Administrative Reports - 1910

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1910

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government & aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal Service

11 Military Expenditure

12 General Observations

A Financial Returns

B Assessment

C Registrar General's Department

D Harbour office

E Observatory

F Supreme Court

G Police Magistrates' Court

H Land office

I New Territories

J Police and Fire Brigade

K Prison

L Medical and Sanitary

M Botanical and forestry

N Education

O Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

P Public Works

Q Post office

R Railway

 




HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1910.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, August 17th, 1911.

No. 281.

HONGKONG.

SIR,

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 12th August, 1911.

I have the honour to submit for your information the following general Report on the annual Blue Book for the year 1910.

I.--FINANCES.

(a.)-GENERAL REVENUE AND Expenditure.

The Revenue for the year, exclusive of Extraordinary Revenue and Widows' and Orphans' Fund Contributions, amounted to $6,628,183 or $341,350 more than for the previous year. The Extraordinary Revenue amounted to $332,686 or $203,448 less than in 1909. The total revenue from all sources was $6,960,869 or $137,902 more than in the previous year, and $52,072 more than the Estimate.

Compared with the previous year's returns there were increases mider every head of Ordinary Revenue with the exception of Interest and Miscellaneous Receipts. Of the increase of $239,295 in Licences and Internal Revenue the item Companies Local Registers accounts for $18,001 and Stamps Duties for $127,812. The principal increases under Fees of Court are Companies Registration $12,823 and Deeds Registration $5,837. Post Office shows an improve- ment of $75.019. These various items seem to indicate the begin- ning of a revival in trade as does also the increase of $31,090 in Land Sales.

The Expenditure for the year was $5,702,290 exclusive of Public Works Extraordinary; inclusive of that item it was $6,907,113 or $364,274 more than the total expenditure for 1909.

The average Rate of Exchange for the year was 1/96.

The Expenditure of the year was more than the Estimate by $44,429.

The year's working resulted in a surplus of $53,655 instead of the anticipated deficit of $42,745.

ོད ་

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The following Table shows the total revenue and expenditure for the five years 1906-1910 :---

Revenue,❤

Expenditure,

Surplus,

Deficit,

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

$

7,035,011 | 6,602,280 6,104,207 6,822,967 | 6,960,869 6,832,610 5,757,203 6,573,341 6,542,839 6,907,113

202,401 845,077

....

280,128 53,756

469,134

* Railway Account Disbursements and Re-imbursements omitted.

(b.)-COLONIAL CONTRIBUTION FOR DEFENCE.

The Colony contributed $1,372,486 (being the statutory contri- bution of 20% of the Estimated Revenue for 1910 together with $46,629 arrears on account of under-estimate in 1909), towards the cost of the maintenance of Military Forces in the Colony including Barrack Services and Defence Works.

(c.)-ASSETS AND LIABILITIES.

At the end of the year 1910, the assets of the Colony amounted to $6,551,129. The total liabilities were $5,144,204, so that the balance of assets over liabilities amounted to $1,406,925.

(d.)-PUBLIC DEBT.

A Loan consisting of Inscribed Stock at 33% interest, £341,799, was incurred in 1893 for Praya Reclamation; Central Market; Water, Drainage and Sewerage Works, &c., to be paid off on 15th April, 1943.

A second Loan consisting of Inscribed Stock £1,143,933 at 31 per cent. was raised in 1906 to cover a Loan to the Viceroy of Wuchang of £1,100,000. The Viceroy in accordance with the terms of the Loan had up to the end of 1910 repaid £550,000 which was placed to the credit of a special account for construction of the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway.

The contributions paid into the Joint Sinking Fund, with accrued interest from investments thereof, came to £98,892. 4s. 1d. on the 31st of December, 1910, but the value of the fund, according to market prices, was £97,759. 6s. 10d.

IL-TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES,

AGRICULTURE AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1910 amounted to 547,164 vessels of 36,534,361 tons, which, compared with figures for 1909, shows an increase in numbers of 19,884 vessels, with an increase of 1,703,516 tons. These totals are the largest yet reached exceeding all previous records by 15,052 vessels and 506,051 tons.

Of the above, 40,714 vessels of 23,160,256 tons were engaged in foreign trade, as against 43,794 of 22,415,125 tons in 1909, and were distributed as follows:-

1910. 1909.

1910. 1909. Numbers. Numbers. Tonnage. Tonnage.

British Ocean-going

ships represented,... 105%

9.3%

35·0%

34.5%

Foreign Ocean-going

ships represented,... 10'6

9.8

35:0

35.1

British River Steam-

ers represented,...... 16'0

13.2

17.3

16.5.

Foreign River Steam-

ers represented,.

3.3

3.2

3:0

3.3

Steamships (not ex-

ceeding 60 tons)

represented,

7.7

7.2

0.6

06

Trading Junks re-

presented,

51.9

573-

9.1

10:0

100'0

100'0

·100·0

100.0

The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of ships of European construction, 4,276 Ocean Steamers, 8 Sail- ing Ships, 3,910 River Steamers, and 1,569 Steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 26·7 ships, as compared with 256 in 1909 and 26-8 in 1908.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the port has once more increased-from 2,3904 tons to 2,457-3 tons. That of British Ships has increased (2,594 5 tons as against 2,494 tons) while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,205-3 tons to 2,324 1 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean Vessels has increased from 1,179 tons to 2,457 3 tons.

·

The average tonnage of River Steamers entered during the year has again decreased, from 620'6 tons to 602'1 tons. That of British River Steamers has decreased from 6404 tons to 617 tons and that of Foreign River Steamers from 5381 tons to 529 tons.

A comparison between the years 1909 and 1910 is given in the following Table:-

1909.

1910.

Increase

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage No. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going, Foreign Ocean-

going,

4.076 7,735,927|

4,262 8,111,946 186

376,019

4,318 7,857,908 4,312 8,103,969

210,061

British River

Steamers, Foreign River

Steamers,

5,780 3,701,754 6,483 4,000,073

1,370

703

298 319

735,682 1,334 706,616

36

29,066

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

3,160

140,484 8,153 136,765

3,719

(Foreign

Trade).

Junks, Foreign

Trade,.

25,090 2.243,370|‡21,170| 2,100,887,

3,920 | 142,483

Total Foreign

43,794 22,415,125) 40,714 23,160,256 889

920,399 3,969 | 175,268

Trade,....

Steam-launches

plying in Wa-439,988 10,323,400|466,014 (10,986,234:26,026

ters of Colony,}

657,834

Junks, Local

Trade,

*43,498*2,087,320,†40,436 †2,387,871

300,551|3,062

Grand Total, 527,280 34,830,845 547,164 36,534,361 26,915 1,878,7847,031 | 175,268

...

Net,.........

19,SS4|1,703,516

* Including 19,094 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 1,022,676 tons.

+

21,056

1,540,984 tons.

From October, 1910, Dust Boats are eliminated and will not be recorded

in future returns, the work being done by Government Craft.

Decrease owing to low rate of Freights ruling in River Steamers.

$ The figures shown represent number of trips made within and without

the Harbour.

This Table shows an increase in British Ocean Shipping of 186 ships of 376,019 tons, or of 4·5% in numbers, and of 4.8% in tonnage. This seems to indicate a resumption of the usual small annual in- crease in British shipping which has been so constant a feature in each normal year,

British River Steamers have recovered from the large decrease shown in 1909, and have added considerably in numbers to the figures for 1908, though the tonnage does not come up to that for the earlier year. The increase shown over the figures for 1909-703 ships of 298,319 tons or 12.1% in numbers, and 8% in tonnage is due to the fact that the large Canton River Steamers have made more trips; that some of the small steamers have been transferred from the West River to the Canton run, and so run more frequently, and that many of the smaller steamers have made periodical excursion runs to ports other than their usual ones, while continuing to ply regularly on their usual runs.

Foreign Ocean Vessels have decreased by 6 ships, or 0'14 per cent, while their collective tonnage has increased by 246,061 tons, or 31 per cent. This result is due to increases of 27, 19 and 42 ships under Japanese, Norwegian and Chinese, respectively, which are counterbalanced by decreases of 26, 55, 14, 8 and 7 ships under German, Portuguese, Swedish, French and United States, respective- ly: but the tonnage has generally increased, except under Portuguese, Swedish and United States. The loss in numbers is due chiefly to Portuguese, where a fall of 55 ships involved only 14,655 tons, while that under German, of 26 ships, was accompanied by a rise in ton- nage of 54,193 tons.

Foreign River Steamers have decreased by 36 ships (or 2·6 %) of 29,066 tons (or 39 %). This is accounted for by the laying up for some four months of a Portuguese River Steamer, the Sui Cheong, which previously plied regularly.

As in former years, I here insert a comparison between the shipping of the port twenty years ago, and to-day. In 1890, 2,772 British Ships of 3,507,945 net register tons entered the port, against 10,745 ships of 12,112,019 net register tons in 1910: an increase of 287'6 per cent. in numbers and of 245·2 per cent. in tonnage. These figures include Ocean and River Steamers and Ocean-going sailing ships (not junks). In the same way, Foreign Shipping, during the same period, has increased from 1,442 ships of 1,385,788 net register tons in 1890, to 5,646 ships of 8,810,585 net register tons: an increase of 291.3 per cent. in numbers and of 535'8 per cent. in tonnage.

The actual number of individual Ocean Vessels of European type of construction entering during 1910 was 734, being 365 British and 369 Foreign. The corresponding figures for 1909 were 704, 336 and 368, respectively.

These 734 ships aggregated 1,804,675 tons. They entered 4,284 times, giving a collective tonnage of 8,112,985 tons. Thus,

6

compared with 1909, 30 more ships with a tonnage increased by 121,836 tons, entered 86 more times, and gave a collective tonnage greater by 316,609 tons.

Thus:

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1909. 1910.

1909 1910. 1909.

1910.

Steamers,

331

}

360 2,054 2,124 3,854,571 4,041,557

British

Sailing,

5

5

German,

108

113

735

7 17,693 722 1,176,322

17,663 1,206,757

Steamers,

98

101

493

5071,283,330

1,341,083

Japanese

Sailing,

138

Norwegian,

43

34

212

223.

227,341

236,334

Austrian,.

24

24

94,288

95,062

Chinese,.

232

250

290,936

314,879

Corean,

1

796

Danish,

5

6

16

20

31,426

33,165

Dutch,

16

105

108

207,190

214,787

French,

32

35

148

144

262,459 :

262,670

Italian,

3

11

13

28,470

34,496

Portuguese,

Russian,

Swedish,

U. S. A.,

15

3-6

94

66

35,927

29,478

9

10

19,584

28.803

5

35

27

53,726

45,398

42

37 211,827

210,466

No Flag.

1

299

Total,...... 704

734 4,198

4,198 4,284 7,796,376 8,112,985

TRADE.

As pointed out in previous reports, the figures which used to appear under this heading were, as a whole, so inaccurate as to be in some cases, most misleading. They have therefore been omitted from this, as from my three previous annual reports. However, in certain items of the import trade, fairly accurate details are available, and, as to these, the following remarks may be of interest.

Coal.-1,115,120 tons were imported during the year. This quantity, compared with the imports for 1909, shows a decrease of 11,716 tons, or 1'04 per cent. This decrease is so small as to be negligible, but is explained by the dull tone of the market in the Colony throughout the year 1910, and the necessity of adjusting stocks after the somewhat largely increased imports of 1909. Of the various varieties of coal imported, Japanese heads the list. Next comes that from North China and Manchuria, which holds its own,

1

4

if not actually increasing. Cardiff, though only used by Men-of-War. and imported almost solely by the Admiralty, comes third. There have been increased shipments from Hongay: but from Australia and India large decreases appear: while no Labuan coal was import- ed during the year.

I remarked last year upon the fact that, in spite of the large in- crease in coal imported, the shipments of bunker coal in the Colony had fallen off considerably. This year, the opposite occurred. There is a falling off in imports, but an increase of 22,140 tons, or 35 per cent. in the quantity of bunker coal shipped. But, of the total amount of coal imported, little more than half is shipped as bunker coal, the remainder being re-exported.

Kerosene Oil. Here, enormous increases are reported: in Bulk Oil of 20,559 tons or 577 per cent., and in Case Oil of 13,989 tons or 386 per cent., while Liquid Fuel has increased by 5,089 tons or 1172 per cent. These increases appear to be due to competition between the Asiatic Petroleum Company and the Standard Oil Com- pany, whose business is largely increasing in the interior of China in consequence of their activity in opening up new distributing

centres.

As last year, I add a few remarks about certain other items of import of which I have been able to collect information.

Opium. The imports of Raw Opium show a decrease of 3,9901 chests, or 111 per cent., while 1909 shewed a decrease of 6,087 chests or 145 per cent. The exports declined by 7,641 chests, or 212 per cent., in 1909 the decrease was 3,620 cheats, or 9.7 per cent. During the last three years the raw opium trade of the Colony is described by the following figures:-

1910.

1909.

1908.

Chests.

Chests.

Chests.

Stock in hand, 1st January,... Imported during the year,

4,509

5,808

4.707

31,743

35,734

41,821

Total,... 36,252

41,542

46,528

Boiled by Opium Farmer,

782

1,044

864

Spurious Opium destroyed,. Exported during the year,

14

51

247

28,333

35,938

39,609

Total,... 29,129

37,033

40,720

Stock remaining on 31st Dec., 7,123

4,509

5,808

Of the several varieties of opium imported, Malwa decreased by 315 chests, or 6 per cent., Patna by 3,241 chests, or 166 per cent.. Benares by 1,885 chests, or 22.5 per cent., and Persian increased by 249 chests. Of Chinese opium 1,223 chests were imported from Shanghai and re-exported to Haiphong.

Of the several varieties of opium exported, Malwa decreased by 735 chests or 138 per cent., Patna by 5,317 chests or 27 per cent., Benares by 2,273 chests or 26'8 per cent., and Persian by 517 chests or 188 per cent.

The trade in Compounds of Opium and Morphia also. declined considerably. In the former imports fell by 43 per cent. and exports by 47 per cent., while in the latter the decreases were 9'6 per cont, and 44 per cent. respectively.

Sugar.--The imports of Sugar show a considerable decrease of 94,528 tons, or 278 per cent, as against an increase of 89,766 tons last year. This seems to be due to an overstocked market with prices ruling low.

year.

Cotton and Cotton Yarn.-Here is shown, again, a large increase of 10,114 tons, or 157 per cent., added to the increase reported last This seems to be borne out by facts, though the increase was in yarn entirely, hardly any cotton having been imported (owing to the high prices ruling in India, and the Chinese product being exceptionally cheap and of good quality this year). The yarn market, though considerable fluctuations in price occurred during the year, was strong, and the demand being great and prices generally favourable, large imports were made.

Flour. Here our returns show the enormous falling off of 26,279 tons or 449 per cent. This was due to the virtual cessation of the flour trade in the Colony during the first six months of the year, owing to high prices of American flour, and the competition of the Shanghai Mills, which shipped their products direct to Chinese ports, instead of to Hongkong, for distribution. Matters improved during the last six months, owing to the Shanghai Mills being short of wheat, while such as they had was of poor quality. The result was a recrudescence of trade with Hongkong on the part of Canton, Amoy, Foochow, etc., which ports had previously been served by Shanghai, and the import of American flour immediately recommenced, in unusally large quantities.

Rice. There is an increase in this item of 183,662 tons, or 33.9 per cent.

This large rise is undoubtedly due to the almost total failure of the Chinese first crops, owing to the continued drought in the spring and summer, and to the partial failure of the second crop in parts of Kwangtung. The demand for Saigon and Bangkok rice was consequently unusually large, and the supply was equal to the demand. However, during November shipments declined, because the local supply was sufficient for the needs of the districts. In December, shipments increased, owing to renewed demands from the interior.

The total reported Imports during the year amounted to 4,298,194 tons, as against 4,195,968 tons in 1909, an increase of 102,226 tons or 24 per cent. Exports also show an increase of 23,000 tons, or 102 per cent. Transit cargo shows a decrease, of

:

12,039 tons, or 03 per cent. These figures are not, however, reliable, there being no means of collecting accurate information, in the absence of any Customs Staff.

Emigration and Immigration.

One hundred and eleven thousand and fifty-eight (111,058) Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1910, (77,430 in 1909). Of these 79,851 were carried in British ships and 31,207 in Foreign ships. These figures show a large increase, compared with those for 1909, of 33,628 (or 43'4 %), which is accounted for by the largely increased emigration to the Federated Malay States to provide labour for the Rubber Plantations.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements 1906 to 1910 compared with Total Chinese Emigration 1906 to 1910.

1906,...

1907,...

1908,.

1909,..

1910,.......

No of Emigrants

to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of Emigrants.

60,320

76,725

83,048

105,967

49,639

71,081

48,016

77,430

76,705

་ ་

111,058

One hundred and forty-nine thousand five hundred and sixty-four (149,564) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated, either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 144,821 in 1909. Of these 108,346 arrived in British ships, and 41,218 in Foreign ships.

(b.) INDUSTRIES.

(i.).—Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.--This industry has improved during the year under review.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Lử, W. S. Bailey & Co.,..... Macdonald & Co........ Ulderup and Schluter,.

1910.

8 vessels of 2,231 gross tons and 1,718 I.H.P. ̧

4

"1

3

11

715 121 169 317

"

,!

11

"

17

2,070 200

160

11

19

150

争审

Total,

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld, W. S. Bailey & Co, Ulderup and Schluter,.

31 vessels of 3,553 gross tons and 4,298 I.H.P.

1909.

10 vessels of 380 gross tons and

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400 H.I.P.

15

3

17

1,554 58 146

"

750 60

"1

13

""

200

"

"

Total,.

45 vessels of 2,138 gross tons and 1,410 I.H.P.'

10

Sugar Refining. The year 1910 was not a favourable one for the Sugar Refining Industry of the Colony as there was not a good demand. in the China markets while the growers in Java have lately made arrangements for shipping their produce direct to the markets without transhipment in Hongkong.

As was the case in 1908 and 1909 Beetroot sugar did not find its way into the China market in any appreciable quantity.

Cotton Spinning.-This industry has been satisfactory throughout the year. The supply of raw material was good.

Rope Manufacturing.-Business steady and prices have remained the same.

Cement. There has been a good demand throughout the year.

Brewing.-The Oriental Brewery continued working through- out the year and there seems every prospect of their getting a firm hold on the Eastern markets. Over 100,000 gallons of beer and stout were brewed during the year.

same.

( ii.).—-Under Chinese Management.

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.-Business remained about the

There are forty-one firms large and small in the trade.

Native Tobacco.-There are twenty-six factories in existence. Business has fallen off owing to the competition in China of foreign tobacco corporations and the greatly increased sale of foreign cigarettes. The local tobacco crop was also below the average.

Tinned Goods.-This business increased moderately.

Samshu.-The local manufacturers of native spirits report having had a good year on the whole. The institution of liquor duties has improved the position of the local producer vis à vis the producer in Chinese Territory who has to pay the various transit duties of his own country as well as the new Hongkong duties. In September there was a temporary flooding of the market by large importations from Kwong Tung due to the proposal of the Chinese Authorities to establish a liquor tax in the province.

The total local output of all kinds of native spirits (including the New Territories) was over 800,000 gallons.

Vinegar.-All the large native distilleries produce vinegar as well as Samshu. The yearly output of the seven largest firms amounted to some two million gallons.

Knitted Vests and Socks.-There are four factories in existence, and a fifth in course of erection. There is a large local demand for these articles.

Leather-There are eight local tanneries. An increase in the price of hides affected the business adversely.

Ginger and Preserves.---The volume of business done shewed a slight decrea and profits were affected by a rise in the price of sugar. There are fourteen factories in the Colony.

Soy.-There is no improvement to report in this trade which remains dull.

Paper. The mill produced more paper, and the prices obtained were higher than last year.

Vermilion.-There was a further falling off in this trade.

Lard. Much of the lard manufactured in the Colony is exported to the Philippines, where new regulations were introduced during the year requiring the purity of animal products to be certified. The local manufacturers of lard made from animals killed in the Colony have found no difficulty in complying with the regulations. The output has increased considerably, and the price has also risen.

(c.) FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat-population of Hongkong supports itself by deepsea fishing in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. There will soon be steam trawlers engaged in this industry and regulations have been made by the Government for their control. Fresh water fish is imported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of con- siderable value in Deep Bay.

(d.) FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE AND BOTANY.

The formation of pine tree plantations in the Harbour Belt between Lai-chi-kok and Ly emum has been continued to the ex- tent of about 400 acres, and sites which failed in the area sown in 1909 have been resown. About 2,000 broad-leaved trees of differ- ent kinds have been planted on the hills at Shaukiwan and 400 Tristanias and 200 Eucalyptus at Quarry Bay.

Shade trees in Hongkong and Kowloon have been renewed where necessary, and flowering trees and shrubs have been planted in various places on the roads and hills in Hongkong where they will be readily seen when in flower. Banian trees have been planted on the approach roads to Yaumati and Taipo railway stations. Under the timber contract, 200 acres of Pine forest at Mt. Davis. and 70 acres at Aberdeen have been felled. Approximately 2,000,000 square feet of undergrowth have been cleared at the cost of the Government, 300,000 square feet at the cost of the Military

12

Authorities, and 300,000 square feet at the cost of private individuals in connection with the crusade against mosquitoes and malaria.

The first crop of rice in the New Territories was poor owing to the drought, but the second crop was good, and other vegetable and fruit crops have been up to the average.

A sample of Chinese peppermint oil has been submitted to the Director of the Imperial Institute at his own request. It has been reported on favourably, but owing to its cost it is not thought that it can be exported profitably to England.

The account of the Flora of Hongkong, the New Territories and Kuangtung Province has been completed, and arrangements have been made for its publication in the Journal of Botany during the current year.

(e.) LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF Land.

The net amount received from sales of Crown Land and pier rights after deducting expenses of sales was $62,686, an increase of $22,021 on the previous year and $67,294 less than the average amount received for the last 5 years. Of this amount $28,373 was received in respect of the sale of various pier sites and extensions to existing piers, $11,416 was received in respect of sales of land in the New Territories and the remainder from sales of new lots of Crown Land and grants of extensions to existing lots in the island of Hongkong and Old Kowloon. The chief item was received in respect of the sale of the right of erecting a pier opposite Ice House Street in the City of Victoria for which $17,900 was paid.

There has been an increase in the number of Crown Lots sold for building purposes in the City and adjacent district during the year but the demand for new sites still remains small.

A considerable increase has taken place both in the number and value of private properties which have changed hands during the year, prices are generally considered steady and rents are generally being increased as existing leases and tenancies expire.

The demand for small building sites in the New Territories is increasing as is also that for short and annual leases for agricultural

purposes.

With the opening of the railway several enquiries have been made in connection with the building of European dwellings at Tai Po and it is considered that there will probably be a consider- able development in this neighbourhood in the future.

The re-arrangement of the whole of the extensive properties of the Tai Koo Sugar Refinery Co., Ltd., and the Tai Koo Dockyard and Engineering Co., Ltd., at Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay, involving very extensive surveys, was completed during the year.

!

D

13

The settlement of the remaining claims of Squatters in the Island of Hongkong and Kowloon was completed during the year and Crown Leases granted to those whose titles had been approved by the Squatters Board.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty-four Ordinances were passed during 1910, twenty- four of which were Amendment Ordinances. The principal matters dealt with were the consolidation of the New Territories Ordinances, the laws of Copyright, the law re Crown Suits, the segregation of lepers, the training of midwives, and the Hongkong Volunteer Reserve.

IV. EDUCATION.

There are 70 Government and Grant Schools, the most important of which is Queen's College. Of these 21 are Upper Grade Schools with a staff competent to give instruction on all subjects of the 7th Standard, and above. These latter schools have an average attend- ance of 4,102, and the medium of instruction in all of them with the exception of five girls' schools, is English. The 49 remaining schools are all Lower Grade. They comprise one school for British Indians where English and Urdu are taught; six Government Schools and one Grant English School for Chinese; and 41 Grant Vernacular Schools. The average attendance at all these Lower Grade Schools is 2,257. The total average attendance, at both Grades of School, is 6,359.

The revenue derived from school fees is $75,448.50 (of which $39,212 is from Queen's College) and is rapidly increasing: this is mainly to be accounted for by the increasing numbers of Chinese desirous of an English education.

Two schools are limited to children of British parentage. Both these schools (one for boys, the other for girls) are under the Government. In 1910 the combined average attendance at them was 78. The boys' school provides a small but efficient cadet corps.

Higher education is represented by the Technical Institute, where instruction is given in the evening in Mathematics, Machine Drawing, Building Construction, Field Surveying and allied subjects; in Chemistry and Physics; in the English and French languages, Book-keeping and Shorthand. There is also a Teachers' Class, at which the junior Chinese masters of Government and Grant Schools are expected to attend. A Kindergarten Class has also been started for teachers in Girls' Schools. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped laboratory. The lecturers are chiefly Civil Servants recruited from the European staffs of Queen's College and the Public Works Department. These officers receive fees for their services.

The Hongkong University building, the gift of Sir Hormusjee Mody, is in course of construction, and will probably be open by the middle of 1912. The foundation stone was laid on the 16th March. The first chairs will be those of Medicine, Engineering and Arts.

!

D

13

The settlement of the remaining claims of Squatters in the Island of Hongkong and Kowloon was completed during the year and Crown Leases granted to those whose titles had been approved by the Squatters Board.

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirty-four Ordinances were passed during 1910, twenty- four of which were Amendment Ordinances. The principal matters dealt with were the consolidation of the New Territories Ordinances, the laws of Copyright, the law re Crown Suits, the segregation of lepers, the training of midwives, and the Hongkong Volunteer Reserve.

IV. EDUCATION.

There are 70 Government and Grant Schools, the most important of which is Queen's College. Of these 21 are Upper Grade Schools with a staff competent to give instruction on all subjects of the 7th Standard, and above. These latter schools have an average attend- ance of 4,102, and the medium of instruction in all of them with the exception of five girls' schools, is English. The 49 remaining schools are all Lower Grade. They comprise one school for British Indians where English and Urdu are taught; six Government Schools and one Grant English School for Chinese; and 41 Grant Vernacular Schools. The average attendance at all these Lower Grade Schools is 2,257. The total average attendance, at both Grades of School, is 6,359.

The revenue derived from school fees is $75,448.50 (of which $39,212 is from Queen's College) and is rapidly increasing: this is mainly to be accounted for by the increasing numbers of Chinese desirous of an English education.

Two schools are limited to children of British parentage. Both these schools (one for boys, the other for girls) are under the Government. In 1910 the combined average attendance at them was 78. The boys' school provides a small but efficient cadet corps.

Higher education is represented by the Technical Institute, where instruction is given in the evening in Mathematics, Machine Drawing, Building Construction, Field Surveying and allied subjects; in Chemistry and Physics; in the English and French languages, Book-keeping and Shorthand. There is also a Teachers' Class, at which the junior Chinese masters of Government and Grant Schools are expected to attend. A Kindergarten Class has also been started for teachers in Girls' Schools. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped laboratory. The lecturers are chiefly Civil Servants recruited from the European staffs of Queen's College and the Public Works Department. These officers receive fees for their services.

The Hongkong University building, the gift of Sir Hormusjee Mody, is in course of construction, and will probably be open by the middle of 1912. The foundation stone was laid on the 16th March. The first chairs will be those of Medicine, Engineering and Arts.

14

The equipment and endowment funds were raised by public sub- scriptions, and stood at $1,239,828 (exclusive of $96,460 promised) on the 31st December.

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

Of the principal works in progress, the Kowloon Waterworks Reservoir was completed and the New Government Offices and Law Courts made fair progress.

A contract for the construction of the Mongkoktsui Breakwater and contingent works was let in October and a substantial start with the work was made before the close of the year.

The following buildings were completed:--Extension of Tai Po Land Office; Slaughter House, Shaukiwan; Prison Extension; an additional Room at Queen's College for Pupil Teachers; a Coal- shed at Tsim Sha Tsui Police Basin; a Fruit Market on the triangu- lar space behind the old Harbour Office; a latrine in Nelson Street, Kowloon, and a Urinal in Queen's Road East near Arsenal Street. The following were in progress :-Kowloon Market; Additions to No. 2 Police Station; Staff Quarters, Kennedy Town Hospital; Police Station, Tsün Wan; Re-building of Government Pavilions; Hospital at the Quarantine Station, Lai Chi Kok; Workshops and Sheds for Ambulances, &c., at the City Disinfecting Station; Latrines in Mee Lun Lane and Rutter Street (the latter to replace one de- molished on account of the extension of the Tung Wah Hospital premises) and a Trough Closet in Queen's Road West under the ramp leading to the Government Civil Hospital.

One of the bungalows at Tai Po, constructed for the accommoda- tion of the staff engaged on the construction of the Railway, was taken over by the Public Works Department for the accommodation of its officers.

The extension of Argyle Street referred to in last year's report and a road of a somewhat temporary description to connect it with the existing road to Kowloon City were completed as was also a short length of road to Westward of the Kowloon Cricket Club's allotment in King's Park. In Victoria, a pathway to connect Kennedy Road with Queen's Road East near Arsenal Street was completed and diversions of Caine Road past No. 2 Tank and of Wongneichong Road past Inland Lot 1698 were in progress. Outside the City, some important improvements in the Shaukiwan Road in the vicinity of Quarry Bay were undertaken, the electric tramway being taken up and relaid where necessary. In the New Territories, the section of road from Castle Peak to Ping Shan was completed and extensions to Ün Long and Au Tau were undertaken. Another section of the same road, which will ultimately connect Castle Peak with Sha Tau Kok, extending from San Tin by way of Fan Ling Railway Station to Au Ha Gap, was also undertaken and was nearing completion at the close of the year.

The reconstruction of Gullies and the training of the large nullah west of the University site from Hill Road to the Pokfulam Conduit were completed. Progress was made in substitution of iron pipes for defective earthenware ones.

14

The equipment and endowment funds were raised by public sub- scriptions, and stood at $1,239,828 (exclusive of $96,460 promised) on the 31st December.

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

Of the principal works in progress, the Kowloon Waterworks Reservoir was completed and the New Government Offices and Law Courts made fair progress.

A contract for the construction of the Mongkoktsui Breakwater and contingent works was let in October and a substantial start with the work was made before the close of the year.

The following buildings were completed:--Extension of Tai Po Land Office; Slaughter House, Shaukiwan; Prison Extension; an additional Room at Queen's College for Pupil Teachers; a Coal- shed at Tsim Sha Tsui Police Basin; a Fruit Market on the triangu- lar space behind the old Harbour Office; a latrine in Nelson Street, Kowloon, and a Urinal in Queen's Road East near Arsenal Street. The following were in progress :-Kowloon Market; Additions to No. 2 Police Station; Staff Quarters, Kennedy Town Hospital; Police Station, Tsün Wan; Re-building of Government Pavilions; Hospital at the Quarantine Station, Lai Chi Kok; Workshops and Sheds for Ambulances, &c., at the City Disinfecting Station; Latrines in Mee Lun Lane and Rutter Street (the latter to replace one de- molished on account of the extension of the Tung Wah Hospital premises) and a Trough Closet in Queen's Road West under the ramp leading to the Government Civil Hospital.

One of the bungalows at Tai Po, constructed for the accommoda- tion of the staff engaged on the construction of the Railway, was taken over by the Public Works Department for the accommodation of its officers.

The extension of Argyle Street referred to in last year's report and a road of a somewhat temporary description to connect it with the existing road to Kowloon City were completed as was also a short length of road to Westward of the Kowloon Cricket Club's allotment in King's Park. In Victoria, a pathway to connect Kennedy Road with Queen's Road East near Arsenal Street was completed and diversions of Caine Road past No. 2 Tank and of Wongneichong Road past Inland Lot 1698 were in progress. Outside the City, some important improvements in the Shaukiwan Road in the vicinity of Quarry Bay were undertaken, the electric tramway being taken up and relaid where necessary. In the New Territories, the section of road from Castle Peak to Ping Shan was completed and extensions to Ün Long and Au Tau were undertaken. Another section of the same road, which will ultimately connect Castle Peak with Sha Tau Kok, extending from San Tin by way of Fan Ling Railway Station to Au Ha Gap, was also undertaken and was nearing completion at the close of the year.

The reconstruction of Gullies and the training of the large nullah west of the University site from Hill Road to the Pokfulam Conduit were completed. Progress was made in substitution of iron pipes for defective earthenware ones.

16

The health of the staff and the workmen engaged during con- struction was good.

The Section was opened for Public Traffic on the 1st October and the takings to the end of December have been $33,980.33.

The Expenditure against the Loan Account during the year was approximately $1,965,338.50, making a total to end of 1910 of $11,884,427.76.

VI-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.) HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accommodating 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease in à ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 2,644 in- patients and 17,759 out-patients were treated during 1910. 340 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 188 in 1909 and 279 in 1908. The Maternity Hospital contains 6 beds for Europeans and 4 for Asiatics. 107 confinements occurred during the year. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds. During 1910, 344 patients were under treatment. Kennedy Town Hospital con- tains 26 beds. In 1910, 19 cases were treated, 9 being Small-pox.

(b.) LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 8 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 195 patients of all races were treated during 1910 and there were 9 deaths.

(c.) THE TUNG WAHL AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

This hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. About half the number are now treated by Western methods. The Hospital is managed by a Committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being sub- mitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervision of a visiting physician who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst a Chinese house surgeon trained in Western medicine is a member of the hospital staff.

*

17

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society. They consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904 and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1910 was 1,253 and the expenditure $12,600. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 244. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives which a removal of Chinese Plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infec- tious Diseases Hospital entailed, three District Plague Hospitals are. now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony and a fourth is being built. They are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The erection of the new "Kwong Wa" hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula is complete, all but the servants' quarters. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and as designed will ultimately provide accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain accommodation for 70 patients. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Registrar General, but when completed the hospital will form part of the Tung Wah Hospital and be under the same management. This hospital will receive a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the Hongkong College of Medicine, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Registrar General and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society.

The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance and almost all women and girls detained by the Registrar General under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1910 the number of persons admitted was 504 and at the close of the year 46 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution under mission aus- pices founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It is now housed in the Belilios Reformatory and receives a small grant from the Government and also a contribution from the Pó Leung Kuk.

18

The Hongkong College of Medicine was founded in 1887. The government of the College is vested in the Court, of which the Rector of the College, who has always been a Government official, is President. The lecturers, who are Government officials or private medical practitioners, each receive a small honorarium, the funds being derived from the fees of the students and a Government grant-in-aid of $2,500. The minimum curriculum of study is five years, and the preliminary examination has been accepted by the General Medical Council of Great Britain. 124 students have been enrolled up to date (March, 1911); and of these 43 have become qualified "licentiates". Most of the licentiates have settled in the Colony, and are exerting a most useful influence in the direction of displacing the native medical *methods and popularising Western medical and sanitary knowledge, while a considerable number of them are employed as resident sur- geons in the hospitals for Chinese, as medical officers in charge of the Public Dispensaries, and as assistant medical officers on the rail- way works. The work of the College has thus far been carried on in lecture-rooms and laboratories made available in various hospitals, etc., in different parts of the City. Steps were being taken to provide adequate buildings of its own; but action was suspended when the University Scheme was proposed. When the University is opened, the College will be merged into its Faculty of Medicine.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Govern- ment. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription..

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent ($1,280), the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths and with the services of interpreters who can assist the inmates of houses where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence including one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay.

The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary subscription, was $35,272. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Registrar General.

VIII-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 9,789 being a decrease of 30 or 03 per cent. as compared with 1909. In the

18

The Hongkong College of Medicine was founded in 1887. The government of the College is vested in the Court, of which the Rector of the College, who has always been a Government official, is President. The lecturers, who are Government officials or private medical practitioners, each receive a small honorarium, the funds being derived from the fees of the students and a Government grant-in-aid of $2,500. The minimum curriculum of study is five years, and the preliminary examination has been accepted by the General Medical Council of Great Britain. 124 students have been enrolled up to date (March, 1911); and of these 43 have become qualified "licentiates". Most of the licentiates have settled in the Colony, and are exerting a most useful influence in the direction of displacing the native medical *methods and popularising Western medical and sanitary knowledge, while a considerable number of them are employed as resident sur- geons in the hospitals for Chinese, as medical officers in charge of the Public Dispensaries, and as assistant medical officers on the rail- way works. The work of the College has thus far been carried on in lecture-rooms and laboratories made available in various hospitals, etc., in different parts of the City. Steps were being taken to provide adequate buildings of its own; but action was suspended when the University Scheme was proposed. When the University is opened, the College will be merged into its Faculty of Medicine.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Govern- ment. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription..

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent ($1,280), the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths and with the services of interpreters who can assist the inmates of houses where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence including one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay.

The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary subscription, was $35,272. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Registrar General.

VIII-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 9,789 being a decrease of 30 or 03 per cent. as compared with 1909. In the

20

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.) POPULATION.

The population of the Colony according to the Census taken in 1901 was 283,975 while at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories, New Kowloon and the Army and Navy Establishments. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 435,986 as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

14,260

Hongkong,

198,720

Chinese Popula-) Kowloon, (New and Old),

80,200

tion,

Floating Population,

48,010

Mercantile Marine, -

2.990

329,920

Army, (average strength), -

4,433

Navy, (average strength), -

2,362

6,795

New Territories, (exclusive of Kowloon),

85,011

Total, -

435,986

(b.) PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

During the year under review further progress has been made in rendering existing domestic buildings rat proof as a pre- ventive of Plague, 324 ground surfaces of houses have been repaired, and 1,675 buildings have had rat-runs filled up with cement.

The cubicle question has for many years been one of the most difficult problems in connection with the sanitary welfare of the Colony, but it would seem that, at last, it has been solved in a satisfactory manner by a judicious combination of stringent regulations with administrative discretion. The Public Health law of the Colony prohibits the erection of cubicles in ground floor rooms and limits those on upper floors to two in number, while it also limits the height of the partition walls to six feet and regulates their con- struction in certain other directions, but a discretionary power is granted by the Ordinance which has now been vested in the Medical Officer of Health and the Assistant Medical Officer of Health and they have thus been enabled to permit the erection of a larger number of cubicles on any floor, wherever the lighting and ventilation of the premises has been found to warrant such a concession.

New buildings (domestic) to the number of 93 were erected during the year and in these the effect of the present Ordinance is seen in the increased amount of open space about the houses, which the law requires. Scavenging lanes which have to be provided in the rear of new houses also increase the open space about them and tend to reduce overcrowding.

The general death-rate for the year was 22.50 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 10:04 per 1,000 among the non-Chinese community as compared with 2168 and 12:45 respectively during 1909.

21

During the year there were only 23 deaths from Plague com- pared with 108 in 1909 and 986 in 1908.

There were 2,603 deaths from Respiratory Diseases amongst the Chinese, 765 of which were due to Phthisis, a percentage of 103 of the total deaths amongst that community.

Beri-beri caused 566 deaths—as against 545 in 1909.

The deaths from Malaria were 591 as against 422 in 1909, and 499 in 1908. The temporary increase is regarded as being partly due to large building works on the confines of the City, where there are untrained mountain streams which contain Anopheles mosquitoes. and partly to the intermittent nature of the rainfall during the year. The streams are being trained pari passu with the completion of the building works.

(c.) CLIMATE.

The average monthly temperature throughout the year was 720° F. as compared with 72·7° F. in 1909 and 72.0° F. during the ten preceding years. The maximum mean monthly temperature was attained in July, when it reached 870° F., and the mean minimum monthly temperature was recorded in December, when it was 54.9° F. The highest recorded temperature during the year was 913° F. on the 29th August, and the lowest 44′2° F. on the 25th January.*

The total rainfall for the year was 7012 inches as compared with an average of 8110 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was June with 18 19 inches, the dryest, October, when 0.04 inch was recorded. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 8'11 inches on the 1st July, while no rain fell on 254 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 77 per cent., as compared with an average of 77 per cent. during the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 60 hours being 53 per cent. of the possible duration.

These figures are those recorded at the Observatory, Kowloon, and there is a very considerable divergence between that place and Hongkong (low levels), the Peak District, or Tai Po (New Territories), both in rainfall, temperature and humidity.

X-POSTAL SERVICE.

The total amount paid into the Treasury in 1910 by the Postal Department was $756,295.02 from which sum $237,228.48 was transferred to other heads of General Revenue under which fees and duties are paid in postage stamps, which are now sold exclu- sively by the Post Office, leaving the sum of $519,066.54 as the approximate revenue from the Postal Service. The total expen- diture amounted to $470,984.35. The result of the year's working shows a profit $48,082.19.

* These are the temperatures recorded by the Observatory at sea-level. The temperature in the high levels at the Peak averages some 19o less,

.

22

The Colony commenced to forward Parcels viâ Shanghai, Dalny and the Trans-Siberian railway on 1st September. The following Agreements were entered into and came into operation during the year, viz. :-

Direct Exchange of Money Orders with Indo-China on 1st October; Direct Exchange of Parcels with New Zealand on 1st August; Parcel Post Agreements with the Straits Settlements on 1st August, and with the Philippine Islands (revised) on 7th October.

As from the last day of 1910 the Hongkong Government was relieved by the Imperial Authorities of the charge of the Postal

· Agencies in China.

XI. MILITARY EXPENDITURE.

(a.) COLONIAL CONTRIBUTION.

The Colony contributed $1,372,486 (being the statutory contri- bution of 20% of the Revenue) towards the cost of the maintenance of the Regular Forces in the Colony including Barrack Services and Defence Works.

(b.) VOLUNTEER CORPS.

The expenditure on the Volunteers, which is entirely borne by the Colony, was $34,744 compared with $38,393 in 1909.

XII. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The Assessment made for the year 1910-1911 (1st July to 30th June shews an increase in the Ratable Value of the whole Colony of 3.17 per cent. In the City of Victoria, the Hill District, Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, Quarry Bay, Hunghom, Hokun, Mongkoktsui, New Kowloon and Kowloon Villages there is an increase ranging from 0.17 per cent. to 112 18 per cent., but in the Hongkong Villages; Kowloon Point and Yaumati a decrease ranging from 043 per cent. to 688 per cent. is shewn. In the Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay Districts there is an increase of $181,911 or 112:18 per

cent.

The average rate of exchange (demand on London) which had been 1/9-0601 to the dollar for 1909 rose to 1/9-6021 for 1910.

The position with regard to subsidiary coins remained unsatis- factory, and during 1910 the Government withdrew from circulation silver subsidiary coin amounting to the face value of $314,300 and copper to the face value of $114,800. These coins were shipped to England where they were melted down and sold as bullion for £23,787 5s. 6d. and £4,205 9s. Od. respectively. The loss to revenue by this transaction amounted to $119,294.37. The discount during the year on Hongkong subsidiary coin varied between 4% and 7%, and on Chinese subsidiary coin 41% and 8%. Hongkong copper cents were from 105 to 120 per $1, and Chinese copper cents from 112 to 123 per $1. Negotiations continued without suc- cess between this Government and the Chinese Authorities with a view to decreasing the excess of Chinese subsidiary coin.

.

22

The Colony commenced to forward Parcels viâ Shanghai, Dalny and the Trans-Siberian railway on 1st September. The following Agreements were entered into and came into operation during the year, viz. :-

Direct Exchange of Money Orders with Indo-China on 1st October; Direct Exchange of Parcels with New Zealand on 1st August; Parcel Post Agreements with the Straits Settlements on 1st August, and with the Philippine Islands (revised) on 7th October.

As from the last day of 1910 the Hongkong Government was relieved by the Imperial Authorities of the charge of the Postal

· Agencies in China.

XI. MILITARY EXPENDITURE.

(a.) COLONIAL CONTRIBUTION.

The Colony contributed $1,372,486 (being the statutory contri- bution of 20% of the Revenue) towards the cost of the maintenance of the Regular Forces in the Colony including Barrack Services and Defence Works.

(b.) VOLUNTEER CORPS.

The expenditure on the Volunteers, which is entirely borne by the Colony, was $34,744 compared with $38,393 in 1909.

XII. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The Assessment made for the year 1910-1911 (1st July to 30th June shews an increase in the Ratable Value of the whole Colony of 3.17 per cent. In the City of Victoria, the Hill District, Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, Quarry Bay, Hunghom, Hokun, Mongkoktsui, New Kowloon and Kowloon Villages there is an increase ranging from 0.17 per cent. to 112 18 per cent., but in the Hongkong Villages; Kowloon Point and Yaumati a decrease ranging from 043 per cent. to 688 per cent. is shewn. In the Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay Districts there is an increase of $181,911 or 112:18 per

cent.

The average rate of exchange (demand on London) which had been 1/9-0601 to the dollar for 1909 rose to 1/9-6021 for 1910.

The position with regard to subsidiary coins remained unsatis- factory, and during 1910 the Government withdrew from circulation silver subsidiary coin amounting to the face value of $314,300 and copper to the face value of $114,800. These coins were shipped to England where they were melted down and sold as bullion for £23,787 5s. 6d. and £4,205 9s. Od. respectively. The loss to revenue by this transaction amounted to $119,294.37. The discount during the year on Hongkong subsidiary coin varied between 4% and 7%, and on Chinese subsidiary coin 41% and 8%. Hongkong copper cents were from 105 to 120 per $1, and Chinese copper cents from 112 to 123 per $1. Negotiations continued without suc- cess between this Government and the Chinese Authorities with a view to decreasing the excess of Chinese subsidiary coin.

.

22

The Colony commenced to forward Parcels viâ Shanghai, Dalny and the Trans-Siberian railway on 1st September. The following Agreements were entered into and came into operation during the year, viz. :-

Direct Exchange of Money Orders with Indo-China on 1st October; Direct Exchange of Parcels with New Zealand on 1st August; Parcel Post Agreements with the Straits Settlements on 1st August, and with the Philippine Islands (revised) on 7th October.

As from the last day of 1910 the Hongkong Government was relieved by the Imperial Authorities of the charge of the Postal

· Agencies in China.

XI. MILITARY EXPENDITURE.

(a.) COLONIAL CONTRIBUTION.

The Colony contributed $1,372,486 (being the statutory contri- bution of 20% of the Revenue) towards the cost of the maintenance of the Regular Forces in the Colony including Barrack Services and Defence Works.

(b.) VOLUNTEER CORPS.

The expenditure on the Volunteers, which is entirely borne by the Colony, was $34,744 compared with $38,393 in 1909.

XII. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The Assessment made for the year 1910-1911 (1st July to 30th June shews an increase in the Ratable Value of the whole Colony of 3.17 per cent. In the City of Victoria, the Hill District, Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, Quarry Bay, Hunghom, Hokun, Mongkoktsui, New Kowloon and Kowloon Villages there is an increase ranging from 0.17 per cent. to 112 18 per cent., but in the Hongkong Villages; Kowloon Point and Yaumati a decrease ranging from 043 per cent. to 688 per cent. is shewn. In the Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay Districts there is an increase of $181,911 or 112:18 per

cent.

The average rate of exchange (demand on London) which had been 1/9-0601 to the dollar for 1909 rose to 1/9-6021 for 1910.

The position with regard to subsidiary coins remained unsatis- factory, and during 1910 the Government withdrew from circulation silver subsidiary coin amounting to the face value of $314,300 and copper to the face value of $114,800. These coins were shipped to England where they were melted down and sold as bullion for £23,787 5s. 6d. and £4,205 9s. Od. respectively. The loss to revenue by this transaction amounted to $119,294.37. The discount during the year on Hongkong subsidiary coin varied between 4% and 7%, and on Chinese subsidiary coin 41% and 8%. Hongkong copper cents were from 105 to 120 per $1, and Chinese copper cents from 112 to 123 per $1. Negotiations continued without suc- cess between this Government and the Chinese Authorities with a view to decreasing the excess of Chinese subsidiary coin.

محمد

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE Y

Comparative Statement of the Revenue and Expenditure for the

Revenue for

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates, 1910.

Actual Revenue to

same

31st Dec., 1910.

period of preceding

Increase.

Decrease.

Year.

$

Light Dues ...

80,000.00 86,157.20

$ 82,473-37

$

3,683.83

Governor

Colonial Secret:

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

4,660,858.00 4,520,427.99 4,281,133.11

239,294.88

Registrar Gener

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office

557,675.00 604,901.38 538,905.32 65,996.06

472,000.00 519.066.54 444,046.58 75,019.96

Audit Departme

Treasury..

Harbour Master

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

S04,220.00 832,382.20 820,563.63 11,818.57

Interest

3.999.81 51,744.50

Miscellaneous Receipts

TOTAL,...

:

:

Observatory

...

47,744.69

Miscellaneous St

54,544.00

61,248.07

67,966.34

6,718.27

Judicial and Leg

Police and Priso

Medical Departn

6,629,297.00 6,628,183.19 |6,286,832.85 395,813.30

54,462.96

Sanitary Depart

Widows' and Orphans' Pension Fund and Contributions... 42,500.00 42,451.99 414,199.99

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Fees of Court, &c.

90,000.00 95,810.83 90,337.67

5,473.16

Half estimated loss on working of Postal Agencies in China

27,000.00

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

Balance of Nursing Sisters' Quarters Fund...

TOTAL,

:

99,310.34

20,000.00

25,612 74

Botanical and F‹

371,748.00

Education

Military Expend

99,310-34

Public Works D

Do.

R

Do.

Ex

25,612.74

Post Office

100,000.00

62,685.99

31,596.42

31,089.57

Kowloon-Canton

Charge on accou

6,814.20

6,814.20

Pensions ...

Charitable Servic

Kowloon Canton

6,908,797.00 | 6,960,869.28 | 6,822,966.93

564,113-31

426,210.96

Appendix A.

NCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1910.

evenue and Expenditure for the period ended 31st December, 1910.

Increase.

Decrease.

EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1909.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1910.

Expenditure for same

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

3,683.83

Governor

84,878.00

83,434.15

85,763.74

3,329.59

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature

68,542.00 64,841.55

68,194.94

3.353-39

239,294.88

Registrar General's Department...

45,985.00

42,636.46 44,487.59

1,851.13

65,996.06

Audit Department...

75,019.96

Treasury ...

Harbour Master's Department

:

:

:

28,305.00 29,426.18 22,888.52

6,537.66

59,597.00

59,767.91 62,225.79

2,457.88

229.931.00

224,419.51 188,843.85 35,575.66

11,818.57

Observatory

22,029.00 21,787.55 22,388.63

601.08

47,744.69

Miscellaneous Services...

144,307.00 269,687.32 242,391.55

27,295-77

:

6,718.27

Judicial and Legal Departments...

233,677.00 233,678.53 210,950.95 22,727.58

Police and Prison Departments

739,157.00 721,698.01 734,529.16

12,831.15

Medical Departments

236,546.00 217,604.53 218,642.52

1,037.99

395,813.30

54,462.96

Sanitary Department

358,018.00 338,445.28 352,962.57

14,517.29

Botanical and Forestry Department

50,495.00 41,707.95 42,508.19

800.24

371,748.00

Education

237,459.00 225,605.56 219,358.51 6,247.05

5,473.16

Military Expenditure

1,367,994.00 1,407,231.03 1,265,336.56 141,894.47

99,310.34

Public Works Department

333,582.00

309,784-71 292,018.35 17,766.36

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

25,612.74

Post Office

31,089.57

6,814.20

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Debt

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions ...

:

:

427,500.00 429,835.24 409,902.85 19,932.39

940,820.00 1,204,S23.53 1,229,452.75

444,313.00 470,984.35 510,729.99

100,000.00

73:574-33

73,574-33

176,206.00 172,036.18 64,889.94 107,146.24

24,629.22

39,745.64

227,940.00 247,165.87 237,935-39

10,130.48

Charitable Services

:

19,456.00 16,937.67 16,336.98

600.69

.....

TOTAL,

6,951,542.00 6,907,113.40 6,542,839.32

469,428.68

105,154.50

Kowloon Canton Railway Dis'

Ents

232,268.31

232,268.31

564,113.31

426,210.96

7,139,381.71 || 6,542,839.32

701,696.99

105,154.60

:

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1911-1912.

1. His Excellency the Governor-in-Council, under Section 8 of the Rating Ordinance No. 6 of 1901, ordered the existing valuation for 1910-1911 to be adopted as the valuation for 1911-1912. During the past year no general assessment has been made, the difference in Ratable Value being the result of Interim Assessments.

2. The City of Victoria.-The Ratable Value has increased from $8,961,905 to $9,006,555, an addition of $44,650 or 0:49 per

cent.

3. The Hill District.-The Ratable Value has increased from $275,160 to $279,240, an addition of $4,080 or 1.48 per cent.

4. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.-The Ratable Value has increased from $344,065 to $348,805, an addition of . $4,740 or 137 per cent.

5. Hongkong Villages.-The Ratable Value has increased from $117,014 to $117,379, an addition of $365 or 0:31 per cent.

6. Kowloon Point.-The Ratable Value has increased from $485,975 to $497,985, an addition of $12,010 or 2:47 per cent.

7. Yaumati.-The Ratable Value has increased from $255,530 to $256,290, an addition of $760 or 029 per cent.

8. Hunghom and Hokun.-There has been no change.

9. Mongkoktsui.-The Ratable Value has increased from $131,235 to $133,955, an addition of $2,720 or 2.07 per cent.

10. New Kowloon.-The Ratable Value has increased from $109,603 to $121,219, an addition of 11,616 or 10:59 per cent.

11. Kowloon Villages.—The Ratable Value has decreased from $99,858 to $98,128, a decrease of $1,730 or 176 per cent.

12. The Whole Colony.-The Ratable Value has increased from $11,082,179 to $11,161,390 an addition of $79,211 or 071 per cent.

13. Interim Valuations.-Between the 1st July, 1910, and the 1st April, 1911, 201 Interim Valuations were made as follows:—

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

No. Entable Value.

No.

Ratable Value.

$

3

New and or Rebuilt Tenements,.

57

61,325 53

51,636

Tenements structurally altered,

Replacing Assessments of,

20

144,475 134,070

28

48,089 42.588

10,405

6,403

74,730

58,039

Assessments cancelled, tenements

pulled down, or being in other

18

30,080 25

23.478

respects not ratable,

No. and Increase....

95

$44.650 106

$34,561

B 2

14. Vacant Tenements.-The number of reported vacant tene- ments in the City of Victoria inspected under Section 35 of the Rating Ordinance averaged about 105 monthly as compared with 135 last year.

15. The following Table gives a comparison of the Valuation for 1910-1911 and 1911-1912 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1910-11. 1911-12.

Percent-

Increase.

age.

$3

%

The City of Victoria,..... 8,961,905 9,006,555, 44,650 0:49

Hill District and Hong-

kong Villages,

Kowloon Point and Kow-

loon Villages,

736,239

745,424 9,185

1.24

1,384,035 1,409,411

25,376

1.83

Total,..... 11,082,179 11,161,390 79,211 0.71

16. Comparative Statement shewing the Ratable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each year from 1900-1901 to 1911-1912 inclusive -

Decrease

Year.

Ratable Value.

Increase

as com-

as com-

pared with previous

year.

pared with previous

year.

Percentage of Increase or Decrease in Ratable Value as compared with the

previous year.

%

1900-01, 5,856,891 869,557 1901-02, 6,889,752 1,033,361

1902-03,

8,166,613 1,276,861

1903-04, 8,788,063 621,450 1904-05, 9,929,171 1,141,108

1905-06, 10,511,163 581,992 1906-07, 10,969,203 458,040 1907-08, 10,716,173 1908-09, 10,816,753 100,580 1909-10, 10,750,902 1910-11, 11,082,179 331,277 1911-12, 11,161,390

79,211

17:43 Increase. “

17.64 18.53

""

7.60

>>

12.98

5.86

??

4:35

...

""

253,030

2.30

Decrease.

0.93 Increase.

65,851 060 Decrease.

3:08 Increase.

0.71

"

17. Staff. Mr. Tai Tin Shang and Mr. Ip Tin Shang have discharged their duties to my satisfaction.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE, 20th April, 1911.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR GENERAL.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I and II.)

The revenue from all sources during the year was $15,492, a little less than one-tenth of the revenue for 1908. The last of the work which produced any substantial amount of revenue, that was left to this department (the issue of hawkers' licences), was trans- ferred to the Police on the 1st April.

The expenditure was $42,462 compared with $43,793 in 1909 and fell short of the estimate by $3,857.

cent.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance, No. 6 of 1893.

The number of individuals detained under warrant was 302 as compared with 280 in 1909. They were all sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk, and the action taken in respect of them is shewn in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found to be unnecessary and who were released after enquiry was 83 or 28 per The cases of 18 women were still under consideration at the end of the year. Nine girls were sent to the Eyre Diocesan Refuge, and one to the Italian Convent. At the close of the year the number still detained under warrant in those institutions was 14 and 2 re- spectively. Several ran away from both the Refuge and the Convent, but so did some from the Po Leung Kuk, where the precautions taken are almost excessive. The number of inmates of the Eyre Diocesan Refuge at the close of the year was 54.

In addition to those who were sent to the Po Leung Kuk under warrant, a number of others were sent with their own consent. Of these 9 were runaway maidservants.

Seventeen were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves regularly to the Registrar General-a precaution taken to prevent their being forced into prostitution. Two were exempted from reporting, one was married, and one sent back to the Po Loung Kuk; the total on the list at the end of the year was 47.

The number of persons reported to the Po Leung Kuk as miss- ing in Hongkong during the year, was 221, of whom only 48 were found. The corresponding figures for 1909 were 238 and 37. The number of boys reported missing was 90 as against 97 in 1909.

C 2

The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 395. Of these, 75 were reported to have been found. The corresponding figures for 1909 were 390 and 50. (For 1908, 181 and 48.)

The timidity and docility of Chinese girls make them an easy prey to procuresses. In one case a respectable little girl of 15 was taken (it is needless to give the details of the conspiracy) to Sandakan, · and thence to Singapore, and put into a brothel. She was recognised on the voyage from Sandakan to Singapore, and word sent home to her father in Macao. A report of the case was sent by me to the Chinese Protectorate at Singapore, but the girl when questioned ad- hered to some frabricated story taught her by the procuress, and denied all knowledge of her father; he then went to Singapore him- self, and on his appearance, the girl admitted everything, and re- turned with him to China. I saw her on her return and was satisfied of the bonâ fides of the case.

The Po Leung Kuk has temporarily received into its home several women sent back to China by the local Benevolent Societies in Siam and in French Indo-China. In Siam particularly, the Society appears to be very active. The Italian Convent has kindly received 3 of the women, who were of weak intellect.

All the Convents have been visited by mne according to instruc- tions.

The Annual Report of the Po Leung Kuk Society will be found in Annexe A to the report.

EMIGRATION.

Emigration Ordinance No. 1 of 1889. (i.)-Emigration of Women and Children. (Table IV.)

The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 16,806 as compared with 11,686 in 1909. There is an increase of 4,971 in passengers going to the Straits Settlements; a decrease of 27 in those going to the American Con- tinent, and an increase of 156 in those going to the Dutch Indies.

The rate at which the passengers were examined was about 81

per hour.

One hundred and three (103) or '61 per cent. of the passengers were detained for enquiries, as against 112 or '96 per cent. in 1909. Of these, 5 cases were still under consideration at the end of the year. Of the remaining 98, 26 (27 per cent.) were ultimately allowed to leave without any order being made.

A record is kept of the occupations of female emigrants. Out of 10,875 over 16 years of age, 6,562 were going with their husband or other relative, or to join relatives; 3,127 gave their occupations as servants, 535 as seamstresses and 552 as prostitutes.

A

A record has also been kept since February of the - to which boys who were given out to be apprentices, were destined. The principal headings were:--

Chandlers, -

Carpenters,

Farmers,

Hawkers,

Tailors, - Silversmiths,

Goldsmiths,

">

- 1,113

378

192

65

127

108

64

In all, 2,387 boys were entered as apprentices, but the list of headings shews that they cannot have been all apprentices in the usual meaning of the word. Chandlers is a term which in emigration returns had almost better be entered as "unspecified". 969 boys went as students. The return has been discontinued for the time, as the information obtained does not appear to justify the trouble of compiling it every year.

(ii)-Male Emigration.

(Table V.)

The number of assisted emigrants examined was 24,986 as against 18,511 in 1909. These numbers include the labourers going to British North Borneo, who are technically not assisted emigrants though treated as such. The number of those examined who declare their unwillingness to go, is now insignificant. In 1908 it was 81 per cent; in 1910, 07. This year, the native language of the emigrants is shewn, not their place of origin.

Seventy-seven (77) assisted emigrants were returned from Sing- apore and elsewhere as medically unfit.

The

The demand for labour in the Malay Peninsula resulted in the formation of several labour agencies, but labour still continues to be recruited in the same way, and through the same Chinese agents, and emigration does not appear to have been stimulated much. number of assisted emigrants passed in 1909 was 16,803; in 1910, 23,554, the number going to the Straits Settlements and Malay Peninsula being 18,177 in 1910 against 10,714 in 1909,* to the Dutch Indies 3,577 against 5,923, and to Borneo 1,800 against 112. Em-TM igration to Borneo has some unsatisfactory features, and enquiries are now being made in the hope that means may be found to remove them. An attempt to defraud some labourers of the advance they were entitled to under their contract, resulted in two boarding houses being closed and two well-known recruting agents being refused permission to continue their business. The practice of giving the coolies an advance leads to constant trouble and I to try and put an end to it.

propose

* There was an error in the figures given in the Report for 1909. These are

the corrected figures.

"

C 4

The registration and photographing of assisted emigrants have been proved a practical success in one respect. When a charge of kidnapping was laid against a recruiter in China, no difficulty was found in tracing the four men alleged to have been kidnapped, and having them questioned by Government officers. With more exper- ience it is probable that fewer cases of fraud escape the examining staff, and it must be therefore the knowledge of the precautions taken in Hongkong that encourages the making of so many enquiries for missing relatives. In 1909, 15 applications were made for assist- ance in getting back relatives who had emigrated; in 1910, 52 applications were made. Of the emigrants, 49 had gone to Singapore, 2 to British North Borneo and 1 to Muntok. Forty-six returned, 2 had died, 2 refused to return, and the remaining 2 are expected shortly. In many other cases, relatives were satisfied with identify- ing the coolie's photograph and learning where he had gone to; sometimes we forwarded letters for them. The cost of obtaining cancellation of the contract and repatriation of the coolie has been very much reduced, thanks to the co-operation of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs at Singapore and of employers of labour. In no case did any of those repatriated complain of fraud; they were mostly shop-boys or apprentices; in one case it was a son who went to the expense of obtaining the return of his father.

There were 2 cases of assisted emigrants jumping over board whilst the steamer was leaving the harbour. In the first case the man slipped away whilst he was about to be brought to this Office. The second man, at the instance of a crimp, had gone to a boarding house with the intention of receiving an advance and then jumping overboard; he got seven dollars, gave the crimp four and jumped over- board as the steamer was off Green Island: he had made no arrange- ment to be picked up. Mr. Lau Chü-pak and I questioned him and we were agreed that he was a fool who wanted to be a kuave.

In November two men injured themselves. one fatally, in absconding from an emigration boarding-house. The crimp who took them there was charged with inducing them to emigrate by fraud and with detaining them against their will, but the charge was dismissed.

One of the British North Borneo coolies was arrested for leaving the ship after he had received the advance which all coolies receive on embarkation. but it was found that no charge could be brought against him.

Representations were made to the Government of Burmah re- garding the recruitment of Chinese labourers by the Rangoon Mining Company. Several batches of men went as free passengers, though it is most probable that they were assisted emigrants.

To the three classes of emigrants now recognised-free pas- sengers, contract emigrants and assisted emigrants, a fourth must be added, which is really a sub-division of the first class-"Kangany" emigrants. Under this system of emigration the coolie is recruited by some returned coolie-a native of his village or neighbourhood,

L

,

Ċ 5

receives assistance for his journey, but enters into no contract on his arrival; the arrangement by which he gradually pays back any loan being a friendly one. There is no doubt that this system is in force to a limited extent in emigration from China, and it will be fostered in every way, but precautions have to be taken to prevent recruiters who are working according to the ordinary assisted emigration system from trying to get their assisted emigrants through Hongkong under the guise of "Kangany" emigrants. A number of coolies posing as free passengers, have been refused permission to embark, and the action of this Office has been much criticized in consequence, but every endeavour is made not to discourage emigration in attempting to protect the emigrant.)

To encourage the "Kangany" system of recruiting labour, the Chinese Protectorates in Singapore and the Federated Malay States will issue certificates (with photographs attached) to approved re- cruiters, so as to prevent any misconception in Hongkong regarding their status or that of the men they take with them.

The position of the ordinary recruiter in China is not at all secure there has been more than one instance of recruiters being arrested by the Chinese Police.

The three ports that compete in any way with Hongkong as ports for emigrants are Swatow, Pakhoi and Hoihow. There are no signs of emigration which should naturally find an outlet in Hong- kong, being diverted to these ports. The number of "unpaid passengers" (e.g., "Assisted Emigrants") who arrived in Singapore during the first eleven months of 1910 were:

From Hongkong, From Swatow,.

From Hoihow.

Total,

14,756

1,996

5.246

21,998

The total number of contracts signed by "unpaid passengers to labour in each particular locality in the whole year were :-

Straits Settlements, Federated Malay States,

British North Borneo,

Sarawak,

Assam,

Malay Peninsula,

Dutch Possessions,

2,663

3,680

2,358

25

114

6,447

5,240

20,527

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs at Singapore has promised to supply me in future with a similar return relating to Hongkong assisted emigrants only.

The licences of three boarding-houses which made a practice of recruiting lads employed in indoor work, shop boys, apprentices,

- C 6

etc., were cancelled. It is this class of house which gives emigration a bad name. Its agents hang about public places in Canton and other big towns, and are unscrupulous in the means they use to induce men to emigrate. Two other boarding-houses were warned.

Two further licences were cancelled at the end of the year, on account of an attempt on the part of the boarding house agents to defraud emigrants to Borneo out of a portion of their advance.

Forty-five (45) hotel licences (4 new) and 61 licences for board- ing house for Assisted Emigrants (32 new) were issued. The former had accommodation for 3,869 boarders, and the latter had 2,511. 19 duplicate licences were issued for removal of premises or transfer of names. The number of houses holding licences at the end of the year was, hotels 43, boarding houses 60, and 3 more applications for boarding house licences for Assisted Emigrants were then under consideration.

In case of necessity, emigrants can be examined on Government holidays on payment of a fee.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-Registration of Householders.

Two thousand and eighty-five (2,085) householders were register- ed; 61 of these were first registration.. 7,034 changes in respect of tenants were registered. The law was more vigorously enforced during the year and 15 persons were charged with failure to notify changes of tenancy. (Table XXII.)

This Office is asked to enquire into the validity of Chinese who offer themselves as sureties to other Government Departments, if they are in business in Victoria or Old Kowloon. The number of sureties reported on during the year was 1,163.

(ii)-District Watchmen.

(Table VI.)

The District Watchmen Committee met ten times; the average attendance being between eight and nine members. Mr. Ng Hon- tsz was appointed to take the place of the late Mr. Choa Leep Chee, Mr. Tong Lai-chün was re-appointed on the expiry of his term of office. Mr. Chan Chun-tsün resigned, and the vacancy has not yet been filled.

The balance to the credit of the Fund at the close of the year was $9,188 as against $10,910 on the 31st December; 1909. The Committee are therefore spending about $1,700 more than their in- come, but it is always possible to stop recruiting.

A

C 7

The increase in expenditure is in part accounted for by an in- crease in the number of the force, in part by the grant of special allowances to Chief Watchmen and detectives on the scale in force in the Police, and by the grant of retiring allowances and pensions.

The strength of the force is now 122 men against 108 in 1909. It was found necessary to extend the patrols further as the Chinese population of Victoria spread up to the higher levels of the town, and to give better protection in certain parts of the town.

There were 50 enlistments during the year, 15 dismissals or desertions, 3 deaths and 18 resignations. One vacancy remains unfilled. One District Watchman was fined by the Police Magistrate for riding on a tram- car without a ticket, and one was sentenced to six months hard labour for receiving bribes. It is not easy to find or retain suitable There were still three special watchmen engaged to prevent the dumping of dead bodies.

men.

The number of convictions secured by members of the District Watchmen Force was 214 as compared with 193 in 1909.

(iii.)-Permits.

Three hundred and forty-three (343) permits to fire crackers were issued, 246 of these were on the occasion of marriage. 30 permits were issued to hold processions, 39 permits to hold theatricals in temporary buildings, and 32 to hold religious ceremonies.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinances No. 7 of 1875, No. 15 of 1902 and No. 6 of 1903.

The number of marriages solemnized during the year was 163 as compared with 205 in 1909. The number contracted at the Registrar General's Office was 50. In 1909 it was 65.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

Thirteen (13) certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States; 3 certificates to enter the Philippine Islands, and one special certificate to enter Manila for the Carnival Association. For the last mentioned certificate, a fee of only five dollars was charged. One certificate of identity to enter Canada was issued: no fee is charged for this.

All these certificates are limited to Chinese British subjects, resident in Hongkong.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

Fifty-three (53) books were registered during the year as com-

pared with 38 in 1909.

COPYRIGHT IN WORKS OF THE FINE ARTS.

Ordinance No. 17 of 1901.

Only one work was registered during the year—a photograph of a picture of Confucius.

MALICIOUS DAMAGES AMENDMENT ORDINANCE No. 10 of 1910.

1 held joint enquiries with the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department at four villages, and at the request of the Superintendent a warning has been issued to two more villages.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XIV.)

The new directors took office on the 20th December. Their

names are:-

Chan Kai-ming, Chairman,

Mui Kái-nám,

Tang Chung-chák,

Chau Chi-hing,

Lau Lim-yeung,

Wong Ping-sün,

Kwok Hi-wun, Tsui Lai-chan,

Li Yik-mui, Lai Tsau-tám, Li Wai-tong, Lui Yik-ping, Hui Chik-wa, Cheung Tsap-sám,

Leung Shu-tsün.

The first three directors on the list are in charge of the finances of the hospital.

The re-erection of the kitchen-block has been completed at a total cost of $5,868.

The necessary repairs and alterations to the Tung Wa Infectious Diseases Hospital have cost $8,761.

The site for a small-pox hospital at Yaumati has been definitely selected. Plans have been approved, and work is already in hand. The contract price is $9,250, and the building will provide accom- modation for 16 patients.

The directors took up a work I have regarded for some time as much needed, the provision of appropriate accommodation for the destitutes placed in charge of the hospital. The Government gave a site adjacent to the hospital premises, and a building to accom- modate 100 persons is in course of erection. To meet this extra- ordinary expenditure, the directors invited subscriptions and obtain- ed $35,800. This will be in excess of requirements and most of the balance will go towards the cost of re-erecting the Ko Fong-two rows of very old one-storeyed buildings which are now to be replaced by wards for 40 patients with the necessary offices. The contract price for these two buildings is $28,800. ·

C. 9

Special attention was paid to effecting economies in the Chinese and European dispensaries, but a deficit could not be avoided, and was met by the organization of a theatrical entertainment in Novem- ber at the Taiping theatre, which lasted for twelve days and nights, and realised $15,506.

Of the 2,084 destitutes sent home by the hospital, 1,650 were men who had presented themselves as assisted emigrants, and were sent home at the cost of the boarding houses.

The sum appropriated by Government for the supply of European medicines and surgical appliances to the Tung Wa Hospital has for some years proved insufficient, and has now been raised to $2,500, which it is believed should prove ample. At the same time and with the consent of the directors, the general promise made in 1896 to supply these articles without charge up to any amount, has been withdrawn.

Nine hundred and two (902) vaccinations were performed at the hospital (987 in 1907 and 1,410 in 1908), the hospital vaccinators also visited the villages in the Colony where they vaccinated 314 persons, and the New Territories where 365 persons were vaccinated-201 at Autau, 132 at Sheung Shui, 27 at Taipo and 5 at Ping Shan.

The number of admissions has risen again and is 4,255 as against 3,723 in 1909. The proportion of those receiving European treatment remains practically the same. The number of out-patients was 111,749. The percentage receiving European treatment has risen from 4:5 to 79. The number of destitutes sent home was 2,084, of these 1,918 were sent to the hospital by the Registrar General.

The accounts of the hospital, which are attached to the report, are as provided by Ordinance for the Chinese Kang Sut year. This year consisted of 354 days as against the 384 days of the preceding Ki Yau year.

An accurate comparison between the expenditure for the two years is not therefore possible. The total expenditure which included no extraordinary items was $92,954, compared with $100,408 ordinary expenditure in 1909. A considerable saving was made under the heading Chinese Drugs and less had to be spent on repairs. The expenditure on the Quarters for Destitutes and on rebuilding the Ko Fong appears under a separate account and is being defrayed out of a special subscription. The ordinary receipts for the year amounted only to $75,347. The deficit was filled from the proceeds of the theatrical performance and by appropriating $3,153 from the fund raised for building the quarters for destitutes.

The Kwong Wa Hospital at Yaumati is practically completed. The servants' quarters still remain to be built; delay has been caused by the length of time taken to cut back a hill which occupied that portion of the site. A committee has been appointed to raise subscriptions to defray the cost of furnishing, and has made con- siderable progress with its task. The expenditure on the buildings during the year was $62,291. The accounts have been audited by Mr. Li Yau-chün and Mr. Tang Chi-ngong.

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CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND DISTRICT PLAGUE HOSPITALS. (Tables XV to XVII.)

The dispensaries continue to be conducted on the established lines. The three dispensaries in Victoria and the Harbour Dis- pensary are managed by a Committee consisting of the Registrar General as Chairman, the Hon. Dr. Ho Kai, C.M.G., Vice-Chairman, and seventeen other members, and the same Committee has opened a dispensary at Shaukiwan. The constitution and general objects of the Association have to receive the concurrence and sanction of the Government, and are described in a minute dated the 20th October, 1909, in 9262/07 C.S.O. The three dispensaries at Yaumati, Hunghom and Kowloon City, are managed by separate Committees elected by the inhabitants, and in his work of guiding and controlling them the Registrar General is assisted by the two Chinese Members of Council and the two Members of the Sanitary Board. To enable the Registrar General to keep in close touch with the Chinese in matters relating to sanitation, Street Committees have been appointed by the Government, and are consulted on matters of importance and encouraged to ask advice. Attached to each dispensary in Victoria are a licentiate of the Hongkong College of Medicine, a clerk with a knowledge of English and coolies with ambulances and dead-vans to remove patients and dead bodies. Two lecturers are maintained whose duty it is to preach against "dumping" of bodies in the streets, to point out the benefits to be derived from the dispensaries, and to explain the object of the sanitary laws; hand- bills are issued in profusion whenever occasion demands, and photographs are taken of bodies found in the streets and are posted up in the neighbourhood, and enquiries are made in each case from the Street Committee. There is a District Plague Hospital attached to the West Point Dispensary in Victoria, another in Kowloon City and a third at Hunghom. A fourth hospital is built at Wanchai. The number of rats caught during the year in Victoria was 56,921, and in the Kowloon Peninsula where rat-catchers have been engaged by the dispensaries and paid by the Sanitary Department the number was 21,257.

Shaukiwan is much frequented by fishing boats and has a large stationary water-population. The subscriptions from the boat-popu- lation there were found to be large enough to justify the medical licentiate in charge of the Harbour Dispensary boat in Causeway Bay being directed to visit Shaukiwan as well. A local committee was formed, and a dispensary opened on the 26th July. The dispensary proved immediately useful, as the statistics given in Table XV shew, and the committee take a keen interest in the work. The licentiate now visits Shaukiwan in the mornings, and Causeway Bay in the afternoons. A qualified dispenser is on duty all day at Causeway Bay.

Anyone interested in the spread of a belief in European medicine among the Chinese will be pleased to learn that the percentage of of return cases to new cases treated at the Victoria Dispensaries has risen from 30 in 1908 to 37 in 1909 and finally to 57 in 1910. In Kowloon City the percentage remains about the same, at Yaumati it has dropped, but there is a very satisfactory increase at Hunghom from 8 in 1908 to 15 in 1910,

C 11

The total number of cases, new and return, treated at the dis- pensaries has risen from 40,175 in 1909 to 55,614 in 1910. The establishment of these dispensaries was first suggested by Sir James Lockhart in 1892 when he was Registrar General, in a memorandum which was attached to the annual report for that year. The number of infants brought to the dispensaries shews an increase, and the number of vaccinations performed is 50 per cent. more than in 1909. The total expenditure on the dispensaries was $42,861.

An analysis of the returns giving the number of infants brought to the dispensaries in Victoria, shews that confidence in them is unchecked. At West Point there were fewer dead infants brought and more live ones, in the Central one or two more of each class, at the Eastern Dispensary there were no live infants but a few more dead. The number of cases in which the address from which the infant is brought is not stated, is less both in the Eastern and in the Central Dispensaries. The total number of children under 5 years of age brought for treatment to all the dispensaries was 7,262.

The new dispensary building at Hunghom was completed at a cost of $2,935, and opened by me on the 16th July. The event was celebrated by a tea-party.

Quarters for the coolies and accommodation for the ambulance and dead-vans have been built at West Point near the District Plague Hospital and Dispensary, at a cost of $1,275. Theatrical perform- ances were held in August at the Taiping Theatre to secure the necessary funds, and realised $7,500. The disposal of the balance will be considered later. The building was completed during the year.

At Wanchai, a dispensary and district plague hospital are being built at a cost of $11,500. Subscriptions to the amount of $4,105 were raised by the end of the year, and a theatrical performance held on the site in April realised nearly $3,900.

The Secretary of State approved of the sale to the Dispensaries Committee of a piece of land 554 square feet in area adjacent to the Central Dispensary. Quarters for coolies and sheds for the ambul- ance and dead vans will be built here in 1911.

The annual grant of $2,000 to the District Plague Hospitals was divided as follows: $800 to each of the hospitals in Victoria, $330 to the hospital at Hunghom, and $70 to the one at Kowloon City.

No occasion has arisen to use the hospitals this year.

The number of bodies abandoned has dropped from 381 to 268. This reduction of 30 per cent is the more gratifying, as the number of deaths among the Chinese in 1910 was greater than that in 1909. The percentage of bodies abandoned to deaths in 1910 is 36 against 54 in 1909 (Table XVII).

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The Police were successful in October in obtaining the convic- tion of the compradore of a steam-launch for leaving a dead body on the Praya. The compradore was fined $150. The case was mentioned in the Chinese Press.

The following table gives particulars of interest regarding Plague and Small-pox. A comparison between the information given in this and in the same table in future reports will be the best. means of ascertaining if fear of isolation and of disinfection is de- creasing or not.

1

2

3 Remov-Treat- Cases. ed to ed at hospital. home.

4

5

Died in Recover- hospital.

6

7

Reported Percent-

after

ed.

age of

death. 7 to 2.

Small-pox, 22

9

1

13

59

Plague, 25

17

15

2

32

TRANSLATION WORK.

The following statistics may be some guide to the translation work done in the department during the year :-

Translation from Chinese into English.

Translation from English

into Chinese.

Petitions,

151

Ordinances,

3

Letters,

41

Regulations,

17

Newspaper articles and

Government Notices,

56

items of news,

59

Minutes,

6

Unspecified,

91

Unspecified,

18

Total,

342

Total,.

100

In addition to the above, translations made in other departments are revised, and on numerous occasions translation work, of which no record has been kept, is done by members of the department other than the translator.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND. (Table XX.)

The balance to the credit of the fund at the close of the year was $6,529. The revenue for the year from the rent of the stalls on the Ground was $1,347 and the expenditure $895.

CHARITABLE FUNDS.

(Table XXI.)

The net income of the Passage Money Fund was $773 and the expenditure $475. The balance to the credit of the Fund at the end

C 13

of the year was $1,539. In April, $3,250 were placed in the hands of the Treasurer of the Eyre Diocesan Refuge to be used as an en- dowment and to be returned to the Registrar General in case the Refuge is closed. The Registrar General's Charitable Fund will now be merged in a larger fund. In 1905 I reported that a small fund was in process of formation by me for the assistance principal- ly of disabled workmen and widows. In my report for 1907 I had to state that I had postponed indefinitely any attempt to obtain sub- stantial additions to the Fund. This year prospects seemed more favourable and I was encouraged to think I might raise $15,000. When my intention became known, the task of raising the money was taken out of my hands by Mr. Ho Kom-tong and Mr. Lau Chü-pak, a Committee was formed of which the Hon. Dr. Ho Kai was the Chairman and $36,200 were raised and presented to the Government to be used for the purposes to which I had destined what I could collect. The subscribers asked that my name should be connected with it, and in this and future reports I shall have the embarrass- ment of making mention of The Brewin Charity. As it has not been possible to arrange for Government Officers to act as trustees, the subscriptions have been placed in the hands of the Tung Wa Hospital and the income will be administered by the Registrar General.

LEGISLATION.

The principal Ordinances of 1910 which affected the Chinese and which are of other than technical interest are:-

No. 10 of 1910.-The Malicious Damage Amendment Ordinance. The second part of this Ordinance which relates to injuries to trees and plants upon Crown Land and to other Crown property, and pro- vides for inflicting a fine on resident landowners continues the policy of the Trees Preservation Ordinance, 1888, but requires an enquiry to be held before a fine can be inflicted. In the Colony (except the New Territories) the enquiry is to be held by the Registrar General and the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department.

No. 15 of 1910.--The Protection of Women and Girls Amend- ment Ordinance. This amendment of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897 was made with the object of establishing the legal position of the Registrar General as guardian of all children who may have been sold by their parents, and of legalising the powers he has hitherto exercised when any case of ill-treatment of domestic servants was brought to his notice.

No. 20 of 1910.-The Marriage Amendment Ordinance. By this Ordinance a much needed change is made in the Marriage Law. To prevent fraud, the facilities hitherto given to Chinese even though not resident in Hongkong, to contract a civil marriage in the Colony, have been withdrawn; and except under a Governor's licence, only Chinese who have been born in the Colony or are permanently resident here, and who have contracted or are about to contract, a marriage according to the rites and customs of China, can contract a civil marriage before the Registrar General.

No. 24 of 1910.-The Lepers Ordinance. This Ordinance which provides for the segregation of lepers, etc., is recognised by the Chinese as a useful and reasonable measure. The Chinese are believers in the infectious nature of leprosy.

No. 28 of 1910.-The Magistrates Amendment (No. 2) Ordinance. This Ordinance places upon the male paramour the duty of ascertain- ing whether the woman whom he is charged with harbouring is married or not. It also empowers the Magistrate to award damages to the aggrieved husband.

INTERPRETATION SUB-DEPARTMENT.

Three student interpreters passed the examination for a third class certificate. Three received appointments in the Police Department. Five new student interpreters were appointed. the 43 student interpreters appointed under the present system, 9 are still student interpreters, 17 have third class certificates and 5 second class certificates. 12 are no longer in the Government Service.

Five meetings of the Interpretation Board were held. Twenty- six candidates were examined; one first class translator certificate, two second class interpreter certificates and three third class inter- preter certificates were awarded.

GENERAL.

The 20th May, the day of the funeral of His late Majesty King Edward VII, was observed universally by the Chinese as a day of mourning. All shops and houses of entertainment were closed throughout the Colony; there were no hawkers to be seen in the streets and many jinrickshas ceased running. The signs of general mourning recommended by the Registrar General after consultation with the leading Chinese, were very widely adopted.

In June and July, representations were made by the District Watchmen Committee to the Registrar General regarding an increase in the number of Triad Societies and of bad characters, and it was- asserted that a general feeling of insecurity prevailed. The Officer Administering the Government received the members of the Com- mittee and heard their views and vigorous measures have been taken to free the Colony of undesirable people. In dealing with premises occupied by suspicious characters, frequent use has been made of Ordinance No. 3 of 1888, and 76 enquiries were held. 15 prosecutions were instituted and 13 convictions were obtained. (Table XXII.)

Nine appeals against the execution of banishment warrants have been received and investigated.

There have been several cases of children being carried off from their homes by armed robbers in China, and held to ransom in Hongkong.

I

C 15

The figures given on page 1 of the Report relating to the num- ber of persons reported to the Po Leung Kuk as missing, is not the best indication of the prevalence of kidnapping. A number of the adults may have left their homes voluntarily. A safer indication will be the number of boys reported missing and not found again in Hongkong. For 1910, this number was 49 compared with 77 in 1909 and 33 in 1908. There is no doubt the crime is still prevalent. Two cases were detected through the agency of the District Watch- men Force and the kidnappers sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. In the one case, a boy aged six years was taken from Hongkong to Yaumati, in the other, two boys aged 16 were brought from China to Hongkong.

In this connection it may be noted that 16 stray children were taken to the Po Leung Kuk.

The kidnapping of children for sale must continue so long as the children can be disposed of for money in respectable families. The Chinese local Benevolent Societies often prove of great assist- ance in getting redress for the parents before a Chinese Court. In one case, however, the local Society though ready to negotiate for the father with the purchaser, would not assist him to prosecute a suit in a court of law; a representation was made on his behalf by this Government in the regular way to the Authorities at Canton, but the father tired of waiting, and finding his son was ailing, repurchased him for $120.

Kidnapping from the North has not yet ceased. Three children who had been kidnapped from their homes in the neighbourhood of Shanghai were sent to the Po Leung Kuk.

Thirteen children who were arrested for hawking without a licence have been sent to this office by the Police and have been cautioned, and placed in charge of their guardians.

In future in addition to the usual enquiry by the Magistrate, the Registrar General is directed to furnish a special report in the case of the suicide of any Chinese prostitute.

During the year legislation came into force in the Philippines by which all ham, sausages, lard and other meat food products, must be accompanied by a certificate of ante-mortem and post- mortem inspection. At the request of a number of Hongkong Chinese firms, and to enable them to dispose of their stock, the pro- duction of the certificate was waived for six months.

As I anticipated, the intervention of the Registrar General's Office has now ceased to be invited by liquor dealers; the last occasion was I think in March, when objections (which were ultimate- ly withdrawn after explanation) were raised by the retail-dealers to their being required to issue passes to purchasers of more than one jar or twelve bottles.

Since April, all Chinese women and children who are found to be lepers, have been sent to this Office to be placed if possible,

C 16

in the hands of their relatives. Up to the 31st December, 18 in being sent from the Alice Memorial Hospital

Of these,

all were received, 15

and 3 from the Police.

6 had come to Hongkong for treatment,

2 were on a visit,

7 were living in Hongkong,

2 were I think, Hongkong born, and

2 were found not to be lepers.

All had relatives and were sent out of the Colony, and warned

not to return.

The Rhenish Leper Asylum at Tung Kun kindly received one leper who had been admitted into the Tung Wa, but the asylum is now full and unable to entertain any more applications for admission. The Government of Macao also kindly consented to receive one leper maidservant into the asylum at Coloane.

Under the arrangements made with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs at Singapore, 62 Chinese who were repatriated from the Straits Settlements, were sent off to their destination in China and given travelling expenses.

Similar arrangements to those entered into last year with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs regarding the repatriation of sick and decrepit Chinese, have now been made with the Protector of Chinese for British North Borneo.

The Registrar General's Office continues to co-operate in the pre- vention of grass fires. All permits issued to persons to proceed in procession to worship at the tombs are endorsed with a warning that no permit will be issued in future if a grass-fire is started. An offer by the District Watchmen Committee to supply 10 District Watch- men and to hire 30 coolies to assist the Botanical and Forestry Depart- ment in preventing grass-fires at the next tomb-worshipping festival, has been accepted.

In March the attention of the Government was invited by a large number of Chinese gentlemen connected with the Po Leung Kuk to the numerous cases in which prosecutions under the Magistrates Amendment Ordinance No. 19 of 1903 failed, and to the frequency of cases of "pigeon-flying", i.e., selling a small girl and then claim- ing her again. The Ordinance was amended as far as was possible, but the real remedy against pigeon-flying lies I think, in the hands of the Chinese themselves. There would be no chance of it, if households in want of maidservants took more precautions and declined to enter into negotiations with unknown persons.

The Anti-spitting Society-to give it a short name-has con- tinued to display activity. Lecturers have been engaged to lecture on the river-steamers, handbills were printed and three men engaged to deliver a handbill with a few words of explanation to anyone ex- pectorating in the street, and some thousands of notice boards were prepared and affixed to walls and trees all over Victoria, asking people to spit in the gutters and not on the sidewalk.

-

1

C 17

In my last year's report I mentioned the receipt of a petition against the removal of ceilings. The Sanitary Board finally decided to drop the proposal: it was considered futile to remove ceilings without removing the lath and plaster partitions which existed in the houses it was proposed to deal with first, and the removal of these partitions would have entailed reconstruction of the house.

It has been found advisable to regulate further the duties of the Government midwives. The midwives must attend all cases in which their services are requisitioned, but are to report if the family they attend is well-to-do, when the Registrar General will ask for pay- ment of a fee. Up to date $20.00 have been received in fees, but in a record kept for two months it was found that all the cases attended were in poor families which might reasonably be granted free attendance.

Regulations to ensure sufficient space on board ship for the animals and poultry brought into the Colony, and to protect them from injury in rough weather, have been under discussion, and the importers have accepted certain rules.

Numerous discussions have taken place on the subject of the recognition of the legitimacy of the children of concubines, and of the distribution of property in case of intestacy.

The draft Limited Partnership Bill has been accepted in its final form by the Chinese commercial community.

There is no general interest taken now in the two boycotts which created such trouble a short time ago, but an endeavour to put a formal end to one of them led to an unfortunate resuscitation of it.

The local Chinese Press has taken a great interest in the queue- cutting movement, and in events in Macao.

One of the papers has come dangerously near a breach of the Seditious Publications Ordinance, and in March all the local Chinese papers were prohibited from circulation in the territories under the jurisdiction of the Governor General at Canton; this prohibition is still in force.

The

There has been much activity among the local Chinese district societies and an increase in their number during the past year. advisability of introducing legislation on the lines of the Straits. Settlements Societies Ordinance No. XX of 1909 is under con- sideration.

Twenty applications for British-born subject certificates were reported on, and two applications for naturalization.

In February last, the Rice Guild took steps to put a stop to the thefts of rice by coolies unloading cargo; these had reached alarming proportions, and a notice that no more than 30 lbs. of rice could be taken as "samples" from 100 bags, touched the coolies so nearly that they struck work for a day. Negotiations were entered into in my Office between the consignees and the stevedores, and the repres-

5

- C 18

entatives of the consignees agreed to pay a certain sum per ship as compensation to the coolies for depriving them of an established perquisite. This undertaking was not supported by the Rice Guild, and finally the stevedores secured from the shipping companies a rise of one third in the rate for discharging the cargo. The Rice Guild offers large rewards for the detection of theft, and numerous arrests have been effected.

The jinricksha coolies in Victoria struck in June, the reason given being the painting of the fare on the front of the jin- ricksha. The strike was rather half-hearted, and when the holders of jinricksha licences found that the Government had no intention of humouring the men back to work, but would give those who returned full protection, they themselves put pressure on the men, and assisted the Government in doing so also. The strike only lasted three days.

In August there was a short strike at the Cotton Mills which originated in an alteration of the rates for piece work. A second strike occurred a few days later over the dismissal of two workmen, but was not serious.

At the close of the year there was a strike among the compositors in the printing office of one of the newspapers.

The men obtained a

rise in the rate of overtime pay. The strike was preceded by the formation of a union of compositors and other workmen in the printing business.

Two destitute women aged 70 who were found living in upturned boats near Shaukiwan, have been given an allowance of two dollars a month each.

The year 1910 was singularly free from Small-pox and Plague.

A

At the request of Chinese interested in the University a meeting of representatives of the guilds was held in my Office in Alay, and it was decided to raise funds to build an Anatomical Laboratory. Committee was elected to invite subscriptions and by the close of the year $19,847 had been received.

In business the most that can be said is that the year has been one of only average prosperity although dealers in yarn, piece-goods, opium and tin have done well. There have been two large failures, but the losses from them have fallen principally on the Straits Settle- ments and Amoy. In the case of two other failures which made some stir it is thought that a satisfactory composition will be arranged.

Staff.

I was absent on vacation leave for August and September, and Mr. Irving, the Director of Education, acted for me. Mr. Hutchison, the First Assistant Registrar General, went on leave in July and Mr. J. D. Lloyd has acted for the rest of the year. Mr. Tratman has not yet taken up the post of Second Assistant Registrar General. Until the end of October, the work of examining assisted emigrants

C 19

was done by various officers from other departments in addition to their other duties. Since then, Mr. M. J. Breen, Unpassed Cadet, has done the work.

The translator, Mr. Wong Po-shau, has obtained his certificate as a first class translator.

One 4th grade writership has been altered into a 3rd grade writership.

28th February, 1911.

A. W. BREWIN,

Registrar General.

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1909 and 1910.

Ordinance under which received.

;

C 20

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue.

Revenue in Revenue in 1909.

Increase.

Decrease.

1910.

$ ሀ.

C.

C.

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reim- bursements-in-aid,

Rent of Govt. Property, Land and Houses,

Interest,

Miscellaneous,.

Births and Deaths Registration,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S. A.... Chinese Gazette Sales,.

Householders' Registration,

""

""

"

Re-registration,

Removals,

Extracts,

Contribution from Chinese Dispensaries, &c., for Clerical Assistance,

Laundries,

Markets,

Interest accrued on official account,.. Refunds, &c.,

Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,

Chinese Undertakers' Licences, Emigration House Licences,

Forfeitures,

Hawkers' Licences, .

Marriage Licences,

Money Changers' Licences,

Special Fruit Licences,

No. 8 of 1887.

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908.

480 (1)

(1)

· (1)

480(1)

3,778

5,338

1,560

150

150

No. 8 of 1887.

29,210

1,120

,28,090

No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 8 of 1887.

1,471

1,315

156

3,480.

4,150

670

1 of 1903.

2,499

*

2,499

7 of 1896.

""

403

403

3 of 1898.

""

350

730

380

21

16

5

No. 3 of 18SS.

207

183

24

1,553

2.024

471

17

14

3

28

48

19

73'

440

366

900

*

No. 1 of 1903.

59,471

900

59,471

37

57

19

56

48

Total,

104,138.88

15,492.12

3,535.52

92,182.28

Deduct Increase,

8,535.52

Total Decrease in 1910,

88,646.76

(1) Cents omitted except in the totals.

For six months only. Transferred to Sanitary Department. † For three months only. Transferred to Police Department.

21

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Registrar General's Department since 1901.

Revenue.

Year.

Total.

Expenditure.

Decrease. Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percentage of Expenditure.

to Revenue.

$

C.

C.

$

1901,.. 127,566.16 5,163.47

1902,... 136,888.13

$ C. 16,429.62

9,321.97 24,230.33

1903, 160,351.81

1904,... 167,083.66 1905, 172,947.89 1906,... 177,284.21

1907,... 163,261.13 14,023.08 1908,... 164,459.99

*,***

1909, 104,138.88 60,321.11 15,492.1288,646.76

1910,...

23,463,68 26,755.64

6,731.8531,339.71 5,864.2331,761.32 4,336.32 36,947.46

$

C.

$

35,630.88 1,316.58 1,198.86 43,848.51

|43,793.61| 54.90 42,462.81 1,330.80

C.

4,209.93 12.87 7,800.71 17.70 2,525.31 16.68

4,584.07

18.75

421.61 18.36 5,186.14 20.84

21.82 | 8,217.63 26.66 -

42.05 274.09

!

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Registrar General under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1910.

Detained during 1910.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

Total.

Permitted to leave,..........

Permitted to leave under bond,. Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,..

54

3

1

Sent to native place,

3

Married,

13

6

19

86-769

57

26

83

91

13

3

21

26

9

3

12

13

26

18

44

51

5

41

40

81

86

14

20

39

Adopted,

1

T

1

I

Sent to Refuge or Convent,

3

3

9

9

12

Absconded,

4

Placed in charge of Consul for France,

Awaiting marriage or adoption,

6

3

9

7

Cases under consideration,

:

13

ة

7

16

18

18

220-00

5

Total,

38

20

58

199

103

302

360

Cases brought forward 58.

Cases dealt with during the year 342.

Cases carried forward 18.

C 22

Table IV.

Number of Assisted Emigrants and of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Registrar General under "The Chinese Emigration Ordinances, 1889-1908," during the year 1910.

Whither Bound.

Male

Assisted

A

Women and Children, 1910.

Male

Assisted

Women

and

Imi-

Emi-

Children

grants

Women.

Girls.

Boys. Total.

1910.

grants

1909.

1909.

C 23

Europe,

2

Japan, ...

2

3

7

8

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,

18,177

10,467

1,153

3,184

14,804

10,714

9,833

Dutch Indies,

3,577

279

37

327

643

5,923

487

Borneo,...

1,800

112

Honolulu,

34

00

54

96

95

Pelew Islands,

54

6

:

Canada,..

