34

4.40

196.41

44.97

112.52

.96

113.48 16.035

Do.

·

July,.

66.72

32.76

284.60

2.35

157.27

97.54

29.08

18.19

540.02

26.40

174.89

1.02

175.91

15.050

Constant supply by

house services in all Districts from 1st.

Aug.,.

66.00

25.68

384.80

20.15

195.90

90.26

30.34

6,90

697.19

60.48

183.32

.61

183.93 10.565

Do.

Sept.,

68.56

28.10

407.00

21.30

209.32

88.60 ·

27.18

6.07

733.36

48.33

171.10

1.53

172.63

14.570

Do.

Oct.,... 70.04

31.20

407.00

24.46

210.40

100.29

33.14

8.06

745.04

36.82

176.37

2.21

178.58 3.550

Nov.,

57.30

26.96

407,00

1.87

196.36

78.57

21.96

14.28

684.49

17.83

137.64

3.98

141.62

.740

Dec

37.66

11.29

391.96

2.04

163.18

101.53

6.88

7.00

601.72

10.37

130.19

3.19

133.38 1.385

Do.

Intermittent supply in Rider Main Districts by Rider Mains from 3rd Nov.

Do.

Total,.

249.11

969.66

74.92

:

287.47

...

1,581.16

23.56

1,604.72

83.730

1913.

Total,

1912.

Increase

or

Decrease.

:

251.06

1.95

...

...

:

:

:

1,244.46

55.10

124.73

1,675.35

24.47

1,699.82

63.935

274.80

+ 19.82

...

+162.74

94.19

-

0.91

Estimated population for whole year, 254,119

Consumption of filtered water per head per day, 17.2

-

95.10 +19-795

Annexe D.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1913. Particulars of Metered and Unmetered Supplies

(Millions of Gallons).

مید کرتے ہے۔

FILTERED SUPPLY.

UNMETERED.

METERED.

ΤΟΤΑΙ.

METERED

UNFILTERED

GRAND

MONTH.

AND

SUPPLY

(Metered).

TOTAL.

CITY.

UNMETERED.

CITY.

HILL

DISTRICT.

TOTAL.

Trade. Domestic.

January,

73.40

11.00

11.36

2.44

24.80

98.20

2.06

100.26

February,

60.10

12.17

12.30

1.95.

26.42

86.52

2.27

88.79

March,

69.37

13.54

11.75

2.97

28.26

97.63

2.19

99.82

April,

73.20

11.29

13.15

2.79

27.23

100.43

1.87

102.30

May,

75.10

16.86

16.89

3.50

37.25

112.35

1.67

114.02

June,

75.78

17.33

15.63

3.78

36.74

112.52

.96

113.48

July,

137.11

16.78

17.03

3.97

37.78

174.89

1.02

175,91

August,

143.55

17.56

18.51

3.70

39.77

183.32

61

183.93

September,

132.38

17.70

17.91

3.11

38.72

171.10

1.53

172.63

October,...

138.32

18.63

16.14

3.28

38.05

176.37

2.21

178.58

November,

99.50

20.28

14.80

3.06

38.14

137.64

3.98

141.62

December,

90.6)

21.83

14.62

3.05

39.50

130.19

3.19

133.38

Total, 1913,

1,168.50

194.97

180.09

37.60

412.66

1,581.16

23.56

1,604.72

Total, 1912,

1,281.66

189.71

170.65

33.33

393.69

1,675.35

24.47

1,699,82

Increase or Decrease,

113.16

+ 5.26 + 9.44

+

4.27 + 18.97

94.19

91

95.10

};

P 104

*

1

:

Annexe E.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS 1913.

Water pumped to Hill District and High Levels of the City (Millions of Gallons).

(Theoretical Displacement of Pumps.)

P 105 -

HIGH LEVELS OF CITY.

HILL DISTRICT.

GRAND

MONTH.

700′ and 750′ TANKS. (Conduit & Peak Roads District.)

600′ and 650' TANKS. (Robinson Road District.)

TOTAL

Combined

PUMPED.

Totals.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

Motor.

Engine. Total.

Motor.

Engine. Total.

January,

2.44

2.44

1.34

1.34

2.93

2.69

5.62

6.96

9.40

February,..

1.95

1.95

1.29

1.29

2.74

2.06

4.80

6.09

8.04

March,.

2.97

2.97

1.25

1.25

3.19

2.08

5.27

6.52

9.49

April,

2.79

2.79

1.21

1.21

3.10

1.83

4.93

6.14

8.93

May,

3.50

3.50

1.31

1.31

3.43

2.65

6.08

7.39

10.89

June,

3.78

3.78

1.19

1.19

3.31

2.84

6.15

7.34

11.12

July,

0.14

3.83

397

1.08

1.08

3.91

2.76

6.67

7.75

11.72

August,

0.09

3.61

3.70

1.63

1.63

4.11

2.67

6.78

8.41

12.11

September,

3.11

3.11

1.33

1.33

4.33

2.61

6.94

8.27

11.38

October,

3.28

3.28

1.16

1.16

4.55

2.77

7.32

8.48

11.76

November,

3.06

3.06

1.08

1.08

4.10

3.05

7.15

8.23

11.29

December,

3.05

3.05

1.12

1.12

4.13

1.66

5.79

6.91

9.96

Total, 1913,

0.23

37.37

37.60

14.99

14.99

43.83

29.67

73.50

88.49

126.09

Total, 1912,

33.33

33.33

18.58

18.58

39.47

23.33

62.80

81.38

114.71

Increase or Decrease,...+ 0.23

+ 4.04

+ 4.27

M

3.59

3.59

+ 4.36 + 6.34 + 10.70

+ 7.11

+ 11.38

'.