26

United States of America,

21

co a

633

667

455

340

370

714

Mexico,

99

99

21

South America,

21

Mauritius,

202265

1

43

65

38

21

46

27

Australia,

1

8

9

Total, 1910,

23,554

10,875

1,220

4,711 16,806 16,803

11,686

Total, 1909,

16,803

7,356

884

3,446

11,686

C 24

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Passed.

Un- willing. R.G.O.

Rejected Rejected

by

as unfit.

Rejected Doctor.

Sent Total back.

Percentage

of Rejection.

1908,..

16,735

14,294

1,56)

1,081

427

361

3,229

19:3

1909, ..

18,511

16,803

541

1,167

155

210 2.073

11.2

1910, ..

24,986

23,554* 179

1,253

218

77 1,727

6.91

*

Including Emigrants to Borneo.

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1910.

Sent home by Tung Wa Hospital,

28

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at

expense of boarding houses,

1,650

Sent away without help,

49

Total rejected,

1,727

Language spoken by Emigrants,

Cantonese,

17,259

Hakka,

4.708

Hoklo,

201

Hainam,

665

Mandarin,....

721

Total..

23,554

"

C 25

Table VI.

Statement of the Revenue and Expenditure of District Watchmen's Fund for the

year 1910.

$

(1)

To Balance,

10,910

By Wages and Salaries :-

$

c.

(1)

>>

Grant by Government,

2,000

Chief District Watchmen, Assistant Chief District Watch-

2,184

men,

1,542

**

Contributions,

25,017

District Watchmen,

14,160

Cooks,

432

17

Payment for Special Services,

224

Coolies,

384

Collector,

300

,, Interest,..

370

Interpreter,

60

Manager,

308

Writer,

90

""

Fines,...

333

Special District Watchmen to

Condemned Stores, &c.,

Total,.....

.$ 38,560 19

C.

prevent the dumping of bodies,

540

20,000

12

By Miscellaneous :

Crown Rent,

22

Water Account,..

230

Premium on Fire Policies,

452

Instructors' Allowance,

96

Uniform and Equipment,

2,696

Stationery and Printing,

214

Gratuities and Rewards, &c.,

326

Photographs,

17

Furniture,

65

Fittings and Repairs.

648

Coolie and Conveyance Hire..

284

Loss on Exchange,

1.738

Oil,

360

Pension to Au Pún's Widow &

So Tai,..

225

Cost of Telephone,

570

Retiring Allowance,.

586

Chief District Watchmen and

Detective's Allowance,.

514

Sundries,

322

9,371

Total Expenditure,... Balance,

29,371

9,188

ོ|ཀྱ ོ

50

62

57

Total,

.$

38,560

19

Disposal of Balance :—

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

Total,........

(1) Cents omitted except in the totals.

$ 5,000.00 4,188.57

$ 9,188.57

Patients.

Male,

Female,

on 31st December, 1909.

Remaining in Hospital

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatment.

European

Total.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Table VII.

Number of l'atients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1910.

Admitted.

Out-patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1910.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

1951,814 1,692|3,506

195 1,814 1,692 3,506 3,701 2,502 995

204

59,650 4,718, 64,368

99

365 384 749 805 423

338

44 43,235 4,146 47,381

400 764 2,078

502 412

6

Total,.

251 2,179 2,076 4,255 4,506 2,925 1,333

248 102,885 8,864 111,749

902 1,176 2,084

Total for 1909,

| 209 1,894 1,829 3,723 3,932 2,514 1,167

251 113,010|5,314 118,324 9871,1382,305

C 26

.

C 27

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Kang Süt Year (1910).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

$

Balance brought forward from Ki Yau

(1)

Year, (1909).......

23,419

>>

(1) By Food for Staff,

Salaries and wages,.

(1) (1) 6,592

14,678

""

Sick room expenses,.

5,878

To rent of Hospital property,...

28,304

>>

Patients' food and washing,

8,248

""

Chinese drugs,

24,709

To Subscriptions:--

Less refund by managers of dis-

pensary,

6,200

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs, .....

12,435

18,509

>>

European drugs,

2,449

2. Subscriptions of various shops,

1,320

Light,.......

3,046

""

3.

collected on Steamers,

5,598

Wages and food for Infectious Diseases

Hospital Permanent Staff,

243

29

""

Infectious Diseases Hospital, extra

4.

and Donations,

2,189

expenditure,

744

""

"1

General Repairs,

2,006

5.

for the supply of

>>

Repairs to Infectious Disease Hospi-

"

medicines, coffins,

quilted clothing and

tal,......

3,260

2,450

"

Re-erection of kitchen block,

1,868

Additions to plague wards,

571

6. Subscriptions from wealthy persons,

3,400

">

Repairs to mortuary, etc.,

3,153

10,860

77.

"

by Directors, Assistant

19

Utensils, etc.,.............

360

Directors and Committee,

2,981

Repairs to Hospital property,

1,246

30,375

""

Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

!

To Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

Premium on portion of M.L. 1866,..........

Advertisements,

182

2,698

"

Sundries,

2,608

Payments for medicine, sale of kitchen

,, Passage money to patients,

299

Extraordinary Receipts.

ג

""

refuse and rent of Mortuary,

17

Interest,

Government Grant,

""

Total Ordinary Receipts,...

Proceeds of theatrical performances,...

15,506

">

Further subscriptions towards Small-

pox Hospital,

1,252

Transfer from fund subscribed to

>>

build quarters for destitutes,

3,153

19,911

4,710

Quilted coats,

80

""

Insurance,

1,036

1,456

""

Crown Rent,

624

8,000

80,388

"3

Free cemetery,

3,803

98,766

Coffins,

""

4,499

""

Burial of bodies from Government

mortuary (Victoria),

993

95

Coffins for bodies from Government

mortuary (Victoria),

1,760

Burial of bodies from Government

mortuary (Kowloon), .

431

Coffins for bodies from Government

.

mortuary (Kowloon),

782

12,270

,, Expenditure on repatriation of emi-

grants,

295

>>

Total,

Balance,....

92,954

25,723

Grand Total,...

$118,678.15

Grand Total,.......

118,678.15

(1) Cents omitted except in the totals.

Disposal of Balance.

Tin Fuk Bank,

$ 20,000.00

Yat On Bank,

Wing San Bank,..............

Yat Ch'eung Bank,

Cash in hand of the Manager,

2,000.00

100.00

3,000.00

623.83

Total,

.$ 25,723.83

į

?

>

گرد

C 28

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Kang Sut Year (1910).

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

To Loan from Relief Fund,....

8,440.06

22

""

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund, Man Mo Temple Fund, San Francisco Relief Fund,

29,681.33

5,860.49

5,470.17

""

"}

To Further Loan from Man Mo Temple,...

27

"

>>

6,000.00 Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,...... 38,887.02

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

94,339.07

86,066.60

By Bank Balance at close of year :—

With Yat Cheong Bank,.. Cash in hand,...............

By House property (original value) :--

2 houses in Bonham Strand and

Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ-

ing cost of additions to building),.) 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to buildings),

3,000.00 551.39

3,551.39

10,400.00

8,108.28

14,900.00

2 houses in Connaught Road and

Des Voeux Road,

17,386.00

7 houses in Queen's Road West (including cost of additions to buildings),

30,363.00

2 houses in Bonham Strand, West,.. 3 houses in Bonham Strand,

26,000.00

15,000.00

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New

Street (at present used as Plague Hospital),

54,697.00

:

Total,.

180,405.67

Subscriptions not yet paid :-

From Hongs,

From Individuals,

Total,...

..$4,424.30 1,550.00

$5,974.30

176,854.28

$ 180,405,67

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Kang Sut Year (1910).

Amount.

Payments.

+

A mount.

Balance from Ki Yau Year,

51,176.88

Gift to boatman Cheng Hi,

200.00

Unclaimed gift to boatman Chan Tai,

50.00

>>

Cheung Hi,

500.00

Interest,

2,885.96

Balance,

53,412.84

Total,

54,112.84

Total,

54,12.84

29

Note:-

Sui Kat Bank,

Hung Tak Bank,

Disposal of Balance.

Yat On

Ming San

"}

Cash in hand of the Manager,

Total,

$40,000.00

10,000,00

3.000,00

400,00

12.81

$53,412.84

This Fund was formed out of the gift of 30,000 Taels made China towards the relief of the sufferers in the 1906 Typhoon,

by H.M. the Emperor of (See 7322,06 €.S,0,

Receipts.

Balance from Ki Yau Year, Temple Keeper's deposit,

Temple Keeper, ..

Rent of Temple property, Refund of Crown Rent,

Interest,

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Kang Sut Year (1910).

$

Amount.

Payments.

11,402.16 Tung Wa Hospital,

2,000.00

Free Schools and Sundries,

4,932.32

4,098.57

19.60

Balance at close of the year :- Uf Lung Bank,

11,050.49

Yat Cheung Bank,

Ming San Bank,

Cash in hand,

727.05

$

Amount.

$

2,500.00

7,969.13

10,469.13

10,000.00

2,000.00

700.00

10.57

12,710.57

Total,

23,179.70

Total,

23,179.70

C 30

Table XII.

Kwong Chan and Shiu Hing Relief Fund: Kang Sut Year (1910).

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Receipts.

C 31

To Balance from Ki Yau Year,

>>

Subscriptions,..

Refund by the Kong Pak Relief Fund, Interest,

Total,

$ 23,548.47 | By Balance at close of the year :-

216.00

912.44

1,224.53

$ 20,000.00

5,000.00

900.00

1.44

Tai Fung Bank, On Yu Bank,

Ming San Bank, Cash in hand,

$ 25,901.44

Total,......

$25,901.44

Receipts.

Subscriptions,

Total,..

Table XIII.

Quarters for Destitutes Fund: Kang Sut Year (1910).

Amount.

Payments.

$ 36,549.78 Building including rebuilding of Ko Fong Wards,.. Transfer to general account for repairs to mortuary,

36,549.78

On Yu Bauk..

Ming San Bank,

Cash in hand,

Disposal of Balance.

Balance,

Total,

5,000.00

200.00

26.78

5,226.78

Amount.

$ 28,170.00

3,153.00

31,323.00

5,226.78

$ 36,549.78

C 32

Receipts.

Table XIV.

Hospital Extension Fund: Kang Sut Year (1910).

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

$

Unexpended Balance of Subscriptions,

15,226.69 Transferred to General Account,.

15,226.69

Total,

15,226.69

Total,

15,226.69

33

C 34

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

New Cases,

Return Cases,

Total,

Certificate of nature of disease issued,

Certificate of cause of death,

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,

Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,

Attendance at cleansing of infected premises,

Compensation claims sent in,

Applications received for coffius,

Applications for midwives,

Infants brought to office (alive),

>>

"

(dead),

Total,.

Total.

Grand Grand Total. Total.

1910. 1909.

38,200

17.414

55,614

40,175

17

21

569

587

395

331

933

884

19

122

0

23

362

348

165

148

402

928

1,330

1,198

Vaccinations at house,

329

Vaccinations at office,

2,880

Total,

3,209

2,148

Receipts.

Table XVI.

Victoria Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts.

$B

C.

C.

Expenditure.

*

c.

C.

Balance,

Government Grant to the West Point

8,600.70 | Maintenance of Dispensaries :--

Victoria,

20,223.70

Harbour,

3,905.89

Shaukiwan,

1,271.45

Plague Hospital,

800.00

Subvention to Kowloon City Dis- pensary,

430.02

Donation from Tai Ping Theatre,

3,900.00

25,831.06 I

Premium on 1.L. 1860, Central Dis-

Annual Subscriptions, Land,

11,608.22

1,800.00

pensary,.

Harbour,

6,703.81

""

""

Shaukiwan,

253.53

"

""

Cost of building of coolies' quarters, West Point Plague Hospital, Balance of cost of building of West Point Plague Hospital,

35

1,275.00

988.20

22,465.56

29,894.26

Proceeds of theatrical performances in aid of the West Point Plague Hospital,

Interest,

Premium on Exchange,

Balance :-

7,360.39

At Current Account,

9,340.42

Cash in hand,

་་་་་

129.46

Advance Money to Dispensary

60.00

190.49

:

Clerks,

Bad Coins,

9.50

:

16.50

...

9,539.38

Total,.

39,433.64

Total,..

39,433.64

C 36

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries. Statement of Accounts.

Description.

Hung-

Yau-

Kow-

hom.

mati.

loon.

Receipts:-

Balance,

Subscriptions, &c.,

Donation from Shamshuipo Temple, Government Grant,

Grant from Dispensaries in Victoria,

Expenditure :-

Total,.....

*

799

433

30

3,290

5,341

2,393

393

330

70

430

$ 4,420.36 5,774.35 3,317.98

Through Registrar General's Office, By Local Committee,.

1,830 1,830 2,148 2,161 3,832 1,165

Balance:

Total,........

| 3,991,425,662.10 3,313.78

At Registrar General's Office, With Committee,

Total,......

344 84

100 11

428.94 112.25

4.20

Total,....... .$ 4,420.36 5,774.95 3,317.98

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

:

:

Table XVIII.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Registrar General to have been abandoned during the year 1910.

- O 37 -

Victoria Districts.

Month.

Cen-

West.

East.

tral.

Victoria.

Total.

Harbour.

January,

3

February,

4

March,..

April,.

شت شهر از سر

May,

June,

July,

August,..

September, October,....

1

10

0

9

10

1

4

1

5

11

3

10

12

1

8

1

0

November,

1

December,...

1

3

42 M

N N N N

2

6

9749

6

4

2 10 10 ON ∞ ∞ NONOX

20007

c0 20 10 00 00 10 OT NO CT CON 5

10

Kowloon. Hongkong

outside

Victoria.

New Territories.

Total.

Grand Total

Total. 1909.

23

28

28

13

22

38

19

28

30

9

13

32

11

16

35

21

32

33

17

27

22

11

19

28

19

25

29

10

17

26

6

15

20

36

8

15

21

39

Total,

28

38

19

85

83

49

48

3

183

268

381

Total for 1909,

26

51

34

111

123

80

60

7

270

381

Monthly Average,.........

2.3

3.1

1.5

7:0

6.9

4.0

4:0

0.2

15.2

22.3

C 38

Table XIX.

Return of Bodies Abandoned in the years 1908, 1909 and 1910.

1908.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years

& under.

Over

15 years.

15 years & under.

Over

15 years.

15 years

& under.

Victoria,

81

161

7

155

1

405

Kowloon,..

58

124

14

103

7

306

Harbour,

37

32

12

26

10

117

Elsewhere,

54

57

8

40

2

161

Total,

230 i

374

41

324

20

989

1909.

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years

& under,

Over

15 year.

15 years & under.

Over

15 years.

15 years

& under.

Victoria, Kowloon,....

3

65

53

111

25

26

27

Harbour,..

36

41

33

Elsewhere,

23

20

22

Total,

87

142

13

135

80

123

67

381

1910.

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Total.

Victoria,

Kowloon,

19

Harbour,

12

Elsewhere,

18

3926

40

42

13

1

16

34

5

30

18

1

14

Total,

52

105

7

102

:

85

49

2

83

51

2

268

Total.

Total.

To Balance,

Rent of Stalls,

Total,

Table XX.

Chinese Recreation Ground, Receipts and Expenditure, 1910.

Receipts.

.8

$

Payments.

6,083 (1)| By Wages of Watchmen, &c.,

1,347

>>

7,430.99

555(1)

345

Miscellaneous,

Balance.

6,529

Total,

.$ 7,430.99

(1) Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 39

Receipts.

To Balance on Fixed Deposit,..

at Current Account, Cash,

>>

"

Passage money received,

Less refunds,

Table XXI.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

C.

Payments.

By Gifts to 44 women on being married,... Annual Charitable Allowance to six persons,. Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,. Subscription to Eyre Diocesan Refuge, Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants, ,, Eyre Diocesan Refuge Endowment Fund,. Interest,

""

.$ 3,250

1,197

""

44

"}

4,191

""

$1,416

692

724

"

130

"}

41

Petty Expenses,

2

Balance :-

"}

Total,.

6

Small gifts to distressed persons,

Current Account, Cash,

99

*

192

50

50

32

3,250

130

43

9

.$ 1,464

75

1,539

Total,.

$5,396.65

Interest on Endowment Fund,

""

"}

on Current Account,.

Deposit for repatriation of emigrants, Miscellaneous,

$5,396.65

* Cents omitted exccpt in the totals.

C 40

Table XXII.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 1 of 1889, No. 2 of 1890, No. 7 of 1896 and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

M.

F.

M.

F.

...

3

6

9

4

2072

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills-Posting without permission,

Fireworks-Discharging without permits,

Drums and Gongs-Night noises by beating,

Householders Registration-Failing to register,

Processions-Organising in the public streets without permit,...:

Ordinance No. 1 of 1889.

Decoying men or boys into or away from the Colony,

Keeping unlicensed Emigration Houses,..

Neglecting to enter names of boarders on register,

Personating Emigrants,

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under the age of 18 years (Sec. 26),.. Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony, Detaining, harbouring or receiving women or girls, .... Procuration of girls under age to have carnal connection, Knowingly deriving profits from prostitution, letting women out for hire, trading in them, ..........

* Including 6 committed for trial.

* ←S

"}

1

24

25

2

3

15

13

11:02

:32-3

5

6

10

Co

12

4777

+++++

...

12

3182

:

++++++

:: IC Se

1 committed for trial and 1 bound over to appear for sentence when called upon. Committed for trial.

Including 1 bound over to appear for sentence when called upon.

C 41

:

C 42

Annexe A.

Report of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1910.

The following 12 gentlemen were elected on the 19th March to act as Managing Committee for the year 1910-

U Hoi Chau. Cheuk Iu-fung. Hui Chiu-lam. Lau Pun-chiu. Ho Ngok-lau. Wong Mang-cho.

Fung Tat-hing. Wong Tak-tsun. She Tat-tsoi.

Chu Tsz-hing. Wong Hon-ün.

Wong Fa-nung.

Mr. Li Sau-hin who had been a member of the Board since 1897, and had always taken the keenest interest in the work of the Society, resigned in May, and the vacancy has been filled by the appointment of Mr. Ho Kom-tong.

Ten meetings of the Board have been held during the year; the average attendance of members was between six and seven and the average number of the Managing Committee present was between four and five. Among the subjects of more than immediate interest that were discussed, were (1) the drafting of regulations to be observed by the Po Leung Kuk detectives when visiting ships on their arrival or departure, (2) emigration to Mexico, (3) the separation of the various classes of girls in the Home, (4) the possibility of some of the inmates of the Home agreeing to marriage with the sole object of leaving the Po Leung Kuk and with the intention of deserting their husband after marriage, and the necessity for exercising the greatest care in ascertaining the girl's real wishes and in making a suitable match, (5) the desirability of permitting marriage as a con- cubine in certain cases. Perhaps the most important work under- taken by the Board was the drawing up of a memorandum for the guidance of the Elected Committee, explaining the law and the object of the Government in sending women and girls to the Po Leung Kuk, classifying the various cases sent, and recommending the action to be taken in regard to each class.

The inmates appear to be happy and in good health. Naturally detention is at times felt to be irksome but there has been no difficulty in maintaining order.

Renewed attention has been paid to providing needlework, and regular instruction is given. Those who are well-behaved are taken for a walk once a week in rotation by the matron, and as an assist- ant matron has been engaged it may be found possible to arrange for more frequent out-door exercise.

Seven of the inmates escaped very early in the morning of the 18th June; two were subsequently found in a house occupied by a woman connected with a brothel. An extra servant has since been engaged so that there may be some one on duty at all hours of the night.

C 43

The number in the Po Leung Kuk on the 1st January was 69 ; 504, of whom 91 were children, were admitted during the year. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken regarding them, are detailed in Table A. 157 were admitted with their own consent, 9 were lost children, 5 accompanied their parents and 9 were runaway maidservants. On leaving the Po Leung Kuk, 162 were placed in charge of their husband, parents or other relative, 49 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 25 were married, 3 adopted and 18 released under bond. The Italian Convent, the Eyre Diocesan Refuge and the Victoria Home are all ready to receive suitable cases and 29 women and children were sent to these institu- tions. The average number of inmates at the close of each month was 63, the number in the Po Leung Kuk on the 31st December was 46.

The usual tables shewing the income and expenditure during the year and the assets and liabilities of the Society are attached. The accounts of the Elected Committee have been audited by Mr. Ku Fai-shán and Mr. Chiu-Chau-sám. The balance to the credit of the Society on the 31st December was $19,580, of which $15,000 are on fixed deposit with Chinese banks. The actual expenditure for the year was $11,058, as against $10,282 in 1909. The subscriptions amounted to $8,685 as against $8,393.

There has been no serious outbreak of illness during the year. Twelve inmates were admitted to the Tung Wa Hospital, two for Beri-beri.

The matron and the other members of the staff have given satisfaction.

On Mr. Bryer's leaving the Colony in February, Mr. F. Maitland was appointed Visiting Justice. The Po Leung Kuk has been visited twelve times, four times by one Justice and eight times by two. Only on one occasion did the Justices find anything to draw attention to-a girl who had been admitted on the day of their visit and who was inconsolably miserable.

28th Febrnary, 1911.

A. W. BREWIN,

Registrer General,

President.

Η ΚΑΙ,

Vice-President.

In the Po Leung

ΠΟ

1st

Kuk January, 1910.

Admitted during

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year and the

arrangements made regarding them.

69

38

20

:

20

شفت

3

69

:

こう

8

ос

2

19

10

69

Total.

Committed under Warrant from Registrar General's Office.

Committed under Warrant from Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the

Registrar

General's Office.

Sent with their own consent

by Registrar General,

con-

Sent with their own from Singapore,

sent

Manila and Swatow.

Sent with their own con-

sent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or

guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond,

Placed in charge of hus-

band.

Placed in charge of parents

and relatives.

Placed in charge of Consul

for France.

Ran away,

Sent to Charitable Institu-

tion in China.

Sent to School, Convent or

Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Case under consideration.

Total.

.504

199

103 22

the year,......... !

94

28

35

333

Total,

573

237

123

22 101

28

38

cember, 1910,. on the 31st De- Po Leung Kuk Remaining in the]

16

26

10

:

3

3

~

...

9

9

ごも

9 504 176

18

17 145

*

49 | 29

325

36 | 504

6

9 573 195

24

18 154

1

5 54

==

37

5

CI

p

2

46

44

46

573

C 44

Table B.

*

PO LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1910.

2

C 45

RECEIPTS.

C.

EXPENDITURE,

Balance from previous year :-

By the Elected Committee

On Fixed Deposit,

15,000.00

(see Table C),.

At Current Account,

5,116.37

20,116.37

Balance :-

Subscriptions :-

On Fixed Deposit, At Current Account,

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,

400.00

10,532.00

15,000.00

4,580.69

19,580.69

Elected Committee,

250.00

Guilds,

4,380.50

Man Mo Temple,

1,905.20

Theatres.

1,750.00

8,685.70

Interest:

On Deposit,...

1,041.12

On Current Account,.

269.50

1,310.62

Total,

30,112.69

Total, .................

80,112.69

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from the 1st January to the 31st December, 1910.

C 46

RECEIPTS.

(.

EXPENDITURE.

C.

£6

C.

Balance from previous year,

177.99

Decorations,

59.90

Received from Permanent Board,.

10,532.00

Food,

3,533.08

Miscellaneous Receipts,...

31.39

Grant to Miss Eyre's Refuge,

732.00

Premium on bank notes,

367.50

Insurance,

321.64

Light and Fire,

1,211.56

Miscellaneous,

745.14

Passage Money,

202.22

Petty Expenditure,

Printing,

Repairs,

450.46

129.85

544.43

Total,

$

Stationery.

Telephone,

Wages,

Balance,

11,108.88

Total,

146.92

108.73

2,872.15

11,058.08

50.80

11,108.88

1. Shipping.

2. Trade.

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

3. Revenue and Expenditure. 4. Steam-launches.

REPORT.

5. Emigration and Immigration. 6. Registry of Shipping. 7. Marine Magistrate's Court. 8. Marine Court.

9. Examination of Masters,

Mates and Engineers.

10. Examination of Pilots. 11. Sunday Working Cargo. 12. New Territories. 13. Lighthouses.

TABLES.

14. Commercial

Intelligence,

Board of Trade.

I.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of vessels cleared. III.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of vessels entered at

each Port,

IV.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of vessels cleared at

each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao. VIII.-Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Summary of arrivals and departures of all vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered. XI.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared. XII.--Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII. Statement of Revenue.

XIV.-Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV.-Return of Emigration.

XVI: Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII.-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX. Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

XX. Vessels registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII.-Comparison in Number and Tonnage of vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1901.

XXIII-Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV. Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

D 2

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on Mercantile Marine Office.

B.-Report on Imports and Exports Office. C.-Report on Marine Surveyor's Office. D.-Report on Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1910 amounted to 547,164 vessels of 36,534,361 tons, which, compared with figures for 1909, shows an increase in numbers of 19,884 vessels, with an increase of 1,703,516 tons. These totals are the largest yet reached exceeding all previous records by 15,052 vessels and 506,051 tons.

Of the above, 40,714 vessels of 23,160,256 tons were engaged in Foreign trade, as against 43,794 of 22,415,125 tous tn 1909, and were distributed as follows:-

1910. Numbers.

1909. Numbers.

1910. Tonnage.

1909. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

10.5 %

9.3 %

350 %

34.5 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

10.6

9.8

35'0

35.1

British River

Steamers,

16.0

13:2

17.3

16:5

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.3

3.2

3:0

3.3

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

7.7

7.2

0.6

0.6

Trading Junks,

51.9

57.3

9.1

10.0

100'0

100.0

100'0

100.0

The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

2. Of ships of European construction, 4,276 Ocean Steamers, 8 Sailing Ships, 3,910 River Steamers, and 1,569 Steamships not. exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 267 ships, as compared with 25'6 in 1909 and 26 8 in 1908.

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the port has once more increased-from 2,3904 tons to 2,457-3 tons. That of British ships has increased (2,594 5 tons as against 2,494 tons) while that of Foreign ships has increased from 2,2053 tons to 2,324 1 tons,

D 3

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean Vessels has increased from 1,179 tons to 2,457-3 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entered during the year has again decreased from 620′6 tons to 602·1 tons. That of British River Steamers has decreased from 6404 tons to 617 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers from 5381 tons to 529 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1909 and 1910 is given in the following table:--

1909.

1910.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No.

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British

Ocean- 1

going, Foreign Ocean-

4,076 7,735,927 | 4,262

8,111,946

186 376,019

4.318 7,857,908 | 4,312

going,

8,103,969

246,061

6

British River

Steamers..... Foreign River

5,780 3,701,751 | 6,483

Steamers.....

1,370

735,682 1.334

4,000,073

706,616

703 298,319

36

29,066

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

3,160

140,484 | 3,153

136,765

7

3,719

(Foreign

Trade)....

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

25,000 2,243,370 (21,170 2,100,887

3,920

142,483

Total Foreign }

Tr de,

43,794 | 22.415,125|40,714 | 23,160,256

889

920.399 3,969

175,268

Steam-launches

plying in Wa- ters of Colony,

439,988 10,328,400 466,01:|10,986,231 26,026

057,884

Junks,

Local

Trade,

*43,198 *2,087,320 |† 49,436 |†2,387,871

300,551 3,062

Grand Total,

527,280 34,830,845 | 547,161|36,534,361 26,915 || 1,878,784 7,031

175,268

Net,......... |19,884 1,703,516

Including 19,094 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 1,022,676 tons.

21,056

of 1,510,981 Decrease owing to low rate of Freights ruling in River Steamers.

+

";

+1

21

""

§ The figures shown represent number of trips made within and without

the Harbour,

5. This table shows an increase in British Ocean Shipping of 186 ships of 376,019 tons, or of 45 per cent. in numbers and of 4'8 per cent. in tonnage. This seems to indicate a resumption of the usual small annual increase in British shipping which has been so constant a feature in each normal year.

British River Steamers have recovered from the large decrease shown in 1909, and have added considerably in numbers to the figures for 1908, though the tonnage does not come up to that for

the earlier year.

D 4

The increase shown over the figures for 1909–703 - ships of 298,319 tons, or 12.1 per cent. in numbers, and 8 per cent. in tonnage is due to the fact that the large Canton

Canton River Steamers have made more trips; that some of the small steamers have been transferred from the West River to the Canton run, and so run more frequently, and that many of the smaller steamers have made periodical excursion runs to ports other than their usual ones, while continuing to ply regularly on their usual runs.

Foreign Ocean Vessels have decreased by 6 ships or 014, per cent., while their collective tonnage has increased by 246,061 tons, or 3.1 per cent. This result is due to increases of 27, 19 and 42 ships under Japanese, Norwegian, and Chinese, respectively, which are counterbalanced by decreases of 26, 55, 14, 8 and 7 ships under German, Portuguese, Swedish, French and United States, respec- tively but the tonnage has generally increased, except under Portuguese, Swedish, and United States. The loss in numbers is due chiefly to Portuguese, where a fall of 55 ships involved only 14,655 tons, while that under German, of 26 ships, was accom- panied by a rise in tonnage of 54,193 tons.

:

Foreign River Steamers have decreased by 36 ships (or 26 per cent) of 29,066 tons, (or 39 per cent). This is accounted for by the laying up for some four months of a Portuguese River Steamer, the "Sui Cheong", which previously plied regularly.

As in former years, I here insert a comparison between the shipping of the port twenty years ago and to-day. In 1890, 2,772 British ships, of 3,507,945 net register tons entered the port, against 10,745 ships, of 12,112,019 net register tons in 1910; an increase of 287 6 per cent in numbers and of 245'2 per cent in tonnage. These figures include Ocean and River Steamers and Ocean-going Sailing Ships (not junks). In the same way, Foreign Shipping, during the same period, has increased from 1,442 ships of 1,385,788 net register tons in 1890, to 5,646 ships of 8,810,585 net register tons; an increase of 2913 per cent in numbers, and of 535'8 per cent in tonnage.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean Vessels of European type of construction entering during 1910 was 734, being 365 British and 369 Foreign. The corresponding figures for 1909 were 704, 336, and 368, respectively.

+

D 5

These 734 ships aggregated 1,804,675 tons. They entered 4,284 times, giving a collective tonnage of 8,112,985 tons. Thus compared with 1909, 30 more ships with a tonnage increased by 121,836 tons, entered 86 more times, and gave a collective tonnage greater by 316,609 tons.

Thus

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1909. 1910. 1909. 1910

Steamers 331

British

Sailing...

5

7

German,

108

113

735

Steamers 98

101

493

5

1909. 1910.

360 | 2,054 2,124 3,854,5714,041,557 7 17,683 17,663 722 1,176,322 1,206,757 507 1,283,3301,341,083

Japanese

Sailing...

1

1

138

...

Norwegian,

43

34

212

223

227,341

236,334

Austrian,

7

7

24

24

94,288

95,062

Chinese,

24

22

232

250

290,936

314,879

Corean,

1

0

1

796

Danish,

5

6

16

20

31,426

33,165

Dutch,

17

16

105

108

207,190 214,737

French,

32

Italian,..

22

35

148

144

262,459 262,670

11

13

28,470 34,496

Portuguese,

94

66

36,927 29,478

Russian,

10

19,584 28,803

Swedish,

5

35

27

53,726 45.398

U. S. A.

17

15

42

37

211,327 210,466

No Flag,

1

1

299

Total,....!

704 734 4,198 4,284 7,796,376,8,112,985

No.

British.

- D 6

ARRIVALS OF UCEAN VESSELS,—1910.

STEAMERS.

No.

Foreign.

No.

Total.

Tons.

Total Tons.j

I

98 98

269,225

269,225 81 81

62 124

199,547

48

144

158.971

476 913

399,094 54 37

37 148

102,740

110,960 49

174,247 108 135,572 111:

86,857 196 152,585

174.247 179

179 443,472

443,472

271.144116

232 355,119.

670,238

260,571 | 85

255 245.828

737.484

610,340 86

344| 255,325

1,021,300

12

60

27,936

139,680 26

130

94,296

171,480 38

190 122,232

611.160

54

19,312

115,872 14

81

50,904

305,424 23

188

70,216

421,296

7

8

56

17,106

119,742 12

84

26,257

183.799; 20

140

43.363

303,541

8

14

112 27,057

216,456|20

160

35 689

285,512 34

272

62.746

501,968

9 10

90

18,301

164,709 12

108

22,638

203,742 22

198

40,939

368,451

10

90 18,298

182,980 9

90

11,959

119,590 18

180

30 257

302,570

11 12

132

21,999

241,989 12

132

18.237

200,607 24

264

40,236

442,596

12

48

8,214

98,568

72

6.955

83,460 10

120

15,169

182,028

13

26

2,293

29,809

13

939

12,857 3

39

3,282

42 666

14

42 4,052

56,728

56

7,092

99 2:8

98

1,144

156,016

15

45

3,357

50,355

30

2 088

31,320

75

5,445

81.675

16

32

2,950

46,880

16

871

13,936

48

3.801

50,816

17

102

6,979

118,643

102

6,979

118,643

18

18

987

17,766

18

1,314

23,652

36

2,301

41,418

19

19

987

18,753

38

4,039

76,741

57

5,026

95,494

20

20

1,776

35,320

20

1,776

35,320

21

21

1,143

24,003

21

951

19,971

42

2,094

43 974

22

44

3,237

71,214

(

66

2.938

61,636

110

6,175

135,850

23

69

2,788

64,124

69

2,788

64.124

24

72

3.743

89,832

24

739

17,736

96

4,482

107,568

26

109

.

4,692 121,992

130

4,044

105,144

234 8,736

227.136

27

54 2,416

65,232

51

2,416

65,232

30

60 2,780

83,400

30

714

21,420

99

3,194

104.820

32

32 1,428

45,696

32

1,428 :

45,696

33

36

- 3

33

1,183

39,039

33

217

7,161

66

1.400

46,200

108

3,266

117,576

36 1,339

48,204

144

4.605

164.780

38

114

4,181

158,878

114

4,181

158,878

42

42

641

26,922

42

641

26,922

48

48

1,349

64.752

48

1 319

64,752

49

98

2,700

132,300

98

50

50

1,352

67,600

50

2,700 1,352

132,300

67,600

Grand

Total,

Total

Sailing,

1

Total

Steamers,

360 2,124

935,018 4,041,557 368 2,152 857,479 4,053,627 |728

4,276 1,792,497

8,095,181

SAILING SHIPS.

32

30 +

4

6,417 5,623

1 6,417 11,246

138

138

SHO

6,555 5,623

6,555 11.246

مد

5

.7 12,040 17,663 1 1

138

133

6

8 12,178

17,801

365 2,131 947,058 4,059,220 369 2,153 857,617 | 4,053,765 734 4,284 1,804,675 8,112,985

- D7 -

7. The 365 British Ships carried 3,621 British Officers and 20 Foreign Officers, the latter consisting of 14 U.S.A., 4 Norwegians, 1 Dutch, and one German.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign Officers serving in British Ships was 0'54%, comprising 4 nationalities, an increase of 0.12%, with an increase in number of Officers and of ships.

8. The 369 Foreign Ships carried 2,583 Officers, of whom 144 were British, as follows:-

In Chinese Ships

1910.

1909.

90

72

French

6

3

وو

>>

Japanese

42

46

21

United States Ships

6

144

125

Thus 55% of the Officers serving in Foreign Vessels were of British Nationality, an increase of 0·7% with an increase in the num- ber of Officers and ships.

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and Foreign Ships was as follows:--

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREWS.

U. S. A. AND EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1909. 1910. 1909. 1910.

1909. 1910. 1909. 1910.

British,. 336 365 24,158 24,610 281 449 128,132 131,635

Foreign,. 368 369 1,366 1,352 26,955 28,216 114,330 113,050

Total,... 704 734 25,524 25,962 27,236 28,665 242,462 244,685

Hence in British Ships

And in Foreign Ships: -

1909.

1910.

1909.

1910.

15:83%

15 70% of the crews were British.

0·95%

0.95% of the crews were British.

0.08 %

83-98 %

0:29 % of the crews were other Europeans.

8401% of the crews

were Asiatics.

18.89 %

19.78% of the crews

were other Europeans.

80-14 % 79-27% of the crews

were Asiatics.

- D 8

2.-Trade.

10. As pointed out in previous reports, the figures which used to appear under this heading were, as a whole, so inaccurate as to be, in some cases, most misleading. They have therefore been omitted from this, as from my three previous annual reports. However, in certain items of the import trade, fairly accurate details are available, and, as to these, the following remarks may be of interest.

Coal.-1,115,120 tons were imported during the year. This quantity, compared with the imports for 1909, shows a decrease of 11,716 tons, or 104%. This decrease is so small as to be negligible, but is explained by the dull tone of the market in the Colony through- out the year 1910, and the necessity of adjusting stocks after the some- what largely increased imports of 1909. Of the various varieties of coal imported, Japanese heads the list. Next comes that from North China and Manchuria, which holds its own, if not actually increasing. Cardiff, though only used by Men-of-War, and imported almost sole- ly by the Admiralty, comes third. There have been increased ship- ments from Hongay; but from Australia and India large decreases appear; while no Labuan coal was imported during the year.

I remarked last year upon the fact that, in spite of the large increase in coal imported, the shipments of bunker coal in the Colony had fallen off considerably. This year, the opposite occurred. There is a falling off in imports, but an increase of 22,140 tons, or 35% in the quantity of bunker coal shipped. But, of the total amount of coal imported, little more than half is shipped as bunker coal, the remainder being re-exported.

Kerosene Oil.-Here, enormous increases are reported in Bulk Oil of 20,559 tons or 577 %, and in Case Oil of 13,989 tons or 386%, while Liquid Fuel has increased by 5,089 tons, or 117 2%. These increases appear to be due to competition between the Asiatic Petroleum Co. and the Standard Oil Co., whose businesses are largely increasing in the interior of China in consequence of their activity in opening up new distributing centres.

As last year, I add a few remarks about certain other items of import of which I have been able to collect information.

Cotton and Cotton Yarn.-Here is shown, again, a large increase, of 10,114 tons, or 15.7%, added to the increase reported last year. This seems to be borne out by facts, though the increase was in yarn entirely, hardly any cotton having been imported (owing to the high prices ruling in India, and the Chinese product being exceptionally cheap and of good quality this year). The yarn market, though considerable fluctuations in price occurred during the year, was strong. The demand being great and prices generally favourable, large imports were made.

- D 9.

Flour.-Here our returns show the enormous falling off of 26,279 tons, or 44.9%. This was due to the virtual cessation of the flour trade in the Colony during the first six months of the year, owing to high prices of American flour, and the competition of the Shanghai Mills, which shipped 'their products direct to Chinese ports, instead of to Hongkong, for distribution. Matters improved during the last six months, owing to the Shanghai Mills being short of wheat, while such as they had was of poor quality. The result was a re- crudesence of trade with Hongkong on the part of Canton, Amoy, Foochow, &c., which ports had previously been served by Shanghai, and the import of American flour immediately recommenced, in unusually large quantities.

Rice. There is a very considerable increase in this item of 183,662 tons, or 33·9%, added to the decrease of 25 per cent. last year. This is undoubtedly due to the almost total failure of the Chinese first crops, owing to the continued drought in the spring and summer, and to the partial failure of the second crop in parts of Kwangtung. The demand for Saigon and Bangkok rice was consequently un- usually large, and the supply was equal to the demand. However, during November shipments declined, because the local supply was sufficient for the needs of the districts. In December, shipments increased, owing to renewed demands from the interior.

11. The total reported Imports during the year amounted to 4,298,194 tons as against 4,195,968 tons in 1909, an increase of 102,226 tons, or 2-4%. Exports also show an increase, of 23,000 tons, or 10·2%. Transit cargo shows a decrease, of 12,039 tons, or 0.3% These figures are not, however, reliable, there being no means of collecting accurate information, in the absence of any Customs Staff.

The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construc- tion carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1909, was as follows:-

1909.

1910.

INCREASE.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

River Steamers,...

4,191 7,778,693 4,276 8,095,184

3,576 2,218,977 3,910 2,354,268!

85 316,491

334

135,291

Sailing Vessels, ..

17,683

8

17,801

1

118

Total,

7,774 | 10,015,353| 8,194 | 10,467,253) 420

451,900

Increase,...

420 451,900

.

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction exporting cargo, and shipping bunker coal, follow:----

EXPORTS.

1909.

1910.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No.

Tonnage.

Steamers,

River Steamers,

4,186

7,775,519 4,282

8,082,780

96 307.261

3,574 | 2,218,459 | 3,907

2,352,421

333

133,962

Sailing Vessels,..

10

Total,

10,01

21,940 7,770 10,015,918 |8,197 10,455,351

8

20,150

2

1,790

429

441,223

2

1,790

Net Increase,

427 439,433

Exported 2,239,731 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,263,000 tons in 1909.

D 10

Strs.

Bunker

Coal,

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal,

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Steamers,

4,186

562,450 | 4,282

579,841

96

17,391

River Steamers,.

3,574

56,537 | 3,907

61,286

333

4,749

Total,

7,760

618,987 8,189

641,127

429

22,140

Increase,

429 22,140

D 11

13. The River Trade compared with 1909, is shown in the following Table:-

1909,

1910,

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

371,280

280,90×

1,947,209

386,813

318.412

1,984,793

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for 1909 and 1910 :-

IMPORTS.

1910.

Junks.

Foreign Trade, ... 10,736

Local Trade,

20,224

Tous. 1,068,177 1,199,024

Junks

Tons.

12.3

1,114,264

21,797 1,030,242

Total,

30,960

2,267,201

31,341 2.174,506

EXPORTS.

Foreign Trade, Local Trade,

10,434 1,032,710

12,544

1,099,106

20,212 1,188,847

21,703

1.037.078

Total,.

30,646

2,221,557

34,247

2,136,1×4

15. A summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1910. The trade returns, being admittedly inaccurate, is given to the nearest 1,000 tons only:

D 12

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emi-

Dis-

charged.

In

grants.

Shipped. Transit.

Bunker Coal.

Total.

Tomuage.

Arrived, Departed.

British Ocean-going,

4,262 | 1,658,000

1,145,000 | 2,069,000

280,000 5,152,000

8,111,946 174,967

146,635 73,851

Foreign Ocean-going,

4,312 | 2,247,000

800,000 | 1,910,000

300,000 | 5,257,000

8,103,969

95,675

97,814

31,207

British River Steamers,

6,483

291,000

236,000

48,000

575,000

4,000,073

881,165

857,926

Foreign River Steamers,..

1,334

96,000

82,000

14,000

192,000

706,616

133,443

112,259

Total,.

16,391

4,292,000 | 2,263,000 | 3,979,000

642,000 |11,176,000 | 20,922,604

1,285,250

1,214,634 | 111,058

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade,

3,153

5,000 20,000

6,000 31,000

Junks, Foreign Trade,..

21,170

317,000 599.000

Total Foreign Trade,

40,714

4,614,000 | 2,882,000 | 3,979,000

136,765

916,000 2,100,887 648,000 12,123,000 | 23,160,256

24,028

29,276

33'458

34,019

1,342,736

1,277,929 |111,058

Steam-launches, Local Trade,

Junks, Local Trade,.

466,014 5,000 2,000 40,436 205,000 292,000

Total, Local Trade,

506,450

210,000 294,000

Grand Total,

547,161

4,824,000 3,176,000 | 3,979,000

37,000 -14,060 10,986,234 197,000 2,387,871 37,000 541,000 | 13,374,105 685,000 |12,664,000 | 36,534,361

1,859,431

1,879,795

20,795

15,982

1,880,226

1,395,777

3,222,962

2,673,706111,058

A

- D 18-

3.

Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $494,234.84 as against $461,864.82 collected in the previous year, showing an increase of $32,370.02 or 7% :---

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment, Licences and Internal Revenue, Fees of Court and Office... Miscellaneous Receipts,

Total,

1909.

1910.

Increase.

$ 82,473.37 $ 86,157.20 $ 3,683.83

90,337,67

95,810.83

133,391.00

137,288.67

155,529.38

174,811.89

134.40

166.25

5,473.16

3,897.67

19,283.51

31.85

$ 461,864.82 $494,234.84 $ 32,370.02

The principal increases are under Light Dues, $3,683.83; Light Dues, Special Assessment in respect of the Mongkoktsui Typhoon Refuge, $5,473.16; Junk Licences, $1,634.45; Boat Licences, $1,327.95; Fishing Stake and Net Licences, $573.60; Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, $375; Emigration Brokers' Licences, $200; Steam-launch Licences, $189.75; Pilots' Licences, $85; Medical Examination of Emigrants, $17,514.50; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen, $2,579.60; Sunday Cargo Working Permits, $1,275; Registry Fees, $865; Survey of Steamships, $396.17; and Sale of Printed Forms, $98.

There was falling off in Revenue under the headings:--- Court Fines, $2,079.63; Fees for storage of Explosives, $3,007.76 ; and Examination of Masters, Mates and Engineers, $345.

17. The expenditure of the Harbour Department for 1910 was $160,035.89 as against $169,679.84 expended in 1909.

The Amount of Light Dues collected was as follows :--

Special Assessment.

No. of

Class of Vessels.

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rato

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

$

..

81,073.60

162,147.20

307.54

615.08

7,154.40

11,927.51

4.41

7.36

7,043.42

7,043.42

227.46

227.46

"

C.

Ocean Vessels,

4,298

8,107,360 1 cent.

81,073.60

1 cent.

Steam Launches,

729

30,754 1

307.54

1

""

River Steamers (Night Boats),

2,713

1,430,800

""

River Launches (Night Boats)

16

880

mice

4,773.11 |

2.95

"

River Steamers (Day Boats), River Launches (Day Boats),

1,175

845,381

Nil.

6

10 to

631

27,290

Nil.

Total,.

9,562

10,442,465

$86,157.20

$95,810.83

$181,968.03

A

D 15

4.-Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, there were 291 Steam-launches (in- cluding 9 Motor Boats) employed in the Harbour. Of these, 128 were licensed for conveyance of passengers, &c., 123 were privately owned, 18 were the property of the Government and 22 belonged to the Im- perial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval.

Twelve Masters' Certificates were suspended for incompetency or negligence in the performance of their duties; 5 were suspended for 3 months, of whom 2 were required to re-pass their examination before certificates returned, 1 was suspended for 2 months, and was required to re-pass the examination before certificate returned, 4 were suspended for 1 month of whom 2 were required to re-pass the Rules of the Road before certificates returned, 2 were temporarily suspended until they could satisfy the examiner in the Rules of the Road.

"

Five hundred and seventeen (517) engagements and Four hundred and fifty-seven (457) discharges of Masters and Engineers were made during the year.

As in 1909, seven (7) steam-launches were permitted to carry Arms, &c., for their protection against pirates. These were all pre- viously allowed.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

19. One hundred and eleven thousand and fifty-eight (111,058) Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1910 177.430 in 1909).

Of these, 79,851 were carried in British Ships and 31,207 in Foreign Ships.

These figures show the large increase, compared with those for 1909, of 33,628 (or 434%) which is accounted for by the largely in- creased Emigration to the Federated Malay States to provide labour for the Rubber plantations.

One hundred and forty-nine thousand five hundred and sixty- four (149,564) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated, either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 144,821 in 1909. Of these 108,346 arrived in British Ships, and 41,218 in Foreign Ships.

6.-Registry, &c., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 19 ships were registered under the pro- visions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 6 Certificates of Registry were cancelled. 152 Documents, &c., were dealt with in connection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,458 as compared with $593 in 1909.

:

:

D 16

7.- Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Ninety-five (95) cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (303 in 1909). Breach of Harbour Regulations; Disobeying the lawful orders of the Harbour Master; Neglecting to exhibit lights; Failing to observe the Rules of the Road; and Carrying excess of passengers were the principal offences.

8. Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22. The following Courts were held during the year:-

On the 2nd February, inquiry into charges of Misconduct on the part of George Thyne, number of whose Certificate of Competency is No. 037,244 London, First Mate of the British S.S. "Derwent" Official No. 81,603 of Hongkong.

The result was that the Court ordered his Cer- tificate to be suspended for six months.

On the 26th September, inquiry into the circumstances attending the fire on the 14th September on board the British S.S. "Kum Chow" Official No. 128,682 of Hongkong, of which John Martin, number of whose Certificate of Competency is 103 Singapore, was Master.

The Court attached no blame to any of the Certifi- cated Officers, but wished to place on record their sense of the most reprehensible conduct of the crew in leav- ing the ship when she was in such a critical position. On the 30th November, inquiry into the circumstances attending the collision between the British S.S. "Hoi Ming" Official No. 123,099 and the British S.S. "Kwong Tung" Official No. 116,032, both of Hongkong, of which Tom Austin, number of whose Certificate of Competency is 08,032 Plymouth, was Master of the S.S. "Hoi Ming", and Henry Walter Walker, number of whose Certificate of Competency is 1,238 Hongkong, was Master of the S.S. "Kwong Tung".

The Court did not consider the case sufficiently serious to call for the cancellation or suspension of the Certificate of Competency of the Master of either vessel.

1

}

D 17

9.--Examination of Masters, Mates and Engineers.

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899, for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed :--

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

Grade.

Passed.

Failed.

Master,

Master, (Provisional Certificate),

14

4

1

Master, River Steamers,

5

First Mate,

17

First Mate, (Provisional Certificate),

First Mate, River Steamers,

Second Mate,

9

Second Mate, (Provisional Certificate),

Total,

48

First Class Engineer,.....

22

Second Class Engineer,..

37

325

7

1

13

Total,

59

14

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Or- dinance No. 10 of 1899 :-

For Master,........

For Engineer,

Candidates.

Total,

Passed. Failed.

46

2

68

1

111

3

10.-Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. Four Examinations for Pilot's Certificate were held during the year, two passed and two failed, two Licences were issued, and 13 Licences were renewed.

:

D 18

M

11.-Sunday Cargo Working.

25. During the year 267 Permits were issued under the pro- visions of this Ordinance as compared with 262 in. 1909. Of these 94 were not used as it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday and the fees in such cases were refunded.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $30,475 as against $29,200 in 1909.

12. New Territories.

Twelfth year of British Administration.

26. The Outstations attached to the Harbour Department, five in number, have continued to perform the work allotted to them, and during the year Licences, Port Clearances, Permits, &c., have been issued by them as follows:-

1909. 1910.

Cheung Chau opened 1899

11,002

13,484

Tai O

1899

5,143

6,258

Tai Po

1900

11

6,811

9,022

1

Sai Kung,

1902

2,458

2,683

""

Long Ket

1905

4,350

"

8,260

Deep Bay

1901

2,458

31,804

39,707

Deep Bay station was closed in 1909 and the work was divided up between the Police launches in charge of Tai Po and Long Ket; hence the increase in the figures for these two stations.

The Revenue collected by this Department from the New Terri- tories during 1910 was $28,141.90 as compared with $25,102.50 in 1909.

13. Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During 1910, one thousand and twenty-two (1,022) vessels were reported as passing this station and two were not reported owing to communication being interrupted.

:

One hundred and one (101) of the above vessels were signalled by Morse lamp.

D 19

Three thousand four hundred and eighty-four (3,484).telegraphic messages including meteorological observations for Observatory were sent and five hundred and twelve (512) messages were received.

Telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year with the exception of a twenty-four hours' interruption on the 24th and 25th February, caused by lines being in contact in Hongkong.

There were one hunderd and thirty-six hours and thirty minutes (136h. 30m.) of fog, and the fog signal was fired eight hundred and sixty (860) times.

On three occasions the relief was delayed by rough weather.

WAGLAN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1910, 2,379 messages were sent and 626 received 2,253 vessels were reported and 41 not reported.

The fog guns were fired 3,702 times.

There were three hundred and fifty-nine hours and twelve minutes (359h. 12m.) of fog.

Telegraphic interruptions occurred on six occasions. occasion was the relief delayed by rough sea.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

On no

During 1910, 1,736 vessels were signalled and reported. In addition, 603 messages were sent and 520 received.

Owing to telephone communication being interrupted at three different times during the year, 20 vessels were not reported.

14. Commercial Intelligence, Board of Trade.

23. Forty-seven (47) letters were received during the year from firms and individuals, principally in Great Britain, asking for in- Formation upon various points in connection with their business, requesting me to place them in communication with local firms, or to obtain local agents for the sale of their goods, or submitting samples or price lists.

My replies have been as full as the information and time at my disposal permitted, and my negotiations have, I understand, been productive, in many cases, of desired effects.

D 20-

For the first time, this year, I have been able to give details of a prospective opening for British trade, irrespective of queries from home.

HARBOUR OFFICE,

28th January, 1911.

BASIL TAYLOR, Commander, R.Ñ.,

Harbour Master; &c.

1

TOTAL.

Australia and

New Zea.

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

27!

2,880

:

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China,: Junks.

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTER.

COUNTRI

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,.

Tous,

Crews,..

[Vessels,..

Tons,..

WITH CARGOES,

Car-

goes,

Vessels,.

Tons,

Crews,.

30

21

61,11040,217 101,307 2,269,909

2,274 1,297 5,079

131,885

¡Discharged,

27,000 54,000 (26,000

454,000

Transit,

15,000 16,600 51,000

365,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

265

344,574

:.

:

:

:

:

112

18

4

156

148

220

142,142

6,389

59,705 12,793 550,069 | 400,465 627,837 | 82,3

1,735 276 11,145 18,618 16,876 3,1

212,000

18,000

33,000 1,000 188,000 172,000 298,000 88,0

63,000 10,000 592,000 162,000 426,000 50,0

16,352

30

21

27

3,145

61,410 40,217|101,307

2,614,183

TOTAL.

Car.

goes,

Crews,..

2,274 1,297 5,079

151,237

Discharged,

Transit,

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Vessels,

Tons,

27,000 54,000 26,000

15,000 16,000 (51,000

30 20

451,000

:

:

:

:

1

5,718

73

17,166 2,5

361

112

18

156

148

228

142,142

6,389

212,000

66,103 27,138

Crewa,..

2,897 1,191

gocs,

Discharged, 13,000 16,000

Transit,

28,000 6,000

365,000

875 484 +7,082

816,920 22,615| 656,681

43,499 11,554 95,515

170,000

3. 8,000

213,000

18,000

55

59,705 18,541 | 550,069 | 400,465| 645,003| 84,8:

1,735 349 11,145 18,618 16,740 3,5

33,000 1,000 188,000 172,000| 298,000| 88,0€

63,000 10,000 592,000 162,000 426,000 50,00

136 78

20

67 418

6

61,543 501,030 |71,704

2,468 | 16,052 || 4,974 |

90,000 109,000 (21,000

I

11,000 500,000

87,768 157,003 1,185,728 119,92

2,098

20,000

105,000 124,000|654,000| 96,00

4,002 31,453 3,70

79,000 858,000 130,00

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,.

182 751 3,190

3

Tons,.

3,366

Crews,..

109

:

:

2

4,418 13,189 1,09.

73

230

40

199,112 27,156| 366,436

7,709 6,602 50,227

TOTAL.

Car-

goca,

Tons,.

Crews,...

Vessels,.

66,103 27,138

30

20

:

2,897 1,191

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

{ Discharged,. 13,000 46,000

Transit,

Vessels,

Tons,.

Crews,

28,000 6,000

1,057 1,238 10,272

136

1,016,032 |49,771 1,023,117 61,543 501,030 75,070

51,208 18,156 | 145,742 2,468 16,052 5,083

170,000

30$,000 90,000 109,000 $21,000

213,000

11,000 500,000

55

81

20

69

420

6:

60

41

27

- 167

127,513 67,355 | 101,307

5,171 2,488 6,079

Discharged, 40,000 | 100.000 [26,000

Transit,

Vessels,..

:

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Tons,

Crews,..

[Vessels,.

Tons,..

Crews,...

95,515 8,857 17,787 | 5,250 13,243

308,000 302,00o| 142,000 (22,000 208,000

29,000 563,000 10,000 697,000

22,620 47,829 7,191

251,000 (1,156 000 218,000

286,000 1,080,000: 146,000

447 754 3,190

543,686 27,156 | 366,436

:

24,061 6,602 50,227

60

41

27

167

154

127,513 67,355 | 101,307

Discharged,

6,171 2,488 5,079

40,000 100,000 26,000 |

308,000

Transit,

43,000 22,000 51,000 51,000

4,202 1.238 10,272

3,630,515 49,771 |1,023,117) 203,685 | 560,735 93,611 | 637,837 561,886 1,843,920| 205,905

202,445 18,156| 145,742 8.857 17,787 5,432 13,243 22,693 48,423 7,281

624,000

302.000 | 142,0 22,000| 208,000|| 251,000 |1,156,000| 218,000

678,000

86

176

217

648

121

29,000 | 563,000 110,000 697,000 286,000 1,080,000) 146,000

3,755 481

7,082

3,086,829 |22,615| 656,681 | 203,685 | 560,735 84,497 637,837 557,468 1,813,565| 202,235

178,384 11,554

624,000

43,000 (22,000 (61,000 578,000

167

154

82

176

215

87,768 161,421 (1,198,917| 121,017

2,098 4,075 31,683 3,741

20,000 79,000 858,000 | 130,000

105,000 124,000|654,000| 96,000

118

635

2

10

3

9,114

182

4,418 30,355 3,670

73

594

90

Formosa.

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements

Japanese Ports.

1 Java and other

Islands in

D 21

TUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED in the COLONY of HONGKON

Australia and

New Zea.

land.

British North Borneo.

Canada.

Ships. Coast of China,

Coast of China, Steamships

under 60 tons.

Coast of China,

Junks.

30

21

27

2,880

61,110 40,217101,307

2,269,909

2,274 1,297 6,079

131,885

27,000 51,000 |26,000

454,000

15,000 16,600 51,000

365,000

:

:

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

112

18

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED,

156

148

220

57

142,142 59,705 12,793 | 550,069 | 400,465| 627,837| 82,309

6,389 1,735 276 11,145 18,618 16,876 3,490

33,000 1,000 188,000 172,000 298,000 88,000

63,000|10,000|592,000| 162,000| 426,000| 50,000

212,000

18,000

:

:

1,034

668,710

38,302

73,000

:

2

2,218 5,488

26

272

[3,000 | 1,000

3,000

:

:

:

:

265

344,574

16,352

1

5,748

73

8

1

17,166

2,579

364

50

284

:

:

30

7,838

301

:

:

30

21

27

3,145

112

18

156

148

228

58

1,035

61,410 40,217 101,307 2,614,483

142,142 59,705 18,541 | 650,069 | 400,465| 645,003 | 84,888

668,991

:

2,274 1,297 5,079

151,237

27,000 54,000 |26,000

454,000

15,000 16,000 51,000

365,000

30

20

:

66,103 27,138

2,897 1,191

13,000 46,000

:

43,499 11,554

170,000

875 184 .7,082

816,920 22,615| 656,681

95,515

3: 8,000

6,389 1,735 349 11,145 18,618 16,740 3,540

212,000 33,000 1,000 185,000 172,000 298,000 $8,000

18,000 63,000 10,000 | 592,000 | 162,000 426,000 50,000

55 136 78

20

67

38,332

:

73,000

,216 13,326

26 573

3,000 1,000

:

3,000

:

418

61

72

123 329

179

28,000 6,000

:

213,000

61,543 501,030 |71,704

2,468/

16,052 4,974

90,000 | 109,000 (21,000

11,000 500,000

87,768

2,698

20,000

105,000

157,003 |1,185,728|119,926 34,886

4,002 31,453 3,701 | 3,634

79,000 | 858,000) 130,000 (23,000

124,000|654,000| 96,000 | 1,000

19,98118,317 |17,327

539

1,509 8,055 2,807

18,000 5,000 9,000

4!

1,000

:

:.

182 754 3,190

3

2

2

1

2 285

:

:

199,11227,156| 366,436

3,366

4,418

13,189 1,091 299

2,042

7127,733

7,709 6,602 50,227

109

73

230

40

22

201

16 5,224

417

45

30

20

66,103 27,138

2,897 1,191

13,000 46,000

:

28,000 6,000

213,000

60

41

27

1,057 1,238 10,272

1,016,032 49,771 1,023,117| 61,543 501,030 (75,070

51,208 18,156 145,742 2,468 16,052 5,083

170,000

30$,000 90,000 109,000 21,000

11,000 500,000

154

55

136

81

20

69

420

63

73

129 331 464

2

:

87,768 161,421 1,198,917121,017 35,185

2,098 4,075

31,683

3,741 3,656

20,000 79,000| 858,000|130,000 (23,000

105,000 124,000|654,000|| 96,000 | 1,000

22,023 (18,391 |45,060

1,713 | 8,071 | 8,031

18,000 5.000 9,000

956

86

1,000

:

82

6,171 2,488 5,079

40,000 | 100.000 (26,000

43,000 (22,000 51,000

178,384 11,554

624,000

578,000

-167 3,755 181 7,082

127,513 67,355 101,307 3,086,829 22,615 656,681 203,685 | 560,735 84,497 | 637,837|| 557,168|1,813,565|202,235 (34,886 688,691 18.31717,3272,216 5,488 539

95,515

272 17,787 5,250 8,857

41 22,620 13,243

47,829

39,811 8,055 2,807 26 7,191 3,634

308,000 302,000 112,000 |22,000| 208,000 251,000 1,156 00n 218,000 23,000 91,000 5,000 9,000 3,000 1,000 1,000

29,000 563,000 10,000 697,000 286,000 1,080,000 146,000 | 1,000

176

215

63S

118

72 1,157 329 179

3,000

447 754 3,190

2

10

3

71

285

:

:

24,061| 6,602

543,686 27,156 | 366,436

50,227

9,114

182

4,418

30,355

73

594

3,670

90

299

2,326

7+ '27,733

7,838

417

!

22

234

16 5,224

301

45

154 86

176

217

648

121

73

1,164 331 464

60

41

27

127,513 67,355 101,307

6,171 2,488 5,079

40,000 100,000 26,000

43,000 |22,000 51,000

4,202 1,238 10,272 167 3,630,515 49,771 (1,023,117| 203,685 | 560,735|93,611 | 637,837 561,886 1,843,920 205,905 35,185 691,017 18,391 45,060 2,216 18,326

202,445|18,156| 145,742 8,857

13,243 17,787 5,432

624,000

308,000 302.000 142,0 22,000 208,000

678,000

29,000 603,000|10,000| 697,000

5

956

i

22,693| 48,423 7,281 3,650

251,000 1,156,000 218,000 23,000

286,000 1,080,000) 146,000 1,000

573 86 40,045 8,071 8,031

91,000 5,000 9,000,000 1,000 1,000

26

3,000

:

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

D 21

ENTERED in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1910.

220

57

1,034

627,837

82,309

668,710

16,376

3,490

298,000 88,000

426,000 50,000

:

:

38,302

73,000

8

1

17,166

2,579

364

50

:

1

284

30

:

:

:.

:

Philippine Islands.

Port Arthur.

Hainan and

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Ports in

Russia in A

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

Tsintau.

of America.

United States

Weihaiwei.

TOTAL.

2

2,216 5,488

:

189

267,376

:

83

2

11

57

11

5,071

100,929 5,507

15,103 5,427

26

272

13,075

3,000 1,000

50,000

3,000

28,000

5,088

107

721

92

106,000

:

61,000 8,000

22,000 4,000

6,000

12,799 194,968 13,851 | 5,840,482

3,730. 761 264,419

681.

13,000 114,000 10,000 1.949,000

3,000 189,00 3,000 2,69,000

3

7,838

301

:

16

31,788

2

2,424

938

126

:

300

2,884

4.413.

75

76

419,698

18,385

228

لاق

1,035

645,003 $4,888

668,994

16,740

3,540

38,332

:

4:

:

:

:

298,000 88,000

73,000

2006

426,000 50,000

2,216 13,326

573

|3,000 1,000

3,000

:

:

:

418

61

72

123

329

179

-,185,728 119,926 34,886

31,453 3,701 | 3,634

858,000| 130,000 23,000

19,981 18,317 |17,327

1.

1,509 8,055 2,807

:

18,000 5,000 9,000

1,000

654,000 96,000 | 1,000

2

2

1

:

e

2 285

:

:

:

:

1

5

205

85

299,164

14,013

50,000

28,000

103,853 | 5,507

107 5,214

106,000

61,000 8,000

721

92

75

22,000 4,000

6,000

7

3

247

11

290

1

1

81

539

6,759

41

453

4,000

315,203 3,308, 5,758 4,388 423,736 5,373 218,023 (28,829

138

621 15,713 30: 9,310

103 138

4,000 192,000 4,000 485,000

1,000 2,000

10,674

4,876,586

12,789

73,000

274,745

2,665,000

5,000 64,000 35,000

3,000 6,000

3,000 56,000

5,374

15,103| 5,427; 2,88412,799 199,321 13,851 6,060,180

681

761 3,806

282,804

13,000 114,000 10,000 1,949,000

3,000 189,000 3,000 2,069,000

9

59

11

13,189

1,091

299

2,042

74 27,733

417

:

230

40

22

201

16 5,224

16

18,220

605

شدم

3

1,861

106

2

1,412

* 87

:

:

:

:

:

:

1,910,000

4,451

666,926

71,299.

420

63

73

129

331

464

:

:

2

23

3

250

11

292

I

1

3

81

15,125

22,023 18,391 45,060

1,713 8,071 | 8,031

18,000 5.000 9,000

118

72

179

:

.,198,917 121,017 35,185

31,683 3,741 3,656

858,000 130,000 23,000

654,000 96,000 1,000

1,157 638

329

1,813,565 202,235 34,886 688,691 18.317 17,327 2,216 5,488 539 | 274,135

7,191 3,634 39,811 8,055 2,807 26 47,829

41 13,528 138 14,398 728

1,156 000 218,000 23,000 91,000 5,000 9,000 3,000 1,000 1,000

54,000

4,000 298,000 4,000

1,080,000 146,000 1,000

28,000 5,000 125,000 43,000

956

21,979

86

1,058

1,000 4,000

:

:

1

196

3

13

272

3,000

:

:

5,373|| 219,884 28,829| 316,615| 3,308 5,758|| 4,388| 423,736

138

621 9,416

15,800 80

4,000 192,000 4,000 485,000

5,000 64,000 35,000 3,000 | 6,000

301 3 330

5,373 318,952 34,336 330,311 8,735 5,758 17,187 618,614 13,851 10,517,068

16,434 122 103 $19 16,519 761 539,161

507,000 1,000 1,000 15,000 187,000 10,000 4,61000-

3,000 12,000

6,000 245,000 3,000 3,979,000

6,543,412

103 138 12,789

1,000 2,000 73,000

316,044

2,665,000

3,000

12

56,000

1,910,000

138

11

15,748

10

3

285

3

T

1

32

30,355 3,670 299 2,326

7+ 27,733

7,838

417 50,008

594

90

22

234 16 5,224

301

45 1,543

5

4,285

232

1,412

87

2

:

2,884

75

4,413

76

4,751

1,086,524

89,684

648

121

73

331 1,164

464 1

5

2

228

3

335

13

303

3

2

12

140

11

20,499

:

1,843,920 205,905 35,185 691,017 18,391 45,060 |2,216 |13,326 956 324,143

3,656 7,281

40,045 8,071 48,423

8,031 26 573 86 15,071

1,156,000 218,000 23,000 91,000 5,000 9,000,000 1,000 1,000 54,000

1,080,000 146,000 1,000

3,000

28,000

12

5,373 323,237 34.336 331,723 8,735 8,642 17,187 623,057 13,851 11,603,592

138

728 14,630

16,521

178 $19

761 16,595

628,848

4,000 298,000 4,000 507,000 4,000 1,000 15,000 187,000 10,000 4,614,000

5,000 125,000 43,000 3,000 12,000

6,000 245,000 3,000 3,979,000

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES,

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and

New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Ceast of China.

Ships.

Coast of China Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China,

Junks.

D 22

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED in the (

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DE

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

Vessels,

Tons,

26

10.

24

3,144

77

28

$9

132

203

22

1,0

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

8.000

19,000 3,000 10,000

2,000

53,389 |16,440 83,441| 2,691,667

2,157 923 4,731 150,576

583,000

100.463 100,461 |12,573 334,635 | 363,8S0 | 528,207

32,431

669,1

4,223 2,241 194 8,170 17,382

34,000 25,000

15,902

1,263

38,8

54,000 171,000 44,000 14,000

79,6

104.000

17,000

2,000 1,000:

6,000 i 44,000

33,000

9,000

:

16,0

Vessels,

12

23

62

6

17

19

223

Tons,

Crews,

:

33,142

30,466

82,203

17,670 39,873

49.356

38,007 1,143

538

1,224

3,614

317

807

756

1 324

63

33333

Bunker Coal,

1,000

2,000

14,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

10,000

Vessels,

Tons,.

26

22

24

3,167

28

3

53,389 49,582 83,444 2,722,133

139

182,666 | 100,461 |12,573 | 352,305 | 403,753 577,563

95

149

222

45

1 1,0

70,438 1,143 | 669,5

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

2,157 1,461

Cargoes,. 19,000 3,000 40,000

4,731

151,800

:

583,000

Coal,...

8,000 3,000

106,000

Vessels,

29

14

Tons,

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

Vessels,

Cargoes,

Coal,...

2,844 986

19,000 | 4,000

5,000 1,000

1,090

|22,776 62,940 18,678 22,848 1,011,177

506

52,736 11,598

4,000

263,000 7,000

6

484

8,322

877,167

127,072

31,000

42

2,000 1,000

140 22

7,837 2,241 194 8,487 18,189 16,658

34,000 25,000

54,000 171,000 44,000 14,000

9,000 16,000 34,000 19,000.

20

256

2,587

631 38,3

79,0

:

16.0

56

54

71

35,851 | 521,729 40,918

572,000

49,000 | 5,000

7,000 30,000

5

6

22

704

Tons,

Crews,

5,594 6,956

18,048 27,436

1,701

115,195

31

2

35,882

169 230

834 6,684

17,561

1,255

13,189 6,967

513 166

91,100 147,544 843,013

104,685 33,339

1,406 16,091 1,039

2,094 3,861 24,511

3,119 3,599

24,000 86,000 10,000 17,000 42,000 80,000 36,000 16,000

15,000 53,000 5,000 4,000

117

54,351 289,682

52

24

I

34,872 2,782

21,5

Bunker Coal,

1,000

3,000

5,000 į

(Vessels,

34

20

6

1,112 1,253

Tons,

Crews,

68,534 25,634 22,848 1,029,225 50,212

10,023

992,662

73

142

25

20

2,827 5,545

19,000 4,000

108

373

1,181 135

1,1

4,000 1,000

78

1,0

76

1

Cargoes,

Shipped, Bunker

3,013 1,216 506

19,000 4,000 4,000

Coal,... 6,000 1,000

53,570 18,282

144,633 263,000 7,000 572,000

52,000 5,000

:

[Vessels,

55

24

30

489

71,733 534,918 47,885

2,661 16,604| 1,205

24,000 86,000 $10,000! 17,000

12,000 30,000

119

168

91,100 | 201,895 (1,132,695] 139,557 36,121

2,094 6,688 30,056 4,300 3,734

21,£

1,6

25

109

42,000 89,000

34,000 56,000

188

459

36,000|16,000

9,000 4,000 1,0

76

71 1,6

5

18

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

5,594 40.098

169 768

1,000 1,000

Tons,

Crews,

4,234

8,322

116,329 35,118 106,292 3,702.844 27.776 877,467 136,314 622,190 53,491 425,738 511,424 1,371.220 137,116 33,339 669,1

5,001 1,909 5,237

203,312 11,598 | 127,072 5,629 18.332 1,233 10,261 21,243 40,413 4,382 3,599 38,3

Cargoes,. 38,000 7,000 14,000

846,000 7,000 | 572,000 58,000 111,000 10,000 71,000 | 213,000 133.000 50,000 16,000 79,0 Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 13,000 | 3,000|

153,000 5,000

24,000 32,000 1,000

60,000 85,000 14,000 4,000 16,6

2. 3

136

13,189 6,967 17,670

513 166 317

Vessels,

Tons,

6,000

93

60

42

30

Tons,

Crews,

5,170 2,677 5,237

Cargoes,. 38,000 7,000 44,000 Shipped, Buuker

Coal,... 14,000 4,000

158,000 5,000

45 764 1,701

48,514 27,436 115,195 118,085

2,058 6,684 17,561 4,869

5,000

19,000

4,279 1,253 10,023

212

121,923 75,216 106,292 3,751,358 50,212 992,662 254,399 635,379 60,453 443,450605,648.1,710,258 209,995 37,264 691,1

205,370 18,282 144,633 10,498 18,845 1,399 10,581 24,877 46,714 6,787 3,797 39,6

846,000 7,000 | 572,000 58,000 111,000 10,000 71,000 | 213,000 133.000 50,000 16,000 79,0

43,000 32,000 1,000 9,000 81,000 90,000 28,000 5,000 17,0

69

17

6

}

170

28

94,221 339,038

3,634 6,301

3,000 21,000 5,000

115

257

595

72,879 3,925 21,3

2,505 198 1,0

14,000 1,000

1,0

123 77 1,1

Macao,

Shing

זיך

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Ccast of China.

Ships.

Coast of China Steamships under 60 tons.

| Coast of China,

Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

D 22

MBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED in the COLONY of HONGKONG f

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

26

10.

24

3,144

89 16,440 83,441| 2,691,667

77

28

:

57

923 4,731 150,576

89

132

203

22

32,431

100.463 100,461 |12,573 | 334,635 | 363,880 | 528,207

4,223 2,241 194 8,170 17,382 15,902 1,263

1,224

1,000

2,000

26

24

24

3,167

00 3,000 40,000 583,000

00 | 2,000

12

33,142

538

:

30,466

34,000 25,000

54,000 171,000

44,000 14,000

:

:

104.000

17,000

2,000 1,000

6,000 44,000

33,000 9,000

1,035

669,105

38,302

79,000

16,000

1

194

11,290 | 1,042| 281,036 -

23

62

6

17

19

23

10

5

82,203

17,670 39,873

49,356

38,007 1,143

492

:

3,614

317

807

14,000

139

28

3,000 2,000

:

89 49,582 83,444 2,722,133

3

182,666 100,461 12,573 | 352,305 | 403,753 577,563

95

149

756

1,000

222

1 324

63

38

:

:

:

374

68

13.410

2,000

136,000

:

1,000 28,000

13

10,000

:

:

21.72.

i

612

2,000

45

1 1,040

:

3

57

1,461 4,731

151,800

00 3,000 40,000 583,000

00 3,000

106,00

:

:

29

14

6

1,090 484

40 18,678 22,848 | 1,011,177 22,776

8,322

877,167

42

7,837 2,241 | 194

34,000 25,000

31,000 2,000 1,000

140

22

20

56

70,438 1,143 | 669,597

8,487 18,189 16,658 2,587

63 38,340

54,000 171,000 44,000 14,000

9,000 46,000 34,000 19,000

256

1 207

11,290 1,042 302,759

374

68 14,022

79,000

2,000

156,000

16,000

:

1,000

30,000

54

71

44 986

506 52,736 11,598

127,072

00 4,000

4,000

263,000 7,000

572,000

30

5

94 6,956

1,000

:

49,000 | 5,000

35,851 521,729 40,918

1,406 16,091 | 1,039

24,000 86,000 |10,000

7,000 30,000

Co

.69

230

000

4

:

:

20

22 764

18,048 27,436

1,701

115,195

314

2

3

35,882 13,189 6,967

834 6,684

17,561

1,255

513

166

:

:

:

:

52

15,000 53,000

117

91,100 147,544 843,013 104,685 33,339

2,094 3,861 24,511

3,119 3,599

17,000 42,000 80,000 36,000 16,000

5,000 1,000

24 5

329 346

18,317 34,765

8,055 6,397

13,000 27,000

1,000

1

15

3,149

15,580

60

821

2,000

13,000

4,000

127

2

65

65

54,351 | 289,682

2,827

5,545

3,000

5,000

20

4 25,634 22,848 1,029,225 50,212

1,112 1,253

10,023

731

142

25

20

992,662

71,733 534,918 47,885

13 | 1,216 506

00 | 4,000

4,000

00

1,000

53,570 18,282

263,000 7,000

52,000 5,000

144,633

572,000

55

24

30

4,234 489 8,322

119

25

109

108

91,100 | 201,895 1,132,695 139,557 36,121

2,661 16,604 | 1,205 | 2,091 6,688 30,056

4,300 3,734

24,000 86,000 10,000 17,000 42,000 89,000

36,000 16,000

12,000 30,000

34,000 50,000

9,000 4,000

168

188

459

19,000 4,000

373

34,872 2,782

1,181 135

4,000 1,000

78

76

21,503

74 5,283

:

3,814

1,521 16 764

1,000

221

1,000

76

71

.

29 35,118 106,292 3,702.844 27.776 877,467 136,314 622,190 53,491 425,735 511,424 1,371.220 137,116 33,339 )1 1,909 5,237 203,312 11,598 127,072 5,629 18.332 1,233 10,261 21,243 40,413

30 7,000 14,000

846,000 7,000 572,000 58,000 111,000 10,000 71,000 213,000 133.000

00 3,000

:.

153,000 5,000

24,000 32,000 1,000 6,000 60,000

5

18

440,098

:

:

45 764 1,701

93

2

3

6

69

85,000

136

127 331 411

21,503 18,391 (40,048

1,521 8,071 | 7,161

13,000 27,000

1,000 1,000

1,035 329 346

669,105 18,317 34.765

4,382 3,599 38,302 8,055 | 6,397

50,000 16,000 79,000 13,000 27,000

14,000 4,000 16,000 1,000

1

22

3,149

60

19,394

1,042

2,000

13,000

:

5,000!

4

209

14,439 | 1,042| 296,616

434 63 14,231

1,000

1

1,000

169,000

32,000

17

132

2

65

20

48,514 27.436 115,195 | 118,085 13,189 6,967

39

768

:

8

*00 1,000

2,058 6,684 17,561 4,869

5,000

513 166

19,000

17,670 94,224 339,038

317 3,634 6,301

3,000 21,000 5,000

30

42

30

212

170

70 2,677 5,237

00 7,000 44,000

00 4,000

158,000 5,000

4,279 | 1,253 10,023 23 75,216 106,292 3,751,358 50,212|992,662 254,399 | 635,379 60,458 443,450 605,648. 1,710,258 209,995 37,264 691,100 18,391 40,048 205,370 18,282 144,633 10,498 18,845 1,399 10,581 24,877 46,714 6,787 3,797 39,861 8,071 | 7,161 816,000 7,000 | 572,000 58,000 111,000 10,000 71,000 | 213,000 133.000 50,000 16,000 79,000 13,000 (27,000

43,000 32,000 1,000 9,000 81,000 90,000 28,000 5,000'

28

115

257

595

72,879 3,925 21,995

2,505 198 1,559

14,000 1,000 1,000

123 77 1,169 331 411

71 5,283

:

25,537

16 764

833

3,000

229

14,439 | 1,042 322,153

131

1,000

68 15,064

169,000

17,000 1,000

1,000 35,000

Islands.

TRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

D 22

EARED in the COLONY of HONGKONG for EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1910.

Philippine

Islands.

Hainan aud Loris in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

TOTAL.

)3

22

:

17

32,431

1,035

669,105

*

3

I

194

36

2

5

:

11,290 1,042| 281,036

39,052

:

:

2

4,110 9,914 5,224 |15,167

5

:

18

68

12

5,139

22,235 230,158 16,077

5,622,000

02

1,263

38,302

374

68

13.410

2,270

115 315 108 524

1,114 4,271 811

269,414

00

14,000

79,000

2.000

156,000

1' 00

:

2,000 3,000 6,000

23,000

90,000 9,000

1,380,000

10

9,000

:

16,000

:

1,000

28,000!

4,000

1,000 1,000

1,000

2,000

2,000 2,000

284,000

9

23

5

13

33

3

11

1

2

1

232

56

38,007 1,143

492

21,72.

76,113

7,736 21,728

2,350 4,666

3,171

429,839

36

1 324

63

38

00

10,000

612 3,325

2,000 6,000

103 564

84 81

49

13,499

2,000

1.000

44,000

12

45

1 1,040

1

69

5

16

2

18

69

12

5,371

33

70,438 1,143 669,597

11,290 1,042 302,759 (115,165

|11,846 31,642| 5,224|17,517 4,666

22,235

233,329 16,077

6,051,839

18 2,587 63 38,340

374

68 14,022 5,595

218 879 108 608 81

1,114

4,320 811

282,943

22

00

14,000

79,000

:

2,000

00

19,000

16,000

156.000 13,000

1,000 30,000 10,000

2,000 3,000 6,000

23,000

90,000;19,000

1,380,000

1,000 3,000

1,000

:

2,000

3,000 2,000

328,000

16

54

71

329 346

15

194

3

4 118

3

2

2

3 104,685 33,339

1 3,119 3,599

00 36,000 16,000

00

|18,317 34,765

3,149

8,055 6,397

60

6,000 4,000

:

:

13,000 27,000

2,000

:

:

:

:

1,000

15,580 ||164,676 6,373 10.829 129,101

821 7,197 112 365 7,322

13,000 71,000

4,000 ! 18,000

זי

24

5

127

2

65

...

1,000 68,000

41,000

7 13

70

3

124

'.

:

:

:

:

14,969 2,595

307

51

6,000

:

:

4

3,767 | 422,979

146 12,809

4,000 | 108,000

82

11,712

4,660,165

295,107

1,502,000

52

34,872 2,782

21,503

74 5,283

1,181 135

1,521 16

784

30

4,000 1,000

1,000

++

:

:

3,814 70,191 3,406

221 2,722 114

:

125,800

6,503

:

73

78

76

127 331 411

1,000

7,000

36,000

.. 22

264

6

4 242

55 139,557 36,121

21,503 18,391 |40,048

3,149

16

4,300 3,734

1,521| 8,071| 7,161

60

:

:

19,394 234,867 8,779 10,829 254,991

:

:

:

:

1

2,560

986

38

35

:

:

:

:

:

:

238,000

3,132

844,660

49,034

82,000

3

3

5

82

14,844

14,969 5,155

4,752 | 422,979

5,504,825

1,042 9,919 226

365 13,825

307

36

92

00

36,000 16,000

+

13,000 (27,000

2,000

13,000 71,000

1,000 68,000

6,000

181 12,809

4,000 108,000

344,141

1,502,000

30

9,000 4,000

69

76

71

13

8

00

1,000 | -1,000

1,035 329 316

20 137,116 33,339 669,105 18,317 34,765

4,382 3,599 38,302 8,055 | 6,397

50,000 16,000 79,000 13,000 27,000)

14,000 4,000! 16,000 1,000

...

5,000 25,000

1

209

230

77,000

123

1,000

2

2

22

434

4,000

68 14,231 9,467

169,000 84,000

112

14,439 | 1,042 296,616| 203,728 | 5,373 14,939 | 139,015 | 5,224 30,136| 2,595

480 7,637 108 831

1,000 70,000 3,000 12,000

54

320,000

150

16,851

26,002 653,137 16,077] 10,282,165 ·

1,260 17,080 811

27,000 198,000|19,000

12

564,551

2,882,000

1,000

32,000| 21,000

1,000 42,000

:

1,000

3,000 2,000 2,000

522,000

36

17 i

6

132

2

65

20

103

3

135

1

3

38

S

72,879 3,925

01. 2,505 198

00

21,995

7+ 5,283

1,559 16

11,000 1,000 1,000

25,537| 146,304| 3,406

7,736147,518

2,350 7,226 985

3,171

3,364

1,274,499

764

833 6,047 114

:..

103 7,067

84 119

:

35

49

62,533

3,000

13,000

95

123

77 1,169 331 411

08209,995 37,264 691,100 18,391 40,048

14 6,787, 3,797 39,861 8,071 | 7,161

1

229

333

38,000

9 258

1,000

9

5

23

151

131

68

226

00

50,000 16,000 79,000 13,000 (27,000

1,000

00 28,000 5,000 17,000 1,000

1,000

14,439 | 1,042 322,153|350,032 | 8,779 22,675 286,633 5,224 32,486 | 9,821

15,064 15,514

583 14,704 108 915 173

169,000 84,000

1,000 70,000 3,000 12,000

35,000 34,000

1,000 80,000

| 1,000

126,000

20,215

26,987 856,308 16,077 11,556,661

1,295 17,129 $11 627,084

27,000 198,000 19,000 2,882,000

3,000

3,000 2,000 648,000

12

D 23

Table III.--NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1910.

NATIONALITY

ENTERED.

OF VESSELS.

WITH CARgoes.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,074 5,640,482 264,419

300 | 419,698

18,385

5,376,060,180 282,804

American,

35 209,294 7,476

2 1,172

98

37 210,466 7,563

Austrian,

24 95,062 1,563

24 95,062 1,563

Belgian,

Coreau,

Chinese,

443 319,073 28,838

51 55,741

2,922

494 374,814 31,760

Chinese Junks,

7,261 674,008 98,322

3,475 394,169

55,451

10,736 1,068,177 153,773

Danish,.

12

20,629 468

8

2,536

311

20 33,165 779

Dutch,

94

200,798 5,737

14

13,939

537

108

214,737 6,274

French,

442 535,090 20,773

3

1,189

95

445

536,279 20,868

German,

654 1,121,843 43,337

68

84,914

2,795

722 1,206,757 46,132

Italian,

13 34,496 1,229

13 34,496 1,229

Japanese,

490 1,308,050 34,990

18

33,171

752

508 1,341,221 35,742

Norwegian,

168 183,86% 5,913

55

52,466

1,698

223 236.334 7,611

Portuguese,

188 49,242 4,896

......

188 49,242

4,896

Russian,

10 28,803 640

10 28,803 640

Swedish,

27 45,398 954

27

45,398

954

No Flag,

1

299

22

1

299

22

Steamships

under 60 tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

813

40,932 19,609

756 27,230 6,618

1,569

68,162 26,227

TOTAL,

15,748 10,517,068 | 539,164 4,751 1,086,524 89,684

20,499 11,603,592 628,848

D 24

Table IV.-NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1910.

NATIONALITY

OF

VESSELS.

CLEARED.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,.

5,139 5,622,000, 269,444

232 429,839

13,499 5,371 6,051,839; 282,943

American,..

36 206,747 7.517

4 2,518

149

40 209,265 7,666

Austrian,

24 95,062 1,592

24 95,062 1,592

Chinese,

479 363,869 32,688

20 14,174

735

499 378,043 33,423

Chinese Junks,

8,668 912,232 133,469

1,766 120,478

18,325

10,434 1,032,710 151,794

Danish,....

13 34,034 511

8 1,160

263

21 35,203 774

Dutch,

86

185,878 5,463

20

25,398

849

106 211,276 6,312

French,

432 524,750 19,941

12 11,284

589

444

536,034 20,530

German,

525

974,432 34,834

202 232,732

11,069

727 1,207,164; 45,903

Italian,

13 34,496 1,243

13 34,496 1,243

Japanese,

369 1,025,992 27,392

137314,533

6,029

506 1,340,525 33,421

Norwegian,

146 157,892 5,527

73 73,922

2,815

219 231,814 8,342

Portuguese,

66 29,478

3,441

122

19,764 1,464

188

49,242 4,905

Russian,

10

28,803 838

10

28,8031 838

Swedish,

27 45,398 998

989

33

28

46,387 1,031

No Flag,

Steamships under 60 tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

1

198

14

1

198

14

818

41,093 19,653

766

27,510 6,700

1,584 68,603 26,353

16,851 | 10,282,165 564,551 3,364 1,274,499 62,533 20,215 11,556,664 627,084

TOTAL, 16,851

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

INBALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

(Vessels,

Tons,

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Crews,

Discharged,

Cargoes,

Transit,......

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

(Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

D 25

Table V-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED

at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1910.

:

Aberdeen,

Cheung Châu.

Deep Bay.

Hunghom.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

Yaumati.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

NAMES OF PORTS.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

:

Victoria.

5,074

5,640,482 | 5,640,482

264,419

264,419

1,949,000 1,949,000

2,069,000 2,069,000

300

300

119,698

419,698

18,385

5,374

`18,385

5,374

6,060,180

6,060,180

Crews,

282,804 282,804

Discharged,...

1,949,000 1,949,000

Cargoes,

Transit,..

2,069,000 2,069,000

Vessels,

Tons,

275 10

6,943 478

:

83

333333

1,214

81,583

381

56

8,728 10,674

20,041

186 1,048

4,766,224 4,876,586

Crews,.

1,350 102

26

13,506 3,162

41 320

Discharged, 5,000

43,000 14,000

256,238 274,745

2,603,000 2,665,000

Cargoes,

Transit,.....

1,910,000 1,910,000

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

{ Vessels,

Tons,

22

32 11

24

190

6

17

4,170

4,451

899

248

18

208 81

307

21

:

:

1,653 10,884

397 351

652,376

666,826

3

4

1,238

571

7,842 726

101

83,236

Crews,

1,558 183

29

275 1,980 111 124

13

30,925 583 1,399

13,781 5,142 152 444

68,517

71,299

73

12,898

15,125

5,418,600 5,543,412

324,755 346,044

Discharged, 5,000

43,000 14,000

2,603,000 2,665,000

Cargoes,

Transit,.

1,910,000 1,910,000

Vessels,

275 10

3

Tons,

6,943 478

83

1,214

81,583 20,041

381

Crews,

1,350 102

26

7 56

186 1,048

|13,506 3,162 41 320

13,802 15,748

10,406,706 10,517,068

520,657 539,161

(Discharged,

5,000

43,000 14,000

4,552,000 4,614,000

Cargoes,

Transit,..

3,979,000 3,979,000

Vessels,

2322

11

1

232 233

24

190

6

17

4,470

4,751

Tons,

899 248

Crews,

Vessels,

81

307 21

Tons,

7,842

726

Crews,

1,558

183

Cargoes,

Transit,..

18

208

:

:

:

:

1,653

10,884 397

351

1,072,074 1,086,524

4

:

101

29

¡Discharged, 5,000

275

1,980 111 124

1,238 571

83,236 30,925

13,781 5,142

43,000 14,000

86,902 89,684

13

583 1,399

152 444

73

18,272 11,478,780 11,603,592

607,559 628,848

4,552,000 4,614,000

3,979,000 3,979,000

20,499

5,074

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

ΝΙ

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES,

D 26

Table VI-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1910.

(Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:

:

Vessels,

101

ہیں

*

Tons,

2,539 252

$9

Crews,

559 69

23

Cargoes,

2,000

:

:

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,.....

208

10

:

:

:

Tons,..

6,680 161

Crews,.

*...

1,129

35

3

Bunker Coal,

:

:

:

[Vessels,

309

13

09

:

:

:

:

:

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chaâu.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Deep Bay.

Hunghom.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

Yaumati.

:

:

:

:

NAMES OF PORTS.

Shaukiwan

Stanley.

Tai 0.

Tai Po.

Victoria.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

5,139

5,139

5,622,000 5,622,000

269,444

269,444

1,380,000 1,380,000

281,000

284,000

232

232

429,839

429,839

13,499

13,499

14,000

44,000

5,371

5,371

6,051,839

6,051,839

282,943

:

:

282,943

1,380,000 1,380,000

328,000

328,000

1,143

493

10.

22

77,352 24,617 527

394

10,033

4,554,395 4,660,165

11,712

12,465

4,532 132

139

34,000

18,000

:

277,188 295,107

1,448,000 1,502,000

:

238,000 238,000

25

116

3

41

1,697 5,675

292

97 595

2,733

829,749

3,132

844,660

878

21 227

46,449

49,034

:

82,000

$2,000

1,168

609

13

63

79,049 30,292 624, 989:

12.757

5,410

153

·366

[34,000

18,000

12,666 14,844

1143

193

10

22

:

:

:

5,384,144

323,637

5,504,825

344,141

1,118,000 1,502,000-

320,000 320,000

:

Tons,

9,219 413

95

Crews,

1,688

104

26

Cargoes,

2,000

:

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,

101

8

2

Tons,

2,539 252

89

Crews,

559

69

23

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

15,072

16,851

77,352 24,617 527 394

12,465

10,176,395 10,282,165

Cargoes,

2,000

:

:

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,-

:

:

÷

:

4,532 132

139

34,000

18,000

546,632

564,551

:

2,828,000

:

2,882,000

¿

Vessels,

208

5

25

116

3

41

Tons,

Crews,

6,680 161

1,129

6

1,697

35

Bunker Coal,

:

:

292

5,675 97 595.

878

21 227

522,000

2,965

1,259,588 1,274,499

59,948 62,533

522,000

3,361

126,000 126,000

Vessels;

Tons,

309 13

9,219 413

نت

1,168 609 13

63

95

Crews,

Cargoes,

1,688 104

2,000

26

79,049 30,292 624 989

12,757 5,410 153 366

18,037 20,215.

11,435,983 | 11,556,664

606,580

627,084

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

:

:

34,000 18,000

2,828,000

2,882,000

648,000

648,000

TOTAL.

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1910.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

D 27

Vessels. Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- Tons. Crew. Tons. sels.

gers.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Fassen- Cargo,

gers.

Tons.

Canton,...

East Coast,

1,121 | 157,422

19,408

313

1,799 | 132,734 | 17,431

376

West River,

3,277 | 307,480

West Coast,.

Macao,

Total, 1910,

Total, 1909,

47,951

885 59,045 10,725 179 17,327 2,807 7,261 | 674,008 | 98,322

7,775 | 658,610 88,558

77,816 991 | 137,289 89,750 279 35,079 7,951 115,270 | 1,716 | 180,817

16,219

117

2,112 | 294,711| 35,657

430

77,816

3,601

37

2,078

167,813 21,032

413

89,750

123 25,018 204 13,251 1 9,262 285 27,733 8,764 317,116 |3,475 |394,169 55,451 11,521 402,076 4,769 440,496 61,210

27,220

3,157

24,517

4,993

488,297 75,171

32,468 | 115,270

23 1,089

72,296 13,882

146 25,018

5,224

464 45,060 8,031 24,694 10,736 1,068,177 153,773

1. 9,262

33,458 317,116

42,199 12,544 1,099,106| 149,768

53,720 | 402,376

:

is

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, fòr Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1910.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

D 28

Vessels.

Tons, Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers, sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,.

2,080 263,651.

36,623

1

East Coast,

1,653 | 114,454

15,815

West River,

3,638 | 432,262

West Coast,

Macao,

Total, 1910,

62,128

951 67,100 | 12,506 346 34,765 6,397 8,668 | 912,232 | 133,469

73

656234,056 103 11,173 1,426 120 68,452 344 41,743 3,988 31,848 | 236,628 |1,175 57,195 11,327 34,223 79 5,084 820 26,864 65 5,283 764 32,697 | 599,223 |1,766 |120,478

72,183 | 274,824 38,049

261,997 156,197 19,803 1.16 68,452 1,289 | 4,813 489,457 73,455 33,137 235,628 1,030 72,184 13,326 411 40,018 7,161

663 | 234,056

73

34,223

26.864

18,325

1,322 10,434 1.032,710 151,794

34,019 | 599,223

Total, 1909,

9,921 951,959 | 119,392 951,95

30,772 743,033 | 2,625 |192,306

29,340

19,259 12,546 1,144,264 148,732

50,031 743,033.

D 29

Table IX.

SUMMARY.

1910.

1909.

FOREIGN TRADE.

NO. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

NO. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

5,074

5,640,482

264,419

Do.

do. in Ballast,

300

419,698

18,385

4,660 271

5,342,746 379,338

254,526

17,140

Total,..

5,374

6,060,180

282,804

4,931

5,722,084

271,666

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

5,139

5,622,000

269,444

4,802

5,515,442

263,441

Do.

do. in Ballast,.

232

429,839

13,499

123

200,155

5,586

Total,.

5,371

6,051,839

282,943

4.925

5,715,597

269,027

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

2,600

4,161,646

156,814

2,648

4,073,330

157,489

Do.

do. in Ballast,...

220

245,427

9,230

195

219,939

8,156

Total,......

2,820

4,407,073

166,044

2,843

4,293,269

165,645

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

2,226

3,706,840

141,985

2,265

3,653,500

145,190

Do.

do. in Ballast,..

600

696,672

24,009

580

646,821

24,724

Total,......

2,426

4,403,512

165,994

2,845

4,300,321

169,914

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes....

Do.

do.

do. in Ballast,......

813

40,932

19,609

971

49,654

11,883

756

27,230

6,618

609

20,588

4,452

Total,.......

1,569

68,162

26,227

1,580

70,242

16,335

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes,..

Do.

do.

818

41,093

19,653

1,001

50,334

12,043

do. in Ballast,

766

27,510

6,700

579

19,858

4,292

Total,..

1,584

68,603

26,353

1,580

70,242

16,335

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

7,261

674,008

98,322

7,775

658,610

88,558

3,475

394,169

55,451

4,769

440,496

61,210

Total,.

10,736

1,068,177

153,773

12,514

1,099,106

149,768

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

8,668

912,232

133,469

9,921

951,959

119,392

1,766

120,478

18,325

2,625

192,305

29,340

Total, ...

10,434

1,032,710

151,794

12,546

1,144,264

148,732

Total of all Vessels entered,

20,499

Total of all Vessels cleared,

20,215

11,603,592 11,556,664

628,848 21,898 11,184,701 627,084 21,886 11,230,424

603,414

604,008

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in

Foreign Trade,..

40,714

23,160,256

1,255,932

43,794 22,415,125

1,207,422

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,...................

40,436

20,224

1,199,024 20,212 1,188,847

2,387,871

162,848 21,795 170,378 21,703

1,030,242 1,057,078

184,999

181,575

333,226

43,498

2,087,320

366,574

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,..

40,714

40,436

23,160,256 2,387,871

1,255,932

43,794

22,415,125

1,207,422

333,226

43,498

2,087,320

366,574

Grand Total,......

81,150

25,548,127

1,589,158

87,292

24,502,445

1,573,996

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year ending 31st December, 1910.

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1909,

122,280 | 2,502,124

827,887

.6,170

97.714 2,661,776 677,1:4

3,275,000

Do.,

1910,

137,016 | 3,008,574 | 1,060,763

95,991 SPP5

2,489,543 €86,208

219,991 | 5,164,200 1,505,311 5,304 | 1,851,336 233,007 | 5,493,117 1,746,971

Tons.

Cargo.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Tons.

Cargo.

Passengers.

Shamshui,

Kongmun,

20

14

20

531

101

374

88

99

:

20 551 101 14 374

99

Kamchenk,

:

Total,.

34 925

200

:

Wuchow,

Macao,

Other places,

57 1,869

466

38 2,091 1,330

2

74

16

663 [24,362 5,936

427

Total,...

722 26,305 6,418

427

Grand Total, Foreign,.

75627,230| 6,618

427

260 1,246 329 18,317| 8,055| 4,580 4,621 446 20,524|10,224 17,734 813 40,932 19,609 4,840 23,601 813 40,932 |19.609 4,840 23,601

34 925 200

95 3,960 1,796 260 1.246 331 18,391 8,071 4,580 4,621 1,109 |44,886 16,160 18,161

1,535 67,237 26,027 4,840 24,028

1,569 69,162 26,227 4,840 24,028

3,282,070

5,304 1,859,431

- D 30 -

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year ending 31st December, 1910,

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

3

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews. Passen- Vessels. Ton- Crews. Cargo. Passen-

gers.

nage.

Tons. gers.

Ton- Vessels.

nage.

('rews. Cargo. Passen-

Bunker

Coal.

Tons. gers. Tons.

- D 31

Within the Waters of the Colony 1909,

122,280 2,502,424

Do.,

1910,

124,253 | 2,584,657

827,887 6,170 960,541 11,357

97,714 2,661,776

168,754 || 2,908,460 |

677,424

786,130

3,275,900

2,053 1,308,438

218,994 5,164,200 1,505,311

3,282,070 30,508

233,007 5,45,117 1,716,971 2,053 1,379.795

36,893

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Sbamshui,

20 551

101

Kongmun,

14 374

99

:

Kamcheuk,

:

:

:

:

:

20

551

101

14 374

99

:

153

144

:

...

Total,

34

925

200

Wuchow,

57

1,869

466

660 792

Macao,

2

74;

16

Other places,

673 24,642

Total,

Grand Total, Foreign,

766 27,510 6,700 6,816

6,018 | 6,816

732 26,585 6,500| 6,816 |

|

38| 2,091| 1,330

329 18,317 8,055 12,887 7,693

451 20,685 10,268 6,453 13,975 818 41,093 19,653 20,000 22,460

34 925 200

95; 8,000| 1,796 €60 792

33118,591 8,07112,887 7,6931 763 1,124 45,327 16,286 6,453 20,791 4,577 1,550 67,578 26,153 20,000 29,276 6,194

20,000 818 41,093 19,653 20,000 22,460 1,584 64%,603 26,353 20,000 29,276 6,491

297

854

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences issued and fees collected during the year 1910 as compared with the previous year. (Under Table IT, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

1909.

1910.

DESCRIPTION OF BOATS.

DUPLI- REPAINT-

DUPLI-

REPAINT-

LICENCES.

FEES.

LICENCES.

FEES.

CATES.

ING.

CATES.

ING.

Passenger Boats, Class A,

Passenger Boats, Class B,

519

997

506

...

$10,933.75

817

Passenger Village Boats,

1,617

1,717

Cargo Boats,...

1,242

1

22,709.75

1,277

Lighters,

153

4

6,838.00

166

Water Boats,

76

1,454.00

73

Other Boats..............

1,229

5,608.80

1,093

Cinder, Bum, Hawker and Mar-

ine Dealers' Boats,

410

864.00

374

Fish Drying Hulks,.............

77

492.25

67

Repainting Fees, $0.25 each,....

783

195.75

TOTAL,

$

10,448.00

24,858.25

7,260.50

1,426.25

5,104.75

805.00

465.25

225

56.25

6,320

783

$49,096.30

6,990

1

225

$50,424.25

D 32

1

D 33

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour

Department during the Years 1909 and 1910.

Amount Amount

Sub-head of Revenue.

1909.

1910.

C.

$

C.

"}

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

2. Liceuces and Internal Revenue not other-

82,473.37

86,157.20

Special Assessment,

90,337.67

95,810.83

wise specified:

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

49,096.30 50,424.25

Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

1,035.00

1,410.00

Emigration Brokers' Licence, Ordin-

ance 1 of 1889,..

1,000.00

1,200.00

Fines, ....

6,145.25

1,065.26

Forfeitures,.

1,591.55

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,................

206.20

166.50

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, New

Territories, Ord. 10 of 1899,

2,205.50

2,818.80

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

46,599.25

45,807.60

Junk Licences, &c., New Territories,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,....

22,897.00

25,323.10

Pilots' Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid:

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

100.00

185.00

4,106.50

4,296.25

22,713.20 25,292.80

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

320.50

258.50

10 of 1899,

2,607.50

2,262.50

Fees of Court,

Gunpowder, Storage of--Ord. 10 of 1899, 12,469.16 Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

9,461.40

1 of 1899,

*50,723.00 +68,237.50

Printed Forms, Sale of,

151.50

249.50

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent for-

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

3,480.00

3,510.00

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

593.00

1,458.00

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

3,480.00

3,420.00

Survey of Steamships, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,.............

7. Miscellaneous Receipts (other)-Message

Fees for notifying ships,...

Sale of Newspapers,

*

Total.................... .$ 461,864.82§ 494,234.81

† See next page.

Not including $605 for Sugar Certificates and Permits.

29,790.52 30,186.69

29,200.00 30,475.00

134.40

161.00 5,25

D 34

Statement of Emigration Fees, 1909 :--

....

Harbour Department, Registrar General's Office, Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health, Medical Department,...

Revenue collected by.

$ 50,723.00

3,778.00

7,440.00

Expenditure

incurred by.

$

4,000.00 (Estimated.) 4,669.01

15,963.98

$ 61,941.00

$ 24,632.99

Net Revenue,....$ 37,808.01

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1910:-

Harbour Department,

Registrar General's Office,

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,....

Revenue collected by.

$ 68,237.50

5,338.00

7,674.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,000.00 (Estimated.)

6,276.24

16,384.14

$ 81,249.50

$ 26,660.38

Net Revenue,....$ 54,589.12

(Net Revenue, 1908, $33,425.)

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigration from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year ending 31st December, 1910.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHITHER BOUND.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Childreu.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

M.

F.

3. F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

1.

D 35

Australian Ports,

Canada,

Dutch Indies,

Honolulu,

Fiji,

Japan,......

661

669

661

7

1

669

9,730

587

610,338 167

7,520

276

9 2 181 320 39 8,155

9,897 18

596

8

10,519

7,520

276

820

39

8,155

4

5

4

5

248

16

277 2,873

183

103 31

3,190 3,121

199

112

35

3,467

69

69

81

3

2 2

91 153

3

2

160

Mauritius,

342

24

28

394

342

24

28

394

Mexico,

2,957

87

3,044

294

301 3,251

93

3,345

South America,..

643

21

664

220

Straits Settlements,.

Tahiti,.

Timor,

U. S. of America,.

4

7

800

Total 1910,

Do. 1909,

51,1158,805 2,671 94263,533 11,137 1,407

43

239 863

449 | 179 |13,172|62,252 |10,212| 3,120| 1,121| 76,705

4

9 6,725

10,779 | 4,678| 1,215|111,058

847 5.811 34 325 8 5,878 6,311 37 368 |66,580 8,863 3,454|954|79,851 27,806 1,916| 1,224 261 31,207 94,386 |43,652|6,233| 2,286 752 52,923 22,048 | 1,175 | 1,108 | 176 |24,507 65,700

7,408|| 3,394

928 77,430

(66,580 8,863 | 3.454 27,806 1,916 1,224

954 79,851

261

31,207

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,

|38 774 | 6,947|| 2,230

693

48,644

Total Passengers by British Ships,. Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

31

903

4

7

:

Table XV.

Statement of average number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1910 inclusive.

1880.

41,720

1885.

1890.

1895.

1900.

63,138 66,706 60,360 66,961

1905. 1910. 78,103 88,452

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1901 to 1910 inclusive.

D 36

Whither bound.

1901.

1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907. 1908.

1909. 1910.

Straits Settlements, Males,

48,732

Straits Settlements, Females,

8,174

Total,.

56,903

57,668 63,387

49,260 53,759 53,131 45,948 51,589 71,141 40,746 40,129 65,372 8,408 9,628 9,596 9,026 8.731 11,907 8,893 7,887 11,833 62.727 51,974 60,320 83,048 49,639 48,016 76,705

Other Ports, Males,....

12,758

Other Ports, Females,

113

76

13,967 19,915 13,499 82 78

9,308

59

16.348

57

22,829

90

21,299

143

28,965

419

33,692

661

Total

12,871

14,043

19,997

13,577 9,367

16,405 22,919

21,442

29,414

34,353

Grand Total,

69,774 71,711 $3,384

76,304 | 64,341

76,725 |105,967

71,081

77,430 |111,058

..

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the Year 1910.

BRITISH VESSELS.

FOREIGN VESSELS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Adulte.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

WHERE FROM.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

P.

M.

1.

M.

J.

F.

M.

2.

M.

F.

D 37

Australian Ports,

2,146

84

62

43

2,335

246

247

2,392

84

Bangkok,

46

46

3.344

82

10

3.481

3.390

82

45

Canada,

4,938

39

39

15

5,031

4.938

39

39

Dutch Indies,

22

25

8,233

11

2

8,252

8,255

14

Honolulu,

186

190

314

28

16

17

1 375

1,500

30

17

Japan,

257

21

292

873

} 1

900

1,130

32

16

348076

13

2.582

10

3.527

15

5,031

8,277

18

1.565

14

1,192

Mauritius,

43

13

43

43

Mexico,

360

361

360

1

361

New Guinea,

203

203

203

203

South America,.

292

292

140

140

432

432

Straits Settlements,.

89,091

5,176 2,125 1 205

97,597

18,954

946

United States of America,

2,118

9

2

2,134

5,9 3

269

1517 100

197

70

20,366

108,045

6,254

8,051

6,122 | 2,394 | 1,402 160 105

117,963

72

8,388

Total Passengers, 1910.

Do.,

1909,

99,499

105,167

5,334 |2,240 | 1,273 | 108.346

2,570 1,153

39,240

743 | 109,633 34,869

1,229

446 303 41,218138,739

6,563 2,686 |1,576

149,564

167

$4

68

35,188 140,036

2,737 1,237

811

144,821

Total Passengers by British Vessels, Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels. Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

99,499

5,334 | 2,240 | 1,273

108,346

39,240

1,229 446 303

41,218

60,259

4,105 | 1,794 970

67,128

3

Table XVIII.

Statement of average amber of Emigrants Ketarned to Kongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1875 to 1910 inclusive,

1875.

29,202

1880. 1885. 48,114 68,830

1890. 1895. 1900. 96,068 104,118 109,534

1905. 1910. 137,814 146,585

- D 38

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for 10 years, from 1901 to 1910, inclusive.

Where from.

Straits Settlements, Wales. Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907. 1908. 1909.

1910.

4,943 3.891 106,923 | 108,362116,705 |123,542 |114,653 |110,525 |121,935 | 125,228 112.093 110,439 5,778 4,842 6,210 4,043 2,403 1,422 3,387

7,524 |111,866 | 112,253 | 122,483 | 128,384 | 120,863 |114,568 |124,338 |129,650 |115,480 (117.963

-

Total,

16.870

204

17,164

17,826

233

17,826

242

20,447 19,291 19,848 364 329 496

21,387

97

27,869 29,180 290

30,986

161

615

17,559 18,068 20,811 19,620 20,341 21,484 28,159

Grand Total.

29.341 31,601

129,030 129,812 | 140,551 149,195 140,483 134,912 145,922 157,809 144.821 149,564

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

1

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1910.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tounage.

Horse

Fower.

Built

Rig.

Where built and when.

Remarks.

of.

Chit On,..

Kum Chow,..

Fiume,

Kau Sap,

128,681

86.20

70

128,682 | 1,449.80 1340 | Schooner Steel 128,683 838.52 550 128,684 54.51 None!

Nil Wood

Hongkong...

1910.

Hamburg,

.1891.

Iron

Kiel,

.1882.

·

None

Wood

Hongkong,.

1907.

Kau Yat,

128,685 54.51

1907.

""

ין

Kau Yee,

128,686

54.51

1907.

}}

"

Kau Sze,.........

128,687

54.51

.1907.

"1

??

Yat Ying,.

128,688

50.67

Steel

1899.

Taikoo Hee,.

128.689

10.72 75

Nil

Wood

1909.

Dalveen,

Silfy,

128,690

Hai Mun,

95,869

72,861 46.05 None] Fore & Aft Schooner

5.10 10 Nil 641.33 1500 Schooner

Shanghai,

.1898.

Hongkong,......

1909.

Steel

Shasi,

128,691

Tow,

128,692

789.69 600 53.28 300

Nil

}}

Port Glasgow, Hongkong.....

1896. | Re-purchased from Foreigners.

.1910.

.1910.

"

"

Teh Hing,.

72,816 | 1 270.53

420

"1

י!

Shanghai,

...1890.

Hephaestus,..

128,695

26.38

300

"}

43

Hongkong,

.1910.

Pheumpenh,

78,839

Demeter,

128,694

1,065.14 185 28.20 London Rules

23.6

Schooner

Iron

Nil

Steel

Belfast,

Hongkong,

...1879.

....1910.

Ching Lung,

128,695

54.27 | 76.0

1910.

"

- D 39 -

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Horse Power.

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1910.

Labuan,

95,871 120.60 1896

200| Schooner Wood Kowloon, H'kong....1896

Transferred to British North Borneo.

Zafiro,

Rubi,...

Chun Kong,.

116,034

114,737 1.610.75 1901 1750 114,776 | 1,611.63| 1901 1750 296.88 1904 174

Steel

Port Glasgow,

1901

Sold to Foreigners.

1901

Wood Hongkong,

1902

Tow,

116,039

Sam Sap Yat,.

Hai Mun,

30.81 1904 150 None 123,088 45.99 1907 None Nil 95,869 641.33 1896 1500 Schooner

Do.

Lost at the entrance of Hing Wa Sound.

1894 Sold to Foreigners.

"

Steel

Port Glasgow...

.1896

1896

Do.

Do.

Rig.

Built

of.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

D 41

نیے

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1901.

YEAR.

No. of VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1901

46,201

17,825,309

1902

48,706

19,514,237

1903

46,255

21,716,870

1904

51,173

22,299,582

1905*

51,578

22,653,616

1906+

44,550

22,453,077

1907

47,660

23,032,891

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

Net Increase in 1910 over 1901 :-5,242,082 tous.

Net Decreasc

"

below

*

})

-7,474 vessels.

Steamships not exceeding 60 tons in Foreign Trade included for first time. † Decrease due to Typhoon of 18th September, 1908.

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Total Revenue Total Expenditure

Year.

of Department.

of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

C.

%

1901,.

251,597.39

128,061.74

50.82

1902,

266,763.99

187,575.65

51.57

1903,...

285,288.42

158,936.52

55.71

1904,.

301,128.95

146,951.90

48.80

1905,

302,817.76

147,396.72

48.67

1906,

274,008.78

160,899.99

58.43

1907,......

348,300.10

160,389.48

46.05

1908,.

357,768.52

163,579.54

45.72

1909,

462,469.82

172,680.55

37.34

1910,.....

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

A.

Toss.

I1,700,000

11,500,000

11,300,000

1,200,000

I 1,000,000

10,000,000

9,900,000

9,800,000

9,700,000

9,600,000

9,500,000

9,400,000

9,300.000

9,200,000

9,100,000

9,000,000

8,900,000

8,800,000

8,700,000

8,600,000

8,500,000

8,400,000

8,300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7:500,000

7.400,000

1867.

1868.

1869.

T

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong,

RED LINE represents British Shipping Tonnage o DOTTED BLACK LINE represents German Shipp DOTTED RED LINE represents Japanese Shipping BLUE LINE represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Ship YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, ex VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage c THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Porign I

1670, *

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

19981

1886.

Table XXIV.

M of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1910 inclusive.

INE represents British Shipping Tonnage only.

ED BLACK LINE represents German Shipping Tonnage only.

ED RED LINE represents Japanese Shipping Tonnage only.

LINE represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage only.

N LINE represents British and Foreign Shipping Tonnage.

OW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

ET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

K. BLACK LINE represents

entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign Ships, Jun

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1865.

1886.

1887.

*8381

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896

1897.

TROT

=

ly.

1910 inclusive.

Trade.

Local Trade.

and Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-launches.

!

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1995.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

:

1910.

TONS.

11,700,000

11,500,000

|11,300;000

11,200,000

11,000.000

10,000,000

9,900,000

9,800,000

9,700,000

9,600,000

9,500,000

9,400,000

9.300,000

9,200,000

9.100,000

9,000,000

8.900.000

8,800,000

8,700,000

8,600 oco

8.500.000

8,400.000

8,300,000

8,200,000

:

8,100,000

8.000.000

7.900,000

7.800 000

7,700.000

7,600.000

7,500,000

7.400.0V~

}

3,300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

$,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000,

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000,

5,800,000

5,700,000,

5,600,000

5,500,000,

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3.200,000

3.100.000

8.300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

$.000.000

7.900,000

7.800 000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

•+ཚཙང་ནས

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000.000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6.600,000

6,500,000

6.400,000

6.300.000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5-500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5.200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4.600,000

4.500,000

4,400,000

+,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800.000

3.700,000

3 600,000

3 500,000

3.400,000

3.300.000

3.200.000

:

3.100.000

4.200,000

+,100,000

+,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

BLACK

2,500,000

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

YELLOW 1,300,000

GREEN

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

RED

700,000

600,000

BLUE

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

DOTTED

BLACK

100,000

LINE

90,000

VIOLET

80,000

50,000

40,000

DOTTED

30,000

RED

LINE

20,000

....

4,200,000

4,100,000

4.000,000

3.900,000

3.800 000

3.700.00

3 600.000

3.500.000

3.400.000

3.300.000

3200.000

3.100,000

3.900.000

2.900,000

2.800,000

2.700.000

2,600,000

2.500,000

2.100,000

2.300,000.

2,200.000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

1,300,000

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

700,000

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

90,000

80,000

50,000,

40,000

30,000

20,000

--- Ꭰ 45 --

D

Annexe A.

MERCANTILE MARINE OFFICE.

Nineteen thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight (19.878) seamen were shipped and nineteen thousand five hundred and sixty-three (19,563) discharged at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships during the year.

One hundred and forty-six (146) distressed seamen were received and admitted to Sailors' Home, &c., of these 23 were sent Home, 9 to Aden, 7 to Bombay, 25 to Calcutta, 4 to Colombo, 3 to Manila, 1 to Port Darwin, 10 to Singapore, 1 to Suez, 2 to Sydney, 19 passengers to Canton, 1 to Hainan, 2 to London, 16 to Singapore, 1 dismissed, 1 died at Government Civil Hospital, 1 remained at Sailors' Home and 20 obtained employment.

Two thousand two hundred and eighty-two dollars and sixty- one cents ($2,282.61) was expended by the Harbour Master on be- half of the Board of Trade in the relief of these distressed seamen.

Annexe B.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OFFICE.

The Liquors Ordinance, 1909..

1. Revenue-The first full year's working of the new liquor duties was not as productive of revenue as had been anticipated. The gross receipts were as follows :—

C.

Duties, European Liquors,

178,969.10

Duties, Chinese Liquors,.

257,931.00

Licensed Warehouses Fees,

7,000.00

$443,900.10

as against $600,000 estimated.

From the duties on European Liquors must be deducted $56,112 returned to the Military and Naval Authorities as rebates, leaving $387,788.10 nett revenue.

2. Cost of collection :-The cost of collection was $64,320.

D 46

3. Old Stock :-The chief reason for the failure of the tax to attain the estimated revenue lay in the fact that at the time of the introduction of the new duties there was in the Colony a very large quantity of "old stock", i.e., stock imported prior to the passing of the Ordinance and so not liable to duty,

A return of this old stock compiled in September shewed that even then there still remained "old stock" representing $100,000 of duty.

4. Incidence of the tax-Chinese Liquors contributed some $260,000 as against $123,000 contributed by European Liquors (the Military and Naval rebates being for European Liquors only) or 68% as against 32. Taking the latest figures for population available, the contribution per head for Chinese was about $0.80 and for non-Chinese $9.41.

5. Expert Assistance:-At the end of 1909 it was thought ad- visable to obtain the aid of some expert in Customs matters who should examine the newly organised preventive machinery and report as to any improvements which the light of his greater experience might seem desirable. Application was made to the Inspector General of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs for the loan of such an officer with the result that the services of Mr. D. Percebois were placed at the disposal of the Government early in January, 1910.

Mr. Percebois remained in Hongkong some 7 months during which time he made an exhaustive enquiry into the conditions of the liquor trade here. The results of this investigation he embodied in a report together with many valuable suggestions and recommenda- tions, most of which have been adopted.

6. Increase of Staff :-One of the most important results of Mr. Percebois' investigations was the addition to the Staff of one more European Revenue Officer, eight Indian and two Chinese Revenue Officers. Owing to linguistic difficulties the Indians were disbanded after a short trial and ten more Chinese Revenue Officers engaged in their place.

At the end of 1910 the Staff was as follows:

Superintendent.

Clerical

1st Clerk

8 Chinese Clerks

2 Shroff

1 Interpreter

Preventive

7 European Revenue Officers

32 Chinese

Launch

1 Coxswain

1 Engineer 1 Fireman 2 Seamen

- D 47

Miscellaneous... 1 Indian Police Constable

3 Messengers

2 Attendants (New Territories)

Allowances for Revenue work were paid to the following officers:

1 Land Bailiff (New Territories)

1 Interpreter (,,

Territories

6 Officers-in-charge of Police Stations

7. Housing of Staff-In the course of the year it became apparent that it was advisable that the Chinese Revenue Officers should be under some kind of permanent supervision also that there should be some European always in residence at the Imports and Exports Office. In October, therefore, it was decided to erect on the vacant land to the East of the Harbour Office a barrack to accommodate 40 Chinese with quarters above for one European. It is expected that the building will be completed in the Autumn of 1911.

8. Distilleries:-The local manufacturers of Chinese Wines and Spirits report have had a fair year's trade. Three new distilleries--one with a "patent" still-were started in Hongkong, one in New Kowloon and one in Cheung Chau. The profits of the local firms would have been greater but for the flooding of the market. in September by imports from various places in Kwang Tung, due to the proposed establishment of a liquor monopoly in the Province. The regulations, as originally drafted, included a tax on exported liquor. The following are the figures for this branch of the liquor trade in 1910 :-

Output.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Hongkong & New

Kowloon,

Gallons.Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

470,792 368,292 21,484 50,049 19,231* 11,736

21,484

Cheung Chau, ... 100,709 87,271 1,838 11,600 Nil.

Rest of New Ter-

ritories,....

213,955 213,955 Nil. Nil. Nil.

Total.

785,456 669,518 23,322 61,649| 19,231 11,736

* Denatured with salt for use as a preservative in preparing tinned bean-curd

for export.

No figures are available.

In addition to the above figures (which are for distilleries in Chinese hands only) the Victoria Distillery near Kowloon City put out 264 gallons of European Spirits and 796 gallons of Chinese Spirits. This distillery did no work after May.

D 48

9. Licensed Warehouses:-Ten additional Warehouses were licensed during the year, viz. :----

Nam Hing Loong,

A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., MacEwen, Frickel & Co.,

Sang Tai,..

I Wo Tseung,

Garner, Quelch & Co.,..

Siemssen & Co.,

Cheong Tai,

F. Blackhead & Co.,

*Cheong Hing,

.No.

""

>>

""

>>

99, Queen's Road Central.

1, Stanley Street.

4, Des Voeux Road Central. 112, Queen's Road Central. 248, Des Voeux Road West.

16A, Des Voeux Road Central. 51, Kowloon Godown, Kowloon.

110, Queen's Road Central.

19, Kowloon Godown, Kowloon. 12, Possession Street.

One licence, that held by the Connaught Aërated Water Co., was not renewed. Thus the total number of licences at the end of 1910 was 27..

An additional regulation was passed during the year com- pelling all Licensed Warehouses to be fitted with a Government lock in addition to private fastenings. This measure ensures the closing of all Warehouses except between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. and on all Sundays and holidays unless special notice is given. In such a case a special watch is placed on the Warehouse and a fee not exceeding $3 per hour charged.

It is not, however, possible without a large and costly increase in the European Preventive Staff to arrange that the Warehouses, dispersed as they are now, shall not be open at any time except under the immediate supervision of a Revenue Officer.

As a further safeguard to the Revenue all licensees are now re- quired to enter into a bond for the proper conduct of their Ware- houses.

10. Reducing and Blending in Licensed Warehouses:-A re- gulation was made in 1910 to ensure that all increases in the bulk of the liquor treated in these operations due to the addition of water or other non-dutiable liquors shall be liable to duty and shall be properly accounted for.

11. New Territories:It was found necessary to cancel the regulation allowing the importation of Chinese Spirits from China at certain frontier crossings. All importation by land is now for- bidden unless written notice is given to the District Officer, Tai Po.)

The general statistics of the Liquor Trade for the year will be found in Table I.

12. Legislation:-The law relating to Liquor Duties was amended twice in 1910.

(a.) By Ordinance No. 2.-Withdrawing the exemption from payment of duty granted to Government House by Ordinance 30 of 1909.

(b.) By Ordinance No. 16.-Including the Officers' Mess at the Royal Naval Hospital and the Engineers' Mess in

H. M. Dockyard among those entitled to a rebate of duty.

* Licence subsequently cancelled on conviction of licensee for importing

Spirits of Wine under a false declaration.

D 49

Opium.

13. The imports of raw opium show a decrease of 3,990 chests, or 11.1%, while 1909 shewed a decrease of 6,087 chests, or 14.5%. The exports declined by 7,641 chests, or 21-2% ; in 1909 the decrease was 3,620 chests, or 97%. During the last three years the raw opium trade of the Colony is described by the following figures:-

1910.

1909. 1908.

4,707

5,808 35,734 41,821

Stock in hand, 1st January,.. Imported during the year,

Total,.

4,509 chests.

.31,743

>

.36,252

41,542 46,528

Boiled by Opium Farmer,.

782

1,044

864

""

Spurious Opium destroyed,

14

Exported during the year,

.28,333

**

51 35,938 39,609

247

Total,.

.29,129

37,033 40,720

>

Stock remaining, 31st December, 7,123

4,509 5,808

Of the several varieties of opium imported, Malwa decreased by 315 chests, or 6%, Patna by 3,241 chests, or 16.6%, Benares by 1,885 chests, or 22.5%, and Persian increased by 2491 chests. Of Chinese opium, 1,223 chests were imported from Shanghai and re-exported to Haiphong. (See Table page 56).

Of the several varieties of opium exported, Malwa decreased by 735 chests or 13.8%, Patna by 5,317 chests, or 27%, Benares by 2,273 chests, or 26.8% and Persian by 517 chests or 18-8 %. (See Table page 56).

export

Fourteen thousand three hundred and one (14,301) permits for and removal were issued from this Office during the year being a decrease of 4,822 as compared with 1909 as follows:-

NUMBER OF PERMITS, &c., Issued.

1909. 1910.

Landing Permit, (Opium),

Removal

285 8,7646,731

312

Export

"

39

8,829 6,258

Landing Permit, (Opium Skins),

133

87

⠀⠀⠀ Increase.

Decrease.

27

2,033

2,571

46

Removal

3

4

"

"

Export

149

109

40

"1

"

Memo of exports to the Commissioner (

of Chinese Customs,

681

569

112

Memo of exports to the Superintendent of Raw Opium Department, Macao,

279

231

48

:

D 50

A daily memo of exports to Macao and Chinese Ports was supplied during the year to the Commissioner of Imperial Maritime Customs and a daily memo of Exports to Macao was supplied to the Superintendent of Raw Opium Department of Macao.

Ninety-two (92) Surprise Visits were paid to Godowns during the year.

The general statistics of the Opium Trade for the year will be found in Tables II to IV annexed.

Morphia, Compounds of Opium and Cocaine.

The trade in Compounds of Opium, and Morphia, also declined considerably. In the forn er imports fell by 43% and exports by 47%; while in the latter, the decreases were 9'6% and 44% respectively. The amount of Morphia, Compounds of Opium and Cocaine imported and exported during the years 1909 and 1910 is as follows:-

COMPOUNDS OF OPIUM.

1909.

1910.

Increase.

Decrease.

lb. 02.

[b.

02.

16.

02.

Stock on 1st Jan.,

Imported,

13,216 12

7,467

Exported,

9,859

5,069 11

16.

Oz.

5,749 12 4.789 5

Difference,

3,357 12

2,397

ة

960

7

Sold locally,

3,357 12

2,397 5

960 7

Stock on 31st Dec

MORPHIA.

1909.

1910.

ILcrease.

Decrease.

Stock on 1st Jan.,...

Imported,

Cases 1b. oz.

15 475 0

293 7,410 0

Cases lb. oz.

2 50 0

248 6,692 9

Cases lb. oz.

Cases lb. oz.

45 717 3

308 7,885

250 6,742 9

Exported,

282 7,235 0

145 4,037 0

137 3,198

Difference,

26

650 0

105 2,705 9

Sold locally,

*

24

600 0

99 2 555 9 75 1,955 9

:

Balance on 31st

December,

50 0

6

150 0

* See page 51.

Stock on 1st Jan.....

Imported,*

1909.

D 51

COCAINE.

1910.

Increase.

Decrease.

Cases lb.

Cases 1b. 02.

Cuses lb. 03.

Cuses lb. 02,

9 56 4

11 68 12

15 145 5

10

4 76

Exported,

Balance on 31st

December,

*

11

68 12

24 201

8

2 12

00

8

24 201

9

22 189 1

9 56 4

Regulations have been passed to ensure that the use of these drugs within the Colony shall be restricted to their legitimate sphere as medicines, and also that when imported for export only, they shall remain in the control of the Government until they actually leave the Colony.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

14. The imports of Sugar show a considerable decrease of 94,528 tons, or 27·8%, as against an increase of 89,766 tons last year. This seems to be due to an overstocked market with prices ruling low.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels of different nationalities during the years 1909 and 1910:--

1909.

1910.

Tons.

Tons.

American Steamers,

6,663

545

Austrian

101

British

175,133

136,046

Chinese

**

Dutch

""

2,314 77,344

1,455

71,837

French

3,254

3,290

>>

German

61,119

27,244

Italian

294

163

""

Japanese

36

525

>>

Norwegian

8,851

4,799

>>

Portuguese

1,503

1,260

"

Swedish

2,801

2,722

"

By Junks,

271

1,933

Total,

339,684 251,819

1909.

1910. Decrease.

Imported,

Tons. 339,684

Tons. 251,819

Tons.

87,865

D 32

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong during the years 1909 and 1910 shewing place of origin:-

*

1909.

1910.

Tons.

Tons.

From China,

12,108

14,719

""

Cochin-China, Germany,

5,012

3,608

16

Java,

278,030

221,101

London,

16

15

Mauritius,

400

556

New Territories,

62

164

>>

New York,

2

55

Philippine Islands,

41,930

10,372

Straits Settlements,

2,108

1,284

>>

Total,

339,684 251,819

Two hundred and fifty (250) Certificates of Origin for exportation of Sugar were issued from this Office during the year

1910.

Thirty (30) Permits for Delivery of Sugar which arrived in the Colony without Certificate of Origin were issued from this Office during the year 1910.

31st March, 1911.

D. W. TRATMAN,

Superintendent.

!

Table I.

Balance in

Class of Liquor.

Bond on

31st De-

Arrivals.

Exported

e. Ship

to Ship

cember,

Consumed

locally.

In Holt's

or ex

King's

1909.

Bond.

Ware-

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1910.

In Hongkong &

Kowloon Godown In Licensed

Co.'s King's

Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

house.

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer and Stout,

78,894

605,212

271,142

317,429

7,840

17,998

69,697

95,535

Bitters,

187

509

239

247

56

104

160*

Brandy,

10,856

26.497

5,058

2,909

162

2,492

26,732

29,386

Californian Wine,

2,389

2,339

Champagne,

1,867

12,218

6,074

5,635

66

554

1,756

2,376

Claret,

D 53

1,854

47,710

32,886

9,297

5,512

1,869

7,381

Cider,

560

203

199

158

158

1

Gin,...

4,723

20,840

14,140

6,970

10

500

3,943

4,453

Ginger Wine,

16

2

:.

44

41

Liqueurs,

481

7,062

4,402

1,176

282

1,675

1,965

Malaga,

14

14

Madeira,

22

50

2

11

59

59

Marsala,

42

383

152

82

191

191

Medicated Wine,

20

20

2,143

24

24

Muscatel,

229

229

:

Port,

1,980

8,348

4,298

2,815

24

590

2,601

3,215

Prune Wine,

2

6

6

Rum,

3,273

1,929

1,199

130

15

145

:

:

Appendix E.

1

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE OBSERVATORY.

The comparison of weather-forecasts issued daily with the weather subsequently experienced has been conducted on the same system as heretofore (compare Annual Report for 1896 § 5). The

results are as follows:-

Success 58 per cent., partial success 34 per cent., failure 1 per cent., partial failure 7 per cent. Following the method used in Meteorological Offices and taking the sum of total and partial success as a measure of success, and the sum of total and partial failure as a measure of failure, 92 per cent. of the weather-forecasts were success- ful in 1910.

The average results for the three preceding years were as follows:

Success 58 per cent., partial success 32 per cent., failure 1 per cent., partial failure 9 per cent.

2. The greater part of the typhoons directly affecting this area in 1910, crossed the China Sea to the South of the 20th parallel, and no violent gales were experienced in the Colony during the year. A gale in which the squalls reached a velocity at the rate of 60 miles per hour (as recorded by the pressure tube Anemograph), resulted from the typhoon which entered the coast to the West of Macao on June 30th.

3. About 70 copies of the China Coast Meteorological Register were distributed in the City daily, and hand-made copies of the daily weather map were exhibited on the notice boards as in the previous year,

4. By the courtesy of the Directors of the Philippine Weather Bureau and the Formosa Weather Service, the ordinary daily service of meteorological telegrams was supplemented by extra messages from stations in the Philippines and Formosa during the prevalence of typhoons in the neighbourhood of those areas. Many of these telegrams proved particularly useful, but occasionally messages could not be forwarded owing to telegraphic communication in the islands being interrupted by bad weather.

5. The Imperial Maritime Customs Authorities at Swatow kindly forwarded daily by telegraph an extra meteorological observation, made at 9 p.m., from May till October. These messages were, how- ever, frequently subject to delay in transmission.

E 2

6. Although the Hoihow and Pakhoi telegrams continue to be received too late to be used in framing the morning forecast, a distinct improvement has taken place latterly, the morning obser- vations usually reaching here the same afternoon or evening.

7. By the courtesy of the Naval Authorities, meteorological ob- servations made on H.M. Ships, were occasionally forwarded to the Observatory by wireless telegraphy.

8. In addition to the ordinary code-warnings special warnings were sent to the Authorities in Canton whenever typhoons threatened the coast in this neighbourhood.

9. In view of the erection, at an early date, of a wireless telegraph station on Pratas island, five operators of the Imperial Chinese Telegraph Administration were attached to the Observatory for six weeks in May and June last for the purpose of being trained to make meteorological observations. The value for storm-warning purposes, not only to Hongkong but to the whole of the South coast of China, of a reporting station on the island cannot be over-estimated, and it is hoped that the Chinese Authorities will proceed with its erection shortly.

10. The thanks of the Government are due to the Telegraph Companies who continue, as in former years, to forward the meteorological telegrams from outports to Hongkong free of charge; and also to the staffs of the Eastern Extension, Australasian and China Telegraph Company at Sharp Peak, Iloilo, Bacolod and Cebu who make and transmit observations twice daily.

11. During the year 1910, in addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations on shore, 3,115 ship logs have been received. A few of the latter have been copied on board, but the majority have been forwarded by the captains. The total number of vessels whose log books have been made use of was 370. The total number of days' observations (counting separately those made on board dif- ferent ships on the same day) was 24,326. Acknowledgment is here made of the courtesy of those masters of vessels who have been good enough to forward their observations.

12. The entry of observations made in degree squares for the area 9° South and 45° North latitude, and between the longitude of Singapore and 180° East of Greenwich has been continued by Miss Doberck, and 389,218 in all have now been tabulated in the books.

The calculation of the means of these observations has been continued. During the year under notice, those for the month of February have been completed and those for the months of March and April partially so, for the area comprised by the Equator and 25° North latitude and 100° to 125° East longitude.

13. The tracks of the typhoons of 1910 will be ready for press shortly.

£ 3

14. During the past year several hundred indirect comparisons of barometers and aneroids on board ship have been made. A few barometers, aneroids, thermometers and one portable anemometer have been compared for various people at the Observatory.

15. The rainfall in inches registered by the gauge placed in the Police compound at Taipo, New Territories, was as follows:- January 1.09, February 0.57, March 0.70, April 3.84, May 0.46, June 29.31, July 11.67, August 14.12, September 15.58, October 0.03, November 2.83, December 0.92, the total for the year being 81.12 inches. On an average of the five years during which this gauge has been in operation the rainfall measured at Taipo ex- ceeds that recorded at the Observatory by 20 per cent. The rain- fall recorded in 1910 at the Public Gardens in Hongkong, was as follows:-January 0.90, February 0.50, March 1.04, April 3.97, May 0.96, June 19.16. July 18.36, August 11.83, September 17.28, October 0.31, November 2.66, December 0.82, the total for the year being 77.79 inches, as against 70.12 inches registered at the Observatory. The excess of the record at the former station over that of the latter has, on an average of the past five years, been 10 per cent.

16. On the completion of the necessary alterations to the roof of the Observatory by the Public Works Department, the Dines-Baxen- dell pressure-tube Anemograph, which was received from London early in the year, was mounted in April, the recording apparatus being placed in the hall.

From a comparison made during the period May to December inclusive, between the records of this instrument and those of the standard pattern Robinson Anemograph in use here, the factor with which the actual run of the cups of the latter should be multiplied in order to obtain the true velocity--on the assumption that this is given by the pressure-tube instrument--was found to be 2.22. This mean factor gives the result as determined from all the observations, irrespective of velocity and direction, and it agrees with that (2.2) found and adopted for instruments of exactly similar dimensions by the Meteorological Office in London, as against Dr. Robinson's original factor 3.0, formerly in use.

It appears, however, that the factor is not quite constant at the lower velocities, apart from the value found for light airs (velocity by Robinson Anemograph miles 0 to 5) where the factor is much smaller than elsewhere, due apparently to the fact that the momentum readily acquired by the cups in very light and fitful airs, causes them to revolve for some time after the impulse that set them in motion has ceased, and also to the chance that the head of the pres- sure-tube instrument may not always be properly aligned to the wind direction. Between 16 and 30 miles the factor is practically constant. At higher velocities enough observations are not yet available, and the same remark applies to variation of the factor with wind direction. So far it is found that the value is greater for winds from the Easterly quadrant than from all other directions, and it is worthy of note that the velocity is much steadier in character from. this quadrant, than from elsewhere. Later it may be found advis- able to raise the head of the pressure-tube instrument a few feet,

E 4

The tabulation of its records has been done independently by two observers, the hourly values thus found usually agreeing to within one mile in ordinary winds. In high and squally winds the record is admittedly not easy to evaluate and the differences are occasionally larger, but it is not thought that any serious error has arisen from this source.

*

Some details of the comparison of the two instruments will be found in Tables XI and XII published in "Meteorological Observa- tions 1910".

17. In view of the possibility of Halley's Comet being visible during its transit of the Sun on May 19th, a camera from which the lens had been removed was fitted to the Lee Equatorial, and adjusted so that a photographic plate was situated in the principal focus of the six inch object glass. The computed time of ingress and egress, 11 hours 6 minutes and 12 hours 6 minutes Hongkong Mean Time, kindly communicated by Kiel, was received by telegram early in the morning.

The sky was partially clouded but during breaks four exposures were made between 10h. 9m. and 10h. 25m., and during transit nine exposures between 11h. 21m. and 12h. 5m., after which the sky be- came entirely overcast. The plates were successfully developed by Mr. Jeffries. The sun's disc had a diameter, on the plates, of one inch only, but under magnification a fair amount of detail could be detected in a group of spots situated near its centre. A critical examination of the negatives, however, revealed no trace of the

comet.

The comet was first seen by the naked eye on April 17th, when it appeared to be of about the fourth magnitude. It was last so seen on June 25th, when it could scarcely have been picked up without an accurate knowledge of its position. In the meantime towards the middle of May, it had presented a most brilliant spectacle.

18. In 1910 the number of transits observed was 510. The axis of the transit instrument was levelled 279 times, and the azimuth and collimation errors were determined 24 times by aid of the meridian mark. The whole of these observations have been made by Mr. Plummer. No alterations have been made to any of the standard clocks during the year and the going of them all has been entirely satisfactory.

The ball

19. The errors of the Time Ball are given on Table I. is not dropped on Sundays nor on Government holidays. There was one failure, on February 16th, in consequence of the ball be- coming jammed near the top of the mast. It was afterwards dis- covered that the ball had become separated from the hoisting gear and the necessary repairs were not completed until March 1st. On June 30th the ball was not dropped owing to a typhoon to the West- ward of Hongkong, and again on August 31st, when there was a typhoon in the neighbourhood of Gap Rock. It was dropped

ཧཱུྃ།

:

successfully 285 times in 1910.

E 5

The probable error was in January ± 0.22, in February ± 0.19, in March ± 0.14, in April ± 0.12, in May± 0.11, in June + 0.14, in July ± 0.15, in August 0.11, in September ± 0.14, in October ± 0.12, in November ± 0.18, and in December ± 0.16.

HONGKONG OBSERVATORY, 27th February, 1911.

F. G. FIGG,

Director.

Table I.

Errors of the Time Ball in 1910.

means too late.

+ means too early.

Date.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. April May June

July

Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

- Ė 6-

1 2 3 4 YO CON 00

-0.2

+0.6

0.1

+0.4

0.1

0.1 +0.2

0.1

0.1

+0.6

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

388

0.1

0.1

0.1.

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.1

0.1 +0.3

+0.4

0.1

0.1

+0.3

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

0.1

+0.3

0.1

+0.4

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.6

0.1

0.1

+0.3

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.1 +0.4

0.1

0.1

+0.3

+-0,2

+0.2

0.1

+0.2

0,2

0.1

+0,2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

+0.3

0.1

0.1

0.2

9

0.1

...

0.1

0.1

+0.2

+0.2

+0.2

+0.2

+0.4

0.1

0.1

10

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.3

...

+0.2

+0.4

-0.2

-0.2

0.1

11

+0.3

0.1

+0.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

0.2

0.1

12

+0.4 +0.5

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.2

0.1

+0.4

13

+0.8

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

14

+0.6

0.1

+0.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

...

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

15

+0.3

+0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

+0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

16

0.2

0.1

:

0.1

+ 0.2

0.1

0.1

-0.3

0,1

Table I-Continued.

Errors of the Time Ball in 1910.

means too late.

+ means too early.

Date.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

April May

June

July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

- E 7 -

17

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.3

0.1

18

0.3

0.1

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

19

-0.3

+0.2

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.3

-0.3

20

-0.4

-0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.2

-0.3

21

0.1

+0.2

0.1 -0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.1

22

0.1

+0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

23

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.3

0.1

-0.4

24

0.1

+0.2

0.1

-0.2 +0.2

0.1

+0.3

0.1

25

0.1

0.1

-0.2

0.1

+0.2

-0.2

+0.2

+0.4

26

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.3

+0.7

27

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

28

0.5

0.1

0.1

+0,2

0.1

0.1

0.1

+0.2

-0.2

29

-0.4

0.1

0.1

+0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

·0.2

0.1

-0.4

30

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

-0.2

0.1

0.1

-0.2

31

-0.4

:

+0.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

:

Table II.

Monthly and Annual Means of the Principal Meteorological Elements at the Hongkong Observatory for the year 1910, and departure from the mean of 25 years, 1884 to 1908 inclusive, ( + excess ;

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. June. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

defect).

Year.

30.062 | 30.180 29.949

Bar. Pressure at M.S.L. *

Departure

Temperature

Departure

Rel. Humidity %.

82

Departure

+

Vap. Tension (Inches of Mercury)

Departure

Sunshine (Total hours)

Departure

30.113 30.089|30.040| 29.953| 29.852 29.809 29.752|29.727 | 29.801 30.017 .047 .056 -.019 -.004 -.016

.011 | +:047 | + .023) 61.8 60.0 63.3 69.6 78.9 82.3 82.3 + 1.7+ 2.0+ 0.6 0.5+ 2.1+ 1.6 + 0.5 + 0.9 76 78 84 77 79 81

2+ 2+ 1 1 0.433 0.412 0.502 0.605 0.761 0.874 0.894 0.916 0 831 +.038+.033 + .019 .032 .012.007+ .001 | +.032 + .029 141.1 141.2 91.1 135.2 261.3 242.1 261.9 190.3 1.753.4+ 8.7 +30.9 +107.5 +85.9+60.1

.036+.032

.045+.009

.011

82.2

79.7 75.3

68.7 59.7

72.0

T

07

1.0

0.5

3.0+ 0.3

83

82

72

70

66

77

0+

5+

1+

5

- E 8

0.632 0.507

·.020 + .029

0.348

0.643

161.3 237.9

156.4

-.041.007 168.2 2188.0

Cloudiness%

73

64

87

80

Departure

+

9

12+

4

1

A

55

19

63

58

13

11.3

70 10+ 6+ 18

-

35.3 + 25.6

33.2

- 11.0+279.6

75

44

64

58

66

W

7+ 13+

7

0

Rainfall (Total

Inches)

0.885

0.405 0.580

Departure

-0.573

8.725 -1.345 -2.283 -2.157

1.955

10.310

Wind Direction

Departure

·NS..

18.190 15.905 | 11. 155 0.790

-0.395

-1 807 +1.135 |—3.046 E 140 NE 40 NE 60 NE 10 NE 16° SS 15° ES 13° WS 17° W E16° N E 6° NE 21° NE 420 NE 16° S 0° + 10° + 19 00 + 30 +220 + 47°

15.950

0.045 2.535 +6.313 -4.517+1.083

70.120

--

14.318

:

58°

13° + 8°

17° + 120

Wind Velocity

(Miles per hour).

Departure

1.1

12.7 16.2

1.7

14.0

1.9

14.1 9.4 11.0 0.8. 3.6 1.4

-

10.9

00

7.8

13.1

14.4

14.2

9.1

12.2

1.9 + 1.2

0.2+ 1.1

3.3

0.9

* Not corrected to Standard Gravity.

E 9

Table V.

Number of Days with Wind from eight different points of the Compass during each Month of the year 1910.

Month.

N.

NE. E. SE. S. SW. W. NW.

January,

February, March,..

April,

May,

5am -

21

21

25

24 13

2222

June,

July,

August,

September,

5

19

October,

26

November,

6

18

December,

16

10

INTON Nm :-:

1

Sums,

36

28

196

17

13

12

Ι

2

1

NON-

21

23 41 16

4

}

Table IX.

Monthly Extremes of the Principal Meteorological Elements registered during the year 1910.

BAROMETER.

MONTH.

TEMPERATURE.

HUMIDITY.

VAPOUR

TENSION.

RAIN.

WIND VELOCITY.

RADIATION.

Max. Min.

Max.

Min.

Min.

Max. Min.

Daily Hourly Max. Max.

Sun

Max.

Max.

January,

February,

30.259 29.685 77.8

44.2

21

0.699 0.094

0.270 0.070

38 128.9

30.400 29.686

74.9

47.6

36

0.755

0.165

0.190 0.040

37

136.1

March,..

30.166

29.725 80.3

50.9

56

0.760

0.257

0.250 0.070

41 131.6

April,

30.015 29.628

84.4

59.0

27

0.842

0.173

1.8450.595

44

132.9

May,

29.938 29.563 90.1

70.3

36

0.957

0.370

0.890 0.705

28

139.8

June,

29.834 i 29.373

90.9

73.2

58

1.033

0.685

6.550 1.980

48

144.4

July,..

29.880

29.385

90.7

74.6

51

1.023

0.679

8.1102.550

35

142.8

August,.... 29.770

29.402

91.3

75.1

59

1.044

0.760

3.115 1.130

38

143.5

September,

29.873

29.286

90.1

72.1

53

0.988

0.532

5.645 | 0.725

35

140.1

October,

30 062

29.640

88.0

66 4

29

0.867

0 299

0.025

0.010

29

141,9

November.

30.231

29 797

83.4

52.9

23

0.722

0.163

0.800 0.180

37

134.8

December,

30.264

29.840

77.1

45.8

13

0.720

0.071

0.285 0.160

34 120.2

Year,

30.400

29.286

91.3

41.2

13

1.044

0.071

8.110 2.530 48

144.4

- E 10

E 11

Table XVII.

Statement of Annual Expenditure on the Observatory Department,

YEAR.

TOTAL EX-

INCREASE.

DECREASE.

PENDITURE.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

540.45

1901

18.111.10

1902

22,480.98

1903

22,780.97

4,369.88 299.99

1904

21,937.15

843.82

1905

21,220.40

716.75

1906

19,995.17

1,225.23

1907

20,110.53

115.36

1908

21,110.61

1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21,787.55

601.08

N.B.-Tables III, IV, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV and XVI omitted from this report, will be found in the "Meteorological Observations for 1910".

i

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

The number of Actions instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1910 was 205, and there were 379 pending at the commencement of that year as against 181 and 316 respectively in 1909. 165 were disposed of during the year, 66 being settled or withdrawn before trial, and 1 transferred to Summary Jurisdiction, leaving a balance of 419 undisposed of, as against 116, 41 and 379 respectively in 1909.

There were two interim injunctions and one perpetual injunc- tion granted during the year.

The total amount involved was $1,653,941, as against $1,321,363 in 1909.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $1,385,635 as against $531,247 in 1909.

The total fees collected amounted to $15,922, as against $15,370 in 1909.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages (0.2), (0.3), (0.4) and (Y.3) and (Y.4) of the Blue Book for the year 1910.

2.-SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

The number of Actions instituted during the year was 1,785 and 122 were brought forward from 1909, as against 1,417 and 122 respectively in 1909 and were disposed of as follows:-Settled or Withdrawn 674, Judgment for the Plaintiff 711, Judgment for the Defendant 53, Non Suited 8, Struck out, Dismissed and lapsed Writs (not served) 204, Struck out of the Cause Book as having been standing over for more than a year 80, leaving 177 as pending, as against 1,539, 518, 595, 37, 2, 185, 80, and 122 respectively in 1909.

The total amount involved was $338,774, and the debts and damages recovered amounted to $151,290, as against $281,047 and $116,222 respectively in 1909.

The total amount of fees collected amounts to $9,482 as against $7,809 in 1909.

The number of Distress Warrants for Rent issued was 632 representing aggregate unpaid Rents amounting to $37,171 of which the aggregate sum of $14,740 was recovered, as against 522, $34,212 and $11,616 respectively in 1909.

F 2

411 Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties, as against 337 in 1909.

The total fees collected amounted to $3,005 as against $2,701 in 1909.

3.-CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 89 cases and 122 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 66 and 122 respectively in 1909.

The number of persons actually indicted was 115, of whom 88 were convicted and 27 were acquitted. Against 6 persons no indict- ments were filed. In 1909 the figures were respectively 73, 27 and 20.

4.--APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

There were 8 Appeals instituted during the year, viz. :—

From the decision of the Chief Justice, 3 as against 8 in 1909.

of the Puisne Judge, 3

وو

4

**

"

of the Magistrates,

8

""

2

19

of which the following were disposed of, viz. :-

From the Chief Justice,

""

-

NNN

Puisne Judge, - Magistrates,

6

0121

1OTO

55

""

0

6

The decision of the Privy Council in the case of Li Yau Sam v. Russo-Chinese Bank reached the Colony on the 10th January, 1910. The appeal was allowed, with costs.

Leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted in one case, viz.:-Thomas Alexander Mitchell v. John Lemm (0. J. Action No. 200 of 1908).

year.

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

There was no action instituted and no action tried during the

The case that was pending since 1908, is still pending.

No vessel was arrested.

The total fees collected amounted to $11 as against $117 in 1909.

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

There were 36 Petitions filed, 21 being Creditors' Petitions, and 15 being Petitions by the Debtors themselves. The figures for 1909 were respectively 30, 20 and 10.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 28, being 15 on Creditors' Petitions, and 13 on Debtors' Petitions; 2 Administration

F 3

Orders were made. The figures for 1909 were respectively 12, 7 and 5, and 1 Administration Order.

The number of Public Examinations held was 15, as against 9 in 1909.

There were 19 Adjudications and 3 Compositions. The figures in 1909 were 9 Adjudications and 1 Composition.

1909.

There were no Discharges granted as against 1 granted in

The aggregate amount of estimated Assets was $133,855 and estimated Liabilities $543,742, as against $65,803 and $189,155 respectively in 1909.

The fees collected amounted to $2,998 as against $2,271 in 1909 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors to $16,342 as against $11,833 in 1909.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

There were 227 Grants made by the Court, being :-

Probate,

Letters of Administration,...

88

139

227

The figures in 1909 were respectively 90 and 120.

The aggregate value of the Estates was $4,026,040, as against $3,422,250 in 1909.

Probate Duties amounted to $156,970. Court Fees amounted to $9,778 and Official Administrator's Commission to $3,272. The figures in 1909 were respectively $98,022, $8,290 and $1,154.

There were 47 Estates vested in, or administered by, the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $55,900. The figures for 1909 were respectively 18 and $25,900.

35 Estates were wound up during the year, representing an aggregate value of $25,260, as against 19 in 1909 representing $10,210.

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The total number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1910 was 24 and the aggregate amount of Trust Funds $89,698 as against 23 Estates aggregating $88,067 in 1909, and certain house property.

The amount of Commission collected was $378, as against $396 in 1909.

F 4

9.-REGISTRATION OF COMPANIES.

The total number of Companies registered from the commence- ment of the Companies Ordinance, 1865, was 685 with an aggregate capital of $333,497,818.

Of the 685 Companies on the Register 114 are defunct, 2 were not floated, 136 were wound up and 76 were in the course of being wound up, leaving 357 on the Register at the end of 1910 represent- ing an aggregate capital of $327,261,818.

The figures in 1909 were respectively 599, $270,240,647, 99, 2, 132, 67, 299, and $264,464,647.

There were 86 Companies registered in 1910, as compared with 38 in 1909, the revenue from which was :-

Registration Fees, .... ...$16,483 as against $5,917 in 1909. Filing and other Fees,.. 4,196

$20,679

1,939

$7,856

15

The number of licences granted under section 4 of "The Com- panies (Local Registers) Ordinance, 1907," (No. 16 of 1907,) enabling Companies operating outside the Colony to keep local registers of members was 154.

The Fees collected in respect of such licences amounted to $32,874.

No authorizations were issued under section 5 of the same Ordinance.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sums collected during the year by way of Fees and Commission amounted to $65,527 as against $45,861 in the previous

year.

11.-STAFF.

Mr. Kemp, Registrar, went on leave on 28th September and Mr. Wakeman, Land Officer, was appointed to act for him in addition to his own duties as Land Officer.

Mr. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, was on leave from 6th January to 12th October; Mr. Lee-Jones, Deputy Registrar and Accountant, who returned from leave on the 5th January in addition to his own duties did a part of Mr. Melbourne's duties during his absence.

Mr. Woodcock, Clerk to the Magistrates, acted for Mr. Lee- Jones during his absence on leave, and also did a portion of his duties when Mr. Melbourne was absent from the Colony.

Mr. Wong Kwong Tin, 2nd Interpreter, acted as Court Trans- lator from 1st January to 28th February in place of Mr. Wong Kwok U who resigned 30th October, 1909.

F 5

Mr. Mackie acted as 2nd Interpreter from 1st January to 28th February; Mr. Ng Yuk Shu, Sergeant Interpreter, acted as 3rd Interpreter from 1st January to 28th February; and Mr Wong Tak Kwong was appointed Court Translator on 1st March in place of Mr. Wong Kwok U resigned.

Mr. Wong Kin Wo was appointed an additional 3rd Grade Clerk on 23rd May. Mr. Chan Kwok On was appointed Court Shroff on 23rd May in place of Wong Kin Wo promoted.

G. H. WAKEMAN,

Registrar.

24th February, 1911.

፡፡

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1901 to 1910.)

Year.

Total

Number

of Cases

EXPENDITURE.

REVENUE.

dealt

with.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total. Increase. Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to Expenditure.

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

%

bs

F6

1901,.

764 62,179.09

5,087.54

1902,

1,070 70,617.65

8,438.56

39,904.72

30,275.42

330.19

64.17

9,629,30

42.87

1903,

968

75,544.52

4,926.87

41,758.83 1,483.41

55.27

...

1904,

1,038 58,681.08

16,863.49

1905,

1,166 66,711.72

8,030 69

49,108.37 61,984.69 12,876.32

7,349.54

83.68

92.91

1906,

1,039 69,667.23

2,955.51

52,904.11

9,080.58

75.93

1907,

1,031 69,592.75

74.48

56,156.78 3,252.67

80.69

1908,

1,014 87,270.40 17,677.65

46,592.80

9,563.98

53.38

1909,

1910,

1,030 89,209.17 1,938.77 1,259 91,789.15 2,579.98

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

*65,527.80

19,666.25

71:38

* Not including $32,874.44 paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of licences to keep Local Regitsers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies (Local Registers) Ordinance, 1907.

APPENDIX G.

REFORT ON THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS.

Throughout the year Mr. F. A. Hazeland, 1st Police Magistrate, acted either as Attorney General or Puisne Judge and Mr. E. R. Hallifax acted in his place as 1st Police Magistrate. The duties of 2nd Police Magistrate were performed by the substantive officer, Mr. J. R. Wood.

The number of cases was 11,688 as compared with 10,771 in 1909; the revenue was $75,970.76 as compared with $69,986.42 for 1909.

E. R. HALLIFAX,

Police Magistrate.

Table showing Total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1901 to 1910.

EXPENDITURE.

REVENUE.

Year.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

C.

C.

C.

%

1901

23,794.28

2,879.64

1902

29,050.62

5,256.39

1903

38,046.30

8,995.68

69,764.55

96,723.26

71,310.77

3,070.06

14,531

34.60

27,958.71

...

16,070

30.03

25,412.49

14,268

53.35

1904

38,486.48

440.18

95,405.12

24,094.35

14,505

40.34

1905

35,762.86

2,723.62

88,145.26

7,259.86

13,450

40.57

1906

39,303.16

3,540.30

79,557.64

8,587.62

13,871

49.40

1907

40,455.52

1,152.36

67,133.26

12,424.38

13,414

60.26

1908

46,018.18

5,562,66

68,696.43

1,563.17

...

10,555

66.98

1909

40,119.69

5,898.49

69,986.42

1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910

38,428.03

1,691.66

75,970.76

5,984.34

11,688

50.58

G 2

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER.

1.-REGISTRATION.

During the year one thousand seven hundred (1,700) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting three thousand three hundred and thirty-three (3,333) lots of land particulars of which are shown in Table I.

2.-GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on Lease during the year was 1,122 acres 2 roods 20 poles of which 409 acres 0 rood 34 poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Offices. The total area resumed was 895 acres 0 rood 25 poles leaving 227 acres 1 rood 35 poles additional land granted during the year. Particulars of the grants are shown on pages W 2 and W 3 of the Blue Book for

1910.

3. GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 180 particulars of which are specified in Table II.

4. FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps during the year amounted to $35,825.25 being $9,961.50 more than the previous

year.

The amount of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1901 to 1910 is shown in Table III.

5. CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December, to $421,110.37 an increase of $3,937.74 on the previous year and the total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,613.08 an increase of $1,096.00 due to the completion by the Squatters Board of their enquiries into the titles of Village Lots. The total number of lots of Crown Land as appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table IV.

6.-NAVAL AND MILTTARY LANDS.

The formal documents transferring the properties known as the Military Sanitarium and Sanitarium Reserve situate at Magazine

甡 2

Gap in the Hill District and the Military Cable Huts at Hongkong and Kowloon were completed during the year and negotiations were continued with reference to the boundaries of Military Lands at Gun Club Hill and Signal Hill, Kowloon, Kowloon City Rifle Range and Mount Davis Battery. The terms of possession of the Admiralty property at Kowloon (Kowloon Marine Lot No. 41) were amended and the formal documents signed.

7.-NEW TERRITORIES.

At the commencement of the year the Staff of the District Land Office at Taipo were transferred to the Department of the District Officer, the Assistant Land Officer being appointed in addition an Assistant District Officer but both the District Officer and the Assist- ant District Officer remain Assistant Land Officers for the purpose of land duties.

The Assistant Land Officer for the Southern District was appointed in February an Assistant District Officer and Police. Magistrate for that District in addition in order to facilitate his work when visiting the outlying districts.

As considerable difficulty has been experienced in connection with the resumption for public purposes of holdings of small value it was found necessary to amend the Crown Lands Resumption Ordinance, 1900, by Ordinance No. 18 of 1910 which provides for a shorter notice being required in cases where the value of the land is $500 or under and also making provision for a simpler method of arbitration and payment of compensation.

The existing laws relating to land in the New Territories were repealed during the year and re-enacted with certain amendments in one Ordinance the New Territories Regulation Ordinance, 1910.

8.-STAFF.

Mr. G. H. Wakeman, Land Officer, acted as Registrar of Trade Marks and Letters Patent in addition to his other duties during the absence of Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher, Deputy Official Receiver, on vaca- tion leave from 4th August to 28th September. Mr. Wakeman also acted as Registrar of the Supreme Court, Registrar of Companies, Official Administrator and Official Trustee from 28th September to 31st December, in addition to his other duties, during the absence on leave of Mr. J. H. Kemp.

Mr. G. N. Orme, Assistant Land Officer, was absent on vacation leave from 4th April to 3rd July, his duties being performed by Mr. R. O. Hutchison, Assistant Registrar General.

Mr. K. McLennan was appointed as permanent Land Bailiff for the Southern District on 1st January.

Mr. Li Tak Yung, Interpreter, was dismissed on the 7th Decem- ber, and Mr. Chau Kwing Un, 3rd Grade Temporary Interpreter, was dismissed on 19th May, Mr. Ng Yuk Shu being appointed 3rd Grade Interpreter in his place.

H 3

Mr. Yeung Shuk Ping, 5th Garde Clerk in the Southern District Office, resigned on 6th September and Mr. Chu Tak Hing was appointed in his place on 1st October following.

G. H. WAKEMAN,

Land Officer.

20th April, 1911.

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of Documents.

Number Registered.

or portions of Lots affected.

Total Con- sideration.

C.

Assignments.

498

756

9,880,217.65 *

Mortgages, Transfers of

Mortgages, Reassign-

ments and Satisfactions,

929

1,786

21,083,445.63 †

Surrenders,

56

85

Judgments and Orders of

Court,

57

285

I robates and Letters of

Administration,

74

213

Miscellaneous Documents.

86

208

Total,.

1,700

3,333

* Including £210 Sterling at Is. 97. to the Dollar.

Including £4,100 Sterling at 1s. 94. to the Dollar.

H 4

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1910.

Hongkong.

Kowloon.

New Territories.

Total.

Marine.

Inland.

Hill District.

Farm and Garden.

Villages.

Marine.

Inland.

Quarries.

Piers.

New Kowloon Marine.

New Kowloon Inland.

New Kowloon Farm.

Tai Po.

Sai Kung.

16 61 2 3

X

45

10 9

10

Table III.

Fees collected during the ten years from 1901 to 1910.

180

Year.

Registra- tion of

Deeds.

Searches and Copies of Docu-

ments.

Grants

of Leases.

Total.

C.

C.

C.

1901, 1902, *1903,

10,258.00

1,742.50 10,128.00 1,915.25 27,654.00 1,507.00

1,895.00 2,135.00 14,178.25 2,805.00 31,976.00

13,895.50

1904,

1905,

1906,

30,209.00 2,029.00 34.161.00 2,567.05 27,565.00

2,355.00 34,593.00

1,220.00| 37,948.05

2,219.30

1,310.00 31,094.30

1907,

21,507.00 2,010.05

1,835.00 25,352.05

1908,

23,178.00 1,920.50

1,970.00 27,068.50

1909,

22,325.00 2,268.75

1,270.00 25,863.75

1910,

27,798.00 2,722.25 5,305.00 35,825,25

*Scale of Fees increased,-Ordinance 36 of 1902.

H 5

Table IV.

Crown Rent Roll.

Nos.

Locality and Description.

of

Total Crown Rent.

Lots.

$

C.

Hongkong, Marine,

237

"

Praya Reclamation, Inland,

174

62,811.02 19,031.00

1,486

"

138,358.24

Quarry Bay, Marine,

2

18,334.00

Inland,

11

3.207.00

""

Hongkong, Farm,

43

1,871.80

Garden,

33

877.00

Rural Building,

113

10,362.84

Aberdeen, Marine,....

5

579.16

Inland,

61

2,106.16

Aplechow, Marine,

20

150.56

"

Inland,

20

172.72

Shaukiwan Bay, Marine,

10

1,928.00

Inland,

132

2,289.74

""

Stanley, Inland,..

4

4.00

Kowloon, Marine,

62

46,292.13

32

Inland,

824

48,691.38

Farm,

7

179.12

Garden,

-3

64.00

Hung Hom, Marine,

2

3,862.00

Inland,

220

6,775.50

Shek 'O, Inland,

1

1.00

Tai Tam, Inland,

Tong Po, Inland,

Lantao, Marine,

1

1.00

1

1.00

2

1,300.00

Quarries,

New Kowloon, Marine,

25

38,298.00

5

7,368.00

Inland,

36

1,779.00

"

Farm,

2

940.00

29

S. D. IV Lot 3183 (part),

1

12.00

New Kowloon, Rural Building,

1

14.00

Tai Po, Inland,

1

100.00

Sai Kung, Marine,.

1

Inland,

2

564.00

">

Peng Chau, Farm,..................

Mining,

1

225.00

2

2,560.00

Total,

3,551 $421,110.37

H 6-

Village Rent Roll.

Nos.

Locality and Description.

of

Total Crown Reut.

Lots.

C.

Wongneichung,

129

225.00

Aberdeen,

29

87.50

Pokfulam,

36

73.03

Tai Hang,

158

635.50

Ah Kung Ngam,

27

20.25

Kai Lung Wan,

1

9.80

Shaukiwan,

181

257.00

Tai Kok Tsui,

11

18.00

Mong Kok...

53

112.50

Hokun,

96

278.00

Tokwawan,

190

331.00

Shek Shan,

Sun Shan,

Mataukok,

Mati,...

31

69.00

18

59.50

32

46.50

2

5.50

Ho Mun Tin,.......

9

37.50

Matauchung,

58

138.50

Matauwei,

126

220.50

Kan Pui Shek,.

31

112.00

Han Pui Loong, -

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

5

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,..

23

96.00

Little Hongkong,

8.00

Tong Po,

Stanley,

Tytam,

5.50

11

21.00

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk,

Wong Ma Kok,

8

12.00

1

2.00

Chai Wan,

Shek O,

8.

18.00

8

23.00

Hok Tsui,

1

1.50

Chung Hom Bay,

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria,

1

3.00

Aplichau,

74

289.00

Tsat Tse Mui,

36

101.50

Old Kowloon Farm Lot 13,

50

126.50

Deep Water Bay,

3

2.50

Telegraph Bay,

Hung Hom West,

13

43.50

2

6.00

Total,

1.491

$3,613.08

P

Appendix I.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES.

A-NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I-STAFF.

Mr. D. W. Tratman acted as Assistant District Officer from the 1st January to the 16th May, and Mr. A. E. Wood from the 18th May to the end of the year.

I acted as District Officer throughout the year.

II.-POLICE.

The strength of the force remained practically what it was in 1909 and consisted of 8 Europeans, 58 Indians and 24 Chinese. In addition to these there is one Police Launch manned by 2 Europeans and 15 Chinese.

The disposition of the force is shewn in Table A.

After the Railway opened to traffic 9 Indian police were stationed in the district for railway duty and were distributed as follows:-

North Face Tunnel,

Sha T'in,

Tai Po,

Sheung Shui,

2

2

4

During the year the European Sergeant stationed at San T'in was transferred from that station to Au T'au: the police at San T'in are now for purposes of discipline under the Sergeant at Au T'au.

Table B shews the admissions to Hospital during the year and the number of cases which have been treated in station. During the year there were 87 cases of fever of which 18 had to be sent to Hospital. Tai Po and Au T'au still maintain their unpleasant record as the most unhealthy stations in the District.

The more serious cases of crime reported during the year are set forth in Table C. They include 3 murders, 1 rape, 6 piracies and 13 armed robberies.

III.

MAGISTRACY.

The District Officer sitting as a Police Magistrate heard during the year 467 cases affecting 640 persons.

Of these persons

399 were convicted;

141 were discharged; and

100 were bound over.

I 2

The following Table will shew the number of cases, etc., as

compared with 1909:-

Cases heard,

Fines imposed, -

Persons imprisoned

Warrants issued,

Opium fines paid to Opium Farm,

1909.

1910.

382

$1,947.27

467 $2,627.05

116

139

300 $476.80

292

$810.04

Two hundred and seventy-one (271) licences to carry arms were issued as against 274 last year and there was an enormous increase in the number of miscellaneous permits issued. In 1909 they numbered only 341 while this year they amount to 1,256. These permits cover a large variety of subjects: repairs of all kinds to houses, graves, roads and bridges and permits for religious and theatrical performances.

IV. SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Two hundred and forty (240) cases were heard under the Small Debts Court Ordinance during the year.

There can be no doubt that this Ordinance has been a great boon to the people. The fees are nil with the exception of a fee of $1.00 which is charged in the event of a distress warrant being issued.

V.-LAND OFFICE.

In the Land Office 3,885 deeds relating to dealings in land were registered. The Land Ordinance came into force on the 7th July, 1905. The following Table will shew the number of deeds. which have been registered annually since that date:--

1905 1906

1,794

1.407

1907

2,160

1908

2,384

1909

2,544

1910

3,885

Total,

14,174

It will be observed that the number of deeds registered during the last five years has increased. The number registered in 1910 shew an increase of 56 per cent. as compared with the number registered in 1909. This I think tends to shew that the system of registration is becoming thoroughly familiar to the people and that it is popular.

One hundred and seventy (170) auctions and 134 sales by private treaty were held during the year. The total amount received as premia was $5,374.71, an increase on the figure for 1909 which was $3,044.00. Altogether 26-97 acres of land were sold which will bring in an annual rental of $333.09.

Seven hundred and sixty-two (762) lots with an area of 55 255 acres were resumed for public purposes (Railway and Roads). The cost of these resumptions was $14,904.07 and the annual rental of the land was $134.71.

Ï 3

In addition to this 61 lots were voluntarily surrendered by their owners. These lots covered an area of 18.97 acres and brought in a rental of $53.33.

Three hundred and twenty-five (325) graves were registered during the year and the revenue derived from fees was $150.75. This shews an increase of $99.00 over last year's figures and indicates the growing popularity of the system.

Disputes about grave sites are still frequent, especially at the festivals of the 3rd and 9th moons, when they become acute. In many cases monetary compensation is the key to a solution but "fung shui" also frequently plays a genuine part and it is then more difficult to reach a satisfactory decision. There has been a certain tendency of late to buy grave sites outright, the extra cost being balanced by the additional sense of security.

Forestry disputes which were at one time very frequent have practically ceased and it is to be hoped that when our system is better understood disputes about grave sites may also become things of the past.

VL--REVENUE.

The revenue collected at Tai Po is set forth under the various heads in Table 1.

The total collected amounted to $101,032.40 but in addition to this sum the following amounts collected from the District but paid in Hongkong should be added:--

Duty on Liquor,

Pawnbrokers' Licences,

$ C. 19.632.30

1,400.00

Money Changers' Licences,

100.00

Harbour Dues, etc :-

Collected by No. 2, Launch,

6,276.85

at Sai Kung,

1,436.80

by No. 1 Launch (approximate),

1,753.35

$30,599.30

The total revenue therefore derived from the Northern District in cash is $131,631.70 and moveover something should be credited to the District in respect of the Opium monopoly.

It is interesting to note that ten years ago in 1900 the revenue derived from the whole of the New Territories including Kowloon City and the islands amounted only to $17,530.75.

The total expenditure on the District Office, Northern District, was $33,331. 45.

VII.-OPIUM.

On the 1st March all opium divans in the District (11 in number) were closed. The new farm came into operation on this date and the

I 4

price of prepared opium was raised owing to the rise in the price of raw opium.

Prepared opium was sold before the 1st March at $2.00 per tael. The new farm raised the price on March 1st to $4.00 a tael and on August 1st reduced this amount to $3.50. No opium dross, dross opium or opium pills are sold in the District. Prepared opiumi of two varieties is on sale:

1 pot containing 6 candareens of Patna,

1

"

1

3

20 cents.

10

1

Malwa, 10

The enhanced price of prepared opium was responsible for an increase in the number of cases heard under the Opium Ordinance. In 1910 there were 137 cases affecting 150 persons and fines to the amount of $810.04 were imposed. In 1909 there were 101 cases affecting 107 persons and the fines amounted to $476.80.

VIII. LIQUOR.

On the 1st of January, Ordinance 27 of 1909 was enforced in the District and a duty of 5 cents a gallon was collected on all liquor distilled in the Territory for local consumption. Regulations were also made to prevent the smuggling of liquor from Chinese territory and it was laid down that liquor could only be brought in at certain specified places and that no liquor could be brought in without prepayment of duty unless certain conditions were complied with.

There were 101 distilleries in the District and the duty on the liquor distilled is collected as follows: I distillery in the Au T'au district (the San Hing Lung) and 11 distilleries at T's'un Wan pay their dues in Hongkong or the dues are collected from Hongkong.

:

The Land Bailiff at Au T'au collects dues from 23 distilleries in the Western portion of the District while a Revenue Officer stationed at Tai Po is responsible for the 66 distilleries in the Cen- tral and Eastern portions of the District.

In the District a distillery is always an adjunct to a grocer's shop and it is impossible to deposit the wine after distillation in a bonded warehouse as the wine is sold in small quantities direct from the still and the distillery is part and parcel of the shop. Regula- tions have been made under which each distiller has to enter the amount of wine distilled in his distillation book within two hours of the distillation. It was found that in many cases the distiller post- poned making any entry until the end of the day. If a surprise visit were made and three jars of wine were found he would explain that he had been too busy to write up his book and would then proceed to write in three jars. But if no surprise visit were made he would write in one only. Under the new regulation the entry has to be made within two hours and as distillation takes place early in the morning the entry must be there by at least ten o'clock. If the distiller now makes a false entry he runs the risk of being caught by the revenue officer. The revenue officer makes frequent

+

I 5

surprise visits and initials the distillation book. No alterations are permitted in this book and at fortnightly or monthly intervals the revenue officer collects the dues at the rate of 5 cents for each gallon distilled. This calculation is easily made from the daily entries in the distillation book. A certain amount of revenue is probably lost through false entries in the distillation book, but a thoroughly effective system could only be established at enormous cost and as I have latterly inflicted fines of $100 when false entries were proved I imagine that few shops will run the risk of so heavy a loss for so small a gain.

Thirty-seven (37) cases of offences against the Liquor Or- dinance were heard, of these 21 were cases in which the distillers had made false returns in the distillation book. Fines amounting to $531.00 were inflicted.

The sum collected in duties from the distilleries in this district amounted to $19,632.30.

The total revenue derived from Liquor is as follows:-

Liquor Duties, -

$19,632.30

Distillery Licences,

2,581.97

Wine Licences (Chinese),

3,763.04

"

(European),

50.00

Total.........

$26,027.31

IX.-CROPS.

Owing to the lack of rain during the early part of the year the first rice crop was late and was a partial failure especially in the Sheung Shui, San T'in and Au T'au districts. In consequence the collection of Crown Rent was postponed from 1st July to the 1st October.

The rent however then came in very rapidly and the collection was completed in the first week of November.

The second rice crop was a good one all through the District. Sweet potatoes were a good crop owing to the dry spring and laichis which had failed in 1909 were good this year. It has been an excep- tionally good year for pears. Sugarcane, which is grown in large quantities in Ping Shan, Au T'au and Sheung Shui districts, was being cut at the end of December. The crop was good.

The cultivation of pineapples, an industry which is entirely in the hands of the Hakkas, maintains its level. Fresh ground is rarely broken, the only exception being at Sai Kung where an experiment started three years ago continues to prosper. Shing Mun is the chief pineapple district and the crop this year was good..

Therefore in spite of the drought in the early part of the year the farmers had little cause for complaint.

The rainfall was the smallest of which any record has been kept. Only 81 12 inches of rain fell during the year and this is 16 inches

=

I 6

less than the average for the last five years. The only wet month was June when 29:31 inches fell.

The monthly rainfall during 1910 was as follows:-

January

1:09

February

*57

July August

- 11:67

- 14:12

March

·70

September

- 15:58

April -

3.84

October

*03

May

46

November

2.83

June

29.31

December

*92

Total,

81'12 inches.

The annual rainfall for the last five years is as follows:

1906,

1907,

1908,

1909,

1910,

94.22 inches.

106.16

119.69

19

88.48

81.12

;}

X-PUBLIC WORKS.

The

The principal event of the year was the opening of the railway to passenger traffic on the 1st October. This is not the place to com- ment on traffic receipts but it is understood that the receipts from local passenger traffic have largely exceeded the estimate. sections of the Castle Peak-Sha Tau Kok Road from Ping Shan to Au T'au and from San T'in to Au Ha were practically completed. The bank was finished and the bridges were, with one or two ex- ceptions, completed. The necessary resumptions were effected with little trouble, the only objectors being two Hongkong Chinese who own land near Fan Ling. Their cases have been submitted to arbi- tration. The cost of resumption was $8,580.71. Money was in hand for the resumptions between Au Tau and San Tin and between Au Ha and Sha Tau Kok. The completion of the Au Ha-Sha T'au Kok section will be attended by notable develop- ments in that district. It is anticipated that a flourishing market will spring up on the British side of the frontier when facilities of communication with Fan Ling and the railway have been thoroughly established. The Fan Ling-Au Ha section is much appreciated, people in the Sha T'au Kok district can now get in to Hongkong by the morning train, have four hours there and be back in their homes by nightfall. The advantage of this can be realised by anyone acquainted with the old means of communication.

The following table will shew the length of the road and the sections which have already been completed :---

Castle Peak-Ping Shan,

Ping Shan-Yun Long,

Yun Long-Au T'au,

Au T'au-San T'in,

San T'in-Au Ha Gap,

Au Ha Gap-Sha T'au Kok Frontier,

Total......

4.75 miles.

""

1:50

*94 ""

4.75

9.25

2.50

"J

23.69

J

I 7

The sections from Castle Peak to Yun Long are completed.

The Yun Long to Au T'au section is finished with the excep- tion of certain minor details.

The San T'in to Au Ha Gap section is completed with the excep- tion of certain bridges.

The remaining two sections have been surveyed but work has not yet begun.

The width of the road is 8 feet except on the Castle Peak- Ping Shan section where it is 6 feet.

A pier at Castle Peak has been projected but no work has been taken in hand. This pier when made will be a valuable terminus and is absolutely essential.

XI. GENERAL.

All Ordinances relating to the Territory were consolidated and enacted as Ordinance 34 of 1910. Much that was obsolete and useless was repealed and the laws affecting the Territory can now be found in a convenient form.

There can be little doubt of the general prosperity of the District. The cost of living and of wages is going up, soda water of the better brands and Three Castle cigarettes, which were almost unknown except at Tai Po some five years ago, are now to be obtained all over the District. There can be no doubt as to the increased taxability of the people. The liqour tax which was imposed for the first time this year, brought in $19,632.30, and this sum, which is greater than the entire revenue derived from the Territory ten years ago, was paid without a murmur.

7th February, 1911.

',

S. B. C. Ross,

District Officer.

I 8

Table A.

Strength of the Police Force in the Northern District

of the New Territories during 1910.

Ping Shan,

An T'an,

Sha Tau Kok,

Sheung Shui,

Tai Po,

San Tin,.

Sai Kung,

Sha Tin,...

Ta Ku Ling,

Gap Blockhouse,

Total,

Sergeant Interpreters,

No. 2. Launch,

Grand Total,..........

00

1

Europeans.

58

Indians.

0xCC 1 10 30 20 10 CO

Chinese.

24

No co co no # 10 min

06

CC

8

10:

2

15

17

10

58

47

115

Table B.

Health of the Force.

Ping Shan, San Tin, Au T'an,

4

Sheung Shui,

2

Ta Ku Ling,

Sai Kung,

4

Sha Tau Kok,.......

2

Tai Po,

3

Sha Tin,..

G}},

4

:: aonw

Admitted to Hos-

pital with fever.

Admitted to Hospital

for other causes.

www.

Sick in Station with fever.

Sick in Station

from other causes.

Total.

19

13

23

7

14

5

2

31

23

11

13

18

3

32

Total,

18

36

69

26

149

گی

3

Total.

14

13

12

11

10

I 9

My

Table C.

Crime in the Northern District, 1910.

Au T'au, San T'in,..

I

2

6

3

I

14

I

2

Sai Kung,

1

Sheung Shui,

Sha T'an Kok,.

Ping Shan,

4

Tai Po,

1

Sha Tin,.

3

Total,.

3

}

6

1

13

1

N

ca

13

2

8

4

13

31

11

69

Table D.

Revenue collected in the Northern District, during the years 1909 and 1910.

1909.

1910.

$5 C.

$

C.

Crown Rent,

80,193.32

79,929.77

Kerosene Oil Licences,

226.00

242.00

Distillery Licences,

2,759.86

2,581.97

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

3,912.67

3,763.04

House Rent (Clerks),

150.00

205.00

Water Wheels,

44.00

44.00

Ferry Licences,

13.00

13.00

Distress Warrants, Small Debts,

21.00

29.00

Matshed Permits.

49.25

38.75

Pineapple Licences,

1,096.71

1,056.80

Premia on Land Sales,

3,044.00

5,387.71

Stone Quarries,

340.00

458.00

Permits to cut Earth,

155.00

182.00

Forestry Licences,

3,489.67

3,818.09

Grave Certificates,

61.75

150.75

Certified Extracts,

164.00

90.00

Sun Prints,

15.00

180.00

Miscellaneous Receipts,

111.70

28.00

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

144.00

99.00

Fines of Court,

1,947.27

2,627.05

Forfeitures,

24.01

58.47

European Wines and Spirits,

50.00

$97,962.21

$101,032.40

?

I 10

B. SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I.-ADMINISTRATION,

:

The title of the officer in charge was altered in February from Assistant Land Officer to Assistant District Officer in July he was made Police Magistrate for the District. His powers in the Southern District were thus assimilated to those of the District Officer in the Northern District, except that the control of the Police in the whole District still remained in the hands of the Captain Superintendent in Hongkong; and that the duties of the Assistant District Officer in New Kowloon are confined to matters connected with land, and to the collection of land revenues.

I was absent on vacation leave from April 4th to July 3rd during which time Mr. Hutchison acted for me.

Mr. K. McLennan was appointed Bailiff and took up his duties on January 1st. Two additional Demarcators began work at the same time.

II. POLICE.

The Assistant District Officer had no Police duties during 1910..

III. MAGISTRACY.

میه

Twenty-one (21) criminal cases-chiefly small larcenies from boats-were heard after the establishment of a Police Court in July.

IV. SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Seventy-three (73) cases were heard and 14 distress warrants

issued.

V.-LAND.

Seven hundred and fifty-nine (759) deeds were registered- rather more than in most normal years. 165 acres of land were sold by public auction, and 52 by private treaty: the amount realised thereby was $1,927.56.

One hundred and forty-six (146) cases were heard under the New Territories Land Ordinance, and 9 writs of execution were issued: one person was imprisoned..

In November I commenced the issue of Certified Extracts to all Crown lessees throughout the Territory, and the issue for the Western half of Lantao was completed by the end of the year. Apart from the advantage of each Crown lessee being provided with a correct list of his holdings, I was enabled to bring the Register up to date, and to settle many differences and mistakes which had been left over or had arisen after the making of the Schedules.

VI.

REVENUE.

The revenue collected through this office in 1910 was $36,281.03 -the increase of $2,300 over 1909 being chiefly due to the Crown

:

I 11

Rent of $2,000 payable for the first time in respect of the salt pans at Tai O.

A Table has been added, showing the further revenue from the Southern District of the New Territories, collected through other Departments, and therefore included in the General Revenue of the Colony. This bears a much larger proportion to the Revenue collected in the Southern District Office than in the Northern District; the reason being that the close vicinity of Hongkong at once encour- ages more large industries in the Southern District, and also renders direct payment to the Treasury a much easier matter.

VII.--OPIUM.

About 7,500 taels of prepared opium were sold in the Opium Farmer's shops in the Southern District of the New Territories ---exclusive of New Kowloon-at $4.50 per tael. A small quantity of inferior Persian opium was also sold at $2.00 per tael-about 500 taels altogether (1 tael-1 oz. avoirdupois).

The total receipts by the Opium Farmer for sales of opium were therefore about $35,000: many junks also buy Chinese opium outside our territory, as at Lap Sap Mi, near Lantao, for consumption while

at sea.

VIII-LIQUOR.

The liquor tax paid by the New Territories (South) for 1910 amounted to $34,424.13. It was collected throughout without any difficulty or complaint, and with very little attempt at evasion of the rules, and therefore so far as this district is concerned, must be accounted a singularly successful tax.

Of the whole amount, the distillery at Cheung Sha Wan paid $15,366.28 and those at Cheung Chau $12,063.57.

IX.-CROPS.

The crops during 1910 were fairly good, and no complaints were made of failure through the spring drought.

X-PUBLIC WORKS.

The old Kowloon City pier was replaced during the year by a new solid structure of ferro-concrete and on ferro-concrete piles 149 feet long, and from 16 to 30 feet wide.

A six-foot path was constructed by the military authorities to connect their Rife Range with the Sha Tin Road at Po Kong, for which 15,238 sq. ft. were resumed at 2 cents per foot.

No public works were constructed in the New Territories (South) outside New Kowloon.

XI-GENERAL.

The district in general, and the fishing population in particular, appeared to prosper throughout 1910. The best and most popular fishing centre is Cheung Chau, and here there were abundant signs of prosperity. The demand for land has long exceeded the supply,

I 12

*

and there is not a vacant house in the village. Money was always forthcoming for any laudable purpose: four theatrical performances were held during the year, $1,000 was spent on the temple, the villagers collected among themselves sufficient to buy a steam launch for ferry-service to Hongkong: and money was even spent upon the drainage and paving of the town.

Among the other villages, Hang Hau has shown signs of recovery from the re-action which followed the collapse of the Flour Mills, several new houses were built, and two strips of land were acquired for the erection of boat-building sheds.

The low price of salt, which was good for the fishing trade, had an adverse effect on the business of the salt pans.

Considerable areas of land on Lamma Island and on Fu Tau Chau were leased to Mr. Dizon for the segregation of cattle destined for Manila, and the scheme promised to be successful, until legis- lation by the Philippine Government put an end to the import trade from Hongkong.

The inhabitants of New Kowloon (by which is meant that strip of the New Territories which runs to the South of the Kowloon Hills from Lai Chi Kok to Lyeemun) are within easy reach of Hongkong, and therefore continue to use the Central Hongkong Courts, and are amenable to modified Building Regulations, prescribed by the Building Authority.

Cemeteries also are provided for New Kowloon (and for the island and village of Cheung Chau) at which all interments now take place from these districts, and slaughter-houses are appointed for the slaughter of all animals intended for human consumption.

In the urban districts of Kowloon City and Shamshuipo certain sanitary measures have been adopted. Refuse is removed by Gov- ernment contractors and a house-cleansing takes place once a year: in these districts also rates are paid of 9% or 7%, according as water is laid on or not.

+

25th February, 1911.

G. N. ORME, Assistant District Officer,

Southern District.

1

I 13

Table A.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer, New Territories, Southern District.

1909.

1910.

c.

C.

'Land Sales,

1,415.00

1,927.56

Crown Rent,

21,200.44

22,934.73

Assessed Taxes,

7,612.88

8,197.20

Lease of Stone Quarries,

1,059.67

990.00

Forestry Licences,

1,404.38

725.41

Earth Permits,

66.00

52.00

Matshed Permits,

234.00

140.00

Boundary Stones,

18.00

(1)

Sunprint Plans,...

Pineapple Licences,

35.00 (1)

30.32

30.32

Registration Fees,...

723.35

678.90

Warrants of Attachment,

144.00

160.00

Writs of Summons, .

22.00

90.00

Miscellaneous Receipts, Arrears of

Revenue,

13.28

110.00

Fines (Police Court),

230.21

Interest,

0.43

14.70

Total collected by Assistant

District Officer,

33,978.75

36,281.03

(1) Wrongly entered as Revenue in 1909.

Table B.

Revenue collected through other Departments from the

New Territories, Southern District.

Public Works Department, (Land-Permits, etc.), ......$ 3,934.25

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets, etc.),

Treasury, (Crown Rent from Inland Lots),.

.12,584.38

.18.631.30

Police, (Licence Fees),......

2,691.59

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties),

.34,424.13

Magistracy, (Fines),.

925.82

Total,..

$73,191.47

Appendix J.

REPORTS OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE

AND OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF FIRE BRIGADE.

The average

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 9,789 as against 9,819 in 1909 being a decrease of 30 or ‘30 per cent. for the last five years is 10,371.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor Offences, there appears an increase, as compared with 1909, of 263 cases or 7.86 per cent. in the former, and a decrease of 293 cases or 452 per cent. in the latter.

The increase as compared with 1909 in Serious Offences of 263 is shown as follows:-

Murder,

Robbery,

Burglary or Larceny from dwelling,

Assault with intent to rob,

Kidnapping and Protection of Women

and Children,

Unlawful Possession,

Larcenies,...

Felonies not already given,

10

38

112

6

28

39

13

17

Total,......

263

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1909 and 1910 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

3. Nineteen murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 9 in 1909.

In connection with 8 of these reports no arrest was made. In the remaining 11 cases arrests were made as follows:-

In one case

3 Discharged.

I

1 Convicted

22

1

>>

""

1602

3

2

1

1

"

33

1

1

??

1

1

>>

A

4

J 2

MANSLAUGHTER.

4. Five cases were reported to the Police.

In three cases no arrest.

one

case 2 Discharged.

1 Convicted.

""

11

وو

GANG ROBBERIES.

5. Fifty-three gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 36 in 1909.

In 34 cases no arrest was made, in the remaining 19 cases arrests were made as follows:-

In one case

3 Convicted.

1 Discharged.

4

6

>>

59

""

11

"

1

1

1

2

بسم

1

""

4

>>

3

2

19

"

>

NHN pressed poznať prenosný

2

1

1

"

1

1

1

52

""

35

12

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Twenty-five Street and Highway Robberies were reported during the year as against 17 in 1909.

In connection with 20 of these no arrest was made, in the re- maining 5 cases arrests were made as follows

In one case,

3 Discharged. 8

事严

་་

""

2 Convicted

13

99

27

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Twenty-two cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 9 in 1909.

In connection with 19 cases no arrest was made.

1

..

J 3

In the remaining 3 cases arrests were made as follows :-

In one case

2 Convicted.

32

1

3 Discharged.

OTHER FELONIES.

8. Under this heading are comprised the following:-

1910.

1909.

Arson and attempted arson, Cutting and wounding,

-

2

3

9

13

Demanding money by menaces,

3

Embezzlement,

29

26

Forgery,

13

28

Housebreaking,

141

108

Indecent assault and rape,

1

2

Wounding with intent to do grievous

bodily harm,-

Abominable offences,

Throwing corrosive fluid,

6

1

209

1

194

10101

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 60 as against 64'in 1909.

GAMBLING.

9. Two hundred and ten gambling warrants were executed and convictions obtained as against 153 in 1909.

Four were lottery cases.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

10. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $269,154.06 as against $210,160.42 in 1909 an increase of $58,993.64. The average for the last five years is $188,689.87.

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $19,846.08 or 22.2 per cent. as against $21,953.31 in 1909. The average for the last five years is 18 per cent.

LOST PROPERTY.

11. The following is a return showing property lost or recovered.

Articles

Year. reported Value lost.

lost.

Articles recovered and articles found which were not reported lost.

Value

found.

1910

305

$16,854.37

98

$533.75

}

1909

292 $13,338.90

83

$1,612.60

OPIUM WARRANTS.

12. One thousand nine hundred and forty-one (1,941) Search Warrants for prepared opium were excuted by the Police and Excise Officers of the Opium Farmer, as compared with 1,686 in 1909.

In 617 cases opium was found and 936 persons were arrested as against 640 in 1909.

OPIUM DIVANS.

13. Thirty-one Warrants were executed by the Police for keep- ing Opium Divans. In 20 cases convictions were obtained, 7 cases were discharged, one case undecided and in three cases no arrest was made.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

14. The Examiner of Weights and Measures made the following verifications:-

Examined. Correct.

Incorrect.

Foreign Scales.............

354

348

6

Chinese Scales,

2,456

2,420

27

Spirit Measures,

13

B3

Yard Measures,

141

141

Chek Measures,

276

276

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

No. of Cases.

33

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines,

33

$825

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE,

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :-

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

2

$25

FOOD AND DURGS ORDINANCE.

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food

and Drugs Ordinance :-

No. of Cases.

Convictions.

Total Amount of Fines.

Nil.

Nil.

- J 5-

Samples collected and sent to the Government Analyst were as follows:

Brandy.

5

Whisky.

16

Rum.

5

Beer.

6

All these samples were certified to be genuine with the excep- tion of one sample of Whisky and two of Brandy.

MENDICANTS.

17. Thirty-seven beggars were dealt with by the Magistrate and one sent to Tung Wah Hospital; 155 were sent to Canton as follows:-

Once,......

Twice,..

Thrice,

Four Times,

How often sent away.

Total,.....

Canton.

139

12

2

155

DEAD BODIES.

18. Table 1 shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

LICENCES.

19. The following licences were issued during 1910 :-

1,100 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

50 Quarry Bay Jinrickshas.

345 Kowloon Jinrickshas.

24 Private Vehicles (16 Carriages, 3 Hearses and 5 Motor

Cars).

1,161 Trucks.

678 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

12,779 Drivers and Bearers.

3 Auctioneers'.

12 Billiard Tables.

J 6

1 Brewery.

2 To store Calcium Carbide.

3 To deal wholesale in Cocaine and its Salts.

1 To store Detonators.

8 Distillery (New Territories).

27 To store Dynamite.

51 To store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids.

1 Fireworks (Manufacture).

158 Game.

1 Gunpowder (Manufacture).

6

gy

(Storage).

14 Kerosene Storage (in Godowns).

20.

995

19

19

""

(Ordinary). (New Territories).

46

""

33 Marine Stores.

12 To store Naphtha and Benzine.

2 To store Nitrobenzene or Oil of Mirbane. 78 Pawnbrokers'.

8 To store Petroleum in Bulk.

6 Phosphorus.

2 Poison (Wholesale).

6 To store Rockets.

53 Spirits (Chinese, New Territories).

33 To store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid.

DOG ORDINANCE.

1,775 Dogs were licensed during 1910.