- P 106-

Annexes F, G & J.

+

VILLAGE AND WATER BOAT SUPPLIES, 1913. Details of Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

F.

SHAUKIWAN WATER WORKS.

G.

ABERDEEN WATER WORKS.

Month.

WATER BOAT

Metered

Unmetered

Sai Wan

Grand

Metered Unmetered

Total.

Total.

Supply.

Supply.

Supply.

Total.

Supply.

Supply.

J..

LAI-CHI-KOK

SUPPLY

(METERED).

January,.

0.18

1.32

*

1.50

0.42

1.92

0:46

0.72

1.18

8.77

February,

0.10

1.40

*

1.50

0.42

1.92

0:39

1.14

1.53

8.57

March,.

0.15

1.45

* 1.60

0.42

2.02

0.37

1.46

1.83

8.34

April,.

#

0.13

1.57

1.70

0.22

1.92

0.43

1.15

1.58

7.74

May,

0.15

1.65

**

1.80

0.37

2.17

0.52

1.57

2.09

8.69.

June,

0.14

1.76

*

1.90

0.34

2.24

0.46

1.82

2.28

6.43

July,

0.16

1.84

#

2.00

0.39

2.39

0.47

1.88

2.35

6.83

August,

0.15

1.85

* 2.00

0.38.

2.38

0:40

1.95

2.35

7.34

September,

0.16

1.84

* 2.00

0.31

2.31

0.40

1.87

2:27

6.19

October,

0.15

1.85

*

2.00

0.12

2.12

0.50

1.75

2.25

7.28

November,

0.15

1.75

* 1.90

0.15

2.05

0.34

1.65

1.99

8.04

December,

0.15

1.85'

* 2.00

0.00

2.00

0.35

1.43

1.78

*.42

Total, 1913,...

1.77

20.13

* 21.90

3.54

25.44

5.09

18.39

23.48

91.64

Total, 1912,...

1.52

15.92

17.44

5.59

23.03

1.76

9.32

11.08

73.66

Increase or Decrease, + 0.25

+ 4.21

+ 4.46

2.05

+ 2.4il

+ 3.33† + 9.07 § + 12.40

+ 17.98

* Computed: no means of measuring until the Shaukiwan extension works are completed. Increase due to Water Boat Supply from Government Mains being instituted. Increase ascribed to greater facilities provided for affording a supply of water.

Annexe H.

KOWLOON WATERWORKS, 1913.

Contents of Reservoir and Details of Monthly Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

1

In Reservoir

Metered Supply.

Unmetered

Grand

Month.

1st of Month.!

Supply.

Total.

Remarks.

Trade.

Domestic.

Total.

January,

243.30

7.47

2.92

10.39

17.96

28.35

February,

213.30

5.84

3.04

8.88

17.06

25.94

March,..

197.84

6.68

3.43

10.11

21.60

31.71

throughout the whole year.

Constant supply |

April,

201.02

6.70

3.92

10.62

18.92

29.54

May,

177.31

7.55

4.55

12.10

19.94

32.04

P 107

...

June,

179.14

6.77

4.24

11.01

20.46

31.47

July,

317.85

6.97

4.39

11.36

22.99

34.35

Angust,

352.50

8.26

4.53

12.79

22.48

35.27

September,

352.50

8.93

4.55

13.48

20.53

34.01

October,

374:00

9.77

3.93

13.70

21.22

34.92

November,

371.30

9.80

3.59

13.39

19.36

32.75

December,.

353.37

8.26

3.27

11.53

20.42

31.95

Total, 1913,

93.00

46.36

139.36

242.94

382.30

Total, 1912,

73.38

38.84

112.22

253.40

365.62

Increase or Decrease,....

+ 19.62

+ 7.52

+ 27.14

10.46

+ 16.68

P 108

Annexe K.

REPORT ON LAND SURVEY WORK

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 1914.

Four plans, numbered 1-4, accompany this report.

1. Organization.-The Land Survey Office, which at present includes a staff of 11 surveyors and one native apprentice surveyor, is a branch of the Public Works Department and is under the control of the Director of Public Works.

All matters relating to the sale and occupation of Crown Lands, which are under the charge of the Director of Public Works, are dealt with in this office, such as applications for land, sales of all areas to be let on long leases, preparation of permits for temporary occupation of land, licences for temporary piers, plans for leased areas, quarries, permanent piers, etc., etc.

The taking out of co-ordinates of traverses, the calculation of areas, etc., are done by the two computers engaged in 1911, the results being finally checked by the surveyors, after each set of figures has been worked out independently by each of the com- puters. This system has proved very satisfactory and a great saving of time has been effected. When all co-ordinates have been taken out and proved, the surveyors then plot their own traverses and fill in the details.

Two Land Bailiffs, whose time is wholly occupied in preventing illegal squatting and encroachment upon Crown Land, very common offences amongst the Chinese, are attached to the office.

Three Chinese clerks and five tracers are employed on the ordinary office routine and 57 survey coolies receiving wages at rates varying from $9.00 to $12.00 per month.

2.-Survey Staff.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Y

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Principal Land Surveyor,

L. C. Rees. (1)

£510 to £540 by triennial increments of £30.

£540.

1st Grade Surveyor,

B. W. Grey.

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10.

£4