91 Watch Dogs were licensed free of charge.

24 Dogs were destroyed.

207 Stray Dogs were impounded, 65 were ransomed

and 142 were sent to the Dogs' House at Yaumati.

06

19

This House was established and is maintained by subscrip- tions raised by Rev. Mr. Hickling and Mr. Tata. Inspector McEwen of the Sanitary Department is in charge of it.

ARMS ORDINANCE.

21. Four licences to import and deal in arms and two to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1910. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz.:-

Two Winchester carbines, 6,124 rounds ammunition, 7 muskets, 30 rifles, 96 rifle barrels, 1 shot gun, 21 revolvers, 137 bayonets, 3 swords, 2 spears, 523 lbs. dynamite, 7,695 detonators, 132 boxes percussion caps, 627 empty cylinders, 84 lbs. powder, 4 packets.

J 7

bullets, 96 cleaning rods, 100 frogs, 101 pouches, 198 belts and slings, 1 set refilling tools, 5 drums Naphtha and a small quantity of fuse.

EDUCATION.

22. During the year 4 Europeans and 45 Indians obtained certificates for knowledge of Chinese, one European obtained certi- ficate for Hindustani, 25 Indians and 3 Chinese obtained certificates for English.

MUSKETRY.

23. The Europeans and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry, and 29 Europeans and 50 Indians qualified as marksmen.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

24. 215 persons were identified as having previous convictions against them. This number is 25 more than during the year 1909.

131 identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

25. The conduct of the European contingent (average strength 120) was good. The total number of reports against them was 41 as against 55 in 1909. There were 9 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 8 in 1909, 5 for sleeping on duty as against 4, and 8 for neglect of duty as against 9.

The conduct of the Indian contingent (average strength 358) was fairly good. There were 382 reports as against 335 for the preceding year. For drunkenness there were 34 as against 29, for disorderly conduct 17 as against 24, for neglect of duty 27 as against 37, for absence from duty 54 as against 48, for gossiping and idling on duty 67, same as last year, and sleeping on duty 23 as against 31. 207 men had no report. Nine Indian constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (all dismissed from the Force) 2 for assault, 1 for indecent assault, 2 for insubordination, 1 for neglect of duty, 1 for intimidating a recruit from joining the Force, 1 for drunkenness, and 1 for taking bribes.

The behaviour of the Chinese contingent (average strength 392) was fair. There were altogether 1,138 reports as against 896 in 1909. There was one report for drunkenness as against 2 in 1909, 135 for sleeping on duty as against 134, 28 for disorderly conduct as against 12 and 365 for minor offences as against 263. Ten constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (9 dismissed) for the following offences:-1 for robbery and extortion, 1 for demand- ing money with menaces. 2 for assault, 2 for assault and damaging pro- perty, 2 for street gambling, 1 for obtaining a bribe and 1 for larceny.

120 men of this contingent were not reported during the year. The seamen, coxswains, engineers and stokers (average strength 133) had 186 reports as compared with 213 for last year. For drunkenness there was no report (same as last year), and 102

J 8

-

for absence from station and late for duty as against 100 in the previous year.

One seaman was convicted by the Police Magistrate for assault. 65 had no report recorded against them.:

POLICE LAUNCHES AND BOATS.

26. The outer waters of the Colony are patrolled by two launches, one of which is stationed at Tai Po. Each has a crew consisting of 1 European Sergeant, 1 European constable, 2 coxswains, 2 engineers, 2 stokers, 1 boatswain and 8 seamen. The third patrol launch (without crew) is kept in reserve for use when either of the above is under repairs.

The harbour is patrolled by two small launches and two pinnaces (not all on duty at once) manned by 8 European Police, 8 coxswains, 8 engineers, 8 stokers and 16 seamen; and two rowing boats each manned by 1 European and 4 seamen.

There is also one

spare boat in reserve.

REWARDS.

27. One European Lance Sergeant was commended by His Excellency the Governor for good work done in connection with the arrest of six robbers, one European Lance Sergeant for smart work in securing the arrest and conviction of five robbers who committed armed robberies, and one European constable for his smart conduct in arresting 6 robbers on Stanley Road.

Two Indian constables were granted rewards for smart capture of robbers at Sham Shui Po, two Indian constables for the smart capture of 3 men who were illegally conveying dynamite, and one Indian constable for the smart capture of a thief who had com- mitted a larceny.

Two Chinese Sergeants and one Chinese constable were granted medals for excellent services, one Chinese Sergeant was granted a reward for the smart capture of a thief who had stolen $1,200 in money, one Chinese constable for the smart arrest of 3 women who were illegally conveying dynamite, 1 Chinese constable was com- mended for his smart conduct in arresting 6 robbers, 1 Chinese Sergeant and 1 Chinese constable for smart work in securing the arrest and conviction of 5 robbers and one Chinese constable for zeal and intelligence in connection with the murder on Tai Po Road.

HEALTH.

28. Admissions to hospital during the last three years were as follows:-

1908.

1909.

1910.

Nation-

ality.

Average Ad- Average Ad- Average Ad- Strength. mission. Strength. mission. Strength. mission.

Europeans,. 126

97

122

72

120

76

Indians,..... 388

394

380

371

358

380

Chinese,

501

136

511

136

525

120

J 9

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever from 1st January to 31st December, 1910:-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Average Strength.

Treated.

Average

Treated.

Strength.

Europeaus,

107

10

13

2

Indians,

259

92

99

18

Chinese,

478

22

47

1

In addition to cases treated in hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever, the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to hospital were:

Europeans 9, Indians 56 and Chinese 8.

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

29. The Deputy Superintendent (Capt. F. W. Lyons) left for England on leave on 30th November, Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse acting during his absence. The Assistant Superintendent (Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse) left for Japan on 4th August and returned on 27th September and Mr. T. H. King acted during his absence. The Proba- tioner (Mr. T. H. King) left for England on 26th October.

POLICE FORCE.

30. Twenty-one Europeans were engaged during the year, ten were recruited from England and eleven enlisted locally. Table III shows changes in the personnel of the Force during the year, and Table IV the strength, expenditure and revenue for the past ten

years.

2nd March, 1911.

F. J. BADELEY, Captain Superintendent of Police.

ANNEXE A.

Report on the Police School.

POLICE SCHOOL, VICTORIA,

HONGKONG, 27th January, 1911.

SIR, I have the honour to submit to you the Report on the

Police School for the year 1910.

J 10

-

2. School was open on 100 days during that year with a total attendance of :-

Central Station,

No. 8 Station,

6,384

658

Total,..

7,042

giving an average attendance of 70.

3. The only change on the staff was that Mohander Singh re- placed Badan Singh on the 13th June, the latter resuming his former duty.

4. Examinations for all available English, Indian and Chinese Police Constables and Gaol Staff were held by me in the months of April, July and December of 1910 with the following tabulated results

Results of Examination.

April.

July. Dec. Total.

E.P.C.,

Number examined

Passed

2-

64

14

10

I.P.C.,

Examined Passed

9

a6

22

0.0,

Examined Passed

52

にに

14

74

Gaol Staff,

Examined Passed

1

10 10

Percentage of Passes.

E. P. C..

I. P. C., C. C..

Gaol Staff,

7%

71

64

57

40

5. The number of units in attendance throughout 1910 were :-

E.P.C. 15, I.P.C. 207, C.C. 269, Gaol Staff 59, Total, 550.

6. Discipline throughout was excellent.

To the Honourable,

ARTHUR W. GRANT, B.A.,

Master-in-charge.

The Captain Superintendent of Police.

7

1909.

Robbery with Violence and Assault with

intent to rob.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

1910.

:

J.11

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1909 AND 1910.

Serious Offences.

Burglaries.

Larcenies and Larcenies in

Dwelling

Other

Felonies.

Houses.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Ordinance.

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapping.

Assaults and Disorderly

Conduct.

Minor Offences.

Gambling.

ness.

Drunken-

Nuisances.

:

:

:

:

:

1 1

11 6

18 6 14

1

1

62

162,650 866 366 206

93

42 60 51 14 208 190

51

67

49 62 52 15 209 190

55

67 44 19 131 20 16 2,621 854 346 198

53

68 45 19 131 20

CO

211

:

:

:

:

:

8 888

30

85 15

31 3

19 15 14 828 1,203 199 3142,303 104 6 6

1

873

19 15 14 9461,319 217 314 2,303 104 48 48 878

:

:

34

34

8

x

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Cases.

Convicted.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Total of

all cases.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

4

30

31

173.

.19

45 1

81

8734,2394,903 525

9,565

878 4,288 4,979 |534

9,819

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

:

1

...

:

:

:

10

7

-]

4

1

1

:

54

48

co

3

111

31

32 150

5:3

7 2 15

3

1

N

I

I

1

:

:

:

17

15 4

2233

:

:

:.

23

24

19

116.

6 6

1

1

22

22

3

59.

13

Total,

112 31

35 150

13

12,739 827 285 226 65 1 |2,756 836 304 233 69

89

77

52

ི།

38 247

1226

53

122424

79 54 38 248 226

59

88

30 28 17 572

30 28 17 643

772 195 423 | 2,774296.} 16 161,152 1,152 3,8714,772 596 835 210 423 2,774 296| 45

9,614

45 1,153 1,158 3,917 4,813 605

9,789

Under

one month.

1 month

and under, 1 year.

m.

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

1 year and under

5 years

and

15 years and

Under

one

under

5 years.

over.

month.

1 month and under 1 year.

15 years.

J 12

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1910.

HARBOUR.

1 year and under 5 years.

5 years 15 years Under

and

under

and over.

one

month.

15 years.

1 month and under

1 year.

1 year and

under 5 years.

and under

15 years.

sex

f.

m.

f.

m. f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m..

f.

unk.

sex unk.

sex

m.

f.

junk.

m.

f.

sex unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

1

4

3

9

8

1

2

43

2

1

7

8

00

со

8

00

8

1

N

f.

m.

f.

ELSEWHERE.

5 years

15 years and

Under

over.

ODC month.

1 month and under 1 year.

1 year and under years.

5 years and under

Total.

15 years

and

over.

15 years.

sex unk.!

sex

sex

sex

m.

f.

111

m.

f.

m.

f.

f. 111.

10.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

unk.

unk.

3222223

7

6

2

10

1

19

10

5

295

3

30

4

2

6

6

1:

2

Victoria.

Kowloon.

Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males.

Females. Unknown.

Children.

Adults.

1907,

649

348

154

122

1,273

758

503

12

1908,

405

306

117

161

989

604

365

20

1909,

89

119

83

90

381

261

114

1910,

SO

76

63

76

295

192

91

220*

987

286

718

271

204

177

158

137

1

www.

?

- J 13

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment, Enlistments and Casualties in the Police Force, 1910.

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Europeans,. 133 Indians,

378

21

24

45

115

Chinese, 507

Deaths.

Resignation

through

sickness.

Resignation through expiry of

terms of services or otherwise.

Dismissal or

Desertion.

Total number of Casualties.

LON N

7

4 16

5

41

23

11

39

44 96

9283

71

Total,... 1,018 181

9

16

87

71

183

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments and also the Engineers, Coxswains and Stokers, but it is exclusive of :---

1 Captain Superintendent,

1 Deputy Superintendent,

1 District Officer,

1 Assistant Superintendent,

1 Probationer,

1 Accountant,

1 Clerk and Hindustani Interpreter,

5 Clerks.

6 Telephone Clerks,

81 Coolies,

and 6 Indians and 18 Chinese who are employed by Private Firms.

Strength on 31st December, 1910.

Euro-

peans.

Indians. Chinese. Total.

Present,...

120

352

507

979

Absent on leave,

10

26

36

Vacancies,...

3

Total Establishment,

133

378

507

1,018

J.14

Table IV.

Table showing the total Strength, Expenditure and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1901 to 1910.

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenue Collected by

Year.

the Police

Police Force.

Fire

Police

Fire

Force.

Brigade.

Force. Brigade.

$

$

1901...

920

. 96

380,787

18,592

97,343

1902...

919

97

392,248

25,992

118,160

1903...

921

97

512,860

25,167

141,491

1904...

993

97

506,008

27,428

133,597

1905... 1,018

97

509,298

28,956

130,873

1906...

1,047

97

515,874

25,499

134,212

1907... 1,048

96

522,406

46,250

138,417

1908...

1,046

96

556,607

31,172

124,288

1909... 1,051

97

564,835

72,227"

125,958

19.10... 1,042

103† 583,847

41,548

161,420

NOTE.-No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

* $44,120 was for the New Floating Engine.

Crew for the New Floating Engine.

$9,852 was for the New Floating Eugine.

J 15

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE

FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 28 Fires and 67 Incipient Fires during the year against 31 and 63 in 1909. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $236,668 and by Incipient Fires $851 as against $548,838 and $1,497 in 1909.

The Brigade turned out 33 times during the year (47 in 1909).

2. There was a constant supply of water in the fire mains throughout the year.

3. One fire occurred in the harbour during the year.

4. There were two prosecutions for arson. The first was in connection with the fire at No. 128 Shanghai Street, Yau Ma Ti. Two men were arrested and discharged at the Criminal Sessions. The second was in connection with the Fire at No. 50, Queen's Road East. One man was arrested and convicted at the Criminal Sessions and sentenced to seven years' imprisonment with hard labour.

5. There are 34 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different Telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire and 16 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose a copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

8. The hull constructed locally for the New Fire Floating Engine was completed at the beginning of the year.

F. J. BADELEY, Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

6th March, 1911.

ANNEXE À.

HONGKONG, 7th March, 1911.

SIR,I have the honour to forward the Annual Report on the condition of the Government Fire Engines and gear for the year ending 31st December, 1910.

New Fire Float.

This vessel was completed and placed in commission in the month of March after extensive steaming and pumping trials, and has been of great service at different fires afloat and on shore.

J 16

No. 2 Float.

This vessel has also been used at various fires during the year, and was overhauled in May. Hull, Machinery and Boiler are all in good working order and fit for service.

Steamer No. 1, (Wanchai).

This Engine and Boiler were overhauled during the year and have been regularly used at fires and drills and are now in good working order.

Steamer No. 2, (Yaumati).

This Engine and Boiler were also overhauled and are now in good working order.

This steamer has been regularly used at

drills and at fires when required.

Steamers Nos. 3 and 4, (Central).

These two Engines and Boilers have been regularly tested at drills and used at fires during the year. They have both been over- hauled and are now in good working order.

Manual Engines and Gear.

All the Manual Engines and Gear, Hose Reels, Ladders, Supply Carts, etc., have been kept in repair and are now in good working order, with the exception of No. 3 Ladder which is worn out.

Fire Alarms.

The Street Telephone Fire Alarm Call Points, 12 in number, are tested daily and are all in good working order.

F. J. BADELEY, Esq.,

Capt. Supt. of Police.

I have, &c.,

D. MACDONALD, Engineer, Fire Brigade.

J 17

ANNEXE B.

STRENGTH OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

Europeans. Chinese,

Superintendent,

1

Deputy Superintendent,

Assistant Superintendents,

2

Engineer,

1

Assistant Engineer and Station Officer,

Clerk,

Engine Drivers,

Assistant Engine Drivers,

Fitter,

Blacksmith,

Carpenter,

Stokers,

Sailmaker,

Overseers of Water Works,

Inspector of Dangerous Goods,

Assistant to

Foremen,

Assistant Foremen,

do.,

Firemen,

Interpreters,

FLOATING ENGINES.

Foremen and Engine Drivers,

Engine Drivers,

Coxswains,

Stokers,

Seamen,

1

1

1

5

عن حرق

22

28

1

3

2

NAND

Total, 1910,

48

Total, 1909, -

46

1813

55

51

Table I.

Fires during the Year 1910.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

Damage.

Wholly. Partly.

123

Jan. 13th 12.35 a.m.

House No. 1, Connaught Road West.

1

25th

1.00 a.m.

'

,, 331, Shanghai Street, Yaumati,.

1

28th

1.30 a.m.

52, Reclamation Street, Yaumati,.

}

Feb. 14th

21st

Mar. 6th

19th

"}

12.20 a.m.

Midnight.

8.30 p.m.

9.00 p.m. 23rd 11.30 p.m. 25th

10 Apr. 6th

"

18, Bowrington Road West, 546, Sheungshui,

1

"

A stack of grass at Aberdeen, .

Cause.

3,000

-

$13,000 Unknown.

3,000 Overheating of medicinal roots placed over a charcoal fire to dry.

14,000 | Careless use of joss sticks and lamp.

63 Unknown.

100

,

זי

4.10 a.m.

Shaukiwan, Unoccupied matshed at Cheungchow, House No. 248, Shanghai Street, Yaumati,..

50

1 matshed.

9.30 p.m.

A matshed outside Un Long Market,

1 matsbed.

4 houses.

11

13th

1.00 a.m.

12

June 11th

2.15 a.m.

13

11th

""

3.45 p.m.

Kennedy Town Plague Hospital, House No. 39, Shanghai Street. Yaumati, Matshed at Chun Lung, Shaukiwan,

2

1

I matshed.

14

12th

"}

2.30 p.m.

1 matshed.

15

17th

3.00 p.m.

House No.

* 16

17

Aug. Sth

15th

2.20 a.m.

3.40 a.m.

[+

18 | Sept. 4th

2.45 a.m.

19

14th

A small matshed on the Koloon-Canton Railway, Tai Po.. 7, U Shek Kok, Sha Tau Kok,

128, Shanghai Street, Yaumati,. 4, Sai On Lane, West Point, 100, Jervois Street,

1.50 a.m. S.S. Kum Chow, Victoria Harbour,

* Two men were charged for arson and discharged at the Criminal Sessions.

"1

Lighted candles setting fire to joss papers stored close to the shrine. 4,645 | Unknown

300

2,000 Overheating of a bean curd drying stove. Unknown.

40

Carelessness with a lighted match.

105 Some bundles of grass accidentally caught

fire.

650 Upsetting of a kerosine lamp. 5,000] Unknown.

"

17,000 | Careless use of naked oil lamps while taking in bunker coal.

300

4,000

1

56,000

حد

J 18 -

No.

Date.

Time.

Table I,-Continued.

Fires during the Year 1910.

Situation of Fire.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

Damage.

Wholly. Partly.

?

Cause..

21

17th

5.50 a.m.

"1

=

22

17th

11

23 Nov. 7th

4.00 p.m.

10.15 p.m.

20 Oct. 11th

22

7.20 a.m. House No. 22, Bridge Row, Quarry Bay,

$5,800 Unknown.

413, Queen's Road West,. Timber Yard, Praya East, House No. 46, Wanchai Road,

500

"

64.900

3.000

-}

24

15th

6.30 p.m.

"}

"}

2, Reinacker Street,

4,800 A cat upsetting a small jar of kerosine oil which was set on fire by burning joss sticks.

* 25

16th

26

Dec. 12th

27

"}

1.15 a.m.

6.30 p.m. 27th | 10.20 a.m.

}!

50, Queen's Road East,..

1

500 Arson.

Matshed Kowloon, Blackheads Point,. Matshed, Fraya, Shaukiwan West,.

1 matshed.

405 Unknown.

1 matshed.

510

11

1 house.

28

28th

7.30 p.m.

Cracker Factory, Mong Kok,

:

J 19

33,000 | A lighted kerosine lamp falling off a nail in. the wall,

$236,668

* One man was arrested and convicted at the Criminal Sessions and sentenced to 7 years hard labour.

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON,

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1909 were as follows:-

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

1910.

1909.

- 3,973

4,183

Courts Martial,

10

Commodore, R.N.,-

5

""

"

79

""

Supreme Court for China and Corea, -

High Court, Weihaiwei,

On remand or in default of finding

Debtors,

surety,

5

Siam,

1

3

108

75

785

933

Total, - - 4,867

5,215

the total number of

There was thus a decrease of 348 on admissions as compared with the year 1909. There was a decrease of prisoners convicted for Larceny during the year under review the number being 740 against 799 for the previous year.

2. The number of prisoners admitted to prison for offences not of a criminal nature was 2,870 made up as follows :

Debtors,

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

108

891

"

Gambling Ordinance,

670

"

"}

""

Market Ordinance,

307

>

"

Arms Ordinance,

10

**

>>

Vehicle Ordinance,

71

Sanitary Bye-laws,

22

""

"

Harbour Regulations,

108

*

Post Office Ordinance,

"

Police Ordinance,

7"

11

"

"J

"

2

Women and Girls Pro-

tection Ordinance, -

""

19

19

12

"

19

"1

"

وو

Stowaway Ordinance,

Chinese Wines and Spirits

Ordinance,

Public Health and Buildings

Ordinance,

Carried forward,

4

-

- 2,353

123

Servants' Quarters Ordce., 12

222 222

39

19

K 2

www.

Brought forward, -

Convicted under the Dangerous Goods Ordce.,

"2

Money Changers Ordce., Railway Ordinance,

2,353

9

1

212

"}

""

"

Game Ordinance,

Marine Hawkers Ordinance,

""

2:

21

Weights and

Measures

Ordinance,

1

Tramway Ordinance,-

3

Ordinance No. 8 of 1898,

10

""

""

for Drunkenness,

17

""

99

Cruelty to Animals,

5

"

Trespassing,

22

>>

Disorderly Conduct,

107

19

23

Vagrancy, -

13

""

Assault,

وو

Contempt of Court,

Obstruction,

1

84

80

"

27

>>

Cutting Trees,

40

>>

"

Fighting, -

12

****

33

Mendicancy,

46

}"

Rogue and Vagabond,

46

11

Malicious Damage,

Breach of Contract,

Total.-

3. The above figures show that 72 per cent. sions to prison were for non-criminal offences. 1909 was 69.

4

- 2,870

of the total admis- The percentage in

The following Table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:

In default of payment of fine.

Without option of fine.

Total.

Served the

Paid full

imprison-

Paid part

fine.

fine.

ment.

1,254 1909. 1,361

1,644

577

499

3,974

1,660

615

571

4,207

4. There were 89 juveniles admitted into prison 43 of whom were sentenced to be whipped in addition to various terms of impri- sonment varying from twenty-four hours' detention to four months' imprisonment with hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 133 as com- pared with 136 for 1909.

K 3 -

6. There were 109 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 82 for the previous year.

(151 in 1998.)

7. The following Table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

Year.

Estimated No. of Population. Convicts.

to

to

Percentage Daily aver- Percentage age number Population. of prisoners. Population.

1901

385,671

180

*046·

499

*129

1902

396,835

213

⚫054

576

•145

1903

410,642

245

*059

653

•159

1904

446,217

243

·054

726

•162

1905

462,861

216

*046

697

· 150

1906

414,649

156

*037

518

*125

1907

414,415

146

·035

502

•121

1908

420,741

130

*038

465

· 110

1909

428,858

180

·042

560

•130

1910

435,986

209

⚫048

547

··125

L

8. There were 728 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline being an average of 1:33 per prisoner as compared with 775 with an average of 138 for the preceding year. There were 4 cases in which corporal punishment was inflicted during the year. There were 103 prisoners whipped by order of the Courts.

9. There were two escapes but one of the prisoners was recap- tured by the Police.

10. There were 12 deaths from natural causes and one suicide. 17 prisoners were released on medical grounds.

11. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long- sentence prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

12. There were 4,958,671 forms printed and issued to the various Government Departments and 23,509 books bound and repaired during the year under review.

13. The improvements mentioned in para. 14 of my report for 1909 were completed during the year and the new Hall was occupied on the 17th December.

14. The sanitary condition of the prison is good.

15. The buildings generally are in good repair.

K 4

16. The conduct of the European Officers has as a rule been excellent and that of the Indian Staff on the whole good.

17. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition and the water supply adequate.

18. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

19. I append the usual returns.

28th February, 1911.

F. J. BADELEY,

Superintendent.

་ །

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1910.

EXPENDITURE.

AMOUNT.

INCOME.

C.

AMOUNT.

$

Pay and Allowance of Officers including Uniforms, &c., .

Victualling of Prisoners,

Fuel, Light, Soap and Dry Earth,

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding, Furniture,

Earning of Prisoners,.....

Military Prisoners,..

66,040.80 Paid by Military for Subsistence of 15,995.88

8,236.08 Paid by Navy for Subsistence of Naval

6,029.43

48,902.50

22.20

Prisoners,

85.80

Debtors' Subsistence,.

1,012.50

Weihaiwei Prisoners' Subsistence,.

935.50

Shanghai

582.10

- K 5

Canton

104.70

1

""

Swatow

50.70

""

Vagrants' Subsistence,.

63.90

Subsistence of Prisoners sentenced by

Marine Magistrate,..

257.70

Boot Money refunded,

7.65

Waste Food sold,...

79.50

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for Pri- soners' Maintenance,

44,197.44

?

1909,.

$ 96,302.19

97,926.80

$96,302.19

Average annual cost per prisoner $80.80--in 1909 $91.97, and in 1908 $102.09.

...

K 6

Table II.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Year. Expenditure. Income.

Actual Cost Average Cost of Prisoners'

Maintenance.

per Prisoner.

$

C.

$

C.

C.

1901.

73,102.37

29,053.70

44,048.67

88.27

1902,

96,311.53

33,523.09

62,788.44

108.92

1903,

108,139.60

34,136.64

74,002.96

113.33.

1904,

113,251.48

37,186.64

76,064.84

104.77

1905,

110,687.83

39,444.50

71,243.33

102.21

1906,

96,202.08

39,613.26

56,588.82

109.24

1907,

89,711.39

40,079.90 49,631.49

98.86

1908,

95,537.85

48,066.33

47,471.52

102.09

1909,

97,926.80

46,421.13

51,505.67

91.97

1910.

96,302.19 52,104.75

44,197.44

80.80

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1910.

2

3

4

Value of

Value of Ar-

6

Value of

7

Nature of Industry.

Stock on

hand Jan-

uary 1st,

Value of

Materials

Purchased.

Value of Articles Manu- Total Dr.ticles Manu-

Stocks

factured or factured or work done for work done for

on hand

Total Cr.

1910.

Gaol or other

payment. Departments.

December 31st, 1910.

8

Value of

Earnings (Difference between

Columns

3 & 7). '

K 7

C.

$

C.

C.

C.

C.

$ C.

C.

Oakum,

436.08

436.08

802.90

14.08

816.98

Coir,

518.47

1,683.49

2,201.96

2,463.50

223.95

861.20

3,548.65

380.90

1,346.69

Netmaking,

20.85

97.17

118.02

249.80

1.20

251.00

132.98

Tailoring,

650.56

1,294.02

1,944.58

160.30

3,327.70

7.70

3,495.70

1,551.12

Rattan,

4.00

46.50

50.30

13.65

190.75

1.60

206.00

155.50

Tin-smithing,

4.90

65.28

70.18

187.12

187.52

17.96

392.60

322.42

Carpentering,

405.80

170.87

576.67

125.55

689.11

304.18

1,118.84

542.17

Grass-matting,

.66

26.70

27.36

41.04

41.04

13.68

Shoemaking,

117.92

1,827.86

1,945.78

167.37

2,632.95

12.94

2,813.26

867.48

Laundry,

Printing and Book-binding,

2.47

7,456.34

981.60

11,111.24

984.07

2.05

6,786.44

.15

6,788.64

5,804.57

18,567.58

67.52

48,923.20

6,893.53

55,884.25

37,316.67

Building,

200.00

200.00

Stone-breaking,

268.32

268.32

Total,.

.$ !

9,618.05 17,304.73

26,922.78

*4,239.76

63,485.06

8,100.46 75,825.28

48,902.50

* Paid into Bank during 1910, which sum includes $161.75 for work executed in 1909, $4,253.61.

Value of work executed during 1910 for which payment was deferred to 1911, $147.90.

K 8

Table IV.

Return showing the Employment of Prisoners and the Value of their Labour, during the year 1910.

Daily Average Number.

Description of Employment.

Rate per diem.

Value of

Males. Females. Total.

Prison Labour.

Sunday, Christmas Day, Good

Friday and Chinese New

Year Day:

-

Cooking,

Cleaning,

Non-productive,

Other Days:

Debtors, Remands, On punish-

ment, Sick,...

Crank, Shot, Shot and Stone,...

C.

10

22

12 c.

9

59.40

25

26

143.00

497

15

512

531

16

517

48

48

92

3235

92

In Manufactories :--

Book-binding,

20 c.

37

Printing,

20

48

Printing labourers,

10

14

434

37

2,291.00

48

2,976.00

14

434.00

Oakum-picking,

2

91

96

595.20

Coir-matting,

15

Shoemaking,

20

Tailoring,

15

211

29

29

1,348.50

12

12

744.00

18

23

1,069.50

Net-making, String-making, &

ships' fender making,

10

14

14

434.00

In Building

Carpentering and Fitting,

20

20

:

20

1,240.00

In Service of the frison :-

Laundry,

15

Cooking,..

Cleaning,

Whitewashing,

102100

39

8

47

2,185.50

9

334.80

25

1

26

806.00

32

32

992.00

Total,

531

16

547

15,655.90

Appendix L.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A. -Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health, -

Page.

1

-27

-30

-42

-44

ANNEXE B.--Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department, ANNEXE C.---Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,- ANNEXE D.--Report of the Medical Officer in charge of Victoria

Hospital for Women and Children,-

ANNEXE E.-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

ANNEXE F.--Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals,

-46

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Goal,

-17

ANNEXE H.-Report of the Railway Medical Officer, ANNEXE I. --Report on the New Territories,

ANNEXE J.-Report of the Inspecting Medical Officer of the Tung

-49

-

-51

Wa Hospital,-

-52

ANNEXE K.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

ANNEXE L. Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

Hospitals,

ANNEXE M. Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria, ANNEXE N.Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon, -

ANNEXE 0.-Report of the Government Analyst, - ANNEXE P.-Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

ANNEXE Q-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

-60

-61

-68

-72

-75

-78

-82

Appendix L.

Annexe A.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL

OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF

HEALTH, FOR THE YEAR 1910.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends to the Island of Hong- kong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of territory on the mainland between the shore and the first range of the Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay, on the East, to the village of Kau Pa Hang on the West-with a sea frontage of about thirteen miles and an area of about sixteen square miles. Old Kowloon, with an area of about 23 square miles, has been in British occupation since 1861, but New Kowloon was leased to this Government in 1898, as part of what is known as the New Territories. The remainder of the New Territories comprising an area of about 356 square miles is not under the control of the Sanitary Board.

The City of Victoria, built on the Northern shore of the Island of Hongkong, has a frontage to the sea of nearly five miles and is- separated from the opposite mainland of Kowloon by the Harbour, which is rather less than a mile and a third wide opposite the centre of the City and widens out to somewhat over three miles at its widest part, contracting again at Lyemun Pass on the East to little more than a quarter of a mile in width.

The domestic buildings of the City of Victoria number 9,694 (exclusive of Barracks and Police Stations), of which 930 are Non- Chinese dwellings, while there are also 163 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of new houses completed during the year was as follows: :-

City of Victoria 45, Kowloon 15, Outlying districts 30, and Peak 3, making a total of 93 as against 128 in 1909.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 61,--78 in 1909.

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into ten, and Kowloon into three, health districts with a Sanitary Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 health district of the City (the principal European quarter) is also in charge of the Peak,

:

L ?

There are in addition four Inspectors in charge of the scaveng- ing work, one Inspector of Cemeteries and one Inspector in charge of the City Disinfecting Station,-19 in all.

The supervision of the sanitary work in the various villages, in Kowloon City and in Sham Shui Po is done by the Police Inspectors.

The Inspectors in Hongkong island work under the personal direction and supervision of the Medical Officer of Health while those in Kowloon are under the Assistant Medical Officer of Health,

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITION.

The "cubicle question" has for many years been one of the most difficult problems in connection with the sanitary welfare of the Colony, but it would seem that, at last, it has been solved in a satisfactory manner by the enactment of stringent regulations com- bined with considerable latitude in their practical enforcement. The Public Health law of the Colony prohibits the erection of cubicles in ground floor rooms and limits those on upper floors to two in number, while it also limits the height of the partition walls to six feet and regulates their construction in certain other directions, but a discretionary power is granted by the Ordinance, which has now been vested in the Medical Officers of Health, and they have thus been enabled to permit the erection of a larger number of cubicles on any floor, wherever the lighting and ventilation of the premises has been found to warrant such a concession. As a result only 14 prosecutions for illegal cubicles were necessary during the year, the fines amounting to $85.

In connection with anti-plague measures to render houses as far as possible rat-proof, 324 ground surfaces in houses have been repaired and 1,675 buildings have had rat-runs filled up with

cement.

Permits for the use of one basement as a dwelling and of one basement kitchen have been issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards, under notice, in 127 houses (274 in 1909). Notices to abate nuisances to the number of 8,494 have been applied for during the year.

In addition to the above improvements in connection with dwelling-houses carried out under the supervision of the Sanitary Department various permanent improvements affecting sanitation have been effected by the Public Works Department. These include the training of additional nullahs to the extent of 3,887 feet (792 feet in 1909) and the building of public latrines and urinals in Nelson Street and Canton Road (Kowloon), and in Queen's Road East (Victoria), while a new Fruit Market has been erected in Bonham Strand, a new Cattle Depôt and Slaughter-house at Sai Wan Ho, and the office accommodation at the Cattle Depôt at Kennedy Town has been enlarged.

A considerable improvement is always taking place in the matter of scavenging lanes but the full effect of the Ordinance in this respect will not be realised for a considerable number of years. Nevertheless the total area of lanes obtained for scavenging pur- poses during the year has been 5,212 sq. ft. (11,450 sq. ft. 1909), the length being 867 ft. (1,756 ft. in 1909), while a further area of 9,201 sq. ft. was resumed for the construction of roadways, etc. (7,906 sq. ft. in 1909).

During the year four wells, the waters of which were unsatis- factory, were closed by order of the Board.

METEOROLOGICAL RETURN.

The following Table gives the meteorological conditions which prevailed during the year as recorded at the Kowloon Observatory:--

Month.

Barometer

at M. S. L.

TEMPERA- TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max. Mean Min. Rel.

Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direc- tion.

Vel.

ins.

0

о

p. c. ins. p. c. hours. ins.

Points.

miles p. h.

January,

J

February,

Marchi,

April,

30.11 66.5 61.8 57.8 76 | 0.43 30.09 64.7 60.0 55.9 78 (0.41' 30 04 67.0 63.3 60.1 8£ 0.50 29.95 | 73.9 69.6] 66.1|

73

141.1

0.885 E by N

12.7

64

141.2 0.408 E

16.2

87

91.1

0.580 E by N

14.0

82 |0 60)

135.2 3.725 I

14.1

May,.

29.85 84.1 78.9175.1

77 | 0.76

261.3 1.955 E by S

9.4

June,

29.81 86 9 82.3 78.8

790.87

242.1 18. 90 S by E

11.0

July,

;

August,

29.75 87.0 82.3 78.8 810.89.

29.73 - 86.8 82.2 78.6 83

September,, 29.80 84.1 79.7 76.3 82 0.83

261.9 13.90 S by W

10.9

0.92

190.3 1.155) SSW

7.8

75

161.3 15.950 E by N

13.1

October,

November,

December,

30.0279.775.3 72.0-720.63) 30.06. 73.3 68.7|64.7| 70 |0.51 30.18 65.1 59.7 54.9 66 0.35

44

237.9 0.045 E by N

14.4

64

53

156.4 2.535 ENE 168.2 0.790)

14.2

NE

9.1

Mean or Total,| 29.95|76.6, 71.9 68.2 770,64 68 2,188.0 70.120|

E

12.2

The average annual rainfall during the ten years ending 1900 was 83 43 inches and ranged from 117:12 inches in 1891 to 45 83 inches in 1895; the average for the decade ending 1910 has been 80 73 inches. The rainfall for last year is therefore considerably below the average of the last 20 years.

POPULATION.

The Non-Chinese population of the Colony comprised at the Census of 1906 a white population of 12,925 of whom 6,085 were civilians while 4,429 belonged to the Navy and 2,411 to the Army. The coloured races (Non-Chinese) numbered 8,500 and included East Indians, Asiatic Portuguese, Japanese, Filipinos, Malays, Africans, Persians, and a few others. The Table on page 10 shows a similar classification of the Non-Chinese population for the year 1910 and from this it will be seen that the total Non-Chinese population-- inclusive of Army and Navy-is estimated at 20,806 (including 455

L 1

Malays), while the total Chinese population is estimated at 330,169.

The estimated population to the middle of 1910 is as follows:

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

14,260

Chinese :--

City of Victoria (including Peak

and Stonecutters' Island),.

180,000

Villages of Hongkong,

18,720

Kowloon,

80,200

Floating Population...

48,010

Mercantile Marine,

2,990

Total Chinese Civil Population,

329,920

Army (average strength),

Navy (average strength),

4,433

2,362

350,975

Total Population of the Colony in 1910 exclusive of the New Territories (except New Kowloon),

The Chinese population of the New Territories (exclusive of New Kowloon) was 85,011 at the Census taken in 1901 but there are no data as yet on which to base an estimate of the increase in population (if any) in this portion of the Colony since that date.

The following is the distribution according to nationality of the population as estimated above :-

Europeans and Americans, Africans,..

East Indians,

Chinese and Malays,.

Mixed and Coloured,.

11,532 13 4.474

330,624

4,332

Total,

350,975

The Civil population consists chiefly of male adults. At the last Census (1906) the proportion of males was 701 per cent. of the total Civil population; at the 1901 Census the proportion was 72.6 per cent., so there was a small increase in the proportion of females (which means an increase in family life among the Chinese) during that interval. Over half the Civil population (569 per cent. of the Chinese and 52-6 per cent. of the Non-Chinese) were between the ages of 20 and 45 years.

The average strength of the troops in Garrison during 1910 was 81 British Officers and 1,887 British N.C.O.s and men; 50 Indian Officers and 1,893 Indian N.C.O.s and men; and 49 Chinese attached to the Royal Engineers. There were also 422 British women and children, and 51 Indian women and children making a total of 473.

L 5

The average strength of the British fleet was as follows:

British permanently in the Colony 416, British occasionally in the Colony 5,237, Chinese permanently in the Colony 150, Chinese occasionally in the Colony 150-making a total of 5,953. For the purpose of estimating the population it is considered a fair average to include one-third only of those "occasionally" resident in the Colony; this gives 1,796 and of these 50 are Chinese.

The Chinese boat population (exclusive of the New Territories), is estimated for 1910 as 48,010 and the number of boats belonging to the Port and the villages of Hongkong, is as follows :—

Passenger boats,

Cargo boats,

Steam-launches,

Lighters,..

Harbour boats,

Fishing boats,

Trading junks,

3,040

1,277

271

166

1,607

4,180

1,690

12.231

This gives an average of 3'9 persons per boat.

The number of boats enumerated at the Census taken in November, 1906, was 6,459 but this was only a month after the great Typhoon by which many boats were destroyed. There are in addition 9,553 boats in the New Territories.

City of Victoria.

Health District.

The following Table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house and per floor in the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1910.

Total Dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average Number of Floors per Dwelling.

Number of

persons per Dwelling.

Number of

persons per

Floor.

188

417

230

30

5

870

1,857

2.1

14.8

6.9

3

348

598

82

Nil.

1,031

2,821

2.7

20.0

7.3

Nil.

11

18

Nil.

Nil.

29

76

2.6

*

4.

8

48

562

440

11

1,069

3,605

3.4

22.4

6.6

5.

14

135

547

262

Nil.

958

2,973

3.1

19.1

6.2

6.

52

39

379

420

41

931

3,152

3.4

17.4

5.1

7

19

50

455

384

9

917

3,065 3.3

20.8

6.2

8.

1

75

576

333

16

1,001

3,291

3.3

18.4

5.6

9.

28

471

501

107

Nil.

1,107

2,901

2.6

22.9

8.7

10.

61

358

345

87

Nil.

851

2,160 2.5

17.1

6.7

Totals and Averages 1910..

374

1,952

4,211

2,145

82

8,764

25,901

! 2.9

20.3

6.9

Totals and Averages 1909...

329

1,969

4,192

2,154 77

8,731

25,854

2.9

20.5

6.9

* Most of the Chinese of this district live in quarters attached to offices.

- L 6

L 7

-

The following Table shows the acreage of the City Health Districts with the houses and population in each such district as estimated for the year 1910 :--

Health Listricts.

Total Acreage. Areas in

Built-

ΟΤΕΡ

Chinese

Non- Chinese

Chinese

Dwell-

Dwell-

Popula-

Non- Persons Chinese per Acre

A cres.

ings.

tion. Popula- (built

ings.

tion. over).

1.

531

134

870

148

12,900

1,100

104

1,800

2.

243

140

1,031

80

20,660

850

166

troops

3,

232

137

29

428

9,050

3,040

88

1,

56

53

1,069

163

23,900

1,276

475

5,

29

27

958

12

18,300

410

693

6,

30

931

17

16,160

376

615

7.

36

917

19,040

84

617

8,

49

1,001

18,430

234

399

9,

44

44

1,107

16

25.290

160

578

10,

252

106

851

54

14.570

356

141

Total 1910,

1,502

746

1909.

"

1,502

746

8.764 8.731

930 178,300 9.686 252 946 179,050 11,351 255

The number of Chinese living at the Peak and Stonecutters' Island is estimated at 1,700.

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to Houses and Floors in the different sub-districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Four

Dwellings.

One storey Two storey Three storey

Dwellings.

storey

Dwellings.

Dwell-

ings.

1,400

161

6 5

129

195

163

319

175 580 353 790 217 798 2,160 | 27 |20,200 (25·3 | 93 422 1,187 28| 9,690 22-9 | 8.2 205 400 19 5,250 25 5 13-1 506 1.451 2·6 12.640 (22-3 8.7 314 1,064 1,529|| 14|11,870 11° 77 2,758 |1,145 1,357|| 12| 9,800| 85 | 7-2 2,068 686 735 11 5,560 | 81 | 76 || 732

1,

184 21

20

211 438 1:0

63

3,

307

2

389

4,

81

331

5.

162

13

10

6.

19

163 69 292

7,

603

452

8.

932

21.8

9,

636|1

48

Total

1910, 2.224 8

1.421 300 1,089

8.2 6,838

2420515.272 9.837 1-8 80,200 15-1 1909,.. 2.213|2|1,420|200| 1,096 9 | 195 | 6 |5,231 |9,754 | 1-8|74,600 | 15 1 8.2 6,795

Sub-districts 7 (Kowloon City) and 8 (Sham Shui Po) are in New Kowloon, the remainder comprise the whole of Old Kowloon

and are distributed as follows:--Health District 11 comprises sub-districts 1, 6 and 9, Health District 12 comprises sub-districts 2 and 3, and Health District 13 comprises sub-districts 4 and 5. The Non-Chinese population of Old Kowloon at the 1906 Census was 2,269 civilians and 2,215 troops, most of whom reside in sub- districts 1 and 2, while the Non-Chinese population of New Kow- loon was 47.

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows:-

Males.

Females:

Total.

Chinese, Non-Chinese,

940

293

1,233

163

137

300

Total, 1910,...

1,103

430

1,533

1909.... 1,044

473

1,517

This gives a general birth-rate of 43 per 1,000 as compared with 44 per 1,000 in 1909 and 4.2 per 1,000 in 1908.

The birth-rate amongst the Non-Chinese community was 14:42 per 1,000 as compared with 15:38 per 1,000 in 1909 and 14:43 in 1908.

The nationalities of the Non-Chinese parents were as follows:- British 129, Portuguese 76, Indian 40, Malay and Filipino 23, Ger- man 15, American 3, French 3, Jewish 4, Danish 3, Spanish, Swedish, Swiss and Japanese 1 each.

The number of Chinese births registered does not give an accu- rate record of the number of births which have occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering births unless the child has survived for a month and often in the case of female children not at all, it is probable that the majority if not all of the infants which are sickly at birth or die before they have lived one month have not had their births registered. It is customary, there- fore, to assume that all children of one month old and under who are admitted to the various Convents (being brought there sick by poor people) and all young infants found dead in the streets, har- bour, hillsides, etc., by the Police, have been born in the Colony but not registered. By adding the number of such children to the number of the registered births it is assumed that a somewhat more correct number of births is obtained and from this is calculated a corrected birth-rate.

The number of such children in 1910 was 298 males and 484 females, total 782, which being added to the registered births, makes a total of 2,315 as compared with 2,588 in 1909. The corrected birth-rate is therefore 66 while amongst the Chinese community alone the rate becomes 6'1 instead of 37 per 1,000.

L 9

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked amongst the Chinese, there being 321 males to 100 females; in 1909 the proportion was 266 males to 100 females. With the addition of the 782 above mentioned unregistered births the proportion become 159 males to 100 females.

5

In the Non-Chinese community the proportion of male births to female births for 1999 was 119 to 100, as compared with 117 to

100 in 1909 and 108 to 100 in 1908.

DEATHS.

The deaths registered during the year numbered 7,639 (7,267 in 1909). The death-rate was therefore 2176 per 1,000 as against 21.13 in 1909.

The total number of deaths amongst the Chinese community was 7,430 which gives a death-rate of 22:50 per 1,000 as against 2168 in 1909 and 28:35 in 1908.

The deaths registered amongst the Non-Chinese community numbered 209 of which 182 were from the Civil population, 20 from the Army and 7 from the Navy.

This gives a death-rate for the Non-Chinesə community of 10:04 per 1,000 as compared with 12 45 in 1909 and 14.78 in 1908.

This death-rate contrasts very favourably with that of the Chinese and also with that of the United Kingdom (which for 1908 and 1999 was 152 and 148 respectively, but it must be borne in mind that over half the population of the Colony (including Chinese) is between the ages of 20 and 45 and that invalids frequently leave the Colony for their native countries.

The nationalities of the deceased were as follows :-British 73, Indian 48, Portuguese 34. Japanese 16. Malay and Filipino 14, American and French 6 cach, German 5, Spanish, Italian and Jewish 2 each, Danish 1; this gives a death-rate of 84 per 1,000 for Europeans and whites; 107 per Lon for East Indians, and 115 per 1,000 for races classed as mixed and coloured.

The total number of deaths which occurred amongst the Non- Chinese resident civil population (omitting that is to say the 18 deaths in the Mercantile Marine and Foreign Navies) was 164 and allowing 1,500 for the Non-Chinese floating population this gives a death-rate of 12 85 per 1,000 for the resident Non-Chinese civil population.

Table I shows the number and causes of deaths registered during the year.

*

L 10

The following Table of population, births and deaths is given for the purpose of ready comparison with similar tables given in the reports from other Colonies:

Europeans-

#nd

į Whites.

Africans.

East

Indians.

Chinese

Number of Inhabitants in 1910

11.532

of Births

in

16.

of Deaths in

97

:)

of Immigrants in

of Emigrants in

THERE

Malays.

Mixed

pun

Coloured.

Total.

13

4,474 330,624; 4,332 | 350,975

40 1,256 77 1,533

:

48 7.440 50 7,639

149,564

111,058

of Inhabitants in 1909

Increase,

11,890.

142

13 4,384 323.844 4,246 343.877.

90 6.780 $6 7,098

There is an enormous passenger traffic between Hongkong and, the mainland of China, the passenger figures by river steamers alone being as follows :-

Arrivals 1,014,608; Departures 970,185.

It must not be assumed, however, that the excess of passenger arrivals by steamer over the departures (44,423) or the excess of immigrants over emigrants (38 506) represents an increase in population of the Colony, for thousands of those who arrive by passenger steamer subsequently leave for China by launch or junk and the numbers so leaving are not available.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 2,520 or 32.9 per cent. of the total deaths, as compared with 31·6 per cent. in 1909 and 22·6 per cent. in 1908.

The infant mortality amongst the Non-Chinese community during the year was 80 per 1,000 as compared with 111 per 1,000 in 1909 and 91 per 1,000 in 1908. The corresponding figures for the United Kingdom for the decennium 1891-1900 was 168 per 1,000, but the conditions of abject poverty which exist among a percentage of the population of the United Kingdom cannot be said to obtain among the Non-Chinese population of Hongkong.

Among the Chinese population the known deaths of infants numbered 2,495, while only 1.233 Chinese births were registered. Taking the corrected birth figure to be 2,315 (as explained on page 8) it would even then appear that more infants die in the Colony than are born here. The Census return for 1906 showed 1,329 Chinese infants under one year of age.. and 14.980

LI

Chinese children between the ages of one year and five years; it is very evident therefore that the majority of these children are not born in the Colony but are brought here from the mainland of China.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from these diseases for the year was 2,641 of which 38 were among the Non-Chinese community leaving 2,603 among the Chinese population; 892 out of this total occurred in infants under one year

of age.

Phthisis alone accounts for 780 deaths of which 765 were Chinese. Pneumonia caused 1,165 deaths of which 1,153 were Chinese; many of these bodies were examined in the Public, Mortuaries, and in no case was death attributable to Pneumonic Plague. 573 of these deaths from Pneumonia occurred in infants under one year of age.

The death-rate among the Chinese from Respiratory Diseases was 79 per 1,000 as compared with 7 8 per 1.000 in the two previous years; that for Phthisis alone was 2:3 per 1,000 the same as in the two previous years.

The deaths from Phthisis amongst the Chinese were 103 per cent. of the total deaths amongst that community, as compared with 10.7 in 1909.

Considerable efforts have been made during the past few years to put a stop to the inveterate habit of the lower class Chinese of spitting in public buildings and offices and on staircases, footpaths, wharves, etc. At the instance of the Government an Anti-spitting League was formed by leading Chinese, which has been active in its endeavours to check this obnoxious practice. Notices have been posted in many public buildings, as well as in tramcars, ferry- boats, and other public vehicles, while lectures have been given and leaflets distributed, calling attention to the dangers incident to this habit. It is hoped in this way, coupled with the improved sanitary condition of the native dwellings, to gradually reduce the death-rate from Phthisis. The fact that the soil in the lower levels (which are the most densely populated) is water-logged during the greater part of the year has no doubt much to do with the heavy mortality from this disease, but it is to be hoped that the influences of education will gradually effect a reduction in our Phthisis morta- lity which at present stands at nearly double that of England and Wales, which in the decennium 1891-1900 was only 13 per 1,000.

Nervous Diseases.

The number of deaths under this heading for the year 1910 was 576 as compared with 494 in 1909 and 419 in 1908. Of these 455 were of Chinese children under 5 years of age, 343 being in- fants less than one year old. These deaths of Chinese infants com- prise 257 deaths from Tetanus, Trismus and Convulsions, 85 deaths

*

་་

L 12

from Meningitis and one from Hydrocephalus. The figures com- pare unfavourably with those of the previous year; the influence of the Public Dispensaries and of the Public Midwives nust however be gradually felt, and it is to be hoped that these figures will show considerable reductions within the next few years.

Malarial Ferer.

The total number of deaths from Malarial Fever during the year was 591 (as compared with 422 in 1909 and 499 in 1908), of which 9 only were Non-hinese, 6 being from the Civil population, 2 from the Troops and 1 from the Navy. Of these 582 Chinese deaths, 282 occurred in the City of Victoria (123 in 1909), while there were 70 deaths in Kowloon (120 in 1909), 199 in the villages of Hongkong (165 in 1909), 30 in the Harbour (9 in 1909) and 1 at the Peak. Some of the deaths, however, which occurred in the City were cases brought over from Kowloon or from the Harbour, for treatment in the various City Hospitals. Of the deaths which occurred in the villages 125 were at Shaukiwań (72 from the land population and 53 from the boat population) as compared with 85 in 1909; 68 at Aberdeen (26 from the land population and 42 from the boat population) as compared with 76 in 1909; and 6 at Stanley.

Anti-malarial measures were first inaugurated in this Colony in 1899 and during the past year considerable attention has been paid to this work-special visits have been made by the Sauitary Inspectors in search of breeding places for mosquitoes, dense tangles of brush- wood in the neighbourhood of houses have been cut down, the trained nullahs have been regularly swept to prevent the formation. of waterweed and algae, and standing water has in places been treated with kerosene or with carbolated creosote at regular weekly intervals (including several acres of pools in Kowloon) while such cases of Malaria as have come to the knowledge of the Sanitary Department have been investigated and steps taken to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes in the neighbourhood where they occurred. For this purpose weekly returns of all cases of Malaria admitted to the Hospitals are sent to the Medical Officer of Health, while information is also obtained from private medical practitioners as to special outbreaks of Malaria in any portions of the Colony. Certain basements and coolie quarters were also fumigated with sulphur during the Spring to kill off any mosquitoes that might be hibernat- ing in the dark corners of these retreats. The amounts spent on nullah training for the years 1908, 1909 and 1910 were respective- ly $9.998, 7,737, and $30,628, while the total length of trained nullahs and channels built since the commencement of anti-malarial work in the Colony is 39,918 ft., cr more than 7 miles; the total cost of this work has been $221,554.

With regard to the increase in the number of deaths from Malaria in the City during 1910 as compared with the previous year, we find that about one-third of these deaths occurred in Health Districts 9 and 10 which are at the Western end of the City, where a large number of workmen have been employed throughout the year in building operations. The site upon which the Uni-

L 13

versity is being built is bounded on the West by a mountain stream which a year ago was found to be swarming with Anopheles larvæ, and although the training of this stream was at once taken in hand and finished in the month of November, 1910, yet it is obvious that the employment of a large number of nativés in a locality so long as its swarmed with Anopheles mosquitoes was bound to lead to a temporary increase in the number of cases of Malaria. The training of these streams and their tributaries, the clearing of the sites and their surroundings, the completion of the building operations and the dispersal of the workmen (many of whom carry the malarial parasite in their blood although quite capable of working will we hope speedily restore these districts to their former state of healthiness.

In this connection it is interesting to note that the completion of the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton railway early in 1910 coincides with a marked reduction in the number of deaths from Malaria in Kowloon.

Another explanation of the temporary increase in the incidence of Malaria that has been offered is the greater uniformity of the rainfall during 1910, that is to say, there was an almost daily succession of small showers during the rainy season, sufficient to keep the breeding pools supplied with water, and an absence of heavy rain storms which have the effect of scouring out the many rock pools which constitute the greatest difficulty in regard to anti-malarial measures in the Colony.

During the year the Medical Officer of Health issued a pamphlet entitled "Advice concerning Mosquitoes and Malaria " in which the breeding of mosquitoes, their connection with the spread of Malaria, and the various means of exterminating them and of protecting one-self from their bites were fully explained. Two thousand copies of this pamphlet have been distributed to Europeans and English-speaking Chinese in the Colony while a translation into Chinese has also been made, of which ten thousand copies have been already distributed, and it is proposed to distribute fifty thousand copies at least to the native population. By these means it is hoped to gradually secure a considerable reduction in the number of mosquitoes in the neighbourhood of dwellings and to encourage the greater use of Quinine among the Chinese who are at present very ignorant of the efficacy of this drug in the prevention and treatment of Malaria.

YEAR.

The following Table shows the Admissions for Malaria to the two largest Hospitals during the past ten years:~-

Admissions.

Government

Civil

Tung Walr

Total.

Hospital.

Hospital.

Deaths.

Admissions.

Deaths.

Case-mortal-

ity per cent.

Admissions.

Deaths.

Govt. Civil

Hospital,

Tung Wab Hospital.

1901,-

787

1902,-

349

1903,-

347

1904,-

221

1905.-

266

1906,-

233

1907,-

247

1908,-

282

OONNO1− x 2

10 507

122

1,294

132

1.3

24.1

9 403 119 762

128

2.6 29.5

Average admissions

695.

2 221

61

568

63

0.6 27.6

212

56

433

38

0.9

26.4

Average deaths 87.

153

48

419

54

2.2

314

248

96 481

103

3.0

38,5.

305 87

552

95

3.2

28 5

Average admissious

639.

355

93

667

96

1.0

20.2

1909,-

188

396

87 584

89

0.6

21.9

Average deaths 115.

1910,-

340

602

186 942

191

1.5 30.9

There is an increase of 643 in the total admissions for all causes to these two Hospitals during 1910 as compared with 1909.

- L 14-

L 15

The Police Admissions to Hospital for Malaria are shown in the following Table :-

From

Year.

the

From rest of

Total.

Averare Strengali

Percent-

City.

the

of Police Force,

age of Strength.j

Colony.

1901,

243

164

407

920

44

1902.

121

55

176

919

19

1903,

83

84

167

921

18

1904,

40

67

107

993

11

1905,

42

85

127

1,014

12

1906,

37

37

74

1,047

1907,

40

65

195

1,049

10

1908,

32

76

198

1,018

10

1909,

37

50

87

1,070

8

1910,

66

69

135

1,039

13

The following Table shows the total deaths in the Colony from Malaria during each of the past ten years :-

Year.

Total Deaths from Malaria.

Deaths in the City Total Deaths.

(Chinese only).

1901.

281

574

1902

189

425

Average

1903,

152

300

377.

1904,

90

301

1905,

87

287

1906,

134

448

1907.

138

579

Average

1908.

133

499

503.

1909..

123

422

1910,

282

591

20.8.

Average

Average

9.6.

L 16

Hygiene is taught systematically in all the schools in the Colony. Lectures have been written for this purpose by the Medical Officer of Health for the information and guidance of school teachers and special attention is paid in the lecture on Malaria to the mode of conveyance of the infection by the mosquito, the manner in which the mosquito breeds, and the measures to be adopted for its exter- mination. Fourteen convictions were obtained for breeding mos- quitoes on private premises after warnings had failed to effect an abatement of the nuisance, the fincs amounting to $171.

The Military return of admissions for Malaria is given below. The figures are not so favourable as the returns for 1909, but with the exception of that year, the ratio per 1,000 is the best on record. Much of this infection moreover is contracted in rural districts when the men are under training and camping out.

Admissions for Malaria, European Troops.

sions.

Year.

Strength. Admis- Deaths. Invalided. Ratio

per 1.000.

1901,

1,673 1.010

1902,

1,881

1,523

1903,

1.220

937

1904,

1.425

890

1905,

1,370

348

1906,

1,515

480

1907,

1,461

287

1908,

2,012

515

1909.

1,943

269

1910.

1,887

334

-NOO+ O-N JA

15

603 7

24

1,102-8

768:0

9

273-4

1

2540

15

314-7

12

196-0

17

256-0

10

134

9

177·0

Average

228:4

Average

624.8

The admissions for Malaria amongst the Native Troops during 1910 were 170. The ratio of admissions per 1,000 for the last four years were 574 in 1907, 102-8 in 1908, 54 3 in 1909, and 898 in 1910.

Beri-Beri.

There were 566 deaths (545 in 1900 and 736 in 1908) from this disease during the year, of which 4 only were among the Non-Chinese community, two of whom were Malays, one a Japanese clerk and the fourth a Japanese infant aged two months. Attention has been drawn to the fact that the cause of this disease is believed to be due to the eating of white or polished rice, and further investigations are being made into this subject. In the meantime contractors and large employers of native labour have been warned as to the nature of the disease and advised to supply their workmen with beans in addition to the rice if they are not able to furuish them with a sufficient quantity of fresh meat or of fresh fish.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

The total number of cases of infectious disease notified during the year was 176 (292 in 1909) of which 25 were of Plague.

L 17

The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these

diseases:

Plague,

Typhoid Fever, .

Cholera, .

City of Victoria. Health Districts.

123456789 10

Peak.

Kowloon.

Harbour.

New Territories. Villages of

Hongkong. No Address.

Imported.

Totals, 1910.

Totals, 1909.

613

12 2

4

25 135

44 6.3 213.132.

51 17 67

75

:

9

9

2

2 2

15

31

38

32 22

12 19

Small-pox,

Diphtheria,

Puerperal Fever,

3

Table II (page 25) shows the number of notifiable diseases recorded in each

month of the year.

Plague.

The incidence of Plague during 1910 was very light, only 25 cases being recorded, of which 4 were imported. Eighteen of the cases were discovered in the City of Victoria, one at the Peak, two in Kowloon, two in the Harbour and two in the villages of Hongkong. The measures upon which the Colony relies for the prevention of Plague consist in (1) the exclusion of rats from all dwellings by means of concreted ground surfaces, the prohibition of ceilings in the native quarters, the prohibition of hollow walls and the protection of all drain openings and ventilating openings by iron gratings; (2) the collection and bacteriological examination of all dead rats-facilities for their collection in the native quarters are provided in the shape of small covered tins attached to lamp posts, telephone posts, electric light standards, etc. These tins contain a carbolic acid disinfectant, and the inhabitants are invited to at once put into them all rats found or killed by them. There are 650 of these tins distributed throughout the City and its suburbs, and each of them is visited twice daily by rat collectors who take all rats found in them to the Government Bacteriologist. Each rat is at once labelled with the number.of the tin from which it is taken, and if subsequently found to be plague-infected, a special survey is at once made of the blocks of houses in the immediate vicinity of such tin, all rat-holes and rat-runs are filled up with broken glass and cement, defective drains and gratings dealt with, and rat poison freely distributed to the occupants, while the occurrence of several plague-infected rats in one locality is a signal for a special house to house survey and cleansing of that district. The disinfectant in the rat tins is renewed not less than once a week. (3) The destruc- tion of rats by poison, traps and birdlime boards, special efforts in this direction being made just before the onset of the regular

L 18

Plague season which in this Colony is March to July; (4) the en- couraging of the community to keep cats; (5) the systematic cleans- ing and washing out of all native dwellings at least once in three months with a flea killing preparation. For this purpose an emulsion of kerosene is used. It is prepared by boiling in a steam jacketed con- tainer 41 gallons of kerosene with 9 gallons of water and 15 lbs. of soft soap; this mixture is highly inflammable and it is essential there- fore that the boiling should be done by steam and not by the direct flame: the emulsion mixes readily with water and one gallon is added to every 100 gallons of water used for cleansing the houses and wash- ing the floors, skirtings, bed-boards, staircases, furniture, etc.; (6) an efficient daily scavenging of all streets and lanes and the removal of refuse daily from all houses coupled with the provision of covered metal dust-bins for all houses, to reduce as far as possible the amount of food available for rats; (7) the disinfection of plague-infected premises by stripping them and washing them out thoroughly with the kerosene emulsion coupled with the disinfection of all bedding. clothing, carpets, rugs, etc., by superheated steam. No objection is raised to the treatment of Bubonic Plague cases in native hospitals, and no restrictions are imposed in regard to the burial of those dead of Plague, except the provision of a substantial coffin, while every effort is made by means of lectures, addresses and explanations to induce the native population to participate in the above preventive mea-

sures.

All the cases of Plague, 25 in number, occurred among Chinese and 23 of them died, so that the case mortality was 92 per cent.: their monthly distribution is shown in Table II.

During the year 56,001 rats were caught or found dead in the City of Victoria and 21,754 in Kowloon, a total of 77,755 as against 76,135 in 1909. Those from the City were examined by the Government Bacteriologist, Dr. Macfarlane, at the Public Mortuary and those in Kowloon by Dr. Pearse, the Assistant Medical Officer of Health, with the result that 107 of those from the City and 13 of those from Kowloon were found to be infected with Plague. It was somewhat remarkable that throughout the whole of the year 1909 there was a marked preponderance of female over male rats caught, the numbers for the City being 28,946 males and 31,167 females, whereas during 1910 the numbers were practically equal there having been 27,869 males and 27,802 females.

Table III shows the monthly distribution of the plague-infected rats during the year.

Typhoid Fever.

The number of cases of this disease during the year was 67 as compared with 75 during 1909 and 38 in 1908: 17 of the cases were imported, namely, 10 Europeans, 3 Chinese, 2 Indians, 1 Japanese and 1 Asiatic Portuguese. The cases of European or American nationality numbered 25, while the Chinese cases numbered 33, and 9 cases occurred amongst the other Asiatic races in the Colony. Three of the European cases, three of the "other Asiatic' cases and 22 of the Chinese cases died. The case mortality among the European cases was therefore 12 per cent.

L 19

In most of the cases of Typhoid Fever that occur in this Colony the infection is probably contracted by eating salads of raw vegeta- bles, which have been grown in Chinese market-gardens, where it is customary to water and manure the plants with diluted human excreta-both urine and nightsoil. Residents in the Far East should carefully avoid such articles of food as water-cress, lettuce, etc., in view of this danger of contracting Typhoid Fever. Cholera or Intestinal Parasites, all of which diseases may be conveyed in this manner. Oysters from neighbouring Chinese ports are also occasion- ally the source of infection.

It will be seen from the above figures that this disease is much less prevalent among the Chinese than among Europeans in this. Colony, the ratio of cases to population being in the case of Europeans 2.2 per 1,000 and in the case of Chinese 0'1 per 1,000.

Small-pox.

During the year 31 cases of Small-pox were certified, (38 in 1909), of which 9 were Europeans, and 22 were Chinese; 6 of the cases were imported. One European case and 14 of the Chinese cases died.

The number of vaccinations for the year was 7,584 as compared with 6,721 in 1909.

Efforts were made during the year 1909 to secure the re- vaccination of school children, and a memorandum was issued to all school teachers in the Colony setting forth its advantages, while arrangements were made for re-vaccination free of cost at the schools on application.

Diphtheria.

Thirty-two cases of Diphtheria were notified throughout the year, (22 in 1909), four of them being imported cases. Twenty of the cases were Europeans and two were other Non-Chinese leaving ten Chinese cases. The cases were more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.

There was one group of five connected cases, three of which occurred in a boarding-school, while the Inspector in charge of the Disinfecting Station contracted the disease, presumably by handling infected clothing.

cases.

Two of the Chinese cases died, and also two of the European

Puerperal Fever.

Twelve cases of this disease were certified throughout the year, (19 in 1909). Ten of these were Chinese while the other two were Europeans; seven of the Chinese cases died.

The Government employs nine Chinese midwives, trained in Western methods, to attend the poor in their confinements, and dur- ing the year 1,799 cases were attended by these women as against

L 20

1,381 in 1909. There were 62 cases of abortion and 28 still-births but no cases of Puerperal Fever; 42 of the infants died during the year, and 164 were taken back to China, or lost sight of owing to removals; the remainder of the infants are well.

INTERMENTS.

The following number of interments in the various cemeteries of the Colony have been recorded during the year and in 1909 :-

General Cemeteries.

1910.

1909.

111

.132.

1,004

805

36

15

3

Colonial,.

Roman Catholic,

Mahommedan,

Jewish,

Parsee,

Chinese Cemeteries.

1,155

989

Mount Caroline,

Kai Lung Wan,

Tung Wa Hospital,

82

610

800

214

3,557

3,591

Protestant,

Eurasian,

Shaukiwan,

30

24

3

1

312

290

Aberdeen,

153

178

Stanley,

Shek O,

24

24

1

1

Ma Tau Wai,

1,092

1,106

Shai Yü Shek,

131

197

Sham Shui Po,

3

131

Christian, Kowloon City,

17

16

Chung Leung Tin,

2

6,213 6,385

year.

There were in addition eight cremations of bodies during the No less than 925 of the interments in the Roman Catholic Cemetery are the bodies of Chinese infants that have been baptized at the convents and die there shortly after admission.

DISINFECTING STATIONS.

During the year the Disinfecting Stations (in Victoria and in Kowloon) dealt with 17,380 articles of clothing, bedding, etc.

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 270 days, and in addition 6,692 articles were washed, 4 public vehicles were disinfected and 550 articles were fumigated. The disinfecting apparatus in Kowloon was in use on 50 days.

L 21

PUBLIC BATH-HOUSES.

The free Public Bath-houses erected by the Government at Wanchai and in Pound Lane, Taipingshan, and also the temporary bath-houses, fitted up in Chinese tenement houses rented for this purpose, at 92 Second Street and 2 Sheung Fung Lane, have been in considerable demand by the poor class of Chinese and the following figures show the total number of persons who have used these bath- houses during the year 1910 :--

Wanchai,

Pound Lane,

Second Street,

Sheung Fung Lane,

99,294

173,220

64,496

22,446

Total...

359,456

The numbers in 1909 were 452,676.

Separate baths, with an ample supply of hot water, are furnished at each of these bath-houses-that at Wanchai is for men only, and is largely used by the coal coolies engaged in coaling ships in the Harbour, and that at Second Street is also for men and boys only. The Pound Lane bath-house has separate buildings for men and for women and children, and the Sheung Fung Lane bath-house is for women and children only.

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured not only at any hour of the night or day by telephoning (No. 363) to the Disinfecting Station, Taipingshan, but additional ones are stationed at the following places for use by the Police in all cases of emergency :

The Bay View Police Station.

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley.

Eastern District Sanitary Matshed (near No. 2 Police

Station).

The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street.

The City Hall.

The Supreme Court.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wa Hospital.

The entrance gate in Queen's Road West to the Govern-

ment Civil Hospital.

The Western District Sanitary Office.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

Outside the City limits ambulances are also stationed at the Pokfulam Police Station, at No. 6 Police Station, Peak, at Aberdeen, Shaukiwan and Stanley Police Stations, at the Water

*

L 22

Police Station at Tsim-sha-tsui and at Taipo. Ambulances may be obtained in Kowloon by telephoning (No. 44 K.) to the Disinfecting Station.

These are all hand ambulances on bicycle or light wooden wheels, with rubber tyres, and of the St. John Ambulance pattern. Those stationed in the City are in the charge of the various District Inspectors, whose duty it is to see that they are kept clean and efficient, and that they are disinfected after use. At the Sanitary Stations coolies are always available for the conveyance of these ambulances, but at the other stations the Police obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for this purpose, while if the ambulance has been soiled or used for an infectious case, the Sanitary Department is notified so that it may be cleansed and disinfected at once.

Ambulances from the Disinfecting Stations were used 495 times in Hongkong and 102 times in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Eighteen samples of milk were taken for analysis during the year, all of which were found to be unadulterated and genuine.

A number of tins of condensed milk, cocoa and chocolate, various kinds of pickles and sauces, a quantity of fruit and some tons of potatoes, all of which had become unsound, were seized and destroyed. The purity of alcoholic liquors is dealt with by the Police, who periodically submit samples for analysis. During 1910 one sample of Whisky, one sample of Brandy and one sample of Rum were found to be adulterated.

PROSECUTIONS.

A list of prosecutions undertaken during the year for breaches of the Sanitary Laws and Regulations of the Colony is given in Table IV.

J. M. ATKINSON, M.B. (Lond.), M.R.C.S., L.S.A., D.p‚H.. Principal Civil Medical Officer.

FRANCIS CLARK, M.D., M.R.C.P., D.P.H., D.T.M. & H.,

18th February, 1911.

Medical Officer of Health.

L 23

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1910.

N

2

Civil,

1

British and

Foreign

Army,

:

Community,

Navy,

00

:

:

:

حشر

:

:

లు

:

1

:

F:

:

:

:

:

1

7 205 81

17283 6 41 58

20 18 2

30

Co

OC

Gastritis.

Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

Phthisis.

3

6

6 10

15 11

:

:

:

:

:

10

1

85

སྙབ

19

36

:

13

2

:

:

5 2 3 10

:

:

37

2182

6

:

:

20

7

:

:

97 935 438 3103

12

6

49

83

17

2

C

5001435037

53

57 532

30

154 157

19

:

4

13

16

185 571222

:

14 71

12

0

:

N

62 19 438

:

39

:

:

4 176

10

2

25

736

24 39

3999

13

29 353 332

462

10 60

6

5 X

23

85

86 32136

**

*

26

29

22

2 23

22

35

CO

C

...

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

7

3

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Totals, 1910,

15 6 28

7 298 168 23591

7 56 59 18 2 160 5 864228410566 26 532 172 1165) 780

1909,

24 13 33 12

2395 165 108 | 422 19 45 79 11

155

5 863/2071346:5451 31 464|227 1156 773 9

25 27

B883

3 147 15 30 82 888|284 7639

2

35 63 810191 7267

79

{

Victoria,

11

Harbour, ...

2

Kowloon,...

Chinese

Community,

Shaukiwan,

41 54

2

28

20

70

10 2 125

68

6

:

:.

:

:

:.

:

:.

:.

:

:.

1

:

:

1

5

10

***

:

4:.

:..

Aberdeen,..

Stanley,

Table II.-Cases of Notifiable DISEASE RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1910.

Europeans,...

3

...

...

Ni ai

5

6

3

1

7

2

8

2

3

24

January.

February.

March.

April.

August.

May.

June. July.

September:

October.

November.

Plagne,

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,

2

I

Typhoid Fever,

Chinese,

Others,

1 2

Europeaus,

Cholera,

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,.

1

Small-pox,

Chinese,.

2

Others,

Europeans,..

3

2

Diphtheria,

Chinese,..

1

2

Others,

...

Europeans,...

Puerperal Fever, ... Chinese,

Others,

: ܗ: :

3

2

...

Total, 1910,.

10

1909,.

11

==

15

19

68

11

37

34

දය

3

9

:

2

I

:

1

2

December.

Total.

1910.

Total.

1909.

N

25

25

128

135

7

25

27

33

67

35

75

13

* :** : 22~~o :

22

20

:

9

2

2

31

28

38

32

22

I

10

12

18

19

19 17

29 9 13 9 11 11

228

2222223

53

57

28 16

18

5 11

=2

9

12

176

291

:

- L 25 -

:

.

L 26

Table III.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1910.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

Mus Rattus,...

Mus Decumanus,... 26 19

Mus Musculus,.

198

16

~

i wi

:

Bai

ca co

Total,

26 20 16 17

2

3

C

6

Human

cases of

Plague,

:

4

5

6

6

2

:A

Mus Rattus, Mus Decumanus,. Mus Musculus,

Human

Total,... 3

cass of

Plague,

KOWLOON.

~

i wi

3

3

5

10

**

00

:

103

3

107

:

:

23

!:

1

12

B

รา

L 27

*

Annexe B.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

STAFF.

1. The only change in the European Staff during the year was the reversion to the Department of Inspector Kelly-formerly au Inspector of the Sanitary Department-on the completion of the Kowloon-Canton Railway works. The addition of Inspector Kelly brought the number of Inspectors up to the limit of 24 Inspectors which was decided in 1909. The abolition of the Plague Staff re- ferred to in the report for 1909 has not materially affected the work of the Department owing to the very small number of cases of Plague during the past two years which has entailed but little additional work on the part of the District Inspectors.

EPIDEMICS AND MALARIA.

2. Epidemic disease has fortunately shown no increase. The Plague cases numbered 25 in all which almost constitutes a record, 1897 being the only year since the first outbreak in 1894 when less cases (21 in all) were recorded. Enteric fever which showed an increase in 1909 dropped somewhat during the past twelve months. Full details appear in the annexed report. Cholera imported from Singapore made its appearance among some deportees but did not. assume any serious proportions. Malaria was somewhat more pre- valent, especially in the West end of the City, and the annexed report shows the steps taken to combat this disease. It was found necessary to institute legal proceedings in a few instances to enforce compliance with the bye-laws making it an offence to neglect precau- tions against mosquito breeding. These proceedings have had a salutary effect in reducing breeding places in those portions of the Colony under the jurisdiction of the Board.

BYE-LAWS.

3. The only bye-law passed during the year was an amending bye-law altering the fee chargeable for the slaughter of pigs, and making a uniform charge of 30 cents per pig in place of the old fees which varied with the weight of the animal. Chinese Cemetries.

CHINESE CEMETERIES.

4. Arising out of the amendment of the public health law in 1909 disinterments on a large scale took place in Mount Caroline Cemetery, one of the two large Chinese Cemeteries on the island of Hongkong. With a view to laying out new terraces in the only space available for the purpose, 785 bodies were exhumed under an Order of the Governor with the assistance of the Tung Wa Hospital, a charitable institution under the management of leading members of the Chinese community. New terraces available for the interment of 438 bodies were completed at the end of the year.

L 28

The total number of exhumations amounted to 1,520. 824 per- mits were issued to relatives of the deceased of which 89 were sub- sequently cancelled for various reasons leaving 735 which were acted upon. The total of 1,520 includes these private disinterments and those carried out by the Tung Vi ab Hospital (785) already referred to above. Of the bodies exhumed 500 were removed from the Colony and 1,020 re buried within the Colony. (In the case of re-burial in the Colony the bones are placed in a jar and removed to a site set apart for the purpose.)

SCAVENGING.

5. Special attention has been paid to the question of Scavenging in the City of Victoria and Kowloon during the past eighteen months. It was not possible, however, to effect any changes of importance until the old contracts expired. The City contracts ended on 31st Decem- ber, 1909, and the Kowloon Scavenging and Conservancy Contract was cancelled in March, 1910. The City contracts of which there were two included:

1. The surface scavenging of the City and the removal of household refuse therefrom to certain fixed points on the sea-front.

2. The removal of the refuse collected from the points

above mentioned out to sea to be there disposed of.

Until the end of 1909 both these contracts were in the hands of one contractor who carried out his work in an unsatisfactory manner. For this reason it was decided to divide the City into an Eastern and a Western Division for scavenging purposes and to let contracts for these two divisions to separate persons for a period of three years.

A new contract for the disposal of this refuse was let to a third contractor for one year only, as a scheme was under consideration for carrying out the work of disposal of refuse departmentally. The result of the division of the collection contract into two was a considerable reduction in the total” cost of collection. During the year the scheme for carrying out the work of disposal by means of lighters and steam-barges was natur- ed and came into operation on 1st January, 1911. Two steam-barges and three lighters were purchased and fitted up during 1910 for their new work at a cost of $20,000.

In Kowloon the new Scavenging and Conservancy Contract which began on 1st January, 1909, appeared to be let at too low a figure, and worked badly from the start, the contractor being apparently unable to fulfil the terms of his contract. Matters reach- ed a climax early in 1910 when the contractor's men refused to work. It was thereupon decided by the Government on the recom- mendation of the Sanitary Board to cancel the contract on 1st March, 1910. The Conservancy Contract was then let as a separate revenue contract for $5,400 per annum and the scavenging work was under- taken departmentally. Kowloon was divided into 5 districts with a staff of 5 foremen and 90 coolies to do the surface scavenging; eleven bullock carts with drivers to collect the material scavenged and also the household refuse; and a steam-barge to convey the refuse out

L 29

to sea from one new dust-boat station, situated in Yaumati, which replaced the 5 old ones situated at intervals along the sea-front. The novel feature of the undertaking was the introduction of bullock traction which replaced the cart coolies formerly employed by the contractor. The old carts were converted and made suitable for bullock traction within the short period of nine days and 30 bullocks were purchased at a cost of $900 from the Kowloon-Canton Rail- way. The introduction of bullocks made it possible to do away with the numerous boat stations scattered over Kowloon and to bring the refuse to one point from which it could be easily removed to sea. A steam barge was hired as an experiment for 2 months manned by a crew of 3 and a staff of 1 foreman and 8 refuse coolies. The barge proved suitable and was purchased by the Department in May. The new system especially the bullock traction which is eminently suit- able in a flat country such as Kowloon has proved a great improve- ment on the old contract system while entailing only a small increase in the work of the Department. The capital outlay, i.e., the purchase of bullocks and the steam-barge amounted to roughly $12,000 and the working expenses for the 10 months during which the new system has been in existence were $1,669 per mensem.

STREET WATERING.

6. The success which attended the introduction of bullocks for scavenging purposes in Kowloon led to some experiments in con- nection with the street watering in Victoria. Bullocks were tried in place of the coolies by whom the water carts were formerly manned and with such good results that by the end of the year all the coolie labour for the water carts, 8 in number, had been replaced by bullock traction. Approximately $800 were expended on the purchase of bullocks. Accurate figures are hardly possible for the present but there is no doubt that even including the capital outlay on the pur- chase of new animals from time to time the saving is considerable.

COLONIAL VETERINARY SURGEON'S REPORT.

7. The report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon deals in detail with markets, slaughter-houses and cattle depôts, also with cattle disease. It shews an increase in the revenue derived from slaughter- houses of $5,292 and of 4,093 from the markets.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

*

8. The total revenue collected during the year amounted to $224,700. The estimated revenue for the year was 213,100. The total expenditure during the year was 337,745 compared with $352,827 in 1909. The estimated expenditure in 1910 was $358,018.

1st March, 1911.

E. D. C. WOLFE,. Head of Sanitary Department.

L 80

Annexe C.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY Dr. W. V. M. KocH, Superintendent.

STAFF.

Dr. Bell went on leave on October 26, and Dr. Moore acted as Superintendent till my return from leave on December 1, when I assumed charge.

The Accountant, Mr. Chapman, resumed duty on March 11 after long leave.

Mr. Lenton was appointed Apothecary and Second Assistant Analyst, vice Mr. Franklin, who was appointed First Assistant Analyst, and took up his duties on April 23.

.

Among the Nursing Staff, Sister Maker went on long leave in February, and Sister Jacobs in October. Sister Millington returned from leave in October. Sister Sloan was on leave from June to September, and Staff Nurse Whyte in April. Sister Allen joined the Service in January, and was posted to the Private Nursing Staff.

Among the Probationers changes were numerous-Nurses Watling, Glover, Murray, Mooney and Evans resigned and Nurses Palmer and Elizabeth Wong were taken on.

Wardmaster Cooke returned from leave.

STATISTICS.

The total number of admissions was 2,595 as against 2,384 in 1909, and 8,356 out-patients attended 17,759 times, as against 16,981 attendances in 1909.

The following Tables are attached :-

I.-Admissions and Deaths under respective diseases from all

Government Hospitals.

II.-Monthly Admissions for Malaria from each Police Station. III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past

ten years and the Deaths.

L 31

The Table of Admissions for the past ten years shews an increase among the Police Cases, and those admitted Free, and a slight diminution among the Police and the Paying Patients.

The average daily number of sick was 92 as against 902 in 1909.

Women and Children.-There were 299 women admitted as against 236-23 died (7·7%). 120 children were under treatment as against 64, with a death rate of 8%-

Deaths. The deaths numbered 147, making a percentage of 56. Of this number 56 died within 24 hours, and 23 within 48 hours of admission.

Nationality of Patients admitted.-Europeans-592 against 548. Indian and Coloured-806 against 778. Asiatics-1,264 against 1,058.

The death-rate amongst the nationalities was Europeans 4%, Indian 34% and Asiatics 7·8%.

DISEASES.

The most prevalent diseases were as under :-

1910.

1909.

Increase or Decrease.

Malarial Fever,

340 against 188

4- 152

Febricula,

66

98

Influenza,

49

80

Dysentery,

Tuberculosis,

Beri-beri,

Rheumatism,

58

40

69

66

46

12

>

System, -

Diseases of Respiratory

Diseases of Digestive

132

មិន

82

59

"

159

1

3

022-28 N

32

18

3

34

23

27

System,

Injuries,

-

249

240

"

527

505

++

9

22

21

The largest number of deaths occurred in the following

diseases:

Tuberculosis, -

Diseases of Digestive System,

Respiratery System,

13 deaths.

-

13 8

"

"

,, Urinary System,

Injuries,

Typhoid Fever,

11

41

19

وو

L.32

New Growths. The following cases of malignant disease were

under treatment:-

Chinese male, aged 42

11

19

ኃ፡

Lympho-sarcoma of neck. Carcinoma of liver.

Sarcoma of retained testis.

39

37

female,

50

Carcinoma of breast.

??

24

70

3.

18

>>

""

43

་ !

11

Sarcoma of arm.

Fibro-sarcoma of back.

Carcinoma of omentum, etc.

30

Sarcoma of neck.

**

male,

51

JJ

Epithelioma of tongue.

33

Sarcoma of pharynx.

75

Portuguese,,

Malay female, 70

Epithelioma of tongue.

Lympho-sarcoma mediastinal

Fractures.-Principal fractures treated :-----

glands.

10 with 10 deaths.

Skull,

Spine,

Pelvis,

Thigh, -

Leg,

Patella,

Ribs,

Arm,

3

1 death.

1

9

1

Forearm,

Metacarpal Bone,

Malarial Fever.-There was an increase in the number of cases treated:-340 against 188 in 1909, 282 in 1908, 247 in 1907, and 239 in 1906. I am inclined to think that the majority of fevers returned under the heading Febricula (66) are Malarial, but as we failed to find the parasite, the patients having been cinchonised, we have not classified them as such.

Appendicitis. Two Europeans were under treatment, and re- covering without operation.

Typhoid Fever-There were 22 cases with 7 deaths (318 %) as against 28 cases with 9 deaths (32'14 %). The majority of the cases were imported.

Parasites.

There were 11 cases under treatment-Anky- lostomiasis 2, Tapeworm 3, Ascaris lumbricoides 4, Filariasis 1, Distomiasis 1.

OPERATIONS.

There were 243 major operations performed under chloroform and 21 under cocaine, and 1 with spinal analgesie. Of the major operations there were 20 deaths. The majority of the operations were performed by Dr. Moore, the Assistant Superintendent.

VACCINATIONS.

During the year 618 cases were vaccinated as against 521 in the previous year: of primary cases 147 were successful and 46 unsuccess- ful of revaccinations 60 were successful and 365 unsuccessful.

:

:

L 33

SICKNESS AMONGST THE POLICE, GAOL AND SANITARY STAFFS.

Police.

Admissions.-There were admitted Europeans 80, Indians 402 and Chinese 123, a total of 605 against 633 in the previous year.

Table II shews admissions for Malaria from the different Stations.

Deaths. There were 4 deaths-3 Europeans from chronic Bright's Disease, Meningitis and Phthisis Pulmonalis respectively ; and 1 Indian from Pneumonia.

Invaliding. A total of 26 men were invalided-1 European (for Leprosy,) 10 Indians and 15 Chinese.

Sick Rate.-Europeans 60 per cent. against 59'80 per cent. Indians 1046 per cent. against 99 75 per cent. Chinese 23'4 per cent. against 21:18 per cent.

Mortality Rate.-Europeans 22 per cent. against 1:51 per cent. Indians 05 per cent. against 073 per cent. Chinese nil against 0:39 per cent.

The

Malaria.-135 cases against 87 last year. The Europeans suffered to the extent of 67 per cent. against 37 per cent. Indians 27 per cent. against 167 per cent. Chinese 44 per cent. against 25 per cent. The incidence on the whole force was 127 per cent. Reference to Table II shews the occurrence of Malaria at the different Stations and comparison with the previous year.

Gaol.

There were 26 admissions against 61 last year. deaths one European was invalided.

Sanitary.

There were no

There were 94 admissions against 70: there were two deaths: one European and one Chinese were invalided.

MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

There were 107 admissions against 122: no deaths occurred. Of the admissions 63 were paying patients and 44 free.

FEES.

The total amount of fees received from the Civil Hospital and its annexes (excluding Victoria Hospital) was $24,287.40 as against $24,346.90 in 1909. .

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.

I have to thank the following donors for flowers, newspapers and journals H.E. Sir Frederick Lugard and Lady Lugard, Mr. & Mrs. J. R. M. Smith, Mr. & Mrs. N. J. Stabb, Mrs. Holyoak, Mrs. Northcote, Mrs. Francis Clark, Mrs. Chatham, Mrs. A. Seth, Miss Gaines, the Rev. F. T. Johnson and Messrs. Shewan, Tomes & Co.

Diseases.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox, Influenza, Measles,

Whooping Cough, Mumpe,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

Dysentery,

Diphtheria,

Malarial Fever:

L 34

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1910 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly Total. Total

Adois-

sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1910.

1

49

49

22

22

2

2

34

34

~ 2 2~

2

66

68

24

56

58

14

16

1

1. Quartan,

2. Simple Tertian,

2

108

8. Malignant,

I

224

4. Mixed Infection,

1

Beri-beri,.....

2

46

Pyæmia,....

❤2

Septicæmia,

Tetanus,

4

110

2

225

:

1

48

3

1

Tubercle,..

Leprosy,

69

13

6.

1

Syphilis,

40

5

Gonorrhoea,

67

71

4

Alcoholism,

42

43

3

Rheumatism,.

85

3

Cyst,

6

New Growth, Non-malignant,

2

9

Do.,

Malignant,

12

13

1

Anæmia,

16

17

Debility,

71

73

Chicken-pox,

2

Dengue,

Diabetes Mellitus,

2

2

Malarial Cachexia,.

Syphilis, Inherited, Rheumatic Fever,.................

Carried forward,.... 32

$

}

1,075

56 1,107 38

I

le I.

L 35

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Remain

of 1909.

sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

ing in Hospital at end of 1910.

Hospital

at end Admis-

::

.

10

10 1

10

1

2

2

1

1

29

56

298

2:

:

:

:

:

:

6 1

1

34

56

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1919.

2

تني

3

223

...

23

1

::

:

72

76

13

1

26

27

...

6

6

2

14

9

10

2

16

:

7

143

2

150

4

8

163

:

:

:

16

:

171

13

:

Diseases.

L 36

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1910 at the

Remain-

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Hospital

Remain-

ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1909. sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

at end of 1910.

Brought forward,..

32 1,075

56

1,107

38

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System.

SUB-SECTION 1.

Diseases of the Nerves:

Neuritis,

Meningitis,

Congestion of Brain,

SUB-SECTION 2.

Functional Nervous Disorders :-

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,..

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Hysteria,

Neurasthenia,

SUB-SECTION 3.

1

9

-

3

4

232

5

A

Mental Diseases :-

Mania,

Dementia,

1

Delusional Insanity,

4

4

Diseases of the Eye,

2

43

45

Ear,

I

6

7

"

""

Nose,....

3

3

"

11

""

Circulatory System,.

19

19

1

??

"

Respiratory System,...]

132

134

Digestive System,

236 10

240

22

"

Lymphatic System,..

45

46

A

"?

Urinary System,

53

54

2321

Generative System,...

"}

""

11

""

Male Organs,

3

1

74

3

""

""

Female Organs,

25

25

1

""

"

Organs of Locomotion,

51

57

Cellular Tissue,

69

69

2

22

Skin,

25

25

3

A

22

22

Carried forward,...... 56

1,902

102

1,958

65

L 37

Continued.

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Casce

Hospital

Admis-

sions.

Deaths

Treated.

at end of 1910.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1909.

Yearly Total.

Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Freated.

}

7

143

2

150

:

163

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1919.

171

13

1

...

...

1

2

1

21

1

1

5

229

:

20

Sco

3

1

20

22

23

2

621-

10

22

6

11

61

63

52

53

3

:

12

12

1

1

14

15

10

6

148

154

...

6

3

11

244

5

255

6 26

467

493

30

!

Diseases.

L 38

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1910 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis-

sions. of 1909.

Yearly Total.

Rem ain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Treated. Deaths.

at end

of 1910.

Brought forward, ...

56

1,902

102

1,958 66

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Injuries, General,

Immersion,

Local,

"

527

43

538 22

...

...

Malformations,

Poisons, Parasites,.

""

Animal, Vegetable,.

In Attendance,

Under Observation,

Shock,

Effects of Heat,

Nil,

Parturition,..

...

10

ཁྐྲཤྩ : :;

9

9

20

20

:

26-06

22

58

19

1

16

÷

58

1

3

::

28196

22

Total,...

67 2,595

147

2,662

92

L 39

Continued.

Civil, Victoria and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Cases

at end Admis- of 1909.

sions.

Deaths. Treated.

ing in Hospital at end of 1910.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

at end

of 1910.

11

244

1

1

10

5

255

6

26

467

:

493

30

95

95

:

64

:ཙ

64

1

152

152

4

22

21

21

37

38

...

1

20

21

1

13

331

10

5

344 15

26

778

:

804

86

Central,

No. 2,

""

7,

Table II.-Monthly Admissions for Malaria from cach Police Station during 1910.

Station.

Bay View,..

Tsat Tse Mui,.

Shaukiwan,..

Stanley,...

Aberdeen,...

Pokfulam,..

Hung Hom,

Yaumati,

Sham Shui Po,

Sha Ta Kok,

Au Tau,

Sheung Shui,

Tai Po,

Tsun Wan,.

Sha Tin,..

4

4

1

:

0

-

10

2:

5.9

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

Percentage

to

Strength.

Increase or Decrease over 1909.

1

4

52

14:3

7.8

5.8

7.8

14

42.0

+ 20·0

2

160·0

+ 110'0

2

30.7

2

28.6

14:0

1

6.2

12.8

16.6

1

I

1

23.8

CO NO

14.6

Co

38.9

2.2

15.4

50·0

35.8

5.9

15.5

2

54.5

+ 500

60.0

:

9:0

7.6

4

50·0

37.5

1

1

2

4.5

0.7

...

: ලය

21-2

12.5

4.5

2.2

42.0

12

10

14 17 23 18 16

135

30.2

+ 26:5

1

1

Sai Kung,

Mt. Gough,...

Kowloon City,

Water,.

Kowloon Water Works,

Total,

9

:

- L 40

Table III.-

Year.

Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907. 1908.

1909.

1910.

Palice,

937

938

759

707

726

742

776

660

633

613

Paying Patients,

858

956

794

794

866

720

762

724

659

591

Government Servants,.

339

460

319

267

271

339

367

315

250

352

H

Police Cases,

348

300

276

262

329

307

318

285

287

432

Free,

466

454

646

555

512

657

488

543

555

674

Total..

2,948

3,108 2,794

2,585

2,704

2,745

2,71i| 2,527

2,384

2,662

Total Deaths,

153

140

112

128

150

167

170

157

131

147

Percentage,..

5.2

4.5

5:0

41

5'6

6.0

6.2

6.2

5.4

5.6

L 42

Annexe D.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY DR. J. M. ATKINSON, Medical Officer in Charge.

Staff. Dr. Atkinson was in charge during the year excepting from 1st to 17th March, when Dr. Fitzwilliams acted for him.

Nursing Staff.-Sister Millington returned from leave on October 18th and took over charge from Sister Jacobs. During the year five of the Nursing Sisters and four of the Nurses of the Medical Department were on duty for varying periods of time when required.

Buildings.-These were maintained in a good state of repair. The remaining bath-rooms were tiled.

Admissions, Diseases and Deaths.-There were 344 admissions during the year as compared with 219 in 1909, this is by far the largest number of admissions since the hospital was opened.

There were only five deaths, a percentage of 145 as compared with 52 in 1909.

The admissions during the last three years are classified as follows:--

1910.

1909.

1908.

1. Age:--

Under 3 years,

83

Between 3 and 12 years,

93} 176

82

66

106

24

44

}

Over 12 years.

168

113

124

2. Nationality:--

Europeans, Asiatics,

3. Class of Patients:-

307

196

208

37

23

26

Paying Patients, -

192

131

Government Servants, -

12

122

108

3

Wives and children of

Government Servants,

82

50

65

Free,

58

36

58

110

Malarial Fever.-There was a marked increase compared with the previous year, the number of admissions being 91 as against 26 in 1909.

They are classified as follows:-

Quartan,

1

Simple Tertian,

34

Malignant,

53

Mixed Infection (Simple Tertian and Malignant), -

3

L 43

-

The quartan case came from Morrison Hill Road.

Of the tertian cases nine were from Lyeemun Barracks, five from Quarry Bay, four from the Diocesan Girls' School, three from Victoria Barracks, three from the Military Hospital, two from the Murray Barracks, two from Government Villas, the Peak, and one each from ̈ Duddell Street, Robinson Road, Pumping Station Garden Road, Gun Club Hill, Sheung Shui Police Station and Kennedy Town Police Station.

The malignant cases were from Lyeemun Barracks twenty-one, Diocesan Girls' School eight, Quarry Bay six, Military Hospital two, Victoria Hospital two, Gun Club Hill two, Mt. Austin Barracks two, Queen's Road East two, Stonecutters Island two, and one each from Bay View Police Station, Central Police Station, Hunghom, Hok Shan City, Morrison Hill Gap and the Eyre Refuge.

There was one fatal case, that of a child from Victoria Barracks, suffering from the malignant type.

Operations. The following were performed during the year:-

Curetting,

Placenta Prævia, Forceps, etc.,

1

1

1

Glands of neck, removal of,

1

2

Intussusception,

Carbuncle, incision,

Abscess, incision,

Circumcision,-

Confinements.-There were 21 confinements during the year,

all satisfactory.

Fees.-$10,688.77 were received during the year as against $7,203.37 in 1909.

- L 44

Annexe E.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. B. A. MOORE, Medical Officer.

During the year there were 195 patients under treatment. Five Government Servants were admitted and of these, one was treated for alcoholism, three were under observation and one was certified to be insane. Eighty-seven cases were brought in by the Police.

There were 26 paying patients (34 in 1909). The deaths numbered 9, being 46% of the number under treatment (8% in 1909).

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1910.

Other

Europeans. Indians. Chinese. Nation-

alities.

M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F.

Remaining

at end of 1909,

Q

Admitted,

24

9

ос

Total number treated

31 12 10

Discharged,

24 10 8

Died,

Remaining

at end of 1910.

10

5

1

2

:

:

01

CO

ลง

1-

7

93 29

100 31

85

28

10

1

Total.

2

26

2

169

195

160

:

9

10 3 3 2 26

¿

י

L 45

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1910.

Diseases.

Remaining in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly Total.

Remaining

Total Cases in Hospital

Treated.

Ad- missions.

Deaths.

at end of 1910.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

Aortic Aneurysm...

Fractured Pelvis,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous Sys-

tem :-

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional

Nervous

orders :-

Epilepsy,

SUB-SECTION III.

Dis-

!

1

17

1

:

17

1

5

1

Mental Diseases :-

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia, ...

1311

2

3

1

38

49

11

18

21

6

23

1

29

Delusional Insanity,

1

5

6

Under Observation, ..

3

60

:

:

63

Total, 1910.......

26

169

1909,

18

158

14

44

9

195

176

18885

26

26

I

7

L 46

Annexe F.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS.

REPORT BY DR. P. J. KELLY, Medical Officer in Charge.

Previous to my assuming charge of the Kennedy Town Hospital on June 23rd, 1910, Dr. Fitzwilliams was in temporary charge.

Buildings.-The Hospital is well equipped and the prevailing sanitary conditions are satisfactory, except for the large number of house flies which are met with here during the summer months. This I attribute to the nearness of the Hospital to the Slaughter- houses.

During the year a nullah, in the vicinity of the Hospital on the West side, has been trained and this has led to some improvement as regards mosquitoes.

Towards the end of the year a beginning was made with the new Wardmasters' and servants' quarters at the back of the Hospital, and the new Medical Officer's Office on the West side.

Nineteen cases were admitted during the year. They were as follows:

Small-pox,...

Chicken-pox,

Sprained Ankle,

Leprosy,

Under Observation...

9

1

1

1

7 for Cholera.

One case only terminated fatally, it being one of Small-pox.

The Tung Wa Small-pox Branch Hospital.

The buildings are well maintained and the sanitary conditions. are satisfactory, except for the large number of house flies in the summer months, owing to its vicinity to the Slaughter-houses.

Three cases of Small-pox were treated in this institution, all Chinese. Of these one case terminated fatally.

As Plague is now treated in the main Tung Wa Hospital the branch hospital is practically given up to Small-pox.

1

L 47

Annexe G.

VICTORIA GAOL,

REPORT BY DR. P. J. KELLY, Medical Officer.

I took over charge of Victoria Gaol on June 23rd, 1910. Pré- vious to this date Dr. Fitzwilliams was in charge, being employed temporarily in Dr. Thomson's place till my arrival in the Colony.

Buildings. The prison buildings are well looked after and the prevailing sanitary conditions are satisfactory.

Towards the end of the year the new block of buildings to the West of the Hospital, affording accommodation for over seventy prisoners, was completed and occupied. This should obviate any possibility of overcrowding.

The total admissions to the Gaol Hospital during the year numbered one hundred and eighty-seven, which shows some con- siderable improvement, since in 1909.they numbered 269.

The percentage of hospital admissions to the total admissions to the Gaol was 3·8 (5·1 in 1909).

The number of cases of Malaria treated in the Gaol Hospital during the past ten years are as follows :-

1901

98 1906

22

1902

- 63

1907

56

1903

93

1908

68

1904

- 59

1909

-

- 13

1905

52 1910

-

16

Eighteen admissions were made as Febricula, i.e., a fever of a transient character in which no malarial parasites could be found in the blood.

There were 26 admissions for Dysentery and two deaths, 35 in 1909.

2 admissions for Beri-beri and one death. (8 in 1909.)

4

23

15

9

19

Syphilis.

1

Debility and two deaths.

"}

Phthisis and three deaths.

Heart Disease.

11

L 48

The total number of prisoners treated in the out-patient depart- ment was 778 compared with 1,137 in 1909.

The principal diseases treated were:-

Gonorrhoea,

Syphilis,

Respiratory System,

Digestive System, Scabies,

Ringworm,

-

៥២

10

72

61

52

64

- 152

Seventeen prisoners were discharged on medical grounds (23 in 1909):-

Leprosy 4, Dementia 4, Phthisis 3, Debility 2, Cancer 1, Acute Rheumatism 1, Beri-beri 1, and Peritonitis 1.

There were thirteen deaths-twelve from natural causes and one self-inflicted (strangulation). No executions took place during the

year.

Vaccinations.-2,172 prisoners were vaccinated during the year of which 1,004 were successful, 366 unsuccessful and 802 could not be recorded owing to early discharge from Gaol.

The lymph supplied from the Bacteriological Institute has been very satisfactory.

Rate of Sickness and Mortality in Victoria Gaol.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of :-

Rate per cent. of:-

---

Prisoners admitted

to Gaol,

Admissions to

Hospital.

Cases treated as

out-patients.

Deaths due to

Disease.

Prisoners in

Gaol.

Sick in

Hospital.

Hospital

Out-patients.

Admissions to

Hospital to Total Admis- sions to Gaol.

Daily Average Sick in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of of All Sick in Gaol to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Disease to Total Admissions

to Gaol.

1909 5,215 360 1,137

9 560 7.80 26.66

6.90

1.21

6:01

0.17

1910 4,867 187

778

12 547 5 24 18′1

3.8

•95

4.26

0.2

Note.-A large percentage of prisoners admitted to Gaol during my Medical Officer- ship, I have observed, are debilitated subjects, most often the result of the opium habit or acquired Syphilis.

Out of 77 cases detained for observation, 12 were admitted to Hospital, 7

treated as out-patients and 58 were found to be malingering.

.

L 49

Annexe H.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION.

REPORT BY DR. J. W. HARTLEY, Medical Officer.

Mr. P. D. R. Naidu has acted as Assistant Surgeon throughout the year. Mr. S. Kelly continued his duties as Sanitary Inspector un- til May 1st when he reverted to Sanitary Board work in Hongkong.

Dr. B. C. Wong, Chinese Medical Licentiate in charge of the Government Dispensary, Taipo, from February 1st to August 31st, attended Railway cases whenever necessary until he left the service.

There have been dispensaries at Kowloon, Kowloonchai, Shatin and Taipokau until the opening of the railway on October 1st when Shatin and Kowloonchai dispensaries were closed.

As the coolie camp at Shatin did not actually close until the end of the year frequent visits were made to this place after the closing of the dispensary there.

Prophylactic measures against Malaria were continued as in former years, quinine was issued and its use encouraged, mosquito pools were treated with oil, a certain amount of temporary drainage was done and coolie and other quarters were frequently washed down with disinfecting fluids and kept as clean as possible.

There has been a steady decrease in the number of cases treated, the total being 1,015 against 2,192 in 1909, 2,064 in 1908, and 3,667 in 1907.

This is largely due to the decrease of labourers, owing to the completion of the Railway.

Cases of Malaria are reduced by practically 50 per cent and the incidence varies from a monthly percentage of 0·25% in January to 1% in May and October.

The principal causes of sickness were the following:-

1910.

1909.

1908.

1907.

Malaria,

242

450

556

1,168

Dysentery,

23

29

53

124

Beri-beri,

40

52

58

81

Injuries,

123

608

354

371

L 30

The monthly return of cases of Malaria and comparison with other years is shown in the following table:-

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

April.

May.

June.

July.

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Total.

9 13 36 20 33 33 23 24 12 18 7 14 242

28 23 39

1910,

1909,

1908,

1907,

888

56 25

32

60 59 48

85

25 36 32 65 68

2 2 N

41 22 14 450

27

58

16 37

89 65

42

55 55 51 33 556

i

59 166 185203117

85

3 2

62

65 59 1,168

Malaria,

Dysentery,

Injuries,

The following is a list of cases sent to hospital for treatment :-

Debility, Rheumatism, Ulcer, &c., Venereal,

24

9

1

9. (2 deaths).

1

1

1

Since the opening of the line on October 1st the Medical Assistant has resided at Taipokau and visits all stations except in Kowloon daily with a view to the prevention of disease as much as possible and the early treatment of cases. In Kowloon where workshops, carriage sheds, &c., have been established, patients attend the Government Medical Office daily at stated hours or if too ill to attend they are visited in their homes.

The Railway Medical Officer at the termination of his agreement in October, 1909, was appointed a Medical Officer in the Medical Department of the Colony, his special duties being those of Medical Officer to Kowloon and the New Territories.

L 51

Annexe I.

NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. J. W. HARTLEY, Medical Officer.

Dr. B. C. Wong held the post of Chinese Medical Licentiate at Taipo from February to August 31st, when he left the service owing to ill-health.

During the rest of the year there has been no Chinese Medical Licentiate but a trained "dresser" was transferred from the Railway Dispensary at Kowloonchai to Taipo to attend to minor injuries aud report other cases requiring the attention of the Medical Officer.

Whilst Dr. Wong was at Taipo routine visits were paid every fortnight, and other visits when required, to the various stations in the Territory and the Leper Asylum at Au Tau.

Epidemics-The only epidemic of note was an outbreak of measles of a severe type in the Fanling district in April. Several deaths occurred amongst children and medical aid was offered fre- quently but the Chinese with very few exceptions objected to any- thing in the nature of European treatment. The epidemic died out in the course of a few weeks.

Vaccinations.-303 vaccinations were performed during the year, as against 112 in 1909.

Leper Asylum.-There were 13 inmates until November when the place was closed and the buildings demolished.

A child was born in the asylum of leper parents early in the year. The child was very weak and sick and was later removed to the Tung Wa Hospital in Hongkong but died shortly afterwards.

Taipo Dispensary.-1,047 new cases and 152 old cases were treated at the dispensary during the year.

The following Table shows the principal causes : ----

New Cases. Old Cases.

Malaria,

350

12

Ulcers, &c..

117

30

Dysentery,

20

5

Beri-beri,

13

Diseases of the Eve,

65

"

11

Digestive System,

80

Measles,

Miscellaneous,

7

0

395

99

1,047

152

L 52

Tuipo Cottage Hospital.-The following is a list of cases treated

in the hospital:-

Malaria,

Injuries,

2

Dysentery,

1

Hernia,

1

Hæmorrhage from the Lung,

Annexe J.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY Dr. P. J. KELLY, Visiting Medical Officer.

I took over the duties of Visiting Medical Officer to this institute, from Dr. Fitzwilliams, on 23rd June.

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT

The Hospital Buildings have been maintained in a satisfactory state of repair and their general sanitary condition has been well cared for.

Some considerable improvement has been effected in that the old wards have been pulled down and on the site a new two-storied building has been erceted consisting of two large and four small wards. This building will are nimodate about fifty beds and is well arranged and constructed.

The sphere of this institute has mercover been extended in that a Refuge is being constructed for ailing poor and destitute. This building is capable of affording shelter to about sixty inmates. Both this building and the new wards above referred to are nearing completion and should be ready for occupation in the early part of next year.

Staff.---Dr. Jew Hawk the Resident Surgeon of the Hospital resigned on the 16th of August, and Dr. To Ying Kwan was appointed in his place on the 16th September.

STATISTICS.

For the major portion of the year this Hospital has had to cope with a demand for admittance frequently in excess of its accommoda- tion.

f.

L'58

On account of the demolition of the old wards for reconstruction the number of available beds was more limited than in the year previous.

The total admissions to Hospital numbered 4,255 as against 3,723 in 1909.

There were 251 patients under treatment on January 1st, 1910, these cases having been admitted in 1909, so that the total number of cases treated during the year was 4,506. Of this total 2,925 were discharged, 1,333 died, and 248 were under treatment at the close of the year.

Of the 1.255 cases 107 were transferred elsewhere for treatment as follows:

Vovernment Civil Hospital. Infectious Diseases Hospital

.... 104

3) 107

Three hundred and eighty-seven (387) cases were admitted in a moribund condition and died shortly after admission, and if this number is deducted from the total of admissions there remains a balance of 3,868 of which 1,921 selected Western treatment and. 1,947 native. As regards the percentage of cases under Western and Chinese treatment they practically coincide with that of the year previous, i.e., 50 per cent.

The total number of visits to the out-patient departinent was 111,749 (118,324 in 1909).

Of this number 102,885 selected native Chinese doctors and 8,864 the Western trained resident Chinese doctors.

Vaccinations.-There were 1,581 vaccinations during the year at the Hospital or in connection with it (1,212 in 1909).

Two thousand and ninety-four (2,094) destitutes (2,088 males and 6 females) were temporarily sheltered, until they could be sent to their native villages or otherwise provided for.

Of this total 1,928 were sent in by the Registrar General.

One thousand one hundred and seventy-six (1,176) bodies were brought to the hospital mortuary to await burial (1,138 in 1909).

Where the history as regards cause of death was unsatisfactory the bodies were sent to the public mortuary for examination. The total number sent amounted to one hundred and forty-eight (148)— fifty-five (55) being hospital in-patients and ninety-three (93) having been brought into the hospital dead (140 in 1909).

Free burials were provided by the Hospital to 3.628 poor persons (3,690 in 1909).

L 54

Beri-beri.-Seven hundred and nineteen (719) cases were ad- mitted out of which number two hundred and fifty-six (256) terminat- ed fatally. The death rate per cent. being 35.

In 1909 the admissions for the same disease numbered 709 with 261 deaths, the death-rate per cent. being. 36.

Malaria.--Six hundred and two (602) cases of Malaria were admitted, with one hundred and ninety-three (193) deaths, i.e.. 32 per cent.

In 1909 three hundred and eighty-three (383) cases were admit- ted with eighty-eight (88) deaths, i.e., 23 per cent.

All cases of Malaria admitted to the Tung Wa Hospital are now given quinine treatment. Unfortunately, however, a large per- centage previous to admission have been under Chinese treatment, and when finally they come to Hospital they are too often in a more or less moribund condition. Under such circumstances it is obviously not justifiable to include this type of case as treated under Western methods, especially as a large percentage died within twenty-four hours of admission and no less than one hundred and fifteen (115) died within forty-eight hours of admission.

Of the 602 cases of Malaria 335 were classed as belonging to the simple variety (Benign Malaria). Three (3) as mixed infection, 25 as Malarial Cachexia and 239 as Malignant Malaria.

Of this last total (239), one hundred and fifteen (115), out of a total of one hundred and eighty-six (186) deaths, terminated fatally within forty-eight hours of admission.

This high malarial mortality I attribute to the large number of cases which only sought admission to hospital, when the disease- either through neglect of treatment or lack of proper treatment---had arrived at an advanced stage.

EYE DISEASES.

During the absence of Dr. Harston the work in the eye depart- ment was carried on by Dr. Marriott, Dr. Leung Chik Fan and Dr. To.

Dr. Harston returned from leave in October and again resumed the work in this department.

The following operations were performed:--

Entropion,

Cataract,

Enucleation of eye-ball,

Iridectomy,.

7

6

1

3

The eye out-patient department was well patronised, there being

523 attendances.

L 55

Of this total 184 patients were treated for Trachoma.

THE DIRECTORS.

The Inspecting Medical Officer has again to acknowledge the courtesy and consideration he has received throughout the year at the hands of the Directors in all his relations with them.

OPERATIONS.

Cases of serious medico-legal aspect are transferred to the Government Civil Hospital for operation, where the facilities are greater. For the same reason operations of a serious nature are not undertaken in the Tung Wa but with the patients' consent are trans- ferred to the Government Civil Hospital for treatment. It is to be hoped that during next year we may be able to get some more up to date surgical appliances, so as to be able to perform the majority of the surgical operations at our own Hospital.

The general operations performed during the year were as follows:--

Lateral Lithotomy,

Amputations,

Fistula in ano,.

Tumour of Uterus,

The following Tables are appended:-

I. Return of Diseases and Deaths.

3

5

1

II.--Proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese

rative methods respectively.

III.-Vaccinations.

L 56

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1910 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

DISEASES.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly. Total.

¡ Total

Admissions.

Deaths.

Remain-

ing in Cases Hospital Treated, at end of

1910.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox,

Measles,

Influenza,

Diphtheria,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

Cholera,...

Dysentery,

Plague,

Malarial Fever

1. Simple Tertian, 2. Malignant,

3. Mixed Infection,.... Malarial Cachexia,

Beri-beri,

Erysipelas,

Septicæmia,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

Leprosy,..

Syphilis :-

(a) Secondary,

(b.) Inherited,

Gonorrhoea,

Rheumatism,

New Growth, Non-malignant,

New Growth, Malignant,

Anæmia,

Debility,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

SUB-SECTION 1.

Diseases of the Nerves :-

Neuritis,

1

3

1

10

5

3

1

95

95

4

-1

1

9

9

121

61

129

17

15

17

335

340

16

239

186

241

7

3

:

3

25

7

27

2

53

719

256

772

47

10

10

23

22

23

9

27

28

14

14

29

30

9

49

00

58

11

19

109

109

8

S

29

10

30

35

2

42

1

:

70

47

70

4

13

2

13

4

Meningitis,

20

14

20

1

Myelitis,

1

:

Abscess of Brain.............

1

Congestion of Brain,

3

...

Carried forward,......

101

2,049

667

2,150

117

.....

L 57

Table I,-Continued.

Diseases and Deaths in 1910 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

DISEASES.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1909.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Treated. at end of

Admissions.

Deaths.

1910.

Brought forward..........

101

2,049

667

2.150

117

LOCAL DISEASES,-

Continued.

SUB-SECTION 2.

Functional Nervous Disorders :-

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,

Chorea,

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Hysteria,

SUB-SECTION 3.

Mental Diseases :

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,....

22

23

22

14

28

29

1

9

1

3

I

.....

14

Dementia.

Diseases of the Eye,

7

52

59

9

>

Circulatory System,

9

84

39

93

10

Respiratory System,

33

899

465

932

39

་་

"

Digestive System,

13

340

106

353

10

Lymphatic System,

3

18

21

2

3 3 3 3 3 3

17

Urinary System,

6

66

23

72

4

Male Organs,

25

}

Female Organs,

2

Organs of Locomotion,

7

34

41

6

>>

Cellular Tissue,

14

141

1

155

12

Skin,

23

147

1

170

11

Injuries, General,..

Poisons,..

Local,

19

25

14

X

252

260

16

Parasites,

4

4

Parturition,

25

25

1

Total,........

251

4,255

1,333

4,506

248

L 58

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Eospital during 1910, with

the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

ADMISSIONS.

DEATHS.

Small-pox,

1

1

Measles,

Influenza.

Diphtheria,

Febricula,

95

Enteric Fever,

Cholera,

9

9

Dysentery,

27

94

121

Plague.

17

17

19

7

53

61

15

Malarial Fever:-

1. Simple Tertian,.

335

335

2. Malignant,

124

115

239

71

115

186

3. Mixed Infection,

3

Malarial Cachexia,

10

15

25

2

5

Beri-beri,...

205

514

719

15

211

Erysipelas,

10

10

Septicæmia,

10

13

23

13

Tetanus,

5

3

3

3

,,-,:ཙྩ

6

General Tuberculosis,

17

10

27

6

9

Leprosy,

14

14

Syphilis :-

(4.) Secondary,

17

12 !

29

:

(b.) Inherited,

30

19

49

4

Gonorrhea.... ... ... ... *

5

6

11

Rheumatism,

36

73.

109

~

New Growth, Non-malignant,

Malignant,

21

8

2

10

Anæmia,

9

26

}

2

Debility,

24

46

70

15

32

47

Neuritis,

13

2

Meningitis,

10

10

20

10

14

Abscess of Brain,

1

Congestion of Brain,

1

Apoplexy,

14

14

24

3

28

6

CC --

1

1

8

14

Carried forward,..

1,039

988 2,077

211

470

681

L 59

Table II,-Continued.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during 1910, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

ADMISSIONS.

DEATHIS.

Brought forward,

1,089

988 2,077

211

470

681

Paralysis,

7

15

22

3

11

Chorea,

:

1

:

Epilepsy,.

6

3

1

Neuralgia,

1

:

Hysteria,

Idiocy,

Mania,.

14

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Diseases of the:

Eye,........

50

2

52

Circulatory System,

30

54

84

9

30

39

Respiratory System,

224

675

899

84

381

465

Digestive System,

126

214

340

39

67

106

Lymphatic

System,

12

6

18

Urinary System,..

22

44

66

19

23

Male Organs,

21

25

Female Organs,.

2

Organs of Locomotion,

16

18

34

Cellular Tissue,

72

69

141

1

Skin,

96

51

147

1

Injuries, General,

17

8

25

1

13

Local,

116

136

252

2

Poisons, Parasites,

1

Parturition,

25

25

Total,

1,961|2,294 | 4,255

351

979

1,333

Less moribund eases,

155 232 387

155

232

397

1,806 2,062 3,868

199

747

946

Less transferted elsewhere,..

107

107

Not Total,.......

1,699 |2,062 3,761 199

747

946

L 60

Table III.

Vaccinations at, and in connection with, the Tung Wa Hospital during 1910.

Victori Sh.uki-

Aber-Stauley., Shek Yau-

wan,

deep.

0.

mati.

sham- Ping- Sheung Sha Tau. ¡Tai Po. shuipo. sban.

Sui.

1910,... 902

71

68

10

14

71

5

132

201

27

1909,..

987

63

55

19

Nil.

36

52

Nil.

Nil

Nil.

Nil.

Annexe K.

Total 1910 1,581

1909 1.212

"

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS,

1909 AND 1910.

Total in-patients treated.

Deaths.

1910.

1909.

1910.

1909.

Alice Memorial Hospital,..

116

88

1

2

Ho Miu Ling Hospital,.

342

405

9

18

Nethersole Hospital,

502

473

34

34

Hospital,...

Alice Memorial Maternity {

300

235

13

CO

6

Total,........ 1,260

1,201

57

60

Ï 61

Annexe L.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

STAFF.

Fleet-Surgeon E. A. Shaw, R.N., continued to act as Government Bacteriologist and Medical Officer in charge of the Mortuary, Victoria, till April 13th when I took over the duties.

The Chinese Staff has given every satisfaction- -one Mafoo and one Rat Coolie, who were not considered necessary, have been dis- pensed with.

BUILDINGS.

The whole of the Institute was overhauled and put in a thorough state of repair by the Public Works Department during the months of August and September.

MUSEUM.

Some forty-five specimens have been added to the collection of Pathological specimens started by Dr. Hunter and continued by Dr. Shaw. The Museum now contains some specimens of considerable interest and it is hoped to add to it as rapidly as possible so that a representative collection may be got together. Its value in teaching the class of Pathology in the Hongkong College of Medicine is naturally very great. Several Medical Practitioners have been good enough to send specimens.

OTHER WORKERS.

Dr. J. W. Wright of the Tak Hing Hospital, West River, worked in the Laboratory daily during the month of August at Tropical Research methods.

Surgeon J. Glaister, R.N., H.M.S. Kent, has been carrying on a research into "Big Head" in horses and other matters in the Labora- tory since October 4th; the work is still in progress.

Dr. J. S. Stewart also worked in the Laboratory starting on the 27th December.

THE PREPARATION OF VACCINE LYMPH.

Eighteen (18) calves have been vaccinated during the year 1910-of which fourteen were Buffaloes. The calves do not take well as a rule and are therefore not used if Buffalo calves can be obtained. Of the 18 calves, 14 took apparently well, one died before

L 62

inoculation, one after inoculation and two did not take well so that the lymph was discarded. All of the 14 calves from which lymph was taken were subsequently slaughtered and declared healthy by the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon. About 1,200 grammes of lymph are now in stock, sufficient for about 18,000 people, presuming it to be all potent.

*

It is reasonable to expect that by means of this cold storage a plentiful supply of potent and more or less (extraneous) germ free lymph can be kept ready for use at any time and quite irrespective of the hot summers which we experience here.

A sample of lanolinated calf lymph was received from the Lister Institute for testing in July last. Carefully following the special instructions sent with the lymph a calf was vaccinated-half with the lanolinated lymph and half with our own stock lymph. Our stock lymph took well whereas the Lister Institute lanolinated lymph did not take satisfactorily. This result is similar to that obtained with a similar sample sent out for testing by the Acting Government Bacteriologist, Fleet-Surgeon Shaw, R.N., (see report for 1909 Annexe L).

Seven thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven (7,997) tubes of lymph have been issued during the year compared with 9,591 in the year 1909. Of the 7,997 tubes issued reports have been received on some 1,092 cases only. This is unsatisfactory and it is proposed to reorganize the method of reporting next year so as to get a larger number of cases reported on if possible.

Table I shows the results derived from the reports on the 1,092 The obvious objection is that these figures are too small to be safely accepted.

cases.

Lymph No. Total.

+

Table 1.

Primary.

%

successful.

+

Secondary.

% successful.

8 343

302

I

99.7

34

6

82.3%

X 587

555

6

98.3

24

1

96.1

ΧΙ

162

37

91.9

108

14

87.0

1,092

894 10

98.8% 166

21

87.4%

+ Successful. Failure.

* Our stock of lymph is now stored at about 13° F. according to the method recom~ mended by Dr. Blaxall and Mr. Fremlin (Report on further results of storage of Glycerinated Calf Lymph at temperature below Freezing Point by Dr. F. R. Blaxall and H. S. Fremlin-Appendix C—Nos. 1 and 2: Report of the Medical Officer of the Local Government Board 1908-1909). The result has ' been most satisfactory-both from its cheapness and efficiency--the lymph at present in use being some 15 months old,

L 63

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

Eighty-six samples of water have been examined during the year 1910 compared with 54 in 1909 and 29 in 1908.

Sixty-five (65) of the 86 samples were taken from the Public Water Supplies, i.e., Pokfulam, Tytam and Kowloon supplies; the others were from various sources.

Only the samples from the Public Water Supplies are of any general interest and as the method of taking the samples and of examining them has been altered by me, it is perhaps as well to put the methods used on record here. Without some knowledge of the media and method used, it is impossible to interpret the results properly.

(1.) The samples are taken in each case immediately before and immediately after filtration at the Filter Beds. No samples are taken from the mains or elesewhere and the unfiltered water is always examined at the same time as the filtered.

(2.) Full details as to the rate of filtration, age and composition of Filter Beds, etc., are required.

(3.) The examination is made on an Agar Basis-Gelatine plates are not used.

To cc., o ce. and 1 cc. of the sample are added to Agar Tubes (+10 Eyre scale) and plates are poured, incubated at 37° C. for 48 hours and counted for total organisms.

1 cc., 1 cc. and 2 cc. of the sample are added to MacConkey's Neutral-Red Bile Salt Lactose Agar Tubes and plates are poured, incubated at 37° C. for 48 hours and examined for Coli-like colonies. If any are present, they are picked off on to Agar Slopes and tested for character as given below.

1 cc., 2 cc. and 5 cc. of the sample are added to tubes of MacConkey's Neutral-Red Bile Salt Glucose Peptone Water, incubated at 37° C. for 48 hours and examined for Acid and Gas formation, Dunhan's tubes being used.

1 cc., 2 cc., 5 cc., 10 cc., 20 cc. and 50 cc. of the sample are added to MacConkey's Neutral-Red Bile Salt Lactose Peptone Water and examined for Acid and Gas after incubation at 37° C. for 48 hours, Dunhan's tubes being used and double strength Peptone Solution being used as required.

The three lowest Lactose tubes showing Acid and Gas are plated out on to a Lactose Agar medium, either MacConkey's Neutral-Red Bile Salt Lactose Agar, Endo's medium, Fawcer's medium or Drigalski-Conradi. The plating is done by sterile glass rods on dried plates.

L 64

(4.) About 4-6 colonies showing Acid and Gas change from each plate are picked off on to Agar Slopes, incubated about 18 hours at 37° C. and then tested for morphology, Gram staining and motility.

Then from each Agar Slope the following tubes are put up :-(1) Gelatine (for liquefaction or not), (2) Peptone water (for Ehrlich's Indel Reaction), (3) Litmus milk (for Acid and Clot), (4) Lactose, (5) Glucose, (6) Mannite, (7) Saccharose, (8) Dulcite, (9) Adonit, (10) Inosit, (11) Inulin, all for Acid and Gas, (12) Neutral-Red Glucose Broth (for florescence).

The Glucose tube is also used for the Vosges and Proskawer's Reaction. The production of acidity in Litmus whey and the re- duction of Nitrates may or may not also be tested for. From these reactions the characters of the Lactose Fermenters are determined and their relative numbers in the sample of water fixed.

Bacillus Enteritidis and Streptococci are not tested for as a routine matter as it does not appear to be worth the trouble, and a sample which does not contain B. Coli or Coli-like organisms in 50 cc. is not investigated further. No opinion is given as to Pathogenic organism, the report being on the total number of organisms per cc. on Agar at 37° C. and the relative number and position of B. Coli or Coli-like organisms.

The method of preparing the media and of classifying the Lactose Fermenters closely follows that described by MacConkey (Journal of Hygiene Vol. 8 p. 322 and Vol. 9 p. 86).

MATERIALS SENT FOR EXAMINATION AND REPORT.

These amounted to 406 compared with 120 for the year 1909. Table III briefly gives the nature of the examination made.

Table III.

New Growths-Examination by Section,

Widal Reaction for Typhoid,

>

>>

Cultural Examination for Typhoid Carriers,.

Paratyphoid, Dysentery,

Culture for Diphtheria Bacillus,.

Microscopical Examination for B. Tubercle,

Animal Inoculation for Tubercle,

Examination of Dejecta for Cholera,..

33

106

8

2

4

99

11

6

24

Blood for Widal Reaction against Cholera Vibrios, Examination of Material for Gonococcus,

6

5

1)

"}

Pneumococcus,

2

Glanders,

1

22

J

>>

>>

Plague,

3

22

Micrococcus Intracellularies, Mycetoma,

1

Carried forward.

309

L 65

Table III,-Continued.

Cultural Examination of Urine for Organisms,. Reports on Blood Films for Malaria,

Brought forward,

309

6

43

Piroplasma Canis,..

1

"

19

""

Cells, ...

7

6

Preparation of Autogenous Vaccines,

""

"

Rideal-Walker Estimation of Disinfectants,

Wasserman's Reaction for Syphilis,

Report on Worms,..

Breeding out and Generic Determination of Dipterous Larvae,...

Generic Determination of Dipterous Flies,..

Animal Inoculations to test Toxic Action of :-

(1) Extract of Sago Palm Fruit,

(2) Extract of Poisonous Fish,.

Miscellaneous,

5

244

Total,....

405

Cholera. -8 of the 24 cases were positive and all the positive cases were imported. No case is returned as true Asiatic Cholera unless a vibrio is isolated which :-

(1) agglutinates in high dilution with a powerful specific serum made in this Laboratory with a known Cholera Culture; (2) gives vibriolysis on addition of complement to the specific serum; (3) does not haemolyse washed Red Blood Corpuscles. On this basis none of the 16 local cases were Cholera.

Wasserman's Syphilis Reaction was only started in Decem- ber, but as everything is now ready it is hoped that more cases will be got in 1911.

Diptera. Of the Larvae and adult flies sent for examination, the case of most interest was that of Larvae vomited by an Indian patient of Dr. Bell's in the Government Civil Hospital. The vomit- ing of these Larvae is guaranteed by Dr. Bell, the breeding out of the adult flies was done by me in this Institute. Mr. E. E. Austen, in charge of the National Diptera Collection, British Museum, has been good enough to give the specific determination of these flies as Aphiochaeta ferruginea, Brun (Family Phoridae) and Hip- pelates bilineatus, de, Meijore (Family Chloropidae). Mr. Austen further states that though Aphiochaeta ferruginea has been found in cases of human myiasis in various parts of the Tropics in both. hemispheres, Hippelates bilineatus has not previously been known as a cause of human myiasis and that very little is known of its life history. When the season comes round again a look-out will be kept for further details regarding this fly.

......

L 66

www

Mr. Austen was also good enough to return named specimens for the Museum here.

Lispa Sinensis, Schiner.-One set of 6 of these flies was observ- ed in the Laboratory with reference to their behaviour to Anopheline Larvae. The observation was made as follows:

Six adult Lispa Sinensis flies were placed in a mosquito box of about a cubic foot capacity. To this was added a tray of water con- taining Anopheline Larvae and Pupae and some cork float. Adult Anopheline bred out freely from this tray. Bananas were supplied to feed both the Anophelines and the Lispa. The whole was observed from time to time during each day for a period of eight days-dur- ing which time no deaths took place among the Lispa-apparently they live well on bananas. The following points were noted:-

(1) No attempt on the part of the Lispa to seize undamaged adult Anophelines was seen; on the contrary they were frequently seen feeding off the same banana with the Anopheline.

(2.) The Lispa apparently spent most of their time sitting on the cork floats on the water and from time to time making darts at Larvae, pupae, or adults which had just emerged from the pupae case and were sitting on it.

(3.) Though their attempts were generally unsuccessful still they did succeed from time to time in securing and killing Larvae, etc., however they did not prevent the majority of the Larvae develop- ing successfully into adults.

I consider that they are undoubtedly predaceous on mosquito Larvae and perhaps even more so on Chironomus Larvae but I do not think their practical use is great. The place in which they are most easily found (Kennedy Town) is one of the most mosquito and malaria infected parts of Hongkong.

The amount of Larvae, etc., which the Lispa eat makes appar- ently no difference at all from a practical point of view.

A sam-

Poisonons Fish.-3 deaths and 5 cases of serious illness followed the eating of a local fish, called Ki Po Yu by the Chinese. ple has been sent home to England for specific determination and when a reply is received, the matter will be gone into further.

L 67

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

The

Tables IV and V below are compiled as in previous years. total number of rats examined during 1910 was 56,001 compared with 61,367 during the year 1909.

Table IV.

Mouth.

Total.

Male.

Female.

Plague-

infected.

Pregnants.

Phosphorus]

Poisoning.

Newly

•Rt.10q

January,

4,307 2,130

2,177 26

213 93

239

February,

8,386

1,648

1,738 20

170

1,057

204

March,

4,592

2,299

2,293 16

213

953

239

April,

1

4,742 2,358

2,384 17

249

887

283

May,

5,016

2,481

2,535

2

228 764

241

June,

4,775

2.103

2,072

· 199

703

228

July,

4,570

2,293 2,277

235

684

262

August,

4,473

2,2-8

2,185

197

602

151

September,

4,670

2,349

2,321

211

624

132

October,

5,650

2,853

2,807

236

713

126

November,

5,569

2,703

2,666

205 672

288

December,.

4,441

2,364

2,347

186 638 255

Total,

56,001 27,869 27,802 107 |2,542 |9,229 | 2,653

In addition one rat was sent from Amoy for diagnosis as to Plague infection-the result was negative.

Table V.

inclusive.

January to Males Males Ratio

December

Females Females Ratio

ex- Plague- per 1,000. amined. infected.

1,000.

ex- Plague- per amined. infected.

M. Decumanus,..

15,816 58

3.6

15,997

45

2.1

M. Rattus,

8,213

.3

7,888

1

.1

M. Musculus,

3,840

3,917

In connection with the rat examination for Plague, it was thought that it would be of some interest to examine the diaphragms of these rats for Trichina Spiralis, the rat being the normal or proper host of the Trichina. A microscope with a special slide for this purpose was kindly lent by Mr. Gibson, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon, and the diaphragms of some 1,865 rats were examined by Mr. Chan Tsun-Kon, the Bacteriological Assistant, all with a negative result. This is confirmatory of Mr. Gibson's examination of Pigs.

L 68

MISCELLANEOUS.

A special research into the nature of the Pokfulam Water was commenced about the 15th October and will continue till the end of April next. This research occupies the whole time of the Laboratory at present.

Precipitins. A considerable amount of time has been spent in the preparation of precepitins for medico-legal work. Some have been successfully made, tubed and stored in the cold store, others are in hand.

Specific sera for testing for Cholera, Typhoid, Dysentery, etc., have been made and stored, also Hemolytic Immune Body for Wasserman's Reaction.

The collection of biting flies, etc., continues, but little progress has been made owing to want of time.

Annexe M.

PUBLIC MORTUARY. VICTORIA.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

Report on Post Mortems.

Male bodies examined....

Female

""

Sex undetermined.

Total,

Claimed bodies sent from Hospitals

and other places, ...

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

Total,....

1910.

1909.

972

1,006

1,017

1.015

4

1,993

2.021

1,730

1,766

263

255

1,993

2,021

1

L 69

Epitome of Causes of Death,

I.-Geueral Diseases,

1910.

1909.

767

882

II.--Local Diseases:

(a.) Of the Nervous System,

13

44

(6.)

་ཧ

Circulatory System,

42

30

(e.)

Respiratory System,

759

715

(d.)

Digestive System,

168

207

(e.)

Genito-Urinary System,

11

11

(f.)

Other Systems, ...

9

III.-Death from Violence,

64

63

IV.--Decomposed bodies, ...

166

67

Total..

1,993

2.021

General Diseases.

L 70

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :--

1910. 1909.

Pericarditis,

Small-pox,

11

16

Aortic Aneurysm,

Plague,

5

30

Cholera,

5

2

Beri-beri,

13

21

Malaria,

98

25

Septicemia,

10

Diphtheria,

Fatty Degeneration of

Heart,

Hæmo-pericardium,

Valvular Disease of Heart. 19

Acute Endocarditis,

Acute Dilatation of Heart,

1910. 1909.

8

4

10

6

4

11

1

3

Typhoid,

10

11

General Tuberculosis,

130 152

Total,

42

30

Prematurity,...

106

88

Marasmic Condition.

285

354

Cellulitis,

1 (e.) Of the Respiratory System:--

Syphilis,

Still-birth,

Tetanus,

Atelectasis,

Convulsions,... Leprosy,

Congenital Syphilis, Senile Debility,

Icterus Neonatorum,

Neglect at Birth,

Debility,

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

Inanition,

Sapræmia,

Other Diseases (Skeleton),

Total,..

:

:

3

22

31

1910. 1909.

23

65

4

9-1

10

Broncho-Pneumonia and Bronchitis, ...

522

476

Pleurisy,

22 32

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

70

14

27

26

Empyema,

20

1

Pneumonia,

119

187

7

9

Oedema of the Lung,

1

Chronic Bronchitis,

2

Abscess of Lung,

1

Asphyxia at Birth,

1

Embolism of Lung,

1

18

Pulmonary Hæmorrhage, 5

1

N

Total,

759 715

767

882

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System:----

Meningitis,

Hydrocephalus,

Cerebral Embolism,

Abscess of Brain,

Cerebral Hæmorrhage,..

Concussion of Brain,

Total,...

1910. 1909.

9

40

1

1

1

13

44

(d.) Of the Digestive System:---

1910. 1909.

Tabes Mesenterica,

18

65

Peritonitis,

8

11

Gastro-Enteritis,

62

2

Diarrhoea,

Liver Abscess,

Dysentery,

Intussusception,...

Internal-Strangulated

Hernia,

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Acute Distention of Stomach, Tubercle of Mesentery, ... Choleraic Diarrhoea,

Carried forward,....... 162

202

3

48

16

4

180000

3

3

2 m

2

1

WITH GA

2

4

1

Duodenal Ulcer,

(d.) Of the Digestive System,-Contd.

L 71

1910. 1909.

Brought forward,..... 162 202

Appendix Abscess.

(a.) General ----Continued.

Brought forward,

Drowning,

Scalding,...

Hepatitis,

Acute Yellow Atrophy

of Liver,

Ankylostomiasis,...

Cancer of Stomach,

Cholecystitis,

Acute Internal Obstruction,

1

Strangulation,

Fracture of Ribs and In- ·

ternal Hæmorrhage,..

Loss of blood through

wounds,

Shock,

Fish Poisoning,

1910. 1909.

32

6

11

1

6

1

1

3

Total.

168 207

Total,

37

27

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :----

1910. 1909. (b.) Local:-

Acute Nephritis,

5

6

1910. 1909.

Chronic Nephritis.

3

2

Concussion of Brain,

7

Hydronephrosis....

1

Ruptured Spleen,

9

2

Abortion,...

1

Fractured Skull....

11

24

(Stricture),

Miscarriage,

Retention of Urine

Tumour of Kidney,

Post Partum Hæmorrhage, 1

Total,

(f.) Of Other Systems :-

Shot through the Head,... Ruptured Liver & Spleen, Perforating Wound of

Heart and Lung,

Wound of Abdomen and

Internal Hæmorrhage, 1

Cut Throat,

1

1

1.

1

1

Rupture of Uterus,

11 11

Rupture of Stomach,

1

Acute Osteomyelitis, Cancrum Oris,

Haemorrhage

from

wound of neck.

1910. 1909.

1

2

Total.

2

27 36

Total,

Injuries (Death from Violence).

(a.) General:--

1910. 1909.

Asphyxiation,

26

Opium Poisoning,

2

2

Multiple Injuries,

Carried forward,

32

CO

6

Nationality of Bodies.

Chinese,

Indian,

European,

1910. 1909. ..1,987 2,010

1

German, Japanese, Portuguese, English,...

2

1

1

1

5

Total,.

1,993 2,021

L 72

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. W. W. PEARSE, Medical Officer in Charge.

The total number of Post Mortem Examinations made during 1910 was 836 as compared with 898 during 1909.

The causes of death may be classified as follow:

1910. 1909.

General Diseases,-Cont: 1910. 1909.

General Diseases, -

338 351

Diseases of the Nervous

Brought forward, - - 104 121

System, -

System, - .

1

0

General Tuberculosis,

12 16

Diseases of the Circulatory

Marasmus,

58

38

7 25 Prematurity,

18

18

Diseases of the Respiratory

Still-births,

39

10

System, -

336 399

Senile Decay, -

2

4

Diseases of the Digestive

System, -

Debility at Birth,

0

2

94 72

Decomposed Bodies.

105

103

Diseases of the Urinary

System,

6

338

351

Diseases of the Hæmopoetic

System, - -

0

3

Local Diseases.

Diseases of the Reproductive

System, -

Circulatary System.

1910. 1909.

Diseases due of Intestinal

Parasites,

Diseases of the Organs of

Locomotion,

Developmental Diseases,-

New Growth,

Injuries, General,

Acute Pericarditis,

0

=

1 Septic Pericarditis, -

1

24

24

Injuries, Local,

28 13

Valvular Disease of Heart, Aortis Aneurysm,

Anæmia, Endocarditis,

Fatty Degeneration of Heart. Intra-pericardial Hæmor-

rhage,

836

$98

0

7

25

000

-1-1

General Diseases.

1910 1909.

Digestive System.

Plague,

3

31

Abscess of Liver (Amoebic),

1910. 1969,

0

Small-pox,

1

Hepatitis,

Enteric Fever,

4

Catarrhal Jaundice,

Diphtheria,

1

Icterus Neonatorum,

Puerperal Fever,

Cirrhosis of Liver,

Septicemia,

Peritonitis,

5

Sapræmia,

1

Septic Peritonitis,

11

1

Leprosy,

2

Tubercular Peritonitis.

1

Beri-beri,

49

33

Tabes Mesenterica,

10

Dysentery,

7 10

Noma,

1

Malaria,

35

25

Gastritis,

1

Syphilis,

1

4

Intestinal Obstruction,

Q

1

Carried forward,-

104 121

Carried forward, -

-

-

31 33

...........

L 78

31

33

Digestice System,--Cont.

Brought forward,

1910 1909. Respiratory System-Cont. 1910. 1909.

Brought forward,

190

219

Perityphlitis,

0

1

Pulmonary Hæmoptysis,

0

1

Diarrhoea, -

40

29

Pleurisy,

20

33

Choleraic Diarrhoea.

0

Pulmonary Hæmorrhage, -

0

2

Enteritis,

21

8

Capillary Bronchitis,

10

39

Strangulated Hernia,

1

0

Atelectasis,

31

39

Abscess of Abdominal Wall,

Bronchitis,

81

32

Bronchiectasis,

1

1

94

72

Gangrene of Lung,

1.

2

Infarction of Lung,

0

Abscess of I ung,

1

0

Urinary System.

Acute Nephritis,

Chronic Nephritis,

Kidneys,

1910. 1909.

Tubercular-Pneumonia,

1

0

3

N W

336

399

Chronic Tuberculosis of

1

00

3

CO

6

Nervous System.

Hydrocephalus. -

1910. 1909.

1

0

I

Hæmopatic System.

1910. 1909.

Abscess of Spleen,

Splenic Anemia,

New Growth:

1910. 1909.

Sarcoma of lower Maxilla,

1

3

1

Reproductive System.

1910. 1909.

Post Partum Hæmorrhage,

1 0

Diseases of Organs of

1910. 1909.

Uterine Hemorrhage.

1

0

Locomotion

Gangrene of Foot, -

0

Tubercular Arthritis,

0

2

I

Developmental Diseases.

Congenital Malformation of

21

Diaphragm,

Abdominal Hernia,

Diaphragmatic Hernia, -

Respiratory System.

Lobar Pneumonia, Broncho-Pneumonia, Septic Pneumonia, Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Empyema, - Emphysema,

Carried forward. -

1910. 1909.

Diseases due to Intestinal

1910. 1909.

1

Parasites.

Distomiasis of Liver,

0 1

วง

2

1

1910. 1909.

47 71 102138

6

24 28

10

General. Drowning,-

Injuries.

1910. 1909.

14 14

G

Multiple Injuries,

Syncope following gaseous

poisoning.

Asphyxia.

190 210

Carried forward.-

21

17

Injuries,--Cont.

General,--Cont.

Brought forward,

Syncope, -

1910. 1909.

21

17

1

3

Shock following lightning

stroke,

Shock following contusion

of Abdomen,

Burns, -

Strangulation,

L 74

Local,-Cont.

Brought forward,

Intercranial Hæmorrhage,

Laceration of Abdominal

1910. 1909.

Viscera,

Rupture of Spleen, -

1

Hæmorrhage from Wound,

I

1

Hanging,

The

12

6

1

1

1

5

4

1

0

Abdominal Hæmorrhage,

Pulmonary Hæmorrhage,

24

24

Rupture of Stomach,

1

Rapture of Liver,

Local.

Cut Throat,

Fracture of Skull,

11

Strangulation,

Concussion of Brain,

1

4

28

13

Carried forward,

12

6

Chinese,

Indian,

Nationality of Bodies:

834

2

836

-1

L 75

Annexe O.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

1910 1909.

(including

REPORT BY A. C. FRANKLIN, F.L1.C., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed was 5,828 (594 in 1909).

The following classification shows the nature of the work done:

I--Chemico-legal.

Toxicological

VII--Pharmacy Ordinance.

Medicines for Poisons. -

1910. 1909.

0

4

11 stomachs),

41

27

Articles for stains,

26

19

VIII.---Mineralogical, etc.

Articles for fire enquiries,

10

0

Coins,

1

Metals,

54

II-Potable Waters.

Ores,

17

Public Supplies, -

42

36❘ Cash,

10

ོ ཁྱ ཁ་ག

16

9

12

-

Wells, etc.,

25

31

IX.--Liquors Ordinance.

III.--Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

European Liquor,

Petroleum Oil,

68

56

Chinese Liquor,

Liquid Fuel,

46

10

Denatured Spirits,

46

7

5,091

84

-

106

65

Benzene,

1

0

X.-Miscellaneous.

IV-Food & Drugs Ordinance.

Aërated Waters, -

11

0

Brandy,

11

14

Coal-tar Disinfectants,

7

Flour, -

0

3

Condensed Milk,

2

Milk,

41

44

Public Gas Supply,

12

12

Whisky,

24

16

Silk Wrappings,

Port Wine,

0

1

Cigarettes,

0

Beer,

14

7

Guano,

612665

Stout,

2

4

Florida Water,

Rum,

2

Rice,

33

Other Articles,

1.--Building Materials.

Beans, -

Petroleum Products,

Bank Notes,-

Cements,

Bricks,

Stones.

Paint.

(

1

Leather,

2

Linseed Oil,

3 | Urine, -

10

10

5

Ammonium Sulphate,

Needles,

Mineral Water, Oil, Mud,

Stone and

(one each),-

Fæces

ст

IO NO NO 3 Wo mac

0

0

19

43 Other Substances,

26

Total,.

5,828

594

VI.---Prepared Opium Ordinance.

Opium Pills (from various

Substances, -

Ports in China),

L 76

TOXICOLOGICAL,

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations conducted were 12 cases of suspected human poisoning. Opium was present in 5 cases, and fish-poisoning was the cause of 3 deaths,

WATERS.

3. The results of the analyses of samples taken each month from the Pokfulum, Tytam and Kowloon reservoirs, indicate that these supplies continue to maintain their excellent qualities.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel 114 samples were tested during the year. Most of the oil that now arrives here is already covered by certificates, so that there has been a large decrease in recent years in the number of oil examinations.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following Table gives the results of 53 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Board:

Description.

No. of Samples.

No. found Genuine.

No. found Adulterated.

Beer,

6

0

Brandy,

4

3

I

Milk,

23

23

0

Rum, -

4

3

1

Whisky,

16

15

Many other samples were examined for the public, mostly at the low fee prescribed by the Ordinance.

MINERALOGICAL.

6. Coincidently with the recent rise in the value of tin, a much larger amount of the refined metal was shipped than in recent years. From the increased number of samples of ores and metals submitted for analysis it would appear that the Chinese are becoming more alive to the value of the mineral resources of their country.

LIQUORS ORDINANCE.

7. Several samples of European liquor and of denatured spirit were examined during the year, also a very large number of Chinese wines. The figures given include only those samples tested in the Government Laboratory; the results of very many examinations,

L 77

made by myself at the various godowns, etc., under the Ordinance, are not taken into account. Investigations of different questions have been made from time to time, and reports furnished to the Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

MISCELLANEOUS.

8. Gas Examinations.-Monthly determinations of the amount of carbon monoxide in the public supply have been made throughout the year. The following Table shows the proportion present for each month:-

Precentage by volume of Carbon Monoxide.

Precentage by volume of Carbon Monoxide.

January.

February,

March,

April, May,

June,

%

13:0

July,

12:4

August,

15:0

September,

6.4

October,-

13.2

November,

14.2

December,

%

13:4

11.6

14:0

15.6

12:0

11.0

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

9. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on pay- ment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $3,435 as against $2,518 in 1909.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special reports have been supplied on :----

Native Foods. The Public Water Supply.

Naphtha and

Benzene. Spirit Standards. Food Standards. Opium Smoke. Removal of Postmarks. Pharmacy Ordinance.

11. The value of the year's work as determined from the tariff of fees (Government Notification No. 285 of 1907) is $12,946 ($8,287 in 1909). The amount does not include anything for the special reports mentioned above, there is much other work for which nothing has been set down, and all samples examined under the Liquors Ordinance have been calculated at the merely nominal rate of $1 each.

LIBRARY.

12. Several standard works of reference have been added.

STAFF.

13. Mr. F. Browne, F.L.C., Government Analyst, proceeded on leave on 9th November, since when I have been acting.

Mr. G. Lenton, Second Assistant Analyst, arrived from England 23rd April.

L 78

Annexe P.

HEALTH OFFICE OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P. JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port.

During the year the work of this department was carried on by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt, Dr. Gröne and Dr. Aubrey. Dr. Jordan returned from vacation leave on April 13th, Dr. Gröne left on a year's leave of absence in September and Dr. C. Forsyth was appointed to act for him.

The work of this Department may be described under three separate headings, viz. :-

(a.) The daily inspection of Shipping on arrival. (b.) The inspection of Emigrants.

(e.) Quarantine Duty.

(a.) THE DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPPING ON AÅRRIVAL.

All vessels entering port between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. are duly boarded and particulars of the voyage obtained as to any illness on board and the forms signed by the Captain. Further, all passengers and crews of ships arriving from infected ports are carefully examined and in the event of any disease of infectious epidemic type having occurred during the voyage, such ships are detained in quarantine and disinfected before being admitted into pratique.

During the year there were 4,284 arrivals in port, of which 2,131 were British and 2,153 Foriegn ships. These figures are exclusive of all Canton and Macao river steamers. Junks and smaller craft are only boarded and dealt with under the Quarantine Regulations in the event of any epidemic disease occurring in them.

(b.) INSPECTION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year there has been a marked increase in Emigration as compared with last year's figures:-111,371 in 1910, 76,430 in 1909.

Of this total by far the largest numbers were for Singapore and the Straits Settlements, ris., 76,713, while the remainder 34,658-less than half-were for other ports, such as San Francisco, British Columbia, Java, etc.

Table I shows the numbers of emigrants passed and rejected. for 1909 and 1910. The wave of emigration may be said to have reached its maximum point during the month of May when 13,680 left the Colony; while the minimum figure was touched in January with 7,063; the approaching Chinese New Year always explains the

fall.

{

L 79

Table II shows the monthly statement of enigration figures and also the numbers rejected and the numbers of the crews of steamers.

The total number of rejections for 1910 were 1,190 as against 923 for 1909; the increase of 267 is explained by the increased numbers of emigrants for the year. The actual average of rejections was 106% as against 120% for 1909.

Table III gives the causes of rejection of emigrants under the various diseases.

(c.) QUARANTINE DUTY.

During the year six ships were detained in quarantine, riz. :-

4 for Small-pox-as compared with 5 in 1909.

2 for Plague-as compared with 1 in 1909.

In one case Small-pox was only diagnosed after the departure of the ship the S.S. Hai Yang bound for Amoy. A cable was despatched to Amoy to this effect and the ship was disinfected and the crew vaccinated before her return to Hongkong.

Bangkok, owing to an outbreak of Cholera, has remained an infected port for over a year and all arrivals are carefully examined. Swatow was declared infected from May 25th to June 11th. Similar restrictions were imposed on Manila on September 20th but were removed three days later.

Table IV enumerates the ships detained with the causes and periods of detention. It is interesting to note that notwithstand- ing the periodic existence of Cholera around us in neighbouring countries, no Cholera-laden ship has come into port during the year.'

L 80

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1909 and 1910.

1909.

1910.

Ports of Destination.

Passed. Rejected. Passed. Rejected.

Straits Settlements,

48,016

713 176,713

997

San Francisco,

6,192

39

6,261

16

British Columbia,.

8,247

57

10,899

79.

Java Ports,..

9,546

93

8,239

50

Salina Cruz,

458

4

2,185

21

Callao,.

987

960

10

Seattle,

28

146

2

Honolulu,

1,831

12

3,583

10

Mauritius,

297

394

1

Japan,

132

1

91

Iquiqui,.

203

Manzanillo,

306

1,103

1

Liverpool,

130

Australian Ports,

698

3

Manila,.....

99

German New Guinea,..

57

...

Total,.

76,430 : 923

111,371

1,190

Table II.

Monthly Numbers of Emigrants, Crews and Rejectious.

Months.

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

January,

7,093

2.019

39

February,

1,991

1,362

26

March,

10,960

2,269

124

April,

12,199

2,427

121

May,..

13,680

2,363

69

June,

10.993

3,159

83

July,..

9,648

2,898

85

August,.

8,686

2,955

96

September,

9,598

2,061

202

October,

8,469

2,619

119

November,

9,441

2,417

139

December,...

8,613

2,564

87

Total,

111,371

29,113

1,190

!

.

I

:

L 81

Table III.

Causes for Rejection of Emigrants.

Skin Diseases :--

Scabies,

Tinea,

Diseases.

Other forms,

Eye Diseases:

Trachoma,..

Ophthalmia and Blindness,.

Fevers,

Syphilis in various stages,

Tuberculosis including Phthisis and marked glandular

eulargements,

Jaundice,

Leprosy,

Beri-beri with Ataxia and Dropsy,

Deformities--Curvature of the Spine and marked

lameness,.

Mental affections:-

Idiocy,.....

Dementia,

Heart Disease,

Enlarged Spleen (Malarial),

Other causes including old age and emaciation,

Total,

£

Numbers.

201

42

20

80

76

332

9

20327

10

77

I

22

15

295

1,190

Table IV.

Number of Ships detained in Quarantine with Causes, Dates and Periods of Detention.

Name of Vessel.

Port.

Pases,

Dates,

Canses.

Period of Detention.

1.- Pruth,

Se la.

}

2.--Haiching. 3.-Assenge, 1.- Yunnan, 5.-Calabria, 6. Kaiphong....

Canton Shanghai.

Iloilo.

Amoy.

1

March 3rd 14th

Small-pox.

Singapore.

May 25th July 18th Dec.

28 hours. 36 Plague. 25

"

18

"

4th Small-pox.

21

"

19th

223

----

L 82

Annexe Q.

REPORT BY ADAM GIBSON, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 38,409, a decrease on the previous year of 4,333. This decrease is owing to the cessation of the trade with the Philippines. This trade was carried on with difficulty during the year and finally came to an end when a compulsory ninety days quarantine was imposed on cattle entering Manila. In Kennedy Town Depôt 33,939 were admitted, a decrease of 3,551 on last year. There were 107 rejected alive as unfit for food against 118 in 1909. In Ma Tau Kok Depôt 4,470 were admitted against 5,252 in the previous year and 11 were rejected alive as unfit for food against 1 in 1909.

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 197,660, an increase on last year's total of 29,829. Many enquiries among pig dealers and butchers have failed to furnish any adequate reason for this substantial increase which occurred chiefly in the latter six months of the year.

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 30,554, a decrease of 425 on 1909.

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

Foot and Mouth Disease. This disease was prevalent through- out the year and for the greater part of the time maintained the virulent type present during 1909. Towards the end of the year a less severe type was noticeable.

Anthrax.-Two cases of Anthrax occurred, one in January and one in June. Both cases were imported.

Rinderpest. This disease was met with practically throughout the year, but by rigidly segregating any animal with an abnormal temperature it never assumed extensive proportions.

Tuberculosis.-Three cases of Tuberculosis were met with, two in cattle of European extraction and used as dairy cattle and one in a working Chinese bullock. The last mentioned is exceedingly uncommon, only one previous case being recorded in Hongkong. No history of the animal could be got except that it came from Kwong Si.

BUILDINGS.

A second storey was added to the offices in the Kennedy Town Slaughter House providing an office for myself and habitable quarters for the shroff.

:

L 83

CREMATORIUM.

The carcases, etc., destroyed in the Crematorium for the year

were:

Cattle including calves,.

Sheep and Goats,

Swine,

Horses,.

Dogs and various animals,

109

78

191

56

151

Condemned Meat from Slaughter House, ...14,835 Ib.

In addition to these a miscellaneous assortment of old official papers, tinned goods, discarded uniforms and unwholesome foods from shops and markets were destroyed.

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 fees were charged as under for the cremation of animals belonging to private

owners :~~~

49 Horses at $2.00 each,

20 Cattle

11

66 Dogs ,, $0.50

"

11

Received for the sale of bone ash,..

$ 98.00

40.00

33.00

$ 171.00

89.00

Total receipts from Crematorium $ 260.00

The total amount of fuel used was 32 tons, 4 cwts., 50 lb. of coal and in addition a small amount of firewood and kerosene for light- ing fires, at a total cost of $310.

SLAUGHTER HOUSES.

Kennedy Town.-The total revenue was $74,584.65 and was made up as follows:-

Slaughtered.

Cattle @ 40 c.,

"

Sheep 20 Swine 30

Exported.

19

Cattle @ 50 c..

Sheep 10 Swine 10

19

"

1910.

25,181 10,072.40

1909. 25,898-$10,359.20

17,329

3,465.80 17,733 3,546.60

... 177,898

53,369.40 152,822— 45,846.60

8,606

4,303.00 21,832 $10,916.00

13,359

20,379

2,037.90

.25

1,335.90 13,362 1,336.20

15,857 1,585.70

.25

$74,584.65

$73,590.55

$994.10

Duplicate of one order lost

Total,

Increase on 1909,...

Ma Tau Kok :-The collection of fees was taken over by the Government on the first day of the year instead of leasing the collec- tion of fees to a contractor. Since the collection of fees was in the

L 84

contractor's hands during 1909 a comparative table of income under separate heads is not available for that year. The total fees collected in 1910 were $9,276 and were made up as follows :-

Slaughtered.

Cattle @ 40 c...

1910.

5,323

$2,129.20

110

>>

23,508

22.00 7,052.40

>>

Sheep 20 Swine

Exported.

30

Cattle @ 50 Sheep 10 Swine

32

19

22

10

13

>

143

71.50

1

.10

8

.80

Total,

.$9,276.00

The Slaughter Houses at Shaukiwan, Aberdeen, and Sham Shui Po were leased to a contractor.

The total revenue, including contracts, from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses is as follows:--

Kennedy Town, fees collected,

Kennedy Town Blood and Hair Contract,

Ma Tau Kok,

Ma Tau Kok

Shaukiwan

Aberdeen

J

Sham Shui Po Slaughtering Contract,

1

Totals,

وو

1909.

1910. 74,584.65 $73,590.75

9,276 00

450.49

6,447.00

7,608.00,

1,104.00)

3,240.00

9,930.00

1,680.00

540.00

$96,871.65 $91,579.24

Increase in 1910,

5.292.41

The total number of animals slaughtered for food were :

1910.

1909.

Cattle. Sheep Swine. Cattle. Sheep Swine.

and Goats.

and

Goats.

Kennedy Town, ... 25,181 Ma Tau Kok,

5,323

17,329 177,988 25,770 17,733 152,312 110 23,508 5,078 122 20,211

Aberdeen,

3,413

2,996

Shaukiwan,

6,796

7,272

Sham Shui Po, .....

12,000

30,504 17,439 223,705 30,848 17,855 182,791

Total of all animals,............................... 271,648

Increase in 1910,

231,491

40,154

The figures for Aberdeen, Shaukiwan and Sham Shui Po have

been supplied by the contractor.

Appendix M.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY

DEPARTMENT.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens.-The year was exceptionally free from wind storms which in late years have caused so much destruction to trees and shrubs in the Colony. The gale of the 30th June was the only one of any moment, but very little damage was done. It was accompanied by a heavy rainfall which caused a small landslip on the lower side of the New Garden,

In April, Crinum Powellii, planted in a bed in the Old Garden flowered freely and was exceedingly effective.

A large number of Spanish Iris bulbs were presented to the Gardens by Mr. J. Barton who has been very successful with them at the Peak. They are very pretty things when in flower, and if they succeed on the lower levels will be a great acquisition.

The show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the Gardens on the 8th and 9th of March, but was very poorly attended. The first day was dull but fine; on the second day, how- ever, it rained the whole time. The vegetables shown were very good, those from the Peak being exceptionally so. Pot plants and flowers were not quite up to the average.

In July it was found that plants of Bromelia thyrsoidea were affording excellent breeding places for mosquitoes as their leaves formed cups which easily held water. Large number of these plants were growing in rockeries in the Old and New Gardens, Government House Grounds, Glenealy and the Roadside rockeries. They were all rooted up and destroyed, so that not a living specimen now remains. This is the only plant in the Colony, with the exception of bamboos, so far as I know, that is adaptable for this purpose. An old tree may be met with now and again with a hole in it which serves the same purpose, but this is quite the exception.

The turf which had become very uneven on the North side of the conifer plot in the New Garden was taken up and re-laid.

Considerable repairs were made to the fountain in the Old Gar- den. Towards the end of the year the upper basin split in two and one half fell away. This structure, which was originally built of freestone obtained from Englaud in 1868, has now been repaired with cement.

M 2

Concrete walks in the Old Garden which required renewing were re-laid with cement and granite. As all these walks are on the slope, rough cement and granite give a much better foothold than

concrete.

All the boundary walls of both gardens were re-pointed with

cement.

The roof of the No. 9 house was renewed and the other houses have had minor repairs done where necessary.

A trellis was erected over a part of the deer pen and plants of Wistaria multijuga were obtained from Japan for covering it. This species produces much longer racemes of flowers than the ordinary Wistaria sinensis.

Government House Grounds.-The area used for growing pot plants was made into a lawn, and the walks slightly altered so as to allow of sufficient space for a tennis court. The soil needed for this purpose was obtained from the vegetable garden. A fence was erect- ed around the lawn and covered with creepers to shut off the coolie quarters.

The vegetable garden was transferred to Sookunpo, and the area formerly used as a vegetable garden converted into a place for grow- ing pot plants.

Caterpillars were troublesome in the Autumn on both the old and new lawns, but were kept in check by applications of Jeyes' Fluid diluted with water.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.-Three small paths were made in the grounds around the valley to the East of the house. Walks which were rather badly damaged by rainstorms were repaired. On the slopes above the stream in the valley, 68 Hydrangeas were planted.

Blake Garden.-Cockchafer grubs again proved troublesome and destroyed a considerable portion of the turf. Several attempts were made to obtain, locally, carbon bisulphide to deal with this pest, but without success. A small quantity was obtained from the Government Analyst and the turf which was treated with it remained uninjured. Two or three new drains were put in to drain the swamps, and willow trees were planted in other parts of the garden which were more or less damp.

Lycoris bulbs which were planted the previous year flowered profusely in the Autumn.

Peak Garden.-The extension which was commenced in 1909 was completed. This comprised an area of 645 square yards which was levelled and turfed.

West End Park. No upkeep for this Park is allowed for in the Estimates, but it has been kept in as good a condition as possible out of the vote for Maintenance of Gardens and Grounds.

M 3

King's Park.-Many of the trees planted last year have made good growth, but no others have been planted. A considerable amount of labour was spent in exterminating Lantana, but in this direction much remains to be done.

Colonial Cemetery.-As usual, a large amount of turfing was done. New shrubs were planted in various places to fill up vacancies caused by some of the older plants dying out. Many trees which were displacing monuments were cut down.

Royal Square Garden.-The plot of ground facing the harbour on the East of Queen Victoria's Statue, corresponding in area to the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank Garden on the West of the same statue, was laid out. Some small shrubberies were made and the remainder was turfed.

Roadside Banks.-Many flowering trees, shrubs and foliage plants were planted on various banks close to public roads and the Peak tram line. The banks planted were on the North of the Old Garden, Garden Road, Macdonnell Road, Bowen Road, May Road, between Kennedy and Macdonnell Road and between Macdonnell Road and May Road. In all 75 Bauhinia, 42 Hibiscus, 5 Lagerstroemia, 4 Mussaenda, 72 Hydrangea and 239 Acalypha were planted. A barbed wire fence was placed around the Hydrangeas, but in spite of this 12 plants were stolen or wantonly destroyed soon after planting.

HERBARIUM.

Four new species of plants from Hongkong and the New Territories were described by Mr. S. T. Dunn in the Journal of Botany.

A collection of 541 plants made by the late Mrs. L. Gibbs was presented by Mr. Gibbs; the Superintendent of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta, presented 196 specimens of Tibetan and Malayan plants; Mr. H. French Ridley 419 Kansuh plants; and 314 Hainan plants were purchased.

A key to the Flora of Hongkong, the New Territories and Kwangtung Province, prepared by Mr. S. T. Dunn and myself, will probably be published in the current year.

Additions to the local Flora are given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

A.-Demarcation.-No new areas were demarcated but the old numbers and letters were repainted.

B-Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.-The formation of plantations in the Harbour Belt was continued. Over 100 acres were sown in sites Eastward of the 1909 plantation, between Ma Lau Tong and Lyeemun. The number of sites sown was 528,200 at a cost of $4,257. Sites which failed to produce trees in the areas sown in 9D and 9C in the previous year were re-sown.

M 4

C.-Care of Trees in Plantations.-As payment in brushwood to the villagers for work done led to a big increase in the amount of illicit tree-cutting, this method of payment was only continued to a very limited extent. Only 2,828 loads were thus supplied and these were taken out of the following plantations :-Shaukiwan (3), Little Hongkong (5), Aberdeen (6), Pokfulam (7), Kowloon (8) and Kowloon Reservoir (10).

Creepers which were interfering with the growth of trees in the plantations in 3E, 3F and 4A were cut. A large number of dead. trees were removed from plantations in various parts of the island during the year.

At Mt. Davis several trees which were growing alongside the road were damaged by coolies, employed by the Military Authorities for hauling big guns and material, by fastening ropes around them. The Military Authorities who were communicated with have promised to notify this Department when any further big haulage operations are to take place.

D.-Protection from Fire. The length of the old barriers cleaned was 142,087 feet at a cost of $374. New fire barriers to the extent of 71,365 feet were made, principally in the Harbour Belt, Kowloon, at a cost of $282.28. Fires were unusually destructive during the year. Fifty-two in all were reported, and the greatest damage to trees occurred on Mt. Kellet in 7D and 7E, and at Aberdeen in 6E. The former fire occurred at the Tsing Ming Festival and the latter at the Autumn Festival, when, on both occasions, worshipping at the tombs took place. Between 2,000 and 3,000 trees were destroyed by each of the fires at Mt. Kellet and Aberdeen. The severity of the fires was owing to the exceedingly dry state of vegetation and the high winds prevailing at both the Tsing Ming and Autumn Festivals.

The

E-Forest Guards' Service.--Reports of Forestry Offences were less than in the previous year, and convictions were less also. most notable improvements were at Yaumati and in the greatly reduced numbers of persons of unknown address who were con- victed. See Tables II and III.

Towards the end of the year inquiries were held under the Malicious Damage Amendment Ordinance, 1910, at Pokfulam, Tai- hang, Chaiwan and Little Hongkong, villages which showed no im- provement in regard to forestry offences. As a result of these inquiries Pokfulam was warned, and fines were imposed on the other villages named.

A sum of $12.52 was deducted from the security furnished by the occupant of a matshed for damage done to trees within a radius of 500 yards of his matshed.

F.--Revenue Felling.-Plantations of 200 acres on Mt. Davis (7G) and about 70 acres at Aberdeen (6E) were felled during the year under the tree-felling contract. The total amount of revenue derived from this source and from thinnings was $8,955.04.

:

- M 5

Grass Cutting. There have been no complaints during the year from villagers in regard to the areas assigned to them for cutting grass. The question of growing Guinea grass for feeding cattle has been discussed with the villagers of Taihang and Little Hongkong. One of the former expressed himself willing to do so, and he was asked to point out where he wished to obtain land for the purpose, but up to the present he has not done so. The Little Hongkong villagers said that they were too poor to undertake the cultivation of fodder, and that at present they obtained all they needed from the roadsides.

None of the other villages replied to the notices sent them.

G.-Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-Banian trees were planted on the Yaumati and Taipo Railway Station approach roads, and at Taihang. Vacancies in other roads in Hongkong and Kowloon were filled up. The number of trees used for these purposes was 103. The total cost of planting, pruning, &c., of street trees was $768.95.

H.-Nurseries, Agriculture and Economic Planting.-About 2,000 broad-leaved trees of different kinds were planted on the hills at Shaukiwan (3E), also 900 Tristanias and 200 Eucalyptus at Quarry Bay (3B).

Twelve Cola Nut trees, raised from seeds presented by the Director of Agriculture, Gold Coast, were planted in the Kang Hau Nursery, and twelve in the Sookunpo Nursery, but they have made practically no progress.

Seeds of Lucerne and huskless Oats were sown in the Kang Hau Nursery in December. They have both germinated well. Previous trials with Lucerne have not been a success on account of the very poor growth made. These seeds, as well as several other kinds, were received by His Excellency the Governor, who presented them to the Department, from Sir Alexander Hosie.

I-Forestry Service Paths.-The only new path completed during the year was from Wongneichong Gap through 3A, B and C, to Quarry Bay Gap Road. The total length of the path is between 6 and 7 miles, and the cost of its construction was $688.10. A sum of $442.80 was spent in repairing the old paths in Hongkong and Kowloon which were damaged by rainstorms.

K.-Clearing Undergrowth around Houses.--An area of ap- proximately 2,000,000 square feet was cleared of undergrowth in various parts of Hongkong and Kowloon at a cost of $516.00. An additional 300,000 square feet were cleared at the cost of the Military Authorities, and a similar area was cleared at the cost of private individuals.

It has now been arranged that all areas to be cleared on the recommendation of the Sanitary Department shall be done twice a year, in May and October.

In addition to the clearing of undergrowth around houses large areas were cleared in the Kailungwan, Mount Caroline, and Chaiwan Cemeteries for surveying purposes. Over 1,200,000 square feet were cleared for this work.

M 6

wat jo

Forestry Licences.-New Territories.-The District Officer has reported that the total fees collected for the year amounted to $3,818.09.

COMMERCIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

The Director of the Imperial Institute requested that a sample of Chinese Peppermint oil might be forwarded to him for investiga- tion and this was accordingly done. It was reported on favourably by him, but owing to its cost he did not think that it could be pro- fitably exported to England. The plant from which the oil is obtained is at present unknown, but it is said to be obtained from Ocimum basilicum, L. and from a species of Mentha.

Various vegetable products have been sent to the Imperial Institute from Hongkong in the last few years, and the Director of the Institute is having a report prepared pointing out the products which have no commercial value or are unknown at home at present, but which are likely to become of some value in the future.

STAFF.

Mr. S. T. Dunn who was appointed Superintendent in 1903 resigned his post in April while on leave, and Mr. W. J. Tutcher, Assistant Superintendent, was appointed to succeed him.

It may not be inappropriate to mention a few of the works in- augurated by Mr. Dunn during the seven years he was Head of the Department. Forestry Licences in the New Territories, Demarcation. of Forest Blocks, the planting of the Harbour Belt, the making of Forestry Paths which have become such popular walks with the public, the laying out and planting of the Blake and the Peak Gardens, and the planting of new avenues of trees at Kowloon were all works carried out by him. In the Office, indices to correspondence were made, and in the Herbarium large accumulations of dried plants were sorted, named and mounted. At the time of his going on leave a list of plants found in Hongkong, the New Territories and Kwangtung was being prepared, and since his resignation he has. continued this work which, as already stated in this report, will be published shortly.

The Head Clerk and Interpreter, Mr. Tsoi Wa Cheung, was absent from duty for nearly six weeks on account of an accident.

REVENUE.

Details of Revenue are given in Table V. The percentage of revenue to expenditure was 3172 as compared with 26 12 in the preceding year. This percentage is not likely to be maintained as the cost of replanting felled areas will have to be added to the ex- penditure in succeeding years. A comparative statement of Revenue and Expenditure for the last 10 years is shown in Table VI.

27th February, 1911.

W. J. TUTCHER,

Superintendent.

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1910.

Botanic Gardens.

- M 7 -

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. Apr.

May June July July

Aug.

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Dec.

inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch.

1

.04

2

.07

9.57

.07 1.14 .56

.72 .14

.01

.26

9.83 .85

2.54

.47

2.49

.12

.21

.01

.15

.59

.59

.63 4.03

.30

.01

.57

.20

..64

.23

.62

.06

6.

.01

.01

2.95

.04 .09

.53

.05

.03

.03

.83

.54

.06

.14

8.

.01

.14

:

9

.20

.01

.55

.57

.01

10.

.28

.12

.01

13

1.22

.05

11

.06

1.14

:

.87

.65

12.

.10

.26

.01

2.82

.14

13.

.01

.02

.06

.03

1.25

.76

14.

.30

.13

.02

.69

15.

.01

.42

16.

.92

:

Table I,-Continued.

- M 8 -

· DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar.

| Apr. May June July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

inch. inch.

inch.

inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch.

inch.

inch.

17

.01

.19

.11

.41

:

18

.17

.65

2.00

19.

.25

.48

.32

.02

.06

20.

.08

.01

.82

.83

.28

21.

.14

:

1.20

.25

.19

.05

.11

.14

22.

.13

.30

.05

.23

23.

.13

.15

.31

.16

24.

.32

.02

.54

25.

.06

.04

:

26

.06

.05

.01

...

1.44

:

27

.11

.04

28

.06

:

.02

.40

.02

.03

29.

2.71

...

30.

.02

4.32

...

31

.02

.27

Total,

.90 .50

1.04

3.97

.96 | 19.16

18.36 11.83 17.28 .31

2.66

.82

Total for the year 77.79 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens 89'05 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year 70·12 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS ȘERVICES: OFFENCES.

- M 9 -

Convictions.

Reports of

Village or District.

Block.

Compart-

ment.

Re- Persons Pine tree Pine tree Pine tree sidents. address stealing. branches needle unknown.

Brush-

wood

Grass Cattle cutting. grazing

stealing. stealing. stealing.

plantation.

Pokfulam,

7

A.C.D.E.

West Point,

G.A.B.C.

6

Central,

1

A.E.F.

4

-22

1

15

1

9

20

Nil.

2

2

I

11

6

}}

9

6

3

Nil.

>>

Wongneichung,

A.C.D.E.F.

Nil.

1

4

>>

Tsat Tsze Mui,.

3

B.

5

3

15

5

9

2

""

Shau Ki Wan,

3

D.E.F.

4

I

23

1

8

23

Nil.

Wanchai,...

1, 2

E.G.

Nil.

3

3

Nil.

Nil.

1

"}

Aberdeen,

5

2

11

9

26

23

""

Stanley,

E.F.

Nil.

Nil.

2

Nil.

1

3

Tytam,

B.C.D.E.

1

1

2

2

""

Taihang,

Cheung Sha Wan,

9, 10

* 2

A.,A.

9

2

20

1

14

17

"

Á,

4

3

3

Nil.

2

10

Shek Li Pui,

10

Nil.

1

2

4

7

"

Kowloon City,

9

B.C.D.E.

3

4

3

3

1

24

2

Kowloon Reservoir,

11

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

}

མིས་འོ

Nil.

Yaumati,

8

13

3

4

7

9

""

Totals for 1910,

48

55

116

60

Totals for 1909,

101

156

214

49

819

6

114

161

59

131

11

M 10

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

PUNISHMENT.

5-7 days' imprisonment,

8-14

27

15-31

50 cts.-$1 fine,

$2

$3

"}

$4-$5

1

$10-$25 $50

22

Discharged,

1910. 1909.

33

38

29

55

1

13

3

12

31

27

29

26

87

12

17

2

Total,

144

275

33

47

Table IV.

NURSERIES.

Locality.

Cost of Typhoon Other Expenses

Damages.

Total.

$

C.

Kang Hau, -

$ c. 248.00

$

c.

248.00

Nga Iu Tau,

202.45

202.45

East Point, -

26.00

26.00

Total, 1910, - $

476.45

476.45

Total, 1909, - $

50

398.20

448.20

Timber Sales,

Revenue.

M 11

Table V.

Sale of Plants,

Loan of Plants,

Sale of Old Tools,

-

Interest on Current Account, Sale of Forestry Pamphlets, Forestry Licences in New Territories)

1910.

$ e. 8,955.04

1909.

$

6,145.79

63.00

60.50

368.04

315.60

13.41

2.40

13.01

19.13

7.50

3,818.09

4,890.59

Total,

$ 13,230.59

$ 11,441.51

Table VI.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND

EXPENDITURE FROM THE YEAR 1901 TO 1910.

Year. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue. % of Revenue to

Expenditure.

C.

$

C.

%

1901

25,560.70

1,716.29

6.71

1902

31,446.11

1,208.80

3.84

1903

31,924.04

2,311.58

7:24

;

1904

49,688.98

25,201.44

50.72

1905

46,670.14

3,468.94

7:43

1906

46,796.19

6,898.64

14.74

1907

44,131.14

7,730.52

17.52

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43,694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13,230.59

31.72

M 12

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Melodorum Uonicum, Dunn.-Found near the Wongnei- chong-Taitam Road, and in Lantao. A species new to science.

2. Holboellia cuneata, Oliv.-On the North side of Mt. Parker. Previously recorded from Hupeh.

3. Viola verecunda, A. Gray.-Collected at the foot of Taimo- shan. Recorded from the White Cloud hills, Canton; Fokien and Formosa.

4. Eurya muricata, Dunn. -Detected by Mr. Dunn on Mt. Gough and Mt. Victoria. Also found in Sanning, Kwangtung, but only recently described.

5. Tephrosia vestita, Vogel.-Found on Lantao. A Javanese and Philippine species, new to the local flora, though once found at Macao.

6. Desmodium laburnifolium, DC.-Collected near Fan Ling. An Indian and Malayan plant, but found in various parts of China.

7. Photinia Benthamiana, Hance.-Between Lokloha and Taipo. Only known from Kwangtung and Hainan.

8. Haloragis tetragyna, Hook f.-Near Lowu. Recorded from India, Malaya, Australia and New Zealand.

9. Baeckea frutescens, Linn.--Near Lowu. Frequent in South China. Also found in the Malayan peninsula and archipelago.

10. Melastoma repens, Desv.--Near Lowu. parts of China.

Collected in various

11. Cephalanthus occidentalis, Linn.-On the bank of a stream near Sanwai. A plant with a very wide range from Eastern India to the Malayan peninsula and archipelago; and from Canada to Mexico and the West Indies.

12. Psychotria Tutcheri, Dunn.-In shady woods of the Happy Valley. Not known out of the island.

13. Ardisia Hanceana, Mez.-Lantao. Only previously known from Hongkong and Koin.

14. Alniphyllum pterospermum, Mats.—One tree 30 feet high on Mt. Nicholson. Found in Formosa and in China.

15. Limnanthemum cristatum, Griseb.----In streams near Fan Ling, Santin, and Sanwai. Frequent in India, Malaya, the Philip- pines, and South China.

M 13

16. Limnophila gratissima, Blume.-Near Lowu. Malaya, North Australia and Japan.

In India,

17. Limnophila heterophylla, Benth.-Near Sanwai. Also found in India, Malaya and Japan.

18. Torenia Benthamiana, Hance.-Found at Aberdeen by Mr. Dunn. Only previously known from Kwangtung.

19. Mentha arvensis, Linn.--Near Sanwai. In various parts of China, also known in Europe, Japan and Java.

20. Polygonum pedunculare, Wall.-Near Sanwai. Eastern and Southern India, Ceylon, and Malaya to the Philippines and Australia.

21. Polygonum stagninum, Buch.-Ham.-Near Sanwai. Through- out tropical India and Burmah.

22. Broussonetia Kaempferi, Sieb. et Zuce.-Near Taipo. In various parts of China and Japan.

23. Quercus fenestrata, Roxb.-Near Taiwai, trees 40 feet high. A native of the Himalayas and Khasia, but found in Hongkong a few years ago.

24. Castanopsis armata, Spach.-On the South side of Mt. Parker. Not previously recorded from China, but known from Assam, Khasia, Chittagong and Burmah.

25. Burmannia coelestis, Don.-Near Sheung Shui. From various parts of China, India and Malaya.

26. Geodorum dilatatum, R. Br.---On the hills near Malautong. In Yunnan, India and Ceylon.

27. Alpinia formosana, K. Schum.-Near New Little Hong- kong village. Detected by Mr. Dunn in the possession of a fisher- man who was carrying large bundles of the plant. The fisherman pointed out the spot were the plant grew. Only previously known from Formosa.

28. Thysanotus chinensis, Benth.-In damp ground between Fan Ling and Santin. South China, Philippine Islands, Tonkin and Northern Australia.

29. Xyris indica, Linn.-In swamps between Fan Ling and Autau. From the Sikkim, Assam and Khasia hills to Ceylon. In China, only previously recorded from Hainan.

30. Aneilema nudiflorum, R. Br.-Near Sanwai. Common in China, India, Siam and Malay Archipelago.

M 14

31. Epipremnum mirabile, Schott.-Between Sanwai and Fan Ling. Widely distributed from South China through the Malay Archipelago and Polynesia to tropical Australia.

32. Juncellus inundatus, C. B. Clarke.-At Lowu. In Shanghai, Formosa and India.

33. Eleocharis plantaginea, R. Br.-Near Sanwai. In the Old World from Angola to Japan and Fiji.

34. Fimbristylis dihpylla, Vahl.--Near Lowu. Common in all warm countries throughout the world.

35. Carex baccans, Nees.-On Taimoshan at 1,500 feet. Formosa, Tonkin, India and Malaya.

36. Carex brunnea, Thunb.--Found by Mr. Dunn on the South of Magazine Gap. Common in China and known from Madagascar, India, Japan, the Sandwich Islands and Australia.

37. Carex canina, Dunn.-Lantao Island, collected by Mr. Dunn, and new to science.

38. Leersia hexandra, Sw.-Found by Mr. Dunn on Taimoshan in 1909.

39. Saccharum arundinaceum, Retz.- Near Sanwai. In Kwang- tung, Fokien, India and Ceylon.

40. Pollinia quadrinerris, Hack.-Collected by Mr. Dunn on Victoria Peak in 1909. Known from Kwangtung, Fokien, Yunnan, Japan and North India.

41. Arthraxon ciliaris, Beaur.-Victoria Peak. A species with numerous varieties widely spread through the warmer parts of the Old World.

!

Appendix N.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION.

NUMBERS AND CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

(Tables I and III.)

1. The number of Government Schools was increased by three owing to the formation of three Lower Grade District Schools (para- graphs 10 and 32).

2. One small English Grant School (No. 5) and the only Lower Grade English Grant School for Chinese (No. 14) were withdrawn from the Grant List at the request of the management in the course of the year. The latter is being maintained as a private school.

NUMBER OF PUPILS.

(Tables I, II and III.)

3. The total number in average attendance at Government and Grant Schools is 6,297 (6,560 last year. The loss is confined to Government Schools, which number 1,960 (2,326 last year), and is the result of an intentional limitation of the maximum numbers taught by one master (paragraph 8) and of the increased fees at Saiyingpun School (paragraph 24).

4. The decrease thus caused at Queen's College and the three District Schools that feed it is nearly 400 (1,345: 1,737). It is prob- able that this set back is merely temporary. The numbers in the other groups of schools, British Schools, English Grant Schools, Vernacular Grant Schools, etc., shew no changes calling for special

comment.

5. The numbers at the Private Schools of the Colony as shewn in Table II are only approximate, and claim to be those of the maximum enrolment, not average attendance. The English private day schools shew a very remarkable increase. They include St. Stephen's Schools (Boys and Girls), St. Paul's, the Church Mis- sionary Society School for girls and Miss Deane's School for boys. The enrolment at these is 520. The balance, which are all schools under Chinese management, have an enrolment of about 1,060. This would mean an average attendance of about 850. If the returns of the fees collected as supplied to me are correct, the fees charged average on this calculation $22.50 per annum for each unit of average attendance.

6. The Vernacular Private Schools number 196 (148 in 1909). The large increase probably is to some extent apparent only, greater pains having been taken in tracking out these schools. The maximum enrolment is 5,759, equivalent to an average attendance of about 4,610 on which number the monthly fee works out at

N 2

$15.50 or $1.30 a month. This method of calculation differs from that employed in my last annual report; but the result given there ($1.25) is close enough to make me feel sure that this figure is not wide of the mark.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables IV & V.)

6a. The total expenditure on education was $225,606 ($219,359 in 1909). This represents 3:40 per cent of the Total Revenue of the Colony excluding land sales, (348 in 1909, and 3'41 in 1908). The net cost of the Government Schools for each unit of average attendance is $38.16 ($30.52 in 1909, Table I). The increased cost is due to the smaller numbers and additional Staff at Queen's College.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

(Table VII.)

6b. This is a new return. It shews the numbers in each Class of each of the more important English Schools, and affords some indication of the number of undergraduates which each may be ex- pected to send to the University.

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION.

7. The Retrenchment Committee of 1909 recommended the raising of the rate of fees in certain Government Schools. This proposal met with some opposition from the leaders of Chinese opinion, who held that education in English, even if not of the most efficient type, should at all events be cheap. There were besides several other points of policy ripe for settlement. Accordingly His Excellency the Governor appointed a Committee consisting of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Victoria, Hon. Mr. A. W. Brewin. Reverend Father De Maria, Mr. Lau Chu-pak, Mr. T. K. Dealy, with myself as Chairman, to consider and report upon them. The report has been printed and published; and it is not therefore necessary to do more than recall very briefly the most important of its recom- mendations, all of which were adopted by the Government.

8. Recommendations of the Committee.-The Committee recom- mended that the Staffs of Schools should be kept up to a certain minimum standard in the following way:-

(a.) In no case should more than forty pupils be enrolled in a Class taught by only one Master.

(b.) In the Remove and Upper Divisions of Schools, that is, the Classes representing the 4th to the 8th year of a pupil's education, the Staff should consist of English and "Third Year" Masters (as defined below) in the proportion of not less than two to five. Lower Classes might be adequately taught by "Second Year" Masters.

9. The valuable work done by the Normal Classes for local Teachers at Queen's College and at the Technical Institute was re- cognised. As seen above, "Third Year" Masters (i.e., Masters who

ї

ལྭ

}

N 3

have taken the certificate for the full three years' course) and "Second Year" Masters are regarded as possessing special qualifi- cations to teach. Untrained Masters are no longer recognised.

10. The Committee met the presumed demand for cheaper education by recommending the establishment of the three new Lower Grade District Schools (paragraph 32).

11. The Committee recommended the following changes in nomenclature :-

(a.) For the expressions Anglo-Chinese, Anglo-Indian, Anglo- Portuguese Schools, there is substituted the expression English School (mean schools where English is the medium of instruction) followed if necessary by words of amplification, e.g., English School for Indians. The Kowloon and Victoria Schools are still called British Schools.

(b.) For the expression Anglo-Chinese Master is substituted the expression Chinese Master. A Chinese employed in teaching the Chinese written language is a Vernacular Master.

(e.) Classes in which the Chinese written language is taught are called Vernacular Classes, or collectivelly, the Vernacular Side; and the expressions English Classes and English Side are similarly employed. A Vernacular School connotes one where Chinese is the sole medium of instruction.

(d.) The term Standard is confined to Vernacular Schools. Standard I is the lowest. Roman numerals are used to designate Standards. In English Schools the lowest Class (English or Verna- cular) is Class 8. Arabic numerals are used to designate the Classes. Vernacular Classes in English Schools are prefixed by a capital V. Thus V Class 5 means the fourth Vernacular Class counting from the bottom.

(e.) The term Lower Grade Schools means schools intended to give a three years' course of instruction only. The three lowest Classes of an Upper Grade School are called the Lower Classes (8 to 6). The next two are called the Remove Classes of the Remove. (5 and 4) and the remainder are called the Upper Classes.

(f.) If it is necessary by reason either of great numbers or of differentiation of studies among boys of equal standing to sub-divide a Class, the sub-divisions are distinguished by capital letters, and called the A, B....Divisions.

(g.) If it is desired to promote pupils half yearly instead of yearly, Classes may be divided into Upper and Lower Halves, e.g., Upper Fourth (4 i), Vernacular Lower Third (V 3 ii).

11a. They also made a number of suggestions for the amendment of the Grant Code.

NEW GRANT CODE.

12. The recommendations of the Committee in so far as they affected the Grant Schools, were, after the adoption of the Committee's report, referred to the Managers of Grant Schools, or "Corres- pondents", as they are now called. Several amendments were pro-

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posed by them, nearly all of which were accepted; and the Code. received its final form and came into force with the approval of all concerned. The following are the main changes in addition to those already enumerated :-

(a.) A lower rate of grant is given to the three lowest Classes, and a higher to the five highest Classes, thus favouring schools where the standard of instruction is higher. But this system. demanded a uniform nomenclature and standard of efficiency in the Classes of schools. Accordingly

(b.) the new Code prescribes that the standard of instruction in the three highest Classes shall be that of the Oxford Local Senior, Junior, and Preliminary examinations respectively. This does not mean that a school must necessarily send pupils in for these ex- aminations. It does mean that if a school has no pupils fit to take the Oxford Senior, it shall not claim to have a Class 1. Having regard to the various subjects which may be taken for the Oxford Local, this system need not produce any lack of wholesome variety among schools.

(c.) The Oxford Local Senior is to be the initial standard of the matriculation examination into the University. It seemed therefore desirable that pupils in our schools should be further familiarised with this test. Accordingly a special grant is now given for successes at the Oxford examinations.

(d.) Some changes were made in the method of paying grants to Vernacular Schools; and the distinction between Upper and Lower Grade Schools was abolished.

(e.) A qualifying entrance examination in the Vernacular, similar to that enforced for many years in the case of Government English Schools for Chinese, was adopted for the Grant English Schools for Chinese.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS,

(Table I.)

QUEEN'S COLLEGE.

13. Queen's College.-The Staff of the College is composed of one Headmaster, one Second Master, and eleven English Assistant Masters, at least two of whom are usually on leave, eleven Chinese Masters teaching English, and five Vernacular Masters. It was further strengthened at the end of the year by the appointment of the Reverend H. R. Wells as Translation Master.

14. The average attendance is 642, as against 805 last year, and 911 in 1909. As already stated, this large reduction is the result of the deliberate policy of the Government in reducing the size of Classes. It is also due to two further causes. The increased fees caused a number of boys to leave earlier than they would other- wise have done, and an act of indiscipline towards the end of the year resulted in the expulsion of a considerable number of boys. The more effective tuition made possible by the smaller size of the Classes, together with the many changes that are being made to secure a more practical and more varied education for the boys, should combine to effect an increase in numbers before long.

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15. The cost of each pupil in average attendance, including a sum of $3,380 for new desks which is a non-recurrent charge, is $55.76, a very considerable increase over last year (±32.05) and over 1908 ($43.51). But the share of the total cost of the school paid by the Government and the share paid by the boys in fees have not materially altered. Formerly fees were at the rate of $36 per annum; now they are $60.

16. The discipline of the boys, though marred by the occurrence above alluded to, has been good in a passive way, and is, which I think much more important, shewing signs of a more active develop- ment. It is not easy for a day school to develop an energetic corporate life; doubly hard for a school of Chinese boys. But I am glad to report that the Class 1 boys are apparently cultivating some- thing of the Public School spirit, and are beginning to understand that the honour of the College is in their keeping. The adoption of a distinctive badge may, and I believe will, do much to foster this feeling. It is especially desirable that the College should cultivate the habit of being first in public competitions between schools, whether the subject is a hygiene examination or a football match. It would be better if in athletics the College was more frequently represented by Chinese, and not so often by its Indian pupils. Boys of Queen's College should habitually ask themselves, not, "What am I getting from the College?" but, "What am I doing for the College?"

17. I have from time to time pointed out that the College has suffered from a lack of the complex organisation, which should fit it for the varying needs of its pupils. It will be seen from the Headmaster's report (paragraph 21) that something has been done to improve this state of affairs. The more elaborate course of Vernacular studies will make it possible for those boys who desire it, to go deeper into the literature of their own country than the bulk of the school. Further the study of mathematics has been put on a proper footing, Mr. Grant having drawn up a syllabus for the whole College which admits of a certain amount of specialisation in the subject. This principle of differentiation of studies will be pursued further, so far as means and Staff permit.

18. An important change rendered necessary by the Oxford Local examinations is that the bulk of the promotions must take place at Midsummer. During the year an important change has been made in the manner of assessing marks for promotions. Hitherto all subjects have counted alike. Now the results of the more im- portant ones carry many more marks. Moreover weight is attached to the periodic Class examinations conducted by the Class Masters.

19. A large part of the College has been refurnished during the year, and money has been spent on structural changes and improvements in lighting. In one Class room it is now possible on a bright day to read without artificial light; which was not so before. A distinguished educationist after a recent visit to the College, asked the question, "What was it originally designed for?

Still it has been possible to adapt the building to some extent at any rate to the purposes of a modern school.

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20. Courses of instruction in Mathematics and Geography, which were drawn up in the course of the year, are given in Annexe D.

20a. Extracts from the reports of the Headmaster and the newly appointed Translation Master are given below :--

Headmaster's Report.

21. Staff-One Senior English Master, One Junior English Master and a Translation Master have been added to the Staff during the year. There were 32 changes of Staff during the year.

Successes-In March an examination was held in Hongkong for adimission to the Postal and Telegraphic College, Peking. About 120 candidates presented themselves, of whom 40 were successful. Of these 46, Queen's College claims 30, including the first three boys on the list. The successful candidates left for Peking in charge of a Chinese Official.

In July, at the request of the Director of the Imperial Railways of North China, I held an examination of candidates for admission as Engineering Apprentices to the Tongshan Railway Works. Five boys were selected upon the papers submitted, and left the College for Tongshan in November, in charge of a Railway Official.

It is interesting to know that these boys begged the authorities to allow them to remain at Queen's College until the end of the year, in order to be present at our Annual Examination. The request how- ever could not be granted.

In August an examination was held in Canton for admission to the Tongshan Engineering and Mining College. Six Queen's College boys were selected and left for the North almost immediately.

In September an examination was held in Canton for admission to the Government Polytechnic College in Shanghai. Of the 70 Candidates, coming from all parts, only 6 were selected, one of them being a Queen's College boy. The successful candidates receive free tuition, board and lodging for a period of 3 years on the completion of the course, they receive the Degree of Master of Arts, and will then be given a post in China or sent abroad for further studies. During the year under review 13 boys left us to enter the service of the Hong- kong Government, and 31 obtained situations in Hongkong, and 51 abroad.

Oxford Local.--In the Oxford Local Examination our candidates obtained 32 Certificates, as against 35 last year. Of the 9 Seniors 7 obtained the title of Associate in Arts, one already held the title; 4 Seniors were "Exempted from Responsions" at Oxford University and 4 Distinctions in Classical Chinese were gained, as against one "Exempted from Responsions" and one "Distinction" last year.

English Subjects.—English Subjects shewed a marked improve- ment, Composition, Conversation, Reading and Dictation being most satisfactory. Shakespeare, taken up for the first time by Class 2 boys, was excellent in both Classes 1 and 2, and gave evidences of the most careful and sympathetic teaching. Old Testament History was very well done in Classes 4, 3A, 2 and 1. Classes 3B, C, D, and E sent up very weak papers. In History, Geography and Hygiene the work was uniformly good, except in Classes 3B, C, D and E.

Mathematics.-I find Mensuration satisfactory throughout. Arithmetic was good generally, but in Class 4 (excluding 4A) weakness

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in method was apparent: Decimal Fractions were almost invariably treated as Vulgar Fractions. Class 3 (again excluding the A Division) was very little better in attainment than Class 4. Class 2 did very good work, as did also Class A. In Algebra Classes 5 and 4 did very well; Class 3A was distinctly good; but the remaining sections of this Class were again weak, carelessness in the use of signs being general: guessing at results was apparent in several cases. Classes 2 and 1A shewed excellent results, notwithstanding that the questions set were more difficult than in previous years. In Geometry, a marked improve- ment was noticeable all round, "with the exception of Classes 3B, C, D and E where the subject is apparently not understood. Trigonometry, an optional subject, was taken by 30 boys, divided into two sections. Both did excellent work on difficult papers. Notwithstanding the weaknesses I have referred to, the general Class results are distinctly good.

Promotions. The curriculum in the Upper School is now based upon that laid down in the Oxford Local Regulations. This has necessitated extensive changes. In previous years special Oxford Local Classes were formed in February or March of each year, in preparation for the July examination. This year, however, the Oxford work was commenced in September, after the Midsummer Vacation. As our Annual Examination for promotion is held in January, difficulties naturally rose in Classes 2, 3 and 4 where the boys had to commence their new year's work 5 mouths earlier than they would have done in the ordinary course. When extensive changes are made. however, difficulties must inevitably ocene during the period of trausi- tion. Under the new scheme the School Year extends, as far as the curriculum is concerned, from Midsummer to Midsummer, closing virtually with the Oxford Local Examination. It follows as a natural result that most of the promotions from Class to Class must accordingly take place at Midsummer, and therefore that the School Year will in effect end at Midsummer. The next Examination for Class promotion will be held in July next, when the boys have had a complete scholastic year at their work. The examination will be more searching than that just held. Under the present system a boy is promoted who obtains not less than 34% of the aggregate number of marks for all subjects offered. In order to obtain promotion a boy will be required- in July next to obtain at least 40% of the aggregate number of marks, and in addition 40% in each of the following subjects:-English Corn- position, English Conversation, Dictation and Arithmetic. Failure to pass in any of these subjects will be an absolute bar to promotion.

I must state here that under this new scheme the percentage of passes at our Annual Examination in July next will possibly compare unfavourably with those shown in our previous Annual Examinations, and that a number-probably the majority of those who fail will leave the College. But the disparity which is often apparent between buys in the A and C Divisions of a Class will grow less with each succeeding year, and with the raising of the standard which must inevitably result I anticipate that we shall attract to the College more boys of the type we require,—not boys who are content to find them- selves regularly at the bottom of their Class, but boys who regard their studies seriously and aim at excellence instead of mediocrity.

The system of awarding marks for annual promotion has also been revised. In order to promote the study of English,-the most difficult subject in our curriculum-higher marks are awarded for Conver- sation, Composition, Translation, etc. And to encourage boys to work

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steadily throughout the year a certain percentage of the aggregate of marks obtained at the Half-yearly and Mid-Term Examinations is added to the marks obtained at the Annual Examination. The grand total determines the awarding of all Scholarships and Prizes, with the exception of an Examination Prize given in each Division of a Class to the boy who gets the highest aggregate of marks at the Annual Examination. Where a boy is excusably absent from one of the examinations held during the year, an average mark is allowed: other cases are considered on their merits.

Special Classes.-Although the curriculum is now based upon the Oxford Local requirements, it cannot be expected that all boys will desire to sit for the Oxford Examinations or be able to proceed to the University on leaving the College; there will always be some, too, to whom different subjects will appeal. Special Classes will therefore be formed in Classes 1 and 2 and possibly in Class 3 in such subjects as Higher Arithmetic, Higher Algebra, Higher Geometry, Trigonometry and Classical Chinese.

Changes of Method.-Following upon the changes referred to, an attempt has been made further to systematise the teaching of the various subjects. The radical changes made of late years in Mathema- tical "methods" rendered it imperative that the new system as laid down by the Mathematical Association should be adopted uniformly throughout the College. At my request Messrs. Grant and Tanner re- cently drew up a detailed scheme of Instruction in Mathematics to provide for this. A "Course of Geography" based to a certain extent upon the Oxford Course has also been drawn up, while a "Course in English" is in preparation. In History, Class 1 has commenced "General History" instead of "English History"; a note book on the subject has has been prepared by Mr. Garrett and is now in the press. Translation has been given up in the Lower and Preparatory Schools more time being devoted to English, but the Vernacular Studies are still carried on. In the Upper School more attention will he devoted to Translations, and in Special Classes to Classical Chinese. In order to develop Chinese Studies and Translation a Translation Master has been appointed. We have been fortunate in securing the Rev. H. R. Wells for this important post.

Normal Class.-The new Normal Room was occupied for the first time in May, and we are now able to accommodate and train not only Queen's College Pupil Teachers, but also those from the District Schools, and if required from Grant Schools.

The Normal Master, in his annual report to me, says that the Pupil Teachers in his charge have given him every satisfaction, and I can add my own testimony, from my daily observation and from the results of the Annual Examination, that they are doing very good work.

It is essential that our Pupil Teachers should have practical ex- perience in teaching all Lower Classes. Classes 7 and 8, abolished three years ago, were therefore restored in September last, in order to afford scope for the training of Pupil Teachers. Only one Division, con- sisting of not more than 40 boys, is allowed in each of these Classes. No additional expense is incurred by the College on account of these Classes, whilst at the same time a slight increase in revenue is effected.

Furniture-During the year many of the Class Rooms have been refurnished, new dual desks taking the places of the large benches formerly in use. Some single desks are now being made, and before

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the end of the current year the refurnishing of the Class Rooms will be completed.

Under this heading mention may be made of pictures recently hung in the hall: of the King (presented by Mr. Ho Kam-tong), of the late Queen Victoria (subscribed for by the boys), of Edward VII (presented by Mr. A Arculli); of Mr. Falconer, for many years Second Master (Mr. Ho Kam-tong), of Dr. Stewart the first Headmaster (Mr. Ho Fook) and of Mr. A. J. May, I.S.O. ("old boys"). A bust of Dr. Bateson Wright is now being executed in London by Mr. Mackennel, the designer of the new English coins.

Library. In July last a Class Room in the College was con- verted into a Library and Reading Room. The Queen's College Library consisting of 670 books was located here. With it is amalga- mated the Technical Institute Library consisting of books presented by the Li Shing Committee and the Hongkong Sanitary Institute. It has been greatly enlarged during the year and now contains nearly twelve hundred volumes. Various Magazines are placed from time to time in the Library, for the use of the boys. There is also a fair collection of books of reference.

The Library is available for the use of all Teachers under the Education Department, and all Queen's College boys, as well as Tech- nical Institute Students and Medical Students. It is under the control of a Committee which includes eight senior boys among its members. That it is appreciated is evident from the fact that since the opening of the Library the boys have borrowed some 600 books.

Debating Society.-A Debating Society has recently been formed, membership being confined to Class 1 bays. All speeches are delivered in English and are confined to non-religious and non-political subjects.

Sports. Great interest has been taken in sports during the year, due in a great measure to the enthusiasm of Mr. Brawn. In the Schools Athletic Sports the Quarter Mile Challenge Cup, held by the College continuously for many years, was again won for us by A. R. Samy.

At the “All China Athletic Meeting" in Nanking we were repre- sented by four Chinese boys; in Football the South China" Team which defeated all comers included two Queen's College boys, one of whom-Fung Kai-ming-captained the winning team.

Swimming is becoming more general among Chinese boys, and in October last we held very successful Swimming Sports; the last occasion on which such sports were held was ten years ago. Tennis. Hockey, Cricket and Football are becoming increasingly popular, but we are handicapped by the lack of a suitable field near the College. The Gymnasium Classes are most efficiently conducted by Corporal Bedbrook, R.G.A.

22. The following extracts are from a report made on the Teaching of Chinese by the Rev. H. R. Wells who has since been appointed Translation Master at the College :---

Having inspected the Chinese Education in Queen's College, I find that, speaking generally, the results are good.

There are however many faults that strike one at once in the course of such an inspection, and which call for immediate attention.

In the lowest Class (Vernacular 1) there are some very young boys in attendance, c.7., there are two brothers, said to be seven and eight years of age. Neither of these boys knew all the characters

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in a short lesson that had just been taught; they did not know the meaning of the separate characters and of course could not have under- stood the lesson.

Time Tables were furnished by the teachers for the work of their Classes in Chinese. I found frequent deviations from these.

C

As to the books in use, the present series contains many stories of Chinese worthies, which an educated Chinaman should know, and this is a point in its favour; but many of these worthies are mentioned in the Ku Man", and probably the books need not be retained simply on account of these stories. The "Kwok Man" series is a general favourite; in it there are some of the stories mentioned above, and it seems in many ways a better series. It has a great advantage over other books in that there is a teachers' book to accompany each of the readers, with instructions as to how to teach the lessons.

The Classics, Ku Man, letter writers, Shing U Hau and other books are necessary, and are helpful in giving a good Chinese education. There is also a series of books used by the teachers in the following way: The book has illustrations and is a sort of dictionary or book of synonyms, characters of similar meaning being brought together. Teachers copy a set of the words, say five or six, and their meanings, on the blackboard. These are copied by the boys. The teachers do not. examine the copies, which often have mistakes in them. Some boys copy very little, s me have no Chinese peus.

The lesson thus taught is not necessarily a good writing lesson. One of the teachers on being asked, said he had not time to examine the books or correct the work of so many boys.

Sometimes the teacher reads over the lesson and asks if the boys understand it. They generally say yes, and he then passes on to the

next lesson.

It would seem that much valuable time is wasted in the teaching on these lines.

There is too little personal work done, the teacher reads a lesson, explains it and then as time has come for the next lesson he passes on to that. Sometimes boys are called up to read over the lesson, and see whether they have understood it. This should be done always and the boys should read out so that the Class may hear.

In the present state of Chinese education, perhaps it is too much to expect the teachers to keep to the lesson and forbear rambling off into Chinese ideas about Fuugshui, prognostications and fabulons an- imals, which many of the boys seem to regard with incredulity,

One may say that, with the exception of the Oxford Local Chinese, there is no Chinese taught in the Upper School. In Class IA I found that there were three or four students who could do written work, English into Chinese, as if they understood that such a thing was a possibility. Generally speaking I think that the attainments in English and Chinese are insufficient for real progress in translation work. There should be more sequence and method.

The objective of the College authorities should be to have its students recognised twenty years hence as competent Chinese scholars. To reach it, there should be revision of text books on the fines of the Educational Authorities of the Chinese Government. That Govern- ment is grading its educational system, and it should be the duty of the superintendent of Chinese studies in the College to keep in touch, and, as far as seems advisable, in line with present day Chinese education."

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23. Without being unduly optimistic I think I may say that the condition of the College promises a great and rapid improvement towards a high level of efficiency.

DISTRICT SCHOOLS. Upper Grade.

24. The three schools, Saiyingpun, Wanchai and Yaumati, have continued to prosper.

The combined numbers in average attendance have fallen from 932 to 764 as compared with last year. This is the result of the deliberate policy of the Government in reducing the size of Classes and in fixing age limits. The amount collected in fees was $25,968 as compared with $20,701 last year. The increase is due to the increased rate of fees. Experience has shewn that the fee of $3 per mensem is not too much. But the further increase to $4 at Saiyingpun has proved a check on attendance, and and it has been decided to make the fee at that school the same as at the other two.

25. The net cost to Government of the three schools combined is $21.08 per pupil, as compared with $21.15 last year. The improvement in the knowledge and skill of the Chinese Staff has been so steady during the past few years, that it is to be hoped that no further proportionate increase of the more expensive English Staff will be needed, and that the tendency will be for the cost per unit to diminish.

26. The curriculum of the schools is that published in my. annual report last year, Annexe A. Some minor changes have been introduced, and it appears very suitable. It may probably be possible to make it a little stiffer next year with advantage. The top Classes to the number of about 50 boys competed at the end of the school year for the fourteen entrance scholarships given annually into Queen's College. The papers, which were marked by Masters of the College, cover the ordinary work of the year, except Hygiene, in which subject the three schools did very fairly well (paragraph 53).

27. The following extracts from the report on the scholarship examination are of interest:

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English Subjects.— Dictation was well done. The piece set was by no means an easy one, and the papers shewed that besides trying to reduce the sound of the words to letters, the boys had also tried to grasp the grammatical agreements between the words and the general sense of the passage. Correspondence.--In the case of each of the three schools, a small proportion of boys stood out very prominently above the rest; while a considerable number of others were hopelessly out of the running. In Grammar this difference was not nearly so marked, most of the papers being quite creditably done. Reading, Conversation and Recitation.—Most of the boys did quite well, especially those from Wanchai, although here again a certain small porportion stood out head and shoulders above the others. The boys from Yaumati School had prepared no Recitation, while the pieces submitted by the boys from Saiyingpun were not nearly so suitable as those prepared by the boys from Wanchai,

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Mathematics.-Arithmetic.—This was undoubtedly the best mathe- matical subject, about 64 per cent. passing. The work on the whole was neat. In converting Vulgar Fractions to decimals the work was too lengthy, and in no single case of division of decimals was division by the standard form attempted. In modern methods of teaching de- cimals, this is of the first importance with reference to work in higher classes, and should be insisted upon. (The text book used in Queen's College is the best for the purpose.) A very simple arithmetical pro- blem caused a loss of marks. Tuis was accounted for by the fact that beys did not draw a figure to aid their mental calculations. Geometry was throughout the weak mathematical subject, only 80 per cent. of the candidates obtaining one-third of the total marks allotted. Very few boys indeed could define an angle or a parallelogram or a rhombus. The constructious were not clear in many cases, the lines and ares used being often rubbed out. In the proof of the congruency of two trian- gles much carelessness was shewi. We should suggest that for a first year's course the standard is too high, and that a modern text book on elementary geometry be adopted in Class 5, as will be done next term at Queen's College. In Algebra about 42 per cent. of the candidates passed; and several papers were very well done. The majority how- ever showed weakness in substituting given values in an expression, and many marks were lost by wrong solutions to the two simple equa- tions. This happened through the fact that the boys in question did not verify their solutions, a most essential rule in equations and one not sufficiently enforced.

Manners and General Behaviour.—In the case of the boys from Wanchai these left little to be desired, while in the case of the boys from the other two schools there was a considerable amount of room for improvement. The boys often forget to say "please" and "thank you"; they slouch, and lack smartness. We could not help remarking that carelessness in speech and behaviour went, as a rule, with slovenli- ness in dress and personal appearance; and this slackness was especial- ly noticeable in the case of boys who had recently dispensed with their quenes."

28. The least satisfactory feature in the schools for the year under review is the very great number of changes that have taken place in the Staff. One Division actually had four different Masters within the twelve months. This has been due mainly to the accident of unusually quick promotion among the Chinese Staff; but it is none the less inconvenient.

29. The English Masters of the District Schools have always shewn themselves very keen to help their boys out of school. They have taken them on bathing and walking picnics, and upon the railway; and have shewn the greatest interest in their games.

30. Simple physical exercises have been introduced into all the schools. The gymnasium at Saiyingpun is well used.

31. A verandah has been added to Wanchai School. Plans for an enlargement of Yaumati have been approved, and the work will bé put in hand shortly.

Lower Grade.

32. As recommended by the Education Committee (paragraph 10 above) three new Lower Grade English Schools for Chinese were

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opened, at Taipingshan, Mongkok and Praya East respectively. They were very widely advertised, well equipped and staffed; and Mr. Barlow, the Supervisor, spent much time and trouble over them. The first two have proved complete failures, the average attendance being 17 and 9 respectively, and have since been closed. The Praya East School shews more vitality and is likely to succeed as an over- flow school for the lowest Classes of Wanchai School.

33. The only conclusion which I can come to is, that $2, the monthly fees asked, are too much for the poorest classes who wish to learn English, while the Class above the poorest would sooner pay one dollar more and send their sons to an Upper Grade District School, of which the prestige and usefulness are thoroughly ap- preciated. It must not be forgotten either that the Ellis Kadoorie School gives very good value for a $2 fee.

34. Of the outlying Lower Grade District Schools, Ping Shan alone has shewn any vitality. The average attendance there has improved from 18 to 32. A Vernacular Master was engaged at the beginning of the year. In spite of this, the cost per unit has fallen from $37 to $25. Both Cheung Chau and Taipo are unsatisfactory as ever. They have between them an average attendance of 22, the average cost per pupil being $61. The Supervisor (who was taken off his own work during the latter part of the year) will give much attention to them, and I hope next year to see better results. The fact is that the Masters of these outlying schools deteriorate rapidly through lack of supervision.

The

35. The school for Indians has made good progress. numbers are 37 and the cost for pupil is $41 (24 and $61 in 1909). There is a tendency for pupils to stay on longer. This is well; since when they leave for Queen's College, as they usually do, the knowledge of Urdu acquired by them is apt to be forgotten.

BRITISH SCHOOLS.

The average attendance at the two schools combined was 78 (80 in 1909.) The average cost for each unit of average attendance was $92.82 ($151.14 in 1909). In my last report I drew attention to the very heavy cost of these schools. Since then a reduction of Staff has been made upon my recommendation which has brought about economy without loss of efficiency. At the Kowloon School, when the decision was made no longer to admit big boys, the necessity of having a Headmaster disappeared. This school is now in charge of Mrs. Main. At the Christmas examinations there were only five girls in the Upper School (Classes 2 and 3). In the Lower School including an Infant Class, there were forty, of whom twelve were five years of age and under. The children turn out extremely neat work. Special attention is paid to subjects which help to make them observant and neat-handed. Physical exercises are taken daily.

37. Victoria School.-In the interests of economy an endeav- our was made to conduct the school without a Headmaster. But it was found that a man's authority was needed for the big boys. Mr. Barlow, Supervisor, acted as Head from September till nearly the

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end of the year, when Mr. Cox, appointed from home, took up his duties. The unfortunate boys in the Upper School have served under six Headmasters, acting or substantive, in the past three years. It is now to be hoped that something approaching per- manency has been arrived at. This school prepares English boys to take their place in the service of the Colony, whether in the Govern- ment or private employ, and it is highly important that it should succeed in turning them out capable to meet the competition of English speaking Chinese. I feel some confidence that as now organised it will do so successfully.

38. "

Headmaster's Report.

School Premises,--On my arrival here I found the School Premises on the whole in a very satisfactory condition, the school rooms large and well ventilated. The part of the premises which seems to me to need alteration most is the lavatory accommodation.

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Organisation. As far as I have been able to judge in the short time at my disposal, the organisation is as good as it can be under the circumstances. The numbers are so small that a large Staff is, I sup- pose, impossible; but it is difficult for satisfactory work to be done when, as is often the case, three classes have to be taken by one teacher simultaneously. At present the large schoolroom is not divided in any way. I have continually noticed the children's eyes drawn to the other end of the room when anything out of the ordinary is happening

there.

Apparatus.-The desks and the chairs are in bad repair. The number of maps does not appear to be sufficient; this I hope to remedy.

-

Discipline. The general conduct of the pupils is good, especially in the Lower School. That of the senior boys seems only to need a little leading in the right direction to become equally good. Strict attention to truth is not what might be called a characteristic.

Schoolwork.-- 1 conducted an examination of the three Upper Classes taught by Miss Rutter, and was much struck by their general attention and good behaviour. The Infants and lowest Classes seem to be taught well and to be progressing. The impression I have formed of the work in the Lower School is that it is carried on with care and thoroughness, and that the pupils are making good progress. The little ones cannot be taught action songs and singing games as much as could be wished, because by doing so neglect of the elder children would be entailed. One teacher inust play the piano while the other attends to the children, thus leaving those not taking part unattended

to

At present there are eight boys in the Upper School, six of whom are preparing for the Preliminary, and one for the Junior Oxford Locals. The subjects in which they are entering are:-Arithmetic, Religious Knowledge, English History, English (including Composi tion, Grammar, and "Robinson Crusoe" (Preliminary), or "Westward (Junior), Geography, Mathematics, and Drawing. No languages at all are being taken.

Ho

To this section of the school I gave, at the end of last term, fairly searching papers on the work done during the year, and more parti- cularly on that done during the term, the subjects of the papers being as follows:-Dictation, English Composition, Grammar, Geography, History, English Author, Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, Scripture, Drawing and General Knowledge.

N 15

Two boys did good Dictation papers; I find the Spelling in the Upper School very poor. This appears in the English Composition, which is, I think, the weakest subject; the boys do not seem able to express themselves, though many of thein have quite a number of ideas. The English Grammar was also very poor. They know no Syntax whatever, and their knowledge of Accidence is very imperfect, some cannot even distinguish the parts of speech.

The Geography was rather better, three boys obtaining 60 per cent., but the work done was not well known. I think very likely they failed through inability to put their knowledge on paper, a very common result of want of experience in examinations.

The amount of History done was very small, but it was known fairly well; they seem interested in the subject.

The English Authors, "Robinson Crusoe" and "Westward Ho", were well known. The inability to write a decently composed English sentence handicaps the boys greatly.

The standard of Mathematics is low on the whole. The methods by which they have been taught Mathematics are somewhat antiquated, and I think the boys will speedily improve in this subject. They had no knowledge of the Metric system, or of simple graplis,

The ignorance shown in the general knowledge paper was monu- mental. Nobody knew who was the last Prime Minister, or the leader of the Opposition in the English Parliament. Nobody knew the dis- tinguishing flag flown by H.M. Ships. And so on, ad nauseum.

The Freehand Drawing on the whole is very good, and the boys like the subject. Their knowledge of Geometrical Drawing is very elementary.

The first half of the Acts of the Apostles, which is one of the portions appointed for study for the Oxford Locals, was known really excellently, and well and intelligently answered, the average for the eight boys being over 70 per cent.

They have no knowledge whatever of French, which nowadays is such an important part of a man's education.

The work done during the last three or four months seems to be that which has taken most effect on their minds. They hardly seem to remember doing anything before that time.”

The schools have been visited quarterly by Government medical officers, and the pupils individually exmained; and where the children's health required attention, parents have been informed.

Belilios Public School for Girls.

39. The chief difficulty in arranging the curriculum of schools. for Chinese is to divide the time fairly between the English and Vernacular studies. In the boys schools, a minimum knowledge of Chinese is ensured by an entrance examination. This knowledge is extended by lessons of one hour or rather more a day, till the pupil reaches the Upper School, when translation work for a few hours a week is all the Chinese that has hitherto been taught. At the Belilios Girls' School a different plan is followed. The preliminary Vernacular Education is given on the premises in the Vernacular Side to the school. After three years' study there a girl begins to study English also in the English Side. The process is then and thereafter as follows:-In Classes 8, 7, 6, 5 and 4, she studies subjects in which the medium of instruction is English for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

.

N 16

hours a day respectively and the balance left from a six hours school day is given to subjects in which the medium of instruction is Chinese. Then in the Upper School (Classes 3 to 1), as at the boys' schools, Chinese will be mainly confined to translation work.

40. Thus, at the girls' school the preliminary Vernacular know- ledge is acquired in the school itself, and the transition from Verna- cular to English studies is gradual. Moreover since the Vernacular School gives a good elementary knowledge of Arithmetic, Geography, Hygiene, etc., the short time spent at first in the acquisition of English can be applied whole-heartedly to that end, and not shared with other educational subjects.

41. Owing to lack of space, it has been decided, pending additions to the building, to house the three lowest Vernacular Standards outside the school premises.

42. The work of the school is quite satisfactory. The following extracts are from the report of the acting Head Mistress, Miss Bate- man, whose recent resignation is a loss to the school :-

Headmistress' Report.

English.The Special Prizes for English Composition so kindly presented each year by Mr. R. E. Belilios were competed for in July, and awarded to the successful candidates. Three papers were marked very good" by the Director of Education. These prizes have cer- tainly done good in improving English Composition among the pupils.

66

Domestic Economy.At our 1909 Prize-giving His Excellency made some remarks about the teaching of Domestic Economy, and expressed a wish that we should take up the subject. As a matter of fact it had already been taught, though not under that na ue, in the school. This year Classes 3 and 4 have had a course of instruction in this subject, and the Chinese girls of Class 4 seemed to find it very interesting. Prizes were given to the first and second in this subject by His Excellency in accordance with the promise he had ma le last year.

Hygiene. Class 4. composed of Chinese girls who have been in the school from 3 to 4 years, entered for the Hygiene examination and were successful in winning the Shiell. This is the first girls' school to win it; and the fact that Chinese girls, after 3 or 4 years' education in English, could come first in an examination in which English girls compete, ought to have some influence in encouraging them to join the Classes of the English Side.

Kindergarten. Three of the Junior Assistant Teachers have been attending the Technical Institute Kindergarten Class. Although the papils of this school are too old for Kindergarten work, there is very much in the course of instruction that should prove valuable to one teachers in this work.

Physical Drill.-Classes in Physical Drill were started in Sep- tember, the exercises being taken from the Board of Education Manual. The Drill seemed to do good, as an improvement in carriage was noticeable, and among the Chinese girls there were fewer rounded shoulders and narrow chests.

Drawing -Drawing has been introduced as a class subject. Some progress has been made. Many of the pupils now draw their own embroidery patterns, instead of depending on the embroidery mistress as formerly.

N 17

General. The pupils have had two treats this year.

In July they went to a Cinematograph entertainment and saw some most in- teresting, as well as educational, pictures. In December many of them went on the new railway as far as Lowu. It was a beautiful day and the excursion proved very enjoyable.”

43. The Vernacular School under Mr. Sung Hok-pang continues to set a high standard of Vernacular education.

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table III.)

44. The changes in the constitution of the Grant Schools caused by the new Code have already been enumerated (paragraph 12). Table VII shews the number of pupils in each Class of the more important Government and Grant Schools. The percentage of boarders and the average fees charged were given in last year's report, and have not appreciably changed. The average attendance at the Ellis Kadoorie School has increased from 596 to 664; other- wise there is no striking change in the numbers.

Figures shewing nationality of pupils and the number of boarders are given below:-

School.

Percentages of different

Fees.

nationalities.

Total Pupils.

Total Boarders.

Europeau and American other than Portuguese.

Portuguese.

Europeans.

Chinese.

Other Asiatic

nationalities.

Per

mensem.

Max.

28

$

1.-St. Joseph's College,...

507 62

10

56

7.5 35

19.5

3.00

2.-Italian Convent,

353 128

14

22 15

3.00

3.- French Convent,

113

26

43 99 19

3.00

4.-Anglo-Portuguese,

66

2.00

7.-Diocesan Girls' School,

75

35

20

63

6.00

8.

Boys'

300

101

5

39

8.00

9.. -St. Mary's,

124

27

46 18

2.00

11.-Ellis Kadoorie,

689

2.00

13. St. Francis'..

96

12 50

2.00

45. Out of 45 Vernacular Schools, 13 were returned as "thoroughly efficient". This expression must be understood in terms of the very modest requirements of the Department. But a few schools do really very good work, especially the Training Home for Girls, the Victoria Home and Orphange, and Fairlea. Apart from these, the education given is of a very elementary nature. Of the 1,967 pupils in the Lower Grade Vernacular Schools, 87 per cent. are in the three lowest standards. Of the 45 Vernacular Schools, 25 are for girls and 5 are for girls and boys together.

N 18

OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS.

(Tables VI A and VI B.)

46. The standard set by these examinations has been accepted as that for the Upper Classes of schools, as explained already (paragraph 12) in the case of Grant Schools. And the Government English Schools are governed by the same standard. Hitherto there has been a tendency to differentiate the studies of the portion of a Class which is being entered for the Oxford Locals from those of the rest. It is hoped that the present system will get rid of this objectionable form of cramming.

47. The Oxford Local examinations offer a wide choice of sub- jects, some of which are not considered well suited for ordinary school work. I question whether the syllabuses in either Grammar or Geography in the Senior and Junior examinations are fitted to the requirements of Chinese pupils. The same may be said of the Scripture papers in the case of non-Christian boys. These subjects however need to be taken for the examination, while the advan- tage of having the school work examined by the most skilful specialists is obvious.

48. The Delegacy have recently agreed to relax the age limit for the Preliminary. This is a great advantage to Chinese students who, beginning the study of English late, as they necessarily must, have hitherto been unfairly handicapped.

""

49. Tables VIA and VIB shew that the Oxford successes in every Class except the "Junior' were a "record", and that they have very remarkably increased in the last two years.

50. Under the Grant Code, differing monetary values are attached to the different distinctions. By crediting a school with the total sum thus earnable by its Oxford successes, an arbitrary figure of merit can be given to it. On this calculation, the results obtained at the last examination are:-

1. St. Joseph's College,

- 1,045

2. Queen's College, -

985

3. St. Stephen's College,

845

4. Diocesan Boys',

455

5. St. Stephen's Girls' School,

100

6. C.M.S. High School,

-

90

7. Diocesan Girls' School,-

70

8. Belilios Public School, -

9. Italian Convent, -

50

30

10. French Convent, -

11. St. Paul's College,

12. Victoria British School,

20

20

10

A rough and ready means of comparison is thus obtained.

SCHOLARSHIPS.

51. The following scholarships are held at Queen's College :-

Nature and Name.

Awarded on Results of Annual Examination.

Awarded

to.

Value of Scholarship.

How awarded.

Senior Morrison,

Belilios,

"}

Stewart,

Blake,

Wright,

Machell Memorial Prize,

Special Translation, English to Chinese,

Class I.

$100 a year for 3 years. 50 for 1

"

year.

$100

"}

$150

}}

""

>>

""

>>

Chinese to English,.

"1

Ho Kom Tong,

Class II.

$100

27

>>

>>

$20 (Books).

$ 25.

25.

$ 60 for 1 year.

N 19

Highest aggregate in all subjects.

Subjects: Dictation, Composition, History

>>

"}

"

"}

and Shakespeare.

Elocution, Dictation, Grammar, Composition,

Translation.

History and

English Conversation, Composi- tion and Special Translation. Hygiene, Geography and Trans- lation.

History and Geography.

Reading, Conversation, Dieta- tion, Composition, History, Chinese to English, English to Chinese.

Hygiene, Geography and Trans- lations.

Dictation, Composition, Gram- mar and History.

Hygiene,Chinese to English, Geo- graphy, English to Chinese.

Highest aggregate in all subjects.

Subjects: Reading, Conversation, Dicta-

tion, Composition and Trans- lations.

Ho Tung,

Junior Belilios,

Ho Fook,

Junior Morrison, Alfred May,

"}

$100

Class III.

$ 25 a year for 2 years.

$100 for 1 year.

>>

Class IV.

"

$50 a year for 3 years. $60 for 1 year.

N 20

The following Government Scholarships are given annually

(a.) Not more than ten free scholarships tenable for three years from Grant Vernacular Schools to the following Lower Grade English Schools-Taipingshan, Mongkok and Praya East.

(b.) Not more than one free scholarship from each of the following Lower Grade English Schools:-Ping Shan, Tai Po, Cheung Chau, Taipingshan, Mongkok, Praya East, and the School for Indians, into Saiyingpun, Yaumati and Wantsai, each tenable for two years.

(c.) A free scholarship for the top boy in each Class (except Class 4) of Saiyingpun, Wantsai and Yaumati, tenable for one year.

(d.) Four free scholarships and two of $30 per annum from Class 4 Saivingpun to Queen's College.

(e) Three free scholarships and two of $30 from Wantsai to Queen's College, as above.

(f) Two free scholarships and one of $30 from Yaumati to Queen's College, as above.

(9.) Five free scholarships from Class 4 at Queen's College into the Upper School tenable for three years.

52. Lugard Scholarships.-At the end of the year under review Sir Hormusjee Mody founded two scholarships, each of the value of $30 per annum, at each of the following schools:-The Diocesan Girls' School, the Ellis Kadoorie School, the French Convent School, the Italian Convent School, St. Joseph's College, St. Mary's School, and the Victoria British School. The rules governing the award of these scholarships are given in Annexe B.

HYGIENE.

Examinations on the Hygiene Manual.

53. Under the new Grant Code which came into force in the cur- rent year, Hygiene is a compulsory subject in the Remove Classes; and it has been further arranged to make it a compulsory subject for candidates for the Oxford Senior and Junior examinations. In consideration of this last arrangement, I thought it unnecessary to continue the compulsory senior competition, which did not really test the work of the schools.

The junior competition was held as usual in December. Sixteen schools with 135 pupils competed as compared with twelve schools and 107 pupils last year. One school was quite outclassed, and could not from its status have been expected to do well. Owing to the new classification of pupils in schools there was some doubt as to which Classes should be allowed to compete. In all cases referred to me my decisions were upon the side of leniency as I wanted to see the best work of the schools. Moreover the conditions of the competition

Y

1

N 21

are not at present altogether satisfactory and will be revised before. next year.

It seemed to me that in the circumstances thing would be gained by excluding candidates whom the schools desired to enter. The Classes from which candidates are drawn are given in the following Table. Their variety as well as the varying size of the Teams makes it no easy matter to arrange the Teams in order of merit, and I have made no attempt to do so, beyond putting them in the rough natural order of the marks won.

Results of Hygiene Team Competition, 1910.

Position.

No. of

Marks Number obtained. of

Name of School.

School

Class.

Competi-

Max. 700 tors.

Percentage.

1st

Belilios Public,

2nd Ellis Kadoorie,

3, 4, 5

3rd

Diocesan Girls',

2,

+4 10 30

220

383

10

266

607

62.85

54.71

54.28

4th

St. Joseph's College,

3,

378

10

54.00

5th

Diocesan Boys',

360

10

51.43

6th

Queen's College,..

3,

852

10

50.28

7th

Yaumati,

4, 5

849

10

49.85

8th

Kowloou,..

2, 3

205

6

48.81

9th

Saiyingpun,.............

4, 5

336

10

48.00

10th

Wanchai,...

4, 5

308

10

44.00

11th

French Convent,

3, 4

304

10

43.43

12th

St. Francis',

4, 5

238

13th

:

Victoria British,.

2, 3

208

14th Italian Convent,

5,6 │

243

15th St. Mary's,

4, 5

204

16th

5,6

49

∞7*8

10

42.50

42.45

3.67

36.43

5

14.00

English School for

Indiaus,....

Fortunately there is not much difficulty in deciding the school, namely the Belilios Public School, which should hold the shield. The team is small but it comprises almost the whole of the Class from which it is drawn, and the difference in marks gained by this team and the next is great. All the girls in the winning team are Chinese girls, the best of whom, who also did the best paper of the whole competition, is Shin Tak-hing. She was originally educated at a Lower Grade Vernacular School, and obtained a free scholarship into the Belilios Public School. She has been learning English for four years. This success is creditable to her, and a matter of satisfaction to the Department and Colony, as shewing that the system of free scholarships really encourages indigent merit. Queen's College which did very poorly last year, has done better, but by no means well. I would throw out the suggestion for what it is worth that while "cramming" (whatever that means) is held in very bad odour in educational circles, it is not cramming to ride a horse all out at the finish, nor for masters and boys to make every effort to do well at a competitive examination. Yaumati which

:

N 22

did badly last year has now taken a fair place. St. Francis' for a small school has done well. It would be useless to attempt to base elaborate arguments upon all the results. The intellectual capacity of candidates varies from year to year, and nothing more can be expected than a steady average of efficient work. The examiner reports as follows:-

66

'On the whole there is shown an improvement over previous years. There were very few papers sent in which showed practically no kuow- ledge of the subject.

The great fault, though one less evident than formerly, is still the habit of not answering the question asked, when it is put in such a form that it can not be properly answered by quoting from the text book, but of substituting for it a question on the same subject which can be so answered. There is even an inference possible that previous ques- tions have been carefully studied and the answers learnt given in these papers without seeing that they do not reply to the questions set (sir).

Thus in question 4 most answers merely discussed the relative merits of wool and cotton for clothing.

Question 7 was largely treated as though it asked how to guard against Malaria and the provision of mosquito nets and the taking of quinine was discussed.

Questions 2 and 3 which are auswerable from the text book direct- ly were generally well replied to.

In replying to question 8 many students correctly said that they would boil the water, but went on to say that they would fifter it after- wards, or filter it only. It does not seem to be impressed on the students that the proper care of filters so as to render them safe is some- thing requiring more trouble and attention than would even be given by the majority of people in their houses. This is important; as filters of the best kind but improperly looked after are still to be found in very many ouses, and undoubtedly make the water passed through them worse than the water as drawn from the house taps.'

>>

It is a great advantage to have an examiner so thorough in his criticisms as Dr. Pearse.

VISUAL INSTRUCTION ON THE EMPIRE.

54. The lanterns and slides were issued in the usual manner to the District Schools, Diocesan Schools, Italian Convent and the Ellis Kadoorie School.

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE,

(Tables VIII A, B, & C; and IX.)

55. Extracts from the report of the Director of the Technical Institute are given in Annexe A. The number of students in attendance since its opening is shown in Table VIIIC. After the first novelty wore off, many students who had joined out of curiosity disappeared, and the attendance fell. It is now rapidly increasing, and there can be little doubt as to the value of the work done. The number of students "passing" has increased still more rapidly, from 91 in 1908 to 152 last year. The numbers in attendance shew a considerable increase to 327 (256 in 1909). The net cost of each pupil has slightly fallen to $21.41 ($22.18 in 1909).

N 23

The subjects taught and the numbers passing are given in Table VIIIA.

Statements of accounts are given in Tables VIII A, B, & C.

The Masters' Class continued to do useful work. At the end of the year there were 9 "local" (Chinese) Masters studying for the first, 18 for the second and 14 for the third year's certificate. Eleven of them are Masters in Grant Schools.

The Kindergarten Class mentioned by the Director of the Institute in his report (Annexe A) was started in the latter half of the year, and is doing valuable work among the local womeù teachers.

PHYSICAL EXERCISES.

56. The Football competitions began very late, and nothing of importance was decided by the end of the year. Three school teams entered for the Senior and seven for the Junior competition.

The last instalment for the Senior Shield was paid during the past year, and there is now a credit balance. It will in future be possible to purchase medals for the winning team in the Senior competition.

Athletic Sports.-The annual Athletic Sports were held at the Happy Valley in April last, and were as popular and keenly con- tested as ever.

Extension Exercises are used now in most of the English Schools both Government and Grant. The course followed is generally that recommended in the manual issued by the English Board of Education.

EXCURSIONS.

As in preceding years, excursions of an educational nature have been conducted by the Heads of the Government Schools. They have included trips on the railway. On one occasion 400 boys from the District Schools were taken to Fanling and brought back without any misadventure.

STAFF.

57. The most important changes in Staff have already been mentioned. I have also alluded to the constant shifting of the Chinese Masters due to the rapidity with which from one reason or another promotions have taken place of late years. The number of officers in the Department is now as follows :—

English. Local.

Pupil Tea- chers.

Vernacular. Total.

Masters...

19

39

11

20

89

Mistresses,

4

оо

2

13

27

Total,...

23

47

13

33

116

-

N 24

App

In this return

English" and "Local" teachers are used in the sense attached to them by definition in the Grant Code. Mr. Dealy has been absent from the Colony since May, and Mr. Ralphs has acted for him as Headmaster, Queen's College.

THE UNIVERSITY.

58. Apart from the educational value of the Oxford Local ex- aminations, they are specially important just at present, inasmuch as they will form the initial standard of the matriculation examination of the University. But unless a candidate is also excused Responsions, his prospects of obtaining a degree, in Arts at any rate, are some- what remote. To be excused responsions is thus the standard which candidates should set themselves to reach.

EDWARD A. IRVING, Director of Education.

EDUCATION DEPARTMENT,

13th March, 1911.

No.

M

N 25

Table I.-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.-[The figures in Red are those for last year.]

STAFF.

Name and Nature.

Number of

Standards,

Classes or

Forms.

Number Maximum | Average Rate of of School Monthly At-

}

Fees

Gros: Cost.

Col

Days. Eurolment. tendance. per mensem.

English.

Local.

Vernacular.

th

229

911

1

Queen's College, (Boys),

14

|Į Masters, 5 pil Teachers.

сл

6

226

772

196

2

Kowloon British School-Children of European British Parentage, (Boys under thirteen and Girls),.

.6

192

22 85

805

642

69

53

57

47

to $5

C.

40,

€6,596.59

75,612.23 1 39.

7,184.24 1.

5,383.90

and Infant Class.

197

3

Victoria British School-Children of European British Parentage, (Girls under thirteen and Boys),

6

197

3898

38

40

39 19

27

6,911.50 7

31

$2 to $5

4,369.58

1.

jand Infant Class.j

4 Masters.

10 Mistresses.

205

513

427

12,588.46

1,

4

Belilios Public School, (Girls),

2

2 Pupil Teachers.

OC

205

534

400

14'713 69

3 Needlework Tea- chers.

1 Drawing Master.

188

490

400

0.

10

Saiyingpun English School, (Boys),

3

Masters, 2

4

5

228

384

300

$3 and

pil Teachers.

5.

185/

289

230

6

Yaumati

do.,

do.,

1

4 Masters, 2

5

228

219

145

$3

upil Teachers.

188

361

302

Wantsai

do.,

do.,

Masters, 2

228

346

258

il Teachers.

222

32

English School for Indians, (Boys),

2 *

4

225

44

22

2+3

24

37

*196

16

13

9

Aberdeen English School, (Boys),

2

:

...

1983

20

10

10

Tai Fo

do.,

do.,

1

က

182

14

11

50

205

22

11 Ping Shan

do.,

do.,

1

I

222

43

:

223

;

12 | Cheung Chau do.,

do.,

1

2

224

29 29

18

32 50

27

17

16

11

པ་

50

:

...

13

Taipingshan

do.,

do.,

2

3

82

29

17

:

14 Mongkok

do.,

do.,

1

3

Co

821/20

12

8

15

N 25

Table I.-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.-[The figures in Red are those for last year.]

Ditto for

}

STAFF.

Number of Number Maximum Average

Classes or

Forms.

Standards, of School Monthly Fees Days. Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

Rate of

3

AL-

Gros Cost.

Feeted.

Collec

Net Cost to each unit in

Govern-

ment.

Average Attendance.

REMARKS.

English.

C.

$

C.

$

C.

Local.

Vernacular.

С

2.00 25,804.59

32.05

229

911

805

€6,596.59 40,792.00 | 35,800.23

55.76

14

'pean British

s),

pean British

Masters, 5

Pipil Teachers.

10

6

226

772

642

$5

5,612.2339,2*

)8.50

6,075.74

114.63

196

6

192

57

283

69

7,984.24

1,947.00

3,936.90

83.76

$2 to $5

5,383.90 1,

and Infant Class.

893.50

6,018.00

222.88

197,

6

197

333

38

27

6,911.50

,066.50

3,303.08 106.55

40

31

$2 to $5

4,369.58

8),

and Infant Class,

4 Masters.

5,281.25

9,307.21

21.79

10 Mistresses.

205

513

427

12,588.46

3

2 Pupil Teachers.

4,165.00 | 10,548.69

26.37

3 Needlework Tea-

205

534

400

14 712 29

chers.

9,152.00

7,544.74

18.86

1 Drawing Master.

188

490

400

0,438.00

5,644.33

18.80

Masters, 2

4

228

384

300

$3 and

pil Teachers.

5,018.00

7,330,57

31.87

185

289

230

556.00

6,204,93

42.79

4 Masters, 2

upil Teachers.

5

228

219

145

$3

531.00

4,838.08

16.02

188

361

302

949.00 2,970.01

11.51

Masters, 2 il Teachers.

3

2 *

228

346

258

321.75

1,458.15

60.75

222

32

24

409.00 1,531.22

41.38

225

44

37

66.75

701.02

53.92

*196

16

13

55,00

2

:

1

:

:

1

:

:

60.75

774.15

77.41

1982

20

3

182

14

205

22

222

43

223

27

2

224

16

NO NO

18

32

11

2= ** =

10

61.50

768.07

69.82

11 50

96.75

658.05

36.55

168.00

800.75

25.02

50

91.50

480.59

28.27

17

62.50

567.10

51.55

50

150.00 1,259.81

82

29

17

74.11 Opened in Sept., 1910.

74.00

584.05

73.01

do.

:

I

3

821/2

12

8

:

:

194.00

829.83

39.52

do.

STAFF.

Number of

No.

Name and Nature.

Classes or

Forms.

Number Maximum Average Standards, of School Monthly AL-

Rate of

Fees

Gros: Cost.

Feet

Days. Eurolment. tendance.per mensem.

Collec

English.

Local.

Vernacular.

$

229

911

805

€6,596.59

10,79

2.

1

Queen's College, (Boys),

2

Kowloon British School-Children of European British Parentage, (Boys under thirteen and Girls),

3

Victoria British School-Children of European British Parentage, (Girls under thirteen and Boys),

1.

4

Belilios Public School, (Girls),

14

1) Masters, 5 Pupil Teachers.

10

6

226

772

642

$5

75,612.23 39,2

:

18..

196

6

192

57

61739

53

7,984.24

1,947.0

47

$2 to $5

5,383.90 1,

and Infant Class.

893..

197

6

197

38

38

27

6,911.50

,066.;

40

31

$2 to $5

4,369.58

5 | Saiyingpuu English School, (Boys),

8

9

10

do.,

do.,

do.,

11 Ping Shan

12| Cheung Chau do.,

do.,

do.,

do..

13

Taipingshan

do.,

do.,

14 Mongkok

do.,

do.,

15 | Praya East

do.,

do.,

English School for Indians, (Boys),

Aberdeen English School, (Boys),

Tai Po

4 Masters.

10 Mistresses.

2 Pupil Teachers.

2

3

3 Needlework Tea-

chers.

1 Drawing Master.

Masters, 2

4

5

pil Teachers.

6

Yaumati

do.,

do.,

1

A Masters, 2

2

upil Teachers.

7

Wantsai

do.,

1

il Teachers.

and Infant Class.

›,281.:

205

513

427

12,588.46

1,165.0

205

534

400

14 712 69

9,152.0

188

490

400

0,438.0

10

228

384

300

$3 and

5,018.0

185

289

230

556.C

228

219

145

$3

531.0

188

361

302

949.0

Masters, 2

3

228

346

258

321.7

222

32

24

409.0

2

*

4

225

44

37

:

:

66.7

1

N

:

•1964

1983

16

13

:

1

1

...

:

:

:..

60.7

3

182

14

205

22

H

2

222

43

223

224

16

2* 2* NO

20

10

11

18

32

27

17

11

2= ** CE

61.6

50

96.7

168.0

50

91.5

62.50

༧་

150.00

82

29

17

1

:

:

* Indians.

74.00

3

821/2

12

8

194.00

3

82

28

21

,213.7

2,788

2,326

,952.50

2,538

1. 60

G

1.-

STAFF.

Number of

Standards,

Number Maximum Average of School Monthly AL-

Rate of

S

Fées

Gros: Cost.

Classes or

Forms.

Days. Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

Feeted.

Collec

C.

English.

Local.

Vernacular.

Net Cost to each unit in

Govern- Average

ment.

Attendance.

REMARKS.

$

C.

$

C.

2.00 25,804.59

32.05

229

911

1.4

| Masters, 5 Pipil Teachers.

10

6

226

772

32

805

€6,696.59

40,792.00 | 35,800.23

55.76

642

$5

*5,012.23 | 39,2°

)8.50 6,075.74

114.63

196

69

53

7,984.24

pean British *),....

3

pean British

3),

1,947.00

3,936.90

83.76

6

192

57

47

$2 to $5

5,383.90 1,

:

and Infant Class.]

197

6

197

3958

38

27

6,911.50

893.50

,066.50 8,303.08

6,018.00

222.88

106.55

40

31

$2 to $5

4,369.58

2

4 Masters.

and Infant Class.

5,281.25 9,307.21

21.79

10 Mistresses.

205

513

427

2

Pupil Teachers.

3 Needlework Tea- chers.

8

205

534

400

12,588.46

14 713 9

4,165.00

10,548.69

26.37

9,152.00

7,544.74

18.86

1 Drawing Master.

188

490

400

0,438.00 5,644.33

18.80

Masters, 2

4

228

384

300

$3 and

Ppil Teachers.

4 Masters, 2

2

upil Teachers.

Masters, 2

3

3,018,00

7,330.57

31.87

185

289

230

556.00 6,201,93

42.79

228

219

145

$3

531.00

4,838.08

16.02

188

361

302

949.00 2,970.01

11.51

10

228

346

258

il Teachers.j

321.75

1,458.15

60.75

222

32

2 *

225

:

:

:

:

*1964

124 16

24

409.00

1,531.22

41.38

44

37

66.75

701.02

53.92

13

55.00

1

2

:

:

60.75

774.15

77.41

1983

20

1

3

182

14

205

22

1

1

4

222

43

22 23

10

61.50

50

30

768.07

69.82

96.75

658.05

36.55

18

168.00

800.75

25.02

32

50

91.50

480.59

28.27

223

27

17

62.50

567.10

51.55

1

2

224

16

11

5.

150.00

1,259.81

2

3

82

29

17

74.11 Opened in Sept., 1910.

74.00

584.05

73.01

do.

1

Co

3

823/2

12

8

2

:

:

* Indians.

co

3

...

194.00

829.83

39.52

do.

82

28

21

,213.75 70,990.89

30.52

2,788

2,326

2,538

952.50 74,804.00

38.16

1.260

Number of

Tupils (Average

Attendance).

5,700

5,600

5,500

5,400

5,300

5,200

5,100

5,000

4,900

4,800

4,700

4,600

4,500

4,400

4,300

Table II.

CHART.

1899. 1900. 1901.1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907.1908. 1909. 1910.

4,200

4,835

4,100

4,000

3,900

3,800

3,700

3,600

3,500

3,400

3,300

3,200

3,100

3,000

2,900

2,800

2,700

2.600

3,793

2,500

2,546

2,504

2,100

2,300

2,200

2,100

2,000

1,900

1,800 ·

1,700.

1,600

1,500

1,100

1,300

:

1,200

1,581

5,759.

4,700

4,600

4,500

4,400

4,300

4,200

4,100

4,000

14

3,900

3,800

3,700

3,600

3,500

3,400

3,300

3,200

3,100

3,000

2,900

2,800

2,700

2,600

2,500

2,546

2,400

2,300

2,200

2,100

2,000

1,900

1,800

1,700

$1,600

1,500

!1,400

$1,300

1,200

1

1,100

1,000

900

800

700

659

600

500

400

300

200

100

3,793

2,504

1,58!

857

888

327

256

RED Line

BLACK Line

DOTTED RED Line

DOTTED BLACK Line

VIOLET Line

BLUE Line

-Government and Grant Schools, giving instruction in English (with Queen's College). =Government and Grant Schools, giving instruction in the Vernacular.

Private Schools, giving instruction in English (Max. monthly eurolment). Private Schools, giving instruction in the Vernacular (Max. monthly enrolment). -Technical Institute.

Night Schools.

The population of the Colony increased between 1901 and 1906 from 234,443 to 264,444.

N 29

TABLE III.

ANNUAL GRAN

DESCRIPTION.

No.

Name and Nature.

Mission.

12347B-♡

St. Joseph's College, (B.) Italian Convent, (G.)

French Convent, (G.) *

*

Victoria Anglo-Portuguese, (M.)

Diocesan School, (G.)

Diocesan School, (B.)

*

*

8

9

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.)

*

13 St. Francis', (M.) *

CC

Standards.

Number of

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

Number

Maximum

of School Days.

Monthly Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

PRINCIPAL A

Rate.

£

S. d.

ENGLISH

SCHOO

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 34 ii.).

Non-Chinese.

R. C. M.

7

244

492

435 35- 761 5

200

295

255

30

382 10

22

""

228

99

73

25-

91 5

*

248

.90

68

35-

119

C. of E.

180

80

69

35|-

120

15

242

297

264

35-

462

R. C. M.

200

104

92

30/- 138

2091

63

50

30

75

""

1,520

1,306

11 |

Ellis Kadoorie, (B.)

Secular. 7 | 221

817

Anglo-Chinese.

1 664.08 | 30 | 996 | 2|

14

Hollywood Road, (B.)

* *

| C. M. S. | 4 | 104

205

2

1,022

816.35

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 34 i.). Anglo-Chinese.

152.27 6. |

VERNACULAR SC

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii.).

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.)

*******

Ber. M.

249

71

69.66 17/6 60 19

18 Fairlea, (G.)

* *

C. M. S.

212

69

60.10 20'-

60

19

20

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) Training Home for Girls, **

**

234

72

23

L. M. S.

215

62

65.51 20- 52.30 20-

65 10

505

2

52

6

274

247.57

22

Bridges Street, (G.)

*

24

Holy Infancy, (M.) *

25

Hunghom. (G.) *

26

Yaumati, (G.)

*

27

Shaukiwan, (G.)

**

28

+7(4

Aberdeen, (M.) *

No 109 Second Street. (B) * *

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.)

ت

R. C. M.

231

86

64.00

6

233

80

67.00

27

2314

68

53.00

¡

235

70

62.00

22

230

47

31.00

77

237

53

35,00

TM S

219

72

55.23

9

!

N 29 -

TABLE III.

ANNUAL GRANT LIST

IPTION.

ature.

Mission.

Number of

Standards.

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

Number Maximum

of School

Monthly

Enrolment.

Days.

Average

Attendance.

GRANT.

PRINCIPAL GRANT.

Rate.

Grant in aid of Rent,

Total.

£ S. d.

$

ENGLISH

SCHOOLS.

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 34 ii.).

Non-Chinese.

*

R. C. M.

>>

31

3, (M.) *

)*

C. of E.

R. C. M.

>>

77767755

244

492

435

35 761 5

0

8,700

8.700

66 The

200

295

255

30

382 10

0

4,371

4,371

228

99

73

25

91

1,043

1,043

«Ine

248

90

68

35- 119

1,360

360

1,720

1801

80

69

35/-

120 15

1,380

600

1,980

"The

242

297

264

35-

462

5,280

5,280

The

2001

104

92

30/-

138

1,577

1,577

209

63

50

30-

75

857

857

1,520

1,306

24,568

960

25,528

:

(G.)

anage, (G.)

***

**

+

| Secular. |

[ · 221

| 817

Anglo-Chinese.

664.0830 | 996 | 2 | 4| 11,184 |

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 34 i.).

Anglo-Chinese.

C. M. S. 4 | 104

205

152.27

61

1,022 816.35

:

11,184 |

457

457 Grat

11,641

11,641

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii.).

Ber. M.

249

71

C. M. S.

212

234

22

L. M. S.

215

CONN

69

69.66 176 60.10 20-

72

62

65.51 20,- 52.30

20-

274

247.57

R. C. M.

""

"

32

T

??

22

A

10 10 T

60 60 65 52

19

2

10

6

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.).

231

86

64.00

233

80

67.00

2314

68

53.00

235

70

62.00

230

47

31.00

237

53

35.00

219!

72

55.23

:

OONO

684

684

675

675

“Th

66

786

736

"Th

587

587

"Th

2,682

:

2,682

384

384

| Last

536

536

Last

424

424

558

558

"Th

217

217

245

245

497

100

597

Th

- N 29

TABLE III.

GRANT LIST.

TISTICS.

um

ily

ent.

Average

Attendance.

Rate.

GRANT.

PRINCIPAL GRANT.

REMARKS.

Grant in aid of Rent.

Total. $

£

S. d.

.ISH

SCHOOLS.

per Grade (Code Sec. 34 ii.).

Non-Chinese.

92

95

99

90

30

97

33

SHARANIR

435 35- : 761 5

8,700

8,700

"Thoroughly efficient.

5 years running.

255

30-

382 10

4,371

4,371

73

25-

91

5

1,043

1,043

"Inefficient."

2 years running.

68

35-

119

0

1,360

360

1,720

69

35-

120 15

1,380

600

1,980

"Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running.

264

35/-

462 0

5,280

5,280

"Thoroughly efficient." 7 years running.

14

92

30/- 138

1,577

1,577

50

30-

75 0

857

857

.0

1,306

21,568

960

25,528

Anglo-Chinese.

664.0830 | 996 | 2 | 4| 11,184 |

wer Grade (Code Sec. 34 i.).

Anglo-Chinese.

15

152.27

12

816.35

| 11,184 |

457 Grant for six months. School closed.

6

| ... | ... 457

11,641

11,641

CULAR

SCHOOLS.

er Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii.).

I

69.66 17/6 60 19

684

684

9

60.10 20/- 60 2

675

675

65.51 20,- 65 10

736

736

52.30 20/-

52 6

587

587

247.57

2,682

2,682

'er Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.).

"Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. "Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. "Thoroughly efficient." 5 years running.

| Last year's Grant at $7,00.

Last year's Grant at $9,00.

Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. Last year's

64.00 1 6

:

384

384

67.00

536

536

53.00

424

424

62.00

558

558

66

31.00

217

217

35.00

245

245

55.23

9

497

100

507

[Grant at $7.00.

2

17

18

19

20

4

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) Fairlea, (G.)

**

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) Training Home for Girls, **

**

1,022

816.35

VERNACULAR

SC

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii.

Ber. M.

249

C. M. S.

212

234

L. M. S.

215

2282

71

69.66 17.6 60 19

69

60.10

20-

60 2

72

65.51

20

65 10

62

52.30

20'-

52 6

274

247.57

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.

22

24

25

26

Yaumati, (G.)*

27

28

Bridges Street, (G.) Holy Infancy, (M.) *

Hunghom, (G.)

Shaukiwan, (G.)

***

Aberdeen, (M.) *

*

*

R. C. M.

29

30

No. 109 Second Street, (B.) * * No. 22 Taipingshan, (G.) * *

""

""

22

L. M. S.

""

IN IN OF SCI

231

86

64.00 [ 6

233

80

67.00

8

2311

68

53.00

235

70

62.00

230

47

31.00

237

53

35.00

2193

72

55.23

222

46

38.93

31

No. 5 Clarence Terrace, (B.) **

224

31

23.25

""

A

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)

**

211

58

53.60

"7

34

35

36

37

38

Hospital Chapel, (B.)* *

* *

39

40

42

43

44

45

**

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.) No. 28 D'Aguilar Street, (G.) Wanchai Chapel, (B.) * ***

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.)

Hunghom, (B.) **

No. 343 Queen's Road West, (B.) ** Tanglungchan Chapel, (B.) **

No. 171 Portland Street, Yaumati, (B.) No. 20A Aberdeen Street, (G.) * *

Tauglungchau Chapel, (G.) **

*

230

80

65.92

27

--226

45

36.54

"2

209

77

67.89

"?

213

67

53.30

217

36

29.29

**

RRRRRRR

224

26

16.81

2191

66

49.44

216

60

38.86

238

50

39.75

223

62

52.56

215

54

33.79

46

Wanchai Chapel, (G.) * *

212

93

81.29

""

47

Bridges Street, (B.)

*

A. B. M.

208

87

67.00

48

Shamshuipo, (M.) **

B. M.

217

86

68.35

49

50

51

53

55

57

59

60

61

62

63

64

68

Shaukiwan, (M.) * *

Tokwawan, (B.) * *

High Street, (G.)

**

No. 218 Hollywood Road, (B.) No. 36 Lyndhurst Terrace, (G.) No. 6 Western Street, (G.) * * Yaumati Chapel, (G.) **

No. 204 Hollywood Road, (b.) No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.) Shaukiwan, (G.) *

Stanley, (M.)

*

**

No. 263 Queen's Road West, (B.)

No. 5 Elgin Street, (G.)

214

49

42.71

208

46

33.05

>>

""

***

C. M. S.

* *

10

217

61

46.16

219

86

60.59

234

59

47.39

""

252

62

44.53

>>

257

48

34.35

**

*224

69

55.70

22

**

238

46

36.94

27

217

26

18.62

">

*

221

30

26.49

""

Rh. M.

215

81

64.37

**

W. M.

230

58

50.83

69

No. 35 Pottinger Street, (G.)

* *

232

77

69.14

""

70

Kowloon City, (G.)

*

C. M. S.

2531

67

32.00

72

Yaumati, (B.) *

Secular.

225

50

38.00

74

Kowloon City, (B.)

**

B. M.

204

105

82.20

69697IZNONNONOI7OG615

...

41

2,520

1,966.87

5,336

4,336.79

55 (1910.) Total Number of Schools. 58 (1909.)

Do.

NOTE.-R. C. M.-Roman Catholic Mission.

C. of E.=Church of England.

C. M. S. Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M. =Berlin Mission.

L. M. S. London Missionary Society.

A. B. M.-American Board Mission.

Rh. M. S.=Rhenish Missionary Society,

=Basel Mission.

B. M.

W. M.

Wesleyan Mission.

B.

G.

**

*

M.

=Scho

G

=Scho

G

Nos. 5, 21 &

No. 14 Grant

G.)

**

1,022 816.35

11,641

11,641

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

Upper Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii.).

Ber. M.

249

71

69.66 17/6 60 19

C. M. S.

212

69

60.10

20/-

60 2

234

72

65.51

20-

65 10

"

L. M. S.

215

62

52.30 20:-

52

6

274

247.57

CONO

Lower Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.).

Thoroughl "Thoroughl "Thoroughl

684

675

684

675

46

736

736

587

587

2,682

2,682

R. C. M.

231

86

64.00

6

384

384

233

80

67.00

536

536

Last year's Last year's C

C

دو

231

68

53.00

424

424

""

235

70

62.00

558

558

66

Thoroughly

230

47

31.00

217

217

>>

237

53

35.00

245

245

L. M. S.

219

72

55.23

497

100

597

"Thoroughly

222

46

38.93

234

136

370

224

31

23.25

163

120

283

"Thoroughly

***

ati, (B.) *

211

58

53.60

482

120

602

"Thoroughly

*

* A

230

80

65.92

461

80

511

>>

226

45

36.51

256

160

416

17

209

77

67.89

611

611

"Thoroughly

2134

67

53.30

320

320

...

وو

217

36

29.29

176

80

256

"

224

26

16.81

101

101

33

**

219

66

49.44

445

176

621

"Thoroughly

??

216

60

38.86

272

272

(B.)

**

238

50

39.75

278

64

342

Last year's G

""

223

62

52.56

315

160

475

"Inefficient."

>>

215

54

33.79

203

203

""

212

93

81.29

488

488

"Inefficient."

>>

A. B. M.

208

87

67.00

402

402

B. M.

217

86

68.35

478

478

214

49

42.71

A A

208

46

33.05

217

61

46.16

C. M. S.

219

86

60.59

*

234

59

47.39

""

252

62

44.53

29

257

48

34.35

9 9 9 9

4224

69

55.70

22

238

46

36.94

217

26

18.62

221

30

26.49

>>

**

Rh. M.

215

81

64.37

W. M.

230

58

50.83

232

77

69.14

C. M. S.

253

67

32.00

Secular.

225

50

38.00

B. M.

204

105

82.20

·INNON NONON-7aQ679

299

299

231

231

323

323

545

244

789

Thoroughly

332

216

548

223

136

359

240

240

...

334

334

...

259

116

375

112

72.

184

"Inefficient."

185

185

451

262

713

457

176

633

"Thoroughly efficient."

622

200

822

"Thoroughly

192

90

282

Last year's Gr

266

120

386

Last year's Gra

740

112

852

"Thoroughly e

2,520

1,966.87

14,357

2,940

17,297

5,336 4,336.79

53,248

3,900

57,148

ic Mission.

Jand.

nary Society.

iary Society. d Mission. nary Society.

ion.

B.

=Boys.

G.

=Girls.

M.

-Mixed.

*

**

=School year ends 30th June, 1910.

Grants (when in Sterling) paid at the rate of 1s. 9d. School year ends 31st December, 1910.

Grants (when in Sterling) paid at the rate of 1s. 9žd.

Nos. 5, 21 & 58 Closed.

No. 14 Grant for 6 months. School closed in July.

022

816.35

11,641

11,641

CULAR

SCHOOLS.

per Grade (Code Sec. 35 ii,).

2282

71

69.66 17/6 60 19 0

69

60.10 20-

72

65.51 20-

62

52.30 20-

8882

60 2 65 10

52 6

OONO

684

684

675

675

736

587

736 587

274

247.57

2,682

2,682

wer Grade (Code Sec. 35 i.).

Thoroughly efficient." "Thoroughly efficient." "Thoroughly efficient."

2 years running.

2

years running.

years running.

86

64.00

384

384

80

67.00

536

536

Last year's Grant at $7.00. Last year's Grant at $9.00.

68

53.00

424

424

70

62.00

558

558

66

47

31.00

217

217

Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. Last year's [Grant at $7.00.

53

35.00

245

245

72

55.23

497

100

597

"Thoroughly efficient." 5 years running.

46

38.93

234

136

370

31

23.25

163

120

283

"Thoroughly efficient."

58

53.60

482

120

602

"Thoroughly efficient." 7 years running.

80

65.92

461

80

541

45

36.51

256

160

416

77

67.89

611

611

...

67

53.30

320

320

"Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. Last year's [Grant at $7.00.

36

29.29

176

80

256

26

16.81

101

101

...

66

49.44

445

176

621

"Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. Last year's

60

38.86

272

272

[Grant at $7.00.

50

39.75

278

64

342

Last year's Grant at $6.00.

62

52.56

315

160

475

"Inefficient."

54

33.79

203

203

93

81.29

488

488

"Inefficient." Last year's Grant at $7.00.

87

67.00

402

402

86

68.35

478

478

49

42.71

299

299

46

33.05

231

231

61

46.16

323

323

86

60.59

545

244

789

"Thoroughly efficient." 4 years running.

59

47.39

332

216

548

62

44.53

223

136

359

18

34.35

240

240

69

55.70

334

334

16

36.94

259

116

375

AUSNULUI

26

18.62

112

72.

184

"Inefficient." Last year's Grant at $7.00.

30

26.49

185

185

81

64.37

7

451

262

713

58

50.83

9

457

176

633

"Thoroughly efficient." 2 years running. Last year's Grant at $7.00,

77

69.14

622

200

822

67

32.00

192

90

282

60

38.00

266

120

386

05

82.20

740

112

852

"Thoroughly efficient." 4 years running. Last year's Grant at $5.00.

Last year's Grant at $9.00. "Thoroughly efficient."

3 years running.

20

20

1,966.87

14,357

2,940

17,297

36 4,336.79

53,248

3,900

57,148

B.

=Boys.

G.

-Girls.

M.

*

=Mixed.

=School year ends 30th June, 1910.

Grants (when in Sterling) paid at the rate of 1s. 9d.

School year ends 31st December, 1910.

Grants (when in Sterling) paid at the rate of 1s. 93d. Nos. 5, 21 & 58 Closed.

No. 14 Grant for 6 months. School closed in July.

- N 31-

Total Expenditure on Education including Technical Institute and excluding Grants.

Total Revenue from Education including Technical Institute.

Table IV.

Table showing Expenditure, Revenue and Average of Pupils under instruction in the Education Department,

for the years 1900 to 1910.

Percentage of the Departmental Revenue to Departmental Expenditure.

Average of Pupils under Instruction.

Average Cost per pupil.

Year.

Govern- Techni-

Govern-

ment

cal In- Schools. stitute.

Total.

ment

Schools.

Techni-

cal In-

stitute.

Govern-

Techni-

Govern-|

Techni-

Total.

ment Grant.

cal In-

Schools.

stitute.

ment Grant.

Schools.

cal In-

stitute.

Excluding Including Technical Technical Institute.

Institute.

$

$

$

$

$

C.

1900.

56,233

56,233

3 1.033.85

$

30.033.85

(.

No.

No.

No.

S

C.

%

%

1,750

3,870

14.97

6.14

53:40

1901.

67,072

67,072 | 29,802.15

29.802.15

1,557

3,197

23.93

6.22

1902,

73,291

73,291

32,422.35

32,422.35 1,664

3,107

24.56

6.14

1903.

112,780

112,780 | 34,366.30

34,366.30 1,618

3,542

48.48

.5.37

:

:

44.43

44.23

3445

1904,

115,701

115,701 | 36,251.59

36,251.59

1,665

3.305

47.71

10.86

31.33

1905,

118,785

118,785 41,201.50

41,201.50 1,797 3.526

43.17 11,31

34.68

...

:

1906,

118,952

2,731 | 121,683 | 46,436.07

1907,

142,072

7,755 | 149,827

645.00 47.081.07 49,238 00 (2,184.50 51.422.50

1.932

3,564

191

37.53

11.34 10.92

39.03

38.69

2.144

3.780

253

43.30

11.10

22.01

34.65

3432

1908,

157,366

9,891 | 167,267

54,791.11 3,742.00 | 58,533.11

2,251 8.927

317

45.57

12.35

19.39

3481

34.99

1909,

154,626

9,379 | 164,005 | 68,204.25 8,699.50 | 71,903.75

2,326

4,234

256

37.15

13.07 22.18

44.10

43.84

1910.

163,955*| 10,607 | 174,562 71,952.50 3,141.50 75,094.00 1,960

4,337

327

46.94

11.77

22.83

44:00

43:01

*

Including Head Office charges.

N 32

Table V.

Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

Total Revenue'

Years.

excluding Land Sales.

Total spent on

Education.

Percentage.

$

$

%

1900,

3,235,330

79,994

2:47

1901,

3,973,578

86,946

2.18

1902.

4,329,712

92,356

2:39

1903,

4,728,692

130,620

2.76

1904,

6,322,949

151,589

2.39

1905,

6,526,144

158,678

2:43

1906,

6,622,070

159,373

2:40

1907,

6,442,530

184,028

2.85

1908,

6,034,849

205,875

3.41

1909,

6,286,833

219,359

3:48

1910,

6,628,183

225,606

340

Queen's College, Diocesan Boys', Diocesan Girls',

St. Joseph's,

St. Stephen's,

St. Stephen's (G),

Belilios Public School,

SCHOOL.

1st Class.

Table VI A.

Oxford Local Examinations, 1910.

PRELIMINARY.

Honours.

Pass.

JUNIOR.

Honours.

Pass.

2nd Class.

3rd Class.

1st Division

(within age

limit).

2nd Division

(over age)

Ist Class.

:7-12-

3

6

8

00.00

2nd Class.

∞ 10 15 20 30

3rd Class.

1st Division (within age limit).

2nd Division

(over age).

1st Class.

Italian Convent,

2

French Convent,

Victoria British School,

Private Tuition,

2

3

Total,

1

23

34

20

23

(a.) 1 exempted from responsions, and one previously passed.

(b.) 3

. do.

do.

(c.) 1

do.

do.

(d.) 5

do.

do.

:

:

SENIOR.

Honours.

Fass.

2nd Class.

3rd Class.

1st Division (within age limit).

2nd Division (over age).

7(1)

2(a)

32

19

3

5(c):

36

7(d)

18

5

3

1

24

133

Total.

N 33 -

:

Table VI B.

:

Oxford Locals.

Belilios

Victoria

St.

St.

Queen's

Diocesan Diocesan

St.

Italian French

Public

British

College.

Boys'.

Girls'.

Joseph's.

Convent.

Convent.

Stephen's Stephen's Tuition.*

Private

Total.

School.

School.

Boys'.

Girls'. *

:

O

2

2

}

www.cc.com

*Z

N 34 -

917 34

9 16 27

1420 39

12|25| 35

3044 38

Senior.

Preliminary.

Junior,

Senior.

Preliminary.

Junior.

Senior.

Preliminary.

Junior.

Junior.

Senior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

Perliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Perliminary.

Junior.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Preliminary.

Junior.

Senior.

Preliminary. Senior.

Junior.

Junior.

Preliminary.

Senior.

Junior.

Preliminary,

Year.

8

-]

:

1905,

1906,

1907,

6 4 12

2 3

00

~

23 S3

1908,

1909,

F

IG

00

:

:

:

:

1415

3 4 11

2 1

916

19 10

CO

1910,

9 11 12

10

LA

00

12 16

:

* Not under Education Department.

*

00

to

:

:

20

31|43| 59

SCHOOLS.

!

Table VII.

Table of Average Attendance during November, 1910.

UPPER (OXFORD LOCAL) CLASSES.

REMOVE.

2

ABCA BC A B

3

O

4

LOWER CLASSES.

6

7

Infants.

O

A BC

A B

DE A

B C DIE

B С

D

E

A BIC

B

TOTAL.

N 35

Government.

Queen's College,

10 29 34 33 | 20 | 22 | 3634 35 36 33

36

35 28 27 22 2621 | 19 | 23

Saiyingpun School,

33

30 | 22

***

...

Yaumati School,

12

21

Wanchai,.

Belilios Public School,.{

Grant.

Italian Convent,

French Convent,

31

38

LO

7*

8'

:

22:

...

29 27

12

27 25

3434

33

49

36 38

16*

39 | 45

17*

: ོ ོ ི:

:

37

47

38

9*

636

252

162

268

148

St. Joseph's College,..

10

9:

...

20

273

English School for Portuguese,..

Diocesan Girls' School,

8

15:

Diocesan Boys' School, 3

St. Mary's Kowloon,........

St. Francis,

Ellis Kadoorie'sSchool,

16

30

4

46

26

34

37 40

36 3340 41

29

33 18 28

425

?

14

35

35

28

12

$

9

14

12

2076 +

3

5

3

13

::ཧྥུ

11

S=

47 26

27

25

32 20 272

96

...

9 i 10 i

38

27 30

23

29

19:20

19

11

10

11

13

7

7

14

22 i

5

7

13 i

6 ii

*:*

13

58

259

62

15 19

108

34

77

114

490

650

8473

The Ellis Kadoorie figures are estimates only.

* See paragraph 39 of Report.

N 36

Table VIII A.

Examination Results, Technical Institute, June, 1910.

Subjects.

Stage.

Machine Drawing.

1

♡♡ -2 -20-0-0000

--OONN-NO 1000 m D

Applied Mechanics,

2

Steam,

Building Con-

1st T.

I.

struction,

III

3

Field Surveying,

I

7

I

13

Mathematics,

II

7

III

Chemistry:-

I

Practical,

II

III

I

Theoretical,

II

HI

Physics,

7531226

10

HONŊCHWN

2

English,.

French,..

II

Prel.

Ele.

Shorthand,

Inter.

Adv.

Book-keeping,.

20

Teachers' Class,

II

14

10

Total,.

Total

Number

Percentage

Number

of

Failed.

l'assed.

Passes.

Cw∞ 1 00 00 - fin 2 -

-*QUONOOOHOOO

2000oo

10 10 10 - 220700 201

1221OO-M --

20

13

INDOO~~~~

%

80

100

160

100

100

80

100

100

100

33

71

62

43

0

71

100

100

100

100

160

100

70

100

43

67

100

100

10)

100

30

91

93

192

112

48

160

32

83.3

Note. No Certificates granted for these Sections,

The Examination in 1907 was that of the "Evening Continuation Classes", those held since 1907 were Technical Institute Examinations by Independent Examiners, and were of a more searching nature.

1

#

Appendix P.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS.

1910.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows :—-

Amounts voted.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Actual Expenditure.

Total.

(i) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

(ii) Annually Recurrent Works,

(iii) Extraordinary Works, ....

Total,..

333,582.00 10,247.50) 343,829.50 309,781.69

427,500.00 29,545.00 457,015.00 429,835.24

910,820.00 | 563,270.41 1,504,090.41 1,223,909.83

$ 1,701,902.00|603,062.91|2,304,964.91 1,963,529.76

:

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in 'Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the staff, lapsing pay of officers on leave, refunds on account of supervision of work executed by the Department for various public companies and the prevalence of a higher rate of exchange than that assumed in preparing the Estimates (average rate 19 against estimated rate of 1/9).

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below :—

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

$ 1,200.87

Maintenance of Roads outside City,

2,271.69

Maintenance of Public Cemetery,.

1,497.06

Exhumation of remains in Cemeteries,

2,320.97

Maintenance of City & Hill District Waterworks, Water Account (Meters, etc.),..

4,746.46

10,198.00

The saving on Maintenance of Lighthouses was due to few re- pairs of a special nature being required; that on Roads outside City to the repairs being somewhat less than usual; that on Maintenance of Public Cemetery to little extension work being carried out; that on Exhumation to less progress being made than was anticipated; that on Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks to less pumping being done than was estimated for and that on Water Ac- count to less meters being fixed than was anticipated.

P 2

The savings were more than counterbalanced by the excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

2,499.98

Maintenance of Buildings in New Territories,.$ 1,049.08 Laying out Chinese Cemeteries, etc., ..... Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,.. Maintenance of Shaukiwan Waterworks,

19,996.41

838.21

The excess on Maintenance of Buildings in New Territories was due to extensive repairs being required to a number of the build- ings; that on Laying out Chinese Cemeteries to its being found necessary to make considerable extensions in the way of terracing the hillsides; that on Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages largely to the storms of previous years (including the heavy rainstorm on the 19th and 20th October, 1909, when 12:62 inches of rain fell), and that on Maintenance of Shaukiwan Waterworks to the adoption of measures for augmenting the supply in consequence of the prolonged drought.

The large excess under (iii) was entirely due to extensive re- sumptions of land at Kowloon Point, (cost $309,479), with a view to the construction of the Railway Terminus. Provision was made in the Estimates for the resumptions referred to under the special heading "Land Resumption for Kowloon Railway Station ", but, as the Terminus Scheme has been abandoned meanwhile, it was con- sidered abvisable to take another vote for the amount required, the special vote already mentioned being allowed to lapse. The excesses and reductions under other sub-heads about balanced each other.

The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1910 as com- pared with that of the previous year :—

19 9.

19:0.

Increase.

I ecrease.

$

Fersonal Emolu-

ments and Other

Charges,

292,018 36

809,784 69

17,766.83

Annually

Recur-

rent Works,

109,902.85

429,835 24

10.982.39

Extraordinary

Works,

1,214,498.29

1,223,909.83

9.410.55

Total,

1,916,419.49 1,963,529.76

47,110.27

The increase in the first item is due partly to increases in the engineering and surveying staff and partly to the transfer to this heading of certain charges which have hitherto been provided for under the heading "Annually Recurrent Works".

The increase in the second item is principally due to increased expenditure under the following sub-heads :-

P 3

Maintenance of Buildings in New Territories....$3,526.04

Maintenance of Telegraphs,

1,250.46

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

1,762.63

Gas Lighting, City of Victoria and the Peak,

1,075.12

Maintenance of Public Cemetery,

1,383.22

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

... 1.199.33

Dredging Foreshores,...

3.254.15

Maintenance of City & Hill District Water Works, 9,228.88 Water Account (Meters, etc.,)

1.133.92

In addition to the above, the following two sub-head- appear under Public Works Recurrent for the first time :-

Laying out Chinese Cemeteries, etc., Exhumation of remains in Cemeteries,

$ 5,299.98

1,679.03

whilst the following sub-head disappears -

Miscellaneous Services (1909 Expenditure),.....

7,721.76

these alterations about balancing each other.

The principal decreases were as follows:-

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

1,167.80

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City, 2,213.67

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,..

Maintenance of Kowloon Waterworks.

1,703.84

1,596.46

The increase under item (iii) is small. Large sums were spent on resumptions of land in both years, the expenditure on this account amounting to $364,979 in 1910 as compared with $438,699.25 in 1909. The first-mentioned sum comprises $309,479 for lots at Kowloon Point and $55,500 for lots adjoining the old Western Market, the reconstruction of which is about to be begun.

P 4

Land Sales and Surveys.

2. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, etc.-The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these:-

No. of Lots.

Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Sales by Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula, N. T., New Kowloon,

$

C.

15

147,287

3,831.00

$ C. 12,564.00

C.

Southern District, Northern District,

33

263,373

164.56

1,253,00

170

1,176,777

245.19

3,738.00

11

218

-1,587,437

4,240.75

17,555.00

19

Sales without Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula, N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, Northern District,

Extensions Granted.

4

44,490

108.00

3,453.96

58

18,223

32.31

212.00

187

214,561

87.90

1,636.71

249

277,2741

228.21

5,302.67

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,

New Territories,

30

7,9821

751.00

3,571.20

30

7,98211

751.00

3,571.20

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,

New Territories,

693,8413 30,000

5.00 1.00

8

723,841

6.00

N. T., New Kowloon,

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong

Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories,

Permits to occupy

Land

for Short Periods, &c. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,

let by A.L.O.,

let by A.L.O.,'

270,000 18,150

724.00 208.00

288,150

932.00

403

8,282.78

146

8,162.04

254

2,917.10

Southern District, 157

187.00

Northern District, 171

678.75

1.131

20,227.67

Extensions of Short

Period Leases to

75 years.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon. Peninsula, New Territories,

Quarry Leases.

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,

N. T., New Kowloon,

3

142,420

1,275,00

3

142,420

1,275.00

Mining Licences.

New Territories,

Northern District,..

Total,

:}

...

1,642

3,027,1051

27,660.63

26,428.87

P 5

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $63,848.26 or very much less than the Estimate which amounted to $100,000. It included the following sums which do not appear in the above tabulated statement :-

Premium derived from sale of right to

erect piers,

Re-adjustments in Hongkong and

Kowloon,

Re-adjustments in New Territories,... Premium for conversion of Agricul- tural Lots into Building Lots, New Territories,..

Premium on Kowloon Marine Lot No.

90 sold in 1909, ....

$28,373.04

470.81

176.60

4,323.56

3,957.50

In some cases, the premium for land sold in one year is not received by the Treasury until the following year, thus causing an apparent discrepancy between the Treasury figures and those given by this Department.

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1908-1910 :-

1908.

$

C.

$

Sales by auction,

16,945,58

Sales without auction,

3,127.00

Extensions granted,

19,340.66

Premium.

1909.

1910.

C.

$

C.

34,531.00 *

829.00 435.45

17,555.00

5,302.67

3,571.20

Grants on nominal terms,.

Grants on short leases,.

Permits to occupy land for short periods

etc.,

Extensions of short period leases to 75

years,

16,156.30

Quarry Leases,

Mining Licences,

Premia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

13,782.02

490.46

14,401.90 321.00

28,373.04

Fees for boundary stones to mark lots, Premium for permission to build upon portion of Kowloon Marine Lot 11 (310 sq. ft.), Hongkong & Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co.'s property,. Re-adjustments in Hongkong & Kowloon, Re-adjustments in New Territories, Premium for conversion into Building

Lots, New Territories,

Premium for encroachments, Kowloon,

Premium on Kowloon Marine Lot No. 90

883.50

5,670,79

470.81

176.60

160.00 171.00

4,323.56

sold in 1909,

3,957.50

Total,

70,725,52

56,520.14

63,730.38

Actual amount of Premium paid into the

Treasury,

$

70,420.27

40,665.14

63,848.26

* Includes an amount of $15,830.00 to be paid by four equal annual instalments, the first of which was not paid until January, 1910. A payment of $25 for boundary stones for the lot was also made in January, 1910.

i

P 6

3. Sales by Auction.-There were no lots in the New Territories sold by the Public Works Department. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo sold 170 small lots which realized $3,738.00, and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 33 small lots which realized $1,253.00.

There were no sales of sufficient importance to justify the inser- tion of details.

4. Sales without Auction.-There were four items under this heading in Hongkong, viz., an area of 56 square feet at the rear of Inland Lot 1836 which was sold to give the necessary space for a scavenging lane; Inland Lot 1860 which was sold to the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee; and Quarry Bay Inland Lots 11 and 12 which were sold to Messrs. Butterfield and Swire as sites for dams. The Assistant District Officers also sold a number of small lots, viz., 245, by private treaty."

5. Extensions granted. The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised 22 small strips of land resulting from the Praya Reclama- tion Scheme in front of Inland Lots 1556, 1557, 1864 to 1867, 1805 to 1811, 1818, 1819, 1822 to 1826, 1828 and 1829 and small strips of land to each of Tai Hang Inland Lots 6, 11, 47 and 48, Shaukiwan Inland Lot 418, and Inland Lots 719, 1205 and 312.

There were no extensions to lots in Kowloon and the New Ter- ritories.

6. Grants on Nominal Terms.--In Hongkong, these consisted of an area of 83 acres (381,150 square feet) granted to the Committee of the Hongkong University as a site for the main building; a further area of 64 acres (272,250 square feet) granted as a site for the Students' Quarters and a further small area of 5,000 square feet granted as a site for an Anatomical Laboratory; 17,400 square feet granted to the Tung Wa Hospital Committee for hospital extension purposes; 15,480 square feet granted to Messrs. Butterfield and Swire as a hospital site at Quarry Bay; 2,480 square feet granted to the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and a small area of 813 square feet granted to the Eyre Diocesan Refuge for Destitute Women. In Kowloon, an area of 30,000 square feet was granted as a site for a Small-pox Hospital to the promoters of the Kwong Wah Hospital.

7. Grants on Short Leases.-There were two in Hongkong, riz., Rural Building Lot No. 132, area 266,000 square feet, at Deep Water Bay, let for a period of 5 years from 1st July, 1910, and Inland Lot 1854 at the West end of Star Street, area 4,000 square feet, let for a period of 5 years from 10th May, 1910. There was only one in Kowloon (Kowloon Inland Lot 1144-old tile factory), area 18,150 square feet, which was relet for one year with an in- creased area and Crown rent.

3. Permits to occupy land for short periods.-These were as usual of a very miscellaneous character and are too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held quarterly.

P 7

9. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

10. Quarry Leases.-A quarry at Ngau Tau Kok was leased for a term of 2 years and 6 months commencing from the 1st July, 1910; one at Tai Wan was leased for a term of 5 years from 1st July, 1910, and another at Tai Wan for a term of 4 years and 9 months from 1st October, 1910. There were also a number of quar- ries at Ngau Shi Wan, Ngau Tau Kok, Sai Tso Wan, Cha Kwo Ling. Lyemun and Ma Tau Kok sold by Public Auction; the rents how- ever did not commence until 1st January, 1911. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo sold Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots Nos. 1 and 2 and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong sold Chu Lu Kok Quarry, but the rents in both cases did not commence until 1st January, 1911.

11. Mining Licences.-There were no mining licences issued during the year.

12. Resumptions.- Four lots were resumed in Hongkong, riz., Inland Lots 534 to 537, containing a total area of 1,807 square feet. which were required in connection with the proposed reconstruction of the Old Western Market, at a cost of $55,500. Kowloon Inland Lots 442 and 618 were resumed with the object of erecting the Rail- way Terminus on them, but it was decided not to proceed with this proposal; the total area of the lots was 102,862 square feet and the amount paid $308,586. An area of 33,000 square feet (Mongkok Lot 53 was resumed in connection with the extension of Argyle Street, Kowloon, at a cost of $115.50.

.The following lots in Hongkong were resumed for non-payment of Crown rent, viz., Shaukiwan Lot No. 373 and house No. 73, Stanley.

In the Southern District of the New Territories, 153 lots were resumed by the Assistant District Officer, of which 70 were acquired for public purposes and 83 were voluntarily surrendered.

Particulars of the resumptions effected in the Northern District. will be found in the Land Officer's report.

13. Lease Plans.-Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 119 lots and 12 piers were forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases. Plans and Schedules (in duplicate) of 18 Squatters' Villages were also forwarded to the Land Officer for pre- paration of leases.

14. Boundary Stones.-Boundary stones were fixed for 28 lots in Hongkong, 3 in Kowloon and 1 in the New Territories.

15. Surveys. Many surveys of considerable extent were under- taken for the purpose of defining the boundaries of lots or preparing Lease Plans. The most extensive works of this nature were surveys of the whole of the Dock Co.'s premises at Hunghom, King's Park and a large portion of Pokfulam district, comprising an area of over 300 acres, in connection with the issue of Farm Lot Leases. The

.

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survey of the last-mentioned area was carried out by a surveyor who was engaged locally until an officer could be obtained from England. Upon the arrival of the latter, it was discovered that the whole of the work had been falsified and was therefore useless. A re-survey of the entire area was put in hand and was about half finished at the end of the year. The survey of the Kowloon Peninsula has been proceeded with and about half of it has been completed and plotted to a scale of 50 feet to 1 inch. The general survey of the Peak District has been commenced and connected by traverses with the lower levels. As there was a noticeable difference in the lengths of the 100-feet steel tapes in use as compared with the "Konstat" Standard 100-feet wire obtained in 1909 for purposes of base measurement, a new 100-feet steel tape was sent to Kew Observatory to be checked and, as the result, it was found that the difference was due to temperature and when due allowance for this had been made, it was practically in agreement with the "Konstat wire. The composition of the "Konstat" wire renders it immune to the effects of changes of temperature. Thirty main triangulation stations were fixed in Hongkong, Kowloon and the New Territories and five minor stations in the New Territories ; 26 main stations and 6 minor stations were visited and all these with one exception valued and all triangles valued and closed. Triangulation has been extended to Deep Bay connecting up with the survey of the Anglo-Chinese boundary along the coast of Deep Bay and the Oyster Beds. A surveyor has been stationed in the New Territories since May and, in addition to carrying out certain triangulation work, he surveyed fourteen villages of which eleven were plotted on the 1/600 scale Ordnance Maps. These villages contained nearly 2,200 houses.

>>

16. Sites for booths at the Race Course.--A sum of $8.504.25 was realized by the letting of sites for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the Race Meeting.

17. Squatters. During the year, lease plans were forwarded to the Land Officer of 18 Squatters' Villages.

13. Military Lands.-Owing to shortness of staff, it was not possible to prepare surveys of any of the outstanding Military Lands for Agreements as arranged for in the Lewis Memorandum.

Twelve small areas, containing about 21 acre, at Shap I Wat Village in the New Territories, known to the Military Authorities as Crown Point, were resumed by the Colonial Government and handed over to the Military Authorities, rent free, for the remainder of the term of lease from China, the sum of $28.01 being credited to the Colonial Government in the Colonial Military Lands Account.

The following transfers were made by the Military Authorities. to the Naval Authorities with the concurrence of the Colonial Govern- ment, viz., Parts of Arsenal Yard and Magazines near Victoria Barracks, and Kellett Island,

Permission was granted for the following encroachments by the War Department on Colonial Government Land, rig i

P 9

(a.) A Catchwater and Culvert at Lyemun and a path. leading to the Royal Garrison Artillery Barracks. (b.) A 1,000-yard firing point North-West of Kowloon City. (c.) A number of Blockhouses in various parts of the

Colony.

19. Naval Land.-Permission was granted for the following encroachments by the Naval Authorities on Colonial Government Land, viz. :-

(a.) A pair of iron rods on Ma Kong Island marking the

Western end of a measured course.

(b.) A pair of iron rods on Tytam Peninsula marking the

Eastern end of a measured course.

(c.) A pair of obelisks, Tytam Bay, for swinging ships. The only other items under this heading were the transfers of certain areas from the Military Authorities to the Naval Authorities mentioned under Military Lands.

20. Piers.-The right of erecting piers under long leases was granted in one case in Hongkong and one in Kowloon; in addition to which the pier rights and pier opposite Ice House Street, hitherto leased by the Star Ferry Co., Ltd., were sold by Public Auction and acquired by them subject to certain conditions as to undertaking and maintaining certain ferry services in connection with the Rail- way if required by Government to do so. The rights to erect, on certain terms and in connection with the ferry services already mentioned, two other piers at points on the City front to be selected by the Colo- nial Government were also conveyed by the terms of sale. Exten- sions were also granted in connection with one pier in Hongkong and three in Kowloon. There were also brought on the Rent Roll one pier in Hongkong and one in Kowloon, which had been omitted pre- viously and for which arrears of rent dating from the issue of the certificates of completion of the piers were charged. A lease was issued for one permanent slipway at Kowloon. Small extensions were granted in connection with three permanent piers in the New Territories. Licences for the following temporary piers for various periods were issued:-12 in Hongkong, 17 in Kowloon and 13 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 10 slipways in Hongkong, 4 in Kowloon and 4 in the New Territories, the fees for which amounted to $2,564.50. The premia derived in respect of pier rights amounted to $22,018.87 for permanent piers and $5,994.17 for temporary piers.

21. Cemeteries.-All work performed in connection with the cemeteries was carried out in the Buildings Ordinance Office.

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

22. Public Health and Buildings Ordinances 1903 to 1909.—The forms and regulations contained in Schedules E, F, G, H and M were repealed in February and others substituted, the repeal of Schedule HI, which relates to Matsheds, not taking effect until the 1st April. Schedule E, which contains the undertaking required from owners who are permitted to erect balconies or verandahs over Crown land,

P 10

was amended in December by the addition of a clause to the effect that, in the event of the street being hereafter raised, no claim would be made on the Government in respect of such raising and the ground floor surface would be raised to such level as may be required.

A new edition of the Ordinance, containing all the amendments made to date, was published in February, 1910.

23. Plans.-The number of plans dealt with shows a consider- able increase as compared with 1909, the greatest difference being in the number deposited for alterations and additions to existing buildings. There is also however a large increase in the number of plans submitted for Chinese houses. The following is a tabulated statement of the plans deposited during the year, the figures of 1909 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-

1909. 1910. Increase. Decrease.

European houses,

Chinese houses,

Buildings and structures other

than above,

Alterations and additions to

existing buildings,

Verandahs,

Balconies,

Sunshades,

Areas,

Piers,

Total,

33

22

14

8

50 135

85

146

82

1,395 1,573

178

23 63

40

31. 63

32

25 21

N

8

1,702 1,958 335

79

24. Certificates.--The following certificates for new buildings were issued :-

41 for 93 domestic buildings under Section 204 of Ordinance

1 of 1903.

50 for 61 non-domestic buildings or works.

These figures show decreases of 61 in the number of domestic, and of 17 in the number of non-domestic, buildings certified as compared with 1909, or a total decrease of 78.

1

6-4

P 11

25. Notices and Permits.-Notices relating to structures in a dangerous condition were served in 293 cases, whilst 982 permits, 463 notices of a miscellaneous nature, and 2,537 notices dealing with nuisances reported by the officers of the Sanitary Department were issued. These figures show increases of 23 in the dangerous structure notices; of 106 in the number of permits issued; and of 194 in the notices of a miscellaneous nature, as compared with 1909, whilst 2,812 fewer nuisance-notices were served. The fees collected on account of the issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from Crown land amounted to $1,521.15.

26. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, elc.-A statement of the work done will be found under the heading "Public Works Extraordinary".

27. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following

streets :-

Hing Lung Street. Kwong Yuen Street West. Kwong Yuen Street East. Wing Kut Street Torsien Street.

U Lok Lane.

New Market Street.

Tsui In Lane.

Pak Tsz Lane.

Ü Yam Lane. Rienaecker Street.

Wing Lee Street.

Wing Wo Road (lane at rear

and sides of Nos. 1-4).

Cheong On Lane.

Lau U Lane.

Wing Wo Street.

Man Ming Lane.

Clarence Terrace and approach

road to same.

Third Lane, Nos. 1-4.

Wai San Lane.

The property hitherto known as "Spring Gardens" (Inland Lot 427), which was owned by the War Department, having changed hands, a new private street named Sampan Street was formed by the owner parallel with Queen's Road East.

28. Improvements, etc., of Public Streets.-Gresson Street, which was referred to in last year's report, was completed and opened to traffic.

The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kow- loon has been continued. Power to carry out such schemes has been secured by the passing of the "Highways Ordinance". In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

29. Footways.-Attention has been given to the footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In several cases the necessary work has The been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners. areas dealt with were, however, small and are not worthy of specific mention.

P 12

30. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-Comparatively little damage was done to buildings in the Colony by typhoons and rain- storms, the only damage worthy of mention being the collapse of a retaining wall at No. 18 Macdonnell Road (Inland Lot 1509).

31. Collapses.-There were 3 serious collapses involving the destruction of 10 houses and causing the loss of several lives in each case. The following are brief particulars of them :-

98, 100 and 102 Jervois Street.

Consequent upon an outbreak of fire, the party walls between these houses collapsed on September 4th and the floors and roofs and the greater portion of the front and rear walls also fell. In this case 7 persons were killed.

11, 13, 15 and 17 Morrison Streel.

The front and party walls of Nos. 13 and 15 collapsed on September 17th, bringing down with them the floors and roofs and, a little later, the party wall between Nos. 15 and 17 fell bringing down the floors and roof of the latter house. Subsequently, portions of the flank and front walls of No. 17 fell and, in consequence of their dangerous condition, the party wall between Nos. 11 and 13 and all the rear walls were demolished. Some damage was caused to the Old Western Market premises by the collapse of Nos. 13 and 15. The initial collapse caused the death of 9 persons, 8 being killed outright and 1 dying as the result of injuries received. The site of the buildings was resumed by Government in connection with the reconstruction of the Old West- ern Market, which is about to be undertaken.

13, 15 and 17 Aberdeen Street.

On November 28th, a portion of the party wall between Nos. 15 and 17 suddenly collapsed bringing with it the floors and roofs of these houses and causing the death of 6 persons.

The Coroner held an enquiry into each of the above cases, with the result that the following verdicts were returned:-

Jervois Street.

---

The jury found that in the case of the six men death was due to asphyxiation caused by the collapse, and in the case of the seventh man the cause of death was unknown.

Morrison Street.

The jury found that the death of the Chinese was due to the collapse of the building; and that the collapse was due to defective walls; that there was no negligence on the part of the Public Works Department, but that the inspection should have been more thorough.

Aberdeen Street.

The jury returned a verdict of death from accidental causes.

1

P 13

32. Tests of Mortar.-Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 183 samples being taken from works in progress. In one case where the mortar was found to be much below the accepted standard a prosecution was taken which resulted in a fine of $200 being imposed.

33. Prosecutions for Defective Building Work.-Legal proceed- ings were taken on account of defective work in 4 cases and in 3 of these fines were inflicted.

34. Prosecutions for other nuisances.-Legal proceedings were taken in 135 cases for non-compliance with notices issued in con- nection with nuisances reported by officers of the Sanitary Depart- ment. In the case of 53 of these, fines were inflicted. Proceedings were also taken in 3 cases where proper precautions were not taken in blasting and a fine was inflicted in each case. In another case, action was taken on account of the removal of stone from Crown land without permission, but defendant was discharged.

35. Cemeteries.-Surveys for the purpose of defining the various sections in which each cemetery has to be sub-divided were continued, but, owing to vacancies in the staff, the progress made was not very great. Several of such sections in Mount Caroline Cemetery have however been completed and the surveys in connection with the records of new grave spaces in the Colonial Cemetery have been kept up to date.

Work in connection with forming new terraces, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out at Mount Caroline, Kai Lung Wan, Chai Wan, Kowloon Tong and Sai Yu Shek Cemeteries.

Extensive exhumation was carried out at Mount Caroline Cemetery and arrangements were in progress with regard to the carrying out of similar exhumations at Ma Tau Wei and Chai Wan Cemeteries.

Sham Shui Po Cemetery was closed in January and a new cemetery in the vicinity was opened near Kowloon Tong Village. An Authorized Cemetery was established near Tsün Wan Village.

A small pier was constructed adjoining Aberdeen Cemetery to afford greater facilities for landing coffins from floating craft.

The Japanese Community having approached the Government during the year on the subject of allotting them a piece of ground for the erection of a crematorium, arrangements were made, with the sanction of the Secretary of State, for placing at their disposal a small area of land in the Sookunpoo Valley. An approach road to connect it with Caroline Hill Road will be constructed by the Government.

36) Principal Works by Private Firms.-Messrs. Butterfield & Swire completed various works in connection with their shipyard at Quarry Bay and the erection of quarters for their employees both at Quarry Bay and at Shaukiwan West.

The additions to the Standard Oil Co.'s Works at Lai Chi Kok referred to in last year's report were completed during the year.

P 14

The reconstruction of the Southern portion of the Hongkong Hotel (South block) was completed in December but some further alterations are still in progress.

Work on the extension of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co.'s No. 1 Dock at Hunghom was carried on during the year and was nearing completion.

Work on the Hongkong University buildings was commenced and considerable progress was made. The ceremony of laying the foundation stone was performed by His Excellency the Governo cu the 16th March.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed during the year, the following may be mentioned: -

Works Commenced.

Cinematograph Theatre ("Victoria ") on P.R.M.L. 14, Des Voeux

Road Central.

Chinese Theatre on I.L. 1853, Kau U Fong.

Weaving Factory on K.I.L. 571, Saigon Street, Kowloon. Small-pox Hospital on K.I.L. 1264, Tai Shek Ku.

Additions to Electric Light Works, H.H.I.L. 226, Hunghom. 36 Chinese houses on I.L. 427, Spring Gardens, Wanchai.

3 Houses on P.R.M.L. 14, Connaught Road Central.

5 Chinese houses on I.L. 767, High Street.

11

12

4

""

""

"

12

ور

I.L. 796 R.P., Pokfulam and Battery Roads.

K.I.L. 1079, Shanghai Street.

K.I.L. 964,

""

25

00

1

2

;"

"

>>

11

N.K.I.L. 17, Sham Shui Po.

K.F.L.'s 1335 and 1336, Ngau Chi Wan. K.I.L.'s 1255 and 1210, Hok Un.

Works Completed.

Seamen's Institute on M.L. 295, Praya East.

Hospital and 4 European houses on Q.B.I.L. 7, Quarry Bay. Steel tank gasholder on I.L. 834, Queen's Road West.

Cinematograph Theatre ("Empire") on I.L. 1869, Des Vœux

Road Central.

Swimming bath at Murray Pier for Victoria Recreation Club. Rope Factory Extension on I.L. 906, Smithfield Street,

Kennedy Town.

Godown on M.L. 239, Kennedy Town.

Club house for Corinthian Yacht Club, Praya East.

Godown on I.L. 1573, Bowrington Road.

Pavilion on K.I.L. 535, Nathan Road, Kowloon.

?

14

P 15

Sorting shed on K.M.L. 88, Kowloon Point,

Pavilion on Polo Club Ground, Causeway Bay.

Steel pier, West of N.K.M.L. 2 (for Union Water Boat Co.). 14 Chinese houses on I.L. 796, Yuk Ming Street.

4 Semi-European houses on M.L. 296, Praya East.

3 Houses and godowns on I.L. 1588, Whitfield.

6 European houses on K.I.L. 522 R.P. and K.I.L. 548, Section

A, Nathan Road.

4 Chinese houses on S.M.L.'s 5 and 6, Shaukiwan.

5

""

""

S.I.L. 418, Shaukiwan.

<

6

S.I.L. 377, Shaukiwan.

2 European houses on R.B.L. 6, Sections H and I, Gough Hill

Road, Peak.

37. Fires.A serious fire occurred on September 4th at Nos. 98, 100 & 102 Jervois Street which resulted in the total demolition of these houses. Allusion has already been made to this under the heading "Collapses".

Several other fires occurred in the Colony, but none were of large dimensions.

38. Reclamations.--The following is a statement of the private reclamation works in progress during the year :-

Completed.

New Kowloon Inland Lot 26, Sham Shui Po,

Area in Sq. Ft.

22,500

In Progress.

New Kowloon Inland Lot 27, Sham Shui Po,

11,310

>

Do.

Do.

39. 41.

do., do.,

11,880

20,240

The areas stated are those of the lots which, in several cases, extend for some distance further inland than old high water mark and are not therefore exclusively reclaimed from the sea.

In some cases additional areas beyond those stated have to be reclaimed for roads.

39. Theatres and Public Performances Regulation Ordinance.— In all, 12 buildings were licensed under this Ordinance during the year for holding various public performances. In some cases, the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose and in other cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of the licences. A sum of $720 was derived from the issue of licences.

The new "Empire Cinematograph Theatre" in Des Voeux Road Central on Inland Lot 1869 (included in the above number) was completed in May and opened for public performances.

Steps have been taken towards making existing buildings, which are used as places of public entertainment, comply with the requirements of the Ordinance. ·

P 16

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

40. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Government Offices-Reconstructing ceilings of 1st floor

rooms, repairs to roof and general repairs and painting throughout,

"B" Block-General repairs and

Government Civil Hospital:-

painting throughout, -

C" Block-

Do..

Maternity Block- Do.,

Coolie Quarters Do.,

$4,180

$1,942

1,162

603

466

4,173

3.825

Mountain Lodge-General repairs and painting

throughout,

Victoria Hospital-Main building, small repairs, Staff Quarters, general repairs, and painting throughout, -

Kennedy Town Cattle and Sheep and Swine Depôts- General repairs and limewashing intern- ally and re-concreting compound,

Victoria Gaol-Supplying materials and making

sundry repairs,

Warders' Quarters-General

repairs and painting throughout,

2,840

2,500

$ 693

1,805

2,498

Central Police Station-Single Inspectors' and Married Sergeants' Quarters-General repairs and painting throughout and sundry small repairs to other buildings,-

Central Market-Internal limewashing and repairs, relaying floor of fish section in cement concrete and making alterations in latrines including tiling walls of same with white glazed tiles, -

2,085

1,916

Government House-Sundry repairs to main building and general repairs and painting through- out to Custodian's and Coolie Quarters,- 1,797 No. 7 Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout and re-concreting compound, 1,656 Hunghom Market-General repairs, painting through-

out and renewing defective roof timbers, 1,639 Harbour Office-General repairs and painting through-

out,

Do,

do..-

Belilios School--- Government Buildings Generally-Cleansing drains and repairing and hanging punkahs,

1,512

1,396

etc.,

1,351

P 17

New Western Market-General repairs and painting

throughout,

No. 5 Police Station-

Bacteriological Institute-

Kowloon Observatory-

Do.,

Do., Do.,

do.,

do.,

do.,

- $1,331

-

1,278 1,009

988

890

856

817

Kennedy Town Hospital-External painting & repairs, No. 2 Police Station-Renewing flooring and ceiling over Charge Room and sundry small repairs,

Stanley Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

Kowloon Cattle Depôt and Inspector's Quarters, Mataukok-Constructing dry rubble retaining wall to prevent material being washed on to the compound during rainstorms and small repairs to build- ings,

Superintendent's Quarters, Botanical and Forestry Department-General repairs and paint- ing throughout,-

Saiyingpun Market-Internal repairs and limewashing, Victoria School-General repairs and painting through-

out,

Gough Hill Police Station-Renewing defective roof

792

760-

678

618

timbers,

610

small repairs,

563

No. 1 Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

527

Lunatic Asylums-Renewing flooring and sundry

Chair Coolic Quarters, Victoria Gap-General repairs, limewashing internally, tarring and re- newing roof timbers, -

Gardeners' Cottages-General repairs and painting

throughout,

Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station-Erecting small matshed latrine and small repairs and altering storm drainage,

Yaumati Police Station-Renewing defective timbers

to fire-engine house and small repairs to station,

Saiyingpun School-Internal repairs and painting, Kennedy Town Slaughter House-Repairs to scalding

pans,

Hunghom Police Station-General repairs and paint-

ing externally,

-

Disinfecting Station, Hongkong-General repairs to

matsheds and renewing floors, -

Queen's College-Sundry repairs,

510

485

450

445

-

415

393

379

342

325

41. Maintenance of Buildings, New Territories. In the case of the New Territories Buildings, the following are those which entailed considerable expenditure:-

Kowloon City Police Station-Reconstructing verandah

roofs, general repairs and painting and colourwashing externally,

- $1,998

P 18

Tai Po Quarters General repairs and painting

throughout and asphalting roof gutters, $975

Sheung Shui Police Station--General repairs and paint-

ing throughout, -

879

Ping Shan Police Station-

Do..

do.,

863

Cheung Chau Police Station---

Do.,

do..

809

Tai O Police Station-

Do.,

do.,

789

Sha Tau Kok Police Station

Do..

do.,

596

Au Tau Police Station-

Do..

do..

507

Sha Tin Police Station-

Do..

do.,

and

463

making good damage done by fire,

42. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were expended upon the various lighthouses:----

Waglan-External repairs, painting and colour-wash-

ing, also renewing the pipes for supply- ing oil to the burners, which was carried out by the Harbour Department at a cost of $631,

Cape Collinson-Reconstructing roof of Chinese

Quarters in re-inforced concrete,

Gap Rock-External repairs, painting and colour-

washing,

Green Island-

Do.,

do.,

- $1.498

702

590

337

43. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City-The road sur- faces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition. The surfacing of the macadamized roads was considerably damaged by severe rainstorms in the beginning of June and July. The repairs were executed as far as possible out of this vote.

That portion of Lyttelton Road between the two lengths pre- viously concreted, a distance of 876' 0", was surfaced with lime and cement concrete.

That portion of Robinson Road lying between Seymour and Upper Castle Roads was surfaced with fine cement concrete.

44. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City.—The road surfaces generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

That portion of Shaukiwan Road skirting the Taikoo Shipyard was levelled up, channelled on the South side and coated with macadam.

A portion of the pitched slope on the North side of Causeway Bay Road was taken down and rebuilt.

The streets in the village of Tai Hang were repaired and pro- vided with side channels where required.

45. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in Kowloon.-The roads were maintained in good condition.

The road leading from Yaumati to Kowloon City was coated with macadam for a length of about 1,000 yards at the Yaumati end.

:

1

P 19

In Gascoigne Road, the central width of the roadway was ma- cadamized for a length of about 500 yards.

46. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in New Territories.-- Various improvements were made in the arrangements for carrying off stormwater from the new road from Kowloon City to Shatin Gap.

The inverts of some of the bridges on the Tai Po Road near Lok Lo Ha were paved with granite.

47/ Maintenance of Telegraphs.-The lines and instruments were kept in good repair. Cominunication with the Government Telephone System was established with the Assistant Harbour Master's residence by a line from Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station.

48. Maintenance of Telegraphs in New Territories.-The lines and instruments were maintained in working order.

Telephonic communication with the Government Rest House at Tai Po (a bungalow taken over from the Railway) was established by running a line to the switchboard at Tai Po Police Station.

49. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were regularly cleansed and main- tained in good condition and the flushing tanks were periodically worked.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:--

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

- $16,070.30 3,995.95

852.94

60.00

Total,

- $20,979.19

as against $19,216.56 in the previous year.

50. Gas Lighting, City of Victoria and precincts and Hill District. The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,022, an increase of 32 over the previous year and in the Hill District 116, an increase of 2. One lamp in Spring Gardens Lane, formerly included with the Military Cantonment lamps, was taken over as a public lamp, the number of those in the Cantonment being reduced to 14. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 01 of this report, from which it will be seen that the street lighting now extends east- wards fully of a mile beyond the City boundary.

3

4.

51. Electric Lighting, City--The number of are lamps (75) remains unaltered but, by arrangement with the Military Author- ities, 10 incandescent lamps were erected on Bowen Road, between the Peak Tramway and the Military Hospital. The lighting of these is defrayed in equal shares by the War Department and the Colonial Government.

52. Gas Lighting, Kowloon.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 255, an increase of 14 over the previous

P 20

year. The positions of the additional lamps will be found in para- graph 91 of this report.

53. Electric Lighting, Kowloon.-No alteration has been made in the number of lamps which remains at 22.

54. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:—

Blake Pier (painting with black Mastic paint, includ-

ing small repairs),

Praya East Sea-wall (filling in with cement concrete

hollows at back of wall), -

Sea-wall adjoining K.M.L. 42 (constructing wall at end of public road adjoining lots re- claimed during recent years),

$1,733

946

620

Kennedy Town Pier (general repairs), -

522

Causeway Bay pitched slope (filling in with cement

concrete hollows at back of pitching),

480

Water Police Pier, Kowloon Point, (general repairs), Murray Pier (temporary), (general repairs),

404

372

Kowloon City Pier,

do.,

266

Wages of bargemen (employed on floating plant which

is used for pier work, etc.),-

1,004

E5. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.-The formation of the new terrace to provide for the interment of Non-Christians, which was commenced about the end of 1909, was completed during the year, a retaining wall being built to enable the surplus material resulting from the excavations to be deposited in another part of the cemetery. A portion of the cemetery lying South of the area reserved for the interment of old residents was cleared of trees and undergrowth and laid out for burial purposes.

56. Laying out Chinese Cemeteries and

trenching for burials.

An account of the

57. Exhumation of remains in Cemeteries. work carried out under these headings will be found in paragraph 35 of this report.

58. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. The fence round that portion of King's Park allotted to Yaumati School was repaired at a cost of $52.00 and the turf on the Wongneichong Recreation Ground was patched at a cost of $209.00. The filling in of the area on the East side of Tai Hang Nullah, with a view to the extension of the Queen's Recreation Ground, which was referred to in last year's report, was completed at a total cost of $2,690.43, of which $,1,690.43 was expended in 1910.

In consequence of the formation of a Chinese Recreation Club, an allotment for a period of 5 years, commencing from the 1st October, of an area measuring about 410' x 335' (3.15 acres) on the Queen's Recreation Ground was made to it upon certain condi- ditions. The area referred to was rendered available by carrying out certain alterations, including a further diversion of the road leading to Tai Hang Village. The total cost of these alterations, including

P 21

turfing, was $4,400.35, towards which the Hongkong Chinese Re- creation Club subscribed $2,650.00, thus reducing the sum expended by Government to $1,750.35.

59. Dredging Foreshores.-The Dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated dur- ing the year-

Kowloon City Pier,

21,608 cubic yards.

Stormwater Outfalls, -

5,063

Dust Boat Stations, -

5,683

Mongkoktsui Breakwater,

1,586

,་

Entrance to Bowrington Canal, -

1,410

Shaukiwan Police Station,

1,174

11

Foundation trench for wall ex-

tending from Hunghom M.L. 1 to K.M.L. 83,

899

Total,

37,423

"

The vessel was slipped and overhauled at a cost $734.90 and is in good working order and condition. The grabs were thoroughly repaired, the worn parts being replaced.

In addition to the foregoing, the following dredging was executed by hand labour as the dredger could not gain access to the places:--

Bowrington Canal,

Shaukiwan Police Station camber,

Total,

"

5,462 cubic yards.

238

5,700

60. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-Practically half the expenditure under this vote was due to the storms of previous years, the remainder being due to the heavy rainstorms in the beginning of the months of June and July. The latter sum was expended almost entirely on re-surfacing roads, a small proportion being spent en repairing nullahs injured by the rush of water or by the passage of stones or boulders washed down by the rains.

1 Town Clock.-The sum provided under this heading merely pays for the services rendered by a local firm of jewellers in wind- ing and regulating the clock. From 1905 until now, such opera- tions have been defrayed out of the vote "Miscellaneous Services but, as that vote has now been abolished, an item making separate provision for the maintenance of the clock, as was the case prior to 1905, has been restored to the Estimates. Considerable repairs to the clock were carried out during the year, the cost of them being defrayed from the vote "Miscellaneous Works ".

62. Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks.-Con- stant supply was in force until the 7th March, from which date the rider-mains were brought into operation and, except for a period of

P 22

18 days during June, it was not found possible to resume constant supply until the 10th July. From that date until the 14th Novem- ber, constant supply was maintained but, on the date just mentioned, recourse was again had to the rider-main system, which remained in force until the end of the year.

Owing to the protracted drought, the state of the reservoirs had become so serious that, on the 1st June, intermittent supply was applied to the High Levels and Hill District but the rainfall of the 2nd and 3rd June fortunately rendered it unnecessary to continue it. Constant supply was in force for 210 days and intermittent supply in the Rider Main Districts only for 155 days.

No rainfall of any moment occurred until the 2nd June, when 6:55 inches fell. The result of this heavy downpour was that the water became heavily charged with fine matter in suspension washed from the hillsides or disturbed within the reservoirs which created considerable difficulty in maintaining efficient filtration. The dry season was a very protracted one, practically no rain falling from the end of October. 1909, to the 2nd June, 1910, or for a period of 213 days.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoirs on the 1st January amounted to 597,720,000 gallons and it reached a minimum on the 1st June when it amounted to 74,193,000 gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods:-

Reservoir.

Total Capacity..

Period.

Aug. 14th to Dec. 2nd (111 days). Aug. 22nd-24th and Sept. 4th-

8th (8 days).

Gallons.

Tytam,

384,800,000

Tytam Byewash,

22,366,000

Tytam Inter-

mediate, -

195,914,000

30,337,000

Pokfulam,

66,000,000

Various periods between July 1st

and October 19th (86 days).

Wongneichong,

Aug. 9th to Nov. 14th (98 days). Various periods between July 2nd

and October 2nd (48 days).

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year amounted to 523,081,000 gallons.

was

Pumping was begun at Tytam Tuk on the 1st March and con- tinued with slight intermissions until the 30th June. It resumed on the 20th October and continued until the 30th Novem- ber so as to utilize the extra water impounded by inserting sluice boards on top of the permanent overflow of the Intermediate Reser- voir and prevent its being lost by leakage.

The total number of hours of pumping amounted to 1,866 with the No. 1 engine and to 2,435 with the No. 2, equal to 1794 days of one engine. The total quantity of water pumped during the year amounted to 225,235,000 gallons.

P 23

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of ing during the years 1909 and 1910:-

pump-

1909.

1910.

C.

Coal,

6,407.26

6,860.00

Wages,

3.742.25

3.436.82

Miscellaneous, including repairs

and stores other than coal,

1,832.42

1,949.87

$ 11,981.93 $ 12,246.69

A comparative statement of the total rainfall for the year, re- corded at various points, is given in the following table :-

Month.

Observatory,

Kowloon.

Gardens.

Public

Tytam

Reservoir.

Tytam

Tuk.

Reservoir.

Pokfulam

Taipo

Quarters.

January,

0.88

0.90

0.50

0.64

0.61

1.09

February,

0.40

0.50

0.32

0.41

0.27

0.57

March.

0.58 1.04

0.73

1.13

0.62

0.70

April,

3.72 3.97

3.54

3.69

3.28

3.84

May,

1.95 0.96 1.78

1.61 1.23

0.46

June.

18.19 19.16 18.00

17.18

16.90

29.31

July,

13.90 18.36 15.15

14.53

17.09

11.67

August,

11.15 11.83 13.51

12.33

12.99

14.12

September.

15.95 16.77 17.84

17.74

14.25

15.58

October,

0.04 0.31 0.42

0.52

0.36

0.03

November, December,

2.53 2.66 3.20 0.79

3.09

2.45

2.83

0.82 0.39

0.46 0.39

0.92

Total 1910, 1909,

70.08 77.28 75.38 73.33 70.43 81.12 75.69 79.34 72.64 76.96 67.09 88.48

!

The total quantity of water supplied during the year was 1,606,734,000 gallons filtered and 29,471,000 gallons unfiltered, making a grand total of 1,636,205,000 gallons or 99,404,000 gallons more than in 1909.

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes amounted to 20′9 gallons, taking an estimated popula- tion of 210,360,

C.

P 24

Full details of consumption, contents of reservoirs, etc., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year and the results of the Bacteriological examinations were also satisfactory with the exception of that made during May in the case of the water from Pokfulam Reservoir. A careful inspection of the various streams and valleys failed to reveal any source of contamination and the quality of the filtered water improved in the ordinary course of working the filters.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District during the year amounted to 68,704,000 gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of 188,000 gallons, whilst 29,354,000 gallons were pumped to the Hill District, giving an average daily consumption of 80,000 gallons. As compared with 1909, there was an increase of 3,053,000 gallons in the quantity pumped to the High Level District and a decrease of 720,000 gallons in that pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 98,058,000 gallons as compared with 95,725,000 gallons in 1909.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels and the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings were kept in a good state of repair during the year.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year was 1,181 in the City and 169 in the Hill District or a total of 1,350 as com- pared with 1,139 and 169 in 1909 or a total of 1,308.

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows :----

Filtered :-Trade,

216,029,000 gallons.

Domestic, (City),

Do., (Hill District),

103,139,000

:ད

29,354,000

Unfiltered,

29,471,000

25

Total.

377,993,000

This shows an increase of 22,749,000 gallons in the quantity of water supplied by meter over 1909.

New services were constructed or old ones repaired, altered, improved or connected to the mains to the number of 549 and 44 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 1,406; all defects were made good after the usual notices (97 in all) had been served.

The following items of a somewhat exceptional nature were defrayed from the Maintenance Vote :-

1

Comm

P 25

Tytam Reservoir,

Constructing retaining wall to protect the bank of

Repairing pathways between the Recorders and

$3.428.84

Rain Gauge, Tytam,

1,658.31

Cleaning Tytam Tunnel,

779.95

Repairing Wongneichong dry weather flow channel

along catchwater,

684.51

Repairing service to Watchman's Bungalow and making pathway to Fish Pond, Tytam,

246.06

63. Maintenance of Kowloon Waterworks.-The construction of the storage reservoir was finally completed on the 1st December, thus completing the gravitation scheme which was begun in 1902.

The total quantity of water supplied amounted to 287,758,000 gallons which gives a daily consumption of 788,000 gallons or, taking an estimated population of 92,500, say 85 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe F.

The supply was constant throughout the year and the analyses made by the Government Analyst and examinations by the Bac- teriologist gave satisfactory results.

The various buildings were maintained in good repair.

There were 374 meters in use at the end of the year, an increase of 28 over 1909.

Private services were constructed, altered or repaired in 81 instances and 3 building supplies were laid on.

64. Maintenance of Aberdeen and Shaukiwan Waterworks.—A satisfactory supply was maintained throughout the year at Aberdeen but at Shaukiwan intermittent supply had to be resorted to from the latter part of April until the beginning of June when the drought was terminated by a heavy rainstorm. Arrangements were made to supplement the supply by conveying water in water boats and pump- ing it into the distribution mains and 54,800 gallons were so im- ported before the rains began.

The total consumption at Aberdeen amounted to 7,872,000 gal- lons and at Shaukiwan to 23,123,000 gallons or about 21,000 and 63,000 gallons per day respectively. Details are given in Annexes G and H.

The supply to Sai Wan Battery, which is included in the Shau- kiwan returns, amounted to 1,844,000 gallons for the year.

There were 4 meters in use at Aberdeen and 6 at Shaukiwan.

65. Maintenance of Lai Chi Kok Waterworks: Water-Boat Supply. The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 79,805,000 or about 219,000 gallons per day. Details are given in Annexe J.

There were 13 meters in use or the same number as in 1909.

68. Water Account.-The fixing of meters to properties not supplied by the Rider Mains was continued and at the end of the year the work still remained incomplete.

P 26

The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 1,072.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote:

New meters fixed (difference in value between

..$3.151.80

issues and receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total,

4,688.75

890.81

1

1,070.61

.$9,802.00

67. Waterworks Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Waterworks during 1910 :-

City, including Wongnei- chong Village and

Excess Consumption.

Rutes. 2%.

C.

0.

Totul.

C.

properties bordering

Shaukiwan Road,

99,381.97

178,110.61

277,492.58

Hill District,

3,282.94

5,391.91

8,674.85

Pokfulam District,

1,366.50

1,366.50

Kowloon, including Sham

Shui Po and Kowloon

City,

19,871.25

26,306.91

46,178.16

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

82.00 337.75

439.50

521.50

1.767.72

2,105.47

Laichikok,

17,814.82

17,814.82

Total.

$ 142,137.23

212,016.65

354,153.88

The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Waterworks during the years 1909 and 1910:-

1909.

1910.

City including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

$

C.

$

C.

272,462.33

277.492.58

Hill District,

8,584.06

8.674.85

Pokfulam District,

1,143.38

1,366.50

Kowloon including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

46,593.22

46,178.16

Aberdeen,

634.72

521.50

Shaukiwan,

1,562.40

2,105.47

Laichikok,

18,043.32

17,814.82

Total,

349,023.43

354,153.88

P 27

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

88. Law Courts--Superstructure.-The steel framing of the outer dome and lantern was fixed and the circular wall of the dome. including the colonnade surrounding same, and the granite lantern on top of the dome were completed. The concrete vaulting of the inner dome was completed. A start was made with the erection of the pinnacles at the base of the dome.

The asphalt covering of flat roofs was laid and the layer of granolithic covering same was practically completed.

Most of the steps to the ground floor colonnade were bedded and the drainage work was in progress.

Masons were engaged during the year in punching down and pointing granite face work, the main portion of which was completed.

The average number of masons employed daily on the site

was 57.

69. Law Courts-Joinery, Fittings, etc. The plastering of all the walls and ceilings and of the arches, etc., of the Great Court was nearing completion at the close of the year.

The tiling of the floors of the corridors and colonnade on the first and second floors and of the prisoners' entrance and various lavatories in other parts of the building was completed. The wall tiling of corridors, staircases and lavatories was well advanced at the close of the year.

The teak flooring throughout the first and second floors, with the exception of the Great Court, was laid and all the teak ceilings. were erected. The teak panelling of the walls of the Second and Third Courts was practically all fixed and the erection of the ben- ches, etc., in these Courts was begun. Most of the doors and case- ments throughout the building were hung and a start was made with the glazing.

The grates and mantelpieces were fixed in all the rooms on the first and second floors.

70. Law Courts -Lighting and Lifts.-Contracts were entered into with the Hongkong Electric Co. for executing the necessary wiring and casing and fixing the electric light fittings and also for erecting two passenger lifts with motors, etc. Good progress was made with the work.

|

1910 Estimates, ... $105,000.00 Total Estimates, $796,200.00 1910 Sup. Vote, ... 15,000.00 Expenditure to

25

$120,000.00

Expenditure, 119,037.24

31/12/10,......

763,510.54

71. Post Office-Building.—The whole of the walls, gables, corner towers, balustrades, etc., were completed. The walls of the

P 28

Clock Tower above the level of the third floor, which had been con- structed of brickwork in cement mortar, were taken down and re- built of granite in cement mortar as it was found that the brickwork would be subject to too great a pressure during typhoons. In con- sequence of the expense involved in the completion of the Clock Tower-estimated at $70,000, including the provision of the clock, bells, etc.-it was decided not to construct it higher than was ne- cessary in order to finish off the roof of the main building and its construction was accordingly stopped about 2 feet above the level of the ridge, the top storey being adapted for use as a strong-room.

Asphalting to flat roofs was nearing completion at the close of the year.

The whole of the roof trusses, purlins, rafters, etc., were fixed and the tiling of the roofs was practically completed at the close of the year.

The casing of all iron girders and columns in concrete as a pro- tection in case of fire was carried out during the year.

The steel framing for the glazed roofs in the Emigration Yard and for the skylight over the Sorting Hall was practically all fixed and the bedding of the pavement lights for lighting the basement was begun.

The ceilings and floors of most of the rooms throughout the building and many of the doors, casements, mantelpieces, etc., were fixed. The timberwork of the main staircase and lifts and the con- struction of the counters in the Postal Hall were well advanced at the close of the year.

The tiling of the walls and floors of corridors, postal hall, sorting hall, etc., was well advanced and the plastering was nearly completed throughout the building.

Towards the close of the year, a start was made with the setting of the kerbs and the laying of the granite paving of the footpaths on all three sides adjoining the public streets.

The laying of the drains and the fixing of the sanitary fittings were well advanced.

Various alterations were carried out on the ground floor and basement to provide accommodation for box-holders, mail carts and other postal arrangements.

The average number of masons employed daily on the site

was 56.

72. Post Office-Lighting and Lifts.-Contracts were entered into with the Hongkong Electric Co. for the necessary wiring and casing, and for the erection of the electric light fittings and of one mail and two passenger lifts with motors, etc. Good progress was made with the work.

|

1910 Estimates, .. $230,000.00 Total Estimates, $930,000.00 1910 Expenditure, 171,100.87 Expenditure to

31/12/10,... $844,851.91

P 29

73. Public Latrines and Urinals.-The following structures were completed during the year:---

(i.) Latrine containing 30 seats for men and 10 for women, in addition to 2 urinal stalls, in Nelson Street, Mongkoktsui.

(ii) Urinal containing 8 stalls, adjoining No. 1 Queen's

Road East.

The following structures were undertaken and were well advanced at the close of the year :-

(iii) Latrine containing 27 seats and 3 urinal stalls, in

Mee Lun Street.

(iv.) Latrine containing 14 seats for men and 6 for women, in Rutter Rtreet. (This latrine is in substitution for one at the top of Po Yan Street which had to be demolished to admit of the extension of the Tung Wa Hospital buildings.)

(v) Trough closet containing 38 seats and 2 urinal stalls, in Queen's Road West, underneath the ramp leading to the Government Civil Hospital.

All the above were constructed of brickwork or masonry.

A small building formerly used as a store for Sai Wan Ho Market was converted into a public latrine containing 8 seats and 1 urinal stall and a matshed structure was also erected at Sai Wan Ho at a cost of $254.66 to replace a privately-owned latrine which was demolished.

In addition to the foregoing, a urinal was removed from Salisbury Road, Kowloon, to Canton Road, to make room for the temporary terminus of the Railway, the cost being defrayed from Railway Funds.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure,

$12,000.00 $11,984.86

74. Kowloon Market. -The first portion of the steel framing required in connection with this building was delivered on the site. on the 15th March and the remainder on the 8th April. The whole of it was erected and the entire building was nearly completed by the close of the year.

It transpired, however, upon the removal of the casing for the construction of the concrete roof, that much of the material which had been used was of a decidedly inferior quality to that specified and it was considered necessary to call upon the contractor to remove it entirely and reconstruct the roof. The necessary work had not been begun at the end of the year.

A contract was entered into with Hop Hing, the contractor for the erection of the building, on the 31st August, for the construction of the necessary shop and stall fittings. The partitious forming the the shops, etc., on the ground floor were nearly completed and a quantity of the timber for the first floor fittings was prepared.

P 30

The tiling of the walls and the erection of the necessary fittings for the poultry killing-room were nearing completion.

1910 Estimates, ... $32,000.00

$32,000.00 | Total Estimates,... $66,000.00 1910 Expenditure, $28,818.61

Expenditure to

31/12/10,

47,373.51

75. Additions to No. 2 Police Station.—-This work consisted of the demolition to a large extent of the old building, which was two stories in height, and the reconstruction and re-arrangement of it as a three-storied building throughout, a fourth storey being added over a portion of it. Considerable difficulty was experienced in connec- tion with the foundations of the East wall which abutted against the gable wall of the adjoining house. The latter wall, including its foundations, was discovered to be of inferior construction, but its condition was not such as to justify the service of a notice for its demolition and the owners declined to undertake its reconstruction. By modifying the design to some extent and exercising special precautions, the difficulties were overcome and the foundations and wall of the new building were successfully constructed without injury to the adjoining house. The work was nearly completed by the close of the year, only some of the finishings, colourwashing and painting remaining to be done.

The building contains a charge room and 3 cells, quarters for an Inspector, comprising 3 rooms, a kitchen and bath and store rooms, quarters for 3 European Sergeants and 4 European Consta- bles, (3 rooms, kitchen and bathroom), 15 Indian Constables (2 rooms, kitchen and bathroom), 4 Chinese Sergeants (2 rooms) and 15 Chinese Constables (1 room, kitchen and bathroom), besides the necessary latrine accommodation and a room for coolies. Verandahs are pro- vided on all floors on the North front and balconies on the South and West fronts.

Accommodation is provided for 37 extra men over the number who could be housed in the old building.

The walls are built of Canton red bricks, generally in lime mortar, rough-cast externally and plastered internally. The floors of the rooms are of 14" hardwood on hardwood joists, which are generally exposed, ceilings being only provided in the case of the Inspector's Quarters, which are situated on the top floor, and of the Charge Room and European Constables' room. The floors of the verandahs, balconies, kitchens and bathrooms are of reinforced cement concrete covered with cement or salt-glazed tiles. The floor of the partial fourth storey is of reinforced cement concrete, covered with asphalt and salt-glazed tiles.

The roof is partly of double pan and roll tiling on hardwood rafters and partly of reinforced cement concrete. The steps of staircase are of granite, the landings of reinforced cement concrete and the handrail and balusters of wrought iron.

The building is lighted throughout with electric light. 1910 Estimates, ... $12,000.00 Total Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, $11,424.66 Expenditure to

$18,000.00

31/12/10,

$11,124.66

1

P 31

76. Extension of Tai Po Land Office to provide accommodation for District Officer. The contract for this work was completed in June. The building, which is one-storied and detached from the Land Office, contains a Police Court, 24' 9" x 16' 0", Clerks' Office, 19' 0" x 16'0", District Officer's Office, 17' 0" x 17' 0" and a corridor, 8' 0" wide. It is provided with verandahs on the East and West fronts.

The design for the completed building provides for the erection of a two-storied central block with two one-storied wings, one on each side. Both wings have now been built, the two-storied central block being left in abeyance until developments require its construction. The wings are connected meanwhile by a covered way.

The building is of exactly similar construction to the Tai Po Land Office described in the Report for 1908.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Sup. Vote,

|

$2,000.00 Total Estimates, $11,700.00

7,808.05 Expenditure to 31/12/10,......

$9,808.05

1910 Expenditure,

8,663.12

10,875.56

77. Permanent Stairway to Ballroom, Government House.--The expenditure under this heading consisted merely of an outstanding balance on the contract, which was completed in 1909.

1910 Estimates,

1910 Expenditure,

$1,300.00 Total Estimates, 1,206.05 Expenditure to 31/12/10,......

$5,800.00

5,692.60

78. Chinese Staff Quarters, Kennedy Town Hospital.—In addi- tion to the Chinese staff, quarters were required for European Ward- masters and Sisters and a room for a Medical Officer. Plans were prepared and a contract was let in November. The contract in-

cludes:-

A one-storied building for two European Wardmasters and 16 Chinese ward attendants on a terrace immediately in rear of the hospital.

A two-storied building containing a room for a Medical Officer and quarters for 2 Sisters and 8 Chinese ward amahs on a spur to the West of the hospital.

At the end of the year, the brickwork of the former had been carried up to ground level and the preparation of the site for the latter had made good progress.

1910 Estimates,

1910 Expenditure,

$3,600.00 Total Estimates, 873.05 Expenditure to 31/12/10,......

$11,500.00

873.05

79. Slaughter House, Shaukiwan.-A contract was let in May and the building was completed and handed over to the Sanitary Department in December. It adjoins the Sai Wan Ho Market and

7

P 32

comprises a slaughter house, 25' x 25', fitted with 2 boilers and arrangements for hanging meat, a small shed for swine, fitted with 4 pens, and 3 rooms for the Chinese staff. All the floors are laid with salt-glazed tiles and the walls are rendered in cement mortar for a height varying from 4 to 6 feet. The pig pens are divided off with wrought iron fences and gates. A yard was also enclosed and sur- faced with cement concrete. Owing to the site being on reclaimed land, the building, which is of Canton red brick built in lime mortar and pointed in cement mortar, was built on piles.

All liabilities in connection with the work were discharged before the close of the year.

1910 Estimates,...... $8,500.00 | Total Estimates,...... $8,500.00 1910 Expenditure... $3,879.30 Expenditure to

31/12/10..

$3,879.30

80. Prison Extension.-A site for the construction of an addi- tional block containing 78 cells was obtained by pulling down the old offices and a portion of the hospital immediately within the inner entrance gates. The demolition of the old buildings and the necessary alterations to provide office accommodation elsewhere were carried out by prison labour, the materials being supplied by the Public Works Department.

A contract for the erection of the new block of cells was let in January and the building was completed and handed over to the Prison Department on the 15th December. It is three stories in height and is constructed of Canton red bricks, built in lime mortar and pointed in cement mortar, and roofed with double tan and roll tiling laid on hardwood rafters. The ground floor cells are floored with hardwood boarding laid on hardwood fillets, embedded in cement concrete, and the corridor floor is of cement concrete, finished off smooth with a layer of granolithic, 1" thick. The floors of the remaining cells are laid with two layers of hardwood boarding with felt between them. The stairs are of timber and extend continuously from the ground to the top floor. The locks for the cell doors are of the special type manufactured for such purposes and were obtained from England.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure,

$18,000.00 | Total Estimates, 17,319.18 Expenditure, to 31/12/10.......

$20,500.00

17,319.18

81. Police Station, Tsin Wan.-Plans were prepared and a contract for the erection of the building was let in July. The site is on the top of a low hill immediately behind Tsun Wan Village. By the end of the year the brickwork had been completed and the roof trusses were in position.

1910 Estimates,

1910 Expenditure,

$8,000.00 Total Estimates, 5,008.47 Expenditure to 31/12 10,.....

$13,500.00

5.008.47

:

:

P 33

82. Rebuilding Government Parilions.-A contract for the de- molition of the old wooden pavilions and the erection of two semi- detached houses of a permanent description in their stead was let to Messrs. Hip On & Co. in August and at the close of the year the brickwork was practically completed and the roof timbering was being proceeded with.

1910 Estimates,... $15,000.00 | Total Estimates, $31,000.00 1910 Expenditure, 12,400.00 Expenditure to

31/12/10,...... 12,400.00 83. New Roads in Kowloon.-The following were the works executed under this vote:-

(i) Extension of Argyle Street, Mongkoktsui-This work consisted of the formation of an embankment averaging 12 feet in height, with a top width of 25 feet, and extending from Portland Street to the Railway and the construction of one of the side walls of a nullah to drain the locality. After passing underneath the bridge constructed by the Railway Administration, a connec- tion is made with Waterloo Road by a road parallel with the Railway, partly on embankment and partly in cutting. The total cost of this work, not including. the resumption of land referred to in last year's report, was $22,039.19 of which $21,039.19 was expended during the year. A sum of $115.50 was awarded as compensation for the resumption of Mong Kok Lot 53 (area 33,000 square feet) which was required in con- nection with the extension of Argyle Street but the holder of the lot refused to accept it and the amount was still unpaid at the close of the year. $4,100 was contributed by the Kowloon-Canton Rail- way on account of the settlement of the railway em- bankment causing a drainage culvert to disappear and thus necessitating the construction of the nullah already alluded to by a longer route.

A sum of

(ii.) Construction of the Southern wall of Argyle Street nullah, etc.-Owing to the conversion of Kowloon Farm Lot No. 5 into building lots, the construction of this wall was rendered necessary in order that the filling-in which the lessees were required to perform under the terms of conversion might be carried out. In addition to the construction of the Southern wall of Argyle Street nullah for a length of 404 lineal feet, the work included the completion of the Portland Street nullah wall to Nelson Street, a length of 344 lineal feet. The total cost of the work was $5,884.17.

(iii.) Improving communications between Sham Shui Po Village and Ma Tau Kok.-Consequent on the closing of the Sham Shui Po slaughter house, it became necessary to make sundry improvements in existing roads and to establish more direct communication between Sham Shui Po Village and the slaughter house at Ma Tau Kok. A road of a somewhat temporary description

P 34

was therefore constructed from the East end of Argyle Street to join the Kowloon City Road at Tai Shek Ku. It is 442 yards long and 13 feet wide, with an easy grade throughout, and its cost amounted to $1,996.15. The existing road from Tai Shek Ku to Ma Tau Kok, constructed in 1909, was widened to 13 feet at a cost of $956,98 and the gradient of the road crossing the low range of hills between Sham Shui Po and Tai Kok Tsui was improved at a cost of $423.05 by lowering the summit to the extent of 6 feet so as to render it available for wheeled traffic. Total cost of all the works alluded to $3,376.18.

(iv.) Road connecting Austin and Jordan Roads.-This road skirts the Western side of the Southern section of King's Park, where the allotments to the Kowloon Bowling Green Club and Kowloon Cricket Club are situated. It is 20 feet wide, is practically level and is provided with lime and cement concrete side channels and sur- faced with decomposed granite. The cost of it was $876.59.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure,

$30,000.00 31,176.13

The sum of $4,100 contributed from Railway funds towards the cost of item (i) has been deducted from the actual expenditure in the figures given in Annexe B, thus making the expenditure appear as $27,076.13.

84. New Roads in New Territories.-The works executed under this heading were the following:-

(i.) Road from Kowloon City to Shatin Pass.-A full descrip- tion of this work, which was completed in January, was given in last year's report, in which a statement of the cost was also given. The expenditure in 1910 amount- ed to $4,473.12. The difference between this amount and that given in last year's report ($4,492.68) is ac- counted for by a small return of unused stores which were credited to the work. The Military Authorities paid the balance of their contribution towards the cost of this work, namely, $8,332.00, (vide statement in last year's report).

(ii) Road from Castle Peak Bay to Ping Shan. -This road was also described in last year's report. With the exception of a length of about 500 feet at the Castle Peak end, it was completed in the early part of 1910. The expenditure during the year amounted to $12,327.50, which included $244.91 for surveying expenses, etc. The total expenditure to date amounted to $30,563.62 which includes $2,504.83 for land re- sumptions and $1,889.84 for surveying and other ex- penses. The construction of a pier and approach 10 same at Castle Peak Bay was undertaken but these works will be referred to elsewhere as a special vote was taken for them.

4

P 33

(iii) Extension of Ping Shan Road to Un Long.-This exten- sion was completed with the exception of the decking of two bridges of 10 and 15 feet span. It is 17 miles long and 8 feet in width and its maximum gradient is 1 in 50. There are five bridges, four of one span (10) to 15 feet) and one of three spans (each 25 feet), and one 5-foot culvert. The abutments and piers are built of cement concrete. The expenditure during the year amounted to $14,783.30 which included $401.69 for land resumptions and $609.10 for surveying and other expenses.

(iv) Extension from Un Long to Au Tau.-A survey of this extension was made and the work of construction was put in hand in August, a contract being let to a local village elder, who carried it out in a very satisfactory manner. At the end of the year only a small portion of embankment remained to be completed and this was delayed until rain should fall in sufficient quantity to consolidate it. The length of the road is 080 mile, its width is 8 feet and its maximum gradient 1 in 50. There are no bridges or culverts on this extension.. The expenditure during the year amounted to $4,034.22 which includes $1,362.88 for land resumptions and $50.00 for surveying and other expenses.

(v.) Road from San Tin to Au Ha Gap.-The survey for this road, which was referred to in last year's report, was completed and construction was begun early in the year, contracts being let to the local village elders for all the earthwork, channels, culverts and pipe drains. The length of the road is 85 miles, its width is generally 8 feet,-increased in a few places to 14 feet, where surplus material from the cuttings had to be disposed of,-and its maximum gradient is 1 in 50. A separate contract was let to a Hongkong contractor for the construction of the bridges, which are all of ferro-concrete. There are in all 4 bridges, two of three spans, one of two spans and one of one span, the spans being of a uniform length of 25 feet in all cases. The culverts range from 4 to 15 feet span. The whole of the work was practically com- pleted, with the exception of the bridges, which were well in hand, the works entrusted to the village elders being carried out in a satisfactory manner. The expenditure during the year amounted to $32,701,68 which included $6,735.48 for land resumptions and $950 for surveying and other expenses.

(vi.) Extension from Au Ha Gap to Shataukok.-The necessary survey for this extension was completed by the end of the year. The length of the road will be about 2'5 miles. The only expenditure during the year was a sum of $164.50 for surveying expenses.

1910 Estimates,

$25,000.00

1910. Sup. Vote,

45,000.00

70,000.00

1910 Expenditure, .... 68,531.85

P 36

The balance of the contribution paid by the Military Authorities towards the cost of the road from Kowloon City to Shatin Pass, amounting to $8,332.00, has been deducted from the actual expendi- ture in the figures given in Annexe B, thus making the expenditure appear as $60,199.85.

85. Forming and Kerbing Streets.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading, except those of a trifling nature. The sum stated is in some cases only a part of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year :—

HONGKONG.

(i.) Raising retaining wall at site of No. 2 Tank, Bonham Road, for future diversion. of road (completed),

..$ 7,593 (ii) Straightening Wongneichong Road past I.L.

1698 ("Le Calvaire") (not completed), 2,601 (iii) Improving Shaukiwan Road below Quarry

Bay Dam No. 4 (completed),.

(iv.) Improving Shaukiwan Road past Quarry

Bay Inland Lot 4 (not completed),

(v.) Constructing path between Queen's Road East (end of Military Cantonment) and Kennedy Road (completed),

2,261

1,915

..

1,956

(vi.) Forming and kerbing Gresson Street, in- ·

cluding provision of 3 lamps, gullies, etc. (completed),

1,187

(vii.) Forming and surfacing South Lane, Shek-

tongtsui (completed),

765

(viii.) Forming roads, etc., in connection with re- construction of old Tai Hang Village (not completed),

640

(ix.) Forming and kerbing streets intersecting S.M.L.'s 2-10 (completed as far as the erection of buildings permits),

(x.) Forming two roads between I.L.'s 1586 and 1588, East side of Causeway Bay (com- pleted),

KOWLOON.

(xi.) Raising level of Reclamation Street, includ- ing kerbing and channelling, opposite K.M.L.'s 29, 30 & 31, Yaumati, (com- pleted as far as houses have been raised),

(xii) Improving road between Taikoktsui and

Shamshuipo (completed),..................

NEW TERRITORIES.

(xiii) Repairs to the 10-span bridge, Tai Wo Shi,...

1910 Estimates,...

1910 Expenditure,

$30,000.00

$20,914.73

234

220

.$ 717

202

167

-

P 37

A payment of $241.03 by Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co. on account of work executed in Pedder Street during 1909, adjoining their new offices, has been deducted from the actual expenditure in the figures given in Annexe B, thus making the expenditure appear as $20,673.70.

Item (i). Bonham Road at present passes to the South of the site of the old No. 2 Tank and it is intended to divert it along the North side, thus making the road more direct and rendering avail- able a useful area of land as the existing road will be abolished. The raising of the retaining wall, which constitutes a necessary part of the work, was undertaken on account of the laying of the new 12" main to convey Tytam water to the Western District of the City, a work which is referred to under Miscellaneous Waterworks In view of the proposed diversion of the road and the fact that the length of the main was shortened and considerable bends were avoided, an economy was effected by carrying out the raising at once. The site of the old tank is being used as a tip for building rubbish and the area will be raised by degrees to the required level to form the proposed road diversion.

Item (ii). This work forms part of a scheme for improving the alignment of the road on the East side of Happy Valley. In addition to the necessary surfacing and channelling, it comprised the cutting away of a considerable mass of earth and stone, which was disposed of in raising the level of the low-lying ground adjoining Wongnei- chong Village. The work was nearly completed.

Item (iii). As the Tramway Co. had to relay their line below No. 4 Dam, it was arranged that they should avail themselves of the improved route rendered available by the works described in pre- vious reports, and the necessary widening of the road to enable them to lay their line in its permanent position was carried out. The old curve below the Dam constituted a source of danger which has now been removed.

Item (iv). This work was undertaken in accordance with an arrangement made with Messrs. Butterfield & Swire whereby Quarry Bay Inland Lot 4 was readjusted to enable an improvement to be effected in the alignment of the road. It necessitated the diversion of 175 lineal yards of road and tramway, the cost of the latter being defrayed in equal shares by the Tramway Co. and the Government. The road was also widened in accordance with the general scheme for Shaukiwan Road Improvement.

Item (v). The construction of an additional means of communi- cation between Queen's Road and Kennedy Road has been con- sidered necessary for some time past. A path, 6 feet wide, with gradients ranging from 1 in 6 to 1 in 10 and short flights of steps has now been constructed immediately to the Eastward of the Military Cantonment. The path is surfaced throughout with lime and cement concrete 4" thick and the steps are formed of cement

concrete.

P 38

Item (vi). Gresson Street is the new street which has been con- structed from Queen's Road East to Praya East by arrangement with the owners of Marine Lot 29. The buildings adjoining it having been completed, the street was formed, kerbed and channelled.

Item (vii). In consequence of the erection of buildings on Inland Lot 1300, it was necessary to properly form and surface South Lane.

Item (viii). This work formed part of the Tai Hang Village Im- provement Scheme referred to in paragraph 99 of this report.

Items (ix), (xi) and (xiii). These are continuations of the works referred to in last year's report. In the case of items (ix) and (xi), the works have been completed as far as the construction of the buildings will at present permit.

Item (x). Consequent upon the reclamation carried out in con- junction with the deepening of Causeway Bay, it was necessary to form and channel two short streets in the vicinity.

Item (xii). The communication between these two places had hitherto consisted of an irregular pathway, for which a properly- formed road has now been substituted.

86. Raising Chatham Road.--As explained in last year's report, certain work which had been executed by the Railway Administra- tion in connection with the widening of this road was charged to this vote. The expenditure during the year consisted almost entirely of the amount transferred to Railway Funds on account of the work referred to.

|

1910 Estimates, ...$27,500.00 Total Estimates,......$51,000.00 1910 Sup. Vote, 31,472.25 Expenditure to

58,972.25

1910 Expenditure, $58,972.25

31/12/10,.

$81,513.70

87. Gullies Reconstruction. This work was finally completed. During the year, 2 gullies with single gratings and 7 gullies with double gratings were constructed, or a total of 16 gratings, bringing the total number dealt with to 698 gullies with single gratings and 728 gullies with double gratings.

1910 Estimates, ...$600.00 Total Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, $564.81 Expenditure to

31/12/10,

.$98,000.00

.$93,500.94

88. Training Nullahs.-The following is a statement of the

works carried out under this heading :-

(i.) Nullah in Waterloo Road, Kowloon, from Railway Bridge No. 4 to-

wards Disinfecting Station. The deepening of a portion of the un- trained old course of the stream at

P 39

a cost of $689 is included in the expenditure (completed),

Length

trained. Expenditure. Lin. Ft. $

340

3,871

(ii) Nullah immediately West of the University site, extending from Hill Road to Pokfulam Conduit. Subsidiary channels, aggregat- ing 280 feet in length, were also constructed and are included in the expenditure (completed),...... 1,671

22,515

(iii.) Nullah West of Kennedy Town Hos-

pital (completed),

706

1,544

(iv.) Nullah East of the Military Hospital between Kennedy and Bowen Roads (not completed),

1,800

1910 Estimates, ...$15,000.00

1910 Sup. Vote...... 14,730.00

1910 Expenditure,

29.730.00 29,729.87.

89. Large Flushing Tank for Main Sewers and Substitution of Iron for Earthenware Pipes.-The work executed under this head- ing was confined to the substitution of 10" cast iron pipes for 9" earthenware ones in Garden Road, commencing from Queen's Road and extending to the manhole below the entrance to St. John's Cathedral, a length of 173 lineal yards.

1910 Estimates,...... $5,000.00 1910 Expenditure,...

935.01

Total Estimates,...... Expenditure to

31/12/10,.........

$20,187.59

90. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.--Extensive works were carried out under this heading. The following is a statement of the principal items, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost, owing to the work extending into more than one year :-

HONGKONG.

(i.) Raising sunken sewer, Connaught Road West, and works in connection therewith (com- pleted),...

(ii) Drainage works at Shaukiwan West (not com-

$ 9,027

pleted),.

3,500

(iii.) Extension of sewer in Shaukiwan Road from Bay View Police Station to Inland Lot 1618 (completed),... ...

2,921

(iv) Extension of stormwater drains consequent on reclamation in rear of the Government Stores, Wanchai (completed),

1,843

P 40

(v.) Training nullah (186 lineal feet) in Sun Shing Street, Shaukiwan, and forming channels (704 lineal feet) in Shaukiwan Road (com- pleted),..

(vi.) Extension of stormwater drain in Shaukiwan Road from Inland Lot 1588 to Inland Lot 1586 (completed),

(vii.) Diversion of stormwater drain in Spring Gar- dens Lane from Queen's Road East to near Cross Street (completed),

(viii.) Diversion of culvert at Bowen Road Filter

Beds (completed),

$ 1,778

1,543

1,020

813

(ix) Extension of one side wall of the nullah South of No. 8 Bridge, Shaukiwan, (165 lineal feet) (completed),.

730

(x.) Raising nullah walls adjoining Inland Lot 1814,

Tai Hang, (completed),

516

(xi.) Extension of sewer to Inland Lot 1834, Kennedy

Road (completed),

359

(xii.) Extension of stormwater drain in South Lane

opposite Inland Lot 1300 (completed),.

261

(xiii.) Extension of stormwater drain and sewer in

Gresson Street (completed),

221

(xiv.) Extension of stormwater drain from the Peak Road opposite Mt. Austin Barracks to the nullah on Recreation Ground (completed),... (xv.) Drain Connections and other small items (com-

pleted),....

153

1,976

KOWLOON.

(xvi.) Construction of stormwater drains in Reclama- tion Street and adjoining streets on account of reclamation of K.M.L. 87 and site for market (completed),

(xvii.) Completion of sewer in road South of Hung- hom Inland Lot 235 and in Gillies Avenue (completed),

(xviii.) Extension of sewer in Pekin Road from sea- wall to East of Tsim Sha Tsui Market (com- pleted),

-$ 5,947

3,306

2,508

(xix.) Laying stormwater drains in Reclamation

Street and Wing Sing Lane (completed), (xx.) Construction of sewer for Kowloon Mortuary

(completed),

1,809

1,434

(xxi.) Construction of stormwater drain, Shantung Street, from sea front to Portland Street (completed),..

693

(xxii.) Extension of sewer in Argyle Street for Kowloon

Inland Lots 951 and 952 (completed),

159

P 41

(xxiii.) Drain Connections and other small items teone

pleted),

1910 Estimates,

1910 Expenditure,

$43,000,00 42,750.35

- 1188

Items (i), (xx) and (xxi). These items were described in last year's report and are now completed.

Item (ii). Owing to the rapid development of Shaukiwan West and the erection of extensive blocks of workmen's dwellings in con- nection with the Taikoo Shipyard, it was found necessary to carry out a drainage scheme for this district. The work consists of the construction of an 18" outfall, with main and branch pipe sewers, varying in size from 15" to 6" and extending from Shaukiwan Marine Lot 6 to Shaukiwan Inland Lot 393. The works also extended to the various lanes branching off the main road between the points mentioned.

Item (iii). This work was required owing to the erection of the Royal Hongkong Yacht Club premises and to the drainage outfall from Inland Lots 1617 and 1618 being in close proximity. The work consisted in the laying of a 6" pipe to divert the drainage to the out- fall opposite the Bay View Police Station.

Item (iv). Owing to the extension of the reclamation at the rear of the Government Stores, Wanchai, it was found necessary to extend the stormwater outfalls.

Item (v). This work was undertaken in consequence of strong representations by the Principal Medical Officer regarding the in- sanitary condition of Shaukiwan Village in the vicinity of Military property.

Item (vi). This work was rendered necessary by the reclama- tion of an area adjoining Causeway Bay. The work consisted of the laying of 15" and 12" pipes and the construction of 4 street gullies.

Item (vii). The old stormwater drain in Spring Gardens Lane was found to follow an irregular course causing it to encroach upon Inland Lot 427. As building operations extending up to the bound- ary of the lot were undertaken, it was necessary to reconstruct the drain in a more direct line to prevent its being built over.

Item (viii). Owing to the settlement of the embankment at the Bowen Road Filter Beds, it was found that the old stormwater culvert passing underneath had collapsed. In reconstructing the drain, another route was adopted.

Item (ix). This work was necessary in order to provide a site adjoining the nullah to accommodate Shaukiwan Lot 350 which had been removed from Wongkoktsui.

Item (x).

This work was undertaken in consequence of com- plaints received from the lessee of Inland Lot 1814 as to the flooding of his premises during heavy rainstorms.

Items (xi), (xii), (xiii), (xiv) and (xxii). These items refer to extensions of sewers and stormwater drains necessitated by the erec- tion of new buildings or other similar causes.

Items (xv) and (xxiii).

P 42

These items need no comment.

Item (xvi). This work was necessary to provide for carrying off stormwater from the scction of Reclamation Street between Water- loo Road and Hi Lung Lane and adjacent streets. It comprised the construction of a 24" cement concrete culvert, the laying of earthen- ware pipes, varying in diameter from 21" to 12", and the provision of the necessary street gullies.

Item (xvii). This work formed part of the drainage scheme for Hunghom Village, which has had to be re-arranged in consequence of the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the extensive reclamation carried out in connection with it. The portion referred to could not be constructed until this year owing to the presence of slipways on Hunghom Inland Lot 235. The work consisted of the laying of 21" and 15" earthenware pipes.

Item (xviii). No sewer previously existed in Pekin Road, the whole of the sullage. water from the adjacent properties discharging into an old rubble stormwater drain. The work consisted of the

laying of 12" and 9" earthenware pipes.

Item (xix). This work was necessary for the discharge of storm- water from the area indicated to the North of Public Square Street. It comprised the laying of 15" and 12" earthenware pipes and the construction of street gullies with the necessary connections.

91. Extensions of Lighting-The following lamps were erected:

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT.

Shaukiwau Road-from Kennedy's Stables to

Inland Lot 1620, -

-

Old Shaukiwan Road and Tai Hang Village, Gresson Street and adjoining public lanes. Spring Gardens Lane,

Man Ming Lane (Queen's Road East),

Tsui In Lane (East end of Blue Buildings)

(1 paid for by owner),

Queen's Road East,

Queen Victoria Street,

Yuk Ming Street (off Battery Street) (paid for

by owner),

Barker Road,

Approach path to Victoria Hospital.

+

10

10

3*

1t

1

212

2

++

34

* These three lamps were paid for out of the Vote "Forming and Kerbing

Streets".

†This lamp was formerly one of the Military Cantonment lamps, the lighting of which is born in equal shares by the Military Authorities and the Colonial Government. Spring Gardens property has now been sold by the Military Authorities and the lamp has therefore heen taken over as a public lamp. This lamp was originally arranged exclusively for hospital purposes and the cost of lighting was defrayed by the Medical Department. Its position has now been altered so that it assists in lighting Barker Road and it has there- fore been included among the public lamps.

P 43

KOWLOON.

Chatham Road (temporary route),

Salisbury Road,

Approach road to Mortuary, Yaumati,

Shanghai Street,

Fife Street,

Argyle Street,

3

1

2

I

2

Nelson Street,

1910 Estimates,

1910 Sup. Vote,

1910 Expenditure,

14

$1,500.00 600.00

$2,100.00 2,067.00

--

92. Triangulation Survey of Colony.-A description of the work accomplished will be found under paragraph 15 of this report. The designation of the Vote has been altered from "Permanent Marks for Traverse Survey Points in New Territories" to that given at the commencement of this paragraph.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure,

$5,000.00 Total Estimates,... $11,000.00

1,138.59 Expenditure to

| 31/12/10,

2,238.37

93. Green Island and Kowloon City Piers.-These piers were completed in September and October respectively. With the excep- tion of the fenders, which are of Yacal, they are constructed entirely of reinforced concrete. The piles, which vary from 12" × 12" to 14" × 14" and from 15 to 374 feet in length, were made in Hongkong and were conveyed to the works when properly set and driven in the usual manner. The walings, bracings, deck beams and decking were all made in situ and, owing to the small range of tide and the infrequence of suitable tides, the work was a somewhat tedious one. It is however hoped that the additional trouble involved will be compensated for by the greater durability of the material employed compared with the timber hitherto used.

Green Island pier is L-shaped, is 90 feet in length and has an area of 1,350 square feet. It is provided with one set of steps and a pair of davits for hoisting a boat used in connection with the Gun- powder Depôt.

Kowloon City pier is 149 feet long and has an area of 2,950 square feet, being provided with two sets of steps at the outer end, which is widened to accommodate them. To obviate unduly in- creasing the length of the pier, 21,608 cubic yards of mud were dredged in order to deepen the approaches, the seabed being com- paratively level in the vicinity. The cost of the dredging was dė- frayed from the vote "Dredging Foreshores".

P 44

The use of Kowloon City Pier as a regular place of call for two launches running a ferry service to that district was sanctioned subject to payment of $20 and $15 per month respectively.

The amount actually expended during the year was $19,594.72, but a credit of $12,306.18 was obtained by returning into Store the plant referred to in last year's report, thus reducing the amount to $7,288.54.

1910 Estimates, ......$18,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$34,734.00 1910 Expenditure,... 7,288.54 Expenditure to

31/12/10,

...

34,146.08

94. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their execution extending over more than one year :-

Western Market:

Constructing fruit market on open space behind old Harbour Office (completed). Closing opening on first floor of new West-

ern Market with iron gratings, -

Enclosing verandah openings of do., Converting North vestibule of do. into

two stalls,

-

3,734

291

148

119

Providing two new counters in do., Erecting cubicles in fitter's room in do., Wire netting to windows and gates of do., Erecting matshed in old Western Market,

86

72

144

415

5,009

Royal Square-

Removing statue of H.M. King Edward VII

to permanent site, -

Laying out and turfing area adjoining

King Edward's statue,

-

Arrangements in connection with the un-

veiling of statues ceremony, performed in 1909,

Imports and Exports Office :---

Erecting timber building for office adjoin-

ing new Harbour Office,

timber shed for waiting room,

Do.

Electric light fittings, fans, etc.,

Low-lying area at junction of Nathan and Jordan

Roads, Kowloon,-filling in,

459

1,171

534

2,164

1,628

177

227

2,032

1,636.

1,405

1,317

Sookunpoo Market—reconstructing drainage

and relaying floors, etc.,

1,253

Rifle Range in King's Park, Kowloon,-Exten- sions: $2,498-$1,093 contributed from Volunteer funds,

-

Slaughter Houses, Kennedy Town,-Addition

to Shroffs' quarters,

P 45

Saiyingpun School :--

$

$35

Constructing playshed,

Erecting flagstaff, etc.,

Victoria Hospital-white glazed tiling and

water-closet for Isolation Ward,

Central Police Station :-

Building in compound to afford additional

office accommodation,

1,087 61

1.151

1.135

789

Constructing balcony at single Inspectors'

quarters,

169

958

Dust Boat Stations and Refuse Depôts :-

Do.

Do.

Dust shoot opposite Central Market,

at Saigon Street, Yaumati,

Dust bins at Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay,

Street Watering-provision of fountains and

paving around same in Victoria,

342

375

at Eastern Street,

28

143

888

872

Harbour Office Pier-extension,

811

No. 7 Police Station-erecting balcony on West

side of quarters, etc.,

721

Western District Sanitary Office-erecting dust

cart shed,

665

Public Laundries, Wanchai-constructing ad-

ditional floor in quarters, etc.,

656

Queen's College:-

Extension of laboratory,

354

Colouring and painting classrooms to im-

prove lighting,

299

653

Shaukiwan Improvements-forming new site. for Lot No. 350: $608-$630 contribution by Messrs. Butterfield & Swire,

Mountain Lodge :-

Erecting fowl house,

Repairing flagstaff,

Supplying boiler, etc.,

Fixing boundary stones,

Lighthouse Pier, Green Island- Extension,

324

119

111

49

603

586

Government Civil Hospital:-

Providing water-closet at European Lunatic

Asylum,

72

Barring up openings in verandahs of Me-

dical Staff Quarters,

-

98

Erecting iron sunshades to Sisters' duty

room in A Block,

randah of

do..

-

Removing partition, etc., in do.,

Erecting partition across groud floor ve-

Ceiling fans for Maternity Hospital, etc.,

68

44

34

251

567

P 16

Kowloon British School-providing additional

bathroom for quarters, etc.,

Water Police Station :-

559

Filling in disused water tank,

239

Constructing

latrine for Inspector's

quarters,

183

Enlarging latrine in Police Basin Com-

pound,

130

552

City Public Mortuary-constructing sterilizing tank for treating sewage prior to its dis- charge into drains,

516

House Collapses-Removal of debris, etc. :-

Morrison Street,

307

Jervois Street.

151

458

Des Voeux Road Temporary Market-Altera-

tions for housing steam roller,

411

No. 2 Tank :-

:-

Demolition of arches,

200

Filling in brick rubbish removed from

Bridges Street,

188

388

Government House:-

Awning for garden entrance to ballroom,

124

Miscellaneous small items,

176

300

Clock Tower--repairing clock,

275

Aberdeen Cemetery-landing pier,

266

Yaumati Police Station:--

Constructing room for Sergeant-Inter-

preter,

Concrete floor for Indians' mess-room,-

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôt--alterations for

export of cattle to Manila, -

Hollow in Canton Road, Mongkoktsui, opposite

K.I.L.'s 426 and 427--filling in,

Ma Tau Kok Slaughter Houses:-

Providing scalding pans,

Iron gates at Inspector's quarters,

Iron guards at Shroffs' office,

213

37

250

247

238

77

68

228

72

217

211

$35,000.00

1,250.00

$36,250.00

Barker Road-constructing retaining wall to

support bank under Victoria Hospital, -

1910 Estimates,

1910 Sup. Vote,

1910 Expenditure,

36,425.22

P 47

95. Royal Square.-It may be useful to record here that the old building which had been used as an office in connection with the Praya Reclamation work and was latterly occupied by some of the Public Works Department staff was demolished in the beginning of the year, a sum of $100 being received for the materials. The statue of His late Majesty, King Edward VII, was then moved to its per- manent position adjoining the Central Avenue and a bamboo fence was erected to enclose an area, which was laid out and turfed by the Botanical and Forestry Department, corresponding with the Northern plot of garden belonging to the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank. The area between the new plot and the Ilongkong Club, which had been occupied as a contractor's yard in connection with the erection of the new l'ost Office, was vacated and cleared of matsheds and building. materials at the close of the year.

96. Mongkoktsui Breakwater-Harbour of Refuge for Small Craft. The dredging of the foundation trenches for the breakwater and jetty was completed by the end of January. The total quantity of material dredged, consisting of clay and mud, amounted to 362,600 cubic yards (hopper measurement).

was

On the completion of the dredging, the "St. Enoch' placed in the hands of the Government Marine Surveyor for some minor repairs which had been left unfinished by the Taikoo Ship- yard Co. when overhauling the vessel in 1909 and, on the 1st March, was laid up and placed under the charge of the Harbour Master.

Tenders for the construction of the Breakwater and contingent works were called for on the 21st June, eight European and four Chinese firms of contractors being invited to tender. The Con- tract was awarded to Messrs. Him Tai, whose tender amounted to $2,018,002.54 and the contract documents were signed on the 27th October.

The Contract comprises the construction of the following works:-

(i.) A detached rubble mound breakwater 3,338 feet in.

length, faced above Ordnance Datum on the outer slope and platform with concrete blocks and on the inner slope with coursed granite pitching.

(ii.) A masonry jetty at the Southern entrance to the refuge, projecting a distance of 450 feet from the sea-wall at the Western end of Saigon Street.

(iii) A reclamation to the South of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 32 terminating in a pierhead at the Northern entrance to the refuge and covering the rocky shoal adjoining that entrance.

The first guide pile for defining the area within which stone is to be deposited to form the breakwater was driven on the 23rd November and the first load of stone was deposited on the 22nd December. In all, 112 guide piles were driven up to the close of the year.

P 48

No payments were made to the contractors on account of work done during 1910. The expenditure for the year, which amounted to $28,386.77, was for dredging, maintenance of dredger and preliminary and supervision expenses in connection with the work.

The negotiations with the lessees of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 32 with regard to the reclamation to the South of their lot, referred to in last year's report, were brought to a successful issue, the lessees agreeing to the carrying out of a modified scheme, which overcame their objections to the original scheme, and accepting an offer made to them to surrender a part of their present lot in exchange for a portion of the area to be reclaimed.

The estimated cost of the work, after deducting the value of a portion of the reclamation which will become available for sale, is 2,235,361, but this is exclusive of certain claims for compensation inade by the lessees of Kowloon Marine Lots 29, 30 and 31.

1910 Estimates, - $90,000.00 | Total Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, 28,386.77

Expenditure to

31/12/10,

-

- $306,609.30

97. Causeway Bay Typhoon Refuge-Deepening shallow area to one foot below Ordnance Datum.--This work was completed during the year. It consisted of the removal of 110,305 cubic yards of material, a portion of which was utilized in forming the reclamation referred to in last year's report.

1910 Estimates, - $11,000.00

1910 Sup. Vote,

886.00

$11,886.00

Total Estimates, - $74,000.00 Total Expenditure, 74,885.89

1910 Expenditure, 11,885.89

98. Reclamation, Yaumati.--This work was not proceeded with. The small expenditure shown was incurred in obtaining valuations and reports with regard to claims made against the Government by the Marine Lot-holders on account of alleged interference with their rights of access to the waters of the harbour.

1910 Estimates, -$40,000.00 1910 Expenditure, 1,239.00

Total Estimates, Expenditure to 31/12/10,

-

$1,239.00

99. Improvement of Tai Hang Village. The improvement of the old portion of this village, which had formed the subject of com- plaints by the Sanitary Board, was undertaken. The work consisted of the entire demolition of the old houses and the pig-sties, the filling in of the sites so as to raise them to a maximum extent of about 6 feet, the laying out of new roads and lanes and the proper drainage of the area. The villagers were compensated for the demolition of their buildings and were given improved sites on which to erect sanitary dwellings. In all, 48 houses, 8 matsheds and 73 pig-sties have to be dealt with and, of these, 18 houses, 1 matshed and 15

P 49

pig-sties were demolished during the year and practically recon- structed by its close.

1910 Estimates, - $4,500.00 1910 Expenditure, $4,484.81

Total Estimates, - $15,500,00 Expenditure to

31/12/10,

$ 4,484.81

100. Compensation under the Buildings Ordinance of 1903.- This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes and for the payment of compensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private lanes or streets. In some cases, instead of the area devoted to a scavenging lane being resumed, owners have agreed to provide a lane in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1910 Estimates,-

1910 Expenditure,-

$20,000.00 $ 4,847.25

The following is a statement of the resumptions effected during the year-

Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

In rear of 6 houses on K.I.L. 522 R.P. and K.I.L 548 Sec. A, Nathan Road,

In rear of 268 Des Voeux Road Central

and 60 Wing Lok Street,

Area in Compensa- Sq. Ft. tion paid.

$

C.

1,370

2,741.00

841 2,106.25

A lane in the rear of 6 houses on Shaukiwan Inland Lot 377 was also formed but payment for it had not been made before the end of the year.

Scavenging Lanes surrendered to the Government without

payment of compensation.

In rear of 3 houses on I.L. 1588, Shaukiwan

Road, Whitfield, -

Do. 14 houses on I.L. 796, Yuk Ming Street, Do. 5 houses on S.I.L. 418, Main Street,

Shaukiwan,

Do. 2 houses on S.I.L. 131,

Do.

do., 2 houses on S.I.L. 410, do.,

Do. 1 house on I.L. 1836, No. 103, Holly-

wood Road, (in this case one half of this area was provided by the Gov- ernment),

Area in Sq. Ft.

289

1,287

449

188

256

103

Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendereā

to the Government.

Area in Sq. Ft.

In rear of 4 houses on M.L. 296, Praya East,

544

P 50

Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an opportunity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining

public streets.

In rear of No. 286 Des Voeux Road Central on

I.L. 1821,

Do. No. 392, Queen's Road West on I.L. 1800 Sec. D. (In this case the owner has agreed to defray the cost of the acquisition of the necessary area when it becomes available.) -

Area in Sq. Ft.

44

86

101. Resumption for Public Road through Marine Lot 29.-The compensation agreed upon for the formation of this road was paid during 1909 and no expenditure was therefore incurred during 1910.

102. Kowloon Waterworks Gravitation Scheme.--A contract for the completion of the Main and Byewash Dams of the Storage Reservoir was entered into with the Kang On Firm in January and was completed on the 1st December. The work done included:

Cement Concrete,

Lime

""

Ashlar Masonry,

Rubble

31

1,000 cubic yards. 3,110 21,300

27

11

feet.

"

730

"

yards.

With the completion of this contract, the Kowloon Waterworks Gravitation Scheme, authorized in December, 1901, (vide Sessional Papers Nos. 50/1901 and 27/1902), was brought to a close and it may be of interest to give here a brief account of the works executed.

The Scheme, as carried out, included the following works:---

(i.) A Storage Reservoir of 374 million gallons capacity with

a natural drainage area of 438 acres.

(ii.) A. Caretaker's Bungalow.

(iii) Two Catchwaters, one intercepting the drainage of an area

of 400 acres and the other of an area of 28 acres.

(iv.) A Clearwater Channel.

(v.) A Main from the Storage Reservoir to the Filter Beds. (vi.) Three Filter Beds having a total area of 2,400 square

yards.

(vii.) A Main from the Filter Beds to the Service Reservoir.

(viii.) A Service Reservoir of 2,183,000 gallons capacity.

(ix.) A Main from the Service Reservoir to Yaumati and sundry extensions of the distribution system in Kowloon Peninsula.

(x.) Miscellaneous works.

(i.) Storage Reservoir.-This has been formed by the con- struction of a main dam across the valley of the Lai Chi Kok stream a little beyond the 5-mile stone on the Tai Po Road and an overflow

P 51

dam in a depression to the South of the main dam. Both dams arè constructed of masonry and concrete.

The main dam is curved on plan with a radius of 240 feet. Its length on top is 600 feet, its height from the lowest part of the foundation to the top 112 feet and its maximum thickness 72 feet. Four draw-offs, fitted with the necessary valves, are provided at the levels of 375, 395, 415 and 435 feet above Ordnance Datum re- spectively, (permanent overflow level being 448 feet above Ordnance Datum), and are connected with a 10" cast iron stand-pipe fixed in a well which is formed in the dam. From the bottom of the well, a culvert extends to the outer face of the dam, in which are laid a 10" main which is joined up to the stand-pipe and a 12" scour pipe which served the purpose of enabling the height of the water to be controlled during construction and is now available as a wash- out for the reservoir.

The dam is composed almost entirely of cement concrete, faced on the inner side with granite ashlar masonry and on the outer side with granite rubble masonry. In the top 21 feet and at both ends, where the dam extends well into the hillsides, lime concrete has been substituted for cement concrete. Immediately behind the ashlar masonry of the inner face, cement concrete of special quality, (proportions 1, 1, 3), varying from 5' 0" thick at the bottom to 2′0′′ thick at the top, has been used for the purpose of ensuring water-tightness. As an old pathway across the hills to Sheng Mun and Tai Po crossed the site of the reservoir and therefore became submerged, it was necessary to make other provision for it and this has been done by forming a path, 9 feet wide, on top of the dam, which is at a level of 454 feet above Ordnance Datum.

The following are the quantities of material used in the con- struction of the dam :-

Cement concrete,

Lime

>>

Ashlar masonry, Rubble

36,740 cubic yards.

22

4,420 64,520 cubic feet.

1,750 cubic yards.

The overflow dam is 140 feet long and 23 feet high from the lowest part of its foundation to overflow level, the path already referred to being carried across it on a bridge 9 feet wide supported on granite ashlar piers. The overflow comprises 10 openings, each 10 feet wide, all of which are provided with iron sluices, by means of which an additional depth of 2 feet of water in excess of that held up by the dam can be impounded. Below the overflow dam are two water cushions" to break the fall of the water and beyond them a channel, varying in width from 120 feet to 60 feet, has been cut for a distance of 300 feet and lined with concrete and masonry. Clock- work recording gear has been provided to register the extent of any overflow which may occur.

In addition to the provision made for it in the case of the two dams, the diversion of the old pathway necessitated the formation of 11⁄2 miles of new path, varying in width from 6 feet to 4 feet. It

-P 52

consisted merely of a cutting in the hillside of the width stated, with the necessary cross drains where required.

The construction of the reservoir also entailed raising the level of the main road to Sha Tin and Tai Po for a distance of nearly half a mile to an average extent of 1 foot 6 inches.

(ii) Caretaker's Bungalow.---This is built on a site within 100 feet of the Tai Po Road, where it commands a view of both the main and overflow dams of the storage reservoir. The main building contains 5 rooms, 2 bathrooms and verandahs and is designed to ac- commodate a caretaker and any officer whose duty may require him to reside temporarily in the locality. Suitable servants' quarters are also provided. With the exception of a stone base, 4 feet high, the walls are of Canton brick in lime mortar, faced with Amoy bricks. The floors of the rooms are of teakwood on hardwood joists and the floors of verandahs of cement tiles on cement concrete.

(iii.) Catchwaters.---The natural catchment area of the reservoir, as already mentioned, is only 438 acres, the yield from which would be insufficient to fill a reservoir of such capacity in years of low rain- fall and it was therefore necessary to supplement it by means of catchwaters. The main catchwater commences near the East end of the reservoir. Passing under the Tai Po Road it is carried for a distance of 2 miles along the Northern slopes of the Kowloon range of hills, terminating at the stream which flows Northward from the Lion's Head or Kowloon Pass. It intercepts the water from an area of 400 acres and, except where crossing stream-courses, is cut entirely out of the solid. Commencing with a cutting in solid rock through a gap in the hills, it has an average width of 21 feet and depth of 7' 6", diminishing gradually to 15 feet by 8 feet at its upper end. A small V-shaped channel is formed at one side to carry the dry weather flow; sand pits, extending the full width of the channel, are constructed at intervals of 200 feet to intercept any grit that may be carried by the water during rainstorms and overflows are provided at most of the points where any considerable streams enter the catch- water. A path, 6 feet wide, has been constructed on the outer bank of the catchwater and is carried across the overflows by concrete bridges. The bottom of the channel is lined with cement concrete 4" thick and the sides with lime concrete of the same thickness. The catchwater has a fall of 1 in 2,400 and when running full it is cal- culated that it will carry 20 million gallons an hour. This capacity was provided so that it may in future be extended to intercept the water from a further area of 600 acres, or 1,000 acres in all, and it is designed to carry a rainfall of 1" per hour from the last-mentioned A clockwork recorder has been provided to register the depth of the water flowing in the catchwater.

area.

The second catchwater, which is 500 feet long, with a sectional area of 7 square feet, intercepts a stream with a drainage area of 28 acres near the Caretaker's Bungalow and discharges into the Re- servoir at the Byewash Dam.

(iv.) Clearwater Channel.-To avoid drawing water from the Reservoir when, after heavy rains, it may be too turbid to be easily

P 53

filtered, a channel has been constructed to intercept a portion of the flow from the Catchwater in addition to the waters of a natural stream and convey them into the main leading to the filter beds. This chan- nel extends from the Catchwater to the overflow dam, contouring the hills on the South side of the reservoir and just above top water level. It is 2,000 feet in length, has a sectional area of 24 square feet and a fall of 1 in 1,200 and is lined throughout with concrete, the bottom being of cement and the sides generally of lime concrete. Where spurs of the hill would cause any considerable detour, they have been cut through, 15" stoneware pipes being laid to conduct the water between the points where the channel ends. An intake has been formed in the bed of the Catchwater from which the water is con- veyed in 12" cast iron pipes into the channel and the waters of the stream already mentioned are intercepted in a similar manner. From the Overflow Dam, where the channel terminates, the water is con- veyed in an 8" cast iron pipe, which passes through the dam, crosses the Overflow Channel in a diagonal line and extends down the hill- side to the main gauge basin on the pipe-line leading to the Filter Beds.

(v.) Main from Storage Reservoir to Filter Beds.-As already mentioned, the 10" stand-pipe, with which the draw-off pipes from the reservoir are connected, is continued by a main of the same diameter through the culvert in the main dam, whence it extends down the gorge for a distance of 800 feet to an open gauge basin. From this point an 18" cast iron main is laid at a gradient of 1 in 1,000 to another gauge basin at the filter beds, a distance of 3,200 feet below the main dam. The main is carried down the right bank of the Lai Chi Kok stream for a distance of 1,400 feet and then, turning nearly at right angles, it crosses the stream on a bridge of steel girders and stone piers and passes through a spur of the hills in a tunnel 356 feet long constructed on the "cut and cover system, finally discharging into the gauge basin at the filter beds. A branch on this main has been provided so that water may, when necessary, be passed to the Filter Beds at Lai Chi Kok from which the supply for the Shipping is drawn. The tunnel already mentioned is 6'0" high and 7' 6" wide, space being provided in it for another line of 18" pipes when found necessary. It is lined throughout with brick in cement 18" thick.

>>

(vi.) Filter Beds. These are situated immediately below and to the North of the gap in the Kowloon range of hills, through which the Tai Po Road passes. A considerable amount of excavation had to be done in levelling the site for them. The beds are three in number, each 105′ 0′′ × 70′ 0′′, giving a total area of 2,400 square yards. They are formed of lime concrete, finished with cement rendering round the sides and with a layer of cement concrete on the bottom. The filtering material consists of 3′ 6′′ of sand on 1 foot of broken stone. The water is drawn off through adjustable outlets, by means of which its level may be maintained constant, and passes through Venturi meters which record both the rate of flow and the filtering head. The levelling of the site, which will accommodate 3 more beds of the same size as those already described, entailed excavation to the extent of 83,000 cubic yards. The work included the erection of a small stone building to accommodate 3 coolies employed as caretakers.

P 54

J

(vii.) Main from Filter Beds to Service Reservoir.-Immediately after leaving the Filter Beds, the main enters a tunnel 802 feet long, thus avoiding a long_detour round the Western end of the ridge which terminates at Lai Chi Kok. This tunnel is of the same dimensions as the one already described but, as the main portion of it has been cut through hard rock, only the ends are lined with 18" brickwork in cement. On leaving the tunnel, the main follows a track which has been cut on the hillside so as to enable it to be laid on the "hydraulic gradient" of 1 in 1,000, till the Tai Po Road is reached at a point close to the 4-mile stone. From here it is laid in the road until it reaches the meter-house at Kowloon Tong, whence it is carried direct to the Service Reservoir. Where it crosses stream beds, the main is carried by steel joists on stone piers, provision being made for its duplication when required. From the Filter Beds to the Service Reservoir the distance is 24 miles, of which 3,100 feet consist of 18" pipes at a gradient of 1 in 1,000 and 9,300 feet of 12" pipes having a "hydraulic gradient" of 5 in 1,000.

(viii.) Service Reservoir.—The Service Reservoir is built on the summit of a hill to the North of Kowloon Tong Village. It is cir- cular in plan with a top diameter of 155′ 0′′ and depth of 20' 0". The bottom and circumferential wall are of cement concrete and the roof of cement concrete vaulting supported on brick arches and stone piers. The capacity of the reservoir is 2,183,000 gallons and its top water level is 255′ above Ordnance Datum.

(ix.) Main from Service Reservoir to Yaumati, etc.-From the meter-house at Kowloon Tong, where the total supply is measured and recorded by a Venturi meter, a 12" main is carried along the Tai Po Road and Shanghai Street to Yaumati where it connects with the old distribution system at the Yaumati pumping station, now disused. A 6′′ branch main is taken off it en route and is laid generally along the boundary line of British Kowloon to Kow- loon City and another branch main, 5" diameter, to Taikoktsui and Sham Shui Po. The extensions of the distribution system included an 8" main from the Yaumati Theatre along Gascoigne Road to Hunghom, the substitution of 7" and 6" mains for the old 4" in Canton Street, Salisbury and Chatham Roads and part of Austin Road and sundry 4" mains in various parts of the peninsula where no mains existed previously. Ball fire hydrants were fixed on the mains in all developed areas and street fountains were provided where required. The extensions and enlargements of the distribu- tion system, etc., comprise in all 7 miles of new mains, 3 miles of substituted mains of larger diameter, 158 Fire Hydrants and 65 Street Fountains.

(x.) Miscellaneous.-This comprised the erection of 32 concrete boundary pillars on the hills to demarcate the catchment area; the construction of temporary intakes on the streams crossing the Tai Po Road to augment the supply to the peninsula while the new works were under construction; the laying of a temporary main at Yaumati for the same purpose; the cutting of a road from Cheung Sha Wan gap to the bay to give general access to the works; the erection of a temporary bamboo pier in the bay; payment of the

P 55

Engineers' commission and part of the overseer's salary and also compensation to the villagers for land which was thrown out of cultivation by the works.

Cost of Scheme.---The following is a statement of the cost of the various works included under the Scheme :-

(i.) Storage Reservoir,.. (ii.) Caretaker's Bungalow,

(iii.) Catchwaters :--

Main catchwater, 2 miles

long,.

$622,499.48

18,478.24

$161,468.64

Second catchwater, 500

feet long,

2,400.00

163,868.64

(iv.) Clearwater Channel, ...

7,231.00

(v.) Main from Storage Reservoir to Filter

Beds,......

60,723.35

(vi.) Filter Beds,

68,496.40

(vii.) Main from Filter Beds to Service

Reservoir,....

65,745.61

(viii.) Service Reservoir,

67,639.31

(ix.) Main from Service Reservoir to Yan-

mati and sundry extensions of Dis-

tribution System,

74,490.05

(x.) Miscellaneous Works :-

(a.) Engineers' Commis-

sion,

$63,724.47*

(b.) Compensation

for

land thrown out of

cultivation,

4,755.16

(c.) Pier in Cheung Sha

Wan Bay,

1,000.00

(d) Boundary Pillars de- marcating catchment

576.00

area,

(e.) Temporary Intakes above Tai Po Road and temporary main at Yaumati, etc., to augment supply dur- ing construction of new works, (f) Overseer's Salary, (g.) Sundries,

Total Cost,..

4,845.28

5,214.00

8,563.16

88,678.07

$1,237,850.15

There is still a balance of $11,292.43 due to the Kang On firm in connection with item (i), but this amount is included in the above statement and a credit of $180 00 for unused stores which have to be returned has also been allowed for. There are also

ר

P 56

certain matters in connection with Mr. Tsang Keng's contract for items (i) and (ii) which are at present the subject of arbitration and the figures given above for those items may have to be altered when the award is made.

Execution of Scheme. The whole of the works described above were designed and supervised on behalf of the Government by Messrs. Denison, Ram & Gibbs. The reasons for entrusting the work to this firm were the inadequacy of the staff of the Public Works Department and the fact that Mr. Gibbs, whilst occupying the position of Assistant Engineer in the l'ublic Works Department, prior to joining the firm mentioned, had investigated and reported upon the possible sources from which a supply of water for Kowloon Peninsula could be obtained, the scheme in question being evolved from his report.

1910 Estimates, ... $37,520.00 1910 Sup. Vote, 32,000.00

69,520.00

1910 Expenditure, 68,073.91

Total Estimates, $1,236,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/10, ... 1,223,261.11

103. Albany Filter Beds, Reconstruction and Extension.-The expenditure under this vote consisted merely of the balance payable under the contract, which, as mentioned in last year's report, was completed in August, 1909.

| |

$182,000.00

1910 Estimates, ...$16,000.00 Total Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, 15,788.09 Expenditure to 31/12/10,. 181,792.41 104. Miscellaneous Waterworks. The following are the prin- cipal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extending over more than one year:

-$7.803

(i) Additional main, 12" diameter, along Caine and Bonham Roads, for supply of Tytam Water to Western District of City (completed), Substitution of 6" main for old main (partly 4′′ and partly 3") in Praya East, Yee Wo Street and Shaukiwan Road, extending from Percival Street to Inland Lot 1617 (not completed), - (iii) Lowering 4" main to Sywan Battery completed),- 2,282 (iv) Extending City mains to Tai Har Village (com-

pleted),

(v.) Extension of main in Nathan Road and Pitt Street,

partly 5" and partly 4" (completed),

(vi.) Extending 6" main in Chatham Road from Mody Road to Salisbury Road (completed),-

(vii) Substitution of 5" main for old main (partly 3′′ and partly 2") in Eastern Street from Des Voux Road to Connaught Road (completed), (viii) Diverting mains (5" and 8") in Gascogine and Chatham Roads on account of Railway (63,740-3,441 paid from Railway funds) (not completed), -

4,440

2,014

- 1,156

593

326

299

(ix) Taking prickings over proposed site for dam for

low-level reservoir, Tytam Valley (completed, 1,015

-

P 57

Item (i). This work was described in last year's report. In connection with the laying of this main, the raising of a retaining wall to enable a diversion of Caine Road past the site of old No. 2 Tank to be carried out was undertaken as it resulted in enrtailing the length of the main and in eliminating some considerable bends,

Item (ii). In consequence of the transfer of Messrs. A. S Watson & Co.'s Aerated Water Factory to a site at North Point and recent extensions of the distribution system to Tai Hang Village, etc., it was considered advisable to substitute a 6" main for the old 4" and 3" in the Shaukiwan Road. The pipes only arrived in time to admit of their being issued and delivered on the work.

Item (iii). Great trouble having been experienced in connection with leaks in the main to Sywan Battery, which was laid in 1905 by arrangement with the Military Authorities, it was decided to lower the main into a deeper trench where it would be less susceptible to the passage of heavy guns over the road and to the effects of temperature.

Item (iv). Tai Hang Village has hitherto been supplied from the Mint Dam, the water from which is unfiltered, and it was deemed advisable to substitute a supply of filtered water from the City mains. The work consisted of laying a 4" main from near Inland Lot 1513 (Shaukiwan Road) to the village and connecting it to the public fountains. Fire hydrants were also provided.

Item (v). The extension referred to was principally for the pur- pose of affording a supply of water to the new Kwong Wah Hospital.

Item (vi). This extension was necessary to complete the system of mains and to ensure a proper supply for fire extinction and other purposes.

Item (vii). The work referred to was necessary to improve the supply of water to properties in Connaught Road West.

Item (viii). The levels and alignment of Gascoigne and Chat- ham Roads having been altered in connection with the construction of the railway, it was necessary to divert the water mains. They were laid at the toe of the embankments carrying the new roads. The cost of the work is chargeable to Railway funds.

Item (ix). In connection with the proposed low-level impound- ing reservoir in the Tytam Valley, it was considered advisable to investigate the suitability of a site for a dam near Tytam Tuk Village. The prickings referred to were carried out with this object.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure,

$28.000.00 21,333.81

A sum of $500 paid by the Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation for the removal of a cast-iron water tank from Rural Building Lot 133, which was bought by them in August, has been deducted from the actual expenditure in the figures given in Annexe

P 58

--

B. thus making the expenditure appear as $20,833.81. The removal of the tank had not been carried out at the close of the year.

Works not estimated for in 1910.

105. Staff Quarters at Tai Po.--The expenditure under this heading was merely a balance due to the contractor, the work having been completed in 1909 (ride para. 71 of last year's report).

1910 Estimates,

1910 Expenditure,

Total Estimates, $30,000.00 $601.50 Expenditure to

31/12/10,

29,196.96

106. Additional Room at Queen's College for Pupil Teachers. -This work was described in last year's report (para. 76). It was completed early in the year.

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates,

$8,000.00

1910 Expenditure, $1,926.58 Expenditure

to

31/12/10,

5,202.26

107. Market ut Aberdeen.-As it was decided that a slaughter house should be erected in close proximity to the market, thus requiring a larger area of land, it was decided to abandon the reclamation scheme formerly proposed and to reclaim an area con- taining about 18,000 square feet to the Eastward of the Dock Co.'s premises where it would be conveniently situated in relation to the village. A contract for the work was let in September and it was nearing completion at the close of the year.

Total Estimates,

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, $2,200.00 Expenditure to

31,'12/10,

$11,400.00

$2,200.00

108. City Disinfecting Station-Workshops and Shed for dust-carts, ambulances, etc.—A contract for the removal of the old quarters at No. 2 Tank and for the erection of the buildings mentioned was let to Mr. Tung Shing in September and at the close of the year the walls of the workshops were carried up to roof level and a portion of the shed was completed and in use.

1910 Estimates, 1910 Expenditure, $3,907.18 Expenditure to

Total Estimates, |

31/12/10,

$10,500.00

$3,907.18

109. Lai Chi Kok Quaratine Station-Hospital, etc.--A contract for this work was let to Messrs. Him Tai in August and at the close of the year the brickwork of the various buildings was completed and the main building was roofed in.

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates, |

31/12/10,

1910 Expenditure, $4,000.00 Expenditure to

$11,000.00

$4,000.00

110. Imports and Exports Office-Quarters for Searchers, etc. It was intended to erect a timber structure for the accommoda-

P 59

tion of the native seachers only, but, after plans had been prepared, it was decided to make provision for the European Supervisor also and to erect a brick building instead of a timber one. These alterations entailed the preparation of new plans and caused delay in starting the work, with the result that no expenditure was incurred up to the close of the year.

111. Royal Square-Temporary fence enclosing Northern plot.- This was for the erection of a temporary fence to enclose a plot corresponding to the Northern portion of the Bank Gardens. The cost of laying out and turfing the area was defrayed from the Vote "Miscellaneous Works".

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates,

1910 Expenditure, $115.25 | Expenditure to 31/12 10, $115.25

112. Pier at Castle, Peak Bay. In order to facilitate com- munication by the new road with Ping Shan and Un Long, the construction of a pier and approach to same was begun at Castle Peak Bay. The pier will admit of launches going alongside to land passengers and goods.

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates,

1910 Expenditure, $338.00 Expenditure to 31/12/10,

.$3,000.00 338.00

113. Reclamation between Kowloon Marine Lot 83 and Hunghom Marine Lot 1, Hunghom.-A. contract was let in September for the reclamation of a triangular area, which was still unreclaimed, between Kowloon Marine Lot 83 and Hunghom Marine Lot 1 and also for filling in to proper levels the low-lying areas of Crown land to the North of Hunghom Inland Lots 235-241.

The lessees of the last-mentioned lots were called upon to fill in their lots to the general level of the reclamation or, alternatively, to permit the Government to do so at their expense. With the exception of the owner of Hunghom Inland Lot 239, they elected to carry out the work themselves. Good progress was made with the reclamation and with the filling in of the areas alluded to.

In accordance with an arrangement made when settling the terms for certain extensions of their premises, the Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co. were called upon to set back the Western boundary wall of Hunghom Marine Lot 1 so as to widen Gillies Avenue to 100 feet in width.

A supplementary vote was taken for the reclamation work under the heading "Road extending along the North-East boundary of Kowloon Marine Lot 83 and Kowloon Inland Lot 1178”.

Total Estimates,.

1910 Estimates,

$17,000.00 1910 Expenditure, $4,268.00 | Expenditure to 31/12/10, 4,268.00

114. Improvement of Ap Liu Village. This village, which is near Sham Shui Po, was represented by the Sanitary Department to be in a very insanitary condition and, as the houses composing it

wwwwww.y

P 60

were constructed at so low a level as to render it impossible to carry out any efficient drainage scheme, it was decided to level off and fill in new areas and to require the people to remove and re-erect their houses on them. A contract for the necessary work was let to Mr. Li Ping in October and, though work was begun before the close of the year, no expenditure was incurred.

115. Compensation to Squatters in Hunghom West Village.- As the greater part of the village, which consisted mostly of matshed structures, was burned down, and as the area it had occupied was required in connection with railway purposes, it was decided to compensate the squatters for their land instead of permitting them to re-erect their dwellings. Only two houses, which had escaped being burned down on account of being apart from the others, were permitted to remain. A supplementary vote (F. M. 11) was taken under the incorrect heading "Compensation to Squatters in Hok Un Village".

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates,

1910 Expenditure, $911.30 Expenditure to

31/12/10,

... $1,156.00

911.30

116. Compensation to Squatters in Hok Un Village. It was decided to lay out a new area of land and to cause certain of the vil- lagers to erect upon it dwellings of a more sanitary type than those they occupied in the old village. Owing to questions which arose with regard to railway matters, it was not found possible to lay out the new area, but compensation was paid in a number of cases for the removal of the old houses.

1910 Estimates,...

-W

Total Estimates, ....

1910 Expenditure, $2,165.00 | Expenditure to

31/12/10,

$3,459.00

2,165.00

117. Fish Breeding Pond, Tytam.-With a view to stocking the Waterworks Reservoirs with fish, a pond was constructed at Tytam and a consignment of black bass was obtained from the Bureau of Science, Manila, the fish being brought over by Mr. Seale of that Department in the beginning of August. They were delivered in good condition and most of them were put in the pond, a few being put in Tytam Reservoir.

1910 Estimates,

Total Estimates, ...

1910 Expenditure, 83,054.48 | Expenditure to

31/12/10,

$3,054.48

118. Resumptions of Land at Kowloon Point.-The resumption of Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 442 and 618 was effected thus complet- ing the proposals for the acquisition of land for the Passenger Ter- minus for the Kowloon-Canton Railway referred to in last year's re- port. The total area of the lots mentioned was 102,862 square feet and the amount paid $308,586. A further sum of $893 was expended in retaining the services of valuers on behalf of the Government.

1910 Estimates, $374,805.00* | Total Estimates, ... 1910 Expenditure, 309,479.00 Expenditure

to

31/12/10, ...... $748,178.25

* This sum appeared under a special heading in the Estimates. It was allowed to lapse, a supplementary vote being taken undor Public Works Extraordinary,

P 61

119. Resumption of Land for frontage for old Western Mar- ket. The partial collapse of Nos. 13 & 15 Morrison Street, which ul- timately led to the entire demolition of these and the adjoining houses, (Nos. 11 and 17), presented a favourable opportunity for the resump- tion of the area occupied by these houses, which, it was considered, could be very advantageously utilized in connection with the recon- struction of the old Western Market, for which provision had been made in the Estimates for 1911.. It was accordingly resumed, the total area being 1,807 square feet and the price agreed upon $55,500.00. The transaction with regard to No. 11, involving a sum of $15,200, had not been completed by the close of the year, some delay having occurred in carrying out the necessary legal formalities.

120. Furniture for District Office, Tai Po.-As indicated, this work consisted merely of supplying the necessary furniture for the new offices for the District Officer at Tai Po, which are described in paragraph 76 of this report. The expenditure amounted to $219.50.

121. Furniture for Public Work Department Quarters, Tai Po.- This was merely for the provision of some furniture for the quarters for the accommodation of officers stationed in or visiting the New Territories on duty. The expenditure amounted to $147.68.

122. New Quarters at Tai Po for Public Work Department Offi- cers.-Hitherto, officers of the Public Works Department stationed in the New Territories, or visiting them on duty, have been housed in a matshed or in quarters intended for other officers, which were temporarily vacant. As the completion of the railway rendered available some buildings of a semi-permanent nature which had been utilized for the accommodation of the staff during construction, it was decided to transfer one of these to the Public Works Department. A vote to cover the estimated expenditure, which principally consist- ed of a transfer to railway funds, was taken, but arrangements were not sufficiently advanced at the close of the year to enable the matter to be completed and no expenditure was incurred.

Staff, etc.

123. The deaths of the following Officers occurred during the year:-

Mr. J. A. Hirst, Overseer, 1st April,

Mr. C. N. Solomon, Foreman of Works, Hill District, 9th

October,

also one foreman, the watchman at West Point Filter Beds and one survey coolie.

124. The following Officers left the service of the Department:- Mr. P. N. H. Jones, 1st Assistant Director of Public Works, (on promotion to Director of Public Works, Gold Coast Colony).

Mr. F. H. Kales, Assistant Engineer.

Mr. G. C. McIntosh, Land Surveyor.

Mr. John Grant,

do.

Mr. C. F. Forbes,

do.

(engaged in March for 5

months only).

Mr. J. E. A. Wahr,

do.

(engaged in April for S

months only).

P 62

Mr, J. T. Longstaff, Overseer. Mr. J. C. Pendlebury, do.

Mr. H. A. Morris,

do.

Mr. A. Gillan, Master, Dredger St. Enoch.

Mr. A. Hutchison, Chief Engineer, Dredger St. Enoch, and

numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

125. The following appointments were made:-

Mr. A. F. Churchill, 1st Assistant Director of Public Works. Mr. E. M. Wood, Assistant Engineer.

Mr. L. O. Ross,

do.

Mr. E. E. Rigold,

do.

Mr. A. B. West, Land Surveyor.

Mr. H. West,

do.

Mr. H. C. Lowick,

do.

Mr. E. Newhouse,

do.

Mr. S. Hamer,

Overseer.

Mr. H. W. Bolton,

do.

Mr. G. Morphew,

do.

Mr. T. J. Richards, do.

and numerous other Officers of

subordinate rank.

126. The following Officers returned from leave and resumed duty on the dates mentioned :-

Mr. W. Chatham, Director or Public Works, - 22nd February. Mr. A. H. Hollingsworth, Executive Engr., - 13th October. Mr. T. L. Perkins, Executive Engineer,

20th July.

Mr. D. Wood, Superintendent of Accounts,

Correspondence & Stores,

Mr. H. E. Goldsmith, Assistant Engineer, Mr. A. J. Darby, Land Surveyor,

Mr. B. W. Grey,

do

Mr. G. E. Thomas, Clerk of Works-

Mr. J. T. Longstaff, Overseer,

Mr. J. Hutchings,

do.

-

-

9th November.

5th July.

12th March.

-

1st August.

21st November.

5th February. 12th April.

127. The chief changes of importance in the staff were the departure of Mr. P. N. H. Jones, 1st Assistant Director of Public Works, on promotion to the Gold Coast Colony, the appointment of Mr. A. F. Churchill to the vacancy thus caused, and the appoint- ment of two additional Assistant Engineers (one for the Harbour of Refuge Works) and two additional Surveyors.

PUBLIC WORKS OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 13th April, 1911.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

:

P 63

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1910.

PROVISION-

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY

VOTED.

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments including Exchange

Compensation,...............

Other Charges,

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

C.

C.

C.

300,166 33,416

281,303.36

28,481.33

18,862.64 4,934.67

8,023.50

2,224.00

$333,582

309,784,69

23,797.31

10,247.50

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,..

57,000

56,997.29

2.71

2.

in New

>>

Territories,

8,000

9,049,08

1,049.08

2,500.00

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,

4,500

3,299.13

1,200.87

Communications.

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

55,000

55,000.42

.42

5. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

26,000

23,728.31

2,271.69

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

Kowloon,...........

22,000

21,988.83

11.17

7. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

New Territories,.......

10,000

9,999.06

.94

8. Maintenance of Telegraphs,

8,500

8,997.77

497.77

500.00

9.

in

>>

""

""

New Territories,

4,000

3,941.38

58.62

Drainage.

10. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

21,000

20,979.19

20.81

Lighting.

11. Gas Lighting, City of Victoria and

the Peak...................

45,000

12. Electric Lighting, City of Victoria,... 13. Gas Lighting, Kowloon,..

22,500

45,550.95 22,593.21

550.95 93.21

1,000.00 95.00

10,000

9,602.30

14. Electric

1,000

883.20

397.70 116.80

Miscellaneous.

16.

15. Maintenance of Praya Wall and Piers, .

of Public Cemetery,

7,000

6,998.05

4,000

2,502.94

1.95 1,497.06

17. Laying out Chinese Cemeteries and

trenching for burials,

2,800

5,299.98

2,499.98

2,500.00

18. Exhumation of remains in Cemeteries, 19. Maintenance of Public

4,900

1,679.03

2,320.97

Recreation

Grounds,

3,500

3.932.29

432.29

20. Dredging Foreshores,

9,000

8,998.80

21. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,......

12,500

32,496.41

19,996.41

1.20

450.00

20,000.00

22. Town Clock,

200-

200.00

Waterworks.

23. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

Kowloon,

Shau-ki-wan,

Aberdeen,

>>

Lai Chi Kok,

24.

""

>>

25. 26.

29

27.

19

28. Water Account (meters, &c.),

Total...

60,000

55,253.54

7,000

6,988.88

4,746.46

11.12

1,003

1,838.21

838.21

2,500.00

500

273.39

1,500

961.60

20,000

9,802.00

226.61 538.40 10,198.00

$127,500 429,835.24 25,958.32

23,623.08 29,545.00

P 64

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1910.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

Buildings.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

*

PROVISION-

ALLY

VOTED.

C.

C.

CA

C.

1. Law Courts,

2. Post Office,

105,000

119,037.24 14,037.24

230,000

171,100.87

3. Public Latrines and Urinals,

4. Kowloon Market,

12,000

11,984.86

32,000

28.818.61

5. Additions to No. 2 Police Station, 6. Extension of Tai Po Land Office to provide accommodation for Dis- trict Officer,

12,000

11,424.66

15,000.00

58,899.13 15.14 3,181.39 575.84

2,000

8,663.12

6,663.12

7,808.05

7. Permanent Stairway to Ballroom,

Government House,

1,300

1,206.15

93.85

8. Chinese Staff Quarters, Kennedy Town

Hospital,

3,600

873.05

2,726.95

9. Slaughter House, Shaukiwan,

8,500

3,879.30

4,620.70

10. Prison Extension,

18,000

17,319.18

680.82

11. Police Station, Tsun Wan,......

8,000

5,008.47

2,991.53

12. Re-building Government Pavilions

(two),

15.000

12,400.00

2,600.00

:

Communications.

13. New Roads, Kowloon,

27,076.13

14. New Road's, New Territories,

15. Forming and Kerbing Streets,

16. Raising Chatham Road,

27,500

30,000 25,000 60,199.85 35,199.85 30,000 20,673.70 58,972.25

2,923.87

45,000.00

9,326.30

31,472,25

31,472.25

Drainage.

17. Gullies Reconstruction,

600

18. Training Nullabs,

15,000

564.81 29,729.87

35.19

14,729.87

14,730.00

19. Large Flushing Tanks for Main

Sewers and substitution of Iron

for Earthenware Pipes,,

20. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,

5,000 43,000

935.01 42,750.35

...

4,064.99 249.65

Lighting.

21. Extensions of Lighting,.

Miscellaneous.

1,500

2,067.00

567.00

600.00

22. Triangulation Survey of Colony,

5,000

1,138.59

23. Green Island and Kowloon City Piers,

18,000

7,288.54

3,861.41 10,711.46

24. Miscellaneous Works,

35,000

36,425.22

1.425.22

1,250.00

25. Mongkoktsui Breakwater-Harbour

of Refuge for Small Craft,....

90,000

28,386.77

61,613.23

26. Causeway Bay Typhoon Refuge-

Deepening shallow area to one foot below Ordnance Datum,.

11,000

11,885.89

885.89

886.00

27. Reclamation, Yaumati,

40,000

28. Improvement of Tai Hang Village,

4,500

1,239.00 4,484.81

38,761.00 15.19

29. Store Acconut,......

100

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

1903.

30. Compensation,.

20,000

4 847.25

31. Resumption for Public Road through

Marine Lot 29,

10,700

15,152.75 10,700.00

?

Carried forward,....... .$ 859,300

730,380.55

104,980,44

233,799.89 116,746.30

P 65

ANNEXE B,—Continued.

PROVISION-

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY.

VOTED.

Brought forward,.

C.

$ C.

C.

C.

104,980.44 233,799.89

116,746.30

859,300 730,380.55

Waterworks.

32. Kowloon Waterworks, Gravitation

Scheme,

37,520

68,073.91 30,553.91

32,000.00

33. Albany Filter Beds, Reconstruction

and Extension,

16,000

15,788.09

34. Miscellaneous Waterworks,

28,000

20,833.81

211.91 7,166.19

Works not appearing in Estimates.

35. Staff Quarters at Tai Po,

601.50

601.50

602.00

36. Additional Room at Queen's College

for Pupil Teachers,

1,926.58

1,926.58

1,725.00

37. Market at Aberdeen,

2,200.00

2,200.00

2,200.00

38. City Disinfecting Station-Workshops|

and Shed for dust-carts, ambul- ances, etc.,

3,907.18

3,907.18

6,000.00

39. Laichikok Quarantine Station-Hos-

pital, etc.,

4,000.00

4,000.00

4,000.00

40. Imports and Exports Office--Quarters

for Searchers, etc.,

2,000.00

41. Royal Square-Temporary fence

enclosing Northern plot,

115.25

115.25

116.00

42. Pier at Castle Peak Bay,

338.00

338.00

1,500.00

43. Reclamation between K.M.L. 83 and

H.M.L. 1, Hunghom,

4,268.00

4,268.00

44. Improvement of Ap Liu Village,

10,000.00 5,000.00

45. Compensation to Squatters in Hung-

hom West Village,....

911.30

911.30

1,156.00

46. Compensation to Squatters in Hok

Un Village,....

2,165.00

2,165.00

3,159.00

47. Fish Breeding Pond, Tai Tam,... 48. Resumption of Land at Kowloon Point, 49. Resumption of Land for frontage for

Old Western Market,.....

50. Furniture for District Office, Tai Po, 51. Furniture for P.W.D. Quarters, Tai

Po,

52. New Quarters at Tai Po for P.W.D.

Officers,

3,054.48

3,054.48

309,479.00

309,479.00

3,092.11 309,479.00

55,500.00 219.50

55,500.00

219.50

147.68

147.68

:

:

55,500.00 225.00

150.00

5,320.00

Total,..........

Less Store Account Credit,

.$ 940,820 1,223,909.83 524,367.82 241,177.99

19,086.32

1,204,823.51

A

563,270,41

MONTH.

*

Annexe C.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATERWORKS, 1910. Monthly Consumption and Contents of Reservoirs (Gallons).

POKFULAM.

TAITAM.

WONG-NEI-CHONG,

TOTAL CON-},

TENTS OF

MINT DAM, BLUE POOL

COLLECTED TOTAL CON-

RAIN-

FALL

FROM

SUMPTION

In Reser- Delivered voir 1st of over month.

MAIN.

BY-WASII.

INTERMEDIATE,

AND

SUPPLIES

FROM

GRAND

AT

REMARKS.

Delivered

over

gauge.

In Reservoir | In Reservoir 1st of month. 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

gauge.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

over

gauge.

IMPOUNDING|

RESERVOIRS.

STREAMS. (Filtered).

POKFULAM TOTAL.

OBSER-

VATORY

CONDUIT

(Inches).

|

(Unfiltered).

* Constant supply to 6th.

Intermittent supply from 7th.

•88

Constant supply.

*40.

Do.

72,000 | 387,778,000| 7,210,000|117,669,000| 1,459,000 |119,128,000

*58

nil.

33

280,876,000 9,542,000 111,781,000 2,878,000 114,659,000 192,034,000 18,000 121,426,000 2,817,000 124,243,000

3.72

* Intermittent

1.95

supply.

Do.

*

Jan., 49,890,000 11,599,000 338,160,000 Feb., . 44,660,000 10,589,000 243,350,000 March, 37,830,000 17,861,000 151,180,000 April, 22,125,000 10,894,000 97,920,000 May, . 15,625,000 | 15,989,000| 75,220,000 June, 1,880,000 29,164,000 11,040,000 4,023,000| 74,193,000 | 11,271,000 | 136,747,000 2,774,000 |139,521,000 18-19 | | | July,. 67,840,000 30,753,000 149,400,000 5,061,000 138,079,000 32,151,000 23,986,000 18,040,000 384,366,000 67,118,000 148,062,000 2,630,000 150,692,000 13.90

nil. 203,556,000 | 107,303,000| 6,114,000 7,983,000 597,720,000 12,054,000 138,939,000 2,642,000 |141,581,000 352,000 201,384,000 99,946,000 852,000 1,149,000 490,598,000 6,398,000 118,082,000 1,707,000 | 119,789,000 nil. 198,768,000 92,526,000 nil. 275,000 160,021,000 91,345,000 535,000 487,000 99,667,000 | 105,419,000 1,035,000 54,000 60,953,000 92,279,000 236,000 4,023,000

Aug.,. 56,580,000 31,357,000 276,690,000 158,000 177,786,000

|

'04

74,801,000 13,804,000 12,649,000 525,018,000 46,230,000 165,037,000 3,285,000 168,322,000 11:15 Sept., 65,550,000 30,575,000 388,760,000 13,706,000 205,248,000 54,602,000 23,572,000 6,696,000 696,836,000 | 63,261,000|155,134,000 2,846,000 157,980,000 15.95 Oct.,... 70,040,000 36,112,000 407,000,000 26,301,000 210,370,000 79,492,000 32,287,000 | 16,867,000 745,998,000 16,917,000 149,388,000 2,983,000 152,371,000 Nov.,. 56,940,000 | 21,625,000 407,000,000 | 293,000 205,248,000 74,074,000 14,600,000 18,585,000 684,081,000 9,509,000 123,793,000 1,922,000 125,715,000 44,390,000 20,458,000 384,800,000 496,000 180,021,000 83,379,000 820,000 nil. 610,527,000|16,839,000|120,676,000 1,528,000 | 122,204,000

Dec.,

Total,.

1910.

266,976,000

987,317,000

2.53

Do. to 4th.

Constant supply from 5th to 22nd.

Intermittent supply

Do. to 9th.

*

from 23rd.

Constant supply from 10th.

Constant supply.

Do

Do.

Do.

to 13th. Intermittent supply from 14th.

*79

* Intermittent

supply.

86,074,000

266,367,000 1,606,734,000 |29,471,000| 1,636,205,000

70.08

Total,.

1909.

269,537,000;

987,040,000

94,738,000

161,231,000 1,512,516,000 24,255,000 1,536,801 000 75.59

Increase

(1

Decrease.

(−2,551,000|

+277,000

-- 8,664,000|

16,000 9,404,000 +105,136,000+94,188,000 +5,216,000 +99,404,000 — 5·51

Estimated average population for whole year, 210,360. Consumption of filtered water per head per day, 20·9 gallons.

* In Rider Main Districts only.

P 66

�་

Annexe D.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATERWORKS, 1910. Particulars of Metered and Unmetered Supplies (Gallons).

FILTERED SUPPLY.

METERED.

P 67

UNMETERED,

UNFILTERED

MONTH.

CITY.

TOTAL.

CITY.

HILL

DISTRICT.

SUPPLY

(Metered).

GRAND TOTAL.

Trade.

Domestic.

January,

112.649,000.

16,049,000

7,727,000

2,514,000 138,939,000

2,642,000

141,581,000

February,

93,500,000 :

16,140,000

6,339,000

2,103,000 118,082,000

1,707,000

119,789,000

March,

92,007,000

16,749,000

6,838,000

2,075,000 117,669,000

1,459,000

119,128,000

April,

84,881,000₫

16,466,000 7,889,000

2,545,000 111,781,000

2,878,000

114,659,000

May,

92,416,000

16,626,000

9,988,000

2,396,000 121,426,000

2.817,000

124.243,000

June,

107,705,000

16,646,000

9,943,000

2,453,000 136,747,000

2,774,000

139,521,000

July,

August,

115.522,000

19,454,000

10,447,000

130,670,000

22,289,000

9,325,000

2.639,000 148,062,000 2,803,000 165,037,000

2,630 000

150,692,009

3,285,000 i

168,322,000

September,

121,711,000,

21,862,000

8,836,000

2,725,000 155,134,000

2,846,000

157,980.000

October,

November,

December,

117,540,000 20.311,000

8,941,000

2,596,000 149,388,000

2,983,000

152,371,000

95,564,000 18,294,000

7,704,000

2,231,000| 123,793,000

1,922,000

125,715,000

94,047,000 15,193,000

9,162,000

2,274,000| 120,676,000

1,528,000

122,204,000

Total, 1910, |1,258,212,000| 216,029,000 | 103,139,000 Total, 1909, ...|1,181,557,000 || 194,272,000 106,643,000

29,354,000 1,606,734,000

29,471,000

1,636,205,000

30,074,000 1,512,546,000 24,255,000

1,536,801,000

Increase or Decrease,..

+76,655,000 +21,757,000

-3,504,000

720,000|+94,188,000| +5,216,000

+99,404,000

MONTH.

Annexe E.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATERWORKS, 1910.

Water Pumped to Hill District and High Levels of the City (Gallons), (Theoretical Displacement of Pumps.)

HILL DISTRICT.

HIGH LEVELS OF CITY.

700′ and 750′ TANKS. (Conduit & Peak Roads District.)

GRAND

COMBINED

TOTALS,

TOTAL

PUMPED.

Total.

600′ and 650′ TANKS. (Robinson Road District.)

P 68

Motors.

Engine. Total.

Motors.

Engine.

Total.

Motors.

Engine.

January,

2,514,000| 2.514,000

1,162,000

1,162,000

3,825,000

$83.000 4.708,000 5,87,000

8 384.000

February,

March,

April.

May,

June.

July.

Angust

2,103,000 | 2,103,000

859,000

859,000

4,219.000

774.000

4.993.000 5,852,000

7.955.000

2,075,000| 2,075.000

1,009,000

1.009.000

3 317,000

$12,000

4,159,000 5,168,000

7 243.000

2.545,000| 2,545,000

1,129,000

1,129.000

3,235,000

$38.000

4.073.000

5,202 000

7 747 000

2.396,000 2,396,000

1,115,000

1,115,000

3.542,000

1.861.000

4,903.000

6,018,000

8,414,000

2,4580 00

2.453,000

1.239.000

1,259,000

3,244,000 |

1,082, 00

4,326,000

5,585.000

$.038,000

2,689 000

2,639,000

1.712,000

1,712,000| 3,821,000

48 1,000

4,801,000

6.013,000

8.652.000

2,803,000

2,808,000

1, 71,000

1,171,00 3,510.000

986,000

4,496 000

5,667.000

8.470.000

September,

2.725,000

2,725,000

1 263,000

1,268.000 3,673.000

1,382,000

5.055.000

6,318,000

9:013 000

October,

F

2,596.00 || 2,596,000

1,561,000 |

1,561,000| 3.632,000

November.

2,231,000! 2,231,00

1,034,000

December,

2.274,000| 2.274,000

1,256,000

1.034.000 3,308,000 1,256,000| 2,493,000

1.302,000

986.000

4 934,000

6,495,000

4,294,000

5 328.000

1 439.000

3,932 000

5,188,000

9.091,000

7.559 000

7,162,000

Total 1910,

29,354.000 | 29,354,000

14,530,000

14.530.000 | 41,819,000

12,355,000 54,174,000 68,704.000

98,058,000

Total 1909,

30,074,000 30,074.000

72,000

Increase or Decrease,

−720,000 ¦ —720,000 -- 72,000

22,678,000

-8,148,000

22.750 000 | 42,901,000

42,901,000|65,651,060, 45.725 000

-8,220,000

1,082,000+12,355,000+11,273,000+3,053 000+2,333,000

}

Annexe F.

KOWLOON WATERWORKS, 1910.

Contents of Reservoir and Details of Monthly Consumption (Gullons).

Metered Supply.

In Reservoir

Month.

Ist of Month.

Uumetered

Supply.

Grand

Remarks.

Total.

Trade.

Domestic.

Total.

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

Angust,

87,533,000

September,

October,

November,

December,

160,108,000

274,200,000 295,275,000 295,275,000

Total, 1910,...

Total, 1909..

Increase or Decrease,..

239,708,000 5,861,000 2,028,000 7,889,000 229,350,000 5,623,000 1,942,000 7,565,000 215,933,000 5,223,000 1,859,000 7,082,000 191,500,000 5,696,000 2,178,000 166,300,000 5,874,000 2,651,000 127,300,000 5,541,000 2,905,000 219,267,000 6,730,000 2,978,000 9,728,000 14,920,000 24,648,000 5,648,000 2,216,000 7,864,000 18,956,000 26,820,000 6,687,000 2,721,000 9,408,000 15,032,000 24,440,000 5,933,000 2,393,000 8,326,000 17,014,000 25,340,000 4,012,000 2,256,000 6,268,000 17,302,000 23,570,000 4,723,000 2,408,000 7,131,000 20,229,000 23,760,000 67,571,000 28,535,000 96,106,000 195,252,000 287,758,000 53,275,000 26,491,000 79,766,000 213,405,000 293,171,000 +14,296,000 — 5,413,000

15,771,000 23,660,000 13,545,000 21,110,000 12,598,000 19,680,000

Constant supply

throughout the whole year,

7,874,000

13,446,000

21,320,000

8,525,000

20,115,000

28,640,000

8,446,000

16,324,000

24,770,000

Water run off

to enable

valves to

be fixed.

+2,044,000 +16,340,000 -18,153,000

• .༢

P 69

Annexes G, H, & J.

VILLAGE AND WATER BOAT SUPPLIES, 1910.

Details of Consumption

Gallons).

G.

ABERDEEN WATERWORKS.

H.

SHAUKIWAN WATERWORKS,

J.

LAI-{'HI- KOK WATER

- P 70

MONTH.

Metered Unmetered Supply. Supply.

Total.

Metered

Supply.

Unmetered

Supply.

Total

Sai Wan

Supply.

Grand

Total.

BOAT

SUPPLY

(METERED).

January.

323.000

350,000

131 000

1,475,000

1,606,000

3,0 0

1,609,000

5,610,000

February,

$2.000

352,000

374,000

127,000

1,244,000

1 371.000

2,000

1,373,000

6.342.000

March,

£7,000

363,000

410.000

119,0:10

1,217.000

1.336.000

1,386.000

7.479.000

April,

57,000

601,000

661,000

106,000

936,000

1,042.000

91,000

1,133,0-0

6.39 000

May.

69,000

791 000

860 000

116,000

738/00

854.0-0

454.000

1,308,000

9.472,000.

June,

6,000

702,000

708.000

71,000 1.928.000

1,999.000

286.000

2,285,000

7,694,0 '0

July,.

16,000

744,000

107,000

2.314,000

2.421,000

277,000

2,698,000

6.269 000

August,

14.000

993.000

102,00

2,332,000

2 434 000

277.000

2,711,00)

7.1:2,000

September,

16,000

2.00

83>,000

105.00

2,296,000

2.401.000

277,0 0

2,678,000

3.160.000

October,

7,000

720 000

138,000

2,278,000

2 416.000

November,

3.000

606,000

68,000

1,912,000

December,

1,000

607,600

608,000

111,000 1,308,000

1.980,000

419,046

169,000

8,000

2 585,000

5.976,000

1,988 000

6,465,000

1.419,000

7,887,000

Total, 1910,..

1909,

Increase or Decrease.

285,000 7,587,000 7.872,000 416,000 4,786,000 5,202,090 -131,000 +2,801,000 +2,670.009

1,301,000 19,978,000 1,372,000 16,104,000

21,279,000

1 844,000

23,123,000

79,805 000

17,476 000

3.464,000 20,940,000

60414,000

71,000

+3,874,000+3,803,000 - 1,620,000 +2,188,00) +18,391,000

:

Annexe K.

REPORT ON LAND SURVEY WORK

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 1911.

1. Organization.-The Land Survey Office, which includes a staff of surveyors under the direction of an officer designated the Principal Land Surveyor, forms a branch of the Public Works De- partment. Its principal function in the past has been the survey of leased areas, which were generally of small extent, but the acquisition of some 350 square miles of territory in 1898 and extensive develop- ments in the Colony generally have necessitated an extension of its operations.

The Principal Land Surveyor, in addition to surpervising the usual survey work necessary in a rapidly developing Colony, is the executive officer for dealing with all matters relating to Crown Lands, the whole of which are under the charge of the Director of Public Works. He submits reports on all applications for land, conducts all sales of areas to be let on long leases, prepares permits for temporary occupation of land and licences for temporary piers, and attends to the preparation of lease plans for lots of land, quarries, permanent piers, etc., and to the keeping of the numerous records.

The work performed by the surveyors is of very varied character as will be gathered from the particulars given later in this report.

Hitherto each surveyor had been responsible for co-ordinating his own traverses, but, as the work, which is in great measure of a mechanical nature, took up most of the surveyors' time, it was decided to engage two Chinese Computers who commenced their duties on 1st January and 1st February, 1911, respectively. The bearings and distances of all traverse lines are given to these com- puters, the surveyor applying a check on the result returned to him by adding it to the value of his first known station and verifying it with the value of his closing point. The surveyors plot their own work.

Two Land Bailiffs, whose time is wholly occupied in preventing illegal squatting and encroachments upon Crown Land, which are very common offences among the Chinese population, are attached to the office.

Two Chinese Clerks and 4 Tracers are employed in carrying on the purely clerical work.

Temporary Officers.

Permanent

Officers.

Temporary Officers.

Permanent Officers.

P 72

2.-List of Officers.

Designation.! Name.

Date of Appoint-

Scale

Convey.

Present Salary

of

meut.

Salary.

ance Al- lowance.

Principal

Land

£

$

Land

Surveyor,

B.W. Grey. 1.5.99. 420

Surveyor, L. C. Rees. 6.11.01. 510 p.a. £450-£540 | 360 p.a.

by £30

triennially. £230-£420

Də.

by £30 triennially.

Do.

A.J.Darby, 22.5.03. 390

Do.

Do.

1"

Do.

E. B. Reed. 28.10.05. 360

Do.

480 p.a.

Do.

F. Sutton.

20.6.08. 330

Do.

360 p.a.

Do.

A.B. Wost.

14.1.10. 330

Do.

Do.

Do.

C. F.

7.3.10. 300

H

No progres-

Do.

Forbes.

sive scale.

(1)

Do.

J. E. A.

25.4.10. 300

Do.

Do.

Wahr. (2)

Do.

II. West.

1.7.10. 380

£330-£420

Do.

by £30

triennially.

Do.

H. C.

23.9.10. | 330

Do.

Do.

Lowick,

Do.

E. New-

22.10.10. 330

Do.

Do.

house.

Land

Bailiff,

F. H.

6.6.01. 250

£210-£250

Do.

Dillon.

by £20

trienuially.

Do.

Do.

$480 to $660.

by $60 annually.

Do. 5th Grade

Clerk,

Do. 5th Grade Tracer,

Do.

Tracer,

J. Mackay. 1.10.07. 230

E. A. Chin. 23.1.03. 660

Ko Sin Fan 3.6.08. 600

Tang Ngok 28.10.05, 660

Wan.

LoKaTsok. 1.11.06. 660 Wong Sun 24.9.08. 360

Knen. Luk Kui.

12.9.10. 420

Do. Computer,... Wong Hou. 3.1.11. 360

Do.

Ng Ka Pui.

1.2.11. 360

Do.

Do.

Do.

No progres-

sive scale.

Do. $360 to $840,

by $120 annually.

Do.

(1) Services dispensed with on 31st July, 1910. (2) Services dispensed with on 16th December, 1910,

P 73

There were also 32 survey coolies receiving wages at rates vary- ing from $8 to $11 per month according to service. Total wages for year $3,169.59.

3. Cost of Department.-As the survey office forms part of the Public Works Department and is accommodated in the same build- ing, which is known as the Government Offices, there are numerous charges, such as those for lighting, heating, electric fans, &c., which cannot be stated. Omitting charges of such a nature, the following is a statement of the cost :-

Salaries,

Conveyance Allowances,

Drawing materials and mounting plans,.. Surveying Instruments,.

$ 42.398.46

3,524.88

Wages of Coolies,

3,169.59 *

*

1,239.18

1,393.86

Land Survey Contingencies (largely cost

of advertising land sales, etc.),

834.43

Miscellaneous Expenses,

811.81

Triangulation Survey of Colony,

374.09

Total,

.$ 53,746.30

Of this amount a sum of $698.88 was paid from the vote Triangulation Survey of Colony as the coolies were engaged exclusively on that work.

4. Trigonometrical Work. As no survey of the Colony had been made since that carried out by Lieut. Collinson in 1845 (his plan contains many inaccuracies), it was decided in 1908 that a proper Ordnance Map should be built up on correct triangulation and this work was commenced early in 1909. During the year the triangulation was considerably extended chiefly to the West, North and North East of the Taipo base. Thirty main and six minor triangulation stations were fixed in various parts of the Colony, twenty-six of the main stations and the six minor stations being valued and closed. This brings the total number of triangulation stations up to sixty-six, connecting up with a survey which has been made of the Anglo-Chinese boundary along the coast of Deep Bay on the North West, with Sha Tau Kok on the North East and with Castle Peak on the West on the Colony.

The limit of error, viz., 9" in any one triangle, has not been exceeded and all triangles have been worked in series of polygons, each polygon itself being closed to an error not exceeding 6".

The area covered by the triangulation already completed is about 22 miles North and South by 8 miles East and West. The attached plan shews the amount of triangulation carried out and in progress.

5. Topographical Work.-The methods mentioned under this heading in last year's report have been adhered to and the average limit of error in the traverses made for plotting to the 200 ft.=1 inch has been about 1/4,500 while that for the 50 ft. 1 inch map has not exceeded 1/5,000, both of which are well within the limits

P 74

laid down, riz., 12,500 and 13,000 respectively. In only a few cases has it been found necessary to go over a traverse a second time to maintain this standard of accuracy.

Mr. Reed has been stationed in the New Territories since May, 1910, and, in addition to extending the triangulation work already referred to, has surveyed and plotted on the 6 Scale Ordnance Maps fourteen villages which contain nearly 2,200 houses.

In connection with the preparation of the Ordnance Maps referred to in paragraph 4 of last year's report, a great deal of work has been carried out in Kowloon, about half the Peninsula having been surveyed and plotted to the larger scale (1"-50 feet). The areas dealt with included the whole of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company's premises at Hung Hom and an area of about 80 acres known as King's Park.

On the Hongkong side, a large portion of the Pokfulam district, comprising an area of over 300 acres, was surveyed in connection with the issue of Farm Lot Leases. The work was undertaken by Mr. Forbes, who was engaged temporarily until a surveyor could be obtained from England. Mr. H. West, the new surveyor deputed to complete this survey, discovered after Mr. Forbes had left the Department that the whole of the work had been falsified and was therefore useless. A re-survey of the entire area was put in hand and was about half finished at the end of the year. A general survey of the Hill District has been commenced and connected by traverses with the lower levels.

6. Cadastral Work.-All questions relating to land in the New Territories were settled in 1900-05 by a Laud Court on the basis of of the cadastral maps prepared by the Survey Party from India and it has not been found necessary to again deal with the matter. In Hongkong and Kowloon, the cultivated areas are of small extent and any surveys required in connection with them were completed prior to the 31st March, 1909. Consequently, no cadastral work has been done during the period under review.

7 Special Work.-Reclamation Scheme, Cheung Sha Wan.-The work of fixing permanent monuments to define the intersection points of roads comprised in this scheme, was started in August by Mr. Grey. Centre lines were very carefully set out, measured and re-measured, allowances being made for expansion due to temperature, etc., and an independent traverse was run to check the "centre line traverse”, which closed to 1 in 24,000. The three concentric curves which the roads follow near Lai Chi Kok were calculated and set out in short chords, and dimensions of 44 irregular lots were then worked out. Finally 50 concrete monuments defining the centre points of the various junctions of roads were established and numbered, and 26 traverse points were cemented in, the entire work being tied in with the Triangulation Survey of the Colony. A plan was prepared giving detailed information as to bearings, distances, and positions of monuments, etc. The total distance traversed in carrying out these operations was 5 miles, which occupied 59 days' field work and 18 days in office,

4

:

P 75

A survey was prepared of an area of about 50 acres on Mount Davis granted to the Military Authorities by the Colonial Govern- ment for the construction of defence works.

Much clerical work is involved in carrying on the dual duties of Land Survey and Superintendence of Crown Lands conducted by the Land Survey Branch.

8. Maps Published.—No maps were published during the year.

9. Miscellaneous Matters.-The following is a brief summary of the works accomplished:---

One surveyor was engaged for several months fixing the bound- ary stones to define the various lots owned by Messrs. Butterfield & Swire at Quarry Bay and re-plotting certain surveys which had not been laid down on the same meridian as the new Ordnance Sheets and another surveyor was engaged on survey works in con- nection with Tytam Water Works Extension Scheme for six weeks.

Mr. Darby acted as Principal Land Surveyor during the absence of Mr. Rees on home leave.

Two temporary surveyors, Messrs. Forbes and Wahir, were engaged locally pending the arrival of two surveyors who had been applied for from England. A third surveyor was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by Mr. McIntosh's resignation of his appointment on the expiration of his Agreement. These three surveyors did not arrive until August, October and November respectively.

In addition, the following maps were prepared:

161 lease plans (in triplicate) with particulars. 24 sale plans (in duplicate) and sale conditions. 1,283 plans and sunprints in connection with proposed sales, permits, piers, squatters' holdings, etc.

1 plan measuring 2' x 3' was reduced from a scale of 50

ft.1 inch to one of 160 ft.1 inch.

1 plan measuring 2' x 13' was reduced from a scale of 50

ft. 1 inch to one of 200 ft.1 inch.

1 plan measuring 1' x 1' was reduced from a scale of 50

ft.-1 inch to one of 400 ft. 1 inch.

1 plan measuring 1x1 was reduced from a scale of

50 ft. 1 inch to one of 90 ft.: 1 inch.

/

1/

2 plans measuring x were enlarged from a scale of

81 mile to one of 2"-1 mile.

1 plan measuring 1' x 1' was reduced from a scale of 50

ft.1 inch to one of 200 ft.1 inch.

79 sheets were ruled for Ordnance Maps.

772 permits for temporary tenure of Crown Land were

issued.

40 temporary Pier Licences were issued.

P 76

The following officers were absent during the year either on leave or in hospital:-

Mr. L. C. Rees-on leave from 1st April to 5th January. Mr. B. W. Grey--on leave from 1st April to 31st July. Mr. C. F. Forbes-5 days in April and July in hospital. Mr. J. E. A. Wahr-1 day vacation leave and 10 days in

July and August in hospital.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

20th April, 1911.

1

(

-

APPENDIX Q.

REPORT ON THE POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.

1. Mr. G. G. Burnett, Senior Clerk, returned to duty from leave on October 21st. Amongst the staff of clerks there were three resigna- tions, two dismissals and one case of invaliding, and six new appointments.

MAILS.

2. The number of mail bags and packets dealt with in the General Post Office, Hongkong, amounted to 223,076 an increase of 13,967 or over 63 per cent., compared to an increase of 4,820 in 1909. This increase of 6 per cent. represents increased business due to normal annual increase, and in particular, more mails being closed for the Siberian route to Europe. The number of bags and packets sent in transit through the Post Office amounted to 63,820 an in- crease of 23,494 or 58 per cent., while the number of parcel re- ceptacles rose from 432 to 3,482. The large additional amount of transit mail dealt with was largely due to mails between the United States and Manila, and the increase in the number of parcel re- ceptacles was owing to the large number of parcel mails sent by the Chinese Imperial Post Office. Further details are given in Table I.

REGISTRATION AND PARCEL BRANCH.

3. Registered articles and parcels handled in Hongkong amounted to 1,001,810 compared with 952,988 an increase of 48,822 compared with the previous year. The increase in registered articles dealt with was chiefly on account of correspondence to and from the American Continent and correspondence forwarded by the Siberian route. The registered articles from America are mostly for Chinese, the increase in the number of these points to increased trade and business. As regards those sent by the Siberian route, the increase is owing to this route being opened up, and to the more careful treatment of correspondence intended for conveyance thereby.

The registered mails received from the American Continent by the Canadian Pacific Mail Packets are the largest received at Hong- kong. The number of registered letters amounts sometimes to well over 7,000, and when it is considered that about 98 per cent. of these letters are for Chinese and contain drafts averaging over $200 in value a letter, an idea can be gathered of the amount of money trans- mitted by the Chinese in America to their native country.

Further details are given in Table II.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

4. A statement of Revenue and Expenditure is given in Table III. Revenue amounted to $519,066.54 being an increase of

$75,019.96 as compared with the year 1909. The sale of postage stamps in Hongkong accounting for $57,273.85, and at the Agencies $10,742.35, of the increase. The Expenditure amounted to $470,984.35 a decrease of $39,945.64. The decrease being due to a higher average rate of exchange and to four instead of five quarterly payments of the contribution to the Peninsular and Oriental Steam- ship mail subsidy being paid during the year under review. The in- crease for revenue therefore amounted to almost 17 per cent., and on the working of the post office there was a profit of $48,082.19 com- pared with a deficit of $66,683.41 for the preceding year.

5. Table IV shows a comparative statement of the sale of postage stamps at the various British Postal Agencies in China for the years 1909 and 1910. Table V shows the number of stamps of different denominations issued for sale during the years 1909 and 1910. On May 14th a new 5-cent stamp, for revenue purposes only, was issued and the issue of the 5-cent postage and revenue stamp discontinued. The Colony has adopted Imperial colour scheme for stamps, the stamps of similar values in the different Colonies ad- hering to this scheme being printed in similar colours. During the year the colours of the one-cent and two-dollar stamps were altered to agree with the above mentioned scheme. The large increase in the sale of the 5-cent revenue stamps was due to steps taken to enforce the stamping of receipts, and to stop several abuses which were found to be existing. The decrease in the number of $2, and 50-cent stamps sold was due to the fact that school fees are no longer payable in stamps. Table VI shows a statement of Revenue and Expenditure for the last ten years.

MONEY ORDERS.

6. The set back in money order business caused by depression in 1908, which recovered to the amount of £6,100 in 1909, has been totally recovered in 1910, the nett increase being £12,935, more than double that of the previous year. The volume of business has exceeded that of 1907 the record year. The extension of the system of issue and payment of British Postal Orders throughout the Empire has greatly increased the use of these orders. The sales in 1907 were £11,764, payment £3,269; in 1910 £19,784, and £6,265 respectively. There was a falling off of $6,000 in Local Postal Orders owing to unfavourable rates in the money market at the Agencies in China.

A direct exchange of money orders with French Indo-China came into force on the 1st October, 1910. Further details are given in Tables VII, VIII and IX.

DEAD LETTERS.

7. The total number of all articles received and dealt with in the Dead Letter Office at Hongkong (including those despatched from that office to offices of origin) during the year 1910, amounted to 146,413, comprised as follows:- Letters &c. received from abroad 47,224, despatched 55,429, and undeliverable by Hongkong 43,760. Of the letters returned from abroad and local letters, etc., undelivered it was possible to return to senders, Foreign 10,702, Local 3,283,

In the case of a very large proportion of the Chinese letters so sent back to this office it was absolutely impossible to return them owing to the names and addresses of sender being lacking. There is to be added to the total of those returned to offices of origin, letters, etc., relating to Lotteries 14,985. Details will be found in Tables X and XI.

Enclosed in 41 unregistered letters were found sundry articles of value as well as money orders, Bank Notes, Bank Drafts, Imperial Postal Orders and Cheques, and these were returned to the respective senders, registered..

One hundred and forty-eight (148) Chinese and 15 European letters were found to contain coins and of these it was possible to return to senders (under registered covers and subject to a fine of 20 cents) 45 of the former and 14 of the latter. Owing to the deficiency of the sender's name and address the others, after record, were destroyed and the contents paid in to the credit of "Unpaid Postage". The coins so enclosed in nearly every instance were

one or two cash.

Post Cards bearing the imitation of postage stamps and address- ed to the United Kingdom, (which are there prohibited), to the number of 105 were withdrawn from the mails, and 36 ordinary Post Cards with neither address nor the sender's name were found posted in the letter boxes.

PILLAR BOXES.

8. The total number of articles collected during the year from all pillar boxes was 220,832 compared with 183,152 in the year 1909. A new pillar box was opened near the Victoria Hospital.

CHINESE BRANCH.

9. The total number of Chinese registered articles delivered by this Branch was 208,170 of which 138,135 were from the United States of America and Canada and 70,035 from China and other countries showing a total increase as compared with the year 1909 of 24,365 and an increase of 21,080 as compared with the total of 1908. The figures for the three years are as follows:-

1908. 1909. 1910.

From U.S.A. and Canada, From China & other countries,

123,102 119,436 138,135

63,988 64,369 70,035

187,090 183,805 208,170

The number of ordinary correspondence dealt with has largely increased although no records are kept.

The number of Postal Hong licences issued during the year was 34 showing a decrease of 3 Hong licences against those issued in 1909. Two Hong licences were cancelled during the year for breach of Post Office Regulations.

Q 4

WESTERN BRANCH POST OFFCE.

10. The amount of correspondence sent between this Branch Office and Canton was-Despatched 686,006 letters, 4,741 other articles, and 9,577 registered articles; Received 938,537 letters, 10,163 other articles and 4,642 registered articles. These figures show an increase of 344,954 compared with the figures for the previous year. In addition to the above 10,641 Hong packets were despatched and 14,462 received, these Hong packets are gradually decreasing while the number of ordinary letters increase. The value of stamps sold at this branch amounted to $65,494.90 compared with $105,592.50 during 1909. This decrease was caused by the ex- traordinary purchase of stamps at the General Post Office with copper coin. Owing to the discount on copper coin it paid coolies to purchase a dollar worth of stamps with 100 cents and resell for silver at various Chinese shops. By the end of the year this copper purchasing had stopped.

MISCELLANEOUS.

11. Owing to the continued financial loss sustained by the Colony of Hongkong on working the postal agencies in China, re- presentations were made through the Government of Hongkong to the Imperial Government with the result that the Imperial Govern- ment decided to take over the working of these agencies at the close of the year 1910.

12. During the year 1911, transit charges for correspondence sent during the year 1910, will have to be paid. The Siberian statistics to be taken during November, 1911, will apply for payments for the years 1910-1912 inclusive. The results of these statistics cannot be finally adjusted until 1913, so the full saving by the result of the agencies being no longer paid for by Hongkong will not be evident until the year 1913.

13. Parcel Post Agreements were entered into between Hong- kong and the Straits Settlements and between Hongkong and New Zealand. An agreement was also signed for parcel post between Hongkong and the Philippine Islands similar to the Hongkong- Washington Parcel Post Agreement. India agreed to accept the system of payment of compensation, not exceeding 25 francs in the event of the loss of, damage to, or abstraction from, an uninsured parcel passing through the post office of that country.

15th March, 1911.

C. McI. MESSER, Postmaster General.

>

Table I.

Mails Despatched and Received during 1910.

To and from Hongkong.

For II. M. S. in China

Station.

For Foreign Men-of-

Sent in transit through Hongkong.

Steamers

Loose

Boxes

Bags.

Packets. Letter Boxes.

Bags.

Bags.

War.

Bags and and Arrivals. Depar- Packets. Packets.

Carrying Mails.

tures.

Received in 1910,

117,333

2,411 1,991

7,794

1,284

Received in 1909,

113,805

2,347 2,932

538

3,764

6,084

5,326

Increase,

3,528

64

7,256

758

Decrease,

941

2,480

Despatched in 1910,

97,742

5,590 1,918

1,490.

1,334

63,820 3,480

6,739

Despatched in 1909,

86,379

6,578 2,327

1,117

2,736

40,326

432

6,760

Increase,

11,363

373

23,494

3,048

Decrease,

988

409

1,402

21

...

Table II.

Statistics of International and Hongkong Registered Correspondence and Parcels for the Year ending 1910.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1909.

Description of Correspondence.

Total 1910. Total 1909.

Despatched. Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

Insured Letters,

886

1,154

2,040

1,549

491

Registered Articles,

361,688

473,657

835,345

809,426

25,919

Registered Articles ciâ Siberia,

17,429

28,781

46,210

24,024

22,186

Insured Parcels viâ Gibraltar,

2,241

2,106

4,347

4,046

301

Insured Parcels via Brindisi,

109

193

302

253

49

Insured Parcels viâ Marseilles,

362

662

333

29

Ordinary Parcels riú Gibraltar, .

11,410

13,587

24,997

25,607

610

Ordinary Parcels ria Brindisi,

199

497

696

620

76

Ordinary Parcels rià Marseilles,

1,035

1,035

1.015

20

Cash on Delivery Parcels,

1

209

210

108

102

America, Manila and Honolulu Parcels, German Parcels by German Ships,

3,544

2,820

6,364

5,324

1,040

889

2,409

3,298

2,641

657

Carried forward,

398,396

526,810

925,206

874,946

50,870

610

Table II,-Continued.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1909.

Description of Correspondence.

Total 1910.

Total 1909,

Despatched.

Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

Brought forward,

398,396

526,810

French Parcels by French Ships,

883

925,206

885

874,946

951

50,870

610

66

Indian Insured Parcels,

1,039

523

Indian Ordinary Parcels,..

1,552

2.132

Australian Parcels, ....

1,626

783

73,774

75,204

1,430

Japan Parcels,

1,763

1,890

Miscellaneous Parcels,.

38,860

28,606

Parcels received for China Fleet,

1,945

1,945

1,887

58

438,236

563,574

1,001,810

952,988

50,928

2,106

Parcels, Shanghai and Agencies, Registered Articles, Shanghai, Registered Articles, other Agencies,

37,184

41,540

78,724

61,059

17,665

64,593

56,228

120,821

86,396

34,425

........

22,399

26,158

18,557

25,699

22,858

Exclusive of Articles also passing through Hongkong,.......

124,176

123,926

248,102

173,154

74,948

Grand Total for 1910=1,249,912 ; net increase 128,770.

Table III.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Receipts.

1909.

1910.

Increase.

De-

crease.

Expenditure.

1909.

1910. Increase.

De-

crease.

Sale of Postage Stamps, H.K,, Do.. at the Agencies

281,499.84 B38.773 69

57,273.85

Carriage of Mails :-

117,922.77 |128,665.12

10.742.35

Unpaid Postage..

4,868.02

4.827.25

40.77

Gratuities to Shipmasters, 4,990.22 8,003.02 3,012.80

Share of P. & O. Mail

Foxholders' Fees,

7,529.00

7,652.50

123.50

Commission on Money Orders and Postal Notes.

Subsidy, Transit Payments,

161,440.05 125,526.74

146,092.22 134,116.80

35,913.31

11,975.42

18.743.48

19,918.84

1,175.36

:.

Profit on Exchange on Money Order Transactions,

Working Expenses,

198,207.50 203,337.79

5,130.29

12,019.12

17,833 67

Interest on Money Order Fund. Void Money Orders & Postal Notes.

1,381,35

53.00

1,321.64

73.83

5 784.55

20.83

59.71

Total Receipts,

Deficit,

$444,046,58 519,066,54

75,120.44

100.48

Total Expenditure....$ 510,729.99 470,984.35

8,143.09 47,888.73

66 683.41 |

Profit,

48,082,19

...

Total.

$ 510.729.99 519.066 51

Total,

$ 510,729.99 519,066.54

Q9

Table IV.

Revenue from the Sale of Postage Stamps, etc., at the British Post Offices in China during the years 1909 and 1910.

Shanghai,

1909. $70,094.30

1910.

$73,804.21

Amoy,

5,707.17

6,984.71

Canton,-

10,430.10

11,821.11

Chefoo,-

2.527.46

2,721,22

Foochow,

4,268.25

5,749.91

Hankow,

4,312,81

5,097.58

Hoihow,

1,160.05

984.65

Liu Kung Tau,

5,852.60

6,564.10

Kingpo,

552.21

564.30

Swatow,

5,885.53

6,253.21

Tientsin,

7,132.29

8,120.12

1

$117,922.77 $128,665.12

Q 10

Table V.

Postage Stamps, etc., issued for sale in Hongkong and at the British Post Offices in China during the years 1909 and 1910.

Postage Stamps,

33

Deno- mination.

1909. 1910.

Increase + Decrease-

I cent 526,560 567,352 + 40,79 2 cents 2,943,3493,320,156 + 376,807 2,730,7023,215,516+ 484,814 2,845,7553,262,800+ 917,045

11

11

90,720 85,671 -

5,049

27

98,160 107,996+

9,836

་་

10

AN

12

1,188,058 1,184,396 +

40,338

25,440 44.772

19,332

20

99,595 99,856|

239

30

57,840

55,676

1,684

་་

27

60

06229

58,456

4,264

""

>>

1 dollar

35,289

46,396 +

11,107

"

2 d Fars

17,421

13,692-

3,729

""

3

4,162

4,886 +

724

??

2.065

2,466 +

401

""

10

2.570

3,012+

1,342

77

99

Books of Stamps, Post Cards,

} dollar

7,925

9,000+

1,075

1 cent

26,042

29,580+

3,538

2 cents

"

་་

506 14.796 BOS

260

246

14,900+

104

60%

248

Newspaper Wrappers,

Pastage Envelopes,..

1718

2,300+

289

700

600

100

1,070

725

360

3,275

2,675-

600

9,350

9,600 +

280

وو

215

200

16

وو

101

450

475 +

25

Registration Envelopes,

11

11,306

14,335 +

3,029

T

Table VI.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Post Office for the years 1901 to 1910.

Year.

Total Revenue.

Total Expendi-

Profit +

Military Percentage Contribution

of Expendi-

Net Profit+

Net Loss

after deduct-

Loss

20 per cent.

ture.

ture to Revenue.

on Total Revenue.

ing Military Contribution.

('.

$

C.

%

C.

1901,

355,912.74| 278,685 51+ 82,207,23|

76.89 71,182.55+

1,044.68

1902,

387,066.19 316,340.12+

70,826,07|

81.70

77,413.24 -

6,587.17

1903,

414,807.20; 334,177.40 +

80,680 SO

80.55 82,973.44-

2,283.64

1904,

1905,

1906,

1907,

1908,

1909,

1910,

408,458.92 316,756.50 + 9170236

414,838.19 585,449.25 170,611.6

420,454.04 359,484.08+ 60,969.96

..... 445,420.92 366,452.47 + 78,968.45

412,131.60 371,486.17+ 40,945.43

444,046.58 510,799.99- 66,683,41

518,066.54 470,984.35+ 43,082.19

$1,691.78 + 10,010.58

141.12 $2,967.64 — 258,578.70

85.49

84,099,ST

23,120.85

82.07

89,684.18 - 10,115.73

90.07

115 01

8,456,32 - 41,540.89

88,809.32 - 155,492.78

90.74 103,813.31 - 55,731.12

Country.

Table VII.

Money Order Transactions during 1909 and 1910.

1910.

1909.

Increase.

Decrease.

Orders issued. Orders paid." Orders issued. Orders paid. Orders issued. Orders paid. Orders issued.j Orders paid.

£ 8.

United Kingdom,... Queensland,...

New South Wales,..

Victoria,...

South Australia,..

Tasmania,

New Zealand,

Western Australia,

Transvaal,

Cape Colony,

United States of America,

Canada,

18 9 6

804 3 A

292 4

51 11 5

100 13 1

6,663 15 3 1,503 17 9

£ 8. d. s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.

15,107 9 I 18,757 15 2 | 13,483 1 317,766 5 6 1,624. 7 10 991 9 8

97 11 713,526 11 9 159 6 314,555 8 4 944 11 9 2,679 11 8 941 2 2 2,287 8.0 392 3 8

642 15 10 1,309 5 7 463 7 7 38 15 10 922 8 4 15 11 3 74 13 9 484 2 5 62 3 1 207 19 7 1,568 16 4 339 10 2 112 10 9 3,973 3 7 75 13 4

30 0 0

13 2 3

877 2 10

397 10 10

£

s. d.

s. d.

61 14 8 1,028 16 7

3 9 7

1.605 12 7

179 8 3

1,100 7 1

23 4 7

296 7 0

177 18 9

Japan,......

23,470 7 9

Straits Settlements,.

Federated Malay States,

736 19 10

52 5 4

2,567 16 1 1,864 8 0 2,458 11 0

23,092 17 8

413 17 8

1,421 19 4 3,371 0 11 259 17 0

90 18 5

4,244 4 1 1,180 16 4 2,253 9 10

12 10 8!

36 17 5

70 4 9

146 17 0

602 2

131 10 7

8

30 0 0

208 5

5 7 3

9 14 8

2,419 11 2 323 1 5

72 19 5

105 6 3

685 8 4

159 12 0

1,291 3 0 1,542 9 0

377 10 1

51 11 6

314 6 3

673 5 0

916 2 0

107 6 8

Q 12

Carried forward,

42,600 18 7 58,432 7 5|40,795 9 053,384 17 1

2.314 7 2

6,758 18 3

508 17 7 1,711 7 11

Country.

1910.

Table VII,- Continued.

1909.

Increase.

Decrease.

Orders issued. Orders paid. Orders issued. Orders paid. |Orders issued. Orders paid. Orders issued. Orders paid.

£

s. d.

s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.

£

Brought forward,

42,600 18 7|58,432 7 540,795 9 053,384 17 1

$ d.

2,314 7 2

£

s. d.

£

s. d.

6,758 18

508 17

£ s. d.

1,711 7 11

British North Borneo,..

143 17 5

Sarawak,

lõ 0 4

670 10 4

. 112 4.8

5 16 8

379 17 4

13 3 8

91 7 0

138 0 9

1 16 8

Siam,

Macao,

German Post Offices in China,

Shanghai,...

4 0 7

160 14 3

56 5 2

8,517 2 8

62 7 0

260 8 4

63 15 8

12.6 9

39 19 9

290 13 0

20 17 8

22 7 3

8 6 2

129 11 9

33 1 6

296 7 3

84 19 3

31 2 6

23 3 8

35 18 11

21 3 7

4.554

2

8,670 11

0

2,845 17 0

Agencies in China,..

.......

5,484 14 9

4,368 10 6

1,708 4 2 1,116 4 3

153 8 4

Base Post Office,.

1 15 0

1 15 0

India,

20,820

710,336 6 11 | 19,189 11

Ceylon,....

191 0 0

259 10 8

Germany,

French Indo-China,..

1,298 15 8 11 17 7

7,687 17

6

125 0 1

1,415 4

10,027 6 9 329 18 4 6,620 13 11

1,630 10 1

65 19 11

309 0 2

70 7 8

53 0 0

11 17 7

1,067 3

53 0 0

116 8 11

Total,.

73,819 13 10 87,977 4 470,389 16 678,471 92

4,216 18 411,346 8 3

787 1 0

1,840 13 1

Nett Increase for 1910, ...£12,935 12s. 6d.

£161,796 18s. 2d.

£148,861 58. 8d.

£15,563 68. 7d.

€2,627 14s. Id.

13

Table VIII.

British Postal Orders issued and paid at Hongkong and at the Agencies in China.

ORDERS ISSUED.

VALCES.

AMOUNT.

S.

d.

S. d. S. d.

S.

d.

6

1

0

1

6

2 6

5

d. S. d.

0 10 0

S. d. S.

10 6

d.

2

20 0

£ s. d.

Total in 1910, ...

1,336

3,896

3,115

: 3,193

5,978

6,074

1,113

13,808

19,784 15 6

Total in 1909,

1,069

3,06!

2,365

2,747

4,602

4,864 1,013

11,198 | 16,012 17 0

ORDERS PAID.

No.

AMOUNT.

£

S.

d.

Total in 1910,

7,997

6,265

9

9

Total in 1909.

6,419

4,916

12

6

:

14

Table IX.

Statement of Local Postal Notes issued at Hongkong and at the Agencies in China.

VALUES.

25 cts. 50 cts. $1.00

$2.00

$3.00 $4.00

$5.00

$10.00

AMOUNT.

$

C.

Total in 1910,

420

516

367

411

493

535

856

1,933

28,781.00

Total in 1909,

423

566

405

461

528

612

1,110

2,377

35,067.75

15

1

Q 16

Table X.

Dead Letters Received and Despatched in the Dead Letter Branch.

Returned to Hongkong.

Returned by Hongkong.

Places.

Letters.

Post Other Cards. Articles.

Post Other

Letters.

Cards. Articles.

United Kingdom,

2,931

604

134

8,547

362

10,997

India,

1,564

44

105

2,296

243

745

Straits Settlments,.

4,211

36

89

1,461

51

494

Kuala Lumpor,

1,270

10

148

1.498

7

17

Ceylon,

148

25

4

69

11

31

Batavia,

157

91

426

28

558

Egypt,

57

12

5

98

20

95

Continent of Europe,...

729

261

5,919

United States of America,...

2,490

581

185

1,755

249

1,981

Canada,

449

31

32

250

30

591

Mexico,

245

3

43

Honolulu,

241

12

11

Manila,

266

39

13

465

57

136

Japan,

330

175

172

431

245

149

China,

5,592

74

1,880

15,510

339

724

French Indo-China,

130

4

457

23

31

Foreign Offices in China,

257

33

189

Macao,.

49

406

18

32

Siam,..

586

Victoria,

127

55

10

39

119

2

18

8

158

10

96

New South Wales,

163

13

175

17

119

South Australia,...

17

2

19

}

5

Queeeslaud.......

64

Western Australia,

75

Tasmania,

10

New Zealand,

89

8714

8

39

82

6

30

1

14

7

63

Natal (inclusive of S. Africa),

1

20

14

Transvaal,

145

Other Places,

4,040

683

888

20

6

2,897

599

Co

Shanghai B. P. O.,

3.128

318

8,574

Other B. P. O.'s in China,

829

35

588

Total in 1910,..

29,354

Total in 1909,..

30,122

2,766 15,104 30,407 2.036 22,986 3,188 15,339 30,761 2,815 20,725

1

:

Q 17

Table XI.

Letters, &c., which failed to be delivered by the General Post Office and Branch Offices.

Foreign.

Local.

Lottery Letters and

Book Packets.

Letters.

Post Other Cards. Articles.

Letters.

Post Other Cards. Articles.

Lotteries.

Book Packets.

27,910

920 10,366

2,591 91

1,883

11,462

3,523

Appendix R.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

(British Section.)

ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1910.

The following is a report on the work done on the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway during 1910.

Land.

The site for the

No further land was acquired during the year. Workshops has been obtained by levelling ground at the back of Inland Lot 198, the spoil from which has gone to make up the Diversion of Gascoigne and Chatham Roads.

A plan is now being prepared to show the actual Crown Lands acquired for the Railway and to enable a surrender to be madé of all land which is no longer required for Railway purposes.

Earthwork.

At the end of 1909 the following was the state of the works:-

At Hung Hom about 5,000,000 cubic feet were required to com- plete the Reclamation, the majority of which was to come out of the large Cutting No. 1. The Gascoigne and Chatham Road Diversion was just being started, the earthwork for which was to be got by levelling a site for the Workshops. As far as Beacon Hill all the banks were finished with the exception of the heavy approaches to Bridge No. 4 and some earthwork round the abutments of Bridge No. 8. To the North of Beacon Hill a good deal of work remained to be done on Banks 19, 21, 27, 36, 42 and 45. The pitching to Banks between Mile 7 and 12 damaged by the typhoon of October, 1909, had to be repaired and the level thereof raised. The large slip in Cutting No. 29 had to be cleared away and the slope revetted. Cuttings Nos. 23, 27, 31 and 33 required sloping and bottoming up and a good deal of very wet excavation remained in the troublesome Cut- ting No. 47, as well as the excavation for the Station at Lowu, and the making up of the approaches of Bridge 49 over the Sam Chun River. During 1910 all this was finished. The big Cutting at Hung Hom was handed over by arrangement with the Contractors, at the begin- ning of September, and the rails laid through it. In this Cutting heavy retaining walls of cement concrete have been built on the Western side about 200 feet in length and on the Eastern 500 feet. The water from the Old Kowloon Water Works which was tapped at about 10 feet from the bottom gave considerable trouble in deal- ing with the last fifteen feet of the gullet of this Cutting until it

R 2

became possible to build the Aqueduct at Chain 6,650 through which it is now diverted. In Cutting 47 a large open drain was excavated down the centre of the Cutting and lined with Concrete, thus effectually draining the bottom. The Western slopes of this Cutting have been retained by a dry stone wall, but the slopes on the Eastern side have been allowed to settle of their own accord. A little more sloping and retaining wall work is required both in Cut- ting No. 1 and in No. 47 and this will be done as occasion arises.

The Reclamation and the Gascoigne Road Diversion were com- pleted and handed over by the Contractors about the beginning of December, a month ahead of the contract time.

Through Cutting No. 1 and in other Cuttings where a heavy rush of water is expected cement concrete drains have been put in, in others ballast walls have been provided. All the Cuttings with the exception of the approaches to Beacon Hill Tunnel and a short length in Cutting 41 at Mile 133 have been taken out for a double line of way and this has enabled the banks as far as Mile 16 to be tipped to a formation of 30 feet suitable for a double line. The following are exceptions:-Banks 12 and 13, Mile 5 to 5: Bank No. 16 between Mile 6 and 7; Bank 19, 21 and 22 at Mile 83; Bank 25 at Mile 91; Bank 30 at Mile 103; Bank 37 at Mile 123; Bank 42 at Mile 14; Bank 45 at Mile 141 to 151. From Mile 16 to the end of the Section the Banks are low ones and made up from borrow pits for a single line and to a width of 17 feet.

Tunnels.

A very little lining remained to be done at the Beacon Hill Tunnel at the end of 1909 and this and the bricking up of the shaft at the North Face was completed early in February. The last brick was laid by His Excellency the Governor on the 16th of February. During the year the machinery employed on the construction was dismantled and brought down to the depôt at Hung Hom.

Roads.

The large Diversion of the Gascoigne and Chatham Roads was completed early in December and the road opened for traffic shortly after. A path has also been made at the back of the Workshops near the China Light and Power Company's premises along the eastern slopes of No. 1 Cutting crossing the Railway at the Aque- duct and then along the Western side thus connecting Hung Hom and Yaumati. It is a great improvement on the old path which was little more than a goat track.

Bridges.

Bridge No. 2 and the rebuilding of Bridges 4, 8 and 12 were completed early in the year as well as the remedial measures on several other bridges. The girders of Bridges Nos. 6, 48, and 49, (over the Sam Chun River) were erected.

2

R 3

Fencing.

Between Kowloon Ferry and Hung Hom Mile 14 the line has been fenced with a steel pale fence and thereafter along the banked portion with a five wire fence. Fencing has been provided in all Station Yards, and Level Crossings put in where required. At these lift gates and cattle guards have been provided.

Telegraph.

All poles and lines and instruments for a complete telephone service have been installed throughout the section.

Ballast and Permanent Way.

The work of laying the Permanent Way was carried out under considerable difficulties owing to there being no broad guage stock available for transport in the usual way. Material was therefore sent round by sea to Taipo during the North East Monsoon which occasioned unadvoidable delays. From Taipo towards Beacon Hill materials were spread on a two foot guage line, and afterwards by material trolly, while North of Taipo the Permanent Way was first laid to a Metre Gauge and afterwards splayed out to Standard. The sending out of a metre gauge engine and trucks to Taipo enabled this to be done, and ballasting to be undertaken, instead of waiting for the standard gauge engines and trucks to arrive. The plate-laying began in March and was finished early in May and as soon as the Main Line Engines and trucks could be got ready ballasting was proceeded with.

Stations and Buildings.

Pending the opening of the Railway through to Canton and until a special ferry service to the terminus of the Railway at Hung Hom is justified by the amount of traffic, a portion of one of the Godowns belonging to the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company has been rented and converted into a Passenger Station, the Railway thereto being laid down the Salisbury Road. At Hung Hom a wooden structure has been constructed which will serve well enough until such time as events necessitate the building of a terminal station. At Shatin and Taipo Permanent Stations were built during the year and all quarters for station masters, and staff, provided at Yaumati and Taipo. At Lowu a temporary station was built to serve until the Chinese Section is open for traffic, when all trains will run to the Junction Station at Sam Chun on the Frontier. Temporary Staff Quarters only have been erected at Shatin and Lowu and a Temporary Flag Station at Taipo Market, which however will soon have to be converted into a permanent one.

On the Reclamation the lines laid are sufficient for requirements for some time to come. They can be added to as required without any difficulty, and are laid with slight modifications in accordance with the plans submitted to the Secretary of State for the Terminus at Hung Hom. At Blackheads a Goods Shed has been erected and a part of the old sheds re-roofed and sidings and a loading bank

...

— R 4 —

built sufficient for the traffic which is likely to offer for some time to come. The pier at Blackheads has been repaired and re-decked and has been in use on several occasions in connection with landing material for the Chinese Section. As all the land on the Reclamation will not be required exclusively for Railway purposes, it is proposed to lease out certain lots on temporary leases and a plan is in course of preparation by the Director of Public Works showing the various lots available.

Gang Huts for the gangmen working along the line have been built at every three miles along the line to accommodate a mate, and eight men.

Signalling.

The system of Signalling is practically that used in India for Single Lines and consists of a bracket Signal close to the points and an Outer 1,500 feet away. The points are locked with Annetts Locks and when the road is thrown over and the points locked, the key for the bracket signal corresponding to the setting of the road, is released and the signal lowered by hand. The lowering of the Home Signal engages the Distant or Outer which is then pulled off from just behind the bracket. It is impossible to lower the Outer unless by foul means, until the bracket signal is lowered and it is impossible to lower the bracket until the points are set and locked for the road which is required. A key box would convert the system into a fully interlocked one. The sidings are trapped by scotch blocks rodded to the points. There is a ground lever frame at Hung Hom Bridge signalling the Loco Yard. As Messrs. Leigh and Orange were still working at the time of opening, a Signal was introduced, tappet interlocked in the frame. This enabled them to work, without fouling the Main Line except when their Engines were going to shed.

Trains are worked on the Block System by means of Neales Block Instruments which were installed during the year. The in- struments are placed in pairs at each Station, each instrument con- taining tokens of different grooves which makes it impossible to insert a token into the wrong instrument. Each instrument is electrically connected with the correspondingly grooved instrument at the next station and only one token can be withdrawn at a time in any par- ticular block section.

Loco Yard.

A shed, the material for which was mostly obtained from the dismantled sheds at Blackheads and those of the various sheds at Beacon Hill Tunnel, has been erected for the stabling of the coaches when not in use. This will in future help to protect the outside of the coaches from the smoke of the harbour and the dust from the Cement Works.

The Loco Yard has been laid out to the North of Gascoigne Road between the Main Line and the portion of the Old Gascoigne Road running by the China Light and Power Company's premises.

-

:

R 5

In this portion the Water Tank and Fuel Stages have been erected, and the Workshops are now approaching completion, the Running Shed forming part of the Shops Building. The Construction Office at Hung Hom has now been converted into Guards' and Drivers' Quar- ters and a residence and office for the Storekeeper. The Old Cattle Depôt, which up to the end of the year was in the possession of the Contractors, Messrs. Leigh and Orange, has been converted into a Store Shed in which most of the Surplus Construction Stores have been stored. As soon as these can be disposed of the Store will no longer be required, as there is sufficient room for the Stores in the Workshops so that as the traffic expands and a larger loco service is required, the building will be available for quarters for the native drivers and loco menials, it being very conveniently situated for the purpose.

Workshops.

The material arrived in the Colony in September and October and after calling for tenders for erection a start was made in November, Messrs. W. S. Bailey & Company being the successful tenderers for the erection of the Ironwork. Excellent progress was made both in erection and building with the result that at the end of the year the shops have been almost completed.

Almost half of the Machinery for the Shops was landed at various times of the year. After considerable discussion with the Consulting Engineers it was decided that the power for driving the Shops should be supplied by the China Light and Power Company and a contract was accordingly entered into with them for five years. The Company has now made all arrangements for the provision of the power, and as soon as the shafting arrives the necessary connect- ing cables will be laid and the shops be ready for use.

In view of the various statements which have appeared in the Press, a reference to the Accounts Statement will show the actual cost of the Workshops and Machinery.

It must be remembered that at least one-third of the cost of the Shops themselves represents that portion which is required for the Running Shed while a still further portion is set apart for an Office for the Loco Superintendent, and Stores.

Rolling Stock.

The two Tank Engines for the Main Line Work arrived early in March and were duly erected Departmentally by the end of April. The Goods Stock was also erected at the same time partly by Con- tract and partly Departmentally. As the arrival of the Underframes and fittings for the coaches was delayed it was decided to convert eight out of twenty-six four-wheeled covered wagons into Third Class Passenger Coaches and two into Cattle Trucks. These converted coaches were ready early in July and have done much useful work. It is not proposed to alter them until Goods Traffic developes. The

R 6-

Underframes arrived late in July and accordingly the Carriage Stock was not available till the end of September. Owing to the prospect of an early opening for through traffic to Canton and the conditions of the Working Agreement with the Chinese Section, an extra Engine of the same type as the existing one has been ordered and eight more coaches. The financial transaction is explained in the notes of the Estimate. The scarcity of stock has made itself felt since opening for traffic. It is not possible at present to lay up either Engines or Coaches for an overhaul and consequently the stock must suffer. It is expected that on opening for through traffic two express trains up and two down will be run in addition to local There will sure to be a good deal of excursion and tourist special traffic and it would be utterly impossible to maintain anything like an efficient train service with the present stock.

ones.

Plant.

All the Construction Plant and Stores have now been brought in to the Hung Hom Depôt from the line or from the recent Depôt at Tai Kok Tsui. The plant is in good condition and details are given as to its pricing in the Estimate.

It

The Railway was opened for traffic on the 1st Octeber. would be out of place to give anything like a detailed report on a three months working but it is interesting to note that after making allowances for the first rush of excursionists, the traffic settled down to a steady third class traffic. A launch service was instituted to Sha U Chung, with very good results and the passenger traffic is steadily increasing. So far but little goods traffic has offered and indeed it could hardly have been expected. A Flag Station was opened at Taipo Market on the beginning of November and since then the addition of a siding for goods has been productive of good results. There is a steady passenger traffic to Lowu, and although the launch is still running but few passengers come down to Hongkong that way notwithstanding the difference in fares. Information supplied by the District Officer, Taipo, goes to show that there is a steady going backwards and forwards between Sha Tau Kok and Sam Chun, and as this will materially increase the receipts on the Main Line, it is proposed to lay a two foot gauge from Fan Ling to Sha Tau Kok, using material which is now available from Construction and laying the rails on the new road. From about the Fifth mile from Fan Ling towards Sha Tau Kok there is a good deal of heavy work to be done on the Road and it will be some time before this small line can be carried out. There is no doubt it will prove successful, and eventually be continued to Castle Peak.

The earnings for the three months after opening have been $26,839.02 Coaching and $7,141.31 Goods. This latter has however been mostly material for the Chinese Section. As only $20,000 was estimated in June, 1909, for the earnings for six months, the fact that the earnings are in excess of this in the three months is encouraging. The usual Statements are appended hereto.

The final account now submitted shows that after making the necessary transfers and adjustments, there is a net saving on the total of the Revised Estimate for 1910 of $74,566.11. The excesses

:

R 7

and savings are given in the subjoined table with the explanation thereof. It will be noticed that the main items under savings are due to the relinquishment of the provision for land now not required for Railway purposes and a credit on account of profit on exchange. Against these savings the main excesses are due to provision of expenditure in connection with the two foot guage line to Fan Ling amounting to about $72,000 under various heads; the provision of Loco and Rolling Stock $160,000 due to the necessity of new stock for the through running to Canton; certain additions to Permanent Way and Loco which are really transfers from Plant retained for Open Line use as follows:

To Permanent Way VII,-

To Loco,

$24,268.52

14,200.98

$38,469.50

i

and finally to a big balance of Stores in Suspense partly obtained by transfers from Plant such as Permanent Way used by Messrs. Leigh and Orange during Construction. These items may be

classified as follows:-

Value of Permanent Way available for renewals and

laying of extensions and Private Sidings, ..... $77,869.86

Stores in Suspense for Revenue purposes inclusive of spares, spans for Bridges which may be disposed of if sales offer or be used on Line as occasion demands,....

35,524.00

Loss on Stores due to sales at less than book value, miscellaneous charges for repairs to launches and lighters, rents and depreciation of 33 per cent. written off the book value of new Stores,

Value of actual Stock so written down available

for sale,

$113,393.86

43,126.59

32,000.00

The other excesses are not important and are explained in the Table. The actual value of the plant now at Hung Hom at prices averaging about half the original price amounts to $182,779.54. It will not be safe to count on getting anything more than $100,000 in all for this. To this amount should be added the value of written

R 8

down Stores $32,000 and the amount of anticipated credit on sales may be allowed to stand at $132,000 instead of $150,000 as given last year. The grants for the year were $2,100,000 for Construction and $100,000 for Open Line. Against the former $1,914,911.84 was spent and $73,574.33 against the latter. The amount lapsing from the Construction grant is mainly due to a net credit of $216,074.83 being afforded for profit on exchange at the end of the

year.

KOWLOON, 5th April, 1911.

E. S. LINDSEY, M.I.C.E.,

Chief Resident Engineer,

3

1

R 9

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

(British Section.)

Main Head.

Sub-Head,

Revised Estimate for 1910.

II

III

Expenditure

to 31st December,

1910.

IV

Further Ex-

penditure which

Includes Main Line Rolling Stock also Cons-

truction and Equipment of Fanling Branch.

V

Grand Total.

VI

I. Preliminary Ex-

penditure,

II.---Land,

III.-Formation,

IV. - Bridges,

C.

C.

C.

$

c.

Survey,

Land,

(a) Earthwork,

(b) Tunnels,

42,277.65 42,277.65 1,195,879.20 774,532.33 2,587,580.00. 2,506,205.08 3,811,145.19 3,811,362.06

30,000.00

42,277.65 804,532.33

53,261.28 2,559,467.26

3,811,362.06

(c) Roads,

120,200 00

79,098.84

39,919.45

119,018.29

(a) Major,.

8:6,495.41

833,758.03

4.948.39

828 809.64

(7) Minor,

350,126.47

357,503.78

1,882.02

359,385.80

(e) Culverts,..

72,546.09

71,567.78

71,567.73

V.-Fencing...

(a) Boundaries,

39,999.45

35,568.99

2.000.00

37,568.99

(b) Signs,

400.00

640.31

640.31

VI.-Telegraph, VII-Track,

Telegraph.

8,032.17

36,122.41

383.23-

(a) Ballast,

132,066 54

155,530.91

3,257.29

36,505.64

158 788.20

(b) Permanent,

732,192 71

738,264.47

18,943,74

757,208.21

VIII. Stations and (a) Buildings and

Buildings,

Fixtures,

310,000.00

171,386.25

128,613,75

300,000.00

(b) Station

Ma-

chinery,

40,000.00

28,600.22

7,523.98

36,124.20

(e) Furnitur s,..

5,000.00

10,038.80

201.83

10,240.63

(d) Workshops,

60,000.00

46,486.78

16,967.74

63,154.52

IX-Plant,

(a) Construction.

101,884 53

320,328.08

108.482.40

211,845 63

(b) Loco, Tools and

Plant,

50,000.00

89,688.00

10,312.00

50,000.00

(c) C. & W. Tools &

Plant,

10,000.00

(d) Engineering,..

25.00 1:1.00

9,975.00

10,000.00

10.00

(e) Loco, Rolling

Stock,

(ƒ) C. & W. Rolling

Stock,

X.-General Char-

ges,

(a) (1) Salaries,

88,000.00

309,510.00

399,720.43 409,707.01

90,318.00 72,065.77

283,454.65 133,645.33

162,384.37

417,099.98

30,252.83

439,959.87

(2) Quarters and

Offices,

(3) Furniture,

68,495.13 67,695.54 11,639.61 10,981.03

67,695.54

50.00

10,931.03

(4) Office Expenses,

32.710.93

33,257.68

200.00

33,457.68

(5) Medical,

22,319.46

23,071.90

23,071.90

(6) Home Charges,

124,478,29

126,709.63

+,000.00

130,709.65

(7) Interest,

713,922.67

685,252.41

16,453.21

701,705.62

(8) Exchange,

200,000.00

63,350.95

63,350.95

(b) Accounts,

42,843.53

40,146.72

1,012.85

41,159.57

(ss) Stores Suspense,

6,216.23

Do.,

758.78 77,869.86

5,457.45

77,869.86

Stores China,

110,650.59

35,524,00

Do.,

75,126.59

Bricks,

1,320.00

1,320.00

Anticipated Credit by Sales,

$12,521,495.46 11,884,427.76

150,000.00

544,501.59 12,428,929.35 132,000.00 132,000,00

$12,371,495.16|11,884,427.76

412,501.59 12,296,929.35

*

I.

Main Head.

Table of Expenditure.

II.

Sub-Head.

1.-Pre. Expenditure,

Survey,

II.-Land,

Land,

III.-Formation,

(a) Earthwork,

(b) Tunnels,.

(c) Roads,.

IV.-Bridge Work,

(a) Major,

(b) Minor,

Culverts,.

V.-Fencing,

(a) Boundaries,..

VI:-Telegraph,... VII.-Track, .....

VIII Stations & Buildings,

(b) Signs,

(a) Ballast,

(b) Permanent Way,

(a) Buildings and Furniture,

(b) Station Machinery,

Furniture,

IX.--Plant,

III.

Expenditure fo 31st December, 1909.

(d) Workshops and Stores,.

(a) Construction,..

(b) Loco, Tools and Plant,.

(d) Engineering Tools and Plant,.

(e) Loco Rolling Stock,

(c) Carriage and Wagon Tools and Plant,

Carriage and Wagon Rolling Stock,-

.....

Carried forward,.....$

IV.

Expenditure during 1910.

V.

Expenditure to 31st December,

1910.

R 10

$

C.

C.

C..

42,277.65

762,863.55

11,668.78

42,277.65

774,532,33

2,047,323.04

458,882.94

2,506,205.98

3,480,248.19

331,113.87

3,811,362.06

4,957.63

74,141.21

79,098.84

648,816.92

184,941,11

833,758.03

321,793.12

35,710.66

357,503,78

68,721,56

2,846,22

71,567.78

996.45

34,572.54

35,568.99

640.31

640.31

19,807.47

16,314.94

36,122.41

40,093.10

115,437.81

155,530.91

524,985.83

213,278.64

738,264.47

58,647.01

112,739.24

171,386.25

28,600.22

28,600.22

10,038.80

10,038.80

46,486.78

46,486.78

505,048.23

184,720.15

320,328.08

39,688.00

39,688.00

25.00

25.00

10.00

10.00

90,318.60

90,318.60

2,350.00

281,104.65

283,454.05

8,528,929.75

1,903,840.17

10,432,769.92 •

Table of Expenditure,-Continued.

R 11

I.

Main Head.

II.

Sub-Head.

Bought forward,

$

8,528,929.75

C.

III.

Expenditure to 31st December,

1909.

IV.

Expenditure during 1910.

C.

1,903,840.17

V.

Expenditure to 31st December,

1910.

$

C.

10,432,769.92

X.-General Charges,

(a) 1. Salaries and Allowance,

337,605.63

72,101.12

409,707.04

2. Temporary Quarters and Offices,

67,691.76

8.78

67,695.54

3. Instruments,

10,981.03

}

10,981.03

4. Office Expenses,

27,893.26

5,364 42

33,257.68

5. Medical,

....

6. Home Charges,

7. Interest,

8. Exchange,

(b) Accounts,

(ss) Stores China,

20,484.70

2,587.20

89,633.22

37,076.43

23,071.90

126,709.65

251,625,09

433,627,32

685,252.41

63,229.01

126,579.96

63,350,95

29,128.27

11,018.45

40,146.72

182,028.56

65,161.74

116,866 82

Bricks,

Total,

....

8,268.94

9,617,499.22

6,948.94

1,320.00

2,266,928.54

11,884,427.76

The figure in column 3 is the expenditure shown in last year's report. Treasury figures however amounted to $9,369,515 92 and the difference $352,016.70 is due to the inclusion of Crown Agents' debits which were received during the early part of 1910 and booked against the 1909 account in the Treasury. The expenditure in column 5 has now been agreed in both accounts. The grant for the year was $2,100,000.00, the amount expended was $1,914,911.84.

The difference alluded to above added to this figure gives $2,266,928.54, the difference between columns 3 and 5.

MAIN HEAD.

R 12

Statement shewing Savings and

I-Preliminary Expenditure,... Survey,

SUB-HEAD.

AMOUNT.

C.

L

11.-Land,.

III.-Formation,

Land,

(a) Earthwork,

(b) Tunnels,

391,346,87

28,112.74

216.87

(c) Roads,

1.181.71

IV.-Bridges,,

(a) Major,

12,314.23

(7) Minor,

9,259.33

(c) Culverts,

978.31

V.-Fencing,

(a) Boundaries,

(b) Signs,

2,430.46

7

240.31

VI.-Telegraph...

Telegraph,

6,473.47

VII.-Tracks,

(a) Ballost,

26,721.66

(b) Permanent Way,......

25,015.50

VIII. Stations and Buildings,

(a) Buildings and Fixtures,

10,000.00

(b) Station Machinery,

3,875.80

(c) Furnitures,

5,240.63

(d) Workshops, .....

3,454.52

IX. Plant,

(a) Construction,

109.961.15

() Loco, Tools and Plant,

(c) C. & W. Tools and Plant..............

(d) Engineering,

10.00

Carried forward,

239,018.22

Figures in Italics denote Savings,

Excesses on the 1910 Estimate.

-R 13-

EXPLANATORY NOTES ON SAVINGS AND EXCESS OF THE 1910 ESTIMATE.

Nil.

Savings due to the land on Lots 618 and 1,140 not being debited to Railway Account.

¡ Due to debits for girders of Bridge 48 not being forthcoming till April, 1910, and to additions to Bridges Nos. 10 and 41 not contemplated at end of 1909.

!

Due to debit from Director of Public Works in connection with Road under Bridge 6 and increased expenditure owing to the complete rebuilding of Bridge No. 12.

}

!

Partly due to strengthening of line and to laying line from Hung Hom to the present station at Kowloon and extra wires for working the Neale instruments.

Due to extra billast required on banks sinking under traffic from July and after

the opening being charged to Capital as an extraordinary expenditure.

Due to transfers of rails formerly charged to Plant for sidings to Loco Yard and Stations and to Fanling Branch and also for 3 miles of 28. rails. for Fan- ling Brauch.

Provision of $100,000 for Jetty and Sheds retained.

Į Furniture for Stations and first equipment charged to Loan Account instead of

Revenue.

i Due to provision of a saw mill at site and to having to deepen founds owing to

length of stanchions.

Due merely to the fact that sales were not forthcoming owing to there being no market. The anticipated sales shown in last year's report were $203.769.08 whereas only about $100,000 is expected to be realised.

Nil.

Nil.

MAIN HEAD.

R 14

Statement shewing Sarings and Ex-

SUB-HEAD.

AMOUNT.

$

C.

Brought forward,

239,018.22

IX. Plant, Continued,..

(e) Loco, Rolling Stock,

74,384.37

(f) C. & W. Rolling Stock,

1Q7,559.98

X.-General Charges,...

(a) 1. Salaries,

40.239.14

2. Quarters and Offices,

790 59

4

3. Furnitures,

708 58

4. Office Expenses,

746.75

5. Medical,

752.44

6. Home Charges,

6.231.36

7. Interest,

12,217.05

8. Exchange,........

203,350.95

(b) Accounts,

1 683 96

(ss) Stores Suspense,

5,457.45

Do.,

77,869 86

(e) Stores China,

35,524.00

Do.,

75,126.59

Bricks,

1.820.0 !

$ 92,566.11

18,000.00

$ 74,566.11

R 15

cesses on the 1910 Estimate,-Continued.

EXPLANATORY NOTES ON SAVINGS AND EXCESS OF THE 1910 ESTIMATE.

Due to slight excess on English Indents; the transfer of the Engines from Leigh and Orange's Contract charged to Plant and the transfer to Fanling Branch of small 2 engines includes for provision of new enginć (4′ 83′′) and of new one for the Fan Ling Branch 2′ Gauge.

To provision of extra train required for through traffic working and also stock for

Fauling Branch.

Under C.S.O. 6825/09 all salaries from July were to be charged to Open Line. The salaries were charged to Capital however with the exception of those actually employed on open line working. The increase is also due to the bonus given to Construction employés on termination of their agreements.

Interest after opening being charged to Open Line Grant.

Consumable Stores for Open Line for which credit will be afforded as consumed.

Represents balance of Rails and Permenent Way not laid in line available for

renewals hereafter and extensions.

Span Bridge materials and other stores required for open line.

¡Value of Stores in hand at market rates=$32,000. Balance loss of sales and

depreciation written off.

Į

Bricks at Fanling required for Taipo Market Station when made permament.

Difference between credits on sales now anticipated and those of 1910 Estimaic,

P

R 16

Estimate for Construction of Fanling Branch.

Expenditure shown under Main Heads and Sub-Heads.

Formation, Earth work, IIIa,..

.$ 18,000.00

Track, Ballast, VIIa,........

2,000.00

Track, Permanent Way, VIIb,

27,324.00

Stations and Buildings, VIIIa,

3,484.00

Loco, Rolling Stock, IXe,........

18,600.00

Carriage and Wagon Rolling Stock,

IXƒ,

7,000.00

Salaries, Xal,

600.00

A

$ 72,008.00

}

REVENUE STATEMENT FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDING 31st DECEMBER, 1910.

EXPENDITURE.

Abstract.

3 Months

ending

31st Dec.

Per cent.

on gross

receipts.

EARNINGS.

Abstract.

3 Months

ending

31st Dec.

R 17

%

To Maintenance of Way & Works,

,, Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon

A

4,300.50

12.65 By Coaching Traffic,

26,657.86

Expenses,

B & C

11,382.86

33.50

Goods Traffic,

H

7,141.31

>>

Traffic Expenses,

D

11,300.59

33.26

,,

General Charges,

E

6,163.72

18.14

33

Balance net earnings C/D.

832.66

2.43

Electric Telegraph Earnings, Sundries,...

I

181.16

$33,980.33

100.00

$33,980.38

$

To Interest for three months due, estimated at 34% on £1,100,000,

By Balance,

832.66

96,250.00

$96,250.00

95,417.34

$96,250.00

The Interest on Crown Agents' Advances for October and November only amounting to $40,426.66 has been included against the Open Line Grant for 1910. The Interest for December under Treasury Rules will be included against 1911 Grant. Debit for that of the Loan Account falls due half yearly in April and October and will consequently be borne in 1911 Accounts.

Loss on Working,

R 18

STATEMENT OF OPEN LINE EXPENSES.

ABSTRACT A.

Maintenance of Way Work and Stations.

Main Heads.

I.-General Superintendence :

Three months ending 31st December, 1910.

C.

$

1. Engineers' Salaries and Allowances,

1,400.00

2. Sub-Inspectors' Salaries and Allow.,

234.33

3. Office Expenses,

139.50

1,773.83

II. Maintenance and Renewal of Permanent

Way:

1. Wages,...

2. Materials,

III-Repairs of Bridges, etc :—-

1. Bridges.

IV. Unclassified Expenditure,.......

Tota!,........

2,332.02

39.55

2,371.57

:

81.00

71.10

$4,300.50

Ř 19

ABSTRACT B & C.

Locomotive Expenses.

Main Heads.

Three months ending 31st December, 1910.

I.--General Superintendence :-

C.

C.

1. Salary of Superintendent & Salary

of Assistant,

851.89

2. Salary of Office Establishinent,...

156.56

3. Travelling Allowance including

Passages, etc.,

418.96

4. Office Contingencies.

381.61

1,809.02

II. Running Expenses :-

1. Drivers and Foremen,

3,396.72

2. Cleaners,

3,396.72

III.-Coal, 411 Tous 14 cwt. @ $9.95 per

ton,

4,091.80

IV. Water,.....

313.96

V.-Oil, Tallow, and other Stores (ex- pended on Engines in work),....................

VI.-Maintenance of Locomotives, etc. :-

1. Wages,

2. Stores,

VII.-Unclassified Expenditure :-

1. Wages,

2. Material,

Total,...

1,219.55

359.35

169.96

529.31

9.45

13.05

22.50

$11,882.86

R 20

A

ABSTRACT D.

Traffic Expenses.

Main Heads.

Three months ending 31st December, 1910.

C.

| $ c.

I. Salaries, Wages, etc. :--

(a.) General Superintendence:-

1. Traffic Manager and Assistants, ...

2. Office Establishment,

3. Travelling Allowances,

4. Contingencies,

(b.) Station Staff,

(e.) Train Staff,...

II.-Fuel, Lighting, Water, etc.,

General Stores,

Office & Station Fittings & Furniture,...

III.-Clothing,

IV. Unclassified Expenditure,

Total,.

1,478.54

533.98

56.65

2,069.17

5,009.80

1,211.41

649.17

62.10

711.27

277.45

1,329,24

692.25

$11,300.59

ABSTRACT E.

General Charges.

Main Heads.

3 months ending 31st Dec., 1910.

I. Salaries, etc.:-

1. General Manager and Office,

2. Accounts Branch,

3. Stores Branch,

4. Furniture, Fittings, etc.,

Miscellaneous Expenses,

Medical,

Rent,

II. Advertising,

III.-Printing and Stationery,

IV.—Miscellaneous Expenditure,

C.

2,604.97

1,101.60

26.74

92.60

293.99

767.06

437.50

161.65

667.61

10.00

Total,......

6,163.72

:

3

C

R 21

ABSTRACT G.

Coaching Traffic.

Particulars.

Three months ending 81st December, 1910.

Passsengers.

No.

..

C.

1st Class Single,

243

363.40

Return,

747

2,363.85

2,727.25

Total,

995

2nd Class Single,......

1,136

822.00

""

Return, ....

2,762

3,745.75

4,567.75

Total,

3,898

3rd Class Single,

62,189

18,205.10

Return,

848

330.55

18,535.65

Total,

63,337

1. Total Passengers,.....

67,931

25,830.65

Passengers' Luggage,

Tons 11

239.25

3. Parcels,

4. Country Produce,

587.96

5. Live Stock,.

Public Traffic,

Government Traffic,

25,615.57

1,042.29

Total,

.$ 26,657.86 26,657.86

R 22

ABSTRACT H.

Particulars.

1. Merchandise General,

Goods Traffic.

Three months ending 31st December, 1910.

Tons.

C.

2,469

7,141.31

Total,

2,469

$7,141.31

ABSTRACT I.

Sundry Receipts.

Particulars.

Three months ending 31st December, 1910.

Rent of Sheds and Licences,...

C.

181.16

Total...

$181.16

Statement of Passenger Traffic carried between Stations during the three months, October to December, 1910.

From

Hongkong. Kowloon. Hung Hom.

Yaumati.

Shatin.

Taipo. Taipo Market. Fan Ling.

Lowu.

Total.

To

No.

No.

Nor

No.

No.

No. $ No.

No.

3

No.

59

No.

R 23

Hongkong,

Kowloon,

266

40 607 152 508

135 326

104

1

942

183 1,305

413

785

:

Hung Hom,

Yaumati,

Shatin,.

35

1 290

76

15

210 1,780

+ 151

:

:

157

21 58

:

889

2,306|||||232 2,521

508) 2,513

5 6 1,165

!

238

36

187!

719

246

65 2,099

214

172

28

517

77

71

Taipo,

9961

324 2,367

1,189 1,218 338 4,665)

955

: 13

767

115

746

20

115 1,877

131 2,874 1,293| 4,561| 1.751

754 3,481 1,762 8,405 3,333

GI 351 157 816 334

313 5,457 2,220 14,177 3,803

139

42 4,201

281 12,124 3,320

669

Taipo Market,

Bi

21

3

CYD

24

4

:

Fan Ling,

Lowu,

1,419 298 163 1,157

369 156 2,664 2,450 1,563|| 6,472||| 5,849 1,046 577 4,336 1,796

440 60

236

171

220

491

556

86

1,100

56 6,424 2,385

78 246 64 1,212

214 1.201

65

17,199| 10,231

Total,

4,053 2,079 12,379 8,665 2874 1,147 12,369 3,451 4,590 6645,361 1,290 6,106 1,261 5,440 1,459 14,779 5,814 67,931 25,830

L

*

Total Public Goods carried between Stations for the three months ending 31st December, 1910.

Το

Tons.

From

Kowloon.

Hung Hom.

Yanmati.

Taipo.

Taipo Market. Fan Ling.

Total.

Cwt.

Tons.

Cwt.

JA

Tons.

Cwt.

$

:

Kowloon,

Hung Hom,

Yaumati,

Taipo,

9

3

2015

26

3

Taipo Market,

200

Fan Ling,

I

94 137 3 330

Lowu,

7

4 2,239

46,606

Total,

21 17

101 2,398 26,962

4

9

CO

..

Tons.

I

2

Cwt.

**

Tous.

Cwt.

Tons.

Cwt.

+

Tons.

Cwt.

$

14

LO

4

43 14

57 44

58

6

3

4

7

1

1

25

33

2

.152 7

426

2,245 | 116,619

14

6

3

4413

66 2,469 1 7,141

R 24-